51 views

Uploaded by KumaraShan

Dimensional Analysis 1-Engineering

- fpcm5_artigo
- Chap1 Modeling
- CSSS_07_dimension.pdf
- Complete Mcq f.sc. 1st Year
- Dimensionless Analysis and Similitude(2)
- Dimensional Analysis 2nd Mech April 8 2015 2
- Properties of Fluids
- Mesh
- Generic Drugs and Technology Transfer
- ch1
- Fluid flows and forces in development functions, features and biophysical principles
- Vibration Study Based Hydroelastic Models Radial Gates
- Tugas scale up.docx
- Fluid Mechanics
- 2006 Srivastava, Rajesh - Exact Solutions for Normal Depth Problem
- Tugas Drainase-hec Ras
- Buoyant Force and Archimedes (2)
- 322 hidraulico
- Fluid Mechanics
- oobleck-non-newtonianfluidlab

You are on page 1of 30

CE 2033

Dr WCDK FERNANDO

Department of Civil Engineering

COURSE CONTENT

2

Analysis

2. Ideal Flow

3. Boundary Layer Theory

4. Hydraulic Machines

3

Sketch streamline plots for common, simple flow

field combinations (eg. Uniform flow and source /

sink, doublet) and estimate the location of

stagnation point/s

Explain concepts of momentum thickness and

displacement thickness to solve problems in laminar

and turbulent boundary layers

Compare the performance characteristics of

centrifugal pumps and calculate efficiency and head

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

4

Assignments 20%

Practical 10%

TYPES OF ASSIGNMENTS

5

Class test

Group work

MCQ

RECOMMENDED READING

6

Khurmi, R. S., A textbook of Hydraulics, Fluid

Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, S. Chand &

Company

MODEL ANALYSIS

1.1 INTRODUCTION

8

a convenient arrangement of variable of a physical

relation.

In an equation expressing a physical relationship

between quantities, absolute numerical and

dimensional equality must exist.

MODEL ANALYSIS

9

10

11

A dimension is a measure of a physical quantity

a number to that dimension.

combination of the seven primary dimensions.

1.2 APPLICATIONS

13

It helps to determine the dimensions of a physical

quantity.

Dimensional homogeneity helps to convert the units

from one system to another.

The concept of dimensional homogeneity is a step to

dimensional analysis which is fruitfully employed to

plan experiments and to present the results

meaningfully.

DIMENSIONAL HOMOGENEITY

The law of dimensional homogeneity, stated as

Every additive term in an equation must have the same dimensions.

homogeneous is a sure sign of an error.

15

To

help in the design of experiments (physical

and/or numerical) and in reporting of results.

To obtain scaling laws so that prototype

performance can be predicted from model

performance.

To predict trends in the relationship between

parameters.

Quantity

Area

Volume

Velocity

Acceleration

Density

Force

Discharge

Shear stress

Dynamic viscosity

Kinematic viscosity

Pressure

Work /Energy

Power

Surface tension

16

Symbol

Dimension

17

example M, L, T) the equation relating all the

variables will have (n-m) dimensionless groups.

18

All these parameters are known to be essential to the

solution & hence a fundamental relationship of

functions A1, A2, A3, ..An should exist.

f A1 , A 2 , A 3 .....A n 0

If the number of dimensions involve with this set of

non-dimensional quantities.

SUMMARY OF STEPS

19

Write down the functional relationship.

Find the dimensions involved in the process.

Select

collectively should contain all the dimensions

involved in the process.

Find the number of non-dimensional parameters

using the Buckinghams pi theorem.

Write Pi parameters in terms of unknown exponents

by combining repeating variables with the remaining

variables.

SUMMARY OF STEPS

20

dimension will be zero.

Establish the functional relationship in terms of pi

parameters.

Ex 1

21

fluid properties like density and viscosity .

Formulate a relationship between these variables

using Buckinghams Pi theorem.

Nondimensionalization of Equations

22

nondimensional divide each term in the

equation by a collection of variables and constants

whose product has those same dimensions.

Nondimensional parameters are named after

a notable scientist or engineer (e.g., the Reynolds

number and the Froude number).

23

Reynolds number,

Fi

R e

Fv

2

l

2 l

Fi l 2 l l 2 v 2

t

t

v 2

Fv l vl

l

2 2

l v

vl

Re

vl

FROUDE NUMBER

24

Fi

Fr

Fg

2

Fi l v

Fg l g

2

l v

Fr

3

l g

v

v

gl

gl

25

Euler number

Mach number

Weber number

26

Model

-Is generally a

small

scale

system of the

prototype.

Prototype

- Is the full size

structure

employed

in

the

actual

engineering

design.

27

To examine the flow paths over, through or around

the objects

To determine the pressure distribution & the

resulting forces on the system

To estimate the flow capacity

To ascertain the overall performance of a hydraulic

machine

To check whether the prototype will give the

intended performance

28

1.7 SIMILITUDE

29

similarity.

True models have all significant characteristics of the

prototype reproduced to scale i.e. (geometrically

similar) and satisfy design restrictions (kinematic

and dynamic similitude).

Three necessary conditions for complete similarity

same shape as the prototype. Each dimension must be

scaled by the same factor.

Kinematic Similarity velocity as any point in the

model must be proportional by a constant scale factor.

Dynamic Similarity all forces in the model flow

scale by a constant factor to corresponding forces in

the prototype flow.

Complete Similarity is achieved only if all 3

conditions are met. This is not always possible, e.g.,

ship models.

- fpcm5_artigoUploaded byVinay Kusumanchi
- Chap1 ModelingUploaded byJj Aiteng
- CSSS_07_dimension.pdfUploaded byHmt Nmsl
- Complete Mcq f.sc. 1st YearUploaded byWajid Hussain
- Dimensionless Analysis and Similitude(2)Uploaded byKirubananthan Karunakaran
- Dimensional Analysis 2nd Mech April 8 2015 2Uploaded byAhmedAdelAhmed
- Properties of FluidsUploaded byShoaib Afzal
- MeshUploaded byumangdighe
- Generic Drugs and Technology TransferUploaded byVenkat Kumar
- ch1Uploaded byhammoudeh13
- Fluid flows and forces in development functions, features and biophysical principlesUploaded bySantiago Toro
- Vibration Study Based Hydroelastic Models Radial GatesUploaded bymartin
- Tugas scale up.docxUploaded byULFA ISLAMIA
- Fluid MechanicsUploaded bySharmilaa Suresh Kannan
- 2006 Srivastava, Rajesh - Exact Solutions for Normal Depth ProblemUploaded byjosue.angelo9459
- Tugas Drainase-hec RasUploaded byGildarts Good
- Buoyant Force and Archimedes (2)Uploaded byRiriLil'prettyN
- 322 hidraulicoUploaded byrjan7pe
- Fluid MechanicsUploaded byMuhammad Zulhilmi
- oobleck-non-newtonianfluidlabUploaded byapi-274973785
- Lecture-1 2 -Fluid Properties 2Uploaded byAngie Gaid Tayros
- Abaco Moody.pdfUploaded byAxo Pijo Copón
- biolab 3Uploaded byFoo He Xuan
- Lecture 17 RRDEUploaded bymichealloh
- Chap_3_HOLEUploaded bymohamadreza1368
- Dr.sureshUploaded bySubramaniyan Madhavakrishnan
- Raleigh, Fanno FlowUploaded byapi-3709779
- FM230-Hydraulics Lab 2 2010 Small Rig ADLUploaded byAlex Repsevicius
- Energy Losses in BendsUploaded byVikramSingh
- Fluent Tutorial 2014Uploaded bykonarkarora

- Heller Model-Prototype SimilarityUploaded byKumaraShan
- 16 - Airfoil AnalysisUploaded byNono4138
- Fuel System NotesUploaded byKumaraShan
- Fuel System NotesUploaded byKumaraShan
- Flow Visualization around a Double Wedge Airfoil Model with Focusing Schlieren SystemUploaded byKumaraShan
- Overview of NASA Research in Fiber Optics for Aircraft ControlsUploaded byKumaraShan
- M-480Uploaded byKumaraShan
- Ice ProtectionUploaded byKumaraShan
- Thermodynamics 1 Lecture 1-EngineeringUploaded byKumaraShan
- WATER and Waste SystemsUploaded byKumaraShan
- Flying Controls-engineeringUploaded byKumaraShan
- Air Conditioning and Cabin Pressurisation Notes (1)Uploaded byKumaraShan
- Fluid Mechanics EngineeringUploaded byKumaraShan
- Landing GearUploaded byKumaraShan
- Ideal Fluid Flow-engineeringUploaded byKumaraShan

- Magnetic Effects of CurrentsUploaded byV V Satyanarayana Pasupuleti
- Material Balance in Froth FlotationUploaded byBernard García Durán
- Tangina Niyo (1)Uploaded byJamaica Minandang
- Integrator AmplifierUploaded byAhmed Shaaban
- A Front end Switched Rectifier DC Source for.pdfUploaded byramunit
- TRANSPO VRC2010 REGULATOR TESTER.pdfUploaded byJack Norhy
- ABB Schaltanlagen-Handbuch 2Uploaded byakmezim
- Experimentally Study the Effects of Fins Height and Width H\W Ratio to the Fin Thermal Performance by Natural ConvectionsUploaded byInnovative Research Publications
- Tribo Friction Wikipedia2Uploaded byvndeshmukh
- Fm Assignment 1Uploaded byaadhan
- Collins 476J-1 Selective Wide Voltmeter Manual - 15 September 1959 Revised 10-15-1960 - 520 5199 00Uploaded byBob Laughlin, KWØRL
- Esquema Cat 330Uploaded byFrancisco Iniesta
- Reliability Test and PredictionsUploaded byPraveen Singh
- 66_15575_EC 732_2014_1__1_2_Chapter 6.pdfUploaded byakshaynew2011
- CGA-Effective (Radial) Potential EnergyUploaded byhassani641
- MIT8_02SC_notes10to11Uploaded byJorge Franco Ibañez
- Tips and Tricks MagnetsUploaded byRajeev Arora
- ANSYS Mechanical APDL Theory Reference 15.pdfUploaded byMine Rva
- Power System StabilityUploaded byKarteek
- chapter10Uploaded byphuthuynhobg
- Rotational Mechanics (NEET).pdfUploaded byRamJiPandey
- SMPS Design TutorialUploaded byRuve Baba
- The Solar Panels Are Operating at Optimal Parameters When They Are at the Perfect Right Angle to the SunUploaded byAnonymous MbqTZHLNR9
- ecec_june_2010Uploaded byaishuvc1822
- electro static charge in gen rotorUploaded bymontanad
- ciip09_1564_1571.2683Uploaded bymuse
- LV PFC PB Guide Ventilation GuideUploaded byMahesh Sali
- MS8218 English ManualUploaded byMircea Radulescu
- B 84567 SB MM1 DSR ST 23 0005_1_AOC_Inlet Compressor Intercooler AftercoolerUploaded bypragatheesk
- MWJ Design Dk Webinar Dec 2015 Rev3Uploaded byTeddy112