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SMEs Division

National IP Action Plan for

Entrepreneurs and SMEs

April 2008
Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Division
World Intellectual Property Organization

SMEs Division

New Conditions for Innovation

• Spin-offs and small start-up entrepreneurs
increasingly depend on large firms:
– as suppliers or customers
– for venture finance
– for knowledge (production, markets and
– and for opening new markets.

SMEs Division

New Conditions for Innovation

• Large firms increasingly depend on small

– for NPD,
– as suppliers of new knowledge (which they cannot
develop themselves),
– or organizational renewal, for experimentation with
busienss models,
– for opening new markets, etc

SMEs Division

New developments in innovation

raises new issues and problems

• Speed and potential value of scientific progress leads to

emphasis on solid and well-designed portfolios of
research projects
• Universites as active drivers of innovation: Academic
entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial university
• University-industry partnerships
• Increased search for radical innovation and top-line

SMEs Division

The Key Objectives of

a National IP Action Plan
• To build the capacity of SME Development Institutions
and SME Finance institutions to enhance the
competitiveness of SMEs by using the tools of IP system
• To facilitate SMEs to take part in public funded R&D
programs and to promote R&D activities that respond to
the needs of SMEs
• To encourage private sector investment by using the tools
of IPRs for protection of innovation and creativity
• To enhance the development of national and
international branding strategies of SMEs
• To improve access to value-added patent information

SMEs Division

Developing an National Strategy on IP

for Internationally Competitive SMEs
• Identification and evaluation of gaps in the Current IPR
Services for SMEs
• Resource mobilization and project planning
• Creating products and activities to fill the gaps for
creating internationally competitive SMEs
• “Training the Teachers/Trainers” in SME Development
Institutions, SME Finance Institutions, SME Consultants
in the private sector, IP Strategy consulting firms, etc
• Monitoring and ongoing support (expert missions; on-
line support)
• Evaluation phase; indicators of success ; benchmarking
• Follow-up project
SMEs Division

Elements of the National System of Innovation

• Identify key industry and business sectors
• Identify key universities, research institutes
and other institutional SME stakeholders
• Strategic coordination and cooperation
• Role of IP Office
• Role of SME Development Institutions, SME
Training Institutions, SME Financing
Institutions, etc
• WIPO and other international partners

SMEs Division

Suggested Strategy on IPRs for SMEs

• Identify the needs of SMEs
– Key barriers, issues, challenges and opportunities
• Translate/Adapt Content/Publications: Build the foundation
– Awareness and capacity-building materials on IPRs for SMEs based
on “IP for Business” Series, “IP PANORAMA”, etc
– Develop course and training/teaching materials
• Undertake business-oriented IP education and training
• Collecting case studies of successful use of IPRs by national
• Prioritize delivery of IPR services to future growth players
• Continuous benchmarking and feedback

SMEs Division

Project Administration
• The setting up of a national steering committee
– Representatives of government, the private sector and civil society
– Project management team
– Network of contact points of various stakeholders
– Teaching and training on IP for business
• Procedures for monitoring progress and performance
• Communication Strategy to approach the business
community, other partners, the donors, and the public
• Procedures for risk management
• Budget and Financial arrangement

SMEs Division

National Capacity Building

Program on IPRs for SMEs
• Three Years Program; steering committee meeting
every six months; quarterly review reports
• Phase I : Needs Analysis and Detailed Project Plan
• Phase II : Building Foundation and Pilot Project
• Phase III : Training the Trainers Workshops at
national level, and IP Audit of successful SMEs
• Phase IV: Review and evaluation of the Project
• Annual Rolling Work Plan
SMEs Division

Key Project Deliverables

• Project Inception Report
• Questionnaire and Needs Analysis Report
• Awareness, teaching and training materials
• Website and IPR help desk for SMEs
• Periodic Review and Evaluation Report
– Define indicators for the review and evaluation
– Use for Budget and Resource Allocation
• Final Report and Audit Report


SMEs Division

Recommendation for
National IP Action Plan
• Holistic Approach - Business and IP
– Patent, Marks, Trade Secrets, Copyrights, ,
R&D, Spin-offs, etc.
– IP Office, SMEs Development Agency,
Chamber of Commerce, other SME Stake
• Periodic IP Report
– Strategic IP Plan, National IP Audit