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For official use only

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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS

b~r do{S>V aobm| H$s


AZwXoe {Z`_mdbr
MANUAL OF INSTRUCTIONS ON
LONG WELDED RAILS
1996

{Vr` nwZ_w U 2005


{XZmH$ 14-01-2002 Ho$ H$_mH$ 8 VH$ Ho$
g_V A[J_ ew{n g_m{hV
Second Reprint 2005
Embodying all advance correction slips upto
number 8 dated 14-01-2002

AZwgY
mZ A{^H$n Ed _mZH$ gJR>Z
bIZD$ - 226011

RESEARCH DESIGNS AND STANDARDS ORGANISATION


LUCKNOW - 226011

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({Vr` nwZ_w U)

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(i)

MANUAL OF INSTRUCTIONS ON LONG WELDED RAILS 1996


(SECOND REPRINT)

INTRODUCTION
Manual of Instructions on Long Welded Rails was issued in 1979. This Manual
contained instructions for the installation and maintenance of Long Welded Rails
(LWR) and Continuous Welded Rails (CWR) on Indian Railways.
The Revised Manual issued in 1996 incorporated all the correction slips issued to
the Manual of 1979 and also changes required due to use of 60kg rails, adoption of
Alumino Thermic (SKV process)/Mobile Gas Pressure/Flash Butt welding, mechanized
maintenance & adoption of Indian Railways Permanent Way Manual (IRPWM) in
place of Indian Railways Way and Works Manual (IRWWM) etc.
To date, eight correction slips have been issued to the Revised Manual. This
Manual is the second reprint of the Manual issued in 1996 and incorporates all these
correction slips. This Manual shall have the same authority as IRPWM. The Chief
Engineers may issue supplementary instructions from time to time to suit local working
conditions.
The recommendations in the Manual have been framed for use of standard sleepers
and fastenings already approved. Any other type of sleepers and fastenings may be
used in LWR/CWR only after the same are approved or specifically authorized by the
Chief Engineer.

(i)

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nam g.

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1.

n[a^mfmE

1.1

c~r dopS>V aoc

1.2

gVV dopS>V aoc

1.3

N>moQ>r dopS>V aoc

1.4

dgZ c~mB

1.5

{dM {dVma OmoS > (Eg B Oo)

1.6

~\$a aoc|

1.7

aoc H$m Vmn_mZ

1.8

AmgV aoc Vmn_mZ

1.9

{V~c a{hV H$aZm (S>r-Q>qo gJ)

1.10

gWmnZ Vmn_mZ

1.11

{V~c hQ>mZo H$m Vmn_mZ

1.12

H$m` Ho$ g_` M{cV aoc Vmn_mZ

1.13

{V~c _wV Vmn_mZ

1.14

aoc Q>oga (Vm{ZH$m)

1.15

E|H$a c~mB (EcE )

1.16

J_ _mg_ H$s JV

1.17

R>S>o _mg_ H$s JV

1.18

aocnW H$m gwT>rH$aU (H$mgmo{cS>e


o Z Am\$ Q>\ $)

1.19

_w` BOr{Z`a

2.

aoc Ho$ Vmn_mZ H$m _mnZ

2.1

W_m_rQ>a

2.2

Vmn_mZ H$m _mnZ

2.3

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| Vmnr` ~c

(ii)

CONTENTS
Para No.

Description

Page

1.

DEFINITIONS

1.1

Long Welded Rail

1.2

Continuous Welded Rail

1.3

Short Welded Rail

1.4

Breathing Length

1.5

Switch Expansion Joint

1.6

Buffer Rails

1.7

Rail Temperature

1.8

Mean Rail Temperture

1.9

Destressing

1.10

Installation Temperature

1.11

Destressing Temperature

1.12

Prevailing Rail Temperature

1.13

Stress-free Temperature

1.14

Rail Tensor

1.15

Anchor Length

1.16

Hot Weather Patrol

1.17

Cold Weather Patrol

1.18

Consolidation of Track

1.19

Chief Engineer/Chief Track Engineer

2.

MEASUREMENT OF RAIL TEMPERATURE

2.1

Thermometer

2.2

Temperature Measurements

2.3

Thermal Forces in LWR/CWR

(ii)

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3.

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {cE AZw_V WmZ

3.1

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama {~N>mZo Ho$ {cE gm_m` pW{V`m

3.2

gaI
o U

3.3

T >mc

3.4

_w` BOr{Z`a H$m AZw_moXZ

4.

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {cE aocnW gaMZm

4.1

\$ma_oeZ (aMZm)

4.2

{J>r Hw$eZ VWm goeZ

4.3

crna VWm ~YH$

4.4

aoc

4.5

{d{dY

5.

c~r dopSV aocm| Ama gVV dopSV aocm| H$mo {~N>mZm

12

5.1

gd}jU

12

5.2

Vmn_mZ A{^coI

13

5.3

Ano{jV gm_Jr

13

5.4

ma{^H$ H$m`

14

5.5

Ec S>`y Ama ~ZmZo Ho$ {cE dopS>J

14

5.6

Eg B Oo Ho$ Imcr OJh

15

5.7

Ec S>`y Ama H$s S>r-Q>qo gJ

15

5.8

Ec S>`y Ama H$mo gr S>`y Ama _| OmoS >Zm

19

5.9

gX^ _mH$

21

6.

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m AZwajU

21

6.1

gm_m`

21

(iii)

Para No.

Description

Page

3.

PERMITTED LOCATIONS FOR LWR/CWR

3.1

General Considerations for Laying LWR/CWR

3.2

Alignment

3.3

Gradients

3.4

Approval of Chief Engineer

4.

TRACK STRUCTURE FOR LWR/CWR

4.1

Formation

4.2

Ballast Cushion and Section

4.3

Sleepers & Fastenings

4.4

Rails

4.5

Miscellaneous

5.

LAYING OF LWR & CWR

12

5.1

Survey

12

5.2

Temperature Records

13

5.3

Materials Required

13

5.4

Preliminary Works

14

5.5

Welding of Rails to form LWR

14

5.6

Gaps at SEJ

15

5.7

Destressing of LWR

15

5.8

Joining LWRs into CWR

19

5.9

Reference Marks

21

6.

MAINTENANCE OF LWR/CWR

21

6.1

General

21

(iii)

nam g.

{ddaU

n>

6.2

{Z`{_V aocnW AZwajU

21

6.3

{deof aocnW AZwajU

24

6.4

AZwajU Ho$ XmamZ S>r-Q>qo gJ

26

6.5

Ec S>cy Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ AZwajU hoVw {deof CnH$a

27

7.

Agm_m` KQ>ZmE

27

7.1

Agm_m` KQ>ZmAm| H$s gyMr

27

7.2

aoc Qy>Q>Zm| H$s _a_V

27

7.3

pdM {dVma OmoS >

29

7.4

aocnW H$r ~H$qcJ

30

7.5

Qy>Q>-\y$Q> AWmB JS>a VWm _moS>

31

8.

{ZarjU Ama A{^coI

31

8.1

{ZarjU

31

8.2

[aH$mS>

32

9.

H$_Mm[a`m| Ho$ H$m`, {O_oXm[a`m VWm {ejU

33

9.1

H$m` Ama {O_oXm[a`m

33

9.2

{ejU

38

9.3

""H$ao|'' Ama ""Z H$ao''

38

(iv)

Para No.

Description

Page

6.2

Regular Track Maintenance

21

6.3

Special Track Maintenance

24

6.4

Destressing during Maintenance

26

6.5

Special Equipment for Maintenance of LWR/CWR

27

7.

UNUSUAL OCCURRENCES

27

7.1

List of Unusual Occurrences

27

7.2

Rectification of Rail Fractures

27

7.3

Damage to Switch Expansion Joint

29

7.4

Buckling of Track

30

7.5

Breaches, Temporary Girders and Diversions

31

8.

INSPECTION AND RECORDS

31

8.1

Inspection

31

8.2

Records

32

9.

DUTIES, RESPONSIBILITIES,

33

AND TRAINING OF STAFF


9.1

Duties and Responsibilities

33

9.2

Training

38

9.3

Dos and Donts

38

(iv)

n[a{eQ> gyMr
n[a{e> g.

{ddaU
dgZ c~mB`m

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39-41

II

~S>r cmBZ Ho$ _mOXy m gr Eg Q>r-9 crnam| na Ec S>`y Ama


{~N>mZo Ho$ nhco Ama AZwajU Ho$ g_` nyaH$ AZwXe
o

42-43

III

J{V gr_mAm| H$s gyMr

IV

90 `y Q>r Eg VWm H$S>o erf dmco aocm|


Ho$ {cE AZwXe
o

45-47

{d{^ aoc Vmn_mZm| Ama aocnW gaMZmAm|


hoVw Eg B Oo _| Jn (OJh)

48-66

VI

H$m` MmQ> VWm n`dj


o U H$m m{YH$V Va

67-69

VII

{dVma Vm{cH$m

70

VIII

aoc Q>g| a H$m `moJ {H$E ~Ja Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama
nZcm| H$m S>r-Q>oqgJ H$m`

71

IX

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ AV na ~\$a aocm| H$mo


{~N>mZo Ama AZwajU hoVw AZwXe
o

72-74

XE
X ~r
X gr

Jr_ F$Vw H$s JV


OmS>o H$s F$Vw H$s JV
Mc MmH$sXma

75-76
77
78

XI

{~N>mE JE Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama gaMZm {ddaU

79-80

XII

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ AZwajU Ama


{ZnmXZ H$m dm{fH$ [aH$mS>

81-82

XIII E
XIII ~r

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m gMcZ MmQ>


Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ _` ^mJ H$m gMcZ MmQ>

XIV

aocnW {_r, _oQ> VWm H$s_Z Ho$ {cE


Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ AZw_V Ed {Z{f H$m`

44

(v)

83
84
85-86

LIST OF ANNEXURES

Annexure No.

Description

Page

Breathing Lengths

39-41

II

Supplementary Instructions for Laying &


Maintenance of LWR on
CST-9 sleepers on BG

42-43

III

Schedules of Speed Restrictions

44

IV

Handling Instructions for 90 UTS and HH Rails

45-47

Gaps at SEJ for Various Rail


Temperatures and Track Structure

48-66

VI

Work Chart and Authorised Level


of Supervision

67-69

VII

Extension Table

70

VIII

Destressing Operation of LWR/CWRs


Panels without the use of Rail Tensor

71

IX

Instructions for Laying and


Maintenance of Buffer Rails at the
end of LWRs/CWRs

72-74

XA
XB
XC

Hot Weather Patrolling


Cold Weather Patrolling
Mobile Watchman

75-76
77
78

XI

Details of Structure of LWR/CWR as laid

79-80

XII

Annual Record of LWR/CWR Maintenance


and Performance

81-82

XIII A
XIII B

Chart of Movement of LWR/CWR


Chart of Movement in
Central Portion of LWR/CWR

83
84

XIV

Dos and Donts of LWR for PWM,


Mates and Keymen

85-86

(v)

{Mm| H$s gyMr


{M g.

{ddaU

1.1

c~r dopS>V aoc

E.5(E)

Eg B Oo H$s Q>J/Q>mH$ aoc Ho$ {gam| Ho$ J{V gMcZ


H$mo XemVo h`o {hQ>oao{gg dH$

50

E.5(~r)
1.7

n[a{eQ->V _| {XE JE CXmhaU Ho$ {cE Eg B Oo na Imcr OJh


aoc Vmn_mZ jom| H$mo XemVo hE ^maV H$m _mZ{M

52
87

4.2.1(E)

{J>r nm\o $mBc (BH$har cmBZ ~S>r cmBZ)

88

4.2.1(~r)

{J>r nm\o $mBc (BH$har cmBZ _rQ>a cmBZ)

89

4.2.1(gr)

{J>r nm\o $mBc (Xmohar cmBZ ~S>r cmBZ)

90

4.2.1(S>r)

{J>r nm\o $mBc (Xmohar cmBZ _rQ>a cmBZ)

91

4.4.3(E)

cnS> OmoS>m| (~S>r cmBZ) Ho$ {cE 1 _rQ>a c~r {deof {\$ecoQ>

92

4.4.3(~r)

1 _rQ>a c~r {deof {\$ecoQ> H$mo cJmZo Ho$ {cE H$y cn

93

4.4.3(gr)

OmJS> {\$ecoQ H$m {S>Q>c


o Ed cn H$s nmo{OeZ>

94

4.5.7.1(iii)

nwc na PcmBH$V aoc|

95

4.5.7.1(iv)

nwc Ho$ Xya dmco {gao na Eg B Oo g{hV nwc na


Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama

95

5.1.3

c~r Ed gVV PcmBH$ V aocm| H$mo {~N>mZo Ho$ {cE Vmd

96

5.3(iii)

cmQoS {\$ecoQ>

97

5.3 (viii)(E)

~S>r cmBZ Ho$ {cE amocg

98

5.3 (viii)(~r1)

gmBS> amoca/gnmoQ> Am_

99

5.3 (viii)(~r2)

gmBS> amoca/gnmoQ> Am_

100

5.6

S>r-Q>oqgJ Vmn_mZ (Q>rS>r>) na Eg B Oo na Jn H$s goqQ>J

101

5.7.3
5.8

aoc Q>oga H$m `moJ H$aVo hE Ec S>`y Ama H$s S>r-Q>oqgJ


dV_mZ Ec S>`y Ama H$m gr S>`y Ama _| n[adVZ

102
103

7.2.4,7.2.5

aoc Q>oga H$m Cn`moJ H$aHo$ aoc {d^OZ H$s WmB/AWmB


_a_V
6.5 _r ~\$a aocm| (~S>r cmBZ) Ho$ AVJV crna AVaU
6 _r ~\$a aocm| (_rQ>a cmBZ) Ho$ AVJV crna AVaU

104

E.9(E)
E.9(~r)

n>
1

(vi)

105
106

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure No.

Description

Page

1.1

Long Welded Rails

A.5(a)

Hysteresis Curve showing the Movement


of ends of Tongue/Stock Rail of SEJ

50

A.5(b)

Gap at SEJ as per Example given in


Annexure-V

52

1.7

Map of India showing Rail Temperature Zones

87

4.2.1(a)

Ballast Profile (Single Line BG)

88

4.2.1(b)

Ballast Profile (Single Line MG)

89

4.2.1(c)

Ballast Profile (Double Line BG)

90

4.2.1(d)

Ballast Profile (Double Line MG)

91

4.4.3(a)

1 m Long Special Fishplate for Clamped Joints (BG) 92

4.4.3(b)

Screw Clamp for fixing 1 m Long Special Fishplate

93

4.4.3(c)

Details of Joggled Fishplate and Position of Clamp

94

4.5.7.1(iii)

Welded Rails on Bridge (Pier to Pier)

95

4.5.7.1(iv)

LWR/CWR on Bridge with SEJ at the far


end approach of the Bridge

95

5.1.3

Proposals for Laying LWR and CWR

96

5.3(iii)

Slotted Fishplate

97

5.3(viii)(a)

Rollers for BG

98

5.3(viii)(b1)

Side Roller/Support Arm

99

5.3(viii)(b2)

Side Roller/Support Arm

100

5.6

Setting of Gap at SEJ at


Destressing Temperature (td)

101

5.7.3

Destressing of LWR with the use of Rail Tensor

102

5.8

Conversion of existing LWRs into CWR

103

7.2.4, 7.2.5

Temporary & Permanent Repairs of


Rail Fractures with the use of Rail Tensor

104

A.9(a)

Sleeper Spacings under 6.5 m Buffer Rails (BG)

105

A.9(b)

Sleeper Spacings under 6.0 m Buffer Rails (MG)

106

(vi)

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o {Z`_mdcr
1.

n[a^mfmE

1.1

b~r dopS>V aob (Eb S>`y Ama) EH$ doS> H$s hB aob hmoVr h, {OgHo$ _` ^mJ _| Vmn
n[adVZ Ho$ H$maU {H$gr H$ma H$m AZwX ` gMbZ Zht hmoVm h& gm_m`V: ~S>r bmBZ (~r Or) _|
250 _rQ>a go A{YH$ b~r VWm _rQ>a bmBZ (E_ Or) _| 500 _rQ>a go A{YH$ c~r aobnQ>ar
Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ $n _| H$m` H$aoJr ({M 1.1)& ^maVr` XemAm| Ho$ AVJV gm_m`V: Eb
S>`y Ama H$s A{YH$V_ b~mB EH$ bmH$ goeZ VH$ gr{_V aIr OmEJr&

ZmZ-~rqWJ c~mB

~rqWJ c~mB

pdM {dVma OmoS>

pdM {dVma OmoS>

Ec S>`y Ama H$s Hw$c c~mB

{M: 1.1: b~r dopS>V aob


1.2

gVV dopS>V aob (gr S>`y Ama) EH$ Eb S>`y Ama h Omo Q>oeZ `mS>m] H$mo nma H$aVo hE
{Og_| dmBQ> Ed H$mqgJ ^r gp_{bV h, JwOaoJr&

1.3

N>mQo >r dopS>V aob (Eg S>`y Ama) EH$ dopS>V aob hmoVr h Omo AnZr nyar b~mB VH$ {gHw$S >Vr
Ama \$bVr h&
ZmoQ>:

1.4

gm_m`V: ~S>r bmBZ Ho$ {bE Eg S>`y Ama H$s b~mB 3 x 13 _rQ>a VWm _rQ>a cmBZ
Ho$ {cE 3 x 12 _rQ>a hmoVr h& Eg S>`y Ama H$mo {~N>mZo VWm AZwajU Ho$ mdYmZ
^maVr` aoc aocnW {Z`_mdcr (^m.ao.ao.{Z.) Ho$ A`m` 5, ^mJ "I' _| {XE JE h&

dgZ b~mB Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ `oH$ {gao na dh b~mB h Omo Vmn {d{^VmAm| Ho$ H$maU
\$bVr/{gHw$S >Vr h& {d{^ H$ma H$s aobnW gaMZmAm| VWm nam 1.7 `Wm C{{IV {d{^
Vmn_mZ jom| Ho$ {bE ~S>r bmBZ VWm _rQ>a bmBZ H$s gm_m` dgZ b~mB`m n[a{e>>-I E, I ~r
Ed I gr _| {XImB JB h&

MANUAL OF INSTRUCTIONS ON LONG WELDED RAILS


1.

DEFINITIONS

1.1

Long Welded Rail (LWR) is a welded rail, the central part of which does not undergo
any longitudinal movement due to temperature variations. A length of greater than
250 metre on Broad Gauge (BG) and 500 metre on Metre Gauge (MG) will normally
function as LWR (Fig. 1.1). The maximum length of LWR under Indian conditions
shall normally be restricted to one block section.

Fig. 1.1: LONG WELDED RAILS


1.2

Continuous Welded Rail (CWR) is a LWR which would continue through


station yards including points and crossings.

1.3

Short Welded Rail (SWR) is a welded rail, which contracts and expands throughout
its length.

Note:

1.4

Normally the length of SWR is 3 x 13 metre for BG and 3 x 12 metre for


MG. Provisions for laying and maintenance of SWR are contained in
Chapter V, Part B of Indian Railways Permanent Way Manual (IRPWM).

Breathing Length is that length at each end of LWR/CWR, which is subjected


to expansion/contraction on account of temperature variations. Usual breathing
lengths in BG and MG for different types of track structures and for
different temperature zones, as laid down in para 1.7, are shown in Annexure - I A,
I B and I C.

1.5

pdM {dVma OmoS > (Eg B Oo) Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ `oH$ {gao na gWm{nV EH$
{dVma OmoS> h Omo Vmn {d{^VmAm| Ho$ H$maU nmg H$s dgZ b~mB`m| H$mo \$bZo/{gHw$S>Zo XoVm h
({M 1.1)&

1.6

~\$a aob| Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {gam| na Eg B Oo Ho$ WmZ na bJm hAm aobm| H$m
EH$ goQ> hmoVm h Omo Vmn {d{^VmAm| Ho$ H$maU nmg H$s dgZ b~mB`m| H$mo \$bZo/{gHw$S >Zo XoVm
h& Ohm Eg B Oo H$s `dWm H$s AZw_{V Zht hmoVr h CZ WmZm| na _w` BOr{Z`a Ho$ nyd
AZw_moXZ na Bh| {~N>m`m OmEJm& ~\$a aobm| H$mo AWmB $n go AZwajU/nwZZdrH$aU H$m`m] H$s
gw{dYm Ho$ {bE ^r {~N>m`m Om gH$Vm h&

1.7

aob H$m Vmn_mZ H$m` Wb H$s aob H$m dh Vmn_mZ h Omo nam 2.1 `Wm C{{IV
AZw_mo{XV Q>mBn Ho$ aob W_m_rQ>a mam [aH$mS> {H$`m J`m hmo& `h Amg nmg Ho$ Vmn_mZ go {^
hmoVm h Omo Cgr WmZ na N>mh _| dm`w H$m Vmn_mZ hmoVm h&
ZmoQ>:

^maVr` aobnWm| H$mo {M 1.7 _| ""aob Vmn_mZ jom| H$mo XemVo hE ^maV Ho$ _mZ{M _|''
{XImE JE AZwgma Mma aob Vmn_mZ jom| _| ~mQ>m J`m h&

1.8

AmgV aob Vmn_mZ (Q>rE_) EH$ goeZ Ho$ {bE Cg goeZ _| [aH$mS> {H$E hE A{YH$V_
Ama `yZV_ aob Vmn_mZm| H$m AmgV Vmn_mZ hmoVm h&

1.9

{V~b a{hV H$aZm (S>r-Q>qo gJ) dh H$m` h Omo dm{N>V/{ZYm[aV aob Vmn_mZ na Eb
S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| {V~b _w$ XemAm| H$mo aob Q>g| a Ho$ gmW AWdm Ho$ {~Zm gw{ZpMV H$ao&

1.10

gWmnZ Vmn_mZ (Q>rAmB) Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gWmnZ Ho$ g_` aob H$mo brnam|
go ~mYZo H$s {H$`m Ho$ XmamZ aob H$m AmgV Vmn_mZ h&

1.11

{V~b hQ>mZo H$m Vmn_mZ (Q>rS>r) {~Zm aob Q>g| a Ho$ `moJ Ho$ Eb S>`y Ama H$mo {V~b a{hV
H$aZo Ho$ nMmV, aob H$mo brnam| go ~mYZo H$s Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ aob H$m AmgV Vmn_mZ h& `{X
aob Q>|ga H$m `moJ {H$`m OmVm h Vmo Q>rS>r `oH$ `mdhm[aH$ Co` Ho$ {bE nam 1.13 _| `Wm
n[a^m{fV Q>rAmo Ho$ g_mZ hmoVm h& Q>rS>r AWdm Q>rAmo H$s gr_m ZrMo {XImE JE aob Vmn_mZ H$s
gr_mAm| Ho$ AXa hmoJr:aob goeZ
i) 52{H$Jm
ii)

gr_m

VWm Cggo A{YH$ ^mar

Q>rE_+50 go. go Q>rE_+100 go.

A`

Q>rE_ go Q>rE_+50 go.

1.12

H$m` Ho$ g_` M{bV ({doqbJ) aob Vmn_mZ (Q>rnr) S>r-Q>oqgJ go g~{YV {H$gr H$m` H$mo
{H$E OmZo Ho$ g_` H$m {d_mZ aob Vmn_mZ hmoVm h&

1.13

{V~b _w$ Vmn_mZ (Q>rAmo) aob H$m dh Vmn_mZ h {Og na aob Vmnr` {V~b go _w$ hmoVr
h& O~ S>r-Q>oqgJ H$m` Ho$ {bE Q>|ga `moJ {H$E OmVo h V~ H$m` H$mo Q>rnr na {H$`m OmVm h Omo
{V~b _w$ Vmn_mZ go H$_ hmoJm& Q>g| a mam Cn {H$E JE qIMmd H$s JUZm {ZZm{H$V gy go
{ZH$mbr OmEJr:2

1.5

Switch Expansion Joint (SEJ) is an expansion joint installed at each


end of LWR/CWR to permit expansion/contraction of the adjoining
breathing lengths due to temperature variations (Fig. 1.1).

1.6

Buffer Rails are, a set of rails provided in lieu of SEJ at the ends of LWR/CWR
to allow expansion/contraction of adjoining breathing lengths due to temperature
variations. These will be laid with prior approval of Chief Engineer at locations
where provision of SEJ is not permitted. Buffer rails may also be temporarily
laid to facilitate maintenance/renewal operations.

1.7

Rail Temperature is the temperature of the rail at site as recorded by an


approved type of rail thermometer as laid down in para 2.1. This is different
from ambient temperature which is the temperature of air in shade at the same
place.

Note: Tracks on Indian Railways have been divided into four rail temperature
zones as shown in the Map of India showing Rail Temperature Zones"
at Fig. 1.7.
1.8

Mean Rail Temperature (tm) for a section, is the average of the maximum and
minimum rail temperatures recorded for the section.

1.9

Destressing is the operation undertaken with or without rail tensor to secure stressfree conditions in the LWR/CWR at the desired/specified rail temperature.

1.10

Installation Temperature (ti ) is the average rail temperature during the


process of fastening the rails to the sleepers at the time of installation of the
LWR/CWR.

1.11

Destressing Temperature (td) is the average rail temperature during the


period of fastening the rails to the sleepers after destressing LWR without the
use of rail tensor. If rail tensor is used, td for all practical purposes is equal to
to as defined in para 1.13. Range of td or to shall be within the limits of rail
temperature shown below:Rail Section

Range

i) 52kg & heavier

tm+50C to tm+100C

ii) Others

tm to tm+50C

1.1.2

Prevailing Rail Temperature (tp) is the rail temperature prevailing at the time when
any operation connected with destressing is carried out.

1.13

Stress-free Temperature (to) is the rail temperature at which the rail is free
of thermal stress. When tensors are utilised for the destressing operation the
work has to be carried out at tp, which shall be lower than stress-free temperature.
The extension to be applied by the tensor shall be calculated from the
following formula:-

qIMmd = Eb

A\$m x(Q>rAmo-Q>rnr)

Ohm "Eb' aob Ho$ Qw>H$S>o H$s b~mB hmoVr h {Og na {dVma H$mo bJm`m OmVm h VWm "A\$m'
aob BnmV Ho$ aoIr` Vmnr` {dVma H$m JwUmH$ hmoVm h&
1.14

aob Q>g
| a (Vm{ZH$m) aob H$mo emar[aH$ n go VmZZo Ho$ {bE `w$ H$s OmZo dmbr d Mm{bV
AWdm `m{H$ `w{$ hmoVr h&

1.15

E|H$a b~mB (EbE) aobnW H$s dh b~mB h Omo Vmn_mZ Q>rnr na aob Q>|ga mam aob na bJmE
OmZo dmbo qIMmd Ho$ {VamoY Ho$ {bE Amd`H$ hmoVr h& `mdhm[aH$ Co`m| Ho$ {bE ~S>r bmBZ
hoVw (Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) Ho$ {V {S>Jr gopg`g 2.5 _rQ>a VWm _rQ>a bmBZ Ho$ {bE (Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) Ho$ {V
{S>Jr gopg`g 4.5 _rQ>a Ho$ ~am~a {b`m OmEJm&

1.16

J_ _mg_ H$s JV dh JV hmoVr h Omo aob Vmn_mZ Ho$ Q>rS>r+200 go. go A{YH$ hmo OmZo na
bJmB OmVr h&

1.17

R>S >o _mg_ H$s JV _w` BOr{Z`a Ho$ AZwXoem| Ho$ AZwgma {ZYm[aV goeZm| _| df Ho$ R>S>o
_hrZm| Ho$ XmamZ bJmB OmVr h&

1.18

aobnW H$m gwT >rH$aU (H$mgmo{bS>e


o Z Am\$ Q>H $), {J>r {VamoY {Z_mU H$s dh {H$`m h Omo
brnam| Ho$ J{V_mZ hmoZo H$s (Q>oS>ogr) n[apW{V`m| H$mo amoH$Vm h& BgH$mo Eb S>`y Ama H$mo {~N>mZo
Ho$ nhbo `m CgHo$ VnMmV hB {VamoY hm{Z H$mo nyam H$aZo Ho$ {bE {ZZ{b{IV _| go {H$gr EH$
{d[Y mam m {H$`m OmVm h:i)

H$H$sQ> brnam| Ho$ Abmdm Xygao brnam| dmbr aobnW gaMZm Ho$ {bEH$) ~S>r bmBZ na `mVm`mV Ho$ H$_ go H$_ 3,00,000 gH$b Q>Z AWdm _rQ>a bmBZ na
`mVm`mV _| H$_ go H$_ 1,00,000 gH$c Q>Z H$m nmaJ_Z O~ {J>r H$s gKZVm hVM{bV
H$nQ>am|/H$gm{bS>oQ>am| AWdm a_am| Ho$ `moJ go H$s OmVr h&
I) ~S>r bmBZ na `mVm`mV Ho$ H$_ go H$_ 50,000 gH$b Q>Z AWdm _rQ>a bmBZ na
`mVm`mV Ho$ H$_ go H$_ 20,000 gH$b Q>Z H$m nmaJ_Z AWdm Xmo {XZm| H$s Ad{Y,
Omo ~mX _| hmo, O~ gKZVm `rH$V emoS>a Ama {H$~ H$nQ>a mam H$s OmVr hmo&

1.19

ii)

H$H$sQ> crnam| dmbr aobnW gaMZm Ho$ {bE ~S>r bmBZ na `mVm`mV Ho$ H$_ go H$_
50,000 gH$b Q>Z AWdm _rQ>a bmBZ na `mVm`mV Ho$ H$_ go H$_ 20,000 gH$b Q>Z H$m
nmaJ_Z AWdm Xmo {XZm| H$s Ad{Y Omo ~mX _| hmo&

iii)

S>m`Zm{_H$ Q>H$ Q>o{~bmBOa (S>r Q>r Eg) mam WmBH$aU H$m H$_ go H$_ EH$ MH$&

iv)

ZB {~N>mB JB Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {bE H$_ go H$_ nqH$J Ho$ VrZ MH$,
{Og_| ~mX Ho$ Xmo MH$ Q>qnJ _erZm| mam {H$E OmE&

"_w` BOr{Z`a' eX _| aobm| H$m "_w` aobnW BOr{Z`a' ^r em{_b h Ohm ~mX dmcm nX
_mOyX hmo&

Extension = L (to - tp)


where L is the length of segment of the rail to which the extension is applied
and is the coefficient of linear expansion of rail steel.
1.14

Rail Tensor is a hydraulic or mechanical device used for stretching the rail
physically.

1.15

Anchor Length (la) is the length of track required to resist the pull exerted on
rails by the rail tensor at temperature tp. For practical purposes, this may be
taken as equal to 2.5 metre per degree celsius of (to - tp) for BG and 4.5 metre per
degree celsius of (to - tp) for MG.

1.16

Hot Weather Patrol is the patrol carried out when the rail temperature exceeds
td + 200C.

1.17

Cold Weather Patrol is the patrol carried out during cold months of the year in
specified sections as per instructions of Chief Engineer.

1.18

Consolidation of Track is the process of building up ballast resistance to the


tendency of movement of sleeper either initially before laying LWR or making up
subsequent loss of resistance by anyone of the following:i)

1.19

For track structures consisting of sleepers other than concrete sleepers a)

Passage of at least 3,00,000 gross tonnes of traffic on BG or


at least 1,00,000 gross tonnes of traffic on MG when compaction
of ballast is done using hand operated compactors/consolidators or
rammers.

b)

Passage of at least 50,000 gross tonnes of traffic on BG or at least 20,000


gross tonnes of traffic on MG or a period of two days, whichever is later,
when compaction is done by means of mechanised shoulder and crib
compactor.

ii)

For the track structure consisting of concrete sleepers, passage of at least


50,000 gross tonnes of traffic on BG or at least 20,000 gross tonnes of traffic
on MG or a period of two days whichever is later.

iii)

Atleast one round of stabilisation by Dynamic Track Stabiliser (DTS).

iv)

For newly laid LWR/CWR, at least three rounds of packing, last two of which
should be with on-track tamping machines.

The term Chief Engineer includes Chief Track Engineer on Railways where
latter post exists.

2.

aob Ho$ Vmn_mZ H$m _mnZ

2.1

W_m_rQ>a

2.1.1

aob Ho$ Vmn_mZ Ho$ _mnZ hoVw {ZZm{H$V H$ma Ho$ W_m_rQ>a AZw_mo{XV {H$E JE h: i)

AV:Wm{nV H$ma - `h EH$ gmYmaU W_m_rQ>a hmoVm h Omo EH$ aob Ho$ Qw>H$S>o Ho$ {gao na
~Zr H${dQ>r _| Kwgm hmoVm h& Bg H${dQ>r _| nmam ^am hmoVm h VWm `h grb H$s hB ahVr
h& aob H$m `h Qw>H$S>m aobnW Ho$ AXa H$s aob H$s XemAm| Ho$ AZwn Iwbm aIm OmVm h&
Bg H$ma Ho$ W_m_rQ>a H$mo aob H$m Vmn_mZ m H$aZo _| 25 go 30 {_ZQ> VH$ bJ OmVo h&

ii)

S>m`b H$ma - `h {YmpdH$ (~mB-_Q>{o bH$) H$ma H$m W_m_rQ>a hmoVm h {Og_| Mw~H$
bJm hmoVm h {Oggo {H$ BgH$mo aob Ho$ gmW bJm`m Om gHo & Bg W_m_rQ>a H$mo aob Ho$ do~
(_` ^mJ) H$s N>mh H$s Amoa cJm`m OmVm h& Bg_| aob Ho$ Vmn_mZ H$s EH$ g_mZ
[aH$m{S>J 8 {_ZQ> _| hmo OmVr h&

iii)

gVV A{^boIr nH$ma - Bg_o EH$ {S>H$ na MT>m hAm JOwEQ>oS> MmQ> hmoVm h Omo EH$
dmB{S>J _oH$o {Z_ mam EH$ g_mZ {ZaVa J{V na Ky_Vm ahVm h Omo 24 KQ>m| AWdm 7 {XZm|,
Omo ^r bmJy hmo, _| EH$ M$a nyam H$aVm h Ama aob Ho$ Vmn_mZ H$m gVV [aH$mS> XmZ H$aVm
h& g|qgJ E{b_|Q> H$mo aob Ho$ do~ _| bJm`m OmVm h Ama nmao go ^ar hB H${nbar Q>y~ Ho$
_m`_ go [aH${S>J noZ go OmoS> {X`m OmVm h&

iv)

A.A._m.g./_w` BOr{Z`a mam H$moB A` H$ma H$m AZw_mo{XV W_m_rQ>a&

2.1.2

Ohm EH$ WmZ na aob H$m Vmn_mZ _mnZo Ho$ {bE H$B W_m_rQ>am| H$m `moJ {H$`m OmVm h Ogm {H$
Ec S>`y Ama H$mo {~N>mZo Ed S>r-Q>oqgJ Ho$ _m_co _o Ama `{X H$moB W_m_rQ>a nmg Ho$ A`
W_m_rQ>am| go {~Hw$c {^ arSt>J {XImVm h Vmo Cg W_m_rQ>a H$mo Iam~ _mZm OmEJm&

2.2

Vmn_mZ H$m _mnZ

2.2.1

OmoZb aobdo H$mo AnZo aobdo _| 8 go 10 Q>e


o Zm| H$mo Bg H$ma Zm{_V H$aZm Mm{hE {H$ `oH$
Q>e
o Z AnZo jo _| hmoZo dmbo Vmn_mZ _| AVamb (Q>o naoMa d[a`oeZ) H$m {V{Z{Yd H$ao& `h
Q>e
o Z aobnW {ZarjH$ Ho$ {d_mZ H$m`mb` hm|J&o BZ Q>e
o Zm| _| aob Vmn_mZ A{^boI {deof $n
go AN>r H$ma go H$br~oQ>oS> gVV Vmn_mnr (H$mQ>rZwAg [aH$m{S>J Q>mBn aob W_m_rQ>a) mam m
{H$E OmEJ&o aob H$m A{YH$V_ Ed `yZV_ Vmn_mZ H$_ go H$_ 5 df H$s Ad{Y VH$ bJmVma kmV
{H$`m OmEJm Ed AmgV aob Vmn_mZ (Q>rE_) Cg jo Ho$ {bE {ZpMV {H$`m OmEJm& BZ Vmn_mZ
A{^boIm| H$mo df Ho$ {d{^ _mg_m| Ho$ XmamZ CnbY hmoZo dmbr g^m{dV g_`md{Y H$mo aobnW
AZwajU/Sr->Q>qo gJ Ed Jr_/OmS>o H$s F$Vw H$s JV Am{X H$s g_`md{Y H$mo kmV H$aZo Ho$ {bE
{dbo{eV (EZmbmBO) {H$`m OmEJm& aob W_m_rQ>a `oH$ JJ Ed goeZ aobnW {ZarjH$ Ho$ nmg
CnbY ahoJm {Oggo {H$ JJ nyd {ZYm[aV Vmn_mZ AVamb Ho$ AVJV H$m` H$aZo _| gj_ hmo&

2.

MEASUREMENT OF RAIL TEMPERATURE

2.1

THERMOMETER

2.1.1

The following are the types of approved thermometers for measuring rail temperature:i)

Embedded type - This is an ordinary thermometer inserted in a cavity formed


in a piece of rail-head, the cavity filled with mercury and sealed. The rail piece
is exposed to the same conditions as the rail inside the track. This type of
thermometer takes 25 to 30 minutes for attaining temperature of the rail.

ii)

Dial type - This is a bi-metallic type thermometer, which is provided with magnet
for attaching it to the rail. The thermometer is attached on the shady side of the
web of the rail. A steady recording of the rail temperature is reached within 8
minutes.

iii)

Continuous recording type - It consists of a graduated chart mounted


on a disc which gets rotated by a winding mechanism at a constant speed to
complete one revolution in 24 hours or 7 days as applicable giving a continuous
record of rail temperature. The sensing element is attached to the web of the
rail and connected to the recording pen, through a capillary tube which is filled
with mercury.

iv)

Any other type of thermometer approved by RDSO/Chief Engineer.

2.1.2

Where a number of thermometers are used to measure the rail temperature at one
place, as in case of laying of LWR, destressing etc., any of the thermometer showing
erratic readings, appreciably different from the other adjoining thermometers, shall
be considered as defective.

2.2

TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS

2.2.1

Zonal Railway should nominate 8 to 10 stations in their railway in a manner as to give


the representative sample of the temperature variations on the Zonal Railway for the
region allotted to each station. These stations shall be the existing PWIs offices. On
these stations rail temperature records shall be built up using preferably a well
calibrated continuous recording type thermometer. The maximum and minimum rail
temperature for a continuous period of at least 5 years shall be ascertained and the
mean rail temperature (tm) for the region arrived at. These temperature records shall
be analysed to assess the probable availability of time periods during different
seasons of the year for track maintenance, destressing operations and requirements
of hot/cold weather patrolling etc. Rail thermometer shall also be available with each
Gang and sectional PWIs to enable the Gangs to work within the prescribed
temperature ranges.

2.3

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| Vmnr` ~b: Vmn_mZ Ho$ n[adVZ go dgZ Xy[a`m| _| Eb
S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {gamo _| J{V Am OmVr h qH$Vw Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m
_` H$m ^mJ Z \$bVm h Ama Z hr {gHw$S >Vm h& Bggo _` Ho$ ^mJ _| Vmnr` ~b Cn hmoVo
h& ZrMo AmH${bV Vmnr` ~b (nr) Cn`w$ aobnW gaMZm mam {Vamo{YV hmoZm Mm{hE&
nr =
Ohm, nr =
B =

E x A\$m

Q>r

aob _| Vmnr` ~b ({H$Jm)


aob BnmV H$m `mdWm _mS>b
g (_mnmH$),
(2.15

A\$m =

x 106

{H$Jm/dJ go_r)

BnmV Ho$ aoIr` {dVma H$m JwUmH$,


(1.152 x

10-5/0

go.)

E =

aob Ho$ H$mg gogZ H$m jo (dJ go_r)

Q>r =

Q>rS>r/Q>rAmo (0 go.) go aob Ho$ Vmn_mZ H$s {^Vm

3.

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama hoVw AZw_V WmZ

3.1

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama {~N>mZo Ho$ {bE gm_m` pW{V`m

3.1.1

{Z`_V: Bg nwpVH$m Ho$ mdYmZm| mam Ohm ^r AZw_V hmo, nyU aobnW nwZZdrZrH$aU (ma{^H$)
Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama go {H$`m OmEJm& AZw_V WmZm| na _mOXy m aobm| H$mo Eb S>`y
Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| n[ad{VV {H$`m Om gHo$Jm ~eV} do E`w{_Zmo W{_H$ (Eg Ho$ dr {H$`m)/
Jg Xm~/ce ~Q> {H$`m, Ogm ^r _m_bm hmo, mam aob Ho$ OmoS >m| H$s dopS>J Ho$ {bE Bg
nwpVH$m _| Xr JB AnojmAm| H$mo nyam H$aVr hm|&

3.1.2

ZE {Z_mU/XmoharH$aU/JoO n[adVZ/godm _w$ gaoIU/WmB _moS > Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama
Ho$ gmW Imobo OmEJ,| Ohm ^r Bg nwpVH$m Ho$ mdYmZm| mam AZw_V hm|&

3.1.3

_mb H$s Mmby bmBZm|, JwS>g `mS>, [agoeZ `mS> Ama bm{g{\$Ho$eZ `mS>m] _| aob Ho$ OmoS>m| H$mo
Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ $n _| doS> {H$`m Om gH$Vm h `{X aobnW Ho$ g^r nwOm] H$s Xem gm_m`V:
AN>r hmo Ama {~Zm {H$gr Iam~r Ho$ hmo ~eV} Eogr {e{WbVm `oH$ {d{e> _m_bo _| _w`
BOr{Z`a mam AZw_mo{XV H$s JB hmo&

3.2

gaoIU

3.2.1

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo ~S>r bmBZ Ama _rQ>a bmBZ XmoZm| Ho$ {bE
AY`mg go H$_ Ho$ dH$m| na Zht {~N>m`m OmEJm&

3.2.2

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo {dnarV dH$m| Omo 875 _rQ>a go H$_ AY`mg Ho$ Z hm|, _|
Omar aIm Om gH$Vm h& C^`{Z> q~Xw Ho$ XmoZm| Amoa 100 _rQ>a H$s b~mB VH$ 600 {__r Ho$
emoS>a {J>r> H$s `dWm 1500 _rQ>a go H$_ Ho$ AY`mg dmbo {dnarV dH$m| Ho$ {bE H$s OmE&

440

_rQ>a

2.3

THERMAL FORCES IN LWR/CWR: Temperature changes cause movement


of the ends of LWR/CWR in the breathing lengths but the central portion of
LWR/CWR does not expand/contract. This results in building up of thermal
forces in the central portion. The thermal force (P) calculated below, is to be
resisted by suitable track structure.

EAt

where, P

Thermal force in the rail (kg)

Modulus of elaticity of rail steel,


(2.15 x 106 kg/sq.cm)

Coefficient of linear expansion of steel,


(1.152 x 10-5/0C)

Area of cross section of the rail (sq.cm)

Variation of rail temperature from td /to (0C)

3.

PERMITTED LOCATIONS FOR LWR/CWR

3.1

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR LAYING LWR/CWR

3.1.1

As a rule, complete track renewals (Primary) shall provide for LWR/CWR


wherever permissible by the provisions of this Manual. Also existing rails on
permitted locations may be converted into LWR/CWR, provided they meet
the requirements laid down in the Manuals for Welding of Rail Joints by Alumino Thermic (SKV Process)/Gas Pressure/Flash Butt Process, as the case may be.

3.1.2

New constructions/doublings/gauge conversions/retired alignment/permanent


diversion shall be opened with LWR/CWR, wherever permissible by the provisions
of this Manual.

3.1.3

In goods running lines, goods yards, reception yards and classification yards, rail
joints may be welded to form LWR if the condition of all the components of track is
generally sound and without any deficiency, subject to such relaxation as may be
approved by Chief Engineer, in each specific case.

3.2

ALIGNMENT

3.2.1

LWR/CWR shall not be laid on curves sharper than 440 metre radius both for BG
and MG.

3.2.2

LWR/CWR may be continued through reverse curves not sharper than 875 metre
radius. For reverse curves sharper than 1500 metre radius, shoulder ballast of 600
mm over a length of 100 metre on either side of the common point should be provided.

3.3

T >mb

3.3.1

g~go A{YH$ D$Mo T >mb H$m AZw_V JSo >

3.3.2

JSo > Ho$ OeZ na D$dmYa dH$ {X`m OmEJm O~ JSo >m| Ho$ ~rM H$m ~rOJ{UVr` AVa ^maVr` aoc
aobnW {Z`_mdcr Ho$ nam 419 _| `Wm {ZYm[aV 4 {__r {V _rQ>a AWdm 0.4 {VeV Ho$ ~am~a
`m A{YH$ hmo&

1:100

hmoJm&

D$dmYa dH$ H$m `yZV_ AY`mg {ZZ H$ma aIm OmEJm:


~S>r bmBZ

_rQ>a bmBZ

Jnw

`yZV_ AY`mg

4000

_rQ>a

~r

3000

_rQ>a

gr, S>r VWm B

2500

_rQ>a

Jnw

`yZV_ AY`mg

g^r _mJ

2500

_rQ>a

3.4

_w` BOr{Z`a H$m AZw_moXZ : Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gWmnZ AWdm CgH$s aMZm
_| ~mX H$s pW{V _| n[adVZ Ho$ {bE `oH$ _m_bo _| g~{ YV jor` _w` BOr{Z`a H$m AZw_moXZ
Amd`H$ hmoJm, Omo nam 5.1.3 Ho$ AZwgma V`ma H$s JB {dVV `moOZm ({S>Q>o S> bmZ) na {X`m
OmEJm& {\$bhmb Bg {Z`_mdcr Ho$ mdYmZm| go AbJ Ho$ _m_bo _| _w` BOr{Z`a H$m AZw_moXZ
Ad` m {H$`m OmEJm&

4.

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {bE aobnW gaMZm

4.1

\$ma_oeZ (aMZm)
Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama pWa \$ma_oeZ na hr {~N>m`m OmEJm& \$ma_oeZ H$s MmS >mB
{d_mZ AZwXe
o m| Ho$ AZwgma aIr OmEJr&

4.2

{J>r Hw$eZ VWm goeZ: Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gWmnZ Ho$ g_` `yZV_
250 {__r H$m gm\$ nWa H$s {J>r Hw$eZ (brna Ho$ Vb Ho$ ZrMo) {~N>m`m OmEJm& Ohm ~S> r
bmBZ _| 130 {H$_r/KQ>m Ama _rQ>a bmBZ _| 100 {H$_r/KQ>m H$s A{YH$V_ J{V MbmB OmZr hmo
dhm H$_ go H$_ 300 {__r H$m {J>r Hw$eZ AWdm 150 {__r Ho$ Cn {J>r Ho$ D$na 200 {__r H$m
{J>r Hw$eZ {~N>m`m OmEJm& {J>r goeZ H$s mo\$mBb {M 4.2.1 (E) go (S>r) VH$ _| {XImE JE
AZwgma hmoJr& {J>r goeZ VWm Hw$eZ Omo Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {bE {~N>m`m J`m
hmo, Eg B Oo na Omar aIm OmE Ama BgHo$ ~mha VrZ aobm| VH$, Ohm ^r BgHo$ ~mX Eg S>`y
Ama/{\$eboQ> dmbm aobnW hmo, Omar aIm OmEJm&
6

3.3

GRADIENTS

3.3.1

The steepest permitted grade shall be 1:100.

3.3.2

A vertical curve shall be provided at the junction of the grade when the algebraic
difference between the grades is equal to or more than 4 mm per metre or 0.4 percent,
as laid down in para 419 of IRPWM.
The minimum radius of the vertical curve shall be kept as under:

Broad Gauge

Metre Gauge

Group

Minimum radius

4000 metre

3000 metre

C, D & E

2500 metre

Group

Minimum radius

All routes

2500 metre

3.4

Approval of Chief Engineer : Installation of LWR/CWR or change in its constitution


at a later stage shall have the approval of the Territorial Chief Engineer concerned in
each case, on a detailed plan prepared in accordance with para 5.1.3. However, for
any deviation from the provisions of this Manual, the approval of Chief Engineer shall
be obtained.

4.

TRACK STRUCTURE FOR LWR/CWR

4.1

FORMATION
LWR/CWR shall be laid on stable formation. Formation width shall be conforming to
the extant instructions.

4.2

BALLAST CUSHION AND SECTION: The minimum clean stone ballast cushion
(below the bottom of the sleeper) of 250 mm shall be provided at the time of installation
of LWR/CWR. Where speeds in excess of 130 km/h on BG or 100 km/h on MG are
to be introduced, at least 300 mm ballast cushion or 200 mm ballast cushion over
150 mm of sub-ballast shall be provided. The profile of ballast section shall be as
shown in Fig.4.2.1 (a) to (d). The ballast section and cushion provided for LWR/
CWR shall be continued over SEJ and upto 3 rails beyond it wherever it is followed
by SWR/fishplated track.

4.3

brna VWm ~YH$ (\$mpZg)


Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| `moJ hoVw {ZZm{H$V H$ma Ho$ brnam| Ama ~YH$mo H$mo AZw_mo{XV
{H$`m J`m h:-

4.3.1

4.3.2

~S>r bmBZ na
i)

H$H$sQ> brna bMrco ~YH$m| g{hV

ii)

Q>rb Q>\$ brna bMrbo ~YH$mo g{hV Ohm J{V 130 {H$_r/KQ>m go A{YH$ Z hmo
(AV[a_ Cnm` Ho$ $n _| J{V H$mo 160 {H$_r/KQ>m VH$ AZw_V {H$`m Om gH$Vm h)
(nam 4.3.2 Ho$ ZrMo \w$Q>-ZmoQ> XoI)|

_rQ>a bmBZ na
i)

H$H$sQ> brna bMrco ~YH$m| g{hV

ii)

Q>rb Q>\$ brna bMrbo ~YH$m| g{hV

iii)

Eg Q>r brna Hw$ {O`m| (H$s) g{hV

iv)

gr Eg Q>r-9 brna Hw$ {O`m| (H$s) g{hV

AnojmH$V 75 {H$_r/KQ>m go D$na H$s J{V`m|


Ho$ {bE qH$Vw 100 {H$_r/KQ>m go D$na H$s
J{V`m| Ho$ {bE Ad`&

100

{H$_r/KQ>m go H$_ H$s J{V`m| Ho$ {bE&

ZmoQ>: H$) Q>rb Q>\$ VWm gr Eg Q>r-9 brnam| na Hw$ Or ~YH$m| Ho$ gmW bJo hE nhbo go
{d_mZ Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo ~S>r bmBZ na 130 {H$_r/KQ>m H$s J{V
VH$ Ho$ {bE, `{X CZH$m `dhma gVmofOZH$ hmo, Omar aIm OmE&
I) Hw$ Or ~YH$m| dmbo Q>rb Q>\$ brna _| dgZ c~mB`m AnojmH$V bMrbo
~YH$m| Ho$ gmW Xr OmEJr&
J) gr Eg Q>r-9 crnam| Ho$ _m_co _| n[a{e>-II _| `Wm C{{IV gmdYm{Z`m| H$m nmcZ
{H$`m OmEJm&
K) EQ>r H$sn ~r`[aJ (E gr ~r) coQ>m| Ama {-_mJu Hw$ {O`m| AWdm cMrco ~YH$m| g{hV
cH$S>r Ho$ crnam| na _mOXy m Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama `{X gVmofOZH$ $n go
Mc aho hm| Vmo Ch| ~S>r cmBZ na 130 {H$_r/KQ>m VWm _rQ>a cmBZ na 100 {H$_r/
KQ>m H$s A{YH$V_ J{V VH$ McZo {X`m OmE&
4.3.3

brna H$s gKZVm (brna S>po gQ>r)


Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| brna H$s `yZV_ gKZVm (brnam| H$s g`m {V {H$_r)
{ZZ H$ma hmoJr:-

4.3

SLEEPERS & FASTENINGS


Following types of sleepers and fastenings are approved for use in LWR/
CWR:-

4.3.1

On Broad Gauge
i)

Concrete sleepers with elastic fastenings

ii)

Steel trough sleepers with elastic fastenings for speeds not exceeding 130
km/h (as an interim measure speed up to 160 km/h may be allowed)

(See foot-notes below para 4.3.2)


4.3.2

On Metre Gauge
i)

Concrete sleepers
with elastic fastenings

ii)

Steel trough sleepers


with elastic fastenings

iii)

ST sleepers with keys

iv)

CST-9 sleepers with keys

Preferably for speeds above


75 km/h but a must for
speeds above 100 km/h.

For speeds not exceeding


100 km/h.

Notes: a) LWR/CWR already existing on steel trough sleepers and CST-9


sleepers with key fastenings for speeds upto 130 km/h on BG, if behaving
satisfactorily, may be continued.
b) On steel trough sleepers with key fastenings, the breathing lengths shall
preferably be provided with elastic fastenings.
c) In case of CST-9 sleepers, precautions as indicated in Annexure-II shall
be adhered to.
d) Existing LWRs/CWRs on wooden sleepers with anti creep bearing (ACB)
plates & two way keys or elastic fastenings, if behaving satisfactorily,
may be continued for maximum speed of 130 km/h on BG and 100
km /h on MG.
4.3.3

Sleeper density
The minimum sleeper density (number of sleepers/km) in LWR/CWR shall be as
follows:-

brna H$m H$ma

brna H$s gKZVm(~S>r cmBZ/_rQ>a cmBZ)

i)

nr Ama gr brna

Vmn_mZ jom|

ii)

nr Ama gr brna

Vmn_mZ jom|

III

iii)

A` brna

g^r Vmn_mZ jom| _| -

Ama

_| -

II

Ama

IV

1310

_| -

1540

1540

4.4

aob

4.4.1

i)

EH$ Eb S>`y Ama _| Xmo {d{^ H$ma Ho$ aob goeZ {V~pYV h& aob goeZ Ho$
~Xbmd H$s n[apW{V _|, Eb S>`y Ama H$mo pdM {dVma OmoS > XoH$a AbJ H$a {X`m
OmEJm&

ii)

{ZZm{H$V goeZm| H$s aobm| H$mo Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ $n _| doS> {H$`m
OmEJm:cmBZ

aoc goeZ

~S>r cmBZ
90Ama/52{H$Jm/60{H$Jm
_rQ>a cmBZ
75Ama/90Ama
_rQ>a cmBZ _| 60Ama aoc Ho$ nhco go {~N>o hE Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo McVo
ahZo Ho$ {cE AZw_V {H$`m OmE&
4.4.2

_mOXy m {\$eboQ> dmbo/Eg S>`y Ama H$mo Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| n[ad{VV H$aVo g_`
{ZZm{H$V gmdYm{Z`m ~aVr OmEJr:i)

aobm| H$m AQ>mgm{ZH$ narjU {H$`m OmEJm Ama Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _o n[ad{VV
{H$E OmZo go nhbo g^r Iam~ aobm| H$mo ~Xb {X`m OmEJm&

ii)

aobm| Ho$ Eogo {gam|, Omo _wS>o hm|, {Kg JE hm|, AWdm {Og_| ~moQ>-{N> Xama| nS>Zo H$m
B{Vhmg hmo, Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| n[ad{VV H$aZo Ho$ nhbo H$Va {X`m OmE&

4.4.3

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| `w$ ZB aobm|| _,o Ohm VH$ g^d hmo, {\$e-~moQ> {N> Zht
hmoZo Mm{hE& Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gWmnZ Ho$ XmamZ aob {gam| H$mo, AWmB $n go,
{deof H$y bnm| Ho$ gmW `w$ hmoZo dmcr 1 _rQ>a b~r {\$eboQ>m/| [ParXma ImMm| (cmQ>So > Jy g)
dmcr C^ar hB (OmJo S>) {\$ecoQ>m| Ama {gQ>H$Zr dmbo bn, Omo {M 4.4.3(E), (~r) Ed (gr)
Ho$ AZwgma hm|, H$mo n[a{e>-III _| C{{IV J{V gr_mAm| Ho$ gmW OmoS >m OmEJm& {\$e-~moQ> {N>,
`{X H$mB hmo, M\$a H$a {X`m OmE&

4.5

{d{dY

4.5.1

aobnW gaMZm H$s {ZaVaVm: Ohm H$ht ^r Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ ~mX {\$eboQ>
dmbm/Eg S>`y Ama aobnW hmo, dhm Eg B Oo Ho$ AmJo H$s VrZ aobm| H$s b~mB VH$ Eb S>`y
Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ g_mZ aobnW gaMZm Omar aIr OmE&
8

Types of sleeper

Sleeper density (BG/MG)

i) PRC Sleeper

1310 in temperature Zones I & II

ii) PRC Sleeper

1540 in temperature Zones III & IV

iii) Other sleepers

1540 in all temperature Zones

4.4

RAILS

4.4.1

i)

In one LWR, two different rail sections are not permitted. In case of any change
in rail section, LWR should be isolated by providing SEJ.

ii)

Rails of the following sections shall be welded into LWR/CWR:Gauge

Rail section

BG

90R/52kg/60kg

MG

75R/90R

LWR/CWR already laid with 60R rails on MG may be allowed to continue.


4.4.2

While converting existing fishplated /SWR track into LWR/CWR, following precautions
shall be taken:i)

The rails shall be tested ultrasonically and all defective rails replaced before
conversion into LWR/CWR.

ii)

Rail ends which are bent, hogged, battered, or having history of bolt-hole cracks
shall be cropped before welding for conversion into LWR/CWR.

4.4.3

New rails used in LWR/CWR shall, as far as possible be without fish-bolt


holes. Joining of rail ends temporarily during installation of LWR/CWR shall
be done by 1 metre long fishplates with special screw clamps/joggled fish
-plates having slotted grooves & bolted clamps as in Fig. 4.4.3 (a), (b) & (c)
with speed restrictions indicated in Annexure-III. Fish-bolt holes if any, shall
be chamfered.

4.5

MISCELLANEOUS

4.5.1

Continuity of track structure: Wherever LWR/CWR is followed by fishplated track/


SWR, the same track structure as that of LWR/CWR shall be continued for three rail
lengths beyond SEJ.

4.5.2

bodb H$mqgJ (g_nma): Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama jo _| pWV bodb H$mqgJ| dgZ
c~mB`mo Ho$ AXa Zhr nS>Zr Mm{hE&

4.5.3

dmBQ> Ama H$mqgJ: gm_m`V Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama dmBQ> Ama H$mqgJ go hmoH$a
Zht co Om`m OmEJm& Q>mH $ aoc OmoS > (Eg Ama Oo) Ama Eg B Oo gmW hr gmW H$mqgJ Ama Eg
B Oo Ho$ ~rM _| gm_m`V: VrZ aocm| H$s c~mB aIr OmEJr& BZ gm_m` aoc c~mB`m| _| {\$gcZ
H$mo amoH$Zo Ho$ {cE cMrco aoc pcnm|/EoH$am| H$m `moJ {H$`m OmEJm& VWm{n, Ohm H$H$rQ> brna
`w$ Q>ZA
mCQ> {~N>mE OmE|, dhm Eg B Oo Ed Eg Ama Oo Ho$ _` VWm nmaH$m| H$s hrb Ed Eg
B Oo Ho$ _` VrZ gm_m` b~mB H$s aobm| Ho$ WmZ na EH$ VrZ aob nZb H$mo `w$ {H$`m OmZm
Mm{hE&

4.5.3.1

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo dmBQ> Ama H$mqgJ go hmoH$a Zhr bo Om`m OmEJm& Bg g~Y
_| {H$gr H$ma Ho$ AndmX _|, {deof `dWmAm| Ho$ {bE A.A._m.g. H$m nyd AZw_moXZ m H$aZm
Amd`H$ hmoJm&

4.5.4

byS> Omo>S> : Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| aobnW g{H$Q>m| Ho$ {bE g^r Bgwbe
o Z
({dwVamoYZ) byS>-OmSo > G3(L) nH$ma XoH$a {H$E OmE&

4.5.5

Eg B Oo H$s pW{V: Eg B Oo H$s ghr pW{V {d{^ A{Zdm` {~XwAm| H$s pW{V`m| Ogo {H$
bodb H$mqgJm|, JS>a nwbm|, dmBQ> Ama H$mqgJm|, T>mbm|, dH$m| Ama {dwVamo{YV OmoS>m| H$mo `mZ _|
aIH$a V` H$s OmEJr& Ohm VH$ g^d hmo, grYo Q>J Ed Q>mH$ dmbo Eg B Oo 0.5 {S>Jr (3500
_rQ>a AY`mg) go A{YH$ VrIo _mSo >m| na Zhr bJmE OmEJ&o _moS >m| Ho$ Q>mOrgZ na Eg B Oo Zhr
hmoZm Mm{hE&

4.5.6

{J>r Ho$ S>Ho $ g{hV nwb ({~Zm {~`[aJ): Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo b~m|, ~mg
nw{b`m| Ama AmM Ogo {~Zm {~`[aJm| dmbo nwbm| na Omar aIm Om gH$Vm h&

4.5.7

{J>r g{hV/a{hV S>Ho $ nwb

4.5.7.1 i)

i)

~S>r bmBZ Ho$ {bE nam 4.5.7.1 _| `Wm {ZYm[aV Hw$b b~mB dmbo nwbm| na Ama _rQ>a
bmBZ Ho$ {bE 20 _rQ>a go A{YH$ Ho$ nwbm| na Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo Omar
Zht aIm OmEJm&

ii)

Eogo nwbm| H$mo, {OZ na Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama AZw_V Zht h/{~N>m`m Zhr J`m h,
XmoZm| Amoa 36 _rQ>a H$s `yZV_ b~mB VH$ ^br-^m{V E|H$a (pWa) {H$E JE aobnW Ho$
mam AbJ aIm OmEJm&

aob-_w$ ~YH$m| dmbo nwb (EH$ nZ A{YH$ go A{YH$


{IgH$Zo dmbr {~`[aJ| hm|)

30.5

_rQ>a VWm XmoZm| Amoa

nwb H$s Hw$b b~mB {ZZm{H$V eVm] Ho$ gmW gmaUr-1 Ho$ AZwgma Xr JB A{YH$V_ b~mB go
A{YH$ Zht hmoZr Mm{hE:9

4.5.2

Level crossings: Level crossings situated in LWR/CWR territory shall not fall within
the breathing lengths.

4.5.3

Points and Crossings: LWR/CWR shall not normally be taken through points
and crossings. Three normal rail lengths shall be provided between stock rail
joint (SRJ) and SEJ as well as between the crossing and SEJ. These normal rail
lengths shall be provided with elastic rail clips/anchors to arrest creep. However,
where concrete sleeper turnouts are laid, instead of three normal rail lengths, one
three rail panel shall be provided between SEJ and SRJ as well as between heel of
crossing and SEJ.

4.5.3.1

LWR/CWR shall not be taken through points & crossings. For any exceptions in this
regard, special arrangements shall have the prior approval of RDSO.

4.5.4

Glued Joints: All insulations for track circuiting in LWR/CWR shall be done by
providing glued joints G3(L) type.

4.5.5

Location of SEJ: The exact location of SEJ shall be fixed taking into account the
location of various obligatory points such as level crossings, girder bridges, points
and crossings, gradients, curves and insulated joints. SEJ with straight tongue and
stock shall not be located on curves sharper than 0.5 degree (3500 m radius) as far
as possible. SEJ shall not be located on transition of curves.

4.5.6

Bridges with ballasted deck (without bearing): LWR/CWR can be continued


over bridges without bearings like slabs, box culverts and arches.

4.5.7

Bridges with/without ballasted deck


i) LWR/CWR shall not be continued over bridges with overall length as specified in
para 4.5.7.1 for BG and not more than 20 metre for MG.
ii) Bridges on which LWR/CWR is not permitted/provided shall be isolated by a
minimum length of 36 metre well anchored track on either sides.

4.5.7.1 i) Bridges provided with rail-free fastenings (single span not exceeding 30.5
metre and having sliding bearings on both ends)
Overall length of the bridge should not exceed the maximum as provided in Table-1
with following stipulations:-

H$) aob-_w$ ~YH$m| H$mo nwb H$s b~mB ^a _| E~Q>_Q| >mo (nrbnm`m|) Ho$ ~rM _| bJm`m
OmEJm&
I) {ZZm{H$V _| go {H$gr EH$ H$s `dWm H$aVo hE nhM
_mJ H$mo ^br-^m{V XmoZm| Amoa
_rQ>a VH$ pWa (EoH$a) {H$`m OmEJm:-

J)

4.5.7.1

50

i)

bMrbo ~YH$m| `w$ Q>rb Q>\$ brna

ii)

Cm_ "Q>r' AWdm Cgr Q>mBn Ho$ H$sn EoH$am| dmbr bMrbr aob pbnm| g{hV nr Ama
gr brna&

nhM
_mJ Ho$ {J>r goeZ H$mo 50 _rQ>a VH$ aob Ho$ AmYma VH$ emoS>am| na hrS>-An {H$`m
OmEJm (M>m ~Zm`m OmEJm) Ama A{YH$ J_u Ama OmS>o Ho$ _hrZm| _o ^br-^m{V T>rH$V
(_O~yV) Ama MwV Xem _| aIm OmEJm&

ii) aob-_w$ ~YH$m| g{hV


30.5 _rQ>a Ho$ EH$ nZ Ho$

VWm Am{eH$ $n go ~mg-EoH$[aV nwc (A{YH$ go A{YH$


gmW VWm {OgHo$ XmoZm| Amoa {IgH$Zo dmbr {~`[aJ| hm|)

nwb H$s Hw$b b~mB {ZZm{H$V eVm] Ho$ gmW gmaUr-1 Ho$ AZwgma Xr JB A{YH$V_ b~mB go
A{YH$ Zht hmoZr Om{hE:H$) `oH$ nZ na _` Ho$ Mma brnam| H$mo Cm_ "dr' AWdm g_mZ Q>mBn H$sn E|H$am| go ~mg
E|H$[aV {H$`m OmEJm Ama eof brnam| _| aob-_w$ ~YH$ bJmE OmEJo &
I) JS>am| na bJo nwb Ho$ b>mo _| nyar MmS>mB _| ImMo (Wy ZmM) Zht ~ZmE OmEJo ~pH$ `oH$
[adoQ> hoS> H$mo KwgmZo (EH$mo_moS>Qo > H$aZo) Ho$ {bE AbJ-AbJ ImMo ~ZmE OmEJo &
J)

nhM
_mJm] _| aobnW gaMZm Cn`w $ nX 4.5.7.1(i)(I)Ama(J) _| `Wm C{{IV _mZH$m| Ho$
AZwgma {~N>mB Ama AZwa{jV H$s OmEJr&

K)

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama {~N>mZo go nhbo {~`[aJ na pQ>n (MyS >r) H$s pW{V Ho$
gX^ _| JS>am| H$mo H|$rH$V {H$`m OmEJm&

S>)

gaH$Zo dmbr {~`[aJm| H$m {ZarjU `oH$ df _mM Ama AQy>~a Ho$ _hrZm| _| {H$`m OmEJm
Ama CZH$s gmar JXJr gm\$ H$s OmEJr& {~`[aJm| H$m ZohZ `oH$ Xmo dfmo _| EH$ ~ma
{H$`m OmEJm&

10

a)

Rail-free fastenings shall be provided throughout the length of the bridge between
abutments.

b)

The approach track upto 50 m on both sides shall be well anchored by providing
any one of the following:-

c)

i)

ST sleepers with elastic fastenings

ii)

PRC sleepers with elastic rail clips with fair T or similar type creep
anchors.

The ballast section of approach track upto 50 metre shall be heaped upto the
foot of the rail on the shoulders and kept in well compacted and consolidated
condition during the months of extreme summer and winter.

4.5.7.1 ii) Bridges provided with rail-free fastenings and partly box-anchored (with
single span not exceeding 30.5 metre and having sliding bearings at both
ends)
Overall length of the bridge should not exceed the maximum as provided in Table-1
with following stipulations:a)

On each span, 4 central sleepers shall be box-anchored with fair V or similar


type creep anchors and the remaining sleepers shall be provided with rail-free
fastenings.

b)

The bridge timbers laid on girders shall not be provided with through notch but
shall be notched to accommodate individual rivet heads.

c)

The track structure in the approaches shall be laid and maintained to the
standards as stated in item 4.5.7.1 (i) (b) and (c) above.

d)

The girders shall be centralised with reference to the location strips on the
bearing, before laying LWR/CWR.

e)

The sliding bearings shall be inspected during the months of March and October
each year and cleared of all foreign materials. Lubrication of the bearings shall
be done once in two years.

10

gmaUr-1
~S>r bmBZ na Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama na AZw_V nwbm| H$s
Hw$b A{YH$V_ b~mB (_rQ>a _|)
(nam-

4.5.7.1 (i)

VWm

(ii))

Vmn_mZ

`w$ aob

nwbm| na aob-

nwcm| na aoc-_wV ~YH$

jo

goeZ

_w$ ~YH$

Ed Am{eH$ n go ~mg
E|H$[aV

nam

II

III

IV

4.5.7.1 iii)

4.5.7.1(i)

nam 4.5.7.1(ii)

nhM
_mJm] na `w$

nhM
_mJm] na `w$ brna

brna H$m H$ma

H$m H$ma

nr Ama gr/Eg Q>r

nr Ama gr/Eg Q>r

60{H$Jm

30

77

52{H$Jm/90Ama

45

90

60{H$Jm

11

42

52{H$Jm/90Ama

27

58

60{H$Jm

11

23

52{H$Jm/90Ama

27

43

60{H$Jm

11

23

52{H$Jm/90Ama

27

43

dopS>V aob| I^o go I^o VH$ aob-_w$ ~YH$mo g{hV Ama `oH$ I^o na Eg B Oo
Ho$ gmW bJmB Om gH$Vr h& aob H$mo JS>a Ho$ WmB {gao ({\$S> ES>) na bJo brnam| na
~mg-E|H$[aV {H$`m OmEJm ~eV} JS>a EH$ Amoa amobam| na Adb{~V hmo Ama Xygar Amoa amoH$am|
na& `{X JS>a XmoZm| Amoa go gaH$Zo dmbr {~`[aJm| na Adb{~V hmoVo h Vmo dopS>V aob H$m
_` ^mJ, `oH$ nZ na Mma brnam| na ~mg E|H$[aV {H$`m OmEJm& Xo{IE {M
4.5.7.1(iii)&

11

TABLE - 1
Maximum overall length of bridges permitted on
LWR/CWR on BG (in metre)
(Para - 4.5.7.1 (i) & (ii))
Temperature
zones

II

III

IV

4.5.7.1 iii)

Rail section
used

Rail-free fastenings
on bridges
Para 4.5.7.1 (i)

Rail-free fastenings
on bridges and
partly box-anchored
Para 4.5.7.1 (ii)

Type of sleeper
used in approaches

Type of sleeper
used in approaches

PRC/ST

PRC/ST

60kg

30

77

52kg/90R

45

90

60kg

11

42

52kg/90R

27

58

60kg

11

23

52kg/90R

27

43

60kg

11

23

52kg/90R

27

43

Welded rails may be provided from pier to pier with rail-free fastenings and with
SEJ on each pier. The rail shall be box-anchored on four sleepers at the fixed end
of the girder if the girder is supported on rollers on one side and rockers on other
side. In case of girder supported on sliding bearings on both sides, the central
portion of the welded rails over each span shall be box-anchored on four sleepers.
See Fig.4.5.7.1(iii).

11

4.5.7.1 iv)

aob
Vmn_mZ
jo

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo nwb na aob-_w$ ~YH$m| H$m `moJ H$aVo hE nwb Ho Xya-{gam
nhM
_mJ na Eg B Oo H$s `dWm g{hV Omar aIm Om gH$Vm h ({M 4.5.7.1(iv))&
{\$bhmb Bg _m_bo _| nwb H$s b~mB aob Ho$ \$bZo, {gHw$S >Zo AWdm {\$gbZo, `{X H$moB hmo,
H$mo dhZ (EOm~) H$aZo H$s Eg B Oo H$s j_Vm mam gr{_V H$s OmEJr& Cn`w $ `dWm Ho$
gmW nwbm| H$s b~mB, Omo 120 {__r Ama 190 {__r H$s A{YH$V_ gMbZ dmbo Eg B Oo Ho$
gmW Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama hoVw {d{^ aob Vmn_mZ jom| _| AZw_V H$s Om gH$Vr h,
{ZZ H$ma h:`w$
Eg B Oo
H$m A{YH$V_
gMbZ({__r)

Q>rS>r na {X`m OmZo dmbm


ma{^H$ [a$ WmZ

Eg B Oo g{hV nwb
H$s A{YH$V_
b~mB
Eg Q>r/nr Ama gr
nhM
_mJ
brnam|
g{hV

gr Eg Q>r-9
nhM
_mJ
brnam|
g{hV

Eg Q>r/nr Ama gr
nhM
w _mJ
brnam|
g{hV

gr Eg Q>r-9
nhM
_mJ
brnam|
g{hV

IV

190

55

_r

45

_r

7.0

go_r

6.5

go_r

III

190

70

_r

70

_r

7.0

go_r

6.5

go_r

II

190

110

_r

100

_r

6.5

go_r

6.5

go_r

190

160

_r

150

_r

6.5

go_r

6.0

go_r

II

120

20

_r

15

_r

4.0

go_r

4.0

go_r

120

50

_r

50

_r

4.0

go_r

4.0

go_r

ZmoQ>: Eg B Oo H$mo E~Q>_|Q>mo go

10

_rQ>a Xya na gWm{nV {H$`m OmE&

5.

b~r dopS>V aobm| Ama gVV dopS>V aobm| H$mo {~N>mZm

5.1

gd}jU
{ZZm{H$V Ho$ g~Y _| Ohm Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo {~N>mZo H$m Vmd hmo dhm Ho$
goeZm| H$m H$X_-H$X_ na gd}jU {H$`m OmEJm:-

12

4.5.7.1 iv)

Rail
temp.
zone

LWR/CWR may also be continued over a bridge with the provision of SEJ at the
far end approach of the bridge using rail-free fastenings over the girder bridge
(Fig. 4.5.7.1 (iv)). The length of the bridge in this case, however, will be restricted
by the capacity of the SEJ to absorb expansion, contraction and creep, if any, of
the rails. The length of the bridges with the above arrangement that can be permitted
in various rail temperature zones for LWR/CWR with SEJs having maximum
movement of 120 mm and 190 mm are as follows:-

Max.
move ment
of SEJ
used (mm)

Max. length of
bridge with SEJ

With ST/PRC
approach
sleepers

With CST-9
approach
sleepers

Initial gap to be
provided at td
With ST/PRC
approach
sleepers

With CST-9
approach
sleepers

IV

190

55 m

45 m

7.0 cm

6.5 cm

III

190

70 m

70 m

7.0 cm

6.5 cm

II

190

110 m

100 m

6.5 cm

6.5 cm

190

160 m

150 m

6.5 cm

6.0 cm

II

120

20 m

15 m

4.0 cm

4.0 cm

120

50 m

50 m

4.0 cm

4.0 cm

Note: SEJ is to be installed 10 metre away from the abutments.

5.

LAYING OF LONG WELDED RAILS AND CONTINUOUS WELDED RAILS

5.1

SURVEY
A foot by foot survey of the sections where LWR/CWR is proposed to be laid shall
be carried out in regard to the following:-

12

5.1.1

Eogo WmZm| H$m nVm bJm`m OmEJm Ohm Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama ~mYmAm| Ho$ H$maU {~N>m`m
Zht Om gH$Vm h Ogo nwbm| na Cn gaMZm/gwna gaMZm Iam~ pW{V _| hmo, _moS>, T>mb, dmBQ>
Ama H$mqgJ, ApWa \$ma_oeZ Am{X& aobnW H$s Eogr nQ>[a`m XmoZm| {gam| na Eg B Oo H$s
`dWm mam Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ eof ^mJ go AbJ aIr OmE&

5.1.2

Eogo WmZm| H$mo Ohm {ZZm{H$V ma{^H$ H$m` {H$E OmZo h, Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo
{~N>mZo go nhbo nyao H$a {bE OmZo Ho$ {bE Ty>T > {b`m OmE:i)

{dwVamo{YV OmoS>mo Ho$ WmZ na byS>-OmoS>m| H$mo bJm`m OmZm

ii)

dH$m| H$m nwZ: gaoIU

iii)

YgH$Z Ama Q>rbm| H$mo I_ H$aZo Ho$ {bE aobnW H$mo CR>mZm `m ZrMm H$aZm

iv)

CdmYa dH$m| H$m ma^ Ama gwYma

v)

XwIXm`r \$ma_oeZ H$m pWarH$aU

vi)

Eogo H$_Omoa nwbm| H$m nwZWmnZ {OZ na aobm| H$mo hQ>mZm `m D$na CR>mZm `m AWmB mdYmZ
(Aa|O_|Q>g) H$aZo hmo&

5.1.3

Cn nam 5.1.1 VWm 5.1.2 _| C{{IV {d{^ A` {deofVmAm| H$mo VWm Eg B Oo H$s EH$X_ ghr
pW{V`m XemVo hE EH$ {dVV Zem ~Zm`m OmEJm& {dVV Zeo H$m Z_yZm {M 5.1.3 _o XoIm
Om gH$Vm h& Zeo H$mo 1:5000 Ho$ g_Vb Ho$b _o V`ma {H$`m Om gH$Vm h&

5.2

Vmn_mZ A{^boI

5.2.1

X{ZH$ aob Vmn_mZ Ho$ A{YH$V_ AVa Ed aob Ho$ AmgV Vmn_mZ H$m {ZYmaU aobnW {ZarjH$
(^mar) go m Vmn_mZ A{^boIm| AWdm nam 2.2.1 Ho$ AZwgma ~ZmE JE A{^boIm| go {H$`m
OmEJm &

5.2.2

`{X {nN>bo nmM dfm] Ho$ Vmn_mZ A{^boI CnbY Z hm| Vmo "aob Vmn_mZ jom| H$mo XemZo dmbo
^maV Ho$ _mZ{M' ({M 1.7) _| {XImE JE aob Vmn_mZm| H$s gr_m (a|O) Ama AmgV Vmn_mZ H$mo
_mZm OmEJm&

5.3

Ano{jV gm_Jr
EH$ Eb S>`y Ama {~N>mZo Ho$ {bE {ZZm{H$V gm_Jr H$s Amd`H$Vm hmoVr h:i)

Cgr goeZ Ho$


hm|

ii)

brnam| Ama ~YH$m| g{hV Eg B Oo Ho$ Xmo goQ>

iii)

n`m g`m _| {deof H$y bn Ho$ gmW bJZo dmbr 1 _rQ>a b~r {\$eboQ>/| ~moQ>So >
bn Ho$ gmW `w$ hmoZo dmbr bmQ>So > Jy g dmbr OmJo S> {\$eboQ>| Omo {M g`m
4.4.3 (E), (~r) Ed (gr) Ho$ AZw$n hmo

6.5

_rQ>a AWdm ~S>o aob Ho$ Mma Qw>H$S>o Omo Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ $n _| `w$

13

5.1.1

Locations over which LWR/CWR cannot be carried through on account of


constraints such as bridges having substructure/superstructure in a distressed
condition, curves, gradients, points and crossings, unstable formation etc. shall
be identified. Such stretches of track shall be isolated from the remaining portion
of LWR/CWR by provision of SEJs at either end.

5.1.2

Locations where following preliminary works are required to be carried out shall
be identified for completion before laying of LWR/CWR:i)

Replacement of insulated joints by glued joints

ii)

Realignment of curves

iii)

Lifting or lowering of track to eliminate sags and humps

iv)

Introduction and improvement of vertical curves

v)

Stabilisation of troublesome formation

vi)

Rehabilitation of weak bridges involving removal or lifting of rails or


introduction of temporary arrangements.

5.1.3

A detailed plan shall be made showing the exact locations of SEJs and of various
other features mentioned in sub-paras 5.1.1 & 5.1.2. A sample of the detailed
plan may be seen at Fig. 5.1.3. The plans may be prepared to a horizontal scale
of 1:5000.

5.2

TEMPERATURE RECORDS

5.2.1

The maximum daily variation of rail temperature and the mean rail temperature
(tm) for the section shall be ascertained from the temperature records available
with the PWI-Incharge or as built up as per para 2.2.1.

5.2.2

If rail temperature records of preceding five years are not available, the mean and
range of rail temperatures shown in the Map of India showing Rail Temperature
Zones (Fig. 1.7), shall be adopted.

5.3

MATERIALS REQUIRED
Following materials are required for laying one LWR:i)

Four numbers of 6.5 metre or longer rail pieces of the same rail section as
LWR

ii)

Two sets of SEJs with sleepers and fastenings

iii)

Adequate numbers of 1 metre long fishplates with special screw clamps/


joggled fishplates with slotted grooves & bolted clamps as in Fig. 4.4.3 (a),
(b) & (c)

13

ZmoQ>:

5.4
5.4.1

5.4.2

5.5
5.5.1

5.5.2
5.5.3

Amndm{XH$ _m_bm| _| ImMXo ma {\$eboQ>| {M 5.3(iii) Ho$ AZwgma {\$e-~moQ>m| g{hV


`moJ H$s Om gH$Vr h&
iv) Cn`w$ AmH$mam| Ho$ aob bmoOa
v)
1 _rQ>a Ama 10 go_r Ho$ grYo {H$Zmao
vi) H$brng VWm \$sba JoO (2 {__r go 0.1 {__r VH$)
vii) aob H$mQ>Zo H$m CnH$a
viii) S>r-Q>oqgJ CnH$a AWmV amoba, `m{H$/dMm{bV aob Q>|ga, _wJ[a`m VWm dH$m| Ho$ {bE
gmBS>-amoba, {M 5.3 (viii) (E) Ama (~r)
ix) E`y{_Zmo W{_H$/Mb Jg Xm~ dopS>J
CnH$a VWm InV hmoZo dmbr gm_{J`m
x)
aobnW gwajm CnH$a
xi) am{ H$m` CnH$a&
ma{^H$ H$m`
`{X Amd`H$ hmo, Vmo aobnW H$mo D$na CR>mZo AWdm ZrMo H$aZo Ho$ gmW {J>r H$s Jhar g\$mB Ho$
~mX Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo {~N>m`m OmEJm& Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {bE
nam 4.2.1 _| `Wm C{{IV _mZH$ {J>r goeZ H$s `dWm H$s OmEJr&
Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama {~N>mZo go nhbo nam 5.1.2 _| ~VmE JE A` g^r ma{^H$ H$m`m]
H$mo ^r nyam {H$`m OmEJm&
`{X H$moB ma{^H$ H$m` Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gWmnZ go nhbo nyam Zht {H$`m Om
gH$Vm h Vmo Eogr n[>`m| na Eg B Oo bJmH$a AbJ H$a {X`m OmE& Eogo H$m`m] Ho$ nyam hmoZo na
Eogr n[>`m| H$mo nam 5.8 Ho$ AZwgma Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gmW dopS>V H$a {X`m
OmE, S>r-Q>qo gJ H$a {X`m OmE Ama OmoS > {X`m OmE&
Eb S>`y Ama ~ZmZo Ho$ {bE dopS>J
gm_m`V: aobm| H$mo n`m $n _o b~o nZbm|, 10 go 20 AWdm A{YH$ aobm| H$s b~mB _| `m Vmo
dopS>J {S>nm| _| AWdm gog na AWdm Cgr WmZ na be ~> dopS>J /Jg Xm~ dopS>J H$a {X`m
OmE& ~rM Ho$ OmoS>m| H$mo Ho$db E`y{_Zmo-W{_H$ dopS>J (Eg Ho$ dr {H$`m) mam hr dopS>V {H$`m
OmEJm&
880 JoS> (90 `y Q>r Eg) AWdm CVa JS
o > aocm| H$mo CVmaVo g_` n[a{e>-IV _| {XE JE aIaImd Ho$ AZwXe
o m| H$m nmbZ {H$`m OmEJm&
b~o dopS>V nZbm| H$mo {~N>mZo go nhbo Ama/AWdm aobm| H$s dopS>J go nhbo, Xmo nyao Ho$ nyao Eg
B Oo Ho$ goQ>, {OZ_| go EH$ Vm{dV Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ `oH$ {H$Zmao na nam 5.6 Ho$ AZwgma {XE
JE AmgV WmZ Jn (_rZ nmoOreZ Jn) H$mo aIVo hE nhbo go {ZYm[aV WmZ na bJm`m OmEJm&
6.5 _rQ>a AWdm Cggo A{YH$ b~r bmoOa aob H$mo Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ nmd _|/Eg B Oo Ho$
nmd _|, S>r-Q>oqgJ H$m` Ho$ XmamZ [a$ WmZ Ho$ g_m`moOZ Ho$ {bE, bJm`m OmEJm&

14

Note: Slotted fishplates as in Fig. 5.3(iii) with fish-bolts may be used in


exceptional cases.
iv)

Rail closures of suitable sizes

v)

1 metre and 10 cm straight edges

vi)

Callipers and feeler gauges (2 mm to 0.1 mm)

vii)

Rail cutting equipment

viii) Destressing equipment i.e. rollers, mechanical/hydraulic rail tensor, mallets


and side rollers for curves, Fig. 5.3 (viii) (a) & (b)
ix)

Alumino-thermic/mobile gas pressure welding equipment and consumable


materials

x)

Equipment for protection of track

xi)

Equipment for night working.

5.4

PRELIMINARY WORKS

5.4.1

Deep screening of ballast along with lifting or lowering of track, if required, should
precede laying of LWR/CWR. Standard ballast section as stipulated in para 4.2.1
for LWR/CWR shall be provided.
All other preliminary works identified in para 5.1.2 shall also be completed before
laying of LWR/CWR.

5.4.2

If any of the preliminary works can not be completed before installation of LWR/
CWR, such stretches should be isolated by providing SEJs. On completion of
these works, such stretches may be welded, destressed and joined with LWR/
CWR in accordance with para 5.8.

5.5

WELDING OF RAILS TO FORM LWR

5.5.1

Rails shall normally be welded into sufficiently long panels of 10 to 20 rail lengths
or more by flash butt welding/gas pressure welding, either in the welding depot or
on cess or in-situ. The joints in between only shall be welded by alumino-thermic
welding (SKV process).

5.5.2

While unloading 880 grade (90 UTS) or higher grade rails, handling instructions
laid down in Annexure-IV, should be followed.

5.5.3

Before laying long welded panels and/or before welding of rails, two complete
sets of SEJs, one at either end of the proposed LWR/CWR shall be inserted at
pre-determined locations with gaps in mean position as per para 5.6. Closure
rails of 6.5 metre or longer length shall be provided at LWR side/sides of SEJs to
facilitate adjustment of gaps during destressing operation.

14

5.5.4

dopS>V nZbm| H$mo {~N>mZo Ama/AWdm Wb na OmoS >m| H$s dopS>J H$m H$m` df _| {H$gr ^r g_`
{H$`m Om gH$Vm h& bo{H$Z n`m $n go b~o bJ^J 1 {H$_r AWdm Cggo A{YH$ b~o nZbm|
H$s dopS>J Ho$ ~mX, nam 5.7 Ho$ AZwgma S>r-Q>qo gJ `WmerK H$s OmEJr& An[ahm` XemAm| _|
Ohm S>r-Q>qo gJ VwaV ~mX _| Z H$s Om gHo$ Ama n`m Ad{Y Ho$ AXa S>r-Q>qo gJ H$aZm g^d Z
hmo, {d_mZ aob Ho$ Vmn_mZm| na H$S>r ZOa aIr OmE Ama `{X aoc H$m Vmn_mZ Cg Vmn_mZ go
200 go. A{YH$ hmo OmVm h {Og Vmn_mZ na aob H$s dopS>J
H$s hmo/dopS>V aobm| H$mo {~N>m`m J`m
hmo Vmo A{V_ S>r-Q>qo gJ H$aZo go nhbo VH$ Ho$ g^m{dV A{YH$V_ Vmn_mZ go 100 go. ZrMo Ho$
Vmn_mZ na AWmB S>r-Q>qo gJ H$s OmEJr& `{X aob Vmn_mZ n`m $n go H$_ hmo OmVm h Vmo nam
9.1.2 (ii) Ho$ AZwgma R>S>o _mg_ H$s JV ew$ H$s OmEJr& A{V_ S>r-Q>oqgJ nam 1.18 Ho$ AZwgma
aobnW Ho$ T >rH$aU hmo OmZo Ho$ ~mX hr H$s OmEJr&

5.5.5

n[a{e>-III _| ~VmB JB AWmB J{V gr_m aobnW H$s CZ b~mB`m| na bJmB OmEJr Ohm dopS>V
nZbm| H$mo 1 _rQ>a b~r {\$eboQ>m| mam {deof H$y bnmo AWdm bmQ> dmbo Jdy m| dmbr OmJo S>
{\$eboQ>m| Ama ~moQ>So > bnm| go {M 4.4.3(E) Ama (~r) AWdm (gr) Ho$ AZwgma OmoS>m J`m hmo&

5.6

Eg B Oo Ho$ Imbr OJh

5.6.1

Eg B Oo Ho$ Imbr OJhm| H$mo Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo {~N>mZo/~mX H$s S>r-Q>qo gJ Ho$
g_` {M 5.6 _| {XImE JE AZwgma g_m`mo{OV {H$`m OmEJm Ama dh {ZZ H$ma hmoJm:{~N>m`m J`m aob goeZ

 "Q>rS>r' na {X`m OmZo dmcm Imbr OJh

52{H$Jm/60{H$Jm

40

{__r

A`

60

{__r

5.6.2

gX^ {Mh Ed Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob {H$Zmao Ho$ ~rM Ho$, {d{^ aob Vmn_mZm| na, Imbr OJh
n[a{e>-V _| {XImE JE AZwgma +10 {__r H$s gm{VH$ gr_m go A{YH$ Ho$ AVa Ho$ Zht hm|Jo &

5.6.3

Ohm {\$eboQ> dmbm AWdm Eg S>`y nr aobnW Eg B Oo Ho$ EH$ Amoa OmoS >m J`m hmo, Eb S>`y
Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$s gmBS> na gX^ _mH$ Ama Q>J aob {Q>n AWdm Q>mH$ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM _o
Imbr OJh n[a{e>-V _| {XImE JE AZwgma gm{VH$ gr_m go +10 {__r go A{YH$ Ho$ AVa H$m
Zht hmoZm Mm{hE&

5.7

Eb S>`y Ama H$s S>r-Q>qo gJ

5.7.1

gm_m`
i)

`mVm`mV AdamoY (bmH$) Ho$ XmamZ S>r-Q>oqgJ H$m H$m` n[a{e>-VI _o {XImE JE AZwgma
aobnW {ZarjH$ H$s `{$JV XoI-aoI _| hr {H$`m OmEJm&

ii)

`mVm`mV AdamoY H$s Hw$b Ad{Y H$mo H$_ H$aZo Ho$ {bE, ha Xygao brna na ~YH$m| H$mo
T >rbm H$aZo/hQ>mZo Ho$ {bE, `mVm`mV AdamoY H$mo dmV{dH$ $n go m H$aZo go nhbo 30
{H$_r/KQ>m H$s J{V gr_m bJmZm C{MV hmoJm&

15

5.5.4

Laying of welded panels and/or welding of joints at site can be done at any time of
the year. But after welding into sufficiently long panels of about 1 km or longer,
destressing as per para 5.7 shall be undertaken as soon as possible. Under
unavoidable circumstances where destressing could not be done soon after and
not likely to be done within a reasonable period, a strict vigil shall be maintained
on the prevailing rail temperatures, and if the rail temperature rises more than
200C above the rail temperature at which welding of rails/laying of welded panels
was done, temporary destressing shall be undertaken at a rail temperature of
100C below the maximum rail temperature likely to be attained until final destressing.
If the rail temperature comes down appreciably, cold weather patrolling as per
para 9.1.2 (ii) should be introduced. Final destressing shall be done after
consolidation of track as per para 1.18 has been achieved.

5.5.5

Temporary speed restriction as indicated in Annexure-III shall be imposed on the


length of track where welded panels are joined by 1m long fishplates with special
screw clamps or joggled fishplates with slotted grooves & bolted clamps as in
Fig. 4.4.3 (a) & (b) or (c).

5.6

GAPS AT SEJ

5.6.1

Gaps at SEJ shall be adjusted at the time of laying/subsequent destressing of


LWR/CWR, as illustrated in Fig. 5.6 and shall be as under:Rail section laid

Gap to be provided at td

52kg/60kg

40 mm

Others

60 mm

5.6.2

The gaps between the reference mark and tongue rail tip/stock rail corner at various
rail temperatures shall not differ by more than + 10 mm from the theoretical range
as shown in Annexure-V.

5.6.3

Where fishplated or SWP track is joined on one side of SEJ, the gap between the
reference mark and tongue rail tip/stock rail corner on LWR/CWR side shall not
differ by more than +10 mm from the theoretical range as shown in
Annexure- V.

5.7

DESTRESSING OF LWR

5.7.1

General
i)

The work of destressing shall be done during a traffic block under the personal
supervision of a PWI as laid down in Annexure-VI.

ii)

It is preferable to impose a speed restriction of 30 km/h before actually


obtaining the traffic block and to loosen/remove fastenings on alternate
sleepers to reduce total duration of the traffic block.

15

5.7.2

H$m`m] H$m H$_


S>r-Q>qo gJ Ho$ {bE AnZmB OmZo dmbr {H$`m Ho$ {ZZm{H$V MaU h:i)

aob-E|H$am|, JmS> aobm|, MoH$ aobm| Am{X Ogo AdamoYm| go aob Ho$ gMbZ H$mo _w$ aIZo Ho$
{bE, BZH$mo Xya {H$`m OmE&

ii)

`mVm`mV AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ _` _| bJ^J 1 _rQ>a H$s Imbr OJh
~ZmB OmE Ama Cg_| bmoOa aob bJmB OmE Ama CgH$mo {deof {\$eboQ>m| Ed bnm| Ho$
mam ~mY {X`m OmE Ama `mVm`mV H$mo gr{_V J{V na Mmby H$a {X`m OmE&

iii)

nam 1.15 Ho$ AZwgma Vm{dV Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ XmoZm| {gam| na E|H$a b~mB`m| H$mo {MphV
(_mH$) {H$`m OmE&
ZmoQ>: H$) {Og Q>rnr na S>r-Q>oqgJ H$aZo H$s g^mdZm hmo Cg Q>rnr Ho$ `yZV_ _mZ Ho$
AmYma na E|H$a b~mB`m| H$mo {ZYm[aV {H$`m OmEJm&
I) ~YH$m|, a~a nS>m,| bmBZam| AWdm {J>r H$s pW{V Iam~ hmoZo na E|H$a
b~mB`m| H$mo Amd`H$VmZwgma ~T>m`m Om gH$Vm h&

iv)

E|H$a b~mB`m| Ho$ {gam| na XmoZm| Amoa VWm CgHo$ ~mX


IS>o {H$E OmE&

v)

O~ Ano{jV gWmnZ Vmn_mZ Q>rAmo H$s Anojm Q>rnr H$_ hmo Vmo `mVm`mV AdamoY H$mo m
{H$`m OmE, _` go bmoOa aob H$mo hQ>m {X`m OmE Ama XmoZm| {gam| na Ho$db E|H$a
b~mB`m| H$mo N>moS>H$a aob H$s nyar b~mB H$mo T>rbm H$a {X`m OmE& aob H$mo
amobam| na MT>m`m OmE&

100

_rQ>a H$s Xy[a`m| na _mH$a I^o

ZmoQ>: d{H$V aobnW na S>r-Q>oqgJ H$aVo g_` gmBS>-amobam| H$m ^r `moJ {H$`m OmEJm& dH$
Ho$ AXa H$s Amoa gmBS> gnmoQ> `oH$ EZd| brna na aIo OmZo Mm{hE,
dH$ H$m AY`mg (Ama)x{V aob b~mB na brnam| H$s g`m
Ohm, EZ =

50x(Q>rAmo-Q>rnr)

~mhar Amoa Ho$ gnmoQ> AXa H$s Amoa Ho$ `oH$ VrZ gnmoQ>m] Ho$ {bE EH$ H$s Xa go Ama bJmE
OmEJo &
vi)

_` Ho$ Imbr WmZ Ho$ Cg nma aob Q>g| a H$mo pWa H$a {X`m OmE Ama VZZ bJm`m OmE
Vm{H$ n[a{e>-VII _| {XE JE AZwgma Ano{jV \$bmd {_b gHo&

vii)

`h gw{ZpMV H$aVo hE {H$ `oH$ _mH$a I^o na Ano{jV \$bmd {_b J`m h, aob Q>g| a na
VZmd H$mo g_m`mo{OV H$aVo hE Ama H${_H$ $n _o amobam| H$mo hQ>mZo Ho$ nMmV XmoZm| {gam| na
E|H$a b~mB`m| go ew$ H$aVo hE aob H$mo Xw~mam ~mY {X`m OmE&

16

5.7.2

Sequence of operations
The procedure to be adopted for destressing consists of the following steps:i)

Remove impediments to free movement of rail such as rail anchors,


guard rails, check rails etc.

ii)

Create gap of about 1 metre at the centre of LWR during a traffic block
and insert a closure rail there at a restricted speed.

iii)

Mark anchor lengths at either end of the proposed LWR in accordance


with para 1.15.

Notes:

a) Anchor length shall be determined on the basis of the


lowest value of tp at which destressing is likely to be
carried out.
b) Anchor length shall be increased suitably if the
fastenings, rubber pads, liners or ballast conditions are
poor.

iv)

Erect marker pillars at the ends of anchor lengths on either side and at
100 metre intervals thereafter.

v)

Obtain a traffic block when tp is less than the desired installation


temperature (to), remove the closure rail at the centre and unfasten the
full length of rails leaving only the anchor lengths at either end. Mount
the rails on the rollers.

Note : Side rollers shall also be used while undertaking


destressing on curved track. Side supports on the inside
of curve should be spaced at every nth sleeper,
where, n =

Radius of curve (R) x No. of sleepers per rail length


50 x (to-tp)

Outside supports shall be used in addition at the rate of one for every
three inside supports.
vi)

Fix rail tensor across the gap at the centre and apply tension so as to
get the required amount of extension as provided in Annexure -VII.

vii)

Re-fasten the rails starting from the anchor lengths at either end after
removing the rollers progressively and adjusting tension at the rail tensor
to make sure that the required extension has been achieved at each
marker pillar.

16

5.7.3

viii)

_` Ho$ Imbr WmZ Ho$ XmoZm| Amoa n|Q> go {Mh bJmBE Omo 6.5 _rQ>a H$s Xyar na hm|& EH$
bmoOa aob {OgH$s b~mB (6.5 _rQ>a-2 Imbr WmZ dopS>J hoV+
w 1 {__r Amar go
H$mQ>o J`o {gam| Ho$ {bE) Ho$ ~am~a hmo, Cg_| bJmE VWm {M 4.4.3 (E) Ama (~r) AWdm
(gr) _| {XImB JB `dWmAm| Ho$ AZwgma bn H$a|&

ix)

aob Q>|ga H$mo T>rbm H$a| Ama hQ>mE&

x)

Xygao `mVm`mV AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ _` dmbr bmoOa aob Ho$ XmoZm| OmoS>m| H$mo doS> H$a
X|&

xi)

~rM _| VWm E|H$a b~mB`m| na {V~b H$mo g_mZ H$a|&

aob Q>g
| am| Ho$ `moJ g{hV Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ S>r-Q>qo gJ H$m`
aob Q>g| am| Ho$ `moJ go Eb S>`y Ama H$s S>r-Q>qo gJ Ho$ {bE {ZZm{H$V {H$`m AnZmB OmEJr:i)

nhbo `mVm`mV AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ pW{V "~r' AWmV Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ _` _| ({M
5.7.3) 1 _rQ>a H$m Imbr WmZ ~ZmBE& Amd`H$VmZwgma aob bmoOa bJmBE
VWm {deof {\$eboQ>m| Ama bnm| go ~m{YE& `mVm`mV H$mo gr{_V J{V na OmZo Xr{OE&

ii)

E|H$a b~mB E1E2 VWm gr1gr2 H$mo {OZ_| go `oH$ EbE Ho$ ~am~a hmoJr, b~mB E2gr2
{OgH$s S>r-Q>qo gJ H$s OmZr h, Ho$ EH$-EH$ {H$Zmao na {MphV H$a| ({M 5.7.3 (E))&
ZmoQ>:

iii)

`oH$ b~mB E2~r Ama gr2~r na _mH$a I^o S>`y 0 S>`y 1 Am{X IS>o {H$E OmE& aob
\w$Q> na _mH$ S>`y 0 H$mo WmZmV[aV {H$`m OmE ({M 5.7.3 (E))&
ZmoQ>:

iv)

E|H$a b~mB "EbE' H$mo S>r-Q>oqgJ {H$E OmZo dmbo g^m{dV Q>rnr Ho$ `yZV_ _mZ
Ho$ AmYma na {ZYm[aV {H$`m OmEJm&

S>`y 0 S>`y 1 , S>`y 1 S>`y 2 Am{X Xy[a`m bJ^J 100 _rQ>a H$s Xyar na
{MphV H$s OmE& A{V_ I^o S>`y ~r VWm Cggo nhbo I^m| H$s Xyar 100 _rQ>a
go H$_ hmo gH$Vr h&

Xygao `mVm`mV AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ O~ Ano{jV Q>rAmo go Q>rnr H$_ hmo ({M 5.7.3 (~r)), V~
S>r-Q>oqgJ H$m` b~mB E2~r Ama gr2~r Ho$ {bE {ZZ H$ma {H$`m OmE:
H$) pW{V "~r' go cmoOa aoc H$mo hQ>mE & E2 gr2 ^mJ H$mo Imoc| Ama amocam| Ho$ D$na aI|&
I) Imcr WmZ "~r' na aob Q>g| a H$mo {Wa H$a X| VWm VZmd bJmE {Oggo {H$
S>`y 0 na Hw$N> J{V (_yd_|Q>) hmo Vm{H$ `{X {H$gr H$ma H$s E|R>Z AWdm Q>To >mnZ hmo
Vmo Cgo Xya {H$`m Om gHo$ Ama amobam| Am{X _| KfU Am{X H$mo H$_ {H$`m Om gHo$&
VZmd H$mo N>moS> X| VWm J{V (_yd_|Q>) dmB0 H$mo S>`y 0 na ZmoQ> H$a|&

17

viii) Put paint marks on either side of the gap at the centre, spanning over
the gap at a distance of 6.5 metre. Insert a closure rail of a length equal
to (6.5 metre - 2 gaps for welding + 1 mm for saw cut ends) and clamp
as per arrangements shown in Fig. 4.4.3 (a) & (b) or (c).

5.7.3

ix)

Release and remove the rail tensor.

x)

During another traffic block, weld both the joints of the closure rail at
the centre.

xi)

Equalise stress at the centre and at the anchor lengths.

DESTRESSING OPERATION OF LWR WITH THE USE OF RAIL TENSORS


For destressing of LWR with the use of rail tensor, the following procedure shall be
adopted:i)

During the first traffic block, create a gap of 1 metre at location B i.e.
centre of LWR (Fig. 5.7.3). Introduce rail closure as required and fasten
with special fishplates and clamps. Allow traffic at restricted speed.

ii)

Mark the anchor length A1 A2 and C1 C2 each equal to la at either end of


the length A2 C2 to be destresed (Fig. 5.7.3.(a)).

Note :

iii)

Erect marker pillars W0 W1 etc., on each of the length A2 B and C2B.


Transfer the marks W0 onto the rail foot (Fig : 5.7.3(a)).

Note :

iv)

The anchor length la should be determined on the basis


of the lowest value of tp at which the destressing is likely to
be carried out.

The distances W0 W1 , W1 W2 etc. shall be marked at about


100 metre intervals, the distance from the previous pillars
and the last pillar WB may be less than 100 metre.

During the second traffic block, when tP is less than the desired to
(Fig. 5.7.3 (b)), destressing operation shall be carried out for the lengths
A2 B and C2 B as described below:a)

Remove the closure rail from location B. Unfasten and mount on


rollers the portion from A2 C2.

b)

Fix the rail tensor across the gap at B and apply tension so as
to obtain some movement at W0 to remove any kinks or
misalignment and to minimise the friction in the rollers etc.
Release the tension and note the movement Y0 at W0.

17

J)

aob \w$Q> na _mH$ S>`y 1, S>`y 2 , .............. H$mo WmZmV[aV H$a| Ama Vmn_mZ
Q>rnr ZmoQ> H$a|&

K)

S>`y

na Ano{jV gMbZ J{V H$mo {ZZ H$ma {ZH$mb|:-

S>`y 1 na gMbZ J{V = dmB0+VmnmVa (Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) Ho$ {bE b~mB S>`y


d{ = dmB0+EbxA\$mx(Q>rAmo-Q>rnr)
S>`y

S>`y

(Eb) _|

na Ano{jV gMbZ J{V H$s JUZm {ZZ H$ma H$a|:-

S>`y 2 na gMbZ J{V = S>`y 1 na gMbZ J{V+VmnmVa (Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) Ho$ {bE b~mB
S>`y 1 S>`y 2 (Eb) _o d{&
Bgr H$ma AmJo Ho$ eof ~Mo {~XwAm| na H$_mZwgma Ano{jV gMbZ J{V`m| H$s JUZm H$s OmE&
Q>|ga go Xya H$s gmBS> na aob \w$Q> na Cn`w$ (J) _| C[{IV WmZmV[aV {Mhm| Ho$ gmnoj Cn`w$
JUZm {H$E JE \$bmdm| H$mo _mH$ ({MphV) H$a|&
_mH$a I^o S>`y 1 Ho$ _mH$ Ho$ gm_Zo Ano{jV \$bmd H$m _mH$ AmZo VH$ aob Q>g| a Ho$ mam VZmd
bJmE& goJ_oQ> S>`y 0 S>`y 1 H$mo ~mY X|&
CgHo$ ~mX S>`y 2 na MoH$ H$a|, VZmd H$mo H$_ H$aVo hE `m ~T>mVo hE Q>|ga H$mo g_m`mo{OV H$aVo
hE _mH$ I^o S>`y 2 Ho$ _mH$ Ho$ gm_Zo Bg pW{V na Ano{jV \$bmd Ho$ _mH$ H$mo bmE VWm
goJ_|Q> S>`y 1 S>`y 2 H$mo ~mY| & Bgr H$ma, eof ~Mo hE _mH$m] H$mo MoH$ H$a|, Amd`H$VmZwgma
VZmd H$mo g_m`mo{OV H$a| VWm AJbo H$s Amoa OmZo go nhbo `oH$ goJ_|Q> H$mo ~mY X|&
ZmoQ>:

{d{^ Eb Ama (Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) Ho$ AVa _mZm| Ho$ {b`o n[a{e>-VII _| Eb


xA\$mx(Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) Ho$ _mZ {XImE h&
ii) aob \w$Q> na S>`y 1, S>`y 2 Am{X H$mo _mH$ H$aVo g_` Q>rnr H$m Ho$db EH$
_mZ hr _mZm OmE& CgHo$ ~mX Q>rnr Ho$ _mZ Amd`H$ Zht hmoVo h&
aobm| na gX{^V {Mhm| H$mo Cht Ho$ {bE ~ZmE JE I^m| Ho$ {Mhm| go
{_bmZ H$aZo Ho$ XmamZ `{X S>r-Q>qo gJ H$m` H$aZo H$s Ad{Y _| H$moB Vmn_mZ _|
AVa AmVm h Vmo Cgo aob Q>g| a _| VZZ ~b H$mo KQ>mH$a AWdm ~T>mH$a dV:
g_m`mo{OV H$a {b`m OmE&
iii) `{X {H$gr H$maUde, E2~r Ama gr2~r XmoZm| b~mB`m| H$mo gmW-gmW Zht
~mYm Om gH$Vm h Vmo qIMmd _| A{V_ g_m`moOZ VWm goJ_|Q>m| H$s AbJAbJ ~YmB H$_dma E2 go ~r Ama V~ gr2 go ~r VH$ H$s Om gH$Vr h&
S.>) A{V_ b~mB E2~r Ama gr2~r H$s ~YmB nyar hmo OmZo Ho$ ~mX, aob Q>g| a mam Zmno JE
Imbr WmZ na Xygar aob Ho$ {gao go (6.5 _rQ>a+2 x 25 {__r-1 {__r) H$s Zmnr JB
Xyar na nhbr aob Ho$ _w$ {gao Ho$ {ZH$Q> EH$ n|Q> H$m _mH$ bJmE&
i)

18

c)

Transfer marks W 1 , W 2, ....... onto the rail foot and note


temperature tp.

d)

Calculate the required movement at W1 as under:-

Movement at W1 =Yo + elongation of length W0 W1 (L) due to temperature difference


(to - tp) = Y0+ L (to -t p)
Calculate the required movement at W2 as under:Movement W2 = Movement at W1 + elongation of length W1W2 (L) due to
temperature difference (to - tp).
Similarly, calculate the required movements successively at each of the remaining
points.
Mark the above calculated extensions with respect to the transferred marks referred
at (c) above on the rail foot on the side away from the tensor.
Apply the tension by means of rail tensor till the mark of required extension comes
opposite to the mark on the marker pillar W1. Fasten down the segment W0W1.
Then check at W2, bring the mark of required extension at this location opposite to
the mark on the marker pillar W2, by adjusting the tensor either by reducing or
increasing tension and fasten down the segment W1W2. Similarly, check the
remaining marks, adjust the tension as required and fasten down each segment
before proceeding to the next.

Note : i)

Annexure-VII gives the value of L(to - tp) for different


values of L and (to - tp).

ii)

Only one value of tp has to be taken at the time of


marking W1,W2 etc. on the rail foot. The values of tp
is not required to be taken thereafter. The variation of
temperature, if any during the destressing operation
shall automatically be taken care of by reducing or
increasing the tensile force from the tensor, while
coinciding the reference mark on rail with the
corresponding mark on pillars.

iii)

If for any reason, both the lengths A2B and C2B can
not be fastened down simultaneously, the final
adjustment in pull and fastening down of the
individual segments may be done in series, first from
A2 to B and then, from C2 to B.

e)

After the fastening down of the last length A2B and C2B is
completed, make a paint mark near free end of one rail at a
distance of (6.5 metre + 2 x 25 mm -1 mm), measured from the
end of the other rail across the gap spanned by the rail tensor.

18

M)

Q>g| a H$mo hQ>mE, AWmB $n go 1 _rQ>a Ho$ Imbr WmZ H$mo ~X H$a| VWm gr{_V
J{V na `mVm`mV H$mo OmZo X| ({M 5.7.3 (gr))&

v)

Xygao `mVm`mV AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ n|Q>-_mH$ na aob H$mo H$mQ>| Ama 6.5 _rQ>a Ho$ R>rH$ ~am~a
H$s b~mB Ho$ aob bmoOa H$mo {d> H$a|/bJmE Ama CgHo$ EH$ {gao H$mo doS> H$a X| ({M
5.7.3 ($S>r)) & `{X Xygao {gao na ^r Imbr WmZ 25 {__r h Vmo Cgo ^r Cgr bmH$ _|
doS> {H$`m Om gH$Vm h& A`Wm {deof {\$eboQ>m| Amoa bnm| go ~mYm OmE Ama gr{_V
J{V na `mVm`mV H$mo MbZo X|& ~mX H$r pW{V _|, ~mX Ho$ AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ Q>rnr O~ Q>rAmo
go A{YH$ Z hmo Vmo Amd`H$ gr_m VH$ XmoZm| Amoa Ho$ aob ~YH$m| H$mo Imob X| Ama aob Q>g| a
Ho$ gmW aob H$mo ItM| Vm{H$ 25 {__r H$m Imbr WmZ ({M 5.7.3 (B)) m {H$`m Om gHo$,
aob H$mo nwZ: ~mY X| Ama OmoS> H$mo doS> H$a X| Ama doS> _oQ>b S>mbZo Ho$ ~mX H$_ go H$_
20 {_ZQ> ~rV OmZo Ho$ ~mX Q>g
| a H$mo hQ>m X|&

vi)

AJbo `mVm`mV AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ Q>rnr O~ Q>rS>r go H$_ hmo Vmo pW{V "~r' Ho$ XmoZm|
Amoa 100 _rQ>a H$s b~mB VH$ ~YH$m| H$mo ImobVo hE VWm bH$S>r Ho$ _bQ>mo mam Q>qnJ
H$aVo hE aob _| ~bm| H$mo EH$ g_mZ H$a X| ({M 5.7.3 (E\$))& aob H$mo ~mY X| Ama
`mVm`mV H$mo OmZo X|&

vii)

AJbo `mVm`mV AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ, O~ Q>rnr nam 1.11 _| Q>rS>r hoVw {ZYm[aV Vmn_mZ H$s
gr_m Ho$ AXa hmo Vmo Eg B Oo go 100 _rQ>a VH$ Ho$ {gao H$mo S>r-Q>og H$a|& BgHo$ nmV nam
5.6.1 Ho$ AZwgma Eg B Oo H$s goqQ>J H$mo ^br-^m{V gw{Z{V H$aVo hE Eg B Oo go AJbr
bmoOa aob H$mo doS> H$a|&

5.7.4

`{X S>r-Q>qo gJ Ho$ g_` aob H$m Vmn_mZ nam 1.11 _o {ZYm[aV gr_m Ho$ AXa hmo Vmo aob Q>|ga H$m
`moJ {~Zm {H$E n[a{e>-VIII _| Xr JB {dVV {H$`m AnZmB OmE&

5.8

Eb S>`y Ama H$mo gr S>`y Ama _| OmoS >Zm


Eb S>`y Ama H$mo gr S>`y Ama _| OmoS >Zo Ho$ {bE {dVV {H$`m {ZZ H$ma h ({M
go (E\$) VH$):i)

Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ ~rM _| pWV Eg B Oo/~\$a aobm| Ho$ WmZ na gmYmaU aob| {OZ_| go
H$_ go H$_ Xmo AWmB aob| 6.5 _rQ>a b~mB H$s hm| `oH$ XmB Ama ~mB Amoa bJmE& BZ
AWmB aobm| H$mo N>moS>H$a g^r aocmo H$mo doS> H$a X|& AWmB aobm| H$mo {\$eboQ>m| go ~mY X|&
ZmoQ>:

ii)

5.8 (E)

Ohm OmoS>m| H$mo OmoS>Zo H$s Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ Vmn_mZm| _| ApWaVmE N>moQ>r-N>moQ>r h,
dhm Xmo Ho$ WmZ na Ho$db EH$ AWmB aob n`m hmoJr&

dgZ b~mB`m| Ho$ g_m{ (ES>) H$mo _mH$ H$aZo Ho$ {bE AWmB aobm| Ho$ _` go
H$s Xyar na `oH$ Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ {bE _mH$a I^o S>`y 0 ~ZmE&

19

100

_rQ>a

f)

Remove the tensor, close the 1 metre gap temporarily and allow
traffic at restricted speed (Fig. 5.7.3 (c)).

v)

During another traffic block, cut the rail at the paint mark, insert a rail closure
of length exactly equal to 6.5 metre and weld one end thereof (Fig. 5.7.3 (d)).
If the gap at the other end is also 25 mm, it can be welded in the same block.
Otherwise, fasten with special fishplates and clamps and allow traffic at
restricted speed. In the latter case, during a subsequent block, when tp is not
greater than to, release rail fastenings on either side to the required extent
and pull the rails with rail tensor to get the desired gap of 25 mm (Fig. 5.7.3
(e)); refasten the rail and weld the joint. Release the tensor after a lapse of a
minimum of 20 minutes after pouring of the weld metal.

vi)

During a subsequent traffic block, when tp is less than td, equalise the forces
in the rail by releasing the fastenings over a length of 100 metre on either
side of location B and tapping with wooden mallets etc. (Fig. 5.7.3 (f)).
Fasten down the rail and allow traffic.

vii)

During another traffic block, when tp is within the range of temperature


specified for td in para 1.11, destress the end 100 metre from SEJ. Thereafter,
weld the closure rail next to SEJ duly ensuring setting of the SEJ as per para
5.6.1.

5.7.4

In case rail temperature at the time of destressing is within the range specified in
para 1.11, detailed procedure as given in Annexure -VIII without using rail tensor,
may be adopted.

5.8

JOINING LWRs INTO CWR


Detailed procedure for joining of LWRs into CWR is as given below ( Fig. 5.8 (a)
to (f)):i)

Replace the existing SEJs/buffer rails between the LWRs with ordinary rails,
of which there should be two temporary rails about 6.5 metre long for each of
left and right sides. Leaving the temporary rails fishplated, weld the other
rails.

Note: Where fluctuations of temperatures during the period of joining


are likely to be small, only one temporary rail instead of two, may
suffice.
ii)

Provide W0 marker pillars for each of the LWRs at a distance of 100


metre from the centre of temporary rails, to mark the ends of the breathing
lengths.

19

iii)

_mZH$ c~mB H$s Xmo aoc| V`ma a{IE& CZH$s c~mB`m "l' R>rH$ {ZH$Q>V_ {__r VH$ Zmn|&

iv)

XmoZm| Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ {cE _mH$ S>`y

H$mo aoc cO na WmZmV[aV H$a|&

Ano{jV Q>rAmo H$s Anojm Q>rnr O~ H$_ hmo Vmo W_ `mVm`mV AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ dgZ
c~mB`m| H$mo AWmB aocm| go OmoS>Zo dmcr {\$ecoQ>m| Ama {\$e-~moQ>m| H$mo hQ>mE,
S>`y 0 _mH$m] Ho$ ~rM Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ ~YH$mo H$mo T>rcm H$a X|, aocm| H$mo amocam| na
MT>mE Ama Ec S>`y Ama 1 Ama 2 H$_e Ho$ {cE _mH$a I^m| S>`y 0 na dmB 0 Ama
dmB0' gMcZ J{V`m| H$mo ZmoQ> H$a|&
ZmoQ>:

dmB0 Ama dmB0' H$s gMcZ J{V`m| H$mo Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ {gam| go Xya hmoZm
Mm{hE, `{X Ec S>`y Ama ghr S>r-Q>qo gJ H$s pW[V _| hmo&

v)

Q>rnr ZmoQ> H$a| VWm {M


H$a|&

5.8 (~r)

_| {XImE JE AZwgma XmoZm| Amoa E|H$a c~mB`m| H$mo _mH$

vi)

{H$gr EH$ Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ {gao go Zmnr JB l + EcxA\$mx(Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) + dmB 0 +


dmB0' + 2 x 25 - 1 {__r H$s Xyar na Xygao Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ {gao Ho$ {ZH$Q> n|Q> go _mH$
H$a|& `hm Ec = 200 _rQ>a, `oH$ W{_Q> doS> Ho$ {cE 25 {__r H$s OJh VWm Amar H$mQ>
Ho$ {cE 1 {__r OJh cr JB h& Ec x A\$m x (Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) H$m _mZ n[a{e>-VII _| nT>m
OmE AWmV (Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) = 100 Ho$ {c`o Ec x A\$m x (Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) = 23 {__r&

vii)

amocam| H$mo hQ>mE, c~mB "Ec' H$mo ~mYo, `{X AmdH$ hmo Vmo cmoOa Qw>H$S>m| H$mo cJmE VWm
`mVm`mV H$mo McZo X| ({M 5.8 (gr))&

viii)

Xygao AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ ({M 5.8 (S>r)), n|Q> _mH$ na aoc H$mo H$mQ>|, AWmB aocm| H$mo hQ>mE,
"l' c~mB H$s aoc cJmE Ama CgH$m EH$ {gam doS> H$a|& `{X Xygao {gao na 25 {__r H$m
Imcr WmZ hmo Vmo Cgo ^r Cgr AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ doS> {H$`m Om gH$Vm h& `{X Ano{jV
25 {__r H$m Imcr WmZ CncY Z hmo Vmo aocm| H$mo {\$ecoQ>m| Ama cnm| go ~mY X| Ama
`mVm`mV H$mo gr{_V J{V na McZo X|&

ix)

Vrgao AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ ({M 5.8 (B)) A` OmoS >m| H$mo doS> H$a|, `{X Imcr WmZ 25
{__r hmo& `{X Imcr WmZ 25 {__r go A{YH$ hmo Vmo Ano{jV gr_m VH$ XmoZm| Amoa aoc
~YH$m| H$mo T>rcm H$a| Ama 25 {__r H$m Ano{jV Imcr WmZ m H$aZo Ho$ {cE aoc Q>g| a Ho$
gmW aocm| H$mo IrM|& Xw~mam ~mY| Ama aocm| H$mo doS> H$a|& doS> _oQc T>mcZo Ho$ ~mX H$_ go
H$_ 20 {_ZQ> ~mX Q>|ga H$mo T>rcm H$a|&

x)

MmWo Ama A{V_ AdamoY Ho$ XmamZ ({M 5.8 (E\$)), "Ec' _mH$ {H$E JE ^mJ Ho$ ~YH$m|
H$mo T>rcm H$aVo hE aocm| na ~cm| H$mo EH$ g_mZ H$a| VWm E|H$a c~mB`m| na ^r XmoZm| Amoa
Eogm hr H$a| VWm cH$S>r Ho$ _cQ>m| go Q>qnJ Am{X ^r H$a|& aocm| H$mo ~mY| Ama `mVm`mV H$mo
nwZ Mmcy H$a X|&

20

iii)

Keep ready two rails of standard length. Measure their lengths l correct to
the nearest millimetre.

iv)

Transfer the marks W0 to the rail flange for both the LWRs.
During the first traffic block when tp is less than desired t0, remove the fishplates and fish-bolts connecting the temporary rails to the breathing lengths,
release the fastenings of LWRs between the W0 marks, mount the rails on
rollers and note the movements Y0 and Y'0 at the marker pillars W0, for LWRs
1 and 2 respectively.

Note : The movements of Y0 and Y'0 should be away from the ends of
LWR, if the LWRs are in a state of correct destressing.
v)

Note tp and mark the anchor length on either side as shown Fig.5.8 (b).

vi)

Make a paint mark near the end of either of the LWRs at a distance of
l + L(t0-tp) + Y0 + Y'0 + 2 x 25 -1 mm measured from the end of other LWR.
Here L = 200 metre, 25 mm is the allowance for each thermit weld and 1 mm
is the allowance for a saw cut. The value of L(t0-tp) may be read from
Annexure-VII, e.g. for (t0 - tp ) = 100C, L(t0 - tp) = 23 mm.

vii)

Remove the rollers, fasten down the length L, introducing closure pieces, if
necessary, and allow traffic (Fig. 5.8 (c)).

viii) During the second block (Fig. 5.8 (d)), cut the rail at the paint mark, remove
the temporary rails, insert the rail of length l and weld one end of it. If the gap
at the other end is 25 mm, it can also be welded during the same block. If the
required 25 mm gap is not available, fasten the rails with fishplates and
clamps and allow traffic at restricted speed.
ix)

During the third block (Fig. 5.8 (e)), weld the other joint if the gap is 25 mm.
If the gap is more than 25 mm, release the rail fastenings on either side to
the required extent and pull the rails with rail tensor to get the desired gap of
25 mm. Refasten and weld the rail. Release the tensor after the lapse of a
minimum of 20 minutes after pouring of the weld metal.

x)

During the fourth and final block (Fig. 5.8 (f)), equalise the forces in the rail
by releasing the fastenings over the portion marked L and also over the
anchor lengths on either side and tapping with wooden mallets, etc. Fasten
down the rail and restore traffic.

20

5.9

gX^ _mH$
gX^ _mH$m] H$mo, `oH$ Eg B Oo VWm Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ _` ^mJ _|, Bg Co` go ~ZmE JE
gX^ I^m| na cJm`m ({\$g) OmEJm& gX^ I^m| na `{n _mH$ Amar go ~ZmE OmEJ o naVw
Cht Ho$ {cE gX^ _mH$ Mmcy aoc na aoc Ho$ ZmZ-JoO gmBS> na n|Q> go ~ZmE OmEJo & {H$gr ^r
n[apW{V _| aoc na gX^ _mH$ Amar go Zht ~Zm`m OmEJm& Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$s
S>r-Q>oqgJ Ho$ VwaV ~mX gX^ _mH$m] H$mo cJm {X`m OmEJm& VVnMmV BZH$mo Z Vmo WmZmV[aV {H$`m
OmEJm Ama Z hr {~JmS>m (Q>n| a) OmEJm& Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ `dhma H$mo OmZZo Ho$
{cE dgZ c~mB na Ama AMc ^mJ na A{V[a$ gX^ _mH$ cJmE Om gH$Vo h&

6.0
6.1

6.2

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m AZwajU


Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama C{MV $n go H$m` H$a| BgHo$ {cE ma{^H$ _w` Amd`H$Vm `h
h {H$ Bh| C Va Ho$ AZwgma ma^ _| {~N>m`m OmE Ama CgHo$ ~mX CgH$m AZwajU nam 9.2.2
Ho$ AZwgma dY j_Vm _mU n aIZo dmco {e{jV H$m{_H$m| mam H$am`m OmE, VWm m{YH$ma H$m
Va n[a{e>-VI _| {XE JE Va go H$_ Z hmo&
{Z`{_V aocnW AZwajU
Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {Z`{_V aocnW AZwajU _| {ZZm{H$V H$m` g{_{cV h:-

6.2.1

i)

Q>qnJ/nqH$J

ii)

{cpQ>J (D$na CR>mZm)

iii)

dH$m| Ho$ N>mQo >o nwZ gaI


o U g{hV gaI
o U

iv)

CWcr H$sqZJ/emoS>a H$s g\$mB (crqZJ)

v)

Eogo ~YZm| H$m nwZZdrH$aU {OgHo$ {bE {cpQ>J Amd`H$ hmo

vi)

~\$a aocmo| H$m AZwajU

gm_m`
i)
H$) H$H$sQ> brnam| dmbr aobnW gaMZm na Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama
Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m {Z`{_V aobnW AZwajU Chr KQ >mo VH$ gr{_V
ahoJm O~ aob Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+100 gopg`g Ama Q>rS>r-300 gopg`g Ho$ ~rM hmo Ama
Bgo Jr_ F$Vw Ho$ ma^ go H$m\$s nhbo nyam H$am {b`m OmE& `{X AZwajU H$m` Ho$
~mX aob H$m Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+200 go A{YH$ hmo OmVm h Vmo nam 1.18 Ho$ AZwgma
gwT >rH$aU H$s Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ JVr MmH$sXma H$s VZmVr Ho$ Abmdm O~ emoS>a Ama
{H$~ H$m H$neZ {H$`m J`m hmo Vmo ~S>r bmBZ na 50 {H$_r/KQ>m Ama _rQ>a bmBZ
na 40 {H$_r/KQ>m H$s J{V gr_m bJmB OmE, VWm O~ emoS>a Ed {H$~ H$m
H$neZ Z {H$`m J`m hmo V~ 30 {H$_r/KQ>m Ed 20 {H$_r/KQ>m H$_e H$s J{V
gr_m bJmB OmE&

21

5.9

REFERENCE MARKS
Reference marks shall be fixed at each SEJ and at the centre of LWR/CWR, on
the reference pillars erected for this purpose. While the reference marks on the
reference pillars shall be saw marks, corresponding marks on the running rails
shall be paint marks on the non-gauge face of the rail. In no case, a saw mark shall
be made on the running rail. Reference marks are required to be fixed immediately
after destressing of LWR/CWR and shall not be shifted or tampered with thereafter.
Additional reference marks in fixed portion and breathing length may be provided
to know the behavior of LWR/CWR.

6.0

MAINTENANCE OF LWR/CWR

6.1

An important prerequisite for proper functioning of LWR/CWR is its initial laying to


a high standard and its subsequent maintenance by trained personnel possessing
valid competency certificates as per para 9.2.2 and level of authorisation not lower
than what is laid down in Annexure-VI.

6.2

REGULAR TRACK MAINTENANCE


Regular track maintenance in LWR/CWR includes following operations:-

6.2.1

i)

Tamping/packing

ii)

Lifting

iii)

Aligning including minor realignment of curves

iv)

Shallow screening/shoulder cleaning

v)

Renewal of fastenings requiring lifting

vi)

Maintenance of buffer rails

General
i)

a)

Track structure consisting of concrete sleepers in LWR/CWR


The regular track maintenance in LWR/CWR shall be confined to hours
when rail temperature is between td +10C and td-30C and shall be
completed well before onset of summer. If rail temperature after maintenance operation exceeds td + 200C during the period of consolidation as per para 1.18, the speed restriction of 50 km/h on BG and 40
km/h on MG shall be imposed when shoulder and crib compaction has
been done and 30 km/h and 20 km/h respectively when shoulder and
crib compaction has not been done in addition to posting mobile watchman.

21

I) H$H$rQ> brnam| Ho$ Abmdm A` Vah Ho$ brnam| na Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama

ii)

iii)
iv)

v)

Eb S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m {Z`{_V aobnW AZwajU Chr KQ>m| VH$ hr gr{_V
ahoJm O~ aob Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+100 gopg`g Ama Q>rS>r-300 gopg`g Ho$ ~rM hmo Ama
Bgo Jr_ F$Vw Ho$ ma^ go H$m\$s nhbo nyam H$a {b`m OmE& `{X AZwajU H$m` Ho$
~mX aob H$m Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$ hmo OmVm h Vmo nam 1.18 Ho$
AZwgma gwT >rH$aU H$s Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ ~S>r bmBZ na 50 {H$_r/KQ>m Ed _rQ>a
bmBZ na 40 {H$_r/KQ>m H$s J{V gr_m bJmB OmE&
{J>r goeZ H$m AZwajU C{MV $n go {H$`m OmE,$ {deof $n go nXc VWm _doer
H$mqgJm|, _moS>m| VWm codc H$mqgJm| Ho$ nhM _mJ VWm nwcm| na& gog codoc H$m C{MV $n
go AZwajU {H$`m OmE& {J>r H$s hm{Z H$mo amoH$Zo Ho$ {c`o S>dm\$ Xrdmcm| H$mo nXc
VWm _doer H$mqgJm| na cJm`m OmE& J_u Ho$ F$Vw Ho$ nma^ Ho$ nhco {J>r H$s Xw~mam ^amB
nyar H$a cr OmE& EH$mH$s WmZm| Ho$ emoS>a _| {J>r H$s H$_r JJ_oQ> mam Xmo nQ>[a`m| Ho$
~rM A{YH$ go A{YH$ 600 {__r/350 {__r H$s MmS >mB VWm A{YH$ go A{YH$ 100
{__r/75 {__r H$s JhamB VH$ H$_e ~S>r cmBZ/_rQ>a cmBZ hoVw aocnW Ho$ ~rM go H$_ go
H$_ _mm _| {J>r coH$a nyar H$s OmE&
{H$gr H$ma Ho$ AZwajU H$m`, {deof $n go {cpQ>J, H$mo ew$ H$aZo go nhco nyam {J>r
goeZ ~ZmZo Ho$ {c`o n`m _mm _| {J>r H$mo EH$ {H$`m OmE&
`yBJ Ho$ {c`o H$mo-~ma H$m `moJ {H$E OmZo go nhco gmdYmZr `h ~aVr OmE {H$ Bh| Bg
H$ma cJm`m OmE {H$ aocnW D$na H$s Amoa Z CR>o & Bg g~Y _| ^maVr` aoc aocnW
{Z`_mdcr Ho$ nam 224 (K) (ii) Ho$ AZwXe
o m| H$m nmcZ {H$`m OmE&
{ZZm{H$V WmZm| na aocnW AZwajU na {deof `mZ {X`m OmE:
-

vi)

vii)
6.2.2

Eg B Oo/dgZ c~mB`m| na
codoc H$mqgJm| Ho$ nhM _mJm], dmBQ>m| Ama H$mqgJm| VWm {J>r a{hV S>oH$ nwcm| na
j{VO Ama CdmYa dH$m| na

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| cJo hE ~YH$mo Ho$ AZwajU na {deof `mZ {X`m OmE,
{deof $n go ^maVr` aoc aocnW {Z`_mdcr Ho$ nam 1411 Ho$ AZwgma H$H$sQ> crnam| na
cJo ~YH$m| na&
g^r ~YH$ nyao VWm AN>r Vah go H$go hmoZo Mm{hE&

`rH$V AZwajU
i)

AZwajU Q>q nJ:


Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| gmYmaU {cQ> H$H$sQ> crnam| Ho$ _m_co _| A{YH$ go
A{YH$ 50 {__r VWm A` crnam| Ho$ _m_co _| 25 {__r, gaoIU H$mo ghr H$aZo H$mo
gp_{cV H$aVo hE, Q>q nJ V~ H$s OmEJr O~ nam 6.2.1(i) Ho$ AZwgma aoc Vmn_mZ ~Zo aho
Ama Cg nam _| {ZYm[aV gmdYm{Z`m| H$m nmcZ H$aVo hE&
22

b)

Track structure consisting of sleepers other than concrete sleepers


The regular track maintenance in LWR/CWR shall be confined to hours
when the rail temperature is between td+10C and td-30C and shall be
completed well before onset of summer. If rail temperature after the
maintenance operation exceeds td+20C during the period of consolidation as per para 1.18, then the speed restriction of 50 km/h on BG
and 40 km/h on MG shall be imposed.

6.2.2

ii)

Ballast section shall be properly maintained, specially on pedestrian & cattle


crossings, curves and approaches to level crossings and bridges. Cess level
should be correctly maintained. Dwarf walls may be provided on pedestrian
and cattle crossings to prevent loss of ballast. Replenishment of ballast shall
be completed before onset of summer. Shortage of ballast in the shoulder at
isolated places shall be made up by the Gangmate by taking out minimum
quantity of ballast from the centre of the track between the two rails over a
width not exceeding 600 mm/350 mm and a depth not exceeding 100 mm/
75 mm for BG/MG respectively.

iii)

Sufficient quantity of ballast shall be collected to provide full ballast section


before commencing any maintenance operation, specially lifting.

iv)

When crow bars are used for slewing, care shall be taken to apply these in a
manner so as to avoid lifting of track. In this connection, the instructions in
para 224(d) (ii) of IRPWM shall be followed.

v)

Special attention shall be paid to maintenance of track at following locations:


-

SEJs/breathing lengths

Approaches of level crossings, points & crossings and unballasted


deck bridges

Horizontal and vertical curves

vi)

Special attention shall be paid to maintenance of fastenings in LWR/CWR


especially on concrete sleepers according to para 1411 of IRPWM .

vii)

All fastenings shall be complete and well secured.

Mechanised Maintenance
i)

Maintenance tamping:
Tamping in LWR/CWR with general lift not exceeding 50 mm in case of
concrete sleeper and 25 mm in case of other sleepers including correction
of alignment shall be carried out during the period when prevailing rail
temperatures are as per para 6.2.1 (i) together with precautions laid down
therein.

22

ii)

aocnW H$mo D$na CR>mZm ({cpQ>J ):


{cpQ>J H$s Ohm Amd`H$Vm hmo, H$H$sQ> crnam| Ho$ _m_c| _| 50 {__r go A{YH$ d A`
H$ma Ho$ crnam| Ho$ _m_co _| 25 {__r go A{YH$ H$s pW[V _| n`m g_` Ho$ AVa Ho$
gmW, H${_H$ MaUm| _| Bg H$ma H$s OmEJr H$s nadVu {cpQ>J H$aZo go nhco nam 1.18 Ho$
AZwgma nhco MaU H$m nyU gwT >rH$aU m H$a {c`m J`m hmo&

emoS>a {J>r H$s g\$mB:


emoS>a {J>r H$s `rH$V g\$mB Cgr g_` H$s OmEJr O~ aoc Vmn_mZ nam 6.2.1(i) _|
{ZYm[aV gr_mAm| Ho$ AXa hmo VWm Cg_| Xr JB gmdYm{Z`m| Ho$ gmW `h H$m` {H$`m Om ahm
hmo&
_ZA
w c AZwajU
i)
_ZA
w c AZwajU hoVw AWdm CWcr g\$mB hoVw {H$gr ^r g_` cJmVma 30 crnam| H$s
OJhm| go A{YH$ H$mo Zht Imocm OmEJm ~eVo H$_ go H$_ 30 nyar Vah go ~mg E|H$[aV {H$E
hE crnam| H$mo AZwajU hoVw Imoco OmZo dmco crnam| Ho$ XmoZm| Amoa N>moS> aIm J`m hmo& ~rM
_| N>moS>r JB c~mB`m| H$m AZwajU, O~ VH$ {H$ ~S>r cmBZ, {OZ_| `mVm`mV 10
Or E_ Q>r go A{YH$ hmo, 24 KQ>o VH$ VWm A` ~S>r cmBZ/_rQ>a cmBZ _| 2 {XZm| VH$
`mVm`mV JwOa Z J`m hmo, ma^ Zht {H$`m OmEJm&
ii)
gaI
o U H$mo R>rH$ H$aZo Ho$ {cE, emoS>a {J>r H$mo H$_ gr_m VH$ hr Imocm OmEJm Ama dh
^r crna {gao Ho$ R>rH$ CQ>r {Xem _| Amd`H$VmZwgma Imocm OmEJm& nqH$J hoVw {H$~ {J>r
Imoco OmZo go nhco emoS>am| _| {J>r H$mo nwZ aI {X`m OmEJm&
iii) {deof n[apW{V`m| _| O~ {H$gr {deof H$m` Ho$ {bE 30 go A{YH$ brna OJhm| H$mo Imobm
OmZm Amd`H$ hmo Ogm {H$ {J>r H$s gVV N>ZmB Am{X _| hmoVm h V~ df H$s Cg Ad{Y
Ho$ XmamZ O~ {XZ Ho$ g_` aob H$m {ZZV_ Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r-300 gopg`g go H$_ VWm CV_
Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+100 gopg`g go D$na Z OmE, 100 brna OJhm| VH$ H$mo aobnW {ZarjH$ Ho$
d` Ho$ n`dj
o U _| Imobm Om gH$Vm h& naVw BgH$mo gw{ZpMV aIm OmEJm {H$ Eb S>`y
Ama H$s nyar b~mB _| aob-brna ~YH$ gVmofOZH$ T>J go H$m` H$a aho hm| VWm pdM
{dVma OmoS> (Eg B Oo) {H$gr Agm_m` `dhma H$mo B{JV Zht H$a ahm hmo&
crnam| H$m AmH$p_H$ nwZZdrH$aU
iii)

6.2.3

6.2.4

EH$ ~ma _| cJmVma 30 crnam| _| EH$ go A{YH$ crna Zht ~Xcm OmEJm& `{X Cgr c~mB _|
cJmVma Xmo AWdm A{YH$ crna hQ>mZm Amd`H$ hmo Vmo nam 6.2.1(i) _| {ZYm[aV Vmn_mZ gr_mAm|
VWm Cg_| Xr JB gmdYm{Z`m| H$mo ^cr-^m{V XoIVo hE nhco nwZZdrH$V crnam| H$s nqH$J Ho$ ~mX
EH$-EH$ H$aHo$ crnam| H$mo ~Xcm Om gH$Vm h&
6.2.5

~YH$m| H$m nwZZdrH$aU


~YH$mo H$m nwZZdrH$aU H$m H$m` nam 6.2.1(i) _| {ZYm[aV gr_mAm| Ho$ AXa aoc Vmn_mZ Ho$ hmoZo na
{ZZm{H$V A{V[a$ gmdYm{Z`m| Ho$ gmW {H$`m Om gH$Vm h:-

23

ii)

Lifting of track:
Lifting where needed, in excess of 50 mm in case of concrete sleepers/
25 mm in case of other types of sleepers shall be carried out in stages with
adequate time gap in between successive stages such that full consolidation
of the previous stage as per para 1.18 is achieved prior to taking up the
subsequent lift.

iii)

Cleaning of shoulder ballast:


Mechanised cleaning of shoulder ballast shall be undertaken when prevailing
rail temperatures are within the limits prescribed in para 6.2.1(i) together
with the precautions mentioned therein.

6.2.3

6.2.4

Manual maintenance
i)

At no time, not more than 30 sleepers spaces in a continuous stretch shall


be opened for manual maintenance or shallow screening with atleast 30 fully
boxed sleeper spaces left in between adjacent openings. Maintenance of in
between lengths shall not be undertaken till passage of traffic for atleast 24
hours in case of BG carrying more than 10 GMT or 2 days in case of other
BG and MG routes.

ii)

For correction of alignment, the shoulder ballast shall be opened out to the
minimum extent necessary and that too, just opposite the sleeper end. The
ballast in shoulders shall then be put back before opening out crib ballast for
packing.

iii)

In exceptional circumstances when more than 30 sleeper spaces have to


be opened for any specific work, like through screening of ballast etc. during
the period of the year when minimum daily rail temperature is not below
td-30C or maximum does not go beyond td+10C, upto 100 sleeper spaces
may be opened under the direct supervision of PWI. It should however,
be ensured that rail to sleeper fastenings on the entire length of LWR
are functioning satisfactorily and SEJs do not indicate any unusual behaviour.

Casual renewal of sleepers


Not more than one sleeper in 30 consecutive sleepers shall be replaced at a time.
Should it be necessary to renew two or more consecutive sleepers in the same
length, they may be renewed one at a time after packing the sleepers renewed
earlier duly observing the temperature limits specified in para 6.2.1(i) together
with precautions mentioned therein.

6.2.5

Renewal of fastenings
The work of renewal of fastenings shall be carried out when rail temperature is
within the limits specified in para 6.2.1 (i) with following additional precautions:-

23

i)

Eogo ~YH$m| H$m nwZZdrH$aU {OZHo$ {cE {cpQ>J Amd`H$ Z hmo:


Eogo ~YH$m|, {OZHo$ {cE aoc H$mo D$na CR>mZo H$s Amd`H$Vm Z hmo, H$m nwZZdrH$aU EH$ ~ma
_| EH$ go A{YH$ crna na Zht {H$`m OmEJm& `{X EH$ ~ma _| EH$ go A{YH$ crnam| H$mo
nwZ Z`m H$aZm hmo Vmo ~rM Ho$ H$_ go H$_ 15 crnam| H$mo H$gr hmcV _| aIm OmEJm& `h
H$m` H$s_Z Ho$ n`dj
o U (XoI-aoI) _| {H$`m OmEJm&

ii)

Eogo ~YH$m| H$m nwZZdrH$aU {OgHo$ {c`o {cpQ>J Amd`H$ hmo:


Eogo ~YH$m|, {OZHo$ {cE aocm| H$mo D$na CR>mZm Amd`H$ hmo Ogo JwS> a~S> nS> Am{X H$mo EH$
~ma _| EH$ go A{YH$ crna na nwZZdrH$aU Zhr {H$`m OmEJm& `{X EH$ ~ma _| EH$ go
A{YH$ crnam| Ho$ ~YH$m| H$m nwZZdrH$aU H$aZm hmo Vmo ~rM Ho$ H$_ go H$_ 30 crna H$gr
hmcV _| aIo OmEJo & `h H$m` JJ_oQ> Ho$ n`dj
o U _| {H$`m OmEJm&

6.2.6

6.2.7

Eg B Oo/~\$a aocm| H$m AZwajU


i)

`oH$ 15 {XZm| _| EH$ ~ma Eg B Oo H$mo MoH$ {H$`m OmE, nH$ {H$`m OmE Ama Amd`H$
hmo Vmo CgH$m gaoIU {H$`m OmE& Eg B Oo H$s Q>J VWm Q>mH$ aocm| _| Voc S>>mcm OmEJm
Ama Jrg cJmB OmEJr VWm gmW hr gmW ~YH$m| H$mo H$gm ^r OmEJm& Eg B Oo H$s gMcZ
J{V H$mo MoH$ {H$`m OmEJm Ama S>r-Q>oqgJ Ho$ {c`o H$madmB, `{X Amd`H$ hmo Vmo, nam 6.4
Ho$ AZwgma H$s OmEJr&

ii)

AnZr amoOmZm H$s JV Ho$ XmamZ H$s_Z AnZo jo _o nS>Zo dmco Eg B Oo H$s {deof {ZJamZr
aIoJm&

iii)

~\$a aocm| H$m AZwajU n[a{e>-IX Ho$ AZwgma {H$`m OmEJm&

Iam~ aocm|/doS>m| H$m nwZZdrH$aU


Bg nwpVH$m Ho$ nam 7.2 _| Xr JB aoc Qy>Q>Zo Ho$ ~mX aocnW H$s _a_V hoVw AnZmB OmZo dmcr
{H$`m H$mo AnZm`m OmE&

6.3

{deof aocnW AZwajU


Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {deof aocnW AZwajU _| {ZZm{H$V H$m` gp_{cV h: i)

~YH$m| ({\$qQ>Jm|) H$m gVV nwZZdrH$aU

ii)

Jhar H$sqZJ/[J>r H$s `rH$V g\$mB

iii)

aocnW ZrMo H$aZm/D$na CR>mZm

iv)

dH$m| H$m ^mar gaoIU

v)

AmH$p_H$ nwZZdrH$aU Ho$ Acmdm A` H$ma H$m crnam| H$m nwZZdrH$aU

vi)

nwcm| H$s VWm aocnW _| ~mYm> S>>mcZo dmcr \$ma_oeZ H$s nwZWmnZm

24

i)

Renewal of fastenings not requiring lifting:


Fastenings not requiring lifting of rails, shall be renewed on not more
than one sleeper at a time. In case fastenings of more than one sleepers
are required to be renewed at a time, then atleast 15 sleepers in
between shall be kept intact. Work shall be done under supervision of
Keyman.

ii)

Renewal of fastenings requiring lifting:


Fastenings requiring lifting of rails i.e. grooved rubber pads, etc. shall
be renewed on not more than one sleeper at a time. In case fastenings
of more than one sleepers are required to be renewed at a time, then
atleast 30 sleepers in between shall be kept intact. Work shall de done
under supervision of Gangmate.

6.2.6

6.2.7

Maintenance of SEJs/buffer rails


i)

Once in a fortnight SEJs shall be checked, packed and aligned if necessary.


Oiling and greasing of tongue and stock rails of SEJ and tightening of
fastenings shall be done simultaneously. Movement of SEJs shall be checked
and action taken for destressing if necessary as per para 6.4.

ii)

During his daily patrolling, Keyman shall keep special watch on the SEJs
falling in his beat.

iii)

Buffer rails shall be maintained in accordance with Annexure-IX.

Renewal of defective rails/welds


The procedure laid down in para 7.2 of this manual for repairs to track after rail
fracture shall be followed.

6.3

SPECIAL TRACK MAINTENANCE


Special track maintenance in LWR/CWR includes following operations:i)

Through fittings renewal

ii)

Deep screening/mechanised cleaning of ballast

iii)

Lowering/Lifting of track

iv)

Major realignment of curves

v)

Sleeper renewal other than casual renewals

vi)

Rehabilitation of bridges and formation causing disturbance to track

24

6.3.1

~YH$m| ({\$qQ>Jm|) H$m gVV nwZZdrH$aU


O~ ^r Eb S>`y Ama Ho$ ~YH$m| H$m C{MV H$ma go H$m` gw{ZpMV H$aZo hoVw gVV nwZZdrH$aU
H$aZo H$m {ZpM` {H$`m OmE, ~YH$mo Ho$ gVV ~Xcmd Ho$ gmW-gmW Eb S>`y Ama H$s Sr-Q>qo gJ
H$s OmE&

6.3.2

Jhar H$rqZJ/[J>r H$s `rH$V g\$mB


i)

Bg nam _| AmJo ~VmB JB `dWmAm| Ho$ gmW-gmW Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {cE
^maVr` aoc aocnW {Z`_mdcr Ho$ nam 238 (2) (B) _| C{{IV {dVV {H$`m Ho$ WmZ na
{J>r g\$mB _erZ (~r gr E_) Ho$ MmcZm| H$mo AnZm`m OmE&

ii)

{J>r H$s g\$mB _erZ (~r gr E_), Q>p nJ _erZ VWm S>m`Zm{_H$ aocnW Q>~o cmBOa (S>r
Q>r Eg) H$mo Ohm VH$ g^d hmo, EH$ gmW cJm`m OmE&

iii)

CZ goeZm| Ho$ Vmn_mZ Ho$ [aH$mS>, Ohm Jhar H$sqZJ H$s OmZo dmcr hmo, H$m {nN>co Ama
Mmcy df Ho$ {cE A``Z {H$`m OmE& Jhar H$sqZJ Ho$ XmamZ Ama gwT>rH$aU H$s Ad{Y
Ho$ XmamZ m A{YH$V_ VWm `yZV_ aoc Vmn_mZ H$m AmH$cZ {H$`m OmE& {ZZm{H$V _| go
{H$gr EH$ {d{Y H$mo Jhar H$sqZJ/`rH$V g\$mB H$m H$m` H$aZo Ho$ {cE AnZm`m Om gH$Vm
h:-

iv)

H$)

`{X aoc Vmn_mZ H$s gr_m Q>rS>r+100 gopg`g go Q>rS>r - 200 gopg`g Ho$
AXa ahVr h Vmo {~Zm H$qQ>J Ho$ AWdm AWmB Sr>-Q>qo gJ Ho$ hr Jhar H$sqZJ
H$s Om gH$Vr h&

I)

`{X aoc Vmn_mZ H$s gr_m CnamoV (H$) Ho$ ~mha ahVr h Vmo H$m` H$s Ad{Y
Ho$ XmamZ m {H$E OmZo dmco g^m{dV A{YH$V_ aoc Vmn_mZ Ho$ 100 gopg`g
ZrMo Ho$ Vmn_mZ na AWmB S>r-Q>qo gJ H$s OmEJr& gr S>`y Ama H$mo cJ^J
1 {H$_r H$s c~mB H$s Ec S>`y Ama _| H$mQ>m OmEJm VWm Xmo AWmB 6.5 _r
c~r ~\$a aocm| H$mo {M 4.4.3 (E) Ama (~r) AWdm (gr) _| {XImB JB
`dWmAm| Ho$ AZwgma cn {H$`m OmEJm&

J)

Ohm ^r aocm| H$m nwZZdrH$aU {H$`m Om ahm hmo dhm Ec S>`y Ama/gr
S>`y Ama H$mo VrZ aoc nZcm| _| n[ad{VV {H$`m OmE Ama Jhar H$sqZJ
H$s OmE&

H$m` H$s J{V Ho$ XmamZ aoc Ho$ Vmn_mZ H$s gVV _mZrQ>[aJ H$s OmEJr& `{X Vmn_mZ
Q>rS>r/AWmB S>r-Q>qo gJ Vmn_mZ go 100 gopg`g A{YH$ hmo OmE Vmo AJco MaU H$s
AWmB S>r-Q>qo gJ g{hV n`m gmdYm{Z`m ~aVr OmEJr&
ZmoQ>:

AWmB S>r-Q>qo gJ Ho$ 15 {XZm| Ho$ AXa Jhar H$sqZJ H$a cr OmEJr Ama Eogm Z
hmoZo na AWmB S>r-Q>qo gJ nwZ H$s OmZr nS> gH$Vr h, `{X aoc Vmn_mZ ~hV
A{YH$ {^ hmoVm h&
25

6.3.1

Through fittings renewal


Whenever it is decided to carry out through renewal of fittings so as to ensure
proper functioning of LWR, the LWR shall be destressed alongwith the through
fittings renewal.

6.3.2

Deep screening/mechanised cleaning of ballast


i)

Provisions laid down in para 238 of IRPWM will also apply mutatis- mutandis
to LWR/CWR with further provisions as mentioned hereafter in this para.
Wherever mechanised cleaning of ballast is resorted, the detailed procedure
laid down in para 238 (2) (e) of IRPWM for manual deep screening shall
stand replaced by the sequence of operations of Ballast Cleaning Machine
(BCM).

ii)

Ballast Cleaning Machine (BCM), tamping machine and Dynamic Track


Stabilizer (DTS) shall, as far as possible, be deployed in one consist.

iii)

Temperature records of the sections where deep screening is to be


undertaken, shall be studied for the previous and the current year. The
maximum and minimum rail temperature attainable during the period of deep
screening and during the period of consolidation shall be estimated. Any of
the following three methods may be adopted for carrying out the work of
deep screening/mechanised cleaning:-

iv)

a)

If range of rail temperature falls within td+10OC to td-20OC, deep


screening may be done without cutting or temporary destressing.

b)

If range of rail temperature falls outside (a) above, temporary


destressing shall be carried out 10OC below the maximum rail
temperature likely to be attained during the period of work. CWR shall
be cut into LWRs of about 1 km length with two temporary buffer rails of
6.5 metre long clamped as per arrangements shown in Fig. 4.4.3 (a) &
(b) or (c).

c)

Wherever rail renewals are being carried out, LWR/CWR may be


converted into three rail panels and deep screening done.

Constant monitoring of rail temperature shall be done during the progress of


work. Should the temperature rise more than 10OC above td/temporary
destressing temperature, adequate precautions shall be taken including
another round of temporary destressing.

Note : Deep screening shall be undertaken within 15 days of temporary


destressing failing which temporary destressing may become
due again, if the rail temperature varies appreciably.

25

6.3.3

v)

Jhar H$rqZJ H$s Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ, `{X `yZV_ Vmn_mZ Ho$ Q>rS>r/AWmB S>r-Q>qo gJ
Vmn_mZ go 300 gopg`g ZrMo VH$ nhMZo H$s H$moB g^mdZm hmo Vmo aoc Ho$ Qy>Q>Zo H$m nVm
cJmZo/gwajm Ho$ {c`o nam 9.1.2(ii) Ho$ AZwgma R>S >o _mg_ H$s JV ew$ H$s OmE&

vi)

H$m` H$m H$_:H$)

Ec S>`y Ama H$s Jhar H$rqZJ Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ EH$ {gao go Xygao {gao VH$
H$s OmEJr&

I)

Jhar H$rqZJ VWm nam 1.18 Ho$ AZwgma gwT >rH$aU Ho$ nMmV Ec S>`y Ama H$s
S>r-Q>oqgJ nam 5.7 Ho$ AZwgma H$s OmEJr&

A` {deof AZwajU
i)

A` H$ma Ho$ {deof AZwajUm| _o aocnW H$mo ZrMm/A{YH$ D$Mm H$aZo, dH$m| na ^mar _mm
_| nwZgaI
o U, ^mar g`m _| crnam| H$m nwZZdrH$aU AWdm aocnW _| ~mYm nXm H$aZo
dmcr \$ma_oeZ/nwcm| Ho$ gwT >rH$aU Am{X AmVo h& Eogo AZwajUm| H$mo H$aZo Ho$ {cE
Amd`H$VmZwgma Eg B Oo AWdm ~\$a aocm| H$mo cJmH$a Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y
Ama go aocnW H$s ^m{dV c~mB H$mo AcJ {H$`m Om gH$Vm h&

ii)

goeZ Ho$ Vmn_mZ Ho$ [aH$mS> H$m A``Z {H$`m OmE Ama nam
AZwgma H$madmB H$s OmE&

iii)

H$m` Ho$ nyam hmo OmZo na aocnW H$s ^m{dV c~mB H$mo Ano{jV S>r-Q>oqgJ Vmn_mZ na S>rQ>og {H$`m OmE Ama Cgo nam 5.8 Ho$ AZwgma eof Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama go OmoS >
{X`m OmE&

6.3.1(iii)

VWm

(iv)

Ho$

6.4

AZwajU Ho$ XmamZ S>r-Q>qo gJ

6.4.1

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m Agm_m` `dhma O~ ^r H$^r {ZZm{H$V _| go {H$gr EH$ `m
A{YH$ _| nm`m OmE Vmo nam 5.7 _o ~VmB JB {H$`m Ho$ AZwgma S>r-Q>oqgJ H$s OmEJr:i)

O~ Eg B Oo na {XImB nS>Zo dmcm Jn (Imcr WmZ)


H$)

nam

I)

Eg B Oo Ho$ {S>OmBZ {H$E JE A{YH$V_ Imcr WmZ go A{YH$ hmo OmE

J)

O~ Q>mH $/Q>J aoc _` pW[V H$mo nma H$a OmE&

5.6.2

Ed

5.6.3

_| ~VmB JB gr_mAm| go A{YH$ AVa ~VmE

ii)

{deof AZwajU H$m`m] Ho$ ~mX, Omo nam

iii)

nam

iv)

Eogo WmZm| H$s g`m, Ohm AWmB _a_V H$s JB hmo Ama do
hmo&

7.1

6.3

_o C{{IV h

_| C{{IV H$moB Agm_m` KQ>Zm hmo OmZo Ho$ ~mX, aocnW Ho$ nwZ Mmcy hmoZo na

26

{H$_r _| VrZ go A{YH$

6.3.3

v)

During the period of deep screening, if there is any possibility of minimum


temperature falling 30OC below td /temporary destressing temperature, cold
weather patrol as per para 9.1.2 (ii) should be introduced to detect/ guard
against rail fractures.

vi)

Sequence of operation: a)

Deep screening of LWR may be done from one end of LWR to other
end.

b)

After deep screening and consolidation as per para 1.18, destressing


of LWR shall be undertaken as per para 5.7.

Other special maintenance


i)

Other types of special track maintenance constitute jobs like lowering of


track, major realignment of curves, renewal of large number of sleepers or
rehabilitation of formation/ bridges causing disturbance to track. For carrying
out such maintenance, the affected length of track may be isolated from LWR/
CWR by introducing SEJs or buffer rails as needed.

ii)

Temperature records of the section shall be studied and action taken in


accordance with para 6.3.1(iii) & (iv).

iii)

After completion of work, the affected length of track shall be destressed at


the required destressing temperature and joined with rest of the LWR/CWR
in accordance with para 5.8.

6.4

DESTRESSING DURING MAINTENANCE

6.4.1

Abnormal behavior of LWR/CWR whenever gets manifested in one or more of the


following, destressing shall be undertaken as per procedure laid down in para
5.7:i)

When the gap observed at SEJ


a)

differs beyond limits specified in para 5.6.2 & 5.6.3

b)

exceeds the maximum designed gap of SEJ

c)

when stock/tongue rail crosses the mean position.

ii)

After special maintenance operations mentioned in para 6.3

iii)

After restoration of track following an unusual occurence mentioned in para


7.1

iv)

If number of locations where temporary repairs have been done exceed three
per km.

26

6.4.2

gr S>`y Ama H$s S>r-Q>qo gJ cJ^J 1 {H$_r H$s c~mB Ho$ Ec S>`y Ama _| H$mQ>-H$mQ> H$a H$s
OmE Ama Bh| nam 5.8 Ho$ AZwgma OmoS >m OmE&

6.5

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ AZwajU hoVw {deof CnH$a


Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ AZwajU hoVw CmaXm`r H$_Mma`m| H$mo {ZZm{H$V A{V[a$
CnH$mam| Ho$ `moJ _| {e{jV {H$`m OmE VWm do CZgo gwg{mV ah|:-

6.5.1

JJm| Ho$ gmW A{V[a$ CnH$a


i)
ii)
iii)
iv)

6.5.2

~moQ>So >-cnm| g{hV {\$ecoQ>m| H$m OmoS >m ({M 4.4.3 (gr))
AZwajU hoVw Vmn_mZ H$s gr_mAm| H$mo XemZo dmco aoc W_m_rQ>a
H$y cn dmcr {deof EH$ _rQ>a c~r {\$ecoQ>| ({M 4.4.3 (E) VWm (~r))
aoc cmoOa Qw>H$S>o&

aocnW {ZarjH$ Ho$ gmW A{V[a$ CnH$a


nam

5.3

_o Xr JB gyMr Ho$ AZwgma g^r CnH$a aocnW {ZarjH$ Ho$ nmg CncY hmoZo Mm{hE&

7.

Agm_m` KQ>ZmE

7.1

Agm_m` KQ>ZmAm| H$s gyMr


Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$s Agm_m` KQ>ZmE {ZZ{c{IV h:i)
aoc H$m Qy>Q>Zm AWdm Iam~ aoc/cyS> OmoS >m| H$mo ~XcZm
ii)
Eg B Oo/~\$a aocm| H$mo j{V
iii) ~H$qcJ AWdm ~H$qcJ H$s d{m
iv) XwKQ >ZmAm|, Qy>Q>Zm| Am{X Ogr Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo $H$mdQ> S>mcZo dmco
KQ>H &

7.2.

aoc Qy>Q>Zm| H$s _a_V

7.2.1

Amd`H$ CnH$a
i)

ii)
iii)
iv)
v)

H$y cnmo g{hV {deof 1 _rQ>a c~r {\$ecoQ>| VWm Om{JS> {\$ecoQ>| ~moQ>So > cnmo dmcr
(dopS>V OmoS>m| na Qy>Q>Z hoVw) {M 4.4.3 (E) VWm (~r) AWdm (gr) _| {XImB JB `dWm
Ho$ AZwgma
1 {__r _| nT>o OmZo _| gj_ Q>rc Q>no
E`y{_Zmo-W{_H$ dopS>J VWm {\${ZqeJ CnH$a
S>r-Q>oqgJ hoVw CnH$a
`y Eg E\$ S>r mam ^cr ^m{V OmM {H$E hE 6.5 _r c~o Amar go H$mQ>o hE Cgr goeZ Ho$
aoc Ho$ Qw>H$S>o Omo Ec S>`y Ama _| `moJ {H$`o J`o hm|

27

6.4.2

Destressing of CWR shall be done by cutting it into LWRs of about 1 km length


which shall be joined after destressing in accordance with para 5.8.

6.5

SPECIAL EQUIPMENT FOR MAINTENANCE OF LWR/CWR


Staff responsible for maintenance of LWR/CWR shall be trained in using and
equipped with additional equipment detailed below:-

6.5.1

6.5.2

Additional equipment with the Gangs


i)

A pair of joggled fishplates with bolted clamps (Fig. 4.4.3 (c))

ii)

Rail thermometer with markings for temperature ranges for maintenance

iii)

Special 1 metre long fishplates with screw clamps (Fig. 4.4.3 (a) & (b))

iv)

Rail closure pieces.

Additional equipment with PWI


Equipments as listed in para 5.3 shall be available with PWI.

7.

UNUSUAL OCCURRENCES

7.1

LIST OF UNUSUAL OCCURRENCES


Unusual occurrences in LWR/CWR comprise of the following:i)

Rail fractures or replacement of defective rail/ glued joint

ii)

Damage to SEJ/buffer rails

iii)

Buckling or tendency towards buckling

iv)

Factors causing disturbance to LWR/CWR such as accidents,


breaches etc.

7.2

RECTIFICATION OF RAIL FRACTURES

7.2.1

Equipment required
i)

Special 1 metre long fishplates with screw clamps and joggled


fishplates with bolted clamps (for fractures at welded joints) as per
arrangement shown in Fig. 4.4.3 (a) & (b) or (c)

ii)

Steel tape capable of reading upto one mm

iii)

Alumino-thermic welding and finishing equipment

iv)

Equipment for destressing

v)

6.5 metre long sawn rail cut piece of the same section as LWR duly
tested by USFD

27

7.2.2

vi)

Cn`w$ c~mB`m| Ho$ aoc cmoOa

vii)

aocnW H$s gwajm hoVw CnH$a

viii)

amV _| {H$E OmZo dmco H$m`m] hoVw CnH$a

_a_V H$s {H$`m


`{X Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| {H$gr WmZ na aoc Qy>Q> OmVr h Vmo Qy>Q>r hB aocnQ>ar H$m
nVm cJmZo dmco H$_Mmar mam `mVm`mV H$mo {Zc{~V H$aZo VWm cmBZ H$mo ~MmZo Ho$ {cE VwaV
H$madmB H$s OmEJr& dh aoc H$m Qy>Q>Zm JJ_ Qo >/H$s_Z/nr S>`y AmB H$mo ~VmEJm, Omo VwaV
`mVm`mV Mmcy H$aZo Ho$ {bE AmnmV _a_V H$s `dWm H$aoJm& _a_V {ZZm{H$V Mma MaUm| _|
H$s OmEJr:H$) `mVm`mV H$mo A{dc~ Mmcy H$aZo Ho$ {cE AmnmV _a_V
I) AWmB _a_V

7.2.3

J)

WmB _a_V

K)

S>r-Q>oqgJ&

AmnmV _a_V
Qy>Q>r hB aocm| H$mo {M 4.4.3 (E) Ama (~r) AWdm (gr) _| {XImB JB `dWmAm| H$m `moJ H$aVo
hE OmoS>m OmE& `{X Qy>Q>Zo na Jn 30 {__r go A{YH$ Zhr hmoVm h Vmo {H$gr ^r aoc cmoOa Qw>H$S>o
H$mo cJmZm Amd`H$ Zht h& `mVm`mV H$mo nhcr JmS>r Ho$ {cE $H$ H$a 10 {H$_r/KQ>m VWm ~mX
H$s Jm{S>`m| Ho$ {cE 20 {H$_r/KQ>m H$s J{V go Mcm`m OmE&

7.2.4

AWmB _a_V
`{X dopS>J nmQ>u AmgmZr go CncY Z hmo Vmo, H$Q>r hB aoc (4 _rQ>a H$s c~mB go H$_ Z hmo)
H$m `moJ H$aHo$, Qy>Q>Z H$s _a_V H$s OmE VWm {M 4.4.3 (E) VWm (~r) AWdm (gr) _| XemB
JB `dWm Ho$ AZwgma cn/~moQ> {H$`m OmE&
i)

BgH$mo A{YH$ _hd XoVo hE {H$ O~ aoc H$m Vmn_mZ nam


Ho$ AXa hmo `WmerK `mVm`mV AdamoY {c`m OmEJm&

ii)

H$) Qy>Q>Z Ho$ Xm|Zm| Amoa aocm| na Xmo Eogo q~Xw cJmE OmE {H$ cmoOa aoc H$s
c~mB (4 _rQ>a go H$_ Z hmo) {Ogo AXa cJmZm hmo aocnW go hQ>mE JE aoc Ho$
Qw>H$S>m| H$s Hw$c c~mB go Xmo doS>m| Ama Amar-H$mQ>m| Ho$ {cE AZw_m{ZV WmZ
(gm_m`V: 51 {__r) H$_ hmo& Xo{IE {M 7.2.4&

1.11

_| Q>rS>r hoVw {ZYm[aV gr_m

I) dH$pnH$ $n go, Qy>Q>Z Ho$ XmoZm| Amoa Xmo q~Xw CncY cmoOa aoc H$s c~mB Ho$
~am~a H$s Xyar na aoc na cJmE OmE& cmoOa aoc H$s c~mB WmB _a_Vm| Ho$ g_`
4 _rQ>a go H$_ Zht hmoZr Mm{hE & Xo{IE {M 7.2.4&
28

vi)

Rail closures of suitable lengths

vii) Equipment for protection of track


viii) Equipment for night working
7.2.2

Procedure for repairs


If any fracture takes place on LWR/CWR, immediate action shall be taken by the
official who detected the fracture to suspend the traffic and to protect the line. He
shall report the fracture to the Gangmate/Keyman/PWI, who shall arrange for
making emergency repairs to pass the traffic immediately. Repairs shall be carried
out in four stages as described below:-

7.2.3

a)

Emergency repairs to pass the traffic immediately

b)

Temporary repairs

c)

Permanent repairs

d)

Destressing.

Emergency repairs
The fractured rails shall be joined by using the arrangements shown in Fig. 4.4.3
(a) & (b) or (c). If the gap at fracture does not exceed 30 mm, insertion of any
closure rail piece is not necessary. The traffic may then be resumed at a speed of
stop dead and 10 km/h for the first train and 20 km/h for subsequent trains.

7.2.4

Temporary repairs
If a welding party is not readily available, the fracture shall be repaired by using a
cut rail (not less than 4 metre long) and clamped/bolted as per arrangement shown
in Fig. 4.4.3 (a) & (b) or (c).
i)

A traffic block shall be taken as soon as possible preferably when the


rail temperature is within the range specified for td in para 1.11.

ii) a) Two points on either side of the fracture shall be marked on the rail
such that the length of closure rail (not less than 4 metre) to be inserted
is equal to the total length of the rail pieces removed from the track
minus allowances for two welds and saw cut (normally 51 mm). See
Fig. 7.2.4.
b) Alternately two points on either side of the fracture shall be marked on
the rail at a distance equal to the length of the available closure rail.
The length of closure rail should not become less than 4 metre at the
time of permanent repairs. See Fig. 7.2.4.

28

iii)

7.2.5

`{X g^d hmo Vmo aocm| H$mo BZ q~XwAm| na EH$ gmW H$mQ>m OmE& VnMmV
nam 7.2.3 Ho$ AZwgma cmoOa aoc H$mo AXa gaH$m`m OmE Ama OmoS >m OmE& OmoS >Zo Ho$
~mX, n[a{e>-III Ho$ AZwgma gr{_V J{V na `mVm`mV H$mo nwZ Mcm`m OmE& `{X Cn`w $
nam (ii)(H$) Ho$ AZwgma aoc H$mo cJm`m OmVm h Vmo CgHo$ {H$gr EH$ OmoS> _| n`m MmS>mB
H$m cmoOa Qw>H$S>m cJm`m OmE Ama Cgo EH$ _rQ>a c~r {\$ecoQ> Ama cnmo go OmoS >m OmE&

WmB _a_V
i)

`{X Qy>Q>Z Eogr h {H$ A{YH$ OJh (dmBS> Jn) dmcr E Q>r dopS>J H$mo AnZm`m Om gHo$ Vmo
A{YH$ OJh dmcr dopS>J Ho$ {cE Amd`H$ Imcr WmZ Ho$ ~am~a Qy>Q>o hE {gam| H$mo H$mQ>m
OmEJm& O~ XmoZm| {gam| H$mo H$mQ> {X`m OmVm h, A{YH$ OJh dmcr dopS>J Ho$ {cE
Amd`H$ [a$ WmZ H$mo aoc Q>g| am| H$m `moJ H$aHo$ ~Zm`m OmE Ama A{YH$ OJh dmcr
E Q>r dopS>J mam OmoS>m| H$mo doS> {H$`m OmE&

ii)

`{X AWmB _a_V Ho$ {cE nam 7.2.4(ii)(H$) Ho$ AZwgma aoc cmoOa H$mo cJm`m
J`m h Vmo dopS>J Ho$ {cE ghr Imcr WmZ N>moS>Zo Ho$ nMmV {~Zm aoc Q>|ga Ho$ cmoOa
aoc Ho$ EH$ OmoS> H$mo doS> H$a {X`m OmE& Xygao OmoS> H$s dopS>J Ho$ XmamZ ghr [a$
WmZ gw{ZpMV H$aZo Ho$ {cE Q>g| a H$m `moJ {H$`m OmE&
`{X AWmB _a_V Ho$ g_` aoc cmoOa H$mo nam 7.2.4(ii)(I) Ho$ AZwgma
cJm`m J`m h Vmo aoc cmoOa H$mo Bg H$ma R>rH$ go H$mQ>m OmE {H$ aocnW _| A{V_ $n go
cJmB OmZo dmcr cmoOa aoc H$s c~mB Qy>Q>Z Ho$ ~mX aocnW go hQ>mB JB aoc H$s c~mB go
Xmo doS>m| H$s OJh AWmV 50 {__r H$_ hmo& EH$ ~ma cmoOa aoc H$mQ> {XE OmZo Ho$ ~mX
cmoOa aoc H$mo nam 7.2.5 (ii) _| Xr JB {d{Y Ho$ AZwgma doS> H$a {X`m OmE&

iii)

iv)

OmoS >m| H$s dopS>J Ho$ ~mX dgZ c~mB Ho$ ~am~a AWdm 125 _rQ>a H$s c~mB Ho$ aocnW H$mo
XmoZm| Amoa T >rcm H$a {X`m OmE Ama `h gw{ZpMV H$aZo Ho$ {cE {H$ aocnW _| {V~c g_mZ
$n go cJ ahm h, aocnW H$s Q>{ nJ H$s OmE/R>mHo $m OmE Ama V~ nwZ aocnW H$mo H$g {X`m
OmE&

7.3

pdM {dVma OmoS > H$mo j{V

7.3.1

j{VJV/Qy>Q>o Eg B Oo H$mo ~Xc {X`m OmE& ZE Eg B Oo H$mo nam 5.6.1 Ho$ AZwgma g_m`mo{OV
{H$`m OmE& `mVm`mV H$mo Mmcy H$a {X`m OmE, `{X Amd`H$ hmo Vmo gr{_V J{V na VWm ~mX _|
Yrao-Yrao J{V H$s gr_m H$mo {e{Wc {H$`m Om gH$Vm h&
`{X ~XcZo Ho$ {c`o Xygam Eg B Oo CncY Z hmo Vmo j{VJV Eg B Oo VWm Cgr pW[V H$s
{dnarV {Xem H$s aoc _| cJo hE Aj{VJV Eg B Oo XmoZm| Ho$ WmZ na cmoOa aoc cJmB OmE
Ama Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama go {deof cnmo Ama {\$ecoQ>m| go OmoS >m OmE& cn {H$E hE
OmoS>m| na `mVm`mV H$mo n[a{e>-III Ho$ AZwgma gr{_V J{V na AZw_V {H$`m Om gH$Vm h& ghr
pW{V _| ZE Eg B Oo H$mo cJmE OmZo VWm cn {H$E hE OmoS >m| H$mo d-WmZ (BZ-{gQy>) doS>
H$a {XE OmZo Ho$ ~mX hr J{V gr_m H$mo ~T>m`m Om gH$Vm h&

7.3.2

29

iii)

7.2.5

The rails shall then be cut through at these points simultaneously,


if possible. The closure rail shall then be inserted and joined as
per para 7.2.3. After joining, the traffic shall then be resumed at
restricted speed in accordance with Annexure-III. In case closure
rail as per para (ii) (a) above is inserted, one of the joints may have to
be provided with closure piece of adequate width and joined by one
metre fishplate and clamps.

Permanent Repairs
i)

If the fracture is such that, wide gap AT welding can be adopted,


then the total length of fractured ends to be cut shall be equal to
the gap required for wide gap welding. Once the two ends are cut,
a gap required for wide gap welding will be created by using rail
tensors and joint welded by wide gap AT welding technique.

ii)

In case rail closure as per para 7.2.4(ii)(a) has been provided for
temporary repairs, one joint of the closure rail shall be welded without
rail tensor after setting correct gap for welding. However, to ensure
correct gap during welding of the other joint, tensor shall be used.

iii)

In case rail closure as per para 7.2.4(ii)(b) has been provided at the
time of temporary repairs, the rail closure shall be suitably cut such that
the length of the rail to be finally inserted in track is equal to length of
rail removed from track after fracture minus allowances for two welds
i.e. 50 mm. Once the closure rail is cut, the closure rail will be welded
as given in para 7.2.5 (ii).

iv)

After welding of joints, a length of track equal to breathing length or


about 125 metres on either side be unfastened and tapped to ensure
equalisation of stress and then refastened.

7.3

DAMAGE TO SWITCH EXPANSION JOINT

7.3.1

The damaged/broken SEJ shall be replaced. The new SEJ shall be adjusted as
per para 5.6.1. Traffic may be allowed if necessary at a restricted speed and
thereafter restriction relaxed progressively.

7.3.2

If another SEJ is not available for replacement, both the damaged SEJ and the
undamaged SEJ on the opposite rail at the same location, shall be replaced by a
closure rail and connected to LWR/CWR with special clamps and fishplates. The
traffic over the clamped joints may be permitted at a restricted speed as per
Annexure-III. The restriction may be relaxed only after the new SEJ has been
inserted in the correct position and the clamped joint has been replaced with insitu weld.

29

7.4

aocnW H$s ~H$qcJ

7.4.1

gm_m`
~H$qcJ `m ~H$qcJ hmoZo H$s d{m A`m| Ho$ A{V[a$ {ZZm{H$V n[apW[V`m|
i)
Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| MmcZ Ho$ {cE {ZYm[aV Vmn_mZ
H$aZo H$s {d\$cVm
ii)
{J>r goeZ _| H${_`m| Ho$ H$maU AWdm/Ama An`m {J>r gwT >rH$aU
AZwX `, nmpdH$ Ama CdmYa gMcZ Ho$ {cE An`m {VamoY
iii) A^mdr ~YH$mo Ho$ `moJ AWdm ~YH$mo Ho$ Jm`~ hmo OmZo go {IgH$Z
{VamoY _| H$_r
iv) \$ma_oeZ H$m A`m{YH$ YgZm
v)
Eg B Oo H$m R>rH$ H$ma go H$m_ Z H$aZm&

7.4.2

7.4.3

_| hmo gH$Vr h:gr_mAm| H$m nmcZ


Ho$ H$maU aocnW Ho$
{VamoY VWm E|R>Z-

~H$qcJ VWm CgH$s OmM


i)

~H$qcJ hmo OmZo H$s d{m gm_m` $n go d` aocnW H$s E|R>Zm| go kmV hmo OmVr h& JcV
`yBJ AWdm D$na CR>mZo Ho$ H$m`m] go ^r aocnW _o E|R>Z| hmo OmVr h& YgH$Z (hmocmoZgo )
OmZZo Ho$ {cE crnam| H$s Q>q nJ mam `h OmZZm g^d hmoVm h {H$ `m H$hr na CdmYa
~H$qcJ H$s d{m h&

ii)

Ogo hr ~H$qcJ H$s d{m _mcy_ nS>,o `mVm`mV H$mo {Zc{~V {H$`m OmE Ama aocnW H$mo
~Mm`m OmE& V~ aocnQ>[a`m| Ho$ ~rM Ho$ [a$ crna WmZm| go {J>r {ZH$mc H$aHo$ aoc Ho$
do~ Ho$ D$na VH$ emoS>am| na {J>r Ho$ M>o cJm {XE OmE Ama aocnW H$mo pWa {H$`m OmE&
VnMmV ~H$qcJ H$s d{m H$m H$maU OmZZo Ho$ {cE nyar OmM H$s OmE&

iii)

~H$qcJ Ho$ `oH$ _m_co H$s OmM CgHo$ K{Q>V hmoVo hr ghm`H$ BOr{Z`a mam H$s OmE VWm
{dVV [anmoQ> _S>c BOr{Z`a/d[a> _S>c> BOr{Z`a H$mo VwV H$s OmE&

~H$c {H$E hE aocnW H$r _a_V


i)

aocnW O~ dmV{dH$ $n _| ~H$c hmo J`m hmo Vmo `mVm`mV H$mo {Zc{~V H$a {X`m OmE Ama
~H$qcJ Ho$ H$maU H$mo {ZpMV {H$`m OmE& Eg B Oo H$s Q>J VWm Q>mH $ aocm| H$s pW[V H$mo
MoH$ {H$`m OmE& aocnW H$mo gwYmaZo H$s {d{Y`m {ZZ H$ma h &

ii)

aocnW H$s _a_V aocnW {ZarjH$ H$s XoIaoI _| gm_m`V: {ZZm{H$V MaUm| _| H$s OmE:H$) AmnmV _a_V
I) WmB _a_V
J)

S>r-Q>oqgJ &

30

7.4

BUCKLING OF TRACK

7.4.1

General
Buckling or a tendency towards buckling may occur, among others, in the following
circumstances:-

7.4.2

7.4.3

i)

Failure to adhere to the temperature ranges specified for operation on


LWR/CWR

ii)

Inadequate resistance to longitudinal, lateral and vertical movement of


track due to deficiencies in ballast section or/and inadequate ballast
consolidation

iii)

Use of ineffective fastenings or missing fastenings resulting in loss of


creep resistance and torsional resistance

iv)

Excessive settlement of formation

v)

Improper functioning of SEJ.

Buckling and its investigation


i)

Tendency towards buckling will usually manifest itself through kinks in track.
Kinks may also arise from incorrect slewing or lifting operations. By tapping
sleepers for hollowness, it may be possible to notice if there is any tendency
towards vertical buckling.

ii)

As soon as the tendency for buckling is detected, the traffic shall be


suspended and the track protected. The track shall then be stabilised by
heaping ballast on the shoulders upto the top of the web of the rail obtaining
the ballast from inter-sleeper spaces between the rails. Thereafter full
investigation shall be made to find out the cause of the tendency for buckling.

iii)

Each case or buckling shall be investigated by AEN soon after its occurrence
and a detailed report submitted to DEN/Sr. DEN.

Repairs to buckled track


i)

When the track actually buckles, the traffic shall be suspended and the cause
of buckling ascertained. The position of tongue and stock rails of the SEJ
shall be checked. The methods for rectification are explained below.

ii)

The rectification shall normally be carried out in the following stages under
the supervision of PWI:a) Emergency repairs
b) Permanent repairs
c) Destressing.

30

7.4.4

AmnmV _a_V
~H$c hB aocm| H$mo mW{_H$ Vma na Jg go n`m Xyar na H$mQ>m OmE Omo [H$ 6.5 _rQ>a go H$_ Zht
hmo& V~ aocnW H$mo ghr gaoIU _| Kw_m`m OmE Ama H$Q>r hB aocm| H$mo Xmo doS>m| H$m modrOZ (Xmo
dopS>J OmoS >mo Ho$ {cE {ZYm[aV Imcr WmZ) aIVo hE aocnW _| cJm {X`m OmE& VnMmV H$Q>r
hB aocm|| H$mo {deof {\$ecoQ>m| Ama Hy$ cnmo H$m `moJ H$aHo$ OmoS>m OmE Ama n[a{e>-III _| `Wm
C{{IV J{V gr_m _| `mVm`mV Ho$ {cE cmBZ H$mo Imoc {X`m OmE&

7.4.5

WmB _a_V
Ogo hr g^d hmo, cn {H$E hE OmoS>m| H$mo nam 7.2.4 Amoa 7.2.5 _| Xr JB {H$`m H$mo
AnZmVo hE doS> H$a {X`m OmE& H$Q>r hB aocm| Ho$ A{V[a$ Qw>H$S>m| VWm aoc H$mQ>Zo Ho$
CnH$a H$s ^r [a$ WmZm| H$mo g_m`mo{OV H$aZo Ho$ {cE `{X do _`dVu AVamc _| AV`V hmo JE hm,o Amd`H$Vm hmoJr& dopS>J Ho$ ~mX J{V-gr_m hQ>m Xr OmE&
ii)
`Wm erK gmao nZc
o H$mo nam 5.7 Ho$ AZwgma S>r-Q>go H$a {X`m OmE&
Qy>Q>-\y$Q>, AWmB JS>a VWm _moS >
i)

7.5
7.5.1

^m{dV {hgo H$mo AnojmH$V nam 1.11 _| Q>rS>r hoVw {ZYm[aV Vmn_mZ gr_m Ho$ AXa Eg B Oo H$mo
cJm H$a AcJ {H$`m OmE& Bg H$ma AcJ {H$E JE aocnW Ho$ WmZ na {\$ecoQ> dmcm aocnW
cJm`m OmE {Ogo Amd`H$ hmoZo na ~mg-E|H$[aV {H$`m OmE&

7.5.2

Qy>Q>-o \y$Q>o goeZm| _| Ohm ZE {H$Zmao (~g) ~ZmE Om aho hm|, Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo
nwZ {~N>mE OmZo go nhco \$ma_oeZ H$mo nyar Vah go gwT >rH$V H$a {c`m OmE&

7.5.3

_moS>m| VWm AWmB JS>am| H$mo cJmZo Ho$ _m_cm| _o Ohm Eogm H$m` {H$`m OmZm hmo Cg {hgo H$mo Eg
B Oo cJmH$a AcJ H$a {c`m OmE&

7.5.4

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo nwZ Mmcy H$aZo Ho$ VwaV ~mX Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama
nZcm| _o ^m{dV {hgo H$mo S>r-Q>og {H$`m OmE&

8.

{ZarjU Ama A{^coI

8.1

{ZarjU:- Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| O~ H$s H$_ AZwajU H$s Amd`H$Vm hmoVr h,
n`dj
o r Ama A{YH$mar Va na JhZ {ZarjU H$s Amd`H$Vm hmoVr h&

8.1.1

{J>r goeZ H$s mo\$mBc gXd {M 4.2.1(E) go (S>r) VH$ _| {XImE JE AZwgma hmoZr Mm{hE&
BgH$s OmM {deof $n go nXc nWm|, _do{e H$mqgJm|, dH$m|, codc H$mqgJm| Ho$ nhM _mJmo, dmBQ>
Ama H$mqgJm| Ama nwcm| na Ad` H$s OmE& gog H$m Va R>rH$ go ~ZmE aIm OmE& {J>r H$s
Xw~mam ^amB Jr_ F$Vw Ho$ ma^ hmoZo go nhco g_m H$a cr OmE&

8.1.2

J_u Ho$ _hrZm| Ho$ XmamZ Xmonha Ho$ ~mX {ZarjU H$B ~ma {H$E OmE& {ZarjUm| Ho$ XmamZ E|R>Zm|,
ma{^H$ ~H$cm| na ZOa aIr OmE Ama JVm| Ho$ gMmcZ H$s ^r OmM H$s OmE&

31

7.4.4

Emergency repairs
The buckled rails shall preferably be gas cut adequately apart not less than 6.5
metre. The track shall then be slewed to the correct alignment and cut rails of the
required lengths shall be inserted to close the gaps making due provision for
welding of joints on both sides. The cut rails shall then be connected by use of
special fishplates and screw clamps and the line opened to traffic with speed
restriction as indicated in Annexure-III.

7.4.5

Permanent repairs
i)

As soon as possible the clamped joints shall be welded adopting the same
procedure as in paras 7.2.4 and 7.2.5. Additional pair of cut rails and rail
cutting equipment shall also be required to adjust the gaps in case they have
been disturbed in the intervening period. The speed restriction shall be
removed after welding.

ii)

The entire panel shall be destressed as soon as possible as per para 5.7.

7.5

BREACHES, TEMPORARY GIRDERS AND DIVERSIONS

7.5.1

The affected portion shall be isolated by insertion of SEJs preferably within the
temperature range specified for td in clause 1.11. The track thus isolated shall be
replaced by fishplated track which shall be box anchored, if necessary.

7.5.2

In the breached sections where the new banks are constructed, the formation shall
be fully consolidated before laying LWR/CWR again.

7.5.3

In case of diversions and insertion of temporary girders, SEJ shall be inserted to


isolate the portion where such work is required to be done.

7.5.4

LWR/CWR panels in the affected portion shall be destressed immediately after


the LWR/CWR are restored.

8.

INSPECTION AND RECORDS

8.1

INSPECTION:- While requiring less maintenance, LWR/CWR necessitate


intensive inspection at supervisory and officers level.

8.1.1

The profile of the ballast section shall always be as shown in Fig 4.2.1(a) to (d).
This should be checked, specially at pedestrian/cattle crossings, curves,
approaches of level crossings, points and crossings and bridges. Cess level should
be correctly maintained. Replenishment of ballast shall be completed before the
onset of summer.

8.1.2

Inspection shall be more frequent in the afternoons during summer months. During
inspections, look out shall be kept for kinks, incipient buckles and checks made
on functioning of the patrols.

31

8.1.3

{ZYm[aV AZwajU `dhmam| Ho$ g~Y _| H$_Mm[a`m| Ho$ kmZ H$s Amd{YH$ $n go OmM H$s OmE Ama
`h gw{ZpMV {H$`m OmE [H$ H$m` VXZwgma {H$`m Om ahm h&

8.1.4

aocm| Ho$ AQ>mgmo{ZH$ narjU H$mo ~H$m`m Z aIm OmE& Iam~ aocm|/doS>m| H$mo erK
hQ>m`m OmE&

8.1.5

Eg B Oo na Imcr WmZ VWm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ pWa ^mJ _| H$sn/gaH$Z H$m
{ZarjU aocnW H$_Mm[a`m| mam {ZZ{c{IV H$m`H$ _ Ho$ AZwgma {H$`m OmEJm:i)

ii)

aocnW {ZarjH$ (^mar)/aocnW {ZarjH$ (g~-goeZ):H$)

aocnW {ZarjH$ (^mar) VWm aocnW {ZarjH$ (g~-goeZ) mam ~mar-~mar go


`yZV_ Ama A{YH$V_ Vmn_mZm| na df Ho$ Xmo g~go RS>o Ama Xmo g~go J_ _hrZm|
Ho$ XmamZ `oH$ nIdmS>o _|&

I)

df Ho$ A` _hrZm| _o ~mar-~mar go ha Xmo _hrZm| _| EH$ ~ma&

ghm`H$ BOr{Z`a:N> _mh _| H$_ go H$_ EH$ ~ma AnojmH$V gdm{YH$ R>S >o Ama gdm{YH$ J_ _hrZm| _|&

8.2

[aH$mS>

8.2.1

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ [aH$mS> H$mo WmB a{OQ>a, {Ogo goeZ H$m Ec S>`y Ama/gr
S>`y Ama a{OQ>a H$hm OmVm h, _| n[a{e>-XI, XII Ama XIII E$ Ed XIII ~r _| {ZYm[aV
mo\$m_m _| aocnW {ZarjH$ mam aIm OmEJm& Bg a{OQ>a H$mo AVZ aIZo Ho$ {cE aocnW
{ZarjH$ CmaXm`r hmoJm&

8.2.2

^maVr` aoc aocnW {Z`_mdcr Ho$ nam 212 (4) _| gwPmE JE AZwgma EH$ gyMH$ coQ> `oH$ Eg
B Oo Ho$ nmg gog na cJmB OmE {Og_| S>r-Q>oqgJ H$s VmarI, S>r-Q>oqgJ Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r VWm Ec
S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$s c~mB {XImB OmE&

8.2.3

Eg B Oo Ho$ Imcr WmZm| Ama Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ pWa ^mJ _| gaH$Z/J{V
gMcZm| Ho$ {ZarjU n[a{e>-XIII E Ed XIII ~r Ho$ AZwgma aocnW {ZarjH$/ghm`H$ BOr{Z`a
mam [aH$mS> {H$E OmE&

8.2.4

O~ Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ pWa ^mJ _| gaH$Z


OmM H$s OmE Ama Bgo Xya H$aZo Ho$ Cnm` {H$E OmE&

8.2.5

ghm`H$ BOr{Z`a mam AnZo jo Ho$ `oH$ Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {ZarjU H$m
{dcofU {H$`m OmE VWm g^r Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gVmofOZH$ H$m` H$aZo Ho$ g~Y
_| Jr_ F$Vw Ho$ ma^ go nhco Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama a{OQ>a Ho$ AV _| _m{UV H$a|&
_S>c BOr{Z`a/d[a> _S>c BOr{Z`a `oH$ Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {ZarjUm| H$s
gdrjm H$aoJm, VWm `oH$ n> na hVmja H$aoJm Ama Andm{XH$ (EgoeZ) [anmoQ> jor` _w`
BOr{Z`a H$mo CZHo$ {ZU`/AmXoe hoVw o{fV H$aoJm&

32

20

{__r go A{YH$ hmo OmE Vmo nyar

8.1.3

Knowledge of staff in regard to prescribed maintenance practices shall be


periodically checked and it shall be ensured that the work is done accordingly.

8.1.4

Ultrasonic examination of rails should not be in arrears. Defective rails/welds should


be replaced expeditiously.

8.1.5

Inspections of gaps at SEJ and creep/movement at centre of LWR/CWR by


Permanent Way officials would be done as per following schedule:i)

ii)

PWI-Incharge/PWI Sub-section:a)

Every fortnight during the two coldest and two hottest months of the
year at about minimum and maximum temperatures alternately by PWI
Incharge and PWI Sub-section.

b)

Alternately once in two months during other months of the year.

Assistant Engineer:At least once in six months, preferably during coldest and
hottest months.

8.2

RECORDS

8.2.1

Record of LWR/CWR, as per the proforma laid down in Annexures-XI, XII, XIII A,
and XIII B, shall be maintained by the PWI in a permanent register called the
Sectional LWR/CWR Register. The PWI shall be responsible for keeping this
register up-to-date.

8.2.2

An indication plate similar to that suggested in para 212(4) of Indian Railways


Permanent Way Manual shall be fixed on the cess at each SEJ showing the date
of destressing, destressing temperature td/ to and length of LWR/CWR.

8.2.3

Observations of gaps at SEJ and creep/movement in fixed portion of LWR/CWR


shall be recorded by the PWI/AEN as per Annexure-XIII A and XIII B.

8.2.4

When creep in fixed portion of LWR/CWR exceeds 20 mm, full investigation shall
be carried out and remedial measures undertaken.

8.2.5

AEN will analyse the observation of each LWR/CWR in his jurisdiction and give a
certificate at the end of LWR/CWR register before onset of summer regarding
satisfactory behavior of all LWR/CWRs. DEN/Sr.DEN will scrutinise observations
of each LWR/CWR, initial each page and send exception report to Territorial Chief
Engineer for his decision/orders.

32

9.

H$_Mm[a`m| Ho$ H$m`, {O_oXm[a`m VWm {ejU

9.1

H$m` Ama {O_oXm[a`m:- Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gX^ _| {deof H$m` Ama
{O_oXm[a`m {ZZm{H$V h:-

9.1.1

H$s_Z

9.1.2

i)

dh `oH$ nIdmS>o _| Eg B Oo _| Voc S>mco Ama Jrg cJmE, Ama Amd`H$ hmo Vmo Eg B
Oo VWm A` crnam| Ho$ ~YH$m| H$s OmM H$ao Ama Xw~mam H$go (nam 6.2.6)&

ii)

nam 6.2.1(iii) Ho$ AZwgma Ohm aocnW H$mo gaH$mZm AWdm D$na CR>mZm Amd`H$ Z hmo, dhm
Ho$ Jm`~ ~YH$m| Ho$ WmZm| na ZE ~YH$ cJmE Ama T >rcr {\$qQ>Jm| H$mo Xw~mam H$go&

iii)

dh gw{ZpMV H$ao {H$ g^r gaH$Z E|H$a, Ohm ^r cJo hm|, crnam| na H$go hm| Ama ~S>o
n_mZo na E|H$am| Ho$ gaH$ OmZo H$s Xem _| _m_co H$mo JJ_oQ>/aocnW {_r/aocnW {ZarjH$
H$mo gy{MV H$ao&

iv)

dh Agm_m` pW[V`m| na ZOa aIo Ama {H$gr H$ma H$s ~H$qcJ hmoZo H$s d{m AWdm
aocnW H$s j{V H$mo XoIZo na aocnW H$mo ~MmZo Ho$ {cE Amd`H$ H$X_ CR>mE Ama CgH$s
gyMZm {ZH$Q>_V Q>e
o Z _mQ>a/aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo A{dc~ Xo&

v)

aoc H$s {H$gr H$ma H$s Qy>Q>Z na OmS>o _| mV H$mc H$m\$s MmH$gr ~aVo& {H$gr aoc Ho$ Qy>Q>Zo
H$m nVm McVo hr dh aocnW H$mo ~MmZo Ho$ {cE d[aV H$madmB H$ao VWm AmnmV _a_V nyar
H$ao Vm{H$ `mVm`mV H$mo erK Mmcy {H$`m Om gHo$ Ama Bgo {ZH$Q>V_ Q>e
o Z _mQ>a/aocnW
{ZarjH$ H$mo gy{MV H$ao&

JVrdmcm VWm MmH$sXma


i)

Jr_ F$Vw H$m JVrdmcm:


dh ^mar E|R>Zm,o ma{^H$ ~H$c AWdm ~H$qcJ H$s dmr H$m nVm cJmZo Ho$ {cE {XZ Ho$
A{YH$V_ J_ g_` Ho$ XmamZ aocnW H$s JV cJmE& dh E|R>Zm|, ma{^H$ AWdm dmV{dH$
~H$c Ho$ WmZ na aocnW H$mo ~MmE VWm Cgo {ZH$Q>V_ Q>e
o Z _mQ>a/aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo
VwaV gy{MV H$ao& J_u Ho$ _mg_ _| JV cJmZo Ho$ {c`o n[a{e>-X E _| {XE JE AZwgma
{dVV AZwXe
o m| H$m nmcZ H$ao&

ii)

OmS>o H$s F$Vw H$m JVrdmcm:


dh amV Ho$ A{YH$V_ R>S >o g_` Ho$ XmamZ aocnW H$s JV cJmE Ama doS>/aoc Qy>Q>Zm| VWm
Eg B Oo _| A`m{YH$ Imcr OJh H$m nVm cJmE& dh doS>/aoc Qy>Q>Z AWdm Eg B Oo _|
A`m{YH$ Imcr OJh dmco WmZ na aocnW H$s gwajm H$ao Ama {ZH$Q>V_ Q>e
o Z _mQ>a/
aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo gy{MV H$ao& >R>S>o _mg_ _| JV cJmZo Ho$ {cE n[a{e>-X ~r _| {XE JE
{dVV AZwXe
o m| H$m AZwH$aU H$ao&
33

9.

DUTIES, RESPONSIBILITIES & TRAINING OF STAFF

9.1

DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:- The following are the special duties and
responsibilities with reference to LWR/CWR:-

9.1.1

Keyman

9.1.2

i)

He shall carry out fortnightly oiling and greasing of SEJ, checking and
re-tightening of fastenings at SEJ and other sleepers, if necessary (Para
6.2.6).

ii)

He shall replace missing fastenings not requiring lifting or slewing of


track as per para 6.2.1(iii) and tighten the loose fittings.

iii)

He shall ensure that all creep anchors, where provided, butt against
the sleepers and in case of large scale displacement of anchors, shall
report the matter to Gangmate/PWM/PWI.

iv)

He shall watch for unusual features and on noticing any buckling


tendency or damage to track, shall take necessary action to protect
the track and report the same immediately to nearest Station Master/
PWI.

v)

He shall keep a sharp look out on winter mornings for any rail fractures.
On noticing a rail fracture, he shall take prompt action to protect track
and carry out emergency repairs to permit the restoration of traffic
promptly and report to nearest Station Master/PWI.

Patrolman & Watchman


i)

Hot Weather Patrolman:


He shall patrol the track during the hottest part of the day, to look for prominent
kinks, incipient buckles or tendency towards bucklings. He shall protect the
track at the site of the prominent kinks, incipient or actual buckles and report
the same to nearest Station Master and PWI immediately. Detailed
instructions for carrying out hot weather patrols as given in Annexure-X A
shall be followed.

ii)

Cold Weather Patrolman:


He shall patrol the track during the coldest part of the night and lookout for
weld/rail fractures and excessive gaps at SEJ. He shall protect the track at
the site of weld/rail fractures or excessive gaps at SEJ and report the same
to nearest Station Master/PWI. Detailed instructions for carrying out cold
weather patrols as given in Annexure-X B shall be followed.

33

iii)

Mc MmH$sXma:
H$)

Cgo gwT >rH$aU g_m hmoZo H$s Ad{Y VH$ nam 1.18 _o {XE JE AZwgma
gwT>rH$aU H$s Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ aoc Ho$ Vmn_mZ Ho$ Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$
hmo OmZo na AZwajU H$m` Ho$ ~mX Eogr n[>`m| na VZmV {H$`m OmE&

I)

Mc MmH$sXma Eogo goeZ/~rQ> na ^mar E|R>Zm|, ma{^H$ ~H$c AWdm ~H$qcJ H$s
d{m, aoc/doS> Qy>Q>Z VWm Eg B Oo _| A`m{YH$ Imcr OJhm| H$m nVm cJmZo Ho$
{cE JV cJmE&

J)

dh Cn`w $ (I) _| {XE JE AZwgma {H$gr EH$ n[apW{V Ho$ hmoZo na Cg Wc


na aocnW H$mo ~MmE Ama Cgo {ZH$Q>V_ Q>e
o Z _mQ>a/aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo gy{MV
H$ao&

Mc MmH$sXma mam {H$E OmZo dmco H$m`m] Ho$ {c`o {dVV AZwXe
o n[a{e>-X gr _| {XE JE h&
9.1.3

JJ_oQ>/aocnW {_r (nr S>`y E_)


i)

`{X do Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama goeZ na H$m` H$aZo Ho$ {cE jor`/_S>c {ejU
H|$ mam Omar dY gj_Vm _mU-n aIVo hm| Vmo do AnZr `{$JV XoI-aoI _| AZwajU
H$m` nyam H$a|Jo&

ii)

do aocnW AZwajU Ho$ Ho$dc dhr H$m` H$a|Jo {OZHo$ {cE Ch| n[a{e>-VI Ho$ AZwgma
m{YH$V {H$`m J`m hmo&

iii)

do d` Ch| {XE JE A{V[a$/{deof CnH$a H$mo AN>r hmcV _| aI| VWm _a_V hmoZo
dmco Iam~ CnH$a Ho$ ~mao _| aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo gy{MV H$a|&

iv)

do `h ^r gw{ZpMV H$a| {H$ J_ _mg_ Ho$ JVr dmco {ZYm[aV JVr Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ S>Q >r
na AmVo h VWm R>rH$ H$ma go JV cJmVo h& do J_ _mg_ Ho$ XmamZ gVH$ ah| Ama `{X
Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g VH$ nhM
Zo dmcm hmo Vmo JV cJmZo Ho$ {cE AmXoe X| VWm
AnZo-AnZo jom| (~rQ>m)| _| Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama _| H$moB Agm_m` ~mV hmoVr h
Vmo CgH$s [anmoQ> AnZo n`dojH$m| H$mo X|&

v)

aoc/doS> Qy>Q>Z Ho$ _m_co _| aocnW H$mo ~MmZo Ho$ {cE do erK H$X_ CR>mE VWm `mVm`mV H$mo
erK Mmcy H$aZo Ho$ {cE AmnmV _a_V H$a| VWm {ZH$Q>V_ Q>e
o Z _mQ>a/aocnW {ZarjH$
H$mo gy{MV H$a|&

vi)

`{X Cho Eogm VrV hmoVm h {H$ aocnW Agwa{jV h Vmo ^maVr` aoc aocnW {Z`_mdcr Ho$
nam 157 Ama 806 Ho$ AZwgma aocJm{S>`m| H$s gwajm ~ZmE aIZo Ho$ {cE VH$mc H$X_
CR>mE&

vii)

AZwajU H$m` nyam hmo OmZo Ho$ ~mX gwT >rH$aU H$s Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ `{X Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r + 200
gopg`g go A{YH$ hmo OmVm hmo, Vmo do {ZYm[aV J{V gr_m cmJy H$a| VWm MmH$sXma H$mo
VZmV H$a|&
34

iii)

Mobile Watchman:
a)

He shall be posted, till period of consolidation is over, on stretches


where after maintenance operation, rail temperature has exceeded td
+ 20OC during the period of consolidation as given in para 1.18.

b)

The mobile watchman would patrol such section/beat to look for


prominent kinks, incipient buckles or tendency towards buckling, rail/
weld fracture and excessive gaps at SEJs.

c)

He shall protect the track at site if any of the situations as given in


(b) above occurs and report the same to nearest Station Master/
PWI.

Detailed instructions for the works to be carried out by mobile watchman are given
in Annexure-X C.
9.1.3

Gangmate/Permanent Way Mistry (PWM)


i)

They shall carry out maintenance work under their personal supervision only
if they are in possession of valid competency certificate issued by Zonal/
Divisional Training Centre to work on LWR/CWR section.

ii)

They shall undertake only those works of track maintenance for which they
are authorised as per Annexure-VI.

iii)

They shall maintain additional/special equipment issued to them in good


condition and bring to the notice of PWI defective equipment requiring
repairs.

iv)

They shall ensure that hot weather patrolmen turn out on duty during
the specified patrol period and carry out the patrolling duties correctly.
They shall be vigilant during hot weather and order patrol if the
temperature is likely to reach td+20OC and report to their supervisors
any unusual occurrences which take place on the LWR/CWR in their
beat.

v)

They shall take prompt action to protect the track in case of rail/weld fractures
and carry out emergency repairs to permit the restoration of traffic promptly
and report to nearest Station Master/PWI.

vi)

They shall take immediate steps to secure the safety of the trains as per
para 157 and 806 of IRPWM, if they consider that track is likely to be rendered
unsafe.

vii)

They shall impose the specified speed restriction and post watchman if
the temperature exceeds td + 20OC during the period of consolidation after
the maintenance work had been completed.

34

9.1.4

viii)

do AcJ-WcJ Agwa{jV WmZm| na {J>r H$s H$_r H$mo nyam H$a| VWm {H$gr H$ma H$s {J>r
H$s H$_r AWdm aocnW H$s AV`VVm H$s gyMZm aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo X|&

ix)

do AnZo jo _| Eg B Oo Ama Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m ~ma-~ma {ZarjU H$a|&
{deof $n go J{_`m| _o Anam Ho$ A`m{YH$ J_ g_` _| VWm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y
Ama _| {H$gr Agm_m` KQ>Zm Ho$ hmoZo na aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo gy{MV H$a| Ama CgHo$ AmXoe
m H$a|&

x)

do `h gw{ZpMV H$a| {H$ Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama na H$m` H$aZo H$m kmZ CZHo$
AYrZ H$m` H$aZo dmco H$_Mm[a`m| H$mo hmo&

xi)

O~ ^r CZHo$ n`dj
o H$ AZwX{o eV H$a| Vmo do OmSm| H$s JV ew$ H$amE&

aocnW {ZarjH$ (n^mar/g~-goeZ)


i)

CZHo$ nmg gXd AVZ {d{> H$s hB Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$s AZwXe
o nwpVH$m
Ad` hmo& Ch| Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ C{MV H$m` gMmcZ hoVw _hdnyU nyd
AnojmAm| H$m nyU kmZ hmo VWm do Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ H$m` H$aZo Ho$ {cE
{ZYm[aV g^r gr_mAm| Ama gmdYm{Z`m| go ^r nyUV n[a{MV hm|& do gw{ZpMV H$a| [H$ Ec
S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m AZwajU H$aZo dmco CZHo$ AYrZW H$_Mm[a`m| mam
AZwajU AZwXe
o m| H$m gVr go nmcZ {H$`m Om ahm h&

ii)

n[a{e>-VI Ho$ AZwgma do {OZ aocnW AZwajU H$m`m] Ho$ {cE CmaXm`r h, CZ g^r
AZwajU H$m`m] H$s XoI-^mc H$a|&

iii)

do CmaXm`r hm|J:o H$)

nam 8.1.5 Ho$ AZwgma Eg B Oo Ho$ [a$ WmZm| VWm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y
Ama Ho$ pWa ^mJ _| gaH$Z/J{V gMcZ Ho$ {ZarjU Ho$ {cE VWm n[a{e>XI, XII, XIII E Ed XIII ~r Ho$ AZwgma a{OQ>a _| `oH$ Ec S>`y Ama/gr
S>`y Ama Ho$ {ZarjUm| H$s {d{>`m| Ho$ {cE&

I)

J_ Ama R>S >o _mg_ _| aocnW H$s JV cJdmZo H$s `dWm H$aZo VWm O~ ^r
Amd`H$ hmo, Mc MmH$sXma H$mo VZmV H$aZo Ho$ {cE do `h gw{ZpMV H$a| {H$
JVr dmcm| Ama Mc MmH$sXmam| H$mo JV cJmZo Ho$ {cE C{MV CnH$a XmZ
{H$E JE h&

J)

XwKQ >Zm, S>raoc_oQ> ({dnWZ), ~H$qcJ, aocnW H$m nmZr _| ~h OmZm, aoc Qy>Q>Zo
Am{X Ho$ _m_co _| _a_V H$amZo VWm `mVm`mV H$mo nwZ ~hmc H$aZo Ho$ {cE&

K)

{OVZr Ad{Y Ho$ {cE `mVm`mV AdamoY {H$`m J`m hmo, Cg AdamoY Ad{Y
Ho$ AXa S>r-Q>qo gJ, dopS>J VWm A` AZwajU H$m` R>rH$ go H$aZo Ama Ch|
nyam H$aZo Ho$ {cE&

35

viii) They shall make up the shortage of ballast at isolated vulnerable locations
and report any ballast deficiency or disturbance of track to the PWI.

9.1.4

ix)

They shall inspect SEJ and LWR/CWR under their jurisdiction frequently,
specially during the hottest part of the afternoons in summer and
report any unusual occurrence on LWR/CWR to PWI and obtain his
order.

x)

They shall ensure that men working under them have knowledge of working
on LWR/CWR.

xi)

They shall introduce cold weather patrolling when instructed by their


Supervisors.

Permanent Way Inspector (Incharge of Section/Sub-section)


i)

They shall be in possession of Manual of Instructions on LWR/


CWR posted up-to-date at all times. They shall have a thorough knowledge
of important pre-requisites for proper functioning of LWR/CWR and the
limitations and precautions laid down for work on LWR/CWR. They shall
ensure that the maintenance instructions are strictly followed by all the staff
under him dealing with maintenance of LWR/CWR.

ii)

They shall supervise all track maintenance work for which they are
responsible as per Annexure-VI.

iii)

They shall be responsible:a)

For inspection of gaps at SEJ and creep/movement at centre of LWR/


CWR as per para 8.1.5 and recording observations of each LWR/CWR
as per Annexure- XI, XII, XIII A and XIII B in a register.

b)

For making arrangements for patrolling of track in hot and cold weather
and post mobile watchmen as and when required. They will ensure
that patrolmen and mobile watchmen are issued proper equipments
for carrying out patrolling.

c)

For repairs and restoration of traffic in case of accident, derailment,


buckling, washaways, rail fracture etc.

d)

For carrying out destressing, welding and other maintenance operation


correctly and complete them within the block period for which block
has been taken.

35

9.1.5

iv)

do AnZo jo Ho$ Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m {ZarjU ~ma-~ma H$a|, {deof $n go
J{_`m| _| Anam Ho$ g~go J_ g_` _| Agm_m` KQ>ZmAm|, ~H$qcJ H$s d{m H$m nVm
cJmZo VWm JV H$mo MoH$ H$aZo Ho$ {cE&

v)

do `h gw{ZpMV H$a| [H$ CZHo$ AYrZW g^r AZwajU H$_Mmar Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y
Ama Ho$ AZwajU Ho$ g~Y _| AnZo g^r H$m`m| Ama CmaXm{`dm| go nyar Vah go n[a{MV
h&

vi)

do gXd AnZo {ZarjU Ho$ XmamZ EH$ OmoS >m Om{JS> {\$ecoQ>,| cn, aoc W_m_rQ>a,
\$sca JoO VWm 1 _rQ>a H$s grYr {H$Zmar (EoO) AnZo gmW Ad` co OmE &

vii)

do aoc Vmn_mZ, S>r-Q>qo gJ Vmn_mZ, `yZV_ VWm A{YH$V_ aoc Vmn_mZ [aH$mS> H$a| VWm
Amd{YH$ $n go _mZH$ W_m_rQ>a Ho$ gX^ _| aoc Vmn_mZ [aH$mS> H$aZo Ho$ {cE `w$ aoc
W_m_rQ>a H$mo MoH$ H$a|&

viii)

`{X aocnW {_r/JJ_oQ> {Og Ho$ nmg dY gj_Vm _mU n CncY h, H$m` Ho$ XmamZ
CnpWV Zhr h, Vmo `o AZwajU Ho$ gmao H$m` AnZr `{$JV XoI-aoI _| H$amE&

ix)

gwT >rH$aU H$s Ad{Y _| Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama na AZwajU H$m` nyao {H$E OmZo
Ho$ nMmV `{X Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$ hmo OmVm h Vmo do Amd`H$ J{V gr_m
cmJy H$a|&

x)

do aocnW Ho$ {J>r goeZ H$m C{MV AZwajU H$a| VWm J{_`m| Ho$ ma^ go nhco {J[>`m| H$s
nwZ ^amB H$m H$m` nyam H$amZo H$s `dWm H$a|&

aocnW {ZarjH$ (goeZ H$m ^mar)


nam 9.1.4 _| VWm C{{IV H$m`m] Ho$ Acmdm aocnW {ZarjH$/goeZ ^mar {ZZm{H$V H$m`m] Ho$
{cE ^r CmaXm`r hmoJm:-

9.1.6

i)

AnZo AYrZW g^r H$_Mm[a`m| Ho$ {c`o Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ AZwajU hoVw
Amd`H$ CnH$a VWm aocnW gm_Jr Ho$ _JmZo Ho$ {cE dh CmaXm`r h& dh gw{ZpMV H$ao
{H$ g^r gm_Jr R>rH$ go {dV[aV H$s JB h Ama `dpWV $n go aIr JB h Ama gm_Jr
H$s Amny{V g_` go H$m\$s nhco nyar H$a cr OmEJr&

ii)

n[a{e>-XI, XII, XIII E Ed XIII ~r _| {ZYm[aV mo\$m_m Ho$ AZwgma dh `oH$ Ec S>`y
Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m WmB [aH$mS> ~ZmE aIoJm& dh Bg a{OQ>a H$mo AVZ aIZo Ho$
{cE CmaXm`r hmoJm Ama Bgo dh OmVo g_` AnZo Cmam{YH$mar H$mo gmn Jo m&

aocnW {ZarjH$ ({deof/[acoBJ )


O~ aocnW {ZarjH$ ({deof/[acoBJ ) {deof H$m` nyam H$aZo Ho$ {cE VZmV {H$`m OmE, Vmo dh, Cgo
{XE JE A` H$m`m] Ho$ Acmdm nam 9.1.4 VWm 9.1.5 _| {XE JE g^r _Xm| Ho$ {cE CmaXm`r
hmoJm&
36

iv)

They shall inspect LWR/CWR under their jurisdiction frequently, especially


during the hottest part of afternoons in summer to look
out for unusual features, tendency towards buckling and check
patrolling.

v)

They shall ensure that all maintenance staff under them are fully aware of
their duties and responsibilities at all time with regard to maintenance of
LWR/CWR.

vi)

They shall always carry during their inspection a pair of joggled fishplates,
clamps, rail thermometer, feeler gauges and one meter straight edge.

vii)

They shall record rail temperatures, destressing temperature, minimum and


maximum rail temperatures and also periodically check the rail thermometers
used far recording rail temperature with reference to standard thermometer.

viii) They shall carry out all operations of maintenance under their personal
supervision, in case Permanent Way Mistry/Gangmate possessing valid
competency certificate is not present.

9.1.5

ix)

They shall impose necessary speed restriction, in case the temperature


exceeds td + 20OC after the maintenance work has been completed on LWR/
CWR for the period of consolidation.

x)

They shall ensure proper maintenance of the ballast section of the track and
shall arrange to complete replacement of ballast before the onset of summer.

Permanent Way inspector (Incharge of Section)


PWI Incharge of section will be responsible for following additional duties, apart
from the duties as mentioned in para 9.1.4:-

9.1.6

i)

He shall be responsible for the procurement of the permanent way


materials and the equipment required for the maintenance of LWR/
CWR for all the staff working under him. He shall ensure that the
materials are properly distributed and kept in good order and shall
recoup the materials well in time.

ii)

He shall maintain a permanent record of each LWR/CWR as per the


proforma laid down in Annexure-XI, XII, XIII A and XIII B. He shall be
responsible for keeping this register up-to-date and the same shall be
handed over by him to his successor.

Permanent Way Inspector (Special/Relaying)


When PWI (Special/Relaying) is posted for carrying out special works etc. he
shall be responsible for all the items indicated in para 9.1.4 & 9.1.5 apart from
other responsibilities assigned to him.

36

9.1.7

9.1.8

ghm`H$ BOr{Z`a
i)

dh ha N>_mhr g^r Eg B Oo VWm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ pWa ^mJ _| J{V
gMcZ H$m {ZarjU H$aoJm VWm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama a{OQ>a _| AnZo {ZarjU
H$mo [aH$mS> H$aoJm&

ii)

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ AgVmofOZH$ H$m` {ZnmXZ Ho$ H$maUm| H$s OmM H$aZo Ho$
{cE Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama a{OQ>a H$s gdrjm/{dcofU H$aoJm VWm `{X
Amd`H$ hmo Vmo AnZo H$_Mm[a`m| H$mo gwYmam_H$ H$madmB H$aZo Ho$ {cE {ZX}{eV H$aoJm&

iii)

dh AnZr j_Vm go ~mha Ho$ {H$gr ^r H$m` H$mo VWm H$moB A` _X, {Ogo dh Ec S>`y
Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gwa{jV H$m` {ZnmXZ hoVw Amd`H$ g_Po, _S>c BOr{Z`a/d[a>
_S>c BOr{Z`a H$s gyMZm _| cmE&

iv)

dh gw{ZpMV H$a| {H$ CZHo$ AYrZ` H$_Mmar Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo {~N>mZo/
CgHo$ AZwajU Ho$ g~Y _| AnZr g~{ YV {O_oXm[a`m| go nyar Vah n[a{MV h&

v)

dh gw{ZpMV H$a| {H$ CZ Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {cE Omo AgVmofOZH$ `dhma
{XIm ahr h, g_` go nyd gwYmam_H$ H$X_ CR>m {cE JE h&

vi)

dh `h _m{UV H$a| {H$ CZHo$ jo Ho$ g^r Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama gVmofOZH$ T >J
go H$m` H$a aho h& dh J{_`m| go nhco hr df _| EH$ ~ma Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama
a{OQ>a H$mo gdrjm hoVw _S>c BOr{Z`a/d[a> _S>c BOr{Z`a H$mo ^oOZo H$s `dWm H$a|&

_S>c BOr{Z`a/d[a> _S>c BOr{Z`a


i)

dh `h gw{ZpMV H$a| {H$ CZHo$ AYrZW ghm`H$ BOr{Z`a VWm n`dj


o H$ Bg nwpVH$m Ho$
mdYmZm| VWm _w` BOr{Z`a mam g_` na Omar {H$E JE A` nyaH$ AZwXe
o m| go nyar Vah
go n[a{MV h VWm CZH$m nmcZ H$aVo h&

ii)

dh `h gw{ZpMV H$a| [H$ Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama goeZm| na H$m`aV H$_Mm[a`m| Ho$
{ejU Ho$ {cE C{MV `dWm H$s OmVr h VWm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama goeZm|
Ho$ g^r nXm| na gXd `mo` H$_Mmar VZmV {H$E OmVo h&

iii)

dh Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama goeZm| Ho$ {cE Amd`H$ {J>r H$s n`m _mm H$s
`dWm H$a|&

iv)

dh `oH$ df \$adar Ho$ _mh _| AnZo jo Ho$ Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama a{OQ>am| H$s
gdrjm H$a| VWm AnZo jo _| Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ gVmofOZH$ `dhma Ho$
{cE AnZm _mU-n [aH$mS> H$a|& dh g^r Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ {dVV
{ddaU jor` BOr{Z`a H$mo CZHo$ AmXoem|/{ZU` Ho$ {cE ^oO| &
dh g~go A{YH$ J_ Ama R>S >o _hrZm| H$mo {ZpMV H$a| {OZ_| `oH$ nIdmS>o Ho$ Eg B Oo Ho$
[a$ WmZ Ho$ {ZarjU VWm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ pWa ^mJ _| J{V gMcZ Ho$
{ZarjU {H$E OmE&

v)

37

9.1.7

9.1.8

Assistant Engineer
i)

He shall inspect all SEJs and movement at centre of LWR/CWR at


every six months and record his observation in the LWR/CWR register.

ii)

He will scrutinise/analyse LWR/CWR register to investigate the reasons


of unsatisfactory performance of LWR/CWR and shall give directions
to his staff to take remedial action, if any.

iii)

He shall bring to the notice of the DEN/Sr.DEN any work pertaining to


LWR/CWR, which is beyond his capacity to deal with and any other
item which he considers necessary for safe functioning of LWR/CWR.

iv)

He shall ensure that the staff working under him are fully conversant
with their respective responsibilities in regard to laying and maintenance
of LWR/CWR.

v)

He shall ensure that all remedial action for LWR/CWR showing


unsatisfactory behavior are taken in time.

vi)

He shall give certificate that all the LWR/CWR in his jurisdiction are
behaving satisfactorily. He would arrange to send the LWR/CWR
register for scrutiny of DEN/Sr.DEN once in a year before summer.

Divisional Engineer/Senior Divisional Engineer


i)

He shall be responsible for ensuring that AENs and supervisors working


under him are fully conversant and comply with provisions in this manual
and such other supplementary instructions issued by Chief Engineer
from time to time.

ii)

He shall ensure that proper arrangements are made for training of staff
working on LWR/CWR sections and posts for LWR/CWR sections are
manned by qualified staff at all times.

iii)

He shall make arrangements for sufficient quantity of ballast required


for LWR/CWR sections.

iv)

He shall scrutinise LWR/CWR registers of his jurisdiction every year in


the month of February and record his certificate about satisfactory
behavior of LWR/CWR in his jurisdiction. He shall refer the details of
all LWR/CWR to territorial Chief Engineer where he requires his orders/
decision.

v)

He shall specify the coldest and hottest months in which fortnightly


observations of gaps at SEJs and movement of LWR/CWR in fixed
portion are done.

37

9.2

{ejU

9.2.1

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama goeZm| na H$m`aV g^r aocnW H$_Mm[a`m| Ho$ {ejU H$s
`dWm {deof/{Z`{_V nmR>H$_ jor` {ejU Ho$m| _| _w` BOr{Z`a mam VWm _S>c
{ejU Ho$m| _| d[a> _S>c BOr{Z`a/_S>c BOr{Z`a mam Am`mo{OV H$aHo$ H$s OmE&

9.2.2

H$s_Z, JJ _oQ>, aocnW {_r, aocnW {ZarjH$ (^mar goeZ/g~-goeZ)


Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo {~N>mZo Ama CgHo$ AZwajU _| {e{jV H$_Mm[a`m| H$mo hr Ec
S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama goeZm| na VZmV {H$`m OmE& H$s_Z, JJ_oQ> VWm aocnW {_r Ho$
_m_co _|, Ho$dc Eogo H$_Mm[a`m| H$mo, Omo jor`/_S>c {ejU H|$m| mam Omar dY gj_Vm
_mU n aIVo hm|, Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama goeZ na VZmV {H$`m OmE&

9.2.3

gj_Vm _mU n Omar H$aZo H$s VmarI go VrZ dfm] Ho$ {cE dY hmoJm&

9.3

""H$a|'' Ama ""Z H$a|''


H$s_Z, JJ_oQ> Ama aocnW {_r H$m _mJXeZ Ho$ {cE _hdnyU "H$a|' Ama "Z H$a|' H$mo n[a{e>XIV _| gyMr-~ {H$`m J`m h&

38

9.2

TRAINING

9.2.1

Arrangements for training of all Permanent Way Staff working on LWR/CWR


sections shall be made by Chief Engineer by holding special/regular courses in
Zonal Training centres and by Sr. DEN/DEN in Divisional Training Centres.

9.2.2

Keyman, Gangmate, PWM, PWI Incharge of section/Sub-section


Only staff trained in laying and maintenance of LWR/CWR shall be posted on
LWR/CWR sections. In case of Keyman, Gangmate & PWM, only such staff who
possess valid competency certificate issued by Zonal/Divisional training centre
shall be posted on LWR/CWR section.

9.2.3

The competency certificate shall be valid for three years from the date of issue.

9.3

DOS AND DONTS


For the guidance of Keyman, Gangmate and PWM important dos and donts
have been listed at Annexure-XIV.

38

n[a{e-I E
(nam 1.4)
dgZ c~mB`m
1310 crna/{H$_r Ho$ {cE)
jo

crna
H$m H$ma

dgZ c~mB (_rQ>am| _|)


~S>r cmBZ

_rQ>a cmBZ

60{H$Jm

52{H$Jm

90Ama

90Ama

75Ama

(`y AmB gr)


aoc

aoc

aoc

aoc

aoc

nr Ama gr

61

52

39

II

nr Ama gr

69

60

45

ZmoQ>:

D$na Xr hB dgZ c~mB`m gyMZm_H$ h VWm H$m` Wc H$s XemAm| Ho$ AZwgma {^ hmo gH$Vr
h&

39

ANNEXURE-I A
(Para 1.4)
BREATHING LENGTHS
(For 1310 sleepers/km)
Zone

Type of
sleeper

Breathing length (in metres)

Broad Gauge

Metre Gauge

60kg(UIC)
rails

52kg
rails

90R
rails

90R
rails

75R
rails

PRC

61

52

39

II

PRC

69

60

45

Note:

Breathing lengths given above are indicative and are likely to vary as per site
conditions.

39

n[a{e-I ~r
(nam 1.4)
dgZ c~mB`m
(1540 crna/{H$_r Ho$ {cE)
jo

crna
H$m H$ma

dgZ c~mB (_rQ>am| _|)


~S>r cmBZ
60{H$Jm

II

III

IV

_rQ>a cmBZ

aoc
(`y AmB gr)

52{H$Jm

90Ama

90Ama

75Ama

nr Ama gr

60

52

38

Eg Q>r

77

66

49

134

111

gr Eg Q>r-9

89

66

152

126

nr Ama gr

69

59

44

Eg Q>r

88

75

57

156

130

gr Eg Q>r-9

101

76

178

147

nr Ama gr

77

66

51

Eg Q>r

98

85

65

179

149

gr Eg Q>r-9

114

87

202

168

nr Ama gr

82

71

55

Eg Q>r

105

90

70

192

160

122

94

217

181

gr Eg Q>r-9

aoc

aoc

aoc

aoc

ZmoQ>: D$na Xr hB dgZ c~mB`m gyMZm_H$ h Ama H$m` Wc H$s XemAm| Ho$ AZwgma {^ hmo gH$Vr h&
40

ANNEXURE-I B
(Para 1.4)
BREATHING LENGTHS
(For 1540 sleepers/km)
Zone

Type of
sleeper

Breathing length (in metres)

Broad Gauge

II

III

IV

60kg(UIC)
rails

52kg
rails

90R
rails

90R
rails

75R
rails

PRC

60

52

38

ST

77

66

49

134

111

CST-9

89

66

152

126

PRC

69

59

44

ST

88

75

57

156

130

CST-9

101

76

178

147

PRC

77

66

51

ST

98

85

65

179

149

CST-9

114

87

202

168

PRC

82

71

55

ST

105

90

70

192

160

122

94

217

181

CST-9

Note:

Metre Gauge

Breathing lengths given above are indicative and are likely to vary as per site
conditions.

40

n[a{e-I gr
(nam 1.4)
dgZ c~mB`m
(1660 crna/{H$_r Ho$ {cE)
jo

crna
H$m H$ma

dgZ c~mB (_rQ>am| _|)


~S>r cmBZ
60{H$Jm

aoc
(`y AmB gr)
I

II

III

IV

52{H$Jm

aoc

_rQ>a cmBZ
90Ama

aoc

90Ama

aoc

75Ama

aoc

nr Ama gr

58

50

37

Eg Q>r

73

63

46

gr Eg Q>r-9

86

63

nr Ama gr

66

57

43

Eg Q>r

84

72

54

gr Eg Q>r-9

98

74

nr Ama gr

74

64

49

Eg Q>r

94

81

62

gr Eg Q>r-9

110

84

nr Ama gr

79

68

53

Eg Q>r

100

86

67

118

91

gr Eg Q>r-9

ZmoQ>: D$na Xr hB dgZ c~mB`m gyMZm_H$ h Ama H$m` Wc H$s XemAm| Ho$ AZwgma {^ hmo gH$Vr h&

41

ANNEXURE-I C
(Para 1.4)
BREATHING LENGTHS
(For 1660 sleepers/km)
Zone

Type of
sleeper

Breathing length (in metres)

Broad Gauge
60kg(UIC)
rails
I

II

III

IV

52kg
rails

Metre Gauge
90R
rails

90R
rails

75R
rails

PRC

58

50

37

ST

73

63

46

CST-9

86

63

PRC

66

57

43

ST

84

72

54

CST-9

98

74

PRC

74

64

49

ST

94

81

62

CST-9

110

84

PRC

79

68

53

ST

100

86

67

118

91

CST-9

Note: Breathing lengths given above are indicative and are likely to vary as per site
conditions.

41

n[a{e-II
(nam 4.3.1 Ed 4.3.2)
~S>r cmBZ Ho$ _mOXy m gr Eg Q>r-9 crnam| na Ec S>`y Ama {~N>mZo Ho$ nhco Ama AZwajU Ho$ g_`
nyaH$ AZwXe
o
gr Eg Q>r-9 crnam| na Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama [~N>mZo Ho$ nhco Ama AZwajU Ho$ g_` {ZZm{H$V
gmdYm{Z`m ~aVr OmE:i)

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$mo gr Eg Q>r-9 crnam| na CZ jom| _| Img Vma go Z
cJm`m OmE Ohm {S>ac
o _|Q> H$s KQ>ZmE A{YH$ hmoVr hm| VWm/AWdm ~YH$m| H$s Mmoar m`
hmoVr hmo&

ii)

nhco go cJo hE crnam| na, aoc grQ> Ama O~S>m| na {Kgmd H$_ go H$_ hmo Vm{H$ Hw$ {O`m
^mdr ah|&

iii)

aocnW Ho$ ~mha H$s Amoa emoS>a go aoc erf Ho$ ZrMo VH$ T>mc _| {J>r Ho$ M>o cJmE
OmE&

iv)

crna ZdrH$aU/W-y nqH$J/H$sqZJ/Jhar H$sqZJ AWdm {J>r {VamoY H$mo H$_ H$aZo dmco
{H$gr A` H$m` Ho$ R>rH$ ~mX _o| {H$~ Ama emoS>a H$m H$neZ Ad` {H$`m OmE& O~
VH$ Eogm H$neZ {H$`m OmVm h, V~ VH$ Cn`w$ J{V gr_m Omar aIr OmE&

v)

BH$har cmBZ na, EH$ crna _| XmoZm| Hw$ {O`m (H$sO) EH$ hr {Xem _| R>mHo $s OmE VWm
AJco crna _| Hw$ {O`m {dnarV {Xem _| R>mHo $s OmE Ama Bgr H$ma AmJo {H$`m OmE&

vi)

Xwhar cmBZ na, 75 {VeV Hw$ {O`m| H$mo `mVm`mV H$s {Xem _| Ama 25 {VeV Hw$ {O`m| H$mo
{dnarV {Xem _| Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ _` ^mJ _| R>mHo $m OmE& dgZ
c~mB`m| _| Hw${O`m| H$mo ~mar-~mar go XmoZm| {XemAm| _| H${_H$ crnam| _| R>moH$m OmE&

vii)

`Z `h {H$`m OmE {H$ EH$ crna H$s XmoZm| Hw$ {O`m EH$ g_mZ H$gr hmo Vm{H$ coQ>| MmH$R>o
(AmD$Q> Am\$ $m`a) go ~mha Z OmE& O~ ^r {Jar hB Hw$ Or H$mo nwZ R>mHo $m OmE Vmo Cgr
crna na Xygar Amoa cJr Hw$ Or H$mo ^r n`m $n go R>mHo $m OmE&

viii)

Ohm ^r g^d hmo CQ>r Om Q>mBn coQ>m| Ho$ WmZ na gmYmaU Q>mBn H$s coQ>| hr cJmB OmE
`m|{H$ nyddVu coQ> go S>r-Q>oqgJ Ho$ XmamZ amocam| na Ec S>`y Ama H$mo CR>mVo g_`
$H$mdQ> hmoJr&
Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama c~mB`m| Ho$ AZwajU Ho$ {cE AnojmH$V AmZ-Q>H $ Q>p nJ
_erZ H$m `moJ {H$`m OmE& hmW go {H$E OmZo dmco AZwajU Ho$ _m_co _| Ec S>`y Ama/
gr S>`y Ama H$s, Omo gr Eg Q>r-9 crnam| na {~N>m`m J`m hmo, {cpQ>J (aocnW H$m
D$na CR>mZm) `{X 20 {__r go A{YH$ hmo, Vmo Cgr {ZarjH$ H$s XoIaoI _| hr H$s OmEJr,
{OZH$m aH$ aocnW {ZarjH$/g~-goeZ Ho$ BMmO go H$_ Z hmo&
42

ANNEXURE-II
(Para 4.3.1& 4.3.2)

SUPPLEMENTARY INSTRUCTIONS FOR LAYING & MAINTENANCE OF LWR ON


CST-9 SLEEPERS ON BG
The following precautions shall be observed before laying and while maintaining
LWR/CWR on CST-9 sleepers:i)

LWR/CWR shall not preferably be provided on CST-9 sleepers in areas where


the incidence of derailment is large and/or theft of fastenings is frequent.

ii)

Sleepers already in service shall have minimum wear at rail seat and jaws so that
keys are effective.

iii)

Ballast shall be heaped up in a slope from shoulder to the bottom of rail head on
the outside of track.

iv)

Crib and shoulder compaction shall invariably be carried out soon after sleeper
renewal/through packing/screening/ deep screening or any other operation causing
reduction of ballast resistance. Till such compaction is done, suitable speed
restriction shall be continued.

v)

On single line, both keys in a sleeper should be driven in the same direction and
the keys in the next sleeper shall be in reverse direction and so on.

vi)

On double line 75 percent of keys should be driven in the direction of traffic


and 25 per cent in the opposite direction in the central portion of LWR/CWR.
In the breathing lengths, keys should be driven alternately in both directions on
successive sleepers.

vii)

Attempt should be made to keep both the keys of the same sleeper uniformly tight
so as to avoid plates going out of square. Whenever, a fallen key is driven back,
the opposite key on the same sleeper should also be adequately driven.

viii)

Wherever possible reverse jaw type plates should be replaced with ordinary
type plates, since the former afford hindrance while lifting LWR on rollers during
destressing.
On-track tamping machine shall preferably be used for maintaining LWR/CWR
lengths. In case of manual maintenance, lifting of LWR/CWR track on CST-9
sleepers in excess of 20 mm shall be carried out under the supervision of an
Inspector not below the rank of Permanent Way Inspector/Incharge of SubSection.

42

ix)

S>r-Q>oqgJ Ho$ XmamZ amocam| na aoc H$mo {Q>H$mE OmZo go nhco Cn`w$ AmH$ma H$s 3 {__r
_moQ>r E_ Eg coQ> H$mo aoc grQ>m| na aIm OmE Vm{H$ aoc grQ>m| H$s Xamam| _| amoca Z Mco
OmE& H$dacoQ>m| Ho$ {dnarV {Xem _| ZrMo H$s Amoa _wS>o hE Xmo {H$Zmao hmoZo Mm{hE Vm{H$ aoc
grQ>m| go `o coQ>| {\$gc H$a {ZH$c Z OmE&

x)

`{X 100 {VeV Hw$ {O`m| H$mo S>r-Q>qo gJ Ho$ ~mX AdamoY Ad{Y Ho$ AXa R>mHo $Zm g^d Z
hmo Vmo 33 {VeV Hw$ {O`m _` ^mJ _| VWm 100 {VeV Hw$ {O`m dgZ c~mB`m| _| nhco
R>mHo $s OmE VWm `mVm`mV H$mo gr{_V J{V na nwZ Mmcy {H$`m OmE& nyar J{V na `mVm`mV
H$mo 100 {VeV Hw$ {O`m R>mHo $o OmZo VWm A` Ano{jV gmdYm{Z`m| Ho$ ~mX Mcm`m OmE&

xi)

Eg B Oo Ama `oH$ Ec S>`y Ama nZc


o Ho$ pWa ^mJ _| {IgH$Z H$mo {Z`{_V $n go
Zmnm OmE VWm BgHo$ [aH$mS> ZXm{ZH$ H$X_m| H$mo CR>mZo Ho$ {cE, `{X Amd`H$ hmo, ghm`H$
BOr{Z`a Ama _S>c BOr{Z`a mam XoIo OmE&

43

ix)

During destressing, before the rail is supported on rollers, the rail seats should be
covered by a 3 mm thick MS plate of suitable size so that the rollers do not get
stuck into the slits at the rail seats. The cover plates should have two of the opposite
edges bent downwards to prevent their slipping off from the rail seats.

x)

If it is not possible to drive 100 percent keys within the block period after
destressing, 33 percent keys in central portion and 100 percent of the keys in the
breathing lengths should be driven first and the traffic resumed at restricted speed.
Full speed should be restored only after driving 100 percent keys and giving other
attention required.

xi)

Creep shall be regularly measured at SEJs and in fixed portion of each LWR
panel and records seen by AEN and DEN for taking remedial measures, if
required.

43

n[a{e>-III
J{V gr_mAm| H$s gyMr
H$_mH$

aocnW H$s XemE

cmJy gr_m
{H$_r/KQ>m _|

1.

O~

_rQ>a c~r {\$ecoQ>m| ({M

4.4.3 ($E))

H$mo {deof cn

({M

4.4.3 ($~r))

AWdm Om{JS> {\$ecoQ>m| H$mo ~moQ>So > cnm|

({M

4.4.3 ($gr))

g{hV AWmB aoc OmoS >m| na `moJ {H$`m

OmE VWm CZ na

24

30

KQ>o H$s {ZJamZr (~S>r cmBZ Ama _rQ>a cmBZ

XmoZm| _|) aIr OmE


2.

O~ A` cnm| H$mo AWmB aoc OmoS >m| na `moJ {H$`m OmE (~S>r

20

cmBZ Ama _rQ>a cmBZ XmoZm| _|)


3.

O~ S>r-Q>oqgJ Ho$ nhco H${_H$ crnam| na crna ~YH$m| H$mo T>rcm

30

{H$`m OmE (~S>r cmBZ Ama _rQ>a cmBZ XmoZm| _|)


4.

5.

6.

AmnmV _a_V nyar H$aZo Ho$ ~mX Qy>Q>Z na:i)

nhcr JmS>r

ii)

~mX H$s Jm{S>`m

$H$Zo Ho$ ~mX

10

20

~H$qcJ Ho$ ~mX aocnW H$s AmnmV _a_V Ho$ nMmV:i)

nhcr JmS>r

ii)

~mX H$s Jm{S>`m

$H$Zo Ho$ ~mX


20

O~ aoc Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$ hmo OmE


Vmo {Z`{_V aocnW AZwajU H$m`m] Ho$ ~mX aocnW H$s gwT >rH$aU
Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ J{V gr_m:
i)

ii)

O~ emoS>a {H$~ H$m H$neZ {H$`m J`m hmo:~S>r cmBZ Ho$ {cE

50

_rQ>a cmBZ Ho$ {cE

40

O~ emoS>a {H$~ H$m H$neZ Z {H$`m J`m hmo:~S>r cmBZ Ho$ {cE

30

_rQ>a cmBZ Ho$ {cE

20

44

10

ANNEXURE-III
SCHEDULE OF SPEED RESTRICTIONS
Sl.
No.

Conditions of track

Restriction
imposed in km/h

1.

When 1 metre long fishplates (Fig. 4.4.3(a))


with special clamps (Fig. 4.4.3(b))
or joggled fishplates with bolted clamps
(Fig. 4.4.3(c)) are used at a temporary
rail joint and there is 24 hrs. watch
(both BG & MG)

30

2.

When other clamps are used at a temporary


rail joint (both BG and MG)

20

3.

When sleeper fastenings on alternate


sleepers are loosened before destressing
(both BG & MG)

30

4.

At fracture after emergency repairs are completed:i) First train

STOP DEAD & 10

ii) Subsequent trains


5.

20

After emergency repairs to track after buckling:i) First train

STOP DEAD & 10

ii) Subsequent trains


6.

20

Speed restriction during consolidation


period of track, after regular track
maintenance operations when rail
temperature exceeds td + 20OC:
i) When shoulder and crib compaction has been done:For BG
For MG

50
40

ii) When shoulder and crib compaction has not been done:For BG
For MG

30
20

44

n[a{e>-IV
(nam 5.5.2)
90
1.

`y Q>r Eg VWm H$S>o erf dmco aocm| Ho$ {cE AZwXe


o

grYmB H$s gwajm


H$^r-H$^r {>JmoMa hmoZo dmco grYmB H$s {dMcZ, CXmhaU Ho$ {cE 1.5 _rQ>a H$s c~mB _|
0.75 {__r Ho$ _moS
> go hr aoc AdrH$m` hmo OmVr h, {OgHo$ {cE Bgoo gmdYmZrnydH $ g^mcm OmE
Ama gmdYmZrnydH $ hr BgHo$ M>o cJmE OmE& AV,
{ZZm{H$V H$m` Z H$a|:-

^mar pWa cXmZ

AH$_mV Q>$a AWdm J{VH$ ^maU

gr{_V WmZ AWdm cmBZ Ho$ gnH$ _| cXmZ

{gam| H$mo A{YH$ {JamZm VWm CR>mVo/co OmVo g_` coO H$s Amoda-cqnJ

Ohm VH$ g^d hmo, g_H$moUm| na {dH$nr nVm] _| aocm| Ho$ AmS>o-{VaN>o M>o
cJmZm&

{ZZm{H$V H$m`m] H$mo Ad` H$a|:-

2.

CR>mVo/co OmVo g_` aocm| H$mo gnmQ> Ama grYm aI|

EH$ c~mB H$s aocm| H$mo, AN>r Vah Ho$ nmZr Ho$ {ZH$mg dmco _O~yV
YamVc dmco, AnojmH$V H$H$sQ> Ho$ coQ>\$m_ na M>o cJmE

AmYma QoH mo dmco CdmYa gaI


o U _| EH g_mZ aIo JE nogamo na AZdVu Mo
bJmE

aoc {H$Zmam| H$mo Cd {gYmB _| aI|

N>moQ>r c~mB`m| H$s aocm| H$mo D$na H$s nVm] _| aI|&

aocm| H$s gVh H$s gwajm


godmaV aoc H$s gVh _| AnojmH$V
AV,

0.75

{__r go ^r H$_ Jhao ImMm| go ^r aoc Qy>Q> gH$Vr h&

{ZZm{H$V H$m` Z H$a|:-

_mc {S>~m| _| gonaoQ>am| go aocm| H$s Q>$a Ho$ Iam|M

aocm| H$mo ~mYZo Ho$ {cE Mmamo Amoa go MoZ H$s Jc-n>r ~mYZm&

45

ANNEXURE-IV
(Para 5.5.2)

HANDLING INSTRUCTIONS FOR 90 UTS AND HEAD HARDENED RAILS


1.

Protection of straightness
Barely visible straightness deviations, for example, a deflection of 0.75 mm
over 1.5 metres span, renders a rail unacceptable and require careful handling
and stacking. Therefore,
AVOID
-

Heavy static loading

Sudden impact or dynamic loading

Localised point or line contact loading in stacking

Excessive end drop and flange overlaps while lifting/moving

Criss-cross stacking of rails of alternative layers at right angles as far


as possible.

DO

2.

Keep rails horizontal and straight while lifting/moving

Stack rails of same length on firm level base of well drained platform
preferably of concrete

Stack subsequent layers on uniformly placed spacers in vertical


alignment with base supports

Keep rail ends in vertical alignment

Place rails of shorter length in upper layers.

Protection of rail surface


Surface notches of even less than 0.75 mm in depth are liable to cause rail fracture
in service. Therefore,
AVOID
-

Impact abrasion of rails against separators in wagons

Round link chain slings for securing the rails.

45

3.

4.

{ZZm{H$V H$m` Ad` H$a|:- grYr qcH$ MoZm| H$s ~Zr nanamJV Jc-n[>`m| H$m `moJ aocmo H mo CR>mZo Ho$ {cE H$a|
- aocm| H$mo AnojmH$V _JZoQ> {cpQ>J `w{$ go CR>m`m OmE&
YmVwH$_u` j{V go ~Mmd
C_m H$s {> go `o aoco ~hV gdXo Zerc hmoVr h Ama `{X `h aoc| EH$ hr WmZ na C_m nmVr
h Vmo BZ_| YmVw H$_u` w{Q>`m| Ho$ {dH${gV hmoZo H$s g^mdZm hmoVr h {Oggo ~hV H$S>r, ^wa^war
VWm Xamam| dmcr YmVwH$_u` gaMZmE Cn hmo OmVr h {Oggo EH$mEH$ Qy>Q>Z hmo gH$Vr h & AV,
{ZZm{H$V H$m` Z H$a|:aocm| H$mo J_ Z H$a|, AmJ H$s cm go aocmo H$mo Z H$mQ>| Ama Zm hr aocm| Ho$ nmg Ama
CZHo$ D$na hr Eogm {H$`m OmE
{dwV AmH$ VWm _moQ>Zo YmVw noce
o m| ({N>VaZm|) Ho$ gmW gnH$ Z hmo AWmV T >rco
H$~wcm| go AWdm {ZH$Q>W dopS>J H$m`m] go&
{ZZm{H$V H$m` Ad` H$a:o O~ AmJ H$s cm go H$mQ>Zm Amd`H$ hmo Vmo VmnZ-Q>mM Ho$ mam g_mZ $n go
2500-3500 gopg`g Vmn_mZ VH$ cJ^J H$mQ>Zo Ho$ WmZ Ho$ XmoZm| Amoa aoc H$s
c~mB Ho$ `yZV_ 10 go_r VH$ g_mZ $n go J_ H$aZo Ho$ ~mX H$mQ>m OmE&
hm{ZH$maH$ nXmWm] Ho$ gnH$ go gwajm
`o aoco _moM} H$s gm_m` AdWm H$m gm_Zm H$a gH$Vr h {H$Vw EH$ hr WmZ na gjmaU Ho$ JS>T>m|
go ~mX _| Qy>Q> gH$Vr h& AV,
{ZZm{H$V H$m` Z H$a|:-

hm{ZH$maH$ nXmWm] Ho$ gnH$ _| aocmo H$mo Z aI| AWmV E{gS>, jma, cdU Am{X go
Xya aIm OmE Omo Q>rc _| A{YH$ gjmaU Cn H$aVr h&

{ZZm{H$V H$m` Ad` H$a|:5.

aocm| H$mo ^cr^mVr Oc-{ZH$mgr dmco coQ>\$m_ AnojmH$V H$H$sQ> Ho$ coQ>\$m_ na
S>mBJ g. Ama. S>r. Eg. Amo./Q>r.-4962 Ho$ AZwgma M>m| _| cJmE&

MoZ go Jc-n>r ~mYZo Ho$ {gmV


MoZ H$s AHo$cr Jc-n>r ~mYZo go aocm| Ho$ A`m{YH$ _wS >Zo VWm CZH$s gVh j{V JV hmoZo H$m
IVam ahVm h& ~mhar CR>mZ {~Xw Ho$ D$na Q>J m ahZm CR>mZ {~XwAm| Ho$ ~rM H$s Xyar Ho$ AmYo go
A{YH$ Zht hmoZm Mm{hE& AV,

46

DO
- Use conventional slings for lifting rails made of flat link chains
- Lifting of rails preferably with magnet lifting device.
3.

Prevention of metallurgical damage


These rails are thermally very sensitive and are likely to develop metallurgical
defects if exposed to localised heating, which produces very hard, brittle and
cracked metallurgical structures which may lead to sudden failures. Therefore,
AVOID
- Heating, flame cutting, on or adjacent to rails
- Contact with electric arcs and molten metal splashes, i.e. from loose cables
or adjacent welding operations.
DO
- Flame cutting when found essential, after preheating minimum of 10 cm of
rail length on either side of the cut to about 250-350OC by uniform
movement of heating torch.

4.

Protection from contact with injurious substances


These rails can withstand normal degree of rusting but localised corrosion pitting
may cause subsequent rail fractures. Therefore,
AVOID
- Contact with injurious substances which produce high corrosion of a
steel, i.e. acids, alkalis, salts, etc.
DO
- Stack rails on well drained platform preferably on concrete as per drawing
No. RDSO/T-4962.

5.

Slinging principles
The single point slinging increases risk of bending and surface damage to the
rails. The overhang beyond the outer lifting point should not be greater than one
half the distance between lifting points. Therefore,

46

{ZZm{H$V H$m` Z H$a|:- EH$ WmZ na MoZ H$s Jc-n>r Z ~mYo &
{ZZm{H$V H$m` Ad` H$a|:- 13 _rQ>a c~r aoc H$mo Xmo WmZm| na MoZ H$s Jcn>r go ~mYo
- {d{^ c~mB`m| H$s aocm|| Ho$ {cE CR>mZ {~XwAm| H$s gVwV pW{V`m| H$mo {ZZ
H$ma Vm{cH$m~ {H$`m J`m h:aoc
H$s c~mB
(_rQ>am| _|)

CR>mZ
q~XwAm|
H$s g`m

CR>mZ q~XwAm| Ho$


~rM Xyar (_rQ>am| _|)

CR>mZ q~Xw go ~mha cQ>H$s hB


aoc H$s A{YH$V_ c~mB
(_rQ>am| _|)

12 - 13

6 - 6.5

3 - 3.25

26

6.5

3.25

39

6.5

3.25

130

20

6.5

3.25

260

40

6.5

3.25

MoZ H$s Jcn[>`m| dmcr CR>mZ ~r_m| H$m `moJ A{YH$ Cm_ ahoJm&
6.

H$_Mm[a`m| H$s gwajm


{ZZm{H$V H$m` Z H$a|:- cQ>Ho$ hE ^mam| Ho$ ZrMo IS>o Z hm|&
{ZZm{H$V H$m` Ad` H$a|:- dMm H$s Iam|M go ~MZo Ho$ {cE gwajm_H$ XVmZm| VWm H$nS>m| H$m `moJ {H$`m OmE&
- XwKQ >ZmAm| go ~MZo Ho$ {cE {deof aJm| Ho$ hoc_oQ> VWm H$nS>o nhZo OmE Vm{H$ H$o Z Ama
_erZar gMmcZm| Ho$ XmamZ n[aMmcH$m| (S>mBdam|) mam AmgmZr go nhMmZm Om gHo &$

47

AVOID
- Single point slinging.
DO
- Use two point slinging for rail length upto 13m
- Recommended locations of lifting points for various rail lengths are tabulated
below:

Rail length
(metres)

No. of lifting
points

Distance between
lifting points (m)

Max. rail
overhang (m)

12 - 13

6 - 6.5

3 - 3.25

26

6.5

3.25

39

6.5

3.25

130

20

6.5

3.25

260

40

6.5

3.25

Use of lifting beams fitted with slings is desirable.


6.

Safety of Personnel
AVOID
- Standing under suspended loads.
DO
- Use protective gloves and clothing to minimise the risk of skin abrasion
- Wear distinctive coloured helmet and clothing for easy identification by crane
and machinery drivers to avoid accidents.

47

n[a{e>-V
(nam 5.6)
{d{^ aoc Vmn_mZm| Ama aocnW gaMZmAm| hoVw Eg B Oo _| Imcr OJh
1.

2.

Eg B Oo _| Imcr OJh {ZZm{H$V KQ>H$m| na {Z^a H$aVm h:H$)

crnam| H$m AZwX ` {J>r {VamoY

I)

aoc goeZ H$m jo

J)

aoc Q>rc H$m BcmpQ>{gQ>r _mS>wcg (B) (`mWVm JwUmH$)

K)

aoc Q>rc H$m aoIr` Vmnr` gma JwUmH$ (A\$m)

L>)

Cg goeZ H$m S>r-Q>qo gJ Vmn_mZ Ohm na Eg B Oo _| Imcr OJh Mm{hE

M)

S>r-Q>qo gJ Vmn_mZ na Eg B Oo _| ma{^H$ Imcr OJh

^maVr` XemAm| Ho$ {cE Cn`w$ KQ>H$m| Ho$ _y`m| (_mZm|) H$mo {ZZ H$ma gmaUrm~ {H$`m J`m h:-

gmaUr-I
aoc goeZ

jo
(go_r2)

B
({H$Jm/go_r2)

A\$m
(/0C)

60{H$Jm (`yAmBgr)

78.86

2.15 x 106

1.152 x 10-5

52{H$Jm

66.15

-dhr-

-dhr-

90Ama

56.95

-dhr-

-dhr-

75Ama

47.37

-dhr-

-dhr-

48

ANNEXURE-V
(Para 5.6)
GAPS AT SEJ FOR VARIOUS RAIL TEMPERATURES
AND TRACK STRUCTURES

1.

Gap at SEJ depends on following factors:a) Longitudinal Ballast Resistance of sleepers


b) Area of rail section
c) Modulus of Elasticity (E) for rail steel
d) Coefficient of linear expansion () for rail steel
e) Destressing temperature of the section where gap at SEJ is required
f)

2.

Initial gap at SEJ at destressing temperature

Values of above variables for Indian conditions are tabulated below:-

TABLE-I
Rail Section

Area
(cm2)

E
(kg/cm2)

( /oC)

60kg (UIC)

78.86

2.15 x 106

1.152 x 10-5

52kg

66.15

- do -

- do -

90R

56.95

- do -

- do -

75R

47.37

- do -

- do -

48

gmaUr-II
{d{^ crnam| Ama crna gKZVm hoVw AZwX ` {J>r {VamoY (Ama)
crna H$m H$ma

AZwX ` {J>r {VamoY {H$Jm/go_r/aoc _|


~S>r cmBZ

_rQ>a cmBZ

1310

1540

1660

1540

crna/

crna/

crna/

crna/

{H$_r

{H$_r

{H$_r

{H$_r

nr Ama gr

12.93

13.28

13.74

Eg Q>r

11.48

12.14

12.68

3.86

gr Eg Q>r-9

9.92

10.65

11.04

3.47

cH$S>r H$m

7.58

7.97

8.06

5.00

ZmoQ>: D$na {XE JE _y` gyMZm_H$ h VWm H$m` Wc H$s XemAm| Ho$ AZwgma {^ hmo gH$Vo h&
gmaUr-III
S>r-Q>qo gJ Vmn_mZ (Q>rS>r) na Xr OmZo dmcr Imcr OJh
aoc goeZ

Q>rS>r na ma{^H$ Imcr OJh ({__r)

60{H$Jm

40

{__r

60

{__r

(`y AmB gr)/52{H$Jm

A`
CXmhaU:{ZZm{H$V AmH$S>m| g{hV

580

gopg`g aoc Vmn_mZ na Eg B Oo H$s Imcr OJh kmV H$aZm:-

(i)

aoc goeZ

52{H$Jm/_r

(ii)

crna H$m H$ma

nr Ama gr

49

TABLE-II
Longitudinal Ballast Resistance (R) for various sleepers and sleeper density

Type of sleeper

Longitudinal Ballast Resistance in kg/cm/rail


Broad Gauge

Metre Gauge

1310
sleepers/km

1540
sleepers/km

1660
sleepers/km

1540
sleepers/km

PRC

12.93

13.28

13.74

ST

11.48

12.14

12.68

3.86

CST-9

9.92

10.65

11.04

3.47

Wooden

7.58

7.97

8.06

5.00

Note: The values given above are indicative and can vary as per site conditions.

TABLE-III
Initial gap to be provided at destressing temperature (td)
Rail Section

Initial gap at td (mm)

60kg (UIC)/52kg

40 mm

Others

60 mm

EXAMPLE:To find out the gap at SEJ at rail temperature of 580C with the following data:
i)

Rail section

52kg/m

ii)

Type of sleeper

PRC

49

(iii)

crna gKZVm

1540

crna/{H$_r

(iv)

Vmn_mZ jo

IV

(v)

S>r-Q>qo gJ Vmn_mZ

Q>rS>r=480 gopg`g

(vi)

Q>rS>r na Eg B Oo H$s Imcr OJh

40

{__r

g~go nhco {d{^ Vmn_mZm| na Eg B Oo H$s Q>J /Q>mH $ aoc Ho$ J{V gMcZ Ho$ hoQ>ao {o gg dH$ H$mo
ItMm OmE:-

Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ {gao na,


{__r _|, \$bmd

{__r

Q>rS>r

nr(Q>rS>r

Q>rS>r

Q>rS>r Ho$ ZrMo, g|. _|,


Vmn_mZ _| H$_r

nr Q>rS>r

Q>rS>r Ho$ D$na, g|. _|,


Vmn_mZ _| ~T>mVo ar

Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ {gao na,


{__r _|, {gHw$S >Z

~r Q>rS>r

{__r

{M: E.5(E) Eg B Oo H$s Q>J /Q>mH$ aoc Ho$ {gam| Ho$ J{V gMcZ XemVo hE {hQ>ao {o gg dH$
1.

S>r-Q>qo gJ Vmn_mZ H$s pW[V (q~Xw "Amo') go A{YH$V_ Vmn_mZ H$s pW[V (q~Xw "E') VH$
Vmn_mZ ~T>Zo H$s d{m Ho$ {cE Q>J /Q>mH $ aoc H$m J{V gMcZ {ZZ H$ma hmoJm:= E B A\$m2 Q>r2/2Ama
=
66.15 x 2.15 x 106 x (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (76 - 48)2/ 2 x 13.28
=

0.557

5.57

go_r

{__r

AV: A{YH$V_ Vmn_mZ (q~Xw "E') Ho$ H$moAm{S>Z Qo > (Q>rS>r+28,


50

+5.57)

hm|Jo &

iii)

Sleeper density

1540 sleepers/km

iv)

Temp. zone

IV

v)

Destressing temp.

td = 48OC

vi)

Gap at SEJ at td

40 mm

First of all hysteresis curve of movement of tongue/stock rail of SEJ will be drawn
at different temperatures.

td
td
EXPANSION AT THE
END OF LWR IN mm
RISE IN TEMPERATURE
ABOVE td IN OC

FALL IN TEMPERATURE
BELOW td IN OC

td
CONTRACTION AT THE
END OF LWR IN mm

td

Fig.: A.5(a) HYSTERESIS CURVE SHOWING THE MOVEMENT OF ENDS OF


TONGUE/STOCK RAIL OF SEJ
1.

Movement of tongue/stock rail from the stage of destressing temperature


(point O) to the stage of maximum temperature (point A) for rising trend of
temperature will be:=

A E 2 t2/2R

66.15 x 2.15 x 106 x (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (76-48)2 / 2 x 13.28

0.557 cm

5.57 mm

Hence coordinate of maximum temperature (point A) will be (td+28, +5.57).


50

2.

Vmn_mZ H$s KQ>Zo H$s d{m Ho$ {bE A{YH$V_ Vmn_mZ H$s pW{V (q~Xw "E') go
`yZV_ Vmn_mZ H$s pW{V (q~Xw "~r') VH$ Q>J /Q>mH $ aob H$m J{V gMbZ {ZZ
H$ma hmoJm:=

E B A\$m2 Q>r2/4Ama

66.15 x 2.15 x 106 (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (76)2 /4 x 13.28

2.052

20.52

go_r
{__r

AV: `yZV_ Vmn_mZ (q~Xw "~r') Ho$ H$moAm{S>Z Qo > (Q>rS>r+28-76,


-14.95) hm|Jo&
3.

AWdm (Q>rS>r-48,

Vmn_mZ H$s ~T >Zo H$s d{m Ho$ {bE `yZV_ Vmn_mZ H$s pW{V (q~Xw "~r') go A{YH$V_
Vmn_mZ H$s pW{V (q~Xw "E') VH$ Q>J /Q>mH $ aob H$m J{V gMbZ {ZZ H$ma hmoJm:=

66.15 x 2.15 x 106 x (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (76)2 /4 x 13.28

2.052

go_r

20.52

{__r

AV: A{YH$V_ Vmn_mZ (q~Xw "E') Ho$ H$moAm{S>Z Qo > (Q>rS>r-48+76,


AWdm (Q>rS>r+28, +5.57) hm|Jo &
Eg B Oo na Imcr OJh Ohm kmV H$aZm h dhm H$m Vmn_mZ
gopg`g `mZr q~Xw "nr' h&
4.

5.57-20.52)

-14.95+20.52)

580

gopg`g AWmV (Q>rS>r+10)0

Vmn_mZ {JaZo H$s d{m Ho$ {bE (Q>rS>r+10)0 gopg`g q~Xw "nr' na Q>J /Q>mH $ aob Ho$ J{V
gMbZ H$m _y` (_mZ) {ZZ H$ma hmoJm:=

66.15 x 2.15 x 106 x (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (76-58)2/4 x 13.28

0.115

1.15

go_r
{__r

AV: Vmn_mZ {JaZo H$s d{m Ho$ {bE q~Xw "nr' Ho$ H$moAm{S>ZoQ> Bg H$ma hm|Jo:(Q>rS>r+10,
5.

5.57-1.15)

AWdm (Q>rS>r+10,

+4.42)

Cgr H$ma Vmn_mZ ~T>Zo H$s d{m Ho$ {bE (Q>rS>r+10)0 gopg`g {~Xy "nr' na Q>J /Q>mH $
aob Ho$ J{V gMbZ H$m _mZ {ZZ H$ma hmoJm:= 66.15 x 2.15 x 106 x (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (58)2/4 x 13.28
=

1.195

go_r

11.95

{__r

51

2.

Movement of tongue/stock rail from stage of maximum temperature (point A)


to stage of minimum temperature (point B) for decreasing trend of temperature
will be:=

A E 2 t2 /4R

66.15 x 2.15 x 106 x (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (76)2 /4x 13.28

2.052 cm

20.52 mm

Hence coordinate of minimum temperature (point B) will be


(td+28 - 76, 5.57-20.52)
or (td - 48, -14.95)
3.

Movement of tongue/stock rail from stage of minimum temperature (point B)


to stage of maximum temperature (point A) for increasing trend of temperature
will be:=

66.15x 2.15 x 106 x (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (76)2 / 4 x 13.28

2.052 cm

20.52 mm

Hence coordinate of maximum temperature (point A) will be


(td- 48+76, -14.95 + 20.52)
or (td+28, +5.57)
Temperature at which gap at SEJ is required is 580C i.e. (td+10)0C say point P.
4.

Value of movement of tongue/stock rail at (td+10)0C point P for falling trend of


temperature will be
=

66.15 x 2.15 x 106 x (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (76 - 58)2 /4x 13.28

0.115 cm

1.15 mm

Hence coordinate at point P for falling trend of temperature will be:(td+10, 5.57-1.15)
or (td+10, +4.42)
5.

In the same way, value of movement of tongue/stock at (td+10)0C point P for


rising trend of temperature will be:=

66.15 x 2.15 x 106 x (1.152 x 10-5)2 x (58)2 /4x 13.28

1.195 cm

11.95 mm

51

AV: Vmn_mZ ~T>Zo H$s d{m Ho$ {bE q~Xw "nr' Ho$ H$moAm{S>Z Qo > ({ZX}emH$) {ZZ H$ma hm|J:o (Q>rS>r+10,

-14.95+11.95)

AWdm (Q>rS>r+10,

-3.0)

Cn`w $ n[aH$bZ go kmV hmoVm h {H$ Q>rSr+100 gopg`g Vmn_mZ AWmV 580 gopg`g na
Vmn_mZ KQ>Zo H$s d{m Ho$ {bE Q>J /Q>mH $ aob Ho$ EH$ Amoa H$m J{V gMbZ +4.42 {__r h VWm
Vmn_mZ Ho$ ~T>Zo H$s d{m Ho$ {bE -3.0 {__r h&
AV: 580 gopg`g na, Vmn_mZ Ho$ KQ>Vo H$_ Ho$ {bE Eg B Oo Ho$ {bE gX^ _mH$ Ed
Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM H$m Imcr OJh (Jn) 20* - 4.42 = 15.58 {__r hmoJm
VWm ~T>Vo H$_ Ho$ {bE 20* + 3.0 = 23 {__r hmoJm& Bg H$ma gmpVH$ gr_m 15.58 {__r go
23 {__r VH$ hmoJr&
ZmoQ>: *20 {__r H$m _mZH$ Jn S>r-Q>oqgJ Vmn_mZ na gX^ _mH$ Ed Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH$
aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM _| aIm OmEJm& `{X 30 {__r H$m Imbr OJh S>r-Q>qo gJ Vmn_mZ
na {Z`V {H$`m J`m h V~ BZH$m _mZ (30-4.42) {__r go (30+3.0) {__r, Bg
H$ma 25.58 {__r go 33 {__r H$_e: hmoJm&
Bgr H$ma {d{^ Vmn_mZm|, aobnW gaMZmAm|, Vmn_mZ jom| Am{X Ho$ {bE Imbr OJhm| Ho$ _y`m|
H$mo ^r {ZH$mbm Om gH$Vm h&

Q>>J aoc

Q>mH$ aoc
E

Q>>J aoc

Q>mH$ aoc
~r

Q>>J aoc

Q>mH$ aoc
gr

{M: E.5(~r) n[a{e-V _| {XE JE CXmhaU Ho$ {bE Eg B Oo na Imbr OJh

52

Hence coordinate at point P for rising trend of temperature will be:(td+10, -14.95 +11.95) or

(td+10, -3.0)

The calculations done above indicate that at temperature td + 100C i.e. at 580C, movement of one side of tongue/stock rail for decreasing trend of temperature is +4.42
and for increasing trend temperature is -3.0 mm.
Hence the gap between the reference mark and tongue rail tip/stock rail corner of
SEJ for decreasing trend of temperatures at 580C shall be 20*-4.42 = 15.58 mm and
for increasing trend of temperatures shall be 20* +3.0 = 23 mm. Thus theoretical
range will be 15.58 mm to 23 mm.

Note: * Value of 20 mm taken as standard gap to be provided between reference


mark and tongue rail tip/stock rail corner at destressing temperature. If
gap to be provided at destressing temperature is 30 mm, then these values
will be (30-4.42) mm to (30+3.0) mm i.e. 25.58 mm to 33 mm respectively.
Similarly values of gaps for various temperatures, track structures, temperature zones
etc. can be calculated.

STOCK RAIL

TONGUE RAIL

A
STOCK RAIL

TONGUE RAIL

TONGUE RAIL

STOCK RAIL
C

Fig.: A.5(b) GAP AT SEJ AS PER EXAMPLE GIVEN IN ANNEXURE-V

52

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ jom| _|,
{__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 60{H$Jm, nr Ama gr brna, 1660 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r {VamoY) H$m _mZm
hAm _y` = 13.74 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 28

14

Q>rS>r + 25

15

14 go 16

Q>rS>r + 20

17

15 go 18

14 go 18

Q>rS>r + 15

18

17 go 19

15 go 20

14 go 21

Q>rS>r + 10

18 go 20

17 go 21

16 go 23

15 go 23

Q>rS>r + 05

19 goo 22

18 go 23

17 go 25

16 go 26

Q>rS>r

19 go 23

18 go 25

18 go 27

17 go 28

Q>rS>r - 05

20 go 25

19 go 26

19 go 28

18 go 29

Q>rS>r - 10

21 go 26

20 go 28

20 go 30

20 go 31

Q>rS>r - 15

22 go 27

22 go 29

21 go 31

21 go 32

Q>rS>r - 20

23 go 27

23 go 30

23 go 32

23 go 34

Q>rS>r - 25

25 go 28

25 go 30

25 go 33

25 go 35

Q>rS>r - 30

26 go 28

27 go 31

27 go 34

27 go 36

Q>rS>r - 35

28

29 go 31

29 go 34

29 go 36

Q>rS>r - 40

31

32 go 34

32 go 37

Q>rS>r - 45

35

35 go 37

Q>rS>r - 48

37

ZmoQ>: Cn`w $ JUZmE Eg B Oo na Imbr OJh H$s 40 {__r H$s ma{^H$ goqQ>J na {ZH$mbr JB h& Ohm
na Eg B Oo Ho$ Imbr OJh H$mo ma{^H$ 60 {__r Ho$ Imbr OJh Ho$ gmW goQ> {H$`m J`m hmo,
dhm H$m` Wb na Imbr OJhm| H$s VwbZm Ho$ {bE Cn`w $ `oH$ JUZm _| 10 {__r OmoS > {XE
OmE&

53

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 60kg, PRC SLEEPER, 1660
Nos/ km , VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED = 13.74 kg/cm/rail AND td AS
PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 28

14

td + 25

15

14 to 16

td + 20

17

15 to 18

14 to 18

td + 15

18

17 to 19

15 to 20

14 to 21

td + 10

18 to 20

17 to 21

16 to 23

15 to 23

td + 05

19 to 22

18 to 23

17 to 25

16 to 26

td

19 to 23

18 to 25

18 to 27

17 to 28

td - 05

20 to 25

19 to 26

19 to 28

18 to 29

td - 10

21 to 26

20 to 28

20 to 30

20 to 31

td - 15

22 to 27

22 to 29

21 to 31

21 to 32

td - 20

23 to 27

23 to 30

23 to 32

23 to 34

td - 25

25 to 28

25 to 30

25 to 33

25 to 35

td - 30

26 to 28

27 to 31

27 to 34

27 to 36

td - 35

28

29 to 31

29 to 34

29 to 36

td - 40

31

32 to 34

32 to 37

td - 45

35

35 to 37

td - 48

37

Note: The above values have been calculated with initial setting of gaps at SEJ as 40
mm. Where SEJs had initially been set with a gap of 60 mm, 10 mm should be
added to each of above values for comparison of gaps at site.

53

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 60{H$Jm, nr Ama gr brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r
{VamoY) H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 13.28 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 28

13

Q>rS>r + 25

15

13 go 14

Q>rS>r + 20

17

15 go 18

14 go 15

Q>rS>r + 15

18

17 go19

15 go 20

14 go 18

Q>rS>r + 10

18 go 20

17 go 21

16 go 23

14 go 21

Q>rS>r + 05

19 go 22

18 go 23

16 go 25

16 go 26

Q>rS>r

19 go 23

18 go 25

17 go 27

17 go 28

Q>rS>r - 05

20 go 25

19 go 27

19 go 28

18 go 30

Q>rS>r - 10

21 go 26

20 go 28

20 go 30

20 go 31

Q>rS>r - 15

22 go 27

22 go 29

21 go 31

21 go 33

Q>rS>r - 20

23 go 28

23 go 30

23 go 32

23 go 34

Q>rS>r - 25

25 go 28

25 go 31

25 go 33

25 go 35

Q>rS>r - 30

27 go 28

27 go 31

27 go 34

27 go 36

Q>rS>r - 35

28

29 go 31

30 go 35

30 go 37

Q>rS>r - 40

32

32 go 35

33 go 37

Q>rS>r - 45

35

36 go 37

Q>rS>r - 48

37

ZmoQ>:

Cn`w $ JUZmE Eg B Oo na Imbr OJh H$s 40 {__r H$s ma{^H$ goqQ>J na {ZH$mbr JB h&
Ohm na Eg B Oo Ho$ Imbr OJh H$mo ma{^H$ 60 {__r Ho$ Imbr OJh Ho$ gmW goQ> {H$`m J`m
hmo, dhm H$m` Wc na Imbr OJhm| H$s VwbZm Ho$ {bE Cn`w $ `oH$ JUZm _| 10 {__r OmoS>
{XE OmE&
54

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK RAIL
CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 60 kg, PRC
SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 13.28 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 28

13

td + 25

15

13 to 14

td + 20

17

15 to 18

14 to 15

td + 15

18

17 to19

15 to 20

14 to 18

td + 10

18 to 20

17 to 21

16 to 23

14 to 21

td + 05

19 to 22

18 to 23

16 to 25

16 to 26

td

19 to 23

18 to 25

17 to 27

17 to 28

td - 05

20 to 25

19 to 27

19 to 28

18 to 30

td - 10

21 to 26

20 to 28

20 to 30

20 to 31

td - 15

22 to 27

22 to 29

21 to 31

21 to 33

td - 20

23 to 28

23 to 30

23 to 32

23 to 34

td - 25

25 to 28

25 to 31

25 to 33

25 to 35

td - 30

27 to 28

27 to 31

27 to 34

27 to 36

td - 35

28

29 to 31

30 to 35

30 to 37

td - 40

32

32 to 35

33 to 37

td - 45

35

36 to 37

td - 48

37

Note:

The above values have been calculated with initial setting of gaps at SEJ as 40
mm. Where SEJs had initially been set with a gap of 60 mm, 10 mm should be
added to each of above values for comparison of gaps at site.

54

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 60{H$Jm, Eg Q>r brna,1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama({J>r {VamoY)
H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 12.14 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 28

13

Q>rS>r + 25

14

13 go 15

Q>rS>r + 20

16

14 go 17

13 go 18

Q>rS>r + 15

18

17 go 19

15 go 20

14 go 22

Q>rS>r + 10

18 go 20

17 go 21

15 go 23

15 go 24

Q>rS>r + 05

18 go 22

17 go 24

16 go 25

16 go 26

Q>rS>r

19 go 24

18 go 25

17 go 27

17 go 28

Q>rS>r - 05

19 go 25

19 go 27

18 go 29

18 go 30

Q>rS>r - 10

21 go 26

20 go 29

20 go 31

19 go 32

Q>rS>r - 15

22 go 27

22 go 30

22 go 32

21 go 34

Q>rS>r - 20

24 go 28

24 go 31

24 go 34

23 go 35

Q>rS>r - 25

25 go 29

26 go 32

26 go 35

25 go 36

Q>rS>r - 30

27 go 29

28 go 32

28 go 35

28 go 37

Q>rS>r - 35

29

30 go 33

31 go 36

30 go 38

Q>rS>r - 40

33

33 go 36

33 go 38

Q>rS>r - 45

36

36 go 38

Q>rS>r - 48

38

ZmoQ>:

Cn`w $ JUZmE Eg B Oo na Imbr OJh H$s 40 {__r H$s ma{^H$ goqQ>J na {ZH$mcr JB h&
Ohm na Eg B Oo Ho$ Imbr OJh H$mo ma{^H$ 60 {__r Ho$ Imbr OJh Ho$ gmW goQ> {H$`m J`m
hmo, dhm H$m` Wc na Imbr OJhm| H$s VwbZm Ho$ {bE Cn`w $ `oH$ JUZm _| 10 {__r OmoS>
{XE OmE&
55

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 60kg.
ST SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 12.14 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 28

13

td + 25

14

13 to 15

td + 20

16

14 to 17

13 to 18

td + 15

18

17 to 19

15 to 20

14 to 22

td + 10

18 to 20

17 to 21

15 to 23

15 to 24

td + 05

18 to 22

17 to 24

16 to 25

16 to 26

td

19 to 24

18 to 25

17 to 27

17 to 28

td - 05

20 to 25

19 to 27

18 to 29

18 to 30

td - 10

21 to 26

20 to 29

20 to 31

19 to 32

td - 15

22 to 27

22 to 30

22 to 32

21 to 34

td - 20

24 to 28

24 to 31

24 to 34

23 to 35

td - 25

25 to 29

26 to 32

26 to 35

25 to 36

td - 30

27 to 29

28 to 32

28 to 35

28 to 37

td - 35

29

30 to 33

31 to 36

30 to 38

td - 40

33

33 to 36

33 to 38

td - 45

36

36 to 38

td - 48

38

Note:

The above values have been calculated with initial setting of gaps at SEJ as 40
mm. Where SEJs had initially been set with a gap of 60 mm, 10 mm should be
added to each of above values for comparison of gaps at site.

55

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 52{H$Jm, nr Ama gr brna, 1660 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r
{VamoY) H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 13.74 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 28

15

Q>rS>r + 25

16

15 go 16

Q>rS>r + 20

17

16 go 18

15 go 19

Q>rS>r + 15

18

17 go 19

16 go 20

15 go 21

Q>rS>r + 10

19 go 20

18 go 21

17 go 22

16 go 23

Q>rS>r + 05

19 go 22

18 go 23

17 go 24

16 go 25

Q>rS>r

19 go 23

19 go 24

18 go 26

17 go 27

Q>rS>r - 05

20 go 24

19 go 25

19 go 27

18 go 28

Q>rS>r - 10

21 go 25

20 go 27

20 go 28

20 go 30

Q>rS>r - 15

22 go 26

21 go 27

21 go 29

21 go 31

Q>rS>r - 20

23 go 26

23 go 28

23 go 30

23 go 32

Q>rS>r - 25

24 go 27

24 go 29

24 go 31

24 go 33

Q>rS>r - 30

25 go 27

26 go 29

26 go 32

26 go 33

Q>rS>r - 35

27

28 go 30

28 go 32

28 go 34

Q>rS>r - 40

30

30 go 32

31 go 34

Q>rS>r - 45

33

33 go 34

Q>rS>r - 48

34

ZmoQ>:

Cn`w $ JUZmE Eg B Oo na Imbr OJh H$s 40 {__r H$s ma{^H$ goqQ>J na {ZH$mbr JB h&
Ohm na Eg B Oo Ho$ Imbr OJh H$mo ma{^H$ 60 {__r Ho$ Imbr OJh Ho$ gmW goQ> {H$`m J`m
hmo, dhm H$m` Wb na Imbr OJhm| H$s VwbZm Ho$ {bE Cn`w $ `oH$ JUZm _| 10 {__r OmoS>
{XE OmE&
56

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 52 kg,
PRC SLEEPER, 1660 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 13.74 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:-

Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 28

15

td + 25

16

15 to 16

td + 20

17

16 to 18

15 to 19

td + 15

18

17 to 19

16 to 20

15 to 21

td + 10

19 to 20

18 to 21

17 to 22

16 to 23

td + 05

19 to 22

18 to 23

17 to 24

16 to 25

td

19 to 23

19 to 24

18 to 26

17 to 27

td - 05

20 to 24

19 to 25

19 to 27

18 to 28

td - 10

21 to 25

20 to 27

20 to 28

20 to 30

td - 15

22 to 26

21 to 27

21 to 29

21 to 31

td - 20

23 to 26

23 to 28

23 to 30

23 to 32

td - 25

24 to 27

24 to 29

24 to 31

24 to 33

td - 30

25 to 27

26 to 29

26 to 32

26 to 33

td - 35

27

28 to 30

28 to 32

28 to 34

td - 40

30

30 to 32

31 to 34

td - 45

33

33 to 34

td - 48

34

Note:

The above values have been calculated with initial setting of gaps at SEJ as 40
mm. Where SEJs had initially been set with a gap of 60 mm, 10 mm should be
added to each of above values for comparison of gaps at site.

56

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 52{H$Jm, nr Ama gr brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r
{VamoY) H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 13.28 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 28

14

Q>rS>r + 25

16

14 go 16

Q>rS>r + 20

17

go 18

15

Q>rS>r + 15

18

17 go 19

16 go 20

15 go 21

Q>rS>r + 10

1 8 go 20

18 go 21

16 go 22

16

Q>rS>r + 05

19 go 22

18 go 23

17 go 24

16 go 25

Q>rS>r

19 go 23

19 go 24

18 go 26

17 go 27

Q>rS>r - 05

20 go 24

19 go 26

19 go 27

18 go 28

Q>rS>r - 10

21 go 25

20 go 27

20 go 29

20 go 30

Q>rS>r - 15

22 go 26

22 go 28

21 go 30

21 go 31

Q>rS>r - 20

23 go 26

23 go 29

23 go 31

23 go 32

Q>rS>r - 25

24 go 27

24 go 29

24 go 32

24 go 33

Q>rS>r - 30

26 go 27

26 go 30

26 go 32

26 go 34

Q>rS>r - 35

27

28 go 30

28 go 33

29 go 34

Q>rS>r - 40

30

31 go 33

31 go 35

Q>rS>r - 45

33

33 go 35

Q>rS>r - 48

35

ZmoQ>:

16

go 19

go 23

Cn`w $ JUZmE Eg B Oo na Imbr OJh H$s 40 {__r H$s ma{^H$ goqQ>J na {ZH$mbr JB h&
Ohm na Eg B Oo Ho$ Imbr OJh H$mo ma{^H$ 60 {__r Ho$ Imbr OJh Ho$ gmW goQ> {H$`m J`m
hmo, dhm H$m` Wc na Imbr OJhm| H$s VwbZm Ho$ {bE Cn`w $ `oH$ JUZm _| 10 {__r OmoS>
{XE OmE&
57

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 52 kg,
PRC SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 13.28 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 28

14

td + 25

16

14 to 16

td + 20

17

16 to 18

15 to 19

td + 15

18

17 to 19

16 to 20

15 to 21

td + 10

1 8 to 20

18 to 21

16 to 22

16 to 23

td + 05

19 to 22

18 to 23

17 to 24

16 to 25

td

19 to 23

19 to 24

18 to 26

17 to 27

td - 05

20 to 24

19 to 26

19 to 27

18 to 28

td - 10

21 to 25

20 to 27

20 to 29

20 to 30

td - 15

22 to 26

22 to 28

21 to 30

21 to 31

td - 20

23 to 26

23 to 29

23 to 31

23 to 32

td - 25

24 to 27

24 to 29

24 to 32

24 to 33

td - 30

26 to 27

26 to 30

26 to 32

26 to 34

td - 35

27

28 to 30

28 to 33

29 to 34

td - 40

30

31 to 33

31 to 35

td - 45

33

33 to 35

td - 48

35

Note:

The above values have been calculated with initial setting of gaps at SEJ as 40
mm. Where SEJs had initially been set with a gap of 60 mm, 10 mm should be
added to each of above values for comparison of gaps at site.

57

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 52{H$Jm, Eg Q>r brna,1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r {VamoY)
H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 12.14 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 28

14

Q>rS>r + 25

15

14

Q>rS>r + 20

17

go 18

14 go 18

Q>rS>r + 15

18

17 go 19

16 go 20

15 go 22

Q>rS>r + 10

18 go 20

17 go 21

16 go 22

15 go 23

Q>rS>r + 05

19 go 22

18 go 23

17 go 24

16 go 25

Q>rS>r

19 go 23

18 go 25

18 go 26

17 go 27

Q>rS>r - 05

20 go 24

19 go 26

19 go 28

18 go 29

Q>rS>r - 10

22 go 26

20 go 27

20 go 29

20 go 31

Q>rS>r - 15

22 go 26

22 go 28

21 go 31

21 go 32

Q>rS>r - 20

23 go 27

23 go 28

23 go 32

23 go 33

Q>rS>r - 25

24 go 28

25 go 30

25 go 33

25 go 34

Q>rS>r - 30

26 go 28

27 go 30

27 go 33

27 go 35

Q>rS>r - 35

28

29 go 31

29 go 34

29 go 36

Q>rS>r - 40

31

32 go 34

32 go 36

Q>rS>r - 45

34

35 go 36

Q>rS>r - 48

36

ZmoQ>:

15

go 16

Cn`w $ JUZmE Eg B Oo na Imbr OJh H$s 40 {__r H$s ma{^H$ goqQ>J na {ZH$mbr JB h&
Ohm na Eg B Oo Ho$ Imbr OJh H$mo ma{^H$ 60 {__r Ho$ Imbr OJh Ho$ gmW goQ> {H$`m J`m
hmo, dhm H$m` Wb na Imbr OJhm| H$s VwbZm Ho$ {bE Cn`w $ `oH$ JUZm _| 10 {__r OmoS>
{XE OmE&
58

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAILCORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 52 kg,
ST SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 12.14 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:-

Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 28

14

td + 25

15

14 to16

td + 20

17

15 to18

14 to 18

td + 15

18

17 to19

16 to 20

15 to 22

td + 10

18 to 20

17 to 21

16 to 22

15 to 23

td + 05

19 to 22

18 to 23

17 to 24

16 to 25

td

19 to 23

18 to 25

18 to 26

17 to 27

td - 05

20 to 24

19 to 26

19 to 28

18 to 29

td - 10

22 to 26

20 to 27

20 to 29

20 to 31

td - 15

22 to 26

22 to 28

21 to 31

21 to 32

td - 20

23 to 27

23 to 28

23 to 32

23 to 33

td - 25

24 to 28

25 to 30

25 to 33

25 to 34

td - 30

26 to 28

27 to 30

27 to 33

27 to 35

td - 35

28

29 to 31

29 to 34

29 to 36

td - 40

31

32 to 34

32 to 36

td - 45

34

35 to 36

td - 48

36

Note:

The above values have been calculated with initial setting of gaps at SEJ as 40
mm. Where SEJs had initially been set with a gap of 60 mm, 10 mm should be
added to each of above values for comparison of gaps at site.

58

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 52{H$Jm, gr Eg Q>r-9 brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r
{VamoY) H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 10.65 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 28

13

Q>rS>r + 25

14

13 go 15

Q>rS>r + 20

16

15 go 17

13 go 18

Q>rS>r + 15

18

17 go 19

15 go 20

14 go 21

Q>rS>r + 10

18 go 20

17 go 21

15 go 23

15 go 24

Q>rS>r + 05

18 go 22

17 go 23

16 go 25

15 go 26

Q>rS>r

19 go 24

18 go 25

17 go 27

17 go 28

Q>rS>r - 05

20 go 25

19 go 27

18 go 29

18 go 30

Q>rS>r - 10

21 go 26

20 go 28

20 go 31

19 go 32

Q>rS>r - 15

22 go 27

22 go 30

22 go 32

22 go 34

Q>rS>r - 20

23 go 28

24 go 31

23 go 33

23 go 35

Q>rS>r - 25

25 go 29

25 go 31

26 go 34

26 go 36

Q>rS>r - 30

27 go 29

28 go 32

28 go 35

28 go 37

Q>rS>r - 35

29

30 go 32

30 go 36

31 go 38

Q>rS>r - 40

32

33 go 36

34 go 38

Q>rS>r - 45

36

37 go 39

Q>rS>r - 48

39

ZmoQ>:

Cn`w $ JUZmE Eg B Oo na Imbr OJh H$s 40 {__r H$s ma{^H$ goqQ>J na {ZH$mbr JB h&
Ohm na Eg B Oo Ho$ Imbr OJh H$mo ma{^H$ 60 {__r Ho$ Imbr OJh Ho$ gmW goQ> {H$`m J`m
hmo, dhm H$m` Wb na Imbr OJhm| H$s VwbZm Ho$ {bE Cn`w $ `oH$ JUZm _| 10 {__r OmoS>
{XE OmE&
59

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 52 kg,
CST-9 SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 10.65 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 28

13

td + 25

14

13 to 15

td + 20

16

15 to 17

13 to 18

td + 15

18

17 to 19

15 to 20

14 to 21

td + 10

18 to 20

17 to 21

15 to 23

15 to 24

td + 05

18 to 22

17 to 23

16 to 25

15 to 26

td

19 to 24

18 to 25

17 to 27

17 to 28

td - 05

20 to 25

19 to 27

18 to 29

18 to 30

td - 10

21 to 26

20 to 28

20 to 31

19 to 32

td - 15

22 to 27

22 to 30

22 to 32

22 to 34

td - 20

23 to 28

24 to 31

23 to 33

23 to 35

td - 25

25 to 29

25 to 31

26 to 34

26 to 36

td - 30

27 to 29

28 to 32

28 to 35

28 to 37

td - 35

29

30 to 32

30 to 36

31 to 38

td - 40

32

33 to 36

34 to 38

td - 45

36

37 to 39

td - 48

39

Note:

The above values have been calculated with initial setting of gaps at SEJ as 40
mm. Where SEJs had initially been set with a gap of 60 mm, 10 mm should be
added to each of above values for comparison of gaps at site.

59

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 90Ama, nr Ama gr brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r
{VamoY) H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 13.28 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 33

23

Q>rS>r + 30

24

23 go 25

Q>rS>r + 25

26

25 go 27

24 go 27

Q>rS>r + 20

28

26 go 28

25 go 28

24 go 29

Q>rS>r + 15

28 go 29

26 go 30

25 go 30

24 go 31

Q>rS>r + 10

28 go 30

27 go 31

26 go 32

25 go 32

Q>rS>r + 05

28 go 31

27 go 32

26 go 33

26 go 34

Q>rS>r

29 go 32

28 go 33

27 go 35

27 go 35

Q>rS>r - 05

29 go 33

29 go 34

28 go 36

28 go 37

Q>rS>r - 10

30 go 34

30 go 35

29 go 37

29 go 38

Q>rS>r - 15

31 go 35

31 go 36

31 go 38

30 go 39

Q>rS>r - 20

32 go 35

32 go 37

32 go 38

32 go 39

Q>rS>r - 25

34 go 35

34 go 37

34 go 39

34 go 40

Q>rS>r - 30

35

35 go 37

35 go 39

35 go 40

Q>rS>r - 35

37

37 go 39

37 go 41

Q>rS>r - 40

39

40 go 41

Q>rS>r - 43

41

60

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 90R,
PRC SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 13.28 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-sIV

td + 33

23

td + 30

24

23 to 25

td + 25

26

25 to 27

24 to 27

td + 20

28

26 to 28

25 to 28

24 to 29

td + 15

28 to 29

26 to 30

25 to 30

24 to 31

td + 10

28 to 30

27 to 31

26 to 32

25 to 32

td + 05

28 to 31

27 to 32

26 to 33

26 to 34

td

29 to 32

28 to 33

27 to 35

27 to 35

td - 05

29 to 33

29 to 34

28 to 36

28 to 37

td - 10

30 to 34

30 to 35

29 to 37

29 to 38

td - 15

31 to 35

31 to 36

31 to 38

30 to 39

td - 20

32 to 35

32 to 37

32 to 38

32 to 39

td - 25

34 to 35

34 to 37

34 to 39

34 to 40

td - 30

35

35 to 37

35 to 39

35 to 40

td - 35

37

37 to 39

37 to 41

td - 40

39

40 to 41

td - 43

41

60

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 90Ama, Eg Q>r brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r {VamoY)
H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 12.14 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 33

23

Q>rS>r + 30

24

23 go 24

Q>rS>r + 25

26

24 go 26

23 go 27

Q>rS>r + 20

27

26 go 28

24 go 28

23 go 29

Q>rS>r + 15

27 go 29

26 go 30

25 go 30

24 go 31

Q>rS>r + 10

28 go 30

27 go 31

25 go 32

24 go 33

Q>rS>r + 05

28 go 32

27 go 33

26 go 34

25 go 34

Q>rS>r

29 go 33

28 go 34

27 go 35

26 go 36

Q>rS>r - 05

29 go 34

29 go 35

28 go 36

28 go 37

Q>rS>r - 10

30 go 34

30 go 36

29 go 37

29 go 38

Q>rS>r - 15

31 go 35

31 go 37

31 go 38

30 go 39

Q>rS>r - 20

33 go 35

33 go 37

32 go 39

32 go 40

Q>rS>r - 25

34 go 36

34 go 38

34 go 40

34 go 41

Q>rS>r - 30

36

36 go 38

36 go 40

36 go 41

Q>rS>r - 35

38

38 go 40

38 go 42

Q>rS>r - 40

40

40 go 42

Q>rS>r - 43

42

61

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 90R,
ST SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 12.14 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 33

23

td + 30

24

23 to 24

td + 25

26

24 to 26

23 to 27

td + 20

27

26 to 28

24 to 28

23 to 29

td + 15

27 to 29

26 to 30

25 to 30

24 to 31

td + 10

28 to 30

27 to 31

25 to 32

24 to 33

td + 05

28 to 32

27 to 33

26 to 34

25 to 34

td

29 to 33

28 to 34

27 to 35

26 to 36

td - 05

29 to 34

29 to 35

28 to 36

28 to 37

td - 10

30 to 34

30 to 36

29 to 37

29 to 38

td - 15

31 to 35

31 to 37

31 to 38

30 to 39

td - 20

33 to 35

33 to 37

32 to 39

32 to 40

td - 25

34 to 36

34 to 38

34 to 40

34 to 41

td - 30

36

36 to 38

36 to 40

36 to 41

td - 35

38

38 to 40

38 to 42

td - 40

40

40 to 42

td - 43

42

61

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, ~S>r bmBZ, 90Ama, gr Eg Q>r-9 brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r
{VamoY) H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 10.65 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 33

22

Q>rS>r + 30

23

22 go 23

Q>rS>r + 25

25

23 go 26

22 go 26

Q>rS>r + 20

27

25 go 27

24 go 28

22 go 29

Q>rS>r + 15

27 go 29

26 go 29

24 go 30

23 go 31

Q>rS>r + 10

27 go 30

26 go 31

25 go 32

24 go 33

Q>rS>r + 05

28 go 32

27 go 33

26 go 34

25 go 35

Q>rS>r

28 go 33

28 go 34

27 go 36

26 go 37

Q>rS>r - 05

29 go 34

29 go 36

28 go 37

27 go 38

Q>rS>r - 1o

30 go 35

30 go 37

29 go 38

29 go 40

Q>rS>r - 15

32 go 36

31 go 37

31 go 39

30 go 41

Q>rS>r - 20

33 go 36

33 go 38

33 go 40

32 go 42

Q>rS>r - 25

35 go 36

35 go 39

35 go 41

35 go 42

Q>rS>r - 30

36

37 go 39

37 go 41

37 go 43

Q>rS>r - 35

39

39 go 42

39 go 43

Q>rS>r - 40

42

42 go 44

Q>rS>r - 43

44

62

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAILTIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR BG, 90R,
CST-9 SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 10.65 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 33

22

td + 30

23

22 to 23

td + 25

25

23 to 26

22 to 26

td + 20

27

25 to 27

24 to 28

22 to 29

td + 15

27 to 29

26 to 29

24 to 30

23 to 31

td + 10

27 to 30

26 to 31

25 to 32

24 to 33

td + 05

28 to 32

27 to 33

26 to 34

25 to 35

td

28 to 33

28 to 34

27 to 36

26 to 37

td - 05

29 to 34

29 to 36

28 to 37

27 to 38

td - 10

30 to 35

30 to 37

29 to 38

29 to 40

td - 15

32 to 36

31 to 37

31 to 39

30 to 41

td - 20

33 to 36

33 to 38

33 to 40

32 to 42

td - 25

35 to 36

35 to 39

35 to 41

35 to 42

td - 30

36

37 to 39

37 to 41

37 to 43

td - 35

39

39 to 42

39 to 43

td - 40

42

42 to 44

td - 43

44

62

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, _rQ>a bmBZ, 90 Ama, Eg Q>r brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r
{VamoY) H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 3.86 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rS>r nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 33

Q>rS>r + 30

11

7 go 12

Q>rS>r + 25

17

11 go 18

8 go 19

Q>rS>r + 20

22

17 go 23

12 go 25

9 go 26

Q>rS>r + 15

22 go 27

18 go 28

13 go 31

10 go 32

Q>rS>r + 10

23 go 31

19 go 33

15 go 36

13 go 38

Q>rS>r + 05

24 go 35

21 go 38

18 go 41

15 go 44

Q>rS>r

26 go 38

23 go 42

21 go 46

19 go 48

Q>rS>r - 05

28 go 41

26 go 45

24 go 50

22 go 53

Q>rS>r - 10

31 go 44

30 go 48

28 go 53

27 go 56

Q>rS>r - 15

34 go 46

34 go 51

32 go 56

31 go 60

Q>rS>r - 20

38 go 47

38 go 52

37 go 58

37 go 62

Q>rS>r - 25

43 go 48

43 go 54

43 go 60

42 go 64

Q>rS>r - 30

48

49 go 54

49 go 62

49 go 66

Q>rS>r - 35

55

56 go 62

56 go 67

Q>rS>r - 40

62

63 go 68

Q>rS>r - 43

68

63

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR MG, 90R,
ST SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 3.86 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:-

Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 33

td + 30

11

7 to 12

td + 25

17

11 to 18

8 to 19

td + 20

22

17 to 23

12 to 25

9 to 26

td + 15

22 to 27

18 to 28

13 to 31

10 to 32

td + 10

23 to 31

19 to 33

15 to 36

13 to 38

td + 05

24 to 35

21 to 38

18 to 41

15 to 44

td

26 to 38

23 to 42

21 to 46

19 to 48

td - 05

28 to 41

26 to 45

24 to 50

22 to 53

td - 10

31 to 44

30 to 48

28 to 53

27 to 56

td - 15

34 to 46

34 to 51

32 to 56

31 to 60

td - 20

38 to 47

38 to 52

37 to 58

37 to 62

td - 25

43 to 48

43 to 54

43 to 60

42 to 64

td - 30

48

49 to 54

49 to 62

49 to 66

td - 35

55

56 to 62

56 to 67

td - 40

62

63 to 68

td - 43

68

63

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, _rQ>a bmBZ, 90Ama, gr Eg Q>r-9 brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r
{VamoY) H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 3.47 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rSr nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 33

Q>rS>r + 30

Q>rS>r + 25

15

9 go 17

5 go 18

Q>rS>r + 20

22

16 go 22

10 go 24

7 go 26

Q>rS>r + 15

22 go 26

17 go 28

12 go 31

8 go 33

Q>rS>r + 10

22 go 31

18 go 34

14 go 37

11 go 39

Q>rS>r + 05

23 go 36

20 go 39

16 go 43

14 go 45

Q>rS>r

25 go 39

23 go 43

19 go 48

17 go 50

Q>rS>r - 05

28 go 43

26 go 47

23 go 52

21 go 55

Q>rS>r - 10

31 go 45

30 go 50

28 go 56

26 go 59

Q>rS>r - 15

35 go 47

34 go 53

33 go 59

32 go 63

Q>rS>r - 20

39 go 49

39 go 55

38 go 62

37 go 66

Q>rS>r - 25

44 go 50

45 go 56

44 go 64

44 go 68

Q>rS>r - 30

50

51 go 67

51 go 65

51 go 70

Q>rS>r - 35

58

58 go 66

59 go 71

Q>rS>r - 40

66

67 go 72

Q>rS>r - 43

72

64

go 10

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR MG, 90R,
CST-9 SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 3.47 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 33

td + 30

5 to 10

td + 25

15

9 to 17

5 to 18

td + 20

22

16 to 22

10 to 24

7 to 26

td + 15

22 to 26

17 to 28

12 to 31

8 to 33

td + 10

22 to 31

18 to 34

14 to 37

11 to 39

td + 05

23 to 36

20 to 39

16 to 43

14 to 45

td

25 to 39

23 to 43

19 to 48

17 to 50

td - 05

28 to 43

26 to 47

23 to 52

21 to 55

td - 10

31 to 45

30 to 50

28 to 56

26 to 59

td - 15

35 to 47

34 to 53

33 to 59

32 to 63

td - 20

39 to 49

39 to 55

38 to 62

37 to 66

td - 25

44 to 50

45 to 56

44 to 64

44 to 68

td - 30

50

51 to 67

51 to 65

51 to 70

td - 35

58

58 to 66

59 to 71

td - 40

66

67 to 72

td - 43

72

64

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, _rQ>a bmBZ, 75Ama, Eg Q>r brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r {VamoY)
H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 3.86 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rSr nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 33

11

Q>rS>r + 30

14

11 go 15

Q>rS>r + 25

19

14 go 20

11 go 21

Q>rS>r + 20

23

19 go 24

15 go 26

12 go 27

Q>rS>r + 15

23 go 27

20 go 29

16 go 31

14 go 32

Q>rS>r + 10

24 go 31

21 go 33

18 go 35

16 go 37

Q>rS>r + 05

25 go 34

23 go 37

20 go 39

18 go 41

Q>rS>r

26 go 37

25 go 40

22 go 43

20 go 45

Q>rS>r - 05

28 go 39

27 go 43

25 go 46

24 go 49

Q>rS>r - 10

31 go 41

30 go 45

28 go 49

27 go 54

Q>rS>r - 15

34 go 43

33 go 47

32 go 52

31 go 55

Q>rS>r - 20

37 go 44

37 go 49

36 go 54

36 go 57

Q>rS>r - 25

41 go 45

41 go 50

41 go 55

40 go 59

Q>rS>r - 30

45

46 go 50

46 go 56

46 go 60

Q>rS>r - 35

51

51 go 57

51 go 61

Q>rS>r - 40

57

58 go 61

Q>rS>r - 43

62

65

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR MG, 75R,
ST SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/km, VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 3.86 kg/cm/rail AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:-

Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 33

11

td + 30

14

11 to 15

td + 25

19

14 to 20

11 to 21

td + 20

23

19 to 24

15 to 26

12 to 27

td + 15

23 to 27

20 to 29

16 to 31

14 to 32

td + 10

24 to 31

21 to 33

18 to 35

16 to 37

td + 05

25 to 34

23 to 37

20 to 39

18 to 41

td

26 to 37

25 to 40

22 to 43

20 to 45

td - 05

28 to 39

27 to 43

25 to 46

24 to 49

td - 10

31 to 41

30 to 45

28 to 49

27 to 54

td - 15

34 to 43

33 to 47

32 to 52

31 to 55

td - 20

37 to 44

37 to 49

36 to 54

36 to 57

td - 25

41 to 45

41 to 50

41 to 55

40 to 59

td - 30

45

46 to 50

46 to 56

46 to 60

td - 35

51

51 to 57

51 to 61

td - 40

57

58 to 61

td - 43

62

65

n[a{e>-V
Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ _mH$ VWm Q>J aob {Q>n/Q>mH $ aob H$mZa Ho$ ~rM Imbr OJh {d{^ Vmn_mZ
jom| _|, {__r _|, _rQ>a bmBZ, 75Ama, gr Eg Q>r-9 brna, 1540 AXX/{H$_r, Ama ({J>r
{VamoY) H$m _mZm hAm _y` = 3.47 {H$Jm/go_r/aob VWm Q>rSr nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma:Vmn_mZ

jo-I

jo-II

jo-III

jo-IV

Q>rS>r + 33

Q>rS>r + 30

12

9 go 13

Q>rS>r + 25

18

13 go 19

9 go 20

Q>rS>r + 20

22

18 go 23

13 go 25

10 go 26

Q>rS>r + 15

22 go 27

19 go 29

15 go 31

12 go 32

Q>rS>r + 10

23 go 31

20 go 33

16 go 36

14 go 38

Q>rS>r + 05

24 go 35

22 go 37

19 go 40

16 go 43

Q>rS>r

26 go 38

24 go 41

21 go 45

19 go 47

Q>rS>r - 05

28 go 40

27 go 44

24 go 48

23 go 51

Q>rS>r - 10

31 go 43

30 go 47

28 go 51

27 go 54

Q>rS>r - 15

34 go 44

33 go 49

32 go 54

31 go 57

Q>rS>r - 20

38 go 46

38 go 51

37 go 56

36 go 60

Q>rS>r - 25

42 go 46

42 go 52

42 go 58

42 go 62

Q>rS>r - 30

47

47 go 53

48 go 59

47 go 63

Q>rS>r - 35

53

54 go 60

54 go 65

Q>rS>r - 40

60

61 go 65

Q>rS>r - 43

65

66

ANNEXURE-V
GAPS BETWEEN THE REFERENCE MARK AND TONGUE RAIL TIP/STOCK
RAIL CORNER OF SEJ FOR VARIOUS TEMPERATURES IN mm FOR MG, 75R,
CST-9 SLEEPER, 1540 Nos/kms VALUE OF R (BALLAST RESISTANCE) ASSUMED
= 3.47 kg/cm/rall AND td AS PER PARA 1.11:Temperature

Zone-I

Zone-II

Zone-III

Zone-IV

td + 33

td + 30

12

9 to 13

td + 25

18

13 to 19

9 to 20

td + 20

22

18 to 23

13 to 25

10 to 26

td + 15

22 to 27

19 to 29

15 to 31

12 to 32

td + 10

23 to 31

20 to 33

16 to 36

14 to 38

td + 05

24 to 35

22 to 37

19 to 40

16 to 43

td

26 to 38

24 to 41

24 to 45

19 to 47

td - 05

28 to 40

27 to 44

24 to 48

23 to 51

td - 10

31 to 43

30 to 47

28 to 51

27 to 54

td - 15

34 to 44

33 to 49

32 to 54

31 to 57

td - 20

38 to 46

38 to 51

37 to 56

36 to 60

td - 25

42 to 46

42 to 52

42 to 58

42 to 62

td - 30

47

47 to 53

48 to 59

47 to 63

td - 35

53

54 to 60

54 to 65

td - 40

60

61 to 65

td - 43

65

66

n[a{e>-VI
H$m` MmQ> VWm n`dj
o U H$m m{YH$V Va
H$_mH$ H$m` H$s H${V

1
1.

2.

H$m` Ho$ {ddaU

AZwajU H$m`

aoc, crna
VWm ~YH$

H$_Mmar/n`dj
o H$ H$m {ZZV_
Va H$m H$m` ^mar

H$)

`rH$V
Q>pnJ
D$na CR>mZm (gm_m` CR>mB)
gaoIU
dH$m| H$m WmoS>m gaoIU
Jhar H$sqZJ
I) _ZwAc
nqH$J
gaoIU
J) aocnW H$mo D$na CR>mZm/ZrMm H$aZm
K) D$na CR>mZm, gaoIU, nqH$J Am{X,
AmnmVH$mc _| AZw_V Vmn_mZm| H$s Anojm
CVa Vmn_mZm| na
H$)

dh `h gw{ZpMV H$ao {H$ X{ZH$ M$am| Ho$


XmamZ g^r H$sn E|H$a crna go ~> (~Yo) hm|
I) AHo$co BH$hao crna H$s nqH$J AWdm nwZ
ZdrZrH$aU Ohm aocnW Ho$ D$na CR>mZo AWdm
gaH$mZo H$s Amd`H$Vm Z hmo
J) Eogo ~YH$m| H$m nwZZdrZrH$U {OZ_| aocnW
H$mo D$na CR>mZo H$s Amd`H$Vm Z hmo
K) Eogo ~YH$m| H$m nwZZdrZrH$aU/~Xcm OmZm
Ohm aocnW Ho$ D$na CR>mZo H$s Amd`H$Vm hmo

67

aocnW {ZarjH$

JJ_oQ>

aocnW {_r
aocnW {ZarjH$

H$s_Z
JJ_oQ>

H$s_Z
JJ_oQ>

ANNEXURE-VI
WORK CHART AND AUTHORISED LEVEL OF SUPERVISION
Sl.
No.

1
1.

Nature of
work

Details of
work

Lowest level
of staff/Supervisor
incharge of work

Maintenance operation a) Mechanised

PWI

Tamping
Lifting (general lift)
Alignment
Minor alignment of curves
Deep screening
b) Manual

Gangmate

Packing
Alignment
c) Lifting/Lowering of track

PWM

d) Lifting, aligning, packing etc.,

PWI

in case of emergencies at
temperatures higher than
those permitted
2.

Rails, sleepers and


fastenings

a) Ensuring that all creep anchors

Keyman

butt against sleepers during


daily rounds
b) Packing or renewal of single

Gangmate

isolated sleeper not requiring


lifting or slewing of track
c) Renewal of fastenings not

Keyman

requiring lifting
d) Renewal/recoupement of
fastenings requiring lifting

67

Gangmate

3.

{J>r

L>)

c~r Xyar VH$ crna Ama ~YH$m| H$m


AmH$p_H$ nwZZdrH$aU

aocnW {_r

M)

Iam~ aocm| H$m nwZZdrH$aU

aocnW {_r

N>)

H$m`Wc na aoc OmoS >m| H$s


dopS>J H$aZm

aocnW {ZarjH$

H$)

EH$mH$s WmZm| na emoS>am| _| {J>r H$s


H$_r H$mo nyam H$aZm

JJ_oQ>

I) J{_`m| Ho$ ma^ go nhco {J>r H$mo nwZ ^aZm

aocnW {ZarjH$

VWm {J>r goeZ H$mo MoH$ H$aZm

4.

dH$ nwZ gaoIU

J)

{J>r H$s Jhar H$sqZJ Ho$ Acmdm H$sqZJ

JJ_oQ>

K)

Jhar H$sqZJ

aocnW {_r

H$)

dH$m| H$m WmoS >m nwZ gaoIU

aocnW {_r

I) dH$m| H$m ^mar gaoIU ghm`H$ BOr{Z`a


Ho$ {deof AZwXe
o m| Ho$ AYrZ
5.

Jr_ F$Vw Ho$ H$m` H$)

_ZA
w c AWdm _erZm| mam AZwajU H$m`
nyam {H$E OmZo Ho$ ~mX `{X Vmn_mZ
Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$ hmo OmVm h
Vmo J{V gr_m cmJy H$aZm

aocnW {ZarjH$

JJ_oQ>

I) J_u Ho$ _hrZm| _| J_u Ho$ {XZm| H$s


JV cJdmZm

aocnW {ZarjH$

J)

JJ_oQ>

`h gw{ZpMV H$aZm {H$ J_u Ho$ {XZm| H$m


JVrdmcm, JVdmcr Ad{Y`m| Ho$ XmamZ VWm
A` Ad{Y`m| Ho$ XmamZ O~ aoc Vmn_mZ
Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$ hmo OmVm h
R>rH$ H$ma go S>Q>r na OmVm h

68

3.

4.

5.

Ballast

Curve realignment

Hot weather work

e) Casual renewal of sleepers


and fastenings over long
stretches

PWM

f)

PWM

Renewal of defective rails

g) Carrying out welding of rail


joints at site

PWI

a) Making up shortage of ballast


in shoulders at isolated places

Gangmate

b) Replenishment of ballast &


checking ballast section
before the onset of summer

PWI

c) Screening of ballast other


than deep screening

Gangmate

d) Deep screening

PWM

a) Minor realignment of curves

PWM

b) Major realignment of curves


under special instructions
from AEN

PWI

a) Imposing speed restriction if


the temperature exceeds
td+200C after maintenance
work is completed, manually
or by machines

Gangmate

b) Organising hot weather

PWI

patrolling during summer months


c) Ensuring that hot weather
patrolman turns out promptly for
duty during the required period
of patrolling and during other
periods when rail temperature
exceeds td+200C

68

Gangmate

K)

Jr_ F$Vw H$s JV, aocnW H$s pWaVm H$s


OmM, Iam~ nqH$Jdmco crnam| H$m A{YH$
g`m _| hmoZm, aocnW H$m gaoIU,
`{X {J>r H$s mo\$mBc AV-`V h Vmo
MoH$ H$aZm, aocnW Ho$ nmpdH$
/D$dmYa AmH$ma Ho$ {~JS>Zo H$s d{m

Jr_ F$Vw H$m


JVrdmcm

L>)

J_u Ho$ _{hZm| _| {ZarjU VWm Jr_


F$Vw H$s JVm| Ho$ gMmcZ H$s MoqH$J

aocnW {ZarjH$

6.

OmS>o H$s F$Vw H$s


JV

OmS>o H$s F$Vw H$s JV

OmS>o H$s F$Vw H$m


JVrdmcm

7.

S>r-Q>oqgJ

S>r-Q>qo gJ g~Y r g^r H$m`

aocnW {ZarjH$

8.

>ac
o H$m Qy>Q>Zm

H$)

AmnmV _a_V

H$s_Z/JJ_Z

I) AWmB _a_V

aocnW {_r

J)

WmB _a_V

aocnW {ZarjH$

H$)

~H$qcJ, aoc Ho$ Qy>Q>Zo AWdm


aocnW Ho$ {H$gr Agm_m` `dhma Ho$ g~Y
_| aocnW H$m ~Mmd VWm aocJm{S>`m| H$s
gwajm gw{ZpMV H$aZm

JVrdmcm/JJ_Z/
JJ_oQ>

9.

~H$qcJ

I) AmnmV _a_V

aocnW {ZarjH$

J)

aocnW {ZarjH$

WmB _a_V

10.

AmnmVH$mcrZ
[W{V`m

JmS>r Ho$ nQ>ar go CVa OmZo, aocnW Ho$ Qy>Q> OmZo


Am{X go aocnW H$mo hB j{V Ho$ _m_co _| H$m`dmhr

aocnW {ZarjH$

11.

{ZarjU Ama
MoqH$J

H$)

H$s_Z

ZmoQ>:

Eg B Oo H$s MoqH$J, `oH$ nIdmS>o _| EH$


~ma Voc S>mcZm, Jrg cJmZm VWm {\$qQ>J H$mo
nwZ H$gZm/nwZZdrH$aU H$aZm
I) Eg B Oo H$m {ZarjU

aocnW {ZarjH$

J_u Ama OmS>o Ho$ _mg_ Ho$ JVrdmcm| H$mo AnZr S>Q >r go n[a{MV hmoZm Mm{hE VWm
Ohm VH$ g^d hmo Ch| JJ go hr coZm Mm{hE&

69

d) Hot weather patrolling,


watching stability of track,
presence of large number of
sleepers with defective packing,
alignment of track, checking if
the profile of ballast is disturbed,
tendency for lateral/vertical
deformation of track

Hot weather
patrolman

e) Inspection in summer months


and checking on the working
of hot weather patrols

PWI

6.

Cold weather patrolling Cold weather patrolling

Cold weather
patrolman

7.

Destressing

All operations regarding destressing

PWI

8.

Rail fracture

a) Emergency repairs
b) Temporary repairs
c) Permanent repairs

Keyman/Gangman
PWM
PWI

9.

Buckling

a) Protection of track and


secure safety of trains in case
of buckling, rail fractures, or any
abnormal behavior of track

Patrolman/
Gangman/
Gangmate

b) Emergency repairs
c) Permanent repairs

PWI
PWI

10. Emergencies

Action in case of damage to


track following derailments,
breaches etc.

PWI

11. Inspection & checking

a) Checking of SEJ, oiling


and greasing and re-tightening/
renewal of fittings once a fortnight

Keyman

b) Inspection of SEJ

PWI

Note: Hot and Cold Weather Patrolmen should be aware of their duties and should
be drawn, as far as possible, from Gangs.
69

n[a{e>-VII
(nam 5.7.2 VWm 5.7.3)
{dVma Vm{cH$m
gy B = EcxA\$mx(Q>rAmo-Q>rnr) na AmYm[aV {dVma ({_cr_rQ>a) _|
(0 go.)
Q>rAmo-Q>rn>r

"Ec' _rQ>am| _|
10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

400

500

1
2

1
1

1
1

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

2
5

3
7

5
9

6
11

3
4
5
6

1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
2

1
2
2
3

2
2
3
3

2
3
3
4

2
3
4
5

3
4
5
6

3
4
5
6

3
5
6
7

7
9
11
13

10
14
17
21

14
18
23
28

17
23
29
34

7
8
9
10
11

1
1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2
3

2
3
3
3
4

3
4
4
4
5

4
5
5
6
6

5
6
6
7
7

6
6
7
8
9

6
7
8
9
10

7
8
9
10
11

8
9
10
11
13

16
18
21
23
25

24
28
31
35
38

32
37
41
48
50

40
46
52
57
63

12
13
14
15
16

1
1
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
4

4
4
5
5
6

5
6
6
7
7

7
7
8
9
9

8
9
10
10
11

9
10
11
12
13

11
12
13
14
15

12
13
14
16
17

14
15
16
17
18

28
30
32
34
37

41
45
48
52
55

55
60
64
69
74

69
75
80
86
92

17
18
19
20
21

2
2
2
2
2

4
4
4
5
5

6
6
6
7
8

8
8
9
9
10

10
10
11
11
12

12
12
13
14
14

14
14
15
16
17

16
17
18
18
19

18
19
20
21
22

19
21
22
23
24

39
41
44
46
48

59
62
66
69
73

78
83
87
92
97

98
103
109
115
121

22
23
24
25
26

3
3
3
3
3

5
5
6
6
6

8
8
8
9
9

10
11
11
12
12

13
13
14
14
15

15
16
17
17
18

18
19
20
20
21

20
21
22
23
24

23
24
25
26
27

25
26
28
29
30

51
53
55
57
60

76
79
83
86
90

101
106
110
115
120

126
132
138
144
149

27

12

16

19

22

25

28

31

62

93

124

155

28
29
30

3
3
3

6
7
7

10
10
10

13
13
14

16
17
17

19
20
21

23
23
25

26
27
28

29
30
31

32
33
34

64 96
67 100
69 103

129
133
138

161
167
172

70

90 100

200 300

ANNEXURE-VII
(Para 5.7.2 & 5.7.3)
EXTENSION TABLE
Extensions in mm, based on formula e = L (to-tp)
(oC)
to -tp

L in metres
70 80 90 100

10

20

30

40

50

60

400

500

11

10

14

17

14

18

23

11

17

23

29

13

21

28

34

16

24

32

40

18

28

37

46

10

21

31

41

52

10

10

11

23

35

48

57

11

10

11

13

25

38

50

63

12

11

12

14

28

41

55

69

13

10

12

13

15

30

45

60

75

14

10

11

13

14

16

32

48

64

80

15

10

12

14

16

17

34

52

69

86

16

11

13

15

17

18

37

55

74

92

17

10

12

14

16

18

19

39

59

78

98

18

10

12

14

17

19

21

41

62

83

103

19

11

13

15

18

20

22

44

66

87

109

20

11

14

16

18

21

23

46

69

92

115

21

10

12

14

17

19

22

24

48

73

97

121

22

10

13

15

18

20

23

25

51

76

101

126

23

11

13

16

19

21

24

26

53

79

106

132

24

11

14

17

20

22

25

28

55

83

110

138

25

12

14

17

20

23

26

29

57

86

115

144

26

12

15

18

21

24

27

30

60

90

120

149

27

12

16

19

22

25

28

31

62

93

124

155

28

10

13

16

19

23

26

29

32

64

96

129

161

29

10

13

17

20

23

27

30

33

67 100

133

167

30

10

14

17

21

25

28

31

34

69 103

138

172

70

200 300

n[a{e>-VIII
(nam 5.7.4)
aoc Q|ga H$m `moJ {H$E ~Ja Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama nZcm| H$m S>r-Q>qo gJ H$m`
1.

Eogo g_` _| n`m Ad{Y Ho$ {cE `mVm`mV AdamoY H$s `dWm H$s OmE Vm{H$ aocnW Ho$ ~YH$m|
H$mo ImocZo Ho$ H$m` Ho$ XmamZ nam 1.11 Ho$ AZwgma Q>rS>r Ho$ {cE {ZYm[aV Vmn_mZ gr_m Ho$ AXa
aoc H$m Vmn_mZ aho& `h gmam H$m` aocnW {ZarjH$ H$s `{$JV XoIaoI _| {H$`m OmE&

2.

`mVm`mV H$mo nyar Vah go amoH$Zo go nhco


crna Ho$ ~YH$m| H$mo T>rcm {H$`m OmE&

3.

O~ `mVm`mV AdamoY {c`m OmE Vmo cmoOa aoc H$mo hQ>m`m OmE, Eg B Oo H$mo nam
AZwgma g_m`mo{OV {H$`m OmE Ama H$g {X`m OmE&

4.

XmoZm| Mmcy aocm| na eof crna ~YH$m| H$mo Eg B Oo Ho$ {ZH$Q> Ho$ {gao go ma^ H$aVo hE VWm Ec
S>`y Ama Ho$ _` H$s Amoa ~T>Vo hE T>rcm {H$`m OmE/hQ>m {X`m OmE& aocm| H$mo dVVmnydH $
{hcZo XoZo Ho$ {cE ha nhd| crna na aoc H$mo D$na CR>m`m OmE Ama amocam| na aIm OmE ({M
5.3(viii)(E)) & d{H$V aocnW na S>r-Q>oqgJ H$aVo g_` nam 5.7.2 (v) Ho$ AZwgma gmBS> amocam|
H$s `dWm H$s OmE& aocm| H$mo j{VO $n _| cH$S>r Ho$ ^mar _coQ>m| mam Rw>H$mB H$s OmE Vm{H$
aocm| H$mo AnZr AZwX ` J{V gMcZ _| ghm`Vm {_c gHo&$

5.

amocam| H$mo hQ>m {c`m OmE, gaoIU H$mo ghr H$aZo VWm ~YH$m| H$mo H$gZo Ho$ {cE aocm| H$mo
ZrMm H$a| - `h H$m` Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ _` go ma^ H$aHo$ XmoZm| {gao H$s Amoa gmW-gmW OmVo
hE {H$`m OmE& ~YH$m| H$m H$gmd nam 1.11 _| `Wm {ZYm[aV S>r-Q>oqgJ Vmn_mZ Ho$ {ZYm[aV
Vmn_mZ gr_m Ho$ AXa nyam {H$`m OmE& H$gmd H$s Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ Vmn_mZ H$s dmV{dH$ gr_m,
g_` Ama VmarI Ho$ gmW-gmW aocnW {ZarjH$ mam [aH$mS> H$s OmE&

6.

~YH$m| Ho$ H$gmd Ho$ gmW-hr-gmW Eg B Oo Ama Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ ~rM _| H$Q> aocm| H$mo S>mcZo
H$s `dWm H$s OmE& Mma Imcr OJhm| H$mo AcJ-AcJ Zmnm OmE, E Q>r dopS>J hoVw
Amd`H$ Imcr OJh aIVo hE Amar go Ano{jV c~mB H$s aoc| H$mQ>r OmE& V~ H$Q>r hB
aocm| H$mo ghr pW{V _| aIm OmE, crnam| go H$gm OmE Ama `oH$ {gao H$mo doS> {H$`m OmE&
dopS>J go nhco Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ `oH$ {gao na 20 _rQ>a VH$ ~YH$m| H$mo hQ>m {c`m OmE&
dopS>J Ho$ 20 {_ZQ> ~mX VH$ OmoS >m| H$mo cn aIm OmE&

30

71

{H$_r/KQ>m H$s J{V gr_m cmJy H$s OmE Ama ha Xygao


5.6

Ho$

ANNEXURE-VIII
(Para 5.7.4)
DESTRESSING OPERATION OF LWRs/CWRs PANELS WITHOUT
THE USE OF RAIL TENSOR
1.

A traffic block of adequate duration should be arranged at such a time that the rail
temperature will be within the temperature range specified for td in para 1.11 during
the fastening down operations. The entire work shall be done under personal
supervision of the PWI.

2.

Before the block is actually taken, a speed restriction of 30 km/h should be imposed
and fastenings on alternate sleepers loosened.

3.

When the block is taken, the closure rails shall be removed, the SEJs adjusted as
per para 5.6 and fastened.

4.

The remaining sleepers fastenings on both running rails shall be loosened/removed


starting from the ends near the SEJs and proceeding towards the centre of LWR.
The rail shall be lifted and placed on rollers (Fig. 5.3 (viii) (a)) at every 15th sleeper to
permit the rails to move freely. While destressing on curved track, provision of side
rollers as per note of para 5.7.2 (v) may be adopted. The rails shall be struck
horizontally with heavy wooden mallets to assist in their longitudinal movement.

5.

The rollers shall then be removed, the rails lowered to correct alignment and fastenings
tightened, starting from the middle of LWR and proceeding towards both ends
simultaneously. The tightening of fastenings shall be completed within the temperature
range for td as specified in para 1.11. The actual range of temperature during the
period of tightening shall be recorded by PWI along with the time and date.

6.

Simultaneously with the tightening of fastening, arrangements for insertion of cut rails
between the SEJ and LWR shall be started. The four gaps shall be measured
individually and the rails of required length cut by saw keeping required gaps for AT
welding. The cut rails shall then be placed in position, fastened to the sleepers and
welded at each end. Fastenings for 20 metre on each end of the LWR shall be
removed before welding. Joints shall be clamped for 20 minutes after welding.

71

n[a{e>-IX
(nam 1.6)
Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ AV na ~\$a aocm| H$mo {~N>mZo Ama AZwajU hoVw AZwXe
o
1.

~\$a aocm| H$mo nam

2.

jo I Ama II Ho$ aoc Vmn_mZ _| 3 ~\$a aoco VWm jo III Ama IV _| 4 ~\$a aoco cJmB OmE& ~S>r
cmBZ _| ~\$a aoc| 6.5 _rQ>a c~r hm| VWm _rQ>a cmBZ _| 6.0 _rQ>a c~r hm|&

3.

~\$a aocm| H$mo nr Ama gr crna na Oo-pcn Ho$ gmW AWdm cH$S>r Ho$ crnam| na E_ Eg H$Q>So >
{~`[aJ coQ> Ed aoc Hy$ Ho$ gmW {~N>m`m OmE& OmoS>m| na _mZH$ {\$ecoQ>m| H$m `moJ {H$`m OmE&
~moQ>m| Ho$ ^mdr H$gmd Ho$ {cE ~moQ>, S>mBJ g. Ama. S>r. Eg. Amo./Q>r-1899 Ho$ WmZ na S>mBJ
g. Q>r-11599 H$s `moJ H$s OmE& ~\$a aoc Ago~cr Ho$ {cE crnam| H$s g`m, Q>mBn VWm Xmo
crnam| Ho$ ~rM H$s Xyar ~S>r cmBZ Ama _rQ>a cmBZ Ho$ {cE {M E.9 (E) VWm E.9 (~r) H$_e _|
{XImE JE AZwgma aIr OmE&

4.

ma{^H$ {~N>md/S>r-Q>qo gJ Ho$ g_` ~\$a aoc Ag|~cr Ho$ `oH$ {\$ecoQ> dmco OmoS >m| na
H$s Imcr OJh N>mSo >r OmE&

5.

~\$a aocm| Ho$ {\$ecoQ> dmco OmoS >m| H$mo ghr-ghr ~Zm`m OmE& `{X nhco go N>Xo H$s hB aocm| Ama
_mZH$ {\$ecoQ>m| H$m `moJ {H$`m OmVm h Vmo aocm| Ho$ {gam| Ho$ Am`m_ (S>m`_|eg) VWm MmH$moanZ
($m`aZog) aocmo| Ho$ {cE ^m.ao._m. Q>r-12 {d{e> VWm {\$ecoQ>m| Ho$ {cE ^m.ao._m Q>r-1 {d{e> _|
`Wm {ZYm[aV g{hUwVmAm| (Q>mcaogog) Ho$ AZw$n hmoZr Mm{hE& H$m`Wc na {H$E JE {N>m| H$mo ^r
Cn`w $ {d{e{>`m| Ho$ AZw$n hmoZm Mm{hE& ~\$a aocm| Ho$ g^r {N> ImMXo ma (M\ $S> {H$E hE) hmoZo
Mm{hE&

6.

nanamJV aocnW VWm Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ ~rM _| ~\$a aocm| Ho$ {~N>mE OmZo Ho$ _m_co _| nhco dmco
H$mo 3 aocm| H$s c~mB VH$ ~mg-E|H$[aV {H$`m OmE&

7.

~\$a aocm| Ho$ {hgm| _| aocnW Ho$ gaoIU Ama g_VcVm (codc) na {deof VWm A{dc~ `mZ {X`m
OmE& ~\$a aocm| _| EoR>Z Z hmo VWm do D$na H$mo CR>r hB Z hm|& {ZarjU H$aZo dmco H$_Mmar ~\$a
aocm| H$s ha ~ma {ddoMZm_H$ OmM H$a|, O~ ^r do CZHo$ Cna go JwOa|&

8.

{\$e-~moQ>m| H$mo h_oem H$gm hAm aIm OmE&


~\$a aocm| Ho$ OmoS>m| H$mo EH$ df _| Xmo ~ma cw{~Ho$Q> (ZohrV) {H$`m OmE, O~ aoc Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+150
gopg`g Ama Q>rS>r-150 gopg`g Ho$ ~rM hmo Ed AmgV Imcr OJh H$m _mn 3 {__r Ama 12 {__r
Ho$ ~rM hmo& ~moQ>-{N>m| Ho$ Mmam| Amoa {MH$Q>Z Z hmo BgHo$ {cE cw{~Ho$eZ Ho$ g_` aocm| Ho$ {gam| H$s
OmM H$s OmE& _wS>r hB {\$e-~moQ> `{X H$moB hmo Vmo Cgo ~Xc {X`m OmE& {\$ecoQ> dmco OmoS>m| H$mo
cw{~H$o Q> H$aZo Ho$ {cE ^maVr` aoc aocnW {Z`_mdcr Ho$ nam 241 _| {XE JE gm_m` AZwXe
o m| H$mo
AnZm`m OmE&

9.

1.6

_| Xr JB eVm] H$m nmcZ H$aVo hE cJm`m OmE&

72

7.5

{__r

ANNEXURE-IX
(Para 1.6)
INSTRUCTIONS FOR LAYING AND MAINTENANCE OF BUFFER
RAILS AT THE END OF LWRs/CWRs
1.

Buffer Rails may be provided subject to conditions laid down in para 1.6.

2.

In rail temperature zones I & II, 3 buffer rails, while in zones III & IV, 4 buffer rails
shall be provided. On BG, buffer rails would be 6.5 metre long and while for MG
6.0 metre long.

3.

Buffer rails may be laid on PRC sleepers with J-clips or on wooden sleepers
with M.S. canted bearing plate and rail screws. Standard fishplates shall be
used at the joints. However, for effective tightness of bolts, bolt to drawing No.
T-11599 may be used in lieu of that of drawing No. RDSO/T-1899. The number,
type and spacing of sleepers for buffer rail assembly shall be as indicated in
Fig. A.9(a) and Fig. A.9(b) for BG & MG respectively.

4.

A gap of 7.5 mm shall be provided at each of fishplated joints of buffer rail assembly
at the time of initial laying/destressing.

5.

The fishplated joints of buffer rails shall be accurately fabricated. In case


pre-drilled rails and standard fishplates are used, the dimensions and squareness
of rail ends shall conform to the tolerances stipulated in the specifications
IRS T-12 for rails and IRS T-1 for fishplates. Holes drilled at site shall
also conform to the above specifications. All holes in buffer rails shall be
chamfered.

6.

In the case of buffer rails laid between conventional track and LWR, the former shall
be box-anchored for 3 rail lengths.

7.

Special and prompt attention shall be paid to the alignment and levels of
track in the buffer rail portions. Buffer rails shall be free of kinks and hogs. The
inspecting officials shall critically examine the buffer rails each time they pass
over the same.

8.

The fish-bolts shall be kept tight at all times.

9.

Joints in buffer rails shall be lubricated twice in a year when the rail temperature
is between td+150C and td-150C and when the average gap value is between
3 mm and 12 mm. The rail ends shall be examined at the time of lubrication for
any crack around bolt-holes. Bent fish-bolts, if any, shall be replaced. General
instructions for lubricating fishplated joints as laid down in para 241 of Indian
Railways Permanent Way Manual shall be followed.

72

10.

H$) ~\$a aocm| Ho$ {hgo _| Imcr OJh AcJ-AcJ OJh na {^ hmo gH$Vo h Ama Cgo ~am~a
H$aZo Ho$ {cE `Z H$aZo H$s Amd`H$Vm Zht h&
I) ~\$a aocm| H$s Imcr OJh H$mo nam 8.1.5 Ho$ Eg B Oo Ho$ {cE `Wm {ZYm[aV gyMr Ho$
AZwgma Zmnm OmE& Cn`w $ gyMr Ho$ A{V[a$ {Z`{_V {ZarjUm| Ho$ XmamZ Imcr OJhm| H$m
`mZnydH $ {ZarjU {H$`m OmE& `{X aoc Vmn_mZ jo III Ed IV _|, g^r Imcr OJh
(Jn) Q>rS>r+300 gopg`g Vmn_mZ go ZrMo Ho$ Vmn_mZ na ~X nmE OmVo h Ama/AWdm
Q>rS>r-300 gopg`g go D$na Ho$ Vmn_mZ na 15 {__r nyao Iwco nmE OmVo h Vmo Bggo
{ZZm{H$V _| go EH$ `m A{YH$ gyMZm kmV hmoVr h:i)

Iam~ ma{^H$ Imcr OJh|

ii)

dgZ c~mB _| An`m nqH$J

iii)

dgZ c~mB`m| _| crnam| Ho$ D$na aoc H$m gmno{jH$ J{V gMcZ

iv)

Ec S>`y Ama H$m {IgH$Zm

aoc Vmn_mZ jo I Ama II Ho$ {cE Imcr OJh ~X hmoZo Ho$ {cE Vmn_mZ H$s {ZZVa
gr_m VWm Imcr OJh Ho$ nyar Vah go IwcZo H$s CVa Vmn_mZ gr_m Q>rS>r+250 gopg`g
VWm Q>rS>r-250 gopg`g _mZr OmEJr&
J)

11.

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$s S>r-Q>qo gJ mam VWm 7.5 {__r H$s ma{^H$ Imcr
OJhm| H$s `dWm mam gwYma {H$`m OmEJm& dgZ c~mB`m AN>r Vah go nH$ H$s OmE&
Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ R>rH$ Vah go H$m` H$aVo ahZo Ho$ {cE A` ZXm{ZH$
Cnm` (ao_{o S>`c EeZ) {H$E OmE&

~\$a aocm| Ho$ {ddaU VWm {\$ecoQ> dmco OmoS >m| H$s Imcr OJh H$s Zmn H$mo ma{^H$ {~N>mdZ/
~mX Ho$ {ZarjUm| Ho$ g_` ZrMo {XE JE mo\$m_m Ho$ AZwgma [aH$mS> {H$`m OmE&

73

10.

a)

The individual gaps in the buffer rail portion may vary and no attempt to
equalise them need be made.

b)

The gap of buffer rails shall be measured as per schedule laid down for
SEJs as per para 8.1.5. In addition to above schedule, the gaps shall
also be carefully inspected during regular inspections. In rail temperature
zones III & IV, if all the gaps are found to close at a temperature lower
than td + 300C and/or to fully open to 15 mm at a temperature higher than
td - 300C, it indicates one or more of the following:i) Defective initial gaps
ii) Inadequate packing in breathing length
iii) Relative movement of rail over sleepers in breathing lengths
iv) Creep of LWR
For rail temperature zones I & II the lower limit of temperature for gap
closing and the upper limit of temperature for fully opening of gaps shall
be taken as td + 250C and td - 250C.

c)

11.

Rectification shall be done by destressing the LWRs/CWRs and by


restoring initial gaps as 7.5 mm. Breathing lengths shall be well packed.
Other remedial measures for proper functioning of LWRs/CWRs will also
be taken.
Details of buffer rails and gap measurement of fishplated joints shall be recorded
at the time of initial laying/subsequent inspections as per proforma given below.

73

~\$a aocm| H$m AZwajU a{OQ>a hoVw mo\$m_m


Ec S>`y Ama g.
{H$cmo_rQ>a _| Xyar
~\$a aocm| H$s g`m Ama c~mB
crnam| Ama ~YH$m| H$m H$ma
ma^ hmoZo H$s VmarI
S>r-Q>oqgJ Vmn_mZ (Q>rS>r)
ma^ Ho$ g_` Xr JB ma{^H$ Imcr OJh
1.

_mn/S>r-Q>qo gJ H$s VmarI

2.

_mn/S>r-Q>qo gJ Ho$ g_` H$m aoc Vmn_mZ

3.

Imcr OJhm| H$s _mn|/R>rH$ H$s JB Imcr OJh|


H$)

I)

~mB Amoa
i)

AcJ-AcJ Imcr OJh|

ii)

AmgV Imcr OJh

XmB Amoa
i)

AcJ-AcJ Imcr OJh|

ii)

AmgV Imcr OJh

4.

~moQ>m| H$s Xem

5.

~\$a aoc jo _| aocnW Ho$ nam_rQ>a (O_rZr _mn)


i)

A{YH$V_ JoO AVamc

ii)

3.6

_rQ>a na A{YH$V_ _amoS>

iii)

3.6

_rQ>a na Ag_mZVm (AZBdZo Zog)

iv)

7.2

_rQ>a na {_gEcmBZ_Q>

6.

nqH$J H$s YmaU j_Vm Ho$ g~Y _| {Q>nUr

7.

aocnW {ZarjH$/g~-goeZ aocnW {ZarjH$ Ho$ hVmja

74

Proforma for register of maintenance of buffer rails


LWR No.
Kilometrage
No. and lengths of buffer rails
Type of sleepers and fastenings
Date of commissioning
Destressing temperature (td)
Initial gap provided while commissioning
1.

Date of measurement/destressing

2.

Rail temperature at the time of measurement/destressing

3.

Gap measurements/Gaps restored


a) Left side
i) Individual gaps
ii) Average gap
b) Right side
i) Individual gaps
ii) Average gap

4.

Condition of bolts

5.

Track parameters in buffer rail zone (ground measurement)


i) Maximum gauge variation
ii) Maximum twist over 3.6 m
iii) Unevenness over 3.6 m
iv) Misalignment over 3.2 m

6.

Remarks regarding retentivity of packing

7.

Signature of PWI/Sub-sectional PWI

74

n[a{e>-X E$
(nam 9.1.2 (i))
Jr_ F$Vw H$s JV
`oH$ goeZ Ho$ {cE {Z`{_V Jr_ F$Vw H$s JV H$s Ad{Y _w` BOr{Z`a mam {ZYm[aV H$s
OmEJr VWm Ohm Amd`H$ hmoJm, JV MmQ> ^r ~ZmE OmEJo & VXZwgma aocnW {ZarjH$ mam JV
cJdmB OmEJr& `hr Zht, aocnW {ZarjH$/aocnW {_r VWm JJ_oQ> Jr_ F$Vw _| VWm J_ {XZm| _|
gVH$ ah|Jo & O~ aoc H$m Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$ hmo OmE V~ ^r JV cJdmB
OmE& _w` BOr{Z`a mam {dVV {Xem {ZX}e Omar H$aZo Ho$ {c`o {ZZm{H$V gm_m` {Xem {ZX}em|
H$mo AnZm`m OmE&
1.

2.

3.

Jr_ F$Vw H$s JV {ZZ H$ma cJdmB OmE:i)

BH$har cmBZ AWdm Ohm Xwhar cmBZ goeZ Ho$ Ho$dc EH$ _mJ na Ec S>`y Ama/gr
S>`y Ama hmo- EH$ JVdmcm 2 {H$cmo_rQ>a hoVw&

ii)

Xwhar cmBZ goeZ na Ohm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama XmoZm| _mJm] na hm|- EH$ JVdmcm
EH$ {H$cmo_rQ>a An Ama S>mD$Z _mJ Ho$ {cE& Bg H$ma Jr_ F$Vw Ho$ `oH$ JVdmco H$m jo
Xmo {H$cmo_rQ>a VH$ gr{_V aho&

Jr_ F$Vw H$m JV dmcm {ZZm{H$V CnH$a gXd co OmE:EM Eg P{S>`m - cmc

P{S>`m| Ho$ {c`o S>S>m (Q>m\$)

{d\$moQ>H$ ({S>Q>moZoQ>a)

10

Ho$Z-E-~mCc

Jr_ F$Vw Ho$ JVdmco Ho$ H$m` {ZZ H$ma h:dh AnZo jo _| Yrao-Yrao EH$ aoc na EH$ {Xem _| Mco VWm Xygar aoc na cmQ>Vo g_` {dnarV
{Xem _|& Xwhar cmBZ _| dh Bg {H$`m H$mo An Ama S>mD$Z aocnWm| na ~mar-~mar go XmohamE& dh
gVH$ aho Ama {XZ Ho$ A{YH$V_ J_ g_` Ho$ XmamZ aoc _| E|R>Z H$mo {deof $n go XoIo & O~ H$moB
E|R>Z {XIcmB Xo Vmo dh E|R>Z Ho$ AmJo Ho$ VWm nrN>o Ho$ 100 crnam| H$m narjU, aocnW H$s
cmoqQ>J H$S>reZ (AWmB Xem) H$mo OmZZo Ho$ {cE VwaV H$ao& dh OmZ ~yPH$a Ad` hr, E|R>Z
Ho$ XmoZm| Va\$ 100 crnam| _| cm|{Q>J H$S>reZ H$mo kmV H$aZo Ho$ {cE AmdmO Cn H$ao& `h
AmdmO H$Z-E-~mCc mam `oH$ crna Ho$ XmoZm| {gam| na crnam| Ho$ ZrMo Imcr OJhm| H$s _mm/
A{YH$Vm kmV H$aZo Ho$ {c`o Cn H$s OmEJr& `{X AmdmO Ho$ mam cmoqQ>J H$S>reZ kmV hmo OmVr
h {Oggo {H$ ~H$c H$mo nhco go OmZm Om gH$Vm h `m dmV{dH$ $n go ~H$c hE aocnW H$mo
JVdmcm _mcy_ H$a coVm h Vmo dh cmJy {Z`_m| Ho$ AZwgma hS> {gJZcm| H$mo {XImH$a ^m{dV
{hgo H$mo ~MmZo Ho$ {cE VH$mc H$X_ CR>mE& aocnW H$s gwajm Ho$ ~mX, JVdmcm ~H$c/
dmV{dH$ ~H$c H$s AnZr AmeH$m Ho$ ~mao _ JJ_oQ>, aocnW {_r, aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo OmZH$mar
Xo&

75

ANNEXURE-X A
(Para 9.1.2 (i))
HOT WEATHER PATROLLING
Period for hot weather patrolling shall be laid down by the Chief Engineer
for each section and patrol charts prepared where necessary. Patrolling shall
be organised by PWI accordingly. In addition, the PWI/PWM and the Gangmate shall
be vigilant during summer and on hot days. Patrolling will also be introduced, when
the rail temperature rises above td+200C. Following general guidelines may be
followed for issuing detailed guidelines by the Chief Engineer:1.

Hot weather patrolling will be carried out as follows:i) On single line or where only one road in a double line section is having LWR/CWR
- One patrolman for 2 km.
ii) On double line section when LWR/CWR exist on both roads - One patrolman for
1 km length of UP and DN road. The beats of each hot weather patrolman will thus
be restricted to 2 km.

2.

3.

The hot weather patrolman should always carry the following equipments:HS Flags - Red

Staff for Flags

Detonators

10

Canne-a-boule

Duties of hot weather patrolman are as follows:He will walk over his beat slowly over one rail in one direction and on the other rail in
the return direction. On double lines, he will repeat this procedure alternately on UP
and DN tracks. He will be vigilant and look out for kinks in the rail especially during
the hottest part of the days. When a kink is observed, he shall immediately examine
at least 100 sleepers ahead and in the rear of the kink for any floating condition of
track. He should meticulously sound each and every sleeper, 100 sleepers on either
side of the kink, to determine any floating condition. The sounding will be done by
dropping a canne-a-boule on each end of the sleeper to determine the extent of void
under the sleeper. Should the sounding reveal a floating condition, under which a
buckle may be anticipated or the patrolman has detected actual buckling of track, he
will take immediate steps to protect the affected portion by display of hand signals
as per rules in force. After protecting the track, the patrolman will arrange to advise
the Gangmate, PWM, PWI of his apprehension of a buckle/actual buckle.

75

4.

~H$c (~hH$md) Ho$ IVao H$s gyMZm nmZo na JJ_oQ> CncY g^r H$_Mm[a`m| Ho$ gmW erKVm go
Cg WmZ na OmE& Wc na nhM
Vo hr g~go nhco dh ^m{dV {hgo H$mo ~MmZm gw{ZpMV H$ao&
CgHo$ ~mX dh Bg Ame{H$V jo Ho$ XmoZm| Amoa 100 _rQ>a aocnW H$s Xem H$m {ZarjU H$ao Ama
`{X CncY hmo Vmo emoS>am| na aoc erf VH$ \$mcVy {J>r Ho$ M>o cJmZm ew$ H$ao VWm CncY
AmOmam| go {J>r H$mo gKZ H$ao& aocnW H$mo KwgmZo AWdm gao{IV H$aZo AWdm _mOXy {J>r
goeZ H$mo AV-`V H$aZo H$s H$moB H$mo{ee Z H$s OmE& aocnW {_r/aocnW {ZarjH$ Ho$
AmZo VH$ _oQ> H$m`-Wc na cJmVma ~Zm aho& BZ H$_Mm[a`m| _| go {H$gr EH$ mam Ame{H$V/
dmV{dH$ ~H$c Ho$ WmZ na aoc H$m Vmn_mZ ^r ZmoQ> {H$`m OmE& gy` H$s Amoa H$s aoc Ho$ aoc
erf VH$ Ho$ Va VH$ ~mhar Amoa na {J>r AWdm nmr Am{X go T >H$m OmE Vm{H$ aoc H$m Vmn_mZ
ZrMo cm`m Om gHo&

76

4.

The Gangmate on receipt of advice of a danger of buckle, will proceed to


the site quickly with all available men. On arrival at site, he will first ensure
protection of affected portion. He should then inspect the condition of track
100 m on either side of this suspected zone and commence heaping of surplus
ballast, if available, on the shoulders and upto the rail head and keep on
compacting the ballast with available tool. No attempt should be made to
slew or align the track or disturb the existing ballast section. The mate
should continue to remain at site till the arrival of P.Way Mistry/PWI. The rail
temperature will also be noted by one of these officials at the place of apprehended/
actual buckle. The rail facing the sun will be covered upto the level of rail
head on the outside by ballast or leaves etc. to bring down the temperature of
the rail.

76

n[a{e>-X ~r
(nam 9.1.2 (ii))
OmS>o H$s F$Vw H$s JV
OmS>o Ho$ _mg_ H$s JV Cg g_` cJdmB OmE O~ aoc H$m Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r-300 gopg`g go H$_
hmo& OmS>o H$s F$Vw H$s JV H$s Ad{Y VWm goeZ, _w` BOr{Z`a mam {ZYm[aV {H$E OmE VWm
JVMmQ> ^r Ohm Amd`H$ hmo V`ma {H$E OmE& VXZwgma aocnW {ZarjH$ JV cJdmE& _w`
BOr{Z`a mam {H$E OmZodmco {dVV {Xem {ZX}em| Ho$ {cE {ZZm{H$V {Xem {ZX}em| H$mo AnZm`m
OmE&
1.

2.

3.

OmS>o Ho$ _mg_ H$s JV {ZZ H$ma cJdmB OmE:i)

BH$har cmBZ AWdm Ohm Xwhar cmBZ goeZ Ho$ Ho$dc EH$ _mJ na Ec S>`y
Ama/gr S>`y Ama hmo- EH$ JVdmcm 2 {H$cmo_rQ>a hoVw&

ii)

Xwhar cmBZ goeZ na Ohm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama XmoZm| _mJm] na hm|- EH$
JVdmcm An Ama S>mD$Z XmoZm| Ho$ {cE `oH$ {H$cmo_rQ>a&

iii)

A{Zdm` nmE OmZo na, _w` BOr{Z`a mam n[apW{V`m|, JmS>r godm H$s ~ma~maVm,
_mg_ H$s n[apW{V`m| Am{X Ho$ AmYma na D$na Xr JB jo H$s c~mB VWm OZe{V
n[a{Z`moOZ _| n[adVZ {ZpMV {H$`m OmE&

OmS>o Ho$ _mg_ Ho$ JVdmcm {ZZm{H$V CnH$a co OmE:H$)

10

Hw$hao Ho$ {gJZc EH$ {Q>Z Ho$ {S>~o _|

I)

Xmo {VaJo hS> {gJZc cn

J)

EH$ _m{Mg

K)

Xmo cmc P{S>`m Ama EH$ har PSr

L>)

EH$ VrZ goc dmcr {dwV Q>mM

M)

EH$ Q>m\$ (SS>m)

N>)

Z~a coQ>

OmS>o Ho$ _mg_ Ho$ JVdmco Ho$ H$m` {ZZ H$ma h:dh AnZo jo _| Yrao-Yrao EH$ aoc na EH$ {Xem _| Mco VWm Xygar aoc na cmQ>Vo g_`
{dnarV {Xem _|& Xwhar cmBZ _| dh Bg {H$`m H$mo An Ama S>mD$Z aocnWm| na ~mar-~mar
XmohamE& dh gVH$ aho Ama aoc/doS> Qy>Q>Zo Ho$ {cE {ZarjU H$ao& dh Eg B Oo H$s Imcr
OJhm| H$mo ^r XoI,o `{X do CgHo$ jo _| AmVr h& `{X dh H$moB aoc/doS> Qy>Q>Zo AWdm Eg
B Oo H$s Imcr OJh H$mo A{YH$V_ {ZYm[aV Imcr OJh go A{YH$ XoIVm h Vmo dh
`mVm`mV H$mo VwaV {Zc{~V H$aZo Ho$ {cE H$madmB H$ao Ama cmBZ H$s gwajm H$ao& aocnW H$s
gwajm H$aZo Ho$ ~mX JVdmcm H$s_Z/JJ_oQ>/aocnW {_r/aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo BgH$s gyMZm
Xo Omo `mVm`mV H$mo VwaV Mmcy H$aZo Ho$ {cE AmnmV _a_V H$a|&
77

ANNEXURE-X B
( Para 9.1.2 (ii) )
COLD WEATHER PATROLLING
Cold weather patrolling shall be introduced when rail temperature is less than
td - 300C. Period and section where cold weather patrolling is to be done shall be laid
down by the Chief Engineer and patrol charts prepared where necessary. Patrolling
shall be organised by PWI accordingly. Following guidelines may be followed for
issuing detailed guidelines by the Chief Engineer.
1.

2.

Cold weather patrolling shall be carried out as follows:i)

On single line or where only one road in a double section is having


LWR/CWR - One patrolman for two kilometre.

ii)

On double line section when LWR/CWR rest on both road - One patrolman
for one kilometre length of UP and DN road.

iii)

Changes in beat length and man power deployment as given above if


found necessary, may be decided by the Chief Engineer depending on
prevailing local conditions, frequency of train service, weather conditions
etc.

Cold weather patrolman should carry the following equipments: a)

10 fog signals in a tin case

b)

Two tri-colour hand signal lamps

c)

One match box

d)

Two red flags and one green flag

e)

One three-cell electric torch

f)
g)
3.

One staff
Number plate

Duties of cold weather patrolman are as follows:He will walk over his beat slowly along one rail in one direction and on the
other rail in the return direction. On double line, he will repeat this procedure
alternately on UP and DN tracks. He will be vigilant and look out for rail/weld
failure. He will also notice the gaps at SEJs if they fall in his beat. In case he
notices a rail/weld failure or gap at SEJ becomes more than the designed
maximum gap, he will take immediate action to suspend the traffic and protect
the line. After protecting the track the patrolman will arrange to report to Keyman/
Gangmate/PWM/ PWI, who shall arrange for making emergency repairs to pass
the traffic immediately.

77

n[a{e>-X gr
(nam 9.1.2)
Mc MmH$sXma
1.

Mc MmH$sXma H$s VZmVr gwT >rH$aU Ho$ g_m hmoZo VH$, CZ IS>m| na H$s OmE Ohm AZwajU
H$m` Ho$ ~mX gwT >rH$aU H$s Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ aoc H$m Vmn_mZ nam 1.18 _| {XE JE AZwgma
Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$ hmo OmE, gwT >rH$aU H$s Ad{Y g_m hmoZo na VWm aocnW Ho$
gVmofOZH$ T >J go H$m` H$aZo na Ch| dmng ~wcm {c`m OmE&

2.

VZmV {H$E OmZo dmco Mc MmH$sXma H$s Ano{jV g`m aocnW H$s Cg c~mB na {Z^a H$aVr h
{OgH$s _ZA
w c AWdm Q> nam| go _a_V H$s OmZr hmo& gm_m`V: EH$ Mc MmH$sXma EH$
{H$cmo_rQ>a aocnW Ho$ {cE n`m hmoVm h&

3.

Mc MmH$sXma H$mo n[a{e>-X E AWdm


XmZ {H$E OmE&

4.

BZ H$m` Wcm| na VZmV Mc MmH$sXma nyao goeZ H$s JV cJmE Omo Z`m-Z`m nH$ {H$`m J`m hmo
Ama {OgH$m gwT >rH$aU nyam Z hAm hmo& dh MmH$g aho Ama aoc _| Ama{^H$ ~H$cm| Ama E|R>Zm|
H$s OmM H$ao& dh aoc/doS> {d\$cVmAm| VWm Eg B Oo H$s Imcr OJhm| H$mo ^r XoIo &

5.

O~ H$moB E|R>Z nmB OmE Vmo dh n[a{e>-X E Ho$ nam

6.

`{X H$moB aoc/doS> {d\$cVm H$m nVm Mco AWdm Eg B Oo H$s {ZYm[aV A{YH$V_ Imcr OJh go
Ama A{YH$ Imcr OJh hmo OmE Vmo n[a{e>-X ~r Ho$ nam 3 _| `Wm {ZYm[aV H$madmB H$s OmE&

~r Ho$ nam

78

Ho$ AZwgma Ogm {H$ Ho$g hmo, g^r CnH$a

_| `Wm {ZYm[aV H$madmB H$ao|&

ANNEXURE-X C
( Para 9.1.2 )
MOBILE WATCHMAN
1.

Mobile watchman shall be posted, till period of consolidation is over, on


stretches where after maintenance operation, rail temperature has exceeded
td+200C during the period of consolidation as given in para 118. They would
be withdrawn when the period of consolidation is over and the track behaves
satisfactorily.

2.

Number of Mobile watchman required to be posted would depend upon the length of
track attended by manual or by tampers. Normally one Mobile watchman would be
sufficient for one kilometre of track.

3.

Mobile watchman will be provided with all equipments as per para 2 of


Annexure-X A or X B as the case may be.

4.

Mobile watchman posted on these sites would patrol the section, which has
been freshly packed and for which period of consolidation is not over. He
shall be vigilant and will look out for incipient buckles and kinks in the rails.
He will also observe for rail/weld failures and gaps at SEJs.

5.

When a kink is observed, he will take action as specified in Para 3 of Annexure


- X A.

6.

If a rail/weld failure is observed or gaps at SEJs become more than the


designed maximum gap of the SEJ, action as specified in Para 3 of Annexure
- X B will be taken.

78

n[a{e>-XI
(nam 8.2.1)
_S>c:
Cn_S>c:
aocnW {ZarjH$:
Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama g`m:
{~N>mE JE Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$s gaMZm Ho$ {ddaU:
1.

gm_m`
i)

{H$cmo_rQ>a

ii)

2.
2.1

iii)

An/S>mD$Z/BH$har cmBZ

iv)

{~N>mE OmZo H$s VmarI

VH$
Q>e
o Z Ho$ ~rM

aocnW gaMZm
aoc
i)

goeZ H$m ^ma

ii)

amoqcJ _mH$

iii)
iv)

{~N>mE OmZo H$m df


amoc H$s JB aocm| H$s c~mB

v)

H$maImZm Ohm aoc doS> H$s JB

vi)

dopS>J {S>nmo H$m H$ma - ce ~>/Jg Xm~

vii)

{S>nmo _| dopS>V nZcm| H$s c~mB


`m {\$e-~moQ> {N> ~ZmE JE Wo

viii)
ix)

2.2

go
go

`m W{_Q> dopS>J d-WmZ/


gog na gmYmaU E`w{_Zmo W{_H$ {H$`m/
d[aV E`w{_Zmo W{_H$ {H$`m/Eg Ho$ dr/
E\$ ~r gMc cmQ> mam H$s JB

crna
ii)

H$ma
gKZVm AWdm {V {H$_r crnam| H$s g`m

iii)

~YH$m| Ho$ H$ma

i)

79

hm/Zhr

ANNEXURE - XI
(Para 8.2.1)
DIVISION:
SUB - DIVISION:
PWI:
LWR/CWR No.:
DETAILS OF STRUCTURE OF LWR/CWR AS LAID:
1.

GENERAL
i)

Kilometers

to

ii)

Between stations

and

iii)

Up/Down/Single line

iv)

Date of laying

2.

TRACK STRUCTURE

2.1

Rails
i)

Sectional weight

ii)

Rolling mark

iii)

Year of laying

iv)

Length of rails as rolled

v)

Plant where rails welded

vi)

Types of depot welding - Flash Butt/Gas pressure

vii)

Length welded into panels at depot

viii) Whether fish-bolt holes provided


(ix)

2.2

Thermit welding done in-situ/on cess


by ordinary alumino-thermic process/
quick alumino-thermic process/SKV/
FB by Mobile plant

Sleepers
i)

Type

ii)

Density or No. per km.

iii)

Type of fastenings

79

Yes/No

2.3

2.4

iv)

aoc E|H$a `{X `moJ {H$E JE hmo

v)

E|H$[aV crnam| Ho$ {ddaU

vi)

~mg-E|H$[aV aocnW H$s c~mB`m, pW[V, H$maU

{J>r Ama Cn {J>r


i)
AmH$ma ({__r)
ii)

Hw$eZ H$s JhamB ({__r)

iii)

{J>r H$s A{V_ Jhar g\$mB (H$sqZJ) H$s VmarI

Eg B Oo
i)
pW[V ({H$_r)
ii)

{~N>mE OmZo H$s VmarI

iii)

g^m{dV A{YH$V_ Imcr OJh ({__r)

iv)
v)

S>mBJ g.
{Z_mVm

vi)

`m Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama go _erZ OmoS > mam,


BZgwcoQ>oS> OmoS> AWdm dopS>J OmoS> mam OmoS>m J`m

2.5

JS>a nwc
i)
pW[V Ama g`m
ii)

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama dmco nwcm| H$s c~mB Ama nZ

iii)

`w$ ~YH$m| H$m H$ma

H$moB A` {ddaU
g_nma
iv)

2.6

pW[V Ama g`m


3.

JSo >, gaI


o U VWm \$ma_oeZ
ii)

A{YH$V_ IS>m T >mc


dH$Vm H$s A{YH$V_ {S>Jr

iii)

\$ma_oeZ (_Xm H$m H$ma ~VmBE)

iv)

{~N>mE OmZo Ho$ g_` \$ma_oeZ H$s g_`m VWm {H$`m J`m CnMma, `{X H$moB hmo,

i)

Ho$ {ddaU (JSo >, dH$ VWm pW{V`m| H$mo XemZo dmcm Ho$M gc {H$`m OmE)

80

2.3

2.4

iv)

Rail anchors if in use

v)

Details of sleepers anchored

vi)

Lengths of track box-anchored, location, reasons

Ballast and Sub-Ballast


i)

Size (mm)

ii)

Depth of cushion (mm)

iii)

Date of last deep screening of ballast

SEJ
i)

Location (km)

ii)

Date of laying

iii)

Maximum gap possible (mm)

iv)

Drawing No.

v)

Manufactured by

vi)

Whether joined to LWR/CWR by machined,


insulated or welded joint

2.5

2.6

Girder Bridges
i)

Location and No.

ii)

Lengths and spans of bridges with LWR/CWR

iii)

Type of fastenings used

iv)

Any other remarks

Level Crossings
Location and No.

3.

GRADES, ALIGNMENT AND FORMATION


i)

Steepest gradient

ii)

Maximum degree of curvature

iii)

Formation (indicate type of soil)

iv)

Particulars of trouble with formation and


treatment given, if any, at the time of laying.
(Sketch showing grades and curves with locations
to be attached)

80

n[a{e>-XII
(nam 8.2.1)
Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama AZwajU Ama {ZnmXZ H$m dm{fH$ [aH$mS>
1.

AZwajU {ddaU
df/df/df/df

2.

i)

_ZA
w c/_erZ mam {~N>mE OmZo Ho$ g_`
nqH$J H$s {d{Y

ii)

`{X _erZ mam Vmo `w$ _erZ/Q>na H$m H$ma

iii)

AZwajU Ho$ XmamZ nqH$J _ZA


w c ~rQ>a/_ZA
w c E_ Eg nr/_erZ mam

iv)

`{X _erZ mam Vmo `w$ _erZ/Q>na H$m H$ma

v)

`m {ZXo{eV AZwajU `dpWV/EH$ {gao go Xygao {gao VH$


AZwajU ({gQ>_o {o Q>H$ Wy nqH$J) {H$`m J`m h Ama `{X ~mX
dmcm h Vmo Ad{Y O~ Cgo {H$`m J`m

vi)

pW{V, Ohm na ~ma-~ma AZwajU H$s Amd`H$Vm hmoVr h, `{X H$moB hmo

vii)

nwZ ^ar JB {J>r H$s _mm

Ocdm`w g~Y
r {ddaU
(Zmn Ho$dc MwZo JE Ec S>`y Ama na hr cr OmE)

3.

i)

nam

ii)

A{YH$V_ aoc Vmn_mZ {S>Jr gopg`g _|

iii)

A{YH$V_ n[adoer Vmn_mZ {S>Jr gopg`g _|

iv)

aoc H$m `yZV_ Vmn_mZ {S>Jr gopg`g _|

v)

`yZV_ n[adoer Vmn_mZ {S>Jr gopg`g _|

5.2

Ho$ AVJV Vmn_mZ _| {V{XZ A{YH$V_ ~Xcmd

gWmnZ, S>r-Q>qo gJ Am{X Ho$ {ddaU


_X (i) go (iv) nhcr ~ma Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ {~N>mE
VWm S>r-Q>go {H$E OmVo hr ^ao OmE&
i)

gWmnZ Vmn_mZ

ii)

Cg jo _| aoc H$m AmgV Vmn_mZ


81

ANNEXURE-XII
(Para 8.2.1)
ANNUAL RECORD OF LWR/CWR MAINTENANCE AND PERFORMANCE
1.

Maintenance Details
Year/Year/Year/Year

2.

i)

Method of packing at the time of


laying, manual/by machines

ii)

If by machine, type of machine/


tamper used

iii)

Packing during maintenance - manual


beater/manual MSP/by machines

iv)

If by machines, type of machine/


tamper used

v)

Whether directed maintenance/


systematic through packing is done and
if the latter, the period when it is done

vi)

Location requiring repeated maintenance, if any

vii)

Quantity of ballast recouped

Climatic Details
(Measurements shall be taken on representative LWR only)

3.

i)

Maximum daily variation


in temperature, vide para 5.2

ii)

Max. rail temperature 0C

iii)

Max. ambient temperature 0C

iv)

Minimum rail temperature 0C

v)

Minimum ambient temperature 0C

Details of Installation, Destressing etc.


Items (i) to (iv) to be entered soon after
LWR is laid and destressed for the first time.
i)

Installation temperature

ii)

Mean rail temperature for the locality

81

df/df/df/df

4.

iii)

S>r-Q>oqgJ Ho$ g_` H$m Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r

iv)

S>r-Q>oqgJ H$aZo Ho$ H$maU

v)

~mX _| H$s JB S>r-Q>oqgJ H$m Vmn_mZ Ama VmarI

Agm_m` KQ>ZmE
i)

aoc Qy>Q>Zm

ii)

~H$qcJ (WmZ VWm ~H$qcJ Ho$ H$maU)

iii)

Eg B Oo Ag|~cr Ho$ nwOm] H$mo ~XcZm


H$) ~YH$
I) ~moQ>
J)

crna

K)

AZwX ` Q>mB (~YZr)

L>)

E_ Eg ~H $o Q>

M)

Mo`a (AmgZ)

N>) a~S> nS>

5.

O)

Q>J aoc

P)

Q>mH$-aoc

iv)

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$m dh {hgm


Ohm n{hE nQ>ar go CVa JE hm| Ama XwKQ >ZmE
hB hm| (^m{dV {hgo Ho$ {H$cmo_rQ>a {cI|)

v)

crnam| H$mo ~XcZm ({H$_r {cI| VWm ~Xco JE


crnam| H$s g`m VWm H$maU ~VmE)

vi)

aocm| H$m ~XcZm (c~mB, {H$_r Ama H$maU {cI|)

\$ma_oeZ
i)

{~N>mZo Ho$ ~mX H$s H$moB g_`m Ama CgH$m CnMma

82

Year/Year/Year/Year

4.

5.

iii)

Temperature at the time of destressing td

iv)

Reasons for carrying out the destressing

v)

Subsequent destressing done - temperature and date

Unusual Occurrences
i)

Rail fractures

ii)

Buckling (Location and reasons for buckling)

iii)

Replacement of components in SEJ assembly


a)

Fastenings

b)

Bolts

c)

Sleepers

d)

Longitudinal ties

e)

MS bracket

f)

Chairs

g)

Rubber pads

h)

Tongue rails

i)

Stock rails

iv)

Derailments and accidents on the


LWR/CWR portion
(give km of the affected portion)

v)

Replacement of sleepers (give km


and the number of sleepers replaced
and reasons)

vi)

Replacement of rails
(indicate length, km and reasons)

FORMATION
i)

Any trouble subsequent to laying


and the treatment given

82

83

10

11

12

`{X Eg B Oo Ho$ Xmo _` pcnam| _| AVa 700 + 10 {__r go A{YH$ hmo Vmo VwaV n[aemoYZ {H$`m OmE&

4.

{V{W
H$mo

BH$har cmBZ na XmB Ama ~mB aoc H$m {ZYmaU ~T>Vo hE {H$_r H$s {Xem H$mo XoIVo hE {H$`m OmE&

Eg B Oo Z. Eg B Oo Z.
...... na
..... na

3.

AZwk`o
Xyar

Xmohar cmBZ na XmB Ama ~mB aoc H$m {ZYmaU `mVm`mV H$s {Xem H$mo XoIVo hE {H$`m OmE&

AdcmoH$Z
(I)

2.

AZwk`o
Xyar

13

mam

n[aemo{YV
H$aZm

O~ Q>J aoc/Q>mH$ aoc AmgV pW[V go nma H$aVm hmo Vmo Eogo _m_co _| EH$ ({ZJoQ>rd) {M ma^ _| cJm`m OmE& Bgo N>mSo >H$a "E' Ama "~r' nmo{O{Q>d hr ah|Jo &

AdcmoH$Z
(H$)

aoc H$m XmB `m Eg B Oo Z.... na Q>J aoc/Q>mH$ Eg B Oo Z....na Q>J aoc/Q>mH$ Xmo g|Q>c pcnam| Ho$ ~rM _` go _mnZo dmcm
Vmn_mZ ~mB
aoc Ama gX{^V cmBZ Ho$ ~rM aoc Ama gX{^V cmBZ Ho$ ~rM
_` H$m AVa {__r _|
A{YH$mar
aoc
H$s Xyar {__r _|
H$s Xyar {__r _|

1.

{Q>nUr:

ZmnZo H$m
g_`

ZmnZo H$s
{V{W

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Z. .............................................. H$m gMcZ MmQ>


Bg Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ AV _| Eg B Oo : {H$._r. ......... na Eg B Oo Z. ....... {H$._r. ....... na Eg B Oo Z. ......

n[a{e>-XIII E
(nam 8.2.1)

14

{deof
H$WZ

83

10

At SEJ
No.......
11

12

On date

13

By

14

If spacing of 2 central sleepers of SEJ differ by more than 700 + 10 mm, immediate rectification will be made.

At SEJ
No.......

Remarks

4.

Permissible
range

Measured Rectification
by
carried out

Left and right rails on single lines are determined, looking in the direction of increasing kilometrage.

Observed
(b)

C/C spacing (mm)


between the two
central sleepers

3.

Permissible
range

Distance (mm) between


tongue/stock rail &
reference line
at SEJ No. .......

Left and right rails on double lines are determined looking in the direction of traffic.

Observed
(a)

Distance (mm) between


tongue/stock rail &
reference line
at SEJ No. .......

at km

2.

Right
or
Left
Rail

; SEJ No.

(a) and (b) will almost always be positive, except when tongue/stock rail crosses mean position. In such a case, a (-ve) sign will be prefixed.

Rail
Temp.

at km

1.

Note:

Time
of measurement

Date
of measurement

SEJs at the ends of this LWR : SEJ No.

ANNEXURE-XIII A
(Para 8.2.1)
CHART OF MOVEMENT OF LWR/CWR No.

84

{Q>nUr:

......

Ama H$m _` {H$_r na...

{H$_r

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y


4

......

{H$_r
5

......

{H$_r
6

......

{H$_r

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama* Ho$ ZmZ ~rqWJ coW _| {d{^ gX^ V^m| Ho$ nmg aoc na
{H$E JE Ama gX^ {M Ho$ ~rM H$m AVa ({__r)

_mnZodmcm
A{YH$mar

{V{W H$mo mam

n[aemo{YV H$aZm

*Xmohar cmBZ na `mVm`mV H$s {Xem _| aoc H$m gMcZ nmo{O{Q>d ahoJm Ama BH$har cmBZ na ~T>Vo hE {H$_r H$s {Xem _| nmo{O{Q>d ahoJm&

XmB `m ~mB
aoc

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Z. ............. Ho$ _` ^mJ H$m gMcZ MmQ>

n[a{e>-XIII ~r
(nam 8.2.1)

10

{deof
H$WZ

84

Note:

Centre of LWR/CWR
at km........
3

km ...........
4

km ...........
5

km ...........
6

km ...........
7

Measured
by

On date

By

Rectification
carried out

10

Remarks

*Movement of rail shall be positive in the direction of traffic on double lines and in the direction of heavier traffic on single
lines which shall be specified.

Right or
Left Rail

Distance (mm) between Ref. mark & mark on Rail at


various Ref. Pillars in non-B.L. of LWR/CWR*

ANNEXURE-XIII B
(Para 8.2.1)
CHART OF MOVEMENT IN CENTRAL PORTION OF LWR/CWR No. .....................

n[a{e>-XIV
(nam 9.3)
aocnW {_r, _oQ> VWm H$s_Z Ho$ {cE Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ AZw_V H$m`
1.

Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama AmOma amoO MoH$ H$a|


{_r Ho$ nmg OmJoS> {\$ecoQ>m| Ho$ Xmo OmoS>o, 2 cn,
{\$ecoQ>,| aoc cmoOa Qw>H$S>,o EH$ grYr {H$Zmar (EO)
Bg W_m_rQ>a H$mo aocnW {ZarjH$ Ho$ H$m`mc` _| aIo
MoH$ {H$`m OmE&

2.

AnZo goeZ/nZc H$m Q>rS>r _mcy_ H$a|&

3.

{J>r goeZ H$mo nyU gKZ Xem _| {deof $n go {H$~m| VWm emoS>am| na ~ZmE aI|& {J>r H$s H$_r
H$s gyMZm aocnW {ZarjH$ H$mo Xr OmE&

4.

nXc VWm _doer H$mqgJm| na H$S>r ZOa aI| Ohm {J>r h_oem AV-`V hmoVr ahVr h& {J>r H$s
H$_r H$mo erKVm go nyam H$a|&

5.

AnZo Eg B Oo _| `oH$ nIdmS>o _| EH$ ~ma Voc S>mc| VWm Jrg cJmE&

6.

A`m{YH$ Vmn_mZm| na Eg B Oo H$s Imcr OJhm| H$mo MoH$ H$a|&

7.

H$_Mm[a`m| H$mo ~H$qcJ, aoc-Qy>Q>Z Am{X H$mo Ty>T>Zo VWm Eogo _m_cm| _| Jm{S>`m| H$s gwajm Ho$ ~mao _|
{e{jV H$a|&

8.

JV AmOmam| H$mo gXd Mmcy hmcV _| aI| VWm Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$ Vmn_mZ, Omo
W_m_rQ>a _| cmc aJ go {MphV hmoVm h, hmo OmZo na aocnW H$s JV cJmZm ew$ H$a|&

9.

{ZYm[aV Ad{Y`m| Ho$ {cE Vm{cH$m Ho$ AZwgma JV cJmZm ew$ H$a|&

10.

J{_`m| _| J^ra gaoIU Iam{~`m| Ho$ {cE H$S>r ZOa aI|& Jm{S>`m| H$mo ~MmE Ama AnZo d[a>
H$_Mm[a`m| H$mo gy{MV H$a|&

11.

Ohm ^r E|H$a cJo hm| Ch| gXd crna go gQ>m H$a aIm OmE&

12.

EH$ g_` _| Ho$dc EH$ crna H$s {\$qQ>J H$mo hr Z`m H$a|&

13.

`h gw{ZpMV H$a| {H$ h_oem g^r {\$qQ>J H$gr hB VWm ghr WmZ na cJr hm|&

14.

J{_`m| _| aocnW {~Zm D$na CR>mE AWdm Imoco hr T >rco crnam| H$mo nH$ H$a|&

15.

E|R>Z H$mo Xya H$aVo g_` {\${Q>Jm| H$mo g_m`mo{OV H$aZo Ho$ {cE EH$ ~ma _| Ho$dc EH$ `m Xmo crnam|
na hr H$m` H$a|&

16.

O~ Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+100 gopg`g go ZrMo hmo V^r VH$ Oar AZwajU H$mo gr{_V aI|&

17.

gwT >rH$aU Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r+200 gopg`g go A{YH$ hmo OmZo na J{V gr_m cmJy
H$a|&
85

VWm gmW co OmE & `oH$ JJ_oQ>/aocnW


EH$ aoc W_m_rQ>a, EH$ _rQ>a c~r {deof
VWm EH$ {\$ca-JoO
Ad` hmoZ| Mm{hE&
_mZH$ W_m_rQ>a Ho$ gmW {Z`{_V $n go

ANNEXURE-XIV
(Para 9.3)
DOs OF LWR FOR PWM, MATES & KEYMAN

1.

Check and carry LWR/CWR equipment daily. Each Gangmate/PWM should


keep two sets of joggled fishplates, 2 clamps, one rail thermometer, special 1m long
fishplates, rail closure pieces, one straight edge and one feeler-gauge. The
thermometer should be regularly checked with that of standard thermometer kept in
PWIs office.

2.

Know the td of your section/panels.

3.

Keep the ballast section full and in compacted condition particularly in cribs and
shoulders. Deficiency in ballast shall be brought to the notice of PWI.

4.

Keep close watch on pedestrian and cattle crossings, where the ballast is always
disturbed. Make up ballast deficiency promptly.

5.

Get your SEJs oiled and greased once in a fortnight.

6.

Check the gaps of SEJ at extremes of temperatures.

7.

Train men in detecting buckling, rail fractures etc. and protection of the trains in such
cases.

8.

Keep the patrolling equipments always handy and start patrolling of track as soon as
temperature exceeds td+200C which is marked on the thermometer in red.

9.

Commence patrolling as per laid down schedule for the prescribed periods.

10. Keep sharp look out for severe alignment defects in summer. Protect the trains and
report to supervisors.
11.

Keep the anchors wherever provided always butting against the sleepers.

12. Renew fittings only on one sleeper at a time.


13. Ensure that fittings are tightly fitted at proper places at all times.
14. Pack loose sleepers without lifting or opening track in summer .
15. Attend only one or two sleepers at a time for adjusting fittings while removing a kink.
16. Confine essential maintenance to period when the temperature is below td+100C.
17. Impose speed restriction if temperature exceeds td+200C during consolidation period.

85

Eg B Oo, dgZ c~mB`m|, dH$m|, g_Vc H$mqgJm| Ho$ nhM


_mJm], {J>r a{hV nwcm|, {j{VO VWm
D$dmYa dH$m| na {deof `mZ X|&
19. W_m_rQ>a H$mo Cg na C{MV Vmn_mZ gr_mAm| H$s _m{H$J g{hV Mmcy hmcV _| aIm OmE& {d{^
H$m`m] Ho$ {c`o W_m_rQ>a na _mH$ {H$E JE AZwgma Vmn_mZ {V~Ym| H$s gr_mE `mX aI|&
20. `h MoH$ H$a| {H$ Eg B Oo Ho$ gX^ I^| VWm Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama Ho$ _` ^mJ Ho$
gX^ I^o (nmoQ>) ghr T >J go AZwa{jV h&
21. gr Eg Q>r-9 _mJ na {J>r H$s {H$~ Ama emoS>a H$s nqH$J na {deof `mZ X|&
22. N> _Xm| H$mo `mX aI|: (i) Jm`~ Ama T >rco ~YH$, (ii) {J>r H$s H$_r, (iii) JcV gaI
o U,
(iv) gaH$mZm (cr`yBJ
), (v) D$na CR>mZm, (vi) AZw{MV nqH$J, {OZHo$ ~mao _| Amn ~H$qcJ go
~MZo Ho$ {cE ~hV gmdYmZ ah|&
23. aocnW _| O~ H$ht ~H$qcJ AWdm Qy>Q>Z hmo Vmo Eogo _| Omo Hw$N> H$aZm hmo dh `mX aI|&
24. `h gw{Z{V H$a| H$s g^r nwcm| Ama CgHo$ nhM
w _mJm] _| g^r {\$qQ>J| cJr hm| Ama Ch| {Z`{_V
$n go H$gm OmVm hmo&
aocnW {_r, _oQ> VWm H$s_Z Ho$ {cE Ec S>`y Ama Ho$ {Z{f H$m`
1.
aocnW {ZarjH$ Ho$ {deof $n go AZwX{o eV {H$E ~Ja aocnW H$mo AZmd`H$ $n go Z N>So >| &
2.
J_u Ho$ _{hZm| Ho$ ma^ Ho$ ~mX Wy-nqH$J Z H$a|&
3.
EH$ ~ma VWm EH$ hr g_` _| emoS>a Ama {H$~ H$s {J>r H$mo Zht \$cmE &
4.
~YH$m| Ho$ ~XcZo VWm H$mo-~ma go aocnW H$mo gaH$mZo Ho$ {cE crnam| H$mo nH$ H$aVo g_` aocnW
H$mo D$na CR>mZo H$s H$mo{ee Z H$a|&
5.
EH$ n>r _| 30 crnam| go A{YH$ Ho$ {cE aocnW H$mo Z Imoc| & Imocr JB c~mB`m| Ho$ XmoZm| Amoa
H$_-go-H$_ 30 crna nyar Vah go ~mg {H$E hE (~Y)o aIo| &
6.
20,000 Q>Z H$m `mVm`mV JwOaZo VH$ AWdm Xmo {XZm| ~mX Omo ^r ~mX _| hmo, V~ VH$ {ZH$Q> H$s
c~mB H$mo Z Imoc| &
7.
EH$ ~ma _| 30 crnam| _| EH$ go A{YH$ crna H$mo Z ~Xc|&
8.
EH$ ~ma _| 15 crnam| _| EH$ crna go A{YH$ na, ~YH$m| H$mo cJmVo g_` `{X D$na CR>mZo H$s
Amd`H$Vm Z hmo Vmo Z`m Z H$a|&
9.
EH$ ~ma _| 30 crnam| _| EH$ crna go A{YH$ na, ~YH$m| H$mo `{X CZH$mo cJmVo g_` D$na CR>mZo H$s
Amd`H$Vm hmo Vmo Z`m Z H$a|&
10. aocnW _| T >rcr, Jm`~ AWdm A-^mdr ~YH$mo H$mo Z ahZo X|&
11. `oH$ nIdmS>o _| Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama H$s dgZ c~mB`m| H$mo MoH$ H$aZm Ama R>rH$
H$aZm Z ^yc| &
12. aocnW H$mo 50 {__r go A{YH$ D$na Z CR>mE ^co hr Vmn_mZ Q>rS>r Ho$ AXa hmo&
18.

86

18. Pay special attention to SEJs, breathing lengths, curves, approaches to level
crossings, unballasted bridges, horizontal and vertical curves.
19. Keep the rail thermometer with proper markings with limiting temperature ranges
thereon in proper working order. Learn the limits of temperature restrictions as
marked on thermometers for various operations.
20. Check that reference posts at SEJ and at centre of LWR/CWR are correctly
maintained.
21. Pay special attention for crib and shoulder packing of ballast on CST-9 road.
22. Learn the six items (i) missing and loose fastenings, (ii) shortage of ballast,
(iii) misalignment, (iv) slewing, (v) lifting (vi) improper packing, about which you
should be very careful to avoid buckling.
23. Learn what to do when there is buckling or fracture in the track.
24. Ensure that all bridges and its approaches have all fittings at all times and are regularly
tightened.
DONTs of LWR for PWM, Mates & Keyman
1.

Do not touch the track unnecessarily unless specifically instructed by PWI.

2.

Do not undertake through packing after the onset of summer months.

3.

Do not open shoulder and crib ballast at one and the same time.

4.

Do not try to lift the track while packing sleepers for replacement of fastenings and
slewing with crow bars.

5.

Do not open the track for more than 30 sleepers in a stretch. Keep at least 30 fully
boxed sleeper between adjacent lengths opened out.

6.

Do not open the adjacent length till the passage of 20,000 tonnes of traffic or two
days, whichever is later.

7.

Do not renew more than one sleeper within 30 sleepers at a time.

8.

Do not renew fastenings not requiring lifting on more than one sleeper within 15
sleepers at a time.

9.

Do not renew fastenings requiring lifting on more than one sleeper within 30 sleepers
at a time.

10. Do not allow loose, missing or ineffective fastenings to remain in track.


11.

Do not neglect checking and attending to the breathing lengths of LWR/CWR


in a fortnight.

12. Do not lift track by more than 50 mm even if temperature is within td.

86

jsy rkieku {ks=ksa dks n'kkZrs gq, Hkkjr dk ekufp=


ladsr &
{ks=
I
II
III
IV

rkieku dk izlkj
40 TO 50OC
51 TO 60OC
61 TO 70OC
71 TO 76OC

1 fdlh Hkh LVsku ij izkIr gq, jsy rkiekuksa


dk izlkj vkSj vkSlr ek/; jsy rkieku
dks dks"Bd ds ckgj vkSj varj ek%
fn[kk;k x;k gSA
2 mijksDr fn, x, eku flfoy bathfu;jh
fjiksVZ ^^bUosfLVxslu vku
osYMsM VSd izksxzsl] fjiksVZ la[;k 2&
Hkkjrh; jsy rkieku dk v/;;u ]
v-v-Ekk-la- ij vk/kkfjr gSA
3 ;g Ldsp v-v-Ekk-la- ds vkjs[k
la bZ Mh vks@Vh&1430 ij vk/kkfjr gSA
^^

87

MAP OF INDIA SHOWING RAIL TEMPERATURE ZONES

LEGEND ZONE
I
II
III
IV

RANGE OF TEMP
40 TO 50OC
51 TO 60OC
61 TO 70OC
71 TO 76OC

(1) The range of rail temperature


obtaining at a station and the annual
mean rail temperature have been
indicated outside and inside the
brackets respectively.
(2) The above stated values are based on
civil engineering research report,
Investigations on welded track,
progress report No. 2-Study of Rail
Temperatures in India, R.D.S.O.
(3) This sketch is based on R.D.S.O. Drg.
No. EDO/T-1430.

87

{JQ>Q>r mo\$mBc (BH$har cmBZ ~S>r cmBZ)

{M: 4.2.1(E)a
{M

O~ gr Eg Q>r - 9 crna na Ec S>`y Ama


{~N>m`m J`m hmo, Vmo {JQ>Q>r mo\$mBc
Or

~r
EM

:40

E$

gr0
B

S>r

:40

E\$1(H$qQ>J Ho$ {cE)


E\$ (E~H$_|Q>)
Or
JoO

crna H$m
H$ma

cH$S>r Ho$

Q>rc Q>\$

nr Ama gr

~r

gr0

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

S>r

B0

E\$

E\$ 1

6850
6850

6250
6250

6850

6250

6850

6250

6850

6250

6850

6250

EM

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

{Q>nUr:
1. crna Ho$ Vc Ho$ ZrMo `yZV_ gm\$ nWa H$s {J>r Hw$eZ AWmV E=250 {__r
2. do _mJ, Ohm J{V 130 {H$_r/K go A{YH$ aIZr h E=300 {__r `m 200 {__r, 150 {__r Cn {J>r g{hV
3. 0Ho$dc dH$ H$s ~mhar {Xem _|
4. {J>r mo\$mBc Ho$ gmBS> cmon Ho$ {cE Cn`w$ cmon {X`m OmE
5. \$m_}eZ MmS>mB (E\$ VWm E\$ 1) Ho$ {cE Am`m_, Ho$dc grYo ^mJ Ho$ {cE {XE JE h & dH$m| Ho$ ~mha
A{V[a$ {J>r emoS>a VWm gwna EcrdoeZ H$mo `mZ aIVo hE Bgo Cn`w$ $n go ~T>m`m OmE
6. g^r Am`m_ {__r _| h

88

Fig: 4.2.1(a)

40

40

6850

88

6850

6250
6250

6850

6250

6850

6250

6850

6250

6850

6250

{M: 4.2.1(~r)
{M

{JQ>Q >r mo\$mBc (BH$har cmBZ _rQ>a cmBZ)

Ohm ~T>r hB cQ>ac Q>oW Ano{jV


hmo, dhm nyaH$ ~copQ>J H$s OmZr h
Or

~r
EM

:40

E$

gr0
B0

S>r

:40

E\$1 (H$[Q>J Ho$ {cE)


E\$ (E~H$_|Q> Ho$ {cE)
Or
JoO

crna H$m
H$ma

cH$S>r Ho$

gr0

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

Q>rc Q>\$

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

nr Ama gr

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

gr Eg Q>r - 9

~r

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

S>r

B0

E\$

E\$ 1

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

EM

{Q>nUr:
1. crna Ho$ Vc Ho$ ZrMo `yZV_ gm\$ nWa H$s {J>r Hw$eZ AWmV E=250 {__r
2. do _mJ, Ohm J{V 100 {H$_r/K go A{YH$ aIZr h E=300 {__r `m 200 {__r, 150 {__r Cn {J>r g{hV
3. 0Ho$dc dH$ H$s ~mhar {Xem _|
4. {J>r mo\$mBc Ho$ gmBS> cmon Ho$ {cE Cn`w$ cmon {X`m OmE
5. \$m_}eZ MmS>mB (E\$ VWm E\$ 1) Ho$ {cE Am`m_, Ho$dc grYo ^mJ Ho$ {cE {XE JE h& dH$m| Ho$ ~mha
A{V[a$ {J>r emoS>a VWm gwna EcrdoeZ H$mo `mZ aIVo hE Bgo Cn`w$ $n go ~T>m`m OmE
6. g^r Am`m_ {__r _| h

89

Fig: 4.2.1(b)

40

40

89

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

500

5850

5250

500

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

5850

5250

{JQ>Q>r mo\$mBc (Xmohar cmBZ ~S>r cmBZ)

{M: 4.2.1(gr)

AmYma Vc H$m
aoc nW H$m

</ 900
</ 600

EM

~r

Or

1:40 E $

S>r

Or
JoO

crna H$m
H$ma
cH$S>r

Q>rc Q>\$

nr Ama gr

~r

O~ gr Eg Q>r-9 crna na
Ec S>`y Ama {~N>m`m J`m hmo,
Vmo {JQ>Q>r mo\$mBc

aoc nW H$m
Oo
gr0 ~r
Or

gr0

E $ 1:40
B0
E\$1(H$qQ>J Ho$ {cE)
E\$ (E~H$_|Q Ho$ {cE)

gr0

S>r

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

B0

E\$

E\$ 1

Oo

EM

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

{Q>nUr:
1. crna Ho$ Vc Ho$ ZrMo `yZV_ gm\$ nWa H$s {J>r Hw$eZ AWmV E=250 {__r
2. do _mJ, Ohm J{V 130 {H$_r/K go A{YH$ aIZr h E=300 {__r `m 200 {__r, 150 {__r Cn {J>r g{hV
3. 0Ho$dc dH$ H$s ~mhar {Xem _|
4. {J>r mo\$mhc Ho$ gmBS> cmon Ho$ {cE Cn`w$ cmon {X`m OmE
5. \$m_}eZ MmS>mB (E\$ VWm E\$ 1) Ho$ {cE Am`m_, Ho$dc grYo ^mJ Ho$ {cE {XE JE h& dH$m| Ho$ ~mha A{V[a$
{J>r emoS>a VWm gwna EcrdoeZ H$mo `mZ aIVo hE Bgo Cn`w$ $n go ~T>m`m OmE
6. g^r Am`m_ {__r _| h

90

Fig: 4.2.1(c)

40

40

90

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

12155 11555

5300

{JQ>Q>r mo\$mBc (Xmohar cmBZ _rQ>a cmBZ)

{M:4.2.1(S>r)

AmYma Vc H$m
aoc nW H$m

</ 900
</ 600

~r

Or

1:40
S>r

Or
JoO

crna H$m
H$ma

~r

aoc nW H$m
Oo
gr0 ~r
Or

gr0

,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na
Q>rc Q>\$
,
Cn {J>r
Ho$ D$na

gr Eg Q>r - 9

gr0

1:40
B0
E\$1(H$qQ>J Ho$ {cE)
E\$ (E~H$_|Q> Ho$ {cE)

cH$S>r Ho$

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Ohm ~T>r hB cQ>ac Q>W Ano{jV hmo,


dhm nyaH$ ~copQ>J H$s OmZr h

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9810

9210

EM

Oo

, r
Cn {J>
Ho$ D$na

, r
Cn {J>
Ho$ D$na

{Q>nUr :
1. crna Ho$ Vc Ho$ ZrMo `yZV_ gm\$ nWa H$s {J>r Hw$eZ AWmV E=250 {__r
2. do _mJ, Ohm J{V 100 {H$_r/K go A{YH$ aIZr h E=300 {__r `m 200 {__r, 150 {__r Cn {J>r g{hV
3. 0Ho$dc dH$ H$s ~mhar {Xem _|
4. {J>r mo\$mBc Ho$ gmBS> cmon Ho$ {cE Cn`w$ cmon {X`m OmE
5. \$m_}eZ MmS>mB (E\$ VWm E\$ 1) Ho$ {cE Am`m_, Ho$dc grYo ^mJ Ho$ {cE {XE JE h& dH$m| Ho$ ~mha A{V[a$
{J>r emoS>a VWm gwna EcrdoeZ H$mo `mZ aIVo hE Bgo Cn`w$ $n go ~T>m`m OmE
6. g^r Am`m_ {__r _| h

91

Fig: 4.2.1(d)

40

40

91

9810

9210

9810

9210

9810

9210

9810

9210

9810

9210

9810

9210

9810

9210

9810

9210

9810

9210

92

aoc goeZ

{\$ecoQ> H$s c~mB 1000

(1) g^r Am`m_ {__r _o h


(2) BZ {\$ecoQ>m| Ho$ gmW AmaoI g B S>r Amo/Q>r-2188 Ho$ AZwgma H$cn cJ|Jo.

ZmM

BS>rAmo/Q>r
BS>rAmo/Q>r
BS>rAmo/Q>r

AmaoI g.

{H$Jm `y AmB gr
{H$Jm
Ama

aoc goeZ

Ama S>r Eg Amo Q>r


Q>r-090
Q>r-1

{\$ecoQ> goeZ

Am`m_ "E' AmaoI g. Ho$ AZwgma

cnS> OmoS>m| (~S>r cmBZ) Ho$ {cE 1 _r c~r {deof {\$ecoQ>


{M: 4.4.3(E)

280

60
52
90

Fig: 4.4.3(a)

92

93

Ama

Ama

Ama

H$y pnS>c

Ama

`mg

ZQ>

~r

Ama gr

c n

Ama Ama

Ama

Ama

Ama

Ama

S>r
B
cmZ

Ama

"~r gr' na
go eZ

Ama

Ama

cr\$ pJ

Ama

H $ n

S>mBJ g. B S>r Amo/Q>r-2188

"S>r B' na goeZ

Ama

Ama

Ama

doS>

1. cr\$pJ H$mo N>moS>H$a, Omo [H$ pnJ Q>rc go ~Zm h, g^r {hgo
_mBS> Q>rc go ~Zo h
2. g^r Am`m_ {__r _| h

{Q>nUr:

{H$Jm `y AmB gr

1 _rQ>a c~r {deof [\$ecoQ>m| H$mo cJmZo Ho$ {cE H$y cn


{M: 4.4.3(~r) ~r
{M:

Fig: 4.4.3(b)

93

a
Am

94

{H Jm
aoc H$m \w$Q>

> Zm~

AmaoI g. Ama S>r Eg Amo/Q>r5552 VWm Ama S>r Eg Amo/


Q>r-5552/1 Ho$ AZwgma cn

W{_Q> doS> H$m AZw_m{ZV mo\$mBc

Ama

EcrdoeZ

Ama S>r Eg Amo/Q>r-5551 H$mo `hm


Q>n H$aZm h

{Q>nUr:
1. g^r Am`m_ {_{c_rQ>am| _| h
2. AmXoe XoZo go nyd ZdrZV_ n[aemoYZmo H$s OmM H$s OmEJr
3. O~ BZ OmJS> {\$ecoQ>m| VWm cnm| H$m `moJ {H$`m OmVm h,
V~ 20 {H$_r/K H$s J{V gr_m cmJy H$s OmEJr
4. {~Zm PcmB Ho$, aocm| H$mo AWmB Vma na OmoS >Zo Ho$ {cE, E_ Eg
cnm| g{hV gmYmaU {\$ecoQ>m| H$m Cn`moJ {H$`m OmE
5. dmBQ> crna noqgJ H$mo, cnm| H$mo cJmZo Ho$ {cE C{MV $n go
n[aemo{YV {H$`m OmE

cn H$m
S>r
cn H$m

gr

Ama

E\$

Ama S>r Eg Amo


Q>r-5551

W{_Q> doS> H$m


AZw_m{ZV mo\$mBc

hQ>mB JB YmVw

AmaoI g. Ama S>r Eg Amo/Q>r


-5551 Ho$ AZwgma {\$ecoQ

gr-S>r H$m goeZ

{H$Jm

B-E\$ H$m goeZ

{H$Jm

OmJS> {\$ecoQ> H$m {S>Q>oc Ed cn H$s nmo{OeZ


{M:
gr

94

IN MILLIM E

ICTION OF
FISHPLATES A

NS SHALL B

Fig: 4.4.3(c)

Eg B Oo

95

cmBqS>J ~o`[aJ

[Mh
5
amH$a ~o`[aJ
== amoca ~o`[aJ

Eg B Oo

_r

JS>a

{Q>nUr :
Q>J aoc, JS>a Ho$ \$s {gao Ho$ H$_ _| hmoJr

JS>a

{M: 4.5.7.1(iv)
{Q>nUr:
E~H$_|Q>m| go 10 _r H$s Xyar na Eg B Oo H$mo cJm`m OmZm h &

Eg B Oo

nZ Ho$ Ho$ _| Hw$N> crng ~mg EoH$S>

Ho$dc nwc Ho$ {hgo na aoc-\$s ~YH$m| g{hV crng

{M: 4.5.7.1(iii)

nwc ({n`a go {n`a) na PcmBH$V aoc|

Eg B Oo

nwc Ho$ Xya dmco {gao na Eg B Oo g{hV nwc na Ec S>`y Ama/gr S>`y Ama

Q>J aoc

aoc-\$s ~YH$m| g{hV crng

{\$gS> {gao na Hw$N> crng ~mg EoH$S>

nwc na PcmBH$ V aoc|


{M:

95

LWR/CWR
LWR/CWR ON BRIDGE WITH SEJ AT THE FAR END

WELDED RAILS ON BRIDGE (PIER TO PIER)

WELDED RAILS ON BRIDGE


Fig: 4.5.7.1(iii+iv)

96

Vm{dV aoc goeZ


Vm{dH$ crng
Ed ~YH$

~H$/H$qQ>J H$s _a_V

nwZWmnZm H$m`

Vm{dV {JQ>Q>r Hw$eZ

doS>oS> nZH$ H$m {S>pQ>`yeZ

\o${gJ
dmBQ

_r

_r

g_nma

:
:

52 {\$ecoQ>oS> aoc nW

~H$ Am{X Ho$ cmon


H$s _a_V

grEgQ>r

Ama

550 _r

B OmoS >

{__r

B OmoS >

{H$Jm
cMrco ~YH$m| g{hV
H$H$sQ> crng

~r

B OmoS >

EcS>`yAma H$.3

_oZcmBZ
>
coQ>\$m_ B OmoS
Eg.B.Oo H$. 5 Eg.B.Oo H$. 6

nwc+AmYma H$s nwZWmnZm Ec S>`y Ama/gr


S>`y Ama H$mo {~N>mZo Ho$ nhco nyar H$s OmZr h

[__r

B OmoS >

B OmoS >

H$_ go H$_ 50 _r dc EH$S> Eg S>`y Ama

gr.S>`y.AmaH$$.1

Q>oeZ

\o$qgJ dmBQ>

Eg.B.Oo H$. 4

gnyU c~mB 45 _r

S>r-2O
Ama-870 _r

_r

Eg B-100 {__r

D
-2
Ama-870
_r

S>r-2O

Va

gogZ......

gnyU c~mB 45 _r

Qy> do Mm[~`m

[__r

Eg.B.Oo H$. 2 Eg.B.Oo H$. 3

EcS>`yAma H$.1

g_nma

S>r-2O
Ama-870 _r

Eg B-55 {__r

S>r
Ama

Eg.B.Oo H$. 1

B OmoS > B OmoS >

\o$qgJ dmBQ>

[__r

B OmoS > B OmoS >

H$_ go H$_ 50 _r dc EH$S> Eg S>`y Ama

dV_mZ (H$) aoc goeZ


(I) crng
(J) ~YH$
`yMa {gJZcm| Ed
BgwcoQ>oS> OmoS>mo H$s
_oZ cmBZ
pW{V
B OmoS > coQ>\$m_
Eg B Oo Ec S>`y Ama H$s g`m VWm
Ec S>`y Ama H$s c~mB

{JQ>Q>r Hw$eZ (dV_mZ)

{gJZc, BgwcoQ>oS> OmoS>, nwc, g_nma


H$mQ>o Ed nmaH$ (dV_mZ)
_oZ cmBZ
B OmoS > coQ>\$m_
Ho$Q>Zar VWm A` Cn[a gaMZmAm| H$s
D$MmB
dH$mo H$s c~mB gwna EcrdoeZ,
Q>mgreZ dH$ VWm Q>OoQ> dmBQ

mo\$mBc VWm Jo{S>EQ>

{H$cmo_rQ>a nmoQ>

Q>oeZ

c~r Ed gVV PcmBH$ V aocm| H$mo {~N>mZo Ho$ {cE Vmd

{M:

FOR

Fig: 5.1.3

96

{Q>nUr:
{\$ecoQ> goeZ VWm c~mB Cgr H$ma H$s h, {Og H$ma H$s aoc goeZ Ho$ _mZH$ {\$ecoQ> _| hmoVr h

cmQ>oS> {N>X 27 40 {__r

cmQ>oS> {\$ecoQ>

97

{M:
{M5.3(iii)

NOTE:

Fig: 5.3(iii)

97

{M: 5.3(viii)(E)
a
{M

~S>r cmBZ Ho$ {cE amocg


26 {__r ~mhar `mg
Ho$ Q>rc amoca, Ed AV`mg
20 {__r H$m nmBn

aoc cO MmS >mB go Hw$N> H$_

gmBS> EcrdoeZ

cmZ

16

gmBS> EcrdoeZ

EcrdoeZ

26 {__r ~mhar `mg


Ho$ Q>rc amoca

cmZ
{Q>nUr:
1. S>r-Q>oqgJ Ho$ XmamZ aocm| H$mo gnmoQ> XoZo Ho$ {cE amocam| H$s dH$pnH$ {S>OmBZ
2. g^r Am`m_ {_{c_rQ>am| _| h

98

BG

.
.

98

Fig: 5.3(viii)(a)

gmBS> amoca/gnmoQ> Am_

{M: 5.3(viii)(~r1)

KfU H$mo H$_ H$aZo VWm aocm| H$mo g_mZ {dVma XoZo Ho$ {cE
VWm ~YH$ pW{V Ho$ ~mha aocm| H$s ~mo pQ>qJJ amoH$Zo Ho$ {cE d{H$V aoc nW na `w$
gemo{YV T>rco Om g{hV H$H$sQ> crnam| `m Q>rc Q>\$ crnam| `m n|S>mc
~o`[aJ coQ>| cJo hE cH$S>r Ho$ crnam| na `moJ Ho$ {cE

AmBgmo_{o Q>H$ hy
Q>mn hy
~we Ho$ gmW 30 Zm`cmoZ
amoca `m ~mc
~o`[aJ

81.5

16

gmBS> EcrdoeZ
EcrdoeZ
99

SIDE ROLLER/SUPPORT ARM

30

81.5

16

99

Fig: 5.3(viii)(b1)

gmBS> amoca/gnmoQ> Am_

{M:
{M 5.3 (viii) (~r2)
b

amoca na aoc

gmBS> EcrdoeZ

100

Q>mn hy

EcrdoeZ

H$s

30 Zm`cmoZ amoca ~we


g{hV `m ~mc ~`[aJ

~r: H$n Q>mB ~mam| go {Z{_V gr Eg Q>r-9 crnam| na `moJ Ho$ {cE

H$s

KfU H$mo H$_ H$aZo VWm aocm| H$mo g_mZ {dVma XoZo Ho$ {cE
VWm ~YH$ pW{V Ho$ ~mha aocm| H$s ~mo pQ>q JJ amoH$Zo Ho$ {cE d{H$V aoc nW na `w$r

SIDE ROLLER/SUPPORT ARM

100

Fig: 5.3(viii) (b2)

Q>J aob H$s _rZ pW{V

"E' na {S>Q>oc

cmZ

40
60

101

Q>mH $ aob H$s _rZ pW{V

50/60 {H$Jm aoc Ho$ {cE Jn


A` aocm| Ho$ {cE Jn

gm _mH$
O_rZ na {\$S> aoc
ao\$aog nmoQ>
Zm`cmoZ H$mS>

S>r-Q>qo gJ Vmn_mZ(Q>rS>r) na Eg B Oo na Jn H$s goqQ>J


{M:

40
60

52/60kg

REFERENCE

Fig: 5.6

101

cmoOa aoc

102

Bg OmoS> H$mo {deof {\$ecoQ>m|


+ cnm| mam \$mQ>S> {H$`m J`m h&
E1 E2

Eg B Oo H$s goqQ>J _rZ nmoOreZ na `m BgHo$ ZOXrH$


gw{Z{V H$aVo hE cmoOa aoc H$mo doS> {H$`m OmE

A{V_ `mVm`mV cmH$ Ho$ XmamZ

{Mh
{\$ecoQ> OmoS>
cnS> OmoS>
Eg B Oo nhco go goQ>
MmcZ Ho$ XmamZ goQ> Eg B Oo

Or

aob H$mo Amd`H$VmZwgma \$s H$aZm

nM _mH$ na aoc H$Q>


Bgr cmH$ Ho$ XmamZ, `{X 25 {__r
Jn CncY h, Vmo doS {H$`m> OmE
aoc Q|ga H$mo Mm{cV H$aVo hE 25
{__r H$m Jn m H$aZm + OmoS> doS

(E\$)

1 _r Jn ~Zm`m J`m VWm AWmB $n go ~X {H$`m J`m


Eg B Oo
gr gr

n|Q> _mH$
cnS> OmoS>
EH$a c~mB
aoc \$mQ>S
aoc \$s

Ec S>`y Ama

~rqWJ cW H$mo {S>Q>og {H$`m OmE VWm XmoZmo Eg B Oo na


cmoOa aoc H$mo doS> {H$`m OmE

{V~cm| H$mo g_ H$aZo Ho$ {cE aocmo H$mo \$s H$aZm,cH$S>r


Ho$ _coQ>m| Am{X Ho$ gmW Q>n H$aZm> VWm ~YH$ ~mYZm

doS> YmVw S>mcZo Ho$ 20 {_ZQ> ~mX aoc Q>oga H$mo [acrO {H$`m OmE

100 _r ~rqWJ cW

`m

cJmB JB 6.5 _r (EgQ>) H$s aoc

~YH$ ~mYZo Ed Q>|ga {ZH$mcZo Ho$ ~mX1 _r Jn AWmB $n go


~X {H$`m J`m
`h OmoS> doS>oS> h&
gr gr

Ec E
S>`y o S>`y 1 S>`y 2 Am{X
S>`y 2 S>`y 1 S>`y o
Ec S>cy Ama H$s cJ^J AmYr c~mB
aob \$s H$s JB
E1 E2
gr2 gr1
~r
Ec E
S>`y S>`y 1 S>`y o
dmBAmo S>`y o S>`y 1 S>`y 2
nyU Q>|eqZJ Ho$ ~mX n|Q> _mH$ {H$`m J`m2
dmB
E1 E2
gr2 gr1 o

aoc \$wQ> na S>`y o {Mh Q>mg\$a H$a|

~mX Ho$ `mVm`mV cmH$m| H$o XmamZ

S>r

VVr` `mVm`mV cmH$ Ho$ XmamZ gr

{Vr` `mVm`mV cmH$ Ho$ XmamZ


~r
(O~ Q>rnr > Q>rE hmo)

W_ `mVm`mV cmH$ Ho$


XmamZ

Eg B Oo
E1 E2
Ec E

aoc Q>|ga Ho$ `moJ go Ec S>`y Ama H$s S>r-Q>oqgJ


{M:5.7.3(~r)

Fig: 5.7.3(b)

102

E)

aoc c|O na S>`y o


S>`y
_mH$ WmZmVaU
Ec S>`y Ama 1

103

Amo

{Mh

nr

nr

MmWo VWm A{V_ `mVm`mV cmH$ Ho$ XmamZ


(O~ Qrnr > QrAmo hmo)

VVr` `mVm`mV cmH$ Ho$ XmamZ

{Vr` `mVm`mV cmH$ Ho$


XmamZ

Amo

_r

`{X Amd`H$ hmo Vmo g_mnZ Qw>H$S>o cJmE


(`hm aoc OH$S>m J`m h&)

Ec
(`hm aoc \$s {H$`m J`m h)
Ogo hr aob H$mo \$s {H$`m, aob H$m
gMcZ ZmoQ> {H$`m J`m

Ec

_r
_r

n|Q> _mH$

`m

O~ 25 [__r Jn CncY hmo Bg OmoS > H$mo doS> {H$`m OmE

n|Q> _mH$ na aoc H$a

doS> _oQ>c S>mcZo Ho$ 20 {_ZQ> ~mX aob Q>oga H$mo [acrO {H$`m OmE

EcE
Ec
Ec
cH$S>r Ho$ _wXJa (_coQ>g) Ho$ gmW ~c H$mo g_ H$aZo Ho$ E
{cE aoc H$mo, \$s H$aZm Ama CgH$o$ ~mX OH$S>Zm
noQ>_mH$
doS> {H$E JE OmoS >
EH$a H$s c~mB
aob pWa {H$E JE
aoc \$r

{dVma H$s Amd`H$VmZwgma aoc H$mo \$s H$aZm

Ec S>`y Ama 2

_mH$a {nca

`hm 25 {__r Jn bmZo Ho$ {bE aob Q>oga H$mo AmnaoQ> {H$`m Ama doS> {H$`m J`m

"Ec' c~mB H$s aoc cJmB JB

EH$a c~mB "EcE' _mH$ [H$`m J`m


S>`y oo
dmB0' Ogo hr aob H$mo \$s {H$`m, aob H$m
gMcZ ZmoQ> {H$`m J`m
Ec S>`y Ama 2

S>`y

"Ec' b~mB H$s _mZH$ aob V`ma aIVo Ec S>`y Ama 2


hE AWmB aob H$mo [acog H$a|

n|Q> _mH$ cJmE JE

doS>

2 AWmB aoc| cJ^J 6 _r c~mB H$s cJmB JB VWm


Ec S>`y Ama Ogo crnam| na {\$ecoQ> cJmB JB& A` aobm| H$mo doS> [H$`m J`m

`h OmoS> doS> {H$`m hAm h & `h OmoS> {\$ecoQ> VWm cn mam OH$S>m J`m h

E\$)

B)

_r

l +EcxE\$m(Q>rAmo-Q>rnr)+dmB0+dmB0'+49

_mH$a {n ba

{\$ecoQ> mam OmoS>


cn mam OmoS>
Eg B Oo nhco go hr goQ>
n[aMmcZ Ho$ XmamZ Eg B Oo goQ>

S>r)

dV_mZ Eg B Oo/~\$a aoc `hm hQ>mE JE

Ec S>`y Ama 1

W_ `mVm`mV cmH$ Ho$


~r)
XmamZ (O~ Qrnr > QrAmo hmo)
EH$a c~mB "Ec E'
_mH$ {H$`m J`m
S>`y o
~S>r cmBZ Ho$ {cE EcE = 2.5 (Q>r -Q>r ) _r
dmB0
_rQ>a cmBZ Ho$ {cE Ec = 4.5 (Q>r -Q>r ) _r
gr) Ec S>`y Ama 1

ma{^H$ H$m`

dV_mZ Ec S>`y Ama H$m gr S>`y Ama _| n[adVZ


{M: 5.8

Fig: 5.8

103

aoc Q>g
| a H$m Cn`moJ H$aHo$ aoc {d^OZ H$s WmB/AWmB _a_V
1.{d^OZ H$m WmZ
2. AWmB _a_V
2.1 MmS>o Imcr OJh Ho$ dopS>J mam

~r

E
nr

{M:7.2.4, 7.2.5

Eg

gr

dm`

`y

`{X Eg+dm` MmS>o Jn dopS>J H$s Amd`H$Vm


hmo Vmo aoc H$Q> Ed bnS> bmoOa nrg
2.2 g_mnZ aoc mam
2.2.1
aoc cmoOa = E+~r+gr

2.2.2
3. WmB _a_V
3.1 MmS>o Jn Ho$ {bE

aoc cmoOa E+~r-50 {__r

3.2
2.2.1 H$og Ho$ {cE
3.2.1

nr
cmH$ I - E+~r-50 {__r H$s c~mB H$m aoc cmoOa H$mQ>Zm& "nr' OmoS> H$mo ES>OQ> Ed doS> H$aZm& "`y'OmoS> H$mo
cn H$aZm& aoc H$m Qw>H$S>m `{X Amd`H$Vm nS>o Vmo Cn`moJ _| cmZm&
"`y'

cmH$ II - "`y' H$mo doS> H$aZo Ho$ {cE aoc Q>oga H$m Cn`moJ
3.3
2.2.2 _m_co Ho$ {cE OmoS>
nr
3.3.2

"`y'

cmH$ II - "`y' OmoS> H$mo doS> H$aZo Ho$ {cE aoc Q>oga H$m Cn`moJ
{Q>nUr:
1. OmoS>mo Ho$ XmoZm| Amoa 125 {__r Ho$ ~YH$ hQ>m {XE OmE, aoc Q>n H$s OmE, ~eV} Q>rnr, Q>rAmo H$_ hmo
2. Jn H$mo ~ZmE aIZo Ho$ {cE aoc Q>oga H$m `moJ H$a|
{Mh
do{S>J na Jn ~ZmE aIZo Ho$ {cE Q>|ga H$m `moJ XemVm h
cnm| Ed 1 _r {\$ecoQ> H$m `moJ XemVm h
cnm| Ed 1 _r {\$ecoQ H$mo aoc cmoOa nrg, `{X Ano{jV hmo, Ho$ gmW `moJ XemVm h
dopS>J _| doS> {H$E JE OmoS>
dopS>J _o MmS>o Jn mam doS>oS> OmoS>
104

Fig: 7.2.4, 7.2.5

tp

to .

PLATE

1m

104

PLATE

{Q>nUr:
g^r Am`m_ {__r _| h

105

65500 ~\$a aoc

E_ Eg H$Q>oS> {~`[aJ coQ>g VWm Hy$Am| Ho$ gmW Oo pcg/


cH$S>r Ho$ crna g{hV nr Ama gr crng

Eg

cH$S>r Ho$ crna

AZw_mo{XV H$ma Ho$ crnam| g{hV Ec S>`y Ama

(_mn Ho$ AZwgma Zht)

Eg na {S>Q>oc

~\$a aoc

~\$a aoc

6.5 _r ~\$a aocm| (~S>r cmBZ) Ho$ AVJV crna AVaU


{M: E.9(E)

SLEEPER SPACINGS UNDER 6.5 m BUFFER RAILS (BG)

105

Fig: A.9 (a)

{Q>nUr:
g^r Am`m_ {_cr_rQ>a _| ho

6000 {__r ~\$a aoc

~
~

106

E_ Eg H$Q>So > {~`[aJ coQ>g Ed aoc H$y g{hV cH$S>r Ho$ crng

AZw_mo{XV crnam| H$o$ H$ma g{hV Ec S>`y Ama

~
~

(_mn go Zht)

~
~

"Eg'na {S>Q>ob

~\$a aob

~\$a aob

6.0 _r ~\$a aobm| (_rQ>a cmBZ) Ho$ AVJV crna AVaU


{M: A.9(~r)

SLEEPER SPACINGS UNDER 6.0 m BUFFER RAILS (MG)

~
~

~
~

~
~

106

Fig: A.9(b)

Published by :
INDIAN RAILWAYS INSTITUTE OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, PUNE
For Research Designs and Standards Organisation, Lucknow

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M. R. & Co.
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