You are on page 1of 7

12/08/2015

DevelopmentsinBulletProofMaterialsusingNanotechnology

August11,2015

Browseby: Materials | Applications | Industries

Terms

TrendingNanoStories

SubmitNews

Advertise

About

Article

DevelopingtheWorldsFirstIndustrial

Tweet

GrapheneSupply:AnInterviewwithMark
Thompson
OasmiaReportsToplineFindingsfrom
PaclicalAbraxaneHeadtoHeadComparison
StudyforMetastaticBreastCancer
GrapheneBoronNitrideNanotubeHybrid

DevelopmentsinBulletProofMaterialsusing
Nanotechnology
ByStuartMilne

SwitchesCouldRevolutionizetheWorldof
Electronics
Graphene,theWonderMaterialExhibitsParity
Effect
EPFLScientistsCreateFirstGraphene
PerovskiteHybridPhototransistor
ElectricPumpingHelpsEliminateEnergy
LossesofSurfacePlasmonsinOpticalDevices

SiteSponsors

http://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=3934

1/7

12/08/2015

DevelopmentsinBulletProofMaterialsusingNanotechnology

Amicrobullettravelingatsupersonicspeediscapturedinthiscompositeofthreetimed
imagesasitmakesitswaytowardasuspendedsheetofmultilayergraphene.Experiments
carriedoutatRiceUniversityshowgrapheneis10timesbetterthansteelatabsorbingthe
energyofapenetratingprojectile.Thebubbleatleftisapolymerfilmexpandingawayfrom
thegoldsubstratethattransfersenergyfromalasertothemicrobullet.Clickimagefora
largerversion.CourtesyoftheThomasResearchGroup
It'shardtoimaginethenumberoflivesthathavebeensavedthankstobulletproof
materials.Soldiers,policeandotherswhoputthemselvesinharm'swaycandependon
Kevlarandotherfabricstospreadtheimpactofprojectilesandallowthemtoperform
theirjobsinrelativesafety.Now,scientistsfromRiceUniversityhaveusedmicrobullets
http://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=3934

2/7

12/08/2015

DevelopmentsinBulletProofMaterialsusingNanotechnology

toanalysegraphenesstrengthintheseapplications.

BulletProofNano
Untilrecently,mostantiballisticmaterialsthatwereusedinsuchproductsasbulletproof
jackets,explosionproofblankets,andothers,weremadeofKevlar,TwaronorDyneema
fibers,whichstopbulletsfrompenetratingthesurfacebyspreadingandabsorbingtheimpact
ofthebullet'sforce.
Theseproductswereasignificantstepforwardinprotectingthewearer,butoftenstillresulted
inthetargetsufferingfrombluntforcetrauma,severebruising,orworse,damagetovital
organs.Thisisbecauseeventhoughthebulletwasstopped,theforcestilleventuallyreached
thewearerandcouldresultininjury.

VideoCourtesyofRiceUniversityYouTubeChannel
LeadresearcherEdwinThomasfromRiceUniversity,hasdemonstratedthatfiringmicroscopic
projectilesatmultilayergraphenesheetsallowedhisteamtomeasurehowdifficultitisto
http://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=3934

3/7

12/08/2015

DevelopmentsinBulletProofMaterialsusingNanotechnology

penetratethegrapheneonthenanoscale.
Researchhasoftenfocusedongrapheneselectronicpropertiesandtensilestrength,butthese
newfindingshowgraphenesabilitytobestiff,strongandelasticallatonce.These
characteristicscouldofferapplicationsinbodyarmourandaerospaceshielding.

Theresearchteambuiltatailormadestagetolineupmultilayergraphenesheets.Usinga
highspeedcameras,theteamwereabletocapturedetailedimagesoftheprojectiles
penetratingthesheets.Edwinandhisteamwereabletodeterminethatgrapheneactslikea
stretchymembrane,distributingthebulletsenergyoveralargearea.
Thegameinprotectionisgettingthestresstodistributeoveralargearea.
Itsarace.Iftheconecanmoveoutatanappreciablevelocitycompared
withthevelocityoftheprojectile,thestressisntlocalizedbeneaththe
projectile.
EdwinThomas,GeorgeR.BrownSchoolofEngineeringatRiceUniversity

CarbonNanotubes
AteamofresearchersfromtheUniversityofWollogong,haverecentlydevelopedanew
graphenecompositematerialwhichisstrongerthanspidersilkandKevlar.
Findingtherightratioofgraphenetocarbonnanotubesisakeyfactorinthedevelopmentof
thebulletproofcomposites.Thenewgraphenecompositecaneasilybemadeusingawet
spinningmethod,producingfibreswhichhavepotentialapplicationsinbulletproofarmourand
reinforcementmaterials.

Beehive
Carbonnanotubeshavealsobeenusedextensivelyinthepursuitfornanobulletproof
materials.Withabeehiveshapedstructureandcylindricalnature,thesenanotubeshave
demonstratedincrediblestrength.
http://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=3934

4/7

12/08/2015

DevelopmentsinBulletProofMaterialsusingNanotechnology

SiteSponsors

ImageCaption:Themoleculardynamicsmodelofacarbonnanotubesubjectedtoballistic
impact.(a)Initialmodel,(b)Adeformed(18,0)nanotubeatitsmaximumenergy
absorptionImageReference:DickinsonCollege
Thesetubesarecappedateachendandformedtogetherwithcovalentbondstoproduce
nanofibersthatarehundredsoftimesstrongerthansteel.Eventhebondsthemselvesare
strongerthanthosefoundindiamonds,thehardestsubstanceknowntoman.
Theresultingcarbonnanotubesarelight,flexible,strongandthermallystable.Inabullet
proofvest,millionsofthesenanotubescometogethertoformcarbonnanofibres,whichare
woventogethertocreateandlightweightmaterial.Theresultingcarbonnanofibersarevery
goodatabsorbingenergymakingthemidealforbulletproofarmour.

LatestArticles
LowFrequencyVibrationIsolationSystems:
AnInterviewwithErikRunge
TheChallengesandMethodsfor
CharacterizingNanomedicines
HighlySelectiveEtchingofSilicaOverSilicon
NitrideandSilicon
NanotechnologyinMalaysia:MarketReport
IncreasingIonDensityinHighPowerTwin

AteamfromtheCentreforAdvancedMaterialsTechnologyattheUniversityofSydneyhave
alreadycreatedamaterialwhichcanreboundtheforceofabulletusingthesematerials.
AnotherexampleofthiscanbefoundintheGarrisonBespokebulletproofsuit.Thesuitusesa
thinpatentedcarbonnanotubematerialwhichsitsbetweentheliningsofthesuit.Thesuit
protectstheownerfromstabbings,bulletsandanyotherprojectileswhichmaycauseharm.

Conclusion
Therearelotsofpotentialapplicationsforbulletproofnanomaterials,buttheystillfacemany
challenges.

CathodeMagnetronSystems

Theprimaryproblemwithgraphenenanotechnologythusfarhasbeencreatingadequatetests
http://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=3934

5/7

12/08/2015

DevelopmentsinBulletProofMaterialsusingNanotechnology

ofthematerialsthatareusefulpriortofieldtesting.Currenttestsprovidelittlereliable
evidenceofthematerial'srealstrengthintheusesagainsthighspeedprojectiles.
Inthemostrecenttests,JaeHwangLeeandhiscolleguesattheUniversityofMassachusetts
Amhersthavedevisedaballisticstestthatpitsthegraphenenanotubesagainstlaserpulses
thathavebeensuperheateduntiltheyvaporize,whichactslikegunpowdertofirea
micrometersizeglassbulletinto10to100sheetsofgrapheneat3kilometerspersecond,
aboutthreetimesthespeedofabulletfiredfromanM16rifle.
Theresultofthesetestshaveshownthatthegraphenenanotubesabsorbtheimpactby
stretchingintoaconeshapeatthepointofthebullet'sstrike,thencrackingoutward.The
cracksthatareformedaretheoneweaknessthatthematerialshaveshowedthusfar.
However,itisimportanttonotethatdespitethisweakness,thematerialstillperformedbetter
thanKevlarandabsorbs10timesthekineticenergythatsteelcan.Itisalsoimportanttonote
thatbyassemblingmultiplelayersofthegraphenematerialorcombiningthemintoa
compositematerialcouldprovetobethesolutiontothisproblem.
Itsclearthatnanotechnologyishelpingmaterialscientistsimprovecurrentmethodsfor
creatingbulletproofmaterialsandthiscouldleadtothedevelopmentofotherhigh
performancematerialsinthefuture.

References
MicrobullethitsconfirmgraphenesstrengthRiceUniversity
Themoleculardynamicsmodelofacarbonnanotubesubjectedtoballisticimpact
DicksonCollege
BULLETPROOFNANOTECHNOLOGY
UOWRESEARCHERSDEVELOPBULLETPROOFGRAPHENEUOW
DateAdded:Dec8,2014|Updated:Dec8,2014

Readin|English|Espaol|Franais|Deutsch|Portugus|Italiano|||||
Nederlands||Svenska

TellUsWhatYouThink
Doyouhaveareview,updateoranythingyouwouldliketoaddtothisarticle?
Leaveyourfeedback

http://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=3934

6/7

12/08/2015

DevelopmentsinBulletProofMaterialsusingNanotechnology

Login

PublicComment

PrivateFeedbacktoAZoNano.com
Submit

AZoNano.comprovidesthisinformationservicein
accordancewiththesetermsandconditions.

HomePage News Articles Directory Equipment Books Journals Videos Events Courses
Experts AboutUs Journals Videos Events Courses AboutUs

AZoNano.comAnAZoNetworkSite
OwnedandOperatedbyAZoM.comLimitedCopyright20002015

http://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=3934

7/7