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Statistics Independent Study

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Mixed Practice with Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Questions
Answers
Multiple-Choice Section

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© Copyright 2000 Apex Learning Inc. All rights reserved. This material is intended for the exclusive use of
registered users only. No portion of these materials may be reproduced or redistributed in any form without the
express written permission of Apex Learning Inc.

You believe that men and women might have differing reactions to the medication. 1. All rights reserved. Answer: C U M R E L F R E Q 1.08 attempts.Statistics Independent Study Page 2 of 7 Mixed Practice with Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Questions Answers Free-Response Section Introduction These questions simulate the Free-Response section of the AP Exam. Answer: Blocks would be desirable here." and should take about 20-30 minutes. No portion of these materials may be reproduced or redistributed in any form without the express written permission of Apex Learning Inc.3 0.9 0. You are also concerned with differences between those 60 and over and those under 60. _____________ © Copyright 2000 Apex Learning Inc.7 0. Question 6 is an "Investigative Task.6 0. . A.2 0. The median is found at the fiftieth percentile. 2. Questions 1-5 should take about 10-15 minutes each.4 0. so the median is 1. so it would be appropriate to block by gender here.8 0. More than half passed on the first trial.1 0.0 1234567 NUMBER OF ATTEMPTS B.0 0. You should do all that you can do in no more than 90 minutes. Answer: µ = (1)(40/75) + (2)(12/75) + (3)(8/75) + (4)(9/75) + 5(5/75) + 6(0/75) + 7(1/75) = 2. A.5 0. so you would also need to divide those under 60 and those 60 and over into different blocks. This material is intended for the exclusive use of registered users only.

345 1. you would want to conduct a two-sample t test for the difference between population means. you would find a P-value of .333. assume there are equal numbers in each block. Answer: H0 : µ d = 0 (The mean difference between the before and after scores is 0. whether you pool your estimates of the population variance. We can use a onesample t procedure. Within each block. The computation you would use for the standard error of the difference would depend on whether you were using the conservative method. randomly assign 1/3 of the subjects to a control group that will receive a placebo. Then break each of these two groups into two additional blocks of those 60 and over and those under 60. and 1/3 to a treatment group that will receive 500 mg tablets. and women 60 and over. women under 60. This gives you four blocks of 45 people each. . 3. or whether you use computer software. 1/3 to a treatment group that will receive 350 mg tablets. If randomization has been done correctly. After a designated period of time.) Since the scores are matched (that is. but not enough to conclude that this sample is not reasonably normal.969 12 df = 11 è . a one-sample t test is appropriate for the differences between the sample values.019. there are approximately 15 people that receive the 350 mg pill and 15 that receive the 500 mg pill. The study should be double-blind: Neither the subjects nor the person administering the tests should know which subjects are receiving which treatment. A boxplot of the data shows no outliers. No portion of these materials may be reproduced or redistributed in any form without the express written permission of Apex Learning Inc.) H a : µ d > 0 (The mean difference is greater than zeroscores were higher after training. All rights reserved. For the sake of discussing the design. Answer: In any one block. C.333 − 0 = 2. Compute an average relief score for each group.) _____________ © Copyright 2000 Apex Learning Inc. n = 12 t = 1. the assumption that the two groups are independent is reasonable. compare pain-relief scores for each of the three groups within each block. If these conditions are satisfied.969. x = 1. there are two different measurements for each individual). There is some skewness to the left. This results in four blocks: men under 60. s = 1. You must also check to see that the distribution of scores for each group does not indicate that the samples might have been drawn from non-normal populations. Answer: Divide your 180 volunteers into two groups based on their gender.01 < p < . This material is intended for the exclusive use of registered users only. men 60 and over.Statistics Independent Study Page 3 of 7 Mixed Practice with Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Questions Answers B.02 (On the TI-83.

6)(.) A one-proportion z-test is appropriate here. P(at least one match in first five drawings) = 1 – P(no matches in the first five drawings) 5 æ 45 ö =1– ç ÷ = . Answer: (6/51)(1 – 6/51)4 = .0418 This value of P is less than the significance level of .01.) Ha : p > . . We are justified in using a z-test here because 35(.071 5. All rights reserved.6 (.05. 4. It is reasonable to conclude that the program was effective in improving mathematics skills in the subjects. so we have good evidence to reject our null hypothesis. since the school believes that their students will do better. you would reach a different conclusion. z = p . ˆ = 26/35 = . The claim that the school's students do better than the national average of . Answer: æ 51ö (6/51)(5/50)(4/49)(3/48)(2/47)(1/46) = 1 /çç ÷÷ = 1/18009460 = .6 is supported by these data.9582 = . è 51 ø C.4) 35 = 1.6 (The proportion of passing grades is . H0 : p = . Note: If you used a significance level of .743. A.465. A.Statistics Independent Study Page 4 of 7 Mixed Practice with Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Questions Answers This P-value is quite low and gives us strong evidence against the null hypothesis. This material is intended for the exclusive use of registered users only.6 (The proportion of passing grades is larger than . Answer: Now. _____________ © Copyright 2000 Apex Learning Inc.0000000555.6. No portion of these materials may be reproduced or redistributed in any form without the express written permission of Apex Learning Inc.4) and 35(.6) are both larger than 10.73 è P-value = 1 – .6.743 − . Answer: It is a one-sided test. the probability of a match remains constant at 6/51. è6 ø B.

9324 = .5. Answer: A histogram of these data (below) shows a pattern that seems to be quite normal.085(500) = 42. 219. No portion of these materials may be reproduced or redistributed in any form without the express written permission of Apex Learning Inc.119 – . we would not have rejected the null hypothesis and would conclude that the evidence was unconvincing that the school is actually doing better than the national average. 6. Answer: The worst thing that could happen in terms of the school's claim is that the missing .5 − 275 = –1.) Expected frequency in the interval (189.034 = .5. All rights reserved. (If you use the TI-83 you will get 42.6 ˆ = 26/36 = . We need to find the area under the normal curve for each interval by using either a calculator or standard z-score techniques.5) = .18 è Upper area = .034 47 Area in the interval (189.722.085.4) 36 è P-value = 1 – .5) = . In this case.Statistics Independent Study Page 5 of 7 Mixed Practice with Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Questions Answers B. Under these conditions.5 could be calculated as follows: z 219.0676. . we would find.084.05. that the area corresponding to the interval 189.82 è Lower area = .722 − .5 = 189. for example. we can use a χ 2 goodness-of-fit test to compare the observed frequencies in each interval with the expected frequencies.19.5 – 219.5 − 275 = –1. This value is greater than the significance level of .119 47 z189.) _____________ © Copyright 2000 Apex Learning Inc.5. z = = 1. This material is intended for the exclusive use of registered users only. (If you use the TI-83 you will get . 219. p .494 student would not have passed.6(.5 = 219. If we assume the data are from a normal distribution. Assuming that the distribution from which the sample was drawn has a mean of 275 and a standard deviation of 47.

44 122.24 31.25 (p = .715 on the TI-83).02 For these data.5 369.5 309. No portion of these materials may be reproduced or redistributed in any form without the express written permission of Apex Learning Inc. All rights reserved.5 – 219. Thus we have no evidence to argue against the claim that the cholesterol levels of American men are normally distributed.5 – 309. X 2 = 5. _____________ © Copyright 2000 Apex Learning Inc.5 279. df = 9 – 1 = 8 è p > .5 339.5 – 279.22 42.5 – 399.40 9.5 – 369.19 87.Statistics Independent Study Page 6 of 7 Mixed Practice with Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Questions Answers Proceeding similarly for each interval and using the results from the TI-83.5 219.5 – 249.07 2. This material is intended for the exclusive use of registered users only.39.21 115.5 Over 399.5 249.5 – 339. .5 189. we can add a third column to the table: Cholesterol Level Less than 189.20 73.5 Observed Frequency 17 41 80 134 118 71 24 13 2 Expected Frequency 17. A P-value this high indicates that a set of observations such as this is quite likely if the sample were in fact drawn from a normal population.

This material is intended for the exclusive use of registered users only. Overall Score 390 – 560 305 – 389 225 – 304 160 – 224 0 – 159 _____________ AP Approximation 5 4 3 2 1 © Copyright 2000 Apex Learning Inc. You can roughly approximate your score on the AP Exam by using the table below. . No portion of these materials may be reproduced or redistributed in any form without the express written permission of Apex Learning Inc. All rights reserved.Statistics Independent Study Page 7 of 7 Mixed Practice with Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Questions Answers Scoring To determine your score. Question 6 is graded on an eight-point scale. Determine your score on this section as follows: Score = question 1 + question 2 + question 3 + question 4 + question 5 + question 6. Free-Response Section Questions 1–5 are graded on a four-point scale. Multiple-Choice Section Determine your score on this section as follows: Score = number of correct multiple-choice questions – 1/4(number of incorrect multiplechoice questions). Overall Score Overall score = (multiple-choice score • 7) + (free-response score • 10). use the following guidelines.