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APChemistrySyllabus

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APChemistrySyllabus2015/2016

A. AtomicTheoryandMassRelationshipsinChemistry
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapters(1,2,3)
ii. TimeFrame(4Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Matter&energy,measurement,numbers,significantfigures
ii. Evidenceforatomictheory
iii. Atoms,molecules,ions,periodictable,nomenclature
iv. Atomicmass,molarmass,Avogadrosnumber
v. Determinationofatomicmassbychemicalandphysicalmeans
vi. MoleRelationships
vii. Percentagecompositionofasubstance
viii. Empiricalandmolecularformulasfromdata
ix. Reactionstoichiometry,yield,limitingreactantsandreactionproducts
c. LaboratoryExercises
i. LiquidChromatography(a)
ii. PropertiesofHydrates(c)
iii. AnalysisofanAlloy(a)
iv. RatioofReactantsinaChemicalReaction(a)
B. ReactionsinAqueousSolutions
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(4)
ii. TimeFrame(3Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Solutionproperties,molarity
ii. Solubilityrulesprecipitationreactions
iii. Fullandnetionicreactions
iv. Acidbasereactions,redoxreactions,gravimetricanalysis
c. Laboratoryexercises
i. SynthesisofAlum(a)
ii. IdentificationofAlum(a)
iii. DoubleReplacementReactionsandSolubility(b)

APChemistrySyllabus

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C. Thermochemistry
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(5)
ii. TimeFrame(3Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Energy,enthalpy,entropy,freeenergy
ii. FirstLawofThermodynamics,SecondLawofThermodynamics
iii. Calorimetry,heatofsolution
iv. Enthalpyofformation,HesssLaw
v. EquilibriumsystemsandGibbsfreeenergy
vi. Thermodynamiccalculations
c. LaboratoryExercises
i. ThermochemistryandHesssLaw(a)
ii. EndothermicandExothermicReactions(d)
iii. EnergyContentofFoods(d)
D. QuantumTheoryandElectronicStructureoftheAtom
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(6)
ii. TimeFrame(3Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Historicalviewofatomictheory:Dalton,Rutherford,Bohr
ii. Evidenceofquantization:photoelectriceffectandlinespectra
iii. Quantummechanics,quantumnumbers,orbitaltheory,electronconfigurations
c. Laboratory
i. LineSpectra(e)
ii. AtomicSpectrumofHydrogen
E. PeriodicRelationshipsAmongtheElements
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(7)
ii. TimeFrame(2Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Historicaldevelopmentoftheperiodictable
ii. Trendsrepresentedontheperiodictable:ionizationenergy,radius,electronaffinity
iii. Groupsandproperties,metalsandnonmetals,oxidationstates
c. Laboratory
i. SeparationofCationsIdentificationofanUnknown(a)
ii. PropertiesofSomeRepresentativeElements(e)

APChemistrySyllabus

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F. ChemicalBonding
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(8,9)
ii. TimeFrame(3Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Covalentandionicbonds,bondenergy,bondpolarity
ii. Lewisdotstructures,VSEPRmolecularrepresentations
iii. Organicstructures:nomenclature,isomerism,classifications
iv. Coordinationcomplexes
v. Ioniclatticerepresentationsandlatticeenergy
vi. Formalcharge,resonance,octetconsiderations
vii. Orbitalhybridization:sigmaandpibonds
c. Laboratories
i. GeometricStructureofMolecules(c)
ii. TheLengthofaMolecule(e)
G. Gases
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(10)
ii. TimeFrame(3Weeks)
b. Topic
i. Pressure,temperature,volume
ii. Avogadroshypothesis
iii. Gaslaws:Charles,Boyle,GayLussac,Dalton,Ideal,Graham
iv. Gasstoichiometry
v. Molarmassofagasfromdensity
vi. KineticMolecularTheory
vii. TemperatureandKEofgasparticles
viii. Nonidealityofgases
c. LaboratoryExercise
i. FindtheRelationship:AnExerciseinGraphicalAnalysis(d)
ii. MolarVolumeofaGas(e)
iii. PressureTemperatureRelationshipinGases(d)

APChemistrySyllabus

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H. StatesofMatter&Solutions
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(11,12,13)
ii. TimeFrame(3Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Kineticmoleculartheoryofliquidsandsolids
ii. Intermolecularforces:dipoledipole,hydrogenbonding,Londondispersion,vander
Waals
iii. Relationshipbetweenintermolecularforcesandpropertiesofmatter
iv. Phasediagramsandpressuretemperatureconditions
v. Solidstructures
vi. Concentration:molarity,molality,molefractions:
vii. Factorsaffectingsolubility,osmosis
viii. Colligativeproperties,RaoultsLaw
ix. Molarmassfromfreezingpointdepressionandboilingpointelevation
x. Kspandsolubility
c. Laboratories
i. MolarMassofaVolatileLiquid(a)
ii. AnalysisofCommercialBleach(a)
I. Kinetics(2Weeks)
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(14)
ii. TimeFrame(3Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Reactionrates,ratelaws(differentialandintegrated)
ii. Graphicalrepresentationsofreactionprogress
iii. Activationenergyandfactorsaffectingratesofreactions
iv. Reactionmechanismsandratedeterminingsteps
c. Laboratories
i. StudyoftheKineticsofaReaction(a)
ii. TemperatureandCatalystEffectsontheRateofaReaction(a)

APChemistrySyllabus

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J. ChemicalEquilibrium
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(15)
ii. TimeFrame(2Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Equilibriumexpressions
ii. Relationshipbetweenkineticsandequilibriumideas
iii. Meaningofequilibriumconstants:Kc,Kp
iv. Factorsaffectingequilibria,LeChateliersPrinciple
c. Laboratories
i. DeterminationoftheSolubilityProductofanIonicCompound(a)
ii. DeterminationoftheEquilibriumConstant(a)
K. AcidsandBases
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(16,17)
ii. TimeFrame(2Weeks)
b. Topics
i. BronstedLowry,Arrhenius,Lewisdefinitions
ii. Amphoterism
iii. pH,Acidbasestrength,Ka,Kb
iv. Multiproticacids
v. Buffers,equilibria
vi. Titrations
c. Laboratories
i. AcidBaseTitration(d)
ii. DeterminationoftheKaofaWeakAcid(a)
L. AdvancedThermodynamics
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(19)
ii. TimeFrame(2Weeks)
b. Topics
i. spontaneity
ii. entropy
iii. SecondlawofThermodynamics
iv. GibbsFreeEnergy
v. FreeEnergy&Equilibrium
c. Laboratories
i. ???

APChemistrySyllabus

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M. Electrochemistry
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(20)
ii. TimeFrame(2Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Redoxreactions
ii. Galvaniccells,electrolyticcells
iii. Standardpotentials,Nernstequation
iv. FaradaysLawofelectrolysis
c. Laboratories
i. ElectrochemicalCells(a)
ii. LeadStoragebatteries(d)
N. NuclearChemistry(1Week)
a. Overview
i. TextbookChapter(21)
ii. TimeFrame(1Weeks)
b. Topics
i. Nucleartransmutationequations
ii. Fission,fusion
iii. Isotopes,nuclearstability
c. Laboratories
i. Radioactivity(e)