You are on page 1of 91

ASME SECTION IX INTERPRETATIONS

NOTE: THESE INTERPRETATIONS ARE FOR ASME COMMITTEE USE ONLY.
THEY ARE NOT TO BE DUPLICATED OR USED FOR OTHER THAN ASME
COMMITTEE BUSINESS.
WARNING: THERE MAY BE SOME TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS IN THIS
DOCUMENT. PLEASE REVIEW THE ACTUAL INTERPRETATION FOR THE EXACT
WORDING.
TO GET A PRINTED COPY OF AN INTERPRETATION, FIRST HIGHLIGHT
THE PORTION DESIRED, THEN GOTO File ON THE TOOLBAR, THEN Print... ,
THEN HIGHLIGHT THE DOT AT THE (Selection BUTTON, FINALLY PRESS THE
OK BUTTON. BE CAREFUL NOT TO PRINT THE ENTIRE DOCUMENT (1 Page).
Interpretation: IX-77-04
Subject:
Section IX, Tack Welder Qualification
Question: May a welder be qualified as a tack welder if his tack welds were a part of another
welder's qualification test coupon or part of another welding procedure qualification test which
met the intent of the Code?
Reply: The Code requires that all welders, (including tack welders), must be qualified per
Section IX.
Interpretation: IX-78-16
Subject:
Section IX, QW-255, Flux Cored Arc Welding
Question: Does gas metal-arc welding (GMAW) in the procedure qualification and
performance qualification refer also to flux cored arc welding (FCAW)? If so, should welders be
qualified separately under both processes?
Reply: Flux cored arc welding (FCAW) is permissible under the Code and is considered to
come under the more general method of welding known as gas metal-arc welding (GMAW).
Welders do not have to be qualified separately unless there is a change in any of the Essential
Variables. However, there is an Essential Variable for procedure qualification, QW-404.23, that
requires separate qualification for solid wire and for flux cored wire for the GMAW process.
Interpretation: IX-78-76
Subject:
Section IX, QW-153(d)
Question: QW-153.1(d) permits acceptance of the tension test if the specimen breaks in the base
metal outside of the weld or fusion line where the strength is not more than 5% below the
specified minimum tensile strength of the base metal. What are the requirements if the specimen
breaks in the weld or fusion line?
Reply: If the tension test specimen breaks in the weld or fusion line, it shall have a tensile
strength not less than that required in QW-153.1(a), (b), or (c).

Interpretation: IX-86-08
Subject:
Section IX, QW-200.4
Question (1): Per QW-200.4(a), may two or more separate WPSs (each properly qualified to
weld the joint individually) be used to weld a single production joint without writing a new WPS
combining the separate WPSs into a single WPS?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Does QW-211.4(a) permit the referencing of a separately qualified WPS to cover
the root pass welding of open root joints in another WPS?
Reply (2): Yes.
Interpretation: IX-86-12
Subject:
Section IX, QW-355
Date Issued:
December 4, 1985
File:
BC85-482
Question: Is FCAW included with GMAW in QW-355?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: IX-86-46
Subject:
Section IX, QW-355
Date Issued:
November 24, 1986
File:
BC86-219
Question: Is a welder who is qualified using gas metal-arc welding (GMAW) also qualified for
flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) or vice versa, provided the other variables for performance
qualification remain unchanged?
Reply: Yes.
VOLUME 27
Interpretation: IX-89-34
Subject:
Section IX, QW-404.5
Date Issued: January 3, 1990
File:
BC89-172
Question: If a WPS and PQR have been qualified with filler material purchased to an established
procurement document, is it required by QW-404.5 to requalify each time that filler material is
reordered to the procurement document?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-89-35
Subject:
Section IX, Multi-process Qualification
Date Issued: January 3, 1990
File:
BC89-307
Question: A qualified (multiple process) WPS lists the following: Diameter and pipe schedule –
6 in. Sch. xxs (0.864 in. nominal thickness); GTAW root pass – 0.100 in. deposit thickness;
SMAW hot and fill passes – 0.764 in. deposit thickness. A welder performed a performance
qualification test, using the above WPS. An inspector, using a vernier caliper measured the root
pass deposit and determined 0.125 in. thickness had been deposited by the GTAW process, and
subsequently rejected the performance test based on excessive deposit by the GTAW process.
The coupon was radiographed and, additionally, side-bend specimens were removed and tested.
Both met all the Section IX requirements for performance qualification. Since there are no
tolerances stated in any of the tables relating to welding process deposits or test coupon
specimens, does the Code require verification of the deposit thickness of weldments to the degree
cited above?
Reply: No.
Interpretation: IX-89-39
Subject:
Section IX, QW-216.2(d)
Date Issued: January 3, 1990
File:
BC89-361
Question: When obtaining the chemical analysis required in QW-216.2(d) from the test coupon
detailed in QW-462.5, shall the minimum thickness qualified be measured from the fusion line so
that the chemical sample included the effect of base metal dilution in the deposit?
Reply: Yes.
VOLUME 29
Interpretation: IX-89-83
Subject:
Section IX, QW-151.1, QW-451
Date Issued: January 2, 1991
File:
BC90-532
Question (1): Are two single full plate thickness specimens necessary to satisfy the requirements
of QW-451 when they are prepared in accordance with QW-151.1(a)?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Is the qualified thickness range of QW-451 based on the “as-welded” coupon
thickness, even though the coupon is subsequently machined to less thickness, in order to obtain
parallel surfaces?
Reply (2): Yes.

qualified to weld austenitic stainless steel P-No.Interpretation: IX-89-87 Subject: Section IX. A-Numbers Date Issued: October 7. 1 to P-No.1 Date Issued: March 7. 1991 File: BC90-745 Question: May pressure retaining fillet welds be qualified by means other than a groove weld test coupon? Reply: No Interpretation: IX-89-95 Subject: Section IX.90 in. 8? Reply (1): Yes. GTAW. maintain qualification by making one butt weld on 6 in. thick material? Reply: Yes.2(c) Date Issued: January 2. QW-452. Alternate Base Materials for Welder Qualification. Interpretation: IX-92-18 Subject: QW-422 and QW-423. qualified to weld the entire thickness of a 3 in. who has qualified using mild steel base material P-No. diameter stainless steel pipe . QW-322. 8 to P-No. Interpretation: IX-92-12 Subject: Section IX. 1991 File No: 91-389 Question (1): Is a welder. 1991 File No: BC90-869 Question: Is a welder who has qualified using a deposit thickness of 0. or PAW welding processes and filler metal F6/A1. stainless steel pipe? Reply: Yes.2 – Expiration and Renewal of Qualifications of Welders Date Issued: October 7. 1991 File No BC91-264 Question: May a welder that has qualified on 2 in. and 6 in. 1 using either GMAW. Question (2): Is the A-Number an essential variable for a welder performance qualification test? . QW-202.

the welder only does corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay welding? Reply (1): Yes. Interpretation: IX-92-43 Subject: QW-492.Reply (2): No. Question (2): Does the non-Code welding work need to be examined by NDE to maintain the welder’s qualification? Reply (2): No. for more than six months. 1992 File No: 92-100 Question: Is a GMAW spot welding process in which all variables are preset. 1991 File No: BC91-425 Question (1): Does a welder who is qualified for a given process for both groove and corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay maintain his qualification for groove welding if. considered machine welding? . except for placement of the nozzle against the material and activation of the trigger by the operator. QW-322. 1992 File No: 92-011 Question: May a single set of weld metal impact test specimens be used to qualify two or more processes or procedures? Reply: Yes.2 – Expiration and Renewal of Welder Qualification Date Issued: October 7. VOLUME 32 Interpretation: IX-92-42 Subject: QW-200. Combination of Welding Processes Date Issued: September 30. Interpretation: IX-92-22 Subject: Section IX. provided weld metal from each process or procedure is included in each specimen. Definition of Machine Welding Date Issued: September 30.4(a). Question (3): May a welder maintain his qualification by welding on temporary attachments without any NDE? Reply (3): Yes.

2 and QW-452. 1992 File No: 92-168 Question (1): According to the 1990 Addenda of Section IX. Question (2): According to the 1991 Addenda of Section IX. Special Processes Date Issued: September 30. are there any supplementary essential or nonessential variables required to be addressed in a WPS for the special processes described in QW-280? Reply (1): No.Reply: Yes. does the same requirement apply to longitudinal fillet welds (such as the attachment of gussets in the longitudinal direction)? Reply: No.9. also qualified to weld in the 1G position? Reply: Yes.4 and QW-280. 1992 File No: 92-266 . Interpretation: IX-92-47 Subject: QW-322. Fillet Welds Date Issued: September 30.4. 1992 File No: 92-238 Question: When Section IX requires separate performance qualification for fillet welds on small diameter pipe.2.3 and QW-461.4? Reply (2): No. Renewal of Qualification Date Issued: September 30. are there any supplementary essential or nonessential variables required to be addressed in a WPS for the special processes described in QW-251. Interpretation: IX-92-44 Subject: QW-251. Interpretation: IX-92-46 Subject: QW-303. Interpretation: IX-92-45 Subject: QW303. 1992 File No: 92-265 Question: Is a welder who is qualified to weld groove welds in a special orientation. Special Positions for Performance Qualification Date Issued: September 30.

35 material? Reply: No. Interpretation: IX-92-48 Subject: QW-466. is the required mandrel diameter for side bend testing 4t as determined from column A of QW-466. QW-466.6. 35 material when the filler metal is a F-No.1. 1992 File No: 92-217 Question: If Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) notch toughness requirements are applicable. Performance Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens Date Issued: September 30. 36 filler of ER CuAl-A1 (SFA 5.4.4(d) using 2 in. Test Jigs Date Issued: September 30. is he qualified for all diameters as outlined in QW-451.6. Interpretation: IX-92-51 Subject: QW-451.Question: May the renewal of welder and welding operator performance qualification be done on production work? Reply: Yes.3? Reply: Yes. 1992 File No: 92-268 Question: In qualifying a welding procedure which utilizes a F-No.3 and QW-462. 1992 File No: 92-276 Question: If a welder performs a procedure qualification per QW-462. Test Jigs Date Issued: September 30. Interpretation: IX-92-50 Subject: QW-403. Fillet Weld Test Specimens – Procedure. 36. is it permissible to use the dimensions corresponding to P-No.4.7) for corrosion resistant weld metal overlay of a P-No. Interpretation: IX-92-49 Subject: QW-466. NPS pipe and passes.2 or QW-466.3? . 1992 File No: 92-267 Question: In determining the appropriate test jig dimensions of QW-466 to use for bend tests. does QW403. even though the base material is other than a P-No. Base Metals Date Issued: September 30. base metal thickness requirements apply? Reply: Yes. and QW452. 1 carbon steel material.

Records Date Issued: December 14. Interpretation: IX-92-52 Subject: QW-462. Is he qualified to weld 1¼ in.D. 1992 File No: 92-307 Question: Is it acceptable to satisfy the requirements of QW-103. Groove Weld Procedure Qualifications Thickness Limits and Test Specimens Date Issued: December 14. e. 1992 File No: 92-254 Question: A welder has qualified on 3 in. wall in all positions? Reply: No. ⅛ in.4.1. provided a chemical analysis represents each vertical travel direction.2 for record maintenance. Chemical Analysis Specimen Date Issued: December 14. Corrosion-Resistant Weld Metal Overlay Date Issued: December 14.D. ½ in. per QW-452. and accessibility by means of an electronic storage medium. certification.. Interpretation: IX-92-55 Subject: QW-103. O. he is qualified down to 1 in.3 address the number of chemical analysis tests required for Corrosion-Resistant Weld Metal Overlay utilizing the GTAW Machine Welding Process in the 5G or 6G position? Reply: No.Reply: No.2. Interpretation: IX-92-53 Subject: QW-452. O.D. 1992 File No: 92-305 Question: Prior to the 1991 Addenda.D. wall pipe in the 1G position. O. computer database? .g. wall pipe in the 6G position. Interpretation: IX-92-54 Subject: QW-214.3. ½ in. He has also qualified on 1¼ in.5. did QW-214. 1992 File No: 92-252 Question: May only one chemical analysis specimen be removed from the vertical portion of a 6G positioned hard-facing welded PQR coupon when the weld travel direction is reversed every other weld pass resulting in weld beads deposited in vertical-upward and vertical-downward direction? Reply: Yes. O. Corrosion-Resistant Overlay Cladding/Hard-Facing Overlay.

Is it permissible for the welder to then perform a successful groove weld procedure qualification test and be qualified for grooves and fillets? Reply: Yes. neither the procedure nor the welder are qualified. 1992 File No: 92-308 Question: A welder performs a fillet weld procedure qualification in accordance with QW-451.3. 1993 File No: 92-206 Background: The combination of welding processes and pipe diameters listed below were used for performance qualification: (1) 2 in. Performance Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens Date Issued: February 22. Fillet Weld Tests Date Issued: December 14.218) pipe with open butt using GTAW process. which fails. Friction Welding Date Issued: December 14.3. 1992 File No: 92-357 Question: For performance qualification. is a friction weld operator required to requalify for each seat size and base metal combination to be qualified to operate the machine? Reply: Yes.3. Interpretation: IX-92-56 Subject: QW-451. VOLUME 33 Interpretation: IX-92-59 Subject: QW-306.Reply: Section IX does not address the media in which records are required to be maintained. 80 (. QW-452. . QW-256 and QW-406.3. Interpretation: IX-92-58 Subject: QW-364. Maximum Interpass Temperature Date Issued: December 14. 1992 File No: 92-354 Question: According to the 199 Addenda of Section IX. Sch. Combination of Welding Processes. therefore. is it permissible to revise a WPS by increasing interpass temperature to more than 100ºF above that recorded on the supporting PQR when supplementary essential variables do not apply without requalification? Reply: Yes. Interpretation: IX-92-57 Subject: QW-253.1 and QW-452.

Sch. Interpretation: IX-92-62 Subject: QW-408. SFA-5. Corrosion-Resistant Weld Metal Overlay Date Issued: February 22.1 to determine maximum thickness qualified. Question (2): In addition. Shielding Gas Date Issued: February 22. 1993 File No: 92-422 Question: May powdered filler metal be classified under Section II. must the deposit be tested as a groove weld? Reply: No. XXS (.3 for minimum diameter qualification. would it be permissible to make a +/. 160 (. 1993 File No: 92-425 Question (1): When changing shielding gases of a specific mixture. Note 2 of QW-452.343) pipe with consumable insert and fill pass using the GRAW process and the remainder welded with SMAW process.(2) 2 in.13. SFA 5.1% adjustment to the gas mixture? Reply (2): No. .13? Reply: No.20% without requalifying the procedure? Reply (1): No. (3) 6 in. is it permissible to adjust the nominal percentage(s) of the minor component(s) by +/. 1993 File No: 92-421 Question: When corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay is deposited in a base material groove to a depth that is not included in the design calculations.2. Interpretation: IX-92-61 Subject: Section II.864) using SMAW process with backing. in accordance with QW-306. Specification for Solid Surfacing Welding Rods and Electrodes Date Issued: February 22. using either an open butt joint or a consumable insert with the root layer deposited with the GTAW process and the remainder deposited with the SMAW process? Reply: Yes. Part C. Question: Using the combinations listed in the Background. when the absolute value of +/. and QW-452. is the welder qualified to weld on unlimited thickness and diameters above 1 in. Interpretation: IX-92-60 Subject: QW-214.20% times the nominal percentage of a minor component is less than 1%. Part C..

alloy 6061 aluminum base material in the (“o”) temper. Expiration and Renewal of Qualification Date Issued: May 26. Question: May a welding operator performance test coupon being welded for qualification or renewal. be repaired prior to testing. 23. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: May 26. SB-209. No operator error is noted.1.1. 1993 File No: 92-452 Question: A welding procedure qualification test coupon is welded using P-No. Alternate Base Metals for Welder Qualification Date Issued: May 26. is P-No.1. To establish acceptability of tensile tests per QW-153. 4X? Reply: Yes. Interpretation: IX-92-66 Subject: QW-201. 1993 File No: 93-377 Background: Company A and Company B merge divisions to form new Company C. alloy 6061 (T4 and T6 tempers in the welded condition) be used? Reply: No. Interpretation: IX-92-64 Subject: QW-322. 1993 File No: 93-148 Background: A welding operator is in the process of renewing his/her qualification using machine GTAW welding equipment. Interpretation: IX-92-65 Subject: QW-423. may the tensile requirements of QW-422 for SB-209. 42 included in P-No. the test coupon is repaired using a manual GTAW process. After the repair. 1993 File No: 93-148 Question: In QW-423. using a manual welding procedure? Reply: No.1. the machine welding equipment is used to complete the rest of the test coupon. . Following the malfunction.Interpretation: IX-92-63 Subject: QW-153. it is subjected to a “T-6” heat treatment. During the process the machine malfunctions and burns through the root pass of the test coupon. Tensile Strength Date Issued: February 22. After welding the test coupon.

1993 File No: 93-391 Question: In a contract involving piping construction work. does Section IX specify a minimum weld deposit thickness to be included in each test specimen from each of the processes or procedures? Reply: No. provided operational control is in accordance with QW-201. 92-228. our company subcontracted the piping prefabrication work to a subcontractor. Interpretation: IX-92-68 Subject: QW-306. to be recorded on the PQR. provided operational control is in accordance with QW-201. 1993 File No: 92-011A Question: In using a single set of test specimens to qualify two or more processes or procedures. which ASME does not address. who monitored the welding of the test coupons and signed approval on the PQRs. Combination of Welding Processes. Interpretation: IX-92-67 Subject: QW-201.Question (1): May the new Company. C. . use PQRs and WPSs developed previously by Company A and Company B? Reply (1): Yes. use the central materials laboratory of Company A to develop WPSs and PQRs? Reply (2): Yes. Interpretation: IX-92-69 Subject: QW-409. Electrical Characteristics Date Issued: June 30. 92-353 Question: Is it the intent of QW-409. C.1 that the heat input. The Quality Control System of the subcontractor and our company fully describe the operational control of procedure qualifications. This subcontractor is managed by our company but has a different name.1. The subcontractor proceeded to qualify welding procedures which were conducted in the presence and with the approval of our company’s welding engineer. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: May 26. Question (2): May the new Company. 1993 File No: 92-011B. Groove Weld Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens Date Issued: June 30. Was our client right in rejecting the use by our company of the subcontractor qualified welding procedures for the erection work of the prefabricated piping? Reply: This is a contractual issue. be calculated based on the parameters used at the location where the impact specimens were removed? Reply: Yes. and QW-451.

when required.4 were not . prior to the 1992 Addenda. for which the results of visual examination required by QW-302. Question (4): In the above question. Question (3): When a procedure qualification with supplemental notch toughness requirement is conducted with two materials of different P-Number each having multiple certifications in different Group Numbers. satisfy the requirements of Section IX? Reply (2): Yes.VOLUME 34 Interpretation: IX-92-70R Subject: QW-403. are WPSs qualified for all combinations of the multiple certified Group Number of the first P-Number material to the multiple certified Group Number of the second PNumber material? Reply (3): Yes. satisfy the requirement of Section IX? Reply (4): Yes. does one set of HAZ impact specimens from each P-Number material. Visual Examination Date Issued: September 22. are materials from the multiple certified Group Numbers qualified for welding a P-Number material to itself? Reply (5): No. are WPSs qualified for all combinations of the Group Numbers? Reply (1): Yes. 2001 File No: 00-470 Question (1): When a procedure qualification with supplemental notch toughness requirement is conducted with one P-Number material having multiple certifications in different Group Numbers. does one set of HAZ impact specimens. Base Metals Date Issued: June 4. Question (5): In Question (3). 1993 File No: 93-365 Question: Are welders or welding operators qualified in accordance with Section IX. grades. Question (2): In the above question. when required. Note: The term “multiple certifications” as used means any material for which a material test report indicates that the material meets all the requirements of two or more specifications.5.4. types. Interpretation: IX-92-71 Subject: QW-302. or classes.

Corrosion Resistant Weld Metal Overlay. Interpretation: IX-92-73 Subject: QW-321. after surface conditioning per Note 4 of QW-453? Question (2b): When the overlay test specimens are less than ⅜ in. QW-453 and QW-461. may the side bend specimen width be the test specimen thickness? Question (2c): May the edges of the overlay be outside of the bent area as long as at least a 1½ in. Question (3): may QW-461.documented on the WPQ. 1993 File No: 93-468 Background: A welder performance qualification test plate fails to meet the radiographic requirements for qualification.9.3. thick.9 Groove-Pipe be used for the position essential variable rules for welder qualifications on corrosion-resistant overlap? Reply (3): Yes. Reply (2c): Yes. Reply (2b): Yes. width of overlay and HAZ are completely within the bend? Reply (2a): Yes. Question: May the new test plate be evaluated by bend testing? Reply: Yes. Question (2a): Should the side bends required in QW-453 consist of the base metal plus overlay thickness. Interpretation: IX-92-72 Subject: QW-381(c). After further training a new performance qualification test plate is welded. when qualifying for welding on pipe/tubes parallel to the axis of the pipe/tubes? Reply (1): Yes. Performance Qualification Date Issued: September 22. . 1993 File No: 93-392 Question (1): May welder qualifications for corrosion-resistant overlays per QW-381 and QW453 be made on plate. required to requalify in order that visual examination results may be documented? Reply: No. Welder Qualification After Further Training or Practice Date Issued: September 22.

107 materials listed in QB-422 or Appendix C. Fillet Welds Qualified by Groove Weld Tests Date Issued: September 22.4(b). Interpretation: IX-92-75 Subject: QW-200.”. must the root deposit qualification coupon be ½ in. SMAW process. Combination of Welding Procedures. 107 material in accordance with QB402. Question (1): Will the above procedure qualification alone support a WPS to make a fillet weld with E7018 electrodes (F-No. 1993 File No: 93-474 Question: When brazing material used for a procedure qualification test is not listed in QB-422 or Appendix C. ¾ in. but is similar to P-No. a minimum or maximum dimension requirement for preparing a reduced section tensile specimen? Reply: No.Interpretation: IX-92-74 Subject: QB-402. 4) for all the passes for all fillet sizes on all base metal thicknesses when all the other essential variables under QW-253. using a separate qualification for the root deposit only. Test Specimens Date Issued: September 22. Interpretation: IX-92-77 Subject: QW-200. 1993 File No: 93-490 Question: When writing multi-process welding procedures per QW-200.1. minimum thickness as stated in QW-200. Is ¾ in.4(b)? Reply: No. 4) for the remaining process. where the tube wall thickness is less than 1 in. 1993 File No: 93-515 Question: QW-462 defines W as “specimen width. 107 or S-No. Interpretation: IX-92-76 Subject: QW-462. may this material be considered P-No.1? Reply: No. 107 or S-No.4.4. and QW-451.4(a). Base Metals Date Issued: September 22. are the same? . 3) for the root pass and E7018 electrode (F-No. 1993 File No: 93-518 Background: A butt welding procedure qualification was completed on a pipe with E6010 electrode (F-No.. Combination of Welding Procedures Date Issued: September 22.

Reduced Section-Plate. testing and certification? Reply (1): No. Welding Procedure Qualifications Date Issued: September 22. including certification of the PQR. Question (2): May a company subcontract weld procedure development and qualification. Responsibility. SMAW process? Reply (2): Yes. including certification of the PQR. 1993 File No: 93-583 Question (1): Is it permissible to reduce a plate test coupon thickness beyond removing the reinforcement to allow for parallel surfaces? Reply (1): Yes. Interpretation: IX-92-78 Subject: QW-200. Interpretation: IX-92-79 Subject: QW-151. Tension Tests. Test Specimens Date Issued: September 22. 1993 File No: 93-561 Question (1): May a company subcontract weld procedure development and qualification.1. 4) for all the passes including the root pass within the limits of qualification of QW-451. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: September 22.1 and within the limits of the essential variables under QW-253.2(b). and QW-210. 1993 File No: 93-584 .Reply (1): Yes. Question (2): What percentage of the thickness is permissible to be removed for procedure qualification? Reply (2): The minimum necessary to obtain parallel surfaces. Interpretation: IX-92-80 Subject: QW-103. Question (2): Will the above procedure qualification alone support a WPS to make a butt weld with E7018 electrodes (F-No.1(a). without a company representative present to witness the welding. and QW-462. with a company representative present to witness the welding. testing and certification? Reply (2): No.

Question (2): According to para.17 and SFA 5. may the welder be an employee of another organization? Reply (3): No. (c) Data Report required in UG-120 of Section VIII. performance of nondestructive examination. Interpretation: IX-92-81 Subject: QW-103.Question: When a company changes names during the course of time must all the historical documents. 1993 File No: 92-306 Question (1): According to Section IX. Interpretation: IX-92-82 Subject: Code Case 2141.23 Date Issued: November 22. 1993 File No: 93-434 Question (1): Does the “Manufacturer’s Date Report” in the Section IX Code Case 2141 mean the following: (a) Manufacturer’s Data Report required in PG-112 of Section I. SFA 5. provided there is documented traceability from the new company name to the WPSs and PQRs qualified under the old company name. Question (2): Is it required to describe this Code Case number on procurement and/or manufacturer’s specifications and certified material test report of welding consumables? Reply (2): Section IX does not address procurement and manufacturer’s specifications. or (d) Manufacturer’s Data Report required in AS-300 of Section VIII. is it permissible for a manufacturer or contractor to have the welding of the test weldments performed by another organization? Reply (1): No. para. and mechanical test. Division 2? Reply (1): A Manufacturer’s Data Report form is any data report from that is required in an ASME Code Book. provided that the manufacturer or contractor accepts the responsibility for any such work? Reply (2): Yes. (b) Data Report required in NCA-3770 of Section III. Division 1. QW-201. Question (3): If the manufacturer or contractor writes the WPS and the welder used to produce weldments to be tested for qualification of procedures are under full supervision and control of a representative of the manufacturer or contractor during the production of these test weldments.1 and QW-201. be revised to show this new name? Reply: No. Electrodes and Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: October 18. QW-201. . is it permissible to subcontract the work preparation of test metal for welding and subsequent work on preparation of test specimens from the completed weldment. such as PQRs and WPQs.

e. Interpretation: IX-92-86 Subject: QW-100. Welding General Requirements Date Issued: November 22. Interpretation: IX-92-85 Subject: QB-121 and AB-123. 1993 File No: 93-655 Question: If the test material is oriented at 15 deg. thick test coupon and is used to support a welding procedure specification written in 1993.3. 1993 File No: 93-658 Question: May a hard-facing procedure qualification test that was performed in 1990 on a 1 in. using the brazing variables listed in QB-415? Reply (2): No. 1. Gr.Interpretation: IX-92-83 Subject: QB-415. thick P-No. down from vertical) and the brazing filler metal flows upward by capillary action through the joint. 1993 File No: 93-527 Question (1): Does ASME Section IX permit braze welding qualifications. Brazing Variables Date Issued: September 22. Postweld Heat Treatment Date Issued: November 22. Brazing Test Positions Date Issued: November 22. Question (2): May a fabricator qualify hard-facing.)? Reply: Yes. 2 material and post weld heat treated at 1150°F for six hours (3 hrs/in.2. be used to deposit a hard-facing overlay on a base material 1 in..) with supplementary essential variable requirements. to unlimited thickness? . 75 deg. using the rules of Part QW. 1993 File No: 93-586 Background: A PQR was welded on a 2 in. 2 material that is PWHT at 1150°F for 2 hours (1 hr/in. Question: Will this PQR support a WPS for a production weld in 2 in. 1. Gr. above horizontal (i. thick P-No. Welding? Reply (1): Yes. Interpretation: IX-92-84 Subject: QW-407. would the brazer then be qualified for both the flat-flow and vertical-upflow positions? Reply: No.

000 J/in.? Reply (1): No.000 J/in.3 allows welding procedure specifications (WPSs) to be supported by procedure qualifications accomplished subsequent to 1962 without amending the WPS to include any variables required by later Editions and Addenda. and QW-409. inclusive. Question (2): Is the heat input value of 85. QW-409.3. 1994 File No: 93-151 Background: Two PQRs have been qualified to support a WPS with notch toughness requirements and having a qualified base metal thickness range from 5/16 in. Interpretation: IX-92-88 Subject: QW-409. Question (1): Is this WPS qualified for using 85. applicable to base metal thicknesses between ⅝ in. Groove Weld Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens.Reply: Yes.1. to 2 in. Interpretation: IX-92-89 Subject: QW-452. applicable to base metal thicknesses between 5/16 in. Electrical Characteristics Date Issued: February 14. and the heat input value of 45. heat input on thicknesses 5/16 in. Electrical Characteristics Date Issued: February 14. One PQR was qualified on 1 in.6.8. Groove Weld Diameter Limits Date Issued: February 14.000 J/in.1.8 and QW-409. The second was qualified on 5/16 in. 1994 File No: 93-593 Question: Section IX. and ⅝ in. 1994 File No: 93-653 .1 and QW-409.1. averaging or other type)? Reply: No. thick material with a maximum heat input of 45. All other essential and supplementary essential variables are the same. VOLUME 35 Interpretation: IX-92-87 Subject: QW-403. Base Metals. require that the volts and amps be specified in the WPS.000 J/in. thick material with a maximum heat input of 85. to 2 in. to 2 in.000 J/in. max. Does Section IX require voltage to be measured at a specific location in the welding circuit or the current to be measured using a specific type of meter (RMS.? Reply (2): Yes. QW-100. and QW-452.

wall pipe in the 1G position and has also qualified on 1 in.D. File 91-156 Date Issued: May 20. thick pipe welded in the 6G position using GTAW process.D. ⅜ in. 1994 File No: 93-755 Question: Does Section IX prohibit making editorial corrections to welder and welding operator performance qualification records? Reply: No. . by 0.Question: A welder has qualified on 3 in. Background: Two companies are contracted by a client company to undertake pipe work installation on its facility. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility. one on ⅝ in. Clarification Request to Interpretation IX-92-07. Date Issued: Oct. Is the welder qualified to weld 1 in. thick plate welded in the 1G position using GTAW process. 7. Question (2): May these procedures be used by the client company? Reply (2): No. O.049 in. O. 1994 File No: 93-678 Question (1): Is the term “Organization” as stated in QW-201 and “Company A” in Interpretation IX-92-07 one and the same? Reply (1): No. O. O. ½ in. wall pipe in the 1G position. Interpretation: IX-92-90 Subject: QW-461.9. wall in the 1G position? Reply: Yes.D. and another on ½ in. General Welding Performance Qualifications Date Issued: February 14. Interpretation: IX-92-91 Subject: QW-300.D. thick using GTAW? Reply: No. Performance Qualification Position and Diameter Limitations Date Issued: February 14. ⅛ in. 1994 File No: 93-753 Question: A welder has passed two separate tests. 1991. Interpretation: IX-92-92 Subject: QW-201. Do these two tests in combination qualify the welder to weld pipe of unlimited diameter in all positions up to 1 in. All stages of the Welding Procedure Qualification Process for the two contracted companies are witnessed by the client companies representative and the documentation duly stamped and signed as accepted by the client.

1994 File No: 93-754 Question: May AWS Classification Bag-34 be considered SFA-5. Question (2): Does the brazing procedure qualification test with dissimilar metals using one metal listed in one S-Number to one specific metal not listed in one S or P-Number qualify for the brazing of all other base metals in the same S-Number to themselves and to the specific base metal without S or P-Number? Reply (2): Yes. General Welding Procedure Qualifications . Part C – SFA-5. Interpretation: IX-92-95 Subject: QW-200.8 Date Issued: May 20. Part C (including the 1992 Addenda)? Reply: Yes. Interpretation: IX-92-93 Subject: QB-402. General Welding Procedure Qualifications Date Issued: May 20. qualify for all other base metals in the same SNumber grouping? Reply (1): Yes. Interpretation: IX-92-96 Subject: QW-300. 1994 File No: 93-752 Question (1): Does the brazing procedure qualification test with a base metal assigned one SNumber.8 filler metal even though it does not appear in the 1992 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section II.Question (3): Does the client company have to requalify these procedures in order to perform inhouse maintenance at a later date using all the same essential and nonessential variables with its own qualified welders? Reply (3): Yes. 1994 File No: 94-008 Question: May a single WPS be qualified both with PWHT and without PWHT (two PQRs). or S-Number plus Group-Number. thereby allowing the WPS to be used with or without PWHT? Reply: Yes.1. Brazing Data and Appendix C – Nonmandatory S-Numbers Date Issued: May 20. Interpretation: IX-92-94 Subject: Section II.

92 Date Issued: June 10. 1994 File No: 94-236 Question: May steel produced to ASTM A-108 Grade 1018. UNS G10180. Nonmandatory S-Numbers Date Issued: May 20.6 mm deposited weld metal and SMAW 2.4 mm deposited weld metal. must a new WPS be generated in only one of the processes is to be used in production.24 ER Zr4 be considered as an F-No. 1994 94-102 Background: A welder is qualified on a NPS 2 Sch.4(a). provided all requirements of Section IX for the process used are met? Reply: No. Question (2): Is the welder qualified to weld NPS 4 single welded groove weld without backing using the SMAW process only? Reply (2): No. 40 pipe test coupon using GTAW 1.Date Issued: File No: May 20. and Section II. 61 filler metal? Reply: Yes. when a qualified WPS for a combination process is available. 1994 File No: 94-167 Question: According to QW-200. Combination of Welding Procedures Date Issued: May 20. Interpretation: IX-92-97 Subject: QW-200.6. Question (1): Is the SMAW portion of the performance qualification considered welding with backing? Reply (1): Yes. 1994 File No: 93-762 and 93-769 Question: May AWS 5. Interpretation: IX-92-99 Subject: QW-432. Interpretation: IX-92-98 Subject: Appendix C. be considered S-1 material? Reply: Yes. Part C – SFA-5. . F-Numbers.4(a).

“The Code does not fully address tolerances. 1994 File No: 94-235 Background: Procedure qualification was performed by making a full penetration weld on 1½ in. . Weld Repair and Buildup Tests Date Issued: September 21. or thicker base metal qualifies for making partial penetration welds on base metals with no upper limit of base metal thickness. Paragraph QW-202. QW-451. No minimum thickness of base metal is addressed. or other parameters are not specified with tolerances. see para.. the values of these parameters are considered nominal and allowable tolerance or local variances may be considered acceptable when based on engineering judgment and standard practices as determined by the designer. General Welding Procedure Qualifications. thick? Reply (1): No. When dimensions.e.” Interpretation: IX-95-03 Subject: QW-202. Question (1): Does qualification of a 1½ in.VOLUME 36 Interpretation: IX-95-01 Subject: QW-200.3(b). thick base metal qualify for making partial penetration groove welds on base metals which are less than 3/16 in. Interpretation: IX-95-02 Subject: QW-462.2(b) states that qualification on 1½ in.1(b). sizes. is it necessary to state that the SMAW portion of the WPS must be performed with backing (i.2(b). where the figures show “approximate” dimensions? Reply: As stated in the Foreword. the GTAW process)? Reply: No.4. Joints Date Issued: September 21. thick plate. and QW-402. Groove and Fillet Weld Tests. Background: Procedure qualification was performed by making a full penetration weld on 1½ in. thick plate.1 for minimum base metal thicknesses. 1994 File No: 94-104 Question: If a WPS states that the GTAW process shall be used on root and second pass of open root or metal backed groove joints and the SMAW process shall be used on the remainder of the groove joint. thick or thicker base metal qualifies for making weld repairs or weld build-ups on base metals of unlimited thickness. 1994 File No: 94-181 Question: What are the minimum and maximum tolerances for specimens shown in QW-462. Paragraph QW-202. Test Specimens Date Issued: September 21. and QW-202.3(b) states that qualification on 1½ in.

base metal qualify for making weld repairs or weld build-ups on base metals which are less than 3/16 in. Interpretation: IX-95-04 Subject: QW-452. Interpretation: IX-95-05 Subject: QW-422. QW-452. since it has identical properties to SB-425 UNS N08825 that is assigned P-No.1 for minimum base metal thicknesses.3.9(a).3. using one trade name for flux. thick? Reply (2): No. Groove Weld Diameter Limits and Submerged Arc Wire Flux Combination Date Issued: September 21. is the PQR considered acceptable? Reply: Yes. Interpretation: IX-95-06 Subject: QW-153. P-Numbers Date Issued: September 21. Tension Tests Date Issued: September 21. Question (2): Is it required to requalify this WPS due to the change in the AWS class of the wire flux combination by the flux manufacturer without changing its Trade Name? Reply (2): Yes. but not below the minimum tensile strength specified for the base metal. 1994 File No: 94-365 Question: May SB-564 UNS N08825 be considered as P-No.Question (2): Does qualification on 1½ in. QW-404. This WPS was in use for several years. below the weld metal’s minimum specified tensile requirement.1. is the inside diameter an essential variable for performance qualification? Reply (1): No. 45. The flux trade name is mentioned on the WPS and PQR along with the former AWS classification. 1994 File No: 94-542 Question: If a tensile specimen breaks in the weld metal. QW-451. Now the flux manufacturer has changed the classification to F7P2-EL8 without changing the trade name of flux. 45 in QW-422? Reply: No. 1994 File No: 94-296 Question (1): According to para. Background: A WPS for SAW process was qualified with a wire flux combination classified as F6P0-EL8. . see para. see para.

1995 File No: 94-543 Question (1): When T2 is greater than ¾ in. 1995 File No: 94-522 Question: When qualifying a welding procedure using S1 group 2 for API 5LX60 pipe joining to MSS SP-75 or ASTM A860 WPHY-65 fittings.VOLUME 37 Interpretation: IX-95-07 Subject: QW-420. Fillet Weld Procedure Date Issued: March 17. Interpretation: IX-95-09 Subject: QW-153. As stated in the 1992 Addenda to the Foreword. Question (3): Is there a tolerance for the fillet leg size? Reply (3): No.1(d) mean the base metal with the lower minimum specified tensile strength? Reply: Yes. dimensions are considered nominal and allowable tolerances or local variances may be considered acceptable when based on engineering judgment and standard practices as determined by the designer. QW-462.4(a).4(a). in Fig. what is the maximum size fillet weld required? Reply (1): ¾ in.4(a). or when joining WPHY-60 fittings to each other. 1995 File No: 94-570 Question: When welds between base metals of different minimum specified tensile strengths are being tested and tensile failure occurs in either of the base metals. what does “size of fillet = thickness T2” mean? Reply (2): The length of each fillet leg(s) shall be nominally equal to the thickness of T2. S-Numbers Date Issued: March 17. . Question (2): In QW-462.2. is it permissible to use the corresponding S-Number for the fitting as the same grade of high strength pipe when the physical properties are similar? Reply: No. Acceptance Criteria – Tension Tests Date Issued: March 17. when tolerances are not specified. Interpretation: IX-95-08 Subject: QW-462. does the reference to base metal within QW-153.

Interpretation: IX-95-11 Subject: QW-408.3.5 Date Issued: June 15. Limits of Qualified Positions for Procedures. Gas Date Issued: March 17.4. 1995 File No: 95-027 Question: Does QW-202.4. Dissimilar Base Metal Thicknesses Date Issued: March 17. 1995 File No: 95-040 . and Section II. SFA-5. 1995 File No: 94-662 Question: May a single process WPS be qualified by a combination process PQR where no essential variables for the process are changed? Reply: Yes.4 include butt joints and corner joints when joining dissimilar base metal thicknesses when prepared with a groove? Reply: Yes.Interpretation: IX-95-10 Subject: QW-200. 1995 File No: 95-002 Question: Is it required to indicate the purity level by percent composition or descriptive terms of a single shielding gas on the WPS and on the PQR? Reply: No.1 and 5. Combination of Welding Procedures Date Issued: March 17. 1995 File No: 94-035 Question: Do the requirements for classification of filler metals in accordance with ASME Section II. Interpretation: IX-95-12 Subject: QW-202. Part C. Interpretation: IX-95-14 Subject: QW-300. Interpretation: IX-95-13 Subject: QW-203. Part C apply to the qualification of welding and brazing procedures in accordance with Section IX? Reply: No. Welding Performance Qualifications Date Issued: June 15.

be used with a shielding gas without requalification? Reply: No.4 refer to the final weld face side only? Reply (2): Yes.2.4. Guided-Bend Tests. 1995 File No: 95-095 Question: May a FCAW welding procedure. and QW408. Question (2): Does the visual examination of the fillet weld test coupon required per QW-302. and QW-466 Note (b) – Test Jigs Date Issued: June 15. Gas Date Issued: June 15. 1995 . Visual Examination Date Issued: October 19. 1995 File No: 95-035 Question (1): For the fillet weld coupon in welder performance qualification.4? Reply (1): No. does the macro examination required per QW-452. VOLUME 38 Interpretation: IX-95-17 Subject: QW-302. Electrical Characteristics Date Issued: October 19. Interpretation: IX-95-16 Subject: QW-255. Interpretation: IX-95-18 Subject: QW-409. Welding Variables Procedure Specifications for FCAW.Question: Are there any circumstances under which a non-employee person or organization can represent one or more participating organizations during welding of the test coupon in accordance with the requirements of QW-300.8.5 exempt the visual examination required per QW-302.3? Reply: No. qualified without shielding gas. 1995 File No: 95-094 Question: Is it acceptable to measure the percent elongation of the tensile specimens in lieu of bend specimens to measure the ductility for welding procedure qualification acceptance? Reply: No. Interpretation: IX-95-15 Subject: QW-160.

1995 File No: 95-221 Background: A welder simultaneously qualifies for ten different contractors in accordance with QW-300. Interpretation: IX-95-21 Subject: QW-403. Welding Performance Qualifications.1(b).1(b)? Reply (1): No. and QW-322. Expiration of Welder Qualification Date Issued: October 19. Base Metals Date Issued: October 19. Interpretation: IX-95-20 Subject: QW-300. and the welder used to produce the weldments to be tested for qualification of procedures is under the full supervision and control of the manufacturer or contractor during the production of these test weldments. Welding Performance Qualification Date Issued: October 19. QW-300. 1995 File No: 95-302 Question: If the manufacturer or contractor writes the WPS. Interpretation: IX-95-19 Subject: QW-300. Question (2): When a participating contractor revokes a welder’s qualification for a specific reason. provided the Quality Control system or Quality Assurance Program of the manufacturer or contractor describes the control of contracted welders? Reply: Yes.3. One of the contractors subsequently revokes the welder’s qualification for specific reason in accordance with QW-322. Question (1): Are the other nine contractors who qualified the welder simultaneously.3 require the other participating contractors to retest the welder or welding operator? Reply (2): No.5. does QW-300.3.1(b).3 requires the contractor that rejects a welder to notify the other contractors who participated in the simultaneous test that the welder’s qualification has been revoked. required to revoke the welder’s qualification per QW-322.File No: 95-220 Question: Does Section IX require that a separate amperage range be specified for each filler metal size listed in the WPS? Reply: No. 1995 File No: 95-318 . may the welder be a contracted employee.

qualify welding for P-No. Group Number 2 material with supplementary essential variables? Reply: No. . respectively. with supplementary essential variables. 1995 File No: 95-428 Question (1): Notes (3) and (10) of QW-453 require a liquid penetrant examination of the surface of the test coupon for hard-facing procedure and performance qualifications. when notch toughness tests are not required? Reply: Yes. May the acceptance standards of QW-195. Base Metals Used for Procedure Qualification Date Issued: December 28. Interpretation: IX-95-22 Subject: QW-424.Background: A PQR is qualified in accordance with Section IX. 1996 File No: 95-194 Question: Does a WPS qualified using P-No.1. 1. Question (2): Must the acceptance criteria be specified on the WPS? Reply (2): Yes. 1995 File No: 95-251 Question: Does a procedure qualification using an unassigned metal to an assigned P-Numbered metal qualify for welding the base metals to themselves using all the nonessential. 2 material. Notes (3) and (10). using a material from British Standard 1501-224-490A-LT50 Question: May this PQR be used to support a WPS utilizing a P-Number 1.2 or other standards deemed appropriate by the qualifying organization be used as acceptance criteria? Reply (1): Yes. 1. Thickness Limits and Test Specimens for HardFacing and Corrosion-Resistant Overlays Date Issued: December 28. Group No. VOLUME 39 Interpretation: IX-95-24 Subject: QW-403. Base Metals Date Issued: March 19. essential and supplementary essential variables qualified? Reply: No. Group No. 1 material. Interpretation: IX-95-23 Subject: QW-453.

Interpretation: IX-95-25 Subject: QW-201.6)? .10 and QW-404. QW-452.32 also applicable to fillet weld tests. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: March 19.4.4) or in performance qualifications (QW-452. supported by Procedure Qualification Records (PQR) qualified by company B? Reply: Yes. Interpretation: IX-95-28 Subject: QW-403. Short Circuiting Mode Date Issued: March 19. After some time. 1996 File No: 95-303 Background: Company A owns company B and changes its name to C. Both B and C now operate independently. either in procedure qualifications (QW-451. 1996 File No: 95-252 Question: If company A purchases company B. 1996 File No: 96-002 Question: Are the base metal thickness restrictions for the GMAW process short circuiting mode stated in QW-403. but under company A. QW-451. The new company C continues to use the WPSs and PQRs initially developed by B. is it permissible for company A to write Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS) in their name. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: March 19. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: March 19.3. Interpretation: IX-95-26 Subject: QW-201. provided that the requirements of QW-201 are satisfied.5 and QW-452.10. Interpretation: IX-95-27 Subject: QW-201. 1996 File No: 95-482 Question: May a subcontractor use a WPS supported by a PQR which was qualified by the contracting company and subsequently supplied to the subcontractor? Reply: No. company A (the parent company) splits C back to B and C. Question: May company B use the WPSs and PQRs initially developed by B and also use WPSs and PQRs qualified by company C before the last reorganization? Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-95-30 Subject: QW-350. This welding operator is giving verbal commands to a second welding operator. 1996 File No: 96-073 Question (1): Do the essential variables of QW-350 apply to welding operators carrying out corrosion resistant overlay? Reply (1): No. provided the Quality Control System or Quality Assurance Program of each manufacturer or contractor describes the control of welders? Reply: Yes. also qualified for Electroslag welding and vice versa? Reply (2): No. Question (2): Are welding operators qualified for submerged arc welding.2. also qualified to use strip electrodes with the same process? Reply (3): Yes.Reply: No. Essential Variables – Machine Welding Date Issued: May 30. and who is positioning the weld head and wire aimers located on the head remotely. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: May 30. . may the welder used to produce the weldments to be tested for qualification procedures. Question (3): Is a welding operator qualified to QW-360 and QW-381 of Section IX in submerged arc weld overlay using wire electrode. be under the full supervision and control of each manufacturer or contractor during the welding. which is to be followed during production of test weldments for qualification testing. 1996 File No: 96-141 Background: A welding operator has direct visual contact with a pipe weldment that is being welded utilizing machine orbital pipe welding equipment. Interpretation: IX-95-31 Subject: QW-361. Interpretation: IX-95-29 Subject: QW-201. during the welding of the joint in accordance with the verbal commands of the first operator. who does not have eye contact with the weldment. 1996 File No: 95-302 Question: If more than one manufacturer or contractor agrees upon the use of one WPS. Welding Variables for Welders Date Issued: May 30. Each welding operator has been qualified to perform both remote and direct visual control welding.

3. Weld Repair and Buildup Date Issued: September 24. 1996 File No: 96-060 Background: Assurance of defect-free hardfacing deposits on cast surfaces is often improved if a layer of weld metal is first deposited on the casting. Question (1): Does Section IX require qualification of the substrate (e. VOLUME 40 Interpretation: IX-95-32 Subject: QW-300..10 limit the base metal thickness qualified to 1. in accordance with QW-202. when used to support a combination GMAW-S/SMAW WPS? Reply: Yes. 1996 File No: 95-302 Question: If more than one manufacturer or contractor agrees upon the use of one WPS. may the welder used to produce the weldments to be tested for qualification of procedures. Short-Circuiting Mode Date Issued: September 24. 1996 File No: 96-001 Question: Does QW-403. acting as a substrate for the subsequent hardfacing weld metal overlay.2.2..3 or when the substrate is not included in the design minimum wall thickness in accordance with QW-214) which will be subsequently covered by a hardfacing weld metal overlay? .Question: Are these welders qualified to make the subject weld in accordance with QW-361. be under the full supervision and control of each manufacturer or contractor during the welding. Interpretation: IX-95-33 Subject: QW-403. which is to be followed during the production of test weldments for qualification testing. even though the welding operator having direct visual control is directing the positioning of the orbital pipe welding equipment verbally and does not have “hands-on” control of the welding head? Reply: Yes. provided the Quality Control System or Quality Assurance Program of each manufacturer or contractor describes the control of welders? Reply: Yes.1T for a combination GMAW-S/SMAW PQR test coupon thickness “T” less than ½ in.g. Welding Performance Qualifications Date Issued: July 1. Interpretation: IX-95-34 Subject: QW-202.10.

Filler Metals Date Issued: September 24. 1996 File No: 96-315 Question: In accordance with QW-404. Question (2): Since the essential variables are the same for both methods. required? Reply (2): Section IX does not address qualification of a combination substrate/hardfacing WPS in a single coupon. 1996 File No: 96-287 Question: Is it permissible to use ultrasonic examination in lieu of radiography to qualify welders and welding operators in accordance with QW-300.9. Interpretation: IX-95-35 Subject: QW-300.9(c). as applicable.3 or QW-214. would successful qualification with testing in manual GTAW allow the same welder to weld in production using semi-automatic GTAW without testing? Reply (2): Yes. with no change in the flux composition. is evaluation of the substrate to QW-202.1. Interpretation: IX-95-36 Subject: QW-300. or A-Number. does a change in the wire classification shown in SFA-5.Reply (1): Yes. F-Number. Interpretation: IX-95-37 Subject: QW-404. Welding Performance Qualifications Date Issued: September 24. 1996 File No: 96-314 Question (1): Would the successful qualification of a welder in a manual or semi-automatic method qualify him to weld in production using a machine or automatic method in the same process? Reply (1): No. . require procedure requalification? Reply: No. Question (2): If the deposit of the substrate is included in a hardfacing weld metal overlay procedure qualified to QW-216.9. Welding Performance Qualifications Date Issued: September 24.1? Reply: No.

Other book sections my address the maintenance of records. Performance Qualification – Welders Date Issued: January 6.. Interpretation: IX-95-40 Subject: QW-201. (b) the WPSs reflect the name of the new owner(s). SAW) per QW-304 qualify the same welder to operate as welding operator in machine or automatic type welding? Reply (1): No.g. may the test coupon be testing using radiography for the SAW portion of the weld. Company B sold Company A to Company C. the PQRs and WPSs may be used by the new owner(s) without requalification. Question: May Company A continue to use WPSs and PQRs previously developed by Company B? Reply: It is the intent of the Coe that when a manufacturer or contractor. 1997 File No: 93-431 and 95-222 Background: Company A was a subsidiary of Company B. Interpretation: IX-95-39 Subject: QW-304. Question (2): If a welder used GMAW (short-circuiting mode) for the root pass and SAW for the hot and fill passes of test coupon. and Company A became a division of Company C. provided all of the following are met: (a) the new owner(s) takes responsibility for the WPSs and PQRs. 1997 File No: 96-331 Question (1): Would the successful performance qualification of a welder in a manual or semiautomatic type (e. and .VOLUME 41 Interpretation: IX-95-38 Subject: QW-322. in accordance with QW-304 and QW-306? Reply (2): Yes. Expiration and Renewal of Qualification Date Issued: January 6. GMAW. or part of a manufacturer or contractor. GTAW. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: January 21. is acquired by a new owner(s). 1997 File No: 96-132 Question: Is it a requirement of QW-322 for a manufacturer to maintain records to demonstrate a welder’s or welding operator’s continuing qualification for a process from the date of the original qualification test? Reply: Section IX does not address how conformance to QW-322 is demonstrated.

. 1997 File No: 97-304 Question: In QB-451. testing and acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with QW-196.1 addresses shear test specimens. Question (2): Do the rules of QW-286 for procedures qualification apply for equipment qualification? Reply (2): No. bent to inner diameter of 2 1/16 in. Sectioning Tests Date Issued: December 15.2. Procedure/Performance Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens for Hardfacing (Wear-Resistant) and Corrosion-Resistant Overlays Date Issued: March 6. 37). QW-196. thickness be used. 1 material needs to be carried out with Nickel-Aluminum Bronze using E CuNiAl SMAW electrode (F-No. Question (1): When qualifying seam welding equipment. Interpretation: IX-95-42 Subject: QW-284.4. can side bend test specimens of ⅛ in. Note (1). XX with F-No. 1997 File No: 97-044 Background: When qualifying resistance seam welding equipment for QW-284. Question: For procedure qualification of the above to QW-453. Interpretation: IX-95-41 Subject: QW-453.(c) the Quality Control System/Quality Assurance Program reflects the source of the PQRs as being from the former manufacturer or contractor. is the Sectioning Test a substitute for the Peel Test? Reply: Yes. as given for P-No.1 apply? Reply (1): No.2. 37) and ER CuNiAl GMAW filler wire (F-No. Seam Welding Equipment Qualification Date Issued: May 20. .1? Reply: No. VOLUME 42 Interpretation: IX-98-01 Subject: QB-141. but only deals with spot welding. 36 under QW-466. 1997 File No: 97-028 Background: Corrosion-resistant weld overlay on P-No. do the requirements for spot shear test per QW-196.3.

Welding Procedure Qualifications Date Issued: December 15. 1997 File No: 97-479 Question: Does a partial penetration groove weld procedure qualification test assembly qualify for full penetration production groove welds within the ranges indicated in QW-451? Reply: Yes. base material.Interpretation: IX-98-02 Subject: QW-201. etc. including QC examination provided by the contracting organization? Reply: No.g.) thus requiring a new qualification? Reply: No. Interpretation: IX-98-03 Subject: QW-451. if the manufacturer works to specifications controlling all fabrication processes from material procurement to final delivery. does the existing hardfacing weld metal overlay deposit to be repaired. Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens Date Issued: December 15. 1997 File No: 97-309 Question: May a manufacturer use another organization’s Welding Procedure Specifications in fabrication of pressure vessels contracted to that organization. .. constitute a change in the original essential variable(s) (e. VOLUME 43 Interpretation: IX-98-05 Subject: QW-453.2. thickness. 1998 File No: 98-009 Question: In making repairs to hardfacing weld metal overlays. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: December 15. Interpretation: IX-98-04 Subject: QW-200. Procedure/Performance Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens for Hardfacing (Wear-Resistant) and Corrosion-Resistant Overlays Date Issued: April 28. 1997 File No: 97-481 Question: Does ASME Section IX require that a preliminary WPS be attached to the PQR? Reply: No.

in Table 2 of SFA-5. all indicate a qualified range of 10% above and 10% below the value recorded in the PQR? Reply: Yes.5 (within the other limitations of QW-350)? Reply: No. Interpretation: IX-98-07 Subject: QW-410.65 in. Are welders who were previously qualified with an electrode classified as F-4.” and “an increase or decrease of more than 10%. Interpretation: IX-98-08 Subject: QW-432. would the range qualified for a 1 in. oscillation be 0. Technique Date Issued: April 28. assuming all other essential variables are the same? Reply (2): Section IX does not prohibit the qualification of more than one set of essential variables on a single test coupon.12. 1998 . oscillation combined with a 1.1.12(a) and (c) and QW-402. Tension Test Specimens for Pipe and Plate Date Issued: October 9.5 in.” “a change…greater than ±10%.g. 1998 File No: 98-009 Question: Do the words “any change exceeding ±10%. F-Numbers Date Issued: April 28.” respectively.9 in – 1.) Reply (1): Yes. also qualified to use this unclassified electrode that conforms to the deposit chemistry of EXXXX-G.42. 1998 File No: 97-302 Question (1): For PAW hardfacing and corrosion resistant weld metal overlay qualifications.Interpretation: IX-98-06 Subject: QW-402.. Joints Date Issued: April 28. VOLUME 44 Interpretation: IX-98-09 Subject: QW-150 and QW-462. may the full range of oscillation qualified (including the “change of more than 10%”) also apply to the combined minimum and maximum oscillation range qualified? (e. 1998 File No: 98-131 Question: A WPS is qualified with an SMA electrode that is not certified by the manufacturer as conforming to an AWS classification. Question (2): May the minimum and maximum oscillation values be combined and qualified on a single hardfacing weld metal overlay test coupon. provided each set of essential variables is tested in accordance with the requirements of Section IX.” “change…greater than 10%.

QW-462. Welding Performance Qualifications Date Issued: October 9. 1998 File No: 98-239 . provided all the other applicable essential and supplementary essential variables are identical and all required tests are conducted and reported for both conditions? Reply: Yes.1. Post Weld Heat Treatment Date Issued: October 9.1(a) and (b)? Reply: No. with a single PQR number.File No: 97-302 Question: Would tensile tests performed in accordance with SA-370 be acceptable for meeting ASME Section IX. Interpretation: IX-98-13 Subject: QW-200. Interpretation: IX-98-12 Subject: QW-451. to review the welder qualification documents of both companies and qualify the welders of Company B to the welding program of Company A without further testing of the welders? Reply: No. 1998 File No: 97-306/97-308 Question: Is it the intent of Section IX in QW-407. Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens Date Issued: October 9. Interpretation: IX-98-10 Subject: QW-407.1.1 to permit reporting the results of more than one PWHT condition on a single report. 1998 File No: 98-133 Question: May Company A retain the Company B employee responsible for welder performance qualification. Welding Procedure Qualifications Date Issued: December 22. Interpretation: IX-98-11 Subject: QW-300. 1998 File No: 98-237/98-238 Question: May longitudinal bend specimens be used in lieu of transverse bend specimens when the base metals or the base metal and the weld metal do not differ markedly in bending properties? Reply: No.

3. 1998 File No: 98-448 Question: May a single-pass “seal weld” as defined in QW-492. Positions Date Issued: December 22. be considered a “cover pass” or a “wash pass” for purposes of exemption form QW-405. and QW-381. Interpretation: IX-98-15 Subject: QW-405. Interpretation: IX-98-14 Subject: QW-361. Chemical Analysis and Hardness Specimen Corrosion-Resistant and Hard-Facing Weld Metal Overlay Date Issued: December 22. “with or without”.2. Corrosion-Resistant Weld Metal Overlay Date Issued: December 22.5(a). for backing. Question (1): Is the welding operator qualified for both Direct and Remote Visual control techniques applied either in single or multiple layers? Reply (1): Yes. however.5(a)? . Machine Welding Variables for Welding Operators. 1998 File No: 98-447 Background: A multiple layer corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay performance qualification (machine welding) is made with the first layer under Direct Visual control and the second layer Remote Visual control. for root spacing. the terms must provide direction to the welder/welding operator for making production welds to Code requirements.Question: Are all-encompassing terms acceptable when addressing nonessential variables in a WPS (e. 1998 File No: 99-453 Question: Is it permissible to use the surface of the test coupon as the “approximate fusion line” when determining the minimum finished thickness for corrosion-resistant and hard-facing overlays in accordance with QW-462.g. used to seal boiler tubes to a boiler tube sheet. “unlimited”)? Reply: Section IX does not specify how nonessential variables are to be addressed. Interpretation: IX-98-16 Subject: QW-462.3? Reply: No.2 (which delineate the welding operators “limits of qualification” as per QW-306) are addressed? Reply (2): Yes. Question (2): For the qualification described in the background. provided the requirements of QW-453 and QW-361. may two welding operators qualify on one coupon.

Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: March 23. VOLUME 46 Interpretation: IX-98-19 Subject: QW-404. provided the requirements of QW-201. Interpretation: IX-98-18 Subject: QW-201. or the AWS classification is changed. VOLUME 45 Interpretation: IX-98-17 Subject: QW-453. or when a previously unclassified filler is classified by the filler metal manufacturer as conforming to an SFA specification? Reply: No.1 are addresses by Company B. 1999 File No: 99-409 Question: Is requalification required when the filler metal specified in the WPS and supporting PQR is moved from one SFA specification to another SFA specification. VOLUME 47 Interpretation: IX-98-20R . Question: Company A sells one of its plants to Company B. Procedure/Performance Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens for Hard-Facing (Wear Resistant) and Corrosion-Resistant Overlays Date Issued: March 23. 1999 File No: 99-025 Background: When one of a company’s plants is sold. are the limitations on thickness qualified per QW453 applicable? Reply: Yes.1. Filler Metals Date Issued: September 24. when the original company wishes to continue using those WPSs/PQRs. May both Company A and Company B use the WPSs/PQRs previously qualified by Company A? Reply: Yes. it is not clear if the new owner can use the Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS) and Procedure Qualification Records (PQR) qualified by the original company.Reply: Yes. 1999 File No: 98-055 Question: When performing corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay welding operator qualification using a machine GTAW process.

(b) and (c) below? Reply: For sketch (a). Companies A.1T per QW403. contracted by a design Company A. 2000 File No: 00-553 Background: A large majority of fabrication.Subject: Date Issued: File No: QW-202.10 and t limited to 1.8 and t limited to 2t per QW-404. the thicker of T or ts. under one designated .4(b). QW-404. The Welding Coalition controls all weld procedures developed for use on Company A contracts by Companies B and C.1t per QW-404. Dissimilar Base Metal Thickness June 8.30? Reply (2): Yes. How is the thickness for the thicker member defined in sketches (a). B and C have developed a Welding Coalition. the thicker of T or ts. 2000 99-539 Question: When welding a corner joint with dissimilar base metal thickness. The top management of all three companies has executed an Agreement and Commitment protocol. is performed by Manufacturers B and C. is T limited to 1. 2000 File No: 00-514 Question (1): If a WPS is written using the GMAW-S process alone.32? Reply (1): Yes. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: October 11. consenting to the establishment of the Welding Coalition. the thicker of flange a or hub b. Question (2): If a WPS is written using FCAW process alone. Base Metal Requirement. Filler Metal Requirement Date Issued: October 11. Interpretation: IX-01-02 Subject: QW-201. Each company is independent in ownership from the other two. VOLUME 48 Interpretation: IX-01-01 Subject: QW-403. For sketch (c). is T limited to 2T per QW-403. For sketch (b). the thickness of both members must be within the qualified thickness range of the WPS(s) being used.

acceptable. manufacturers may disqualify welders based on QW-301.2 when discontinuities. . in which undercut is present. such that Company B may use weld procedures qualified by Company C and vice versa? Reply: No. Welder’s Test Coupon Examination Date Issued: January 3.4 be performed and documented on the Welder/Welding Operator Performance Qualification record? Reply: No.1. Interpretation: IX-01-03 Subject: QW-194. Welding Procedure Qualification Date Issued: January 3. the visual examination per QW-302. 2001 File No: 00-519 Question: Is a welder’s performance qualification test coupon. The Coalition does not control production welding at either of the manufacturing companies.program. may a new or revised WPS supported by the PQR specify a different range for that nonessential variable from that recorded on the PQR? Reply: Yes. Visual Examinations Date Issued: January 3.1 require that when radiography is used for examination of welder test coupons for performance qualification. provided that the rest of the examinations and tests are acceptable? Reply: Yes. However. Question: Is it permissible to consider the Welding Coalition as “the organization which has responsible operational control of production of the weldments to be made in accordance with this Code”. do not comply with the quality requirement of the manufacturer. such as undercut and porosity. Weld procedure qualifications performed by Company B are controlled by Company B’s Quality Program that has been approved by Company A.2. 2001 File No: 00-654 Question: When a nonessential variable is recorded on a PQR. Company C is on Company B’s Approved Vendors List. Interpretation: IX-01-04 Subject: QW-304. Interpretation: IX-01-05 Subject: QW-200. 2001 File No: 00-653 Question: Does QW-304. Weld procedure qualifications performed by Company C are controlled by Company A’s Quality Program.

51. QW-410. Transfer of Record of Performance Qualification Date Issued: February 26.2. addition or deletion of oscillation is an essential variable for GTAW hard-facing. or part of a company. Section IX does not address rules applicable to performance qualification continuity when a new owner acquires a manufacturer or contractor. Material Grouping Date Issued: June 4. with or without weave? Reply: Yes. Question (2): Does this PQR support a WPS for welding S-Number X to S-Number Y without changes to any other essential variables? Reply (2): Yes. Note that recent actions by Section IX have defined oscillation as applicable to machine and automatic processes and weave as applicable to manual and semiautomatic processes. Addition/Deletion of Oscillation (1998 and Earlier Editions) Date Issued: February 9.51. If welder performance qualification continuity is to be maintained by the new owner. or a semiautomatic GTAW hard-facing process.Interpretation: IX-01-06R Subject: QW-410.2. addition or deletion of weave bead is not a variable for the GTAW hardfacing process. 2001 File No: 01-029 Background: A PQR is qualified on a P-Number X material to a P-Number Y material. the Quality Control System/Quality Assurance Program should reflect to the source of the welder performance qualification records as being from the former manufacturer or contractor.2 prohibit continued use of existing welder performance qualifications? Reply: No. does QW-300. 2001 File No: 98-240 Background: QW-410. with or without oscillation. may be used to qualify a WPS for a manual.1. . VOLUME 49 Interpretation: IX-01-07 Subject: QW-420. Question: Is it the intent of Section IX that a PQR developed with a machine or automatic GTAW hard-facing process. Interpretation: IX-01-08 Subject: QW-300. Question (1): Does this PQR support a WPS for welding P-Number X to S-Number Y without changes to any other essential variables? Reply (1): Yes. 2001 File No: 01-030 Question: When a new owner acquires a company.

Article II apply when the fabricator chooses to use SWPSs? Reply (4): No. 1 material using the GTAW process without gas backing using F-No. 6 filler material. is it acceptable to weld the demonstration test coupon with only GTAW if the SWPS is for combination GTAW root and SMAW E7018 fill? Reply (1): No.Interpretation: IX-01-09 Subject: QW-356. 2001 File No: 01-073 Question: Are the requirements of QW-144 and QW-194 for visual examination of the test coupon required for the qualifications of a welding procedure? Reply: No. Is he qualified to weld P-No. Welding Variables Date Issued: February 26. Interpretation: IX-01-11 Subject: QW-510 and QW-540 in Article V. All variables of the SWPSs are considered to be essential variables. 2001 File No: 01-032 Question: A welder was qualified to P-No. 6 filler material. 8 material using the GTAW process with gas backing using F-No. Ref. Interpretation: IX-01-10 Subject: QW-144 and QW-194. All variables of the SWPSs are considered to be essential variables. para. is it acceptable to weld the demonstration test coupon with only SMAW E7018 if the SWPS is for combination GTAW root and SMAW E7018 fill? Reply (2): No. Question (3): Under QW-510(d). 2001 File No: 01-089 Question (1): Under QW-510(d). Standard Welding Procedure Specifications Date Issued: June 4. Visual Examinations Date Issued: February 26. Question (4): Does Section IX. QW-100. . provided all other essential variables remain the same? Reply: Yes. is it acceptable to weld the demonstration test coupon with only SMAW E7018 if the SWPS specifies both E6010 and E7018? Reply (3): No.1. Question (2): Under QW-510(d). All variables of the SWPSs are considered to be essential variables.

may a single process SWPS for E7018 and a single process SWPS for E6010 be used to complete a weld. Interpretation: IX-01-12 Subject: QW-322. to be welded” subsequent to the 2000 Addenda? Reply (1): Yes.2(a) and QW-452. His qualification has lapsed due to not welding with the original weld process for greater than 6 months. deposited weld metal. 2001 File No: 01-201 Background: ASME Section IX. Ref. Interpretation: IX-01-13 Subject: References to Edition and Addenda Date Issued: June 26. paras.1 reducing the coupon size from ¾ in. to qualify the welder for “Maximum to be welded” when welding a minimum of three layers. May the original qualification record be revised from “2t” to “Max. and has remained qualified since his original test. 2001 File No: 01-570 . Rule Change Affecting Welder Qualification Date Issued: June 4. Question (7): When using SWPSs under Article V of Section IX. QW-540(a) and (c). to ½ in. His renewal restores his original qualifications in accordance with QW-322.1. may a single process SWPS for E7018 and a single process SWPS for GTAW be used to complete a weld. assuming all other variables are within the SWPS parameters? Reply (6): No.Question (5): When using SWPSs under Article V of Section IX. His original test coupon consisted of at least three layers and greater than ½ in. paras. to be welded” subsequent to the 2000 Addenda? Reply (2): Yes. Question (1): A welder qualified prior to the 2000 Addenda. Question (6): When using SWPSs under Article V of Section IX. 2000 Addenda. Question (2): A welder was qualified prior to the 2000 Addenda. may a single welding process of a multiple SWPSs be used to complete a weld? Reply (5): No. His original test coupon consisted of at least three weld layers and greater than ½ in. assuming all other variables are within the SWPS parameters? Reply (7): No. revised Table QW-452. but less than ¾ in. QW-540(a) and (c). but less than ¾ in. QW-540(a) and (c). deposited weld metal.2(a). Ref. May the qualification recorded be revised from “2t” to “Max. Ref. paras.

1998 Edition)? Reply (1): Yes. or installer “be responsible for conducting tests to qualify the performance of welders which his organization employs in construction of weldments built in accordance with the Code. VOLUME 50 Interpretation: IX-01-14 Subject: QW-500.” It also requires that the manufacturer. The Use of SWPSs Date Issued: September 25. 2001 File No: 01-641 Background: Section IX requires that the manufacturer. may only the Edition be listed (i. but that welder is not an employee of the contractor at the time of the test. Question (2): Must the welder be an employee of any manufacturer or contractor at the time of qualification testing? Reply (2): No. assembler. incorporates the 1998 Addenda. assembler. or installer provide supervision and control over welders while they are welding test coupons for performance qualification. contractor. Question (2): For the 1998 Edition only. When providing reference to this Code Edition and Addenda within a Code-required document. 2001 File No: 01-332 Question: May a manufacturer or contractor adopt and use SWPSs in accordance with the rules of Article V for work on Code items built to an edition or addenda prior to the 1998 edition with the 2000 Addenda. Interpretation: IX-01-16 . as published.2.e. Interpretation: IX-01-15 Subject: QW-300. Is it required that the welder be an employee of that contractor at the time of qualification testing? Reply (1): No. Employer’s Responsibility Date Issued: September 15. is it necessary to revise Code-required documentation where the term “1998 Edition” was used as meaning the 1995 Edition through the 1997 Addenda? Reply (2): No.Question (1): The 1998 Code Edition. Question (1): An employee of a contractor provides supervision and control over a welder during welding of a test coupon. contractor. provided the construction code does not prohibit the use of SWPSs? Reply: Yes.

3(b) and QW-407.5 in.37? Reply (2): Yes. The strip filler metal does not meet the chemical requirements of Code Case 2142-1 (bare electrode and rod). is it permissible to identify the filler metal and flux on the WPS. Question (2): May Ni-Cr-Fe alloy filler metal that is not designated as F-43 per Code Case 21421 be used for welding if the welding procedure is qualified separately per QW-404.? . Interpretation: IX-01-17 Subject: QW-202. Question (1): Must the Ni-Cr-Fe alloy strip filler metal used for the SAW process meet the chemical composition requirements of Code Case 2142-1 to be classified as F-43 for procedure and performance qualifications? Reply (1): Yes. Question: May this PQR be used to support the weld of partial penetration groove welds per QW-202. Question (4): If the Ni-Cr-Fe alloy strip filler metal is not classified in an SFA specification.14. but both filler metal and weld deposit meet the chemical composition limits of Code Case 2143-1 (covered electrodes). Question (3): If the Ni-Cr-Fe alloy strip filler metal meets the chemical composition requirements of Code Case 2143-1 and was produced to the requirements of SFA-5.4 Date Issued: December 18. thick was welded with the SMAW process using multiple passes of ½ in.65 in. QW-202. and is not covered in Code Case 2142-1 or 2143-1. 2001 01-641 Background: The submerged are welding process is being used to deposit corrosion-resistant weld overlay for Section III. 2001 File No: 01-615 Background: A groove weld procedure qualification test coupon 1.2(b). max. The test coupon was given a subsequent post weld heat treatment exceeding the upper transformation temperature prior to the completion of mechanical testing.3(b) on base material thickness exceeding 1. PQR and WPQ by the manufacturer’s brand names? Reply (4): Yes. except for the chemical analysis. Subsection NB fabrication using a NI-Cr-Fe alloy strip filler metal and flux combination. thickness. may the filler metal be classified as F-43 for procedure and performance qualification? Reply (3): No.2(b) or weld repair and buildup welds per QW-202.Subject: Date Issued: File No: Code Case 2142-1 and 2143-1 December 18.

Reply: No.1(a) that included only a PWHT below the lower transformation temperature be used to support a WPS with PWHT above the upper transformation temperature and a subsequent PWHT below the lower transformation temperature? Reply (1): No. Interpretation: IX-01-18 Subject: QW-153.1(d). 2001 File No: 01-772 Question: Does the minimum specified tensile strength in QW/QB-422 supersede the AS/SB material tensile strength for procedure qualification? Reply: Yes.4(b) permit the maximum weld deposit thickness limit to be extended beyond the limit specified in QW-451.4. Combination of Processes. Acceptance Criteria for Tensile Strength Date Issued: December 18. Question (2): Does Section IX address the values to be used as transformation temperature? Reply (2): No. VOLUME 51 Interpretation: IX-01-21 Subject: QW-151. QW-322. QW-200. Interpretation: IX-01-20 Subject: QW-100.4(b).4(b).1? Reply: No. QW-202.1. 2001 File No: 01-813 Question (1): May a procedure qualification record subject to variable QW-407. Interpretation: IX-01-19 Subject: QW-202. Reduced Section – Plate.1 times the thickness of the test coupon. 2001 File No: 01-811 Question: Does QW-202.4 applies only to the base metal thickness limits. the maximum qualified thickness for production welds is 1. Dissimilar Base Metal Thickness Date Issued: December 18. a procedure qualification test coupon receiving a post weld heat treatment in which the upper transformation is exceeded.3 and QW-420. Expiration and Renewal of Qualifications Date Issued: January 19. P-Number Reassignment Date Issued: December 18.1. Per QW-407. 2002 File No: 01-035 .

Group 4 material prior to the establishment of P-Nos.3 and QW-420. 5B and 5C be used to weld SA-213 T22 to SA-213 T91 materials? Reply: Yes.Background [(1). 5. written to permit the welding of P-No. and semiautomatic FCAW and GMAW.1. Question (3): Do welders maintain their qualifications for semiautomatic GMAW and FCAW by welding with either GMAW or FCAW during the six-month period? Reply (3): Yes. Background [(4)]: A WPS was qualified using a Trade Name wire-flux combination that conforms to a classification in ASME Section II. Interpretation: IX-01-22 Subject: QW-100. Part C. 5. (3)]: A welder is qualified for manual SMAW and GTAW. Question (1): Do welders maintain their qualifications for manual SMAW and GTAW by welding with either semiautomatic GMAW or FCAW? Reply (1): No. Group 1 material to P-No. P-Number Reassignment Date Issued: March 11. Part C require requalification? Reply (4): No. Dissimilar Base Metal Thicknesses . Interpretation: IX-01-23 Subject: QW-202. 2002 File No: 01-679 Question: May a previous qualified WPS. (2). Question (2): Do welders maintain their qualifications for both SMAW and GTAW by welding with only one of the processes during the six-month period? Reply (2): No. 5A. The sum of the thickness of the three specimens was less than 60 mm.4. Background [(5)]: The tensile specimens of a 60 mm PQR test plate was divided into three pieces. Question (4): Does the substitution in the qualified WPS of a different Trade Name wire-flux combination that conforms to the same SFA Specification and classification in ASME Section II. Question (5): What is the allowable percentage thickness reduction from the original base metal thickness? Reply (5): Section IX does not address this issue.

Date Issued:
File No:

March 11, 2002
01-789

Question: A WPS is qualified to weld base material from 1.6 mm to 20 mm. May that WPS be
used for welding a part 30 mm thick that has been tapered to 15 mm thick to another 15 mm part?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: IX-01-24
Subject:
QW-200.4, Impact Test Qualification of Multi-process Welds
Date Issued:
March 11, 2002
File No:
01-814
Question: A welding procedure qualification is made using multiple welding processes on a
single test plate for an application where notch-toughness testing is required. The weld coupon
was welded with two passes, each of GTAW and FCAW, and the remainder with SAW process. Is
it required to take multiple sets of weld metal impact test specimens to include all welding
processes, when all welding could not be included in a single set of specimens?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: IX-01-25
Subject:
Section II, Part C
Date Issued:
March 11, 2002
File No:
01-815
Question: Does Section II, Part C mandate the use of SFA-5.01?
Reply: No.
Interpretation: IX-01-26
Subject:
QW-100.3, The Use of the Referenced Edition of the Code
Date Issued:
March 11, 2002
File No:
01-826
Background: A designer specifies a specific year of the ASME Code to be complied with for
the fabrication of a component, i.e., including 96 Addenda, and this component is installed in
2003.
Question (1): What year of Section IX does the installer use for qualifying welders/welding
operators?
Reply (1): Welders are qualified in accordance with the current edition and addenda of
Section IX in effect at the time of the qualification. See QW-100.3.
Question (2): What year of Section II does the installer use for purchasing welding materials?
Reply (2): Section IX does not address this issue. The question should be addressed to the

applicable construction code.
Interpretation: IX-01-27
Subject:
QW-452.1, Nominal Coupon Thickness
Date Issued:
March 11, 2002
File No:
02-111
Question: A welder welds a NPS 6 Schedule 80 test coupon that is 0.432 in. thick. He uses one
welding process, one set of essential variables, and deposits at least three layers of weld metal in
that test coupon. Is that welder qualified to weld “maximum to be welded”?
Reply: No. The nominal coupon thickness must be at least ½ in. thick in order for a welder to be
qualified for “maximum to be welded”.
VOLUME 52
Interpretation: IX-01-28
Subject:
QW-409.4, Electrical Characteristics
Date Issued:
May 22, 2002
File No:
02-2691
Question: Does QW-409.4 apply to the current type used to preheat the filler metal wire when
welding GTAW Hot-Wire Automatic or machine corrosion-resistant overlay?
Reply: No.
Interpretation: IX-01-29
Subject:
Section II, Part C, SFA Specifications, Marking of Packages
Date Issued:
October 3, 2002
File No:
02-2692
Background: ASME Section II, Part C, SFA Specifications state in the “Marking of Packages”
paragraphs that the AWS specification and classification designations must be marked on the
outside of each unit package.
Question (1): Must filler metal procured to an ASME SFA specification be marked with the
ASME SFA specification, such as ASME SFA-5.XX?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): Is marking the package with the AWS specification and classification, such as
AWS A5.XX EXXXX required?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): May the material manufacturer add the ASME specification (e.g., SFA-5.XX) to
the required AWS markings on the unit container?

Reply (3): Yes.
Interpretation: IX-01-30
Subject:
QW-403.5, Base Metal Requirements
Date Issued:
December 30, 2002
File No:
02-2693
Question: When impact testing of a heat-affected zone is required for nonferrous base
materials of the same P-Number, does a PQR with a UNS number designation (e.g., SB-619,
UNS N06022) qualify a WPS that specifies a different UNS number designation (e.g., SB-619
UNS N10276) within the same P-Number?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-01-31
Subject:
QW-423, Alternate Base Materials for Welder Qualification
Date Issued:
December 30, 2002
File No:
02-2694
Question (1): May a welder who has qualified on a P-Number base metal within the left
column of QW-423, weld any combination of P-Number base metals in the corresponding row
of the right column, within the limits of the other essential variable limits qualified?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): May a welder who has qualified on a P-Number base metal within the left
column of QW-423, weld one of the P-Number base metals in the corresponding row of the
right column to any other (dissimilar) P-Number in the corresponding row of the right column,
within the limits of the other essential variable limits qualified?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): May a welder who has qualified on a P-Number base metal within the left
column of QW-423 welded to an unassigned base metal, weld any combination of P-Number
base metals in the corresponding row of the right column to the unassigned metal, within the
limits of the other essential variable limits qualified?
Reply (3): Yes.
Interpretation: IX-01-32
Subject:
QW-200.4(b), Root Pass Procedure Qualification
Date Issued:
December 30, 2002
File No:
02-3449
Question: Do the provisions of QW-200.4(b) permit a GTAW procedure qualification test
weldment performed on a 13 mm thick coupon to support depositing a root pass in a

filler metal. The buttered ends are heat treated. filler metal.e. Question (4): Manufacturer D receives parts that have been buttered by manufacturers A. process. May manufacturer A weld parts that were buttered by manufacturer B? Reply (1): Yes.. May manufacturer D weld the buttered parts together using a groove weld test coupon qualified in accordance with QW-283. Question (5): Manufacturer D receives parts that have been buttered by manufacturers A. The minimum buttering thickness in all cases will be greater than 3/16 in. That test coupon is heat treated in the same manner as the heat treatment used for the buttering by manufacturer A. See QW-403. the as-welded portion . Interpretation: IX-01-33 Subject: QW-283. then the weld is completed using the same filler metal as was used for the buttering.6. B and C. and other essential variables as manufacturer A? Reply (4): Yes. Question (1): Manufacturer A qualifies a WPS by buttering the ends of the test coupons. Question (3): Manufacturer A receives parts that have been buttered by both manufacturers B and C. May the parts buttered by manufacturer B be welded by manufacturer A to parts buttered by manufacturer C? Reply (3): Yes.4(b) using the same process. process. Manufacturer B welds a groove weld test coupon of the same best metal using the same process.production joint of the qualified base metal having a thickness of 8 mm when impact testing is required? Reply: No. That test coupon is heat treated in the same manner as the heat treatment used for buttering by manufacturer A. Welds with Buttering Date Issued: December 30. B and C. Question (2): Manufacturer C welds a groove weld test coupon using the same base metal. May manufacturer A weld parts that were buttered by manufacturer C? Reply (2): Yes. filler metal. and other essential variables that manufacturer A used to join the buttered parts (i. the manufacturers develop and follow WPSs and PQRs based on the test coupons welded. which are the same material. filler metal and other essential variables as manufacturer A. and other essential variables as manufacturer A. May manufacturer D weld the buttered parts together using a buttered groove weld test coupon qualified using the same base metal. 2002 File No: 02-3896 Background: In all cases described below.

of the test) using a base metal that nominally matches the chemical analysis of the buttering used
by manufacturer A, B, or C?
Reply (5): Yes.
Question (6): Manufacturer E welds a groove weld test coupon of another base metal using the
same filler metal as manufacturer A. That test coupon is heat treated and tested in accordance
with QW-202.2(a). May manufacturer F, who has welded a test coupon in accordance with QW283.4(b), join parts buttered by manufacturer E?
Reply (6): Yes.
VOLUME 53
Interpretation: IX-01-34
Subject:
QB-203.1, Limits of Qualified Flow Positions for Procedures, and QB-408.4,
Joint Design; QB-303.3, Limits of Qualified Positions, and QB-408.1, Joint
Design
Date Issued:
March 13, 2003
File No:
02-3541
Background (1): QB-203.1 states: “Qualification in pipe shall qualify for plate, but not vice
versa. Horizontal-flow in pipe shall qualify for flat-flow in plate.” QB-408.4 states: “A
change in the joint type, e.g., from a butt to a lap or socket, from that qualified. For lap or
socket joints, a decrease in overlap length from that qualified.”
Question (1): Do procedure qualifications in plate lap joints qualify for tube-to-tube socket
joints for brazing procedure qualifications?
Reply (1): No.
Background (2): QB-303.3 states: “Qualifications in pipe shall qualify for plate, but not vice
versa. Horizontal-flow in pipe shall qualify for flat-flow in plate.” QB-408.1 states: “A
change in the joint type, i.e., from a butt to a lap or socket, from that qualified. For lap or
socket joints, an increase in lap length of more than 25% from the overlap used on brazer
performance qualification test coupon.”
Question (2): Do performance qualifications in plate lap joints qualify for tube-to-tube socket
joints for brazer performance qualifications?
Reply (2): No.
Interpretation: IX-01-35
Subject:
QW-451.1, Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits
Date Issued:
March 13, 2003
File No:
02-4075
Question (1): A test coupon is prepared as follows: A 1.75 in. plate is welded to 1.75 in. plate
with 1 in. thick weld. Per QW-451.1, is 8 in. the maximum thickness range of base metal
qualified?

Reply (1): Yes, except that further limits or exceptions may apply as stated in Notes (1) and (5)
of QW-451.1.
Question (2): Using the same test coupon as Question (1), where a single process was used to
deposit the entire weld thickness, is 8 in. the maximum thickness of the weld metal permitted per
QW-451.1?
Reply (2): Yes, except that further limits or exceptions may apply as stated in Notes (1) and (5)
of QW-451.1.
Interpretation: IX-01-36
Subject:
QW-301.4, Record of Welder Performance Qualification
Date Issued:
March 13, 2003
File No:
02-4198
Background: For welder’s performance qualification, a multiple layer groove weld is made on a
single test coupon using one welder for first layer and another welder for the second.
Question: QW-301.4 requires a record of welder performance qualification. May a single form
be used to record the essential variables, the type of test and test results, and the ranges qualified
in accordance with QW-452 for each welder and welding operator?
Reply: Section IX specifies information required to be recorded, but does not specify the format
of the records.
Interpretation: IX-01-37
Subject:
QW-404.33, Change in SFA Specifications for Filler Metal Classification
Date Issued:
May 19, 2003
File No:
03-263
Question: Does the expression “a change in the SFA specification filler metal classification” refer
to a change in the AWS classification?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: IX-01-38
Subject:
Section II, Part C, SFA 5.1, Table 1
Date Issued:
May 19, 2003
File No:
03-274
Question: May a welder qualify with E7018 electrode using either uphill or downhill
progression?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: IX-01-39
Subject:
QW-401.3, Supplemental Essential Variable (Procedure)
Date Issued:
May 19, 2003
File No:
03-469

Background: A company has qualified a PQR to satisfy all testing requirements other than notch
toughness for welding P1 Group 2 to P1 Group 2 by the SAW process. Another test coupon is
subsequently prepared using the WPS written on the original PQR and an additional PQR is then
qualified with only testing for notch toughness, as allowed by the Code, to supplement the
original PQR for welding with impact requirements. However, the preheat value (an essential
variable) used to qualify the original PQR was 150°F. The preheat temperature was less than
150°F.
Question: May the supplemental PQR with reduced preheat be used with the original PQR to
support a WPS for notch toughness application?
Reply: Yes, provided that the requirements of QW-406.1 are met.
Interpretation: IX-01-40
Subject:
QW-201/QW-201.1, Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility
Date Issued:
May 19, 2003
File No:
03-740
Background: Several manufacturing organizations within the same company perform welding
procedure qualifications in accordance with Section IX. Each manufacturing organization
performs these activities in accordance with specific Quality Assurance Program(s)/Quality
Control System(s) that comply with their ASME Construction Code Certificate(s) of
Authorization and describe operational control of qualifications.
Question: Is it permitted for any of the manufacturing organizations within the company to use
WPSs and PQRs qualified by any of the other manufacturing organizations?
Reply: Yes, this is permitted by QW-201.
VOLUME 54
Interpretation: IX-04-01
Subject:
QW-151.3, Tension Test Turned Specimen
Date Issued:
September 15, 2003
File No:
02-3586
Background: ASME Section IX, Paragraph QW-151.3(b) states, " For thicknesses over 1" (25
mm), multiple specimens shall be cut through the full thickness of the weld with their centers
parallel to the metal surface and not over 1" (25 mm) apart. The centers of the specimens
adjacent to the metal surface shall not exceed 5/8" (16 mm) from the surface."
Question (1): Does the specified distance between specimens of 'not over 1" apart' refer to the
distance between the centers of the specimens?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): How many tension tests would be required for a 2-1/2" thick groove welding
procedure qualification test coupon welded full thickness?

Note: This interpretation originally appeared in Volume 54. See QW-451. 8 with no PWHT support a WPS with PWHT? Reply (1): QW-407. QW-410. is a WPS qualified for application of multiple layers? Reply (1): No. is a WPS qualified for application of single layer? Reply (2): No. Question (2): When multiple layers are recorded in the PQR. Interpretation: IX-04-04 Subject: QW-401. 8 material be considered a PWHT operation? Reply (2): See QW-407.38 Date Issued: September 15.1 apply. The essential variables in QW-258.38 is listed as an essential variable for corrosionresistant overlay. Postweld Heat Treatment Date Issued: September 15.1. See QW-407.1(b). 2003 File No: 03-1029 Background: The elctroslag welding process is used to apply a corrosion-resistant overlay. what is the minimum number of specimens that must be removed for each tension test set? Reply (3): Three.1(d) for a 2-1/2" thick groove welding procedure qualification test coupon welded full thickness.Reply (2): Two. Question (3): When reduced section turned tension test specimens are used in accordance with QW-462. Interpretation: IX-04-03 Subject: QW-407.1 .1(a) which qualified P-No. 2003 File No: 03-1212 Question (1): May a procedure qualification record subject to the variable QW-407. The “P8” has been corrected by Errata to read “P-No.1 and QW-410.1(a) does not apply to P-No.1(b). 8 to P-No. Question (1): When a single layer is recorded in the PQR.3 Supplemental Essential Variable . 8 materials. Interpretation: IX-04-02 Subject: QW-258. 8”. Question (2): Would application of controlled and monitored heat to the weld and surrounding area for the correction of distortion in P-No.

bend. but only impact specimens were tested.1(e) Date Issued: December 30.3. 2003 File No: 03-1664 Background: Two tubes under 3" diameter are separately torch brazed into each end of a coupling using face fed filler in the same position with all the remaining brazing variables the same for both joints. Question (2): Since the same inside diameter. see QB-463.Date Issued: File No: September 15. 2003 File No: 03-1583 Question: Two separate PQRs with identical welding process exist for a 6 mm and an 8 mm base metal thickness. and impact testing specimens. see QW-451. brazed in this manner. with all the essential and supplementary essential variables unchanged.5 mm through 57 mm material requiring notch toughness testing? Reply (1): No. Two PQRs are recorded on 12 mm and 28.1(e).5 mm thick coupons using tensile. to weld a 28 mm thick production joint? Reply: No. Question (1): Does one tensile specimen.1(e). The coupon is pulled to failure which occurs in the weaker of the two brazed joints. outside diameter. The “WP” in Question (1) has been corrected by Errata to read “WPS”. Question (2): May these three PQRs be combined to support welding base metal thicknesses of 4.2(f) and QW-451 Date Issued: December 30. Question (1): May these PQRs be combined to support a WPS for welding 2. Interpretation: IX-04-05 Subject: QW-200. A third PQR was made using 5 mm thick plate using the same welding parameters. 2003 03-1246 Background: A WPS is supported by three PQRs. May these PQRs support a WPS.3 for two tension tests? Reply (1): Yes.3. cross-sectional area ultimate . Note: This interpretation originally appeared in Volume 54. Interpretation: IX-04-06 Subject: QB-151. as shown in QB-462. The resulting ultimate tensile strength exceeds the minimum specified values listed in QW/QB422.8 through 57 mm with or without notch toughness? Reply (2): Yes. fulfill the requirement in QB-451. and QB-462. QB-451.

Procedure Qualification Record Time Limits . may the same values be recorded for the two tension tests on the Brazing PQR? Reply (2): Yes. b) The base metal and deposited weld metal thickness limits of QW-451 are applied.9. in thickness? Reply: No.3 and QW-461. and type of failure exist for both lap joints.3 and QW-202. SMAW and SAW. 2003 File No: 03-1686 Question: Does QW-310.1 apply if the pipe coupon is welded in the 6G position? Reply: No. Interpretation: IX-04-07 Subject: QW-310. when applicable.load. 2004 File No: 03-1770 Background: A combination weld process PQR was qualified using the GTAW for the root pass. Question: Is the WPS qualified to make a weld deposit greater than 1/2 in.9 Date Issued: December 30. in one pass. are applied. 2004 File No: 04-65 Background: An EGW procedure was qualified on 3/8 in..1.4. in base metal greater than 1/2 in. Combination of Welding Procedures Date Issued: April 1.2. provided the following are met: a) The remaining essential. Interpretation: IX-04-10 Subject: QW-100. Base Metal Thickness Date Issued: April 1. nonessential and supplementary essential variables. Interpretation: IX-04-09 Subject: QW-403. ultimate tensile strength. VOLUME 55 Interpretation: IX-04-08 Subject: QW-200. thick base material completing the weld joint in one (1) single pass. QW-452. Question: May this PQR support a WPS for welding with only one or two of the processes shown on the PQR? Reply: Yes.

QW-202. Dissimilar Base Metal Thicknesses Date Issued: December 22. See QW-100. but may only be used to support WPSs. Base metal T1 is qualified 3/16” to 2” and base metal T2 is qualified 3/16” to 8”. Background: A procedure qualification test coupon using the same or different P-Number materials and consisting of two plates of different thicknesses. Question (3): Does this test coupon qualify the WPS for both base metals of different P Numbers for a thickness range of 3/16” to 8”? Reply (3): No. 2004 File No: 04-599 Background: A procedure qualification test coupon using the same P-Number material and consisting of two plates of different thicknesses are welded together.1. Question (2).4. provided they meet the requirements of the 1962 or later Edition of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section IX. Question (2): Does this test coupon qualify the WPS for both base metals for a thickness range of 3/16” to 8” on both sides of the weld joint? Reply (2): Yes. Question (1): Does this test coupon qualify the WPS for a base metal thickness range of 3/16” to 8”? Reply (1): See Interpretation IX-86-43.3. where the thicker of the two plates (T2 = 1-1/2” thick) has been tapered on a 4:1 taper down to the thinner plate thickness (T1 = 1” thick).4(b)(1). The joint is welded in accordance with the sketch below.1. Interpretation: IX-04-11 Subject: QW-451. 2004 04-601 Question: Is there a time limit on the validity of a PQR? Reply: PQRs always remain valid. Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens and QW-202. The thicknesses meet on the same plane with neither plate being tapered.4 requires both base metal thicknesses be in accordance with QW451. except as permitted by QW-202. T 2 = 1-1/2” thick and T1 = 1” thick welded with a single process.Date Issued: File No: June 10. .

1 require that the highest heat input. When documenting the PQR with actual variables (Amps.2(b).1 be measured in the same weld pass or unit length of weld? .2. See QW-200.1(b). Renewal of Qualification Date Issued: December 22. Travel Speed) that were recorded during welding of the test coupon. 2004 File No: 04-1457 Background: A welder has been qualified for the GMAW process (short circuiting transfer mode). resulting in expiration of the qualification. Electrical Characteristics. 2004 File No: 04-1013 Question (1): Does QW-409. Question: May a welder’s qualification be renewed by radiographing a production weld performed with the GMAW process (short circuiting transfer mode)? Reply: No. Therefore. amps and travel speed used to calculate heat input for each process per QW-409. Interpretation: IX-04-14 Subject: QW-200. to be recorded on the PQR. The required mechanical bend tests were performed and found to be acceptable.1. Procedure Qualification Record and QW-409.Interpretation: IX-04-12 Subject: QW-409. Electrical Characteristics.2. Heat Input Date Issued: December 22. The welder did not weld with this process during the following six-month period. Heat Input Date Issued: December 22. is it required that a single value be recorded for these variables in the PQR? Reply (1): No.1 be used to control the heat input for a non-consumable electrode welding process such as GTAW? Reply (2): See Interpretation IX-92-40. See QW-322. Interpretation: IX-04-13 Subject: QW-322.1. Volts.2(a). Question (2): GTAW is a non-consumable electrode welding process that would record zero for the “per unit length of electrode” in QW-409. be calculated on the parameters used at the location where the HAZ impact specimens are removed? Reply (1): No. can the weld volume method detailed in QW-409. Question (2): Must the volts. 2004 File No: 04-1592 Question (1): Procedure Qualification tests were conducted with notch toughness testing.

5 hours with supplementary essential variable requirements met. 2005 File No: 04-1418 Question (1): A PQR is qualified with impact testing using API 5L X56.1.1. PWHT Temperature and Time Range Date Issued: December 22. thick P-No. 1. F. F. Group 2 material.1. thick weldment be increased to 4 hours and 10 minutes at 1100 deg. Question (2): Does a PQR qualified with impact testing conducted using an unassigned material welded to an S-No. for 3. could the PWHT time on the 8 in.1. Base Metal Thickness Qualification and QW-407. .Reply (2): Yes. Does that PQR support a WPS for impact tested welding API 5L X52 and X46 which are S-No. F. Group 2 material support a WPS for welding the same unassigned material to S-No. and still be in compliance with Code requirements? Reply (2): No.5 in. Gr. Electrical Characteristics Date Issued: May 19. thick P-No.5. 2 material and post weld heat treated at 1100 deg. 1. Gr. Qualification of Dissimilar Group Number Base Metals Date Issued: March 8. support a WPS with supplementary essential variable requirements for production welding on 8 in. 2 material that is PWHT at 1100 deg. 2004 File No: 04-1595 Question (1): Will a procedure qualification test coupon on 1. 2005 File No: 05-635 Note: Interpretation IX-92-69 has been withdrawn Interpretation: IX-04-16 Subject: QW-403. Question (2): Based on the conditions stated in Question 1.5 hours? Reply (1): No. Interpretation: IX-04-15 Subject: QW-407.2. Group 1 material? Reply (2): No. Group 1 materials? Reply (1): No. VOLUME 56 Interpretation: IX-92-69 Subject: QW-409. which is an S-No.2.1. for 1.

be tested in accordance with Section II. as defined in SFA-5. 2005 File No: 05-24 Question: May current levels outside the range of SFA 5. PQR B is welded with GTAW and SMAW to join 13 mm (½ in.) to 200 mm (8 in.) when impact testing is not required? Reply (1): Yes. Combination Procedure Qualification Records Date Issued: March 8. Interpretation: IX-04-19 Subject: QW-404. Part C regardless of the source of slag? Reply: Yes.36. QW-256.) of GTAW deposit. and 10 mm (3/8 in. 2005 File No: 05-26 Question: Does QW-404. with 3 mm (1/8 in.8.12 Table AI for specific tungsten electrode diameters be specified in a WPS in accordance with Section IX? Reply: Yes.) thick plates with 38 mm (1-½ in.) of SMAW deposited. PQR A is welded with SMAW to join 38 mm (1-½ in.4(b).) for the SMAW process? Reply (2): Yes.Interpretation: IX-04-17 Subject: QW-409. Testing of Recrushed Slag Date Issued: March 8.) of SMAW deposit.) when impact testing is required? Reply (3): Yes. Interpretation: IX-04-18 Subject: QW-200.36 require that each batch or blend of recrushed slag. Question (3): When impact tests are performed for both PQRs with acceptable results.17.) to 200 mm (8 in.) for the GTAW process and 200 mm (8 in. Question (2): Do PQRs A and B qualify the combination WPS for a maximum deposited weld metal thickness of 6 mm (¼ in. Question (1): Do PQRs A and B qualify the combination WPS for a base metal thickness range of 5 mm (3/16 in.) thick plates. do PQRs A and B qualify the combination WPS for a base metal thickness range of 13 mm (½ in. 2005 File No: 05-25 Background: A combination GTAW and SMAW WPS is supported by two PQRs. SFA Specifications. . Filler Metals. GTAW Electrode Characteristics Date Issued: March 8.

Revoking Welder Qualifications Date Issued: May 19. in terms of QW-322.2.2 mm) as per QW-184? Reply (1): No. 2005 File No: 04-1301 Question: When variable QW-407.Interpretation: IX-04-20 Subject: QW-407. without requalification of the procedure? Reply: Yes. P-No. QW-184 does not apply to production welds. F.1 times the thickness of the test coupon for ferrous P number materials.1(b)? Reply (2): Section IX does not establish criteria for revoking welder qualifications.4 specifies that the PWHT be performed at 1125 deg.25 deg.1 through P-No. which is below the lower transformation temperature for the material. which is also below the transformation temperature. produces fillet welds with one leg size twice the size of the other (3/8 versus 3/4 in. F +/. Interpretation: IX-04-22 Subject: QW-407. qualified as per previous question. F +/. 2005 File No: 05-528 Question (1): A welder qualified for fillet welds by a qualification test on a plate groove weld is required to weld a fillet weld of 3/8 in. (10 mm) leg on a nozzle to shell weld. Is this cause for questioning his/her ability to weld within the qualification parameters and revoke his/her qualification for fillet welds. Interpretation: IX-04-21 Subject: QW-184 and QW-322. 2005 .1. F.4 to P-No. 9A through P-No11B? Reply: Yes Interpretation: IX-04-23 Subject: QW-211 and QW-310. Is the welder required to produce fillet welds with legs having a maximum difference in length of 1/8 in.7 and P-No. Question (2): The same welder.25 deg. Welding Procedure Specification. Procedure Qualification for Groove Welds with Backing (2004 Edition) Date Issued: August 18. (3. Production Welds.4 applies per QW-250 for test coupons with postweld heat treatment exceeding the upper transformation temperature is the maximum thickness qualified 1.).1.4. Postweld Heat Treatment Date Issued: March 8. 2005 File No: 05-293 Question: A WPS for joining P-No. May this WPS be revised to specify a PWHT performed at 1225 deg. Qualified Thickness Range when Exceeding the PWHT Upper Transformation Temperature Date Issued: May 27.

6 mm (0.66 in. Only two (2) turned 0. Tension Test Requirements for Turned Specimens (2004 Edition) Date Issued: November 17. Question: May the test coupon described above be used for a performance qualification test in the 6G position welded with a single process to qualify for all position welding of unlimited weld metal thickness with backing and for all diameters 25 mm (1 in.9. Interpretation: IX-04-24 Subject: QW-461. Interpretation: IX-04-25 Subject: QW-151.) deep and has integral backing.D.) O.20 mm (1. however. May this welder deposit a root pass using SMAW with F4 filler in the 6G position without backing? Reply: No. The test coupon will be subjected to radiographic examination. and greater? Reply: Yes.D. Performance Qualification – Position and Diameter Limitations (2004 Edtion) Date Issued: November 15.505 inch diameter tension specimens were prepared and tested.File No: 05-784 Background: A performance qualification test is performed using solid round bar machined to 42. Welding is performed in the 6G test position with a single welding process. multiple test coupons are required to provide a minimum weld length of 150 mm (6 in.575 in.3 and QW-451. 2005 File No: 05-1404 Background: A test coupon of 1 1/8” thickness was welded. The test results were acceptable for the specimens tested.) O. 2005 File: 05-1195 Question: A welder was qualified on pipe 5/8” thick in the 6G position using the GTAW process without backing for his root pass. Question (1): Do the tension tests performed satisfy the requirements of QW-150 and QW-451? Reply (1): No. and SMAW with F4 filler metal to complete the joint. Question (2): Are the requirements of QW-150 and QW-451 satisfied if the WPS and this PQR supports is limited to a base metal thickness range of 3/16 to 2 inches instead of a base metal thickness range of 3/16 to 2-1/4 inches that would have been permitted had a sufficient number of . At least three weld layers are deposited. with a machined circumferential weld groove that is 14.) for radiographic examination and the radiographic examination requirements of QW-191 are met. He is also qualified to weld using SMAW on plate in the 1G position without backing.

Question: May the LLP use PQR’s qualified by company A after the formation of the LLP? Reply: Yes. existing ASME Certificates of Authorization. Interpretation: IX-04-27 Subject: Units of Measurement Date Issued: February 22. The welding procedure qualification tests and production welding are under the full supervision and control of the same individual representing both the LLP and company A. 2006 File No: 05-1196 Background: Two independent companies A and B form a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) to perform work requiring ASME Section I Code Stamp. with a conversion table as part of the welding manual to ensure that qualification limits are not exceeded? Reply (2): Yes. Interpretation: IX-04-28 Subject: QW-405. VOLUME 57 Interpretation: IX-04-26 Subject: QW-201. Welding Position (2004 Edition) Date Issued: June 21. Code Case 2523 provides information about when such conversions are required and the requirements for performing such conversions. Each company also has valid. with a conversion table as part of the welding manual to ensure that qualification limits are not exceeded? Reply (1): Yes. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility (2004 Edition) Date Issued: February 22. Question (2): Is it acceptable to maintain welding procedure specifications that are dual dimensioned with SI units primary and US Customary units in parenthesis.tension specimens been tested? Reply (2): No. The organization effective operational control of welding procedure qualification is described in each of the partner’s Quality Control System Manuals and the LLP’s Quality Control System Manual. 2006 .2. The LLP has obtained valid ASME Certificates of Authorization. Code Case 2523 provides information about when such conversions are required and the requirements for performing such conversions. 2006 File No: 05-1215 Question (1): Is it acceptable to maintain welder performance qualification records in SI units.

5.1(b)(2) addresses PWHT within a specified temperature range. and 5C.) VOLUME 58 Interpretation: IX-01-22R Subject: QW-100. Group 1 material to P-No. Question (2): If a Stud Welding Procedure Qualification is performed in the 4S and 2S position does the same procedure qualification also qualify for all positions? Reply (2): No.File No: 06-323 Question (1): If a Stud Welding Procedure Qualification is performed in the 4S position does the same procedure qualification qualify for the 1S position? Reply (1): No. Pressure Vessel and Heat Exchanger Expansion Joints. 45). Interpretation: IX-07-01 Subject: QW-407.1. and Mandatory Appendix 26. written to permit the welding of P-No.1(b). if the WPS is revised to limit the materials qualified for welding to the P. Postweld Heat Treatment (2004 Edition) Date Issued: February 6. 1. 2007 File No: 06-285 Background: A manufacturer has fabricated multi-convolution bellows of SB-409 UNS N08800. QW-407.1(b). N08810 or N08811 (P-No. Interpretation: IX-04-29 Subject: QW-407.3 and QW-420. Although the . be used to weld SA-213 T22 to SA-213 T91 materials? Reply: Yes. (See the fourth paragraph of the Introduction. P-Number Reassignment (2004 Edition) Date Issued: September 11. 2007 File No: 01-679.1(b)(2) address the temperature ranges for stress relieving. 04-600 Question: May a previously qualified WPS. Group 4 material prior to the establishment of P-Nos. 5. 5A. in accordance with ASME Section VIII Div. Postweld Heat Treatment Date Issued: June 21. 5B. stabilizing and/or solution annealing heat treatments? Reply: No. 2006 File No: 06-462 Question: Does QW-407. Section IX requires the temperature range to be specified on the WPS and the PQR supporting the WPS be within the specified PWHT temperature range.or SNumber(s) and Group number(s) assigned to the specific material(s) originally used for the procedure qualification test coupon in the applicable edition and addenda of Section IX.

Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility (2004 Edition) Date Issued: August 17. Filler Metal Product Form (2007 Edition) Date Issued: August 17. Interpretation: IX-07-03 Subject: QW-409. “bare wire” or “flux cored” be specified in addition to the AWS filler metal classification in the WPS and supporting PQR? Reply (2): No.2007 File No: 07-1041 Question: Does QW-409. Question: Is the heat treatment described above considered Postweld Heat Treatment for the purpose of welding procedure qualification in accordance with Section IX. Each of the construction companies holds their own Certificate of Authorization. They have a unified Quality Assurance Program but the consortium does not hold a Certificate of Authorization. 2007 File No: 06-912 Background: Three construction companies have participated in a nuclear power plant construction project as a consortium contractor. FCAW Mode of Transfer (2004 Edition) Date Issued: August 17.2. para. Interpretation: IX-07-04 Subject: QW-404. Interpretation: IX-07-02 Subject: QW-201.Code does not require it. the transfer mode variable. F) subsequent to completing all welding and forming.1(b)? Reply: Yes.23 satisfied when the AWS filler metal classification is specified in the WPS and recorded on the supporting PQR? Reply (1): Yes. 2007 File No: 07-1343 Question (1): Is the requirement to document essential variable QW-404.2. Question: Does “two or more companies of different names in an organization” in QW-201 apply to the consortium described in the background? Reply: No. apply to the flux cored arc welding process? Reply: Yes.23 require the words “solid wire”. . Question (2): Does QW-404. the manufacturer performs heat treatment (at 1750 deg. QW-407.23.

3 applies when later Code Editions and Addenda have added new variables for a given welding process. Group 2 plate material to itself and postweld heat treated at 1110°F .P-No.3 and QW-420. 1. Change of P-No. Question: Will this PQR support a WPS that specifies a PWHT temperature range below the lower transformation temperature provided the time at temperature does not exceed 12. 5B. Postweld Heat Treatment (2007 Edition) Date Issued: December 11. and 5C. Interpretation: IX-07-06 Subject: QW-407.5B materials to each other. While this WPS can be shown to be qualified for welding P-No. Based upon the original PQR. 5A. with SA-213-T9 being assigned to P-No. See QW-420.5 materials. . The PQR documents all supplementary essential variable notch-toughness requirements. and CrMo materials have been reassigned to P-Nos.610°C) for ten hours.5B material. 2007 File No: 04-600 Background: A welding procedure was qualified in 1975 (without impact testing) for joining PNo. See QW-403.3 allows the continued use of welding procedures qualified under previous Editions and Addenda of the Code without revision to include any variables required by later Editions and Addenda.1. it is intended that the WPS be editorially revised to show applicability of the WPS to the originally qualified materials under the material grouping assignment found in the applicable Edition and Addenda of Section IX.3 to allow the use of this WPS to join PNo.1 and QW200.2.Interpretation: IX-07-05 Subject: QW-100.5 has since been deleted. P-No. and 5C (2004 Edition) Date Issued: September 11. the WPS is qualified only for joining materials assigned to P-No. . 5B.5A.2(c).5? Reply (2): No.1 and QW-407. QW-100. using SA-213-T9 in the PQR test coupon.5 into P-No. 2007 File No: 07-1708 Background: A weld test coupon for a PQR was welded using P-No.5A.13.5B.1130°F (600°C .5 hours? Reply: Yes. Notchtoughness is required and all qualification ranges are supported by the PQR for production welds. Question (2): Is it the intent of Section IX that the WPS described above is acceptable for joining all materials previously assigned P-No.5C materials without requalification when toughness is not a consideration? Reply (1): No. as an Essential Variable with Respect to Reassignment of P-No.5B or P-No. It can be demonstrated that SA-213-T9 is now designated as a P-No. Is it the intent of QW-100. Question (1): QW-100.5B under the current Section IX rules.

) be added to a PQR at a later date when the testing was not performed as part of the original PQR. Question (3): Is this individual qualified to make through-wall repairs using the GTAWmanual process to the root of a NPS 6 (DN 150) Schedule 40 pipe groove weld that was originally performed using the GTAW-machine process with a consumable insert if the defect removal results in a repair cavity with an open root? Reply (3): Yes. Each qualification test is performed independently and welded full thickness by the process used to make the root weld Question (1): Is this individual qualified to weld a NPS 6 (DN 150) Schedule 40 pipe groove weld by making the root weld with the GTAW-machine process with a consumable insert and then completing the weld using the GTAW-manual process? Reply (1): Yes. 2008 File No: 08-40 Background: QW-356 lists the essential variables for Welder Performance Qualification for manual GTAW.VOLUME 59 Interpretation: IX-07-07R Subject: QW-404. 2008 File No: 08-209 Question (1): Can additional tests and data that are not required by Section IX (i. Changes to PQR (2007 Edition) Date Issued: February 12. hardness ferrite. QW-404. the use of consumable inserts.e. Question (2): Is this individual qualified to make non-through wall weld repairs using the GTAW-manual process to a NPS 6 (DN 150) Schedule 40 pipe groove weld that was originally performed using the GTAW-machine process with a consumable insert? Reply (2): Yes. Use of Consumable Inserts (2007 Edition) Date Issued: February 12.. Interpretation: IX-07-08 Subject: QW-200.22. .2(c). etc. is an essential variable for Welder Performance Qualification within QW-356. An individual performs the following two qualification tests: (a) Groove weld using the GTAW-machine process on a NPS 6 (DN 150) Schedule 40 pipe coupon with a consumable insert. but followed the conditions of the original qualification? Reply (1): Yes. (b) Groove weld using the GTAW-manual process on a NPS 6 (DN 150) Schedule 40 pipe coupon with an open root. corrosion.22.

Interpretation: IX-07-09 Subject: QW-401.1 allow maintaining effective operational control of PQRs and WPSs under different ownership than existed during the original procedure qualification when the ownership of one company has been transferred more than once? Reply: Yes.24 in. (25 mm) plate.1875 in. 2008 File No: 08-576 Background: A welding procedure qualification was performed on a 1 in. 2008 . also be a qualified welder or welding operator? Reply: No. Interpretation: IX-07-11 Subject: QW-301. be required? Reply (2): Yes. including date. (50 mm)? Reply: Yes. A second welding procedure qualification was performed on a 0.1 Date Issued: December 3. (6 mm) plate and only impact testing was performed. would recertification. Qualification Tests Date Issued: November 26. Tension and bend tests were performed on the 1 in.6.1 Date Issued: September 18. under the supervision and control of the welder or welding operator performing the weld. (5 mm) to 2 in. All changes to a PQR require recertification (including date) by the manufacturer or contractor per QW-200.2 require that a person making adjustments to the welding equipment settings.3 and QW-403.Question (2): If the tests and data noted in Question 1 are added to the PQR. Question: May the above PQRs be used to support a WPS for materials requiring notch toughness with a qualified thickness range of 0. (25 mm) thick test coupon.2. Thickness Range Qualified for Impact Testing (2007 Edition) Date Issued: May 1.2(c). Interpretation: IX-07-10 Subject: QW-201. Interpretation: IX-07-12 Subject: QW-466. 2008 File No: 08-1002 Question: Does QW-201. 2008 File No: 08-1607 Question: Does QW-301. All of the essential and supplementary essential variables remained the same except for the coupon thickness.

C. must each welder complete the entire circumference of the pipe coupon? Reply (1): Yes. UNS S20910 include all three (3) of the heat treatment conditions (annealed.1? Reply: No. Interpretation: IX-07-13 Subject: QW-483 and QW-484 Date Issued: December 3. 2009 File No: 09-567 Question (1): If radiographic examination per QW-302. when the material P-No.2 is done for qualification of 2 welders on a single pipe coupon welded in the 6G position. . Group No. 2008 File No: 08-1464 Question (1): May the manufacturer or contractor. Question (2): Does Section IX specify the qualifications for the individuals who certify procedure or performance qualification records? Reply (2): No. 8. Type XM-19. is assigned as “All Others” and the material specification of the ASME Code Section II does not have any requirements for reporting elongation. VOLUME 60 Interpretation: IX-07-14 Subject: QW/QB-422 Date Issued: June 4. 2009 File No: 09-486 Question: Does the assignment of P-No.2 Date Issued: August 18.File No: 08-1161 Question: In Table QW-466. subcontract the certification of procedure or performance qualification records? Reply (1): No. 3 to SA-479. B. Interpretation: IX-10-01 Subject: Article III . is the manufacturer limited to performing a base metal tension test to determine the proper test jig dimensions A.1 & QW-302.1.QW-302. hot-rolled and strain-hardened) specified by SA-479? Reply: Yes. and D of Table QW-466.

2(e)? Reply (2): Yes.FCAW Date Issued: August 18.Question 2: If mechanical testing per QW-302.2(d) or QW-463. provided the transfer mode is not the short circuiting mode? Reply (1): Yes. Interpretation: IX-10-04 Subject: QW-100. .2(b) Date Issued: August 18.1 Date Issued: November 12. Interpretation: IX-10-02 Subject: QW-300. 2009 File No: 09-490 Background: A later Edition /Addenda of Section IX assigns a P-number different from that assigned by the Edition/Addenda of Section IX that was in effect at the time of qualification. Question (1): Is it required that the WPS be revised or a new WPS be written to identify the new P-number when the applicable code edition/addenda lists the material under the new P-number? Reply (1): Yes. is the welder also qualified for the Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW) process if the essential variables are unchanged? Reply (2): Yes. so that issues such as the essential variables and inspections during the test can be verified and satisfied for each welder or welding operator qualified? Reply: Yes.3 and QW-420. Question (2): When qualifying a welder in accordance with the essential variables listed in QW355 for the Gas Metal-Arc Welding (GMAW) process and the requirements of QW-304 are met.1 is done for qualification of 2 welders on a single pipe coupon welded in the 6G position. must each welder complete the entire circumference of the pipe coupon in order to remove the required bend specimens in accordance with QW-463. 2009 File No: 09-747 Question: Is the manufacturer or contractor required to provide full supervision during the performance qualification testing. Interpretation: IX-10-03 Subject: QW-304 & QW-355 . 2009 File No: 09-1012 Question (1): May radiographic examination meeting the requirements of QW-304 be used to qualify a welder using the Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW) process.

5 Date Issued: December 11. Interpretation: IX-10-05 Subject: QW-452. 2009 File No: 09-1596 Background: A fillet weld performance qualification test is performed using a production assembly mockup. Background: A later Edition/Addenda of Section IX assigns a F-number different from that assigned by the Edition/Addenda of Section IX that was in effect at the time of qualification. base material thickness. assignment? Reply (6): No. Question (6): Is it required that the WPS or PQR be amended to reflect the new filler metal F-No. or configuration of the mockup? Reply: Yes. Interpretation: IX-10-06 Subject: QW-452. Question: Must a welder or a welding operator using a production mockup assembly be qualified for a change in fillet size.1 Date Issued: December 2. Question (7): May the WPS or PQR be amended to reflect the new filler metal F-No. 2009 .2. assignment? Reply (7): Yes.Question (2): Is it required that the WPS be revised or a new WPS be written to identify the new P-number when the applicable code edition/addenda lists the material under the old P-number? Reply (2): No Question (3): Is it required that a supporting PQR be amended to show the new P-number assignment? Reply (3): No. Question 4: May a supporting PQR be amended to show the new P-number assignment? Reply (4): Yes.5 & QW-181. Question (5): May a supporting PQR be amended to show both the old and the new P-number assignments? Reply (5): Yes.

File No: 08-210 Question: Is it the intent of QW-452.5.3. Interpretation: IX-10-07 Subject: QW-250 Date Issued: December 31. Interpretation: IX-10-09 Subject: QB-451. support a WPS for production with both solution annealing at 1060ºC (1940ºF) and stabilization heat treatment at 950ºC (1742ºF) for 2 hours? Reply: No. QW410. 10H materials? Reply (1): No. is it the intent of the Committee that the materials to be brazed shall be qualified using any convenient thickness and geometry suitable for performing the tension and section testes required by QB-451. 10H materials? Reply (2): Yes. and that a greater range of base metal thickness may be qualified using workmanship test coupons in accordance with QB-451. QW-409.4 applies when specified in QW250 for P-No.10 apply when specified in QW-250 for P-No.2 Date Issued: February 17.1.8 material with solution annealing PWHT at 1060ºC (1940ºF) for 1 hour and impact tested.9.5 to permit welder or welding operator fillet weld performance qualification testing to be conducted using test coupon thicknesses greater than 3/8” thick? Reply: Yes. 2010 File No: 09-513 Question: May a procedure qualification subject to the variable QW-407. Question (2): Is it the intent of the Code that Variable QW-407.5? .6.3.2. VOLUME 61 Interpretation: IX-10-08 Subject: QW-407. QW-406.3 and QB-451. 2010 File No: 09-883 Question: For components such as valve bodies and seats in which materials of suitable geometry and thickness are not normally available to make up lap joint test coupons as required by QB451. 2009 File No: 09-588 Question (1): Is it the intent of the Code that Variables QW-403.3. and QW-410. for P-No. Workmanship Coupons Date Issued: February 17.

1 – Procedure Qualification Using Production Assembly Mockup Date Issued: February 17. Interpretation: IX-10-12 Subject: QW-181. if a set of multiple specimens having the standard 3/8” thickness and representing the entire width of the weld and both HAZs are removed and tested to meet the requirements for testing the entire width of the weld? Reply (2): Yes. where a chemical analysis is not required. is there a minimum qualified deposit thickness? Reply: No. if the bend radius and bend test specimen thickness are increased. to use standard 3/8” thick bend specimens representing at least one HAZ and as much weld metal as possible.1 – Guided Bend Test Specimen Dimensions Date Issued: February 17. Interpretation: IX-10-11 Subject: QW-453 – Minimum Qualified Thickness for Corrosion Overlay Date Issued: February 17.Reply: Yes.53 inches long on the OD of the specimen. the width of the face of the weld is 5 inches. Per QW-163. the standard 3/8” thick bend specimen provides a bent portion that is 3. Interpretation: IX-10-10 Subject: QW-163 and QW-466. when performing the required bend test? Reply (3): No. For a material with 20% or greater elongation. the weld and heat-affected zone shall be completely within the bent portion of the bend specimen. Question (1): Does it meet the requirements of ASME Section IX.. and the OD of the specimen contains the entire width of the weld and HAZ? Reply (1): Yes. 2010 .1 & QW-424. such that 20% outer fiber elongation is achieved. 2010 File No: 09-2141 Question: For corrosion resistant overlay welding procedure qualifications. Question (3): Assuming that both of the base metals in the test coupon are of the same P-No. 2010 File No: 09-2140 Background: A welding procedure was qualified for welding on thick base metals. Due to the thickness of the test coupon required. Question (2): Does it meet the requirements of ASME Section IX. does it meet the requirements of ASME Section IX.

28.4 Date Issued: June 25. Question (2): For the same situation as question 1. SFA 5. Question: A WPS supported by the above PQR using the same filler metal classification ER80SG and A-No. ER80S-G classification. welding P3 to P8 using an unassigned filler metal. but with a different Trade Name was specified. Question (3): If the 2nd procedure is made by welding P-number material that nominally matches the composition of the unassigned filler metal similar to QW-293.4. see QW-431. using a production assembly mockup? Reply: Yes. A footnote was used in the PQR to document the filler metal Trade Name used in the qualification. However. does a change in the filler Trade Name specified on the WPS require requalification? Reply: No Interpretation: IX-10-14 Subject: QW-200. 2010 File No: 09-2144 Background: A production weld joint was made using a qualified welding procedure. When notch toughness (QW404. Question (1): If the 2nd procedure is qualified by welding P3 to P8. However. is this procedure qualified to repair the production weld between the P3 & P8 material if the repair is entirely within the previously deposited weld metal? Reply (2): Yes. see QW-431. is the 2 nd procedure qualified to make a repair to the production weld between the P3 & P8 material provided that the repair is entirely within the previously deposited weld metal? . with chemistry meeting A-Number 2. to produce a test specimen for fillet welding procedure qualification.5(b). as the actual production materials. a 2 nd welding procedure was qualified using an assigned filler metal. Change in trade designation of filler metal Date Issued: June 25. 2.File No: 10-13 Question: Does ASME Section IX allow the use of materials having the same P-No.12) does not apply. Interpretation: IX-10-13 Subject: QW-404. 2010 File No: 09-1368 Background: A PQR using GTAW process was qualified using filler metal classified in accordance with ASME Section II Part C. is this procedure qualified to repair the production weld between the P3 & P8 material made with an unassigned filler metal? Reply (1): Yes. In order perform a repair to this joint.

Weld Repair and Buildup Date Issued: August 26. Question: When maintaining the welder's qualification. Interpretation: IX-10-17 Subject: QW-322.1(b).1. without revising the WPS to include the groove design of the repair cavity? Reply: Yes. However. see QW-431. the welder used the welding process multiple times during the first four months. QW-200.24 and QW-404. is the welder continuity based on the last date the welder used the welding process? Reply: Yes. However.3 on a groove weld previously welded using the same WPS. A procedure qualification test was conducted using the SAW process without the use of supplemental filler metal. Supplemental Filler Metal Date Issued: August 26. 2010 File No: 10-1159 Background: QW-404. Interpretation: IX-10-18 Subject: QW-256.1(a) Date Issued: August 26.24 and QW-404. 2010 File No: 10-1161 Background: A welder successfully completes a performance qualification test.Reply (3): Yes.27. The method of recording information on the PQR and WPS may be by statement. sketch or other means as long as the essential variables are addressed.27 are essential variables for the SAW process. Contents of the PQR. Contents of the WPS. 2010 File No: 10-359 Question: May a WPS be used to perform a weld repair per QW-202. Section IX does not specify the manner in which this is documented on the PQR or specified on the WPS.2(b). QW-404. Interpretation: IX-10-15 Subject: QW-202. Joining of Clad Materials . but did not use the welding process in the fifth or sixth month. Also see interpretation IX-79-72. Question: Is it required that the PQR indicate that supplemental filler metal was not used and must the WPS specify it is not to be used? Reply: Yes. Interpretation: IX-10-16 Subject: QW-200. During the next six months.3.

1 and QW-404. An alternate WPS is proposed for depositing the weld metal overlay to increase the overlay thickness or perform the repairs. The alternate WPS was qualified using a different welding process.3 base metal with WPS qualified for the SAW process using an unassigned strip filler metal. applying SFA-5. also qualified for applying additional layers or repairs to an existing corrosion resistant overlay surface having a nominally matching chemistry? Reply: Yes.Procedure Qualification. also qualified for depositing a corrosion resistant weld metal overlay using alloy 825 (UNS N08065) filler metal. Corrosion Resistant Weld Metal Overlay Date Issued: November 17. are the essential special process variables or QW-256. when the carbon steel base metal has the same P-No. .4. Question: Is any WPS qualified for depositing a corrosion resistant weld metal overlay with a known chemistry. See QW-256. with resulting deposit chemistry nominally matching F-No.43 filler metal.11 ENiCrFe-7 filler metal to produce a corrosion resistant weld metal overlay with a deposit chemistry nominally matching F-No. whose qualified ranges of essential special process variables for corrosion resistant overlay welding are applicable to the welding conditions. 2010 09-994 Background: A composite (clad) material having a carbon steel base and alloy 825 cladding is to be joined by welding.3 base metals. The contractor also has a PQR for overlaying carbon steel with alloy 625 filler metal using GTAW.Date Issued: File No: November 17. See QW-217 and QW-251. The alloy 825 cladding is not included in the design calculations.43 on P-No.1 applicable to the clad portion of the weld? Reply (1): Yes. is a WPS qualified to deposit corrosion resistant weld metal using alloy 625 (UNS N06625) filler metal. Interpretation: IX-10-20 Subject: QW-405.3 Date Issued: November 18.37. Question (1): When joining the clad layer of a composite (clad) material using GTAW where the clad thickness is not considered in the design calculations. as the base metal qualified by the WPS? Reply (2): No. The contractor has a PQR for joining the base metal whose qualified ranges are appropriate for welding conditions. Question (2): When completing the clad portion of a weld using the GTAW process. 2010 File No: 09-2143 Background: A corrosion resistant weld metal overlay was applied to P-No. Interpretation: IX-10-19 Subject: QW-2004. 2010 File No: 10-1489 . It is later determined a greater thickness of corrosion resistant weld metal overlay or a repair to the overlay is needed.

Question (2): Using E7018.432 in.2. maximum of weld metal? Reply (1): Yes. or 6G test positions. 2011 File No: 10-496 Question: When impacts are waived by a book section for the base metal (HAZ notch toughness is not required). VOLUME 62 Interpretation: IX-10-21 Subject: QW-402 and QW-404 Through QW-410 Date Issued: March 11. Interpretation: IX-10-22 Subject: QW-200. Question (1): Using E6010. 2011 File No: 10-1918 Background: A welder tests on an NPS 6 Sch. 80 (0. depositing 0.1(b) Date Issued: March 14. wall) coupon. but are required for the weld metal. using E7018.332 in.Question: When a welder qualifies with the vertical up progression on weld coupons in the 3G. Use of Preliminary WPS Date Issued: March 14. or that a WPS number be recorded on the PQR? Reply: No. 5G. is the welder qualified to deposit 0. is that welder qualified to weld with the vertical down progression when QW-405. of E6010 and the balance of 0. . Interpretation: IX-10-23 Subject: QW-433 and QW-452. maximum of weld metal? Reply (2): Yes. 2011 File No: 10-1158 Question: Does ASME Section IX require a preliminary WPS be used during procedure qualification testing.664 in.864 in. is the welder qualified to deposit 0.3 is a performance qualification essential variable? Reply: No.100 in. do the supplementary essential variables of QW-402 and QW-404 through QW-410 apply per the applicable tables QW-252 through QW265? Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-10-27 Subject: Section IX.Question (3): Is the welder qualified to deposit 0. Manufacturer’s or Contractor’s Responsibility Date Issued: May 23. in the same groove? Reply (3): No. Combination of Processes Date Issued: March 14. describe in its quality assurance programs the operational control of procedure qualifications and the use of welding procedures properly qualified under one certificate holder. and spray arc mode was used for depositing the balance of the weld in a single coupon. the deposit thickness for each transfer mode shall be recorded as required by QW306. under different names and in different locations. Interpretation: IX-10-24 Subject: QW-409.1(b). Interpretation: IX-10-26 Subject: QW-304. QW-201? Reply: Yes. See QW-452. according to ASME Section IX. Volumetric Examination Date Issued: June 13.528 in. as permitted by Section IX.2. of weld metal using E6010 plus 0. using the GMAW process. QW-452. Short arc mode was used for depositing the root. 70 plate. 2011 File No: 09-744 Question: Does Section IX require a welder to qualify for small diameter butt welds by preparing more than one small diameter pipe coupon to provide a minimum circumferential weld length when qualified by volumetric examination under the provisions of QW-304? Reply: Yes. but without separate qualification. under another certificate holder within the organization. 2011 File No: 11-44 Question: May an organization with more than one ASME Certificate of Authorization. Interpretation: IX-10-25 Subject: QW-201. 2011 . Question: Is it permissible.864 in.2.5 Date Issued: August 1.664 in. of E7018 weld metal deposit thickness for a total of 1. to use two modes of metal transfer in a single test coupon? Reply: Yes. 2011 File No: 11-216 Background: A welder was tested on an SA-516 Gr. QW-409.

4 apply when specified in QW-250 for P-No. QW-250 Date Issued: August 1. 2011 File No: 10-339 Question: Is it the intent of Section IX.3 to permit an AWS Standard Welding Procedure Specification adopted by a contractor to be used in lieu of a PQR to support the range of variables for a single WPS proposed for use in conducting simultaneous welder performance qualification testing? Reply: Yes Interpretation: IX-10-30 Subject: Section IX. 10H materials? Reply (1): No. QW-410.1)? Reply: Yes. Interpretation: IX-10-29 Subject: Section IX.ASTM Materials' P-No. QW-300. A 240 Type 304 is considered P-No. 2011 File No: 09-558 Question (1): Is it the intent of the Code that Variables QW-403. SA-240 Type 304 is assigned P-No.10 apply when specified in QW-250 for P-No. paragraph QW-300. 2011 File No: 10-1189 Question: Is it the intent that material produced under an ASTM specification shall be considered to have the same P-Number or P-Number plus Group Number as that of the P-Number or PNumber plus Group Number assigned to the same grade or type material in the corresponding ASME specification (e. therefore. Assignment Date Issued: August 1.9 and QW-410. Interpretation: IX-10-28 Subject: Section IX.1.1.3.Simultaneous Performance Qualifications Date Issued: August 1. QW-406.6. Group No. 8. Question (2): Is it the intent of the Code that Variable QW-407. QW-420 .. .5 to permit welder or welding operator fillet weld performance qualification testing to be conducted using test coupon thicknesses greater than ⅜” thick? Reply: Yes. 8.File No: 08-210 Question: Is it the intent of QW-452. Group No.g.3 . 10H materials? Reply (2): Yes. QW-409.

2 (b)(3) to a ½” in.5 .A-Number Date Issued: August 25. 2011 File No: 11-1339 Question (1): According to QW-404. (12 mm) welded coupon to the fracture test acceptance criteria of QW-182? Reply (2): No.2.5.48%. of GMAW weld metal be established from the chemical analysis of a weld deposit prepared according to the filler metal specification when the shielding gas used for the chemical analysis was different from that used in the procedure qualification? Reply (1): No. (10 mm) maximum allowed for acceptance? Reply (1): Yes.45%.14%. QW-182 .08%. Interpretation: IX-10-32 Subject: Section IX. C: 0.19% Question (1): Does this chemistry meet an A-1 Classification? Reply (1): No. Interpretation: IX-10-33 Subject: Section IX. A-No. Si: 0. may the A-No. 2011 File No: 11-918 Background: A procedure qualification test coupon was prepared and tested. Essential Variable for GMAW Weld Metal Date Issued: November 14.Interpretation: IX-10-31 Subject: Section IX.Fracture Tests Date Issued: August 25. of GMAW weld metal be established from the chemical analysis of a weld deposit prepared according to the filler metal specification . which included a chemical analysis of the weld metal. The chemical analysis results were as follows. Question (2): Is it permissible to apply the porosity size limitation of 1/32” or greater as specified in QW-191.044%. may the A-No. Mo: 0. 2011 File No: 11-939 Question (1): Is it required by QW-182 that the sum of all rounded indications (regardless of diameter) be considered in addition to the sum of the lengths of inclusions in determining the 3/8” in. Cr: 0. Mn: 1. Question (2): According to QW-404. QW-404.5.1.5. Question (2): Does this chemistry meet an A-10 Classification? Reply (2): Yes. Ni: 1. QW-404.

5 mm) to 1½ in. (1. Question (4): Do PQRs A and C qualify the combination WPS for a maximum deposit weld metal thickness range of 3/8 in.5 for establishing A-Numbers also applicable to FCAW? Reply (3): Yes. (3 mm) of GTAW and 3/16 in. Question (2): Do PQRs A and B qualify the combination WPS for a base metal thickness range of 1/16 in. (32 mm) when impact testing is not required? Reply (5): No. (5 mm) of GTAW deposit. Question (6): Do PQRs A and C qualify the combination WPS for a base metal thickness range of 1/16 in.5 mm) to 1¼ in. Question (5): Do PQRs A and C qualify the combination WPS for a base metal thickness range of 1/16 in. (32 mm) for the SMAW process? Reply (3): No. (32 mm) for the SMAW process? Reply (4): No.provided the shielding gas used for the chemical analysis was the same as that used in the procedure qualification? Reply (2): Yes. (5 mm) thick plates with 3/16 in. (16 mm) thick plates with 5/8 in. (8 mm) thick plates with 1/8 in. (38 mm) when impact testing is not required? . (5 mm) of SMAW deposit. (32 mm) when impact testing is not required? Reply (1): No. Question (1): Do PQRs A and B qualify the combination WPS for a base metal thickness range of 1/16 in.5 mm) to 1¼ in. 2011 File No: 10-1966 Background: PQR A is welded with SMAW to join 5/8 in. (16 mm) of SMAW deposit.4(b) Date Issued: December 8. PQR C is welded with GTAW to join 3/16 in. (10 mm) for the GTAW process and 1¼ in. (1. (5 mm) to 1½ (38 mm) when impact testing in not required? Reply (2): No. (1. Question (3): Are the GMAW rules in QW-404. PQR B is welded with GTAW and SMAW to join 5/16 in. Question (3): Do PQRs A and B qualify the combination WPS for a maximum deposit weld metal thickness range of 1/4 in. QW-200. Interpretation: IX-10-34 Subject: Section IX. (6 mm) for the GTAW process and 1¼ in.

QW-462. Question (2): May a welder qualified with a fillet weld using a plate tee-joint configuration as shown in figure QW-462. Interpretation: IX-10-35 Subject: Section IX.505 tensile specimen conforming to QW.4(b) .4(a) be used to join a plate to a pipe with fillet welds made parallel to the axis of the pipe for nonpressure retaining applications? Reply (1): Yes.4(b) be used to weld a plate to a pipe with fillet welds made parallel to the axis of the pipe? Reply (2): Yes.462. Question (7): Do the provisions in QW-200.1(b) for performance qualification. 2012 File No: 12-47 .1(b) Date Issued: December 8. 2012 File No: 11-896 Question (1): May a WPS qualified with a fillet weld using a plate tee-joint configuration as shown in figure QW-462. QW-404. Interpretation: IX-10-37 Subject: Section IX. QW-151. Interpretation: IX-10-38 Subject: Section IX.3. Tensile Tests – Turned Specimens Date Issued: February 16.4(a) and QW-462.Fillet Weld Test Date Issued: February 16.23 . 2011 File No: 11-2030 Question: Regarding QW-452.Filler Metal Product Form Date Issued: February 16. may a single turned 0.4(b) affect the responses to the above questions? Reply (7): No. QW-452. Interpretation: IX-10-36 Subject: Section IX. 2012 File No: 11-2029 Question: For a 1 inch (25 mm) deep groove weld deposited in a 2 inch (50 mm) thick plate test coupon. is “Max to be Welded” equivalent to “Unlimited”? Reply: Yes.1(d) be used for each tension test required by QW-451? Reply: Yes.Reply (6): No.

” Question (1): If a WPS is written and qualified for welding P-No. 2012 File No: 12-752 Question: When a demonstration mock-up for tube-to-tubesheet welder or welding operator qualification is required. 2012 File No: 12-178 Question: Does a PQR recording a P-No.1(b) and QW-200. QW-424. 2012 File No: 12-635 Question: Does QW-403. Interpretation: IX-10-39 Subject: Section IX.Question: May stranded filler metal be considered the same as bare (solid or metal cored) filler metal in QW-404. QW-193.64 . The completed WPS shall describe all of the essential. when required. 4. QW-193. Base Metal Used for Procedure Qualification Date Issued: February 16. QW-200. 2012 File No: 11-1476 Background: QW-200. supplementary essential variables for each welding process used in the WPS. and.6 Date Issued: July 2. Interpretation: IX-13-02 Subject: Section IX. 5B base metal welded to itself support a WPS for welding P-No.6 apply when the HAZ is not subject to impact testing such as when qualifying a P-8 material? Reply: Yes.1.2 and QW-288. QW-403.1 material to itself. 5B metal to any metal assigned P-No. is it necessary to specifically mention on the WPS or on the PQR anything regarding QW-410. Interpretation: IX-13-01 Subject: Section IX. see Para. are all of the variables specified in Para. nonessential. 3 or 1? Reply: No.23? Reply: Yes.1(b) says: “Contents of the WPS.2(b) Date Issued: September 13. Tube-to-Tubesheet Welder Qualification Date Issued: August 23. QW-288 required to be followed during the performance qualification test? Reply: Yes.2 Interpretation: IX-13-03 Subject: Section IX -2010.

per QW-462.34 which addresses. Question (2): If a WPS specifies the use of ER70S-6 filler metal. is it necessary to specifically mention on a WPS or on the PQRs for submerged arc welding anything regarding QW-404. Question (3): If a WPS is written and qualified for welding P-No.2. 11B materials on either the WPS or the PQR. is it required to section a total of 10 tubes and perform a macroetch of the 40 surfaces exposed by sectioning? Reply: Yes. 2012 File No: 12-120 Question: If the resultant size from a pipe-to-pipe quarter section. and that is sufficient for describing the variable QW-404.11B materials? Reply (1): No. can the fracture test quarter section specimen be cut into multiple specimens and tested in lieu of one full quarter specimen? Reply: Yes.11A and P-No.23. QW-193 . the use of active or neutral flux? Reply (3): No. QW-181. Interpretation: IX-13-05 Subject: Section IX.1.which addresses the use of thermal processes for cutting or backgouging when welding on PNo. Sectioning of Pipe-to-Pipe Quarter Sections Date Issued: September 13.2. is too large to bend as specified with QW-181. The designation ER70S-6 specifies that the filler metal be solid wire. . Interpretation: IX-13-04 Subject: Section IX.23 which addresses filler metal product form by specifying that the filler metal has to be solid? Reply (2): No.11A or P-No. 5A material to itself. 2012 File No: 12-1563 Question: When performing a tube-to-tubesheet test in accordance with QW-193. is it necessary to specifically mention in the WPS anything regarding QW-404. The fact that the WPS and PQR are for welding on P-No.4(c).1 materials precludes the need to specifically describe the use of thermal cutting or back-gouging for P-No. The use of active or neutral fluxes only needs to be specified on the WPS and documented on the PQR when the base metal is P-No.1 materials.Macro Examination for the Mockup Test of Tube-toTubesheet Joint Date Issued: November 14. when welding on P-No.

followed by a solution heat treatment at 1060°C (1940°F).2 – Records Date Issued: December 6. heated to 780°C (1436°F). single-welded. b) P-No. 8 plate is welded.” Question: Prior to the 2006 Addenda. is a typed signature or means other than a written signature on a procedure qualification or performance qualification record considered certified as required in QW/QB-103.2? Reply: Prior to the 2006 Addenda. Interpretation: IX-13-07 Subject: Section IX. it became mandatory to certify qualification records “by signature or other means as described in the manufacturer’s or contractor’s Quality Control System. . then formed. using an open root. Interpretation: IX-13-08 Subject: Section IX.Interpretation: IX-13-06 Subject: Section IX.2(f) and (g) Date Issued: December 6. 8 base material as described in a) and b) of the background? Reply: Yes. QW-407. followed by a solution heat treatment at 1060°C (1940°F). the method of certification for procedure and performance qualification records was not addressed by Section IX. without backing and without a consumable insert. QW-103. 2012 File No: 12-1230 Background: a) P-No. Vee-groove joint configuration. then cold formed. 2012 File No: 12-1501 Question: A welding operator (machine) successfully qualifies in accordance with QW-300. 8 plate is welded.1(b) Date Issued: December 6. QW-361. Question: Is WPS supported by a PQR with 1060°C (1940°F) solution heat treatment qualified to weld P-No. Is the welding operator (machine) qualified to perform machine welding with a consumable insert? Reply: Yes. 2012 File No: 12-7 Background: In the 2006 Addenda to Section IX.

Question (2): Does either QW-409. QW-202.4 allow a WPS qualified on groove weld. (13 mm ) thick base metal to a 3/8 in.4 .Interpretation: IX-13-09 Subject: Section IX. Volume 63 Interpretation: IX-13-10 Subject: Section IX. to be used in production to weld a 1/2 in. QW-201 Date Issued: March 21.1 and QW-409.8 require that power or energy shall be specified in the WPS when using a waveform controlled power source? Reply (2): No. May Company B use WPSs qualified by Company C in accordance with the requirements of Section IX without requalification. Question (1): Does Nonmandatory Appendix H become an essential. 2013 File: 13-119 Question: Company A owns Companies B and C.1 and QW-409. 2012 File No: 12-1833 Question: Does QW-202. ( 25 mm ). 2013 File: 13-274 Background: QW-409. or supplementary essential variable when it is referenced within the text of a variable? Reply (1): No. Interpretation: IX-13-11 Subject: Section IX. .1 or QW-409.8 variables reference Nonmandatory Appendix H as a guideline for understanding of Waveform Controlled Welding when qualifying personnel and procedures. provided Company C describes the process that they follow in their Quality Control System/Quality Assurance Program for the operational control of procedure qualification? Reply: Yes. 1 base metal thickness range of 1/2 in. Reference to Nonmandatory Appendix H Date Issued: March 25. QW-409. ( 10 mm ) thick base metal? Reply: No.8. nonessential.Dissimilar Base Metal Thicknesses Date Issued: December 6. with specified P-no. ( 13 mm ) through 1 in.

5. 8 WPS for the purpose of a welder qualification.9 regard multiple layer welds as multipass welds.9 regard multiple beads in a single layer (as shown in beads 3.Interpretation: IX-13-12 Subject: Section IX.1) as “multipass”? Reply (2): Yes. when variable QW-403.1 Date Issued: June 10. within the limits of all other essential and supplementary essential variables? Reply (3): Yes. may P-No. 1 base materials be substituted for P-No. 8 to P-No. 2013 File: 12-1529 Background: Impact testing of welding procedure qualifications is required by the Construction Code and QW-410. a pass can result in a weld bead or a layer.9 requires requalification for a change from multipass per side to single pass per side. Is it required that welding operators be qualified separately for welding Code Case base metals . 8 base materials when following a P-No. Can this WPS be used to deposit multiple beads in a single layer per side. Interpretation: IX-13-13 Subject: Section IX. Question (3): A Welding Procedure Specification is qualified with multiple layers per side.9 Date Issued: June 10.Welding Operator Performance Qualifications Date Issued: June 10.18 applies? Reply: Yes. 2013 File: 13-9 Question: While base metal P-Number is an essential variable for welder qualifications. QW-360 . Question (2): Does QW-410. and 6 of Figure QW/QB-492. QW-360 does not specify base metal P-Number as an essential variable for welding operator qualification. Interpretation: IX-13-14 Subject: Section IX. Per QW/QB-492 Definitions.9 applies to the welding process used as a supplementary essential variable. 4. QW-410. when the single layer is made in a single pass. 2013 File: 12-2295 Question: In accordance with QW-423. Question (1): Does QW-410. QW-423. so that a change from multiple layers per side to a single layer per side requires a requalification? Reply (1): Yes. QW-410.1.

A welder maintains his welding process qualification for Code welds by making non-Code welds. QW-322.1(a)(1).4 that both the thicker and thinner members must be qualified within the range permitted by QW-451 unless the alternative provided in QW-202. QW-202. Interpretation: IX-13-15 Subject: Section IX.4 . Question (1): May a welder maintain his welding process qualification by making non-Code welds if the welder has not made a Code weld for a period of 6 months or more? Reply (1): Yes. Division 1 vessels as well as non-Code equipment. Expiration and Renewal Qualification Date Issued: June 10. 2013 File: 13-635 Question: When employing a WPS to join flat plates of dissimilar thickness in a groove-weld tee joint. . Interpretation: IX-13-16 Subject: Section IX.4 is used? Reply: Yes.when the Code Case specifies that “Separate welding procedure and performance qualifications shall be conducted for the material in accordance with Section IX”? Reply: Yes. see IX-83-159. can a welder receive a 6-mo qualification extension more than once? Reply (2): Yes. 2013 File: 13-131 Background: A welder is qualified for a shop that fabricates Section VIII.Dissimilar Base Metal Thicknesses Date Issued: June 10. Question (2): According to QW-322. is it a requirement of QW-202.