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SolmazMohadjerandZacharyAdam

20072008


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(Earthquake Education Package)

,,

(Pre-Assessment)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

5-10

1
(Earths Interior & Plate Tectonics)

Laurie Molnar

2 1

3 ,

.
:
Molnar, L., 2002
http://www.eduref.org/Virtual/Lessons/Science/Earth_Science/EAR0203.
html

2
(Discovering Plate Boundaries )


Dale Sawyer

1 2a :
2 2b:
3 2c:
4 2d:
5 2e:
6 2
7.


1
,

3
10-15

1 2

1
1



15

10
A, B,
A

11

10

12

13
Graphic No. 2

14
:

http://terra.rice.edu/plateboundary/tg.html

----53, n. 1, p.
65-74
Sawyer, D.S., Henning, A.T., Shipp, S., Dunbar, R.W., 2005

3 :
(Properties of Earth Materials)

Tootsie Roll
3a
3b

11


1.

2.

3.

4.

1.

2.

3.

10

12

4.
3a 3b

5.

6.

7.

8. 5-10

13

9.

10. 1

11.

12.

13. 4

14

3a

3b

4
(Plate Motions & Faults )

15

1. 3

2.

3.
2

16

4. 3

1. 3
2. 1

1
2

45
2
3 2 2
3. 1
3

2
4

3
5
17

45
45

4.

5. 4

6.
(strike-slip)(normal fault )
(thrust earthquake )(thrust fault )
(reverse fault)

7.

8.

18

3strike-slip

4(normal fault)

19

5(reverse fault )

Bush R.L

shear,

(compressio
n)
(tension)

convergent
divergent
transform

str
ik
esli
p
20

no
rm
al
fa
ult

(re
ve
rs
e
fa
ult
)

shear,

converge
nt

(compressi
21

on)
(tension)

divergen

transform

shear

(tension)

transform

strikeslip

(divergent)

normal
fault

(compressi
on)

(reverse
fault )

(convergen
t)

5
(Earthquake Machine)
4

(stick-slip)

22

2 1 1 2 Hubenthal
2008

2 10 10
2 3 x0.47
10 x92 50
10 10 60

40

12x1-3/16
1
2

1. 4

2.

3.

4. 2

5.

23

6.

1. 5 2 10 x10
10 x92
50 60
2.
a.
b.
c.

d.

e.

3.
3

4.

5.

24

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

25

11.

12.

13.

http://www.iris.edu/hq/resource/redefining_an_earthquake_v12

75(1), 32-36,Hubenthal,
M., Braile, L., Taber, J. (2008)

26

2 A

27

Strike-slip fault
Strain

Slip

6
(Seismic Waves)
5

1
28


slinky
2

1. 5

2.

3.

4.

5.

29

1. 4 /
Slinky
2. / Slinky

3. Slinky
Slinky 1020
Slinky
Slinky
4.
Slinky Slinky
Slinky

P P
P

5.

30

S
S S

6. Slinky

7. P S
Rayleigh Love

Love
8.

9.
31

Misconceptions
50(5), 620-623 Wampler, J.M.
(2002)

7
(Liquefaction)

liquefaction
liquefaction

1
`2
3

liquefaction
liquefaction
1
American Geophysical Union
Federal Emergency Management
Agency

32


200
0.25

60

1.

2.

3.

liquefaction
4. liquefaction
liquefaction
33

liquefaction

5. liquefaction

1.

2. 5 1

1020

3.

4.

5.

liquefaction

liquefaction
6.

liquefaction

liquefaction
liquefaction

7.
liquefaction

34

liquefaction

8. liquefaction

liquefaction
liquefaction

liquefaction
liquefaction
liquefactionliquefaction
liquefaction
http://www.ce.washington.edu/~liquefaction/html/main.html
liquefaction

8
(Landslide)

35

2004
10 Tilly Smith

Zachary Adam

1.

2.

3.

2 6

1
0

36

1.

Landslide Resisting Force


Slide Material
Bedrock
Weight
Inclination=0 degrees 0
Weight is constant regardless of slope
Landslide Driving Force
Inclination=45 degrees 45
When Driving Force Resisting Force, no landslide occur.

4.

37

38

39

40

41

42

1-5 cm 40-60 cm

23

1.
1

2. 3

43

5
235
10152023[]2527
[]

3.

Protractor
Smooth, unconsolidated material (sand, soil, clay, etc.)

Cookie pan
Tilt upward
Measured inclination angle
3.

44

4.

5.
15
25 20

-----

6.

45

7.

Engineering for the World


http://www.engineering4theworld.org/

http://www.bechberger.com/Mel/Landslide_Activity/
2005 S. Mohadjer

46

47

48

9
(Structural Hazards )

ExploratoriumD. Rathjen
Rathjen, 2003Seismic
SleuthsFEMA/AGU1994
45602-3

49


1. PS
PS
SPS

6
2.

4
----

3.

90
30cm

4.

50

1.

compresion
tension

sheer

/11

51

78

16

52

212
12

1
1
2Sami

334

53

Sami452
2

4456

456
4
5
5

Sami

54

578

78

Sami

68

55

2. (a)
(b)a
b

1
1
30cm
56

http://www.exo.net/~donr/activities/Shake_Table.pdf
1
1

3
1a 1b

21 15 cm x 2 cm x 2 mm
3/16
1 (~2 mm ) 45 cm x 6 cm (~18 x 2)
1 (2 x 6) 45 cm (18)
1610 x 24 2 cm (.75)
1610 x 24
32 #8
7

57

2 ~25 cm (10)
1 ~15 cm x 15 cm6
8

1
1.

20

2.

3.

4.

4
4A

diagonal brace

58

5.

2
1.

10

2.

59

3.

4.

/
/

60

3.
Amplitude
Low Frequency
High Frequency

5.

6.

61

4.
http://06earthquake.org/new-technologies.html

7.

3
3
1.

2.
5

62

5a.

5b.

3.

5b.

63

4.
5b.

5.

6.

1a 1b
1a

7.

8. 1b

9.

64

10.

Exploratorium Rathjen, D., 2003


http://www.exo.net/~donr/activities/Shake_Table.pdf

http://eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_0
1/0000019b/80/15/c5/13.pdf

1. 200-300

65

2. 30-70
3

66

3. 1030

4.
10-30

67

5.
10-30

6.

10-20
68

7.
10-30

8.

69

1a __________________
Seismic Sleuths

1.

2.

70

3.

1a __________________
Seismic Sleuths

1.

71

2.

3.

String (tension)
Diagonal Brace (compression)
Shear Wall (shear)
Rigid Connection (shear)
Diagonal Brace (shear)
OUT
IN
1b __________________

1.
2.

72

3.
4.

1b __________________
Seismic Sleuths

1.

2.

3.

4.

10
(Non-structural

Hazards )

1995
73

200512

1.

2.

3.

74

20

30

75

30

76

77

Bunsen burner

78

79

Rapid Visual ScreeningRVS

RVS

10a
10b

1.

2. 10a
15

5
3.

80

4. 10b

(2003)
http://www.documents.dgs.ca.gov/dsa/pubs/SB1122.pdf

2005
http://www.nier.go.jp/shisetsu/pdf/e-jirei.pdf

1994
http://eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/00000
19b/80/15/c5/13.pdf
1

81

82

83

84

10a
________ ________

FEMA/AGU1994
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7. //

8.

9.

10.

11. /
85


12.

13.

14.

15.

16. 45

17.

18.

19.

10b
________ ________

86

Nancy FieldDiscovering Earthquakes1995

11
(Earthquake Drills , Plans , Supplies
)
2008 7.9 2005 7.6

9
10
9 10

87

3 6

7 10

1.

2.

88

ERC

89


ERC

Trade specialists

3-4
7-10
1

90

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

91

Drop, Cover and Hold

92

93

72
/

94

1)

2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10) 2
11)

95

12
Making a Single Signature Book
(Codification Activity )

96

3-4

(21.5 cm x 28 cm)
(21.5 cm x 28 cm)

(15 cm x 23 cm)
4 cm

10-15

97

2
1

30

4-5

6
24
2

7
3

98

6 15x23 cm
28 cm
5 1 cm

10
4-5
99


2-3

11

http://www.washington.edu/uwired/pipeline/

http://twc.org/

7---12
Beven, R.Q., Crowder, J.N., Dodds, J.E.,
Vance, L., Marran, J.F., Morse, R.H., Sharp, W.L., Sproull, J.D.,
1995, 253, 364 p.

--- Stickler, C., 2000

100

______________

Beven 1995

1.
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__________________
__________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
__________________

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____

2.

1.

101


main characters
102

setting
supporting characters
title and author
problem
solution

103

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