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in d d Pa g e 4 4 1 1 / 2 8 / 0 8 9 :2 0 :5 7 PM u s e r- s 1 7 3

/ Vo lu m e s / 2 0 4 / MHDQ0 7 6 / wo rk%0 / in d d

in yellow.

44

Statics of Particles

that the maximum allowable tension in each cable is 800 N, determine (a) the magnitude of the largest force P that can be applied

at C, (b) the corresponding value of a.

A

35

50

a

P

2.62 Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Knowing that

in cable BC, determine (a) the magnitude of the largest force P

that can be applied at C, (b) the corresponding value of a.

20 in.

collar is in equilibrium when P 5 48 lb.

P required to maintain the equilibrium of the collar when (a) x 5

4.5 in., (b) x 5 15 in.

50 lb

shown. Knowing that b 5 20, determine the magnitude and direction of the force P that must be exerted on the free end of the

rope to maintain equilibrium. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the

same on each side of a simple pulley. This can be proved by the

methods of Chap. 4.)

A

shown. Knowing that a 5 40, determine (a) the angle b, (b) the

magnitude of the force P that must be exerted on the free end of

the rope to maintain equilibrium. (See the hint for Prob. 2.65.)

the rope. (See the hint for Prob. 2.65.)

160 kg

Fig. P2.65 and P2.66

T

(a)

Fig. P2.67

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

b e e 2 9 4 0 0 _ch 0 2 _0 1 4 - 0 7 1 .in d d Pa g e 6 7 1 1 / 2 8 / 0 8 9 :2 1 :4 5 PM u s e r- s 1 7 3

/ Vo lu m e s / 2 0 4 / MHDQ0 7 6 / wo rk%0 / in d d

REVIEW PROBLEMS

2.127 The direction of the 75-lb forces may vary, but the angle between

the forces is always 50. Determine the value of a for which the

resultant of the forces acting at A is directed horizontally to the

left.

2.128 A stake is being pulled out of the ground by means of two ropes

exerted on one rope, determine the magnitude and direction of

the force P that should be exerted on the other rope if the resultant of these two forces is to be a 40-lb vertical force.

30 lb

240 lb

30

!

75 lb

50

75 lb

Fig. P2.127

P

25

Fig. P2.128

40

determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its horizontal

component.

Fig. P2.129

2.130 Two cables are tied together at C and loaded as shown. Determine

B

8.5 ft

9 ft

C

5 ft

12 ft

600 mm

396 lb

7.5 ft

Fig. P2.130

2.131 Two cables are tied together at C and loaded as shown. Knowing

P

C

cable BC.

2.132 Two cables are tied together at C and loaded as shown. Determine

250 mm

Q = 480 N

Fig. P2.131 and P2.132

67

90

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

the tension in cable BC is 1040 N and length d is 1.90 m, determine the moment about D of the force exerted by the cable at C

by resolving that force into horizontal and vertical components

applied (a) at point C, (b) at point E.

the tension that must be developed in the cable of winch puller

AB to create the required moment about point D.

C

0.875 m

B

A

D

E

d

0.2 m

puller AB is 2400 N, determine the minimum value of distance d

to create the specified moment about point D.

lift BC. If the lift exerts a 125-lb force directed along its centerline

on the ball and socket at B, determine the moment of the force

about A.

15.3 in.

20.5 in.

4.38 in.

A

12.0 in.

C

7.62 in.

2.33 in.

17.2 in.

12.0 in.

Fig. P3.12

Fig. P3.13

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

3.49 To lift a heavy crate, a man uses a block and tackle attached to the

Problems

the y and the z axes of the force exerted at B by portion AB of

the rope are, respectively, 120 N ? m and 460 N ? m, determine

the distance a.

y

a

3.50 To lift a heavy crate, a man uses a block and tackle attached to

a 195-N force to end A of the rope and that the moment of that

force about the y axis is 132 N ? m, determine the distance a.

C

D

3.52 For the davit of Prob. 3.51, determine the largest allowable dis-

4.8 m

3.51 A small boat hangs from two davits, one of which is shown in

the figure. It is known that the moment about the z axis of the

resultant force R A exerted on the davit at A must not exceed

279 lb ? ft in absolute value. Determine the largest allowable tension in line ABAD when x 5 6 ft.

105

O

1.6 m

2.2 m

x

y

3 ft

and Mz 5 243 lb ? ft, determine f and d.

B

F

f

7.75 ft

q

A

z

Fig. P3.51

y

B

x

z

Fig. P3.53 and P3.54

3.54 When a force F is applied to the handle of the valve shown, its

and Mz 5 281 lb ? ft. For d 5 27 in., determine the moment My

of F about the y axis.

D

x

4 in.

11 in.

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

3.99 A 46-lb force F and a 2120-lb in. couple M are applied to corner

One Force and One Couple

an equivalent force-couple system at corner H.

123

y

C

D

B

14 in.

H

18 in.

45 in.

F

y

x

25 in.

M1

A

3 in.

Fig. P3.99

B

3.100 The handpiece for a miniature industrial grinder weighs 0.6 lb,

and its center of gravity is located on the y axis. The head of the

handpiece is offset in the xz plane in such a way that line BC

forms an angle of 25 with the x direction. Show that the weight

of the handpiece and the two couples M1 and M2 can be replaced

with a single equivalent force. Further, assuming that M1 5 0.68

lb in. and M2 5 0.65 lb in., determine (a) the magnitude and

the direction of the equivalent force, (b) the point where its line

of action intersects the xz plane.

3.17

x

C

25

M2

Fig. P3.100

FORCE AND ONE COUPLE

the points A1, A2, A3, . . . , defined by the position vectors r1, r2, r3,

etc. (Fig. 3.41a). As seen in the preceding section, F1 can be moved

from A1 to a given point O if a couple of moment M1 equal to the

moment r1 3 F1 of F1 about O is added to the original system of

forces. Repeating this procedure with F2, F3, . . . , we obtain the

M3

F2

F1

M2

A2

A1

r1

O

r3

r2

A3

(a)

Fig. 3.41

F2

F3

R

R

MO

F3

F1

M1

(b)

(c)

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

3.99 A 46-lb force F and a 2120-lb in. couple M are applied to corner

One Force and One Couple

an equivalent force-couple system at corner H.

123

y

C

D

B

14 in.

H

18 in.

45 in.

F

y

x

25 in.

M1

A

3 in.

Fig. P3.99

B

3.100 The handpiece for a miniature industrial grinder weighs 0.6 lb,

and its center of gravity is located on the y axis. The head of the

handpiece is offset in the xz plane in such a way that line BC

forms an angle of 25 with the x direction. Show that the weight

of the handpiece and the two couples M1 and M2 can be replaced

with a single equivalent force. Further, assuming that M1 5 0.68

lb in. and M2 5 0.65 lb in., determine (a) the magnitude and

the direction of the equivalent force, (b) the point where its line

of action intersects the xz plane.

3.17

x

C

25

M2

Fig. P3.100

FORCE AND ONE COUPLE

the points A1, A2, A3, . . . , defined by the position vectors r1, r2, r3,

etc. (Fig. 3.41a). As seen in the preceding section, F1 can be moved

from A1 to a given point O if a couple of moment M1 equal to the

moment r1 3 F1 of F1 about O is added to the original system of

forces. Repeating this procedure with F2, F3, . . . , we obtain the

M3

F2

F1

M2

A2

A1

r1

O

r3

r2

A3

(a)

Fig. 3.41

F2

F3

R

R

MO

F3

F1

M1

(b)

(c)

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

10 lb

3.110 A couple M and the three forces shown are applied to an angle

bracket. Find the moment of the couple if the line of action of the

resultant of the force system is to pass through (a) point A, (b) point B,

(c) point C.

3.111 Four forces act on a 700 3 375-mm plate as shown. (a) Find the

resultant of these forces. (b) Locate the two points where the line

of action of the resultant intersects the edge of the plate.

3.112 Solve Prob. 3.111, assuming that the 760-N force is directed to the

139

Problems

are applied to an angle bracket. (a) Find the resultant of this system of forces. (b) Locate the points where the line of action of the

resultant intersects line AB and line BC.

30 lb

12 in.

60

B

8 in.

M

C

45 lb

Fig. P3.109 and P3.110

340 N

500 N

right.

force acting on the truss and the point of intersection of its line

of action with a line drawn through points A and G.

y

375 mm

C

4 ft

8 ft

500 mm

160 lb

240 lb

70

8 ft

300 lb

760 N

200 mm

600 N

40

Fig. P3.111

6 ft

G

x

C

8 ft

8 ft

8 ft

180 lb

Fig. P3.113

each side of the two belts is as shown. Replace the four forces with

a single equivalent force, and determine where its line of action

intersects the bottom edge of the bracket.

r = 2 in. r = 1 12 in.

2 in.

C

1 in.

D

A

F

6 in.

120 lb

B

6 in.

210 lb

25

150 lb

25

E

4 in.

160 lb

200 N

15

70

E

50 mm

120 N

240 mm

D

42 N m

80 N

520 mm

Fig. P3.114

a force but not a couple. For P 5 0, determine the location of the

rivet hole if it is to be located (a) on line FG, (b) on line GH.

C

40 Nm

50 mm

G

640 mm

Fig. P3.115

180 mm

H

50 mm

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

3.156 Four ropes are attached to a crate and exert the forces shown. If the

point on line AB, determine (a) the equivalent force and the distance from A to the point of application of the force when a 5 30,

(b) the value of a so that the single equivalent force is applied at

point B.

the forces exerted at B and C, knowing that these forces are equivalent to a force-couple system at A consisting of R 5 2(30 N)i 1

Ry j 1 R zk and MRA 5 2(12 N ? m)i. (b) Find the corresponding

values of Ry and Rz. (c) What is the orientation of the slot in the

head of the screw for which the blade is least likely to slip when

the brace is in the position shown?

y

200 mm

B 200 mm

B k

A

Czk

150 mm

Cx i

x

Cy j

Fig. P3.157

magnitudes of the additional loads that must be applied at B and F

if the resultant of all six loads is to pass through the center of

the mat.

20 kips

15 kips

30 kips

10 kips

E

F

A

O

D

B

C

z

Fig. P3.158

12 ft

Review Problems

153

160 lb

100 lb

46 in.

a

A

B 25

400 lb

90 lb

36 in.

10 in. C

D

66 in.

Fig. P3.156

65

174

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

the reactions at A and B.

40 lb

4 in.

50 lb

40 lb

10 in.

4 in.

50 lb

10 in.

B

20 in.

30

20 in.

(a)

(b)

Fig. P4.23

40 lb

4 in.

50 lb

4 in.

40 lb

10 in.

50 lb

10 in.

B

30

20 in.

20 in.

(a)

(b)

Fig. P4.24

10 in.

10 in.

(c) a 5 30.

a

750 lb ! in.

12 in.

the loads shown. Knowing that d 5 200 mm, determine (a) the

tension in cable BD, (b) the reaction at A.

Fig. P4.25

D

100 mm

250 mm

90 N

100 mm

30

500 N

250 mm

90 N

200 mm

100 mm

100 mm

the loads shown. Knowing that d 5 150 mm, determine (a) the

tension in cable BD, (b) the reaction at A.

Fig. P4.28

(a) the tension in the cable, (b) the reaction at C.

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

4.39 Two slots have been cut in plate DEF, and the plate has been

placed so that the slots fit two fixed, frictionless pins A and B.

Knowing that P 5 15 lb, determine (a) the force each pin exerts

on the plate, (b) the reaction at F.

4 in.

4 in.

7 in.

2 in.

F

B

P

3 in.

30

30 lb

Fig. P4.39

4.40 For the plate of Prob. 4.39 the reaction at F must be directed

friction at the pins, determine the required range of values of P.

tension in the cord and the reactions at A and C.

E

a

30

80 N

30

0.2 m

0.2 m

0.2 m

Fig. P4.41

4.42 Solve Prob. 4.41 if the cord BE is parallel to the rods (a 5 30).

4.43 An 8-kg mass can be supported in the three different ways shown.

reaction at A in each case.

1.6 m

1.6 m

B

1.6 m

B

A

8 kg

(a)

Fig. P4.43

8 kg

(b)

8 kg

(c)

Problems

177

180

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

4.55 A collar B of weight W can move freely along the vertical rod shown.

u 5 0. (a) Derive an equation in u, W, k, and l that must be satisfied

when the collar is in equilibrium. (b) Knowing that W 5 300 N,

l 5 500 mm, and k 5 800 N/m, determine the value of u corresponding to equilibrium.

l

A

q

(a) Neglecting the weight of the rod, express the angle u corresponding to equilibrium in terms of P, k, and l. (b) Determine the

value of u corresponding to equilibrium when P 5 14 kl.

A

Fig. P4.55

l

q

C

B

l

P

Fig. P4.56

4.57 Solve Sample Prob. 4.5, assuming that the spring is unstretched

when u 5 90.

and the spring is unstretched when u 5 0. (a) Neglecting the weight

of the blocks, derive an equation in W, k, l, and u that must be

satisfied when the rod is in equilibrium. (b) Determine the value

of u when W 5 75 lb, l 5 30 in., and k 5 3 lb/in.

q

W

l

consist of frictionless pins, rollers, or short links. In each case,

determine whether (a) the plate is completely, partially, or improperly constrained, (b) the reactions are statically determinate or

indeterminate, (c) the equilibrium of the plate is maintained in the

position shown. Also, wherever possible, compute the reactions.

Fig. P4.58

D

A

C

1

5

Fig. P4.59

198

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

4.94 Two transmission belts pass over sheaves welded to an axle supported

the sheave at C has a radius of 2 in. Knowing that the system rotates

at a constant rate, determine (a) the tension T, (b) the reactions at B

and D. Assume that the bearing at D does not exert any axial thrust

and neglect the weights of the sheaves and axle.

8 in.

6 in.

B

24 lb

6 in.

18 lb

Fig. P4.94

30 lb

axle BE that is supported by bearings at C and D. If a 720-N vertical load is applied at A when the lever is horizontal, determine

(a) the tension in the cord, (b) the reactions at C and D. Assume

that the bearing at D does not exert any axial thrust.

y

40 mm

80 mm

120 mm

200 mm

T

D

120 mm

C

x

720 N

z

Fig. P4.95

4.96 Solve Prob. 4.95, assuming that the axle has been rotated clockwise

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

REVIEW PROBLEMS

4.142 A hand truck is used to move two kegs, each of mass 40 kg.

Neglecting the mass of the hand truck, determine (a) the vertical

force P that should be applied to the handle to maintain equilibrium when a 5 35, (b) the corresponding reaction at each of the

two wheels.

500 mm

350 mm

80 mm

G2

P

a

G1

800 mm

C

B

300 mm

A

Fig. P4.142

200 mm

300 N

200 mm

300 N

Fig. P4.143

(a) the tension in the cable, (b) the reaction at C.

15 in.

10 in.

20

75 lb

12 in.

D

Fig. P4.144

4.145 Neglecting friction and the radius of the pulley, determine (a) the

150 mm

120 N

80 mm 80 mm

C

200 mm

Fig. P4.145

213

/Volumes/204/MHDQ076/work%0/indd%0

the tension in each cable and the reaction at A.

y

16 in.

J

16 in.

9 in.

H

O

24 lb

16 in.

24 lb

12 in.

8 in.

8 in.

8 in.

8 in.

Fig. P4.152

the reactions at the supports.

P

a

P

a

C

45

C

B

a = 30

(a)

(b)

P

a

P

a

a

C

C

B

B

45

30

(c)

Fig. P4.153

(d)

Review Problems

215

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