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EXAMINATION FORMAT The examination consists of one written paper comprising two booklets, Booklet A and B. Booklet A B Part Item Type I II Number of Number of Weighting Questions marks per question Multiple-choice 30 2 60% Open-ended 16 2,3,4 40%
(c) P - Mammals Q - Birds R - Fishes ◆ Have hair on their bodies ◆ Have feathers ◆ Have fins for swimming ◆ Feed their young with ◆ Have a beak ◆ Have gills for breathing their milk ◆ Most give birth to their young ◆ Lay eggs Question 1C Skill: Classification Theme: Diversity Topic: Classification of Plants Study the classification chart below.
Plants Flowers Green leaves A Non-Green leaves B No Flowers Green leaves C Non-Green leaves D
Part I in Booklet A consists of 30 multiple-choice questions and Part II in Booklet B 16 open-ended questions. The weighting for Part I is 60% and that for Part II is 40%. Each multiple-choice question carries 2 marks and each open-ended question carries 2, 3 or 4 marks. DURATION OF PAPER The time allocation for the paper is 1 hour 45 minutes. Question 1A Skill: Classification Theme: Diversity Topic: Classification of Things Study the classification chart below.
Things Living Things plants animals fungi Micro organism renewable A B C D nonrenewable E Non-Living Things Man-made natural
SMART TIPS • The exchange of gases takes place through tiny openings on both the surface and underside of the leaves. These tiny openings are called stomata. • During respiration, which happens both during the day and night, oxygen is taken in to produce energy. The carbon dioxide formed during this process is released to the surroundings. • In the day, plants take in carbon dioxide during photosynthesis and oxygen during respiration. This is what happens during respiration: sugar + oxygen ➝ carbon dioxide + water + energy This is what happens during photosynthesis: carbon dioxide + water + energy ➝ sugar + oxygen Comparison between Respiration and Photosynthesis RESPIRATION PHOTOSYNTHESIS Takes place in all plants and animals. Takes place only in green plants. Takes place all the time. Takes place only when there is light. Oxygen is taken in. Oxygen is given off. Carbon dioxide and water vapour Carbon dioxide and water are used. are produced. Energy is produced. Energy is stored. Food is broken down. Food is produced. Answer Key (a) 3 and 4 (b) water, sunlight/light energy ,chlorophyll (c) glucose /sugar (d) 1 , 2 , 5, 6 Question 4 Skill: Interpreting Graph/ Make a drawing of a circuit. Theme: Systems Topic: Electricity Ahmad wants to connect the two batteries and the bulb below such that the bulb is at its brightest. (a) Use lines to represent wires to show the connection. (b) Study the graph carefully. It shows the relationship between the number of batteries and the brightness of a bulb in two different circuits.
Brightness of bulb
Answer Key (a) When the sea water was heated, the water evaporated and changed to water vapour. The warm water vapour touched the cool surface of the copper sheet to condense to form water droplets. (b) The copper sheet was no longer cool. As a result the water vapour cannot condense to form water droplets (c) Salt Question 6 Skill: Application. Theme: Interaction Topic: Magnets Sharifah hung four bars made of unknown materials onto a pole. She labelled the ends of each bar and ‘P’ and ‘Q’. She then placed the South pole of a magnet near the ends of each of the bars.
pole south pole magnet P Q bar A P Q bar B P Q bar C P Q bar D
Answer the following questions based on the chart above. In which box would you place ‘moss’, ‘fern’ and ‘coconut’ in the above classification table? SMART TIPS Plants can be divided into 2 groups: Flowering and Non-flowering. After fertilization, flowers develop into fruits and seeds. Non-flowering plants do not produce seeds and usually reproduce from spores. Examples are ferns and mosses. Answer Key moss - Box C, fern - Box C, coconut - Box A Question 2 Skill: Sequence events in the order they take place Theme: Cycles Topic: Plant Life Study the life cycle of a plant below.
She observed what P Q happened to each Bar A Attracted Attracted bar, and recorded Bar B Repelled Attracted whether each bar Bar C Attracted Repelled was attracted to or Bar D Nothing happened Nothing happened repelled by the South pole of the magnet in the table below. (a) Based on the results above, put a tick (✓) in the correct column Statement True Bar A is made of copper. Bar A can be magnetized by stroking it with a magnet. (iii) Bar B and bar C are magnets. (iv) Bar D is made of wood. (i) (ii) Observation Bar A Bar B Bar C Bar D Not true
Answer the following questions based on the chart above. Give a suitable example for each box, A-E. A - ________________ C - ________________ E - ________________ B - _________________ D - _________________
SMART TIPS • Things can be classified into living and non-living. • Living things can be classified into four groups: Animals, Plants, Fungi and Micro-organisms. • Fungi are not plants. They do not have chlorophyll and thus cannot make their own food. Examples are bracket fungus, Jew’s ears, puff balls. • Micro-organisms are usually unicellular though some are multi-cellular. They are tiny living things that can only be seen under a microscope. Some are harmful. They cause diseases such as sore throat and diarrhoea. Some are useful. They can be used to make bread and cheese. Examples include bacterium, paramecium and yeast • Non-living things can be classified into natural or man-made things • Natural things are found in nature and they include water, soil, oil, minerals. Some can be obtained again after use and are thus called renewable things. Examples of renewable natural things are wood, rubber, leather, cloth, water, paper, wool. Some natural things are depleted (used up and become lesser) after use. They cannot be renewed at all. Examples of non-renewable things are metals, rocks, glass, minerals, natural fuels. • Man-made materials are not found in nature but they can be made from mixture of things that are found in nature. Man-made materials are new materials created to meet man’s needs. Some examples of man-made things are alloys, ceramics and plastics. Answer Key A - bracket fungus / Jew’s ears / puff balls B - bacterium / paramecium / yeast C - Alloys / ceramics / plastics D - wood / rubber / leather / cloth / water / paper /wool E - metals, rocks, glass, minerals, natural fuels. Question 1B Skill: Classification Theme: Diversity Topic: Classification of Animals Study the classification chart below.
ANIMALS A P Q parrot emu R Reptile Amphibian frog toad earthworm mosquito crab B
Circuit A Circuit B Number of batteries
(b) Sharifah then brought the North pole of the magnet near the end P of each of the bars. Fill in the columns with the words ‘Attracted’, ‘Repelled’ or ‘No reaction’.
SMART TIPS • Get students to read and analyse the whole question. • Students must do “working” before answering. This is how the working looks like
pole repelled nothing nothing attracted attracted attracted happened happened repelled P S Q N N P Q a magnet S P Q a nonmagnetic material
1. ______________ 2._______________
Based on the graph above, draw the set-ups for Circuit A and Circuit B in the boxes below to show how the electrical components below are arranged. (Remember to draw in circuit diagrams using the symbols below)
S attracted P Q magnet a magnetic material
(a) State the processes that take place at the following stages . 1. ______________________________ 2. ______________________________ 3. ______________________________ 4. ______________________________ (b) What are the 3 conditions necessary for process (4) to take place? 1. ______________________________ 2. ______________________________ 3. ______________________________ SMART TIPS • Flowering plants can reproduce from seeds. The process of producing new plants from seeds involves both male and female cells. This method of reproduction is known as sexual reproduction. There are four stages in the life cycle of a flowering plant. ♦ First, adult plants produce flowers which are pollinated. ♦ After that, the female egg cells are fertilized. ♦ After fertilization, the flowers develop into fruits containing seeds which are dispersed. ♦ The seeds germinate to produce new plants, which grow and mature into adult plants. • Pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of a flower. Insects and wind help to pollinate flowers by carrying pollen grains from one flower to another. After a flower is pollinated, each pollen grain grows a tube down the style of the flower. The male cells develop in the pollen grain and move down the tube to reach the ovules of the flower. • Fertilization occurs when a male cell fuses or joins with an egg cell in the ovule. • Dispersal. When the fruits and seeds are dispersed, they are scattered away from the parent plant. • Dispersal of fruits and seeds give the young plants a chance to grow far away from the parent plant and other bigger plants nearby. • This helps the young plants to obtain sufficient water, minerals and sunlight for growth. • If young plants grow too close to other adult plants, they would be sheltered from sunlight by the taller plants. The young plants would also not be able to compete with the bigger plants for water and minerals in the soil. • Different plants have different ways to disperse their fruits and seeds. • Fruits and seeds can be dispersed by wind, water, animals and splitting of the fruit forcefully. • Germination of the seed takes place when there is enough water, air and warmth, the seed will begin to grow. The roots will grow first. Then the shoots will grow. At this point of the growth, the seedling depends on the seed leaves for food (stored). The seedlings’ first leaves will begin to grow. When the first leaves of the seedlings have appeared, the new plant will now begin to photosynthesize (to make its own food). Answer Key (a) (1) pollination (2) fertilization (3) dispersal (4) germination (b) Warmth, water, air Question 3 Skill: Communication Theme: Systems Topic: Photosynthesis and respiration Study the diagram below carefully. The six arrows in the diagram show exchanges of gases between living things and their surroundings.
CARBON DIOXIDE 2 ANIMALS 1 OXYGEN 6 PLANTS 5 4 3
Wire battery battery bulb Circuit A Circuit B
SMART TIPS • Arrangement of batteries connected to the bulb .The amount of electric current supplied by the batteries connected to the bulb depends on the arrangement of the connected batteries.
• Magnets attract materials such as iron, steel, nickel and cobalt. These are called magnetic materials. • Materials such as plastics, aluminium, paper, wood, silver and copper cannot be attracted to a magnet. These are known as non-magnetic materials. • The classification table below clearly illustrates what has been explained: Materials • Every magnet has two poles. The pole which points to the non-metals Metals North is called the non-magnetic non-magnetic magnetic North-seeking pole or N-pole. Plastic Copper Iron The other pole that points to Wood Gold Steel Glass Aluminium Nickel the South is called the Ceramics Silver Cobal South-seeking pole or S-pole. Clay Bronze Rubber Zinc • Like poles repel and unlike Paper poles attract Cardboard Answer Key (ai) Not true (aii) True (aiii) True (aiv) True (b) Bar A – Attracted Bar B – Attracted Bar C – Repelled Bar D – No reaction Question 7 Skill: Investigation Theme: Interaction Topic: Heat Abu Bakar set up an experiment below. He used a copper, an iron and a tin strip of the same size. He stuck a bead to each metal strip with wax. The candles used were similar and lighted at the same time. Abu Bakar observed that the beads fell off when the wax got too hot and melted.
clamp copper strip stand iron strip tin strip
♦ When batteries are
♦ When batteries are
connected in series, with the positive terminal of one battery in contact with the negative terminal of the next battery (except for the batteries at both ends), the amount of electric current that flows out of them is the largest.
connected in parallel, the amount of electric current that flows out of them will be less than the amount of electric current that flows out from batteries that are connected in series.
• Based on the graph, in Circuit A, the more the number of batteries used, the brighter the bulb would be. But in Circuit B, the increase in the number of batteries does not seem to have an effect in the brightness of the bulb. Therefore, the batteries in Circuit A is most probably arranged in series while the batteries in Circuit B are arranged in parallel. Answer Key
guppy snake stingray tortoise
Answer the following questions based on the chart above. a) All the animals in group A have a common feature in their body structure which group B does not have. What is the common feature and state its function? b) What does group P represent? c) State one characteristic feature of animals in group P, Q and R. SMART TIPS • Animals can be divided into 2 groups: vertebrates and invertebrates. Invertebrates are animals without backbone. Insects are invertebrates. • Insects have 6 legs and a pair of feelers or antennae. They have a body which is made up of 3 parts- head, thorax and abdomen. Some have one pair of wings, for example the mosquito and housefly. Some have two pairs of wings, for example the butterfly and dragonfly. Some have no wings, for example the ant. • Vertebrates are animals with backbones. Mammals fish, birds, reptiles and amphibians are vertebrates. • Birds are the only animals with feathers. Most can fly (except for some, for example the emu, ostrich and penguin) • The feathers help the bird to fly, keep it warm and protect it from injury. A bird has 2 legs and two wings. The legs are covered with scales. Birds breathe through lungs and lay eggs. • Fishes live in water (freshwater or saltwater). They are animals with scales. Some fish give birth to their young alive e.g. molly and swordtail. The scales protect the flesh and help it to swim. The fish makes use of its fins and tail to swim. The fish breathes by gills. • Animals with hair are called mammals. They breathe through their nostrils and lungs. Mammals do not lay eggs. • The egg develops into a young inside the body of the mother. The mother then gives birth to the young except platypus and spiny anteater. The young one looks like the adult except that it is smaller. The mother produces milk to feed her baby. Answer Key (a) Backbones / Spine / Vertebrae. It helps the animal to stand upright/ It protects the spinal cord (b)Mammals.
(a) What was the aim of Abu Bakar’s experiment? _________________________________________________ (b) List 2 other variables that Abu Bakar has to keep the same in this experiment. _________________________________________________ (c) What should he measure in order to get a more accurate result for his experiment? _________________________________________________ SMART TIPS • Get students to read and analyse the whole question. • This is an investigative question. Thus pupils must think like a Scientist and imagine he/she conducting the experiment. • Students must look out for the variable that is changed in the experiment in order to “tease” the aim of the experiment. • In this question, by studying the diagrams, students would be able to tell that the variable that was changed is “the type of metal used as the strip.” • Thus, all the other variables must be kept the same in order to conduct a fair test. • Based on the variable that was changed, students would be able to derive that the aim of the experiment is to find out which type of metal is the best conductor of heat • Next, by mere observation only, results might not be accurate. Measurements must be made so that a more reliable and valid set of data can be obtained. In this case, by measuring “the time taken for the bead to drop” would be a reliable method to get the results Additional facts: • What are good conductors and poor conductors of heat? • Materials that conduct heat quickly are called good conductors of heat. Examples are metals. • Materials that do not conduct heat well are called poor conductors or insulator of heat. Examples are rubber, wood, plastic and air • Heat always flows from a hotter place to a colder place. Answer Key (a) To find out which type of metal is the best conductor of heat/To find out which type of metal is the best insulator of heat (b) Distance of the bead from the candle / Type of bead / Size of bead (c) Measure the time taken for each bead to drop
Question 5 Skill: Application Theme: Interaction Topic: Water and Its Changes of States
copper sheet Beaker A contained some Beaker A sea water. The droplet sea water was sea water heated until it boiled. A copper Beaker B sheet was then placed above Beaker A. The droplets formed on the copper sheet were collected in Beaker B as shown in the diagram
(a) Describe how the water droplets were formed. _________________________________________________ (b) At the beginning, water vapour changed into droplets on the copper sheet quickly. After some time a large amount of water vapour escaped into the air and very few droplets were formed on the sheet. What is the reason? _________________________________________________ (c) The heating was continued until Beaker A became dry. What was the substance left in Beaker A? _________________________________________________ SMART TIPS • During boiling, the sea water changes from a liquid to gas. The water changed to form water vapour called steam. Steam is invincible. The temperature at which sea water becomes steam is called the boiling point of the sea water. • To change from a gas to a liquid, the water vapour or steam has to be cooled. When steam is cooled, it loses heat and changes to water when it loses heat. The change of state from a gas to a liquid is called condensation. Condensation can take place at any temperature.
(a) Which two arrows show the process of photosynthesis? ____________________________________________ (b) Name 2 conditions NOT shown in the diagram that are necessary for photosynthesis. _____________, ___________ (c) Name the product NOT shown in the diagram that is formed during photosynthesis. ________________ (d) Which four arrows show the process of respiration? ________________________________________________
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