You are on page 1of 3

AFRICAN VALUES

CEREMONIES
West and Central African religious practices generally manifest
themselves in communal ceremonies and/or divinatory rites in which
members of the community, overcome by force (or ashe, nyama, etc.), are
excited to the point of going into meditative trance in response to rhythmic
or mantric drumming and/or singing.
SPIRITS
Followers of traditional African religions pray to various spirits as well
as to their ancestors. These secondary spirits serve as intermediaries
between humans and the primary God. Most African societies believe in a
single Supreme Creator God (Chukwu, Nyame, Olodumare, Ngai, Roog, etc.).
Some recognize a dual God and Goddess such as Mawu-Lisa
PRACTICES AND RITUALS
There are more similarities than differences in all traditional African
religions.[19] Often, the supreme God is worshiped through consultation or
communion with lesser deities and ancestral spirits. The deities and spirits
are honored throughlibation, sacrifice (of animals, vegetables, cooked food,
flowers, semi-precious stones, precious metals, etc.). The will of God is
sought by the believer also through consultation of oracular deities,
or divination.[20] In many traditional African religions, there is a belief in a
cyclical nature of reality. The living stand between their ancestors and the
unborn. Traditional African religions embrace natural phenomena – ebb and
tide, waxing and waning moon, rain and drought – and the rhythmic pattern
of agriculture.
VIRTUE
Virtue in traditional African religion is often connected with carrying out
obligations of the communal aspect of life. Examples include social behaviors
such as the respect for parents and elders, raising children appropriately,
providing hospitality, and being honest, trustworthy, and courageous.

In some traditional African religions. Family relationships are the basic building block of Philippine culture and society. Filipinos love entertaining foreign visitors. morality is associated with obedience or disobedience to God regarding the way a person or a community lives. A typical Filipino house has any facility ready for the guests. Aside from the country’s stunning and natural assets. meeting the Filipinos promises you true friendship and memories to keep. members are provided assistance when needed and expected to give their first loyalty to their kin. The used of Ate or Kuya to show respect to the elders. . Holding a gathering or family reunion just to catch up the update of every family members. interacting with them is unavoidable and may bring something to look forward. The attitude of the Filipino is one factor towards foreigners too. The hospitality of the Filipino is known to most foreigners who have traveled around the country. whether to help. or for whatever reason. Because of this tradition of Filipino family. FILIPINO VALUES Common traditions of Filipinos are: Mano Po (the younger member of a family will take the elders hand and place the back of it to their forehead). This closed relationship is customarily enlarged through ritual co-parenthood called godparents to sponsor one’s child at baptism and also to sponsor when one member of the family will get married. It is filled with new and nice-looking items reserved only for them while ordinary ones are for everyday use.

Favorites are ricecake like bibingka and puto bumbong. .washed by salabat or hot ginger tea.The word implies consideration. which are held at around four O’clock in the morning. Celebration of the Christmas season In the Philippines is one of the longest in the world-it start from December 16 and end on the first Sunday of January the following year.fairness. Known as pakikisama. the people usually have breakfast consisting of local delicacies at stalls set up in the churchyard.dec-16 marks the start of the nine-day simbang gabi or misa de gallo.A person can go to considerable extend just to prove he has pakikisama and is a worthly part of group. Family reunion is usually held on Christmas day and usually held in the home of the oldest member of the family where members of the family exchange gifts. After the mass.and camaraderie.personal relations often influence business and other key decisions.Filipinos value personal relations.