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LET REVIEWER SEPTEMBER 2015

SOCIAL DIMENSION- by JAYMC

ESSENTIALISM
Acquire basic knowledge,
common body of knowledge
Excellence in education
Student centered
4R's (Reading , Writing,
Arithmetic, Right Conduct)
Proponent: William Bagley
EXISTENSIALISM
Freedom of choice
Individual Differences
Unique individual
Awareness of consequences
Proponent: Jean Paul Sartre
PERRENIALISM
Education are changelessHumanistic
Educate the rational person
Cultural literacy
Great work of civilization
Develops the ability to think
deeply
Student centered
Proponent: Robert Hutchins
PROGRESSIVISM
Always in the process of
development
Teaching using real life
situation
Relevant curriculum,
humanistic education, radical
school
Reform
Growth
Learning by doing
Proponent: John Dewey
IDEALISM
Unified reality with God
Morally and mentally upright
Mind

Anything what is in your mind


(absolute value)
Proponent: Plato
REALSIM
Based on natural law
Lecture method and
memorization
Logical and abstract thinking
Objects exist independently
of the mind
Proponent: Aristotle
PRAGMATISM
Always changing
Interaction of individual with
environment
Essence of idea comes from
the consequence of its
practice/test
Practical / Beneficial
Proponent: John Dewey, William
James, Rousseau
RECONSTRUCTIVISM
Reconstruct society
Improvement
Change and social reform /
social change
Awareness of societal needs
and problems
Proponent: Pragmatism, Teodore,
Brameld
BEHAVIORISM
Modeling
Stimulus response to
teaching
Modification and shaping of
students behavior
Proponent: John Watson
Rationalism to enable to think for
themselves

LET REVIEWER SEPTEMBER 2015


SOCIAL DIMENSION- by JAYMC
Naturalism nature is the aggregate
of physical objects
Constructivism creating new idea
connecting (old-new)
Humanism loving one self
Empiricism-knowledge through
comes sense based experience
Social Humanism- asserts the
importance of playing in the
curriculum
Hedonism- Pleasure is the only good
thing to the person
Utilitarianism-actions are geared
toward the highest total amount of
happiness that one can achieved.
QUESTIONS WITH answers
1. Edukasyong Kagandahang Asal
at Wastong Pag-uugali (EKAWP)
is integrated in the New
Elementary School Curriculum.
Which philosophy supports the
teaching of EKAWP in the
elementary school?
A. Taoism
B. Hinduism
C. Buddhism
D. Confucianism
In line with the philosophy of
Reconstructivism, which of the
following should be given emphasis
in teaching?
A. To seek a better position in
the society
B. To compare oneself with the
less fortunate
C. To become economically
self-reliant
D. To designate ones superiority
over the others
RATIONALIZATION:C.To
become
economically
self-reliant.
Reconstructivism aims to achieve
social changes. This is a philosophy
that entails the identification of social
problems, finding solutions for this
and be a part of the solution.

Joining organizations or clubs in


school is requisite to granting of
academic distinction under
DECS Order No. 65, s. 1998. This
shows school community connection
reflected in activities geared towards
society's needs. What philosophy is
related to this? / Activities planned
by
school clubs or organizations show
school-community
connection
geared towards society's needs.
What philosophy is related to this?
A. Realism
C. Existentialism
B. Progressivism
D. Reconstructivism
2. If a student believes in this
passage "One cannot see
perfection but i long for it" then,
the student can be regarded as
_______ / Student B claims: "I
cannot see perfection but I long
for it. So it must be real." Under
which group can he be
classified?
A. Idealist
B. Empiricist
C. Realist
D. Pragmatist
Mr. Cruz exemplifies an ideal
teacher and son. He is competent in
his field based on the various
recognitions that he received from
his school. As a dutiful son, he
assumes all the responsibilities of
raising his family (this includes his
parents, siblings, and their own
families) giving all their needs and
wants. The fulfilment of these is the
neglect of the responsibilities to
himself. This attitude of Mr. Cruz is
against what kind of philosophy?
A. Existentialism
B. Pragmatism
C. Constructivism

LET REVIEWER SEPTEMBER 2015


SOCIAL DIMENSION- by JAYMC
D. Humanism
RATIONALIZATION:
D.
Humanism. Humanism stresses
personal culture, individual freedom,
and development (the best way
towards full and rich lives).
Teacher Rosemarie ensures to
put a certain amount of her monthly
earnings in the bank. At the end of
the school year, she used all his
savings in visiting places rich of
cultural heritages rather than of
buying expensive clothes, jewelry,
and latest gadgets. Favoring the
former action over the latter exhibits
that Teacher Rosemarie follows what
kind of philosophy?
A.
Existentialism
or
Perinnialism
B. Behaviorism
C. Essentialism
D. Progressivism
RATIONALIZATION:A.Existentialism
. Existentialism is a philosophy that
gives a person the freedom to
choose. It is a philosophy of
subjectivity.
.Perennialism.
Perennialism views education as a
recurring process based on eternal
truths. Good education involves a
search for and understanding of
truth which can all be found in the
great works of civilization.
Teacher Alvina rates the art work of
her students not just on the merit of
its appeal to the senses but also
considers its uniqueness and the
responsibility that every student has
given in accomplishing the task. This
practice shows how Teacher Alvina
upholds this kind of philosophy:
A. Realism
B. Idealism
C. Reconstructivism
D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION:D.
Existentialism.
Conceives
philosophy as something that is felt

by an individual because its


concrete in itself or based on what is
concrete. There is also personal
involvement
in
this
kind
of
philosophy.
3. Who is most likely to advise you
to modify your classroom
environment in such a way that
your pupils will be motivated to
learn?
A. Humanist
B. Behaviorist
C. Cognitivist
D. Existentialist
Increase of time allotment in
English, Math and Science in the
Elementary level under the New
Elementary
School
Curriculum
(NESC) as provided in DECS Order
No. 1, s. 1993 contributes in the
culturation of basic literacy by
providing the needed essential skills.
The related philosophy is ______.
A. Realism
B. Idealism
C. Essentialism
D. Perennialism
RATIONALIZATION:
B.
Essentialism. Essentialism is an educational
theory rooted in classical realism and
idealism which advocates curricular reform
stressing the essentials of the basics like
the 3R's.
4.

If a teacher would say that


honesty is still an important
value even if no one values it,
the teacher can be regarded as
________.
A. Realist
B. Empiricist
C. Idealist
D. Positivist
Teacher Jay
serves as an
inspiration to his students because
of his efficiency and effectiveness as
a teacher. The mind set of his

LET REVIEWER SEPTEMBER 2015


SOCIAL DIMENSION- by JAYMC
students towards him/her is an
instance of what kind of philosophy?
A. Realism
B. Nationalism
C. Idealism
D. Constructivism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Idealism.
Idealism is a philosophy which
asserts that whats in the mind is the
only reality. In this situation, the
teacher inspires his/her students
through the values that he/she
possessed. Values are absolute are
told to belong in realm of ideas.
Hence, these are considered as
ideas that exist only in the mind.
John learns well through active
interplay with others. His learning
increases when engaged in activities
that has meaning in him. Which
philosophy can describe this?
A. Progressivism
C. Realism
B. Idealism
D. Empiricism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Progressivism.
Progressivism is a philosophy of hands of
learning on experiential learning. Learning
by doing. Learning is based from the
questions of ones experience of the world.
Hence, it is the learner himself who thinks,
solves, and gives meaning through his
individual experiences.
5.
Education is a continuous
process of experiencing and of
visiting reorganizing experiences
according to a Progressivist. What
does it mean?
A. Education begins and ends in
school.
B. Education takes place anytime
and anywhere.
C. Education happens formally and
informally.
D. Education goes on throughout
life.

5. Which philosophy of education


influence the singing of the
National anthem in schools?
A. Nationalism
B. Pragmatism
C. Naturalism
D. Socialism
Teachers in school perform the role
and responsibility of parents in the
development and education of the
child. This stems from the belief that
the home is the primary agency in
the education of the individual. Thus,
teachers are regarded as surrogate
parents along the loco parentis
principle.
Which
philosophy
espouses this view of education?
A. Pragmatism
B. Idealism
C. Naturalism
D. Realism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Naturalism the school is seen as the extension
of home and teachers are deemed
"surrogate parents".
This philosophy believes that
students
need
a
passionate
encounter with the positive and
negative phases of life like the joy
and agony of love, desirability of life,
the inevitability of death, the anguish
of freedom and the consequences of
choices
and
actions.
Which
philosophy advocates this view in
education?
A. Existentialism
B. Essentialism
C. Perennialism
D. Realism
RATIONALIZATION:A.
Existentialism - it is a modern school
of thought that grew out of the
thoughts of European philosophers ,
particularly from Soren Kierkegaard,
who believes that the central

LET REVIEWER SEPTEMBER 2015


SOCIAL DIMENSION- by JAYMC
problem humanity is facing is the
ability to cope with its existence.
.Who among the following believes
that learning requires disciplined
attention, regular homework, and
respect for legitimate authority?
A. Essentialist
B. Realist
C. Progressivist
D. Reconstructivist
The curriculum is viewed as a
means of developing desirable
habits. It is recommended that the
way /means to form these habits is
through the mastery of organized
subject matter. Which philosophy is
behind this educational view?
A. Naturalism
B. Realism
C. Idealism
D. Pragmatism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Realism.
This educative process is viewed
mainly as the transmission of
information and knowledge. The
curriculum has the function of
forming
the
body
and
this
interrelationship gives rise to the
dictum "sound mind in a sound
body."
Teacher Jessie says: "If it is billiard
that brings students out of the
classroom, let us bring it into the
classroom. Perhaps, I can use it to
teach Math." To which philosophy
does Teacher Jessie adhere?
A. Essentialism
B. Progressivism
C. Idealism
D. Reconstructivism
Which philosophy influenced the
cultivation
of
reflective
and
meditative skills in teaching?
A. Confucianism
B. Taoism
C. Existentialism

D. Zen Buddhism
Specialization is knowing more and
more about less and less. It is
better to be a generalist claims
Teacher R. What philosophy does
she uphold?
A. Essentialism
B. Perennialism
C. Existentialism
D. Pragmatism
Teacher Pauline is concerned more
on conceptual matters since reality
is mental. She upholds this kind of
philosophy:
A. Empiricism
B. Idealism
C. Realism
D. Progressivism
Everything changes explains the
teacher. This entails readiness to
accept challenges in life and be
ready to address it. What kind of
philosophy can this be attributed?
A. Realism
B. Behaviorism
C. Materialism
D. Rationalism
Life is what you make it,
exemplifies best what __________
is
A. Existentialist
C. Idealist
B. Humanist
D. Realist

Teacher Sharon is concerned more


on conceptual matters since reality
is mental. She upholds this kind of
philosophy:
A. Empiricism
B. Idealism
C. Realism
D. Progressivism

LET REVIEWER SEPTEMBER 2015


SOCIAL DIMENSION- by JAYMC
Everything changes explains the
teacher. This entails readiness to
accept challenges in life and be
ready to address it. What kind of
philosophy can this be attributed?
A. Realism
B. Behaviorism
C. Materialism
D. Rationalism
Teacher Gui is known in giving great
importance on humanistic education.
Which of the following will depict this
trait?
A. Developing students into thinking
individuals
B. Making students civilized,
distinctly educated and refined
C. Giving the students the freedom
to choose and decide for themselves
D. Teaching the students the
different works of civilization
If Teacher Janice believes that
learning also takes place in having
interaction with the environment, this
teacher can be regarded as:
A. Pragmatist
C. Realist
B. Empricist
D. Herbalist
Scouting and Citizens Army Training
(CAT) give training in character
building, citizenship training, etc.
which leads to the creation of new
social order and a new society
eventually.
What
philosophy
supports this?
A. Existentialism
B. Progressivism
C. Perennialism
D. Reconstructivism
Virtue as one component in the
teaching of Rizal as a course
focuses on the teaching of good and
beauty consistent with the good and
beauty in God. What philosophy
supports this?

A. Existentialism
B. Progressivism
C. Idealism
D. Reconstructivism
Teacher Rey believes that the
learner is the product of his
environment. Sometimes he has
nochoice. He/she is determined by
his environment.
A. Rationalist
B. Existentialist
C. Behaviorist
D. Progressivist
RATIONALIZATION: C. Behaviorist.
A behaviorist believes that human
behavior can be best explained in
terms of responses to external
stimuli. Also, education can be best
achieved by modifying or changing
student behaviors in a socially
acceptable manner through the
arrangement of the conditions for
learning. The control is obtained not
by manipulating the individual, but
the environment.
Teacher Rogelio should provide for
shared experiences in the classroom
that fosters cooperative learning
rather than competitive learning.
Scientific
means
of
inquiry
complements such atmosphere.
Which theory advocates this view?
A. Existentialism
C. Perennialism
B. Essentialism
D. Progressivism
Which philosophy has the
educational objective to indoctrinate
Filipinos to accept the teachings of
the Catholic church which is to foster
faith in God?
A. Realism
B. Idealism
C. Pragmatism
D. Existentialism

LET REVIEWER SEPTEMBER 2015


SOCIAL DIMENSION- by JAYMC

Teacher Marites believes that the


learner can choose what he can
become despite his environment.
A. Rationalist
B. Existentialist
C. Behaviorist
D. Progressivist

year. The change hopefully will


provide the needed social reform in
alleviating the condition of poverty.
What philosophy addresses this
concern?
A. Realism
B. Essentialism
C. Existentialism
D. Reconstructivism

DECS Order No. 13 s. 1998 entitled


"Revised rules and regulations on
the
teaching
of
religion"
is
emphasizing the development of
one's spirituality and moral. What
philosophy is related to it?
A. Realism
B .Essentialism
C. Idealism
D. Progressivism

DECS Order No. 54, s. 1995 entitled


"War on Waste" helps students
realize their role in the conservation
of nation's resources. This also
helps instil discipline among them.
What philosophy is related to this?
A. Realism
B. Perennialism
C. Essentialism
D. Reconstructivism

This philosophy believes that ideas


are inherent in the individual. This
explains the nature of the Socratic
dialogue in teaching, where the
teacher asks questions to wring out
the ideas innate in the learner.
Which school of thought has
advocated this belief?
A. Naturalism
B. Realism
C. Idealism
D. Pragmatism
Changes in the T.H.E takes care of
the cognitive needs of students. It
also emphasizes the use of project
method as implied in DECS Order
No. 91, s. 1998. The related
philosophy is
_____________.
A. Realism
B. Progressivism
C. Existentialism
D. Reconstructivism

Your teacher is of the opinion that


the world and everything in it are
ever changing and so teaches you
the skill to cope with the changes.
Which in his governing philosophy?
A. Experimentalism
C. Idealism
B. Existentialism
D. Realism
RATIONALIZATION: A.
Experimentalism. Experimentalism
believes that things are constantly
changing. It is based on the view
that reality is what works right now
and that goodness comes from
group decisions. As a result, schools
exist to discover and expand the
society we live in. Students study
social experiences and solve
problems.

DECS Order No. 57 s. 1998 entitled


"Clarification on the changes in the
Social Studies programs" offers
Economics in 3rd year instead of 4th

Principal C shares this thought with


his teachers: "Subject matter should
help students understand and
appreciate themselves as unique

LET REVIEWER SEPTEMBER 2015


SOCIAL DIMENSION- by JAYMC
individuals who accept complete
responsibility for their thoughts,
feelings, and actions." From which
philosophy is this thought based? /
Teacher V teaches her students to
appreciate themselves as unique
individuals and are to accept the
responsibility to their feelings,
actions and thoughts. She upholds
the philosophy of
_______.
A. Perennialism
B. Existentialism
C. Essentialism
D. Progressivism

Hedonism. Hedonism is the general,


Epicureanism is the specific. Always
select the general answer.

RATIONALIZATION:
B.
Existentialism. Existentialism is the
philosophy of subjectivity of selfhood
and proclaims mans freedom in the
accomplishment of his destiny.

RATIONALIZATION:
A.
Constructivism. Constructivism is a
philosophy of learning which asserts
that reality does not exist outside the
human conceptions. It is the
individual who construct reality by
reflecting on his own experience and
gives meaning to it.

When a teacher emphasizes that


mans sense should be trusted
because they are the only way to
acquire knowledge, the teacher can
be regarded as____.
A. Naturalist
B. Empiricist
C. Realist
D. Pragmatist
RATIONALIZATION: C -Empiricism.
Empiricism upholds that the only
source of knowledge is the senses
and sense-based experience.
Teacher U teaches to his pupils that
pleasure is not the highest good.
Teacher's teaching is against what
philosophy?
A. Realism
B. Epicureanism
C. Hedonism
D. Empiricism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Hedonism.
Epicureanism is just a form of

After listening to the homily of the


Priest about fidelity, Catherine has a
moment
of
reflection.
Her
understanding of the value of fidelity
has become deeper as she related
this to her past experience. This
typifies what kind of philosophy?
A. Constructivism
B. Humanism
C. Reconstructivism
D. Existentialism

Lea listened to the advice given by


her sister to end the relationship that
she has with Jonard . However, her
sister learned that the advice she
has given was not followed and Lea
decided to continue the relationship.
This action of Lea is a manifestation
of what kind of philosophy?
A. Essentialism
B. Perennialism
C. Existentialism
D. Humanism
RATIONALIZATION:
C.
Existentialism. Existentialism is the
philosophy of subjectivity of selfhood
and proclaims mans freedom in the
accomplishment of his destiny.

THANKYOU. Read and Read and


Understand