40 views

Uploaded by KumarJR86

cable prestressing

- 4. Shear of Beam Open CS - Hw5_a
- Strength of Materials Questions and Answers Objective Type111111
- flac3dhelp
- Proposed Theory to Determine the Horizontal Shear Between Composite
- Design of Super Structure
- (4-21)Stress Behavior and Characteristics Gab-Chul Jang Korea
- lec7
- Strength of Materials1234
- Minimum Reinforcement ACI318 2002
- Sam Eurocode UK Pretressed Beam Sample Report
- strand 7 tutorial
- 3871 Ewahyuni MekbanEnglish090214
- Ce Great Minds Preb
- Ansys Problems
- Mechanics of Solids May2004 OR220352
- Losses on Prestress Concrete
- Courseoutline - Strength of Materials
- STRENGTH OF MATERIALS QB 2015.doc
- Questions for Civil Engineering
- Bending stresses in beams

You are on page 1of 31

Concept of Prestressing

Concept of Prestressing

Prestressing the concrete is to transfer precompression

How the prestressing force transmitted to concrete can be

explained by concept of prestressing

Degree of Prestressing

This classification introduced depend on the level of prestress

to external load.

Fully prestressed : all cracking should be avoided restricted

by no tensile stress allowed under service load, the whole

section in permanent state of compression

Limited prestressing : tensile stresses do not exceed the

cracking stresses of concrete

Partial prestressing : combination of tensioned and

untensioned steel. Represent form of construction which is

intermediate between reinforced and prestressed concrete

Concept of Prestressing

Stress

concept

Concept of

Prestressing

Load

balancing

concept

Force

concept

Stress Concept

The concept that considering prestressing force transmitted to

developed due to external loads is known as stress concept

The combination of the effect of external loads and prestressing

are studied together as equivalent stresses and compared with

permissible levels of stresses in the material

The procedures of this concept can be divided into two stages:

stress at transfer/stage 1 and stress at service/stage 2

For stage 1, the stresses across cross section due to self weight and

prestressing are taken into account

For stage 2, the stresses caused by prestressing, dead and live loads

and other external loads are calculated together through the depth

of cross section

The stresses should be within the permissible limits

Permissible stress

Stresses at transfer

NA

e

P

+

Axial stress

Stress due to

eccentricity of

prestressing force

=

Stress due to dead load

Stresses at transfer

Stress at top fibre :

(Allowable tensile stress

at transfer, Clause 4.3.5

BS8110)

(Allowable compressive

stress at transfer)

Stresses at service

Axial stress

Stress due to

eccentricity of

prestressing force

Stress due to

dead load

Stress due to

external load

Stresses at service

Stress at top fibre :

(Allowable compressive

stress at service, Clause

4.3.4 BS8110)

(Allowable tensile stress

at service)

Stress concept

In stress concept, we used theory of bending throughout the

analysis where:

- it is assumed that plane sections remain plane before or

after the moments are applied

- the top and the bottom fibre of the structural elements are

subjected to maximum stresses

The permissible/allowable streses under compression and

tension in the materials concrete and steel do have a major

role to play in analysis and design of prestressed concrete

structure based on stress concept

Example 1

A simply supported prestressed concrete beam of cross section

400mm x 600mm has a span of 10m. It is subjected to an

uniformly distributed load of 30kN/m in addition to its selfweight and is prestressed with a force of 1740kN with a

prestressing able of parabolic profile. The cable is anchored at

the center of gravity of the cross section at support and has an

eccentricity of 160mm below NA at the mid span cross section.

Analyze the beam for the effects of prestressing and the loads at

mid cross section using the philosophy of stress concept.

Solution

Span of the beam = 10 m

Cross section = 400mm x 600mm

External load = 30 kN/m

Unit weight of concrete = 24 kN/m3

Prestressing force = 1740 kN

Cable profile = parabolic

Eccentricity of mid cross-section = 160mm (below NA)

Eccentricity at support section = 0 mm

Properties of section

Area of cross section, A = 0.4 x 0.6 = 0.24 m2

Moment of inertia, I =

Modulus of section, Zt = Zb =

Calculate stress due to axial load, moment from

eccentricity of prestress force, bending moment from

selfweight and external load

Forces

Axial force, P = 1740 kN

Moment due to eccentricity of prestressing force = P x e

Bending moment due to :

selfweight = wl2/8 = 5.76 x 102/8 = 72 kNm

external load = 30 x 102/8 = 375 kNm

All causes and effects are converted to stresses in stress concept

for further evaluation.

At transfer

Axial stress

Stress due to

eccentricity of

prestressing force

At service

+

Axial stress

Stress due to

eccentricity of

prestressing force

Stress due to

dead load

Stress due to

external load

Force Concept

In this approach the structural element is considered as if it is

The total prestressing force is taken tensile force and the

stresses generated in concrete will produced compression

force of an equal value. The forces are collinear to keep the

element in equilibrium if only prestressing force is

considered

Hence, the structural element at any cross-section will be

subjected to tensile force in the prestressing element and a

compressive force in the concrete which is the resultant force

of all compressive stresses acting on that cross-section

Force Concept

If any additional load (say dead load) is considered, the tensile force in

also be shifted.

For a case of positive sagging bending moment applied on the structure

due to external loads the tensile force in the prestressed steel element is

marginally increased and the compressive force which is the resultant

stresses caused by the prestressing and by the loading will be shifted

upwards from the line of action of tension.

The tensile force or the compressive force multiplied by the shift

between these two forces will be the external moment.

This concept is used to design the structures and to get the moment

resisting capacity of the cross section

Since the capacity of the section is decided based on the total tension

and compression it carries, this approach is called the force approach

Example

Analyze the beam in Example 1 using force concept.

Solution

In force concept all causes and effects are considered as forces

for evaluation.

Bending moment at mid span due to :

a) Selfweight = 72 kNm (top comp, bottom tension)

b) External load = 375 (top comp, bottom tension)

Total bending moment = 447 kNm

Prestressing force

= 1470 kN

acting, the stresses generated in concrete will lead to a resultant

compression of equal value (1740 kN) and the compression also acts at

the same level of prestressing force. The forces are collinear.

Stage 1/at transfer

When selfweight starts acting (which is immediately after prestress)

there will be a small increase in the tensile forc in the cables. But this is

neglected.

The total tensile force in the cable = 1740 kN

Total compressive force = 1740 kN (to keep the section in equilibrium)

But the resultant compression will act at a different level, so that the

compression and the tension will form a couple to resist dead load

bending moment

Distance between the tensile force (cable position) and the

center of resultant compression, a

a = M/P = 72/1740 = 0.04138 m

Distance of compression from the NA of cross section

= 0.16 0.04138 m = 118.6 mm

1.35

NA

118.6mm

160mm

a = 41.38mm

T

15.85

a given stress distribution.

The stress distribution can be evaluated as detailed below :

Stress at top =

Stress at the bottom = 7250 + 8599.95 = 15849.95 N/mm2

When the external load also starts acting the resultant (final)

bending moment shall be resisted by the total compression and

total tension with a lever arm.

Total tension = 1740 kN

Total moment to be resisted = dead load + bending moment

due to other loads

= 72 + 375 = 447 kNm

Lever arm required, a = M/P = 447/1740 = 0.2569 m

Resultant center of compression will be located at 256.9mm

from the center of tension cable position

tension cable position.

Hence position of center of compression from center of NA

= 256.9 -160 = - 96.9mm (upward)

This resultant compression (1740kN) will act at 96.9mm above NA only for one

particular stress distribution across the section.

The stress distribution is evaluated as follows

Stress at top =

Stress at bottom =

Opposite type of loads in structural element (opposite in nature to

If the external loads cause a sagging curvature in the beam, any load

which introduces the hogging curvature on to the beam, equal and

opposite in nature to that caused by external loads is also called

prestressing and this method of prestressing is recognized as load

balancing concept.

The external loads are treated only as loads and not converted as

stress on the structure

Prestressing also converted as equivalent load and this equivalent load

must counteract or balance the external loads

The load balancing concept is used for analysis of indeterminate

prestressed concrete structures and complicated analysis where the

effect of prestressing cannot easily depicted

prestressing force, P can be considered equivalent to the

upward force of

Example 3

Analyze the prestressed concrete beam described in Example 1

using load balancing concept.

Solution

In this concept all the causes and the effects will be considered

as loads and the member will be analyzed

Total downward load = 30 + 5.76 = 35.76 kN/m

The equivalent upward uniformly distributed load provided by

prestress =

Net downward on the beam = 35.76 22.272 = 13.488 kN/m

center section

(Compression at top, tension

at bottom)

the centroid of the section

(compression)

At top fibre = stress due to prestress + stress due to downward

force

At bottom fibre

The stresses are the same as obtained in stress concept and

force concept at service

- 4. Shear of Beam Open CS - Hw5_aUploaded byHeather Smith
- Strength of Materials Questions and Answers Objective Type111111Uploaded byBipul Prince Barman
- flac3dhelpUploaded byArt Sceno
- Proposed Theory to Determine the Horizontal Shear Between CompositeUploaded byMaurício Ferreira
- Design of Super StructureUploaded byHemraj Raj
- (4-21)Stress Behavior and Characteristics Gab-Chul Jang KoreaUploaded byCancio Florez
- lec7Uploaded byThiaga Rajan
- Strength of Materials1234Uploaded byBipul Prince Barman
- Minimum Reinforcement ACI318 2002Uploaded byAlina Corcoz Iliuţă
- Sam Eurocode UK Pretressed Beam Sample ReportUploaded bycoho_hc
- strand 7 tutorialUploaded bymohanuma
- 3871 Ewahyuni MekbanEnglish090214Uploaded byandirani24
- Ce Great Minds PrebUploaded bySharaGailFuscablo
- Ansys ProblemsUploaded bymanu198702
- Mechanics of Solids May2004 OR220352Uploaded byNizam Institute of Engineering and Technology Library
- Losses on Prestress ConcreteUploaded byAntonio Henry
- Courseoutline - Strength of MaterialsUploaded bybalajimettur
- STRENGTH OF MATERIALS QB 2015.docUploaded bysmg26thmay
- Questions for Civil EngineeringUploaded bykumar
- Bending stresses in beamsUploaded bybrucyware1
- matlab code for beam loadingUploaded byPinakin Gore
- MEC2402_2013_programUploaded byByron Manthey
- Analysis of Portal FrameUploaded byKanchana Randall
- SECOND SEMESTER_2017.pdfUploaded bymathiyazhagan
- Hertz Pressure is the Contact Pressure Between the Roller and the TireUploaded bysufferingpete
- module of deepbeams-.pptxUploaded byketo2008
- Design Analysis 1700mm Size 34.7m Height Furnace Stack @ OrissaUploaded byVinod Vasan
- module3deepbeams-160414022831Uploaded byNam
- Objective Type QuestionsUploaded byCIVIL
- SOM NotesUploaded byThiru Moorthy

- ANSYS _Workbench TutorialUploaded byanurak77
- Stress6_ht08_2Uploaded byfredrikallo
- VIV on Free Span of PipelinesUploaded byKumarJR86
- Impulse ResponseUploaded byKumarJR86
- Detail Engineering MethodologyUploaded byKumarJR86
- JMOEEX_114_4_231_1Uploaded byKumarJR86
- Lamina Analysis.pdfUploaded byKumarJR86
- DampingUploaded byKumarJR86
- OTC-5021-MS-PUploaded byKumarJR86
- Burst Capacity of Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipe (RTP) Under Internal PressureUploaded byKumarJR86
- Offshore Hydro MechanicsUploaded byrezbahal
- VIV on Free Span of PipelinesUploaded byKumarJR86
- A Soil Resistance Model forPipelines Placed on Sandy SoilsUploaded byKumarJR86
- Strengthening of Ultra High Performance Fiber-233Uploaded byKumarJR86
- Introduction to Ship Hydro Mechanics Pinkster 2002)Uploaded byntontarski
- Cylinder or Cube- Strength Testing of 80 to 200 MPa Ultra-High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced ConcretUploaded byJohn Chanda
- Strength Analysis of FUploaded byKumarJR86
- Mix Design and Properties Assessment of Ultra-High Performance Fibre Reinforced ConcreteUploaded byKumarJR86
- Hydrodynamic ForcesUploaded byKumarJR86

- 2007_Corrosion Process and Structural Performance of a 17 Year Old RC BeamUploaded bydiracmoutinho
- ASCE Resources for Steel DesignUploaded byTimbo6808
- Mathcad - Shearp1Uploaded bypravin
- FEA101_CourseNotesUploaded byRadhika
- Chapter 3 concrete work (formworking).docxUploaded byAbera Mamo
- MTI I-Joist Testing SystemUploaded byMogasi
- Design Charts for Composite Beams 2upUploaded byberto2008
- 60750063 Design of Rectangular Footing Col Edge 3Uploaded byShaikh Muhammad Ateeq
- Pgsuper Design GuideUploaded byLuis Ordoñez
- Ijret - Minimum Shear Reinforcement for Optimum Ductility of Reinforced Concrete BeamsUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- Tesis de Mamposteria PushoverUploaded byJaime Coronell
- MSB02 Concept Design 2010-03-12Uploaded bylinamohdzhor4815
- RC Desktop Toolkit v2Uploaded byscegts
- Critical Analysis of Building With Vertical IrregularitiesUploaded byAnonymous k4O2OB4JE0
- Types of Reheating FurnacesUploaded byziad
- is.sp.6.5.1980Uploaded byRajendra Kamble
- Steel Detailing Practices in the Philippines - GuerreroUploaded byRic Doctolero Fallega
- Crip LingUploaded byMohamed Nk
- Carriage of Steel Cargoes - Guidelines for Members, Masters and SurveyorsUploaded bycornelgg474469
- STRUCTURAL MODELING NOTES - rev.3.4 رائـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــع .pdfUploaded byHannaFouad
- ductility reduction factor.docxUploaded byBN NG
- FINAL DESIGNUploaded byAbdul Hamid Bhatti
- Residential Bearing Wall RemovalUploaded bykelink
- Civil Engineering Diagnostic TestUploaded byJan Alexis Monsalud
- Conjugate Beam MethodUploaded byKobina Bondzie
- Example 07Uploaded byIhab El Aghoury
- Arch BridgeUploaded bymgdario
- Uniform Building CodeUploaded byNejib Ghazouani
- A Discussion on a Fixed-Ends Beams With No Tension Bars at Teh EndUploaded byLuisito Sta. Ines
- RRB JE Civil Engineering Previous Papers 2014 DownloadUploaded bypatanelakath