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12/31/2014

EDGE - Telecom ABC

Telecom ABC - E

EDGE
Enhanced Data rates for Global Ev olution (EDGE) is a technology that can
be used in existing GSM and D-AMPS (IS-136) networks to increase the
data capacity. EDGE is an official member of the IMT-2000 family. however,
in Europe, EDGE is seen as an intermediate technology in the evolution
from GSM to UMTS and systems beyond.

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EDGE can be used as an enhancement of the General Packet Radio Service
(GPRS). This enhancement is known as Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS). EDGE can
also be used as an enhancement of High Speed Circuit Switched Data
(HSCSD). This enhancement is known as Enhanced Circuit-Switched Data
(ECSD).
EDGE increases the capacity of the radio link within the excisting 200 kHz
GSM radio channels. EDGE employs three techniques to increase the
capacity on the radio link. The first technique is the introduction of a new
modulation scheme, Octogonal Phase Shift Keying (8PSK). An 8PSK signal is
able to carry three bits per symbol while the standard GSM Gaussian
Minimum Shift Keying (GMSK) carries only 1 bit per symbol. This means that
the data rate per timeslot will triple.
A comparison of GSM GMSK and 8-PSK is given in the table below.

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GSM / GMSK

EDGE / 8PSK

Symbol rate

270.833 kbps

270.833 kbps

bits/symbol

1

3

Bit rate per time slot 22.8 kbps

See also
C ircuit switching
EC SD
EDGE C ompact
EGPRS
GERAN
GPRS
GSM
HSC SD
Packet switching

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68.4 kbps

The bit rate in the table is the gross bit rate. Part of the bits are used for
error correction. In a standard GSM channel only 9.6 kbps (circuit switched)
or 9.05 kbps (packet switched) is available to the user for data.
The second technique is the employment of different error correction coding
schemes. The amount of error correction can be varied based on the quality
of the radio link. In EGPRS there are nine different coding schemes defined;
five coding schemes for 8-PSK and four coding schemes for GMSK. These
coding schemes are given in the table below.

http://www.telecomabc.com/e/edge.html

Modulation and
Coding Scheme

Modulation

Data rate per
timeslot (kbps)

MCS-1

GMSK

8.8

MCS-2

GMSK

11.2

MCS-3

GMSK

14.8

MCS-4

GMSK

17.6

MCS-5

8-PSK

22.4

MSC-6

8-PSK

29.6
1/2

Telecom ABC MCS-7 8-PSK 44. is measured either by the mobile station in a downlink transfer or by the base station in an uplink transfer. On top of the excisting data rates of 9.6 GMSK 14. These are given in the table below. the maximum data rate will reach 473.12/31/2014 EDGE . To introduce EDGE in an excisting GSM network. This increases the likelihood of a succesful transmission. and the highest data rates can only be provided with limited coverage.com http://www. the base stations (and the mobile stations) have to be upgraded.8 8-PSK 32.telecomabc.com/e/edge.8 MCS-8 8-PSK 54. there are 3 new data rates introduced. the radio network planning.4 MCS-9 8-PSK 59. All R ights R e se rve d.4 8-PSK 28. D-AMPS uses 30 kHz radio channels comapred to 200 kHZ in GSM and EDGE.g. The increase in data throughput does not come for free. In ECSD there are only five different data rates defined. EDGE Compact is a packet-switched dataonly overlay using EDGE that can be introduced in a D-AMPS network. the price being paid is the increased vulnerability of the 8-PSK signal. to select the most appropriate modulation coding scheme for transmission of the next sequence of packets.html 2/2 . Modulation Data rate per time slot (kbps) GMSK 9. Link adaptation means that the radio link quality. To ease the introduction of EDGE in an D-AMPS network a special version of EDGE is made: EDGE Compact. Wave Relay Persistent Systems LLC Wireless Mobile Ad Hoc Network top C opyright © 2005 Te le com ABC . This affects.6 and 14.0 8-PSK 43. EDGE is also designed as an enhancement in D-AMPS networks. e. However. Te m plate inspire d by ronsguide .2 ECSD Modulation and Coding Schemes The third technique is called link adaptation.4 kbps.2 EGPRS Modulation and Coding Schemes If all 8 time slots are used.6 kbps. To do so a small portion of the original D-AMPS frequency spectrum has to be released for the EDGE data network.