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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works SECTION 7 STREET LIGHTING Cawangan Jalan, Ibu
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works SECTION 7 STREET LIGHTING Cawangan Jalan, Ibu
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works SECTION 7 STREET LIGHTING Cawangan Jalan, Ibu

SECTION 7

STREET LIGHTING

USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works SECTION 7 STREET LIGHTING Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR,
USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works SECTION 7 STREET LIGHTING Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR,
USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works SECTION 7 STREET LIGHTING Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR,

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 159

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     SECTION 7 - STREET LIGHTING
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     SECTION 7 - STREET LIGHTING
 
   
 

SECTION 7 - STREET LIGHTING

Page

7.1

GENERAL

7.1.1 Scope of Work

 

S7 - 162

7.1.2 On Site Commissioning Tests

S7 - 162

7.1.3 As-Built Drawings

 

S7 - 162

7.1.4 Maintenance

 

S7 - 163

7.1.5 Traffic Safety and Control

S7 - 163

7.2

LOW VOLTAGE UNDERGROUND CABLES

7.2.1 General

 

S7 -164

7.2.2 Types of Cables

 

S7 - 164

 

7.2.2.1 Power Cables

S7 - 4

7.2.2.2 Earthing Conductors

S7 - 4

7.2.3 Lengths of Cables

S7 - 164

7.2.4 Cable Routes

 

S7 - 164

7.2.5 Cable Trenches

 

S7 - 165

7.2.6 Cable Ducts

 

S7 - 165

7.2.7 Cable Termination

 

S7 - 166 S7 - 166 S7 - 166

 

7.2.7.1 Termination of PVC Insulated Armoured Cable

7.2.7.2 Termination of Paper Insulated Cables

7.2.8 Cable Jointing

 

S7 - 167

7.2.9 Cable Markers

S7 - 167

7.2.10 Cable Laying and Installation

S7 - 168

7.3

STREET LIGHTING LUMINAIRES

7.3.1 Light Distribution Requirements

S7 - 170

7.3.2 Constructional Requirements

S7 - 170 S7 - 170 S7 - 171 S7 - 172 S7 - 172 S7 - 172

 

7.3.2.1 Luminaires

7.3.2.2 Lamps

7.3.2.3 Ballast

7.3.2.4 Capacitors

7.3.2.5 Ignitors

 
   
 
Ballast 7.3.2.4 Capacitors 7.3.2.5 Ignitors     Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L Page 160
Ballast 7.3.2.4 Capacitors 7.3.2.5 Ignitors     Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L Page 160

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 160

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works       page 7.4 FEEDER-PILLARS S7
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works       page 7.4 FEEDER-PILLARS S7
 
   
 
 

page

7.4

FEEDER-PILLARS

S7 - 14

7.4.1 General

S7 - 172

7.4.2 Fabrication of Feeder-Pillars

S7 - 172

7.4.3 Factory Inspection

S7 - 173

7.4.4 Foundation

 

S7 - 173

7.4.5 Earthing

S7 - 173

7.4.6 Time Switches

S7 - 173

7.4.7 Contactors

S7 - 173

7.4.8 By-Pass Switches and Selector Switches

S7 - 173

7.5

COLUMNS AND BRACKETS S7 - 16

7.5.1 General

 

S7 - 174

7.5.2 Design Loading

S7 - 174

7.5.3 Fabrication of Column Sections

S7 - 174 S7 - 174 S7 - 174

 

7.5.3.1 Doors and Door Openings

7.5.3.2 Service Slots

7.5.4 Bracket Arms

 

S7 - 174

7.5.5 Base-Plates

S7 - 175

7.5.6 Baseboards

S7 - 175

7.5.7 Street Lighting Cut-Outs

S7 - 175

7.5.8 Earthing Terminals

S7 - 175

7.5.9 Cable Entry

 

S7 - 175

7.5.10 Erection of Columns

S7 - 175

7.5.11 Protection Against Corrosion

S7 - 176

 
 
S7 - 175 7.5.11 Protection Against Corrosion S7 - 176   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR,
S7 - 175 7.5.11 Protection Against Corrosion S7 - 176   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR,

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 161

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works SECTION 7 - STREET LIGHTING   7.1
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works SECTION 7 - STREET LIGHTING   7.1
SECTION 7 - STREET LIGHTING

SECTION 7 - STREET LIGHTING

 

7.1

GENERAL

7.1.1 Scope of Work

 

This work shall comprise the design of cabling works and the supply and installation of all luminaires, lamps, ballasts, capacitors, ignitors, feeder pillars, columns, ducting and cabling, and all necessary ancillary equipment, together with the transportation, storage, erection, connection, testing and commissioning of the same for a complete street lighting system, all in accordance with the Drawings and this Specification. The work shall also include cabling from the nearest specified power source of the local supply authority to the street lighting system, if required.

7.1.3

7.1.2 On Site Commissioning Tests

 

On completion of the installation work on site, the Electrical Contractor shall, at his own expense, arrange for all necessary tests to be carried out on the installation by competent personnel as part of the tests required of him for the whole of the installation under this Contract.

The tests to be carried out shall be as prescribed in the latest edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations and the Electricity (Board Supplies) Rules 1949, and shall include other tests deemed necessary by the S.O. In the event that the installation fails to pass any of these tests, the Electrical Contractor shall take such measures as are necessary to remedy the defects and the installation shall not be considered to have been completed until all such tests have been passed.

the defects and the installation shall not be considered to have been completed until all such

Tests on cables shall include continuity, phasing out and insulation resistance between conductors and between conductors and sheaths by employing a 500 V insulation tester.The date of commissioning shall be agreed to by the S.O. and the Electrical Contractor shall ensure that the installation is safe before the cable is energised.

The S.O. reserves the right to be present at all tests and the Electrical Contractor shall give at least one (1) week's notice in writing to the S.O. for this purpose. In any case, no test shall be carried out without prior approval from the S.O. Copies of all test certificates shall be submitted to the S.O. within one (1) week of the completion of the testing.

As-Built Drawings

Within three (3) calender months from the practical completion of the installation, one set of true-to-scale negatives (110/115 g/sq.m A0 or A1 sizes) and four sets of prints of each of the following as-built drawings shall be submitted to the S.O. by the Electrical Contractor :-

i) Site plans;

ii) Schematic wiring diagrams;

iii) Layout plans showing cable routes with reference to easily recognisable buildings and structures, sizes and types of cables, locations and types of joints, cable ducts, street lighting poles and luminaires, feeder pillars and earthing points.

street lighting poles and luminaires, feeder pillars and earthing points. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L
street lighting poles and luminaires, feeder pillars and earthing points. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 162

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     These as-built drawings shall be
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     These as-built drawings shall be
 
   
 

These as-built drawings shall be properly stencilled and shall have, at the lower right hand corner, the Electrical Contractor's name and address, the date of commissioning, the scale, drawing number (this shall be obtained from the S.O.) and title, and the following particulars:-

 

ii) replacing any broken or defective cable markers;

iii) making good any damage to buildings, concrete areas, slopes, drains, culverts, existing cables, pipes, etc., which have not been properly made good as a result of the Electrical Contractor's work; and

JABATAN KERJA RAYA CAWANGAN ELEKTRIK CONTRACT NO. TENDER NO.

iv) carrying out any other work deemed necessary by the S.O.

 

7.1.5

Traffic Safety and Control

 

In addition, one (1) set of the as- built drawings shall be properly framed and kept in the switchroom.

When work is being carried out beside any public road or other existing road, warning signs shall be erected. The general arrangement and location of temporary warning signs shall be strictly in accordance with ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2C/85, published by Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, Kuala Lumpur, and shall be submitted by the Electrical Contractor and

If the as-built drawings submitted are not acceptable by the S.O., the Electrical Contractor shall amend and resubmit the drawings within two (2) weeks from the date of return of the drawings.

7.1.4

Maintenance

approved by the S.O. before work commences.

During the Defects Liability Period, the Electrical Contractor shall per form maintenance work for the complete cabling and associated works. All labour, materials, tools and parts necessary to rectify the defects due to manufacturing or installation faults shall be supplied and/or executed at no extra cost to the Government. Maintenance work shall be carried out as soon as the Electrical Contractor has been informed by the S.O. to do so.

Where it is necessary for any pit or trench to be left open overnight, flashing warning lamps shall be placed at each end of the pit or trench and at intervals not greater than 10 m apart. In built-up areas, barricades shall be erected along the length of the pit or trench in addition to the warning lamps.

Where necessary, flag-men shall be stationed to control traffic.

The work to be performed shall include but shall not be limited to the following :-

 

i)

replacing or making good any defective cables, cable joints and cable terminations;

 
 
good any defective cables, cable joints and cable terminations;   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L
good any defective cables, cable joints and cable terminations;   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 163

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     7.2 LOW VOLTAGE UNDERGROUND CABLES
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     7.2 LOW VOLTAGE UNDERGROUND CABLES
 
   
 

7.2

LOW VOLTAGE UNDERGROUND CABLES

 

iii) B.S. 6480 Part 1 and shall have high conductivity plain copper stranded conductors, insulated with strong long- fibred paper, uniform in texture, free from metallic particles, mass impregnated with non-draining insulating oil compound suitable for a voltage of between 600 and 1000 V, lead alloy sheathed, double steel tape armoured and served.

7.2.1 General

 

The Electrical Contractor shall submit, for the approval of the S.O., a program of work for the excavation of cable trenches, laying of cables, reinstatement of trenches, etc., one (1) week before the work is to be executed.

7.2.2 Types of Cables

7.2.2.2

Earthing Conductors

 

7.2.2.1

Power Cables

 
 

Power cables shall be

 

Cables from street-lighting cut- outs and earthing cables to luminaires shall be 2.5 sq.mm

manufactured and tested in accordance with :-

i) M.S. 274 or B.S. 6346 and shall have high conductivity plain copper stranded conductors, insulated with PVC suitable for a voltage of between 600 and 1000 V, laid together and bedded with PVC, armoured with galvanised steel wires and sheathed with PVC; or

ii) B.S. 6480 Part 1 and shall have high conductivity plain copper stranded conductors, insulated with strong long- fibred paper, uniform in texture, free from metallic particles, mass impregnated with non-draining insulating oil compound suitable for a voltage of between 600 and 1000 V, lead alloy sheathed and served; or

PVC/PVC cables bundled together with cable ties and terminated with lugs where necessary.

7.2.3 Lengths of Cables

The lengths of each type of cable indicated on the Drawings and/or in the B.Q. are for tendering purposes only. The Electrical Contractor shall as certain the length of each cable required before placing orders for cables. The actual length of each cable installed shall be measured on site and the Electrical Contractor shall be paid according to the rate specified in the Contract. The rates quoted shall include any wastage due to cutting to lengths, terminations, etc.

7.2.4 Cable Routes

Cable routes shown on the Drawings are for tendering purposes only. The Electrical Contractor shall, after consulting the S.O., peg out cable routes for the S.O.'s approval prior to excavation of the cable trenches.

after consulting the S.O., peg out cable routes for the S.O.'s approval prior to excavation of
for the S.O.'s approval prior to excavation of the cable trenches. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR,
for the S.O.'s approval prior to excavation of the cable trenches. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR,

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 164

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works   7.2.5 Cable Trenches complying with B.S.
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works   7.2.5 Cable Trenches complying with B.S.
 
 

7.2.5 Cable Trenches

complying with B.S. 1387, complete with screwed and

Unless otherwise specified, cable trenches shall be 750 mm deep. They shall be of sufficient width as to enable provision of adequate spacing

socketed joints. Unless otherwise specified, the pipes shall be 150

mm

in diameter.

 

The

Electrical Contractor shall

between cables but in any case shall not be less than 450 mm wide.

Trenches shall be as straight as possible and shall have vertical sides which shall be timbered where necessary so as to avoid subsidence damage. The bottoms of trenches shall be firm and of smooth contour and any objects likely to damage the cable sheathing shall be removed. Material excavated from trenches shall be placed or removed so as to prevent nuisance or damage to adjacent areas or buildings.

provide pumps and other appliances for the necessary pumping required for the disposal of water so as to prevent any risk of the cables and other materials to be laid in the trench from being detrimentally affected. Where necessary, bailing shall be provided.

Where it is necessary to cross drains, culverts or similar obstructions which are too deep for the cables to be buried below,

Trench excavation and backfilling shall be so executed that all roads, walls, sewers, drains, pipes, cables, structures, etc., shall be reasonably secured against risk of subsidence damage. Provision shall be made during excavation and until interim restoration has been completed for reasonable access of persons and vehicles to the areas of buildings adjacent to the trenches.

galvanised steel pipes as specified above shall be provided. The pipes shall be supported at each

end

in a concrete block and shall

project through the blocks into

the ground to a depth of at least

750

mm.

All ducts shall be extended at least 600 mm beyond paved areas, concrete areas, drains, road crossings, pipe crossings, etc.

Where a trench passes from a foot way to a roadway or at other positions where a change in level is necessary, the bottom of the trench shall rise and/or fall gradually.

Cables entering buildings shall be protected by pitch fibre ducts of

150

mm diameter, complying

with

B.S. 4108, complete with

bend pieces, buried to a depth of

 

900

mm and encased in 75 mm

7.2.6 Cable Ducts

of concrete all round. The ducts shall be installed with a gradient so as to drain away any water in the ducts. All ducts passing through walls shall be effectively sealed and made water-tight.

At road crossings, sewerage pipe crossings, water pipe crossings, paved areas, concrete areas and where specified by the S.O., cables shall be protected by galvanised steel pipes buried to a depth of 900 mm below finished ground level. The pipes shall be heavy duty pipes

 
 
below finished ground level. The pipes shall be heavy duty pipes   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat
below finished ground level. The pipes shall be heavy duty pipes   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 165

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     Unless otherwise approved by the
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     Unless otherwise approved by the
 
   
 

Unless otherwise approved by the S.O., the number of cables installed in each duct shall be such that the space factor shall be not less than 60%. A drawn wire shall be provided for each duct.

7.2.7.2

Termination of Paper Insulated Cables

PILCDS and PILCDSTAS paper insulated cables, unless otherwise specified, shall be terminated by the heat shrinkable method.

Unless specified to be provided by others, the above galvanised steel pipes and /or pitch fibre ducts shall be provided by the Electrical Contractor whether or not they are shown on the Drawings.

The cables shall be tested for moisture before termination is commenced. Samples of paper both from the layers nearest to and furthest from the conductor shall be immersed in transformer oil or paraffin wax heated to a temperature of approximately 115ºC. If any residual moisture is present, this will be detected immediately through the presence of bubbles. Samples of paper shall be tested singly and shall not be touched by hand, but shall be gripped with a pair of tweezers.

Phasing and insulation resistance tests shall be taken on each length of cable laid before termination is commenced.

7.2.7

Cable Termination

Unless otherwise permitted, all cable termination and jointing works shall be carried out in the presence of the S.O. A plastic laminated plate engraved with details such as size of cable, number of cores, date of com missioning, date of jointing, length of cable, distance of cable joint, etc., shall be securely fixed near the termination.

7.2.7.1

Termination of PVC Insulated Armoured Cables

 

PVC/SWA/PVC cables shall be provided with compression cable gland termination. The cable gland shall be of gunmetal or brass and shall grip both the inner and outer PVC sheath of the cable. It shall be so designed that any strain on the cable is taken by the steel wire armouring which shall be effectively sealed between the gland itself and the outer cable sheath.

The heat shrinkable termination materials used shall be supplied in a complete kit to suit various sizes of cable and to provide stress controlled, non-tracking, environmentally sealed termination. They shall consist of high permittivity, high resistivity, heat shrinkable, stress controlled, UV stable, non-tracking polymeric materials and heat- activated sealants to prevent ingress of moisture and contamination.

 

Terminations shall meet the performance tests of IEC 112, IEC 446 and IEC 507, Section 3. They shall also have the following performance

 
  characteristics :-

characteristics :-

They shall also have the following performance   characteristics :- Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L
They shall also have the following performance   characteristics :- Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 166

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     i) A.C. Voltage withstand for
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     i) A.C. Voltage withstand for
 
   
 

i) A.C. Voltage withstand for 15 minutes, 50 Hz

:

 

Core numbers printed on papers shall be observed when jointing and, whenever possible, such numbers shall be maintained throughout the system. Core numbers `0', `1', `2' and `3' shall denote neutral, red, yellow and blue phases respectively. In the case of 2-core cables, core number `1' shall denote the phase conductor and `0' the neutral. Crossing of cores in the cable boxes shall be avoided wherever possible and connections shall be consistent with the foregoing requirements.

 

4.0

kV phase to earth;

ii) A.C. Voltage withstand

 

for 4 hours, 50 Hz

:

3.0

kV phase to earth;

 

iii) Impulse Voltage withstand 10 positive and 10 negative,

 

1.2/50 microseconds

 

:

8.0

kV peak phase to earth;

iv) Continuous A.C. Voltage

:

 

1.5

kV phase to earth;

 

v) Insulation Resistance

 

7.2.9

Cable Markers

 

between phase conductor

   

and ground

:

> 1000

   

Cable markers with lettering and signs as shown on the Drawings shall be provided by the Electrical

Megaohms.

 

7.2.8

Cable Jointing

Jointing of cables shall be undertaken only by competent and fully experienced jointers.

Cable boxes, compounds and jointing materials used shall be of an approved type. Every cable joint shall be started and finished on the same day.

Wherever cables are to be jointed in the open during wet weather conditions, the Electrical Contractor shall take all necessary precautions to prevent moisture from getting into the cables. Where cable sheaths are to be used as earth continuity conductors, the glands shall have the necessary contact surface to provide a low resistance path under fault conditions.

Contractor at every change of direction of underground cable routes and every 15 m on straight runs. Cable markers shall be of

heavy duty reinforced concrete construction and shall be approved by the S.O.

The cable marker shall form a trapezoidal block with a 100 mm square top face and 150 mm square bottom face, and shall be 400 mm in height as shown on the Drawings. The top face shall be indented in bold lettering with the initials "L.V." and a directional sign or signs indicating the direction/directions of the cable route. The cable marker shall be buried to a depth of 300 mm or any other depth as directed by the S.O. Cable joint markers of similar construction but with the symbol "X" shall be provided and installed at every cable joint in a similar manner.

Phasing and insulation resistance tests shall be taken before jointing is commenced.

 
   
 
tests shall be taken before jointing is commenced.     Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L
tests shall be taken before jointing is commenced.     Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 167

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Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     7.2.10 Cable Laying and Installation
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     7.2.10 Cable Laying and Installation
 
   
 

7.2.10

Cable Laying and Installation

(a) Cable Laid Direct In Ground

All cables shall be handled, laid and installed according to this Specification, the latest edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations, the cable manufacturer's recommendations and ERA Reports, using proper installation

Before any cable is laid, the trench shall be thoroughly inspected and any debris and other sharp objects shall be removed. The bottom of the trench shall be covered with a layer of clean sand 75 mm thick. The cables shall then be laid on

equipment, all to the satisfaction of the S.O.

All cables shall be supplied in complete lengths to suit the circuits they serve and no straight through joints shall be used. Straight through joints in the cable shall only be permitted in very exceptional circumstances such as those arising from unavoidable limitations in manufactured length. Where straight through joints or other approved joints are permitted by the S.O., the cost of such joints shall be borne by the Electrical Contractor. No joints in the cable will be allowed unless approved in writing by the S.O.

The minimum bending radius of the cables shall be in accordance with Table 52 C of the latest edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations. Wherever cables are cut, the ends shall be immediately sealed in an approved manner unless it is intended to proceed with cable jointing or termination immediately.

Unless otherwise permitted by the S.O., no cable shall be laid and/or covered up in the absence of the S.O.

this bedding in an orderly manner without overlapping and crossing each other. 75 mm of clean sand shall cover the laid cables and shall be spread over the trench before placing the cable protective covers.

Cable protective covers shall be of clay bricks. The bricks shall be new, well burnt and in complete pieces. They shall be laid lengthwise from end to end along the entire route of the underground cable if the cable size is not more than 120 sq.mm. For cable sizes in excess of 120 sq.mm, more than one row of bricks shall be laid. Each cable shall be seperately protected by these bricks and the cover shall have at least 25 mm overhang on each side of the cable.

The trench shall then be backfilled with earth and shall be compacted in layers of 150 mm using a mechanical rammer. An orange coloured multi-strand nylon rope of minimum 6 mm diameter shall be laid at a depth of 300 mm along the trench to identify the cable route. At every 10 m interval, an extra 2 m of nylon rope shall be coiled and laid. The finished surface shall be left proud by 50 mm to allow for subsidence and the Electrical

shall be coiled and laid. The finished surface shall be left proud by 50 mm to
 
be left proud by 50 mm to allow for subsidence and the Electrical   Cawangan Jalan,
be left proud by 50 mm to allow for subsidence and the Electrical   Cawangan Jalan,

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 168

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Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works   Contractor shall be responsible for the
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works   Contractor shall be responsible for the
 
 

Contractor shall be responsible for the removal of any surplus material to a position indicated by the S.O.

The surface of the refilled trench shall be temporarily reinstated and maintained in a thoroughly safe condition until complete consolidation of the soil has been achieved. As soon as the soil has consolidated, the trench shall be made good to its original condition, all to the satisfaction of the S.O.

The

minimum thickness of the

sheet steel used shall be 1.5 mm for cable trays with widths of up to 300 mm, and 2.0 mm for widths exceeding 300 mm. Cable trays shall be supported at least 25 mm from the trench wall by mild steel brackets at 600 mm intervals. Brackets shall be

anti-rust treated and painted with

one

coat of primer. Samples of

cable trays and brackets shall be submitted to the S.O. for approval prior to installation.

(b) Cable Installed In Precast Concrete Trenches

To provide electrical continuity, all cable joints shall be bridged by means of tinned copper tape of dimensions not less than 25

Methods of installation of cables in precast concrete trenches shall be in accordance with Type L, Type M, or Type N of Table 9A of the latest edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations. However, if the method is not specified, the cables shall be installed as directed by the S.O.

mm

x 3 mm. All saddles for

cables on cable trays shall be installed by bolts, washers and nuts. All tees, intersection units, adaptor units, etc., shall be factory manufactured unless otherwise approved by the S.O. Trenches inside buildings shall be filled with clean sand up to a level above the cable ducts.

Cables laid in the bottoms of trenches shall be in accordance

with Method Type L of Table 9A of the latest edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations.

Cables installed on trench walls shall be in accordance with Method Type M or Type N of the latest edition of the IEE Wiring Regulations and shall be secured on a cable tray by means of saddles at suitable intervals. In the case of single core cables, whether secured individually or in a group to the cable tray, non- ferrous saddles shall be used. Cable trays shall be fabricated from perforated hot-dipped galvanised sheets finished in an orange enamel.

(c) Cable Run On Walls and Under Floor Slabs

Cable run on walls and under floor slabs shall be mounted on perforated hot-dipped galvanised sheet steel cable trays. The construction and finish of the cable trays and the method of installation of cables on cable trays shall be as described in Sub- Section 7.2.10 (b) above.

Cable trays shall be suspended from floor slabs by hangers or

mounted on walls by brackets at 600 mm intervals. The materials

and

finishes used for the hangers,

brackets and other suspending

and

supporting structures shall be

 
 
and other suspending and supporting structures shall be   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L Page
and other suspending and supporting structures shall be   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L Page

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 169

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Standard Specification For Road Works

FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     the same as those described
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     the same as those described
 
   
 

the same as those described for brackets in Sub-Section 7.2.10 (b) above.

7.3.2

Constructional Requirements

7.3.2.1

Luminaires

Where cable trays pass through floors or fire resistant walls, the surrounding holes shall be sealed to the full thickness of the floor or wall with non- hygroscopic fire-resisting material of minimum 2-hour fire rating as approved by the Jabatan Bomba Malaysia.

All luminaires shall be new, totally enclosed, dust proof,insect proof and watertight and shall be tested in accordance with B.S. 4533. All exposed parts shall be of non-corrosive materials. The luminaires shall provide the requisite light distribution with the size and type of lamp specified. Each luminaire shall consist of a lamp compartment made up of an upper canopy or housing and a lower bowl assembly, a lampholder, cable clamps, mains connectors and earth terminations, as well as all necessary control gear. The control gear shall be pre-wired and integral with the luminaire. The luminaire wiring shall be of a size and insulated with a material that will more than effectively withstand the current, voltage and temperatures expected within the luminaire during both the starting and operating modes in the ambient temperature of the Site.

The lamp compartment of the luminaire shall be accessible via a hinged bowl made of ultraviolet stabilised plastic material such as acrylic which shall, in the closed position, bed firmly upon a soft resilient neoprene or non-ageing felt gasket. The gasket shall be positively secured in the luminaire housing and shall be weather-resistant. The bowl shall be secured firmly to the luminaire body by means of stainless steel clips and hinged pins.In the lowered position of the bowl, it shall be restrained from becoming detached or being

7.3

STREET LIGHTING LUMINAIRES

7.3.1

Light Distribution Requirements

Unless otherwise specified, the performance and light distribution of street lighting luminaires shall be of the Low Threshold Increment (LTI) type.

The direction of maximum intensity of flux shall lie between 0º and 65º of the downward vertical and the maximum permissible value of the intensity emitted at 90º and 80º shall not exceed 10 cd/1000 lumens and 30 cd/1000 lumens respectively.

Each luminaire shall normally direct two beams along the length of the road. The polar light distribution curves for the luminaire shall generally be smooth and free from any abrupt variations so that the luminous intensity diminishes smoothly and progressively from its maximum.

and free from any abrupt variations so that the luminous intensity diminishes smoothly and progressively from
luminous intensity diminishes smoothly and progressively from its maximum. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L Page
luminous intensity diminishes smoothly and progressively from its maximum. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L Page

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works   blown towards the other portion of
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works   blown towards the other portion of
 
blown towards the other portion of the luminaire or the column arm. If independent reflectors

blown towards the other portion of the luminaire or the column arm. If independent reflectors are incorporated in the luminaire, such reflectors shall be of high purity aluminium mirrors, chemically anodised to yield optimum reflection of light distribution. Full details of the luminaire and accessories shall be furnished as required in the Appendices to this Specification.

The lamps supplied shall have a mortality rate not greater than 10% at 5,000 switched operating hours and shall not take longer than 4 minutes after the initial "switch on" to attain 80% of their guaranteed output at the rated voltage of 200/250 V and frequency 50 Hz. The reignition period after an interruption of the supply shall not be longer than 1 minute to attain 80% of the lumens output.

7.3.2.2

Lamps

(a) High Pressure Sodium Vapour (HPSV) Lamps

(b) Low Pressure Sodium Vapour (LPSV) Lamps

High presssure sodium vapour (HPSV) lamps shall conform to IEC Publication 662 and shall have a colour temperature of approximately 21,000 K. The majority of the light output shall fall within the 560-610 nanometre waveband, i.e. in the yellow/orange, range.

Low pressure sodium vapour (LPSV) lamps shall conform to the requirements as laid down in B.S. 3767. The majority of the lumens output shall be within the 580-590 nanometre waveband range. The lamps shall have an initial luminous efficacy of approximately 160 lumens per watt for a 135 watt lamp. The lumens output after 100 operating hours shall be not less than 50 lumens per watt.

The lamps shall have an initial luminous efficiency of approximately 115 lumens per

watt for a 400 watt lamp and 100 lumens per watt for a 250 watt lamp. The lumens output after

100

operating hours shall be

The lamps shall be of tubular shape with a bayonet cap (B.C.), shall take no longer

45,000 lumens for a 400 watt

lamp and 25,000 lumens for a

250

watt lamp.

 

The lamps shall be of tubular or of any other approved shape and shall have plated brass caps securely fitted to the glass envelopes. The cap shall be of GESE40 material to fit the luminaire supplied.

brass caps securely fitted to the glass envelopes. The cap shall be of GESE40 material to

than 11 minutes after initial "switch on" to attain 90% of of their quoted lumens output.

All LPSV lamps shall be guaranteed for a minimum operating life of 4,000 operating hours. All lamps shall be suitable for use, in conjunction with their control gears, on 220/240 V supply and shall be capable of being started and operated at 10%

 

reduction in rated voltage.

of being started and operated at 10%   reduction in rated voltage. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat
of being started and operated at 10%   reduction in rated voltage. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat

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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works 7.3.2.3 Ballast The ballast shall be manufactured
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works 7.3.2.3 Ballast The ballast shall be manufactured

7.3.2.3 Ballast

The ballast shall be manufactured to B.S. 4782. It shall be correctly rated for its duty and shall be designed to operate on a dual mains voltage of 220/240 V by means of suitable tappings. The tappings shall be brought out to marked terminals. The ballast shall have laminated cores and high conductivity windings with power loss and noise kept to a minimum.

7.3.2.4 Capacitors

Capacitors shall be manufactured to B.S. 4017 and housed in extruded aluminium canisters with shrouded screw terminals. They shall not be fused but shall have an an external safety dis charge resistor. The capacitor shall be capable of raising the power factor of each circuit to at least 0.85 lagging.

7.3.2.5 Ignitors

Ignitors for the discharge lamps shall be of the electronic / superimposed pulse type rated for the appropriate wattage. The unit shall be capable of operating on a voltage ranging from 200 to 250 volts. The unit shall be totally enclosed with an external terminal block for the supply connection and a length of high tension cable shall be included for the lamp connection. It shall be compatible with the normal control gear.

The case of the unit shall carry a label showing the connections and listing the appropriate voltage.

showing the connections and listing the appropriate voltage. 7.4 FEEDER-PILLARS 7.4.1 General Feeder-pillars shall be
showing the connections and listing the appropriate voltage. 7.4 FEEDER-PILLARS 7.4.1 General Feeder-pillars shall be

7.4

FEEDER-PILLARS

7.4.1 General

Feeder-pillars shall be supplied completely assembled with control gear and all internal electrical and mechanical inter-connections and structural parts for voltages up to and including 1,000 volts A.C. They shall comply with and be tested to the requirements of B.S. 5486.

7.4.2 Fabrication of Feeder-Pillars

The Electrical Contractor shall submit a design drawing of the shape, size, electrical and mechanical connections, materials, etc., of the feeder-pillar for the approval of the S.O. prior to manufacture. The plinth, foundation work, etc., shall be included in the design drawing.

The feeder-pillar housing shall consist of a drip canopy, rigidly welded channeled steel framework manufactured from 2.64 mm (12 s.w.g.) sheet steel. It shall be hot-dip galvanised and the process of galvanising, treatment before galvanising and treatment after galvanising shall be as described in Sub-Section 7.5.10 of this Specification. On the front and rear sides of the feeder-pillar, the following sign shall be stencilled in red paint using a lettering height of 90 mm :-

BAHAYA

415 V

LAMPU JALAN

The door of the feeder-pillar shall be rigidly reinforced and hinged internally to prevent unauthorised access. The feeder-pillar shall be lockable with either wedge-type locks protected by screw

shall be lockable with either wedge-type locks protected by screw Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L
shall be lockable with either wedge-type locks protected by screw Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     plugs or some other secret
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     plugs or some other secret
 
   
 

plugs or some other secret locks approved by the S.O. The feeder- pillar shall be self-ventilated and weather proof and such ventilation openings shall be protected by wire mesh to prevent the entry of vermin, rodents and birds.

copper tape, precast concrete earth chambers with covers, etc.

7.4.6 Time Switches

Time switches supplied for the

control of luminaires, etc., shall be of the synchronous/step-by-step motor- wound handset dial plug-in type. They shall incorporate a 24-hour spring reserve or a battery back-up system. Time switches shall be rated

as

specified in the Drawings and

A

baseboard made of tufnol or

other approved treated hardwood

of

at least 16 mm thickness shall

be included to mount equipment such as time switches, contactors, etc.

shall be operational on a 220/240 V,

 

50 Hz supply.

7.4.3 Factory Inspection

7.4.7 Contactors

The Electrical Contractor shall make arrangements to witness the electrical tests and for joint inspection to be carried out at the factory prior to transportation to the Site.

7.4.4 Foundation

Contactors shall comply with B.S. 5424 with uninterrupted ratings, mechanical duty Class 2 and a

utilisation category of at least AC3. The contactor coils shall be fully tropicalised and wound for continuous operation for a 220/240

 

V,

50 Hz supply. The contacts of the

The Site of the foundation of the

contactor shall be rated for the breaking capacity of the connected load.

feeder-pillar shall be filled where required, compacted and levelled before the reinforced concrete base

of

minimum 250 mm height above

 

the finished earth level is constructed. Cable entry ducts shall also be provided.

7.4.5 Earthing

7.4.8 By-Pass Switches and Selector Switches

Single or three-phase by-pass switches as applicable shall be connected in parallel with the contactors for use in the event of the failure of the contactors. These shall be manufactured to B.S. 5419 and shall be capable of breaking the load connected to the contactors without undue ageing or damage.

The earthing system for the feeder- pillar shall comply with the Rules and Regulations of the Supply Authority, The British Code of Practice C.P. 1013, the relevant sections of the latest edition of the

A

four-position selector switch shall

IEE Wiring Regulations and the Contract Drawings.

Each feeder-pillar shall be effectively earthed using 4.8 mm x 16 mm diameter steel core copper-jacketted earth electrodes, 25 mm x 3 mm

be provided to select the mode of operation and shall be appropriately labelled.

 
 
select the mode of operation and shall be appropriately labelled.   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR,
select the mode of operation and shall be appropriately labelled.   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR,

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     7.5 COLUMNS AND BRACKETS  
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     7.5 COLUMNS AND BRACKETS  
 
   
 

7.5

COLUMNS AND BRACKETS

 

minimum overlapping position of 1.5 times the external across-faced dimension.

7.5.1 General

 

7.5.3.1 Doors and Door Openings

 

All columns and brackets shall be of tapered, octagonal, hot-dip galvanised interchangeable sections complying in all respects with the Drawings. They shall be manufactured to comply with B.S. 1840 and B.S. 5649 with Grade 43C or 50C steel conforming to B.S. 4360. The base-plates and bracket arms shall be manufactured as seperate units suitable for mounting or fixing on to the columns.

 

Weather proof doors shall be provided with an anti-vandal locking device over the door opening of each column as shown on the Drawings. The complete locking device shall be made from stainless steel. Door openings shall have internal reinforcement to compensate for the loss of stiffness in the columns caused by forming the door openings.

7.5.2 Design Loading

 

7.5.3.2 Service Slots

 

The columns shall be designed to withstand loadings comprising :-

 

For flange mounted types of columns, cable entries shall be through the flange plates via a hole of suitable diameter as shown on the Drawings. A suitable duct for cable entry shall also be provided at the concrete base.

i) loads due to wind speeds of up to 27 m/sec.;

ii) loads due to the weight of the columns, lighting luminaires and bracket arms;

iii) other applied loads if applicable.

For planted root types of columns, service slots shall be on the same side and vertically below the service doors.

7.5.3 Fabrication of Column Sections

 

Each column section shall be mechanically formed and longitudinally welded by the continuous automatic gas shielded electric arc process (M.I.G. process) to B.S. 5135. The sections shall be constructed so as to overlap each other by a minimum of 1.5 times the diameter of the immediate lower section (external across-faced dimension) and to be easily assembled on site by using simple tools without employing welding techniques. The manufacturer shall provide a mark on the finished column section indicating the

7.5.4

Bracket Arms

Bracket arms shall be of suitable outreach as indicated on the Drawings and in the B.Q. The bracket arms shall be octagonal in shape for up to 2.0 m in length. For bracket arms longer than 2.0 m in length, the extra length shall be formed from Grade 43C tubular steel conforming to B.S. 4360. The bracket arms shall be arranged so as to give a 50 uplift as shown on the Drawings. A tubular steel spigot of appropriate dimensions for the

 
 
A tubular steel spigot of appropriate dimensions for the   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L
A tubular steel spigot of appropriate dimensions for the   Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     luminaire shall be welded at
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     luminaire shall be welded at
 
   
 

luminaire shall be welded at the end

cables as appropriate. Cut-outs shall be provided with adequate shrouding to prevent cross-phasing or accidental contact with live metal.

of

each bracket arm. After welding,

etc., bracket arms shall be treated as described in Sub-Section 7.5.10 before being hot-dip galvanised.

7.5.5 Base-Plates

The fuse carriers shall be self- aligning and shall accept any of the standard rated fuses for the purpose. Each unit shall possess high mechanical and di-electric strength and shall be suitable for use in the tropics. Samples of complete cut-out units shall be submitted for the approval of the S.O.

For flange mounted types of columns, flange-plates of substantial thicknesses as shown on the Drawings shall be welded on to the columns.

For planted root types of columns, detachable anti-sink plates shall be supplied.

7.5.8 Earthing Terminals

Base-plates, nuts and bolts, etc., shall be hot-dip galvanised after manufacture.

Columns shall be provided with a corrosion resistant terminal having substantial contact surfaces for the attachment of an earthing lead. This terminal shall be provided close to the door opening inside each column. Where bolts are used, they shall be not less than 6 mm in diameter and shall be provided with two suitable washers and nuts.

7.5.9 Cable Entry

7.5.6 Baseboards

A

piece of baseboard shall be

included in each base compartment for cable termination or control gears assembly. Baseboards shall be made from fibre board of 10 mm thickness. Alternative baseboards made from galvanised perforated metal may also be used with the approval of the S.O. Baseboards shall be made to the dimensions as indicated on the Drawings and shall be fixed securely in position inside the columns.

7.5.7 Street Lighting Cut-Outs

Armoured cables brought into the columns shall be provided with compression cable gland terminations.

An appropriate type of earthing clamp shall be provided to bond the armouring of the cables which shall be effectively earthed.

Street lighting cut-outs shall be of a type manufactured for use in street lighting installations. They shall have facilities for double fusing loop-in loop-out terminals. The cut- out bases shall have a supply cable contact block rating of at least 50 A and shall be capable of accepting circular cable cores of up to 25 sq.mm copper 2-core or 4-core

rating of at least 50 A and shall be capable of accepting circular cable cores of

7.5.10 Erection of Columns

Columns shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations and as shown on the Drawings. The Electrical Contractor shall peg out the positions of the columns for the approval of the S.O. before planting the columns.

of the columns for the approval of the S.O. before planting the columns. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu
of the columns for the approval of the S.O. before planting the columns. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

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FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     Columns shall be erected such
FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY Standard Specification For Road Works     Columns shall be erected such
 
   
 

Columns shall be erected such that the service doors shall face away from on-coming traffic except at parapets of bridges and retaining walls. At such locations, the orientation of the service doors shall be determined by the S.O. After erecting each column, backfill shall be compacted by means of suitable ramming equipment.

Treatment prior to galvanising shall include degreasing, rinsing, pickling, further rinsing and fluxing.

The minimum average weight of the zinc coating shall be 460 g/sq.m for any individual test area.

The galvanised columns and bracket arms shall be of prime finish and of good uniformity, i.e. they shall be

7.5.11

Protection Against Corrosion

free from injurious defects such as blisters, flux and uncoated spots.

Individual sections of the columns, base-plates, doors and bracket arms shall be protected against corrosion by hot-dip galvanising the sections both internally and externally, all in accordance with B.S. 729. All welding works shall be completed before galvanising.

The planted sections of columns and the base-plates shall be factory- coated with bitumen using the hot- dipping process conforming to AASHTO M 190.

and the base-plates shall be factory- coated with bitumen using the hot- dipping process conforming to
with bitumen using the hot- dipping process conforming to AASHTO M 190. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat
with bitumen using the hot- dipping process conforming to AASHTO M 190. Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat

Cawangan Jalan, Ibu Pejabat JKR, K.L

Page 176