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D'SCA

ROEO

"i

UA.THItDK

UAKCHBei

AND

MELLIG

MELBA

'

i;

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DlSCARDEt

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"""
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Copyright,

1901,

ylU

by

Harper

rights

June,

reserved.

1901.

"

Brothers.

"

"

"

CONTENTS

PAOI

iii

Preface

vii

Introduction

First

Second

Third

Lesson

Lesson

Lesson

Fourth

Fifth

23

43

Lesson

59

Lesson
79

Sixth

Lesson

95

Lesson

Seventh

117

Eighth

Ninth

Tenth

Lesson

Lesson

Lesson

139

161

179

An

Marchesi

WHEN

consented

mind

that
its

of

her

be

comment

so

clearly

It

is

not

Marchesi

is

at

philosopher

who

gratitude

for

owes

do,

dry

any

which

matter

these

in

itself

as

than

subject

much

too

to

all

unique

She
teacher

great

the

once

of

her

great
art.
"

"

"

Madame

that

say

music.

of

than

more

and

and

her

of

pages.

occupies

world

ject
sub-

by

privilege

the

the

in

authoress

interest

more

limited

too

she

of

upon

speaks

the

love

was

the

on

friendship,

much

so

would

had

and

guidance

words

few

it

book,

distinguished
had

who

one

this

my

writing

in

pen
to

employ

to

unpractised
preface

my

Melha

Nellie

by

Mathilde

Madame

of

Appreciation

in

position
is
of

something
singing

enthusiast

"

and

Gifted

is

she

as

with

intimate

an

the

of

enjoying
and
in

her

with

the

Marchesi

has

for

under
in

has

influence

her

addition

by

reverence,

to

life

Wife,
One

of

the

most

and

love

ready

that

thies,
sympa-

and

have
in

beautiful
as

an

gone

devotion

Instructress,

Friend.

conspicuous
iv

spire
in-

to

cheerfulness,

and

Mother

of

intimate

failed

ever

self-abnegation

and

her

make

who,

privilege

passionate
her

come

those

her

qualities

numberless

who

in

never

unfailing

her
the

has

almost

an

whilst

enjoyed

she

friendship,

all

markable
re-

tion
devo-

and

priceless

have

tuition

her

the

to

been

years

from

is

it

Madame

confidence

won

and

joys,

that

fifty

the

for
she

wonder

of

matter

rated
satu-

music,

its

of

spect
re-

great

mind

of

full

the
the

knowledge
heart

evergreen

all

with

art;

eratures;
lit-

their

does

of

friendship

masters

not

she

as

of

most

and

Europe

at

having

with

acquaintance

languages

an

lovable;

and

commanding

once

personality

traits

of

Madame
Take

her

from

sending
have

you

is

cong6

and

to

devote

this

the

to

and

care

forgiven
been

of

one

for

arena

over

Madame

with
axiom

that

doing

yourself;

at

her

piano

would

has

great

one

if

she

relied
But

to

seem

is

worth

and

to

nine
V

be

might

assistants.

upon

doing
this

her
And

life

in

years,

from

great,

Madame's

It

toil

sponse
re-

ditions
con-

for

whose

fifty

what

in

too

in

are,

endless

thusiasm
en-

interests.

woman

it

an

incessant

too

up,

She

these

personal.

extent

some

it

energy

trouble

patience

in

siasm
enthu-

pupils

pupil's

absolutely

case,

to

patience

if

certain.

Given
no

will

even

back

her

own.

is

and

lessly
relent-

no

to

equally

there

and

care

have

intelligent

her

to

but
Or

but

of

and

no

gain

away.

demands

has

training,

intelligence

logically

no

which

kindly,

voice,

esty.
hon-

rigid

personal

you

the

and
your

voice

of

her

her

successful

considerations

restrain

is

of

potentialities
no

teacher

as

day

o'clock

is

be

an

worth
she
in

is
the

till

morning

for

eager

which

successes

in

as

career

unexampled

teacher.

in

When

remarkable

so

her

punctuated

manner

have

ever

conspicuous

those

of

another

alert,

and

sympathetic,

and

energetic

evening,

the

in

six

the

fulness

and

time

of

we

"

know

who

assured

time

the

that
will

nature

indefatigable

her

admit

will
this

are

courage

be

full

as

Mistress

as

her

of

"

art

and
from

and

will
of

do

toil.

her

more

She

elects

woman

position

the

adorned,
of

noble

really

to

long
than

will

seek
and

she

has
from

rest

illustrious

lay
lay

down
down

tire
re-

long

so

the

life,
her

to

burden

Sceptre.

bors
lashe

INTRODUCTION

SIXTY

years

of

farelli

these
is

who

only

master

an

air

or

master

the
he

himself
have

now

six

no

in

years

more

part
true

in

unfledged
and
the

Fetis's

catches
ranks

to

school

it

vu

is

much

not

which

the
If

we

is

in

teaching

singing/'

time,

that

so

There

single

given
of

ments;
orna-

immediately

Caffarellis.

the

of

some

artists;

such

singer

first

of

care

pencil

the

pupil

learn

to

features,

some

Europe
are

him

duet;

the

struction
in-

of

pursued.

to

can,

with

mode

under

goes

such

traces

what

"This

himself

places

Porpora

master

longer

no

Caf-

singer

eminent

words:

an

ship
apprentice-

long

celebrated

the

the

to

with

the

of

account

followed

Fetis

ago

this

more

chanical
me-

was

so

when

now,

take

voices,

strong

singers,

young

rush

the

upon

ly applauded

by

the

beautiful

fresh

and
and

organ,

in

vocal

in

beginning,

the

applause
Yet

pupils

asks

years

less
There

wish.

may

in

success

words

of

the

art

distinguished

have
Mme.

the

the

of
of

vocal

with

she

eminent

all

art

the

hasty

studied

of

singing,

of

never

four

father,
excelled.
vm

road

to

the

and

the

of

most

time,

our

corded
re-

ought

pages,

would-be

but

aspirant

royal

Manuel

famous

singing.
serve,

no

herself

master

his

will

following

Marchesi
that

pride

that

one

six

spend

to

is

teachers

weight

experience

of

Marchesi,

Mme.

in

and

days

as

were

engagements.

skill

than

new

neither

get

mechanics

less

much

so

they

can

these

the

on

Something
not

and

become

what

profitable

in

of

years

of

of

with

delighted

short

ertoire,
rep-

Uberal-

are

quality

few

teacher

no

stage,

shadows

nor

in

lessons

public

a.

merely

few

with

gifted

to

singers.
with

states

under

years

Garcia,
a

Mme.

pil
pu-

master

Mar-

chesi's

teacher

Lind,

Jenny
the

of

was

The

Garcia's

for

the

road

the

to

been

under

art

of

speak

her
of

now

of

style

of

the

adjustment

vocal

means.

of

and

IX

in

their

gifts

the

as

Marchesi
with
bel
calls

balance
such

That

cellence
ex-

pupils.

pure

which

of
is

the

Mme.

of

lowing
fol-

master

successful

art

the

principles

by

not

singing

nicest

had

superiority

especially

been

there

their

impersonators.

this

short

prominent

operatic

with
a

most

singing,

long

of

venerated

of

the

if

the

her

too

found

author

technics

has

studies

singing

and

Mme.

years

demonstrated

thoroughly

four

mastered

it

them.

of

the

That

one.

ble
practicawith

have

of

art

goscope
laryn-

production

made

her

of

human

the

tone

was

find

not

pages

the

of

would

who

of

of

student

the

by

tone

record

pursuit

master,

teacher

experiments

did

Marchesi

scientific

study

intelligent

his

of

diseases

throat

by

application
the

to

the

was

production

throat.

and

and

also

ponents
ex-

canto,
for

the

of

the

singers

as

Emma

Gerster,

living

of

her

Calv6,

pupils

is

in

carrying

skill

of

years

ficient
suf-

still

who

master,

ninety

nearly

at

her

her

of

work

the

on

Emma

were

evidence

Etelka

Krauss,

Eames,

Melba

Nellie

and

Gabrielle

Murska,

di

lima

is

in

age,

London.
she

What

has

to

should

it

though
few

on

have

such

hints,

divine

the

who,

no

all

the

the

latter

the
first

sang,

ington

for

is

half
of

Agujari

contemporaries

the

the

of

were

which

the

which

and

Mara

and

Persiani

exponents

his

their

singers

eighteenth

nineteenth

all

of

fine

the

and

Grisi

in

way

in

to

Porpora

sopranists
way

of

way

that

astonishingly

half

and

is

sadly

truth,

The

way

male

It

sang.

successors,

of

It

wonderful

the

time

the

CaflFarelli.

taught

simple

quacks.

is

to-day

sing

is

teachers

the

book

world

so-called

than

more

of

into

put

The

speak

to

form

the

be

can

with

singing

value,

only

art.

overcrowded

are

as

fore,
there-

uncommon

take

may

singing,

of

say

and

century
Bill-

Mrs.
and

their
of

the

Italian

old

her

and

method

built

on

is

rightly

the

of

sing

we

in

forced

this

how.

to

ordinary

shout
Yet

our

the

to

to

attempt

we

from

the

called

upon

of

range

tone

and

we

out
throughthat

making

is

the

tone
to

come
be-

than

it

it

permitting

the

scream.

easier

much

most

our

in

to

of

of

or

or

typed
stereo-

use

words

Added

instead

very

us

speech,

enunciate

shout

of

are

we

requirement

beautiful

is

in
to

mastery

further

wider

range.

essential

still

much

use

we

sary
neces-

is

when

singing

is

the

sing

to

enunciation

and

wander
for

server
ob-

according

nature,

employ

is

and

tone

if

it
to

few

that

is

one

casual

answer

conversation

laws

It

The

other

no

why,

study

much

so

true,

of

daily

are

naturally,

technics.

organs

than

sing

to

but

to

ask

faith

this

the

naturally

give

to

for

Here

nature.

upon

her
is

singing,

of

will

path

There

practice.

right

of

founds

Marchesi

Mme.

which

singing,

of

manner

to

if

scream,

persons
xi

sing

know

you

only

find

it easier

to

than

scream

their

tire;

soon

and

the

in

and

it

if left

must

in

little

child.

without

Where

There

tell

them

to

singing
others

same

such

heads.

entirely

from

even

pelvis.
time

vicious

ask

And

their
most

Xll

back

have

charlatans.
their

pupils
who

others

the

of

out

advocate
and

stomach,

pupils
of

never

heart.

Some
the

to

fount.

will

tones

of

methods

become

her

and

from

requiring

of
tell

their

their

of

backs

get

full

he

so

guide?

feet,

end,

almost

nature's

who

their

from

sing

an

go

he

that
is

to

to

at

to

teachers

are

religion,

guide

world

singing

and

himself

find

so

will

must

near

the

that

in

as

emit

to

performer.

scream,

wise

to

the

singer

He

he

is

said

the

art,

himself

find

of

or

feed

and

nature

to

shout

learn

comes

the

strained

refuse
and

career

himself

hoarse;

the

chords

style

they

course

time

sounds,

the

to

invariably

But

become

of

few

with

as

voices

screaming

the

But

Of

vocal

than

and

sing.

course

outraged

more

in

to

to

these

their
tone

from

sing
are

at

students

formation

the

somewhere

in

sounds

their

and

which

powers
in

the

and

tense

increased
will

the

of
swells

mo

of

into

they

discover

longer

aches,

that

being
a

recreation

know

pupils
when

it

any

I
who

am

learn

can

is

learned

music

quite
bemoans

sing

to

it

ever

it

to

is

this

who
that

canto

And

way.

the

meets

be

only

teachers
bel

true

from

grown

But

no

make

even

singing,

of

the

of

away

throat

not

has

the

at

dies

the

joy.

ministrations
laws

the

pain,

and

the

under

of

and

labor

be

ptanissi-

and

that

can

power

that

felt, and

presence

with

softest

it does

strike

to

which

fortissimo

pelling
pro-

placed

chords

in

till the

again,

its

has

air,

diminished

singer

great

region,

column

or

the

vocal

the

torturing

nature

delicate

firm

steady,

larjnix

cease

diaphragmatic

their

that

When

employ

to

the

of

to

ing
ach-

pupils

made.

really
learned

throats

and

the

region

the

are

have

pupils

tell

muscles

throat

the

chords

vocal

inflamed

that

demands

written.
that

aware

the

the

departure
"

xiu

"

"

cry

of

of

him

former

days,
than

by

the

that

too,

opera-goers

twentieth

century

they

fifty

were

of

occupant
asks

of

mastery
dramatic

donna

longer
But,

regard
"

and
have

of

also

he

these

singer

least

at

in

generally

ing,
bear-

tive.
attrac-

phlegmatic
who

sixties,

early
a

exceptional

With

and

voice

good

but

graceful

the

and

voice

ill -dressed,

fat,

the

guinea,

phrase,

and

than

to-day

at

woman

gowned,

The

sold

good-looking,

well

for

and

the

the

of

severe

am

ened
enlight-

dawn

ago

musical

the

of

abundant

an

find

to

passably

had

more

to

times.

interpretation.

expects

prima

are

temperament
of

gifts

this

stall,

only

not

in

pecially
es-

young

demands

years

too

are

earlier

those

better

were

discredited,

who

those

known

aware,

they

invariably

is

ours,

have

thinks

he

because

trill, is

pure

no

tolerated.

owing
to

the

to

is

what

(which

is

not

shouting),
learned

to

delusions

popular
"

called

Wagner

singing,
too

admire
xiv

many

but

in

ing
singing
scream-

opera-goers
a

new

sort

of

prima

donna,

voice

and

style,

who

the

of

but

as

This

knows
than

singing
of

kind

get

go,

with

for

if

strut

the

upon

of

bravos

incalculable

their
from

in

the

true

the

turns

path.
XV

this

while

command

the

city

any

in

the

example
singers

influence

example

of

enough

brief

and

dramatic

Their

singing.

for
and

to

the

they

noise

influence

harm

of

wherever

can

ignorant

of

laws

does

makes

stage

screaming

these

aside

the

The

world.

taste

he

voice,

his

that

fact

Performers

but

one

with

the

applause

much

in

tjrpical

the

to

-finch

mathematics.

rules

hose.

worshipped

about

bull

much

from
is

blind

her

of

passionate

water

is

more

no

violence

donna

quite

who

atmosphere

squirts

she

from

other,

projects
the

where

adoration

she

the

prima

of

sort

Germany,
an

from

into

fire-engine

robustious

the

to

who

temperament

robust

energetically

stage

puflfs

exertions,

has

exceedingly

rushes

and

pants

who

person

an

side

one

cause

vitiates

young

of
works

of

good
public

singers

downfall

The

certain

As

aids

of

and

esteem

robs

it of its last

voice

intolerable

sounds

in

let her

the

recital

of

the

for

and

that

the

is the
There

to

finish

purest

be

the

and

do
of

art

of

test

finest

XVI

sical
mu-

only
But

is

essay

undone,
do

is

sing.

She

that.

Well,

this

than

to

The

song

ability

in

not

to

has
deed,
inclare
de-

volume

singer

requires
succeed

recital

singing.

only

perament
tem-

intelligence,

but

of

the

timbre,

roundest

of
of

career

she

display
dramatic

public

ears.

her

concert

stage.

must

one

to

of vocal

highest

of

simply

terest
in-

her,

produce

cannot

author

operatic

and
voice

she

how

the

does

greater

and

thing

one

learned

never

of

the

vestige

can

heyday

the

treatment

sensitive

to

songs,

still

stand

on

she

and

factitious

in

place

outrageous

pin-e

sustain

to

till her

quality,

her

of

and

story

maintain

can

the

scenery

dramatic

herself

set

temple

has

is

goddess

to

the

she

as

action

of

she

in

long

false

attempts

adoration

song.

her

she

when

for

up

this

of

tones

quality,

perfect

perfect

attack,

short,

in

and,

of

either

demand

of

certainty

made

or

without

complete

no

breadth

be

can

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than

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family

diligent,
have

persons

to

accept

to

contract

took

of

Ste.

Then,
time

when

of

of
these

young

art,

some

others

Two,
of

One

the

under

me

pupils

have

study

and

to

the

ture
signa-

ing
learnwork

their

often

illness

doubled

receive
of

when

in

must,

branches

words,

other

"

brief

too

singing,

other

in

instruction

is

Some

veil.

studying

to

in

cases

marriages.

to

devote

addition

over

Marie.

too,
to

immediate

situations,

the

writes

through

their

distasteful

of

dream,

enthusiastic

unpleasant

often

latter

her

for

dried.

and

love

blasted

abandoned

remember,

with

shed

tears,
have

kind,

gifted,

of

gifted,

from

hopes

Many

this

j"red

roused

her

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many

fondest

greed

gain.

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her

j"nd

to

and

pupil,

has

art,

recollections

my

in

sets

and

"

the

voice
of

recurs

sorrow

yotmg

the

pays

this

sort
to

me

that
as

caused
I write.

girl,

American
13

endowed

stance
in-

An

penalty.
me

much

ing
charmwith

voice,

lovely

mother,

lady

to

of

miamiable,
of

expression
study

under

quick

daily,

hours

the

child

poor

After

in

dwelt

cold

that

that

and
market

the

much

for

taken

down

with

for

months.

in

poor

her

bed

invalid

length

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and
tears

as

came

rolled

physicians

had

pupil
clean

sent

could

not

able

was

into

the

prescribed
14

rooms,

too

she

was

and

daily
the

lay
to

the

to

visit
a

ing.
cook-

her,

flood

of
The

cheeks.

change

the

mother,

do

room

her

down

for

to

go

was

fever

food,

the

girl;

vants;
ser-

to

This

typhus

attendant,

sole

ment;
apart-

domestic

no

unhappy

warm

daughter

and

meals.

the

prepare

and

unhealthy

my

and

matter,

mother

morning,

every

and

the

had

they

gave

paler

grew

and

four

to

annoyance.

into
the

that

ascertained

sisting
in-

this

and

she

inquired

paler.

three

continual

months

few

made

mother

her

objected,

to

She

practising

her

bidding
for-

coimtenance,

but

progress,

her

even

direction.

my

upon

with

Paris

came

of

air,

in Italy.

stay

passed
then

and

returned

studies.
In

returned

have
but

in

in

their

more

sad

should

foreign

points
the

with

best

accepted

talent

has

could

cite

such

that

expressed

perfect frankness
advice.

the

it, and

Many

latter;

sought
15

children

of

many

counsel

to

reflection.
have

views

my

that

show

to

due

women

many

further;

no

their

never

those

as

go

sufiSce

send

times,

interruption

the

without

young

I have

me

not

parts

all the

To

will

and

pupils

four

or

will

but

narrated

parents

experiences

rehearsed,

those

their

maturity.

to

have

of

consequence

come

that

Other

three

me

studies,

weeks'

fancied

mistake.

to

pupils

inexpensive,

very

their

discovering

her

few

having

is

was

resume

after

home

Paris

it

American

my

parents

Florence,

singing-teacher.

now

cases

many

in

life

to

is

ter
daugh-

but

could

pupil

my

She

sojourn,

in

America,

to

summoned

are

and

twelvemonth

before

long

mother

The

on

and
them
have

come

these

given
have
garded
disre-

elsewhere.

small

voice

to

as

displaced
outward

and

the

choice

artist,

be

singer

must

songstress
j"nished,
sister.

by

the

orchestra,

;
even,

work

the

the

the

and

chorus,
i6

cert
con-

of

the

operatic
be

her

is

her

song

more

haughty

scenery,

by

oughly
thor-

art

songstress

stage-setting,

and

lamation,
dec-

the

must

of

that

than

questionable
un-

scarcely

that

should

operatic

The

will

the

voice-

etc.,

assert

than

that

stage;

It

master

completely

more

of

interpretation,

its

and

tongues,

when

all

study

diligently.

believed

in

power

must

foreign
and

ality,
person-

the

for

conception,

placing,

should

one

memory,

singer

concert

To

career.

resonant

iron

an

against

attractive

talent

the

pupil

conceptive

the

registers;

when

"

singer

voice,

or

reserved

or

the

an

strong

worn

displeasing

operatic

an

besides
a

born

gloomy

operatic

an

possess,

is

advise

of

the

methods;

appearance

disposition

become

or

other

unhesitatingly

the

uncertain,

compass,

through

the

is

intonation

When

aided
the

brother

sister

and

of

attention
often
the

is

rises

and

public

wins

singer

concert

his

slightest

the

only

in

solute
ab-

through

of performance

completeness
the

it
while

alone

reveals

the

cause

defects,

stands

It

hold

and

small

solitude, and

shortcomings.

these

public,

singer

concert

her

or

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overlook

to

all

singers;

to

the

the

that
of

favor

highest

the

position

attainable.
But

The

for the

student,

himself

worthily,

years

knowledge

of

of

all

human

voice,

diflferent

schools

inexhaustible

leading
B

love

j"tted

the

of

stock

work,

of

the

the

musical

foreign

of patience

requisites

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with

of composition,

one's

so

accurate

an

acquaintance

for

do

divisions

with

siders
con-

give

to

To

song.

study,

familiarity
a

the

of

mentalist,
instru-

vocalist,

herself

art

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every

worn-out
or

the

ers.
teach-

of vital moment,

one

musician,

every

in

subject of

is overcrowded.

every

talent,

is

question

profession

lessons

to the

to turn

now

guages,
lan-

and

are

an

among

instructor.

17

453755

If

intending

the

look

teacher

the

to

something,

work
a

of

mastery

Manuel

with

of

public

it, and

faced

time,

the

splendid

of

In

addition

in

thrice

week

shone
bore

box

in
the

the

zolini,

Persiani,

blache,

Tamburini,

the

days

Opera
tenor

we

that

helped

of

in,

and
now

i8

that

stars

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LaIn

Ronconi.
Mme.

the

the

Stolz,
In

others.
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Frez-

Mario,

of

were

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bought

firmament.

Grisi,

and

velopment
de-

my

Opera,
the

upon

lyric

Duprez,
Uve

Italian

gazed

names

French

advantage

the

the

at

his

to

had

felt

shyness

powerfully.

most

in

equipped;
without

art

the

appeared

future

teaching,

exemplars

seat

when

apprehension.

or

period

regretted

suitably

was

song.

teacher,

over

never

for

disclose

revered

my

the

to

of

art

extended

years.

outlay

of

complete

Garcia,

four

criticism,

pupils

whose

the

studies

My

of

conscientiously

and

hand,

accomplished

has

r^ardless

himself
in

of

that

who,

addresses

instruction,

seeks

pupil

the

music

period,

the

of

than

claiming

has

art,

the

neglect,

doomed

list

of

singing-teacher
his

in

the

the

bel

is

sadly

study

en,
shrunk-

for

and

student

guided

be

path.

proper

In

next

my

readers

shall

how

yotmg

coimsel

be

followed,

be

carried

the

possess

may

the

to

canto

need

greater

to

that

art,

models

the

whence

strength

more

of

the

established

an

and

on

explain

how

to

reach

to

teaching
teacher

their

the

fair
my

studies

desired

and

should

should

end.

THE

LESSON

SECOND

THE

SECOND

LESSON

Paris,

HAVE

returned

just

would
with

to

the

the

or

eyes,

own

all

this

second

myself

tion
rela-

my

of

some

thereof;

must

but

more

once

art,

in

and,

duty,

with

wholly

verse
con-

with

them

chief

my

letter,

in

beheld
with

of

in

readers,

descriptions

reminded

How

hour

an

wonders

scan

ntimerous

am

spend

visit

narily
extraordi-

Exhibition.

friendly

my

1900.

and

interesting

gladly

27,

from

beautiful

the

to

August

cern
con-

and

song,

study.
I

one

must

most

American

sent

thorough

once

Europe
study

attention

ask

important
or

to

again

point:

she

before
music

of

23

young

no

girl

Australian

to

has
and

should
made

foreign

be

languages,
the

outset

to

few

of

of

their

education,

from

homesickness

acutely

their

interrupt

to

foreign

parts,

taken

to

j"nd

her

that

of

pressure

and

manners

especially

in

deceptions
often

were

selected

from

home.

to

it

that
that

countries.

avoided

is

among

also
the

abound
24

the

her

numerous

Paris,

future
traveller

departure

desirable

in

those

Bitter

young
to

and

incidents
if

the

previous
It

customs,

unpleasant

of

dwelling-place

entreaties

unlike

very

"

there,

Europe

over

distant

be

in

hotel

remain

urgent

all

and

or

maiden

Opinions,

France,

in

home,

to

go

and

the

are,

obtaining

would

family

to

"

proprietor.

the

be

should

care

inexperienced

happens

travel

girl

"pension,"

compelled

it often

under

of

be

not

may

the

cumstances
cir-

Should
the

have

to

as

well-conducted

good,

order

as

for

very

suffered

have

that

alone

the

from

studies.

require

companion.

pupils,

my

undertake

she

with

trip unprovided

Not

so

should

nor

to

see

sions"
"penfor

ex-

the

ample,
which

in

her

of
the

and

from

changed
cannot

they

felt

that

have

settled

discontinue

their

native
let

considered
the

theatres

family

be
;

in

this

is

considered

much

which

it
to

make

of

blame
in

toms,
cus-

is

not

attend
try
coun-

This

must

one's

attaches

foreign

natural.

quite
these

or

to

of

members

France,

of

Paris,

escorts.

with

practice,

to

disregard

male

done

return

that

concerts,

or

trips with
only

in

proper,

to

as

Speaking
observe

here

others

and

and

studies

climes.

me

before

times,

discouraged

so

grown

that

"pension,"

home;

at

lungs

girls

to

many

or

ment
develop-

the

to

young

how

piano

impossible,

but

"pension''

say

at
the

injury

known

have

their

of

all

pupil

the

wall,
is

chance

great.

voice

the

tilated
ill-ven-

small,

seated

the

against

placed

occupy

where

studies

wherein

may

In

rooms.

houses

and

good,

bed-chambers,

prosecutes

find

singing

study

airy

sunny,

is

table

the

that

those

residents

young

parts

Through

conventionalities

tri-

25

mmm^

incidents

occasionally

melancholy

consequences.

fling

among

least

my

two

of

cases

much

afl"anced

The

pair

were

of

approved
she

enough

me

to

of

course

that

She
and

marrying.

upon

wedding
sent

set,

was

forth

on

and

the
26

spite

the
The

and

the

evening

that

advised

shortly
in

to

as

thanks

with

would

entreaties,

with

letter

solicitude,

but

held

counsel

filled

came,

old

was

mother

The

writer

the

Paris.

insisted

were

action.

cern
con-

any

she

the
her

was

replied

herself.

ask

answer

mother

pupil

that

for

motherly

my

and

and

her

herself

acquaint

to

situation

warnings

the

head,

everywhere.

my

given

choose

duty

in

match,

voice,

countrymen.

whether

to

not

to

my

came

for

had

this

on

the

the

her

together

as

tion
disposi-

beautiful

of

one

me

pupils,

my

musical

seen

inquiry

my

that

to

caused

of

with

gifted

was

To

of

giri,

recall,

experiences,

that

sort

One

American
and

it

this

ing
entailI

pleasant

annoyance.

an

arise^

come

of

her

daughter
day
invitations

previous,

of

the

however,
of

because

daughter
I

sadly

deceived

second

instance

still

also

to

the

her

of several

father

the

threw

falling ill,she

She

now

the

teaches

United

deplores,

weeks

States,

I doubt

later

not,
27

and,
her

fidence
con-

she

advising

The
a

in

and

ceived
re-

her
the

despair,

her
a

quaintance.
ac-

deception

fit of

suspended
singing

swered
an-

her

married,

her

family

make

to

children.

and,

she

his

that

girl into

young

her

fullest

the

was

self
her-

of

and

Russia

intended

best

my

aught

Paris

from

The

perhaps

of

knew

few

that

questioned

and

visit

letters

in

man,

once.

engaged

had

she

her

from

was

family,

that

at

One

she

that

soon

home

American,

husband's

would

and

creature.

Russian.

in

she

to

the
take

not

tidings

referred

an

future

for

young

whether

to

as

had

painful.

more

pupils,

that

sail

to

again

never

to

would

further,
were

that

me

tinfavorable

ceremony

and

place,

wrote

reports

the

groom

mother

studies.

small

looking

credulity.

town

back,

let

But

of

stories

the

and
the

anent

by

experienced

the

study

who

of

of

their

admirable
The

of

names

bright

as

of

proof
of

far

it

is

teacher.

myself
and

hold

voice

to be

the
the

education
most

results

only

to

were

body
every-

having

of

this

to

teachers

confined

have

branch

of

of

female

difficult.
28

smaller

far

essential

studies

exclusively

are

nimiber

The

without

as

of

served

ago

Nowadays,

voices,

women's

sexes.

students,

the

now

duced
pro-

both

was

singing,

speak

and

singers

advance.

the

prosecuted

it;

long
for

brilliant.

more

teaches

for

who

present;

at

imparting

of

students

and

teachers

than

it

groimd,

exemplars
what

made

celebrated

the

Germany,

Italy and

practised

who

pupils

the

thereof.

was

before

years

versation
con-

and

song

teachers,

sure

were

of

art

stinate
ob-

our

knowledge

noble

this

past,

ful,
youth-

and

resimie

art

of acquiring
the

of

credulous,

maidens,

In

distressing

disappointments

inexperienced,

means

these

from

turn

us

the
A

art,

thorough

voices

of

and

by

is

of

musical

of

study

the

the

which,

question,

voices.

Then,

the

patience

infinite

with

whatever
attain

to

celebrity

of pupils, young

proclaim

that

facilitating

hard

avoid,

the

helping

and

they

have

the

voice, its strength,

sess
pos-

slowly

and

ing
unyield-

29

quickly

large

array

often

discoveries
and

song,

development
compass,

time,

same

teachers

made

of

qualified
un-

must

To
a

rising

study

by

and

at the

attract

and

work

numberless

be anti-natural.

may

before

difficult

develop

to

frequently

teacher

prudence

voices, and

teacher

performed

too, the

or

made

too

sacrifices

persons,

singer

voice

the

enjoy

to

or

have

is

as

enough

good

female

read

to

nowadays,

case

as

should

imdertakes,

one

in

become

One

singing.

pensable.
indis-

not

disposition,

to

songstress,

deep

is

reputation

widespread

of

it

physiology^

stowed
be-

as

absolutely
sufficient

not

of

sorts

registers

is

nature,

on

to be

different

three

the

It

books

the

of

comprehension

and

cially
espe-

of

the

quality.

invite

notice

teachings,

false

rejects,

which
and

few

of

these

long

my

against

rience
expe-

which

warn

readers.

my

Some

I.

of

To

voice.
but

clear

caution

is

voice.

The

infinite

of

months
tones

from

study

imperceptible.
soprano

difficult

of

voices.

pupils
singing

are

to

in

are

airs

vocalize

and

for

and

songs.
30

the

passage

becomes

mezzo-

regard
than

had,

is

ful,
power-

and

this

some

before

another

management

that

in

and

and

the

registers

necessary

even

have

for

voice

the

Contralto

voices

the

unyielding,

register

one

them,

peril

when

made

are

greatest

difficulty;

extreme

hard,

naturally

ence
exist-

boundaries

of

particularly

cases,

their

connection

offers

their

equalizing
of

with

are;

the

and
in

female

There

of

had,

overstepping

fraught

the

answer:

understanding
be

there

say,

in

registers

exercised

the

often

prophets

new

this

must

for

the

three

not

are

the

but

to

more

soprano

still

months
This

have,
before
is

task

trying

as

teacher

successful

outcome

fashioning

of

responding

pass

to

sing,

often

in

their

attack,

voices,

of

fit

the

is

it

the

prevents
it

tones,
a

The

respect
also

violent

to

the

quality

attack

the

of

the

be

must

be

(called
31

higher

by

due
un-

shimned.
in

even

I would

strength.
against
"coup

tones

however,

produced

pupil

ers
teach-

chest

the

larynx,

and

avoided.

be

ignorant

sound,

registers

caution

limitation

can

of

on

toneless.

understood,

on

three

this

development

bleating

pressure

which,

and

use

being

effort;

quite

or

when

the

the

"holes''

tones

management

that

aver

certain

wrong

all
on

veritable

all

com-

greatest

veiled

registers,

Hence

that

or

either

Through

their
Almost

the

so-called

are

voices,

especially

with

tones,

the
toil.

sonorous

demand?

songstresses

all

past

throughout

every

its

perfect

effaces
of

the

nowadays

easily

have

voice

the

but

the

i.e.,

recollections

are

higher

pupil,

"

depressing
Where

the

"

the

of

patience

of

that

to

as

the

to

de

too

glotte")

which

the

wearies

call

women

breathing.

cold,

dear

my

"it

for
the

comes

by

become

dry;
when

this

nonsense?

to

sheer
learn

three

are

only
be

unused

one

is

he

that

natural,

the
and

upper

or

lateral

unconditionally
often

resorted

forbade

me

this
Is

afterwards
There

of

32

to

matic
"diaphraging
involv-

breathing

young

which

therefore,

ribs

breathing"

by

not

rules

make

is

lower

the

me

not

and,

the

me

does

must

rejected.
to

let

airs."

This

recommended.

no,''

assuring

breathing,

breathing,"

your

forbidden?

of

remark;

"Oh

Why

and

ways

an

palate

singing

anything

remain

have

teacher

my

but

breathing

"You

nose,

doing

so

tones,

two.''

my

voices,

postpone

"my

answer;

so

to
or

young

of

lady,"

day

through

breathe
that

sound.

better

When

attack

young

be

might

hearing

the

on

nasal

unpleasant

which

try their

to

me

upon

notice,

I often

and

cords.

vocal

Concerning

2.

counsel,

teachers

many

"

;
are

The
women

ular
clavicto

latter

be
are

who

in

breathe

cannot

of too

of

bearing

shoulder,

public

songstress
The

of

swaying

while

studying
is to

this

prevent

have

its

seen

of

cramp

are

to

the

case.

that

such

victims

larynx.
seek

to

their

of

ignorance!
suffering
and

from

ultimately

that

singer,
three
A

There

practice-hours.

of

teachers

two

the

voices.

Length

of

so

natural

and

pressure

larynx

the

losing their
4.

free

by

for

Alas

fingers

motion

vise),
ad-

which

head,

teachers

are

fro,

equally

"

the

falling motion

there

And

mercy.

teachers

and

of

the

and

to

many

the

with

and

its

body

avoided,

posture

interferes

rising

(as

be

crushed

the

the

upon

though

as

imploring

were

incline

not

producing

impression

an

from

free

must

thus

It

songstress.
and

head

artificiality; the
the

the

unconstrained

be

must

to

because

way

tight lacing.
The

3.

right

the

proclaim

that,

must

practise

one

daily.

hours

beginner
33

must

This
not

to

come
be-

from
is

not

practise,

the

at

outset,

very

hour
first

twice

sang

the

in

time,
their

fresh

voices
the

on

shall

room.

of

in

when

the

brain,

of

edges
cords

of

the

provided
a

"coup
be
where

hard

de

glotte/'

is

being

on

known,

is

free
34

must

and

the

tone,

the

two

vocal

ficiency
ef-

(known

In

be

creased
in-

together,
the

mentioned

as

posed.
op-

The

in

impulse

wrought
over-

the

drawn

that

new

an

of

cords

avoided.

sedulously
speech

it

tis,
glot-

steadfastly

glottis,

vocal

always

tone

of

indispensable.

their

by

of

as

the
This

completion
the

which,
is

ods
meth-

to

tone.

be

must

of

lie,

concert-

of

fantasy

the

closing

the

the

opening
the

this

For

in

hereafter

attacking

discovery,

ance,
endur-

general.

Concerning

5.

forth,

came

or

revert

study

studied

abundant

and

stage

each

on

afterwards

and

operas,

with

later

class-room;

at

they

minutes

ten

an

that

that

fatigued

thrice,

or

pupils

had

easily

so

were

have

daily.

half

than

more

attack
as

the

above)
countries

imconstrained

the

voices

in

others,

where

childhood
in
cords

of

is

relaxation

6.

views

my

and

change

must

leads

almost
in

also
must

mouth,
the

but

as

vowels.
too

through

this
It

incorrect

the

position

produces

that

35

as

pupil

the

of

change

her
in

unfortunately,

happens,

tone

"voix

vocalizing,
style

frequently

and

singing

florid

change

never

term

sustained

in

is

this

shallow,

the

French

In

exercises,

ning
grin-

face,

the
of

impossible.

from

forced,

no

to

makes

No

study;

formation

and

blanche/'

during

the

be

must

passing

in

another

that

tone

open

It

some

unartificial.

applied

the

to

too,

of

those

place

worn

mask

mouth,

teachers.

to

and

produced.

the

from

take

smile
but

of

sort

voices

and

absolutely

register

one

inefi"cient;

position

contemporaneous

vocal

the

seldom

are

differ

natural

as

"

in,

sets

the

folk

time,

singers

On

from

discountenanced

English
in

become,

dramatic

aloud,

"

of

case

resonant;

speaking

on,

the

and

strong

are

songstresses,

formation

and

their

dangerous
from

prevented

schooling.

good

internal,

now

fear

this

men

foreign

her
am

when

her

opens

pearly

her

teeth,

her

called

rosy

from

her

say,

36

them.
of

all

them

Among
but

among

it

girls

is

all

unpleasant
girl

young

to

comes

tried,

and,

before

lost

in

am

flowing

bearing,
down

hear

voice

mouth,

of

stately

her

have

to

me

and

faces,

noses?

ready
al-

offend

most

When

ears.

ican
Amer-

discern

young

and

young

of

almost

and

upon

my

those

noticeable,

less

general,

but

she

is

women

grown

to

their

through

speak

by

mechanism.

may

do

why,

be

dependent

their

inquiry

my

oh

Why,

is

upon

bad

beginning

question.

frown

that

would

especially

birth,
a

effort,

address

must

and

readers,

this

external

upon

produce

to

tone;

very

Song

not

And

to

the

tort
dis-

tones,

order

complete

the
this

habit,

higher
in

mouths

force

by

the

of

attack

wrong

tresses,

complexion,
how

her

and
I

suddenly

heaven

in

miration
ad-

to

clear

earth
nasal

tone:

"Are

Could

not

Could

and

often

counsels

they

and

make

voice,

of

the

all

their

often
I

the

because

so

etc.,

have

free

and

migrated

to

the

very

ye

yoimg

then,

courage,

will

be

conjurer's

to

voices

open

imitation,

changed

achieved

from

most

its

Germans,

should

whose

lead,

rosebuds,

often

task,

and

of

touch

at

by

Take

reverse.

should

37

it.

existence

America,

as

difficult

their

repress

if

Personally,

wand.

were

to

over

apply

and

Italians,

many

fluences
in-

development

strength,

puzzled

more

it

surely

will-power

imused

am

all

their

energy,

seek

how

the
would

they

this

they

and

but

seriously

impression

impedes

and

mothers'

opposition

make,

do

know

educated

that

how

the

fused
dif-

are

and

aware

impairs

friends,

widely

America

encounter

were

twang
to

in

girls

averted?

habit?

self-reliant,

be

if

this

wretched

young

be

teachers,

correct

governesses,

to

defect

mothers,

not

that

sHght

this

Marches!?''

Madame

you

for

this

be

freed

the

habit

increases

deprecate

noble

producing

which

the

concerns

and

food

The

How

chapter!

bouillon

to

food

in

in

that

morning

the

appetite.

Against

of

things

singing

known,

In

strength.
give

on

the

in

the

theme.

momentous

greatest
hours

regularity

should

for

meals,

set

on

doing

I must

notwithstanding,
this

so

38

lesson

discourse

friends

American

young

first

well

bodily

in

the

fear

of

displeasure

the

under

fall

may

In

is

as

the

no

condition

for,

very

good

have

evil

hard,

My

assurance

consumes

food.

of

wine

of

pupils

girls

my

with

the

this

the

new

my

subject

but,

fight

attend

behalf

with

met

many

faintness!

prevent

often

are

ticular.
par-

important

I assist

entreaties

earnest

in

How

that

must

general,

voice

this

many

upon,

in

question.

classes

morning

dwelt

the

overlook

girls

young

and

of

of

tone.

health

freshness

the

be

must

toil

the

beautiful

and

point

Another

vastly

my

particular,
give

advice

Above
be

so

all,

observed
that

the

digestion
dishes

are

Then,

of

glass

iced

be

must

singing
the

at

make

must

is

the

usually

the

walks,
too

slave

of

excessive

all

must

my

yoimg

be

out,

cry

views

are

great

sacrifices,

Yet

this

good;

be
teacher
has

so

who
shall

we

comforted,

my

seeks

nothing

devoted

her
39

ing
singto

frequent

brows,
whose

teacher

such

demands

seek

dear

but
whole

"

fear

'knitted

with

severe,

strument.
in-

dancing,

Alas!

from

singer

gatherings

abandoned.

"No,

for

her

or

too

social

readers,

of

exposure

cold,

or

long,

night,

at

meals,

or

parties

theatre

will

after
heat

the

his

late

bread,

sacrifices

rowing,

reading

soon

upon

voice;

Bicycling,
long

glass

student

great

of

preservation

own

day

The

overcome.

perience,
ex-

one's

all

sweets

by

fresh

eating

water,

all

digestion.

in

drinking

as

nibbling

and

of

indulged

such

and

that,

hard

proven

habits

country,

avoided

be

should

disturbed;

be

not

may

no

sel!''
coun-

children;
her
life

pupils'
to

the

of

instruction

one

and

wish

to

educate
for

prepare

brilliant

youth;

future.

them

and

great
an

harbors

but

songstresses,
honorable

and

THE

LESSON

THIRD

THE

TfflRD

LESSON

Paris,

RECEIVED

to-day

letter

from

Madame

Madame
voice

wish

she

me

is

fear

of

if

being

under

tears

her

is

would

these

singing

studied
time

have

them

had

thrice
another

mediiun;
and

encouraged

has

produced,

organ

ability
believe

my

method.

My

to

me,

the

by
that

indeed,

do

Anticipating

so.

etc.,

of

high

prano,
so-

the

in

experience,
school

your
to

repair

confidence

in

favorable
BERTHA

etc.

is

results

unbounded

that

Each

great

able

have

during

tremulous

be

my

door.

voice

brilliant
will

very

with

teacher.

your

you

studies

my

and

years,

through

to

without

you

the

somewhat

hope,

have,

shown

changed

unfortunately

me

say

whether,

wearying

four

tell

unfortunately,

am,

being

since.

will

you

complete

escape

perhaps,

and

people

beg

can

yesterday

rest

no

and

case,

direction.
and

or,

the

heavenly,

but
I

severe.

this

heard

had

teacher,

Its

follows

as

is

have

tormented,

your

sensitive,

terribly

candidly

singing

so.

with

study

to

that

less

no

girl.

are

1900.

peculiar

German

young

Her

lo,

very

Marchesi,"

Melba.

her

translated,

contents,

Dear

September

the

your

answer,

M
.

43

This

is not

shattered

voices

Their

sad

their

homes.

and

voice

her

of

although

in

thin

the

attack

the

to

sing

should

teacher

like

discerned

When

with

simg

voice

closed?

open

be
Other

with

view

the

arias

teachers
.44

fashion.

he

is
is

and

songs

why
with
find

the

advocated

It

mouth,

cultivated

glottis,

object

outcome

to

mouth

same

when

its

there

made

open

learn

so

often

closed

in the

great

uneven,

method.

that

negative.

the

in

had

and

been

with

voice,

Her

so

had

to

one

whether

me

that

and

nonsensical

this

weak,

scales

the

of

quality

She

it)

came

trained.

tone

(humming
and

inquire

medium,

to

songstresses

young

so

tone.

no

was

yesterday

pleasant

was

compass,

and

return

well

was

They

discouraged,

to

"

daily.
lands,

Only

American

^an

counsel.

foreign

years

ill-advised

these

of

in

with

for

me

increases

for

then,

to

be

not

women

young

apply

number

wander

"

that

last, time

the

will

first, and

the

easily
wholly
are

should

the

mouth

vocaliza-

tion
train

the

voice

is

cultivate
that

This

so

this,

related

asked

the

leave
with

day

set

of

the

and

pupils.
unmelodious
and

production
A

On

dared

patience

speak
left

me,

out

his

face,

word.

and
45

son
crim-

and

forced

voiceless.

prevailed.

then
a

and

grew

shriekers

the

male

single

they

the

silence

dead

man

of

until
in

platform

the

array

tones

made

all

nervous

yelled

purple

the

music-hall

large

the

an

These

"

On

method.

seemingly

marshalled

had

name,

professors

"

conservatory.

small

(1870).

Hellmesberger

in

assembled

were

of

conservatory

^the

us

Director

by

ing
Touch-

by

the

singing

new

tortured

Vienna

in

so

anecdote

an

of

director

acquaint

to

other,

Schmidt

singing-teacher,

that

toneless.

sojourn

year's

absurd.

and

and

ferent
dif-

persons

the

worried

be

may

first

my

after

sickly

of

simply
of

method

the

is made

is

too

tone

one

finally

tone

one

the

to

articulation

by

words.

Equally

undertake

and

unnecessary,

At

arose

last
and

No
my

said:

''I

understand

cannot

have

view.

in

and

tones,

blending

is

pupils

sing

to

here

one

will
the

"Come,

children/'

his
here

shall

hear

struck
of

Personally,

of him

and

I heard
As

or

well.

true,

came

methods

class-hours

floods

of

tears,

are

that

my

that

in

respect

excessive.
I

did

not

46

sheer

the

fly
of
It

that

pupils

poor
on

sense
non-

said

been

music-books

provocation
that,

and

shed

slightest
in

study,
has

is

this

severity,

has

It

during

stated

fessor
Pro-

that

of his

discovery,

new

as

and

people

long

discovery/'

results

extreme

my

methods

more.

no

to

indeed

Ere

prediction
the

ing
address-

learned

never

Schmidt's

charlatan.

''false

of my

and

me

no

method/'

continued,

root.

your

that

my

victims;

dazed

have

he

of

see

furious

now

nection
con-

much

each

understand

screamed

their

''I

scale?"

the

made

I ask

May

you

through

single

difficult.

more

object

Professor;

of

production

the

the
my

also

personally

air,
mands
debeen

impart

instruction,
and

only

the

work.

lay

daily

devoted

have
in

its

all

and

joys

assistant

whole

my

the

only,

of

development
by

alone

me,

pupils,

my

from

and

the

ton,
fills

that

unhappily

Many,
to

bring

be

desired

careless,

often

too
in

sadly.
me,

that

faithfully

their

Those,

however,

perform

follow
their
47

much

leave

they

respect;

that
my

are

in

lacking

and
tax

that

art

education.

many,

and

blindly

educa-

ness
earnest-

their

this

me

often

same

negUgent,

conscientiousness,

to

for

to

of

ask

families

the

the

conducted

come

for

and

bosom,

opera

for

enthusiasm

same

my

is

whose

sacrifices

great

class

whom

ing-teache
sing-

the

unaided.
of

many

afar,

make

and

no

all

for

voice

the

and

have

do

as

The

classes.

concert

world
I

accompanists
and

upon

life, and,

sorrows.

teachers,

on

eye

altar

an

forget

teaching,

my

an

burnt-offerings;

it

to

kept

is

art

assistants,

to

then

My

which

and

now

it

left

but

patience

my

understand

advice

tasks,

are

and

sure

to

have

universal

future.

recognition

Nellie

Melba,

witness

of

is

of

photographs:

her

if

'La

as

there

is

relatives

their
of

is

in

voice,

studying

with

are

become

self-sacrifice,

patience

are

musical,

public,
possession.

disheartened.

but

often

one

In

does

former

48

age,
cour-

health,

one

quite
not

days

and
also

must

one

when

that

very

only

not

energy,

watchful,

ginning,
be-

quite

needed,
so

commence

the

singer

good

to

the

of

from

me

some

difficulties

the

have

they

when

or

neglectful,

cultivation

the

the

former

to
or

at

and

of

study

Used

easy.

astonished

are

stern,

Nellie

girls

that

indifferent

either

encountered

be

for

she.

is

it

fancy

song

teachers,

To

always

Mathilde/

Sainte

inexperienced

and

Young

they

one

1894."

Melba,

art

my

Madame

and

love

saint,

which
under

wrote

quent
fre-

''To

whom
of

to

fair

was

tests

subjected,

Marchesi,
think

who

the

patience

and

faces

thetic
unsympa-

lose

the

selfdif-

ficulties of music

were

Italian
melodies

music

was

in

far

melody
must,
is

opera

the
and
pecially
escerned,
con-

musical

thorough

possess

that

wield

one

the

as

hended
compre-

now

to

phrase,

so

fluent

but

death

swear

musical

the

to

its

followers

his

sceptre, and

come;
over-

readily

learned;

and

easily

with

more

and

Wagner

more

education.

information

with

she

me

the

and

rapid
far

above

all
in

studied

sight.
as

progress

the

the

excellently

played

the

and

organ,

of

her

lovely
she

time

impaired

voice.

In
both

acquired

rose

that

women

class.

had

made

and

singer,

She

extraordinarily diligent; further,


teacher

violin,

she

Hence

yoimg

same

pupils.
studying

began

already

at

sang

interesting

of my

some

Melba

piano, the

Uttle

regarding

Nellie

When

on

furnish

I will

Here

the
very

French

was
no

skilled
un-

charm
short
and

Italian.
Gabrielle
D

the

Krauss,
49

celebrated

dra-

matic
at

the

Vienna

to

wished

be

in

start

having

called

and

without
the

assmne

Schmnann's
as

marked

that

so

for

engaged
in

Vienna.

her

in

Jane

her

an

was

Horwitz,
at

daring
studies,
engagement,
summoned

and

she

indebted

the

Paris

to

songstress,
for

completed

one

for
she

morning
on

rehearsal,
50

first

her

longingly

replace

without

years.

Op6ra-Comique

waited
when

under

was

Having

she

Opera

successive

is

was

House,

Grand

coloratur

venture.

she

completed

the

twelve

was

was

Opera

where

French

Peri,'"

who

Krauss
at

in

the

day

next

maiden

success

Imperial

the

for

little

evening,

Her

the

Paris,

engagement
to

the

songstress

ill.
on

still

rehearsal,

and

career

engagement

My

of

Gabrielle

brilliant

House

previous

for

taken

chance,

when

upon,

''Paradise

suddenly

f eUcitous

fortunate

part

substitute

nothing

the

owes

to

career

been

student,
to

She

me

left, in

acquirements,

for.

her

with
also

Conservatory,

musical

to

respect

studied

that

songstress

the

same

an

in-

disposed

songstress,

''Lakm6."

She

permanently
might
of

pupils

Emma

as

Seville,

but

convinced

am

of

career

the

familiar

of

Speaking
I

think

is

Blanche

and

Nature

pupils.
of

When

the

attended

small

and

violin,

feeling

and

lessons

of

ago

and

"

her

poems

played
sang

graceful
51

best
all

wrote

upon

small

storj'^.
child.
music
best

my

her

she

of

volume
years

the

age

Yes,

artist's

heard

to

daughter

brief

my

endowed

tender

words

my

genuine
she

pupils,

consent?

begin

infancy

From

their

therefore

will

and

sujfficiently

few

the

worlds.

concerning

Have

of

prominent
say

now

may

Blanche.

story

both

most

my

readers

dear

my

the

is

of

public

the

to

others,

and

renowned

my

Gerster,

Calv6,
that

most

of

such

Etelka

Emma

instances

of

part

Nevada,

Frances

day.

similar

the

on

to

engaged

was

following

many

of

r61e

enough

and

the

narrate

courage

bold

sang,

on

title

the

was

offer,

the

accept

in

richly.
poetry
was

the

songs

expression.

"

lished
pubpiano
with

For

some

she

growth,
singing.
home
she

When

and

at

place

took

musical

in

our

others

took

after

six

endured

and

She

given.
than

of

any

to

the

My

daughter's

marriage

but

of

impulse
up

from

years,

late,
of

her

wholly

an

heart,
to

art.
52

ly
thoroughpupils,

she
Her

voice.

female

her,

turned
artistic

career,

irresistible

the

following

have

should

teaching

of

some

gave,

complete

more

cultivation

Vienna,

my

my

her

soon

Blanche

understands,

do

me

from

weeks,

the

for

in

During

Paris

lessons

the

satisfaction,

and

Gounod,
interest

and

imaided,

alone,

the
Am-

prostrated

in

arrival

my

that

Rubinstein,

which

illness,

severe

ings
dwell-

All

individuality.

extraordinary

art,

matinees

lively

her

private

D6libes,

"

however,

house.

Paris"

Thomas,

up
our

to

in

the

in

musicians
broise

wholly

continually

and

give

to

Paris,

to

herself

sang

hasty

transferred

we

Vienna

devoted

her

compelled

was

from

of

account

on

years,

has

given

great

success

self
her-

the

is

singer

as

joy

of

pride

and

my

life.
Of

of

those

themselves

instructions

impart

they

that

so

in

and

thrice

or

when

and

of

teachers

the

future

revered

pupils,
him,

in
than

intrusted

could

cases

the

had
I

my

master's
53

the

lives,
more

studied

with

Being
he

progress,

beginners,

carefully,

most

My

instruct.

with
with

me

suspend

themselves,

when

days
he

often

Garcia,

deUghted

greatly

taught

the

which
The

still

Manuel

celebrated

in

educators.

who

master,

useful.

numerous.

too

accomplished

often,

which

find

imagine

or

factory
satis-

quite

but

not

are

studies

their
too

this

made

teaching,

instances

the

do

can

of

certificates,

cannot

Unfortunately

thus

am

are

them

they

advice.

my

way

results

award

after-life

their

the
I

month

with

acquainted

experience,

seek

cases

they

gratuitously,

gather

may

devote
that

exact

even

difficult

Twice

in

teaching

to

that

pupils

my

seeking
counsel.

whom
in

I
ficult
dif-

This

proved
Garcia

was

months,

been

committed
classification

so

Such

for

to

trained

the

aside

and

ear

the

actually

performance,
that

of

irretrievable

ruin

this

worried

over

fourth

act

and

of

which

sure.

How

good,
54

ing,
teachthat
stresses
song-

whole

in

known

through

take

explain,

singers

I have

to

hopeless
with

great

had

this

notice.

my

defects

they

can

soprano,

fraught

not

prevails?
who,

mezzo-

of

the

are

other

scarcity

the

apprehension

to

Does

many

to

bring

they

in

instances

blunders

voice.
from

me

mistakes

"

as

brought
of

the

voices

incomprehensible;

danger,

again

teachers

Many

dulness

the

to

over

at

the

been

victims

for
of

astonished,

years,

of

on.

have

handed

modern

being

and

is

late

by

soprano

work

to

consequence

greatly

in

again,

sort

he

As

pupils.

young

I have
and

the

accident,

his

all

after-days.

unable

once

through

riding

in

helpful

most

in

the

they
an

operatic
B

or

third

or

were

not

exceptional

pianist

hope

when

several

under

his

fact

the

the

screaming

lose

the

of

It

would

afford
and

the

singer;
all.

finishing

If

absurd!

give

the

finished

last

this

of

were

touch,

already?
55

of

how

have

theml

In
is

the

when

the

of

an

future

of
loss

means

said

of

professor.''
so,

of

much

voice

this

to

gathers

f oimdation

and

people

stone

the

it is the

stray

outset

spared
of

neglect

Silly
is

"She

as

after-work

artist's

be

formation

first requisite,

the

tears,

many

toil, might

useless

of

from

to

teacher,

to

rolling

How

decide,

children

teacher

"A

moss.'"

could

parents

me

artistic

advantage

great

their

to

work.

every

compass

infinite

of

be

from
them

song,

the

as

me

their

if

years

intrust

no

well

accept

gradually

must

as

of leaving

instead

their

that

voices.

pupils,

for

indisputable

an

method

talent

speechless

songstresses

satisfaction,
to

is

It

brilliancy

their

remain

keys

touch?

that

fullest

his

reveal

to

how

the

me,

How

could
voice

is

THE

FOURTH

LESSON

LESSON

FOURTH

THE

Paris,

IN

last

my

in

into

is

Italy

method/'

readers

in

printed

Pietsch,
in

Teaching

of

New

as

York.

thus

is

Singing/'

Madame
of

chapter
It

Umbrella

paper

by

least.

her

depicts

Art

The

of

Lankow-

experiences
the

new

singing-method'':

"American
"In

written

lation,
trans-

afford

at

the

musical

telligent
in-

may

"The

the

it

that

entitled,

is

and

Song,

append

is

article

paper
news-

highly

amusement

some

in

belief

my

Method

this

bring

umbrella

upon

invention.

the

"

the

their

anxiety

to

59

teacher

to

to

describing

( ?)
in

refer

of

spoke

that

happened

article

endeavoring
I

1900.

25,

think

method

popularity.

The

letter

singing

new

September

secure

scholars,

teachers,

male

other

seeking

of

in

initiation
of

art

his

then

resonance,

them

back,

down

into

the

recommends

then

the

length

to

with

water

is

the

upon

told

the
of

lessons
For

five

or

six

writer,

most

is

however,

was

60

pel
ex-

the

they

tell

singing

lessons.
in

stands
at

until

the

to

vocalist

interesting

and

breathing

supposed
the

the

and
in

blows

distant,

of

limg-play

The

and

room,

paces

placed

gives

pupil

the

This

moves.

the

the

of

centre

and

Again,

as

filled

ruffling

that

well

former

the

"

glass

without

teacher
as

herself

or

draw

slowly

their

up^stairs

region,

fluid.

the

female

to

and

other
An-

run

brought,

breath,

surface
of

then

head

breathing,

stomachal

is

pupil

sofa.

pupil

stomach.

himself

on

the

increase

"

full

the

good

pupil

throw

of

his

to

insure

to

each

methods

bids

into

first

system,

with

mysteries

method

tones

draw

and

the

One

vie

practical

out

into

song.

throw

female,

and

of

the

feather
feather

strengthen
the

future.

experience

of

gathered

with

the

studies

her

under
the

to

as

'

said,
"

that

the

to,
umbrella

The

Being

ed
ask-

until

then

had

intending

student

'

method.
Pietsch

Lankow

Madame

hiunbly

confessed

having
She

the

room

The

tone

to

the

to

be

is

expanded

tone

home,

is

and

the

be

must

the

himself

its

volume

the

be

reduced.

pupil
or

the

must

herself.
6i

is

tone

umbrella

the

dimensions

fullest

the

open

indicates

Gradually

strongest.

closes

struck.

slowly

of

When
to

is

to

power

of

another.

proceeding

increased.

must

in

sung

begins

that

that

be

to

which

pupil

teacher

the

comer

one

pupil

the

teacher

umbrella,

the

with
features

in

stands

that

the

tone

method.

and

the

this

its

of

teacher

"The

never

furnished

account

application

means

of

thereupon

following

an

information,

heard

yet

as

was

Then

of

need

her

continue

to

guidance.

method

adhered

been

wished

who

lady

young

umbrella,
of
In

the

which

pupil's

practice,

manage

Madame

the

at
brella
um-

Lan-

kow-Pietsch

admitted

this

with

pupil

method,

of

profound

While

in
""

method

not

voice.

been,

ever

is

are

Of

the

more

marked.
still

is

the

of

the

in

of

there

nor

the

been

can

in

be

it

with

are

countless

me,

respect

right

tem
sys-

imparted

easily

for

62

to

The

cannot

the

ing,
astound-

more

masses

song.

teaching

writing,

especially,

teaching
still

share

that

years,

of

of

it
that

discover

incomprehensible

more

tuition

everybody,

harmful

the

to

to

late

credulity

of

have

and

am,

teaching,

me

But

as

damaging

modem

vagaries

are

just

contemporaries

many

have

that

more

for

may

but

foe

of

views.

my

still

pleasant

most

there

provoking,

sworn

characteristics

"lunbrella

others

While

with

systems

are

and

the

intending

presence

kindred

accordance

the

there

nonsensical
to

her

able
un-

contempt."

and

mirth

so

was

the

Germany

floiuish,

not

in

and

from

departed

air

an

she

instruction

impart

to

that

be

physical
rules

to

down

set

ment
instruand

ex-

when

ceptions;
the

to

bad

advice

my

themselves

guide

teacher

by

in

all

of

not

good

age.
dam-

do

to

parents

choice

the

hearing

is

to

can

is

one

likely

one

one

school

the

or

one,

Thence
to

when

whether

however,

school,

any

determine,

stone-deaf,
one,

of

pupils

readily

listens,

one

of

teacher's

the

pupils.
In
I

contrast

have

I will

cite

as

of

with
in

results

slow

of
of

in

vocal

his

in

pupils,

comprehension,
63

the

attack

which

of breath,
into

out
withaction.
has

system

new

order

Garcia,

glottis,

cords

acceptance.

demn.
con-

point.

done,

open

this

even

Manuel

long

the

Garcia,

some

and

case

the

Unfortunately,
swift

ignorant

outpouring

an

bringing

found

I have

opposed,
tone

which

teacher,

revered

My

against

criticise

unfairly

people

methods

the

practices,

wrong

of

hears

often

one

useful

and

discoveries

absurd

mentioned,

practical

to

the

to

Strange
to

who
the

make
were

tion
aberra-

clear
rather

closing,

or,

the

rather,

drawing

glottis,was
the

wont

desired

extinguished
that

the

the

light

the

by

singing the
issuance

steadily.

of the

horizontal

it

with

and

rose

difi"cult

tone

the

maintain

to

To

paper-cutter,for example.
a

beautiful, resonant

is

tone

When

in

made

the

fect,
imper-

or

with

"

the

that

forth

tongue

throaty

tonsils

the

avoided, and

in

depress
bring

tone

quite flat, so

be

must

closed,

tongue

article

smooth

was

proved

position, would

some

dle
can-

light

when

open;

tongue

Garcia,

the

attack, this

glottis was
burned

lighted

When

them.

the

strike

them

make

to

tone, holding

before

of

together

not

are

pressed together.
defects

individual

Many

singers

exist among
be

by

overcome

and

conscientious
little
never

the

with

yet injured

any

depression
however,

of

must

the

might
of

the
one,

be

candle
nor

the

resorted

The

teacher.

tongue;

only

that

instruction

expert

experiment

comings
short-

and

has
the

has

latter,
to

in

64

special

tire

might

it

for, if frequently

cases,

another

note

will

or

inserting

small

recourse

upon

my

pearly

in

classes

of

will
often

in

questions

the

doing

so,

to

more

instruction

was,

this
I

in

their

show

insist

depressed,

will

with

in

65

of

now

the

answer

Before

revert

once

Garcia,

plaining
ex-

much

tance
impor-

classes.

Class-

so

conservatories;

verbally

division

must

those

me,

regard.

attach

in

which

be

instruction

to

of

jaw

the

studies

why

depend

teacher

of

to

however,
my

to

the

made

as

seldom

very

open.

school.

my

tenance
discoun-

and

lower

by

between

coimsel,

Let

writing,

wood

it, preferring

the

is

this

but

weary,

not
can-

Many

altogether

finally

mouth

Inquiry
and

of

treasures.

the

and

piece

spoken

it that

upon

overcome

method,
to

pupils

pupil

mouth.

to

cannot

this
have

demanding
a

her

open

also

must

one

sometimes

not

teeth.

my

and

endeavor

teachers

organ.

defect,

attention:

close

the

the

attempted,

days,
all

only

parted
im-

teachers

Paris

in

The

most

time

were

first

the

of

voice

and

female,

bers,

it

was

nor

prevails,

now

asked
After

gia,"

and
in

Arsace,
I

while
soul

so

duets

Arsace.

At

who
wrote

pupil
knew

her,

learning

it

r6le

with

66

the

me

long

two
and

Semiramis

acquainted

Madame

Leblond^
I

Semiramis.

of
so

appears,

compassionate

I became

Garcia,

La

Bor*

For

some

sing

r6les,

BarbierCj"

commenced

length

the

when

"Lucrezia

between

of

Hence

out.

"Sennramide.''

beautiful

with

in

would

that

it

as

several

"II

in

sought

then,

leaves

studied

on,

nima-

one.

Orsino,

Cenerentola,

nities
opportu-

concerted

aspen

Rosina,

as

pupils,

had

pupils

any

had

such

for

his

were

practice

Uke

sing

to

the

the

in

private

or

bring

to

trembled

they

than

never

duets

sing

to

sought

most

Garcia's

contemporaries.
male

Ban-

experienced

the

my

and

the

more

cultivation

in

Bordogni,
being

because

instruction.
teachers

celebrated

Garcia,

derali,

after,

individual

gave

touching

an

appeal

that

it

studied

she
From

with

that

instruction,
I

individual

care.

instruction

But

which

"

the

the

am

sole

pass

may

In

class.

seen

this

"

into

to,

respect
start

of

first

the

been

again

the

67

in

which
second

students
concert

larly
particu-

pupils
negligent,

the

class

students'
is

I most

sadly
from

the

or

named,

of

preliminary

this

from

in

two

The

opera

alas

sionals.
profes-

all,

voice,

education

for,

they

classes

comes

the

musical

general

order

class

the

as

accompanist.

preparatory

must

in

training

of
in

described

First

when
like

four

have

be

may

classes.

in

cial
spe-

imparting

work

subject

the

to

now

when

demands

save

to

give

only

ceased

amateurs,

to

school.

my

is

since

long

all

seldom

singer

with

it

then

and

ever

ual
individ-

oppose
very

themselves

bind

for

now

of

if

avoid

to

to

lessons,

education

the

but

might.

my

only

duets.

two

determined,

not

and

pity,

to

the

me

day

lessons,

gave

her

moved

very

have

and

begin-

singing

mastered;

be

generally

students

their

beneath
it

their

will

thank
for

As
of

by

rapid
the

work

long

the

while

of

the

slow

hapless
the

ere

entered

with

been

where

the

hoarse

by

student

must

real

art

clear
68

only

or

is

progress

has

ing
trainmatter.

forced,
organ
wrong

wait

struction
in-

of

course

the

When
of

breathing,

equalizing

and
a

personal

upon.

the

tone,

formed,
per-

rebels

the

unspoiled

made

connection

registers,

voice

or

for

defects,

be

is
attack

is

yoxmg

wearied

methods,

is

that

must

be

little

required

slight

if the

the

on

determination.

my

voice

claim
pro-

must
the

as

it wearies

that

on,

time

voice,

the

marred

is

the

the

When

for

me

it

voice;

task

the

later

and,

the

declare

but

arms;

dozen

to-morrow

to

following

morning

avoid

regard

dignity;

injurious

time

to
to

they

etc.,

of

and,

resort

To-day

expedients.

time,

beating

hardest,

practice,

its

the

comes

intervals,

the

beating

sight,

at

must

of

knowledge

ning.

vocalization

of

the

on

the

vowel

then,

only

do

await

that

attained,

are

the

to

say

persons

young

"

deliverance:

their

"Children,

"

will

be

begin

to

to-morrow

shall

you

of

each

for

pupils,

in

confidence

of

its

see

that

vowels,

of

the

of

art

the

simi,

Scarlatti,

cello,

Jomelli,

of

course,

the

vocalizzi

voice,

gressive
pro-

and
and
and

of

nunciation,
pro-

as

Caris-

Pergolesi,

Mar-

later

and,

Bellini,

to

with

such

Paesiello,

and

on,

Donizetti,

Mozart.

class,

preparatory
may

the

to

commence

Lotti,

Rossini,

because

style,

masters,

omitting

without
In

usually

Italian

old

opposition.

recitative,

interpretation,

stances
in-

rare

in

the

my

great

very

fitted

of

requirements

do

as

tongue,

best

as

education
the

in

arrayed

you

have

they

Italian

down,

piece

rejoice,

and

are

the

regard

the

of

myself

Bring

take

and

name

to-morrow

words.

on

paper,

me,

only
As

sing

the

you,

sing.'"

to

are

and

pencil

forth

holiday;

patiently
im-

mostly

and

patiently

and

then,

still

be

69

sung

some

if

of

necessary

my
;

the

in

never

first

the

In

concert
is

pianist,

the

last

class,

M.

singing

as

never

class,

which,

training
of

my

personal

absolute

In

at
has

and

German

the

the

insist

be

text,

this,

of

knowledge
upon

last

for
70

ductor
con-

seventeen

are

and

the

studied
with

sung

require

three
most

House,

masters,

masters

as

imperfect.

Mangin,

Italian

class,

my

edge
knowl-

Opera

the

French

under

most

Grand

the

tion
founda-

their

M.

for

preparatory

original

pupils
I

Paris

Besides

is

guidance,

accompanied

years.

in

the

the

As

voice-

my

laying

class,

operatic

the

school.

attend

necessarily

must

the

upon

my

method,

own

themselves,

trading

gentlemen

stances
in-

nists
accompa-

for

in

few

which

teachers,

quent
fre-

are

not

up

gathered

experience
these

set

to

me

skilled

there

in

occurring

companied
ac-

years.

Ponsat,

however,

changes,

has

fourteen

accompanist;

leave

Austrian

an

Strachwitz,

for
the

classes.

concert

class

-named

Fraulein

pianist,

In

and

opera

of

my

languages.
compositions

lose

greatly

translations

of

most

frequently,

baneful
of

Brahms,

played

of

this

of special

value

the

Vienna

fruit

the

this

vicious

her

of

the

may,

attend

This

and

where

pupils
of

is

ilege
priv-

conservatories.'
in

experience

the

71

ten
ofress
prog-

pupil

pupil,

my

enjoyment

pupil, who,

class.

in

with

Italy,

studies,

operatic
to

in

making

young

Conservatory,
keenly

melody

accompanist,

While

accorded

never

the

to

familiar

prosecuting
or

paniment,
accom-

the

that

pupil

class, the

concert

the

to

and

ment
improve-

greater

particidarly

astray.

goes

from

the

the

arias

their

permit

help

class

preparatory

prejudicial

is very

is

most

Schumann,

As

prevails

deprived

It

the

for

never

to

practice

the

curring
oc-

compositions

the

memory.

while

with

and

learn

heart,

by

in

in

also

of the

and

less
care-

this

words,

Mendelssohn,

pupils

the

songs

be

or

etc.

require

that

the

in

results,

Schubert,

unskilled

through

the

thized
sympa-

debarred

similar

ad-

SINGING

TEN

LESSONS

My

vantage.

with

pupils,

for

the
of

quirements
the

to

equip

this

to

young

selves
them-

physical

re-'

of

and

imitators,

led

crowded
over-

music,

Wagner's

master's

great

few

The

opera.

is

for

seek

nowadays

women

class

concert

have

questionably
un-

of

condition

things.
In

the

lieder,

German

arias

and

etc.,

preferably

believe,

they

In

is

every

year,

sung

at

the

Queen

in

the
"

express
^an

study

admirable
72

admit,

that

of

time.
in

jury,
July,

desire

have

duets;

Brussels,

the

early

say,

chant,"

at

of

member

being

composed

loss

de

Conservatory

Royal

to

sheer

"'concours

the

posers,
com-

Mendelssohn,

candidly

and

them

studying

great

to

pupils

the

modem

those

Strange

compel

mances,
ro-

Mendelssohn,

Mozart,

Goimod.

and

and

the

all

by

sing

Italian

classic

of Handel,

Rubinstein,

pupils

and

from

duets
but

by

the

French

oratorios

operas,

to

class

concert

of

the

which,
I

duets
her

musician

attend
are

Majesty
and

excellent

harpist

shape

of

pray,

my

learn

to

will

will

the
And

do

that

not

where
its

have

whirl

life,

of

teacher

your

concede

in

you

may

the

remember

will

you

in

once

the

school,

Youth

learn?
but

if

in

duets

sing

for

of jewelry.

pupils,

young

caprices,

prizes

articles

small

you

you

awards

performances

best

two

who

"

she

and
in

was

the

right.
And
admit

it

to

thorough

and

and

foreign

lands.

singing

at

in

Petersburg

St.

operatic

class.

Ambroise

Gounod,
Saens,

The

etc., and

House

Opera
from

of

operas

Rossini,

D6libes,
the

my

Mozart,
Weber,

Verdi,

Massenet,

yoimger
73

for
now

Meyerbeer,

Thomas,

ied,
stud-

ready

graduated

Beethoven,

Gluck,

is

only

Imperial

the

guages.
lan-

Russians

Many

of

the

of

made

are

have

mechanism

repertoire

singers

already

and

knowledge

Here

the

of

mastery

voice

that

sing,

to

class.

operatic

pupils

those
how

understand

the

the

for

now

zetti,
DoniSaint-

composers,

all

with

taught,

''Der

r61es

current

"

in

to

grin,"
Lohen-

Meistersinger,"

''Tannhauser,''

the

are

incline

Elsa,

"Die

Fliegende

are

the

of

Wagner,

study

in

in

Elizabeth,

works

for

pupils

my

Eva,

in

the

As

repertoire.
have

Puccini,

Mascagni,

Humperdinck,

and

Senta,

Hollander,"

least

these

as

for

trying

young

throats.

Concerning
of

the

from

the

further

words

initial

they

^as

pronunciation

fatiguing

very

it

of

like

sounds

The

words

are

thereby

issues

harsh

singers
past

knew

vowels

to

of

the

make

to

the

with

"

This

tone.

for

the

blows

and

voice,

taught

distinct

more

attack

strong

the

are

it,

put

to

come

of

They

hard

that

cidtivation

the

"

have

singers

Germany.

pronounce

text,

with

for

pronunciation

new

Wagnerian

struggle
me,

the

is

vocal

cords,

from

sounds

to

sundered,

be

vulgar.

and

songstresses

hammer.

the

tone

Great

fortunately,
74

but

connected

and

and

nothing,

only

not

man
Gerin

the

of

this

method,

and

mind

the

of

Why

song.

held,

the

and

of

years

prevalent

lines

style,

woidd

words

contain

five

in

words

how

improper,
middle

of

alasl

remain

open,

singer

the

specimen
with

declaimed

follows

to

the

phasized
em-

in

the
how

etc.;
in

when

great

new

glottis

injury

the
must

of

the

The

may

twenty-

gefcen,

the

words

els,
vow-

The

of

erroneous,

the

The

initial

prescribes

stefeen,

sefcen,

few

harsh.

-five

pronunciation

the

Wagnerian

hammer.

further

method

Rossini

''storming

the

mean,

with

canto

are

very

twenty
woidd

blows

bel

the

to

sound

which

beautiful,

Subjoined
sung

once

comparing

style

which,

their

was

shod;

ago,

barricade/'

that

the

rough

over

me,

then

all

artistic,

over,

and

with

Nowadays,

ridden

wrote

reject

now

world

heart

listeners

the

good?

is

the

delighted

be

set

mentioned

text
the

above,

emphasis,

latter-day

down,

accent

75

and

all,

as

/,

^s

Of

Evening,

An

beneath

sat

Ancient

^n

Oak

Over

mused

^nd

distant

^n

past,

O'erpow-

Anguish

ering
Overcame

me

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thought

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wept

Absent

Of

friends.
Of

The

with

joys.

Evanescent

Of

Advancing

reconciliation

not

be

of

effected

the

this

of

pronunciation

Age.

in

my

bel

sort

time

canto

will
tainly
cer-

THE

SHALL

LESSON

FIFTH

concerning

whom

first

sojourn

narrate

in

It

incident

with

the

of

Liszt

Franz

to

conduct

of

the

the

1756),

27,

was

The

day.
idea

of

object

of

summoned

the

the

will

Vienna
in

give
that

tribulations

79

Mozart

occasion

given

story

envy

of

to

concerts

two

dredth
one-hun-

which

on

of

all

citement.
ex-

connection

thle
birth

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the

little

no

in
of

celebration

first

in

occurred

1856,

my

shall

but

caused

in

anniversary
(January

during

that
and

happened

with

Wagner,

Vienna,

capital,

Austrian

versation
con-

fourth

my

acquainted

became

an

the

in

begun
letter

faint

continue

to-day

his

honor
but

Liszt,
fellow-

artists,

subjected

was

pianist,
was

the

that

completely

although
the

less

as

January
will

never

eleven

At

visit
I

in

me

the

afternoon

to

to

Giovanni,"

withdraw

previous,

sent

word

morning
operatic
each

refused,
criticism

one

of

by

eleven

he

had

waited

in

help

declining
of

the

Imperial
obliged

him

that

and

80

every

to
press.

entreated

Every

out.

tween
bethat

upon

exposure

Vienna

the
Liszt

o'clock

Vienna,

to

on

husband

my

""Don

father.

her

and

to

the

death,

eight

singer

of

finale

the

on

assigned

been

to

evening
me

music

the

he

o'clock

two

having

owing

fever,

Csillag,

singer,

Court

in

Frau

Liszt's

although

from
at

that

memory.

morning

the

Elvira,

Donna

date

and

sing

besought
same

the

suffering

abed,

same

meister.
Kapell-

my

announced,

was

was

is

of

out

o'clock

the

Viennese

27th

pass

subject,

of

birth,

by

Austrian

an

possessed

conduct

to

tormented

Hungarian

therefore

right

much

forgot

none

and

People

to.

the
I

one

sharp
alon6,

said, could

he

that

it

true

friend

was,

in

sprang

the

and

noon,

beside

the

Staudigl
Ander

in

Vienna
of

the

imperial

Hofburg.

hot

the

coals,

well,

regretted

and

the

rdles

this

or

two

afterwards

prostrated

by

day

while

before

active

occupations.

It

was

passed
F

was

towards
a

few

It

not

was

able

to

resume

weeks

In

to

care

imitation.

it

period

8i

never

again

was

this

at

turned

have

of

marvel

day

and

fever,

on

literally

was

for

example

coimtless

House,

I should

my

of

all

music-hall

and

it, though

commend

{Donna

venture.

however,

stood

Ottavio),

large

to

of

audacity

out

the

at

Giovanni),

Opera

platform

through

hour

{Don

their

sung

the

made

Titiens

{Don

returned

appointed

the

on

who

though

hurriedly

Herr

had

times

bed,

my

Theresa

Herr

whom

from

Madame

Anna),
and

Ill

Liszt,

at

abandon

to

distress.

went

with

part

I decided

aid.

impossible

was

toilet,

hasty

to his

come

that

Vienna,

long
my

ner
Wagand

honored

for

singing

differed

to

fragile,

female

frankly

that

his

importance.

positive

the

study

gladdened,

his

direction.

In

show.

stand-point
me.

I
"

to

speak
"

82

as

of

cause

read

Mozart,
I

etc.,

the

from

now

are

am

when

it;

put

depression
works

Wagner's

music,

Gluck,

so

only

were

When

Haydn,

uplifted,

danger

tion
conversa-

the

of

scores

him

revolutionist

must

little

but

opinions
the

his

in

the

turned

furthered

Wagner

study

it

me

ordinate
sub-

that

to

as

Beethoven,

Weber,

to

enlighten

to

was

say

was

to

but
I

may

said

and

has

the

general

sought

we

voice;

human

attached

Wagner

time

music,

that

Wagner

He

in

that

this

whether

over

mine

delicate,

the

another

politics,

vocal

of

principle,

this

in

however,

explanations

some

and

views,

orchestra,
he

in

especially

voice.

compositions

so

and

conversed

agreement.

song

to

of

music,

from

an

of

particular,

by

We

Wagner's

conception

no

visit.

widely

came

had

on

so

never

time

long

upon

in

with

me

comes

grand,

overwhelming,
vocal.

but

for his

As

and

sensual

his

language

symphonic

more

poetry,

it is realistic

than

aesthetic; in

rather

find

we

While

coined.

Brahms,

On

of the

the

composer,

with

whom

They
circle

as

natured

olden

why

should

the

and

goodin

men

the

painters,or

be

been

by gods all

mean

in

great artists
by God

favored

and

nature.

"'
J

al
mor-

general

83

-"

accessible
in-

poets, sculptors,

composers,
as

the

gods,

that, through physical and

gifts,as
have

family

gods, nowadays,
I

that

opposite.

approach

dared

some

me

the

When

to men?
mortals

in

him

individual.
times

ily,
fam-

for

very

unaffected

most

intimates

assured

the

represented

and

severe,

dwelt

have

as

sidered
con-

Standhartner

was

composer

was

hand,

Wagner

in Vienna,

weeks

the

other

the

mann,
Schu-

depicted

are

unapproachable,
proud.

pen

thoven,
Mozart, Bee-

Wagner

men,

no

his

Schubert,

etc.,

simple, amiable

that

Haydn,

Mendelssohn,

that

words

dictionary contains, and


has

than

""

It

to

seems

the

forgotten. What,
singer's position in the art

then, is the

respect of the trait I have

in

at?

hinted

have

never

sex,

and

instructed
have

respect to

depths of

that

disclose.

of

is often

has

this I shall

and

public.

to be

"

^'^

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.
^

theme.

studies

their

^
c

WW-

her

regretted,generally

84

heaven,

educational

pupils begin

friends,

ble,
unconquera-

continue

will revert to my

the

making

frequently

I will not

now

her.

possesses

very

that

down

before

in

always

but

When

into the

family

spoiled,even

perience
ex-

fashioned

female, to the seventh

self exaltation,

an

ually
star, being habit-

no

first appearance

But

has

sunk

her

by

In

career.

though,

set

when

raised
and

their

sex,

must

singer, even

and

precise knowledge

being, and

my

of the sterner

forty-sixyears

opinion

are

opinion, as

no

any

no

own

my

of

male

offer

can

just

singers

male

as

beginnings

the

an

far

As

concerned, I

of

not be

singer must

world

in this enmneration

that

me

::^-^^.

with

they

me,

and

qualities.

good

talent

reveals

them,

they

The

awakes.

of

sort

revolution

is

until

and

matter,
certain

at

and

times,

that

better

are

and
that

future

with

pupils

to

of

the

Far

less

is

confidence.

85

peace

small

no

requisite,

pleasant
pupils

numerous

vocally,
the

this

cally,
musi-

majority

look

All
to

these

insurrection

than

and

belong

making

at

more

equipped,

them,

that
"

of

is

prevent

to

that

balance
them

and

see

is

say,

will

artistically,

outstrip

knows

school

order.

speak

it to

and

man's

preserve

to

keep
the

leave

they

feigns

the

and

artists

young

pretension

preparing

so

restore

troubles

singer's

feels

To

tear-ducts

teacher's

but

mence
com-

jealousies,

the

and

pronunciamiento,

ready.

claims

and

petty

teacher

nothing,

hear

is

and

the

when

commence

heads

The

active.

become

their

as

society

their

over-sensitive,

grow

abounding

soon

and

caprices

amiable,

and

As

itself
toss

with

simple,

pliable

confiding,

in

usually

are

to
my

class,

their

brated
celehave

brought
of

hours

study,

Referring

the

that

restoration
pass

Time

is

of

and

of

term

these

have

exercises

also

that

that

were

and

pupils

cut

for

in

the
left

stage
the

on

from

boards
86

consolabl
in-

that

this

girls

sing

six

eight

or

and

words,
school

my

am

interest

young

are

of

short

may

know

to

singing

there
on

vocalizzi

before

months

years,

and

pupils.

my

possessed

It

made

the

organs,

account

study.
persons

young

year

my

voices,

of

to

this

on

desire
the

diseased

become

to

sistance
as-

defects,

legacy

needed

kinds

of

when
their

the
I

natural

health

as

method,

unaided,

instruction,

different

to

shall

alone,
without

of

the

of

fortune

accompanist.

an

day

emphasize

to

it

method

my

this

voice-training

my

myself,

correction

the

these

conduct

of

training

to

neglect

not

accompanying

that

to

to

anew

must

fact

remain

their

kind.

invariably

been

class,

and

during

grateful;

and

faithful
has

satisfaction

me

six
to

singers
to

learn

eight
the

of

sad

studied

When

dogni's,

my

difl"cult

exercises

idea

of
on

These
to
I

the

too

but

was

voice

suggest

the

and

mordente,
form.
desire

the

whet
of

have

been

exercises.

correct,
the

scale

impressed

me,

from

myself,
voice

my

as

capabilities

below
the

as

of

-training

enumerated

according

studied,

are

In

each

melodic

student

vocalizzi

the

the

air

an

step.

great

class

of

singing
I

to

were

exercise,

study

directly

proceed

to

while

idea

my

to

the

further

far

conceived

an

in

all

intended

believe

for
to

and

often

vocalizzi,

arpeggios,

on

were

carry

that

contain

shoidd

most

b^inner,

there

trill, etc.,

the

of

Bor-

the

sort,

composing

scale,

the

Signor

at

the

of

was

of

which

vocalizzi

colleague,

powers

It

studied.
the

while

master's

the

beyond

imply

Garcia

with

given,

never

this

not

time?

of

waste

were

Does

song.

sort

my

of

pupils

Opus

2,

24

vocalizzi

mezzo-soprano.

87

for

soprano

or

or

for

3,

24

Opus

5,

24

vocalizzi

for

6, 24

vocalizzi

for

soprano.

mezzo-soprano

contralto.

Opus
or

vocalizzi

Opus

mezzo-soprano

contralto.

Opus

Opus

vocalizzi

30

32,

Opus

33,

and
10,

Opus

4,

Opus

II,

mezzo-

for
of

contralto.

deep
for

style
of

studies

12

voices,

two

contralto.

studies

12

prano.
mezzo-so-

for

vocalizzi

24

for

vocalizzi

14

mezzo-soprano

Opus

for

style

contralto.

or

soprano

of

studies

12

7,

soprano.

for

style

mezzo-

soprano.

for

8, 14,

Op.

16,

two

voices,

for

three

voices,

and

18,

26

contralto.

studies

of

"

Italian

with

soprano

words;

agility
theme

variations.

and

Op.
Ave

vocalizzi

mezzo-soprano,

soprano,

for

22,

for

contralto.

and

soprano

Opus

vocalizzi

18

8,

Opus

and

24

Marias,

Opus

9,

with

study

and

Offertories

25"2

Latin
of
88

words.

agility

for

mezzo-

Italian

before

though

as

Don't

lesson,

singing
pupil

new

were

not

Stand

and

settle

hang

your

naturally.

Hold

You

too

stoop

behind

free.

sol
must
the
not

take

do.

voice,

gives
the

your

chest

may

No,

not
You

rapidly.

No,

that

coimt.

While

taking

while

holding

ten;

expelling
Now

voix

open

will

your

smile?
the

blanche

expel

it, ten.

grinning

that
the

say.
arms

your

the

up

not

good

Why

half-breath.

slowly

very

it

head,

breath.

count

while

mouth.
That

shall

feet;

and

will

it, five;
Good,

too

keep

breath,

deep

breath

but

but

that

take

was

both

put

so

Now,

That

breath

much;

get

platform,

on

your

up

will

the

firmly
head,

young

you

upon

back,

your

dear

my

alarmed;

be

well.

very

please,

Open

frightened,

are

lady!

be

first

me:

"You

do

the

give

now

speak

on

with

variations,

words.

I will
and

and

theme

soprano;

white

"

tone

mouth

striking

the

naturally;
89

soft
the

palate.
lower

jaw

must

be

jaw

is

motionless.

the

cords;

attack

it
the

one

sing

the

as

tone

let

last

register.

in

beginning

the

connected

and

made

must

eventually

practice.

That

will

be
first

the

home,

four,

then

so

that

five

sufficient
month
I

do

keep

may
90

which

end,

through
then

two,

Good

tones.

for

be

attention

first

me

then

expected

attained

be

for

Sing

but

that

to

the

to

registers

even,

directed

be

to

respect

be

the

sition
tran-

ceptible,
imper-

middle
to

to

register

be

in

not

that

must

three,

is

It

passage

the

register

the

is

Try

that

so

from

gerated
exag-

That

chest

likewise

do

transition

head

the

middle

and

the

of

not

harsh.

the

another.

tone

the

to

an

sounds

to

possible,

as

is

study

us

you

do

again.

once

register

softly

That
and

the

when

forth;

glotte,

tack
at-

together
that

hard.

so

Now

from

comes

de

the

right.

air

tone

coup
Strike

care

upper

Now

drawing

take

no

the

as

Good.

by

tone

vocal

strike

depressed,

ing
Dur-

to-day.

not

practise

watch

of

your

at

breathing,

register

from

sage

here,

however,

imparted

will

to-day

You
not

was

cheer

up

each

do

day

of

the

October,
I

of

let

beginners,

proffered
general

way:

as

the

if

Au

September,

on,

pupils

wish

of

an

already,
is

tage.
advan-

dealing

with
of

word

letter,
to

in

great

so

this

year,

quarter

earlier

91

cold.

repeat

you

then,

school

now

an

lady,

young

in

them

am

me

in

instruction

Now

me

later

accord

strange

to-morrow!''

daily

of

will

listening,

catch

to

rush

And

by

dear

after

them

cannot

is

hour's

not

come

tion
instrucyou

terrible.

instruction;

hour's

that

and

Remain

what

my

beginning

the

give

very

pupils

When
at

see,

so

until

revoir,

first

you

and

the

familiar,

The

possible
im-

might

pupils;

and

become

to-morrow.

is ended.

follow

much,

is

you
you.

other

to

learn

thereby

taught
and

it

method,

study

have

all

pasr-

lesson,

the

misdirected

undo

it

single

comprehend

through

your

register;

to

in

that,
should

and

attack,

your

vice
ad-

in

preserve

voice,

your

dancing,

rides,
all

exhausting

speedy

the
and

of

decisive

song

and

you

choice.

brief,

"

exercises.

diversions
art

mobile
auto-

in

rowing

physical

these

of

bicycling,

renounce

an

must

tween
Be-

tion
acquisimake

THE

LESSON

SIXTH

THE

SIXTH

giving

BEFORE

their

with

briefly
in

When

the

revisit,

people

(from

that

the

at

had
cared

Wagner's

the

many

that

in

made

at

all,

Opera

music.

practically,
have
of

performance

95

to

to

inventions,

which

Grand

banks

yearned

addition

been

not

teen
nine-

the

on

long

so

works,
first

ing
prevail-

Vienna,

city

and

Then

referring

pm-pose

the

novelties

progress

for

to

in

great

school

my

from

observed,

excellent

ting
chat-

Paris.

of

ago,

Seine

and

say,

conditions

retm-ned

years

of

song,

city

the

to

musical

the

to

lesson

concerning

of

art

ers
read-

singing

so

them

the

amiable

my
next

letter,

by

and

LESSON

since
grin''
"Lohen-

House,

on

i6,

September
all

and

obstacles,

the

of

concerts

capital

foreign

composers.

the

days

of

or

of

the

in

inclining
strikes

me

and

that

should

be

works

nowadays
alternate

in

peace

96

the

not

few,

each

united

phrase,

of

dred
hun-

perhaps,

one's

taste
it

direction,

that

proper

should

useless,

shapeless,

was

different

as

it

out

but

those

dethroning

musical

mind,

same

sceptre

In

The

As

however,

men,

Saint-

the

proclaiming

desideratum.

great

and

Ambroise

of

out,

and

native

House.

drawn

everlastingly

hear

to

wielded

melodyless,

rather,

-loving

Massenet,

obsolete.

and

tiresome,

music

thought

one

no

La-

and

Goimod,

Opera

also

as

of

Rossini,

Grand

melody

are

the

Meyerbeer,
even

admirable

Colonne

achievements

the

Saens,

the

opportunities

acclaim

Thomas,

permanent

But

afforded

public

or

now

by

despite

root,

Conservatoire,

conducted

moureux,

at

are

repertoire.

part of the

those

taken

1891)

old

the
the

to

of both
and

pertoire
renew,

schools

harmony.

view

This

the

of

musicians

partisans,

the

of

the

school

new

fogies/'

"old

that

still welcomes

"The

it

Carmen,"

tt

Manon,"
I

must

forget

the

who

triumph,

Chenier,"

triimiphal

have

march

tion
connec-

Char-

Comique,

and

Nor

achieved

now

the

"Cavalleria
"La

this

with
Italian

young

period, Mascagni,

Puccini,

Pagliacci,"

bills.

composer

Op6ra
and

of the

operas,

in

just

the

at

composers

"Mignon,"

the

on

French
has

thus

even

"Lakm6,"

mention

to

"Louise,"

cavello,

are

young

pentier,

his

is

when

is

house

"Werther,"
etc.,

"The

and

It

Opfira-Comique

the

Delilah,"

the

out."

the

by
"Rom6o

and

simg,

"sold

body,

proved

"Aida,"

are

invariably

as

"Faust,"

Prophet,"

Huguenots''

at

is

"Samson

Juliette,"

et

the

rather

them,

public,

melody,
whenever

that

fact

dilettanti,

handling

call

the

keep

not

and

from

they

as

But

roughly.

does

case

Leon-

Giordano,

whose

Rusticana,"

Bohfeme,"

already

started

through
97

and"

the

"I
Andr6

on

their
world.

Germany

be

can

whose

lovely
"

Gretel

und

Humperdinck,

Engelbert

composer,

in

melodious

and

has

already

hundred

two

talented

its

of

proud

''Hansel

been

ed
represent-

theatres

with

whelming
over-

success.

As

shall
to

exalt

be

and

love

and

with

honor

marvel

forth;
he

dealt

has

it

pity

heavy

the

against
music
upon

fall
career

My

and

them
in

too

the
made

fondness

and

impossible
for

98

in

that

the

impose

especially,
must

tening,
lis-

gle
strug-

to

orchestra

those,

tasks.

note,

have

has

singers

gigantic

difficulties

noisy

but

setting

when

has
ever,
how-

canto,

by

pity

fray

bel

blow

physical
a

he

neglected,

singers

strumenta
in-

genius

works

only

vocalists
the

his

to

the

too

noble

great

throats

that

unmerited.

bow

song,

not

their

and

the

at

brought

ism";

-fogy

Wagner's

music;
and

is

blind

being

"old

withal,

reproach,

that

presume

with

reproached

progress,

the

melody,

that

abandon

for

them.

melody

is

inborn;

love

is

whatever

immeretricious,
natural,
I

will

not

music

or

that

than

its

with

impresses

their

in

must

of
not

Are

dust.

popular

generation
the

to

masses?
more

Germany,
Let

us

doom,''

Russia,
then

world

even

99

possessed
Are

from

down
the

pride

ful,
beauti-

Norway,
to

of

of

folk-songs

the

the

it endure

may

in

dragged

more

Sweden,

honor,

melody

whole

handed

than

because

melodies?

anything

touching,

have

and

generation,
Is

There

nations

their

melodies

age,

admired

or

all

of

the

but,

the

by

past

modes,

able
implac-

that

been

has

not

to

recessions,

forms

condemned

be

not

their

the

things,

mankind.

upon

what

this,

all

improvements,

advantages,

great

revered

the

its

imquestionably,

are,

of

itself

its

and
and

that

rather

senses

spirit of

the

advances

inventions,

its

the

subject

are

while

fashion,

idol

an

Unhappily,

music,

and

imconditionally,

to

heart.

even

to

up,

cry

simple,

beautifid,

bow

not

appeals

to the

yes,

poetic,

and

know

melodious,

"

etc. ?

crack

forever

of
I

Music

in

charitable

and,

Coimtesses,

bearers

of

beheld,

who

less

lack

these

just
I

as

M.

of

Di6mer,

of

the

and
a

artists

is
of

the

seriously,

to

but

Sarasate.

not

blame.

ago

by

pianists

appeared

the

is

given

who

to
100

days

applauded

do

is

truth;

who

are

placed
disThis

leading

Possibly
day,

of

situation
few

violinist,

the

in
the

here

this?

voices,

respect

musicale

countess,

renowned

fault

of

rectly,
cor-

powers

in

never,

it.

one

France,

nor

case

matinfie

singing

art

describe

attended

singing

are

completely

singing,

to

titles

beautiful

the

work

regard

the

performers.

"

in

and

have

frequently

instrimiental

baronesses,

feeling

professional
less

the

with

neither

expression;

out

studied

gifted

now

crowd

resoimding

have

names

women

speak,

artists.

and

and

professional

to

the

on

musicales,

fashionable
so

are

tindergone

formeriy

soirees,

concerts

appeared^

figure

has

While
of

programmes

only

society

change.

great

Paris

the
with
Whose

youthful
take

their

Hence,

once

dear

more,

let

singing,

study

to

achieve

ambition,

real

through

even

to

crush

it out

of

ready
bury

I refer

to

Up

and

ago.

and

the

And

now,

attention
Let

me

while

my

of

voice

the

voices,

be

dear

readers,

some

in
two

high

and

two

this

the

of

beginners
class?

sopranos,

ask

A
one

lesson.
that

lOI

in

that,

fact

all

physical

deep

ditions,
con-

able.
unavoid-

are

are

of

sorts

there

day
to-

contralto,

dramatic
Attend

mezzo-sopranos.

your

cultivation

for

modifications

many

the

same

years

singing

note

account

on

and

children,

yours

for

is the

stand

few

proceeding,

method

yet,

"How

shall

to

or

little revolution

enemy,

present

of

caprice
art,

out

the

at

omitted

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broke

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my

sight.

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de-

needed

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kill

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soprano,

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ly

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instruction,
well

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behind
mouth

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did
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at

with

the

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102

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piano?

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lesson.

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103

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hence

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oratorios

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observe

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chest-tones
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attain,

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natural

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register.

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flat

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voices
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with

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pro-

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registers

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tible;
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respect

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Marie;

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predecessor,

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instruction,

quite
One

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of

voices
the

chest

when

unwieldier

register.
105

private
part,
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as

already

one

stands

self.

easier

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my

sometimes

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mezzo-sopranos,

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learns

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soprano

than

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shrink

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quick,
I

Bertha.

too

you

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than

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voice

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voice.

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united

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is

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mother

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lady.
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to

head-tones

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scales;

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Rossini's,

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voice.

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tinually
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name,

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gress
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instruction,

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109

surely
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like

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young

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register
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observations

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lot.
the

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and

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grateful

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Christian

lady?

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time

listen

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and

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permit

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indeed

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have

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voice,

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head-voice.

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and

beautiful

and

with

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attack

and

head-voice,

the

is

tremolo

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guidance

right

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greatest

power.

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would

teachers

former

to

studies

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ruin

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vicious

us

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must

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up

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carry

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overcome.

trill

shame!

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are

prudence

to

and

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is

tone

them

and

deficiency

next

and

patience.
ladies.
have

to

ward
re-

Your

What!
call

you

Louisa

Suppose

hear

excellent,

singers
in

need

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complain,
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and

fewer

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for

Taubert,

Weber,

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original

German

me

Louisa

will

on

shall

by

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must

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Schubert,

that

translations

the

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sing

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2,

quick,

to

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attack

of

tone,

the

better

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next

work!

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first.

Louisa

speak

you

the

dear

the

with

capitally.

III

to

Schimiann,

Why,
too

tion
exer-

Mozart,

simg

of

many

get

singers

is absolutely

songs

French

and

concert

however,

imserviceable.

being

you

text,

for

annoyances

languages

indispensable,

operatic

the

have

Remember,

knowledge

ficient
insuf-

operatic

make

me

resonance

for

fitted

and

to.

purpose

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not

success,

submit

mind

compass

of

point

you

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i,

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are

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stage,

in

concert-room?

voice.

your

; you

the

of

younger

keep

Louisa

for

studying

the

then,

numbers.

your

is

well

respectively.

2,

rechristen

No?

you?

Louisa

and

lesson,

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my

Bravo!

connection

of

the

and

registers,

the
but

taught

not

and

of

good

"What!

why

understand
than

better
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will

studied

you

able

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before

of
is

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repertoire
a

and

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one,

my

the

copy

included

and

left

upon

the

gramme
pro-

the

It

me.

thirty-two

pupils
112

event.

the

himself.

accompanied
praise

for

which

Massenet's

at

me

memorable

Celebration.

Massenet

only

but

asked

lesson

the

delightful,

of

pupils,
You

go.

of

programme

lavished

Well,

time

dear

you

beginning

Here

No?

studying

morning,

the

Have

on.

Good

word

pupils.

speedy.

short

very

trained

other

my

be

Fides,

good

so

''

begin

to

become
and

in

Now
is

operas?

any

that

trust

of

who

Garcia's/'

voice

your

progress

mother,

teacher?

voices

the

compass.

Manuel

former

my

ulated;
reg-

tremulous,

"My

of

pupil

was

The

is

you?''

well

are

voice

resonant

Who

agility

positions
com-

poser
com-

Massenet

pupils'
were

formances,
per-

justly

proud

thankful

and

and

amiable

teacher,

deeply

Before

down

in

close

haste

Hurrah

at

heard

Sousa

opening

and

that

Sousa's

to-day

again
Hurrah

set

me

the

shouted

for

let

letter

this

that

band

throng

signature,

his

with

graph
photo-

pupils."

pavilion,

American

presented

He

the

splendid

"

ever

himself,

of

each

remain

will

and

grateful.
of

to

is

too,

their

whom

to

master,

indulgent

the

to

of

ed
delight-

the

again:

and

for

ica!"
Amer-

the

SEVENTH

THE

LESSON

THE

SEVENTH

LESSON

Paris,

November

YESTERDAY
in

his

with

and

from

"come

dwellers

and

ways,"
the

occupied
that

so

to
"

I,

"with

the

acquaint
the

object

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at

'

people,

cities
add

'

new

thought

best

seat

of

with

an

"

me,

of

said

your

117

different

she

as

girl

young

town,

have

that,

the

sofa,
had

house,

chair.

ordinary
I

to

visit.

tered
en-

ly
immediate-

on

the

her

that

eyes

mistress

myself

content

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the

in

provincial

must

the

girl,

blue

These

large

room,

and

dimples

some

in

myself

pretty

wonderingly
"

sin-

father

pleasant

surroundings.

for

latter

hair,

about

looked

found

the

1900.

of

chestnut

cheeks,

I,

presence

daughter,

tall,

received

visit.

gular

i,

the

father,
Is

your

musical?

daughter
a

voice

requiring
the

answered

wife

''My

in

dwell

of

is

in

only

at

music,

and

also

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parrot,
he

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only

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her,

else,
me

and

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birds

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rest
ii8

ticularly
par-

winter

then

she

ma
Emin

career

time

to

give

to

delighted,

since

laugh,

moreover,

city,
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besides,

brilliant

native

her

given

chased,
pur-

beautiful

us

This

an

orchestrion,

make

and

after

Nevada,

Francisco,

of

we

have,

to

and

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trained

intelligent.

an

our

room,

plays

two

screams,

Europe,

her

outlay,

delightfully.

sing

as

studying,
large

tunities
oppor-

continually

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few
and

sings

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co,
Francis-

very

music;

commence

thing,
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San

near

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garden,

at

for

town,

out-of-doors,

to

beyond

especially;

though

in-doors,

age

music

hearing

daughter,

the

stranger.

unfortunately

have

we

-haired

I love

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perhaps,
"Yes,"

singing

she,

cultivation?"
gray

and

and

in

Has

my

insists

as

San

certs.
con-

was

ter
daughupon

coming

our

also

will

This

teacher.

is

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wishes

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will

you

am

take

to

accept
of

"

voice.

low

the

the

and

tones

medium

easily

and

tones,

is

musical,

studied,

she

sings

no

will
as

the

no

voice."
I

addressed

obstacles

for,
at

her

to

the

From
to

the

with

to

the

man,

119

are

sight.

beautiful,
resonant

your

having
Hence

education,

first
the

common
un-

father;

without

meddled
very

her

try
of

undertake

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teacher

this

to

moreover,

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studies

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too,

produced;

can

we

went

particularly

daughter

see

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are

nothing

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compass,"
"

piano

the

has

She

is
so

speech

to

pupil.

as

listening

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daughter

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whether

do,

daughter's

our

lengthy

somewhat

America,

to

completed."

are

calling

there

means;

until

here

remain

from

daughter

back

me

who

compliments

as

my

is

wife,

her

know,

to

man

My

sends

madam,

dear

prevented

indisposition,

by

Nevada's

explain,

Paris.

to

here,

Emma

with

and

studying

the

with
words

kindly

I
and

task
her
that

ex-

his

of

pression
remarked:
Emma

bird.

woman,

do

or

sing
whom

decline

York,

have

to

While

the
sob

suppressed

suddenly

towards

"Your

tears

of

my

are

will.''

As

the
and

said:

heard

for

possible
I

you

my

am

you

with
"

wealthy

daughter

declare

her

study
an

weeping
pression,
im-

me

and

time,

be

can

with

have

have

skill.

accomplished
120

know

you

towards

your

and

said,

and

some

you,

in

confidence

utmost

let

of

father

madam,

dear

deal

heard

the

girl's

looked

"My

ing."
sing-

ter's
daugh-

make

to

New

the

avail;

poor

father

great

her

no

the

withal,

appeared,

taught

Thereupon

as

in

year

from

turned

to

and

spoke

coming

in

daughter

my

her

father

direction.

voice

listen

last

heard

low

Nevada,

as

like

sings

and

miless

high

as

have

possessed

rather

bass;

is

for

care

wotdd

and

Melba,

voice

not

finally

madam,
who

soprano

barytone
can

dear

Nevada,

high

he

changed;

"My

heard
of

face

it

wait
you

the
Is

stood;
underand
until

singer

it

is it

is

finished

when

the

still

"To

what

for

sobbing,

extent

trouble?"

your

only

"You

had

have

in

but

singing,
asked
into
of

in

for

store

Now,
have

some

dear

few

odd

life;
I

have

else

found
of

especially
yesterday

was

mezzo-soprano

Hapless

soprano.

has

the

future

am

friends,

young

have

work,
and

hours

weeks

commenced

imtil

high

thee?

my
a

truth

many,

and

art,

what

song!

the

professional

change
a

forget,

day."
very

never

to

voice
art

of

tion,"
recollec-

you

every

my

you

father,

not

especially

ideas

strange

it

parents

among

told

door.
to

the

"do

many,

experiences

the

friendly

have

hear

not

daughter,

indebted

reply;

that

does

one

and

me

my

however,

scarcely

inquired

owe

was

answered,

reached

am

high

had

father

the

her

"No/'

possible."

not

girl

give

to

you

voice?''

soprano

"it

for

possible

"

of

diligent

gone

by

your

convinced
121

let

study;
since

we

is

progress

that

us

parent,
ap-

strong

bond

of

In

friendship
last

my

lesson

particular

stress

hinted

before.

at

home

placed

against

will

in

the

Let

thereby.

southern

almost

dangerous.

should

be

kept

not

You
and

not

gone

all

at

one

has

out,

etc.,

When

is

not

must

friends,

after

the

write
but

too

microbes.

after

soon

in
all
in

larynx,
meals

must
122

when

carpets,

dinner

letters,
you

rooms

your

to

boarding-houses.

worked

After

weary.

read,

study

and

particularly

in

dwelling

pupils

tumn
au-

exposure

contain

myself

address

now

and

singers,

for

clean,

very

have

and

Further,

uncarpeted,

voice

occupy

spring

for

tone

wearied

you

unsuitable

wholly

are

the

northern

not

its

be

airy

at

be

is

and

In

with

it

even

be

exposure.
rooms

if

room

"pension"

your

piano

itself,
will

points

study

you

wall;

it

laid

two

or

your

the

us.

have

one

that

develop;

not

unites

should

When

diffuse

not

will

upon

it

to

see

already

you
or

meals,

the

evening.

day,

chatted,

the

evening,

must

converse

not

sing.

either
with

Only

of

out,

go

do
as

the

here

taking

cold.

avoid

voice
in

not

to

is

bad

very

is

railways

the

noise

that

can

scarcely

one

similar

and

inhales

cold

besides

dust;

for

the

six

that

the

knit

your

but

in

the

good

different
than

will

it to

the

summer

of

too

advice,
results

attained

wind.

You
123

winter

one

air

hot

unfavorable
I

observe

friends,

young

together
al-

me

exacting,

but

give

nothing

which
for

when

consider

and

rigid,

loud

so

shouting,

cords.
my

wrong.

be

is most

you,

brows,
too

are

in

vocal

tender

On

prevail
in

all this

driving

voice.

escape

walking

air, and

Talking

usually

conditions

While

driving.

the

the

to

while

for

of

singers

it.

and

so

risk

and

weary

are

injurious

carriages

walking

America

the

rim

everything

railway

in

Students

likely

or

do

temperature

dare

one

must

of

pose;
pur-

windows,

open
to

changes

that

great

or

accustomed

useful

with

sleep

not

are

you

for

evenings,

those

by
will

you

will

those

all

far

have
heed

that

that

six

you

it
cast

object

be:

Yea,
is

"?

evil

than

more

and

has

forbid

(Heaven
female

more

let

good-bye

But
I

quite

that,

established
is

in

in

other

are

days.
Valentine
vicious

when

words,

kept

Valentine
shall

begin.
last

we

with

my

long-

school,

whoever

sings

first;

thus

preference,

zeal

and

that

tremolo

this?

us

encouraged,

are

ladies

young
or,

in

given

punctuality

the

to

to

Let

you,

attendance

is

one

no

once

and

agree

accordance

usage

first

ill

already

bicycle

tell

to

in

"the

say

lesson.

the

forgot

general

content.

am

for

now

met,

of

proclaim

all

You

well

Very

should

me

the

to

automobile.

in

worked

Also

soever
what-

cometh

tongue
I

tongue")

enough?

for

these,

that

the

not

tion
communicanay;

the

not

does

your

Nay,

yea;

girls

young

but

let

But

say

for

tongues,

*'

Gospel

hard

so

their

hold

to

as

is

nothing

that

and

worship

from

doing
came

124

Ah

but

to

so

first

begin.
were

Morpheus,

inclined

are

the

sleep,
over-

lesson

on

to-day,
I

if

overcome;

so

that

but

do

singers

this

chest-register;
when

moreover,

clearer
not

when

sing

naturel

medium

easier.

be

all

of

scales

understand

begin
attend

not

yet

with

of

fifteen

forcing

and
but

minutes

the

full
or

at

now

few

each,

screaming.
125

the

home,

for

already
Let

permit

that

minutes,

with

mark

have

therefore

mence
com-

to

sing

practice-periods

into

volume

as

it

say.

must
a

may

can

beginners

except

divided

hour,

with

the

yourselves.

by

what

sung

may

and

me

to

pupils,

to

with

bring

practise

practising

my

one

to

scales,

Method,

and

that

are

you

you

all

time,

will

it

passage

my

do,

must

next

you

the

Purchase

you

in

natural)

that

tones,

made

be

else

you,

(E

must

tone

must

descend,

advise

mi

it

you

carry.

the

up

the

avoid;

must

go

while

darkened,

be

You

beyond

you

you

many

so

tones

two

gone

widely

vanish.

will

afflicted

are

just

have

which

with

evil

prevailing

this

time

with

despair;

not

daily.
of

tone,

Many

Practise
without
teachers

two

encourage

but

practice,
I

even,

may

voice

this

vocal

practise

of

and

beginners,

public

over

go

parts

of

voice

without

voice

must

that

the

vocal

elasticity

and
to

one's

studies,

can

allow

slow

beginning,
voice

in

no

gradually
the

register,
only

very

to

be

fast;

direction
126

complished
ac-

they

are

can

half-

the

organ.

children;

developed,

slowly

practice.

scales

the

dear

endurance;

register

of

to

with

injuring

cords

prevented.

evening,

roles

well,
be

from

through

of

me

the

the

the

studies

when

their

fear

Understand

in

and

relation

who,

in

appear

the

in

not

singers
to

is

wrong.

through

slack,

of

the
half-

is

passes

grow

now

They

with

also

resonance

speaking

am

this
air

they

dangerous

wearying

escape

but

daily

voice.

the

process

cords,

development
I

to

(mezza-voce),

Through
the

for

should

one

organ

improper,

say,

that

too,

say,

is

this

hours'

three

to

at

be

the

acquire
passage

sung,

this
whatever

of

outset

mastered,

Many

so

too,

teachers
from

develops
and

the
the
con-

its

ceals

Valentine,

whether

special
with

for

11.
the

smile.

L,

call

other

scales,

for

No,
on

studied
that.

you

it?
you

study;
shall

r61es.

one

soon

You

taught

is

single
with

never

learns
with

children,

the

the
mere

mother,

taught
not

tise
prac-

it,now;

trill and

127

for

would

Try

to

thing
Every-

trill, a

Garcia,

never

see,

thirds,

Now

your

pray?

begin

and
minor

note;

You

able

scales

you,

Excellent

wrong

the

Now,

and

clean.

What?

are

well.

arpeggios,
I

and

Why,

Does

chromatic

Good

that

Louise

diatonic

example,

clear

from

you

has

you

classmates

your

some

me

etc.

is

who

away

call

not

Very

exercises,

grupetti,

We

you?

mother

your

tremor

take

do

Louison.

you

sing

Louison,

trill.

and
to

I will

no,

makes

suit

name

also

hints;

distinguish

shall

that

understood

studying

^but

"

name

To

in

see,

tremolo.

the

Louise
so,

have

and

pains

shall

we

you

instructions

my

see

Now

flaws.

you

only

need

too

much.

airs

in your

what

advan-

Louison

tages

derived

has

Garcia's

from

method.
Whose

is

turn

To

work,

But

why

You
You

it

If

unpleasant
at

should

do

still

^place

One

teeth

troublesome

to

the

piece

her

mouth,
turned
and

half

when

between
I

together.

that

the

swallowed

finally

had

wood.

At

the
128

wood

wood

her

first

one

in

was

eyes
was

course
re-

but

it, and

pale,

the

mouth,

her

of

that

pupil

pressed

will

practice.

successful,

deadly

many

incident

with

was

forgot

me

cases

the

open

closed;

as

wood

the

vain

it

she

and

of

tightly

expedient

wildly,

in

keep

day

She

then

would

she

day

did

abandoned
in

very

Conservatory

since

have

her

next

the

but

your

befell

that

piece

striven

had

kept

do

small

teeth;

relate
I

they

as

can

recall

not

Vienna

the

teachers

your

Why

did

What?

eat.

you

experience

while

"

tone.

mouth?

your

cannot?

classmates?

Rosa's.
the

open

when

you

say

attack

not

you

open

Little

work;

to

do

it now?

choked.
rolled
removed

fell

she
"

into

blood

^my

scene

of

use

talk

fashion.
a

of

habits

teaching,

no

the

caprices

dismal

of

dear

anecdote,

and

bravo!

mouth

your

quiet,
vowels

in your

all the

tones

vowel.

"A"

to
I

be

must

think

observed

scales.

that
all

for

that

study

others,

as

129

bad

your

You

prefer

it brings

keep

not

several

is not

have

open

forth

on

Bravo

it does

as

open

aid.

sung

little

My
you

to

This

couragement,
dis-

no

serve

bring

you

break

to

head,

scales.

but

now,

that

so

the

you

the

get

philosophizing,

adventitious

sing

now

to

energetically

will

teach

task

through

business

Rosa,

without

mouth

to

hard

path,

no

shaking
and

lesson,

right

But

poor

teacher

combat

to

my

in proper

acquired

and

and

mouths

singing

into

the

wood,

and

what

poor

pupils

their

their

open

the

forsworn
bit of

Heavens!

for

them

have

then

recall

hoarse,

grow

little victims

her

"

Since

when

else-harmless

the

until

it is

cold

runs

dramatic

faint

dead

right

the

same

already
the

vowel

most

ef-

fectively

to

remark

in

the

forget

not

sharp)

(C

voices

on

commences

is

scales

them

The

steam.

register

and

often

of

clear

not

to

declamatory

is

rippling
essential,

on

in

iramide,''

of

they

conscientiously,

will

they

all

execution
hence

and

slowly

as

airs

sing

their

from

"II

"Lucia,"
there

is

runs

scales

130

style,
others

are

little

who
and

do,

florid

music

must

study
and

and

Barbiere,''
etc.,

no

hurry

singers,

feeling,

power,

to

muddled,

coloratura

For

not

you

^somewhat

require

course

clear

but
your

did

register

"

it.

put

hence

the

everything

from

regulated,

sing
you

do

you

tone

register.

if

Rosa,

it
skilful
un-

this

that

passage

now

much,

too

so

is

else

Many

would

fast;

so

as

palate,

medium

You

so.

excellently,

sing
by

not

much

as

even

second

ditee

women's

tinge.

allege

teachers

This

nasal

must

do

in

hard

the

the

that

directed,

towards

takes

easily

and

defects,

medium,

be

must

possible,

all

light

to

rapidly.

later
ments
adorn"Semthough
Al-

opposition

nowadays
their

is

music
and

jugglery,
without

Strange

to

so

for

than

applauded

is

the

operatic

indispensable.

and

sky-scraping

day,
the

heartily

more

that

song

appeals

would

I, personally,

heart.

be

can

ing
trills, neck-break-

staccati,
this

dross,

theatre

no

on,

runs,

to

and

sugary,

one

say,

are,

the

called

makes

leaps,
notes

singers,

coloratura,

repertoire

to

coloratura

to

give

all

vocal

these

fireworks

and

declamation

for

eloquent

that

tones

the

sway

emotions.
Whose

What?

Marie's.
with

for

for"

his
his

repertoire
favorite

mide,"
in
these

the

the

Algieri,"
works

the

modem

and

would

Why,
Rossini
contralto

abounds

in

singers.

Arsace

principal

part

require
are

dissatisfied

voice,

that.

over

contralto's,

are

coloratura?

"built

not

My

You

contralto

your

study

is it now?

turn

repertoire.
131

are

was

thusiastic
en-

voice,
fine
in
in

For

and

r61es
"

for

Semira-

"I'ltaliana

coloraturas,

longer

no

you

included
your

but
in

lovely

contralto

voice

French

also

airs,

Bach,

give
of

Alboni,

but,

mortal,

and

such

you

have

not

study,

you

may

at

for

few

of

lack

that

as

Marietta
a

poor

contralto.

You

well, and

very

with

lighter

exercises

once

the

written

but

these

as

to

purchase

I have

voices,

deep

Do

but

many

Unluckily

on.

I would

am

endowed

voices,

by

your

scales

your

airs

compass

deep

pupils

vocalizzi.

so

songstress.

you

unlike

and

over

unhappily,

learned

have

besides,

enchantress

an

celebrated

the

as,

voice

your

romances,

and

yourself

were

compass;

lieder

Handel,

Mozart,
distress

not

and

classics, and,

German

beautiful

numberless

are

songs

Italian

ancient

the

there

are

not

numerous.

else

Who

the

now?
And
say,

out

concert

ask

You

me

wherefore?
is
much

dying

sing

to

like

who,

Louise,
for

has

to-day?

Marie,

to

Begin.
hear

What?
of

hunger,

longer.

If so,
132

preparing

are

room.

What

Bertha

Bertha,
and

You,

cannot

before

first?
you

hold

listening

to

last

my

brief

Tell

morning

class,

the

had

from

the

to

the
and

Before

class

words,
no

young

they

lesson.

am

American
to

cakes,

Such

singer

of

must

ten
Lis-

the

the

morning
with

sort

"

bonbons,

ham

and

in

other

else

that

give
and

to

bread

nourished,

conscious
friends

feed-

to

eggs

well

133

hence

beefsteak,

be

must

still

bread,

ly
quite different-

in

have

something

or

eggs,

chop,

third

themselves

must

another

consumes,

come

has

of mankind.

accustom

they

butter,

Singing

pupils

of

you

milk

remainder

must

coming

bread,
of

herself

or

me.

singers

of

of
of

himself

every

chocolate,

cup

unheard

is

nourish

ing.

of

the

fast.
break-

before

piece

tion.
ques-

partaken

slice

and

but

thing

that

of

and

tea

another

granted

One

cup

broth

some

for

What?
a

of

cup

eaten

have

liver
de-

after

each

o'clock,

you

meal.

only

for

nine

at

good

it

food

the

you,

have

you

best

would

on

all of

me,

take

to

discourse

what

other,

pupils

two

the

my

erence
prefsweets

that

those

by

all

but

generally,

laughing

smile?

matter;
if

much

keep

all

of

six

its

is

as

scales

head

you

are

you

are,

you

must

equipped

practise

also

after

the

tune.

homeward

be

must
that
Now

the

be
and

question.
hungry

as

your

have

you

proceed
me

for

the

whether

trill.

that,

at

and

in

practising

the

is

note

laid
trill be

off, dear
sit down
134

the

upon

kept

in

Bertha;
to

quickly

too
see

it slowly

in

that,

I advise

Otherwise

fundamental

emphasis
so

is

Let

give

bestow

voice

remember

only

time;

tone,

tones.

^and

"

^I shall

food

to

the

hungry
you

"

connected;

however,

tendency,

up

with

poor

possessor.

well

are

the

your

no

give

the

on

Bertha,

Poor

is

henceforward

to

you

this

lesson.

short

become

punish

to

attention

great

to

but

to-day

you

my

starvation

from

you

to

compete

order

in

forsworn

must

one

Now,

nightingale.
Bertha,

No,

would

one

be

must

ambitious

are

You

singers.

these

good

Yes,
first,
strict

trill,

given,
upper

perfect
hasten

lunch-

To-day

eon.

will

will

be

scarcely

suit

that

see

strive
alone

on

talent
of

defect
and

be

by

well.

the

to

my

derstood
un-

possible,

for

give

stand

to

tation
represen-

medium

task.

of

The
is

least
noticed
with

but

public,

teaching,

art.

your

as

steadiness
in

last

Louise,

singer

concert

industry,
confidence

have

unaided

light

no

criticised

courage,

and

is

the

You

far

as

and

the

through
one's

always

perfection,

platform

be

devoted

must,

attain

to

to

she

on,

capitally,
are

you

singer

concert

to-day

her.

lesson

the
and

for

first,

last.

comes

from

that,

wager

always

will

Louise

poor

of

purpose,

all

will

EIGHTH

THE

is

IT

LESSON

loveliest

the

Would

first

must

have

and

take

lay

before

them

to

of

The

on,

accurate

an

my

if

later

of

am

account

the

bore

ladies;
the

An

sang.

source

dependent
condition,

"

for

the

'

'

or

eighteen

public

hearing,
and

excitement

teacher;
mental

the
upon

and

ill
were

only

so

audition,
great

young

however,

two,

of

twenty

two

were

previous,

day

recital

of

names

among

married

pupils'

my

whom

pupils,

with

chat

rest

programme

yesterday

is

usual

But

experiences.

my

on

wander

fields!

and

my

readers,

could

that

woods

through

able.
imagin-

morning

the
upon

139

he

and

skill,

or

sponsibility
re-

is

she

physical
of

the

less

or

more

of

end

the

at

in

the

in

occur

The

left

several

of

Happily,

on

artistes'

like

the

that

public

the

enthusiasm

received

the

The
"audition''
the

pupils

of

and

framing

of

greatest
for

140

the

ularly
particClass

recalls.

easily
the

that

and

Opera

incidental
not

once

"audition"

intended

repeated

arrangements
are

at

the

the

the

spirits

distinguished

students

clamorous

in

me

the

with

and

concert-room,

valiant

and

expectations,

my

combat.

eighteen

down

set

of

the

de

put

depressed

me

ing
fear-

might

greet

my

success

exceeded

quite

spirits,

I beheld

to

Let

again.

rose

low

good

and

foyer,

events

unbearable,

hors

arrival,

assembled

soldiers,

teners,
lis-

powers

annual

in

pupils

my

women,

young

of

temperature

my

moned,
sum-

their

almost

house

the

are

Erard.

was

my

that

of

These

Salle

the

who,

hundreds

account

an

weather
I

and

in

of

attainments.

and

by

school-year,

presence

give

to

debutantes,

nervous

programme

to

an

perfected;
one

numberless

encounters

will

one

first

be

last.

So

looks

and

tears,

But

hot

saw

fierce
me;

my

Singers
and

many

and

entreaty,
if

transfix

to

and

me,

unexpectedly,

quite

then,

madam,

number.''

gave

in

sing

the

first

pressed

her

soft,

de

accompanied
Toussaint,

Op6ra,

of

the
the

orchestra
young
141

later

Maria"

beautifully
violin

the

Dear

self-sacrifice

''Ave

Thais"),

upon

rewarded

Massenet's

("Meditation

"

to

artistic

her

Glad-

said

gratefully
but

young

and

handsomely

more

for

me

ready

am

hand,

to

up

Katherine

Miss

hill, stepped

Grand

foreseen
un-

from

as

failed

Englishwoman,

on,

found

caprices,

in

aimed

servatoire.
Con-

alphabet.

Just

was

difficulties.

extended

courage

the

white

Paris

too,

and

the

to

the

this,

one

reproachful

streaming

glances

no

recourse

in

whims

tears

hands

eyes,

up

of

end

no

in

serious

and
have

had
do

they

as

avoid

to

No

list, and

the

on

time,

this

alphabet,

obstacles.

of

by
the

Englishwoman's

M.

Paris

lovely

recalls
some

to

"audition."

pupils
day,

hands.

It

to

with

contralto.
fifth

suited

is

"This
"

Wherever

will

talent

I cannot,

eight

to

hundred

"Then

reply.

humor

On

not

sing,"

the

next

day

and

At

of

the

nine

"audition"

met

o'clock
she
142

titled
en-

make

genuine

real

six

have

was

' '

the

the

with
the

appeared

or

anew.

curt

made

she

on

artist

furthermore,

printed

will

attempt
answer.

^for

programmes

am

answered.

your

caprice,

your

in

ten."

and,

"

not

me,

Please

"

place

to

itself

assert

is

"

voice.

placed,

are

is first

place

any

she

impossible,"
you

lent
excel-

place

number

or

her

assigned

been

better.

eight

number

me

the

an

n,

said
of

something

to

before

in

"The

tone

ican
Amer-

my

just

had

talent/'

my

of

number.

to

with

programme

She

aggressive

an

pened
hap-

connection

me,

Miss

was

that

One

came

eventful

the

in

ago

cident
in-

This

another

me

years

pupils'

hearty

plaudits.

long-continued

and

evoked

voice

mezzo-soprano

other
an-

same

morning
again,

if

asked

and

allotted

be

did

girl

no

her.

letter,
for

her

the

information

and

become
But

inexperience
years

She

of

youthful

ingratitude.
to

came

girl

young

married

America.

incredible
there

ago

Melbourne,

in

from

me,

named

Regina

recommended

was

me

gave

had

example

and

herself

and

she

teacher

more

amiable

most

behavior,

how-

reproached

that

one

Two

her

she

childish

She

afterwards,

from

which

in

could

obstinate

the

saw

Years

more.

I received

ever,

place

steadfast.

was

and

sing,

not

better

now

to

me

warmly

most

voice

Her

badly

voice

for

all

But

had

overcame

all

complete,
The

let

at

special

difficulties;

least

time

came

143

of

culture
me

observe,

handling.
the

and

beautiful,

now

cation
edu-

completely

the

require

is

contralto,

been

task,

easy

sons.
per-

musical

the

contraltos

voice

deep

undertook

^no

"

prominent
a

and

girl

the

neglected.

if not

was

trained,
of

her

several

by

close
to

her

upon
choose

er's
singart,
pletion.
com-

for

composition
selected

from

she

letter

et

excellently;
taking

lay

"

from

an

for

high

too

the

before

days

handed

was

"Samson

upon

which

few

''audition/'

sang

insisted

Gluck's

of

her.

air

which

however,

air

annual

the

Dalila/'
she,

the

"

audition

Miss

N
,

which

in

she

announced

and

again

set

in

words

strange

would
lack

set

both

down

singer,

the

and

titles

of

the

144

"

refer

the

to

pupils

of

the

airs

stood

audition.

of

and
upon

"

but

nationality

they

as

classes,

and

the

fulfil;

to
of

my

"

to

time

Opera

name

thy

likewise

performance

programme

follows

and

and

ideas,

strive

space

how

youth,

however

did

no

tion
indigna-

thy

this,

was

find

my

views,

interpreted,

as

express

students

Concert

songs

was

all

now

always

individual
the

even

of

never

house.

ingratitude.
thy

injustice,

would

she

my

to

shall

that

each

each

can

Enough

duty

will

and

are

plans!

of

in

her

at

foot

which

with

me

that

astounded,

the

taxed

This

CONCERT

Ave

(' M6ditation

Maria

Miss

CLASS

Katherine

Violinist

of

(a)

Von

(b)

"

Vittoria

"

(b)

'Mattinata"
Miss

Air

(b)

Air

R6ve

Op^ra

vittoria

Carissimi

I"

(Denmark)

"

Lotti

de

(Melbourne)

Noces

Don

de

Mozart

"

Juan

Rolker

Z6Ue

"

Figaro

Mozart

(New

York)

Mystiques).

Mme.
.

Air

"

d'

(a)

El^gie

(b)

Air

"

Handel

(Paris)

Pertat

Massenet
*

de

"

Terse

Handel

(Grahamstown,

Gau
M.

and

(Helsingfors)

Galatde

et

Suzanne

Mme.

Florence

Ads

Viardot

.,

Baltscheffsky

Pauline

Mile.

Miss

Brahms

"

Castles

des

Contes

(des

et

Toussaint,

J6sus

de

R6cit.

Massenet

Tosti

Amy

Miss

Grand

Liebe

diccsti

Pur

M.

and

Thomsen

Anna

(a)

(a)

the

ewiger

Mile.

Le

(London),

Gladhill

")

Thais

de

Violoncellist

Courrace,

Africa),

South
of

the

Grand

Op^ra

Air

de

Air,

"

Le

Barbier

Mile.
K

Christon

Ida

MUe.

"

Magdeleine

Marie

Marie

de

(The

Seville
Fowlin

145

Massenet

Hague,

Holland)

(St.

Rossini

Petersburg)

SINGING

TEN

(a)

Air

(b)

"

Miss

Air

Massenet

(Central

Donizetti

Mozart

(Chicago),

Adams

the

of

Duo

de

MUe.

Glacia

Rom"o

Juliette

et

Calla

(Boston),
Grand

(a)

Air

(b)

Air

"

Mile.

"

and

(Warsaw)
"

Gounod
M.

and

the

of

Laffitte,

Samson

Massenet
Dalila

et

Mamy

.Saint-Safens

"...

(Breslau)
Verdi

Augusta

Waltz

Maillard

Op6ra

Cid

Elsie

Alda

Miss

Le

Lefebure,

Optra

Kaftal

Margaret

Mile.

Grand

Villars

de

Dragons

Les

M.

and

CLASS

OPERA

Miss

(Boston)

Batcheller

Tryphosa

Clarinettist

Duet,

Nebraska)

"

Pasquale

Clara

Air,

City,

'Titus*

de

Miss

Massenet

'

Ormsby

Don

"

H^rodiade

Paien

NM

Mme.

Air

d'

Lou

de

LESSONS

(Boston),

Doria

Madrigal,

Elizabeth

Rom6o

et

Parkinson

M.

and

Juliette

(Kansas

Laffitte

". .Gounod

City),

M.

and

Laffitte

"

Air,

Duo,

Le

'Le

Mile.

Marie

Roi

d'Ys

Misses

At

the

Piano

"

Freischutz

Op^a,

Weber

Romaneck

"

Lalo
and

Parkinson

M.

M.

Doria

Conductor

Mangin,
and

(Stuttgart)

Fr6d6ric

146

at

Ponsot

the

Grand

At

of

close

the

voice

blending

with

the

in

duet

the

"

from

the

enchanted

Class,

Opera

the

fine

for

three

d6but

her

"

in

Amneris

takes

the

is

in

My

have

interest

in

pupils,

Royal

and

made

as

already

ing-school
sing-

my

day,

of

out

was

To
in

him

from
letter

reading

pupils.

are,

2.30

at

this
P.M.

In

country.

the

with

minute,

it not

most

amiable,
147

you

and

t 1
*

Was

the

"audition.''

the

received

the

of

thoughts
dear

your

gaged
en-

September

"

the

already

at

my

of

day

evening
follows

as

in

joy,

great

my

in

admirable

and

as

great

the

on

the

themselves

Brussels,

who,

and
town

all

Aida.''

Massenet,

noted,

literally

and

Concert

early

there

Doria

But

years

in

ous
sonor-

Miss

d'Ys/'

Doria

House

Opera

of

voices

Miss

execution.

son,
Parkin-

and

distinguished

their

through

noble

Roi

Le

Miss

audience.

in

both

pupils,

of

tones

mezzo-soprano

ful
beauti-

the

concert,

high

silvery

and

the

Massenet."

dear

readers,

Massenet,

for
the

of

hour

very

by

and

him

telegraph,

his

Another

me

surprise
that

on

kopf,

of

Frankfort,

in

"

of
'*

audition.

My

S.

Carl

Maria

Hector

Berlioz,

Spohr,

Rossini,

teresting
in-

most

real
valuable
in-

other

autographs
Haydn,

bert,
Schu-

Robert

mann,
Schu-

Richard

Gr6try,
Cherubini,

148

ness,
busi-

contains

Weber,

LuUy,

although

this

it includes

Liszt,

Franz

the

of

numberless

von

on

attend

man

ago

Beethoven,

Bach,

prietor
pro-

eariy

friend,

which

articles,

J.

Mansand

to

busy

Besides

for

Museum

day,

years

for

reserve

Paris

and

museum,

of

lines,

music

young

established

treasures.

again,

Nicolas

of

that

wealthy

very

him

in

reached

morning

the

thanked

once

Historico-Musical

the

interest.

Herr

lover

member
re-

thought-

these

was

day.

great

at

of

priceless

his

kindly,

to

great

thank

medium

the

through

at

pupils?

my

this

although

fulness,

by

"audition/'
and

moved

deeply

and

day,

very

my

school

my
was

the

on

Wagner,
zetti,
Donietc.

weeks

few

back

his

during
piano

that

him

his

city this
piano

once

But

time

fear

time?

This

floor.
Louison.

often

it

with

studied
What

native

my

haste

to

see

is

will

much

and

must

now

to

is it to

bravely.
sing

later
but

exercises.
149

same

believe.

well,

already
In

the

on

the

do

ever,
How-

take

practised
is

begin?

the

at

Louison,

trill

unavoidable;
other

too

come

hard

have

on

given

turn

all

you

The

keep

companied
ac-

duets.

gossip,

to

You

you

have

business!

to

when

make

Whose

Did

that

work.

What?

strument
in-

more.

to-day
to

only

I shall

year

this

composer

If I visit

merly
for-

was

on

and

it recalls

memories

was

great

songs

The

Mendelssohn-Bar-

himself

me

played

it

legs;

It

the

Broad-

a.

"

Frankfort.

of

son-in-law.

tholdy's

turn

in

property

tion
collec-

composer

four

upon

the

the

the

sojourn

rests

with

piano

which

upon

"

his

enriched

Mendelssohn's

with
wood

he

not

The

the
dear

better;
operas

trill is

practise
trill

ex-

ercise

itself,

in
of

falling
hence

be

must

Strange

to

disdained

even

use

the

works.

As

outdone

to-day

able
with

be

other

able

hurtful

if

Marie,

you

have

Excellent

home.

registers
lower

tones

by

shall

be

thus

All

my

before

pils
pu-

singing

language.
and

man,
Ger-

tones,
aids

Italian
Let

are

it.

hear,

me

at

The

connection

of

no

150

for

9,

industrious

greatly
are

my

been
!

is

of

words

nasal,

contralto.

my

shall

some

Opus

palatal

culture

voice

for

Now

the

to

its

its

your

Take

Italian

of
of

because

use,

the

because

French,

the

to

tongues,

sing

pronunciation.

your

to

simultaneously

myself

occupy

his

somewhat

Italian
I

not

of

some

words.

the

must

in

in

to

Marchesi.

to

study.

has

Variations,"

mezzo-soprano;

Salvatore

its

thanks

you

with

and

"Theme

and

instruction,

permit

vocalises

my

tiring,

already

admirable

mother's
from

trill

classmates,

your

and

Wagner

have

you

rising

in

prudent

say,
to

is

larynx,

the

one

the

through

improved,
longer

so

and

dull,

so

palatal

they

as

preferable

Have

soprano.

Let
have

most

thoroughly.

Italian

the

learn

translation

at

will

not?

you

delight,
been

given

Now

comes

already

in

Why,
But

it
a

Your

your

eyes

for

and

then
insert

you

will

may

do

so,

with

sparkle

to-day

you

have

first aria.

dread

little

me

will

that

Valentine's

shows

you,
so

only,

bring

and

You

observe,

through

and

with

home.

practise

tomba

stand-point

marks

breathing

the

chase
pur-

questa

words

aria

must

Look

thereof,

the

analyze

""In

musician's

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you

Beethoven.

by

oscura,''

ises?
vocal-

my

instructions

my

air,

to

pyrotechnic

them.

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small

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often-

directly

high,

hear

me

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goes

you

voice!

soprano.

does

than

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the

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trained,

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to

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your

contralto

resonant

lovely,

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character

the

bewail

not

sounded.

lately

of

that

signs
while

will
151

turn.

of

awful

am

tremolo.

disappearing!
elapse

ere

you

freed

quite

are

has

or

the

sung,

is

goat.

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all

will

be

sing

never

as

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my

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too,

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to

and
hard

the

sing

on

keep

of

the

the

words.
152

best
I

and

will

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sighs
lot
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yet

cannot

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in

period,

teacher's

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no,

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text,

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earlier

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my

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at

people

with

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voices

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nervous

contend

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me

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voices

more

out,

year

do

their

girls,

to

young

tears.

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you

of

easy

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in,

must
as

tire

and

come

from

heartened;
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patience

voices;

no

not

them,

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and

spoiled

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day?

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do

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exercises

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many

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continue

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stiff

with

not

study

higher

naturally

are

do

many

of

possessors

like
ever,
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must

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bleat

cannot,

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with

medium

straightway

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vocalises.

your

sing

For

words.

in

to

true!

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sings,

notes

erelong

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let

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let

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blond

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in

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months

for

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through

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detect,

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practice,

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certain

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to

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respect

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foretell
for
a

were

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Bertha,

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to

writing.

required

training

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medium,

tones,

in

perform

in

constrained,

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woman,

head-voice.

the

proceeding

medium

of

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your

to-day,

inner

tendency,

to

last

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cautious

of

you

through

to

soon

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tones,

attack

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development

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larynx,

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Bertha.

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happy!

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breakfast?

condition.

famished

the

and

good

much

was

one

not

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at

Now

vocalises, and

your

compelled

you

of

to

registers
would
153

had

have

the

pupils

vocalize
were

term

completion

the

voice.

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long

in

already

for
order.

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vocalises?

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the

capitally.

of

word

of

four

second
the

group,

fourth

of

the

third

the

fourth,

154

your
tised
prac-

that

me

the

you?

to
when

tone

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thus:

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and

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proves

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pearls.

sing

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lips

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tries

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moderate

are

performance

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imaginable.

gold-mine,

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wealth

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to

always

tempo

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of

you

you.

dumfounded!

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owner

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ever,
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pliable,
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down.

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mit
per-

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hands,

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of

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and

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to

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is

exercise

secure

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above

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happen

or

smoothed

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practise
two

tones
155

lower,

over.

useful

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this

time,

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pure

airs,

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on,

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you

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"

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is

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is

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soprano

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156

me,

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in

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never

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157

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time

former

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great

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with

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hall

in

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pupils,

success.

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162

among
She

intended.

sing,

pressive
ex-

ment,
entertain-

the

former

formance
per-

and

great

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gave

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voice

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imable

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and

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self-denial

163

resume

imagine

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one

grief

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life.

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during

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164

when

sufficiently

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wed-

merely

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bread,

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be

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Mozart,

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165

one's

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cer-

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it

goes

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seems

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Strange

dramatic

fond

are

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of

only

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be

when

tone

slight

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ornament

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for

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trill
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in

case,

Lucia,

as

lack

time

the
to

taken
under-

the

attack

beautiful

when

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be

may

trill,
must

girls

young

acquire
169

its

must

vocal

this

solutely
ab-

an

mirable
ad-

have

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certain

example,

for

is

be

glotte

trill,

however,

mentioned,

perfect;

de

and

The

undertaken.

on

coup

to

staccati

of

for

songstress

ployed,
em-

managed

the

faultless.

say.

be

must

carefully,

very

of

seldom

and

wearisome

very

You

them.

practice

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perfection.

and

trills, you

must

and

than

scales

with
and

adornments

seriously.

lightly
Their

staccatos

to

songstresses

more

away

run

are

appear

quite

singers.

fairly

runs

registers

colorature

studies

Quite

you

work

say,

their

take

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to

the

me;

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do

head-voice?

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no

rdles,
be

cannot
I

as

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of

ready
al-

have

absolutely
the

mastery.

period
It

is

historical

Mme.

singer,
nine

for

fact

would

from

rather

with

of

yourself

for

do

not

give

into

however,
"

Vedrai,

small

aria,

rhythm,
go

the

the

attack

and

the

she

can

of

singer
never

Buy

"

vocal

ary
element-

scale,
melodic

frets

sing
170

an

peggio,
ar-

form.

theme

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with
tions
varia-

Purchase,

example,

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Giovanni''

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make

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lesson

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difficulties,

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self
your-

pronunciation

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2.

When

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in

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yet

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pleased

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than

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in

flight

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as

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carino,''

translate

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variations,

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hear

young

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I

Pasta,

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on

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would
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voices

Marie,

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ute
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this

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hold

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in

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songstress,

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who,

s,

"

had

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her

express

to

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have
The

in

To-day
spirits,

better

given

of
but

171

she

probably

her

her

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would

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have

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on

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oscura,"
Show

in

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speak

last

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in
consonants

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to

respect
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r,

1,

too
n,

time,

talking

"

172

just
time,

ation;
pronunci-

last,

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soft, especially

d, t, must

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sion
expres-

but

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in

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emotional

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intonation,

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cor.'"
of

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present

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mio

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translation

as

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"

questa

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"'In

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air

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never

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sing

at

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sing

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register

chest-tones

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deeper

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those

produced

aid

the

with

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sharply

in

etc.;

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the

be

sharply

neither,

short

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with

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made,

so

tone.

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the

do

you
are

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think

there

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technical
in

order

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rubato,
dando,
First

in

the

points
not

piano,

style,

nothing

technique,

do.

the

so

many

afterwards
173

first,

at

student,

sentiment,

should

As

lady,

of

tempo

diminuendo,

crescendo,
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stresses
song-

yoimg

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to

rhythm

to

of

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mentalists
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the

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to

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my

are

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singers

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pauses

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closely

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cut

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usually

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occur,

many

against

always

singing

wherever

crayon

must

must

pauses

out

zio,

consonant

In

when

drag

red

guarded

word

pronounced.

must

vowels

first
The

of

beginning

at

lables
monosyl-

io, dio,

suo,

emphasized.

be

always

tuo,

these

must

too,

; so,

mio,

as

tongue.

consonants

pronounced

such

the

of

tip

the

double

the

In

reo,

of

ritarbe

said.

aesthetics.

Do

and

aria,

let
the

the

end

always

Bring

with

Rosa.

It

for

Now
this

in

is,

delighted

of

The
his

lose

to

never

vanishes,

and
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esteem.

is

with
a

the

or

heart

slumber,
teacher

session
self-posshe

and

rough
for
or

to

the

her

dose

strong

174

er
teach-

to

he

love

it his

indispensable

finally

indifferent,
if

pupil's

er
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the

to

if

and

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of

pupil's

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must

If

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quite

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profession

discouraged,

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really

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weary,

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inable
imag-

tempo

preaching:

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to

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takes

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extraordinary

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at

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time

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you

quickest

the

contemplative.

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broadly

be

girl who,

young

everything

and

Handel's

of

air.

Gluck's

is

declamation

day,
to-

tion:
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this

thereto

must

of

teachings

my

add

me

in

delivered.

how

all

forget

not

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comes
bethe

mannerly,
un-

teacher

essential
of

self-

teacher's

office,

no

To-day,

in

that,

will

the

to-day

Italian
variations
me

the

air from

so

that

I may

be

studied.

the

no,

with

tones

is

requires

above

is, inasmuch
at

for

hand,

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that

you

rest

has

er
hightremu-

is

an

ugly
You

your
; my

vacation

refrain
175

the

overcome.

little, for

away

one

and
It

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bring

No,
do

to

on

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as

and

it should

When

years

must

the

Semiramide,''

easy

unavoidable.

practise

of

Valentine.
so

organ

and

defect

very

and

how

imagines.

the

lousness

must

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violently

siuig

*'

you

hear

now

one

sang

theme

heart,

Rossini's

tremolo

as

by

show

shall

We

time

next

You

the

you

variations

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correct.

was

on

pronunciation

your

But

praise

with

as

would

you

Sunday.

not

theme

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much

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is

day

every

so

more

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lavish

not

deny.
really

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you

the

the

somewhat

prove

will

sure,

pleasure,

me

fancied

am

Rosa,

dear

my

given

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from

voice
advice

period

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note

the

I think

will be

most

voice.

It is

weeks
me

And

voice

Her

was

my

dear

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spoke

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answered:
Doctor

88

"I

Rue

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to

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her

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She
her

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my

ist,

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mend
recom-

excellent

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school -term,

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ulous
trem-

To

Jouffroy."

tired,

bitterly.

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sing

to

Valentine.

good physician,

pleasantry, dried

few

subject

know

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the

whether

to

the

came

more

clearlyon

to weep

an

very

is yours,

as

^-j

pretty girl
far

she

*"

listen:

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consent?

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As

"_

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for advice.

than

rest

readily afford

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ago

months'

two

to your

can

delighted!

am

gins.
be-

-year

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so

you

sacrifice

complete

beneficial

that

organ

school

next

the
will
her

the

promised
opening
then,

on

studies

TENTH

THE

LESSON

THE

TENTH

LESSON

DEAR

MY

PUPILS,"

enthusiasm,
all

this

On

give

to

advice

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you

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some

down

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lend

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me

too,

laid

through
the

is

also

n^iy

foundation

179

tachment,
at-

your

confidence.

your

as

rewarding

joy

endeavor

love,

progress,

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only

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lasting,

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have

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ears.

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in-

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experiences.

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have

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me

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see

and

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head

drooping

many

As

ness
conscious-

the

instruction

of

an

you

artistic

life, is

sole

my

delight.
greet

May

that

childhood,

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meadows,
as

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many

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study
time

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people

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a

not

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her

of

studies

are

i8o

more

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and

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and

pupil

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this,

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for

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majority

little

ambitious

express:

instrument.

an

understand

grief

trans-

much

appearance,

is real

time,

study.

great

has

you

parents

of

equipped

singer

balmy

to

exacts

the

attractive

voice,

air,

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have

term

singing

than

under

bring

your

your

Unfortunately,

an

more

beating

and

persuade

you

shorten

to

did

as

soul,

than

woods

grammars,

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and

fresh

shady

and

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studied

never

may

it

to

steadfastly,

more

your

especially

body

have

you

of

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as

hour

effort,
not

are

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first

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spell!

those

and

the

durable

single

my

grateful

from

you

holiday
for

reward,

nothing

or

teacher

is

sound

called

completed.

to

when
away

When

and

friends

able

to

chain

to

this

that

Tauris''

The

music

of

heart.

this

by

too

Gluck

that

the

Mme.

Iphigenia,
she

charmed

noble

song

and
as

through
a

whole.

the
and

One

can

audience

classical

There
i8i

was

though
Al-

represented
little voice,

but

now

see

the

voice.

who

expressive

her

wearied

or

consideration

Caron,

to

oppressed

not

are

pressive,
im-

straight

human

possesses

attended

grand,

goes

into

now

Comique.

is

exertion.

of

life.

''Iphigenia

opera

and

took

possibilities

me.

orchestration

excessive

by

like

delights

Op6ra

voices

mighty

will

artistic

the

The

Gluck's

simple,
the

ocrity
Medi-

drags,

theme,

brought

of

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what-

end.

one

the

at

to

fetters, through

of

performance

quit

to

certain

are

the

to

the

you

your

studies,

that
in

week

in

they

be,

may

changing

speak

urge
not

their

galley-slave

But,

until
pursue

these
is

home,

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families

their
be

write

you

through

her

declamation,

representation
no

striving

after

effect,

and

talent

Her

gathers
had

nothing

is

doubly

aid

no

from

the

hearing

of

the

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the

of

its

but

child,

kept

with

again

and

down

did
I

time,
ten

come

beseech
and

hands,

down

the
I

from

Creator

should
182

had

to

on

the

division,
indeed,
to

children,

you

struggle

Then,

had
bid

like

tears

heaven
dear

were

performer

time

on.

my

you,

if

so

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joy

my

House

rhythm,

with

wept

intonation,

expression,

and

work.

Every

when

following,

day

tion
direc-

Opera

its

note.

leap.

conductor,

precision,

artist.

artistic

genial

admirable

to

an

the

Imperial

did

marvellous

chorus

heart

my

Mahler,

Vienna,

shading,

the

of

made
under

Herr

director

in

and

of

Vienna

the

sources

that

orchestra,

also

Theatre,
of

indeed

satisfaction,

of

also

Mannergesang-Verein.

were

The

Chdtelet

Viennese

it

successive

two

Society

that

voice.

orchestra

Philharmonic

is

her
in

the

at

in

great,

opportunities,

concerts

overdone.

was

earth.
beat

given

you

beat

time

with

all,

if you

even

them.

hurting

intonation
shall

or

was

of

and

the

these

will

There

for

Parisians.

be

have

When

next

de

Concours
"

which

of

takes

ful
doubt-

attack

in

artistic, ab-

was

and

its artists

memories

of

be

children,

and

the
dustrious,
in-

more

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of

strive

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you
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perfection.

same

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neither

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Vienna

Ah!

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expression

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all

aye

singers
ductor
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uncertain

nor

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live

to

of

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enthusiasm.

management

intonation

again

of

body

admirable

the

singers.

their

Once

is entitled

for

of

chorus,

delighted.

my

Kremser

praise

Vienna

this

imderstand

to

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dis-

more^

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of

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to

in

were

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meet

Chant
the

place

"

the

Brussels
in the

183

tell you

of the

nation
singing-examiConservatory,

first week

of

July.

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and

much

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all

pleases

the

pupils

which

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from

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"au

But

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Uttle

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into

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chronological

how

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184

This
the

to

it

friends
up

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in
ollections
rec-

many

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cluster

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anniversary

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insist!

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art

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would

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of

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me

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with

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person

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man

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young

revoir"

grasp

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case

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of

is

students

musician?

is

musicians,

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Brussels,

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me

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painter,

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imfortunately

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is

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names,

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me

those

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and

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career

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two

before

from

acquainted

become

Baroness
talent

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tones

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the

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discouraged

him

great

female

old
there

that
treaties,
en-

my

Nicolai

aunt.

my

of

thoven,
Beeme.

instruction
musician
On

teacher

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uncertain,

My

her

to teach

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was

me.

to

pupil

hour's

first

lessons,

through

and

selected

she

and

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Ertmann,

von

singing

despair,

studies.

my

mere

through

me,

yielding

suspended

I think

"

such

to

who,

tiresome

drove

"

mother,

good

in

several

three

or

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all of them

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had

the

years

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girl and

I had

spinsters, but

my

at

brightest

instruction

gave

Frankfort,

their

both

Otto

young

was

in Vienna.

were

with

begin

dilettante,

in

encouraging,

me

when

of

history

me,

the

during

occupy

the

all to

were

now

how

kindly,

how

helpful

how

in

places

foremost

the

that

men,

and

would

185

"""

have

gladly

helped
wanting.

was

and,
his

lady,

of

nothing,
study

you

in

regard

the

of

In

of

spite

studies

voice

my

the

Later
to

sung

my
me

left

airs

Schubert's

him

for

that

artistic
under

my

projects,
his

Having

interest

family
and

protection.
i86

and

ed
present-

was

he

Lieder,

lively

of

most

disappointed.
I

several

which

to

songs,

much

my

city,

the

also

as

me.

on

Mendelssohn-Bartholdy.

showed
knew

kept

the

know

pleased

Frankfort,

in

on,

nunciation,
pro-

of

repeat,

imtil

home,

returned

struct
in-

but

Mozart

and

Beethoven's
then

suited,

was

make

intonation,

admission

Nicolai

all

learned

will
operas:

frankness

his

with

and

to

voice,

His

nothing."

absolutely

declamation,

and

training

confess

airs,

young

must

-culture.

songs,

you

nothing,

voice

tience,
pa-

with

dear

''My

understand

lost

he

forehead

artist,

true

edge
knowl-

the

day

his

exclaimed:

as

that

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striking

hand,

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me,

in

at

me.

once

He

opposed

was

thereupon
It

was

to

took
Men-

delssohn

personally
"Deh!

contralto

and

several

of

performance
continue

it

had

lovely,

her

"Saint

was

name.

sparing

lips.

her

Mendelssohn's

go

students
I

cannot

over

the

preparing
narrate

sohn's
Mendels-

beautiful;
;

never

of

words;

to

187

called

being
knew

rarely
forget

not

piano

playing.

unhappily,

neglect;

I,

beautiful
the
you

her

any

she

shall

most

for

she

people

have,

into

somewhat

tector
pro-

actual

your

songs

and
my

artist.

superb

delightful

achieved

to

Cecilia

I should
I

eyes

Cecilia/'

the

Dusseldorf,

very

expressive

Christian

fallen

an

made

not

that

into

Joshua/'

whether

"

grew

opened

"

thanks

"

also

as

and

in

friend

wife

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or

about

and

more

to

as

me

"Titus/'

solo/'

songs,

success

came

teacher

his
test

taught

Handel's

studies

my

brilliant

thus

in

part

Rhenish

Mozart's

istante

questo

per

the

He

from

air

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the

in

Dusseldorf.

at

insignificant

^an

"

sing

"

Concert

one

me

dilettante!

little

had

that

ever,
how-

with

concert-room.

all

that

lives

in

my

time

for

knew

him

in

Berlin,

few

days

and

attentive

most

has

and

such,

as

always

was

amiable.

he

beer
Meyercold,

stem,

as

impressed

never

always

of

me

overwhelmed

me

kindness.

with
He

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mother,

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several
I also

we

enjoyed

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Florence,

and,

Paris.

sang,

grand
band
hus-

my

by

Meyerbeer,

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with

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me

this

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life.

my

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friendship

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is

artist

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in

weeks

few
he

city

depicted

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less

wedding

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the

and

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rough,

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Mendelssohn.

during

in

sojourn

my

care

him

saw

did

than

not

midnight.

at

but

Meyerbeer,

met

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you

dinner

to

frequently

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and

presses

down

sit

to

Mendelssohn,

concerning

memory

saw

refer
i88

the
first

and

brightest
met

him
to

Rossini.

in

him

frequently
a

few

of

his

peculiarities.
him

No

to

of

wigs,

day.
high

He

was

He

very

often
on

"I

me:

do
I

is

took

singing,
circle

and
of

his

Rossini's

the

written

great

gratitude

for

remarked:
is

piano
him
The

wife,

my

is

new

Rossini
in

than

large

shadow
who

amiability.

in

was

icated
ded-

6,

Opus
and

the

189

letter,

charming

which

of

dish

good

utation,
rep-

mezzo-soprano,

him

1863,

said

great

master

for

from
in

his

was

for

vocalises

received

about

self
him-

often

years,

the

and

dishes

what

pianists.

conspicuous

the

in

life

voice."

he

last

drew

young

to

for

old;

interest

more

hair

cooking,

for

care

is

In

voices:

He

Wagner

good

good."

not

do

deep

the

good

care

another

to

favorite

not

Of

"What

his

of

his

macaroni!"

not

fond

"

number

one

chafing-dish.

but

on

called

prepared

had

liked

he

tones

always

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from

only

train.

railway

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changed

duced
in-

have

him!

carriages.

and

the

on

for

in

every

to

venture

locomotive

travelled

could

Nothing

he

dedication

expresses

in

most

flattering
of

decline

the

the

artists

pupils,

several

the

airs,

Delibes,

by

Delibes

would

Who

destined

to

friends

be

at

being

great

and

world,

the
a

reception
in

Cologne

days
a

My

director

my

Besides
renowned

thorough

man

accomplished

writer,

conversationalist.

His

an

charming

and

Ferdinand

and

was

him

death?

years

musician

plexion.
com-

world

Conservatory.

Hiller

composer,

of

three

Cologne

the

the

friend,

and

for

was

from

fine

thought

untimely

an

fellow-countryman
Hiller,

have

taken

by

"Lakm6."

had

and

strong

was

my

accompanied
from

duet

of

one

and

sang,

the

them

In

Nevada

Blanche

daughter

pupils,

with

duets.

Emma

visited

my

over

and

songs,

was

"Lakm6"
He

in

went

soirfies,

my

works.

dear

my
so

of

interest

personally

his

to,

composer

took

often,

All

song.

modest,

and

other

already

of

art

referred

simple

and

his

the

have

were

Delibes,

and

of

L6o

us

complaining

terms,

in

gathered
of

swarm

190

his

salon

distinguished

and

artists,
Clara

Schumann,

children,
I

in

cheerful,

by

then

for

also

as

his

tell

and

Vienna,

in
Ah!

but

all

past

from

life

his

before

leave
once

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calm
Gounod

and

far,

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lively

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end:

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day

tant
dis-

longer

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within

death

artist

far

departure

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could

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arm-chair,

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Weimar.

at

immured

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Mozart,

Beethoven

to

regretted
I

would

compositions,

in

but

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months

Of

Hiller

borne

walls.

last

lies

Cologne,

have

the

this

whose
He

Goethe

to

ing
morn-

and

visits

and

so.

maital

and

Rhine.

newest

his

less

master,

Beethoven

of

us

sad

was

life

the

own

were,

Sunday

the

us

now

it

as

no

was

upon

overlooked

play

city,

girdled,

every

called

studio

The

only

ennui

the

residents

the

Almost

we

Withal,

Everything

abode

activity.

others.

Joachim,

imagine

wall.

Killer's

In

and

then

tiresome,

and

I heard

Cologne.

was

high

was

cannot

you

endured

so

it

there

not

night;

or

remained

for

yet

to

the

that

he

dignified.
I

can

only
191

tell

you

was

him

saw

visit

him

sing

his

him,

pleased
"Rom6o

in

amiable

came

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world,
master's
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that

et

his

in

organ,

he

this

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house)

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musiall

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often

accompanied
After

as

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more:

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be

seen

beautiful

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his

the

"Rom6o

anecdote

large

192

death

by

and

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crowded.

that

know

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on

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that

Parisian

"Faust"

whenever

all
His

mourned

You

was

to

the

was

friends.

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Gounod

upon

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Juliette"

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in

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contact

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affable

and

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whose

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most

finally,

and

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to

to

himself

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Eames,

him,

to

bade

morning

and,

Emma

designated

very

he

that

perfection,

terest
in-

was

whom

compositions;

presented

he

Thursday

every

to

he

that

we

much

took

Blanche,

hearing

of

sang

school;

my

that

ours;

he

that

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in

fond

of

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studio,

played

for

and
us:

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the

master's

on

in

found

they

death

last

his

of

manuscript

composition,

of

whose

music

works,

Gounod
last

and

days,
week's

regard

interesting

most

and,

unaffected

most

youth,

less

He

earned

but

was

his

into

that

pockets

have

saw

recognized
N

as

while

the
193

old,

he

him,

concerts,
towards

streamed

Paris.

in
in

kind
woman-

company.

his

gold

little

him

early

of

god.
in

swiftly

as

time,

especially

the

same

and

with

liberal,

so

them.

death

millions

was,

from

simple-mannered

students,
of

the

as

made

especially,
was

at

public,

the

my

intercourse,

man;

however,

after-

1850,

in

personal

to

in

quiem."
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during

hour

Weimar,

in

was

his

on

every

other
he

as

repeatedly

met

saw

Mozart,
all

touches

sojourn

Like

away

in
God's

above

set

passed

whom

Liszt,

in

he

the

putting

sins.

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song,

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form

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portfoUo

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before
Who

feeble,

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ailing

LESSONS

SINGING

TEN

brilliant

man

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past?

where
has

Wagner,

his

erected

mausoleum.
You

all familiar

are

of the

Ambroise

years,

friend

to

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in

character,

place

absolute

for

was

faith.

Ambroise

He

eighty-two

artistic
and

nature.

modest
hear

delight,

the
But

man,

died

the

all
One

at

Paris
of

age

piano
he

too

free

for

composer

to

have

from

194

this

seen

years

his

life,a simple,

all

play

thirty

courage,

understand
in

was,

was

all life,all

was

strength,

must

Rubinstein
and

could

Thomas
of the

He

purpose,

at

friends

French

the

decision.

Titan

noble

director

Rubinstein!

Anton

stem

eighty-three.

or

unlike

How

true

but

his

Conservatory.

fifteen

or

somewhat

whom

years

many

part

was

nature,

"

Mignon

fourteen

was

by

operas

remain

Thomas

me.

reserved

and

"

long

For

repertory.

the

whose

will

"Hamlet"

and

with

Thomas,

Ambroise

of

To

the

Baireuth,

at

Cosima

daughter,

of

artist

affectation.
a

was

he

was

rare

to

friend.

true

me

for

me

engage

for

of

days

for

gloomy,

but

occurred

which

at

present

were

house,
fantasia

"Faust"

on

Calv6

Goethe's

of

Rubinstein

bore

resemblance
But

Brahms

the

The

great

but

often,

also
and

time

and

has
from

musical

world,
was,

composer

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while

Gounod's

strange

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my

ting
set-

Emma

vada
Ne-

"Mireille."
and

striking

Beethoven.

short

Liszt,

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Thomas,

at

played

Gounod's
a

to

was

and

soir6e

poem,

from

air

the

Rubinstein

by

air

an

sang

ago,

Some

Saint-Saens

which

at

death,

years

and

musical

his

sudden.

Liszt

both

ago,

years

most

were

few

last

The

sight;

almost

unexpected,

was

myself

and

artist
his

lost

he

ties,
entrea-

Russia.

celebrated

the

servatory,
Con-

his

family
of

to

Petersburg

my

climate

severe

sought

withstood

dreading
the

St.

the

but

often

He

reserved
character.

pleasure,
195

since

by

gone

his
in

friends
Vienna.

like

Ambroise
in
I

during

manner,

met

my

him

last

in

stay

Austrian

the

renowned

are

his

shall
few

of

days

of

The

life

last

were

years

suffering.
shall

What

the

received,

mentioned

to

letters

I
two

that
in

have,

and

celebration,
of

several
others

scene

never

musical

The
to

to

will

Saint-Saens.
offered

already

of

four

dred
hun-

address

take

crowned

be

forgotten.
of

Paris,

^Massenet
"

former
in

and

personally

his

compositions

196

me

friends

part

from

eral
Gen-

world

ably
ami-

most

Jubilee

my

accompany

"Werther"

"

i
"

I
deavor
en-

ambassador.

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the

of

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presented

occasion

an

have

upward

American

Porter,

then

recognition.

telegrams.

and

the

think

you,

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full

had
I

as

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expression

sincerity

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work

and

1899,

life, for

my

imiversal

that

sympathy

Jubilee

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12,

of

day

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by

which

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you

December

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tell

celebration?

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on.

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(I

over,

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later

them

study

positions
com-

world

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songs

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capital.

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circumstances

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affability,

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than
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useless.
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of

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waste

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to

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wanderings,

Europe,

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violoncello.

for

Americans

young

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and

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holiday

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concert

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great

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honored

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mediocrity
friends

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they
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to

to

come

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books,
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over

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organ-pipe!"

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the

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sing

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knowledge
above

musicians,

good

me

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your

and

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"

pale
strong.

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E,

EPISTLE

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in

subject."

that

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TRANSPLANTED

observed

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entertaining

etiquette

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There
of

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society,

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it

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SOCIAL

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upon

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Sherwood's

Mrs.
works

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light

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most

mental,
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AND

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"

of

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most

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narrative

and

whose

one

interesting

an

will

eye

throws

makers

the

the

had

friend.

of

of

the

that

50.

reputati(m,

note-book

the

company.
aelight.
a

has

and

page

anecdote

an

is

book

book

travelled

national

company

interesting

especially

any

"

Sherwood

Mrs.

is

at

With

Cloth,

|2

Top,

Rambling

Life.

My
8vo,

Gilt

of

appreciation

in

when

or

of

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and

opened

some

character.

cherished

be

of

lively

of

Man^

Edges

may

name

Being

Years

Portrait.

Uncut

the

POSTERITY.

of

Photogravure

The

SHERWOOD

W,

ROSE.

Society.

be

well

Might

Paper,

16rao,

dedicated

50

of

York

New

cents.

society

to

Story

and

large

at

its

aspirants.

York

which

There

is

make

the

great

about

to

any

price.

part

of
of

the
the

above

United

in

etc.

works

States,

will

about

Advertiser,

Publishers

AKD

will

details

mind,

Boston

"

BROTHERS,
YORK

New

feminine

the

people,

"
NEW

By^lny

to

introducing

HARPER

forms

social

ioteresting

book

cards,

sending

deal

LONDON

he

Canada,

by mail,

sent
or

Mexico,

postage
on

prepaid,

receipt of

the

AS:

flli:

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:i

^AUSlC LlBRARr

KT
820
M316

INUSC
3

6105

042

540

STANFORD

471

UNIVERSITY

LIBRARIES

STANFORD, CALIFORNIA

1983