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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
CORONARY HEART DESEASE -

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a disease in which a waxy
substance called plaque (plak) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich
blood to your heart muscle. Over time, CHD can weaken the heart muscle and lead to heart failure and
arrhythmias (ah-RITH-me-ahs). Heart failure is a condition in which your heart can't pump enough blood
to meet your body’s needs. Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat.

HYPERTENSION - Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the
walls of blood
vessels, and the magnitude of this force depends on the cardiac
output and the resistance of the
blood vessels. The blood flowing inside
vessels exerts a force against the walls - this is blood
pressure. We have more
information on the biology and physics of normal blood pressure itself, a
page
that also looks at how it is measured, what normal measurements are, and
how they
change
with age and exercise.

STROKE - Stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA),
cerebrovascular insult (CVI), or brain attack, is when poor blood flow to the brain
results in cell death. There are two main types
of stroke: ischemic due to lack
of blood flow and hemorrhagic due to bleeding. They result in
part of the brain
not functioning properly. Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an
inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or
speaking, feeling like the world is spinning, or loss of vision to one side among
others.

The lipoprotein density and type of apolipoproteins it contains determines the fate of the particle and its influence on metabolism. often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus. .is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health. describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar). Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination). they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).[3] a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height. people are considered obese when their body mass index (BMI). Some East Asian countries use stricter criteria. with the range 25-30 kg/m2 defined as overweight.[1] It is the most common form of dyslipidemia (which includes any abnormal lipid levels). or lipoprotein. 4. determines its density. either because insulin production is inadequate. DIABETES .Diabetes. HYPERLIPIDEMIA . 3. or both.[1][2] In Western countries. exceeds 30 kg/m2. The size of that capsule.2. Lipids (fat-soluble molecules) are transported in a protein capsule. leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin.(British English) involves abnormally elevated levels of any or all lipids and/or lipoproteins in the blood. OBESITY .