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PAROC FireSAFE system

Fire protection of steel structure

Building Insulation
January 2012

Content
Fire protection of steel structure ............... 3
Demands regarding fire insulation .......... 4
Why choose PAROC Stone wool? ......... 6
Dimensioning of the insulation ................ 8
In built columns with square profile ....... 12
HSQ-beams........................................ 13
Fire insulation of concrete decks ........... 14
Fire insulation of steel decks ................ 15
System components ............................. 16
Installation of PAROC FireSAFE system 18
Alternative installation method .............. 19

PAROC Energywise House


With the Energywise House concept,
Paroc would like to give advice and
instructions about what you can do to
reduce the energy consumption when
building new houses or when renovating.
An energywise solution means that higher
requirements than those stipulated in the
building regulations are fulfilled, which
is a good investment for the future. So,
when you want to build energywise, think
PAROC Energywise House.

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Fire protection of steel structure


During a fire the load bearing
steel frame work is heated up very
quickly. After a fire period of
15-40 minutes such structures has
lost half of their structural strength
and should be collapsed at the
subsequent influence of heat or
under high temperature difference.
Depending on thickness of
profiles, cross sections and
concrete stress of the applicable
metal frame the fire resistance is
limited to 15-40 minutes. At the
same time the minimal demanded
fire resistance limit for basic
erection trusses, including metal
frame work must be 30 to 150
minutes. The final demand is
depending on the regulatory
degree of the building fire
resistance and the construction
design types.

Idea behind the fire insulation

The scope of the metalwork fire


protection is to improve the thermal
insulation, the heat protection of
the metal surfaces by the thermal
insulation screening and maintaining
the high temperature and direct fire
impact. The use of thermal protection
screens allows to slow down the
heating of metal work and to keep
their functional design properties
during the specified period of time.

Cost efficiency

The need of fire protection of steel


structure with the increasing of the
fire safety regulation requirements
bringing fire safety to the building
and constructions is one part of
the problem. There is also a general
need, as always, to keep the general
costs for the fire protection down.
These two parameters lead to the
necessity of development and
introduction of a high quality and
efficient fire protection system into the
construction practices.
The PAROC FireSAFE system

Paroc has developed a fire protection


system based on the application of
the non-combustible stone wool
slab PAROC FPS 17. The system
has high resistance against impact
of water, do not absorb moisture
from the environmental atmosphere
and has long life time. The class
of fire resistance demanded for the
specific steel frame is provided by a
relevant selection of thicknesses of the
PAROC FPS 17. The thickness is
depending on the massiveness section
factor of the protected element but
also on the critical steel temperature,
which normally is 450 or 500 degrees
centigrade.
Approval

The PAROC FireSAFE system


covering fire protection of steel
structure, page 8 - 12, is approved in
ETA-08/0093 given by VTT, Espoo,
Finland.

The PAROC FireSAFE system


provides the required fire
resistance limit up to R210
(3 hours) for protected
components and metal
frame. The system is
approved by data in ETA08/0093 about the fire
protection.

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Demands regarding fire insulation


Rules for fire protection of our
buildings are given from several
authorities.
National rules for building
regarding new houses and changes
in buildings are basically meant to
protect human lives.
Rules from insurance companies
basically for the protection of
economical values.
Rules from work protection,
authority who looks at the safety
for people in work life. Look for
protection during time of building
the house.
Farming regulations mainly for
the protection of animals
Further more there are a lot of
regulations connected to special
types of buildings.
To most of this rules there are many
standardized test methods and to
these connected conditions for the
different classes of constructions
and material that are given in the
regulations. This principal for fire
technical dimensioning is based on the
so called standard fire curve, which
means a medium development for a
fire affecting the building. The method
often gives a solution on the safe
side. It is nowadays more and more
common to go more deeply in to this.
Then is a suspected development of
the fire considered (most commonly
including cooling phase) and calculates
the time that the current building
is expected to withstand the fire.
To make such a dimensioning of a
building demands a lot of experience
and advanced tools. But this type
of more advanced dimensioning is
normally profitable at least for bigger
buildings.
In the following there is a short
description given of the head rules in
national regulations. It is limited to the
demands that are connected to stone
wool products from Paroc.

Fire technical building classes

In the national regulations the


buildings are normally divided into
classes. The parameters classifying a
building are:
numbers of floors
type of use of the building
area of the building
fire load
Demands on material and
constructions are various between the
classes.

The PAROC FireSAFE system


uses all the advantages of
complex fire protection at
which additional function of
slabs- reduction of thermal
losses or undesirable
heating at normal
conditions.

Fire classified constructions

In the national regulations are time


requirements raised for different types
of constructions in a building.
Load carrying ability R. The
time that the construction is able
to withstand the current load at a
standard fire
Integrity E. The time that the
construction keeps tight a standard
fire
Insulation I. The time it takes for
the cold side of the construction
to reach a certain temperature,
normally 140 C mean temperature
raise at a standard fire.
Construction classes R, RE, E,
EI and REI may appear. They are
followed by the time demand given in
minutes, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 180,
240 or 360.

The classification can be increased


by adding of the letter M when the
construction shall withstand some
mechanical influence and with the
letter C for automatically closing
doors. The term REI 60-M means
that the construction, in addition to
mechanical influence shall withstand
load, tightness and temperature
demands for 60 minutes.
Euro classes
Coating
Class division of coating

These are all requirements for the


material used in a building. More
information about this is to be found
in PAROC Insulation Theory.
A building is normally divided in
fire cells. Houses for living or offices,
stairs, garage, rooms for heating
equipment, for collection of scrap,
hotel rooms corridors for escaping are
all examples of fire cells.
The demands regarding fire
insulation of load bearing structures
various a lots from country to country
also within the EU.
From material point of view the
rules, test methods and demands are all
the same. Also the way of identifying
the different classes for constructions is
equal. The demand EI 60 has the same
meaning where ever you go within EU.
It is when the type of building
should be identified the differences
starts to be evident. Also the way of
identifying the load of fire in MJ/m2
varies a lot between countries. The
third parameter is the number of
storeys in the building.
All those parameters and varying
demands make it impossible to
compare the demands for different
countries. Instead you can find a
short brief country by country in the
following:

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

The shape of the building and the amount


of floors are two parameters influencing the
demands for fire protection.

Finland and Estonia

For most buildings up to two floors


there are almost no demands at all.
Between 2 and 4 floors the demands
vary between R 15 and R120
depending on use of the building. The
most common demand is R 30 except
for residential buildings where the
normal demand is R 60.
Above this and the toughest
building class, P1, has demands
between R15 and R240. Depending
on fire load the demand is varying
like this: Fire load < 600 MJ/m2 has
a typical demand of R 60, between
600- 1200 Mj/m2 it is R 90 that is
most typical and above 1200 MJ/m2
the normal demand is R 120.
R 30 to R 120 covers most of
the needs for fire insulation of steel
structure. In extreme cases also higher
classes are required. For buildings
with more than 8 storeys and for very
high fire load these higher classes are
demanded.
Sweden

For the two lowest classes of buildings


there are limited demands from R 15
to R 30. For storeys below basement
the needs are higher.
For the toughest class the
requirements are divided depending

on the fire load. With a fire load <


200 MJ/m2 the normal demand is
R 60, in some cases also R90. When
fire load goes up to 200 - 400 Mj/m2
the demands are raised to R 120 and
in some cases R 180. For a load of fire
above 400 MJ/m2 the needed class is
R 240.
Poland

In Poland there are 5 classes of


different buildings due to fire
demands. The need for load bearing
structure varies from none for the
lowest class to 240 minutes for the
class called A. These buildings have
a fire load of more than 4000 MJ/
m2. For the more normal buildings
the demands varies between 60 and
120 minutes but also 30 minutes are
in some cases enough to fulfil the
requirements.
Denmark

In Denmark the buildings are divided


into 6 different groups which also
depending on the usages of the
building. It depends on if the building
is occupied during day time or night
time and what kind of activities that is
taking place in it.
For the load bearing structure the
demands vary from 30 to 120 minutes

depending on the usage classification


and height above the ground.
Norway

Norway has chosen to keep 4 classes


depending on fire hazard risk, from
minor to very serious. Also the size
and the design of the building are
influencing the demands. Depending
of if the load bearing structure is
primary or secondary or placed the top
storey basement the requirements vary
between 30 and 120 minutes.
Lithuania

In Lithuania the buildings are divided


depending on their purpose, fire risk.
There are five different classes from
P1 with permanent or temporary
residence to P5, other purpose which
includes different industrial buildings,
farming and other uses. Also the
amount of fire load is divided into
classes from 1-3 where 3 is below 600
MJ/m2 and 3 is above 1200 MJ/m2.
From this the demands are varying
between R 45 and R 120 for load
bearing structure.

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Why choose PAROC Stone wool?


Stone wool is versatile noncombustible thermal insulation

PAROC Stone wool is the most


versatile and commonly used thermal
insulation material in many European
countries.
PAROC Stone wool uniquely
combines excellent thermal and sound
insulation properties with a highly
fire retardant material. In addition
to construction, stone wool is used
in conditions that impose extremely
demanding and versatile requirements
on insulation such as the shipping
industry and nuclear power plants.
Excellent fire resistance
properties in constructions

PAROC Stone wool is made of


stone and can therefore be used as
thermal insulation in applications with
highly demanding fire specifications.
Almost all types of mineral wool are
classified as non-combustible material,
but PAROC Stone wool has an
exceptionally high melting temperature
of around 1000 C, providing longer
protection. Therefore, rather than
adding to the fire load, PAROC
Stone wool offers an effective fire
resistant thermal insulation solution.
Most non-coated PAROC Stone
wool products are classified in best
Euroclass A1.
Because of its unique fire
properties PAROC Stone wool can
be utilized as fire insulation and as
structural protective cladding. In
structures insulated with PAROC
Stone wool, the spreading of any fire is
retarded or prevented altogether.
The right products guarantee
the best results

Of all mineral wools stone wool


possesses the best alkali resistance
properties. This is particularly
important when dealing with the
cement and lime-based mortars
associated with rendered facades.

Figure 1: The behavior of certain construction materials in a standard fire. A standard


fire simulates the development of temperature of a fire in normal room space.

Life-long insulation material

PAROC Stone wool retains its


thermal insulation properties for the
entire lifetime of a building. PAROC
Stone wool is a chemically robust
material with a strong resistance to
organic oils, solvents and alkalis.

The PAROC FireSAFE system


is independent of any
earlier covering like
varnish or paint. It does
not demand cleaning of the
surfaces aimed to protect.

Retains its form

PAROC Stone wool does not expand


or shrink, even as a result of dramatic
changes in temperature or humidity.
Therefore no cracks will form at
the joints of the slabs and there is
consequently no risk of heat leakage or
moisture condensation.

PA R O C
PROTECT
ION

Th

e insulati
PAROC PROTECTION is our
on that a
fire and
lso prote
moisture
cts from
concept for Nordic designed Stone
wool, a material that has got
superior properties when it comes
to protection of fire and moisture.
Living in a home with PAROC Stone
wool insulation provides increased protection against moisture.
Stone wool namely does not absorb water particularly well and due to its high steam
permeability, it dries quickly if exposed to water. PAROC Stone wool insulation is also
non-combustible and is therefore classified in best Euro Class A1.

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Does not absorb or accumulate


moisture

PAROC Stone wool does not absorb


or accumulate moisture in a capillary
way, ensuring rapid evaporation in
regular structures. A building insulated
with PAROC Stone wool stays dry,
ensuring healthy internal air quality
and the longevity of the building.
Extensive research carried out in
Finland by Tampere University of
Technology (Microbial Growth in the
Insulation of Concrete Panel Facades,
1999) and Turku University (Microbial
contamination in rendered insulation
layer of concrete walls, 1999) confirms
that PAROC Stone wool is a poor
environment for microbe growth.
Efficient sound insulation

Due to its porous fiber structure and


high density, PAROC Stone wool
provides excellent insulation against
external noise through walls and
roofs as well as internal noise through
partitions, intermediate floors and
acoustic ceilings.

PAROC Stone wool withstands very


high temperatures. The image shows a
test sample of the PAROC UNS product
before and after an EN ISO 1182 noncombustion test where the test sample
is burned at a temperature of 750 C.
PAROC UNS are in several of our
markets developed into PAROC eXtra
with the same or better fire properties.

Paroc an expert in insulation

The PAROC FireSAFE system


protects also from corrosion
by the water vapour
permeability property of
stone wool.

Sustainable

PAROC Stone wool is sustainable


throughout its lifecycle. Stone wool is
a proven, durable insulation material
that provides significant energy saving,
fire protection and excellent sound
insulation properties for a multitude
of applications. Stone wool does not
contain any ingredients or chemicals
that prevent or impede recycling.

Stone wool does not melt even in a fire.


Thus a structure can withstand a fire
considerably longer, which can critically
improve the chance of rescue and limit
damage.

As one of the leading thermal


insulation manufacturers, Paroc,
together with the top researchers and
institutions in the field, has developed
considerable expertise in the thermal
insulation sector.
PAROC Stone wool and indoor
air quality

PAROC Stone wool is an extremely


clean material and as such has been
selected as the insulation material for
houses built for people with allergies
and respiratory illnesses. The Finnish
Building Information Foundation
and the Indoor Air Association both
classify PAROC Stone wool as
the best M1 grade in the emission
classifications as it does not pollute
internal air.

Due to a breathing, air-permeable


structure, moisture evaporates quickly in
correctly realized constructions.

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Dimensioning of the insulation


Temperature

COLUMNS AND BEAMS

point of view. Dimensioning can always


be done due to the following tool with
acceptable safety margins.

High F/A
Low F/A

Fire resistance

The bigger volume of steel in relation


to exposed area the better fire
resistance it has. How quickly the steel
structure is heated up at a specified fire
exposure can simply be described as
the relation between the fire exposed
surface and the steel volume of the
profile. This relation is called the
section factor F/A.
A high section factor gives a
quick temperature raise of the steel.
This means that slim steel structures
demands thicker insulation boards.
See Figure 2.
When I profiles has a greater
height than 450 mm the insulation
shall be installed following the profile.
At pictures below you can find the

F=2a+2b

Methods

Time
Figure 2

formulas for different profiles and their


positions in the building.

The PAROC FireSAFE system


has a relatively low
weight and minimizes the
loading on the protected
constructions. There is no
need to consider the weight
of PAROC FPS 17 at all in
the static load calculations.

Calculation

The simplified dimension tool is based


on a more advanced instruction from
Assessment report 103203.22 from
SINTEF NBL. The approximate
method is built on the fact that the
steel profile is fully used from statically

F=2b+2h

F=b+2h

F=4b+2h

Tests are made according to


EN 13501-2 and ENV 13381-4 and
calculations according to ENV 13381-4
Annex H.

F=3b+2h

h
h
h

b
a

b
b

Alternative 1

Use the table 1 and 2 to find the fire


class and the needed thickness for the
most common steel profiles.

Table 1:

Insulation thickness at square RHS -profiles, fire from 4 sides, critical temperature 450 C
Fire class
R 30

R 60

R 90

Thickness of
steel
mm

Thickness of
PAROC FPS 17
mm

Thickness of
steel
mm

Thickness of
PAROC FPS 17
mm

>4

20

>10
8.0

R 120

Thickness of
steel
mm

Thickness of
PAROC FPS 17
mm

Thickness of
steel
mm

Thickness of
PAROC FPS 17
mm

20

>14

20

12.0

40

20

12.0

25

10.0

50

6.3

25

8.0 - 10.0

30

8.0

60

5.0

30

6.3

50

6.3

4.0

30

5.0

50

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Table 2:

Insulation thickness for different beams, 3- and 4-sided fire exposure, critical temperature 450 C
Fire class
R 30
Steel profile

IPE 160 600

HE 100A HE 600A

HE 100B HE 600B

R 60
Thickness of Steel profile
PAROC FPS 17
mm
3sided
fire
exp.

4sided
fire
exp.

20

20

20

20

20

20

R 90

Thickness of Steel profile


PAROC FPS 17
mm
3sided
fire
exp.

4sided
fire
exp.

R 120

Thickness of Steel profile


PAROC FPS 17
mm
3sided
fire
exp.

4sided
fire
exp.

Thickness of
PAROC FPS 17
mm
3sided
fire
exp.

4sided
fire
exp.

IPE 330-600

20

20

IPE 600

25

30

IPE 600

40

50

IPE 240-300

20

25

IPE 500

30

40

IPE 550

50

50

IPE 160-220

25

30

HEA 180-600

20

20

HEA 100-160

20

25

HEB 100-600

20

20

IPE 360-450

40

40

IPE 450-500

50

60

IPE 220-330

50

50

IPE 400

60

60

IPE 160-200

50

60

IPE 300-360

60

HEA 600

20

20

HEA 360-600

40

40

HEA 320-500

20

25

HEA 300-340

40

50

HEA 300

20

30

HEA 240-280

40

60

HEA 200-280

30

40

HEA 220

50

60

HEA 100-180

40

50

HEA 200

50

HEA 100-180

60

HEB 320-600

20

20

HEB 300-600

30

40

HEB 220-300

20

25

HEB 240-280

40

40

HEB 200

20

30

HEB 180-220

40

50

HEB140-180

25

40

HEB 160

40

60

HEB 120

30

40

HEB 120-140

50

60

HEB 100

40

50

HEB 100

60

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Table 3:

F/A for the most usual profiles


HEA profile

b
a

HEB profile

c
b

F/A F/A
(m1) (m1)

HEM profile

d
c

IPE profile

F/A F/A
(m1) (m1)

g
f

h
g

F/A F/A
(m1) (m1)

Rectangular RHS profile

F/A
(m1)

h
F/A DxB
(m1) mm

Godstj.
mm

F/A
(m1)

F/A
(m1)

DxB
mm

3,2

313

274

40x40

250

221

3,6

278

238

HE 100 A 184 138 HE 100 B

154

115 HE 100 M

85

65

IPE 80

HE 120 A 185 137 HE 120 B

141

106 HE 120 B

80

61

IPE 100 300

247

HE 140 A 174 129 HE 140 B

130

98 HE 140 M

76

58

IPE 120 279

230 100x60

HE 160 A 161 120 HE 160 B

118

89 HE 160 M

71

54

IPE 140 259

215

HE 180 A 155 115 HE 180 B

110

83 HE 180 M

68

52

IPE 160 241

200 120x60

HE 200 A 145 108 HE 200 B

103

77 HE 200 M

65

49

IPE 180 226

188

200

178

HE 220 A 134 100 HE 220 B

97

73 HE 220 M

62

47

IPE 200 211

176 120x80

200

169

HE 240 A 122

91 HE 240 B

91

68 HE 240 M

52

40

IPE 220 198

165

125

110

HE 260 A 118

88 HE 260 B

88

66 HE 260 M

51

39

IPE 240 184

153 150x100

200

167

HE 280 A 113

84 HE 280 B

85

64 HE 280 M

50

38

IPE 270 176

147

125

108

HE 300 A 105

78 HE 300 B

81

60 HE 300 M

43

33

IPE 300 167

139 160x80

200

175

HE 320 A

98

74 HE 320 B

77

58

IPE 330 156

131

125

113

HE 340 A

94

72 HE 340 B

75

57

IPE 360 146

122 200x100

200

173

HE 360 A

91

70 HE 360 B

73

57

IPE 400 137

116

HE 400 A

87

68 HE 400 B

71

56

IPE 450 130

110 250x150

HE 450 A

83

66 HE 450 B

69

55

IPE 500 121

104

HE 500 A

80

65 HE 500 B

67

55

IPE 550 113

98 300x200

HE 550 A

79

65 HE 550 B

67

55

IPE 600 105

91

HE 600 A

79

65 HE 600 B

67

56

HE 650 A

79

65 HE 650 B

66

56

330

270 100x50

200

175

3,6

278

242

10

100

90

6,3

159

134

12,5

80

70

6,3

159

131

12,5

80

68

Figure 3:

Find the section factor F/A by using


data for the steel profile due to the
information from the steel supplier. In
figure 3 the fire class and the needed
thickness of insulation are to be found.
For further steel temperatures see
the appendix Dimensioning of
the insulation to the approval
ETA-08/0093.

Insulation thickness for PAROC FPS 17.


Critical steel temperature 450 C
F/A
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250

R 30
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

R 60
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
25
25
25
25
25
30
30
30
30
30

R 90
20
20
20
25
25
30
40
40
40
40
50
50
50
50
50
50
60
60
60
60
60

R 120
25
30
40
40
40
50
50
60
60
60

l
k

Godstj.
mm

F/A F/A
(m1) (m1)

3,2

313 258

250 211

60x60

3,2

313 249

250 203

80x90

3,6

278 220

200 161

100x100

200 159

125 103

120x120

200 157

125 101

150x150

6,3

159 125

12,5
180x180

6,3
12,5

200x200

6,3
12,5

250x250
300x300

Alternative 2

10

Square RHS profile

R 150
40
40
50
50
60

6,3

80

66

159 124
80

65

159 124
80

65

159 123

12,5

80

64

10

100

78

12,5

80

63

R 180
40
50
60

R 210
50
60

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Installation
1. The insulation is fastened by welding of
steel pins ( 2, 8 mm) with washers (
30 mm).
2. Pins on beams are fastened maximum
50 mm from the edges.
3. Pins on columns are fastened maximum
110 mm from the edges.
4. The maximum distance between fasteners on columns is 400 mm.
5. For beams the maximum distance
between fasteners is 300 mm.
6. When installing insulation on H or I
profiles with a distances between flanges of more than 200 mm a butt-butt
board is placed behind board joints.
7. The butt-butt board shall be 100 mm in
width and of the same thickness as the
main insulation.
8. When the distance between flanges
is more than 300 mm a rear noggin
is placed behind the butt-butt board,
made from the main insulation thickness.
9. Both slabs are cut with over dimension
so they fit tight. No glue or equal is
needed.
10. All edges are fully covered by the
connecting slab.
11. At installation on beams the slabs on
the sides shall cover the bottom layer
slab and not vice versa.
12. No openings are allowed.

11

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

In built columns with square profile


Fire resistance

A usual way of building is to place


a square profile in the wall. By this
method the thickness of fire insulation
can be reduced because the gypsum
board contributes to the fire protection
as it is fire rated. This has been
calculated by SINTEF NBL, and as
a result we can reduce thicknesses
of the PAROC FPS 17 in some
configurations.
Fasteners

Fasteners are placed according to


instructions on page 11.

Fire insulation of steel in external plaster board wall

It is sometimes possible to insulate


columns in a faade at three sides. This
can only be done in R 60 with two
layers of plaster board on the inside.
On the outer side it must be, at least,
9 mm plaster board installed. The steel
must be placed free from openings like
windows and unclassified doors etc.

The faade must as well be classified


as non combustible. When RHS
-profiles, at a critical steel temperature
of 400 - 600 C, the class R 60, and
thicknesses of the steel down to 5 mm
are used the PAROC FPS 17, 20 mm
can be used 3-sided.

Fire insulation of steel in partitions

At fire insulation of steel installed into


partitions the insulation thickness can
be reduced due to the fact that the
plaster board also bring fire resistance.
For class R 60 this is not as
interesting as it is allowed to use
PAROC FPS 17, 20 mm on RHS

profiles down to 5 mm steel thickness.


The plaster board is not needed to
be placed in connection to the fire
insulation although the illustration
shows this. For the fire class R 90 the
following table can be used:

Table 4:

Fire resistance: R 90 and Critical steel temperature 450 C


Thickness of PAROC FPS 17;
Steel thickness,
mm

12

Thickness of PAROC FPS 17, mm


1x13 mm plaster board,
(1 layer on both sides)

2x13 mm plaster board,


(2 layers on both sides)

5.0

40

25

6.3

40

25

8.0

30

20

10.0

25

20

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

HSQ-beams
Fire resistance

HSQ- profiles are often used


together with concrete elements.
The dimensions of the visible flange
are the input data when deciding
about needed fire protection. The
construction is tested with 50 mm
overlapping insulation on both sides,
to simplify the installation.
Calculation

The way of dimensioning is taken


from the the assessment report
103203.56 from SINTEF NBL as.
Table 5:

Thickness in mm of PAROC FPS 17 to reach respectively fire


classification:

Input data:
Thickness of the flange at the
current HSQ-profile
Decide the fire class and the critical
steel temperature for the construction.
Find the needed thickness in
table 5.

ts
mm

Ai/Vs
(mm-1)

450 C

500 C

450 C

500 C

450 C

500 C

HSQ 1

15

67

20

20

20

20

40

25

HSQ 2

10

100

20

20

40

25

60

40

R 60

R 90

R 120

max 400 mm
max 50 mm

The PAROC FireSAFE system


is possible to use under a
wide range of conditions
concerning temperature and
moisture.

The PAROC FireSAFE system


with stone wool slabs are
chemically neutral in contact
to metal surfaces and
structures applied in the
system.

The PAROC FireSAFE system


the stone wool material
is also used in many
other sensitive conditions
and constructions such
as marine applications,
insulation of atomic
engineering or equal.

13

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Fire insulation of concrete decks


Fire resistance

In some buildings there is a need to


raise the fire class for a concrete deck,
either in an existing one or for a new
building. Normally the covering of
the reinforcement is dimensioned
in the concrete. This protection can
be increased by putting a layer of
PAROC FPS 17 underneath.
Calculation

The background for dimensioning is


to be found in the assessment report
103203.55 from SINTEF NBL as.
When using a 20 mm board of
PAROC FPS 17 the concrete deck
can stand a fire up to 120 minutes.
Dimensioning

When the insulation is installed as in


the figure can 20 mm PAROC FPS
17 be used for required fire resistance
up to 120 minutes, where the concrete
cover of the reinforcement steel bars
are inadequate. It is prerequisite that
the slab in other respects is designed
according to relevant construction
standard. The insulation is fastened by
Wrth Expanding nail and a washer
8,4 x 30 x 1,5 mm or equal.
max 300 mm
max 300 mm
max 50 mm

The PAROC FireSAFE system


has a long life time, at least
50 years or equal to the
life time of the building.
No special maintenance is
needed.

14

The PAROC FireSAFE system


does not bring any
environmental pollution in
the working space during
installation.

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Fire insulation of steel decks


Fire resistance

Sometimes there is a need to protect


flat roofs on a steel deck from fire from
the inside. This can be done by adding
a layer of insulation underneath the
profiled steel deck. The insulation is
fastened by welding.
Calculation

The background for dimensioning is


to be found in the assessment report
103203.58 from SINTEF NBL as.
The needed thickness of insulation
is found in the table 6 depending on
the needed fire class for the structure.

300 500 mm
max 50 mm

Table 6:

Thickness of PAROC FPS 17 needed to meet classification R 30 and R 60


Steel
thickness
mm

Steel temperature C
450 C

500 C

550 C

600 C

R 30

R 60

R 30

R 60

R 30

R 60

R 30

R 60

0,6

40

40

30

60

25

60

0,65

40

40

30

60

25

60

0,72

40

30

60

25

60

25

60

0,85

30

60

30

60

25

60

20

50

1,00

30

60

25

60

20

50

20

50

1,25

25

60

20

50

20

50

20

40

1,50

20

50

20

50

20

40

20

40

2,0

20

40

20

40

20

30

20

25

2,5

20

40

20

30

20

25

20

20

3,0

20

25

20

25

20

20

20

20

15

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

System components
Stone wool slabs PAROC FPS 17

Stone wool slabs PAROC FPS 17


are made by melting basalt rocks at a
temperature of about 1500 C. This
temperature at production gives the
fibre a stable structure without melting
under temperatures up to 1000 C.
The ability to stand high temperatures
and the non-shrinkable properties are
provided with its unique structure;
the wool fibres are randomly located
in horizontal and vertical direction in
different angels between each other.
It is possible to produce the
stone wool slabs with a glass fibre
tissue covering without influencing
the reaction to fire properties. The
covering allows putting finishingdecorative facing after installation of
the system.
The pins for welding are made of
steel with a covering of copper making
the welding possible. The diameter
of the steel is about 2, 8 mm and
it has a washer of 30 mm fastened.
Alternatively the installation can be
done by screwing, see page 19.

Product data PAROC FPS 17


Application
Efficient fire protection slab especially for steel structures and air and smoke
chimney fire protection as well as fire class door insulation.
Property

In accordance with

Width x Length
600 x 1200 mm
1200 x 1800 mm

EN 822

Thickness
20 - 120 mm
Tolerances: T5; EN 13 162

EN 823

Fire classification
A1

EN 13 501-1

Thermal conductivity
D = 0, 038 W/mK

EN 13 162

Package type
Plastic covered packages on a pallet or loose slabs on a pallet.

The PAROC FireSAFE system


admits conformity to high
aesthetic requirements to
the appearance of the fire
protected surfaces.

16

The PAROC FireSAFE system


components are possible to
store for a long period of
time in dry conditions.

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

17

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Installation of PAROC FireSAFE system


General:
Mounting I-profiles >200 mm

Welding

1. Cut the installation pieces with


a width of 100 mm and a length
suitable to the profile with 2-3 mm
extra length. Use always the same
thickness of slab as used for the
current profile.

The insulation is fixed using steel pin/


washers. The pin is an 2, 8 mm and
has a fixed washer at 30.0 mm.

2. Press the pieces of insulation


between the flanges behind a
coming joint.

The pin used is chosen 2-3 mm greater


than the insulation thickness.

The slab should cover the end of the


slab it is installed against. No steel shall
be visible as shown in the schematic
figures below.
Follow the instructions at the
welding equipment to install the pins
properly.
Foresee that the pins are properly
fastened. The pins should be possible
to bend aside (without insulation) and
stay fastened. The same method is used
for welding to steel sheet in roofs.

See instructions on page 11.

When the beam or column has a


height over 300 mm the piece of
insulation is completed with across
placed piece against the web.

18

The welding is done by Capacitor


Discharge (CD) equipment - or equal.
The pin is a copper covered steel
pin with the washer included.

FIRE PROTECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE

Alternative installation method


The ETA approval allows also the steel
structure fire protection to be installed
by screwing.
Screwing

The insulation is fixed using special


screws, PAROC XFS 001 Fire
Spring. The first stage of installation
is to push 100 mm wide pieces of
PAROC FPS 17 between the flanges
of the steel profile, with a maximum
centre-to centre spacing of 600 mm.
The thickness of the slab must be at
least 40 mm. If the height of the beam
is greater than 400 mm a piece of
slab must be placed edge-on between
the insulation and web to provide
additional support. If the breadth is
greater than 300 mm then 2, 8 mm
pins must be welded to the centre line
of the flange at 300 mm intervals.
Cut the insulation so that it is
equal to the height of the beam, plus
the thickness of the flange insulation.
At least two bolts at intervals of 200
mm or less. The spacing between the
bolts is shown in the figure below. It is
recommended that the bolts length is
twice the insulation thickness.
Insulation should be fixed to the
top of RHS profiles by butt welding.
The steel pins are fixed at intervals of
less than 400 mm and less than 110
mm from joints in the insulation.

300

Max 600
100
25
100

400

Max 200

max 150

>300

Max 600
100
25
Max 150

>400

Max 200

300

Installation of PAROC FPS 17


onto concrete

When installing the board to concrete


an expanding nail is used. The nail
is 6x60 mm for fastening of 20 mm
board, and there is a hole drilled with
a diameter of 6 mm. The deep of the
drilling is 40 mm. The expanding nail
is fastened together with a steel washer
8,5 x 30 x 1,5 mm by a hammer.
For other thicknesses the length of
fasteners will be 40 mm longer than
the thickness of the slab.

The PAROC FireSAFE system


is ecologically safe for the
environment. The PAROC
Stone wool slabs has
the highest grade, M1,
regarding environmental
pollution.

The PAROC FireSAFE system


the stone wool material
also brings sound reducing
properties beside the
thermal and fire resistance
functions.

19

Paroc Group is one of the leading manufacturers of mineral wool insulation products
and solutions in Europe. PAROC products and solutions include building insulation,
technical insulation, marine insulation, structural stone wool sandwich panels and acoustics
products. Paroc has production facilities in Finland, Sweden, Lithuania and Poland, and
sales and representative ofces in 13 countries across Europe.

Building Insulation produces a wide range of


products and solutions for all traditional building
insulation. The building insulation is mainly used for
thermal, re and sound insulation of exterior walls, roofs,
oors, basements, intermediate oors and partitions.

Sound absorbing ceilings and wall panels for interior


acoustic control, as well as industrial noise control products,
are available in the range.

Technical Insulation is used for thermal, re and sound


insulation in building techniques, industrial processes and
pipe work, industrial equipment and ship structures.

PAROC fire proof panels are lightweight steelfaced panels with a core material of stone wool.
PAROC panels are used for faades, partition walls and
ceilings in public, commercial and industrial buildings.

The information in this brochure describes the conditions and technical properties of the disclosed products, valid
at the time of publication of this document and until replaced by the next printed or digital version. The latest
version of this brochure is always available on Paroc web site.
Our information material presents applications for which the functions and technical properties of our products
have been approved. However, the information does not mean a commercial guarantee, since we do not have full
control of third party components used in the application or the installation.
We cannot warrant the suitability of our products if used in an area which is not provided in our information
material.
As a result of constant further development of our products we reserve the right to make alterations to our
information material.
PAROC and red and white stripes are registered trademarks of Paroc Oy Ab. Paroc Group 2012

2060BIEN0112

PAROC GROUP
P.O.Box 47
FI-00621 Helsinki, Finland
Phone +358 46 876 8000
www.paroc.com
A MEMBER OF PAROC GROUP