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Trial and Execution of Dr.

Jose Rizal

Introduction
Dec. 1985 Rizal sent a letter to Gov. Gen. Blanco to be a volunteer in Cuba
July 30, 1896 Rizal received a letter from Blanco, accepting his offer
Sept. 2, 1896 He left Manila for Barcelona, Spain
Oct. 3, 1896 Rizal was arrested. It was an order from Gov. Gen. Blanco
Oct. 6, 1896 He aboard the steamer Colon going back to Manila
There was an attempt to rescue Rizal by means of a writ of habeas corpus but it did
not materialize and he was still held as a prisoner.
Nov. 3, 1896 Colon reached Manila and Rizal was transferred to Fort Santiago. His
brother (Paciano) was tortured to go against his brother but he refused to.

Preliminary Investigation
Nov. 20, 1896 Nov. 26, 1896

Preliminary investigation
Judge Advocate Colonel Francisco Olive
Documentary and testimonial evidences were presented

After the preliminary investigation, Judge Advocate General Don Nicolas de la Pena
recommended that:

The accused be immediately put to trial


The accused must be kept in prison
An order of attachment be issued against his property as an indemnity
The accused should be defended in court by an army officer

Trial
Dec. 8, 1896 From a list given to Rizal, he chose Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade to
defend him in court. He was the brother of Jose Taviel de Andrade who was the
bodyguard of Rizal in Calamba.
Dec. 11, 1896 Rizal was read the charges against him. He was accused of being
the principal figure behind the revolution.
Dec. 13, 1896 Governor General Ramon Blanco was replaced by Camilo de
Polavieja

Dec. 15, 1896 Rizal wrote a manifesto


government suppressed it.

calling to end the rebellion. The

Dec. 26, 2896 Rizal was tried by a military court at the Cuartel de Espana. He
was found guilty of rebellion, sedition, and conspiracy. The court ordered that Rizal
be executed by firing squad at 7:00 in the morning of Dec. 30, 1896 at Bagumbayan
(Luneta).

Execution
Dec. 28, 1896 Gov. Gen. Polavieja signed the death verdict.
Dec. 29, 1896

Rizal was read his verdict by Captain Rafael Dominguez.


Fr. Miguel Saddera and Fr. Luis Viza visited him. Rizal asked for the Sacred
Heart statuette that he carved when he was in Ateneo.
Fr. Federico Faura, who once said that Rizal would lose his head for writing
the Noli Me Tangere, arrived. Rizal told him, Father you are indeed a prophet.
Rizal wrote an untitled poem. It was later known as Mi Ultimo Adios (My Last
Farewell)
In the afternoon, Rizals family visited him and gave an alcohol stove saying
There is something inside.

Dec. 30, 1896

Rizal gave Josephine Bracken the book Imitations of Christ in which he wrote
To my dear and unhappy wife, Josephine, December 30th, 1896, Jose Rizal.
The walk from Fort Santiago to Bagumbayan started at 6:30 am.
The firing squad was composed of Filipino soliders of the Spanish army.
At exactly 7:00, they arrived on the site and Rizals pulse was checked by Dr.
Felipe Ruiz Castillo. Surprisingly, it was normal.
Before he was shot, Rizal shouted his last words, Consummatum est (It is
finished)
Rizal died at exactly 7:03 in the morning.
The family did not get the body. Narcisa searched for it and found it in the
Paco Cemetery. She asked to place a marble plaque containing Rizals intials
in revers RPJ.

After 1896
Aug. 17, 1898 Rizals remains were exhumed and were brought to Narcisas
house. It stayed there until 1912.
Dec. 29, 1912- The urn containing Rizals remains was transferred from Binondo to
the marble hall of the Ayuntamiento de Manila where it was gurarded by the Knights
of Rizal.

Dec. 30, 1912 In a solemn procession, Rizals remains were brought to its resting
place, the soon-to-rise monument of him in Luneta.
Dec. 30, 1913 The Motto Stella (Guiding Star) was inaugurated. It was made by
Swiss sculptor, Dr. Richard Keisling.

References:
http://bshmjoserizal.weebly.com/our-hero-jose-rizal/chapter-nine-the-trial-andexecution-of-dr-jose-rizal
https://prezi.com/_qdwytrutwuw/rizals-trial-execution/
http://xiaochua.net/2012/12/25/the-last-days-of-jose-rizal-a-timeline-of-his-lastarrest-incarceration-execution-and-the-journey-of-his-remains/