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Building Design Options Roof

Lap stiffness factor for bypass purlins. See 5.5.1.


A value of 0.5 will give the least moment at the purlin support. A value of 1.0 assumes a
fully integral member over the lap. An earlier view of the ACI Code Committee is that
0.5 can be used. The 1996 AISI Cold-formed Steel Design Manual, in the example on
Page II-3, states the value to use is a decision by the engineer. In their example, they
assumed laps achieved full continuity and used 1.0.

Minimum purlin spacing, in.


The program will continue to add purlins as required for strength or deflection. You may
want to set a minimum spacing so the program will not locate purlins closer than that
amount.

Default allowable roof panel shear, lb/ft, N/m.


Check with your panel supplier and enter the proper value for the allowable panel shear.
This is for diaphragm action in the panel. This is for all panels. Allowable shear by
panel can be set in the DS_PANEL.SIZ file.

VOID

Maximum spacing of purlin braces for fasten-through roofs.


See PE 7-95-5. Enter the maximum spacing for bridging angles or sag rods to be used
with the purlin design. For example if you set the spacing at 96" (8'), on a 25' bay there
will be three rows of bridging angles at a spacing of 25/4 feet.

Maximum spacing of purlin braces for standing seam roofs.


Same information as above only for purlin braces to be used with standing seam roofs.
These braces will be used on both flanges, however for the fastened through roof the
bridging is only used with the purlin lower flange.

Increase in the allowable stress for those design loads that include wind. This applies to
all design programs. The AISC and AISI codes permit a value of 1.333. Some
international codes do not permit a stress increase for wind loads, in that case, use 1.

Ratio of wind load for deflection to wind load for strength.


The typical entry is 1. However, certain international codes permit the strength design to

use one wind load and the deflection design to use another wind load. For example if you
wanted the strength design to be based on full wind load and the deflection design for
75% of the full wind load, enter 0.75. Certain designers in the US also prefer to use a
lower wind load for deflection. See PE 5-93-4 and 11-01-4.
9

VOID

10

Roof Loading:
0 = standard. Set to 0 and the purlins will be designed for only the full live load on
all bays,
1 = alternate bay loads. Set to 1 and the program will use unbalanced roof loads
and alternate bay roof loads for the design of roof purlins. See Section 5.3.1 in
the Design Manual.,
2 = alternate bay loads,
3 = alternate bay loads only if snow load > 0.
The presence of code files in the MBS\Code directory supersede this setting. See PE 799-6, 2-00-7, 4-00-11, 5-00-8 for code file settings on pattern and unbalanced loadings.

11

Unbraced length factor: simple span C girts. (MBS uses 0.4 if set to 0.0 for AISI 96)

12

Unbraced length factor: simple span Z girts. (MBS uses 0.5 if set to 0.0 for AISI 96)

13

Unbraced length factor: continuous span C girts. (MBS uses 0.6 if set to 0.0 for AISI 96)

14

Unbraced length factor: continuous span Z girts. (MBS uses 0.7 if set to 0.0 for AISI 96)
The above 4 values are set in the AISI Code. See 5.5.3.2. If you enter 0 for each value,
the program will use the AISI values. However, if you want to override the AISI values
you can do so by entering the values in the above 4 lines. (Values vary for NAUS01. See
8-03-9).

15

Unbraced length factor: all other members.


This is the same as the above 4 lines, however, it applies to those members which are not
listed in the AISI Code. These members include W, R, D, and U. If zero is entered, the
program will use a value of 0.7. If the member is considered to be fully unbraced and be
in accordance with bending equations in chapter F of the AISC, use a value of 0.1.

16

Use 1 for replacement of 'h' with lap bolt gage in calculating allowable shear at purlin

laps, else use 0. The typical entry is 0. Continuous purlins are checked for shear and
moment at the lap attachment point. In checking the shear, the program uses the full web
depth to check the web shear. There are those engineers that reason that at that location,
the bolt gage should be used as the unsupported web depth. If you believe in that
reasoning enter 1, else enter 0.
17

Zone for wind loading on panels:


1.0 = interior,
2.0 = edge for all panels, or
3.0 = edge and interior loading according to zones (see PE 9-05-8)
The typical wind code places a higher wind loading on the edge of the roof.
These higher wind loads are shown in parenthesis in the wind code tables, for
example see page 3-11.

18

Parameters 18 to 21: Not used if code load files are used.


Purlin design for edge strip loading:
0 = no,
1 = yes.
If you want the roof purlins designed for the edge strip loading, set to 1. See PE 9-94-8.
The program calculates the width of the edge strip. However, the program does not know
the intensity of the edge strip loading. This information is provided by the user in the
following three lines. Use the ratio of the edge strip wind loading to the interior wind
loading for the three roof slopes shown below. Parameters 18-21 are to use edge strip
loading that is for all building codes. If you want edge strip loading by building code see
PE 5-00-8.

19

Ratio of edge strip to interior loading for roof slope <2.11:12.

20

Ratio of edge strip to interior loading for roof slope <6.93:12.

21

Ratio of edge strip to interior loading for roof slope >6.93:12.


See line 18.

22

Longitudinal wind coefficient on endwall, open build:


1 = zero,

The program will calculate no longitudinal wind load on the building. Even,
on an open building, there will be a longitudinal wind load on the building. It
will be a high intensity pressure on the elevation view of the frame and the
end view of the roof. When the wind load is calculated, these building areas
are not known. A reasonable approximation to the wind pressure intensity on
the small area is the wind load calculated by the MBMA method with option
3.
2 = as closed building, see PE 9-95-1
The program will calculate the longitudinal wind load on an open building as
though the building were closed.
3 = MBMA 02 method, see PE 10-06-2
23

Brace attachment points to line up with:


0=endwall with maximum column spacing,
1 = Left endwall,
2 = Right endwall.
For each of the above responses, there will not be a specific set of bracing near each
endwall. If you enter a number greater than 2 it will be the minimum number of sidewall
bays for which an independent set of bracing near each end of the building. For example
if a 5 is entered, the program will place at least two bays of bracing in any building with
at least 5 bays. For those buildings with less than 5 bays, the program will use bracing
only near one endwall and will line up the roof bracing to match the column spacing for
the endwall with the maximum column spacing.

24

Code for structural design:


0 = Elastic,
1 = Canadian Limit States for sidewall design,
2 = Canadian Limit States for the complete building.
This feature is only available to the client for which this work was contracted.

25

Purlin design w/ STANDING SEAM roof top flange: enter min % of full moment.

26

Purlin design w/ STANDING SEAM roof bottom flange: enter min % of full moment.
If your company has test data on the standing seam roof which indicates the minimum
strength of roof purlins without any flange bracing, those values can be entered on the
above lines. Enter the decimal value of the minimum bending allowable as a ratio of the

fully braced allowable bending moment.


27

Select eave strut(ES) member file at building line:


0 = EAVE,
1 = C,
2 = ZO,
3 = ZB

28

Select ES member file at flush eave extension:


0 = EAVE,
1 = C,
2 = ZO

29

Select ES member file at bypass eave extension:


0 = EAVE,
1 = C,
2 = ZO
The above three lines permit the user to select the member type to be used as an eave
strut. Members can be taken from these files: DS_EAVE, DS_CGIRT, or DS_ZGIRT.
Also, file markers can be used in the files to specify certain members for specific uses,
see PE 9-96-6.

30

Flange brace on gable extension purlins:


0 = no,
>0 = same as main building purlins
In the design of the gable extension purlins, if sag angles or flange strapping are to be
used at the same spacing as on the other bays, enter a number >0. If this flange bracing is
not to be used, enter 0.

31

Option in sag strap spacing include the following:


0 = Use minimum number of straps in each bay, based on maximum sag strap
spacing.

1 = Use minimum number of straps in the end bays. Use one less strap in the interior
bays. Use at least one strap in each bay.
2 = Use sag straps only if required to maintain the purlin size to that required for
minimum number of sag straps. Range in number of sag straps for each bay is
from zero to the minimum number based on maximum sag strap spacing.
3 = Same as option 2 only the minimum number of sag straps per bay will be one.
32

The frame dead weight (psf or kN/m) for seismic calculations. Rigid frame default
weight is 2 psf in Imperial units and 0.0956 kN/m in metric units. When 0 is set, the
default weight is used.

33

Sidewall dead load to be used in calculated seismic forces, default = 2 psf in Imperial
units and 0.0956 kN/m in metric units dead load
If you want to use a sidewall dead load other than 2 psf or 0.0956 kN/m in the seismic
calculations, enter that value here.

34

Endwall dead load to be used in calculated seismic forces, default = 2 psf in Imperial
units and 0.0956 kN/m in metric units dead load
If you want to use a endwall dead load other than 2 psf or 0.0956 kN/m in the seismic
calculations, enter that value here.

35

Use of collateral load on design of eave Extension Beam:


0 = use it,
> 0 = do not use it
If the collateral load is to be included in the design of the eave extension beam, enter 0,
else > 0.

36

Roof X bracing will not attach at building peak for roof slope < this.
When this is 0, all roof diagonal bracing will be attached at the building peak. When this
is greater than zero, roof slopes below that value will not have the roof diagonal bracing
attached at the peak. Units are: English = inches of rise per 12 inches horizontal; metric
= millimeter rise per 100 mm horizontal.

37

Option in self reinforced for braced purlins:


This parameter provides advice to the program on how it should process those roof
purlins that are over stressed due to bending and axial load.

0 = No reinforcement
1 = Replace overstressed purlin with purlin of heavier gage
2 = Add a purlin to nest with the overstressed purlin. The added purlin will be the
same gage as the existing purlin
3 = Add a strut purlin located a specified distance from the overstressed purlin. Strut
purlin selection will start with the lightest gage and proceed to the heaviest gage
4 = Same as 2 only the members are at the same gage as the existing purlin or are of
a heavier gage
5 = Same as 3 only, if necessary, the existing braced purlin may be increased in gage
to meet the necessary strength options
Use any combination of 1 2 3 and the program will use the options in the order the
numbers are set. For example, if you want to change the gage and if that is not adequate
use a purlin strut, then use 13. See PE 1-98-1.
38

Decrease value of % compression load transferred from purlin to strut:


To transfer 5 % in addition to the transfer based on area, enter 0.05
If you enter 0, and the gage of the roof purlin and purlin strut are the same, one half the
axial load will be each member. If you enter 0, and the gage of the two members are not
the same then the load in each member is distributed according to the area of the
member. If you believe for some reason, maybe the way in which it is fastened, that the
purlin strut will carry say 5 percent more of the axial load that the purlin, then enter 0.05.

39

Decrease value of compression load carried by braced purlin: 80% enter .8


If you believe that the axial load generated by the column reaction and by the truss is to
be shared by the adjacent purlins, then enter the percent of the axial load that is carried
by the main purlin.

40

If force in eave strut exceeds this value, strut purlin is added.


The limiting member capacity on the eave strut is calculated by the program. However,
the user can set a limiting load for all eave struts and set that value here. If the load in an
eave strut exceeds this value, a purlin strut capable of carrying half the load will be
added. For Z bypass eave struts, the program will calculate the member capacity. The
program will use as the member capacity the smaller of the calculated value and the
value used as this parameter.

41

If > 0, collateral load is not included on the roof panels.


Collateral load could be attached to the roof panels or it could be attached to the purlins.

When collateral load is present, the program will add it to both the panels and purlins. If
you do not want it included with the panel loads, enter parameter 41 as greater than zero.
42

Minimum number of bolts in purlin to R W D endwall rafter connection

43

Maximum number of bolts in purlin to R W D endwall rafter connection

44

Minimum number of bolts in purlin to C Z endwall rafter connection

45

Maximum number of bolts in purlin to C Z endwall rafter connection

46

Minimum number of bolts in purlin to U endwall rafter connection

47

Maximum number of bolts in purlin to U endwall rafter connection

48

Minimum number of bolts in purlin to rigid frame near endwall.

49

Maximum number of bolts in purlin to rigid frame near endwall.


Set the minimum and maximum number of bolts that will be used in the purlin to
endwall rafter for each type of endwall rafter listed. Available bolts are listed in the
DT_BOLT file on lines 77 to 82. The program will increase the number of bolts prior to
moving to the next bolt in the sequence.

50

Minimum number of bolts in purlin to rigid frame connection.

51

Maximum number of bolts in purlin to rigid frame connection.


Set the minimum and then the maximum number of bolts that are available in the purlin
to rigid frame connection.

52

If >0 remove the incrd brace force factor, 3, for UBC zones 3&4. Enter a value greater
than zero if your interpretation of the UBC Code is that you do not have to increase the
brace force for tension diagonal members. See PE 3-97-4.

53

Correction factor for bearing strength in cold rolled steel, 75%, enter 0.75 If your cold
rolled steel does not meet the AISI requirements, the Code requires that the bearing
capacity of the connections be reduced to 75 percent of its full value. Enter 0.75 to
obtain that reduction in bearing strength. See PE 6-98-3.

54

The length of the lap used in purlin/girt stiffness over the support:
0.0 = support to lap bolt,
1.0 = support to end of member.

55

Same diameter eave strut bolts on both sides of the build:


0 = N,
1 = Y.
As one or more eave struts require larger eave strut bolts, the program will place the
larger bolts on all eave struts in that wall. This parameter requires the program to also
place the larger bolts in the eave struts on the other side of the building.

56

Set > 0, then purlins can be design live, wind, and total load deflection. The default
purlin design is for deflection limits on live load and wind load. Set this parameter
greater than zero and the program will also design for a limiting total load deflection.
The total load limit must be set in the roof design input file. See PE 12-98-7.

57

Member type for eave extension end rafter: when the distance from the center line of end
frame to end of extension is less than or equal to R57 then an open C is selected. When
this distance is greater than R57 then a standard C is selected. When you have a flush
sidewall eave extension and a gable roof extension, a structural member is needed to
span from the eave strut to the first purlin. This member can be either a open C (a C
without the lips) or it can be a standard C. See PE 12-98-2. See drawing PX12.

58

Extension beam flange braces,


0, 1 = use,
2 = do not use.
In the design of the eave extension beams should the program use braces to stabilize the
bottom flange of the beam.

59

Snow loads above this value will be considered in the seismic design, (psf), (kN/m). Use
only if > 0, else use building code specific value. Most building codes specify the
amount of snow load to be used with seismic loads. Often the requirement is for snow
loads above this value use a specified percentage. With this parameter, the user can set
the snow load above which snow loads will be considered in seismic design. See PE 499-21.

60

Percent of snow load to be used in seismic design, enter 0.25 for 25 percent. Use only
when > 0, else use building code specific value. The user can set the percent of snow

load that will be used in seismic design. It is only for those snow loads that are greater
than DS_BUILD(roof 59). See PE 4-99-21.
61

97 UBC seismic loading, default loading is simplified shear equation (30-11), enter '2'
for equation (30-5), enter 3 for detailed seismic calculations. The 97 UBC seismic
loading can be interpreted in different ways. The default option gives the higher
loading. Option '2' has a 17 percent reduction in load, while option '3' has a greater
reduction in load. Option '3' is more complex but is fully handled within the program.
See PE 5-99-9. DS_BUILD(roof52) = 0 is required to activate the special provisions for
tension members, Section 6 of PE 5-99-9. Option '4' is similar to IBC, see PE 5-99-9
revision notes.

62

Maximum Axial load in 'JF' members, purlins and eave struts. The program will issue a
warning when the axial load in an open web steel joist is greater than this value. Units:
kips, kilo newtons.

63

Roof pitch below which no sag straps will be used. Roof slopes below this value will
not use sag straps or bridging angles. Slopes are reported as X in 12 for English units
and X in 100 for metric units. See PE 9-99-2.

64

Design of wind bent column to rafter and wind column base connections. The value of
omega is used to increase moment.
0 = no change
1 = on Wind bent knee
2 = on Wind bent knee, Wind column base, and Rigid frame column base for
weak axis bending
See PE 5-99-9 and 9-01-6 for specific values. This is only for those building codes that
use the ASCE and UBC based building code seismic loading equations.

65

If set at '2' all cold rolled design will be in accordance with 1996 AISI. The current cold
rolled design is with the 1989 AISI code. The 1996 AISI code came out in June 97 and
is required to be used with some 98 and 99 building codes. You can request the 96 AISI
design for all building codes by setting this parameter or you call for the 96 AISI code in
the building code file. See PE 12-99-2, 12-99-3, and 12-99-4.

66

Distance from web to screw in through-fasten panel to purlin connection. Default is mid
width. (inch, mm). The 96 AISI code has criteria for determining the allowable axial
load on C and Z members when they are through-fastened to panels. One consideration
in that evaluation is the distance that the flange screw is offset from the web of the
member. See PE 9-99-8.

67

When using joist purlins, the eave struts shall be:

0 = joist member,
1 = follow DS_BUILD(roof 27) for the member type. See PE 11-99-7.
68

Permissible overstress for web crippling in purlin design. For all other members, the
permitted overstress is set with the building entry. If you want a special overstress for
purlin web crippling it can be set with this parameter. See PE 11-99-7.

69

AISI 96 tension coeff. For cold formed columns. For welded members use Ct = 1. For
one row of bolts, use Ct = 0.8, for two rows at each end use Ct = 0.9

70

AISI 96 tension coeff, cold rolled rafters. See PE 12-99-4. The 96 AISI allowable tensile
stress in cold rolled members is dependent on the number of holes in the member. For
welded members use Ct = 1. For one row of bolts, use Ct = 0.8, for two rows at each end
use Ct = 0.9

71

Use of AISI 96 Code criteria to calculate the allowable axial load in the purlin when
through fastened to panels:
0 = use this criteria,
1 = use the criteria for axial load in the purlin independent of its screw attachment
to the panel. See PE 12-99-3.

72

Wind frame column/wind column depth consided unbraced. For wind column/wind bent
depth less than this, unbraced length is bolt spacing. For greater depths, it is for wind
bent length of column inside flange, for wind column it is (without base gusset) length of
column, (with base gusset) from top gusset to top of column. See PE 3-00-8.

73

Peak space for eave extension purlin if soffit used. On sidewall eave extensions the first
purlin is typically located at the purlin design spacing from the building eave strut. When
you have flush purlins with a soffit it may be desired to place the first purlin a short
distance from the building eave strut. If that is the case, enter the purlin offset.

74

The min open web steel joist depth is the span divided by this value. If you want to have
a minimum depth for the open web steel joists based on the joist span, enter that value
which is divided into the span to give that minimum depth.

75

Options for determining the wind bent rafter allowable bending stress. See PE 6-00-6.
When set to 0 or 1: unbraced length is one half of the rafter length and Cb = 1.75. When
set to 2: unbraced length is full rafter length and Cb =2.3.

76

For 96 BOCA wind code: 1 = use ASCE-7 95, else use BOCA

77

For 99 BOCA wind code: 1 = use ASCE-7 95, else use BOCA
The 96 and 99 BOCA building codes permit using ASCE-7 95 as a substitute
wind code. To instruct the program to make that substitution, set the above
parameter to 1.

78

Ability to force one purlin lap for interior and exterior bays. If this value is greater than
0, the program will use the same lap at the interior and exterior supports. See PE 7-0012.

79

Alternate suction pressure coefficient can be used for cladding components. On 1991
Wisconsin Building Code:
'-', '1' = 1.0,
'2' = 1.3
The cladding suction pressure will be 15.38 psf for option '-', '1' and 20.00 for option 2.

80

Roof bracing strut design selection for pulrins (revision, this only applies to purlins, see
PE 11-00-4 and 9-00-11)
0.0, 6.0 = using the existing roof purlins, if necessary, reinforce the purlins
according to DS_BUILD(roof 37),
1.0 = use compression struts in the braced bays even if not required from the
analysis. (See PE 9-00-11)
Struts are designed independent of purlins and placed in the following bays:
2.0 = braced bays only,
3.0 = braced bays and bays between the endwall and the nearest braced bays,
4.0 = same as 3 and includes bays between braced bays that are near each endwall,
5.0 = independent purlin strut is added in each bay at each strut line. (See PE 1-075)

81

For eave extension and canopy widths greater than r81, in plane X bracing will be used.
The selected cable bracing will be the minimum size available. There is no design of the
bracing.

82

Option in the use of the 98 OBBC wind code:


1 = ASCE 7-95,

else BOCA 90
The 98 Ohio Building Code permits the wind load to be determined from either the
ASCE or the BOCA wind codes.
83

Member type for use as roof STRUT members:


1 = Z,

2 = D,

3 = P,

4 = T,

5 = R,

6 = W,

8=C
See PE 11-00-4. This parameter sets options for added roof strut members when used
with roof purlins. Up to three digits can be entered as a single number to indicate your
priority in selection. That is if you first wanted to use the Z and if that was not adequate
use the P, enter the number 13.
84

Available roof STRUT types when no axial load is carried by purlins:


1 = Z,

2 = D,

3 = P,

4 = T,

5 = R,

6=W

See PE 11-00-4. This parameter sets options when selecting independent roof strut
members. Use multiple digits for a priority in member selection.
85

Limit axial load capacity of sidewall girts in the presence of longitudinal wind, (kip,
kN). The program does not check the existing wall girts as to their capability of with
standing the axial and bending from the bracing loads. However, if outside the program
calculations indicate that the wall girt can safely carry a specified axial load, use that
load as this parameter. During sidewall bracing design, if the axial load in the brace is
less than this value, the sidewall girt will be used for the brace. However, if the axial
load is greater, an added brace member will be used.

86

Available wall strut types when no axial load is carried by the girts:
1 = Z,

2 = D,

3 = P,

4 = T,

5 = R,

6=W

See PE 11-00-4. This parameter sets options when selecting independent wall strut
members. Use multiple digits for a priority in member selection.
87

Tolerance in user set depth on R members


Hot rolled members have a wide range in member depth for the same nominal depth. If
you enter this parameter as 0.5 and you call for a 12 deep member, the program will
consider depths in the range of 11.5 to 12.5. The default values are 0.5 in imperial units
and 12 in metric units.

88

Design of eave strut:


0 = axial only,
1 = bending in open bay,
2 = bending in all bays
See PE 1-01-4. Eave struts can be designed as axial load only in all the bays, or it can be
designed axial plus bending in the open bays or it can be designed as axial plus bending
in all bays.

89

Framed opening clearance for bending in eave struts

90

Framed opening width / bay width ratio limit for bending in eave strut
Bays with large framed openings will permit the program to consider that bay to be an
open bay for the design of the eave strut. The bay is considered to be an open bay if both
these conditions are present:
(1) The framed opening height is greater than eave height minus roof 89.
(2) The ratio of the framed opening width to bay width is greater than roof 90.

91

Partial wall clearance for bending in eave struts.


A bay with a partial wall will be considered an open bay if the partial wall height is
larger than eave height minus roof 91.

92

When set to 1, a gable extension purlin lap over the endwall will not be considered. The
purlin may extend some distance beyond the endwall rafter. For a large extension and
high loads, the moment in the purlin at the endwall rafter is high and may require a lap in
the purlin rather than increase the gage of the full length purlin. When this parameter is
not equal to 1 the program will provide the purlin lap if required.

93

This is the distance from the eave line to the web of the first purlin. When set to zero it
is not used. When set purlin spacing is used, DM55 should be set to Y so the residual
space is taken out at the spacing adjacent to the peak purlin. See PE 4-01-10.

94

To activate the option for specific laps to be set by the user and be dependent on member
depth, set parameter to 1. This user set of laps can be setup to follow different patterns.
At this time it is programmed to follow the pattern shown in PE 4-01-11. When this
parameter is set to zero the most economical purlin laps are selected by the program.
The user set laps are taken from a file DS_LAP1.SIZ which is stored in the MBS\SIZ
directory.

95

Adjustment of omega and response factors for wind columns


0 - no change
1 - multiply by (Ordinary steel moment R/ Cantilevered steel moment R)
2 - multiply by (Ordinary steel moment R/ Cantilevered steel moment R) *
Omega
See PE 5-99-9 and 9-01-6 for specific values. This is only for those building codes that
use the ASCE and UBC based building code seismic loading equations.

96

IBC/ASCE based building code seismic equation.


0.0, 1.0
Analysis
* 2.0

- V = 1.2 * Sds * W / R
- V = Cs * W

(16-49)
(16-34)

Simplified
Equivalent Lateral

3.0

- Same as 2.0, except E and Em were separated.

4.0

- Same as 3.0, added the availability of 1% of W for SDC = A


* where Cs= Ie * Sds / R

97

Option for unique sag strap spacing that is dependent on bay size. Set to 2 for unique
spacing. See PE 10-01-4.

98

User set spacing between peak purlin and the adjacent purlin, (inch or mm). If set to
zero, the space follows standard purlin spacing. See PE 10-01-5.

99

When gable extension >= value (inches), check purlin deflection limit as set by
extension purlin

100

For cable entries in the DS_CABLE.SIZ file, include 1/3 load increase: 0, 1, 2, 3. See PE
6-02-10.

If the wind adjust factor equals 1.3333,


If equals 0, 1, or 3, then use the allowable load in the file, or
If equal to 2, use 1.3333 times allowable load in the file.

If the wind adjust factor equals 1.0000,


If equal to 0, then use the allowable load in the file and give message,
If equal to 1, use 0.75 times the allowable load in the file, or
If equals 2, or 3, then use the allowable load in the file.
101

For rod entries in the DS_CABLE.SIZ file, include 1/3 load increase: 0, 1, 2, 3. See PE
6-02-10.

102

For angle entries in the DS_CABLE.SIZ file, include 1/3 load increase: 0, 1, 2, 3. See PE
6-02-10.

103

VOID

104

The minimum ratio to consider both purlins adjacent to the endwall columns as strut
purlins. This ratio is the smaller distance from the endwall column to the closest purlin
divided by the purlin spacing. See PE 8-02-2.

105

Number of bearing areas per bolt in lapped purlin to rafter connection. Default value is
one bearing area. See PE 8-02-8.

106

Anti roll selection for purlin flange bolted to rafter flange


0

= No check on anti-roll

= Bolted clip

= Welded clip

= Welded clip with gusset plate

4
107

108

= Bolted strap

Anti roll selection for purlin web to bolted clip


0

= No check on anti-roll

= Bolted clip

= Welded clip

= Welded clip with gusset plate

= Bolted strap

Anti roll selection for purlin web to welded clip


0

= No check on anti-roll

= Bolted clip

= Welded clip

= Welded clip with gusset plate

= Bolted strap

109

VOID

110

When axial force in purlin strut exceeds this value, then use independent struts. See
PR39

111

When axial force in eave strut exceeds this value, then use independent struts. See PR38

112

For panel allowable shear in the DS_PANEL.SIZ file and DS_BUILD.SIZ, includes 1/3
load increase: 0, 1, 2, 3. See PE 6-02-10.

If the wind adjust factor equals 1.3333,


If equals 0, 1, or 3, then use the allowable load in the file, or
If equal to 2, use 1.3333 times allowable load in the file.

If the wind adjust factor equals 1.0000,


If equal to 0, then use the allowable load in the file and give message,
If equal to 1, use 0.75 times the allowable load in the file, or
If equals 2, or 3, then use the allowable load in the file.
113

ASCE 98, 02/IBC 00, 03 - Snow Exposure Factor, Ce (Table 7-2)

114

ASCE 98, 02/IBC 00, 03 - Snow Thermal Factor, Ct (Table 7-3)

115

ASCE 98, 02/IBC 00, 03 - Snow Importance Factor, I (Table 7-4)

116

Roof purlin spacing used by the ASNZ wind code to calculate loaded area. Used only if
roof purlin spacing is not given. This is not used if the roof purlin spacing is set.

117

Girt design to use edge strip loading


0 = No,
1 = Yes

118

Ratio of the wall edge strip wind loading to the interior wind loadings. Default value if
code files are not used.

119

Column design to use edge strip loading


0 = No,
1 = Yes

120

Purlin spacing below this value will not be used for diagonal rod purlin stabilizers.

121

Bracing between RF Interior columns, consider brace points as:


0.00 = Simple Span Beam,
1.00 = Continuous Beam

122

VOID

123

Option to include the internal pressure coefficient in the longitudinal bracing pressures
0.00 = Not included,
1.00 = Include negative internal pressure to lateral bracing,
2.00 = Include negative internal pressure to lateral bracing and roof strut bending

124

Loadings to be considered in the purlin anti-roll device calculations


First combination with Wind pressure,
First combination with Wind suction
First combination with Wind pressure

125

Anti-roll clip purlin locations


0.00 = First location always at peak purlin
1.00 = Roll downslope
First location at first purlin from peak purlin
Roll upslope
First location at first purlin from eave strut

126

Minimum number of purlins rows to have an anti-roll clip


0.00 = Design requirement only
>0.00 = Number of purlin space for anti-roll clip

127

Bearing capacity connections in cold formed steel, AISI 96 and North American 01
codes, if equal to 2, a washer on one side and a clip or flange on the other side will be
treated the same as a washer on both sides. See PE 2-06-5.

128

Wind loading used on purlin strut members


0.0 = Main wind force resisting system wind loading
1.0 = Component wind loading

129

Load sharing between strut purlin/eave strut and the independent struts between frame

web
0.0 = Load on both strut members is proportioned based on areas
1.0 = Load on web attached independent strut is full load
130

VOID

131

Open Building wind flow designation for components and cladding wind coefficients
(ASCE 7-05)
0.0, 1.0 - Obstructed wind flow coefficients
2.0 - Clear wind flow coefficients

132

Open Building wind flow designation for the rigid frame coefficients (ASCE 7-05)
0.0, 1.0 - Obstructed wind flow coefficients
2.0 - Clear wind flow coefficients

133

The settings for DS_BUILD(roof 133) are as follows:


0 = use DS_BUILD(roof 80) for eave struts as well as purlins,
> 0, < 1: use 0 as the option for eave struts even though > 0 may be used for purlins,
1 to 4: same as DS_BUILD(roof 80) only it specifically applies to the eave struts.
1 = use compression struts in the braced bays even if not required from the analysis.
Struts are designed independent of purlins and placed in the following bays:
2 = braced bays only,
3 = braced bays and bays between the endwall and the nearest braced bay,
4 = same as 3 and includes bays between braced bays that are near each endwall.
5 = an independent eave strut is added in each bay at each eave line.

134

If the axial load in the independent strut is greater than this parameter, then, the strut type
will be designated by DS_BUILD(roof 135). The first step in axial load is defined by
DS_BUILD(roof 110) for purlins and DS_BUILD(roof 111) for eave struts.

135

The independent strut type is designated as follows:

1 = Z,
2 = D (back to back C),
3 = P (round pipe),
4 = T (square tube),
5 = R (hot rolled wide flange),
6 = W (welded plate wide flange)
136

Percent of the endwall area that is open for the closure defined as Open. Default is 0.85 if
value is 0.00. Therefore, 15% of the endwall area will be used in defining the longitudinal
load

Building Design Options

Wall

Lap stiffness factor for bypass girts. See 5.5.1.


A value of 0.5 will give the least moment at the girt support. A value of 1.0 assumes a
fully integral member over the lap. An earlier view of the ACI Code Committee is that
0.5 can be used. The 1996 AISI Cold-formed Steel Design Manual, in the example on
Page II-3, states the value to use is a decision by the engineer. In their example, they
assumed laps achieved full continuity and used 1.0.

Minimum girt spacing, in.


The program will continue to add girts as required for strength or deflection. You may
want to set a minimum spacing so the program will not locate girts closer than that
amount.

Maximum girt spacing, in.


The lowest wall girt is located this distance above the floor. As additional wall girts are
added, they are spaced at a distance not to exceed this value.

VOID

Distance that the framed opening is below the finished floor, in.
Framed openings normally start at the floor level. If you want to start the framed opening
at a distance below the floor, enter that distance. The door jambs stay at the floor level,
the door header is lowered by this amount. (Applicable for door types 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, and
10 only).

Maximum column spacing for partition walls, in. [NOT ACTIVE]

Height of first wall girt for partitions, in. [NOT ACTIVE]

Equal spacing of the other wall girts in partitions, in. [NOT ACTIVE]

Can partial wall bays be used to carry panel shear?


0 = Y,
1=N

If you want to use the material in the partial wall to carry the panel shear enter 0, else
enter 1.
10

Wind load on endwall, the wall component shall be calculated from:


0 = (wall height / 2),
1 = (wall height - low girt height / 2)
The horizontal component of the wind load on the endwall is the sum of that which
accumulates on the roof plus that which accumulates on the sidewall. If you want the
sidewall component calculations based on one half the wall height, enter 0. If you want
the sidewall wind to include the wind load that goes into the endwall girts, enter 1.

11

Default member type for wind columns and wind bents:


0 = 'R',
1 = 'W'
The program needs to which member type should be used in the automatic design of wind
bents (portal frames).

12

Default member type for door jambs and headers:


1 = C,
2 = U,
3=CU
The program needs to know which member type should be used for door jambs. If you
enter 3, the program will first try all the C jambs and if they are not adequate, it will go to
the U jambs. A U member is a hot rolled channel.

13

Deflection limit for the lowest girt on a partial wall.(0=same as girt)


The lowest girt on a partial wall may provide support for the partial wall material. This
material may require a different deflection limit than that used for the other wall girts.
Enter the deflection limit for the girt at the top of the partial wall.

14

VOID

15

VOID

16

VOID

17

Lap below, which bypass girts are treated as outside mount. It is possible to have a small
lap in bypass girts and to consider the lap as a simple span connection. Enter the largest
lap for which you will permit the program to consider the lap to be a simple span
connection. See PE 5-98-4.

18

Default member type for wind columns:


0 = same as DS_BUILD(wall 11),
1=W,
2=R
Parameter 11 was created to set the default member type for wind bents and wind
columns. This parameter was created to have an independent member type setting for the
wind columns.

19

Maximum slope of SW/EW diagonal bracing, degrees. Enter the maximum angle
between a horizontal line and the diagonal wind bracing. The program will attach the
brace at a height less than the eave height if necessary to satisfy the maximum angle. See
8-98-5.

20

Framed opening type 5 girt offset from header height. Type 5 open type is for a sliding
door. See PE 1-99-6. The sliding door uses a girt located this distance (W20) above the
door header. Enter 0 if you do not use the type 5 framed opening.

21

If the facia extension is <= DS_BUILD(wall 21), use an open C as the end member, else
use a closed or stiffened C. The vertical face of the facia extends from bay to bay. At
both the start and end of the facia, it may extend beyond the bay line. The vertical
member parallel with the facia arm located at the end of the extension is called the end
post. See drawing FA20. If the extension is <= DS_BUILD(wall 21) the end post will be
an open C (DS_OCOL) else it will be a stiffened C (DS_CCOL).

22

Steel yield for U-sections. Units are ksi and MN/m. If >0 this value is transferred into
the sidewall, endwall, and roof design programs. For design of hot rolled channel
sections, labeled in the program as U sections.

23

Options in the design of the 'B1' connection for the facia arm. This is the connection
between the C, U, O attachment beam and the C, U facia arm. The options provide the
sequence for selecting the bolt diameter, number of bolts and the member depth. The
available options are list below. See 6-99-3.

where: Diameter = bolt diameter, Number = number of bolts, Depth = depth of


attachment beam.
24

Options in the design of the 'B2' connection for the facia attachment beam to rigid frame.
The B2 connection consists of a plate welded to the flange or the rigid frame and extends
through the panels where it is bolted to the attachment beam. The connection may have
multiple rows and columns of bolts as well as different bolt diameters. The sequence in
design is set by this parameter as follows: See 6-99-3.

where: Diameter = bolt diameter, Row = rows of bolts, Column = columns of bolts.
25

If > 0, program will design semi-continuous wall girts under specified conditions. [NOT
ACTIVE]

26

Maximum spacing of facia arm girts and attachment beam purlins for facia. Units = inch,
mm. Where necessary, the program will add purlins and girts to the facia design. This is
the maximum spacing for those members.

27

Design sequence for B3 connection. The B3 connection is a loose plate between the web
of an endwall column and the web of an attachment beam. If the initial connection design
is inadequate, the program will first increase the bolt diameter or number of bolts. Set
W27 to 1 and it will first increase the bolt diameter for zero it will first increase the
number of bolts. See 6-99-3.

28

Wind bent - door jamb minimum clearance check for flush sidewall girt

29

Wind bent - door header minimum clearance check for flush sidewall girt
As the program designs the wind bent and wind column it will check for minimum
clearance between the wind bent column and the framed opening as well as the minimum
clearance between the door header and the bottom of the wind bent rafter. Enter your
minimum clearance values. See PE 4-00-7.

30

Minimum clearance of window sill above C wall girt.

31

Minimum clearance of window sill above Z wall girt. See PE 11-00-8. The user sets the
height of the window sill. The program may set the elevation of the wall girt. If the sill is
to close to the wall girt there may not be adequate space for the door sill. If the clearance
between the girt and sill is less than the above values, a sill will not be provided by the
program.

32

Design of door jambs: 2 = design the same jamb at openings (left and right). The larger

size required for design will be used on both sides of the opening.
33

Girt height (in/mm): This is an option to set a different girt type at a unique girt height.
The unique girt height is set with this parameter. Suppose you have Z wall girts, however,
at the 7.0 ft height you always use a C girt. Then use 84.0 as this parameter. For all wall
girts specified as bypass a replacement 'CO' is used at this height, and for wall girts
specified as flush a replacement 'CF' is used. Open side of Cee is turned upward.
Available laps for parapet wall beam to endwall column. See PX33 and PX34.

34

The minimum lap is wall 34.

35

The maximum lap is wall 35.

36

The interval of available laps is wall 36.

37

Strip windows typically start with a door jamb and end with a door jamb. However, if the
start or end of the strip window is within the distance from the end of the wall to wall 37,
a door jamb will not be supplied at that end of the wall.

38

VOID

39

Option to design panel as a two span condition and increase the girt load width by 25%.
[NOT ACTIVE]

40

Parapet beam rows of bolts for lap:


1 = 1 row, there will be no more than one row near each end.
2 = 2 rows, there will always to 2 rows near each end.
3 = either 1 or 2 rows, the program will use 1 or 2 rows as needed for load
transfer.
Rows of bolts for connecting the parapet arm to the rigid frame, or endwall column with
bypass or outset wall girts.

41

Parapet beam lap connection: design sequence


With three items to be determined in the connection design (lap length, bolt diameter, and
number of rows of bolts) each designer may follow a different sequence in designing the

connection. The designer can set their order of selection in design by setting
DS_BUILD(sidewall 15). The options are listed below:

You would select option one if you wanted to start with the minimum bolt diameter and
the minimum lap, then determine the number of rows to satisfy the connection. If two
rows were not adequate, the program will increase the lap one step then try one and two
rows of bolts. Finally, if the longest lap with two rows of bolts is not adequate, the
program will repeat the process with a larger bolt diameter if a larger bolt diameter is
available.
42

Framed opening type 5 girt range from eave strut to attach additional girt. See PE 4-02-4.

43

Framed opening type 5 girt location from bottom of eave strut when girt is within range
of DS_BUILD(wall 42)

44

Option to have wall girt laps to come from DS_LAP1.siz file.

45

Rigid frame and endwall bracing reactions are to be included as part of basic reactions:
0 = Yes,
1 = No

46

VOID

47

Wall girt spacing less than this value will not receive diagonal rods for girt stabilizers.

48

Distance to added special girt above lower roof line for partial wall panel at intersection
area

49

Maximum length from building end that considers girts or purlins continuously braced
with liner panel.
0.00 - Use default value of 15.75" (400 mm)
-1.00 - Do not consider liner panel as continuously braced

50

Maximum difference between liner panel and wall height (peak height for endwall liner)
that considers girts continuously braced.
0.00 - Use default value of 59" (1500 mm)

-1.00 - Do not consider liner panel as continuously braced


51

Option to consider continuous wall girts spans near framed openings when evaluating
maximum span ratio for the use of moment reduction factor.
0 - Use maximum span ratio on girt spans near framed openings
> 0 - Span ratio greater than this value will not consider the framed opening girt
and will use the moment reduction factor on both girts

52

Average wall girt spacing used by the ASNZ code to calculate girt load area. This is not
used if the wall girt spacing is set by the user.

53

Girt depth optimization for flush girts


0.0 = Depth of least weight girt is determined per bay.
1.0 = Depth of least weight girt is determined per wall.

54

Door jamb design options to consider wall panel support


0.0 = Wall panel supporting both flanges, moment reduction factor available
1.0 = Wall panel supporting outside flange only, moment reduction factor not
available
2.0 = Wall panel is not supporting both flanges, moment reduction factor not
available

55

Wind bent column knee web thickness increase. This setting is used to consider a thicker
knee web in order to provide adequate resistance before adding diagonal or horizontal
stiffeners
0.0 - No web thickness increase
1.0 - Web thickness increase

56

Building roof surfaces that are + - this angle (in degrees) from 90 degrees will be
considered to be vertical surfaces.

Building Design Options

Sidewall

VOID

Set jamb/header depth, in.


If the value entered is '0', then jamb/header depth is a minimum of the girt depth. If the
value is greater than '0', the jamb/header will be equal to this depth, OR if the value
entered is '-1' then the jamb/header depth will be equal to the girt depth. If a deeper depth
is required for strength, the jamb/rafter will be selected and an over stress will be
reported.

Default allowable sidewall panel shear, lb/ft, N/m.


Check with your panel supplier and enter the proper value for the allowable panel shear.
This is for diaphragm action in the panel. This is for all panels. Allowable shear by panel
can be set in the DS_PANEL.SIZ file.

Unbraced length for sidewall girts with inside flange braced, in.
The inside flange of the wall girts may be attached to tie rods or sag angles for the
purpose of stabilizing the flange. When the flange is stabilized, it will have a larger
moment capacity to resist wind suction. Enter the maximum spacing of these braces. See
PE 7-95-5.

VOID
The next 5 lines are for default items that are in the Crane design input file on the Special
screen. For crane design on the main screen, similar data is set during building data entry.

Crane beam design steel yield, (ksi, MN/m). Used only with the Crane Design in the
Special screen

Crane beam design vertical deflection limit. Used only with the Crane Design in the
Special screen

Crane beam design horizontal deflection limit. Used only with the Crane Design in the
Special screen

Crane beam type:


1=RC,
2=SC

Used only with the Crane Design in the Special screen

The RC crane beam consists of a hot rolled member from the DS_RFRM file and a hot
rolled channel from the DS_UCOL file. The SC beam is the same only Standard sections
are used from the DS_RFRM file.
10

Crane beam design, spacing between cranes, (inch, mm) Used only with the Crane
Design in the Special screen
Crane beams are designed as simple supported beams. When more than one crane is on a
beam the spacing between the rear crane wheel of one crane and the front crane wheel of
the adjacent crane is given by this value.

11

The flush beam on a sidewall eave extension is bolted to the rigid frame rafter or the
endwall rafter. The distance the extension beam extends on top of the rafter is called the
lap (the distance from the end of the extension beam to the steel line along the roof
surface). The lap which will be considered by the program can be set by the user as the
shortest (minimum), longest (maximum), and lap interval in moving from the shortest to
the longest. See drawing PX1.

12

Maximum lap for a flush sidewall eave extension beam (See #11 above)

13

Interval for increasing the lap of the sidewall eave extension beam (See #11 above)

14

Rows of bolts for connecting the flush sidewall eave extension beams to the rigid frame.
1 = there will be no more than one row near each end.
2 = there will always be 2 rows near each end.
3 = the program will use 1 or 2 rows as needed for load transfer.

15

With three items to be determined in the connection design (lap length, bolt diameter, and
number of rows of bolts) each designer may follow a different sequence in designing the
connection. The designer can set their order of selection in design by setting
DS_BUILD(sidewall 15). The options are listed below:

You would select option one if you wanted to start with the minimum bolt diameter and
the minimum lap, then determine the number of rows to satisfy the connection. If two
rows were not adequate, the program will increase the lap one step then try one and two
rows of bolts. Finally, if the longest lap with two rows of bolts is not adequate, the
program will repeat the process with a larger bolt diameter if a larger bolt diameter is
available.
16

Sidewall eave extension, bypass purlins, bracket welded to column?

0 = Y,
1=N
When the eave extension support beam is placed below the roof purlins, the end of the
beam is attached to the rigid frame column. This attachment can be a direct bolt of the
end of the beam to the flange of the column, or a bracket can be welded to the column
and the extension beam bolted to the bracket.
17

Wall Canopy, bypass purlins, bracket welded to column?


0 = Y,
1=N
When the wall canopies support beam is placed below the roof purlins, the end of the
beam is attached to the rigid frame column. This attachment can be a direct bolt of the
end of the beam to the flange of the column, or a bracket can be welded to the column
and the wall canopies bolted to the bracket.

18

BEP connection between Sidewall eave extension beam and column:


0 = F, the end plate flush with the beam flange,
1 = E, an end plate that extends beyond the flange
2 = S, similar to the E type only there is a stiffener between the end plate and the
flange.
In the bolted end plate connection at the end of the extension beam, select the type of
connection. See Figure.

19

BEP connection between Wall canopy beam and column:


0 = F, the end plate flush with the beam flange,
1 = E, an end plate that extends beyond the flange,
2 = S, similar to the E type only there is a stiffener between the end plate and the
flange.
In the bolted end plate connection at the end of the wall canopy, select the type of
connection. See Figure.

20

Live load deflection limits for sidewall eave extension purlins and girts.
If the live load deflection limit for sidewall eave extension purlins is different than the

live load deflection limit for roof purlins, you can set that limit here.
21

Wind load deflection limits for sidewall eave extension purlins and girts.
If the wind load deflection limit for sidewall eave extension purlins is different than the
wind load deflection limit for roof purlins, you can set that limit here.

22

Deflection limit for sidewall eave extension beams, default is rafter wind.
If the wind load deflection limit for sidewall eave extension beams is different than the
wind load deflection limit for endwall rafters, you can set that limit here.

23

Minimum web depth for tapered beams in sidewall eave extension and canopies.
The program will only provide sufficient depth to satisfy strength. With this parameter,
fabrication concerns can be considered.

24

Default peak offset for purlins on canopies, in.


Enter the distance from the building surface to the first purlin on the canopy, as measured
along the canopy rafter.

25

Crane beam depth used only to calculate the height of crane bracket.
The user enters the height of the top of the crane beam. The rigid frame detailing program
and the rigid frame erection program need to know the height of the crane beam bracket.
The program takes the user input crane height and subtracts this parameter to calculate
the bracket height. Currently, the program user must enter this parameter for each crane
beam. The crane beam depth determined in the Special screen does not transfer out to
other programs.

26

Bolt selection criteria, eave and purlin strut to rigid frame:


0.0, 1.0 = goes through the sequence of bolts with the minimum number of bolts
then goes through the sequence of bolts for the maximum number of bolts.
2.0 = tries the minimum number of bolts for the first bolt in the sequence then tries
the maximum number of bolts for the first bolt in the sequence. That is, it
increases the number of bolts prior to moving to the next bolt in the
sequence. See also PE 3-98-13.
3.0 = described in PE 5-01-2. It uses the minimum number of bolts on the first
two lines of bolts and then uses the maximum number of bolts on the first
two lines of bolts. This sequence continues with the next two bolt lines
and finally with the last two lines of bolts.

This parameter indicates to the program how the bolts shall be selected. A 0 indicates that
the current method should be used. The current method is to try 2 A307 1/2", then 5/8"
then 3/4". If still not adequate, try 4 bolts in the same sequence. The 1, 2, and 3 options
use the sequence of bolts you set on lines 71 to 76 on purlins and purlin struts or 77 to 82
for eave struts in the DT_BOLT file.
27

Minimum number of bolts in eave strut to rigid frame connection.

28

Maximum number of bolts in eave strut to rigid frame connection.


Set the number of bolts from small to large that are available in the eave strut to rigid
frame connection.

29

Minimum number of bolts in eave strut to C endwall rafter.

30

Maximum number of bolts in eave strut to C endwall rafter.


Set the number of bolts from small to large that are available in the eave strut to C
endwall rafter connection.

31

Minimum number of bolts in eave strut to D endwall rafter.

32

Maximum number of bolts in eave strut to D endwall rafter.


Set the number of bolts from small to large that are available in the eave strut to D
endwall rafter connection.

33

Minimum number of bolts in eave strut to R W endwall rafter.

34

Maximum number of bolts in eave strut to R W endwall rafter.


Set the number of bolts from small to large that are available in the eave strut to R W
endwall rafter connection.

35

Minimum number of bolts in eave strut to U endwall rafter.

36

Maximum number of bolts in eave strut to U endwall rafter.


Set the number of bolts from small to large that are available in the eave strut to U
endwall rafter connection.

37

Minimum number of bolts in eave strut to rigid frame at endwall.

38

Maximum number of bolts in eave strut to rigid frame at endwall.


Set the number of bolts from small to large that are available in the eave strut to rigid
frame at endwall.

39

Bolt self criteria, for flush SW eave extension, eave strut to RF: See 26
The options are the same as for the parameter 26. However, this is for the connection of
the eave strut to the rigid frame and the endwall rafter when flush sidewall eave extension
beams are used.

40

Flush Sidewall Eave Extension, minimum number of bolts in eave strut to Rigid Frame
and Endwall rafter.

41

Flush Sidewall Eave Extension, maximum number of bolts in eave strut to Rigid Frame
and Endwall rafter.
Set the number of bolts from small to large that are available in the eave strut to rigid
frame and endwall rafter.

42

Maximum spacing of sag straps or other flange bracing on facia girts and purlins when
screw down panels are used.

43

If the distance from the door header to the eave is less than this value, no girts will be
placed above the door header. Only for type 2 door jambs.

44

Not Used

45

Not Used

46

Purlin depth minus this parameter is the minimum depth for flush sidewall eave extension
beams, default value is 1.75 inches. See PE 10-99-7

47

B4 connection for facia: minimum bolt spacing

48

B4 connection for facia: maximum bolt spacing

49

B4 connection for facia: interval for bolt spacing.

See drawing PX22. See PE 6-99-3. One option in connecting a facia attachment beam to
an endwall rafter is to use a web plate that extends into each member. The above 3
parameters control the bolt spacing for that design.
50

Design sequence for B4 connection. The B4 connection is a loose plate between the web
of an endwall rafter and the web of a facia attachment beam. If the initial design is
inadequate, the program can increase bolt diameter, number of bolts, or bolt spacing. The
program will follow the design sequence listed below based on the option for sidewall 50
as shown below. See PE 6-99-3.

51

Member type for crane bracket:


0, 1 = Hot Rolled,
2 = Welded plate.
The default crane brackets will be made from hot rolled or welded plate as set with this
parameter.

52

Crane bracket: 0 = always use stiffener at upper and lower flange, 1 = use if required

53

Crane bracket: 0 = always use stiffener at diagonal, 1 = use if required

54

Crane bracket: 0 = always use stiffener at top of crane beam, 1 = use if required

55

Crane bracket: 0 = always use stiffener under crane beam, 1 = use if required
The program will call for a stiffener at a crane bracket if that stiffener is structurally
required. However, the user can specify that stiffeners will be used even if setting the
above parameters does not require them.

56

For flush R W eave extension/facia beam connection:


0 = 'LP' type,
1 = 'LK',
2 = 'LC'.

See drawing PX30, PX32, and PX37. This sets the connection type for R and W flush
eave extension beams.
57

Minimum number of bolts between end of independent strut member and connection
plate

58

Maximum number of bolts between end of independent strut member and connection
plate

59

Connection between end of independent strut and connection plate: 0 = 1 = increase


number of rows after last bolt on list, 2 = increase number of rows prior to next bolt. The
program designs the bolted connection between the independent bracing STRUT and the
frame web. The program controls the number and diameter of bolts in connection.

Parameters 57 is the minimum number of bolts available in the connection,


58 is the maximum number of bolts available in the connection. The available
bolts come from the DT_BOLT file.
Parameter 59 provides advice on increasing the number of bolts after the last bolt on the
list or increasing the number of bolts prior to going to the next bolt. See PE
11-00-4
60

C D U flush eave extension beam connection type:


0 = LP,
1 = LK.
See PE 8-00-1 and 2-01-2. This sets the connection type for C D U flush eave extension
beams.

61

Soldier column connection to soldier rafter option 4:


1 = 'S1' splice type from DS_RFPLT, shear tab welded to rafter web,
2 = 'S2' splice type from DS_RFPLT, two loose plates bolted to the rafter web and
column web.

62

Soldier column connection to soldier rafter option 6:


1 = 'S1' splice type from DS_RFPLT, shear tab welded to column inside flange,
2 = 'S2' splice type from DS_RFPLT, two loose plates bolted to the rafter web and

column inside flange,


3 = 'S3' splice type from DS_RFPLT, end plate welded to end of rafter and bolted
to column inside flange.
63

Rigid frame connection to soldier rafter option 4 or 5:


1 = 'S1' splice type from DS_RFPLT, shear tab welded to rigid frame column web,
2 = 'S2' splice type from DS_RFPLT, two loose plates bolted to the rafter web and
rigid frame column web.

64

Sidewall bracing with the presence of soldier columns:


0 or 1 = Bracing between single bays, attaches to soldier columns when present,
2 = Bracing to rigid frames only, bracing not attached to soldier columns.

65

Soldier column depths along sidewall when soldier column depth is specified as 0:
0 = Variable depth columns giving the least weight for each column,
1 = Same depth columns using the least weight of the same depth.

66

Minimum number of rows of anchor bolts for soldier columns.

67

Maximum unbraced length of auxiliary crane columns

68

Auxiliary beam to column web:


1 = 'S1' shear plate welded to column web
2 = 'S2' two loose clips supplied
3 = 'S3' shear end plate welded to member
4 = 'S' shear plate welded to column web and supply one loose shear plate
5 = 'S7' shear plate welded to column web and supply two loose shear plates

69

Auxiliary beam to column flange:


1 = welded shear plate,
2 = bolted shear angles,

3 = end plate
70

Runway beam longitudinal brace angle location from centerline of column, see PF14.

71

Minimum angle in degrees for longitudinal brace angle to runway beam, see PF14.

72

Runway beam longitudinal brace angle to be at:


0 = not used,
1 = all interior bay locations,
2 = one side of braced bay frame line
3 = both sides of braced bay frame line
See DC1 for illustration.

73

Lateral brace angle location offset from the runway beam centerline to the auxiliary
beam, see PS36.

74

Minimum angle in degrees for lateral brace angle from centerline of runway beam to
auxiliary beam, see PS36.

75

Independent crane bracing strut type:


0 1 2 = None,
3 = P,
4 = T,
5 = R,
6=W

76

Independent crane strut connection type:

[NOT ACTIVE]

1 = 'S1' shear plate welded to column web


2 = 'S2' two loose clips supplied
3 = 'S3' shear end plate welded to member
4 = 'S' shear plate welded to column web and supply one loose shear plate

5 = 'S7' shear plate welded to column web and supply two loose shear plates
77

Independent crane strut locations in:


1 = braced bays only
2 = all bays

78

For same slope front and back facia panels, front facia girt spacing considers the gutter
girt:
[NOT ACTIVE]
0.00 = No- evenly spaced front facia girts,
1.00 = Yes- gutter girt location is set and other girts are evenly spaced above and
below the gutter girt

79

If the distance between main building eave height and height of lean to exceeds this
value, diagonal bracing will be placed between the two levels.

80

Crane runway beam lateral angle design length

81

Distance to be subtracted from the eave height for determining panel span.

Building Design Options

Endwall

Maximum unbraced length for columns, in.


The program calculates the maximum unbraced length for each endwall column as the
smaller of the maximum wall girt spacing and this entry. Suppose, you do not have any
endwall girts, however you do have some other framing that will brace the columns.
Then, enter that unbraced length as this value. If you keep this value larger than the
longest endwall column, then, the unbraced length will be the column length and this
value will not interfere with the column design. See PE 7-94-1.

Maximum length of fabricated rafter, in.


If the proper parameters are set the program will locate and design the splices in the
endwall rafter. To do this the program must know the maximum length for endwall
rafters. It is that maximum length for an endwall rafter that should be entered.

Default for inside flange braced on EW rafter:


0 = No,
1 = Yes
As the program sets up the design file for the endwall design, it needs to know if the
inside flange of the endwall rafter should be designed as braced or unbraced. Enter 1 if
the inside flange of the endwall rafter is to be considered braced.

Unbraced length for endwall girts with inside flange braced, in.
The inside flange of the wall girts may be attached to tie rods or sag angles for the
purpose of stabilizing the flange. When the flange is stabilized, it will have a larger
moment capacity to resist wind suction. Enter the maximum spacing of these braces. See
PE 7-95-5.

This option permits the user to use the same depths for endwall columns and to use the
same rafter member along each rafter surface. The following table lists the options:
Option:
Same Depth EW Column:
Same Size EW Rafter:

The program designs each endwall column. Unless the depth of each column is specified,
the program may come up with different depths for each column. If you do not specify
the column depth, yet you want to have all the columns at the same depth, enter 1 or 3.
The program will then, design all columns, selects the column with the maximum depth,

then, redesign the other columns to that maximum depth.

There may be more than one rafter on a roof surface. Those rafters can be the same size
or different sizes. If the Y option is selected, they will be the same size. One type of
endwall column to rafter connection calls for simple span rafters between endwall
columns. For this case, you may want to use the N option permitting different members
for each rafter span.
6

Set jamb/header depth, in.


If you enter a depth, like 8", then all jambs and headers will be 8" deep. If a deeper depth
is required for strength, the 8" jamb will be selected and an overstress will be reported. If
you want the jamb depth to be a minimum of the girt depth, enter 0. Jamb depths greater
than the girt depth will be selected, if required for strength or deflection.

Default allowable endwall panel shear, lb/ft.


Check with your panel supplier and enter the proper value for the allowable panel shear.
This is for diaphragm action in the panel. Allowable panel shear can be set in
DS_PANEL.siz file.

Min distance from the top of EW column to the highest EW girt.


When the column attaches to the rafter flange use 8. As the endwall design program is
attempting to place endwall girts in the endwall. It needs to consider how close a girt can
be placed to the top of the column. Enter the minimum distance from the top of the
column to the nearest endwall girt. Do this for two cases, one where the endwall column
attaches to the rafter flange and the other where the column attaches to the rafter web.

Min distance from the top of Endwall column to the highest Endwall girt.
When the column attaches to the rafter web use 9. Otherwise same as 8.

10

Offset of column to splice. Rafter splice at all interior column locations if set to zero. As
the program determines the location of the rafter splices, it needs to know the distance
from the column to the rafter splice. Enter that distance. The program will place the
splice on either side of a column. See PE 7-94-10.

11

VOID

12

Splice type at locations along the rafter:


0 = Moment, (see PE11)

1 = Shear, (see PE10, PE59)


2 = Flush Moment (R, W only), the only bolts are inside the flange.
3 = S3, (see PE68)
4 = S5, (see PE69)
10 = Same as peak. The type of peak splice in the endwall rafter is set in the
building data entry.
The type of rafter splice at other locations along the rafter is based on this
parameter. If option 10 is selected, the program will also use the peak splice
type entry for the splices along the rafters. See PE 6-01-1 and 7-01-12.
13

UBC wind load on endwall rafters to be treated as "Elements and Components Not In
Areas Of Discontinuity" if parameter > 0.

14

Bending in the corner columns due to wind on the Endwall:


0 = No,
1 = Yes
When the sidewall and endwall girts are attached to the corner column at the same level,
there is no bending in the corner column. Some designers prefer to design the corner
column for bending from wind load on the endwall. This parameter provides the option
to have all corner columns designed for wind load from the endwall. This only applies
when the corner columns are not rotated.

15

Moment splice in C endwall rafter, number of bolts of row:


0 = use 1,
any other value = use 2.
The bolted end plates for C endwall rafters may have 1 or 2 bolts per row. This
information is needed for the program to select the available plates from the DS_RFPLT
file. In detailing the bolts, use a bolt gage greater than 0 for two bolts per row and a gage
of 0 for one bolt per row.

16

Girt spacing by program, panel length calculated at:


0 = mid bay,
1 = max height in bay when Girt to Rafter option is set to 'Y' in EWDES.in file,
2 = always check the highest height in bay.

As the program adds a girt to the endwall, the girt spacing must not exceed the maximum
girt spacing set as DS_BUILD(wall 3). Considering the slope of the endwall rafter, the
panel length increases as you move across the bay. This parameter instructs the program
as to where the panel length should be calculated as the program determines the girt
spacing. Enter 0 and the mid bay panel length will be used, enter 1 or 2 and the
maximum panel length will be used.
17

Distance EW girts are placed above framed openings:


0 = default = 6".
Enter the minimum distance that the program will use in placing girts above framed
openings in the endwall. See PE 9-97-9.

18

Program will design EW girt to rafter above this roof slope. Typically the endwall girts
are not designed to attach to endwall rafters. For a high roof slope, it may be necessary to
attach the girt to the endwall rafter. For roof slopes greater than this value, the program
will automatically, if necessary, attach the girt to the endwall rafter.

19

Max Blocking spacing above 'BI' use partial wall [NOT ACTIVE]

20

When set to '2', program will check the adequacy of endwall column bolts and transfer
the proper number to endwall detailing. [NOT ACTIVE]

21

If the distance from the door header to the endwall rafter is less than this value, no girts
will be placed above the door header. Only for type 2 door jambs.

22

The maximum number of endwall design load combinations to be used by the program.
When you have a large number of columns and a number of loading patterns for pattern
loading there will be a very large number of design load combinations. For those cases
the program permits you to set the maximum number of design load combinations for
endwall rafter design. When the user limit is exceeded, the program replaces all those
loads with a slightly higher uniform load which has the same effect as designing for the
pattern load. If exceeded, the pattern loads will be eliminated and the uniform load will
be increased by (1 + DS_Build(ew 23)).

23

If the number of endwall design loads exceeds the limit (DS_Build(ew 22)), the live load
is multiplied by (1 + DS_Build(ew23)).
Pattern loading can create a large number of design loads. It may be many more loads
than the designer wishes to consider. In DS_Build(ew 22) you set that limit on the
number of design load combinations. Pattern loads can be replaced with a slightly larger
uniform load that has the same effect on the design. In DS_Build(ew 23) you set that
percent (decimal) increase in load. See PE 2-00-7.

24

VOID

25

There is an option to have the FF (full frame) frame type to be a completely welded
building. In that case they are called FFW buildings. For FFW buildings, if 1, do not field
weld endwall frames. The default FFW building is all field welded. This is an option to
shop fabricate the endwall frames. See PE 6-01-9.

26

VOID

27

If set to 1, and the endwall column anchor bolts are designed by the program, the
program will make all the anchor bolts in that endwall the same size.

28

In designing the endwall rafter S5 splice, what is the order of bolt selection, see PE69:
0 = first increase bolt diameter,
1 = first increase number of bolts

29

In designing the endwall rafter S5 splice, enter the minimum spacing of rows of bolts.
Enter zero and there will be only two rows, one at top and one at bottom.

30

Consider endwall rafter eccentric load in design.


0.0 = No, eccentricity not considered.
1.0 = Yes, eccentricity is considered.

31

Option of endwall bracing in roof, see DESED34:


0 = full cross bracing,
1 = end of endwall to interior rigid frame,
2 = interior endwall to end of rigid frame

32

This turns on the flange brace optimization as follows:


0 = No design of flange brace locations. DM249 is used to locate flange braces
1 = The column is designed with the maximum moment and the maximum wall
girt spacing. The endwall design program locates flange braces at each wall
girt. A stress check is run with the actual unbraced lengths. These unbraced
lengths are reported in the column reaction report

2 = Same as option 1, and in addition, flange brace optimization is activated and


unnecessary flange braces are removed
33

For flush wall girts, the maximum column depth in which the inside flange is considered
braced without using flange braces.

34

For bypass wall girts, the maximum column depth in which the inside flange is
considered braced without using flange braces.

35

Minimum angle between the wide door in endwall diagonal brace and the stub column.

36

Maximum spacing of sag straps on the brace purlin for the wide door in the endwall. See
drawing PE83.

37

Net section correction factor for endwall rafters using the North American Code. For
welded members use Ct = 1. For one row of bolts, use Ct = 0.8, for two rows at each end
use Ct = 0.9

38

Net section correction factor for endwall columns using the North American Code. For
welded members use Ct = 1. For one row of bolts, use Ct = 0.8, for two rows at each end
use Ct = 0.9

39

Minimum spacing for brace attachment points in roof. The default location of roof brace
attachment points is each endwall column. However, there may be occasions when two
endwall columns are so close together that you would not want to have a roof brace
attached to each column. If the distance to the adjacent column is less than this parameter
that column will not be used as a roof bracing attachment point.

40

Wide opening header offset from the hinge height, see PE83.

41

VOID

42

Distance from center of rigid frame near endwall of center of back brace clip, see PE83.

43

Increment for increasing brace clip location when insufficient distance based on angle
criteria, see PE83.

44

Wide opening 'C' back brace; 1=Bolted Plate, 8=Welded Clip

45

Wide opening 'D' back brace; 1=Bolted Plate, 8=Welded Clip

46

Wide opening 'W' / 'R' back brace; 1=Bolted Plate, 8=Welded Clip

47

Wide opening 'P' back brace;1=Bolted Plate, 8=Welded Clip

48

Wide opening 'T' back brace; 1=Bolted Plate, 8=Welded Clip

49

Wide opening 'U' back brace; 1=Bolted Plate, 8=Welded Clip

50

if =1 calculate section properties for double angles with a gap equal to DT_BUILD(tdd).

51

Base plate anchor bolts for 'YE' frame columns based on:
0 = RFDes,
1 = EwDes
The YE frame is a rigid frame in the endwall where the interior rigid frame columns are
also used as the endwall columns. This option states that the endwall anchor bolts for
those columns should be based on the endwall design or on the rigid frame design.

52

Wide opening header beam depth:

[ON HOLD]

0 = different member depths,


1 = same depth
53

Average endwall column spacing used by the ASNZ code to calculate column load area.
This is not used if the column spacing is set.

54

Use of web stiffeners is dependent on requirements of web crippling checks. Also,


stiffeners may be provided based on the settings for DM204 whether required by design.
See PE 2-06-9.
0.0 = Not provided as required by design. May be provided from DM204
1.0 = Web stiffener provided based on the requirements of web crippling checks
perpendicular orientation
2.0 = Web stiffener provided based on the requirements of web crippling check
vertical orientation

Building Design Options

Frame

Maximum column segment length, in.

Maximum rafter segment length, in.


In the preliminary design of the rigid frame (the creation of the rigid frame design input
file) the program divides each member into segments. In these parameters, the user can
set the maximum segment length for the columns and for the rafters. Each segment can
have unique flange and web thicknesses.

Minimum column depth, in.


See line 7. If a minimum member depth is set in the DS_RFDEP file the program will use
the larger of the value entered and the value in the DS_RFDEP file.

Minimum rafter depth, in.


See line 7. If a minimum member depth is set in the DS_RFDEP file the program will use
the larger of the value entered and the value in the DS_RFDEP file.

Maximum constant column depth, in.


See line 7.

Maximum tapered column depth, in.


See line 7.

Maximum rafter depth, in.


As the rigid frame design program goes through the depth optimization, the program
selects the web depth at each depth point. With these parameters, the user can specify
minimum and maximum web depths for the column and rafter. These values can also be
edited on line 3 of the rigid frame design input file

Maximum rafter fabricated length, in, mm


The program will consider this value to locate splice connections resulting from entries in
the DS_RFDEP file. When designing rigid frames with interior columns, a splice should
be specified for each span and the program will remove the unnecessary splices while not
exceeding this value. For a 'HP' frame type, a peak splice will not be used if the rafter
members on each side of the peak produce a combined length less than this value.

Fixity factor for semi rigid connection.

If you are using a semi rigid frame the program needs to know the fixity factor for the
knee connection. Enter that value here. This value will be transferred to line 2 of the rigid
frame input file.
10

Moment of inertia ratio for member intersections.


The analysis of the rigid frame depends on the moment of inertia of the members at each
point along the center of gravity (CG) line for the frame. At surface intersections there is
a lap of, for example, the column on the rafter CG line and the rafter on the column CG
line. From the lap point to the surface intersection, one cannot calculate the member
moment of inertia though it is very large. The program uses the moment of inertia over
that lap distance as the moment of inertia at the lap point times this user input factor

11

Depth point locations: The program has been revised to always use the DS_RFDEP file
to locate the depth points. The other options have been removed.

12

Default a/h for web stiffeners, a/h = 0 => no stiffeners.


When transverse web stiffeners are used the designer can specify the minimum stiffener
spacing as a ratio of the member depth. This ratio is entered on line 12. A ratio of zero
indicates that transverse web stiffeners will not be used.

13

Min number of rows of anchor bolts on sidewall columns.


The program will select the number and size of anchor bolts that will be used on each
sidewall column. The user can specify the minimum number of rows of anchor bolts as
for example 2 rows (4 bolts) or 1 row (2 bolts).

14

Depth increase (in, mm) at column base for limiting frame horizontal displacement.
See line 16.

15

Depth increase (in, mm) at column top for limiting frame horizontal displacement
See line 16.

16

Depth increase (in, mm) at first rafter depth for limiting frame horizontal displacement.
The rigid frame program will first design the frame to satisfy the strength and minimum
weight requirements. If the designed frame has a horizontal deflection that exceeds the
deflection limits, then the second stage of the design is to increase the member depths to
reduce the horizontal deflection. These variables specify the magnitude of the change in
depth for each cycle of redesign to satisfy horizontal deflection.

17

Number of cycles of depth increases in limiting the rigid frame horizontal and/or vertical
displacement. This is the maximum number of cycles of depth increase in a redesign for

excessive horizontal and/or vertical deflection.


18

Rigid Frame and Endwall Frame Roof Loading: (This parameter is only used if code
loading files are not used.)
0, 1 = standard,
2 = unbalanced and alternate bay. The typical rigid frame and endwall frame
design is based on the standard design loads. This design parameter provides
an additional option of unbalanced and alternate bay roof loading,
3 = to call for unbalanced and alternate bay loads only when the snow load is
greater than zero (> 0).
To call for alternate bay and or unbalanced loading based on building code, set to 0 and
use the rigid frame loading building code file. See PE 2-00-7 and 4-00-11.

19

Anchor bolt type:


The user can specify the anchor bolt type. Gr8.8 is the metric equivalent for A325.
Gr4.6 is the metric equivalent for A307. See PE 7-99-10 and 5-01-9.

20

VOID

21

Web depths greater than this value will have flange braces on both sides. Web depths
from zero to this value will have flange braces on one side, if not adequate two flange
braces will be used.

22

For flush girts and purlins, web depths below this value will be considered braced
without using flange braces.
Flush girts are attached to the web of the member. The attachment to the web will
stabilize the web. If the member is shallow, the web will stabilize the inside flange and a
flange brace will not be needed. Enter the maximum web depth at which you believe the
flange braces are not needed.

23

Major axis K value in KL/r for rigid frame sidewall columns.


Set this value. If you use 0, the program will use 1.5 ('BC' frame types will use 1.0). If set
to zero and DS_BUILD(frame 116) = 1, the program will calculate the K of the column
based on AISC criteria

24

Major axis K value in KL/r for rigid frame rafters.


Set this value. If you use 0, the program will use 1.0.

25

Automatic increase in web depth to make way for anchor bolts?


0 = no,
1 = yes.
Should the program automatically increase web depths at the base of the sidewall column
if there is insufficient space for the anchor bolts?
0 = no,
1 = yes.

26

Crane load offset 'a'. See Example 14 Figure 1.(inch/mm)


The vertical offset between the applied horizontal load and the applied vertical loading on
rigid frame columns. See Example 14 Figure 1.

27

Locations of horizontal load in crane design.


0 = on one side only,
1 = on both sides. See Example 14, pg 14-7.

28

Crane design horizontal load into single frame:


0 = yes,
1 = modified
Should the horizontal load from the crane go fully into one frame or partly into the
adjacent frame? See Example 14, pg 14-7. This setting is applicable only for Crane
Loads screen in the Building Input Editor. Crane Systems screen uses calculated
reactions resulting from Wheel Loads.

29

Maximum preliminary flange width in weak axis design, (in, mm).


See line 30.

30

Maximum preliminary flange thickness in weak axis design, (in, mm).


In the preliminary design of rigid frames for weak axis bending, the program uses a
maximum flange size. If the weak axis design requires a larger flange, the weak axis
design will not be used. Enter this maximum flange width on line 29 and flange
thickness on line 30.

31

Maximum spacing for rafter inside flange braces, zero = not used
The two main choices in locating flange braces is for the designer to set the location or
for the designer to indicate the possible purlin locations and the program to select only
those locations which are needed. As the program selects the flange brace location, the
designer may want to set a maximum spacing for the flange braces, if so that value is to
be entered here (in/mm).

32

Calculated RF section properties:


0 = average over unbraced length,
1 = values @ location
To determine the allowable stress for a column it is necessary to know the radius of
gyration for the major axis of the member at each stress check point on the member. For a
tapered member, the radius of gyration for the major axis varies all along the member. If
you enter 0, the program will use the average major axis radius of gyration over the
unbraced length at each stress check point along the unbraced length. If you enter 1, the
program will use the calculated radius of gyration at each stress check point.

33

Depth increase at mid span for limiting vertical deflection.


The program will automatically alter the frame design to meet vertical deflection
requirements. See PE 5-95-8. If the deflection requirements are not met in the strength
design, the program will deepen the members at designated locations. Then redesign the
frame. If the deflection is excessive, the program will deepen the member again. This
process continues for the number of cycles entered in line 17. Enter the depth increase for
that point on the member which is nearest the mid span of the member.

34

Depth increment at other rafter depth points for limiting vertical deflection
See line 33. Enter the depth increase to be made at the two points on each side of the mid
span of the member.

35

Yield strength of tube columns, (ksi, MN/m).


Tube columns may be used as interior columns for the rigid frame. The value entered
here will be transferred to the rigid frame design program for the design of tube columns.

36

Check web shear. See PE 4-04-7.


0 = do not check connection web shear
In the next three methods, use a thicker web plate if web shear is exceeded
1 = use the current method from Salmon and Johnson, see PE 1-96-1

2 = use AISC formula (F4-2) for allowable shear stress


3 = use AISC formula (G3-1) (includes tension field action) for allowable shear
stress
In the next two options, use the existing web plate and reinforce the plate as follows:
4 = use a diagonal stiffener on each side as reinforcement
5 = use a horizontal stiffener on each side as reinforcement
37

Revise flange plate at top of SW column:


See Section 8.7.13. The flange at the top of the column is a result of the column design.
The top flange at the start of the rafter is a result of the rafter design. For vertical and
perpendicular splices, these two flanges are located on opposite sides of the same bolted
end plates. The size of the two flanges may not be equal, yet the forces in the rafter
flange must be transferred to the flange at the top of the column. If you want the program
to check the adequacy of the column flange to carry the load in the rafter flange, enter
one of the following options:
1= flange force equals moment at connection divided by member depth,
2= same size as rafter flange for vertical and perpendicular connections, same as
column flange for horizontal connections,
3= flange width is equal to or greater than 6". Thickness is equal to or greater than
column outside flange thickness for frames with a diagonal splice and an eave
extension, the bracket top flange thickness comes from the DS_PLATE file with
a minimum width of 6" and thickness equal to or greater than the extension beam
flange, or
4= flange force is flange stress multiplied by flange area.
When the flange force is known, the program calculates the flange area by
dividing the flange force by 0.60 * Fy. The flange width is equal to the column
flange width. Plate thickness comes from the DS_PLATE file and is equal to or
greater than the required thickness. For hot rolled members, the column cap
plate is from the DS_PLATE file with a width and thickness equal to or greater
than the column flange.
Note: See DS_BUILD(frame 73) for hot-rolled columns.

38

Minimum angle between flange braces and vertical line through the web, degrees. This is
used to determine flange brace attachment point when multiple flange brace attachment
points are available. Default value is 30 degrees.
If a negative value is entered, it indicates the angle for attaching those flange braces that
are fastened to the purlins or girts with screws. See PE 5-03-6.

39

R,W, column: Number of bearing stiff above interior RF column:


0, 1 = one,
2 = two.
In each case, the web stiffener is on both sides of the flange. For a single location the
stiffener is at column mid depth, for 2 locations the stiffeners are on the edges of the
column.

40

R, W column, turned: same as 39.

41

Tube or pipe column: same as 39.


The use can select 1 or 2 bearing stiffeners to be placed above interior rigid frame
columns. The selection can be based on column type. This is only for the pinned column
to rafter connection. If stiffeners are used with the fixed connections, there will always be
two stiffeners. There are user options for the web stiffeners to always be used above
interior columns or to be used only when required. See DS_BUILD(Frame 102 to 105).

42

Bearing strength factor on flange brace to purlin connection:


Bearing strength factor = Fu * C1 * t. Where Fu = tensile strength of purlin, C1 = 3.0
when washers are used, else 2.22, t = thickness of roof purlin. Enter 0 and the default
values will be used. The default values are 65 * 2.22 * 0.06 = 8.65 kips/in (English) and
0.448 * 2.22 * 1.524 = 1.51 kN/mm (Metric).

43

To have rigid frame interior columns and sidewall and endwall columns designed with
kl/r <= 200, set this parameter to > 0. The AISC code does not require this option. The
impact of requiring kl/r <= 200 is to require the use of members with wider flanges.
When this parameter is > 100, the value will be used as the maximum kl/r for the column.

44

Flange brace to be designed for this percent of force in RF flange:


Engineers have some difference of opinion on the amount of force that the flange brace
should be designed for. If a zero is entered, the program will use 2 percent of the force in
the compression flange. To use, for example, one percent, enter 0.01.

45

Crane beam design, unbraced length criteria:


0 = crane wheel to beam end,
2 = beam length:
Some engineers will reason that the crane beam which is not being fully loaded will
stabilize the beam being designed. Then, the unbraced length of the crane beam is the

distance from the front crane wheel to the end of the beam. There are other engineers that
reason that one crane beam does not stabilize the other, then, the unbraced length of the
beam is the full beam length.
46

Yield stress for W interior columns is based on:


0 = column,
1 = hot-rolled flange
If your W type interior columns are to be fabricated from the same material as the rigid
frames, enter 1 and the rigid frame yield strengths will be used in the column design. If
the W column is to be designed for the hot-rolled column yield strength, enter 0. If the
value is greater than 20, this value is used for the yield strength (ksi, MN/m).

47

Yield strength of pipe columns, (ksi, MN/m).


Pipe columns may be used as interior columns for the rigid frame. The value entered here
will be transferred to the rigid frame design program for the design of pipe columns.

48

Are flange braces available for sidewall columns?


0 = yes,
1 = no
A design requirement for some buildings may be to have no flange braces on the sidewall
columns. If that is the case enter 1 for this parameter.

49

Min number of rows of anchor bolts on W, R interior columns.


Some companies prefer to place 2 rows of bolts on interior columns to provide more
stability for the column. For two rows enter 2. For one row, enter 1 or 0.

50

If > zero, flange thick will not be less than web thickness.
Some members may be very deep. This causes the web thickness to increase. If at the
same time, the moments in the member are small, the flanges will be thin. It is possible to
have a flange that is thinner than the web. Some designers prefer to have all flanges at
least as thick as the web.

51

Minimum interval in the selection of web depths.


When depth optimization is on, the program will select any web depth as needed. This
parameter requires the program to select web depths at multiples of the parameter. For
example, if you enter 3", then the available web depths are 3 6 9 12 15 and etc. These

available depths only apply when the depth is changed by the program. Hence, minimum
column and rafter depths which are adequate will remain at those minimum values.
52

Stiffener width is based on BEP width =0, column flange width > 0
The program will select the column to rafter stiffener based on the width of the bolted
end plate (enter 0), or the width of the column flange (enter > 0). See PE 9-97-9.

53

If set = 1. then all flange braces will be designed for one side only.
All flange braces will be on only one side of the rigid frame column and rafter. See PE
10-97-8.

54

VOID

55

Rafter depth point for spans with less than table values: If >0, measure from peak, ELSE
measure from eave. See PE 12-98-6. This parameter guides the program on how use the
location of depth points in the DS_RFDEP file. It is for those rafters that do not have the
same span entered in the data file. For example, the building span is 45 feet and the table
span is 50 feet with depth points at 10 and 30 feet. This gives three rafter segments with
lengths: 10, 20, and 20. If the parameter is = 0, the 5 foot distance is taken out at the eave
giving plate segments of 5, 20, and 20. If the parameter is > 0, The 5 foot distance will be
taken out at the peak giving plate segments of 10, 20, and 15.

56

Minimum stiffener width: If >0, flange width/3, ELSE (flange width - 1")/2. Choose one
of these options as your minimum stiffener width. See PE 12-98-5.
For the CECS Code, (independent of frame 56 setting) the minimum stiffener width is the
maximum of (flange width * 3 / 8) and (stiffener length / 30 + 40 mm). The maximum
stiffener width is flange width / 2.

57

If > 0, program will overwrite rigid frame loads. If = 0, warning on overwrite comes up.
Typically when you make an input file the program will overwrite the existing file. If you
entered load data then inadvertently made the input file, all the entered load data would
be overwritten. To reduce the chance of this occurring, the program will give a warning
that the new loads and the existing loads are not the same and the program will not
change the existing loads. To eliminate this warning and overwrite the loads set this
parameter greater than zero.

58

Option to use nominal anchor bolt diameter on A307 bolts. (tensile area reduced by
thread depth). Typical anchor bolt design is based on the gross area of the bolt. If rf58 is
greater than zero, the diameter at the base of the threads will be used to calculate the area
used for the tension and shear stress calculations. See 3-99-2.

59

Axial comp + bending, Fb / cFy, where c is 0.60 or 0.66. The AISC specifications do not

give criteria for evaluating the tension flange when the welded plate member is subject to
axial compression and bending. The program will use different values for the allowable
tension stress based on this parameter:
0 = 0.66 * Fy for all members,
1 = 0.66 * Fy for compact members and 0.60 * Fy for non-compact members,
2 = 0.60 * Fy for all members. See PE 7-99-5.
60

Required deflection ratio divided by actual deflection. Used by program in meeting


horizontal deflection with hot rolled members, during each cycle the program has a
required deflection ratio and actual deflection ratio. If the ratio of required to actual is
greater than this parameter both the rafter and column will be increased in size for the
next cycle. Limited experience indicates 1.75 to be a reasonable value. See PE 7-99-3.

61

The minimum weight rigid frame designs occur when the inside and outside flanges are
not the same thickness. If you set to 1, the inside and outside flange will have the same
thickness.
'0' = open to use any flange thickness on either flange,
'1' = use same flange thickness on both flanges.

62

Option for rigid frame knee to have the same depth at the start of the rafter as the top of
the column. 1.0 = same depth. The minimum weight rigid frame will give one depth at
the top of the sidewall column and another depth at the start of the rafter. If rf62 = 1,
these two depths will be the same.

63

EP to flange weld
0 = use EP thick,
1 = no EP thick.
In determining the size of the flange to end plate weld, enter '1' if the end plate thickness
should not be used.

64

Options for width of wind bent cap plate:


0 = maximum of column flange and rafter flange,
1 = column flange width,
2 = rafter flange width.

65

Hot rolled symmetrical rafters:


1 = use same rafters on each side of peak,
2 = use same nominal depth [NOT ACTIVE]
3=

66

H/t limit for web plate optimization. Will increase web thickness until above entered
ratio.

67

Yield strength for flange braces

68

(This parameter is used by the program only if the purlin member size is not given on the
input file.)
Limit states bearing capacity factor for flange brace to purlin connection. This is similar
to DS_Build(frame 42) used in the AISI design. The difference is that this applies to limit
states design. The default bearing factor is 3 * 0.67 * 0.060 * 65 = 7.839. If you want the
factor to account for purlin thickness, then use that thickness in place of 0.060 and
calculate the new bearing factor and set it as this parameter. See PE CLS00-1.

69

The factor that is used to determine the location of the maximum bending plane for pipe
column cap plates. See PE 7-00-16.

For tube columns, the plane for the maximum bending plane occurs at the weld between
the cap plate and the column. For pipe columns, the plane for the maximum bending plane
occurs at an offset from the outside of the column. This offset is based on a percentage of
the pipe radius. The default offset used is 40 percent of the pipe radius. To use an offset of
30 percent of the radius, set to 0.30.
70

Default crane beam flange width for calculation needed for stiffener in bracket. See PE
7-00-25. In order to calculate the need for a stiffener in the bracket just below the crane
beam, it is necessary to know the width of the crane beam flange. This parameter
represents the crane beam flange width. The default value is 5.0 inches.

71

Maximum distance that the crane bracket flange width can exceed column flange width.
See PE 7-00-25. The crane beam bracket is welded to the column flange. Some
designers may prefer that the bracket flange width does not exceed the column flange,
while others may permit the bracket flange to be slightly larger than the column flange.
The permitted excess of the bracket flange to the column flange is set here. The default
value is zero.

72

If the outside angle (degrees) between two roof surfaces is less than this value use the

length of the two surfaces to determine the major unbraced length of the member.
See PE 9-00-10. For small roof slopes one may consider that the rafter should be
considered as a single member in determining its unbraced length. However, if the
member is at a high roof slope then the unbraced length of the individual rafters should
be used. Frame 72 is the angle at which for larger angles the program will use the
unbraced length of the individual rafters.
73

Revise flange plate at top of hot-rolled rigid frame columns:


0= use option on DS_BUILD(frame 37),
1= flange force equals moment at connection divided by member depth,
2= same size as rafter flange for vertical and perpendicular connections, same as
column flange for horizontal connections,
3= flange width is equal to or greater than 6". Thickness is equal to or greater than
column outside flange thickness for frames with a diagonal splice and an eave
extension, the bracket top flange thickness comes from the DS_PLATE file
with a minimum width of 6" and thickness equal to or greater than the
extension beam flange, or
4= flange force is flange stress multiplied by flange area.
When the flange force is known, the program calculates the flange area by dividing the
flange force by 0.60 * Fy. The flange width is equal to the column flange width. Plate
thickness comes from the DS_PLATE file and is equal to or greater than the required
thickness. For hot rolled members, the column cap plate is from the DS_PLATE file with
a width and thickness equal to or greater than the column flange.

74

This parameter serves different functions relating to the P-delta part of rigid frame
analysis. Data entered here controls what is entered under P-delta on the Analysis
Options line of the Rigid Frame Design Input file. See the table for values and program
action (shown below).

The stability check is for seismic loads. Some building codes have a drift limitation
strictly for seismic loads. The program calculates and reports the drift limitation and
issues a warning if the limiting drift is exceeded. The limit is expressed in terms of a
'stability coefficient', which is DS_BUILD(frame 74). Most building codes use a value of
0.10. For standard P-delta see section 8.14.1 of the MBS Design Manual. For P-delta
with frame imperfections, see section 8.14.2 of the MBS Design Manual.
75

If >0 it is the interval (% span) between deflection check points centered on the rafter
mid span. 5 points are checked. If you want to check the deflection at other than mid

span, do so by entering a value for frame 75. The deflection points are spaced at the
interval set in frame 75 as a percent of the span length. See PE 10-00-16.
76

Limiting total load vertical deflection for rigid frame.

77

Transverse partition girts attaching to Tube rigid frame interior column, load applied to:
0, 1 = added 'O' columns,
2 = added 'C' columns,
3 = rigid frame interior columns

78

Transverse partition girts attaching to W R rigid frame interior column web, load applied
to:
0, 1 = added 'O' columns,
2 = added 'C' columns,
3 = rigid frame interior columns

79

Transverse partition girts attaching to W R rigid frame interior column flange, load
applied to:
0, 1 = added 'O' columns,
2 = added 'C' columns,
3 = rigid frame interior columns

There is an option for interior partition walls to frame into rigid frame interior columns.
This may require many different rigid frame columns, in that each column may have a
different location of clips. To have the interior rigid frame columns to be independent of
the partition walls, it is possible to place a partition wall column adjacent to the rigid
frame column. The above three parameters permits the user to specify the type of
partition wall column adjacent to the rigid frame column.
80 to These parameters permit the user to set the K value used in the program to calculate the
83 column kL/r ratio used in rigid frame design. If the parameter is set to zero, the default K
value as listed below will be used.
80

sidewall rigid frame column with fixed base, default = 1.2. If set to zero and
DS_BUILD(frame 116) = 1, the program will calculate the K of the column based on

AISC criteria
81

interior rigid frame column fixed at each end, default = 1.2. If set to zero and
DS_BUILD(frame 116) = 1, the program will calculate the K of the column based on
AISC criteria

82

interior rigid frame column fixed at top pinned at base, default = 1.5. If set to zero and
DS_BUILD(frame 116) = 1, the program will calculate the K of the column based on
AISC criteria

83

interior rigid frame column fixed at base pinned at top default = 2.1 See PE 3-01-3.

84

Enter 2 if the program is to place the flange to web weld on both sides of the web, else
enter 0 or 1. It is common practice in many countries to place the flange to web weld on
only one side of the web, this is the default setting in the program. However, if the weld
is to be placed on both sides with the weld symbol on the assemble drawing. See PE 401-2.

85

Added factor of safety can be applied to the design of rigid frame, wind bent, and wind
column anchor bolts. For a 10 percent added safety, use 1.10.

86 to These parameters are used in the design of a moment connection between the interior
88 column and the rigid frame rafter where the bolts are placed outside of the column flange
and hence can be used for wide flange, pipe, or tube columns. The splice type is called
FO for fixed outset. See PE 4-01-9. Specific values are as follows:
86

Options in the use of the existing rafter flange:


0, 1 = use existing flange,
2 = use flange replacement,
12 = use existing flange and if that is not adequate, use flange replacement

87

Options for use of a gusset place under the cap plate are:
0 = no gusset, unless the required plate thickness is not available then a gusset will be
used,
1 = use gusset plates even if not needed.

88

In the design of the splice, which is to be increased first, bolt diameter or bolt number:
0 = bolt number,

1 = bolt diameter.
89

Options for tension check due to flange holes on rigid frames. Hole locations are direct
bolt connections resulting from purlins, girts, flange braces, and interior columns.
0.0 = No checks
1.0, 2.0 = Report frame tension check unity at hole locations. See PE 4-01-3.
3.0 = Optimize the frame considering tension check unity at hole locations. See PE 401-3.
4.0 = Optimize the frame considering net section properties at hole locations. See PE 206-4.

90

Cold rolled D member rigid frame, connection plate bolts: if set to 1.0, two rows will be
considered

91

Cold rolled D member rigid frame, interval for connection plate length optimization. See
7-02-2, revised 6/14/04.

92

Web at wind bent column to rafter splice: The options to check the web shear at the
column to rafter splice are set with DS_BUILD(frame 92) as follows:
0 = do not check connection web shear
In the next three methods check the connection web shear and if inadequate, use a
diagonal stiffener:
1 = use the current method from Salmon and Johnson, see PE 1-96-1,
2 = use AISC formula (F4-2) for allowable shear stress,
3 = use AISC formula (G3-1) (includes tension field action) for allowable shear
stress
In the next two methods check the connection web shear and if inadequate, use a
horizontal stiffener:
use the current method from Salmon and Johnson, see PE 1-96-1.
3 = use AISC formula (F4-2) for allowable shear stress,
4 = use AISC formula (G3-1) (includes tension field action) for allowable shear
stress
See PE 4-04-8.

93

It is the decimal value of the collateral load that will be included with the seismic
calculations. Default is zero for full collateral load. See PE 5-04-3.

94

VOID

95

VOID

96

Minimum number of rows of bolts in the FO type column to rafter splice. See drawing
PF33 and PE 4-01-9.

97 to For web depths less than this parameter, the program will consider the rigid frame inside
98 rafter or column flange to be braced without using flange braces. The connection of the
purlin or girt to the rigid frame provides some stability for the inside flange of the column
or rafter. It is up to the user to set the depth at which the inside flange can be considered
braced. Specific connections are listed below. See PE 5-01-8.
97

bypass purlins and girts

98

outset purlins and girts

99

Rigid frame rafter depth when 'JF' purlins:


0 = any depth,
any other value, minimum = 'JF' purlin depth + this value

100 There is an option to have the FF (full frame) frame type to be a completely welded
building. In that case they are called FFW buildings. This parameter applies to 'FFW'
building type, weld-up buildings.
0 = field weld the rigid frame
1 = shop weld the rigid frame
101 VOID
102 Pin connection on welded plate rafter: 0 = always use, 1 = only if required
103 Pin connection on hot-rolled rafter: 0 = always use, 1 = only if required
104 Fixed connection on welded plate rafter: 0 = always use, 1 = only if required

105 Fixed connection on hot-rolled rafter: 0 = always use, 1 = only if required

The program default is to use rafter web stiffeners above all interior columns. With the
above parameters the user can choose to use stiffeners only when they are required. If
stiffeners are used, there will always be two for a fixed connection. For a pin connection
the number of stiffeners is with DS_BUILD(frame 39, 40, 41). See 7-01-10.
106 Yield strength of stiffener, when 0.00 use the flange yield
107 Edge zone transverse wind coefficients used on rigid frame near endwall. See PE 8-01-8.
This applies to all wind codes that define an end zone wind loading area.
1 = Use interior wind coefficients
2 = Use edge zone wind coefficients
3 = Use edge zone wind coefficients only if defined exclusively from interior rigid
frames
4 = Use calculated effective wind coefficients, which will consider gable
extensions, edge zones, frame set back only if defined exclusively from
interior rigid frames.
108 Used with P-delta analysis. It is amplification for sway moments. The EC3 code
recommends a value of 1.2.
109 Minimum number of rows of anchor bolts for wind bent columns
110 Moment of inertia ratio for rafter above fixed cap interior column. Say the top of the
column is 'D' wide. Over the distance, D, the rafter is very deep taking into account the
column depth. What is the moment of inertia for the rafter over that distance? The
moment of inertia for the rafter over that distance is equal to the moment of inertia at the
edge of the column multiplied by the value of the F110 parameter. A typical value is like
2 or more.
111 Longitudinal partition girts attaching to Tube rigid frame interior column:
0, 1 = added 'O' columns,
2 = added 'C' columns

3 = rigid frame interior columns [HOLD]


112 Longitudinal partition girts attaching to W R rigid frame interior column web:
0, 1 = added 'O' columns,
2 = added 'C' columns
3 = rigid frame interior columns [HOLD]
113 Transverse partition girts attaching to W R rigid frame interior column flange:
0, 1 = added 'O' columns,
2 = added 'C' columns
3 = rigid frame interior columns [HOLD]
114 Flange brace force is based on member inside flange:
0, 1 = compression force,
2 = maximum compression or tension force
115 For extension beams bolted to flange of rigid frame column, if = 1 and BEP thickness is
greater than flange thickness, replace flange with plate equal to BEP thickness. See 5-024.
116 If set to 1, the program will calculate the column effective length based on AISC
Commentary. See PE 7-02-3.
117 Used in calculating the column effective length. Enter the G value for the pinned base
column. AISC Commentary recommends 10. See PE 7-02-3.
118 Double C rigid frame: lap at knee along the column. See PF35.
119 Double C rigid frame: lap at knee along the rafter. See PF35.
120 Double C rigid frame: lap at peak. See PF35.
121 Double C rigid frame: option to increase connection plate depth to more than member
depth at knee and peak splices. Acceptable value are:

0 = No increase
1 = Increase depth by 1" (25 mm)
2 = Increase depth by 2" (50 mm)
3 = Increase depth by 3" (75 mm)
30 = Determine minimum thickness using maximum available depth and reduce depth
using this thickness.
122 Double C rigid frame: allowable bending stress in connection plate:
0 = AISC formula F2-5, (0.60 * Fy)
1 = AISC formula F2-1 and F2-3, (0.75 * Fy)
123 Double C rigid frame: coefficient to adjust the (maximum plate extension beyond
member depth). This value is used in conjunction with DS_BUILD(frame 121) = 30.0.
124 Double C rigid frames: to select columns and rafters as D members enter 1, else columns
and rafter selected on basis of C members with 1/2 load.
125 Minimum horizontal clearance from crane TG runway beam centerline to frame inside
flange.
126 Minimum vertical clearance from crane TG runway beam to underside of frame.
127 Flush endplates to locate welds on one side or both sides of the flange. See PE 10-02-7.
128 Limit states RTF base reactions, load comb,
0 = factored,
1 = service.
129 Option to set the spacing of stress check points used in rigid frame design (in, mm). The
default stress check spacing is set at 5 ft and 1524 mm. If you want to use any other
value, set that value to this parameter. See PE 10-02-10.
130 Option for the program to use the maximum unbraced length with respect to the outside
and inside flanges for axial allowable stress.

0 = girt spacing,
1 = flange brace spacing. See PE 2-03-10.
131 Option for MRfDes to set initial flange width to (web depth / x + 1"); where x = f131.
See PE 2-03-6.
132 Options in selecting type of strut member between rigid frame interior columns:
A sequence of numbers can be used; 1 number, 2 numbers, or 3 numbers. If more than
one number is used, the program will first try the first number and if that is not adequate,
the next number is tried.
133 Increment between effective hole diameter and bolt diameter, default = 1/16 inch for
English units and 2 mm for Metric units. See PE 3-03-3.

This increment includes the hole plus any damaged steel considered to be around the hole.
134 With a unique rigid frame at endwall, the tributary area for calculating the live load is
based on:
135 Minimum horizontal clearance from the runway beam flange or the runway beam
channel to the frame flange.
136 Thinner plate thickness limit to allow maximum fillet weld size to equal to thinner plate
thickness. AISC specifies 1/4".
137 Interval to reduce the maximum fillet weld size from the plate thickness when thinner
plate thickness is greater than DS_BUILD(frame 136). AISC specifies 1/16".
138 Minimum flange plate width for rigid frame top plate to eave strut with flush sidewall
girts or flush sidewall girts with projection. Used with bolted end plate splice type as
perpendicular and vertical. See PE 10-03-7.
139 VOID
140 If set at 1, the program will use Method I and II in shear calculations for the CECS code,
else it will use Method I for all conditions. The CECS 102:02 code is the Chinese
structural design code.

141 CECS Code, shear key design, extension of concrete opening beyond each side of shear
key
142 Strength of concrete for Chinese code, shear key design, Mega Newtons per square
meter. For concrete grade C15 strength is 7.2. See section 8.19.17 of the Design Manual
for concrete grade versus bearing strength
143 Yield strength of steel used in the CECS shear key design: use 235 for grade Q235 or use
345 for grade Q345. Default is grade Q235.
144 For moment base plate design in the CECS code. Allowable stress loads equal limit state
loads divided by this factor. Default is 1.4.
145 Adjacent web comparison value. See DF1.
0.00

No comparison is made between adjacent plates

146 Adjacent flange comparison value. See DF1.


0.00

No comparison is made between adjacent plates

147 Bearing strength factor, NA01 code, = t * C * mf * Fu, default = 0.06 * 3 * 0.75 * 65 =
8.78, units = inch * kip/in = Kip/inch. See PE 8-03-10.
148 Maximum number of rows of anchor bolts on rigid frame sidewall columns.
149 Width of bearing flange used to calculate web crippling from loads applied to the outside
flange. When set to 0.00, no web crippling check.
150 CECS code: compressive axial loads less than this will have a calculated length value of
1.0, default value is 1 kip
151 Flange Brace at the Rigid Frame Interior Column Locations
0 = if required by design
1 = always provided at this location
152 For horizontal splice at top of interior column located at the valley of multi gable
buildings. Use distance from center of column to depth point at end of horizontal lower
flange.

153 Crane capacity at which a triangular web plate is added below the crane bracket. See PE
8-05-3
154 Crane capacity at which a triangular web plate and lower flange are added below the
crane bracket. See PE 8-05-3
155 Axial tension coefficient, to represent AreaNet / AreaGross
156 Value of n for welded plate members with axial compression in the CSA S16-01 steel
code. The default value used is 2.24 when this value is 0.00. (Note: Hot rolled member
n value is 1.34)
157 Load width used for design of a rigid frame column when a unique rigid frame is at the
endwall and a gable extension is present:
0.00, 1.00 = Load Width entered in Building Input Editor.
2.00 = (Bay width - offset) / 2 + offset
158
159 Distance from the frame peak to the start and end of a horizontal flange at the peak. See PE
1-07-7
160 Tension ratio limit for flange to splice thickness transition. See PE 5-07-8
161 Tension ratio limit for flange to flange thickness transition. See PE 5-07-8

Building Design Options

BEP

Bolt type:
0, 1 ,2 = A325,
3 = Gr8.8,
8 = G10.9,
10 = A490
See the help file for DT_BOLT for the strength of each bolt.

Type of BEP splice at the knee:


0 = PEE,

1 = DFF,

2 = HFF,

3 = VFF,

4 = HEF,

5 = PSS,

6 = PFF,

7 = VSS,

8 = VEE,

9 = DEE,

10 = HSS,

11 = HEE,

12 = HSF,

13 = HDF,

14 = PSF,

15 = SFF,

16 = SEF,

17 = SSS,

18 = SEE,

19 = SSF,

20 = SDF,

21 = PEF,

22 = VFE.

See Figure 8.5 and 8.6 in the Design Manual.


See line 4.
3

Type of BEP splice at the peak:


0 = EE,
1 = FF,
2 = FS,
3 = SF,
4 = SS
See line 4.

Type of BEP splice along the rafter:


0 = EE,
1 = FF,
2 = FS,
3 = SF,
4 = SS
The type of rigid frame splice is set in the rigid frame design input file. The default
splice types in that file are set with these parameters.

Bolt spacing between rows of bolts for F type BEP splices.


See line 6.

Bolt spacing between rows of bolts for E type BEP splice.


The spacing between adjacent rows of bolts for the flush type (F) splice (space1 on
drawing PF1) and for the extension type (E) splice (space2 on drawing PF1) are set on
these lines.

Increase in bolt BEP spacing when required by size of bolt and plate.

If the bolts or flange are too large to provide adequate clearance for the bolts, the bolt
spacing (space2 above) will be increased by the amount on this line.
8

If this bolt diameter is exceeded, the F BEP will have 2 rows.


See line 9.

If this PLATE thick is exceeded, the F BEP will have 2 rows.


If, in the design of the F splice with a single row of bolts near each flange, either this
bolt diameter or plate thickness is exceeded, the F type splice will be redesigned with two
rows of bolts near each flange.

10

Maximum bolt diameter for F or E type splices.


If this bolt diameter is exceeded, the BEP type will switch to S.
When BEP 27 = 0, then BEP type F is switched to S.
When BEP 27 = 1, then BEP type E is switched to S.
See line 11.

11

Maximum plate thickness for F or E type splices.


If this plate thickness is exceeded, the BEP type will switch to S.
When BEP 27 = 0, then bolted end plate type F is switched to S.
When BEP 27 = 1, then bolted end plate type E is switched to S.
Example: If, in the design of the F splice with two rows of bolts near each flange, either
this bolt diameter or plate thickness is exceeded, the F type splice will be redesigned as S
type splice.

12

Bolt type, EW rafter shear splices:


1 = A307,
2 = A325,
3 = Gr8.8
Enter the number for the bolt type selected.

13

If > 0, then bolt diameter must be => plate thickness.

If this number is greater than zero then the bolt diameter must be greater than or equal to
the bolted end plate thickness. For example, if the design gave you a 5/8" bolt with a 3/4"
plate, the program would increase the bolt diameter to 3/4".
14

Single slope building, type of BEP splice at knee:


0 = PEE,

1 = DFF,

2 = HFF,

3 = VFF,

4 = HEF,

5 = PSS,

6 = PFF,

7 = VSS,

8 = VEE,

9 = DEE,

10 = HSS,

11 = HEE,

12 = HSF,

13 = HDF,

14 = PSF,

15 = SFF,

16 = SEF,

17 = SSS,

18 = SEE,

19 = SSF,

20 = SDF,

21 = PEF,

22=VFE

When the program designs single slope buildings, it needs advice on the type of column
to rafter connection to be used. Enter the appropriate number.
15

Special criteria on required bolt space for bolts on each side of flange. This criteria is
activated if this value is greater than 1. See PE 12-96-7.

16

8 bolt extended BEP splice, spacing between outer rows of bolts.


See PE 8-95-1. The 8 bolt connection has 2 rows of bolts outside the flange and 2 rows of
bolts inside the flange. Enter the spacing to be used between those 2 rows of bolts. See
drawing PF8.

17

Set at 1 if the diagonal connection plate is to use the E type connection


Typically all the bolts on a diagonal splice plate are inside the two flanges. However, if
you want the program to use a row of bolts that are located outside of the outside flange
enter 1.

18

Spacing between rows for the third or more rows near each flange
In one case of the exclusive BEP design (line 19) there are three rows of bolts inside the
flange. See drawing PF4. Enter the spacing between the second and third rows of bolts.

19

Exclusive bolted end plate design:


1 = yes,
0 = no.

Enter 1 if you are using the BEP design program which was contracted specifically for
your company.
20

Endwall rafter design, spacing of bolts about the flange, W R rafters


See drawing PE12. Use 0 and a default of 3" will be used.

21

Endwall rafter design, spacing of bolts about the flange, C and Z rafters
See drawing PE11. Use 0 and a default value of 2" will be used.

22

Minimum rows of bolts at top of diagonal splice:


The program will design the diagonal bolted end plate connections with the necessary
number of bolts at each end of the splice plate.
0 = If the designer wants to use 1 row at top and bottom
1 = If the designer wants to use 2 rows at the top and 1 row at the bottom
2 = If the designer wants to use 2 rows top and bottom

23

Knee splice, constant depth column:


0 = see line 2,

1 = DFF,

4 = HEF,

5 = PSS,

8 = VEE,

9 = DEE,

2 = HFF,

6 = PFF,
10 = HSS,

3 = VFF,

7 = VSS,
11 = HEE,

12 = HSF,

13 = HDF,

14 = PSF,

15 = SFF,

16 = SEF,

17 = SSS,

18 = SEE,

19 = SSF,

20 = SDF,

21 = PEF,

22 = VFE

Line 2 directs the program on the type of knee splice for rigid frames. If you want to use
the same criteria for rigid frames with constant depth columns, enter 0. If you want to use
another default knee splice type, enter the appropriate number.
24

T-hanger frame, type of BEP splice at knee:


0 = PEE,

1 = DFF,

2 = HFF,

3 = VFF,

4 = HEF,

5 = PSS,

6 = PFF,

7 = VSS,

8 = VEE,

9 = DEE,

10 = HSS,

11 = HEE,

12 = HSF,

13 = HDF,

14 = PSF,

15 = SFF,

16 = SEF,

17 = SSS,

18 = SEE,

19 = SSF,

20 = SDF,

21 = PEF,

22 = VFE

Similar to line 14 only for T-Hanger frames.


25

Bolt spacing for shear BEP connections, see drawing PF11.


This parameter sets the vertical spacing between the two rows of bolts used in the shear
connection between the column and rafter for lean to buildings. It is also used between
the lean to rafter and the adjacent rigid frame.

26

Bolt type, inter column cap plate:


1 = A307,
2 = A325,
3 = Gr8.8
Select the bolt type for the interior column cap plate. Grade 8.8 is the metric equivalent
of A325 bolts.

27

Sequence in selecting type of BEP splice:


0 = FSD,
1 = FESD,
2 = FED
You can select one type of bolted end plate splice. If that type is not adequate, the
program will select another type of splice. The default sequence of splice type selection is
shown on Figure 8.6 in the Design Manual. Now you can select one of the other
sequences shown above.
F = flush,
S = stiffened,

E = extended,
D = double.

See Figure 8.6 for a drawing.


28

Wind bent splice type:


2 = EE,

other = FF.
Select the default splice type for wind bents, E = extended, F = flush.
29

Extended BEP design options:


0 = AISC (2),
1 = MBMA (2),
2 = MBMA (4),
3 = MBMA (2 or 4, if required)

30

Yield strength of bolted end plates and base plates, if 0 use RF. Typically, the yield
strength of the end plate steel is the same as the yield strength of the flange steel.
However, if a different yield is to be used for the end plate steel, enter that yield strength
as this parameter.

31

Maximum base plate width in design calculations for wind columns = flange width +
bep31. If bep31 = 0, program uses 1" as bep31. The program will select the minimum
base plate width (column flange width) or the next available plate width from the
DS_RFPLT file. This parameter limits the base plate width used in the design
calculations. See PE 4-99-17.

32

Allowable bearing stress on the concrete used for base plate design. Units = kips per
square inch, Mega newtons per square meter. The narrow base wind column has one
flange attached to the rigid frame column and the other attached to the concrete with a
base plate and anchor bolts. The allowable bearing stress on the base plate is controlled
by this parameter. See PE 4-99-17. This is also used for rigid frame and endwall columns
and wide base wind columns. See PE 7-01-11.

33

If greater than zero, the bolted end plate will be equal to the flange width, unless that
width is not available, then the next largest width will be used. See PE 4-99-18.

34

Minimum flange clearance extended splice [NOT ACTIVE]

35

Bolt diameter for larger minimum flange clearance (bep 36) [NOT ACTIVE]

36

Larger min flange clearance for extended splice. The above three are not active. They
have to do with moving the location of the bolted end plate bolts based on the slope of
the flange. [NOT ACTIVE]

37

TF frame type, splice type for top of interior column.

1 = 'FE' extended moment splice,


2 = 'FS' stiffened moment splice,
3 = 'FF' flush moment splice. See PE 3-00-6
4 = 'FO' outside of flange without stiffeners. See PE 4-01-9.
38

Min surface offset required for E or S splice, otherwise F splice used. When the E or S
bolted end plates are used there must be sufficient available space outside of the flange
for the end plate. If this value is entered the program will use it as the required space. If
the building has a surface offset less than this the program will switch to the F type
splice.

39

Calculation of flange force for bolted end plate design welds


0.0 = Flange stress * area
1.0 = Moment / depth force resisted by flange weld only, See PE 7-00-6.
2.0 = Moment / depth force + axial resisted by flange weld only
3.0 = Moment / depth force resisted by flange weld and web weld, See PE 2-06-1.

40

Minimum thickness of bolted end plate on hot rolled column is column flange thickness
plus this parameter. See PE 7-00-10. When DM241 is set to 3, (drawing RF19) the
flange cutout is equal to the thickness of the bolted end plate. This parameter sets the
minimum cutout and end plate thickness to the column flange thickness plus this
parameter. This permits the web cut to be moved from the thicker web at the surface of
the flange.

41

Splice type: Rigid Frame interior column moment cap plate:


2 = FF,
3 = FS,
4 = FO,
else FE (default)
During building entry the user can call for a moment splice at the top of interior column
rigid frame columns. In that event, the program uses the splice type indicated here. The
first letter, F, designates FIXED, and the second letter designates the plate extension and
stiffener condition:
1 = 'FE' extended moment splice (default),

2 = 'FF' flush moment splice,


3 = 'FS' stiffened moment splice (See PE 7-00-17),
4 = 'FO' outside of flange without stiffeners (See PE 4-01-9).
42

BEP for extension beams: bolt spacing F type splice.

43

BEP for extension beams: bolt spacing for the E and S splice types.

44

BEP for extension beams: increase in BEP43 if there is insufficient bolt clearance.
See PE 8-00-2. See drawing PF28. The above values are bolt spacing for bolted end
plates to be used on eave extension and canopy beams.
42 is the spacing between bolts for the flush connection.
43 is the spacing between bolts for the E and S type connections. If 43 does not
provide sufficient space for the flange and welds the spacing will be increased by
the value of 44.

45

Bolt type for non-moment connections for soldier columns and rafters.
1 = A307, Fv = 10 ksi
2 = A325, Fv = 21.0 ksi
3 = Gr8.8, Fv = 21.0 ksi (metric bolt)

46

Spacing between rows of endplate bolts for type 'N' endwall column to rafter connection,
drawing EC21 and PE68.

47

Minimum number of rows of bolts in the type 'N' endwall column to rafter connection,
drawing EC21 and PE68.

48

VOID

49

Minimum diameter for corner column anchor bolts

50

Minimum thickness for corner column base plate

51

Moment base plates, anchor bolt location: spacing between bolts on each side of flange

52

Moment base plates, anchor bolt location: offset from outside of flange to first row of
anchor bolts, for R W columns

53

Moment base plates, anchor bolt location: spacing between rows of bolts located outside
of flange

54

Moment base plates, anchor bolt location: distance from last row of anchor bolts to end
of plate

55

Moment base plates, anchor bolt location: for bolts only inside the flange, offset of row
from outside face of flange

56

Moment base plates, anchor bolt location: offset from outside of flange to first row of
anchor bolts, for a pipe column

57

Moment base plates, line of maximum moment under a pipe column is offset from the
edge of the column by this decimal value times the pipe radius

58

Moment base plates, anchor bolt location: offset from outside of flange to first row of
anchor bolts, for a tube column

59

Moment base plates, gusset plate between base plate and column flange, height of gusset
plate at end of base plate

60

Moment base plates, gusset plate between base plate and column flange, difference in
elevation of top of gusset plate times the gusset plate width

61

Moment base plates, default design method is bearing on concrete, set equal to 1 for
compression in anchor bolts

62

Moment base plates, when this is set to 1.0 the moment base plates will provide gusset
plates

63

Moment base plates, maximum extension of the base plate width beyond the column
flange

64

Moment base plates, when this is set to 1 the program will consider both the 'FO' and 'FI'
bolt patterns in selecting the bolt pattern. FO has 1 to 3 rows of bolts only outside the
flange. FI has one row of bolts inside the flange and 1 to 3 rows of bolts outside the
flange. See drawing PA17.

65

Moment base plates, minimum gap between the anchor bolt nut and the fillet weld
between the base plate and the flange or gusset plate

66

Moment base plates, if initial offset of the anchor bolt does not provide adequate
clearance; the offset is increased by this amount.

67

CECS EP design, stiffeners on web


0 = no,
1 = if required,
2 = always

68

CECS EP design option, same as DS_Build(sw15)

69

VOID

70

Rigid frame peak splice to be vertical when the roof slope is less than this value. Roof
slope is to be represented in degrees for English and metric units. See PE 2-03-8 and
drawing RF33.

71

Roof slopes not exceeding this value will detail the interior surface splice as vertical.
Roof slope is to be represented in degrees for English and metric units. See PE 2-03-8
and drawing RF33.

72

Rigid frame interior surface splice orientation as vertical for:


0 = Perpendicular splices,
1 = Vertical for HP frame type only,
2 = Vertical for constant depth rafters,
3 = Option 1 and 2. See PE 2-03-8.
The typical gable building is composed of 4 surfaces. Surfaces 2 and 3 are the
roof surfaces. The rafter for a roof surface typically has a splice at each end.
However, it may also have a splice along the rafter, not at the end. This is called
an interior surface splice. The default orientation for this splice is perpendicular to
the rafter outside flange. However, with this parameter that spice can have a
vertical splice orientation.

73

VOID

74

VOID

75

If = 2 program will use alternate method of calculation for bolt tension in the China Code
bolted end plate design. See section 8.19.25 in the MBS Design Manual.

76

Splice bolt type for moment connections in endwall rafters. Use the same options listed
for DS_Build(bep 1).

77

Width extension value, Base plate width >= Column Flange Width + 2 *
DS_Build(bep77)

78

Moment base plates, minimum outside height of side and web gusset plates. See PF37.

79

Moment base plates, slope (rise/run) of top of side and web gussets. See PF37.

80

Moment base plates, option for selecting English nut size. (1 or 2) See PE 8-03-1, section
G4.

81

Moment base plates, option for selecting Metric nut size. (1 or 2) See PE 8-03-1, section
G4.

82

Moment base plates, try a wider plate if the thickness exceeds this value.

83

Moment base plates, try more bolts if bolt diameter exceeds this diameter.

84

Moment base plates, if you want the program to consider reducing the number of rows
starting with the inner most row, use 1.

85

Moment base plates, yield strength of gusset plates.

86

Option to provide stiffeners for canopy connections:


0 = none,
1 = only for welded bracket,
2 = always. See PE 8-03-7.

87

Set to 1 and the moment base plates will be designed by the program

88

Minimum length of web stiffener for China code bolted end plate design.

89

1.0 = Use AISC/MBMA02 end plate design. See 10-03-8.

90

0.0 = snug tight (turn of the nut method), 1.0 = Pre-tension connection. See 10-03-8.

91

Bolt type for D cold-formed rigid frame connection

92

BEP, bolt spacing based on hole diameter: end distance factor

93

BEP, bolt spacing based on hole diameter: distance between bolt rows factor
[HOLD]

94

BEP, bolt spacing based on hole diameter: distance from bolt row to edge of flange
factor. [HOLD]

[HOLD]

95
96
97
98
99

Spacing for second row of bolts for the 'S9' splice plate. When 0.00, one row is used.
For a 'S9' splice the row is a set of holes vertically on the 'BM' frame.

100

Minimum number of bolts per row for the 'S9' splice. For a 'S9' splice the row is a set of
holes vertically on the 'BM' frame.

101

Maximum number of bolts per row for the 'S9' splice. For a 'S9' splice the row is a set of
holes vertically on the 'BM' frame.

102

With bolt quantity and diameter to be determined in the 'S9' splice plate each designer
may follow a different sequence in designing the connection. The designer can set their
order of selection in design by setting DS_BUILD(bep102). The options are listed
below:

103

Splice type for connection of end rafter to BM frame type


0.00 = No end connection
1.00 = Welded end plate connection, type 'FF'
2.00 = 'BM' web bolts to welded shear tab, type 'S9'

108

Tolerance for allowing a bolted end plate to use the greater of the two flanges bolt
spacing for symmetrical bolt spacing.

* FILE: DS_BUILD.SIZ
* CS 06/28/07 changed f3 from 7.5 to 9.5, f4 from 7.5 to 8.0 NOT Working correct
* CS 06/27/07 changed f21 from 45.0 to 7.0 per JE (flange brace both sides)
* CS 06/26/07 changed f3 from 9.5 to 7.5, f4 from 8.0 to 7.5 per RKJ
* JE 06/18/07 changed sw6 from 36 to 50, ew26 & 27 from 0 to 1
* CS 03/22/07 changed S29,S30,S35,S36 from 0 to 1 & S31,S32,S33,S34,S37,S38 from 0 to 2
* JE 03/16/07 changed frame157 from 0 to 2
* JE 03/16/07 changed frame47 from 36 to 42, frame89 from 3 to 4
* JE 02/12/07 changed frame74 from 1 to 0.1, frame44 from 0.01 to 0.02
* RKJ 11/02/06 changed wall53 from 0 to 1.0
* CS 09/26/06 changed bep59 from 0 to 6.0, bep78 from 0 to 6.0 per JE&RKJ
* JE 08/28/06 changed frame24 from 0 to 1.2
* JE 08/28/06 changed roof75 from 0 to 2, frame74 from 0 to 1
* JE 08/28/06 changed endwall37 from 0 to 0.92, endwall38 from 0 to 0.92
* JE 08/28/06 changed frame83 from 0 to 2.1, frame114 from 0 to 3
* JE 08/28/06 changed frame81 from 0 to 1.2, frame82 from 0 to 2.0
* JE 08/28/06 changed frame23 from 0 to 1.5, frame80 from 0 to 1.2
* JE 03/13/06 changed roof17 from 2 to 3, wall54 from 0 to 2
* JE 01/30/06 changed frame149 from 0 to 3, roof128 from 0 to 1
* JE/RA 12/07/05 changed roof31 from 3 to 0
* JE/RA 07/19/05 changed frame37 from 0 to 2, BEP28 from 0 to 2
* JE/RA 07/09/05 changed frame145 to -.135, frame146 to -.374
* JE/RA 07/09/05 changed roof126 from 7 to 4, frame151 from 0 to 1
* JE/RA 07/09/05 changed roof117 from 0 to 1, roof119 from 0 to 1
* JE/RA 07/09/05 changed frame93 from 0 to 1, roof17 from 1 to 2
* JE/RA 07/09/05 changed frame36 from 1 to 2, frame92 from 0 to 2

* CS 04/25/05 changed roof61 from 0 to 4 per RAMA


* CS 03/30/05 corrected frame89 should be 3 per RAMA
* CS 03/29/05 changed frame89 from 0 to 1 per RAMA
* CS 02/04/05 changed roof106 from 1 to 4 roof112 from 1 to 3 per RAMA
* CS 01/13/05 changed sidewall28 from 4 to 2 per RAMA
* CS 12/01/04 changed roof57 from 1 to 60 per RAMA
* RKJ 09/28/04
* RA/RKJ Edited 9/02/04
*==========================================================================
* r w s e f b
* Roof wall Sidewall Endwall Rigid Frame BEP
* ------- ------- -------- -------- ------------ -------

0.500 0.5 0.00 360.00 120.0000 1.0000 ... 1 a


12.000 12.0 0.00 432.00 120.0000 8.0000 ... 2 b
100.000 88.0 100.00 1.00 9.5000 0.0000 ... 3 c
0.000 0.0 132.00 132.00 8.0000 0.0000 ... 4 d
84.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 60.0000 3.0000 ... 5 e
84.000 0.0 50.00 0.00 60.0000 3.0000 ... 6 f
1.333 0.0 600.00 100.00 60.0000 0.5000 ... 7 g
1.000 0.0 450.00 5.75 528.0000 0.7500 ... 8 h
0.000 1.0 2.00 5.75 0.0500 0.7500 ... 9 i
0.000 0.0 24.00 36.00 6.0000 0.7500 ... 10 j
0.000 1.0 24.00 0.00 2.0000 0.7500 ... 11 k
0.000 3.0 48.00 0.00 0.0000 2.0000 ... 12 l
0.000 0.0 1.00 1.00 2.0000 1.0000 ... 13 m
0.000 0.0 3.00 0.00 1.0000 8.0000 ... 14 n
0.000 0.0 2.00 0.00 2.0000 0.0000 ... 15 o

0.000 0.0 1.00 1.00 1.0000 3.0000 ... 16 p


3.000 6.0 1.00 24.00 20.0000 0.0000 ... 17 q
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.01 2.0000 3.0000 ... 18 r
1.000 55.0 0.00 0.00 1.0000 1.0000 ... 19 s
1.000 7.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 20 t
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 7.0000 3.0000 ... 21 u
2.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 14.0000 1.0000 ... 22 v
1.000 0.0 6.12 0.00 1.5000 0.0000 ... 23 w
0.000 0.0 9.00 0.00 1.2000 8.0000 ... 24 x
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 1.0000 3.0000 ... 25 y
0.000 0.0 1.00 1.00 24.0000 2.0000 ... 26 z
0.000 0.0 2.00 1.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 27 aa
1.000 0.0 4.00 0.00 1.0000 2.0000 ... 28 bb
1.000 0.0 1.00 0.00 12.0000 0.0000 ... 29 cc
0.000 0.0 1.00 0.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 30 dd
3.000 0.0 2.00 0.00 180.0000 0.0000 ... 31 ee
0.000 0.0 2.00 2.00 1.0000 0.8750 ... 32 ff
0.000 0.0 2.00 16.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 33 gg
0.000 24.0 2.00 8.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 34 hh
0.000 48.0 1.00 35.00 46.0000 0.0000 ... 35 ii
2.100 1.0 1.00 72.00 2.0000 0.0000 ... 36 jj
124.000 0.0 2.00 0.92 2.0000 0.0000 ... 37 kk
0.000 0.0 2.00 0.92 40.0000 0.0000 ... 38 ll
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.0000 1.0000 ... 39 mm
10.980 3.0 0.00 6.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 40 nn
0.000 2.0 0.00 0.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 41 oo
0.000 0.0 0.00 60.00 6.4000 0.0000 ... 42 pp
0.000 0.0 0.00 30.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 43 qq

0.000 0.0 0.00 8.00 0.0200 0.0000 ... 44 rr


0.000 0.0 0.00 8.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 45 ss
0.000 0.0 0.25 8.00 2.0000 3.0000 ... 46 tt
0.000 0.0 0.00 8.00 42.0000 2.0000 ... 47 uu
0.000 0.0 0.00 8.00 0.0000 0.8750 ... 48 vv
0.000 0.0 0.00 8.00 2.0000 0.0000 ... 49 ww
0.000 0.0 0.00 1.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 50 xx
0.000 0.0 2.00 0.00 3.0000 4.0000 ... 51 yy
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 1.0000 4.0000 ... 52 zz
0.000 1.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 4.0000 ... 53 ab
0.000 2.0 0.00 0.00 24.0000 2.0000 ... 54 ac
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 2.0000 ... 55 ad
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 2.0000 ... 56 ae
60.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 1.0000 0.2500 ... 57 af
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 2.0000 ... 58 ag
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.0000 6.0000 ... 59 ah
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 60 ai
4.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 61 aj
0.000 0.0 3.00 0.00 0.0000 1.0000 ... 62 ak
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 1.0000 ... 63 al
2.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 1.0000 ... 64 am
2.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 65 an
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.5000 ... 66 ao
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 67 ap
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 68 aq
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 69 ar
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 45.0000 ... 70 as
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 71 at

0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.3850 1.0000 ... 72 au


0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 73 av
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.1000 0.0000 ... 74 aw
2.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 75 ax
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 76 ay
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 77 az
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 6.0000 ... 78 ba
2.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 79 bc
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 1.2000 1.0000 ... 80 bd
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 1.2000 0.0000 ... 81 be
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.0000 1.0000 ... 82 bf
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.1000 1.2500 ... 83 bg
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 1.0000 ... 84 bh
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 50.0000 ... 85 bi
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 86 bj
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 1.0000 ... 87 bk
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 88 bl
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 4.0000 1.0000 ... 89 bm
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 90 bn
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 2.0000 ... 91 bo
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.0000 0.0000 ... 92 bp
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 93 bq
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 94 br
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 95 bs
3.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 96 bt
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 97 bu
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 98 bv
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 99 bw

3.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 100 bx


1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 101 by
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 102 bz
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 103 ca
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 104 cb
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 105 cd
4.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 106 ce
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 107 cf
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 108 cg
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.0000 0.0000 ... 109 ch
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 110 ci
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 111 cj
3.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 112 ck
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 113 cl
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 3.0000 0.0000 ... 114 cm
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 115 cn
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 116 co
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 117 cp
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 36.0000 0.0000 ... 118 cq
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 36.0000 0.0000 ... 119 cr
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 12.0000 0.0000 ... 120 cs
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 121 ct
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 122 cu
2.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 123 cv
2.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.0000 0.0000 ... 124 cw
1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 125 cx
4.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 126 cy
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 127 cz

1.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 128 da


0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 129 db
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 130 dc
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 131 de
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 132 df
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.1250 0.0000 ... 133 dg
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.0000 0.0000 ... 134 dh
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 135 di
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.2500 0.2500 ... 136 dj
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0625 0.0625 ... 137 dk
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 138 dl
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 139 dm
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 140 dn
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 141 do
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 142 dp
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 143 dq
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 144 dr
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 -0.1350 0.0000 ... 145 ds
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 -0.3740 0.0000 ... 146 dt
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 147 du
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 148 dv
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 3.0000 0.0000 ... 149 dw
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 150 dx
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 1.0000 0.0000 ... 151 dy
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 152 dz
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 153 ea
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 154 eb
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 155 ec

0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 156 ed


0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 ... 157 ef
0.000 0.0 0.00 0.00 2.0000 0.0000 ... 158 eg