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Seventh

Chords

Here is another way of thinking about seventh chords.

#1: Take any major chord, then add the note a half step down from the octave and you
ll get a major seventh chord.

For example, take C major chord CEG; add the note that is a half step down for the
octave, which is B, and you have a major seventh chord CEGB. This method can be
used as a general rule with ANY major chord.


Maj 7th (half step from octave C)



#2: Take any major chord, and then add the note a whole step down for the octave. This
will give you a dominant seventh chord.

Example: Lets use C major chord CEG; add the note that is a whole step down for the
octave, which is Bb, and you have a Dominant seventh chord CEG(Bb).



Min 7th (whole step from octave C )


#3: Take any minor chord (minor chords are created by lowering the 3rd of a major
chord by a half step) and add the note a whole step down from the octave. This gives
you a minor seventh chord.

Example, using C minor chord C(Eb)G; add the note that is a whole step down form the
octave, which is Bb, and you have a minor seventh chord C(Eb)G(Bb).



Min 7th (whole step from octave)









Lowered 3rd

#4: Using any major chord, lower the 3rd, and the 5th by a half step, and then add the note
a whole step down from the octave. This will give you the half diminished seventh
chord, (also known as the minor 7(flat)5 chord).

Example; C major, = CEG, then lower 3rd and 5th, Cdim = C(Eb)(Gb), and then add the
note a whole step down form the octave which is Bb = C(Eb)(Gb)(Bb)






#5: Using any major chord, raise the 5th, by a half step, and then add the note a whole
step down from the octave. This will give you the augmented seventh chord, (also known
as the dominant 7(sharp 5) chord).

Example; C major = CEG, then raise 5th, C+ = CE(G#), then add the note a whole step
down form the octave, Bb.


Min 7 (whole step down form octave C

Sharp 5 (augmented 5th)

C)




Chord symbols

Using C as example:

Major Seventh chords are written as; Cmaj7 or C

Dominant Seventh chords are written as; C7


Minor Seventh chords are written as; Cm7 or C
Half Diminished Seventh chords are written as; C or Cm7(b5)
Fully Diminished chords are written as; C7