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Chapter 1

Fundamental Concepts in Chemistry
Q. 1. The soul of chemistry is its dealing with
a.
b.
c.
d.

Internal structural changes in matter
Composition of matter
Properties of matter
Composition and properties of matter

(d)
Q. 2. All of the following statements are incorrect for 20 mol of hydrogen peroxide except
a.
b.
c.
d.

it has 20 mol of hydrogen atoms
it has 30 mol of oxygen atoms
it has 80 mol of atoms
30 mol of hydrogen atoms

(c)
Q. 3. If proton number of two atoms is same then it can be concluded that
a.
b.
c.
d.

they are isotopes
compounds of both with CI2 will be similar in reactivity towards other compounds
both have same colors
both have same melting points

(b)
Q. 4. A chemist poured lemon juice on soil, the idea that he may have in his mind is that
a.
b.
c.
d.

there may be a possibility of a chemical reaction
lemon juice is dangerous to health
lemon juice is dangerous to health
water should be preferred over lemon juice for drinking

(a)
Q. 5. Dr. Khan has discovered two isotopes of an element with atomic number 119. The relative
abundance of isotopes 119Uue300 and 119Uue305 is 70% and 30% respectively. The average
atomic weight of Uue is
a.
b.
c.
d.
(a)

301.5 a.m.u
302.5 a.m.u
303.5 a.m.u
304.5 a.m.u

Q. 6. Which of the following is not related to a.m.u
a.
b.
c.
d.

gram
kilogram
microgram
gram/lit

(d)
Q. 7. The number of significant figures in 0.00200 is
a.
b.
c.
d.

two
three
five
one

(b)
Q. 8. All of the following statements are incorrect except
a.
b.
c.
d.

precision and accuracy should go side by side in a scientific work
scientific work must be precise, accuracy is not essential
scientific work must be accurate, precision is not essential
+calculations must be made before any experiment

(a)
Q. 9. Empirical formula and formula unit of an ionic compound
a.
b.
c.
d.

are always similar
are always different
may be similar or different
ionic compounds don’t’ have any empirical formula
(c)

Q. 10. Copper (II) oxide is mixed with organic compound during combustion analysis. The purpose
is
a.
b.
c.
d.

to carry out complete combustion
to reduce the economy of the process
to reduce the time for completion of the reaction
all of the above

(a)
Q. 11. Bismark brown is a dye. Its molar mass is 228.3 g/mol. When the dye was analyzed by a
scientist, it was found that it contains 30.68% nitrogen. How many nitrogen atoms are there
in each Bismark brown molecule?
a.
b.
c.
d.
(b)

6
5
4
3

Q.12. The mass of 2 mole of sodium hydroxide will be
a.
b.
c.
d.

2g
20 g
40 g
80 g

(d)
Q. 13. “A” compound is always consists of the same elements combined in the same fixed ratio”.
The statement is
a.
b.
c.
d.

a hypothesis
a fact
a law
an observation

(c)
Q. 14. Compound having highest boiling point among the following is
a.
b.
c.
d.

HF(I)
HCI(I)
HBR(I)
HI(I)

(d)
Q. 15. Islamian genius investigated that the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 11
gram of water form 30oC to 31oC is
a.
b.
c.
d.

one calorie
little bit greater than on calorie
little bit less than one calorie
never equal to one calorie

(c)
Q. 16. An atom is
a.
b.
c.
d.

smallest indivisible particle in an element
smallest particle of an element which can undergo a chemical reaction
building block of an element
always smaller than molecule

(b)
Q. 17. 10 moles of H2O contains
a.
b.
c.
d.
(b)

100 moles of bonds
100 moles of electrons
30 atoms
25 moles of hydrogen bonds

Q. 18. The volume of one kilogram of water at 4 oC is equal to one litre. The temperature of water is
kept at 4oC because water
a.
b.
c.
d.

has no dissolved gasses at this temperature
has maximum density at this temperature
polarity of water molecule is least at this temperature
dipole moment has maximum value at this temperature
(b)

Q. 19. A compound contains two elements X and Y percentage of X is 20% (At.wt = 40) and that of
Y is 80% (At.wt =80). The empirical formula of the compound is
a.
b.
c.
d.

XY2
X2Y
X3Y
XY

(A)
Q. 20. A piece of paper is burnt in air, the gas produced is passed through distilled water. The PH
of water solution will be
a.
b.
c.
d.

1
7
2.1
6.8

(d)
Q. 21. Which of the following is a substance?
a.
b.
c.
d.

sea water
brass
tape water
graphite

(d)
Q. 22. Freezing point of a substance is a temperature at which a liquid substance is converted to
solid, it is
a.
b.
c.
d.
(d)

always lower than its melting point
usually a little lower than its melting point
always higher than its melting point
exactly the same as its melting point

d. b.00055 from 10. 26.234 10. 0. What is the correct result? a.234017 10. 24. c. b. A student subtracted 0.23 (d) Q.7 .4 x 1025 40 4 x 1024 6. A student analyzed a sample of sea water and found that it contained 2. But his friend told him that the result was wrong. Number of covalent bonds in 10 mol of carbon tetrachloride is a. b. d. c.23401.4 x 1021 (a) Q.65 62. The following statement contained in a student’s laboratory report is a conclusion. c. 25.12g of H2O.234g of CaCI2 and 60. d.70 65. If 10g each of uranium and hydrogen are converted into energy according to equation E = mc2 a.005g of MgSo4.659 62. 10. 27. 2. b. d. c. a.2340178 10. c. 0. b. energy obtained from uranium will be too much greater than that of hydrogen energy obtained from hydrogen will be a little bit less than that of uranium energy obtained from hydrogen and uranium will always be exactly equal diamond (c) Q. d.2345678 and reported the result as 10. Total mass of the sample is a.Q.3g of NaCi. (d) 62. a gas is liberated colour of the gas is greenish yellow oxide of the gas is strongly acidic the gas is chlorine (d) Q. 23.

920 0. On heating.20 0. c. How many oxygen atoms are there in 0. d. c. The mass percentage of nitrogen in nicotine.Q. ZrCI4 + 2Mg Zr + 2MgCI2 How many moles Zr would be produced if 0.01 0. Ozone (O3) filters the cosmic rays of sunlight.9200 1. b. 0. the hydrated salt CaSO 4. ½ H2O CaSO4.087 (b) Q. 31.H2O CaSO4. Zirconium chloride reacts with magnesium to produce Zirconium. CaSO4 CaSO3. what is the density (in g/mL) of this mixture. 0.05 (a) Q. (d) 4. is? a. 28.10 mol of water was lost.00 mL sample of a cough mixture prepared by a pharmacist was found to have a mass of 46. The molecular formula of nicotine is C10H14N2 (molar mass = 162. 32.4% 17. In an experiment it was found that when 0. molar mass 48. What is the molecular formula of the hydrated compound? a. b.0g.23% 12. The process is called Knoll process.61 x 1023 6 x 1023 (c) Q. d.2 mole of ozone (O3. xH2O loses its water of crystallization. c. 30. c.3% . 6. d.23g).32% 8.2 mol of the hydrated salt was heated 0. Tobacco contains a poisonous alkaloid called Nicotine. b. A 50.1 0. d. c. b. b.0 g/mol)? a. d.02 x 1023 3. Stated to the correct number of significant figures? a.02 x 1022 6.2 mol of Mg metal is used in the reaction? a. 29.2H2O (b) Q.92 0.

b. (c) hydrogen oxygen chlorine nitrogen . 33. b. c.83 g O. 4. no entry.Q. b. A sample of an ionic compound contains 2. which of the following elements will have strongest Van Der Waal force of attraction between its molecules a. it is colourless oxygen can be removed from it its composition is different at different altitudes it has different properties from its constituents (c) Q. The room is closed from all sides. c. b. 2.35 g CI. NaCIO2 NaCIO3 NaCIO NaCIO4 (d) CHAPTER 2 GASES Q.82 g Na. no exit of any gas. d. 1. Imagine Dr. If the room expands suddenly then a. Khan is sitting in a room. 3. d. Professor Qawwi told his students that air is a mixture because: suddenly a student raised his hand and said a. d. The empirical formula of this compound is: a. and 7. c. c. d. he will be frightened his blood pressure will decrease he will feel cool he will feel warmth (c) Q.

c.P.T. (b) Q. b. 5. The temperature recorded by Kelvin scale is a. The lowest reading will be on thermometer. 7. 6. 4. A B C has greater reading than all other thermometer B has 273 degrees greater reading than A (b) Q. a.Q. b. b. d. I only II and III only I and III only III only I. A B C Both A and C (c) Q. B and C respectively. The beaker shown in the figure contains slurry of ice and water. II. c. Which thermometer will have its reading 273 degrees greater than that of thermometer C? a. III. one possible formula for the gas is a. d. The thermometers are represented by A. d. b. a. CI2 and H2 were flying in the garden of Islamia College Peshawar then. b. 8. Kelvin and Centigrade placed in it. (b) CO2 CO O2 SO2 .25 grams at S. If three birds called O2. c. One liter of an unknown gas weighs 1. Fastest birds are O2 and CI2 Slowest bird is CI2 Bird called O2 is in the middle. the three thermometers Fahrenheit. c. d. d. 0K 273K 373K Absolute scale is unable to record this temperature (b) Q. c.

c. 11. 30 L 672 L 179. Compressed natural gas (CNG) contains mainly methane CH 4. . If pressure on a gas is increased from 2 atm to 4 atm than its volume will decrease from a. Kr CI2 SO2 Ar (d) Q. 9. b. c. c. b. 12. The behavior of a gas is non-ideal at a. 14.0 L 60 L (b) Q. 10. d. The gas is a. d. During the process it decomposes according to the reaction given below 4NH4CIO4(g) 2CI2(g) +8H2O(g) +2N2O(g) +3O2(g) The total volume of all the gases produced at S.5 atmospheric pressure and 25 oC. Ammonium Perchlorate is used as solid fuel in rockets.T. This is a known fact that the molar volumes of different gases at S.P are a. lo2w temperature and low pressure high temperature and high pressure high temperature and low pressure low temperature and high pressure (d) Q. b. d. c.T.Q.45 g/L at 1. 6L to 4L 8L to 2L 3L to 1L 4L to 2L (d) Q. d. Methane gas burns in air according to the following reaction.P by the decomposition of 8 moles of Ammonium Perchlorate will be a. b. little bit greater than the molar volumes of liquids little bit less than the molar volumes of solids about the same as the molar volumes of liquids much larger than the molar volumes of liquids and solids (d) Q. b. c. d. An unknown gas has a density of 2. 13.

A kid has a helium filled balloon which deflates at the rate of 1. 16. N2 and O2. will be produced? a. How fast would carbon dioxide (CO2) leak from a balloon made of the same material? a. 18. greater molar mass less molar mass greater molecular size less molecular size (d) Q. All of the following statements are false except a. 0.CH4(g) + 2O2(g) CO2(g) + 2H2O(g) If 8 g of methane is burnt. A container with a porous wall has a mixture of H 2. d. what volume of CO2 measured at S.4 L 11. H2 He N2 O2 (d) Q.T. He. 19. gas molecules do not attract each other at very low temperature all of the gases cannot be liquefied increase in pressure will not decrease the intermolecular distance in a gas actual volume of a gas is not negligible at very high pressure (d) Q. 3. c. 17. b. c. d. c. b. d. d. b. 15. c.0 L/day 0.33 L/day (b) Q.2 L (d) Q.33 L/day 3. c. d.5 L 22 L 22. b.3 L/day 1. At the same temperature and pressure helium is more ideal than hydrogen due to a. The value of PV for an unknown gas is equal to nT . Which of these gases will take maximum time in getting out of the container? a. b.P.00 liter/day by He gas leaking through the relatively porous skin of the balloon.

b.a. 20. 0.K 0.K-1 0.082 L.mol.K (b) Q. c.atm.atm.mol-1.atm. (b) O2 H2 Ne N2 . b.82 L. If the temperature of the atmosphere is 30 oC then which of the following will have highest average speed a.mol-1. d. c.K-1 0.atm.82 L. d.082 L.mol.

The reason that he might have in his mind is that glass has a. b. b.33 grams. The student was able to take it out after 30 minutes. Hydrochloric acid and Hydroiodic acid. d. ionic substances metallic substances molecular solids covalent network solids (b) Q. Air can be distilled fractionally because the constituents of the air a. Argon. c. the weight of egg “B” would have been a.1. After 5 minutes he took them out for weighing but egg dropped in water accidentally. b. c. can be liquefied have different boiling points are gases at room temperature have different densities (b) Q.CHAPTER 3 LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS Q.33 grams. Weight of egg “B” was also 40. These substances are generally a. Some substances are good conductor of electricity in both the solid and liquid states. A student put two eggs A and B in HCI solution. 3. The correct sequence in which the boiling point increases is a. 2. d. d. There are three different substances. d. b. I heard Islamian genius saying that glass must be a super cooled liquid. c. c. 4. Islamian genius told him that if both eggs have been dropped in water. c. (a) greater than that of egg “A” less than that of egg “A” equal to that of egg “A” unaffected instead . d. definite volume definite shape crystalline structure no crystalline structure (d) Q. Ar < HCI < HI HI > HCI > Ar HCI < HI < Ar HI > Ar > HCI (a) Q. b. Its weight was 40. 5. He weighed it.

the compound having highest melting point among the following is a. 11. b. KCI MgO LiBr NaF (b) Q. Islamian genius told his follows that in a crystal the atoms are located at the position of a. c. c. zero potential energy infinite potential energy maximum potential energy minimum potential energy (A) Q. Ice Carbon (diamond) Sucrose Plastic (d) Q. compound having highest lattice energy is a. b. NaCI RbCI LiCI CsCI (a) Q. d. Keeping in mind the concept of charge density. (d) ionic crystals covalent crystals molecular crystals metallic crystals . Meniscus is the shape of the surface of a liquid in a cylindrical container. 9. convex or plane. b. All of the following substances are crystalline except a. For molten metals a.Q. 8. It may be concave. d. b. d. All of the following have cleavage planes except a. c. c. 7. d. b. c. meniscus is concave meniscus is convex meniscus is plane meniscus may be concave or convex depending on the nature of the metal (b) Q. d. c. d. Keeping in mind different factors which affect the melting point of a substance. 10. b. 6.

A student said I will preserve my father dead body in a time capsule for 1000 years. b. 4H2O (a) Q. 7H2O BaSO4. Islamian genius told him that the atmosphere of the capsule must contain a. For a crystal system a b c and a. d. 12. d. d. 15. 10H2O ZnSO4. b.Q. 14. d. b. hydrogen bonding organic nature dipole-dipole forces molecular size (d) Q. c. Kerosene is liquid at room temperature due to a. 16. All of the following are network solids except a. d. diamond NaCI KBr CdS (d) Q. c. 5H2O Na2B4O7. b. c. 17. b. c. O2 SO2 CO2 Ar (d) Q. (c) SiO2 Graphite S8 Diamond . b. c. the example for this crystal system is CuSO4. Coordination number of Na+ in NaCI is a. 13. 1 4 2 6 (d) Q. d. All of the following have crystals except a. c.

d. b. d. Boiling point of phosphine (PH3) is -87. b. c. dipole moment of PH3 is greater than that of SiH4 PH3 has greater molecular size Molecular weight of SiH4 is less than that of PH3 Actually the boiling of SiH4 is greater than that of PH3 (a) Q. (d) CI2 > C2H6 > CH4 > F2 CI2 > F2 > CH4 > C2H6 C2H6 > CH4 > F2 > CI2 F2 > CH4 > C2H6 > CI2 . HF HCI Br2 HBr (c) Q. b. it has greater viscosity due to a. 21. c. Honey contain glucose and fructose along with some other ingredients. d. petrol molecules do not have any hydrogen bond petrol is an organic compound water molecules have small size petrol molecules have greater size (a) Q. d. hydrogen bonding irregular shape of the molecules irregular shape of the molecules and strong intermolecular forces greater molecular size (c) Q. 19. 20. Boiling points of different substances are given below CH4 = . Phosphine has greater boiling point because a.161 oC C2H6 = -89 oC CI2 = -34.8 oC while that of silane (SiH4) is -111 oC. c. Substance having highest boiling point among the following is a.Q. c. 22. 18. b.6 oC F2 = -188 oC The data shows that vapour pressure of a. d. b. c. Rate of evaporation of petrol is greater than that of water at room temperature because a.

d. c. b. b. b. d. DNA structure The liquid properties of water Liquid HF Liquid CH4 (d) Q. 26. dispersion force is the weakest type of intermolecular interactions the strong intermolecular attractions in H2O result from hydrogen bonding boiling point of H2S is less than H2O boiling point of non-polar substances tends to decrease with increasing molecular weight (d) Q. it is non conductor of electricity but it dissolves in water to from a conducting solution. 27. c. c. 23.Q. c. c. b. A white substance melts with some decomposition at 730 oC. The white substance is a. Hydrogen bond is unimportant in a. All of the following acids have hydrogen bond in liquid state except a. d. sulfuric acid nitric acid hydrofluoric acid hydrochloric acid (d) Q. 28. b. c. d. Which of the following statements is correct for the statement “Vapour pressure of water at 0 oC is 5 mmHg” a. 24. d. What is the typical range of the hydrogen bond a. 25. boiling point of water will be 0 oC at 5 mmHg boiling point of water will be 0 oC if external pressure is 5 mmHg then water will boil at 0 oC boiling point of water is 100 oC at 760 mmHg pressure (c) Q. d. As a solid. 5 – 25 kJ per mole of bonds 5 – 25 kJ per molecule 500 kJ per mole of bonds 1 – 2 kJ per mole of bonds (a) Q. Which of the following statements is incorrect? a. b. (b) a covalent network solid an ionic solid a molecular solid a metallic solid .

A chemist was able to measure the value of lattice energy of KCI to be 690 kJ/mol. d. c. 32. b. b. Keeping in mind different factors which affect the boiling point of a substance. element having highest boiling among the following is a. 31. increase intermolecular interactions increasing potential energy of molecules increasing kinetic energy of molecules decreasing surface tension (c) Q. c. d. d. From this experiment he concluded that a. d. b. element having lowest boiling point among the following is a. F2 CI2 Br2 I2 (a) Q. 29. b. c. d. He F2 Ne Br2 (d) Q. b. 33. higher melting point then molecular crystals lower melting point then molecular crystals discrete molecules linked by Van der waals forces hydrogen bonding (a) Q. 30.Q. Covalent network crystals have a. c. The increasing vapor pressure caused by heating a liquid is due to a. (b) lattice energy of KBr is 630 kJ/mol and that of KI is 665 kJ/mol lattice energy of KBr is 665 kJ/mol and that of KI is 630 kJ/mol lattice energy of KBr is 765 kJ/mol and that of KI is 730 kJ/mol lattice energy of KBr is 730 kJ/mol and that of KI is 765 kJ/mol . c. Keeping in mind different factors which affect the boiling point of a liquid.

The reason is a. -rays are good ionizers of gases because they a. 5. e/m ratio of the canal rays is less than that of cathode rays.50 x 10 than mass of electrons must be a. Nuclear radiation is emitted by those elements whose a. d. greater mass of canal ray particles greater charge of the canal ray particles greater mass and charge of the canal ray particles actually e/m ratio of canal rays is greater than that of the cathode rays (a) Q. b.CHAPTER 4 ATOMIC STRUCTURE Q. c. c. Dr. depends on the pressure in the discharge tube depends on the metal used as cathode depends on the gas used in the discharge tube does not depend on the nature of the gas used in the discharge tube (c) Q. c. b. (c) have greater mass have positive charge have greater mass and positive charge are helium nuclei 11 coulomb . c. d. Color of the glow produced in the discharge tube a. b. molecules are stable molecules are unstable nuclei are stable nuclei are unstable (d) Q. b. 9. 4. d. d. d. 2.1 x 10-31 kg 8 kg 4 kg 2 kg (d) Q. 3. c. Khan told his students that if charge on electrons in a chamber is 3.1. b.

145 x 10-39 m 3.313 x 10-21 m 1. If the electron of hydrogen atom jumps of “M” shell then the radius of this excited hydrogen atom will be a. Radiation emitted by exited atoms is a. d. c.1gram moves with a velocity of 10. d. c. b. 10.529 Ao (b) Q. c. Consider the following reaction 9 4 12 4 Be + 2 He 6 1 C+ n 8 This reaction is a. a chemical reaction a nuclear reaction an example of artificial radioactivity an exothermic reaction (c) Q.761 Ao 2. 9.000 m/s then the wavelength of the wave associated with this particle is a.464 Ao 4. in the form of continuous waves in the form of quanta nuclear radiations ultraviolet radiation (b) Q. 8. c. d.Q. (a) 6. 8. b.325 x 10-18 m .626 x 10-34 m 2. c. b. Roentgen discovered X-rays and Mosley found that the frequency of the X-rays emitted from anode increases with the a. b. 6. increase in the mass number of the metal used as anode decrease in the mass number of the metal used as anode decrease in the proton number of the metal used as anode increase in the proton number of the metal used as anode (d) Q. d. If a particle of mass 0. 7. d.116 Ao 0. b.

This shape of a 2s orbital resembles: a. 13. 12.Q. b. 5th group elements have less electronegativity 6th group of elements have greater shielding effect 5th group element have greater shielding effect 5th group elements have half filled atomic orbitals (d) Q. b. 14. c.17 x 10-33 Joules 5. It is because a. +1.74 x 10-17 Joules (b) Q. b. c. b. red light sound waves x-rays photon (b) Q. d.94 x 10-18 Joules +1. c. Second ionization energy a. c.94 x 10-18 Joules -1.74 x 10-17 Joules +1. A sodium lamp emits yellow light with a wavelength of 589 nm.37 x 10-19 Joules 1. (d) a hockey puck an (American) football an ellipse a sphere . c.09 x 1015 Joules (a) Q. d. d. 11. d. “Ionization energies of the elements of the 5th group are greater than those of 6th group”. b. The energy associated with the transition of an electron from the n=1 state to the n=3 state of H atoms is: a. What is the energy of a single photon in this light? a. d. 16. 3. 15. c. d. is always less than first ionization energy is always greater than first ionization energy is equal to the first ionization energy may be greater or less than the first ionization energy depending on the nature of the element (b) Q. All of the following are electromagnetic radiations except a.12 x 10-25 Joules 1. b.

(1. gamma rays X-rays Ultra-violet radiation \radio waves (a) Q. p-sub energy level has 3 orbitals s-orbital has spherical shape energy of 4s is less than that of 4d All d orbitals have 4 lobes (d) Q. Which orbital of the following has a principal quantum number of 3 and an angular momentum quantum number of 27 a. c. 1. c. c. c. -1/2) (d) Q. ½) (4. 1. d. 17. 3d orbitals 1s. 1. b. c. Which of the following has the highest energy? a. b. 0. d. How many orbitals are allowed for principal quantum number (n) of 3? a. 3s 3d 4f 3f (b) Q. -1/2) (3. 0. b. b. 9 8 6 4 (a) Q. d. m s) are listed below. 19. 18. Which of the following orbitals are degenerate in a multielectron atom? a. 3p. c. d. ½) (4. b. 3d orbitals 3s. d. Which is a possible set of values for one of the d electrons in an iron atom in its ground state? a. d. 2. 2s orbitals 2d orbitals (a) .Q. All of the following elements are correct for atomic orbitals except a. /. b. 0. 20. 1. m. Various values of the quantum numbers (n. 21. 22.

c. infrared. Which of the following has the largest wavelength? a. 3. visible. 23. visible light x-rays infrared light ultraviolet radiation (c) Q. Calculate the energy of one photon of green light. visible.Q.4 x 10-40 J 3. infrared. b.8 x 10-19 J (d) Q. ultraviolet. d. ultraviolet visible. c. c. gamma rays X-radiation. b. 1. c. The size of an atomic orbital is associated with a. infrared. 25.33 x 102 m (c) Q.88 x 10-2 m 0. radio. b. ultraviolet microwave.8 x 10-26 J 3. The quantum number that specifies the way the orbital is oriented in space is: a. d. visible.330 m 3. 27. d. Select the arrangement of electromagnetic radiation which starts with the lowest energy and increases to greatest energy. Green light has a wavelength of 5200A. b. a. The wavelength of these waves is a. 28. the electron spin quantum number the magnetic quantum number the angular momentum quantum number the principal quantum number (b) Q. 26. d.1 MHz.4 x 10-30 J 3. (a) principal quantum number (n) angular momentum quantum number (I) magnetic quantum number (mI) spin quantum number (ms) . b. b.03 m 5. infrared. A radio station broadcasts music at 99. 24. c. microwave (b) Q. c. visible. d. d. a.

“Each electron in an atom must have its own unique set of quantum numbers” is a statement of a. c. -1 3. d. I = 3. 3. The effective nuclear charge for an atom is less than the actual nuclear charge due to a. which one of the following combinations of quantum numbers is not allowd? a. mI = 0 n = 4. d. 2. mI = +3 n = 4. d. b. d. 2. mI = +1 n = 5. c. b. n = 5.Q. b. b. -1 3. 1. d. c. 31. c. Which of the following is a correct set of quantum numbers for an electron in a 5f orbital? a. mI = +1 (a) Q. I = 2. c. 33. I = 3. 3. Aufbau principle Pauli exclusion principle Hund’s rule Periodic law (b) Q. I = 2. (c) Aufbau principle Pauli exclusion principle Hund’s rule Periodic law . 29. 2 3. In the quantum mechanical treatment of the hydrogen atom. 32. b. Shielding Penetration Paramagnetism Electron-pair repulsion (a) Q. 30. “Electrons added to atomic orbitals of the same energy will remain unpaired with parallel spins until the subshell is more than half-filled” is a statement of a. 2 (d) Q.

c. [Ar] 4s23d9 [Ar]4s13d10 [Ar]4s24p63d3 [Ar]4s14d9 (b) Q. oxygen. very negative b. c. c. positive or slightly negative d. b. Li Ne Rb Sr (b) Q. Na < Sr < O < F Sr < Na < O < F Sr < Na < F < O Na < Sr < F < O (b) Q. b. Element having smallest atomic radius among the following is a. b. the largest possible value of mI is 2 (d) Q. 34. All of the following statements are correct for atomic structure and quantum numbers except a. d. Arrange potassium. is 18 b. K < Ca < Rb < Ba Ca < K < Rb < Ba Ca < K < Ba < Rb K < Ca < Ba < Rb (b) Q. Select the correct electron configuration for Cu (Z=29) a. The number of orbitals in a given f subshell is 7 c. 36.Q. a. low. fluorine and strontium on the basis of increasing first ionization energy is a. high. The arrangement of sodium. very negative (c) . Elements with _____ first ionization energies and _______ electron affinities generally form cations. b. the largest possible value of I is 3 d. positive or slightly negative c. rubidium. the maximum number of electrons having principal quantum number n = 3. low. d. high. a. In a given atom. For n=4. d. calcium and barium in order of increasing atomic size. 39. 37. 38. c. 35. For n=4. d.

Which of the following molecules has the smallest angle between adjacent bonds? a. -2. In a Millikan oil-drop experiment. bent and polar linear and non-polar pyramidal and polar bent and non-polar (b) Q. b. i.88.96 (b) CHAPTER 5 CHEMICAL BONDING Q. BH3 NF3 SO3 CO32- (b) Q. CS 2. NaCI CsF KBr MgCI2 (b) Q. (c) CO2 CH4 H2O NH3 . d. b.Q. d.22 -2.e. has at least one atom that is not in the same plane as the others? a. c. 1. Which of the following compounds has maximum ionic character? a.92. b. d. -8.96. c. c. b. c.44. -4. the charges on several different oil drops were as follows: -5.3. -1. Which of the following best describes the shape and polarity of the carbon disulfide. 2. d. Which of the following molecules or ions is nonplanar.11 -1. molecule? a. c.. d. 40.48 -2. What is the likely value of the electronic charge in these arbitrary units? a. b. 4. The units are arbitrary.

Na.5. Which of the following will have the largest dipole moment? a. c. d. 6. b. d. F Cu. This difference is due to the fact that: a.Q. 7. HF HCI HBr F2 (a) Q. b. The shape of hydronium ion H3O+ is: a. c. Which of the following pairs of atoms are most likely to form a covalent compound? a. CI C. c. d.62D). 8. O Na. d. d. (d) CO2 has an even number of double bonds whereas SO 2 has an odd number of double bonds C and O are in different groups whereas S and O are in the same group The C-O bond is nonpolar while the S-O bond is polar CO2 is linear whereas SO2 is not linear . b. Mg (d) Q. O Li. b. PCI3 CO2 SO3 BF3 (a) Q. d. c. b. 10. c. Ni. F (c) Q. b. CI Li. c. CO2 is a nonpolar molecular (μ=0) whereas SO 2 is polar (μ=1. planar see-saw trigonal planar trigonal pyramidal (d) Q. Which of the following pairs of atoms are least likely to form an ionic compound? a. 9. F Cu. Which molecule has one pair of nonbonding electrons on the central atom? a.

are: a. is consist of: a. The MO’s in a molecule equals twice the number of constituent atomic orbitals. All of the following statements are false except a. sp3d2 (b) . C 2H2? a. d. d. What is the hybridization of phosphorus in PCI 3? a. b. 13. c. d. Each bonding MO can accommodate only one electron. What is the state of hybridization of the carbon atoms in ethylene.Q. As bonding MO’s become more stable. sp2 b. 11. sp3 c. two П bonds covalent bonds two sigma bonds one П bond + one sigma bond (d) Q. sp2 sp sp3 sp3d2 (a) Q. d. The C=C double bond in ethane C2H4. All of the following statements are false except a. 15. b. c. 16. (b) Q. covalent bonds only ionic bonds only covalent and ionic bonds ionic and metallic bonds (c) Q. NaNO 3. c. 14. c. In MO’s. sp d. b. The number of MO’s in a molecule equals twice the number of constituent atomic orbitals As bonding MO’s become equally less stable In MO’s. The type(s) of bonding present in a sample of sodium nitrated. b. the number of bonding electrons equals the number of antibonding electrons Each bonding MO can accommodate only one electron (b) Q. antibonding MO’s become equally less stable. 12. c. b. the number of bonding electrons equals the number of antibonding electrons. d.

c. 19. Arrange the following bonds in order of increasing bond strength. Which of the following substances would have those characteristics? a. Based on electronegativity trends in the periodic table. 20.Q. (c) bent trigonal planar trigonal pyramidal tetrahedral . c. 18. b. a. According to VSEPR theory. a. d. H2O LiI RbF HCI (c) Q. It is an insulator as a solid but conducts electricity when melted. d. C-Br. HCI AI KBr SiF4 (c) Q. b. predict which of the following compounds will have the greatest % ionic character in its bonds. linear bent trigonal planar tetrahedral (c) Q. b. c. d. a molecule with the general formula AX 3 will have a _____ molecular shape. d. C-I. a molecule with the general formula AX 3E will have a ____ molecular shape. c. Analysis of an unknown substance showed that it has a high boiling point and is brittle. 21. C-F. C-F < C-CI < C-Br < C-I C-I < C-Br < C-CI < C-F C-Br < C-I < C-CI < C-F C-I < C-Br < C-F < C-CI (b) Q. d. 17. b. According to VSEPR theory. c. C-CI a. b. a.

b. CO32a. a. c. a. SO 2. Predict the ideal bond angles around carbon in C 2I2 using the molecular shape given by the VSEPR theory. d. sp hybrid orbitals sp2 hybrid orbitals sp3 hybrid orbitals sp3d hybrid orbitals (a) Q. a. b. To form its bonds.hybrid orbitals in the carbonate anion. b. 22. 25. c. c. b. 26. d. d. Predict the actual bond angles in BrF3 using the VSEPR theory. 24. d. sp sp2 sp3 sp3d (b) Q. 23. N2O NF3 H2Se TeO3 (d) Q. c. b. A molecule with the formula AX2 uses ………. d. (b) sp sp2 sp3 sp3d . Which of the following has no net dipole moment? a. c. d.Q. 90o 109o 120 o 180o (d) Q.hybrid orbitals in sulfur dioxide. 27. more than 120o between 109o and 120o between 90o and 109o less than 90o (d) Q. a. Valence bond theory predicts that sulfur will use -------. c. Valence bond theory predicts that carbon will use -------. b.

Combination of two 2p orbitals may result in either Л MOs. 12 in bonding MOS. (b) Q. 10 in bonding MOs. d. d. BeCI2 SiH4 BF3 C2H2 sp2 sp3 sp2 sp (a) Q. c. . d. According to molecular orbital (MO) theory. d. 28. b. 5. the twelve outermost electrons in the O2 molecule are distributed as follows: a. The carbon atom is CO2 is sp hybridized The nitrogen atom in NH3 is sp3 hybridized. 3 in antibonding MOs. d. and at 120o to each other. sp hybrid orbitals lie at 180o to each other. 9 in bonding MOs. (d) A bonding MO is lower in energy than the two atomic orbitals from which it is formed. b. According to molecular orbital theory. (d) Q. 4 in antibonding MOs. A species with a bond order of zero will be stable In a stable molecule having an even number of electrons. c. For which one of the following molecules is the indicated type of hybridization not appropriate for the central atom? a. O in antibonding MOs. 2 in antibonding MOs. b. 31. c. Which of the following statements relating to molecular orbital (MO) theory is incorrect? a. 32. b. sp2 hybrid orbitals are coplanar. 30. c. Which one of the following statements about orbital hybridization is incorrect? a. b.Q. all electrons must be paired. what is the bond order in the O 2+ ion? a. 29. c.5 (d) Q. 8 in bonding MOs.5 5 4 2.

V1. w. T 2.and sp. The melting of ice at body temperature is an endothermic process: H2O(s) H2O(I) ΔH= +6. c. According to molecular orbital theory. + E +q. d. d. d.and sp-orbitals interact. How much ice (in grams) would you have to eat to counteract the energy gained by eating 28.5 1 1. b.E –q. . +w. + E -q. 33. All of the following are state functions except a. -w. . what will be the bond order for the CI2+ ion? a. -w.Q.1. d. What are the signs of the system’s q. P V q H (c) Q. c.orbitals will form molecular orbitals similar to those formed when 2s. the balloon’s temperature starts to drop. b. +q. b. When you place the balloon in a colder room at temperature.0kJ / mol Thus eating ice counteracts the exothermic processes of metabolizing food.5 2 (c) CHAPTER 6 ELECTRICS OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Q. Suppose you have a balloon of given volume. (d) 78 g 110 g 370 g 1100 g . T 1. c. c. and E for this process? a. +w.E (d) Q. containing a gas at temperature. 2. One can safely assume that the 3s. 3. 0. b.3g of peanuts (13 kJ/g)? a.

c. ΔHo = -566kJ a. The reaction is . 4. 8. All of the following statements are false except a. q = E at constant P q = H at constant P. 5.5 kJ +393. c. d. All of the followings are incorrect except a. c.0 kJ -787. b.0 kJ (a) Q.5 kJ +787. d. H2O(s) H2O(I) 2H2O(g) 2H2(g) +O2(g) H2O(g) H2O(I) AI2O3(I) + 2Fe(I) 2AI(s) + Fe2O3(s) (c) Q. c. 6. d. b. b. b. q = H at constant T. Hvaprizaiton < Hsublimation < Hfusion < Hcondensation Hfusion < Hcondensation < sublimation < Hvaporization Hcondensation < Hfusion < Hvaporization < Hsublimation Hcondensation < Hsublimation < Hfusion < Hvaporization (c) Q.Q. d. An environmental chemist got an idea that two serious pollutants (CO and NO) of the automobile exhaust can be converted to less harmful gases CO 2 and N2. Calculate the standards molar enthalpy of formation of CO2(g) in the reaction: C(g) +O2(g) CO2(g) Given the following standard enthalpy changes: 2C(s) +O2(g) 2CO(g). 3H2(g) + N2(g) 2NH3(g) 2NH3(g) 3H2(g) + N2(g) 3 1 H2(g) + N2(g) NH3(g) 2 2 3 1 NH3(g) H2(g) + N2(g) 2 2 (c) Q. 7. b. c. d. q = E at constant V q = H = E at constant P or at constant V (c) Q. q = E at constant V q = H at constant V. 9. Ho of which of the following reactions is equal to the standard enthalpy of formation of NH 3? a. ΔHo = -221kJ 2CO(g) + O2(g) 2CO2(g). -393. All of the following chemical reactions are endothermic except a.

c. ΔHo = 180. yet it can be produced in laboratory by the following reaction 2H2 + O2 2H2O . reaction of H2 with O2 to form H2O combustion of natural gas neutralization of HCI by NaOH synthesis of glucose by plants (d) Q. Every one knows about the importance of water. b. All of the following processes are spontaneous except a. b. 11.6kJ / mol -102. A chemist heated a balloon by supplying 600 J of heat. b. d. The balloon expands doing 200 J of work against the atmospheric pressure.3 kJ -400. c.0 kJ (c) Q. b.CO(g) + NO(g) CO2(g) + 1 N2(g).4 kJ -322. d. The change in internal energy of a. -800 J -400 J OJ +400 J (d) Q. c. 10. ΔHo = ? 2 The enthalpy of this reaction as calculated from the following date is CO(g) + 1 O2(g) 2 CO(g) + O2(g) a. 12.1 kJ -373. d. continue to occur once started require activation energy are endothermic are exothermic (a) Q. Spontaneous reactions are those which a. 13. d. ΔHo = -283kJ / mol 2NO2(g). CO2(g). c. Though it is abundant in nature.

17. c. System I. d. pigeon c. (III. d. 660. b. then a. 14. water will vaporize ice will sublime ice will melt water will freeze (d) Q. (II. b) (I. b). (III. Ti . These metals are Na. Sublimation. c. Metal having maximum enthalpy of fusion is a. (II. ice in thermos bottle Which of the following is a best match of both columns? a. A mixture of ice and water contains 60g of ice and 60g of water. d. melting and photosynthesis all are examples of a. Hf = Hr H Hr = r 2 Hr Hr = 2 Hf = 2Hr (b) Q. (II. a) (b) Q. If 60J of heat energy is removed from this mixture then some of the a. a). b). Open II. Closed III. The following table provide different types of system and their examples but in irregular manner. c.If Hf is the heat of formation of H2O and Hr is the heat of this reaction. isolated Example a. chemical processes physical processes biochemical processes endothermic processes (d) Q. water in cork fitted titration flask b. c). b. a). c. c) (I. Their melting points are 98. c) (I. 16. (I. b. W and Ti. vaporization. a). Pieces of four different metals are present on a table. AI. b. (II. c). d. 3410 and 1660 oC respectively. (III. (III. b). 15.

c. Melting of ice at room temperature is a. d. c. 19. internal energy of the system increases and no work is done on the surrounding internal energy of the system increases and work is done on the surrounding no change in internal energy occurs no work is done on the surrounding (a) Q. c.b. If volume of a system is kept constant and heat is supplied to the system then a. (b) spontaneous exothermic process spontaneous endothermic process non-spontaneous exothermic process non-spontaneous endothermic process . d. d. AI W Na (c) Q. b. b. 18.

d. At 1000 C. When the cylinder is heated a reddish brown color develops. NO2 N2O N2O5 N2O4 (d) Q. concentration of carbon dioxide will be much larger than one or both reactants concentration of carbon dioxide will be much smaller than concentrations of both reactants concentration of carbon monoxide will be much larger than the concentration of carbon dioxide concentrations of both reactants must be much smaller than the concentration of carbon dioxide (a) Q. It means that a. 2. 3rd group radicals are precipitated as hydroxide. Fe3+ etc) are detected by adding NH 4CI to the salt solution and then NH4OH. NH4CI will ionize to a lesser extent in presence of NH4CI NH4CI will precipitate NH4CI will react with NH4CI AL3+ will precipitate as AICI3 (a) . In this process a. b. 4. When the reaction is at equilibrium the: a. KCIO4 is strong electrolyte that KCI Solubility of KCIO4 is greater than that of KCI Both KCIO4 and KCI are soluble in water to some extent KCI is a strong electrolyte as compared with KCIO4 (d) Q.2 x 1022). When potassium chloride (KCI) is added to this solution. c. A cylinder contains a unknown gas “X”. b. A beaker contains a saturated solution of potassium Perchlorate. c. d. b.CHAPTER 7 CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM Q. c. b. In salt analysis 3rd group basic radicals (Al3+. d. c. 3. It means that the gas present in the cylinder was a. some of the potassium Perchlorate is precipitated. the equilibrium constant for the reaction of carbon monoxide and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide is very large (Kc = 1. d. 1.

5 Molar solution of NaOH contains a. b. b. is less concentrated than 0. molal solution a. soluble in water insoluble in water acidic basic (d) Q. Molality of pure water is a. Mole fraction of water in tap water will be a. b. 40g of NaOH in 1lit of solution 20g of NaOH in 1lit of solution 80g of NaOH in 1lit of solution 10g of NaOH in 1kg of solvent (b) Q.5 times more concentrated than 0. 1.5 molar solution has concentration equal to 1 molar solution (a) Q. c. 3. 36 b. 0. 6. 05. If Pka value for acid is greater than the Pkb value for the base then salt prepared will be a. d. d.5 molar solution is 0.5 c. Equivalent weigh of sulfuric acid is 49. 1 (b) . c. thus 1N solution of sulfuric acid will contain a. 98g of H2SO4 in 1lit of solution 49g of H2SO4 in 1kg of solvent 49g of H2SO4 in 1lit of solvent 49g of H2SO4 in 1lit of solution (d) Q. Islamian genius prepared a salt by the neutralization reaction of a weak acid and weak base. d. 5. b. d. c. 2. c. b. c.5 molar solution has come concentration as that of 0.CHAPTER 8 SOLUTIONS AND ELECTROLYTES Q. equal to 1 less than 1 greater than 1 will be somewhat equal to 2 (b) Q. 4. d. 18 d. 55.

solution is unsaturated solution is saturated solution is supersaturated we cannot predict the saturation or unsaturation of the solution for this data (c) Q. b. 9. d. d. 2X2 2X3 4X3 X3 (c) Q. d. All of the following are postulates of Arrhenius theory of ionization except a. It means that the a. b. 8. 3 Ksp 4 Ksp 4 b. 11. If “X” moles of Ag2Cr2O7 are dissolved in water to produce a saturated solution then Ksp will be a. It was found that ionic product is greater than the solubility product. 7. 10. 3 Ksp 3 (a) Q.Q. c. Consider the following cell reaction . A salt was dissolved in water. b. c. Enough lead chloride PbCI2 was dissolved in water at 25o to produce a saturated solution. c. 3 Ksp 2 d. c. Concentration of Pb2+ in the solution will be a. electrolytes ionize in water to produce cations and anions ionization is reversible processes electrical conductivity of a solution of an electrolyte depends on the extent to which the electrolyte ionize in the solution strong electrolyte ionize to a greater extent in water (d) Q.

Ni ║ ║ Ni Mn . Ni2+ ║ Mn2+ . 12. Ni Ni . Ni . Mn2+ . c. . 0. Ni2+ Mn2+ (b) Q. b. d. Buffer is a solution a. 13. c. lead will act as anode and silver as cathode lead will act as cathode and silver as anode silver will act as cathode because it has greater reduction potential lead will act as anode because it has lesser reduction potential (a) Q. 14.Pb + 2Ag+ Pb2+ + 2Ag If a cell is made based on this equation then a. (b) whose PH is constant which resists change in its PH which is strong enough to maintain its PH whose PH may or may not change during a chemical reaction . d. Mn . b.5 1 2 (c) Q. Ni c.05 molar H2SO4 solution was present in the laboratory of Islamia College. Mn2+ ║ Ni2+ . d. Islamian genius told his friends that PH of this solution must be a. d. Consider the following spontaneous reaction Ni2+ Ni + Mn2+ + Mn If a voltaic cell is made based on this reaction then conventional representation of the cell will be a. Mn b. c.05 0. 0. b.

H2SO4. H2SO4 < HNO3 < HCI < HCIO4 HCIO4 < HCI < HNO3 < H2SO4 HNO3 < H2SO4 < HCI < HCIO4 HCIO4 < HCI < H2SO4 < HNO3 (c) Q. d. (c) must be neutral must be basic must be acidic may be acidic. c. d. Consider the following four acids. 16. c. An unknown acid is present in a container. In this list acid base indicators are a. NaHCO3 and (NH4)2SO4 in water to make a saturated solution. IV and V (d) Q. If the acid is weak then a. 18. d. c. Diphenyl amine Allizarian yellow Bromthymol blue Methyl red Q. b. I and II II and III I and V III and IV (a) Q. c. d. basic or neutral depending on the temperature . 17. 15. b. Ferroin II. b. V. Islamian genius told him that the result solution a. 19. III. HNO3. d. IV. b. I and II II. Khan dissolved three salts Cu(NO3)2. b. IV and V II. Dr. c. HCIO4 and HCI The correct order in which the strength of these acids increases a.Consider the following list of indicators of the next two questions I. In this list redox indicators are a. it will have low PH and low Pka value it will have high Ph and high Pka value it will have low PH but high Pka value it will have high PH but low Pka value (b) Q. III and V III.

c.8 respectively (b) Q.7 and 0. c. One of the following ways of expressing the concentration of a solution does not depend on temperature. b. Four statements are given below. 0. c. (a) it increases with increase in concentration of cathodic solution it increases with increase in concentration of anodic solution it increases with increase in the size of the cathode it increases with decrease in the size of the anode . b. A solution contains 3 moles of ethyl alcohol and 7 moles of water.7 respectively 0. c. slightly less then one slightly greater then one exactly equal to one may be any one of the above depending on the temperature of water (c) Q. 20. It is a. b. b. d. c. d.3 respectively 0. Mole fraction of pure water is a. d. 24.4 respectively 0. molarity Molality Normality Formality (b) Q. 23. The correct statement is a. b. d. b. The mole fraction of ethyl alcohol and water will be a. 22.Q.2 and 0. 21. c.6 and 0. Which of the following statements is correct for the life period of a galvanic cell a. d. 25. oxidation state of N in NO and N2O5 is +5 and +2 respectively oxidation state of N in NO and N2O5 is +1 and +5 respectively oxidation state of N in NO and N2O5 is +2 and +5 respectively oxidation state of N in NO and N2O5 is +2 and +4 respectively (c) Q. molarity is slightly greater then Molality molarity is slightly less then Molality molarity is equal to its Molality concept of Molality and molarity does not applies (b) Q. Islamian genius told his roommate that for pure water at room temperature a.3 and 0. d.

30. Its concentrated aqueous solution will contain a. 29. A solution contains two compounds AI(OH)3 and Zn (OH)2. Solubility products for these compounds are 8. c. c.Q. 31.80V The voltage of this cell will be a. 28.13V B+ /B +0. c.5x10-23 and 1. 26. Nelson’s cell Down’s cell Electrolytic cell Daniel cell (c) Q. If NH4OH is added to this solution then .and H3O+ (d) Q.and H+ CH3COOH.93V (d) Q. b. AI(OH)3 + AI2(SO4)3 Fe(OH)3 + FeCI3 NH4CI + Na2SO4 NaOH + Na2SO4 (b) Q. CH3COO. d. Consider the following buffers a. The strongest base among the following is a. d. CH3COOH and H3O+ CH3COO-. b. OH.26V 1. b. RbOH KOH NaOH LiOH (a) Q. A spontaneous reaction is for a galvanic cell as a non spontaneous reaction is for a. c. b.and H+ CH3COOH. b. c. d. 0. Consider the following spontaneous reaction A + 2B+ A2+ + 2B The standard reduction potentials are A2+ /A -0.6V 0. d. CH3COO. 27.8 x 10-4 respectively. d. Acetic acid is a weak electrolyte.67V 0.

b. molecularity of the reaction order of the reaction specific activity of the reaction rate constant of the reaction (b) Q. c. one amorphous form and another crystalline form C. 3. Consider the following equation . A scientist prepared a compound in laboratory. 4. increase with increase in concentration of the reactants decreases with increase in concentration of the reactants increases with increase in concentration of the products decreases with increase in concentration of the products (a) Q. The rate of an irreversible reaction a. c. increases with increase in concentration of the reactants decreases with increase in concentration of the reactants increases with increase in concentration of the products decreases with increase in concentration of the products (a) Q. both will precipitate at the same time Zn(OH)2 will precipitate first AI (OH)3 will precipitate first Zn (OH)2 or AI (OH)3 will precipitate first depending on the temperature of the solution (c) CHAPTER 9 INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL KINETICS Q. d. The number of atoms or molecules whose concentration determines the rate of a chemical reaction is called the a. b. d. One possible predication is that a. 1. c. c. Both A and C reacts with sulfuric acid. 2. d. He found that it has two forms. d.a. b. b.

5. c. 6. SO2CI2 H 2 + I2 2NO2 + 1 O2 2 SO2 + CI2 2HI The correct statement about these reactions is a. b. b. “Rancidity produced in butter can be decreased by adding quinoline to the butter”. Consider the following reactions I. Ammonia can be produce according to the following reaction .Ea K = A e RT - In this equation a. nothing is impossible quinoline is an inhibitor quinoline is a catalyst quinoline is an activator (b) Q. c. b. c. c. b. d. III. A is a molecule of the reactant A is a molecule of the product A is proportionality constant A is Arrhenius constant (d) Q. I is a second order reaction II and III are first order reactions III is a first order reaction I and II are first order reactions (d) Q. Promoter Activator Retarder Super catalyst (a) Q. 7. 8. A substance which increases the efficiency of a catalyst is termed as a. This statements shows that a. N2O5 II. d. d. d.

Q. b. Fe2O3 and AI2O3 are catalysts while K2O is a promoter Fe2O3 is catalyst while AL2O3 and K2O are promoters AI2O3 and K2O are catalysts while AI2O3 is a promoter Fe2O3 and K2O are catalysts while AI2O3 is a promoter (b) In specified conditions the rate of consumption of N2O5 in the reaction 2N2O5 4NO2 + O2 is 0.5 mol N2O5 L-1. K2O 2NH3 In this reaction a. c. d.S-1. d. 9. (d) 0. The rate of formation of NO2 is a.5 4 2 1 . c.N2 + 3H2 Fe2O3 A12O3. b.