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# Physics sem 3 year 2014(Objectives)

1. C

2. B

3. D

4. A

5.C

11.B

12.D

13.A

14.D

15.D

6.C

7.D

8.B

9.D

10.C

## Answer to Trial Term 3, STPM 2014

16 (a) Progressive wave is a wave whose wave profile changes.
(b) (i) = 2 f = 1500
f = 750 Hz
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k=

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=5

= 0.4 m

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1
3

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## (iii) Distance travelled by the two waves are different.

(iv) Amplitude = 2 x 30 cos (
= 52 m
17 (a)

1
6

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The waves from the two loud speakers are coherence because the diaphragms vibrate in phase.
The waves from the two bulbs are not coherence because the waves are radiated randomly.

x
(c)

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1.44 x10 3 m
a
0.40 x10 3

(i)

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## (ii) Displacement of fringes = ( n-1)t /

= ( 13.9 -1 ) x 8.00 x 10-6 / 480 x 10-9
= 6.5 fringes

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Hence, the pattern of interference will be displaced downward and the bright fringes will be changed
to dark fringes and the dark fringes will be changed to bright fringes.
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(iii)

## The wavelength of light in the liquid will be 1.40 times shorter.

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Therefore the fringe separation will become 1.40 time closer, that is 1.44 x 10 -3 / 1.40 = 1.03 x 10-3 m ------1

18. (a) (i) Energy transfer per second per unit cross sectional area
(ii) The alternate rise and fall of sound intensity
due to the superposition of two waves with slightly different frequency.

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v
v +v s

(b) (i) f = (

)f

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= 552 Hz

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vv o
v+ v s

(ii) f = (

)f

= 520 Hz

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## (c) (i) Lowest frequency produced

(ii)

f0 =

------1

------1

=l

------1

v
2l

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(ii)
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(iii) fbeat = f1 f2

3
2

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= f 1 f2

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f 1 = 136.5 Hz or 134.5 Hz
Tension increases , f increases
Then f1 f2 = 136.5 Hz

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19 (a) (i) The kinetic energy of the emitted photoelectrons does not depend on the intensity of the light.
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Only light with frequency higher than the threshold frequency can cause emission of photoelectrons. ------1
(ii)
hc 1
mv 2 W
2

6.63x10 34 x 3.0x10 8
350x10 9

1
x 9.11x10 31 xv 2 2.30 x1.6x10 19
2

v 6.63x10 5 m s -1
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(iii)
v
-----2

(b) (i) Continuous X-ray --- when the incident electrons hit the metal target, they can lose any amount of energy
in the collisions and this energy is converted to X-ray photons.
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The wavelength of the X-ray depends on the amount of kinetic energy lost, therefore, X-rays with different
wavelengths are produced. If an incident electron loses all its kinetic energy in one single collision, the
wavelength of the X-ray produced is minimum.
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Line X-ray --- The energies of the incident electrons are absorbed by the target atoms causing electrons
form the inner shell to be excited.
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When electrons from the higher shells drop down to fill the vacancies of the shells, line X-rays are produced.
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(ii) The energy levels of the target atoms are quantised. Thus, X-ray photons produced from transitions of
electrons have fixed amount of energies depending on the types of target atoms.
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(iii)
eV
1.6x10 19 x 5.0 x10 3

hc

6.63x10 34 x 3.0x10 8

2.5x10 10 m

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(iv) Not produced because the minimum wavelength of the X-ray is bigger than the wavelength of the line 1.54
x 10-10 m.
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20.

(a) (i)
N
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Z
(ii) At short range, there is strong nuclear force binding the nucleons in the nucleus.
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For heavier nucleus, the strong nuclear force increases when the number of neutrons exceeds the number of
protons.
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(iii) The difference in mass is called mass defect.
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According to the relationship of mass-energy mass defect x (velocity of light) 2 produces binding energy which
is responsible for production of stable nuclei.
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(b) (i)

activity = N
activity A A
half life of sample B

## activiry B B half life of sample A

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(ii)
activity A = activity B
ANA = BNB
NA B

NB A
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(c) (i)
Number of nuclei in 400 mg of carbon

400x10 -3
x 6.02 x10 23
12

400 x10 3
x 6.02 x10 23
12

2.65 x 1010
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(ii)
dN
N
dt
136

ln 2
N
5730 x8760

N 9.85 x 109
N N 0e t
9

10

ln 2
t
5730
e

9.85x10 2.65x10
t 8180 years

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