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Before we can begin to discuss ideology, we must define it.

So ideology is basically
your world outlook your world view. According to Althusser, an ideology doesnt not
reflect the real world but it represents an imaginary relationship to the real world. For
example, since we rely so much on language to establish reality, different ideologies
become merely different representations of the imagined reality and not of reality
itself. And supposing that a person doesn’t live by this world view, say he doesn’t live
a moral life in terms of christianity, the religious ideology then become largely
imaginary aka it doesn’t correspond to reality. This, people exercise their domination
and exploitation over other people using a “Falsified” representation of the world
which they have imagined in order to enslave other minds by dominating their
In order to exist, every social formation must reproduce:
1.) The productive forces, and 2.) The existing relations of production
1.) The Forms of Reproduction:
a. The reproduction of the means of production
b. The reproduction of labor power--The reproduction of labor power requires
"a reproduction of submission to the ruling ideology for the workers"(133).
2.) The Reproduction of the Relations of Production
a. The reproduction of the relations of production is secured by the exercise of
State power in the RSA and the ISA.
2. The educational apparatus (school) is the dominant ideological State apparatus in
capitalist formations that secures the reigning ideology.
3. The basic Marxist mode of society is divided into an economic infrastructure and a
C. The relation between the superstructure and infrastructure is "in the last instance"
determined by the
economic base (136).
1. Overdeterminism-an effect arise from a variety of causes which acting together
rather than from a single (economic) factor.
2. Relative autonomy-a view asserts that the superstructure has a degree of
independence from economic forces.
3. Reciprocal action of the superstructure on the base (135).
In other words, he examines the ways in which a State exerts
control over its subjects--both through ISA and RSA-- in order to
reproduce its productive power.) Althusser proposes a discussion on
the relationship of the State and the subjects. His view on ideology
assumes that the ideology is the greatest material power, and thus

RSAs are controlled by the ruling class since they are also the ones who possess State power RSAs are used to preserve ruling ideas through violent and coercive means ISAs   propagate a wide range of ideologies through these (types) functioned in a concealed and a symbolic manner. A.expands the traditional Marxist view that sees economy as the ultimate power of the capitalist society. REPRESSIVE STATE APPARATUS:    used by the ruling class a tool to suppress and dominate the working class More often than not. schools. o EXAMPLE: Training the students to become productive forces (labourpower) working for and under the Capitalist agents of exploitation. The person responds to the call and in doing so is transformed into a subject . His analysis explains subjectification in order to make the bigger argument that states are able to keep control through the reproduction of subjects who are brainwashed to believe that their role within the social structure is natural. In this shorter text he goes into how human beings become selfconscious subjects. Interpellation    Althusser compares ideology to a policeman shouting "hey you" to a person walking in the street. which give the developing individual categories in which they can recognize themselves. To the extent that an individual does so and thus accepts the practices associated with such institutions.economic structures. More precisely. Althusser argues. responsible agent whose actions can be explained by his or her thoughts. These are perpetuated by institutions or what Althusser names. gives us an identity. require ideologies. which include socio. And this hailing. which assume a dominant role in a Capitalist economy. The Educational ISAs. We acquire our identities by seeing ourselves somehow mirrored in ideologies. church and so on." That includes family. as we saw earlier.a self-conscious. conceal and mask the ruling class ideology behind its liberating qualities so that its hidden agendas become inconspicuous to the parents of the students. "Ideological State Apparatuses. they have been powerfully "interpellated." How do we define Ideology? . what we believe to be normal or natural.

Ideology is a representation of the imaginary in that the way we see things and the way we think about things is not an accurate picture of reality. .