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Magnetc Effects and Magentism Very Short answer Type Questions

Q.1
Ans.

State Amperes circuital law?


Ampere Circuital law states that the line integral of magnetic field B around any closed path in vacuum is
equal to 0times the total current threading the closed path i.e.

ur ur

B.dl 0 I

Q.2
Ans.

It is independent of the size and the shape of the closed curve enclosing the current.
State Biot Savarts Law?
It states that the magnetic field produced by a small current
element I, dl at a point at distance r is given by

dB k

Idl sin
r2

In Vector Form

uuu
r r
uuu
r r
uur
Idl r 0 Idl r
dB k

r3
4 r 3

Q.3

Define an ampere in terms o the force between current carrying conductors.

F1 F2
Ans:

0 I1 I 2
2 r

---(i)
Substituting I1 = I2 = 1A, r =1 m

F1 F2 F 0 2 107 N
2

in (i)

So one ampere is the current which when through to infinitely long conductors separated by a distance of
1m exerts a force of 2 x 10-7m.
Q.4
Define Oersted rule or Snow rule.
Ans. According to this rule if electric current flows from S-pole towards N-pole over a freely suspended
magnetic needle then N- pole of the needle will deflect towards the west.
Q.5
What will be nature of magnetic field produced by infinitely long current carrying conductor,?
Ans. The magnetic field will be circular in nature, i. e., the magnetic lines of force will be in the form of
concentric circles with the conductor as centre the conductor will be perpendicular to the plane of
magnetic lines of force. The direction of magnetic field can be determined by applying right hand thumb
rule.
Q.6
Define Ampere's swimming rule.
Ans. According to this rule, if we imagine a man swimming along the wire in air in the direction of current with
his face always turned towards the needle, so that the current enters at his feet and leaves at his head, then
the N-pole of the magnetic needle will be deflected towards his left hand.
Q.7
Define one Tesla.
Or
Define unit of magnetic field intensity.
Ans. Tesla is the unit of magnetic field intensity in S.I. system of units.The force applied by a magnetic field of
strength B on a charge q moving with velocity v is given by the relation,
F = qBv sin 900 B = F/qv sin 900
Let q = 1 C, v = 1 m/s, = 900, F = IN

1Tesla

1N
1Ns

1NC 1m 1
1m
1C
( Sin900 ) Cm
s

Hence magnetic field intensity is said to be one tesla if a charge of one coulomb moving at right
angle to the field with a velocity one metre per second experiences a force one newton.

Q.8
Ans.

What is meant by magnetic Lorentz force?


Magnetic Lorentz Force: The force experienced by a charged particle, when moving inside the magnetic
field is called magnetic Lorentz force and is given by

ur
r ur
F q (v B )

Q. 9
Ans.

Q.10
Ans.

Q.11
Ans.

Q.12
Ans.

Cyclotron is not suitable for accelerating electrons. Explain Why?


Mass of electron is very small. It suffers a very large increase in velocity under the action of electric field.
Due to the increase in velocity, relativistic mass increases and thus decreasing optimum required
frequency. and it get out of step with electric field soon. OR
It is based on the principle that positively charged particles can acquire high energy when they are
repeatedly passed through an alternating electric field along a closed path making use of perpendicular
magnetic field.
Write the expression for the force acting on charged particle moving in the magnetic field.
The force experienced by a charged particle, when moving inside the magnetic field is called magnetic

ur
r ur
F q (v B )

Lorentz force and is given by


Where q = charge on the particle, v= velocity of charged particle, B = Applied magnetic field.
Under what condition an electron moving in a magnetic field experiences a maximum force ?
The force experienced by an electron moving in a magnetic field is given by the relation,
F = q v B sin
Now, F will be maximum when = 90 (v sin 90 = 1 = max.) Electron will experience the maximum
force when it moves at right angle to magnetic field.
What is the direction of force acting on the charged particle q moving with a velocity v in the
magnetic field B?
The direction of force on the charged particle moving with velocity v in magnetic field B is given by
Fleming Left Hand rule. It states that if the fore finger, central finger and the thumb of left are stretched

ur
B

mutually perpendicular to each other such that the fore finger points in the direction of magnetic field ,
the central finger points in the direction of current, then thumb will point in the direction of force
experienced by the conductor. Then according to this rule the direction of force will be perpendicular to
the plane containing v and B.
Q. 13 A particle of charge q moving with a velocity v at an angle to magnetic field B. What is the force
experienced by the particle?
Ans. The force experienced by a charged particle, when moving inside the magnetic field is called magnetic

ur
r ur
F q (v B )

Lorentz force and is given by


F = q v B sin
Where q = charge on the particle, v= velocity of charged particle, B = Applied magnetic field.
Q.14
Ans.

Define Fleming Right Hand Rule


According to this rule if we stretch the thumb forefinger and the central finger and
the central finger of our right hand mutually perpendicular to each other so that
thumb points in the direction of motion of conductor and forefinger points in the
direction of magnetic field then central finger will point in the direction of induced
current.
Q.15 Define Fleming's left hand rule.
Ans. This rule is used to find the direction of magnetic force acting on a moving charged particle. According to
this rule if we stretch the thumb, forefinger and middle finger of our left hand, so that all are mutually
perpendicular to each other, in such a way that forefinger points in the direction of magnetic
field, middle in direction of flow charge then the direction of thumb will give the direction of
magnetic force acting on the charged particle
Q.16 Write the expression for the force experienced by a current carrying conductor
placed in uniform magnetic field.
Ans. The Force experienced by current carrying conductor placed in

ur
u
r ur
F I (dl B )

magnetic field

ur
dl

Q.17
Ans.
Q.18
Ans.
Q.19
Ans.

Q. 20.
Ans.
Q. 21
Ans.

Q .22
Ans.
Q.23
Ans.

Q.24
Ans.

ur
B

If angle between and is 900 and sin 900 = 1Maximum force F = BIl
Minimum Force
F = 0 If = 00 and sin 00 = 0
Direction : The direction is given by Fleming left hand rule. According to figure, the force will be directed
upwards in the plane of paper.
State the principle of moving coil galvanometer
Moving coil galvanometer is based on the principle that when a current carrying conductor is placed in a
magnetic field, it experiences a torque.
What is shunt? State its SI unit.
A calculated low resistance connected in parallel to a device to bypass the surplus current is to save the
electrical instrument is called shunt. It is measured in ohm.
State two properties of a bar magnet.
1. Like poles repel each other & unlike poles attracts each other
2. A magnet attracts magnetic substance
3. A freely suspended magnet always come to rest alone N-S direction.
4. A bar magnet has no strength at its centre.
5. If a bar magnet is divided into a number of pieces, each piece will be a complete magnet.
Define neutral point in a magnetic field.
It is that point in a magnetic field where the intensity of earth magnetic field is equal to and opposite to the
magnetic field intensity of the given magnet so that net magnetic field at this point is zero.
What is basic difference between electric and magnetic fields ?
(1) Electric field is produced by both stationary and moving charges, whereas magnetic field is produced
only by a moving charge.
(2) Electric field lines are discontinuous whereas magnetic field
lines are continuous.
Define dipole moment of a magnet.
The product of pole strength of either pole of a magentic dipole and length of dipole is called dipole
moment.If m is the pole strength and 2l is length of dipole then dipole moment,
pm = m x 2 l = 2ml.
Define angle of Magnetic dip.
Angle of dip at a place is the angle between the direction of total intensity of earths magnetic field and the
horizontal direction in the magnetic meridian.
At Magnetic poles = 900
At Magnetic equators = 00
Explain three magnetic elements of earths magnetic field at a given place.
Earth has three magnetic elements
(1) Declination
(2) Dip or inclination (3) Horizontal component of the earths field
Declination: It is defines as the angle between the magnetic meridian and the geographic meridian at a
palce. It is denoted by angle .
Dip or inclination: Dip at a place is defined as the angle between the direction of the total intensity of the
earths magnetic field and a horizontal line in the magnetic merdian.
Horizontal Component (H): The total intensity of the earths magnetic field at any point can be resolved
into two rectangular components one along the horizontal and the other along the vertical direction. The
component of the resultant intensity of the earths magnetic field in the horizontal direction in magnetic
meridian is called its horizontal component. It is denoted by H. The component of the resultant intensity of
the earths magnetic field in the vertical direction in magnetic meridian is called its vertical component. It
is denoted by V.

Q. 25

Define Bohr magneton.

Ans.

It may be defined as the orbital magnetic moment of an electron revolving in the innermost orbit (n=1)

eh
4 me

e 1.6 1016 C , h 6.6 1034 Js, me 9.1 10 31 kg

1.6 1016 6.6 1034 7


9.27 1024 Am 2
31
4 22 9.1 10

Q.26

What do you mean by pole of a bar magnet?

Ans.

Pole of bar magnet it represent the strength of the magnetic field. It is termed as pole strength and is given by
m = pm/2l

Q.27

Define magnetic inclination.

Ans.

Dip or inclination: Dip at a place is defined as the angle between the direction of the total intensity of the earths
magnetic field and a horizontal line in the magnetic meridian.

Q.28.

Define magnetic declination.

Ans.

Magnetic Declination: It is defines as the angle between the magnetic meridian and the geographic meridian at a
palce. It is denoted by angle .
What is a magnetic dipole?
It consists of two poles of equal and opposite strength separated by a fixed distance called dipole length 2l.

Q.29.
Ans.

Name the physical quantity which is measured in weber ampere-1.


The physical quantity which is measured in weber ampere -1is
Self inductance or coefficient of self induction (L).
Q.32 What is the basic cause of induced e.m.f. ?
Ans. The basic cause of induced emf in a coil is the change in magnetic flux linked with the coil.
Q.33 What is meant by magnetic flux ? Stale its S.I. unit.
Ans. The total no. of magnetic lines of force linked with the surface is called
magnetic flux linked with that surface. For defining magnetic flux linked with
the
surface we take area as area vector (also called surface vector). For a plane
surface
having area A then A = n A where n is the unit vector drawn
perpendicular to the surface. Then magnetic flux linked with the
surface
is
= B . A = BAcos
Where is the angle between the normal to
surface area and magnetic field.
The flux linked with surface is minimum (= 0) when surface is placed parallel to magnetic field the angle
between the normal and magnetic field is 900.
The flux linked with surface is maximum (= BA) when surface is placed perpendicular to magnetic field
then the angle between the normal and magnetic field will be 0 0.
Q.34 Define Weber unit of magnetic flux.
Ans. Units of magnetic flux in SI is weber (Wb).
= B . A = BAcos
If B= 1Tesla, A = 1m2 , =00
1 wb = 1 tesla m2
One Weber is amount of magnetic flux over an area of 1m2 held normal to uniform magnetic field of one
tesla.
Dimensional formula: [ML2T-2A-1]
Q.35 Weber is unit of which physical quantity?
Ans. Weber is unit of magnetic flux
Q.36 State two properties of ferromagnetic substances.
Ans. (1) When a piece of such a substance is placed in a non-uniform magnetic field, it moves from weaker to
stronger part of the field.
(2) If a bar of such a substance is suspended in a uniform magnetic field, it sets itself parallel to the
magnetic field.
Q.37 State two properties of diamagnetic substances.
Q.31
Ans.

Ans.

(i) When a piece of diamagnetic substance is placed in a non-uniform magnetic field, it tends to move
from stronger part to the weaker part of the field.
(ii) When a rod of such a material is suspended in a uniform magentic field, it sets itself at right angle to
the direction of magnetic field.
Q.38 State two properties of paramagnetic substances.
Ans. (i) When a piece of such a substance is placed in a non-uniform magnetic field, it tends to move from
weaker part to stronger part of the field.
(ii) If a rod of such a substance is suspended freely in a uniform magnetic field, it rotates itself to be
parallel to the direction of magnetic field.
Q.39 State two methods to destroy the magnetic strength of a magnet.
Ans. The-strength of a magnet can be destroyed by the following methods.
(i) By heating the magnet till it becomes red hot.
(ii) By beating the magnet with a hammer for a number of times.
Q.40 Name one metal each to make a permanent and a temporary magnet.
Ans. Metal to make a permanent magnet = Steel
Metal to make a temporary magnet = Soft iron.
Q.41 Define permeability of magnetic substances.
Ans. Permeability of a magnetic substance is defined as the ratio of the magnetic induction (B) to the
magnetizing field (H).

Q.42
Ans.
Q.43
Ans.
Q.44
Ans.
Q.45
Ans.
Q.46
Ans.
Q.47
Ans.

Q.48
Ans.

Q.49
Ans.

B
H

Write the dimensional formula for magnetic flux.


Dimensional formula: [ML2T-2A-1]
Mention two properties of alloys from which permanent magnets are made.
1. It should be having high corecivity.
2. It should be having sufficient retentivity.
3. It should be having strength to with stand high stress.
Define Curies law in magnetism.
Curies law state that the magnetic susceptibility of paramagnetic materials is inversely proportional to its
absolute temperature.
Why do magnetic lines of force prefer to pass through iron than through air ?
Iron being ferromagnetic has larger permeability than air and hence magnetic lines of force prefer to pass
through iron than through air.
What happens to the diamagnetic substance when it is placed in non-uniform magnetic field?
Whenever diamagnetic substance when it is placed in non-uniform magnetic field it gets displaced from
stronger to weaker par of magnetic filed.
Define Diamagnetic substances? Give one example.
Diamagnetic : Those substances, which when placed in a magnetic field, are feebly magnetised in a
direction opposite to the direction of magnetising field are called diamagnetic substances. When such a
substance is placed in a non-uniform field, it tends to move from stronger field to weaker part of the field.
Some of the diamagnetic substances are : zinc, water, bismuth, copper, sodium chloride etc.
Define Paramagnetic substances? Give one example.
Paramagnetic : Those substances which when placed in a magnetic field, are feebly magnetised in the
direction of magnetic field, are called paramagnetic substances. When such a substance is placed in a nonuniform field, it tends to move from weaker part to stronger part of the field. Some of the paramagnetic
substances are : sodium, aluminium, liquid oxygen, copper chloride, platinum and antimony etc.
Define Ferromagnetic substances? Give one example.
Ferromagnetic : Those substances, which when placed in a
magnetic field, are strongly magnetised in the direction of magnetic field, are called ferromagnetic
substances. When such a substance is placed in a non-uniform magnetic field, it moves from weaker part
to stronger parts of the field. Some of the ferromagnetic substances are : iron, steel, cobalt, nickel, alnico,
etc.

Magnetic Field and Magnetism-Numericals


1. The electron of the hydrogen atom moves along a circular path of radius 0.5 x 10~ 10m with a speed of 2.2 x 106
ms-1. What magnetic field does it produce at the centre of circular path ?
Ans. r = 0.5 x 10-10 m , v= 2.2 x 106 m/s , q= 1.6 x 10-19C

mv
9.110 3 2.2 106
B

14.1
qr 1.6 1019 0.5 1010
T
2. A circular coil of wire consisting of 80 turns, each of radius 8 cm, carries a current of 0.5 A. Calculate the
magnitude of magnetic field 'B' at the centre of coil.
Ans. n = 80, r = 8cm , I = 0.5A, B =?

0 2
22
0.5
80 107 2
4 r
7 8 10 2
3.14 4 T
Bn

107
4

3.A Solenoid of length 30 cm, having 150 turns carries current of 2.1 A. Calculate the magnitude of magnetic
field in the interior of the solenoid.
Ans. l = 30 cm , n = 150, I = 2.1A

107
4

0 nI
22 107 150 2.1
B
4
1.3 10 3 T
l
7
0.3

4. A circular coil of wire consisting of 100 turns, each of radius 7.8 m carries a current of 0.4 A. Calculate the
magnitude of magnetic field 'B' at the centre of the coil.
Ans. n = 100, r = 7.8 m , I = 0.4A, B =?

0 2
22
0.4
100 107 2
4 r
7 7.8 10 2
3.22 6 T
Bn

107
4

5. A solenoid of length of 25 cm, having 150 turns carries a current of 2.4 A. Calculate the magnitude of
magnetic field at one end of the solenoid.
Ans. l = 25cm, n =150, I = 2.4 A

0 nI
2l

Magnetic field as one end of solenoid =

1
22
4
107 150 2.4 0.904 103T
2
7 .25

B=
6. A circular coil of wire consisting of 90 turns, each of radius 7.9 cm, carries a current of 0.45 A. Calculate the
magnitude of magnetic field 'B' at the centre of the coil.
Ans. Same as 4th Question.
7. A circular coil of 200 turns and radius 0.2 m carries a current of 14 A. What is the magnitude of magnetic
moment associated with the coil ?
Ans. n = 200, r = 0.2m, I = 14 A, M =?

M = n I A = n I (r2) = 200 14 3.142


(0.2)2 = 352 102 Am2
8. A current of 15A flows through a coil of 5.0 cm radius as shown in figure. Find out the direction and
magnitude of magnetic field kt the centre of the arc.
Ans. I = 15 A, r = 0.5 cm

0
2 r

Magnetic field due to circular ring at its centre =

Due to half ring =

= 9.42 10-5 T

1
B' 0
2 2 r

1
22 10 7 15
4
2
7 2 0.05

9. A cyclotron's oscillator frequency is 10 MHz. What should be the operating magnetic field for accelerating
protons ? If the radius of its dees is 60 cm, what is the kinetic energy (in MeV) of the proton beam produced
by the cyclotron ? Given : Mass or proton = 1.67 x 10-27 kg.
Ans. n = 10 MHz = 106 s-1, r = 60cm , K.E. = ? , B = ? , m= 1.67 x 10-27 kg
1 MeV = 1.602 x 10

-13

J , q = 1.6

1019C

1.67 1027 r 2 n
1.67 1027 rw
mv
B

qr 1.6 1019 60 10 2
1.6 10 19 60 10 2

22
10 106
7
1.6 1019 60 10 2

1.67 1027 2 2

= 0.656 = 0.66T

1
1
1
2
E mv 2 m r 2 w2 mr 2 2 n
2
2
2
22
1.67 1027 (0.6) 2 (2 10 106 ) 2
7

As

1 MeV = 1.602 x 10-13 J

1J=

1
1.602 1013

MeV

13

11.87 10
MeV 7.84 MeV
1.602 10 13

10. A cyclotron's oscillator frequency is 11 MHz. What should be the operating magnetic field for accelerating
protons ? If the radius of its dees is 60 cm, what is the kinetic energy (in MeV) of proton beam produced by
the cyclotron ? Given : Mass of proton = 1.67 x 10-27 kg
Ans. n = 10 MHz = 106s-1, r= 60cm , K.E. = ?, B =?,m= 1.67 x 10-27 kg
1 MeV = 1.602 x 10-13 J , q = 1.6

1019C

1.67 1027 r 2 n
1.67 1027 rw
mv
B

qr 1.6 1019 60 102


1.6 1019 60 10 2

22
11 106
7
1.6 1019 60 102

1.67 1027 2 2

= 0.726 T

1 2 1
1
2
mv m r 2 w2 mr 2 2 n
2
2
2
22
1.67 1027 (0.6) 2 (2 11 106 ) 2
7

2
E

As

1 MeV = 1.602 x 10-13 J


13

1J=

1
1.602 1013

14.3385 10
MeV 9.184MeV
1.602 1013

MeV

r
v (7 j 4 k )m / s,

11. A charge 8 coulomb is moving with velocity


Wbnrr2.Find the force acting on the charge.

ur
B (7 j 4 k ) wbm 2

magnetic field

r
ur
ur
v (7 j 4 k ) m / s, B (7 j 4 k ) wbm 2 , F ?

Ans. q = 8C,

ur
r ur 8 (7 j 4 k ) (7 j 4 k )

F q (v B )

28
i

28(

i )

(
j

i
)
&
(
k

i )

=0

( j j 0) & ( k k 0)

12. A charge 3 coulomb is moving with velocity. V = (4i + 3j) ms-1 in a magnetic field B = (4i + 3j) Wbm-2. Find the
force acting on the charge.
Ans. Same as 11th Question
13. An electron enters a magnetic field of 5T intensity with velocity 5 x10 6 ms~1 at angle 30 with the direction of
field. Find the magnitude of force acting on electron.
Ans. B = 5 T , v = 5

ur
r ur
F q (v B )

106 m/s, =300, F = ?, q = 1.6 10-19C

= qvB sin=1.6 10-19 5 106 5 sin300= 2 10-12 N


14. An electron enters a magnetic field of 4T intensity with velocity 7.5 x10 6 ms-1 at an angle 30 with the
direction of magnetic field. Find the magnitude of force acting on electron.
Ans. B = 4 T , v = 7.5

ur
r ur
F q (v B )

106 m/s, =300, F = ?, q = 1.6 10-19C

= q v B sin =1.6 10-19 7.5 106 4 sin300= 2.4 10-12 N


15. A proton enters a magnetic field of 4T intensity, with velocity 2.5 x 10 6ms_1at an angle 30 with the direction
of field. Find the magnitude of force acting on proton.
Ans. Same as 13th Question
16. The magnitude of velocities of two Alpha particles A and B, entering a uniform magnetic field
perpendicularly, are in the ratio 6:1. On entering the field, they move in circular paths. Find out the ratio of
radii of their paths.

VA 6
qBr
V
VB 1
m
Ans.

V r rV

rA VA 6

rB VB 1

17. An electron (with charge 1.6 x 10~19 C) moving at right angles to a uniforms magnetic field completes a
circular orbit in 10* sec. Calculate the value of magnetic field.

Ans. q = 1.6 10-19C , B = ? , = 900, T = 10-6 sec , m = 9

10-31 kg

22
2 9 1031
2 m
7
B

3.57 105 T
19
6
qT
1.6 10 10
18. A particle carrying a charge 5pC is moving with a velocity v = (4i + 3k) ms~ 1 in a magnetic field B = (3K +
4i) wbnT2. Calculate the force acting on the particle.
Ans. Same as 11th Question
19. A particle carrying a charge SpC is moving with velocity v = (2j-3k)ms" 1 in a magnetic field B = (2j - 3k)
wbrrr2. Find the force acting on the particle.
Ans. Same as 11th Question

20. A proton enters into a magnetic field of intensity 5x10-2 Tesla with velocity of 105ms-1 at an angle 30 with the
field. Calculate the magnitude of force acting on the proton due to this field.

Ans. B = 5 10-2 T , v = 105 m/s, =300, F = ?, q = 1.6 10-19C

ur
r ur
F q (v B )

= q v B sin =1.6 10-19 105 5 10-2 sin300= 4 10-16 N


21. An electron enters into a magnetic field of intensity 4x10 -3 Tesla with velocity of 5x106ms-1 at an angle 30
with the field. Calculate the magnitude of force acting on the electron due to this field.
Ans. Same as 21st Question
22. Same as 21st Question
23. An ion of mass 1.8x1 0-27 kg carrying a charge 2x10~16 C being accelerated through a potential difference of
200V enters a unif magnetic field of intensity 2x10-3 Tesla perpendicular to its directio motion. Calculate the
radius of path described by the ion.

Ans. m = 1.8 10-27 kg, q = 2 10-16 C, Potential V=200V, B= 2 10-3T, =900

1
mv 2 qV
2
where v=velocity

2qV 2 2 1016 200


v

m
1.8 10 27
8
v
1013 6.66 106 m / s
1.8
2

mv 1.8 10 27 6.66 106

3 10 2 m
16
3
qB
2 10 2 10

24. An ion of mass 1.8x10-25 kg carrying a charge 4x10~16 C being accelerated through a potential difference of
400V enters a unif magnetic field of intensity 2x10~2 Tesla perpendicular to its directio motion. Calculate the
radius of path described by the ion.
Ans. Same as 24th Question
25. An ion of mass 1.8x10-29 kg carrying a charge 2x10" after being accelerated through a potential difference of
100 V ente uniform magnetic field of intensity 10-3 Tesla perpendicular to its direc of motion. Calculate the
radius of path described by the ion.
Ans. Same as 24th Question
26. A Galvanometer of 50 ohm resistance shows full scale deflection for a current of 2mA. Calculate shunt
resistance needed to convert it to an ammeter of range 0.5 A.
Ans. G = 50, Ig = 2mA, S =?, I = 0.5A

Ig
I Ig

2 103
(50) 0.2
0.5 2 10 3

in parallel with galvanometer.


27. The Galvanometer of 80 ohm resistance gives full scale deflection for a current of 40x 10 -4 A. How will you
convert it into a voltmeter of range 0.5 V ?
Ans. G= 80 , Ig = 4010-4A,V= 0.5 V, R=?

V
GR
V
0.5
R G
80 45
Ig
0.004
Ig

in series with galvanometer

28. A short conductor of length 5.0 cm is placed parallel to a long conductor of length 1.5 m near its centre. The
conductors carry a current of 4A and 3A respectively in the same directions. What is the total force
experienced by long conductor, when they are separated by 3 cm in vacuum ?
Ans. I = 5.0 A, F = 2 10-4N, r =?

F1

o I1 I 2
10 7 2 3 4
l
0.05 4 10 6 N
2 r
0.03

29. A long straight wire XY carries a current of 2 amperes. A proton P travels at5 x 10-6 ms"1, parallel to the wire
as shown in the diagram, 0.2 m away from it. Find out the magnitude and direction of force which magnetic
field exerts on the proton.

Ans. I = 2A, v = 510-6m/s, r = 0.2 m, q = 1.6 10-19C

0 2 I 107 2 2
B

2 106 T
4 r
0.2
ur
r ur
F q (v B )

= q v B sin =1.6 10-19 5 10-6 2 10-6 sin900= 1.6 10-30 N


30. A Galvanometer has a resistance of 50 Ohm. A resistance of 5 Ohm is connected across its terminals. What
part of total current will flow through the galvanometer ?
Ans. G = 50, S = 5, Ig=?

Ig

S
5

I Ig
Ig
I Ig

50

I I g 10 I g
I 11I g
Ig

1
I
11

31. A Galvanometer coil has a resistance of 15 Ohm and the meter shows full scale deflection for a current of
4MA. How will you convert the meter into an ammeter of range 0 to 6A ?
Ans. G =200, S = ?, Ig = 4mA, I = 6A

Ig
I Ig

5
I 95
100
S
5
5
I
I
100
32. A voltmeter reads upto 3V. Its resistance is 200 Ohrn. It is to be used to measure a potential difference which
may be as large as 60V. What measure you would take to protect the voltmeter ?
Ans. V = 3V, G =200, V=60V

Ig

3
A
200

60

V
R G
200 3800
3
Ig

200

in series

33. It is desired to pass only 5% of the current through a galvanometer of resistance 95Q. What shunt resistance
should be connected across it ?

Ig

5
I
100

Ans.

, G = 95, S = ?

Ig
I Ig

5
I 95
S 100
5
5
I
I
100
34. A resistance of 90Q is connected in series with a galvanometer of resistance 100Q. A potential difference of
1V produces a deflection of 100 divisions in the galvanometer. Find the figure of merit galvanometer.
Ans.R = 90, G = 100, V = 1V, n = 100

1
1

2
4 n C 4 22 22 50 50 10 4
7 7
0.10123H 101.23mH
L

Ig
n

5.2 103
5.2 10 5 A / division
100

Figure of merit =
35. A short bar magnet has a magnetic moment of 0.24J/T. Calculate the magnitude of magnetic field produced
by magnet at a distance of 10cm from the center of the magnet on the axis of magnet.
Ans. pm = 0.24J/T , r = 10 cm = 0.1 m

0 2 pm r

4 r 2 x 2

0 2 pm 107 2 0.24

4.8 105 T
3
3
4 r
0.1

, For Short Bar Magnet


36. A short bar magnet has a magnetic moment of 0.2J/T. Calculate the magnitude of magnetic field produced
by magnet at a distance of 8cm from the center of the magnet on the axis of magnet.
Ans. Same as 37th Question.