You are on page 1of 31

This manual is for reference and historical purposes, all rights reserved.

This pageis copyright@


by.M.-B_u1__hls,-NJ.
This page may not be sold or distributed without the expressed permission of the producer
I fave no connection with any camera cornpany

On-line cameramanuallibrary
This is the full text and images from the manual" This may t
the PDF file to download.
ff you find this manual useful, how about a donation of $3 to:
Ave., High Bridge, NJ 08829-I70Land send your e-mail addres
Most other placeswould charge you $7.50for a electronic copy
to read Xerox copy.
This will allow me to continue to buy new manuals and pay tl
ft'll make you feel better, won't it?
If you use Pay Pal or wish to useyour credit card,
click on the securesite on my main page.

www.orphancameras.com

MINOLTN
-

H
H

MINOLTN

AUTO
O 1991 Minolta Camera Co., Ltd. under the Berne
Conventionand UniversalCopyrightConvention

9222-8054-18

IDFAPI

ftinteC in Japan

MANUAL
E tNsTRUcTtoN
[r.lvoor D'EMPLoI

TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Minolta Auto Meter lV F's versatileoperationwill help
s i m p l i f yy o u r m o s t c r i t i c a la p p l i c a t i o n s . l t i n c l u d e ss u c h b a s i c s
as ambient, cord and non-cord measuring modes, average
c a l c u l a t i o na
, nd memory space for two seperatereadings. In
a d d i t i o n ,f l a s h m e a s u r e m e n t sf r o m 1 / 5 0 0 - 1 s e c . , b r i g h t n e s s
d i f f e r e n c ec a l c u l a t i o n ,a w i d e f i l m - s p e e dr a n g e , a n d d i g i t a l a s
w e l l a s a n a l o g d i s p l a y sw i l l f u r t h e re n a b l ey o u t o a p p l y t h e A u t o
M e t e r l V F t o v i r t u a l l ya n y e x p o s u r e o r l i g h t i n gs i t u a t i o ny o u
e n c o u n t e r . Y o u w i l l t h e n b e f r e e t o c o n c e n t r a t em o r e f u l l y o n
c r e a t i v ed e t a i l s .
Next, a word about this manual. lt is divided into several
s e c t i o n st o m a k e i t e a s i e r f o r y o u t o l e a r n a b o u t t h e m e t e r a n d
t o f i n d s p e c i f i ci n f o r m a t i o nw h e n e v e ry o u n e e d i t . T h e f i r s t t w o
Names of Parts and Displays and Preparations should be
read before you begin using the Auto Meter lV F. Basic
O p e r a t i o n t h e n e x p l a i n sh o w t o u s e t h e m e t e r t o m a k e a m b i e n t
a n d f l a s h m e a s u r e m e n t s . T h e n e x t s e c t i o n ,S p e c i a l F u n c tions, describeshow to use the Auto Meter lV F's main
f e a t u r e s . F i n a l l y ,A p p l i c a t i o n s , e x p l a i n ss o m e u s e s f o r t h e s e
f e a t u r e st h a t w i l l e n a b l e y o u t o r e a l i z et h e f u l l p o t e n t i a lo f y o u r
A u t o M e t e rl V F .

www.orphancameras.com

N A M E SO F P A R T SA N D D I S P L A Y S
BODY
D A T A P A N E LD I S P L A Y S . . .

....... 2
2
6

PREPARATIONS
BATTERY.
Inserting .""'
L o w - P o w eW
r arning.
S E T T I N GF I L MS P E E D. . .
A MEASURING
METHOD.
SELECTING
Incident-LigR
h te a d i n g s
R e fl e c t e d - L i g hRt e a d i n g s

8
9
"""' I
" 10
......1
1
....12
""12
" 14

B A S I CO P E R A T I O N. .
A M B I E N TL I G H T
MEASURING
W i t h a S t i l lC a m e r a '
W i t h a C i n eC a m e r a '
M E A S U R I N GF L A S HL I G H T
W i t h a S y n cC o r d
W i t h o u ta S y n c C o r d

. . .16
,,..17
"'17
"1I
..22
"""'22
"25

S P E C I A LF U N C T I O N S .
MEMORY
AVERAGE...
B R I G H T N E SD
SIFFERENCE
RE.CALIBRATION

......,28
...,29
......32
.......34
....36
...,,37

APPLICATIONS
ENTS
L I G H T I N G . R A T IM
OEASUREM
S C E N E . C O N T R A SM
T EASUREMENTS
U S I N GT H E A N A L O GS C A L E
F I L T E R - F A C T OC
RO R R E C T I O N
I L L U M I N A N CM
E EASUREMENTS

....41
......45
..47
......49

ACCESSORTES
C A R EA N D S T O R A G E . . .
SPECIFICATIONS

......51
.....54
..56

1 . P o w e rb u t t o n
t u r n s p o w e r o n a n d o f f ; c l e a r sm e m o r y
2. Averagingbutton
displaysaverage of two stored readings;activatesbrightness
d ifference
3 . M e m o r yb u t t o n
s t o r e sd i s p l a y e dr e a d i n gi n m e m o r y
4. Data panel
5. ISO button
selects ISO for adjustmentwith up/downcontrol
6 . D i s p l a y - s e l e c t obru t t o n
c h a n g e sd i s p l a yu n i t sb e t w e e nf l n u m b e ra n d E V
7. Mode button
c h a n g e sm e a s u r i n gm o d e
8 . S y n ct e r m i n a l
o u t l e tf o r s y n c c o r d
9 . R e c e p t o rm o u n t i n gi n d e x
1 0 . S p h e r i c adl i f fu s e r
1 1. D i f f u s e rm o u n t i n gi n d e x
jack
12. Accessory-receptor
outletfor accessoryreceptor

''.,'*.'.'*'i+*'.*+fi"=:.t*+,'+*fiffi
* fi**ffi

,lxilrH:l
n:::..i*,:ili,i+.'n+..'..r;ilffi

13 . M e a s u r i n g - l e v eald j u s t m e n ts c r e w
a d j u s t sm e t e r c a l i b r a t i o n
1 4 . B a t t e r yc h a m b e r
1 5 . M e a s u r i n gb u t t o n
1 6 . U p / D o w nc o n t r o l
a d j u s t ss h u t t e rs p e e d a n d I S O v a l u e s
1 7 . S t r a pe y e l e t

www.orphancameras.com

DATA PANEL DISPLAYS

1 . A n a l o gs c a l e
d i s p l a y sm e a s u r e dd a t a a n d m e m o r y d a t a s i m u l t a n e o u s l iyn
0 . 5 E V ( 1 / 2 - s t o p )i n c r e m e n t s
n g - r a t ed i s p l a y
2 . S h u t t e r - s p e e d / F r aim
d i s p l a y sc u r r e n ts h u t t e rs p e e d o r f r a m i n gr a t e

'<ilf ilf f ilf f tf tf ,'filllfffflf>:


1 1.42 2.84 5.68 111 6 2 2 3 2 4 5 6 4 9 0 :
-TlMECINESM

flFtfln

''1flfrnn
3

EI-

n-

5
6
7

D i s p l a yu n i t s :
f r a c t i o n so f s e c o n d s
TIME:
w h o l es e c o n d s
T I ME s :
T I M Em : m i n u t e s
f r a m e sP e r s e c o n d
CINE:
3 . F i l m - s p e e dd i s p l a y
d i s p l a y sI S O i n 1 / 3 - s t o pi n c r e m e n t s.
4 . M e a s u r i n g - m o dien d i c a t o r s
5 . M e m o r yi n d i c a t o r s
i n d i c a t ew h e n o n e o r t w o d a t a a r e s t o r e di n m e m o r y
6 . A v e r a g ei n d i c a t o r
a p p e a r s w h e n a v e r a g e o f d a t a o r b r i g h t n e s sd i f f e r e n c ei s
di s p l a y e d
l isplay
7 . D i g i t ad
d i s p l a y sf / n u m b e r s ,E V , o r b r i g h t n e s sd i f f e r e n c ei n 0 . 1 E V
( 1/ 1O - s t o p )i n c r e m e n t s
t dicator
8 . D i s p l a y - u ni n
i n d i c a t e sw h e t h er t l n u mb e r o r E V i s s h o w n i n t h e d i g i t a l
d i s pl a y
9 . O v er - l U n d e r - r a n g ien d i c a t o r s
i n d i c a t ew h e n a r e a d i n g i s o v e r / u n d e rt h e m e t e r ' s d i s p l a y
r a n g e o r s e n s i t i v i t yr a n g e

*o*****ffi
BATTERY
T h e A u t o M e t e r l V F i s p o w e r e d b y a s i n g l e A A - s i z e ,1 . 5 v
ium
a l k a l i n e - m a n g a n e s ec, a r b o n - z i n c , o r 1. 2 v n i c k e l - c a d m
battery.

Installing
1 . R e m o v et h e b a t t e r y - c h a m b e r
cover by sliding it in the
direction indicated bv the
arrow.

PREPARATIONS
2. Insert the battery with the
plus (+) and minus(-) ends
oriented according to the
d iagram in the battery
chamber.

3. Replace the battery-chamb


er cover.

www.orphancameras.com

A f t e r y o u i n s t a l lt h e b a t t e r y ,a l l
1 1.42 2.8 4
of the meter's displays and TIME
i n d i c a t o r sw i l l l i g h t f o r a f e w
i-r
LI
seconds,after which they will
be replaced by the display " t ,
l
shownat right.

n
U

5.6 8 11 16 22 32 45 64 90
FNo.

S E T T I N GT H E F I L M S P E E D
The Auto Meter lV F's film speed range is ISO 3
1 / 3 - s t o pi n c r e m e n t s .

iia

@l

8000 in

1. P r e s s a n d h o l d t h e I S O
button.

Auto Power Off


To conserve power, the Auto Meter lV F's display automatically
switchesoff if you do not make anotherreadingor pressany button
for 10 minutes. To restorethe display,pressthe power button. Data
in memoryand the readingwill be erased.

Low-BatteryWarning
When the battery's power
becomes low, the data panel
will blink. When this occurs,
replace the old battery with a
new one.

1 1.4 2 2.8 4 5.6 I 11 16 2232456490

'''fifl

\n

FNo

2 . U s e t h e u p / d o w n c o n t r o lt o
select the desired ISO value.
. ISO 125 and 1250 will
appear in the display as
1 2 0 a n d 1 2 0 0 ,r e s p e c t i v e l y .
A f t e r y o u i n s e r ta b a t t e r y ,t h e f i l m s p e e d w i l l b e r e s e t t o I S O
10 0 .
lf you changethe film speed afteryou take a measurement,
t h e E V o r a p e r t u r ed i s p l a yw i l l c h a n g e t o m a i n t a i na c o r r e c t
readingwith the new film speed and the selectedshutter
speed.
S e e p . 4 7 f o r i n f o r m a t i o no n h o w t o u s e t h e I S O s e t t i n g t o
c o m p e n s a t em e t e r r e a d i n g sf o r f i l t e rf a c t o r s .

10

11

S E L E C T I NA
G M E A S U R I NM
GE T H O D
I n c i d e n t - L i g h tR e a d i n g s
W h e n y o u u s e a m e t e r t o Incident light metering
m a k e i n c i d e n t - l i g hrte a d ings, the exposure is
based e ntirely o n the
brightness of the light
falling on (incident to)
your subject.As a result,
the subject's reflectance
(how dark or light it is)
w i l l n o t i n f l u e n c et h e m e t e r r e a d i n ga n d l i g h t a n d d a r k t o n e s
w i l l r e p r o d u c ea s t h e y a p p e a r e di n t h e o r i g i n a sl c e n e .

T o t a k e a n i n c i d e n t - l i g hrte a d i n g ,a t t a c h a n y o f t h e d i f f u s e r s
( S p h e r i c a lD i f f u s e r ,F l a t D i f f u s e r ,M i n i D i f f u s e r ,4 X S p h e r i c a l
N D D i f f u s e ro
, r 8 X S p h e r i c a lN D D i f f u s e r )t o t h e A u t o M e t e r l V
F . P o s i t i o nt h e m e t e r n e a r y o u r s u b j e c t , a i m t h e r e c e p t o r
d i r e c t l ya t t h e c a m e r a l e n s ,a n d p r e s st h e m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n .
With the Auto Meter lV F, you can also use this measuring
m e t h o dt o q u i c k l yd e t e r m i n ey o u r l i g h t i n gr a t i o . S e e p . 3 8 f o r
more information

A n o t h e r a d v a n t a g eo f i n c i d e n t - l i g hm
t e t e r i n gi s t h a t t h e l i g h t
r e c e p t o rc a n b e m a t c h e dt o y o u r s u b j e c t .
F o r t h r e e - d i m e n s i o n aslu b j e c t s ,y o u s h o u l d u s e o n e o f t h e
s p h e r i c a ld i f f u s e r s ;w h e n y o u p h o t o g r a p hf l a t s u r f a c e s s u c h
, se the flatdiffuser.
a s p o s t e r so r p a i n t i n g s u
A n i n c i d e n t - l i g hrte a d i n g i s t h e s i m p l e s t , m o s t c o n v e n i e n t
m e t h o d o f d e t e r m i n i n gt h e e x p o s u r e i n a w i d e v a r i e t y o f
s i t u a t i o n s . l t i s m o s t e f f e c t i v ef o r s c e n e s w h i c h c o n t a i na f u l l
r a n g e o f t o n e s , s u c h a s i n a r c h i t e c t u r a la n d l a n d s c a p e
photographs. Incident-!ighm
t etering also works well for
portrait and other situations where the lighting can be
c o n t r o l l e da n d a d j u s t e d t o m a k e t h e c o n t r a s t r a n g e o f t h e
s c e n ef i t t h e e x p o s u r er a n g eo f y o u r f i l m .
12

www.orphancameras.com

13

Reflected-Light Readi ngs


W h e n m a k i n g r e fl e c t e d - Reflected light metering
l i g h t r e a d i n g s ,t h e m e t e r
m e a s ur e s a n d a v e r a g e s
t h e l i g h t r e fl e c t i n g f r o m
/ F G
a l l s u b j e c t sw i t h i ni t s f i e l d
_
ffit flil_J
Reftected
risht
ilFu,.
fS\
of view.
Like all
l*d
\gJ
reflected-light meters,
the Auto Meter lV F is
calibrated to provide an
e x p o s u r e w h i c h w i l l r e p r o d u c et h e m e t e r e d a r e a a s a t o n e
w i t h 1 8 % r e f l e c t a n c e( z o n e 5 ) r e g a r d l e s so f i t s t r u e s h a d e .

//v

T o m a k e a r e fl e c t e d - l i g h tr e a d i n g , a t t a c h t h e r e fl e c t e d - l i g h t
"
o
a t t a c h m e n tV
, i e w f i n d e r5 o r V i e w f i n d e r1 0 l l t o t h e m e t e r .
P o s i t i o nt h e r e c e p t o rh e a d s o t h a t i t i s r e a d i n gt h e a r e a y o u
w a n t t o m e t e r w i t h o u tc a s t i n ga s h a d o w o n t h i s a r e a o r b e i n g
a f f e c t e db y s u r r o u n d i n gp a r t so f t h e s c e n e o r o t h e r l i g h t s .
* l f , f o r e x a m p l e ,y o u m e t e r a n a r e a w h i c h i s o n e s t o p b r i g h t e r
t h a n z o n e 5 , y o u w i l l h a v e t o i n c r e a s et h e m e t e r e dv a l u e b y
one stop in order to make this area appearwith its original
brightness. lf you meter an area which is one stop darker
t h a n z o n e 5 , y o u w i l l h a v e t o d e c r e a s et h e e x p o s u r eo n e
s t o p t o k e e p i t f r o m a p p e a r i n gb r i g h t e rt h a n n o r m a l . H e r e
a g a i n ,w i t h p r a c t i c ey o u w i l l b e a b l e t o r e c o g n i z et h e r e l a t i v e
b r i g h t n e s so f v a r i o u ss h a d e s r e g a r d l e s so f t h e i r c o l o r .

W i t h p r a c t i c e ,y o u s h o u l d b e a b l e t o p r e - v i s u a l i z eh o w y o u
w a n t v a r i o u sp a r t s o f y o u r s c e n e t o a p p e a r i n t h e f i n a l i m a g e .
Y o u w i l l t h e n b e a b l e t o t a k e a r e f l e c t e dm e t e r r e a d i n go f a n y
a r e a a n d , b y a d j u s t i n gt h e d a t a p r o v i d e db y t h e A u t o M e t e r l V
F , o b t a i na c o r r e c te x p o s u r e . *
Reflected readings, together with the meter's brightnessd i f f e r e n c ef u n c t i o n ,e n a b l e s y o u t o q u i c k l y a n d e a s i l y d e t e r m i n e t h e b r i g h t n e s sr a n g e o f a s c e n e ( s e e p . 4 1 ) . W i t h t h i s
i n f o r m a t i o n , y o uc a n t h e n a d j u s t t h e e x p o s u r e a n d / o r p r o cessing to fit your film's exposure range. Reflected-light
r e a d i n g sa r e a l s o u s e f u l w h e n y o u w a n t t o m e t e r s u b j e c t s
w h i c h e m i t i n s t e a do f r e f l e c tl i g h t .

14

15

A M B I E N TL I G H T
MEASURING
Procedure For Use With A Still Camera
1. P r e s s t h e p o w e r button to
t u r n t h e m e t e ro n .
. The most recent settings
will appear in the disPlaY
window.
2. Refer to p.11 and set the
d e s i r e df i l m s p e e d .

t s A S I CO P E R A T I O N

3. lf the meter is not set to


ambient mode, Press the
mode button until AMBI
a p p e a r s i n t h e d i s P l a Yw i n dow.
. Any data in the aperture
d i s p l a yo r i n m e m o r Yw i l l b e
c l e a r e da t t h i s p o i n t .
4 . Pr e s s t h e d i s p l a y - s e l e c t o r
button to set the units in
w h i c h m e a s u r e dd a t a w i l l b e
displayed.
. When the meter is set to
display EV numbers, the
analog scale and shutterspeed display will not aPpear.

16

www.orphancameras.com

17

ProcedureFor Use With A Cine Camera

5. lf the meter is set to display


f l n u m b e r s ,u s e t h e u p / d o w n
c o n t r o lt o s e l e c t t h e d e s i r e d
s hu t t er s p e e d .

1. P r e s s t h e p o w e r b u t t o n t o
t u r n t h e m e t e ro n .

. For a still camera, the


meter's
shutter-speed
r a n g e i s fr o m 1 / 8 0 0 0 t o 3 0
s e c . i n 1 / 2 - s t o pi n c r e m e n t s .

. The most recent settings


will appear in the display
window.
2 . R e f e rt o p . 11 a n d s e t t h e f i l m
speed.

'rffirds

6. Position the meter and


p r e s st h e m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n -

ffi

. T h e m e t e r w i l l c o n t i n u et o
m a k e r e a d i n g s a s l o n g- a s
I
the measuring button is
held in. When you release
it, the last reading will rem a i n i n t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y .
1 1.42 2.1
. 8 4 5 . 6 8 11 16 223245
l f y o u s e l e c t e d f l n u m b e r T I ME
t*o'L,
E,
n
display, the reading will
L] LI
also be displayed on the
rsoa n a l o gs c a l e .
l

iin

3. lf the meter is not already


s e t t o a m b i e n tm o d e , p r e s s
t h e m o d e b u t t o n u n t i lA M B I
a p p e a r s i n t h e d i s p l a yw i n dow.
64 90

'-'.u
I
r

@l

l f t h e r e a d i n gi s o v e r o r u n d e r t h e m e t e r ' s d i s p l a y r a n g e ,
F N o . a n d o ( o v e r )o r u ( u n d e r )w i l l b l i n k .w h e n t h i s h a p p e n s ,
use the up/downcontrolto change the shutter speed and
b r i n gt h e a p e r t u r eb a c k i n t o t h e d i s p l a yr a n g e . l f t h e r e a d i n g
i s o v e r o r u n d e r t h e m e t e r ' s m e a s u r i n gr a n g e , o o r u w i l l
b l i n ka n d E w i l l a p p e a ri n t h e d i g i t a d
l isplay.

18

lqfffi

iffi

ffi
ffi

4 . Pr e s s a n d h o l d t h e u p
control until the shutter
passes
display
speed
1/8000 sec. and the time
unrts change to CINE.
S e l e c t t h e f r a mi n g r a t e o f
y o u r c a me r a .

19

-*HffiffiH
5. lf the angle of your camera'sshutteris not 180
s p e e d s h o u l db e a d j u s t e da c c o r d i n gt o t h e t a b l e 1.

The meter will continueto


1 1 . 4 2 2 . 8 45.6 8 1 1 1 6
make readingsas long as
CINE
FNo.
the rneasuring button is
held in. When you release
i t , t h e l a s t r e a d i n g w i l l r e - so
@l
iiin \
m a i n i n t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y .
lf you selected f/number display,the reading will also be
d i s p l a y e do n t h e a n a l o gs c a l e .

EN

Table 1
Shutter

Film-speed

o p e nin g

Adjustment

"
160

1/3stop

220"

+ 1 1 3s t o p

- 1 / 3 s t o p : p r e s s t h e d o w n c o n t r o lo n c e , e . g . , f o r I S O 1 0 0 f i l m ,
set ISO 80
+ 1 1 3s t o p : p r e s s t h e u p c o n t r o lo n c e , e . g . , f o r I S O 1 0 0 f i l m .s e t

lf the reading is over or under the meter's display range,


F N o . a n d o ( o v e r )o r u ( u n d e r )w i l l b l i n k .l f t h e r e a d i n gi s o v e r
o r u n d e rt h e m e t e r ' Sm e a s u r i n gr a n g e ,o o r u w i l l b l i n ka n d E
w i l l a p p e a r i n t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y .

lso 120
6. Position the meter and
p r e s s t h e m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n .

20

www.orphancameras.com

21

M E A S U R I N GF L A S HL I G H T
With a Sync Cord
1. P r e s s t h e p o w e r b u t t o n t o
t u r n t h e m e t e ro n .
. The most recent settings
will appear in the display
window.

,:ts: Frid,1Et.: . .... {,rooE:,

4. Use the up/downcontrolto


selectthe X-syncspeedof
y o u rc a m e r a .
. S hu t t er s p e e d s b e t w e e n
1/500 and 1 sec can be
selected in 1/2-stop increm e n t s . C i n e s p e e d sc a n n o t
b e s e l e c t e di n c o r d m o d e .

2. Referto p.11 and set the


d e s i r e df i l m s p e e d .

5 . A t t a c ht h e f l a s h s y n c c o r d t o
t h e m e t e r ' ss y n c t e r m i n a l .

3. lf the meter is not set to


cord mode, pressthe mode
button until CORD appears
i n t h e d i s p l a yw i n d o w .

. The flash may fire when you


a t t a c ht h e c o r d .

Any data in the aperture


d i s p l a yo r i n m e m o r yw i l l b e
c l e a r e da t t h i s p o i n t a n d t h e
s h u t t e r - s p e e dr a n g ew i l l c h a n g et o 1 / 5 0 0- 1 s e c .

6. Position the meter and


p r e s s t h e m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n ;
the flash will fire and the
exposure reading will be
made.

. E V d i s p l a yc a n n o tb e s e l e c t e di n c o r d m o d e .
1 1 . 42 2 . 8 4 5 . 68 1 1 1 6 2 2 3 2 4 5 6 4 9 0
TIME

En

rso
ilio \
22

www. butkus .orglchinon

FNo.

Ft.t
n
tliEn
23

iuiiffi*tuffirffilf

iii+irffi{#ffitru''iitffiffiffiilitiffitiitiiffii!$iifii+irfi.*liirH*ril$rii

lf the reading is over or under the meter's display range,


F N o . a n d o ( o v e r )o r u ( u n d e r )w i l l b l i n k .
l f t h e r e a d i n gi s o v e r o r u n d e r t h e m e t e r ' s m e a s u r i n gr a n g e ,
o o r u w i l l b l i n ka n d E w i l l a p p e a ri n t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y .
l f y o u c h a n g e t h e s h u t t e rs p e e d a f t e r y o u m a k e a m e a s u r e m e n t , t h e a p e r t u r ed i s p l a y ,a n a l o g d i s p l a y ,a n d a n y d a t a i n
m e m o r yw i l l c l e a r .
T h e t r i g g e rv o l t a g eo f s o m e e l e c t r o n i cf l a s h u n i t s m a y b e t o o
highfor the Auto Meter lV F to fire them in cord mode. lf this
i s t r u e o f y o u r f l a s h ,u s e n o n - c o r dm o d e ( s e e p . 2 5 ) .

Withouta Sync Cord


1. Press the power button to
t u r n t h e m e t e ro n .
. The most recent settings
w i l l ,a p p e a r i n t h e d i s p l a y
window.

2 . R e f e rt o p . 1 1 a n d s e t t h e d e s i r e df i l m s p e e d .
3. lf the meter is not set to
non-cord mode, press the
mode button until NON.C
appears in the displaywindow.
o Any data in the aperture
d i s p l a yo r i n m e m o r yw i l l b e
c l e a r e da t t h i s p o i n t a n d t h e s h u t t e r - s p e e dr a n g e w i l l c h a n g e
t o 1 / 5 0 0- 1 s e c .
. E V d i s p l a yc a n n o tb e s e l e c t e di n n o n - c o r dm o d e .

24

www.orphancameras.com

25

***********fig**g

'- iii-r
6 . P o s i t i o nt h e m e t e r a n d f i r e t h q f l a s ht o m a k e a r e a d i n g .

4 . U s e t h e u p / d o w n c o n t r o lt o
select the X-sync speed of
yourcamera.

. l f t h e r e a d i n gi s o v e r o r u n d e rt h e m e t e r ' sd i s p l a yr a n g e ,F N o .
a n d o ( o v e r )o r u ( u n d e r )w i l l b l i n k . l f t h e r e a d i n gi s o v e r o r
u n d e rt h e m e t e r ' sm e a s u r i n gr a n g e ,o o r u w i l l b l i n ka n d E w i l l
a p p e a r i n t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y .

. Shutter speeds between


1/500 and 1 sec. can be
selected in 1/2-stop increm e n t s . C i n e s p e e d sc a n n o t
b e s e l e c t e dr n n o n - c o r dm o d e .
5 . P r e s st h e m e t e r ' sm e a s u r i n gb u t t o n .
NON.C will begin to blink,
1 1 . 42 2 .8 4 5 . 6 I 1 1 1 6 2 2 3 2 . 4 5 6 4 9 0
s i g n a l i n gt h a t t h e m e t e r i s T I M E
FNo.
i n s t a n d - b y ,w a i t i n g f o r t h e
,:lLl
flash to fire. The meter will
r e m a i n i n s t a n d - b y f o r o n e lso
iiin Ltltanfil=
minute. lf you press the
m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n a g a i n , t h e m e t e r ' s i n t e r n a lc l o c k w i l l r e s e t
to one minute; if you press any other function button,
s t a n d - b yw i l l b e c a n c e l e da n d t h a t f u n c t i o nw i l l b e e n g a g e d .

r_n

26

27

'ffi

MEMORY

$pfficHAkffiffindffiTnffiruffi

To use the Auto MeterlV F's


memory, make a reading
( f l a s ho r a m b i e n t )a n d p r e s s
the memory button. A dot
w i l l a p p e a ri n t h e u p p e r r i g h t
c o r n e ro f t h e d i s p l a yw i n d o w
i n d i c a t i n gt h a t o n e v a l u e i s
s t o r e d( 1 ) .
lf you make a second
r e a d i n g ,t h e n e w d a t a w i l l
a p p e a r i n t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y
and on the analog scale.
The value in memory will
a l s o r e m a i nd i s p l a y e do n t h e
a n a l o gs c a l e( 2 ) .
lf you store this second
reading, another memory
i n d i c a t o rw i l l a p p e a r a b o v e
the f irst (3).

tffil
'*"ff.
il n

1 1 . 42 2 . 8 4s.6 8 1 1 1 6 2 2 3 2 4 5 6 4 9 0 "
TIME

r-n
LI LI

" t ,
I

iin

@I
(1)

'-"5.fi
i

1 1 . 42 2 . 8 4 5 . 6 8 1 1 1 6 2 2 3 2 4 5 6 4 9 0 .
TIME

r_n

,:lLl

"r l,I0

@l
(2)

'nli ""5.fi
i
'so
1 1.42 2.84 5.6I

TIME

11 162232456490".
EN^

EEl

iiin \

(3)
28

www.orphancameras.com

29

r'

You may make a third


r e a d i n g - - atl hl r e ew i l l b e
displayed on the analog
scale and the most recent
will appear in the digital
d i s p l a y( 4 ).
lf you press the memory
button a third time, the first
reading will be replacedby
t h e t h i r d( 5 ) .

1 1.4 2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 2232456490:


TIME

nn
\.85
so iiin
FNo.

@l

(4)
1 1.4 2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 2232456490:
TIME

FNo.

Frn 5.85
'so

You may store a reading in ,memorywhich is beyond the


m e t e r ' sd i s p l a yr a n g e , b u t n o t a r e a d i n gw h i c h i s b e y o n d t h e
m e t e r ' ss e n s i t i v i t yr a n g e .
T o c l e a rt h e m e m o r y ,t u r n t h e m e t e r o n a n d o f f o r c h a n g e t h e
m e a s u r i n gm o d e .
Data in memory will be lost if the battery dies or if you
change the battery.

. With only one value in


ilin \
@l
(
5
)
memory, if you make a
second reading, you can
1 1.42 2.84 5 . 6 8 11 16 22 32 45 64 90
still recall the original TIME
r e a d i n gt o t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y
,:l Ll
by pressing the average
button.
@l
When A appears in the
d i s p l a yw i n d o w , t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a ys h o w s t h e m e m o r y v a l u e .
l f y o u p r e s s t h e a v e r a g e b u t t o n a g a i n , A w i l l d i s a p p e a ra n d
t h e s e c o n d r e a d i n gw i l l r e t u r nt o t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y .

trn

\-'[?

30

'n"ff.
n;

31

In all measuring modes, to


obtain an averaged exposure
r e a d i n g f o r y o ur s u b j e c t o r
s c e n e , f i r s t m e a s u r ea n d s t o r e
r e a d i n g s o f t h e h i g h l i g h ta n d
shadow areas of your subject.
Next, press the average button.
A will appear in the display
w i n d o w a n d t h e a v e r a g eo f t h e
t w o r e a d i n g sw i l l a p p e a r b o t h
in the digitad
l i s p l a ya n d o n t h e
a n a l o gs c a l e .

i.5

iin

'*"ff.
nfi

1 1 . 4 2 2 . 8 4 5 . 6 181 1 6 2 2 3 2 4 5 6 4 9 0 :
TIME

,=n

,:l Ll

rso
iiia

@l

T h e r e m u s t b e t w o d a t a i n m e m o r yf o r t h e m e t e r t o c a l c u l a t e
a n a v e r a g ev a l u e .

32

.lf you press and hold the


1 1 . 42 2.8 4 5 . 6 8 1 1 1 6 2 2 3 2 4 5 6 4 9 0 :
measuring button while A TIME
E
E
v
l
a p p e a r s i n t h e d i s p l a Y ,t h e
;-.
L] LI
m e t e r w i l l i n d i c a t et h e d i f f e r "
a
,
e n c e i n b r i g h t n e s sb e t w e e n
@l
I
t
h
e
v
a
l
u
e
a
n
d
the average
c u r r e n t l i g h t l e v e l . S e e t h e n e x t s e c t i o nf o r d e t a i l s . W h e n
you release the measuring button, a fourth reading will
a p p e a r o n t h e a n a l o g s c a l e , b u t t h e a v e r a g eo f t h e m e m o r y
data will remain in the digitaldisplay. To view this fourth
r e a d i n g d i g i t a l l y ,p r e s s t h e a v e r a g e b u t t o n a g a i n . T h e
average indicator and the marker which indicates the
a v e r a g e r e a d i n go n t h e a n a l o g s c a l e w i l l d i s a p p e a ra n d t h e
d i g i t a ld i s p l a yw i l l s h o w t h e m o s t r e c e n t r e a d i n g . P r e s s t h e
a v e r a g eb u t t o na g a i nt o r e s t o r et h e a v e r a g er e a d i n g .

www.orphancameras.com

l f y o u t u r n t h e m e t e r o f f , c h a n g e t h e b a t t e r y ,o r c h a n g e t h e
e x p o s u r em o d e , a v e r a g e w i l l b e c a n c e l l e da n d t h e m e m o r y
w i l lb e c l e a r e d .

33

BRIGHTNESS
DIFFERENCE
I n a m b i e n ta n d c o r d r n o d e ,y o u c a n u s e t h e A u t o M e t e r l V F
t o d e t e r m i n et h e b r i g h t n e s sd i f f e r e n c eb e t w e e nt w o r e a d i n g s .
T h i s f e a t u r e g r e a t l y s i m p l i f i e sa d j u s t i n g l a m p b r i g h t n e s st o .
o b t a i n a d e s i r e d l i g h t i n gr a t i o o r d e t e r mi n i n g s u b j e c tc o n t r a s t
t o a n a l y z et h e b r i g h t n e s sr a n g eo f y o u r s c e n e . S e e p . 3 8 - 4 4
f o r m o r e i n f o r m a t i o no n u s i n gt h i s f u n c t i o n .
1. M a k e a r e a d i n g a n d p r e s s
the average button. One
m e m o r y i n d i c a t o ra n d A w i l l
a p p e a ri n t h e d i s p l a y .

'n'ff.
il n

. To display the second


11.422.84
r e a d i n gd i g i t a l l y( i n t h e u n i t s T I M E
you have chosen, not
,:lLl
+/- EV), p ress the average
b u t t o n . A w i l l d i s a p p e a r 'so
ilio \
@l
a n d t h e s e c o n d r e a d i n gw i l l
a p p e a ri n t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y . T h e o r i g i n a lr e a d i n gw i l l r e m a i n
i n m e m o r y a n d b o t h r e a d i n g sw i l l b e s h o w n o n t h e a n a l o g
s c a l e i f y o u h a v e s e l e c t e df l n u m b e r d i s p l a y . l f y o u t a k e a
r e a d i n gn o w , t h e m e t e rw i l lf u n c t i o nn o r m a l l y .

r_n

1 1.42 2.8 4 5 . 6 8 1 1 1 6 2 2 3 2 4 5 6 4 9 0
TIM E

r_n

,:lLl

'so
iilo \

. l f t w o r e a d i n g sa r e s t o r e d ,t h e n t h e b r i g h t n e s sd i f f e r e n c ew i l l
b e c a l c u l a t e df r o m t h e a v e r a g eo f t h e t w o r e a d i n g s .

@El

2 . M a k e a s e c o n d r e a d i n go f a n o t h e r p a r t o f y o u r s u b j e c to r o f
a n o t h e rl i g h ta n d h o l d t h e m e a s u r i n g b u t t o n d o w n .
. The meter will displaythe
1 1.42 2.1
. 8 4 5 . 6 8 11 16 22 32 45 64 90.
d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n y o u r T I ME
A
EV
,:
f i r s t r e a d i n ga n d t h e c u r r e n t
' ,,:
LI
l i g h tl e v e l i n + / - E V .
1
W h e n y o u r e l e a s e t h e rso
I
@l
m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n ,t h e d i g i t a l d i s p l a yw i l l r e t u r n t o t h e o r i g i n a lr e a d i n g i n t h e u n i t s y o u
h a v e s e l e c t e d . B o t h r e a d i n g sw i l l b e d i s p l a y e do n t h e a n a l o g
s c a l e i f y o u s e l e c t e df l n u m b e rd i s p l a y .

n
LJ

iio

34

35

r
r

RE.CALIBRATION
D u r i n g m a n u f a c t u r e ,y o u r A u t o M e t e r l V F w a s p r e c i s e l y
c a l i b r a t e dt o M i n o l t as t a n d a r d s . N o f u r t h e ra d j u s t m e n to f t h e
m e t e r i s u s u a l l yr e q u i r e dt o o b t a i no p t i m u mr e s u l t s . H o w e v e r ,
i f y o u w a n t t o r e - c a l i b r a t ey o u r m e t e r t o m a t c h t h e r e a d i n g so f
a n o t h e rm e t e r , t h e A u t o M e t e r l V F c a n b e a d j u s t e db e t w e e n
- 0 . 8a n d + 0 . 7 E V .
T o a d j u s t t h e m e t e r , u s e a s m a l l s c r e w d r i v e rt o t u r n t h e
m e a s u r i n g - l e v eal d j u s t m e n ts c r e w l o c a t e d u n d e r t h e b a t t e r y
cover. The marks aroundthe screw show 0.2 EV (1/S-stop)
i n c r e m e n t sa n d t h e i n d e n t s i n t h e s c r e w ' s r o t a t i o nr e p r e s e n t
0 . 1 E V ( 1 / 1O - s t o p i)n c r e m e n t s .

APPLICATIONS

. T h e A u t o M e t e r l V F s h o u l d b e r e - c a l i b r a t e do n l y a f t e r y o u
d e t e r m i n et h a t i t w i l l n o t p r o d u c e t h e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . l f y o u
a r e m a k i n go n l y a t e m p o r a r ya d j u s t m e n tt,h e m e a s u r i n gl e v e l
a d j u s t m e n ts c r e w s h o u l d b e r e t u r n e dt o t h e z e r o p o s i t i o na s
s o o n a s p o s s i b l ea f t e r y o u a r e f i n i s h e d .

.2-Jf.z
.4{tr_1t.4
.6-36

-:6

www.orphancameras.com

37

LIGHTING-RATIO
ME A S UR E ME N T S
T h e l i g h t i n gr a t i o o f a s c e n e i s t h e r a t i o b e t w e e n t h e m a i n
( k e y ) a n d f i l l l i g h t s . B y a d j u s t i n gt h e l i g h t i n gr a t i o , y o u c a n
control the appearanceof your subject or the brightness
r a n g eo f y o u r s c e n e .
T h e A u t o M e t e r l V F , e n a b l e sy o u t o d e t e r m i n et h i s r a t i o a n d
t o s e e t h e d i f f e r e n c e i,n s t o p s o n t h e a n a l o g s c a l e o r i n + l - E Y ,
b e t w e e n l i g h t s o u r c e s , a n d m a k e s a d j u s t i n gy o u r l i g h t i n gt o
o b t a i na d e s i r e dr a t i or e m a r k a b l yq u i c k a n d e a s y .

4. Press the average (A) button.

The reading will be stored


in memory and A will app e a r i n t h e d i s p l a yw i n d o w .

1 . A t t a c ht h e f l a t d i f f u s e rt o t h e A u t o M e t e r l V F .
2 . S e t t h e f i l m s p e e d ,m e a s u r i n gm o d e ,d i s p l a yu n i t s ,a n d , i f y o u
a r e r e a d i n gi n f / n u m b e r s ,t h e s h u t t e rs p e e d t o t h e v a l u e s y o u
require.
3 . T u r n o n o n l y y o u r m a i n l i g h t , p o s i t i o nt h e m e t e r n e a r y o u r
m a i n s u b j e c t ,p o i n t t h e r e c e p t o rd i r e c t l ya t t h e l i g h t ,a n d t a k e
a reading.

5. Turn on your fill light and


turnoffthe mainlight.

1 1.42 2.8 4 5 . 6 8 1 1 1 6 2 2 3 2 4 5 6 4 9 0
TIME

r_n

nLl

FNo'r,
n

-.

n.u1

,il0
* l-.

@I

6 . A g a i n p o s i t i o nt h e m e t e r n e a r y o u r m a i n s u b j e c ta n d a i m t h e
r e c e p t o rd i r e c t l ya t t h e f i l l l i g h t .
7 . P r e s sa n d h o l d t h e m e a s u r ing button. The meter will
display the difference bet w e e n y o ur m a i n a n d f i l l
l i g h t si n + / - E V . R e f e r t o t h e
table 2 to determine your

1 1 . 4 2 2 . 8 4 5 . 6 8 11 16 2232 45 64 90
TIME

Ftn

EV
irii;.t!

* lilo

l i g h t i n gr a t i o .
8 . l f n e c e s sa r y , a d j u s t t h e b r i g h t n e s sa n d / o r d i s t a n c e o f t h e
l i g h t su n t i ly o u o b t a i nt h e r a t i oy o u n e e d .

38

39

. W h e n y o u r e l e a s et h e m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n a f t e r y o u m a k e t h e
s e c o n d r e a d i n g , i f y o u h a v e s e l e c t e df / n u m b e rd i s p l a y ,t h e
f i r s t r e a d i n gw i l l r e a p p e a ri n t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a ya n d b o t h w i l l
r e m a i no n t h e a n a l o g s c a l e . l f y o u p r e s s t h e a v e r a g e b u t t o n
a g a i n s o t h a t A d i s a p p e a r sf r o m t h e d i s p l a y w i n d o w , t h e
d i g i t a ld i s p l a yw i l l s h o w t h e s e c o n d r e a d i n g( i n t h e u n i t sy o u
h a v e s e l e c t e d ,n o t + / - E V ) . T h e f i r s t r e a d i n g w i l l r e m a i n i n
m e m o r ya n d , i f i t i s t h e o n l y v a l u e i n m e m o r y ,i t c a n b e c a l l e d
b a c k b y p r e s s i n gt h e a v e r a g eb u t t o na g a i n .
. A f t e ry o u h a v e s e t t h e l i g h t i n gr a t i o ,t u r n o n a l l y o u r l i g h t sa n d
m a k e a n e x p o s u r er e a d i n g .
Table 2
+/- EV

40

L i g h t i n gr a t i o

2.1

1.6

3:1

4:1

8:1

16 : 1

32:1

64:1

www.orphancameras.com

S C E NE - C O N T R A S TME A S UR E ME N T S
S c e n e c o n t r a s t ,o r b r i g h t n e s sr a n g e ,i s t h e d i f f e r e n c eb e t w e e n
t h e b r i g h t e s ta n d d a r k e s tp a r t s o f y o u r s u b j e c to r s c e n e . W i t h
t h e A u t o M e t e r l V F ' s b r i g h t n e s s d i f f e r e n c ef u n c t i o n a n d
a n a l o gs c a l e ,t h i s v a l u e i s e a s i l ym e a s u r e da n d c o n v e r t e dt o a
b r i g h t n e s s r a t i o . W i t h t h i s i n f o r m a t i o na n d t h e e x p o s u r e
range of your film, you will be able to judge whetheryour
scene will appear as you want it or if its shadows will be
s ashed-out.
b l o c k e d - u pa n d h i g h l i g h t w
T h e f i l m ' se x p o s u r er a n g e - - t h a its , t h e d i f f e r e n c eb e t w e e nt h e
b r i g h t e s ta n d d a r k e s ta r e a s o f y o u r s c e n e w h i c h w i l l s t i l ls h o w
d e t a i l i n t h e f i n a l i m a g e - - a sw e l l a s a g r e a t d e a l o f u s e f u l
i n f o r m a t i o nc a n b e f o u n d i n t h e m a t e r i a lp a c k e d w i t h t h e f i l m
l u b l i c a t i o n as v a i l a b l ef r o m t h e f i l m m a n u f a c and in technicap
t u r e r . I n g e n e r a l ,c o l o r n e g a t i v ef i l m h a s a n e x p o s u r er a n g e
o f a p p r o x i m a t e l7y s t o p s ;c o l o rs l i d ef i l m ,o n l y a b o u t5 s t o p s .

41

1 . A t t a c ht h e V i e w f i n d e r5 " o r V i e w f i n d e r1 0 ' l l t o t h e A u t o M e t e r
IV F.
2 . S e t t h e f i l m s p e e d ,m e a s u r i n gm o d e ,d i s p l a yu n i t s ,a n d , i f y o u
a r e r e a d i n g t l n u m b e r s ,t h e s h u t t e r s p e e d t o t h e v a l u e s y o u
r e qui r e .
3. Turn the receptor head around 180' so that the display
w i n d o wi s f a c i n gy o u w h e n y o u l o o kt h r o u g ht h e v i e w f i n d e r .
4 . l f y o u a r e u s i n g n e g a t i v ef i l m , f i r s t m a k e a r e a d i n g o f t h e
d a r k e s t a r e a o f y o u s c e n e i n w h i c h y o u w a n t t o r e t a i nd e t a i l ;i f
y o u a r e u s i n g r e v e r s a lf i l m , f i r s t m e a s u r et h e b r i g h t e s ta r e a i n
w h i c h y o u w a n t t o r e t a i nd e t a i l .

6 . N e x t m e a s u r e t h e b r i g h t e s t a r e a ( n e g a t i v ef i l m ) o r d a r k e s t
a r e a ( r e v e r s a fl i l m ) i n w h i c h y o u w a n t t o r e t a i nd e t a i la n d h o l d
t h e m e a s u r i n gb u t t o nd o w n .
T h e d i f f e r e n c eb e t w e e nt h e
1 1.4 2 2.8 4 5.6 I 11 16 2232456490.
f i r s t r e a d i n ga n d t h e b r i g h t ness of the area in the spot
circle will appear in the
digital display in +/-EV as
long as you hold the meas u r i n g b u t t o n d o w n . T o d e t e r m i n et h e s c e n e c o n t r a s tr a t i o ,
, d j u s ty o u r l i g h t i n gt o b r i n g
r e f e rt o t h e t a b l e 3 . l f n e c e s s a r y a
t h e s c e n e c o n t r a s tr a n g e w i t h i n t h e e x p o s u r e r a n g e o f y o u r
f i l m ,o r a d j u s tt h e d e v e l o p m e n t / r e p r o d u c t i voanr i a b l e st o a l t e r
t h e e x p o s u r er a n g e .

5 . P r e s st h e a v e r a g eb u t t o n .

The reading will be stored


in memory and A will app e a r i n t h e d i s p l a yw i n d o w .

""=En
'-"
i
1.fl
'soiiin
EEl

TIME

W h e n y o u r e l e a s et h e m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n ,i f y o u h a v e s e l e c t e d
f l n u m b e r d i s p l a y ,t h e f i r s t r e a d i n g w i l l a p p e a r b o t h i n t h e
d i g i t a ld i s p l a y a n d o n t h e a n a l o g s c a l e a n d t h e l a s t v a l u e
m e a s u r e dw h i l e y o u w e r e h o l d i n gt h e m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n w i l l
b e d i s p l a y e do n t h e a n a l o g s c a l e . T o d i s p l a y t h i s s e c o n d
r e a d i n gi n t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a y( i n t h e u n i t s y o u h a v e s e l e c t e d ,
not +/-EV), press the average button again so that A
d i s a p p e a r sf r o m t h e d i s p l a y w i n d o w . T h e f i r s t r e a d i n g w i l l
r e m a i ni n m e m o r y a n d , i f t h e r e i s o n l y o n e v a l u e i n m e m o r y ,
i t c a n b e r e c a l l e db y p r e s s i n gt h e a v e r a g eb u t t o no n c e a g a i n .

42

43

. l f y o u a r e i n a m b i e n tm o d e a n d c a n n o th o l d t h e m e t e rs t e a d y
so that the spot circle remains over the area you are
m e a s u r i n g ,t h e b r i g h t n e s s - d i f f e r e n cr eea d i n gm a y c h a n g e .
Set the meter to cord mode. Now when you press the
measuring button, the meter will not make continuous
m e a s u r e m e n t s . Y o u m u s t s t i l l h o l d t h e m e a s u r i n gb u t t o n
down after the second reading to view the brightness
d i f f e r e n c ei n + / - E V , b u t t h e r e a d i n g w i l l n o t c h a n g e i f y o u
m o v e t h e s p o t c i r c l et o a n a r e a o f d i f f e r e n tb r i g h t n e s s .

U S I N GT H E A N A L O GS C A L E
T h e A u t o M e t e r l V F ' s a n a l o gs c a l e c a n h e l p y o u p r e - v i s u a l i z e
t f m i d t o n e s s, h a d o w sa n d h i g h l i g h t sf r o m y o u r
the placemeno
scene in the finalimage. Basedon your own past experience
a n d k n o w l e d g eo f t h e e x p o s u r el a t i t u d eo f y o u r f i l m , t h i s w i l l
h e l p y o u t o j u d g e w h e t h e rt h e e x p o s u r ep r o v i d e db y t h e m e t e r
w i l l r e p r o d u c et h e s c e n ea s y o u d e s i r e .
"
A t t a c hV i e w f i n d e 5r o r V i e w f i n d e r1 0 ' l l ( 5 ' i s p r e f e r a b l et)o
t h e A u t o M e t e r l V F a n d m a k e a r e a d i n go f:

T a b l e3
+/- EV

S c e n eC o n t r a s t

1.6

2:1
3:1

4:1

8:1

16 : 1

32:1

64:1

128:1

. t h e b r i g h t e s ta r e a i n w h i c h y o u w a n t t o r e t a i nd e t a i li f y o u a r e
u s i n gr e v e r s afl i l m ;
. t h e d a r k e s t a r e a i n w h i c h y o u w a n t t o r e t a i nd e t a i l i f y o u a r e
u s i n gn e g a t i v ef i l m . S t o r et h i s r e a d i n gi n m e m o r y .
N e x t , m e a s u r e t h e d a r k e s t ( r e v e r s a lf i l m ) / l i g h t e s (t n e g a t i v e
film) area which you want to show detail and place this
r e a d i n gi n t o m e m o r ya l s o .
l f n e c e s s a r y ,a d j u s t t h e s h u t t e rs p e e d t o b r i n g b o t h r e a d i n g s
o n t o t h e a n a l o gs c a l e . T h i s
1 1 . 4 2 2 . 8 4 5 . 6 81 1 1 6 2 2 3 2 4 5 6 4 9 0 .
i s t h e b r i g h t n e s sr a n g e o f
FNo.
y o u r s c e n e - - h i g h l i g hr te a d - T I M E
i n g o n t h e r i g h t ,s h a d o w o n
the left.

Eil

"' /f,'o

44

www.orphancameras.com

i iut
@l
45

Et
FE
rr

l f t h i s b r i g h t n e s sr a n g e i s w i t h i n t h e e x p o s u r e r a n g e o f y o u r
f i l m , p r e s s t h e a v e r a g e b u t t o n t o o b t a i n a n e x p o s u r er e a d i n g
w h i c h w i l l r e p r o d u c ed e t a i li n b o t h o f t h e a r e a s y o u m e a s u r e d .
O f c o u r s e i f t h e b r i g h t n e s sr a n g e i s s m a l l e rt h a n t h e e x p o s u r e
r a n g e ,t h e n y o u m a y h a v e d e t a i l i n a r e a s d a r k e r a n d l i g h t e r
than those you measured. Adjust your exposure, develo p m e n t , a n d / o r r e p r o d u c t i o nv a r i a b l e st o o b t a i n t h e r e s u l t s
you want.
l f , h o w e v e r , t h e b r i g h t n e s sr a n g e i s g r e a t e r t h a n t h e f i l m ' s
e x p o s u r er a n g e , y o u w i l l h a v e t o a d j u s t o n e o r a l l o f t h e
v a r i a b l e sl i s t e d a b o v e , c h a n g e t h e l i g h t i n gc o n d i t i o n si f y o u
h a v e c o n t r o lo v e r t h e m , o r y o u m a y h a v e t o s e t t l ef o r a l o s s o f
d e t a i li n t h e h i g h l i g h t sa n d / o rs h a d o w s .

CORRECTION
FILTER.FACTOR
W h e n y o u p l a c e f i l t e r so v e r t h e c a m e r a l e n s , y o u w i l l h a v e t o
i n c r e a s et h e e x p o s u r ew h i c h i s i n d i c a t e db y t h e A u t o M e t e r l V
F . C a l c u l a t i n tgh i s i n c r e a s ea n d a d d i n gi t t o t h e m e t e r r e a d i n g
c a n b e a l a b o r i o u sp r o c e d u r ei f y o u a r e m a k i n g m o r e t h a n
o n e e x p o s u r ea t d i f f e r e n ts h u t t e rs p e e d a n d a p e r t u r es e t t i n g s
o r i f y o u a r e u s i n gs e v e r a lf i l t e r ss i m u l t a n e o u s l y .
With the Auto MeterlV F's wide ISO range,youcan add the
f i l t e rf a c t o r d i r e c t l yt o t h e f i l m s p e e d s e t t i n gs o t h a t t h e m e t e r
w i l l a u t o m a t i c a l l cy o m p e n s a t ef o r t h e l i g h t a b s o r b e db y t h e
f i l t e r sa n d d i s p l a yt h e c o r r e c te x p o s ur e .
1 . F i r s t ,d e t e r m i n et h e f i l t e rf a c t o ro f e a c h f i l t e ry o u w i l l b e u s i n g .

ln the second case, it may be useful to take a reflected


r e a d i n go f a g r e y c a r d ( z o n e 5 ) . Y o u w i l l t h e n b e a b l e t o s e e
t h e p o s i t i o n o f y o u r h i g h l i g h ta n d s h a d o w r e a d i n g s a n d
c a l c u l a t e da v e r a g ev a l u e w i t h r e s p e c tt o t h e m e t e r r e a d i n go f
a s t a n d a r dm i d t o n e . R e m e m b e r ,w h e n y o u t a k e a r e f l e c t e d l i g h t r e a d i n g ,t h e e x p o s u r ep r o v i d e db y t h e m e t e r w i l l m a k e
the area you read appear as a Zone 5 after normal
developm
ent.

. T h i s i s g e n e r a l l ye x p r e s s e di n 1 / 3 - s t o p so n t h e f i l t e r , i n i t s
a c c o m p a n y i n gt e c h n i c a l i t e r a t u r eo, r o n t h e o u t s i d eo f t h e
f i l t e rp a c k a g i n g .
2.lt you are using more than one filter,add all the factors
t o g e t h e rt o o b t a i na c o r r e c t i o nf a c t o rf o r t h e e n t i r ef i l t e rp a c k .
3 . D e c r e a s et h e m e t e r ' sf i l m s p e e d b y t h i s n u m b e ro f s t o p s .

46

47

****=***********

F o r e x a m p l e ,i f y o u a r e u s i n gt w o f i l t e r s ,o n e w i t h a f i l t e rf a c t o r
of 213 and the other with a factor of 1 213,the filter factor of
t h e t w o t o g e t h e ri s 2 1 1 3( 2 1 3+ 1 2 1 3: 1 4 1 3o r 2 1 1 3 ) .T o a d d
t h i s c o m p e n s a t i o nv a l u e t o t h e m e t e r ' s o p e r a t i o n ,p r e s s a n d
hold the ISO button and press the down control7 times (6
t i m e s f o r t h e 2 w h o l e - s t o p sp l u s o n c e m o r e f o r t h e a d d i t i o n a l
1 / 3 - s t o p ) .l f y o u a r e u s i n gI S O 1 0 0 f i l m ,t h e m e t e rs h o u l dn o w
r e a d I S O 2 0 . N o w , e a c h t i m e y o u t a k e a m e t e r r e a d i n g ,t h e
A u t o M e t e r l V F w i l l a u t o m a t i c a l l yc o m p e n s a t ef o r t h e l i g h t
absorbedby the two filters.

MEASUREMENTS
ILLUMINANCE
The Auto Meter lV F provides you with the means to
d e t e r m i n et h e i l l u m i n a n c e ,i n l u x ( l x ) , o f a n a m b i e n t l i g h t
s o ur c e .
1 . A t t a c ht h e f l a t d i f f u s e rt o t h e A u t o M e t e r l V F .
2 . T u r n t h e m e t e ro n , s e l e c ta m b i e n tm o d e ,S e tt h e f i l m s p e e d t o
I S O 1 0 0 , a n d s e t t h e d i g i t a ld i s p l a yt o E V .
3 . P o s i t i o nt h e m e t e r s o t h a t i t i s n e a r y o u r s u b j e c t , p o i n t t h e
r e c e p t o rh e a d d i r e c t l ya t t h e l i g h t s o u r c e y o u a r e m e a s u r i n g ,
a n d p r e s st h e m e a s u r l n gb u t t o nt o t a k e a r e a d i n g .
4. Use the EV indicatedby the meter and refer to the table 4 to
d e t e r m i n et h e i l l u m i n a n c e . F i n d t h e i n t e g e r v a l u e o f t h e
m e t e r r e a d i n gi n t h e l e f t - h a n dc o l u m n a n d t h e d e c i m a lv a l u e
i n t h e t o p r o w . W h e r e t h e r o w a n d c o l u m n i n t e r s e c ti s t h e
m e a s u r e m e nitn l u x .
a p p r o x i m a t ei l l u m i n a n c e
F o r e x a m p l e ,i f t h e m e t e r d i s p l a y sa r e a d i n go f E V 1 0 . 7 , t h e
r o w f o r t h e i n t e g e r1 0 a n d t h e c o l u m n f o r t h e d e c i m a l0 . 7
intersectat 4200 lx.
.llluminance can also be calculatedusing the following
f o r mu l a :
lx:2.5x2'u
F o r p r e c i s e m e a s u r e m e n t so f i l l u m i n a n c eu, s e t h e M i n o l t a
l l l u m i n a n cM
e eter.

48

www.orphancameras.com

49

ACCESSORIES
Viewfinder5 " lV iewfinder 10 " ll

T a b l e 4 ( E V - l x c o n v e r s i o nt a b l e ,I S O 1 0 0 )

x
-2
-1
-0
+0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
B
I
10

.0

063

.2

.3

.4

.5

.6

.7

1,2
1 0 09 09 08 ;
2,5 2,3 2,2 2,0 1 9 1 8 1,7
2,5 2,7 2,9 3 1 3 3 3 5 3 8 4 1
{ n
t {
LV

l r \

50 54
10 11
20 21
40 43
80 86

5,7
12
23
46
92

6,2
12
25
49
99

0,0

13
26
53
110

7,1 7 6 8 1
14 t c
t0
28 30 33
57 61 65
110 120 130
1n

.8

.9

tJ,/

n7

14
4,4

4,7

t,J

87
17

0e

1^

e7
U'

10

70
140 150

50

40' reflected-lightattachment
With an approximately 40" angle of acceptance, this
a t t a c h m e n tp e r m i t st a k i n g r e f l e c t e d - l i g hmt e a s u r e m e n t sw h i c h
c o r r e s p o n dt o t h e f i e l do f v i e w o f m o s t n o r m a ll e n s e s .

l\)

100 170 180 200 214 230 240 260 280 300

u0 340 370 390 420 450 490 520 560 600

040 690 740 790 840 910 970 1000 1100 1200
1300 140015001000 1700 1800 1900 2100 2200 2400
2600270029003200340036003900 CI00 4500 4800

1 1 51005500590063006800720078008300890010000
1 2 1000011000
12000
1300014000
15000
16000170001800019000
1 3 21
000200024000
25000
27000
29000
31
000 330003600038000
1 4 41
47000
00044000
50000
54000
58000
620006700q71
000 76000
1 5 82000
100000
88000
94000
110000
120000
120000
130000
140000
150000
16
17
18

These findersattach to the Auto Meter lV F and allow it to


m a k e r e f l e c t e d - l i g hm
t e a s u r e m e n t sW
. i t h t h e V i e w f i n d e r5 ' ,
t h e a n g l e o f a c c e p t a n c ei s 5 ' ; w i t h t h e V i e w f i n d e r1 0 ' l l , t h e
a n g l eo f a c c e p t a n c ei s 1 0 " .
T h e m e t e r c a n t h u s b e u s e d t o a c c u r a t e l ys p o t - m e a s u r e
exposure for parts of a subject or scene, or within the
a p p r o x i m a t ea n g l e o f v i e w o f c e r t a i nt e l e p h o t ol e n s e s .

Flat Diffuser
W i t h t h i s d i f f u s e ra t t a c h e d ,t h e A u t o M e t e r l V F c a n b e u s e d
t o m e a s u r e e x p o s u r e f o r f l a t s u b j e c t s ,i l l u m i n a n c ev a l u e o f
l i g h t ,l i g h t i n gr a t i ob e t w e e nl i g h ts o u r c e s .

Mini Receptor
T h i s s m a l l r e m o t e r e c e p t o rp l u g s i n t o t h e h e a d o f t h e A u t o
M e t e r l V F t o p r o v i d e 1 2 m m - d i a m e t e rm e a s u r e m e n t o f
i n c i d e n tl i g h t i n o t h e r w i s ei n a c c e s s i b l ep o s i t i o n s .l t i s p a r t i c u l a r l yu s e f u lf o r c l o s e -u p s a n d p h o t o m a c r o g r a p h y .

160000
180000
190000
200000
20000
230000
250000
270000
290000
310000
330000
400000
350000
380000
430000
460000
500000
530000
570000
61
0000
700000
660000
750000
81
0000
860000
1100000
1100000
1200000
930000
990000
51

***************ffi

ffifffi*"--.*gg--gm*

iii

ii{
iiit
{i:i

4X and 8X Spherical ND Diffusers

Booster ll

Both of these sphericaldiffusersincorporatea neutral density


I
e l e m e n t ,a n d a r e u s e d w h e n l i g h ti s t o o b r i g h tt o b e m e a s u r e d
l
n o r m a l l y .W i t h t h e 4 X d i f f u s e r ,t h e m e t e r ' s u p w a r d r a n g e i s
extendedbytwostops(2EV);withthe8X,bythreestops(3
E V ) . O p e r a t i o no f t h e m e t e r r e m a i n st h e s a m e a s w i t h t h e
s t a n d a r ds p h e r i c a d
l iffuser.
,

Spot Mask

W h e n p l u g g e di n t o t h e a c c e s s o r y - r e c e p t oj ar c k o n t h e h e a d o f
the Auto Meter lV E, this separatesensor enables making
a c c u r a t em e a s u r e m e n t so f b r i g h t n e s sa t a n S L R e y e p i e c e ,o f l
a n S L R f o c u s i n gS c r e e no r v i e w c a m e r a g r o u n d g l a s st,h r o u g h
t h e e y e p i e c e o f a m i c r o s c o p e ,o r a t t h e f i l m p l a n e o f a
f u l l - f r a m e3 5 m m c a m e r a .T h e B o o s t e rl l m a y a l s o b e u s e d f o r
t e a s u r e m e n t ,w i t h a n a p p r o x i o r d i n a r yd i r e c t r e f l e c t e d - l i g hm
m a t e l y6 0 ' a n g l e o f a c c e p t a n c e .

This mask attachesto the meter in place of the standard


d i f f u s e r .l t e n a b l e s t h e A u t o M e t e r l V F t o b e u s e d i n t h e
d a r k r o o mf o r c a l c u l a t i n ge n l a r g i n ge x p o s u r ed a t a .

Sync Cord lll


This Sync Cord lll is a S-meter long cord that connects the
meter,flash unit, and camera's sync terminaltogether. Using
this cord, you can take flash readingsand releasethe shutter
withoutchangingconnections.

52

www.orphancameras.com

53

#
o D o n o t p r e s s o n o r d a m a g e t h e i n d i c a t i o n - d i s p l awyi n d o w s .
o D o n o t s u b j e c tt h e m e t e r t o s h o c ko r v i b r a t i o n .

Never attempt to disassemble the meter.


necessary should be undertaken only by
M inoltaservicefacility.

o T h i s m e t e r i s d e s i g n e d f o r u s e a t t e m p e r a t u r e s5 0 C a n d
- 1 0C . l f t h e u n i t b e c o m e s h o t t e r o r c o l d e r t h a n t h i s ,
operationmay be unsatisfactory.

o T h e m e t e r b o d y m a y b e w i p e d w i t h a s i l i c o n e - t r e a t ecdl o t h t o
c l e a n i t . D o n o t a l l o w a l c o h o lo r c h e m i c a l so f a n y o t h e r k i n d t o
touch its surface.

o The meter should never be placed or left in the glove


c o m p a r t m e n to r o t h e r p l a c e s i n a m o t e r v e h i c l e , o r e l s e w h e r e , w h e r e i t m a y b e s u b j e c tt o t e m p e r a t u r e sh i g h e r t h a n
55 C , or lower than -20 C , ?s it may be permanently
d a m a g e d . P a r t i c u l a rc a r e s h o u l d b e t a k e n n o t t o l e a v e t h e
meter in sunlightor near sources of heat such as strong
l i g h t s ,e t c . D o n o t s t o r e i t i n h u m i d p l a c e s ,o r n e a r c o r r o s i v e
c h e mi c a l s

o N e v e r l u b r i c a t ea n y p a r t o f t h e m e t e r .
o lf the meter is nol to be usgd for two or more weeks, it is
advisableto remove the batterY.

o l f t h e m e t e r i s l e f t o r p l a c e d i n d i r e c t s u n l i g h tf o r a n y l o n g
p e r i o d ,t h e i n d i c a t i o n - d i s p l w
a yi n d o ww i l lt u r n b l a c k .
o W h e n t h e m e t e r i s t o b e s t o r e d ,p l a c e i t i n i t s o r i g i n a lp a c k i n g ,
a n d p u t i t i n a n a i r - t i g h tc o n t a i n e rw i t h a n a p p r o p r i a t ea m o u n t
o f d e h u m i d i f y i nagg e n t ,s u c h a s s i l i c ag e l .

54

55

.SPEC,,l'.F,l,C,ffiE.l.O
NS
Type:
H a n d - h e l de x p o s u r e m e t e r f o r m e a s u r i n ga m b i e n t a n d
f l a s hl i g h t
Receptor:
"
l n 2 7 0 - r o t a t i n gr e c e p t o rh e a d
S i l i c o np h o t o c e l o
R e c e p t i o nM e t h o d :
I n c i d e n t c: a r d i o i d s p h e r i c a l d i f f u s e r , f l a t d i f f u s e r , 4 x
s p h e r i c a lN D d i f f u s e r ,8 X s p h e r i c a lN D d i f f u s e r
R e f l e c t e dV: i e w f i n d e5r ' V i e w f i n d e 1
r 0" ll,40' Reflectedlightattachment
E x t e r n a lr e c e p t o r :B o o s t e rl l , M i n i R e c e p t o r
M e a s ur i n g M o d e s :
A m b i e n t( A M B I ) f, l a s h( C O R D ,N O N . C )
A m b i e n tR a n g e( a t I S O 1 0 0 ) :
I n c i d e n t : E V - 2 . 0- 1 g . g
R e f l e c t e dV: i e w f i n d e5r ' E v 2 . 5 - 2 4 . 4 ; V i e w f i n d e1r 0 " 1 1
I E V 1 . 2 - 2 3 . 1 ; 4 0 ' R e f l e c t e d - l i g hatt t a c h m e n t
EV1.2-23.1
F l a s hR a n g e( a t 1 / 6 0s e c . , I S O 10 0 ) :
I n c i d e n tf:/ 1 . 0 - 9 0 + 0 . 9
R e f l e c t e dV
: i e w f i n d e r5 " t / 1. 0 - 9 0 + 0 . 9 ;V i e w f i n d e r1 0 ' l l
t l 1. O- 9 0 + 0 . 9 ;R e f l e c t e d - l i g hatt t a c h m e n tf l 1. 0 90+0.9
D i s p l a yS c r e e n :
L i q u i dc r y s t a l( L C D )

D i s p l a yR a n g e :
I S O :3 - 8 0 0 0 i n 1 / 3 - s t o pi n c r e m e n t s
o
S h u t t e rs p e e d ( a m b i e n t )1: / 8 0 0 0s e c . - 3 0 m i n . i n 1 / 2 - s t o p
-(r n c r e me n t s
(J
S h u t t e r s p e e d ( f l a s h ) :1 i 5 0 0 - 1 s e c . i n 1 i 2 - s t o p i n c r e bl-r
o
ments
a
)
F r a m i n gr a t e :8 - 1 2 8 f r a m e s / s e c .
J<
:,
f / n o . :1 1 0- 9 0 + 0 . 9i n 1 / 1O - s t o pi n c r e m e n t s

E V : - 7 . 8 - 3 1. 5 i n 1 / 10 - s t o pi n c r e m e n t s
F
F
B r i g h t n e s sd i f f e r e n c e-:9 . 9 - + 9 . 9 i n 1 / 10 - s t o pi n c r e m e n t s
B
: . 0 - 9 0 i n 1 l 2 - s t o pi n c r e m e n t s
A n a l o gs c a l e ( f / n o . ) 1
a
F

Fl
F'
. r-r(

rt

O t h e rD i s p l a y s :
O v e r - i u n d e r - r a n g fef ,i e m o r y1 , m e m o r y2 , a v e r a g e
A d d i t i o n aFl u n c t i o n s :
M e m o r v :2 - c h a n n e l
A v e r a g e :a v e r a g eo f d a t a i n m e m o r y
P o w e rS o u r c e :
One AA battery
D i me n s i o n s .
1 4 7x 5 9 x 2 6 m m ;5 - 3 / 4 X 2 - 5 61 X1 1 i n .
W e i g h t ( w i t h o u tb a t t e r y ) :
1 2 5 9 ;4 . 4 o z .
Other:
A c c e s s o r y - r e c e p t ojra c k , d a t a a d j u s t m e n t ( - 0 . 8 - + 0 . 7
E V ) ,S Y N C t e r m i n a l

S p e c i f i c a t i o n s u b j e c tt o c h a n g ew i t h o u t n o t i c e

56

www.orphancameras.com

57

Related Interests