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(Pt. IV)









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(Pt. IV)







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2014 Rights Reserved. Delhi-110064 1000 Copies . any form or by any means without the permission of the Indian Roads Congress) Printed by India Offset Press.IRC:83-2014 First (Pt. IV) Published (All August. No part of this publication translated or transmitted in shall be reproduced.

Packaging. IV) Contents Page No Personnel of the Bridges Specifications and Standards Committee i Introduction . Design Requirements 11 6.IRC:83-2014(Pt. Scope 2. Transport and Storage 34 9. Plating Stresses on the Adjacent Concrete Structure 44 . Certification and Marking 29 8. Material Specification 8 5. Terms 4. 2 of and Intended Use 3 Reference and Symbols Aspects Related to 5 Bearing Performance and Installation 35 ANNEXURES Annexure-A - Properties of (PTFE or Low 39 Friction Thermo-plastic Sliding Material UHMWPE) Annexure-B - Properties of Composite Material for Secondary Sliding Surfaces 40 Annexure-C - Bridge Bearing Design Questionnaire Form 42 Annexure-D - Ferroxyl Test for Hard Annexure-E - Bearings Anchorage Design Rules 46 Annexure-F - Check 49 for Permissible Chromium . Manufacturing 24 7. Definition of Product 3. Acceptance.1 1. .


Dr.P. A. Bandyopadhyay. Ashok Chief Enginee (Retd.. Dr. 9. 27. 0pp. DG(W). Dhodapkar. Kand„C.N. Director.C.A. New Delhi 12.) MoRT&H. MoRT&H. Kumar. 20.) MoRT&H..) 29. MOST New Delhi Delhi New Delhi (Retd. Alok RC.) 17.Y. Bhubaneswar Delhi Structural Engg. Delhi Members CPWD 4. (Retd. R. New MoRT&H PWD. 2. New Delhi Kolkata . Addl. ) New & Highways. 2014) Kandasamy. Pandey. Secy. Freyssinet Prestressed 25.K. C-2/2013. Mumbai MoRT&H. S.S.L. ADG (B). Advisor. (Retd) Delhi Ltd. Bagish. P.L. A. 24.P. L&T. C.) 10.).) MoRT&H.S. (Retd. Chief Engineer (Planning). 6. Vijay E-in-Chief (Retd. ' Noida Mumbai 15. to Govt. Chairman & Managing Director. Chief Engineer (Retd. Bhowmick. Prof. R.) IRC:83-2014 (Pt. B. C. Bandyopadhyay. New Delhi Patankar. of India. Ninan DG(RD) & Addl. Vice President. New Director. Agrawal. Kumar.) MORTH. 5. Alimchandani. Director. NT.) B. MP.K. Manjure. Vasant Kunj.). Chief Engineer (Retd.A. 19. Bongirwar.) UP.). (Retd. Banerjee. (Convenor Director General (RD) & Spl. & Bridge Mumbai Delhi New Ltd. DG 28. Narain. P. M. 14.N. New Delhi Delhi (RD) & AS. Chief Engineer (Retd. Banerjee.D.Ashok Director (Tech. Ghoshal. K. New STUP STUP Consultants (P) Consultants (P) PWD Secy. Concrete Co. 21. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. V. New Delhi (Co-Convenor) 3. 16. Nagpal. Ltd. 8. Kolkata Joint Director General (Retd.K. Bhasin. .A. Director General. Chief Engineer (Retd. Managing & Builders Ltd. 6*'' Pathak. TB.R. Kumar. (RD) & AS. Dr. Basa. IV) PERSONNEL OF THE BRIDGES SPECIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS COMMITTEE (As on 1 . MoRT&H. Consultants (P) Ltd. Koshi. Joglekar. Chief Engineer (B) S&R. Chief Engineer (Retd. Transport Bhavan. Mukherjee.V. H.P. TK. (Ministry of Road Transport (Member-Secretary Transport Bhavan.) 26. Director 18.G. Arora. New 7. A.. 22. N. New Delhi MoRT&H New Delhi MoRT&H I Ltd. Prafulla DG 23. Engineers 13.. Chief Engineer (Retd. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Transport Bhavan. Chief Engineer (Retd. January. Ninan. D.) Ghaziabad Stup Consultants (P) STUP Consultants (P) New Delhi Delhi INSDAG. New Delhi 11.) Mumbai Bhopal MoRT&H. New and Vice President.K.

DG(RD) & SS. 41. MoRT&H New 38. R. New 7046. lanuon.) Raizada. Gammon Delh tZXeCUllVc UirtJUlUi OUllbUUllId L/UtlbUlldllCy \r) LIU. Parameswaran.).) MoRT&H. Indian New Delhi Roads Congress. Consulting Engg. Rao. M/s. Bureau of Indian Standards. Lucknow (Civil Engg. New 37.B. Consultant (W. Secy (Retd. Sharma. C). N. iviurnDdi ur. Vishnu Shankar). Sharan.New Delhi RDSO. 30. Ex-Officio President. . Sarita Vihar. CRRI.] ourgaon 35. M. oy India Ltd. New Delhi Development) & Special Secretary 2. Dr. Sector B. DG Director (B&S) and Head.) Harshavardhan Chairman & Managing Dr. Vice President (Corporate 32. New Chief Scientist (BAS). Velayutham. Delhi Vasant Kunj . ividnebn rroT.B. Subbarao. Chief Engineer (Retd.) (Retd. (Mrs. New Affairs).K. G. DG 36. r\. (Prasad. MoRT&H. IV) Dr. 33.B. V.D. Dellhi lUdi (w'liici V. Delhi Lakshmy 31. B. 43. Projects Consulting India (P) Ltd. Director.. Pratap S. Raina. 1.r.V. The Executive 44. New Corresponding Members 1. o.iNew ueini «n.) 1 . Pocket 10 T. Sinha. Director.. iVlumbai Senior Executive Director. Services India Lia. Dr. IRC:83-2014(Pt. Ministry of Road Transport and (Road Highways. Roy. Delhi Delhi Construma Consultancy idiiuuri ooiisuiidnis \r) ciigiricci ^iNciu.) 2. (Pvt. iviui /in 1 ividiidgiiig uireciur. Viswanathan.K.C.S. oana. i\cw ueini MoRT&H. Singh. Dr. R. Secretary General (P) na. The Director (RD) & Spl.j iviurs (RD) & SS (Retd. IRC & Director General New Delhi New Delhi Members (Kandasamy. 42. ^ ~ Ltd . 1 ridriUdVdri. A-181.

Co-Convenor Gaharwar. Dr. Ujjwal Rao.K. Kumar. A Members (Kandasamy. Ninan. Mitra. A. S. Panja.IRC:83-2014 (Pt. Vinay Ghosh. (Rep. G. Gupta. V. M.K.N. Ex-officio President. R. A. S Datta. Gupta.K. Manjure. B. RDSO. R. V. Prakash. (Road New Delhi Development) & Special Secretary (Prasad. Joints and Appurtenances Committee was constituted in 2011 with the following personnel: (B-6) of the Indian Sharan. Secretary General Indian 1 Roads Congress. Roads Congress Members Banerjee. V. Lucknow) Invitee Gupta. Dr. Ghosh. A.D. D. Jitendra Khaira. Rathore.L.S. C). Jose Singh.P. A.K.K. New Delhi . B.S.Y. A. D. Achyut Pandey. IV) STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS AND CODE OF PRACTICE FOR ROAD BRIDGES SECTION .J.K. Patankar.R. Transport and Highways. Suraj Gupta.V. Ministry of Road IRC & Director General P.B. Ashok Bagish. of Dr.S. Sharma.IX BEARINGS PART IV (SPHERICAL AND CYLINDRICAL) - INTRODUCTION The Bearings. R. Vishnu Shankar). Deshpande. Prof. Kurian.R Majumdar. S. Member-Secretary Dr. Convenor Pandey. Jambekar.

75 mm or greater than For cases of bearing application requiring larger diameter of the sliding surface. and Appurtenances Committee (B-6) held on SO**" November. - 15°C and depends on the condition of rotation and translation movements posed by the Structure on Bearings. However this specification guide for general purpose in may be considered as a ' such cases. Specifications and approval documents woridwide incl. The provisions made in this code are based on an assumed working life of the Spherical Bearing upto 30 years with PTFE and of of Spherical Bearings Bearings which are subjected to Tensile Loads are beyond the scope of this code as requiring special arrangement/configuration. manufacturing and tolerances and testing and acceptance shall then be applicable in addition to this specification which such cases. The provisions serve as a guide to both design and construction engineers. Mazumdar. Finally. testing. Joints The Executive Committee in its meeting held on 9'^ January. in draft with the active initial support of Shri S. 2014. but with the provisions stipulated herein responsibility for the will not relieve the manufacturer performance and soundness of the product in in the structure. 2013 for placing it in the Bridges Specifications and Standards Committee (BSS). 2014 approved this document. Sliding surfaces with a diameter of the circumscribing circle less than 1 500 mm are beyond the scope of this code. may please be referred. and maintenance code are meant mere compliance any way of their SCOPE to of Spherical and Cylindrical Bearings for Bridges. the meetings of the B-6 Committee. The Bridges Specifications and Standards Committee (BSS) approved this document in its meeting held on 6*^ January. IV) Shri Jitendra Rathore prepared the The initial was discussed draft IRC:83-2014 (Part IV). design. In no case the radius of curvature shall be less than the projected diameter of the Spherical curved sliding surface. Established codes and Specifications woridwide may please be referred for such Bearings. 2014 at Guwahati (Assam). 1 Code deals This installation of this with the requirements for the materials. Code of Practice was discussed and approved by the Bearings. manufacture. material. established codes. Spherical and Cylindrical Bearings with an included angle (20) greater than 60° and 75° beyond the scope respectively are of this code. The provisions of this code shall apply for operating temperature between + 50° Service life 50 years with UHMWPE. "Standard Specifications and Section IX Bearings (Spherical and Cylindrical). The final draft of for Road Bridges". and approved the document for publishing. the document was considered by IRC Council in their 201^' meeting held on 19'^ January.IRC:83-2014(Pt. The recommendations of such document for all aspects design. 2 may well be considered as a guide to .

Fixed by sliding surface Fig. in direction guided for displacement in in one one direction direction 2 Spherical Bearings Combined with Flat Sliding Elements 3 . Spherical Bearings 2 DEFINITION 2. the bearings may be combined with flat sliding elements. are also beyond the scope of this code. 1 Spherical Bearing c) d) - Key any a) free for displacements b) internally c) externally guided for displacement d) fixed by a restraining ring Fig. However. For the purpose of providing the movement ability. guides and restraining rings as shown in-curve sliding as in Fig.1 OF PRODUCT AND INTENDED USE Definition of the Product Spherical Bearing The Spherical Bearing consists backing plates with a low concave and convex steel spherical between thereby permitting rotation by of a pair of matching friction sliding interface in shown in Fig. IV) and Cylindrical Bearings for use as temporary devices during construction. for example during launching of the super-structure. 1. this specification may well be considered as a guide to these cases.IRC:83-2014 (Pt. 2.

Cable Stay and Suspension Bridges with relatively large and repetitive rotation and caused by variable loads. 3. cylindrical surface a) b) Key a) b) end stoppers and sliding surface without end stoppers for displacements in y fixed by Fig.2 any a) in direction 4 Cylindrical Bearings Combined with in in x direction x direction Flat Sliding Elements Intended Use Spherical Bearings are suitable for all types of structures especially for long span and continuous structures. translation requirements induce fast sliding displacements in 4 . in case of Road cum Railway Bridges.g.IRC:83-2014 (Pt. IV) Cylindrical Bearing The Cylindrical Bearing consists of a a low friction sliding concave surface to provide friction backing plate affixed with less sliding against the matching convex cylindrical metal in from another plate as shown in Fig. direction 3 Cylindrical Beahngs c) Key free for displacements b) guided by an internal guide for displacements c) guided by external guides for displacements Fig. 4. Cylindrical Bearings are also used combination with flat sliding elements and guides to form free or guided bearings as shown in Fig. 2. and for superstructures that bearings. e.

material. These notations and symbols uniquely or in combination used in the expressions in further clauses of this code are also defined at the places of their occurrence: Notations A geometrical area of flat sliding surface or projected area of the curved sliding surface/specified cross sectional area of the bolt a effective weld size in mm (taking in account throat thickness) 5 . Mating Surface curved hard smooth surface of stainless Flat or against the PTFE steel. Approval Documents The e.IRC:83-2014(Pt. ETA. individual treated 3. polished steel or chrome plated sliding or other low friction sliding material. Sliding Surface PTFE or UHMWPE low thermoplastic material mounted on friction flat or curved backing plate providing low friction sliding to the mating surface. 3 Terms and 3. manufacturing. Isolated approvals or qualification of special approval this components separately that proposed to be used as approval document referred in this specification.g.1 IV) TERMS OF REFERENCE AND SYMBOLS Definition Base Plate Top and Bottom Steel Plates of the Bearing Assembly interfaced with the structure Concrete/Steel member. Guides Metallic projection from the Top Plate getting locked with the adjacent vice versa thereby restraining the movement of the Bearing in steel component or the direction perpendicular to that. Sliding Interface Combination of Mating and Sliding Surfaces providing relative low friction sliding displacement. FHWA or similar documents acceptable under code be that from International reputed approving bodies having proven experience of research and Testing in the field of Structural Bearings and covering within the approval document all aspects incl. design. Backing Plate Steel Plates confining the low friction sliding material like PTFE/UHMWPE.2 shall inside the Bearing shall not be Notations and Symbols The commonly used notations and symbols are defined here below. tolerances and acceptance. etc.

i.e. 5) b^ major side of the backing plate width of sliding surface B width of guide bar 0 distance (in plan) between the and the centre of the 0. above the recess Guided Bearing in (refer Fig.00 5000 V e. tensile strength of the material fy specified min.IRC:83-2014(Pt.^ r b distance elevation) (in between the sliding surface and x-section under consideration (refer Fig. IV) minor side of the backing plate Ap compressed (un-deformed) sliding surface reduced contact area of the A = A.5 E^ MPa compressive strength of Sliding Surface (PTFE/UHMWPE) \^ specified min. permanent load 210000. yield strength of the material h projection of the flat/concave Sliding Surface hf^ force lever arm for restraining ring in fixed bearing (refer Fig. 6) h^ force lever arm for h^^ depth of the restraining ring k reduction factor to reduce creep effects L diameter of the flat/projected diameter of the concave sliding surface Lq reference diameter = 300 L_. length of rocker strip Lg length of Sliding surface strip guide bars in . 8) clearance between secondary sliding surface (guides) diameter of the backing plate Dj internal dia of the restraining ring e eccentricity short term static modulus of elasticity of concrete modulus of elasticity of concrete. .e. sliding under load surface expressed by the expression. (PTFE/UHMWPE/others) strip interface resisting/transferring the horizontal force sliding surface (refer Fig. effects f^^ i. 8) sliding surface mm (PTFE/UHMWPE/others) length of guide bar 6 . 0. for Eg modulus of elasticity of steel f strength characteristic i.

to be taken as 0.\ equivalent constant thickness for concave backing plate t^^ thickness of the restraining ring u force free perimeter of V horizontal force PTFE/UHMWPE design value of anchorage total (Pt.9 6 half included angle of the curved sliding surface partial safety factor 7 . IV) (bolt) component free to bulge resistance in shear resistance to sliding that including the anchorage strength and frictional resistance Suffixes P PTFE U UHMWPE b backing plate d design value of movement at Strength/Ultimate k design value of movement at Characteristic/fundamental/Service sd design value of load/force at Strength/Ultimate (ULS) condition sk design value of load/force at Characteristic/fundamental/Service (SLS) condition X longitudinal axis y transverse axis xy resultant (Polytetrafluoroethylene) (Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene) (ULS) condition (SLS) condition Symbols a design rotation maximum design rotation in ULS (3 angle between the vertical and the resultant applied horizontal load P„ Co-relation factor for Welds.IRC:83-2014 n number N vertical load r radius of curvature of the curved sliding surface R^^ radius of curvature of the contact surface with the restraining ring of bolts radius of curvature of the rocker strip contact surface with the bottom t thickness t^ thickness of the backing plate \.

Stainless Steel if used in special cases for the Bearing main components including backing plates for flat and curved sliding interfaces shall be in accordance with AISI 304 or Duplex Steel (UNS S32205) of ASTM A240.IRC:83-2014 (Pt. The pattern of dimples shall be as 8 .6 for steel on concrete a pressure due to vertical load maximum average X coefficient Az maximum used to contact stress permitted on the sliding surface work out reduced contact Area. minimum perm. Steel for Dowels etc. Steel for bearing main 4. Ar deviation of plane or curved sliding surface from theoretical surface Abbreviations avg. without regenerated materials and fillers or Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE) having high material strength and low frictional properties.4 for steel on steel and 0.1 Steel components shall be rolled steel in accordance with IS:2062 Grade E350 min. average max. maximum min. Equivalent or superior grades as per other national and international specification with proven performance and suitability to application requirements shall also be acceptable. or cast steel in accordance with IS: 1030 Grade 340-570W except for calotte which shall be only fine grain rolled steel conforming to !S:2062 Grade E 350 or above.2 The Low Friction Thermo-Plastic Sliding Material (PTFE or UHMWPE) material shall be either pure polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). free sintered. design permanent load/force PTFE Poly tetra fluoro ethylene UHMWPE Ultra High Molecular Weight Poly ethylene ETA European Technical Approval FHWA Federal Highway Administration 4 iVIATERIAL SPECIFICATION 4. 0. IV) partial safety factor for sliding y^^ |j co-efficient of friction [i^^ co-efficient of friction for co-efficient of friction secondary sliding surface between the bearing and substrate. shall be rolled steel in accordance with IS:2062 Grade E250 B min.




be recessed




"Properties of

Friction Sliding Material".


sliding surface

the metal backing plate compulsorily.



of Modified sliding material

PTFE combined


(Pt. IV)



frictional properties

enhanced load bearing capacity and

ability to

superior to that of

provide high velocity

can be considered for both Primary (flat or curved)
interfaces. However, this shall be subject to the availability

displacement with longer service


and secondary (guides) sliding
of approval documents from International approving bodies like ETA, FHWA or similar,
acceptance by other Leading International Specifications, references of its usage in the
Bearings application, satisfactory and proven test and performance records etc.

Reduction Factor,


(k) to

Reduce Creep


compressive strengths of PTFE/UHMWPE are given in Table 1 and
valid for effective bearing temperatures upto 30°C for PTFE and 35°C for UHMWPE. For
bearings exposed to a maximum effective bearing temperature in excess of above mentioned
respective values, the aforementioned values shall be reduced by 2 percent per degree above
30°C/35°C in order to reduce creep effects of the PTFE/UHMWPE respectively.




Characteristic Compressive Strength


of Sliding Materials

Loading Condition

Application Condition

Main Bearing Surface




Permanent and Variable Loads


Variable Loads


Temperature, Shrinkage and Creep


Permanent Loads



Main Bearing Surface


Permanent and Variable Loads


Variable Loads


Permanent Loads,
Effects of Temperature, Shrinkage


and Creep



Permanent and Variable Loads




Permanent and Variable Loads


Stainless Steel


accordance with AISI 31 6L or
Ofir^^H\^J\Ao^ of IS:6911. The Stainless Steel sheet shall be attached to its backing plate
either by bonding, counter screwing or by continuous fillet weld.









The thickness of the Stainless steel sheet shall be 1 .5 mm if attached by bonding, minimum
1.5 mm or above if attached by continuous fillet weld and min. 2.5 mm when affixed by
counter screwing.

Surface roughness

accordance with




of the polished Stainless Steel sheet shall not





EN ISO 4287

be taken

plate over the area


ensure that the Stainless steel sheet





is fully in

contact with the backing

contact with the sliding surface. To avoid the danger of air




(Pt. IV)

releasing spots of



max 10

length on two opposite sides

while attaching the stainless steel sheet to the backing plate by continuous


may be




attaching the Stainless steel sheet by counter screwing, corrosion resistant fasteners

compatible with the Stainless steel sheet shall be used for securing its edges. They shall be
provided at all corners and along the edges outside the area of contact with the sliding surface


with the


spacing limited to 300

Intermediate and 50

mm at the edges.

Hard Chromium Plated Surfaces


curved surface of the convex steel plate mating with concave sliding surface shall
be hard chromium plated. Hard chromium plating and the surface of its base shall be free
from surface porosity, shrinkage cracks and inclusions. Small defects may be repaired e.g.



by pinning

prior to hard

The thickness


of the hard



roughness of the plated surface


plating shall

shall not

exceed 3

at least

pm and





may be

Both the base material and hard chromium plating


polished to achieve the finish less

than the specified surface roughness.



The permissible combination

and mating surfaces) to be used for
The sliding surface shall be lubricated in

of the materials (sliding

be as given
accordance with Clause 4.8.
sliding interfaces shall



Table 2 Permissible Combination of


IVlaterials for

Permanent Applications as

Sliding Interfaces for Spherical Bearings


Curved Surface

Plane Surface


Stainless steel







Hard chromium


Aluminium Alloy*

Composite Material Stainless
(CM1 and CM2)


aluminium alloy is permitted as mating surface for curved sliding interface only. The
be AI-Mg6M or AI=Si7MgTF in accordance with the requirements of ISO 3522 or as
covered in the special approval documents like ETA, FHWA or simillar.



alloy shall

Composite Material


As an

alternative for strips

properties as per



guides, the composite material of type

Annexure-B can


also be used.


The Lubricant


sliding material


be such that


reduce the



resistance and


of the low friction

properties shall be retained through service range of temperature.

properties of the lubricant shall be as described
listed in

CM1 and CM2

shall also

be referred.






For Silicon Grease, properties



Table 3 Physical and Chemical Properties of Lubricants
Testing Standard




Dropping point



ISO 2137

26.5 to 29.5

ISO 2176

> 180°C

Annex G

Separation after 24 h at 100°C



Eurocode EN 1337-2:2003

Pressure drop Annex H of Eurocode

EN 1337-2:2003


< 3 percent (mass)


100h 160°C

Pour-point of base


ISO 3016





Anchoring Arrangement

arrangement by way of Bolts passing through Bearing component and
anchored to Dowels/Headed Stud connectors/Steel distribution plates shall be adopted for
all Bearings. Bolts to be used for anchoring of the Bearings shall be of property class 8.8 or
10.9 in accordance with IS: 1367. Steel for Dowels shall be rolled steel in accordance with
IS:2062 Grade E250 min. Shear stud material to conform group SD1/SD2 of ISO 13918. For
anchorage design, refer to Clause 5.7.
Positive anchoring


Corrosion Protection

The corrosion protection of the exposed steel surfaces including backing, intermediate plates
and welding zone etc. shall be achieved by a protective coating system in accordance with
the established specifications e.g. ISO 12944.
be protected from general environmental factors,
the protective system shall be designed for the durability "high" of more than 15 years in
accordance with ISO 12944-5:2007 Clause 5.5 for corrosivity category C4.
For applications


interior locations to

For locations which are more prone to corrosion e.g. applications in coastal or industrial
areas, the protective coating system on the bearing shall be considered for the durability
"very high" of

accordance with ISO 12944-5:2007 Clause 5.5 for
= Industrial) for inland locations and C5-M (M = Marine) for seaside

more than 15 years

corrosivity category 05-1




Areas of Steel Components not exposed to outside i.e. in contact with or getting embedded
inside the concrete need not be applied with full corrosion protection system. A zinc rich
primer coat giving a total DFT of 50 microns min. shall deemed be adequate on such

Adequate corrosion protection is very important for the performance and service life of
bearings. The condition of corrosion protection shall be carefully inspected during the regular
maintenance inspection. If corrosion is detected on any part of exterior exposed steel surface,
the affected portion shall be Wire brushed to clean the rust and protective coating shall be
re-applied immediately.




Loads, forces,

movements and

rotation to

be considered


designing the bearings shall be

determined by global analysis of the structure with idealized boundary condition under the

whichever greater. the resultant of the co-existing active and induced horizontal forces generated The capacity due to sliding friction shall be considered. flat sliding surface . forces and shall be furnished for both Service the format given in 5. design displacement and shall not cease or become unstable before providing the full design displacement. movement requirement movement with a min.4 When dimensioning sliding surfaces. For the verification of the above conditions.The increase and movement requirements as stated above shall however be applicable only for the purpose of calculating the practical rotational clearances between the components and movement capabilities without ceasing or failure and shall not be considered while calculating the stresses/applying design checks for rotation and movement ability of the in rotation bearing. induced force load combination that can co-exist.2 Rotation Capability in and Ultimate Annexure-C separately all rotation conditions and convex component or any other for design of bearings each type of bearings Limit state condition for "Bridge Bearing Design Questionnaire Form". However. Load combinations and there metallic shall shall fully cover the concave sliding be no contact (seizure) of concave component of the Bearings under full design rotation. Co-existing values of loads. of the Bearings restraint only by virtue of curvature of the sliding surface without restraining rings or external guides (reference Figs. IV) due to friction at the sliding interface of the boundary conditions. Design Verification for Curved Sliding Surfaces 5.005 radians or ± 10/r radians. total movement For the verification of the above conditions. 1. for stability and separation against the Horizontal 12 forces.3 The is stainless steel mating surface shall cover the fully under max. the nominated design shall of ± be increased by ± 20 50 mm mm in both directions of bridge longitudinal direction and ± 25 in mm in the bridge lateral direction unless restrained by guides. Displacement Capacity 5.e. The Hard Chromium Plated convex mating surface surface under Conditions. be checked .IRC:83-2014 critical (Pt. 2a and 2b) shall i. For deriving the bearings design values for both and factors shall SLS and ULS be taken from IRC:6 or other relevant available specification as deemed movement data necessary. Resistance the bearing shall be ignored for idealizing generated due to friction at sliding interface shall be considered in the design of bearings and adjacent (supported/supporting) structures. Note:. the nominated design rotation value shall be increased by ± 0.

IRC:83-2014(Pt. ym = f^ is <TTxr2xo ss X sin^ (0 ^ -6 ~ a^) d' S x sin ~ which (3 = tan-^ (V . e = sin-1 (L/2r) where.4 the characteristic value of compressive strength according to Table 13 1 and .sk in SLS projected diameter of the Sliding Surface perpendicular to the rotation L axis N / N sk. V resultant horizontal force xy. X k/ym ' where. ~ ^ xy. V s IV) I Key 1 Projected Area of the Curved Sliding Surface Fig.perm') . The capacity 5 Verification Sclieme for the Curved Sliding Surface (Example) shown of the curved sliding surface as in Fig.e. 5 for resisting the horizontal forces shall be checked by the following expression: V in xy.perm permanent vertical load in SLS radius of curvature of the curved sliding surface angle between the vertical and the resultant applied load maximum design rotation in ULS subtended semi-angle of the curved e maximum average o ss = f^ k sliding surface contact stress permitted on the sliding surface i.

25 "'rr Shear stress. Even if the capacity of the Bearings curved sliding surface alone satisfies the check for stability and separation against the Horizontal forces.4.1 Direct tensile stress. (o^J in < rr 5. > inadequate 0.d xhfi interface shall satisfy: and base interface shall satisfy: x6 < ~ f/y m y ' 14 where y =1. It is recommended to design the bearing with the steel restraining ring/external guides for additional safety against separation and sliding off under unforeseen conditions Fig.0 .1.IRC:83-2014 (Pt. Fixed Spherical Bearing (Typical) Restraining rings For design and verification of the steel restraining ring capacity to withstand the effect of applied horizontal forces.4. the fixed and guided bearing shall be designed compulsorily with the steel restraining rings Vice-a-versa. not be applicable for Bearings those restrained against base.4. e.3 " restraining ring cross-section shall satisfy: tine at restraining ring xV.5 5.1.^ ym =1.0 ' at restraining ring l-5xV^y. (a^ J < — f V /V3 xy ' and base where n D.xy. following design rules shall be followed: 5.2 Bending where f/y y = 1 . if the condition (9 - (3 - a) is in positive value the curvature of the sliding surface is Clause stress.1 6 and (refer Figs.e. this check shall and external guides respectively (reference Figs. 6 Arrangement of Restraining Ring in 8). 2c and 2d).4. (T^J 1. 5.1. IV) k Note: If is the reduction factor to reduce creep effects as described The above check is only applicable this condition is not satisfied i.3 i. X t. to resist the resultant horizontal forces.

m V y ' ' when connected to the full (within) y m = 1.1.1. V^y^^ Resultant acting Horizontal D.4.1.IRC:83-2014(Pt. welded option of Restraining Rings to EN 1090-2/ISO 3834-2/AISC.5 plate tfie restraining ring base plate IV) shall satisfy: H V ^ — t Where Vlr. ' Force in N Internal dia of the Restraining Ring in mm Outer dia of the Restraining Ring base plate in mm mm t^_.„.4.xRJ/(E^xQ)} also.4. certified The according be provided in uniformly transfer the Horizontal Forces without causing the edge with the restraining ring shall concentration. X a when connected to the Base plate (surface) f/pxVSxy < weld (refer wherey =1.0 2 ' rn y.5xV^3.25 Y depth restraining ring by partial penetration butt weld (refer Fig. xVSxy m < f/p — u w wherey m l^^RrrxD xf/ < — Es X 5.^.6 plate ^^^''^ < f/y when connected where .^ Effective width of the contact surface (we) shall be calculated by the following expression we > 3. . y xy. 7c) shall satisfy: ^^^^ Note: by shall only be adopted by manufacturers The interface of the bottom component radius to skill and precision.25 ' depth restraining ring by full penetration butt weld (refer Fig.1.9 Wherey =1.4. (within) to the full =1.4.a^ X D.25 Since the welded connection requires high degree of workmanship.04xV{(1.1.4. 5.4 V n Base 5. Thickness of the Restraining Ring {^^^ Thickness of the Restraining Ring base plate a effective R^^ Radius of curvature of the contact surface with the Restraining Ring weld size in mm (taking 15 in in in mm account throat thickness) . 7b) shall satisfy: ^''^'''^ Restraining ring 5.8 fillet Fig.7 .25 ' ' ' D. w > we + ( max.1. Direct tensile stress. 7a) shall satisfy: ' Base 5. (a^^J in 5.) where.

yield strength of the steel material in Specified min.e. Reduction factor as described A reduced contact area of the contact area for X i. mm 210000.3 sliding surface expressed by the expression.4.max verification be ~ verified . effects. taken as 1 . 16 ^ tt e/L centroid which is is the point caused by both .e.2 The Safety 7 Types of Weld Connection between Restraining Ring and Base Plate (Typical) Compressive stress following conditions shall sd.9 Partial factor of Fig. 5. IV) Distance between the point of force application and the Restraining Ring Base in mm Depth of the Restraining Ring Modulus of Elasticity of Steel in i. N sd is the design axial force at ultimate is the characteristic value of compressive strength as per Table partial safety factor for materials. under a fundamental combination of actions: k Ym where.75 whose total eccentricity e^. A .00 MPa Specified min. X = is the reduced contact area of the sliding surface through which Ng^ acts with the mechanical and geometrical . tensile strength of the steel material MPa in MPa Co-relation factor for Welds.4. to be taken as 0. state The recommended value 1 of shall be unless stated otherwise k surface limit A= TT flat sliding in Clause 4. surface or projected area of the curved sliding L2/4 is a coefficient worked out by the expression.0.IRC:83-2014 (Pt.

the co-efficient of fhction values for PTFE and UHMWPE sliding surfaces as worked out from the above expressions may be reduced by 30 percent and 25 percent respectively. 5.3. IV) For the purpose of compressive stress verification the curved sliding surface shall be replaced by its projection on a plane surface 'L' as shown in Fig.4.08 = Coefficient of friction for UHMWPE ' ' " For curved sliding interfaces combined with dimpled and lubricated UHMWPE sheets and stainless steel/hard chromium plating.025 < u b) < 0. 'e^' be the algebraic sum of the several eccentricities that a cross-section under consideration. e^ The = + + e^ (as applicable depending on the condition) + working out the resulting different eccentricities for total eccentricity shall be calculated as per the expressions below: Curved 5. is the coefficient of friction p^^^. the the presence of rotational to the frictional associated eccentricity 'e/ movements at is: e = u "max . the coefficient of friction p^g^ is determined as a function of the average pressure Op^p^ [MPa] under maximum vertical load in ULS condition.08 15 + ay For zones where the minimum effective bearing temperature doesn't fall below . as follows: 1. as follows: 1 = 0. r 1 For bearings with sliding surface as given verification of the bearing and the structure per expression given below.3 and moments acting on the curved sliding surface due to frictional resistance. 17 . a) Coefficient of friction for PTFE For curved sliding interfaces combined with dimpled and lubricated PTFE sheets and stainless steel/hard chromium plating. externally applied horizontal forces and the rotated condition of the bearing shall be taken Internal forces into account when determining the resulting The resulting total eccentricity.2 0.020 < M ^""^^ Notes: i) f\ < 0. Regardless of whether the bearing has one or two surfaces.IRC:83-2014 (Pt.5°C.1 In sliding surfaces curved surfaces. in 'e^' shall Thus. an internal moment occurs due resistance. may occur simultaneously total eccentricity of the axial force 'Ng'. the coefficient of friction under p^g^ is determined as a function of the average pressure o^^^^p^ [MPa] maximum vertical load in ULS condition. The Table which it in in effect of friction at 2.4. Eccentricities 5. for incorporated shall be calculated as the sliding interface shall not be used to relieve the effects of externally applied horizontal forces.

the stated and also the actual value worked out from the expression above in a) and b) shall In ii) IV) limits be enhanced by a factor of 5.4. 5.3.e. which be considered in the pedestal. 8).2. 'e3' said sheet is occurs only in the curved attached to the convex backing plate. The coefficient of friction 'pfr' shall be For bearings with sliding surface in taken from Table 4 below: Table 4 Co-efficient of Friction (pj for Secondary Sliding Surfaces Application Sliding Interface Guided Bearings Fixed Bearing 5.20 - 0.max where.10 Steel 0.4 Lateral forces Lateral forces acting on to the Bearings are the result from horizontal actions and the resistance of the other bearings in the structure. furthermore.4. This eccentricity 18 is frictional not applicable for the .1 5). the coefficient of friction shall be considered to be independent of contact pressure.3. 5. sliding surface and.Composite Material (CM1/CM2) 0. and Sliding surfaces witti external guides restraining rings For the spherical bearings designed to resist horizontal forces through external guides or restraining rings. eccentricity 'e^' of the vertical load e^ = on the curved surface which 'a' produces an is: a^. distance (in between the Interface plan) resisting/transferring the horizontal force and the centre of the sliding surface.IRC:83-2014(Pt. (refer Fig. At any rate.4. rotational movements produces an eccentricity designing of the adjacent structural members 'e^' (i.2 1 .4. b distance (in elevation) between the cross-section under consideration and the sliding surface (refer Fig. eccentricity Clauses 'e3' shall act in and the opposite direction to the eccentricities calculated in the In the type of bearings equipped with only 5.PTFE/UHMWPE SS .3. Co-efficient of friction for Secondary Bearings and at the restraining ring in Sliding surface case in case of Guided of Fixed Bearing guides as per Table = N sd.{r+b) where. a rotation angle. 2c and d) and not by the curvature of the sliding surface.3.3. beam etc) and the anchoring shall only devices: ©2 V.4. case aluminium alloy used as mating surface for curved sliding interface. (refer Figs.3 In all (mJ SS .20 Steel Rotation the types of bearings with two sliding surfaces. only one when sliding surface.5.

the sliding surface adjacent to a steel rocker strip Guides shall backside of which shall be curved to provide smooth surface contact at the sliding interface even under rotation condition (refer Fig. as the lines of application of lateral action and reaction are not coincident. the resulting couple (force lever arm) causes an eccentricity that shall be additionally taken into account. 3. rotation (aj etc. e^. 63 per the above expressions but using the values horizontal forces (V^y^^). In in the bearings where lateral forces (Pt.4 With the exception of guides. 19 . For the purpose of Separation Check. While the Stainless weld. 4. the sliding surface strips shall be either in steel strips shall bonded its adjacent surface for low be affixed by continuous with confinement or screwed fillet to assist assembling. UHMWPE shall it be verified that the > 0 under SLS condition of Loading.4. The and sliding interface shall friction sliding sliding plate or internally located the top sliding plate shall be sliding inside the recess be Guides and fixed on to the movement.max Additional eccentricity due to horizontal force bending moment 5. the values of different eccentricities (N edge pressure eccentricity "e^" shall in and SLS e^ etc. the for calculating "Mmax" ) ^ in SLS ^^'^ is "a" over satisfied when PTFE/ the total the kernel of the projected area. This condition eccentricity 'e^' falls within viz. average pressure "a" over PTFE/UHMWPE be worked out using minimum vertical load condition. 5 In all cases. For circular sheets this condition is satisfied when: et<t 8 where. shall also be calculated as condition for vertical load (N^i^^^J. 5) L Guides 5. externally applied horizontal forces are to be resisted. Guides either externally attached and projecting from the top projecting from the Calotte used.IRC:83-2014 curved sliding interface or restraining rings. Also. projected diameter (refer Fig. 8 for details). the horizontal load V^^^^ produces an eccentricity 'e^' which is: sd. In order to be placed full facilitate into lateral rotation freely. Separation of sliding surface 5.5 In the design of the Bearings where. IV) are transmitted by external guides bearings of the fixed type with only one sliding surface or with internal/ central guides. Composite materials shall be attached by bonding supplemented by mechanical attachment. .

3 be in shall satisfy: xB xkxf/y m k s The Guide Bars when ' ' ' monolithically constructed with its parent component shall satisfy the following expressions: 5.0 (x^^J in the guide bar shall satisfy: < .5.f/V3xy m y ' Equivalent 5.5.eff.eff.0 where ym =1.3 in r> ^ ^x ^ the guide bar shall satisfy: < 1. IV) 8 Arrangement of Rocker Strip (Secondary Sliding Surface) Guided Spherical Bearing (Typical) Fig. 5.2 J in s. (o^ • „ T y ^ Shear stress.0 (VV3ym) 20 . (o^^J / the guide bar shall satisfy: X hf^ X 6 ^ y m + ' m where y =1.4 Eg X ym' < — ^ y.3. 1 Bending „H stress. The following conditions shall 5.0 where y =1.1 Radius of curvature 23 X y.0 where y =1.^ IRC:83-2014(Pt.2 Rj-s verified while designing the Guides for a X X f 2 where ym Ls Guided Bearing: for the rocker strip shall satisfy: PTFE/UIHMWPE strip dimension V 5. ^x.

yield strength of the steel material f^ Specified min. Clearance following criterion: 'c^' .'-^ 5.3 ' in MPa in MPa 1 " ' ' .1. whichever is lesser in mm mm mm (taking i. tensile strength of the steel material f^ Characteristic value of compressive strength according to Table k Reduction factor as described of Elasticity of Steel i. 5. shall satisfy. Bending 5.0 L + 1000 where. 21 in 210000.5.00 Clause 4.5.5. 5. Vyg^ Acting transverse horizontal force in Radius of curvature of the Rocker component in N Strip curved surface facing the backing mm Length of Rocker Strip in mm Length of Sliding surface (PTFE/UHMWPE/Others) Strip Width of Sliding surface (PTFE/UHMWPE/Others) L^ Length of Guide Bar L^g^ Effective (Lg in mm mm in Strip in mm Length of Guide Bar derived from 45° load distribution + 2*BJ or the length of Guide Bar.2 stress. Since the welded connection requires high degree of workmanship. (cj^gj ^gb' Note: guide bar X hf2 .4. (o^ d < 5.4 In cases where the Guide Bar weld attached is to IV) parent component (Refer its Fig.25 .e.e./y.3 in tine T3^gb- = 1. skill and precision. siiall satisfy: oc where y^= .6 f. between sliding components in unused condition shall meet the . The welded option of Guide Bars shall only be adopted by manufacturers certified according to EN 1090-2/iSO 3834-2/AISC. 1 V 5.25 . Sliear stress.4.25 the guide bar shall satisfy: in < ) where - where y^ = X y^ / 1 . B^ Width of Guide Bar a effective hf2 Distance between the point of force application and the Guide Bar interface weld size with parent in in component in in account throat thickness) mm MPa E^ Modulus fy Specified min. 14). c. .IRC:83-2014(Pt. ' < ~ mm 1.5.4. (x^^J in the guide bar ^ + 3 X sliall satisfy: ^ fu/PwXV3xy^ Equivalent stress.

Aw. a.^^^" the backing plate over the diameter in 'L' calculated from the following expression: 0. k.45 (h/L) \ / ) / L diameter of the flat/concave Sliding Surface (mm) h projection of the flat/concave Sliding Surface above the recess (mm) L . the flat sliding surface is confined/mounted on a thick convex backing plate which apparently has high stiffness and rigidity against deformations as shown in Fig. 9.1 > 9 Deformations of Backing Plates Fig.85. cease the Bearing rotation ability causing higher wear. IV) 6 Co-relation factor for Welds. stress in ^^^d ^'^^•V^'0/•V"'•J'd ''^•"•'••O ' " " ^ ' the backing plate induced by the respective deformation shall not exceed the permanent deformations. The ° Actual deformation of the backing plate The maximum relative deformation "Aw. bearing bottom plate shall be calculated separately as per the expression given in Clause 5.'perms h ( ^ -2 V 0. b where. to be taken as 0.e./L). = 22 if L 0 <d — b <2 — L0 shall be . in Spherical and Cylindrical Bearings.e.6.'act.^^^" of the backing plates to flat mating surface i. k c .d.1 and both shall satisfy the condition given below: Aw.6 Both the sliding and the mating surfaces shall be supported by metal backing plates.IRC:83-2014 (Pt.'perms. In order to avoid unacceptably small clearance due to deformation under loads and stresses at the sliding interface. .gb i. However. b . the clearance between the adjacent backing plates shall be checked. elastic limit in order to avoid 5. Thus only the deformation " 4i Design Verification of Backing Plates 5.55 — — Aw = 1. ^.9 Y Partial factor of Safety a b. where.1 +(1.6. bearing top plate and concave sliding surface i.(2-d^/Lo) T . < — Aw.a c . which could otherwise create unacceptably small clearance between the adjacent backing plates and as a result.7-0.

mm the equivalent constant thickness L Reference diameter .^ of the backing plate for concave be less than 12 mm.60 i. 1 3 a^^ (a^ being the side of the square plate or the minor side of the rectangular plate) Thickness of the backing may be based on the calculation t' b.IRC:83-2014(Pt.55 . Diameter of the backing plate or 1 .perm M ^ backing plates with a concave surface L sk. 1/3 E^ be of min. permanent load 5000 V effects which the backing plates are attached to 35 Grade. for 35 but limited to steel grades.p^^^^.max The +0. d /L .67 when using steel having yield strength less than 340 0. f^.2 Thickness of the backing plate The thickness shall not t^^.max N sk. max b. shall The above also applies when using lower concrete strength classes and/or provided the "Aw. Similarly material for steel backing plates shall be yield strength as 340 MPa min. steel plate of equivalent or higher also allowed. 23 sliding surface i.perm + a. e. mm b plate. for in SLS condition members strength than concrete grade having the is i.6(t K =t.b.e.30 + 0. 1.90 when using concrete grade less than 0.300 Maximum Vertical Vertical Load due mm Design Load to in SLS Modulus structural concrete permanent actions of elasticity of concrete." value as calculated above is reduced by a factor of: 250 t'^ ) ' Diameter of the flat/concave Sliding Surface (mm) sk.^ e.6.1 N sk. Use of Mortar Layers between concrete and steel condition Short term static modulus of elasticity of concrete . M 30 MPa but limited to MPa when using both concrete grade less than less than 340 MPa but both limited to M 35 and steel with yield strength minimum M 30 Grade and 250 MPa respectively 5.0. M 0. >2 db if IV) ce = 0.4 L L+ 2 3 t • b • Lr J where. Bearing Bottom Plate .

040. Headed Stud connectors (Shear or Tension). or 12 flat backing plate of concave sliding surface and for t'^^ mating surface (SS) shall > 0. mm. whichever t^^ for satisfy: Va\+b\ greater. contribution due to e. Bolts passing through Bearing anchored to embedded welded The Dowels.IRC:83-2014 (Pt. the case of dynamically loaded structures where extreme load fluctuations seismic zones (Zones IV and V).g.8 The to Concrete Structure strength of the concrete structure adjoining to the Bearings shall be checked so as ensure safe bearing and transmitting the loads and forces that from the Bearings.g. is the minor side of backing plate and is the major side of backing plate Design Verification of Anchiorages Against Sliding Under Horizontal Force 5. mechanism against sliding under the at the ultimate limit state in accordance with the stipulations "Bearing Anchorage Design Rules". the bearings shall be adequately anchored using Positive anchoring arrangement e. 6 6. The described in to avoid the undue deformation stress in soffit above the Bearing voids/honeycombing underneath the Bearing which components or even premature Bearing shall be checked against the expression of the Bearing the concrete structure Annexure-F "Check for Permissible Stresses on the Adjacent Concrete Structure". IV) The equivalent constant thickness backing plate of t. structures in high application of not be taken into consideration while designing the anchorages i. p^ shall can occur.1 MANUFACTURING Dimensional Tolerance of Steel Components and Bearing Overall The tolerances as listed in Table 5 shall be applicable components: 24 for the finished Bearings and its . Verification of the Stresses in the Adjoining 5. is where. Steel distribution plates the adjoining concrete structure or anchored to the intermediate steel plates in to the adjoining structure in safety and adequacy horizontal force shall described In in component and case of of the anchoring be checked Annexure-E steel construction. The concreting of the Bearing seating (Pedestal) and superstructure shall may be carefully done result in failure.7 Irrespective of the Bearing type (fixed or movable).e. friction shall be taken as zero.

1RC:83-2014 Table 5 Tolerance on Dimension of Steel i) Components and Bearing Parameter S.0 dimension. whichever is higher portion) 0 to + 5 Overall Height mm or 1 percent of the drawing .5 percent of the drawing dimension whichever b) ii) Un-machined (flange is higher mm or 1.r. b) f 10 Dimensional Limitations of Concave Backing Plate Recess in the Backing Plate for Confinement of the Sliding Surface The shoulders of the recess shall be sharp and square to restrict the flow of the sliding surface and the radius at the root of the recess shall not exceed 1 mm (refer Fig.25 too mm component Radius of Curvature steel for the mm for the component Curved Backing Plate a) Dinnensiona! Limitation and Tolerance The thickness surface shall be 12 20 mm on concave sliding and the space available on sides shall be min. bottom 1 in ± 1 is higher 200 surface as datum iv) Height of individual machined steel component V) Radius of Curvature steel vi) 6.t. IV) Parallelism of Bearing top surface w.25 mm convex machined -0. Tolerance Overall Plan Dimension a) Machined 0 to + 5 mm or 0. of the curved backing plate housing the t^ mm radius (refer Fig. which •ii) (Pt. 10) If ^1 / // / // c Fig. No.2 concave machined 0 to + 0. Dimensions J' x-x Key 1 Sharp edge Fig.0 percent of the 0 to + 10 drawing dimension. 11 Details of Recess 25 for Sliding Surface in millimeters . 11).

0 mm for sheets with a diameter 'L' less than mm for larger sheets.0.00+ 1500 mm h = 2. Gap (mm) - 500 0.2 'U diameter of the projected area of the mm 0. with 'h' in mm 5. if is + 0.25 h = Protrusion 'h' in it's protrusion meet the conditions given Table 7 Thickness Design Values and .5 - 1000 1. in fit fit 501 6.0003 d or 0.2 mm. - 0. Surface of the curved backing plate to receive the concave sliding surface such a way that the maximum deviation Az from theoretical plane surface shall not exceed 0. The admissible tolerance on thickness of single sheet or associated multiple sheets of the sliding surface 750 mm Curved and + 0.IRC:83-2014 (Pt.5. 5) L ' .0<tp<8. where the corrosion protection coating shall not exceed 200 pm.5 where. - 0. whichever is be finished shall in greater.3. The disc. shall not be less than 1000 sub-divided into a disc and an mm in diameter and the width 50 mm. projected diameter (refer Fig.2 mm sliding surface in The tolerance on the ± 0. Fig. The separating ring of the backing plate shall not be more than 10 mm wide. sheets shall be circular and may be sub-divided. 12 shows the configurations of the annulus shall not be less than of curved sliding surface sheets for Spherical Bearings. Both the disc and the annulus may be retained in recesses. IV) The sliding surface shall ideally maximum permissible tolerance on the exceed values specified shall not Table 6 Tolerance on Fit the recess without clearance. ' 't in and Protrusion 'h' in Table 'h' the unloaded condition with 7. 26 . _ Flatness c) . four equal segments. Sliding Surface 6.0 1001 1500 - Recess of Sliding Surface in the Dimension L (mm) 75 of sliding surface inside the recess Table in The 1.0 ±0. The for 'L' protrusion less than or equal to 'h' shall be 750 mm and verified at atleast three marked measuring points spread circumferentially. The annulus may be sub-divided into max.3 The thickness 'tp' of the sliding surface corrosion protection shall Thickness 't ' in p Flat mm 2. of the Sliding Surface Guides and Curved Sliding Surfaces h < < t 8.0 sliding surface annulus.3 mm for V protrusion 'h' is greater than 750 ± mm.0 ^ 2.

13). < IV) 10 i 1 1 a >50 Dimensions in millimeters 12 Sub-division of Recessed Spherical Sliding Surface Sheets Fig. the absence of defects shall be verified by any suitable non-destructive test e. Since hard chromium plating can be damaged by provision shall be air made is in acid solution or to fluorines and such as occur in industrial environment. In addition to the visual inspection. the hard chrome plating shall be reworked and the test shall be applied on the entire chrome plated surface and if the defects are still noticed.g.e.IRC:83-2014(Pt. special protect the surfaces in those conditions. A 8 = u tp p . Sliding Surface for Guides 6. borne to not resistant to chlorides particles.4 Dimension 'a' shall not be less than 15 than 4 (see Fig. Ferroxyl Test in accordance with Annexure-D "Ferroxyl Test for Hard Chromium Plating" of this specification. u PTFE/UHMWPE above the recessed Perimeter of PTFE/UHMWPE free to bulge Ap Area of the h Projection of sliding surface >5 (PTFE/UHMWPE) in portion contact i. h - mm and the modified shape factor shall be greater h h where. 27 . If any defects in the small portion are detected in the test. the hard chrome plating shall be rejected. 6.5 13 Examples of Recessed Sliding Surface Sheets for in millimeters Guides Hard Chromium Surface The hard chromium surface shall be visually inspected for cracks and pores. under load >5 ' Ap 10±2 p/2 p/2 T a > 15 a > 15 i_ 10 ±2 10± L 2 Dimensions • Fig.

9 While doing the corrosion protection as specified Following care shall be taken: Where to in Clause 4. 28 particles. TIG welding of Stainless Steel sheet is recommended. cost of machining and material wastage etc.7 Fasteners shall conform to their relevant IS/IRC Specifications. Welding 6. and sign of rust or rust inducing .8 All welding shall conform to IS:816 and IS:9595 with electrodes of suitable grade as per IS:814.6 component be preferred as far as possible unless excessive dimension. to achieve the desired strength to resist the horizontal forces. In resist by welding. overrules the condition. Preheating and post weld stress reliving shall be done as necessary. IV) Restraining Rings and Guides 6. The backing plate shall extend beyond the edge of Stainless Steel sheet the weld.10 of this Specification. option TOP PLATE ALLEN KEY BOLTS TONGUE AND GROOVE WELD GUIDE BAR Fig. foreign welding of the SS Sheet. In such cases option of welded Restraining Rings and Guides can be considered subject to fulfillment of the respective design requirements mentioned in this Restraining Ring and Guides monolithic with their parent documents and the i) ii) following conditions: be positioned and locked with its parent component by tongue and groove shaped machining/using the Allen-key bolts. continuous welding (all sides) shall be done (refer Fig. bending. The Ring/Guides The weld size shall and dimensions and forces shear. the stainless steel sheet is attached to it's backing plate by continuous fillet weld. case the acting horizontal forces is too high to with monolithic Ring or Guides shall be adopted. However. accommodate Protection Against Corrosion and Contamination 6. Further. the area should be thoroughly cleaned and carefully agents examined prior to the to be free from dust.IRC:83-2014 (Pt. i) shall viz. 14). 14 Guide Bar Weld Connection with Top Plate (Typical) Fasteners 6. tension and shall satisfy the acting loads and checked against the applicable cases combined effects etc. the area of the backing plate covered by the stainless steel sheet need not be provided with the complete corrosion protection system.

Witness of final if deemed necessary acceptance testing of finished product. is to ACCEPTANCE. precautions shall be taken against contamination of lubricated surfaces.2 and Conformity on raw materials and production in-process.IRC:83-2014(Pt. The bearing may be provided with a movement indicator scale which face of the top sliding plate with a pointer pointing to 7 it be fixed on the side from the Bearing bottom component. replacement and/or All other metallic components including Bolts. Where the the full stainless steel sheet IV) attached by screwing.1 Following System will a) b) of Attestation form the basis of acceptance of the Spherical and Cylindrical Bearings: Tasks of the manufacturer: 1) Raw 2) Factory production control/in-process testing 3) In-house Test on Finished Bearing Material Acceptance/Testing Tasks of the accepting/inspection authority: inspection of factory and of factory production control 1 ) Initial 2) Surprise/audit inspection on process of production and conformance test 3) 7. Such protection devices shall be easily removable for wiper seal. For guides the sliding material shall be amount of lubricant into the surface and wiping off initially lubricated by rubbing a small the remainder. following definitions shall be applicable • A lot shall comprise of the total number of Bearings manufactured together. assembly. counterpunched screwing or riveting corrosion protection system shall be applied to the backing plate behind the stainless is steel sheet. CERTIFICATION AND MARKING Acceptance Testing.8 in a way ensuring that all the dimples are filled without air After cleaning prior to entrapment. rubber apron or bellows. maintenance inspection purpose.10 Prior to assembly the and sliding surfaces shall be cleaned. Stipulations of this clause regarding the 7. Fasteners and Washers etc. Certification and Marking shall be strictly adhered which forming the basis of Product conformance and acceptance for the Spherical and Cylindrical Bearings. and offered for the Inspection at 29 . During assembly process. shall also be adequately protected against corrosion. the dimpled sliding surface shall be lubricated with lubricant according to Clause 4. Assembly 6. Lot Classification For the purpose of Lot classification.g. Provision against contamination of the sliding surface shall be made by suitable devices e. of the type and load capacity as defined below.

Following In-house/internal testing on the finished Bearings shall be performed by the Apart from the material Manufacturer: i) Bearings shall be checked for surface All finish or any other discernible superficial defects.4. Bearings with max. as the case applicable. in as applicable. However. Following Acceptance tests authority shall presence of the Inspection be performed on the components of the bearings or the bearing as a whole. Bearings in excess of 24 Nos.IRC:83-2014(Pt. 11) the All Bearings shall be checked for overall dimensions as per the manufacturing tolerances specified in this code and the relevant contract Specifications. design vertical load less than 500 MT shall be considered as one lot and Bearings with more than 500 MT vertical load capacity shall be considered as separate lot. and movable Bearings the movable bearings movement bi-directional • 7. From the entire production quantity to be offered for acceptance. uni-directional and classified of be placed under the same lot. iii) At least 20 percent Bearings subject to a 04 and maximum of production quantity to be minimum of 20 numbers selected randomly out of the entire offered for acceptance shall be subjected to vertical the maximum design vertical load and simultaneously the is iv) in SLS condition as test load at 1. terms of Load capacity.02 radians or design rotation whichever higher. Random sampling and testing at addition to the certificates of forming the and 30 . IV) a time to the Inspecting/Accepting Authority. One Bearing each selected at random shall be tested for Co-efficient of Friction at maximum design vertical load in SLS condition and Combined Vertical and Horizontal Load test (at 1.4 Acceptance Test by Inspecting Authority Bearings passing the In-house Test requirements are then offered to the Accepting/Inspection Authority for Acceptance Testing. the maximum number of Bearings in one lot shall be limited to 24.3 lot. be shall irrespective abilities shall as separate lots. 7. • shall be treated as separate The fixed However.10 times shown in the drawings rotation of 0. The Bearings thus manufactured shall be subjected to rigorous In-house Testing by the manufacturer prior to offering for the Acceptance Testing.10 times the maximum SLS design loads). In Manufacturer Internal Testing Raw and In-process Inspection to be carried out and documented for all Bearings and their Components.1 Tests for conformance of raw materials 1) In initial basis of its processing Raw materials from the supplier/manufacturer acceptance. 7.

02 radians or design rotation.IRC:83-2014 (Pt.AL as shown whichever is RAM Typical Fig.4. sliding surface. Bolts etc. g. iii) Compression One (Vertical Load) Test Bearing selected at random from the lot under acceptance simultaneously subjected to vertical test load of 1. 15 Vertical Load Test Set-up for Spherical Bearings 31 in shall be maximum the drawings and higher.10 times the design vertical load in serviceability condition rotation of 0. shall be done. finish of the stainless steel test Ferroxyl Test sheet etc. (Fig. IV) Independent NABL accredited lab for the material used in the production of the Bearings like steel. \'ERTIC.2 components ii) Ultrasonic inspection of the steel ill) Test on welding iv) Test on hard chromium plating v) Surface vi) Thickness of the anti-corrosive treatment Acceptance 1) e. ii) Dimension Bearings shall be randomly checked Manufacturing tolerances specified for overall in this dimensions as per the code and the relevant contract Specifications. 15) . stainless steel. The inspection/accepting authority at his discretion shall relax and not insist on conducting the above test subject to availability of the satisfactory test data for the similar test conducted on materials of bearings recently manufactured and supplied for other projects within a period of six months preceding the date of Testing. on finished bearings Surface Finish Bearings shall be randomly checked for surface finish or any other discernible superficial defects. g. 7. Dye Penetration Test e.

the Bearings shall be held under Load for a period of 10 minutes. iv) IV) Friction Test For movable Bearings (Free Float and Slide Guide Types).10 times of the respective maximum design loads and forces in serviceability condition (Fig. One Bearing random per lot shall be tested in order to determine the co-efficient of friction at maximum design Vertical Load in serviceability condition. Wim THE DIRECTiON OF \iOVE\EXT P.ARE P.AR. 17).IRC:83-2014(Pt.APitlCAIDN OF HORIZONTAL FORCE ' — HORIZONT.-a. FORCE GUIDED SPHERICAL BEARING ORiENTED SUCH TH. Notes 17 HOR Load Test Setup Details for Spherical Guided Bearing : • For tests specified under and under iii) and v) of iii) and iv) of Clause 7.^JUNG C. One combined Bearing selected at random from each lot shall be subjected to and Horizontal Load Test to 1. 16). 16 Coefficient of Friction Load Test Setup Details for Spherical Guided Bearing v) Combined Vertical and Horizontal Load Test For Bearings required to resist Horizontal Forces (Fixed and Slide Guide Types).4. 32 .AILEL TO THEDIEECnOXOF APPLICATION OF HORIZONT.03 under lubricated condition (Fig.AR.AT THE GUIDES .\N ALSO EE USED . Vertical -K TO? GUIDED BEARING CAN ALS O BE L-SED .AGE OF THE BE.AL STOi^ERS CAN ALSO BE PROVIDED IN BOTTOM PLATEK OF THE TESTRIG TO AV OID THE SLS^AGE OF THE BEARING DURKG THE TESTING Fig. selected at IN TOP GLIDED BE.AR£\0 DLIRKG THE TESTING Fig.3 except for co-efficient of Friction test Clause 7. the value of friction shall not exceed 0.LLEL TO THE DffiECTiOK OF . ^TIH THE DIRECHON OF MOVEMENT ?AFJi.2.U STOPPERS CAN -ALSO BE PROVIDED K BOTTOM PLATEN OF THE TEST RIG TO A'-'OID THE SLIPP.ALLEL TO THE DIRECTION OF HORIZONTAL FORCE APPLICATION THUS AiLO\TOG SLIDING KORIZONT.

permanent deformation in the components especially the sliding surface. 7. welding (DPT). cracks or other permanent defects which may affect the serviceability or durability of the bearing. swelling. 7. weld. shall be compiled and submitted to the Inspecting/Acceptance Authority as Test Reports. Separation/Lift-off between the deformation or cracks in sliding interface or seizure of the Bearing Components. the tested bearings shall be removed from the test machine.IRC:83-2014 be done SLS (Pt. dismantled and the components shall be examined for any signs of distress. authority apart from witnessing the test i. hard chromium plating (Ferroxyl Test). Inspection Report 7. warping. These filled up formats alongwith the raw material test certificates.7 details of the tests Certification The approving/accepting manufactured authority after getting satisfied with the Quality of the Product shall issue Certificate of conformity of the product stating the conformity with the provisions of this Specification and clearance to the Manufacturer to effect the shipment of the Bearings to the job site. order to ensure that the Test Bearing having curved sliding surface do not topple. reports of the tests done inprocess e.8 All Marking Bearings shall have suitable identification plates permanently affixed which shall be visible after installation.4 may be exempted for Bearings supplied with "CE Certification". The inspecting/acceptance above on finished Bearings shall also inspect the documents and reports submitted by the manufacturer about the internal factory production control e. S/S surface finish and Paint DPT etc. in-process production and internal testing of finished product carried out by the manufacturer. Acceptance Test on Finished Bearings as per Clauses 7. raw material. • All testing shall • Additional pre-fabricated taper plates inducing the desired rotation into the Bearing shall • In be used in for the Test assembly for the Vertical Load test. • Observation 7.3 and 7. After the above tests are completed.6 The and inspection carried out both in house and in the presence of the Witnessing Authority shall be recorded in the standard testing formats alongwith their observations. ultrasonic test. the inspecting/accepting authority shall examine the behavior of the Bearings for any signs of Deformation or Crack on the Sliding surface and/or mating surface.g. IV) Loading.5 During the Testing. mating surface hardness test. identifying the following information: - Name of Manufacturer 33 . on top as shown in the test assembly figures shall be used either the flat sliding surface or else suitable supporting/clamping arrangement to hold the Bearing assembly/testing shall be considered for friction and combined in place during tests.

The Transportation Bracket shall be easily removable after installation or designed to break once the bearing starts to function. Load. without damaging the bearing. Site shall under covered space to withstand the handling be placed horizontally above the Ground Level on wooden (well ventilated) to avoid spoilage by rain water and dust etc. - IV) Month and Last two digits of the year in which the Bearing IVIanufactured (mm/yy) Besides - Serial - Bearing Designation and Type - Design Performance parameters Number of the Bearing - viz. shall Number upon each support (If required) PACKAGING.8. with the following information to facilitate their correct installation at site: - Centerline Marking - Bearing Designation and Type - Orientation Marking to facilitate correct placement on the Pedestal - Direction of Major and Minor movement. as appropriate - Preset Marking. accordance with Clauses 6 and 7 are in made up Bearings being if components in respect. strong to hold the various bearing in be applied when the pre-requisites. They shall fulfilled in all components. Bearings Job Site under secured and horizontal condition. TRANSPORT AND STORAGE be labeled by the manufacturer with the marking requirement as stated The marking and acceptance shall only of several transportation. which are not temporarily clamped together at the place of manufacture. All Bearings that are too heavy to be handled manually shall have provision for the lifting devices.lRC:83-2014(Pt. shall Such clamps shall be be sufficiently their correct positions during handling and be marked/painted with a clear distinguish colour from that of the Bearing paint for easy identification. Bearings shall be wrapped under heavy duty polythene sheets and secured on wooden pallets or inside shall then be transported The Bearings pallets boxes strong enough at the Job to the Ventilation helps component in and transportation. rigidly fixed together. the Bearing Top Surface shall also be this. avoiding high humidity and condensation that could affect the Bearing finishes. marked Movement etc. 34 . regarding manufacturing. - Location 8 The bearing Clause testing 7. applicable.

have a visual ensure that no damage or displacement . 0.Stressing Tendons and anchor blocks fouling with the Bearing Dowels. Slide Plate Dimension the in bottom Installation Bearings are to be installed with due care with the design of the Structure. Consultation with the Bearing manufacture shall be done at an early stage of the Bridge design to avoid the hassles of Pre. from actual (maximum exceed 3 In Plan Deviation / : Alignment of Sliding Surface Parallelism of Bearing Component 9.1 percent Slope max.r. if • required during service. and adequate space and clearances Points the jacking arrangements shall be made to during the design/construction of the Structure to allow repair. ensure to The primary their correct functioning in accordance factors to be considered during the Installation of the Bearings are: Design Based Aspects • Provision of the Bearings the structure shall be so in the least chances of dust and water seepage that • Provision for accommodate may Jacking dirt made so as to have accumulation and also spoilage from affect their rain performance.3 percent of Bearing : level specified in the direction of movement 0. in either direction. to ± 3 mm level difference under the same installed Top drawings between any two Bearings line of support shall also not mm) max.1 w. a reference index marking and Top Component. The following shall in accordance with the contract plan be provided on the Bearings Bottom Deviation shall be limits of maximum permissible the in Installation of the Bearings: Level of Seating : mm ± 3 max. the Contractor shall Examination of the Bearings to 35 the Bearings.t. replacement of bearings. Transportation and Site Handling Aspects • Transport Brackets are not to be relied upon for the • On Lifting of receipt of the Bearings at Site. IV) and Specifications.IRC:83-2014 9 ASPECTS RELATED TO BEARING PERFORMANCE AND INSTALLATION order to ensure bearing alignment and placement In (Pt.

honeycombing underneath and above the Bearing bottom and top plates respectively.2 Components. the construction drawings purpose of inspection and maintenance. the positioning of the Bolts and Dowels in the Sub-structure/Superstructure shall be made strictly Drawings.IRC:83-2014(Pt. • The Dowels/Distribution Plates shall be properly grouted with suitable grout material ensuring no voids. Any is if done required shall be strictly in the presence of the Manufacturer's Representative. inside the Bearing case of Pre-cast Construction. embedded as per the Shop For pre-cast construction. extreme care loading is to temporary support as pendulum to avoid impact this may cause i. of the cross • sides onto the Bearings while launching the Girders/Superstructure. effect. particular care shall be taken to ensure the correct orientation of the Bearings. Girders shall not be rested freely over the Bearings • be taken ail shall be checked and the surrounding area of Bearing installation is for any shall dust. installation • Aspects Bearings shall be installed truly horizontal with of the Bearings perfectly parallel to • each Top and Bottom Components other. 9. the surrounding area of the Bearings shall always be kept clean and dry to avoid Provisions for suitable easy access to the Bearing shall be for the made damage in to the Bearings. • For In-situ type of Construction the Bearings shall be covered from to avoid the ingress of • In cement slurry etc. components Slurry Deposit etc. In case of Movable Bearings. dirt or Cement be cleaned thoroughly finished. Inspection of Bearing at site is required to be carried out from time to time to ascertain the performance of the Bearings. Periodic nominal maintenance of Bearing 36 shall be carried out in . iVIaintenance Bearings shall be designed and manufactured that the undesirable effects to make them virtually maintenance free so caused by extreme atmosphere or aggressive environmental condition/unforeseen events can be eliminated to a great extent. unless otherwise stated.e without any additional the overturning of the Girders due to Transport brackets shall be removed at an appropriate time after the casting diaphragm and Bearings and its once the process setting of the Superstructure Concrete. IV) of the Bearing components re-assembly rectification or taken place during the transportation. However.

deposit of surrounding salt. like earthquakes. depending on the actual conditions around the Bearings. Condition of the adjacent Bridge Structure: The condition of the structure adjacent to the Bearings any damage and necessary actions immediately.IRC:83-2014 order to ensure better performance and longer life of the Bearings. to clean of it's rust. The Bearings are required to be inspected at an interval of approx. debris.g. should be taken . e. 37 is also required to be inspected for to repair the same. defect should be analyzed and proper actions should be taken to avoid recurrence of the problem. maximum movement. Evidence of Corrosion: If surface of the Bearing detected. the root is cause corrosion of any part of exterior exposed steel of measures may be taken. its values in relation to their design values to ascertain whether the performance of the Bearings is To ascertain satisfactory. measurement should be taken once during peak winter (early morning) and once during peak summer (afternoon) and corresponding atmospheric temperature should be recorded. 5) • Detect affected • Wire brush the affected portion • Apply protective coating as per Manufacturer's Specifications. high floods. The recorded value of movement shall be compared with the design values. 3) Evidence of locked Bearing is measures 4) in found to be shall in Condition: locked - If any movable or in/jammed condition. heavy traffic. Elements of Inspection The following are necessary to 1) recommended inspection elements and actions which are considered monitor and upkeep the Bearings: Measurement of Movement: During required to be taken and documented inspection at to compute measurements are movement and rotation site. the following In rotating part of a addition. carefully after unusual occurrences. IV) However. dust or other foreign material. 2) Measurement required to be of Dimensions: Overall dimensions of the Bearings are measured and compared with the actual dimensions to ascertain any excessive stress or strain on the Bearing. cyclones and battering from debris The client five first (Pt. one year for the interval of two years thereafter or as agreed between the the Bearings shall also be examined and the in generally years and at an contractor. part. necessary rectification be taken immediately. inspection shall be preceded by careful cleaning of the Bearings as well as its space.

g. 38 . case of defects where the cause of necessary actions cannot be determined by the inspecting person or the responsible Bridge Engineer. considering is required. IV) Results and Actions The result of every inspection has to be recorded in the inspection report and shall be deeply discussed with the project Consultants and the Bearing Manufacturer and classified different categories depending upon the action required to be taken in like: 1) Re-inspection and/or monitoring 2) Further measurements/long-term monitoring or design analysis needed (e. variation of loads. etc. 3) 4) In . etc. Minor repair works e. cleaning. Repair or replacement of entire Bearings or parts of the Bearings. the bearing manufacturer shall be consulted. repainting. extreme temperatures/exposures.).g.IRC:83-2014(Pt.

The responsibility of acquiring such materials legally for use in the Bearing applications and if required.2) Properties A. !V) Annexure-A (Refer Clause 4.O of Low Thermo-plastic Sliding Friction IVIaterial (PTFE or UHlViWPE) Pattern of Dimples A. A.1 Note sliding Pattern of Dimples in Recessed PTFE/UHMWPE Sheet : UHMWPE annexure and elsewhere in this code are the gist only and merely to serve as a information guide to the Design and Accepting Authorities about the availability of such materials as an option. proving the license rights to use such materials within the offered product shall be solely of the supplier/manufacturer of Bearings. The pattern of dimples shall be as shown in Fig. document FHWA. The information for as given in this The manufacture and use of UHMWPE material inside the Bearings may be governed by Patent Control Rights.1 Fully molded sheets with cavities or dimples for lubrication shall be used for flat/curved sliding The dimples shall be formed by hot pressing or molding and strictly not by machining or drilling. Dimension " in Millimeters Key 1 Main direction of Fig. CALTRANS for the material issued or similar shall be referred. For detailed information. 39 from International approving . lRC:83-2014(Pt. Where dimples are produced by hot pressing. A.1 surfaces. the temperature during the pressing process shall not exceed 200°C for PTFE and 80 percent of the melting temperature in case of UHlViWPE. specific approval bodies like ETA..

\J\J Cii interlayer /o naraness parisj on OU Sn 10 to 12 nD lov^ - doud ^aii CuSn 10 Composition by mass PTFE saturation with < lO 1 mMm 1 1 1 1 Rn DU - material material : < 0. material shall conform to the characteristics listed addition.1 Composite This is In IVIaterials for Secondary Sliding Surfaces l\/laterial CIVI1 a composite material consisting of three layers. a bronze backing strip and a sintered interlocking The 4.25 PTFE + Pb Pb 49% mass composition by total 1.10 Fe < 0.50 > 25 Pb 0.1. IV) Annexure-B (Refer Clause B. impregnated and overlaid with a PTFE/lead mixture. the condition of the material and its in Table B. remainder PTFE 0.15 Ni < 0.25 to 0.2 '^i'^ 1 material: P surface layer 1 1 Pb Composite + X n U.01 Thickness thickness Overlay adhesion .00 Si to % % % % % % % % mm 62%.10 % % % % n KJ ^sn \J\J /o 0 30 %/u Sn \ 5 to 7. material shall consist of a flexible metal with the bearing or sliding surface 40 into a PTFE compound .1 Characteristics of Bronze backing CuSn 6 composition by mass CM1 material: P < 0. \J . 1 Oy U lOlM looo 1 Bronze • To' 2048 ±0. surface finish shall be checked visually.O Properties of Composite B. 7) porous matrix.17 Fe < 0.50 7n + < Mi < nthpr<? Rpmainder * .015 minimum GT2 mm mm Composite Material CM2 mesh which is sintered having the thicker PTFE coat. Table 8.4 thickness B.35 Pb < 0.ISO 2409 The \r\ 1 0.15 others < 0.IRC:83-2014 (Pt.

IRC:83-2014 be CuSn6 stabilized mesh from 0. surface finish shall be checked visually. Table B.02) Overlay adhesion minimum GT2 ISO 2409 41 content. IV) be 16 ± to the characteristics listed in addition. the condition of the material and its 1 Table B.48± 0.4 mm. consisting of to CM2 4400 kg/m^ mm .2 Characteristic of Density 4100 kg/m3 Tensile Strength > 45 MPa Elongation > 10 % Thickness (0. The (Pt. with 30 percent ± 2 percent filler direction shall The PTFE compound shall be PTFE glass fibers and graphite.2. The metal mesh linked at The mesh count shall in warp and weft In material is to conform per 10 mm.25 mm diameter wires which are intersections and which has a thickness after calendaring of approximately 0.

1) Bridge Bearing Design Questionnaire Form Project/Structure Name Bearing Identification Mark/Number Qty. IV) Aonexure-C (Refer Clause 5. Dowels/Studs/ Distribution Plate Upper face Lower face 42 . Vertical Permanent Serviceability Min. Limit State Longitudinal Design Load (MT) Transverse Max. required for each type Seating Upper Surface Material Lower Surface Serviceability Allowable* Upper Surface Ultimate OOlUdCl Pressure Serviceability Lower Surface (N/mm2) U timate Max.IRC:83-2014 (Pt. Vertical Min.) Upper Surface Longitudinal Transverse Dimensions Restrictions (If Lower Surface Longitudinal Transverse any) Overall Height Type of fixing required (Eg. Ultimate Limit State Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal Irreversible Serviceability Transverse Limit State Longitudinal Reversible Transverse Translation (mm) Longitudinal Irreversible Ultimate Transverse Limit State Longitudinal Reversible Transverse Whet her Pre-setting allowed (A)/Not-allowed (NA) Longitudinal Irreversible Rotation (Rad) Transverse Serviceability Limit State Longitudinal Reversible Transverse Maximum Longitudinal Upper Surface available Transverse Structure Longitudinal Dimensions for Dispersion Bearing Lower Surface Transverse Overall Height Clearance (Pedestal + Brg.

IV) case the allowable concrete pressure is not determined or known. 43 . cement viz. Sub and Superstructure details adjoining Bearing Location. in situ concrete. Layout of Structure with schematic arrangement of Bearings on Support. The Bearing Schedule should accompany General Arrangement Drawings showing Typical Support Plan Details.IRC:83-2014 (Pt. mortar. precast concrete. * In Attach separate sheets to state additional requirements pre-determined pedestal size (if available). steel etc. Bearing Material. then the grade of Concrete/steel/other material shall be specified for both the Upper and Lower Surface. epoxy.

O Ferroxyl Test for Hard D. Test Specimen and Preparation D.3 The ferroxyl indicator solution is composed of water or water completely desalinated by ion Note: As 0g K3 [Fe(CN)J and 30g NaCI exchange.1 Purpose of The Test at the objective is Chromium Plating Test tlie to ascertain the soundness and integrity of the Hard Chromium Plating curved mating surface. The is in 1 1 of distilled required and food indicator solution in contact with acids releases extremely toxic prussic (hydrocyanic) acid. the hard chromium layer shall be cleaned with an acid-free degreasing agent. D. the indicator solution shall be completely means of water or alcohol and then the surface 44 shall be dried. it shall be 1 hour min. IV) Annexure-D (Refer Clause 6.5) D. At the end of the test identified and checked for changes in colour. 1 skin contact with indicator solution shall shall not be avoided. removed from the sample by . Test Procedure D. the atmosphere in the vicinity of the test shall be free from ferrous particles and the test sample shall be covered and protected from dust and foreign material. Immediately before the test. skin protection be consumed while handling the indicator solution. The solution shall remain in contact with the surface for period. be covered with white shall shall adhere blotting firmly to the hard paper impregnated chromium surface without wrinkles or blisters.2 Principle method is based on the principle that cracks and porosity extending through the hard chromium layer to the steel substrate will be revealed as blue marks due to the reaction of Fe-ll-ions with the indicator solution of potassium ferrocyanide 111 and sodium chloride. After the test.4 The test shall be performed on min. The test indicator Solution Composition D. Defective areas in the hard chromium layer will be indicated as blue-coloured marks on the paper.5 The hard chromium area be tested to The wet paper with the indicator solution. The test shall be carried out In at a temperature between 5°C and 40°C. before removing the blotting paper. order to prevent false indications. 20 percent of the contact area of the surface.IRC:83-2014 (Pt.

case of damage. if applicable. origin and the unique serial number and number of the bearing. 45 in this clause and any abnormal . the recordings shall be enclosed with the test report). duration and temperature of d) Test results (in test. b) Condition of the test pieces prior to and after testing (visual damages). e) Any operating procedures not described incidents occurring during the test. IV) Reporting test report shall include at least the following items: a) Identification of the test pieces of manufacturing batch) (name of manufacture. c) Date.6 The Test Results and its (Pt.IRC:83-2014 D.

0. for cases where shear plane passes through unthreaded portion.min ULS Total resistance to force that including the anchorage strength and resistance frictional pd at Design value of anchorage resistance Minimum vertical load acting in shear onto the Bearing in ULS between the Bearing and adjoining and 0.O Bearing Anchorage Design Rules E. 0. = V xy. 2.1 Class 8.min + V pd V Rd ms and V pd n X Ci X f X A m where.1 Anchor Bolt Design: be used for positive anchoring of the Bearings with the adjoining structure.8/10.1. grade and number of the anchor bolts shall be so chosen such that it satisfy the below expressions: Bolts of property E. N sd. specified nominal area under stress and for cases where shear plane passes through unthreaded portion.25 Design resultant horizontal force N Sd.2 for on concrete n Number c.9 Resistance V in shall Shear: V Rd < xy.8 and 0.0 for steel steel structure.6 for steel on concrete Friction coefficient steel on steel Partial factor of safety against where. for cases classes Specified nominal tensile strength of the bolt material in MPa For cases where shear plane passes through the threads.5 for 1 0.4 for on steel and 1.6 applicable for class 8.6 for all bolt ' of Bolts constant. 0. The V Rd 1. gross cross sectional area of the Bolt mm^ Partial factor of Safety 46 in .9. where shear plane passes through the threaded portion of the bolt.IRC:83-2014 (Pt IV) Annexure-E E.

. Headed Stud Connectors or Steel distribution plates. Similarly. 0.2 for steel on concrete of Bolts Specified min. + N sd. n Number 1 .min .2. / 71 where ^ — X (0. m inside the concrete shall n. The backing plate shall be embedded in the concrete flushed with the finish surface and not projecting out from Friction coefficient 1 the concrete face. Inserts in Concrete E. of plate to the bolt hole centre dia. structures in high seismic zones (Zones IV and V). In the case of dynamically loaded structures centre-to-centre distance between the adjacent bolt holes shall not be less than 2.IRC:83-2014 (Pt.g.2 The forces through the anchor bolts shall be transferred to the adjoining concrete structure by means of suitable concrete inserts in the form of Dowels (ferrules).29 X 02 X " and.e.5 times the hole shall edge the distance from the dia. E. Rd Yms . < — ii!^ .8 x = fu x V . contribution due to friction shall not be shall be taken as zero. taken into consideration while designing the anchorages i. Rd 0. times the stud diameter Welding Method in resistance headed stud of shear resistance of the shall be the lesser one of the two that calculated from the below expressions: P^.6 for steel on concrete. Design resistance of the headed stud Rd V ^ '^sdmin [i^ Design resultant horizontal force Minimum vertical load acting at in shear ULS onto the Bearing in ULS between the stud backing plate and adjoining structure. IV) where extreme load fluctuations can occur.5 The times the be minimum 1. of bolt hole.25 ' . The value be minimum 16 shall any case. = x d^/4 where y =1.P^. Headed Shear Studs should be welded as per Arc Stud compliance with ISO 14555 and ISO 13918. ultimate tensile strength of the stud material but case exceeding than 500 MPa 47 in no . Also the nominal length of the stud shall be atleast 3 in in The design shear resistance (P^^^) of the headed studs embedded meet or exceed the total shear force as per the expression below: Vxy. e.8 f^k ' x " " ym = 1 . y Partial factor of safety against sliding.25 m where.1 Headed Stud connectors - Concrete Inserts when adopted mm and maximum 25 mm in the form of in Shear Headed Shear Stud diameter.

IV) d Stud shank diameter n Number C2 coefficient 3 and 1 of Studs .5 d be spaced in at a center to center distance of the other direction. 1993-1-8.0 depending on the stud length for ratio of 4 and above diameter EC Short term static modulus of elasticity of concrete f^^ is y Partial factor of Safety i. 48 minimum 5 d along . ratio. tension or bending resistance and concrete threaded connection housing anchor bolts) of the to anchorage (both bolts established specifications like EN 1993-1-1.8 for ratio of 5000 V f CK the characteristic compressive strength of the 28 day concrete cube For cases of special requirements where in addition to shear.. 0. IRC:83-2014 (Pt. e. inserts including dowels/sleeves/ferrules with to EN be verified. Headed Shear Studs direction of force shall and 2. EN relevant design checks from 1994-1 and ACI 318 shall be referred.

/1 ck characteristic Ac compressive strength of the 28 day concrete cube dispersed area.8xf. maximum area and geometrically in possible in the plane of A^^ which three times the width of loaded area of the dispersion shall be in in same the be limited to maximum direction.xV(A7AJ cd cO' = Rdu c1 ^ where. F.O The on the Adjacent Concrete Structure for Permissible Stresses load transfer from the Bearing to the adjacent structure shall be concentrated but uniformly distributed load for which the resistance of the adjoining concrete structure in be determined which shall meet or exceed the acting load values./AJ<3. 49 .1). calculated as: f = cd 0. V(A.1 > line (b^ - of action bx) and Pattern of Load Dispersion and Distribution Area The projection of the adjacent structure 150 mm all concentric similar to the loaded area Aco. The resistance of the concrete structure shall be calculated from the below expression: ultimate load condition is to A CO xf. the height no case less than the difference of the width of dispersed area and the loaded area (refer Fig. is beyond the loaded area face round. Adequate reinforcement in shall not be less than the bearing adjoining concrete portion shall be provided to prevent the spalling and bursting effects due to acting heavy loads and forces. F.8) ^ Check F.IRC:83=2014 (Pt. Rdu resistance offered by concrete in ULS condition loading loaded area cd permissible direct compressive strength of concrete.0 0- h Fig. Also. width of dispersed area either direction (longitudinal or transverse) shall also. IV) Annexure-F (Refer Clause 5.



document would be published by Indian Highways' which shall be this considered as effective and as part of the code/guidelines/manual.-I (The Official amendments to the IRC in its periodical. from the date specified therein) . etc.