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PASTRANA, Gem Krisna B.

II-BSGE
I.

II.

Define and describe the following:
1. Conservation of Mechanical Energy
- states that the mechanical energy of an isolated system remains
constant without friction.
2. Simple Pendulum
- A frequency simple pendulum is one which can be considered to be
a point mass suspended from a string or rod of negligible mass. It is
a resonant system with a single resonant.
3. Law of Conservation of Energy
- In physics, the law of conservation of energy states that the total
energy of an isolated system remains constant—it is said to be
conserved over time.
4. Theory of Relativity
- The first is the Special Theory of Relativity, which essentially deals
with the question of whether rest and motion are relative or
absolute, and with the consequences of Einstein’s conjecture that
they are relative.
- The second is the General Theory of Relativity, which primarily
applies to particles as they accelerate, particularly due to
gravitation, and acts as a radical revision of Newton’s theory,
predicting important new results for fast-moving and/or very
massive bodies.
5. Actual mechanical advantage
- Actual mechanical advantage takes into account energy loss due to
deflection, friction, and wear.
Illustrate and describe the following:
A. A simple pendulum and the position of the greatest and smallest
kinetic energy of the pendulum

θ = 0° COS 0° = 1 and h = L (1-1) = 0. The COS 90° = 0. How to locate the position of the greatest and smallest potential energy of the pendulum . Determine the following: 1. All of the energy in the pendulum is gravitational potential energy and there is no kinetic energy.III. and PE = mgL(1 – COS θ) = mgL - When the pendulum is at its lowest point. How to locate the position of the greatest and smallest kinetic energy of the pendulum .At its highest point (Point A) the pendulum is momentarily motionless. and PE = mgL(1 –1) = 0 - At all points in-between the potential energy can be described using PE = mgL(1 – COS θ) . At the lowest point (Point D) the pendulum has its greatest speed. All of the energy in the pendulum is kinetic energy and there is no gravitational potential energy.When θ = 90° the pendulum is at its highest point. and h = L(1-0) = L. 2.

II. Impulse . v. Collision . Illustrate and describe the following: A.The impulse is the integral of the resultant force (F) with respect to time 4. then it has momentum . Linear Momentum .Momentum can be defined as "mass in motion. 3. 2. Momentum of a body that moves on a straight line . and its velocity. Gem Krisna B. II." All objects have mass. so if an object is moving.Linear momentum is a vector quantity defined as the product of an object’s mass. m.PASTRANA. Cart after collision B.A collision is an event in which two or more bodies exert forces on each other for a relatively short time.BSGE I. Momentum . Define and describe the following: 1.it has its mass in motion.

Impulse F • t = m • ∆v 3. Momentum Momentum = mass x velocity 2. Provide the equations necessary to determine the following: 1.III. Perfectly elastic collision .