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1.Whatisthedefinitionofelectricshock?

Aphysiologicalreactionorinjurycausedbyelectriccurrentpassingthroughthebody.

2.Whatisthebestwaytoavoidaccidents?
Paycloseattentiontodetailsandfollowallthesafetyprecautions.

3.Listatleast5thingsyoucoulddointhe206Llaboratoryclassinordertoavoid
accidents/electricshock.
Donottouchthecircuitwiringwhilethepowerisappliedtoit.Carefullyattachleadstothe
circuittoavoidshorts.Makingsurebeforeapplyingpowertoacircuit,allconnectionsare
correct,andnoshortedwiresexist.Beingcarefulnottotouchorshortoutputterminalswhilean
ACtransformerispluggedin.Makingsurethatthecomponentsthatarebeingusedcanhandle
thedesignedcurrent.

4.Whatisthedefinitionofcantletgocurrent?
1020mAofcurrentthatproducesanonsetofsustainedmuscularcontractionkeepingaperson
connectedtothecircuitthusinducingmoreofanelectricshock.

5.Whatisthedefinitionoffibrillation?Whattypeofcurrentlevelcancausefibrillation?
Itisthecurrentatalevelof100300mAwherethecurrentdisruptsthenormalbeatsoftheheart
causingittogetoffrhythmandnotpumpbloodproperlythroughthebody.

6.Iftheresistanceofdryskinis5kandaccidentalcontactismadewithaconductorthatisat
avoltageof120V,howmuchcurrentcanflowthroughthehumanconductingpath?Ifcontact
withthissameconductorismaintainedfor10sandtheskinresistanceatthepointofcontact
fallsto2k,whatcurrentcanthenflowthroughthebodytoground?

At5ktheamountofcurrentgoingthroughthebodywouldbe24mAandat2kitwouldbe
60mA.

7.Explainwhythefollowingactsleadtohazardoussafetyconditionswhenworkingwith
electricalequipment
a)Wearingmetalringorbracelets
Themetalringorbraceletcouldshortacircuitandburnyou.
b)Beingbarefoot
Youcanpotentiallygroundyourselfandpasscurrentthroughyoubodyifyouweretoget
shocked.Alsoifequipmentweretofallonyourfeetitcouldcauseaninjury.
c)Workingonadampconcretefloor
Couldcausecurrenttopassthroughthebodyifshocked,becausethewatercouldgroundthe
body.
d)Touchingpipesorothergroundedconductorswhileworkingonelectricalequipment
Couldgroundthebodyandallowforthepassageofcurrentthroughthebodycausinginjury.
e)Workingonelectricalequipmentwithsweatyhands
Itlessenstheresistanceoftheskinthusallowingmorecurrenttopassthroughthebody.

8.Iftheresistancepathfromthewalloutletendoftheneutralwiretogroundis23calculate
thevoltageofthatpoint(relativetoground)ifa26Wcompactfluorescentbulbisconnectedto
theoutlet.
P=V^2/RThusleadingtothevoltagerelativetogroundbeing24.4V.

9.Howshouldyouexitabuildingfillingwithsmoke?Whatshouldyoudowhenyouencounter
acloseddoorduringanemergencyFireevacuation?
Shouldyoutaketheelevator?
Youshouldexitabuildingfilledwithsmokeverylowtothegroundtoavoidtheheatfromthe
fireandsmokeinhalation.Youshouldfeelthedoorstemperaturetofindoutifthereisafireon
theotherside.Nevertaketheelevatorbecauseitcouldbreakdownand/orfillwithsmokeand
heat.

10.Describethedifferencebetweenfusesandcircuitbreakers.Wheremighteachtypeofdevice
finditsbestuse?

Fusesareaonetimeusethatbreaksoffcurrentwhenitreachesacertainlimit.Thecircuit
breakersworkthesamewaybycuttingoffcurrentwhenitreachesalimit,butcanberesetand
usedagain.Afusewouldfinditsbestusewithsmallelectronicsbecauseafusehasafaster
responsetimeandstopsahighcurrentbeforeitdamagesthesensitiveelectronics.Acircuit
breakerwouldworkbestinhighervoltagesettingslikeahomecircuit,becauseitcanberesetif
thereisasurgefromthesourceandhasafastenoughresponsetimetoprotectthehomecircuit.