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Modified In-School Off-School Approach Modules (MISOSA)

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Distance Education for Elementary Schools

SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

CHEMICAL CHANGE

Department of Education

BUREAU OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION


2nd Floor Bonifacio Building
DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue
Pasig City

Revised 2010
by the Learning Resource Management and Development System (LRMDS),
DepEd - Division of Negros Occidental
under the Strengthening the Implementation of Basic Education
in Selected Provinces in the Visayas (STRIVE).

Section 9 of Presidential Decree No. 49 provides:


No copyright shall subsist in any work of the
Government of the Republic of the Philippines. However,
prior approval of the government agency or office wherein
the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of
such work for profit.
This material was originally produced by the Bureau of Elementary
Education of the Department of Education, Republic of the Philippines.

This edition has been revised with permission for online distribution
through the Learning Resource Management Development System (LRMDS) Portal
(http://lrmds.deped.gov.ph/) under Project STRIVE for BESRA, a project supported
by AusAID.

At the end of this lesson, you will be able to:


show how chemical change takes place in materials
observe that a new material is formed when chemical change takes place
Observe that the product of chemical change cannot be brought back to its
original form

Try to
Recall

Do you still remember what physical change is? Let us find it out. You may answer
now the exercises below.
A. Put a check mark ( ) if the situation shows physical change and a cross
mark (x) if not. Write the answer in your notebook.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Cutting a piece of cloth.


Water freezing to form snow.
Melting gold to produce gold bars
Gas evaporating at the gas station
Lighting a match

B. IN OR OUT!
Write IN if the illustration show change in the original material and OUT if not.

Exploration Time

What is your favorite fruit?


Did the you know that ripening of fruits undergo a kind of change called
chemical change?
Do the activities to know the other ways by which chemical change happen.
Activity 1
What you need:
decayed wood or plant (Options: any rotten food, moldy bread)
rusty nail or any rusty object
scratch paper
matchstick
metal dust pan
small pot or pan
stove or candle
2 tablespoon sugar dissolve in 1 tablespoon water
Tablespoon
What to do:
1. Observe the decayed wood, rotten food, moldy bread and the rusty nail.
2. Burn the paper in the metal dust pan.
3. Put the dissolved sugar in the pot and heat on stove or candle. Taste it.
Questions:
What are the materials used?
What did you do to each material?
Did chemical change take place? Why?
Write your answer in a table like the one below:
Material
nail
bread
food
paper
sugar

How it undergoes Chemical Change


Corrosion or
fermentation
Rotting or
Combustion or

Activity 2
What you need:
nail

plate

cup vinegar

raw food like egg, seafood, etc.

glass bottle with water

pot half-filled with water

metal dust pan

raw egg

matchsticks

plastic bag

piece of newspaper

any unripe fruit like guava or


banana

What to do:
1. Put a nail in the bottle with water and vinegar. Let it stay for a week. Take
note of the changes.
2. Let the raw food or any seafood stay on a plate for a week. Observe what
happens.
3. Boil the egg on a pot. (Ask the help of your older sister or brother)
4. Burn the newspaper or a metal dust pan. (Ask the help of your older sister or
brother)
5. Put an unripe fruit like guava in a plastic bag for 3 days and observe.
Questions:
What are the original materials used in the experiment?
What happened to the nail after soaking it in vinegar for a week?
What happened to the egg after cooking?
What happened to the paper after burning?
After wrapping the unripe fruit for 3 days, what happened?
Did chemical change happen? How?

READ AND LEARN MORE


In a chemical change, the physical properties are changed and a new
substance and material is formed. It takes when a substance is burned, corroded,
decayed or rotten, fermented, ripened or cooked.
Yeast (a very small fungus) and bacteria help in decomposition or
fermentation with the help of oxygen. Corrosion (rusting) happens when oxygen
acts on metal like nail while combustion (kam.buschan) or burning happens when
oxygen reacts with a substance. Cooking makes raw food edible.
When paper burns, ash is produced together with heat and light. Rust is the
product of corrosion

I LEARNED THAT:

In a chemical change, properties of materials change.

Materials that undergo chemical change cannot be brought back to their


original form.

Chemical change takes place through corrosion, fermentation, decomposition


and cooking.

Apply It

A. Write C if the situation shows chemical change and NC if the situation does not
show chemical change. Write the answer in your notebook.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

moldy bread
vegetable salad
vinegar-making
wood furniture
hot charcoal
rusty doorknob

B. Your window has grills. What will you suggest so that they will not get rusty
C. There is left-over food. What will you do so it will not spoil easily?

Test Yourself

A. Copy the situation that tells a chemical change.


1.
2.
3.
4.

spoiled menudo
corroded steel
burned meat
cooked pancit

5.
6.
7.
8.

decayed wood
ground pork
ripened mango
decomposing rat

B. Make a table like the one below. Complete the information needed.
Original Material
1. pork
2. steel
3. wood
4. melon
5. grapes
6. chicken

How it undergoes
chemical change
Cooking
r s ting
r- ing
Yeast + ________ oxygen
_____ + ______ oxygen
C _ o _ ing

Product
Adobo or sinigang
__ __ __ __
__ __ __
Spoiled food
Wine

Congratulations for a job well done! Keep up the good work. Now youre ready to
move on to the next module.