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Comportamiento de la criminalidad en

Colombia, 2012
Criminality behavior in Colombia, 2012
Comportamento da criminalidade na Colmbia, 2012

Luis Hernn Crdenas-Guzmn


Patrullero de la Polica Nacional de Colombia.
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Resumen
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Palabras clave
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ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, pp. 11-33, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

11

Luis Hernn Crdenas-Guzmn

Abstract
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Key words
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ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

Resumo

12

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Comportamiento de la criminalidad en Colombia, 2012

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ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

Introduccin

13

Luis Hernn Crdenas-Guzmn

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ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

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68:'( %& '9AP&4( $%6'#7'5%&74( S 5P&8:8684(.

Comportamiento de la criminalidad en Colombia, 2012

Homicidio comn
DP#'&7% %9 /01/ (% :4&4:8%#4& %& !4945;8'
1m*hh0 K458:8$84(+ 94 :P'9 %@8$%&:8' P& 'P5%&74 $%9
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:P'&$4 (% #%A8(7#'#4& 1m*1/i K%:K4(+ TP% #%6#%(%&>
tan una tasa de homicidios por 100.000 habitantes
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putan las 407 personas muertas en procedimientos
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Estado (vid. tabla 5).
La violencia instrumental (sicariato) aport el
hon $% 9'( 5P%#7%( @849%&7'(+ (%AP8$' $% 9'( #8R'(+
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98'#%( S 6'(84&'9%( (% #%(P%9@%& $% 5'&%#' @849%&7'*
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(% #%9':84&' :4& 94( 545%&74( $% %(6'#:858%&74 S
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:4& 94( &8@%9%( 5"( ;'c4( $% 749%#'&:8' S 9' $8b:P97'$
$% #%(49@%# 94( 6#4;9%5'( $% 5'&%#' 6':Qb:'+ A%&%>
ran respuestas violentas.
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%9 /01/ NP%#4& 9' k%7#464987'&' $% !'98+ :4& P& 1/n
$% 6'#78:86':8B& ./*0<1 :'(4(3+ (%AP8$' $% 9' k%7#4>
64987'&' $%9 ^'99% $% U;P##"+ :4& P& 11n .1*i/l3e %9
$%6'#7'5%&74 $%9 ^'99% $%9 !'P:'+ :4& P& on .1*<213e
9' k%7#464987'&' $% J4A47"+ :4& P& ln .1*/l13+ S %9
$%6'#7'5%&74 $% U&784TP8'+ :4& P& in .1*1hl3* G(7'(
P&8$'$%( 6498:8'9%( :4&:%&7#'& %9 hin $% 94( :'(4(
(vid. tabla 5).

Los elevados niveles de accidentalidad en Colombia representan la imprudencia e irresponsabilidad


$% :4&$P:74#%( S 6%'74&%(+ TP% %@8$%&:8'& N'97'(
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F#"&(874 ./00/3 .5'6' i3*

Lesiones personales
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:#%5%&74 $%9 2/n :4& #%9':8B& '9 /011+ :P'&$4 KP;4
62.194 casos (vid. tabla 8).
Las diferentes manifestaciones de violencia en
!4945;8'+ 9' $8b:P97'$ %& %9 6#4:%(4 $% :45P&8>
:':8B& S 9' 64:' 749%#'&:8' ' 94( 6#4;9%5'(+ %&7#%
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(4(3+ (%AP8$' $% 9' k%7#464987'&' $% !'98+ :4& P& in
.<*<i03+ S 9' k%7#464987'&' $% J'##'&TP899'+ :4& mn
.h*mh/3* G(7'( 7#%( P&8$'$%( :4&:%&7#'& %9 21n $% 94(
casos (vid. mapa 2).

Lesiones en accidente de trnsito

Homicidio en accidente de trnsito

G(7' 54$'98$'$ $%98:78@' :456#45%7% %9 A#'$4


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#84#+ :P'&$4 (% :4&4:8%#4& 2m*omm :'(4(*

Consiste en causar la muerte a una persona por


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N':74#%( TP% 8&7%#@8%&%& 6'#' TP% %(7% 5%$84 $%

ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

Anlisis estadstico de delitos contra


la vida y la integridad personal

15

Luis Hernn Crdenas-Guzmn

7#'&(64#7% #%6#%(%&7'#' 9' 5'S4# :'&78$'$ $% '::8>


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6#%(%&7'& %9 /2n+ S 94( 4:P##8$4( ' 6%'74&%(+ %9 //n
(mapa 15).

Delitos contra el patrimonio econmico


Hurto a residencias

ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

G( P&' $% 9'( ':78@8$'$%( $%98&:P%&:8'9%( TP% (%


5'&8b%(7'& %& $8(78&7'( 54$'98$'$%(+ TP% 'N%:7'
$% 5'&%#' $8#%:7' %9 6'7#854&84 %:4&B58:4e 6'#'
%9 /01/+ %(7' :9'(% $% KP#74 #%A8(7#B //*2hl K%:K4(+
los cuales comparados con el 2011 evidenciaron un
8&:#%5%&74 $%9 /hn+ %( $%:8#+ h*2i0 :'(4( 5"( .@8$*
tabla 10).

16

,' 54$'98$'$ 5"( %569%'$' %& %9 /01/ :4##%(>


64&$% ' 9' @849':8B& $% :%##'$P#'(+ :4& P&' 6'#78:8>
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a las viviendas aprovechando las horas de trabajo
4 9' 'P(%&:8' $% 94( 8&7%A#'&7%( $%9 K4A'# 6'#' 5'>
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!'98+ :4& P& <n .@8$* 5'6' l3*

Hurto a entidades comerciales


MP :458(8B& A%&%#' P& 856':74 8564#7'&7% %& 9'
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7' %& N4#5' (8A&8b:'78@' 9' %:4&45Q'+ &4 (494 64# 9'
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94( 6#4$P:74( &P%@'5%&7% '9 (%:74# $%9 :45%#:84+
' 5%&4#%( :4(74(e '(Q+ $P#'&7% %9 /01/ (% #%A8(7#'>
#4& /1*<20 :'(4(+ TP% %@8$%&:8'& P& 8&:#%5%&74 $%9
h0n #%(6%:74 '9 'R4 '&7%#84#+ :P'&$4 (% :4&4:8%#4&
15.365 hurtos (vid. tabla 11).

Hurto a personas
Este delito se caracteriza por presentar uno de
94( #%A8(7#4( 5"( '974( $%&7#4 $%9 KP#74 :45O&+
:4& l/*m21 :'(4(+ TP% %@8$%&:8'& P& 8&:#%5%&74 $%9
//n #%(6%:74 '9 'R4 '&7%#84#+ :P'&$4 (% #%A8(7#'#4&
67.964 hechos (vid. tabla 12).

,4( $%9874( $%5P%(7#'& TP% 9' [4&' P#;'&' %( 9'


5"( 'N%:7'$' .i0n $% 6'#78:86':8B&3+ 6'#78:P9'#5%&>
7% %& 9'( :8P$'$%( :'687'9%(+ TP% (8#@%& :454 ;'#B>
metro principal para medir las tasas de criminalidad.
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P& mn .h*<m13+ S ^'99% $% U;P##"+ :4& P& hn .2*mh13
(vid. mapa 10).

Hurto de vehculos
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TP% 'N%:7' %9 6'7#854&84 $% 9' :8P$'$'&Q'+ (P 8&7%A#8>
$'$ 6%#(4&'9 S 9' %:4&45Q' $%9 (%:74# %56#%('#8'9*
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S 5474:8:9%7'(* DP#'&7% %9 'R4 /01/ (% #%A8(7#'#4&
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$8(:#858&'$4( $% 9' (8AP8%&7% 5'&%#'=

Hurto de automotores
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cantes de carros.
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S4# 6'#78:86':8B& NP%#4& 9' k%7#464987'&' $%9 ^'99%
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$% !'98+ :4& P& 1on .1*ih< :'(4(3 .@8$* 5'6' 113*

Hurto de motocicletas
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8&:#%5%&74 $%9 11n ./*1oh :'(4( 5"(3+ N#%&7% '9 /011
(20.438) (vid. tabla 15). Este aumento puede estar
#%9':84&'$4 :4& 9' '5698':8B& $%9 6'#TP% $% 5474:8>
:9%7'( %& !4945;8'+ S 64#TP% %(7'( (% ':4(7P5;#'&
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%\8A8#9%( (P5'( $% $8&%#4 TP% (P6%#'& 94( $4( 4 7#%(

Comportamiento de la criminalidad en Colombia, 2012

DP#'&7% %9 /01/+ 9' 5'S4# :4&:%&7#':8B& $% %(7%


$%9874 (% P;8:B %& 9' k%7#464987'&' $%9 ^'99% $% U;P>
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9' k%7#464987'&' $% J4A47"+ :4& P& ln .1*lom3 .@8$*
mapa 12).

Abigeato
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ciones delincuenciales intervienen en la comisin
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reconocidos en el sector.
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78$'$ $% :45%#:84 .;'#%(+ :%&7#4( :45%#:8'9%(+ 78%&>
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&4 S N":89 6'#' 94( $%98&:P%&7%( 9' 5'7%#8'98[':8B& $%9
hecho delictivo.
,'( 5%7#464987'&'( TP% #%A8(7#'#4& 9' 5'S4# :'&>
tidad de extorsiones realizadas fueron la del Valle de
U;P##"+ :4& P& 1/n ./ii3e J4A47"+ :4& P& 10n ./2o3e %9
$%6'#7'5%&74 $%9 ^'99% $%9 !'P:'+ :4& P& mn .1//3e 9'
k%7#464987'&' $% ^899'@8:%&:84+ :4& P& <n .11/3+ S %9
$%6'#7'5%&74 $% ,' )P'c8#'+ :4& P& hn .1013 $%9 747'9
de los casos denunciados (vid. mapa 4).

Delitos contra la seguridad pblica


Terrorismo
M% $%b&% :454 9' 69'&%':8B& S %c%:P:8B& $% ':>
74( @849%&74( TP% 64&A'& %& 6%98A#4 9' @8$'+ 9' 8&7%>
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hechos) (vid. mapa 5).

ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

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el vehculo.

17

Luis Hernn Crdenas-Guzmn

Anlisis espacial de los delitos


de impacto durante el 2012

ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

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Comportamiento de la criminalidad en Colombia, 2012

Municipios afectados
Rango entre 285 y 1.819 casos
Rango entre 72 y 284 casos
Rango entre 1 y 71 casos
0

80

160

320

480

640
Kilmetros

Fuente: Observatorio del Delito - DIJN - Polica Nacional

ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

Mapa 1. Homicidios - Colombia, 2012

19

Luis Hernn Crdenas-Guzmn

ISSN 1794-3108. Rev. crim., Volumen 55, nmero 3, septiembre-diciembre 2013, Bogot, D. C., Colombia

Mapa 2. Lesiones personales - Colombia, 2012

20

Municipios afectados
Rango entre 1.041 y 8.592 casos
Rango entre 100 y 1.040 casos
Rango entre 1 y 99 casos
0

80

160

320

480

640
Kilmetros

Fuente: Observatorio del Delito - DIJN - Polica Nacional