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Blessed Thistle

The Benefits of

Blessed Thistle
In Herbal Preparations
Thesis on Blessed Thistle by David R. Card

People Helping People Live Healthier Lives through Natural Healing

DavesHealingNotes.com

© Copyright 2010, David R. Card. All Rights Reserved. This information is for educational purposes and not
meant to diagnose, treat, or cure any disease. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional.

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Blessed Thistle

Blessed Thistle Table of Contents

History of Blessed Thistle

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Location of Blessed Thistle

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Chemical constituents of Blessed Thistle

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Medicinal qualities of Blessed Thistle

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Contra-indications for Blessed Thistle

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Known herbal formulas using Blessed Thistle

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Dosages and applications for Blessed Thistle

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Personal Experience with Blessed Thistle

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Bibliography

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© Copyright 2010, David R. Card. All Rights Reserved. This information is for educational purposes and not
meant to diagnose, treat, or cure any disease. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional.

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He describes it as “Carduus Benedictus is found everywhere in Lemnos. Bruno Vonarburg describes the history of Blessed Thistle. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. a supporter of natural medicine. evil spirits. from the Greeks such as Hercules. All Rights Reserved. Often. Special thorn Gods. and also withal cleansing and opening. The following is his historical description of Blessed Thistle: “…this herb is especially good against the pestilence and all other poisonous weaknesses. restlessness. The people of that time used herbs from their doctors as well as the common folk. The ancient Greeks and Romans used thistles to lite curses.Blessed Thistle 3 History of Blessed Thistle Blessed thistle has a long and glorious history in herbal medicine. the same as nettles and thorns. and is an herb growing in our English gardens. . and in parts of the Southwest. It seems that Blessed Thistle has been used in most countries including England. You can sow it directly into its permanent bed in early spring. with spring additions of well-rotted compost. so a small patch of holy thistle will © Copyright 2010. It thrives in good garden soil. As Carduus Benedictus is better. “Old folk beliefs states that thistles protect against irritations. Its history dates back to the Greek and Roman times. an island of Greece.2 Martin Luther was one of the founders of the religious reformation.4 Location of Blessed Thistle The earliest descriptions of Blessed Thistle in the English language are from John Gerard.”3 Jacobus Theodorus Tabernaemontanus of the renaissance was a great compiler of works of much old authors and his Kraeuterbuch (herb book). from the Roman Deus. It is a common wayside herb in the Eastern U.”5 Gaea and Shandor Weiss have a great description of Blessed Thistle plant uses: “In the middle ages holy thistle and angelica were the two most common medicinal herbs in Europe.S. was one of the most in depth and inclusive of all the herbals. In the middle ages a healing calendar was chosen to remove thorns from the ground and remove reeds from the ponds. and also in Languedock. praised Blessed Thistle for its ability as a tea to soothe pains of the sides and left him symptom free for years. so is it also hot and dry in the second degree. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. three or four such cuttings can be taken during the growing season. and witches. David R. The plant is ready for gathering in early summer. Plant the seed 6 inches apart and ¼ inch deep. It was one of the best known and widely used herbs of the middle ages. One third of its growth can be cut back at that time. or cure any disease.”1 He further states that Martin Luther. and Africa. Holy thistle is a hardy plant. one brought offerings. China. Card. Russia. Traditional uses of Blessed Thistle abound and are more fully described in the medicinal uses section of this paper. to protect the fields from thorns and thistles. People recognized thistles as the seed of evil that grew on graves. bitters are used traditionally to strengthen and tonify the body. It is also known for restlessness and was the witch’s herb. treat.

Stem rough. Southern Europe. with wavy-lobed (jagged) and spiny margins (prickles on edges). or cure any disease. Active constituents . is a low annual plant. situated on branch ends and tipped with long yellowish red spines. Cnicus benedictus L. hairy. Common Carline Thistle (Carlina Vulg).Blessed Thistle 4 produce enough of the foliage to last all year.”6 Bruno Vonarburg remarks that it grows “wild in the Mediterranean to a thousand meters. Height . round.”8 Dr. with thistle-like appearance. rough. up to 40cm. pubescent.head terminal. cylindrical seed. [Fam. finely ribbed longitudinally. mucilage. a sesquiterpencid lactone.”7 The Flora website describes. branched. lance-shaped. thin and somewhat hairy. The fruit are long. John Christopher describes it as the “heal-all of thistles can be used as a substitute. Some are described by Dr Christopher: “Sister plants.”14 Chemical Constituents of Blessed Thistle Bruno Vonargburg is very thorough in his description of the chemical constituent history of Blessed Thistle: “The research of the chemical substances of Blessed Thistle begin in 1837 . the so-called cnicin.June to August. with creamy white flowers.13 Thistles in general.”9 Paul Schauenberg describes Blessed Thistle as follows: “Compositae Family. Blessed Thistle stem is erect. one inch long. Other chemicals are Benedictia.”10 The book Kraeuterbuch describes some properties and how it should be prepared: “From the nature. The leaves are 2 to 3 inches long. and a small quantity of an essential oil. “Blessed Thistle.”12 Pahlow from Germany is a pharmacist and an herbalist. Flower . It is the above ground portion.30-40 cm (12-16 inches). blooms June to August. He says that it is best collected at blooming time. so that it does not have the opportunity to self-sow and become a garden pest. The bitterness at 1/1800 is an 1800 dilution where one can still taste the bitterness. and pliable. David R. Citral. It should be dried in the shade…”11 Richard Willfort from Austria says that it has “aromatic smell and bitter taste. Harvest the plant before it flowers each time. grayish-green. leaves large. are safe and therapeutic and many others are or were used. oblong and lanceolate. Common Star Thistle (Centaurea Calcitropa). Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. Card.there is a high content of bitter principles. one inch broad. Cnicinolid. brittle. Flowering season . tannin. In Europe it is found in fields and herb gardens. power and properties of cardobenedicten-The bitter taste of this herb shows enough of the warm and dry nature (and this thistle has the praise over all others as many uses inwardly and outwardly and has a large and healing power. Dwarf Thistle (Carduus Acaulis). Asteraceae}. The root is white and parted into strings. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Arcticitrol. St. hairs or beard at top. The flowers are yellow. Arctiing etheric oil with Fenchon. Mary’s Thistle (Carduus Marinnus). Milk Thistle (Silybum Marianum). Scotch Thistle (Conopordum Acanthium). All Rights Reserved. An annual plant. spiny. lobed. Western Asia. © Copyright 2010. . treat.The plant contains a bitter compound (cnicine).

and barks of many plants. The essential material influences the stomach secretions. nicotinic acid. probably occurring in glycosidic form. magnesium. Card. . but not E. mucilage. cuminaldehyde). The plant also contains: up to 0.7%) of the not-too-old dried plant material is a bitter tasting compound called cnicin. fenchone. also found in burdock seed. or cure any disease. It increases the pancreatic secretions. and furthers the colon action. There has been 30 different uses of Blessed Thistle as a tonic since the time of Hippocrates. works as an appetite stimulant. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. monoterpenes (citronellol. Coli.” Continuing with this description: “Active Ingredients: Blessed thistle herb and flowers contain: Bitter substances of the sesquiterpen lactone type. Vanhoelon-Fastre of the Pharmaceutical Institute of the Free University of Brussels as an antibiotic effect. Research on blessed thistle herb has demonstrated antibiotic properties for: 1) cnicin. a sesquiterpene lactone or germacranolide isolated all the way back in 1837. and others. treat.Blessed Thistle 5 Cimmonaldehyde and paraffin. Bitter herbs keep their importance in medicine as a tonic. polystyrene. Blessed thistle extracts also have anti-bacterial activity. p-cymene. alkaloids. magnesium. Cnicin also has anti-inflammatory activity. Research on blessed thistle has demonstrated that cnicin has considerable activity for stimulating cellular regeneration. David R. and flavonoids. The essential oil has bacteriostatic action against Staphylococcus aureus. and Vitamin B. stems. Lignans are phyto-estrogen precursors for the key mammalian lignans: enterolactone and enterodiol that are present in humans and animals. benzoic acid. mucus and tannins. It furthers the peristaltic movement of the stomach and strengthens the entire organism. 2) the essential oil. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. releases cramps of the gallbladder/liver region.3% essential oil which includes n-paraffin (C-9-C13). phenylpropanes. such as trachelogenin. sesquiterpone lactone. flavonoids. iodine). are also noted for this activity and are platelets activating factor (PAF) antagonists and anti-HIV as well. Its description from the Flora website describes the chemical actions and constituents as follows: “Certain bitter flavonoids found in the leaves. citral.”15 The essential oil of Blessed Thistle is described by R. OPCs have also been shown to bind to collagen and prevent its degradation by enzymes and free radicals and aid in the repair of damaged collagen and elastin. The seed contains lignan lactones. faecalis. calcium. 16 Peter Holmes lists some of the chemical constituents and minerals as follows: “Bitter glycosides (cnicin). that also contribute to the bitterness of the drug.”17 © Copyright 2010. tannins. have indeed been shown to strengthen the walls of blood vessels and capillaries thereby improving overall blood circulation. calcium. detoxification and cleansing.2-0. and 3) the polyacetylenes contained in the herb. benzaidehyde. minerals (including potassium. resin. essential oil. All Rights Reserved. S. the principal active ingredient (0. further polyencer and oleanol. The lignans arctiin and arctigenin. particularly the oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs). aromatic aldehydes (cinnamaldehyde.

detoxifying. antiinflammatory. as Heromenous Boeke witnesses. it is useful for dyspeptic problems of the gastro-intestinal tract. and headaches associated with liver congestion. British and German Pharmacopoeias recognize that ‘bitters’.Blessed Thistle 6 Medicinal Qualities of Blessed Thistle Blessed Thistle has an amazing variety of folk history. and helps the inflammation of the liver. sores and botches. The same boiled in wine and drunk. including blessed thistle.” “The same author reports. especially those that proceed of the pestilence. helps the sauce-flegme face. The distilled water thereof is of a less virtue. David R. and is very good against the fourday fever. for cramps of the livergallbladder area. so is it also hot and dry in the second degree. . and under activity of the pancreas. digestive disorders. The green herb pounded and laid to. cellular regeneration. gastrointestinal disorders. and likewise Arnoldus de Villanova reports. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. as erysipelas. and also withal cleansing and opening. or any venomous beast whatsoever. indigestion. to increase energy. dried herb and flowers. that the distilled water taken with the water of Lovage and Dodder. is good against all hot swellings. One of the first English descriptions of Blessed Thistle medicinal qualities is John Gerard from 1633: “As Carduus Benedictus is bitter. It is useful for appetite disturbances. colon problems. The herb also is good being stamped and applied. treat. plague. The powder of the leaves ministered in the quantity of half a dram.”19 (I assume it is the liver or right side. if it is received within 24 hours after the taking of the sickness. or cure any disease. if it is drunk for certain days together. it does the same. adding thereto a little wheat flower. headaches.” “The extraction of the leaves drawn. anorexia/appetite loss. provokes urine. cleanses the stomach. is very good against the pestilence. “It is reported that it likewise cures stubborn and rebellious ulcers. if the decoction is taken for certain days together. medicinal uses. is excellent good against the French disease. as reported of the aforesaid Camerarius. heals the griping pains of the belly. Blessed thistle taken in meat or drink is good for the swimming and giddiness of the head. Traditional usage: Acne.”18 Bruno Vonarburg describes the uses. spiders. All Rights Reserved. according to art. hormone imbalances. hyper and hypo-acidity (too little or too much stomach acidity). The juice of the said Carduus is singular good against all poisons. as reported by Joachimus Camerorius of Noremberg. being applied twice a day. that if it is stamped with Barrows grease to the form of an unguent. blessed thistle increases the flow of gastric juices relieving dyspepsia.) The Flora website lists the traditional uses of Blessed Thistle: “Aqueous extract of whole.” Further added is. wherein the herb has been boiled. jaundice. kills and expels worms. in whatsoever the medicine is taken. and is also good to be laid upon the bites of mad dogs. cleansing. skin disorders. and so is it likewise if it is taken inwardly. stimulate bile © Copyright 2010. Card. “ …as a tea. and drives out gravel. and quatrain agues. so is the juice. antioxidant. it strengthens the memory and is a singular remedy against deafness. causes sweat. and modern applications. blood problems and sticking pains in the side. and the party sweat upon the same: the like virtue has the wine. Through its bitter properties. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. serpents.

improves circulation. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. or cure any disease. Blessed thistle uses are shown as skin problems over the stomach. Fr. stimulates bile production. In Europe. Inflammation and wounds of the stomach and colon. It stimulates bile production and bile flow. and weakness from chronic diarrhea. “Aleipharmic. liver disorders. calms colic.” 27 Schöenenberger describes the traditional Swiss uses: “The inner uses-the entire plant is heart and stomach strengthening. as a “bitter vegetable drug” is considered to be a medicinal agent used to stimulate appetite. stimulates memory.25 John Tobe describes the action of Blessed thistle as. diaphoretic (hot). and lowers fevers. All Rights Reserved. Blessed thistle taken in food and drink helps dizziness and severe headaches over the eyes.”20 Dr. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. cancer like wounds.”24 James Duke describes a newly researched use for Blessed thistle as having anti-HIV activity. bladder stones.”26 E. emmenagogue and emetic (in double or triple doses). Useful for liver and gallbladder problems and increase bowel movement. It is also used for chronic colon disturbances. liver problems.”30 M. .”29 Hugo Hertwig. pains of the side. jaundice. Increases milk while nursing. balances hormones.Blessed Thistle 7 flow and cleanse the liver. an eminent herbologist describes Blessed thistle. Also from lung mucus. and constitutional weakness from the tea.. (cold). The wound needs to be cleansed with water and then the decoction can be put on. Losch talks about the uses of Blessed thistle: “Powdered Blessed thistle of 2 to 4 grams in wine protects against the pestilence. works well for worms. and removes bad material out of the stomach and kills worms. asthma. fevers. From Thomas Green-Universal Herbal “…capable of curing the plague and other malignant feveral disorders…’ Useful for ointments externally. promotes sweating. “Tonic. and loss of appetite from nervous © Copyright 2010. protects against colon problems. poisons. and inner wounds. sluggish appetite.”28 Dieter Podlech recommend Blessed Thistle as “Useful for loss of appetite. colon problems. and seeds are extracted for blood problems. improves the appetite. from pre-world war II Germany from Berlin describes the “…inner and outer uses of Blessed thistle works on the skin. anthelmintic. resolves blood clots. liver. protects against the foul stomach fever. “Amenorrhea. aid digestion and promote health.”23 Terry Willard. Pahlow describes the uses of Blessed thistle: “It stimulates the stomach acid. It is useful for chronic stomach problems. Card. menstrual problems. cleanse the chest and blood. treat. is especially good for mucus congestion. and helps with cramps and other female problems. kidneys to the lungs areas. blessed thistle.A. Studies confirm that bitters increase gastric juice and bile acid secretions by increasing the flow of saliva through stimulation of specific receptors on the mucus membrane lining of the mouth. fever diseases. David R.”21 Earl Mindell lists the folk uses of Blessed Thistle as. Mueller’s book Die Frau als Hausärztin (Mother as the home’s doctor) is used for “gout.” 22 Stan Malstrom describes the uses of Blessed Thistle: “For internal parasites. stops bleeding.

known at that time. it improves the lung and heart. The new Simplicisten as Matthiolus. floaters before the eyes. and there will only be one foot note to apply to all. is used for quaternian (fourday) fever. liver and colon disturbances. The seed is used for side pains. I have translated this from German and this translation is the only known English translation: “The powder (of the herb or the seed). and bloating…Also used for constipation. This powder taken as one teaspoon. It is especially good for coughs. and cleanses the lungs. and thus drunk. It is also useful for cancer-like wounds of the colon and stomach. and externally for wounds. Perhaps we have more to learn today. wounds. produces sweating and drives the poison from the heart. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. will help him. Card. poor healing wounds. heart weakness that are connected with stomach or colon problems. one teaspoon consumed. scrofula. many natural practitioners use a combination of several therapies to help the body heal. It regulates excessive menstrual blood flow.Blessed Thistle 8 reasons. edema. and nervous colon tract problems. and skin lupus of the face. . appetite loss. treat. feverish diseases and sluggishness of the gastrointestinal tracts.” He also discusses the homeopathic uses of Blessed Thistle. and weakness of the stomach operations. He says. He relates that a woman with breast © Copyright 2010. The next several paragraphs pertain to his book.”31 Richard Willfort describes internal and external uses of Blessed thistle: “Used for colon problems. gallbladder diseases. is a protection against the pestilence. “This herb is especially good as a liver herb to alleviate constipation. purgative. heart disturbances. gallbladder. and to induce vomiting. “The powder consumed in warm wine causes sweating: others boiled the herb in wine and drink therefrom. and drives the excess dampness from the stomach and uterus. and doesn’t let the poison overrun you. Used externally as a damp warm pack for breast cancer. Matthiolus writes that there is hardly another more precious herb for cancer. “Homeopathy uses are for glandular diseases. bloating. lung or heart asthma. and other foul wounds as blessed thistle. and constipation. catarrh. liver diseases. gout. David R. and mucus.) Taken over a period of time protects against headaches. jaundice. Folk medicine uses include a wound powder. anemia. jaundice. gas. hysteria. beginning lung inflammation. blood poisoning. All Rights Reserved. The general person needs this powder against the persistent fever and as prevention against it. and children’s rheumatic complaints…” and again. Used in such a way. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. It is also used for lung problems. calms the colon. It is useful as a nerve calmer. cancer therapy includes a decoction put on breast cancer. dyspepsia. frostbite. It is also helpful for insomnia. those that have an open wound inside the body should take blessed thistle. boiled in wine or water. or cure any disease.” “External uses. known as Carduus Benedictus. Bokius. Use this in food and drink. and others think that this will help migraine headaches that appear above the eyes and sometimes cause vertigo. brightens the face. It also improves and cleanses the blood. and sharpens the hearing. vertigo.” 32 Jacobus Theodorus Tabernaemontanus compiled a very comprehensive list of the uses of Blessed Thistle in various forms. Traditional uses include stomach. It cleanses the blood and kills worms. but it is a bitter drink (If you can’t stand the taste make pills. In Europe.” He further states. and gastritis.

This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. soak a linen cloth in the distilled herb water and put on the head. To treat headaches. Blood purifier and a general tonic. It is also used for dark and obscured eyes (cataracts). emetic. itching eyes. “It is tonic. when washed soothes and furthers wound healing. vertigo. treat. Blessed thistle is a tonic herb for the liver. “The flower of blessed thistle in open wounds heals them up and is often protective. .”34 Emil Schlegel writes in his book Religion Der Arznei (Religion of the Healer) about the doctrine of signatures. “You can drive out stones and alleviate women’s problems with a steam bath or sweat bath. qua plantarum. His rendition of the theme is not connected to astrological themes but comes from earlier latin texts. and used for liver problems especially with alcohol. Blessed thistle is warming. Make a plaster of pork fat and wheat paste with red wine ( and blessed thistle powder). The leaves extinguish the burn of the fire (such as the sting or bite of the scorpion or snake). diaphoretic. especially when your put the powder into the wound. It is useful for side aches and sharp pains when associated with wind causes (trapped gas). not just against © Copyright 2010. headaches. lay it on foul wounds. The raspberry bush is thorny and works against poisons.” The reader will see an interesting and thorough work where a portion that deals with blessed thistle I translated into English. In large amounts it induces vomiting. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. poison. One can also remove eye spots by drinking the water and putting it in the corner of the eyes. as well as urination.” Continuing. Promotes perspiration. it is useful for the pestilence. and drives out the foul stomach fever. and is a general stomach tonic. Considered a tonic for the heart. He translates from J. heals the pestilence. All thistles are considered tonics for the liver. metallorum. …it increases circulation. The same water put in the eyes relieves sore. for example Carduus Benedictus. The leaves cut and laid upon. It is also used for old foul wounds also on the face of the female breasts. treating melancholy. dirty blood. David R. Camerarius says that the distilled water of Blessed Thistle distilled a second time is a special medicinal agent for deafness when it is put in the ears. Card.”33 Gaea and Shandar Weiss describe Blessed Thistle. put a cloth soaked with this water. In medieval times. in quibus nova facillimaque affertur methodus. or cure any disease. It also takes the pain from burns caused by water or oil. calm peaceful. It is a spleen cleanser. drying. It provokes sweating and menses. reproductive system and blood. laid on the wound brings good relief. and other nervous disorders with valerian. wood betony. the leaves mixed with sweet wine.” Also. increases milk in nursing mothers. “Plants that have a similarity with animal parts.B. and sage. breaks fevers. octo libris contenta. This is also for post-birth wounds. stimulant. mental agitation.” “Blessed Thistle distilled uses: D. and many others. animalium. As with the distilled water. … nervous system. rerum d enique omnium ex prima extimae faciei inspetione quivis abdiot vires assequatur. Porta in his “Phytognomonica.Blessed Thistle 9 cancer wound open to the bone was healed by the herb (decocted) and it was used to wash the open wound and the dry powder was put in. All Rights Reserved. red. and emmenagogic.” Blessed Thistle in wine: It is useful for all wounds. The name of holy thistle comes from its ability to keep people relaxed. have similar powers.

blessed thistle. They have a sympathy with the gallbladder. (hot). menstrual disorders due to colds.) Whenever I have a plant. dyspepsia. . strengthens memory. especially where the root is reddish or gray: Wormwood. intermittent fevers. heart problems. blessed thistle. gentian. It has two wonderful qualities. Farnkrauter (Fern herbs). urginea maritima…”(pg 101) Chapter 23. etc…” (pg 67) Chapter 5. “Tonic (cold). emetic (double or triple dosage). Frauendistel (Milk Thistle). depression. but as the signature shows. “Yellow blooms. tormentil.” (pg 91) Chapter 8. lungs. liver. painful menstruation. and is effective also for scorpion. Blessed thistle is wonderful for nursing mothers. removes accumulations and relieves appetite loss: reduces liver congestion and resolves mucous damp. etc. loss of appetite. heart. Spitzwegerich (Plantain). All Rights Reserved. spider bites. vulnerary. 2) Promotes urination. Intestines mucus damp (spleen damp): indigestion. Liver and stomach Qi stagnation: appetite loss. but are rough. potentilla reptans. it removes toxicity from the body. parasites. insanity. emmenagogue. for stabbing pains in the hips. it is not an opiate. Liver fluid congestion: edema from waist down. Wacholderschösslein (Juniper stems). Blessed thistle. diaphoretic. chronic headaches. treat. all stabbing pains in the empty spaces (of the body). and stomach.. relieves fluid congestion and relieves edema: resolves toxicosis and promotes lactation. but against the rabid dog bite. nausea. it calms many kinds of puncture wounds of the body. Chronic gastroenteritis. alternating constipation and diarrhea. wormwood. colds dropsy. All leaves that have thorns. headache. biliousness. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. constipation. belongs to the spleen and black bile. Stechpalmenblätler (Holly leaves). and lice. “Special Forms of Leaves. It prevents and helps septic diseases such as fevers. febrifuge. that has a yellow bloom. Medicinal uses. stimulant. Blessed thistle alleviates stabbing pan of the spleen and left side. antiperiodic. All leaves that have hairy leaves. It keeps the bowel clean and has a balsamic character that prevents fermentation. stimulating the production of mother’s milk. relieves stabbing pains in pestilent diseases. or cure any disease. alleviates stabbing pains of the neck. fractured bones (poultice).. It is the bile that removes the toxicity of the joints and body. aiding circulation. Christopher’s therapeutic action of Blessed thistle is. Eberwurz (Carline Thistle). kidneys. Kidney Qi © Copyright 2010. it is very useful in purifying the blood. As a tonic it strengthens the brain. purification of blood. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. Card.yet a drawing taste. David R. relieve stabbing pains of the joints. emesis. and for all liver problems. mother’s milk. gurgling distended abdomen. (In fact the coloring of the stool as well as urine comes from the bile. but has a sharp character. Liver congestion. painful digestion. veronica.Blessed Thistle 10 snake bites. All leaves that are long and thin are a sign of the spleen. have a power against corrosive inflammations of the arteries…blessed thistle releases the heat of the arteries in the area of the spleen and the quartan (fourday) fevers…” (pg107-108)35 Dr. aloe.”36 Peter Holme puts the use of blessed thistle in Chinese therapeutic terms: “Functions and indications – 1)Stimulates digestion. yellow iris. Mannestreu (Sea Holly). “Of bitter tastes… Myrrh. Weidenblatter (Willow leaves). jaundice. have a pain relieving energy (spiritum).

bloating. fevers. depression. colon problems (10). fevers. kidney. hyper-acidity. As from the above sources. milk production. nervous system. lice. blood problems. Eruptive fevers: measles. memory. bronchial asthma. stimulant. side pains. Stings. treat. (4). David R. dry skin. chronic stress. exhaustion. erysipelas. menstrual problems (6). poor appetite. anti-oxidant. fatigue. Lung phlegm damp: full cough. circulation. sweating. fatigue. and parasite problems (6). Cold and flue onset. amenorrhea. illness. bleeding. © Copyright 2010. Other uses of blessed thistle call for pestilence (5). rheumatism. tonic. skin disorders. cancer. 3) Promotes sweating. Scanty or poor quality breast milk. colon problems. toxicity. Card. and appetite disturbances (10). depression (4). sticking pains. (13). resolves viscous phlegm and relieves coughing. anemia. bladder stones. 5) Restores the nerves. gout. tinnitus. intermittent pains. . Exhaustion or debility due to overwork. tumors. measles. lungs (8). constipation. frostbite. bronchitis. dizziness. Slow. anti-periodic. chilblains. pestilence. energy. French disease. cataracts. nervous disorders (4). 6) Promotes tissue repair. coughs. bitter. Chronic bronchitis. dyspeptic problems. cancer (4). Head damp cold: sinus congestion. sinus congestion. sores. burns. Blessed Thistle has a vast array of historical uses. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. emetic. heavy head. gallbladder problems (4). dizziness (4). hypo-acidity. poor hearing. poison. Thus. cancer. chickenpox. expectoration. coughing up thick viscous phlegm. blood clots. swellings. liver. lungs. Nerve and brain deficiency: dull thinking memory loss. detoxification. malaria. lupus. General toxicosis with rheumatism. plague. External wind cold: feverishness. bites (4). constipation (4). fractured bones. eye problems. dispels wind cold and reduces fever: promotes eruptions. and urination problems. edema. deafness (4). gastritis. cleansing. sores. bile stimulant. cramps. wheezing. antiinflammatory. milk production. promotes clear thinking and relieves depression and fatigue. or cure any disease. cellular regeneration. migraines. quatrain agues. deafness. alexipharmic. All Rights Reserved. agitation. reproductive system. gallbladder problems. Tumors. herbal. chilblains. indigestion. stones. Poor vision. colds.”37 Based upon the previous lists of uses for Blessed thistle from historic. bowel movements. stomach problems (13). Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. flu. nausea. insanity. antidotes poison and reduces tumors. relaxant. bites. septic diseases. nervous depression. and side pains (4). liver problems (14). spleen. emetic (6).Blessed Thistle 11 stagnation: headaches. bites. aching. etc. stomach problems. and folk medicine uses. anorexia. uterine problems. 4) Promotes expectoration. mucus congestion. arthritis. stress. ulcers. blood problems(10). colic. brain. sweating (6). diarrhea.healing wounds. menses problems. breast cancer. botches. poisons(5). mucus damp. gas. pancreas. jaundice (5). heart (7). The next several uses are for headaches (9). purgative. memory (4). catarrh. inflammation. Remittent fevers (Shao Yang stage) including malaria. dizziness. jaundice. this next part is a comprehensive list of disorders treated by blessed thistle: Acne. appetite disturbances. chickenpox. internal ulcers. the top remedy uses are for wounds(15). diaphoretic.

damage them. Most of the sources are from Germany where it is successfully employed. These formulas cover sixteen categories that follow: Circulation. hemorrhoids. © Copyright 2010.”38 Dr Schlegel in his translation of the Doctrine of Signatures says “When used in excess. . they dry the joints and sperm. All Rights Reserved. David R. headaches. energy. Drink 2 to 3 cups a day for 1 to 2 weeks. treat. High Cholesterol Formula42 10 grams blessed thistle 15 grams steinruechere 20 grams lady’s mantle 20 grams dandelion root 10 grams masterwort 5 grams five finger herb Take one teaspoon of the herb mixture in a cup of hot water and steep for 5 minutes. Known Herbal Formulas using Blessed Thistle I have found over fifty formulas where Blessed thistle has been used. “A larger dose of the warm infusion causes emesis (vomiting) when found useful. female problems. and disturb the digestion. fevers. Richard Will fort claims “It is not to be used in cases of kidney inflammation of nephritis. cramps. Its uses date back several hundred years and its historical safety has been verified.High Cholesterol Formula41 20 grams valerian 20 grams blackberry leaves 20 grams veronica 10 grams red raspberry leaves 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams lavender flowers 20 grams rue 10 grams centaury Take one teaspoon of this herb mixture and steep for 10 minutes.”40 I have always recommended not to be used during pregnancy to be safe. lungs. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. diabetes. and thyroid problems. nerves. CIRCULATION . digestion. frostbite. Drink 1 cup morning and evening for 2 to 3 weeks. Card. Christopher doesn’t mention any contra-indications but different uses.”39 This he talks of bitter herbs in general. or cure any disease. liver. strain and add honey. gout. side pains.Blessed Thistle 12 Contra-indications for Blessed Thistle There are few contra-indications of Blessed Thistle. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. Dr.

Blessed Thistle 13 High Cholesterol43 10 grams masterwort 10 grams lady’s mantle 10 grams elder flowers 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams blackberry leaves Instructions as above. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. Put in water. john’s wort 10 grams blessed thistle 20 grams lavender flowers 15 grams melissa 5 grams poppy seeds 20 grams thyme 10 grams cleavers Take one teaspoon of herb mixture and steep for 10 minutes. David R. Appetite Loss47 10 grams menyanthes trifolia 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams bitter orange peel 10 grams centaury 10 grams wormwood Take 1 heaping teaspoon herbs. Use 3 times a day before meals. treat. Drink a cup 3 times a day. All Rights Reserved. Diabetes46 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams blackberry leaves 30 grams blueberry leaves 20 grams five finger herb 10 grams cleavers 1 tsp herb per cup of water. Calf Cramps45 10 grams st. brew for 10 minutes. cook 7 minutes-drink slowly morn/evening for 2 to 3 weeks. Heart Asthma44 20 grams blessed thistle 20 grams sweet woodruff 20 grams melissa 20 grams sternlekraut Take 1 teaspoon of the formula per cup. . Card. Drink 1 cup morning and evening. bring to a boil and then let steep. or cure any disease. © Copyright 2010.

. Low Stomach Acid (Alcohol extract)52 30 grams blessed thistle flowers 30 grams calamus 30 grams papaya seeds 20 grams rhubarb root Put herbs in 1 liter of dry white wine and 200 grams of 70% alcohol. All Rights Reserved. Drink one cup before each meal. or cure any disease. Card. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Constipation50 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams berberis root 10 grams calendula flowers Use 1 teaspoon in a cup of hot water and steep for 10 minutes. Hyper-acidity (excess stomach acid)51 30 grams valerian 30 grams blessed thistle flowers 30 grams angelica root Take one teaspoon of the herb mixture and steep in 1 cup of water for 10 minutes. David R.Blessed Thistle 14 Appetite Loss48 10 grams red clover 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams peppermint 10 grams bitter orange peel 15 grams centaury 5 grams wormwood Instructions as above. Colon Catarrh49 10 grams red clover 10 grams gentian 10 grams calamus 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams sage 10 grams centaury 10 grams wormwood Use one teaspoon in a cup of water and brew for 10 minutes. treat. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. © Copyright 2010. Let it extract for 10 days and drink a small amount before each meal. Drink 2 to 3 cups slowly and warm. Sip a cup mornings or evenings.

David R. Sip one cup mornings and evenings. Card. or cure any disease. Stomach lining inflammation54 10 grams red clover 10 grams gentian 10 grams calamus 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams peppermint 10 grams centaury 20 grams wormwood Steep 1 teaspoon herbs in a cup of water. All Rights Reserved. . Stomach Mucus55 10 grams elecampane 10 grams blessed thistle 15 grams red clover 10 grams centaury 15 grams gentian 15 grams calamus 10 grams peppermint 15 grams plantain One teaspoon of the mixed herb and cook for 15 minutes. Stomach weakness and nausea56 20 grams anise 20 grams blessed thistle 10 grams yarrow 15 grams angelica 10 grams gentian 20 grams wormwood One teaspoon of the mixed herb and cook for 15 minutes. Take ½ cup hot before meals. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. Sip one cup mornings and evenings.Blessed Thistle 15 Stomach Acid low. weakness. Take 15 minutes prior to mealtimes. take hot. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. achylie53 10 grams anise 10 grams valerian 10 grams gentian 10 grams calamus 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams centaury 10 grams wormwood Use 1 teaspoon of the herb mixture and steep 10 minutes in a cup of water. treat. © Copyright 2010.

Drink 2 to 3 cups between meals. treat. Female Complaints59 1 part blessed thistle 2 parts squawvine Used similar to the female corrective formula. Exhaustion. hot. All Rights Reserved. 90-120 days. john’s wort 10 grams blessed thistle 20 grams lavender flower 15 grams melissa 5 grams poppy seeds 20 grams thyme 10 grams sweet woodruff Use 1 teaspoon of the herb mixture and steep 10 minutes in a cup of water. Card. © Copyright 2010. or cure any disease. Vegatitive Dystonia58 10 grams st. Neruasthenia. cooked for 5 minutes and steeped for 5 more minutes. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. . David R. Female Corrective Formula60 3 parts goldenseal root 1 part blessed thistle 1 part cayenne 1 part cramp bark 1 part false unicorn root 1 part ginger 1 part red raspberry leaves 1 part squawvine 1 part uva ursi Recommended one cup or 2 capsules or 30 to 60 drops of glycerin-based extract three times a day.Blessed Thistle 16 Energy57 10 grams chicory root 20 grams yarrow 20 grams rhubarb 15 grams plantain 15 grams thyme 10 grams blessed thistle Take one teaspoon of the herb mixture in 1 cup of water. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Drink 3 cups a day. Use for 6 days a week.

Menopause (Changease)63 1 part black Cohosh 1 part sarsaparilla 1 part ginseng 1 part licorice 1 part false unicorn 1 part blessed thistle 1 part squawvine Directions are for peri-menopausal women or menopausal women. cook 2 minutes and steep for 5 more minutes. Menopause62 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams shepherd’s purse 20 grams lady’s mantle 20 grams melissa 10 grams rosemary 10 grams dead nettle 10 grams st. Drink warm twice a day. 17 . Use as female corrective formula. Card. David R. Use as in female corrective formula. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. or cure any disease. john’s wort Use 1 teaspoon of this mixture in a cup of water. © Copyright 2010. All Rights Reserved. Samuel Westcot)61 1 part blessed thistle 1 part ginger Used for puberty transition.Blessed Thistle Female Formula (Dr. Mother’s Milk Supply65 1 part marshmallow root 1 part blessed thistle Use as female corrective formula. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. treat. Menstrual Cramps (Ginger Formula)64 1 part ginger 1 part blessed thistle 1 part cramp bark Used similar to female corrective formula.

Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. irregular periods and painful periods. Drink 1 cup three times a day. treat. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose.” Weak or irregular periods due to a cold or flu67 30 grams dead nettle 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams rue 20 grams horehound 15 grams gentian 10 grams akazien Take one teaspoon of the herb mixture in 1 cup of water. Best taken sipped all day long. . All Rights Reserved. Women’s diseases69 10 grams lady’s mantle 10 grams chamomile 10 grams thyme 10 grams fennel 5 grams wormwood 10 grams blessed thistle Used for pelvic problems. cooked for 5 minutes and steeped for 5 more minutes. Drink 2 to 3 cups a day over an extended period of time. David R. White vaginal discharge68 25 grams dead nettle 25 grams blessed thistle 10 grams white clover 10 grams lady’s mantle 10 grams yellow pimpernel Take one teaspoon of the herb mixture in 1 cup of water. 2 capsules 3 times a day from the third week on. or cure any disease.Blessed Thistle 18 Prenatal Formula66 1 part squawvine 1 part blessed thistle 1 part black Cohosh 1 part pennyroyal 1 part false unicorn 1 part raspberry leaves 1 part lobelia “Using this tea (or two or three capsules) morning and evening aids in giving elasticity to the pelvic area and strengthening reproductive organs for easier delivery. Card. © Copyright 2010. 2 capsules per day the second week. Take 2 to 3 cups a day for an extended period. cooked for 5 minutes and steeped for 5 more minutes. This should be used only the last 6 weeks before birth as follows: 1 capsule per day first week. Take 1 teaspoon of the mixture and cook for 5 minutes.

Blessed Thistle 19 Frostbite70 40 grams lycopodium 20 grams fenugreek seed 20 grams blessed thistle 20 grams johnny jumpup Use one teaspoon of the herb mixture and steep for 10 minutes and drink 1 cup a day. Card. High Fever73 20 grams blackberry leaves 20 grams meadowsweet 20 grams lady’s mantle 10 grams weihwedel 25 grams blessed thistle Take 1 teaspoon of the mixture and steep in 1 cup water for 5 minutes. or cure any disease. All Rights Reserved. David R. Drink 2 to 3 cups a day. Fever Reducer71 30 grams blessed thistle flower 10 grams buchu leaves 20 grams shavegrass 30 grams lady’s mantle flowers 20 grams yarrow 30 grams quinine bark 10 grams gentian 30 grams orange flower 30 grams centaury Use one teaspoon of the mixture with ¼ liter boiling water and steep for 10 minutes. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Use ½ cup between meal times. treat. Keep the patient warm. Keep the patient warm. Changeable Fever72 5 grams valerian 15 grams pelitory 15 grams blessed thistle 15 grams wormwood 10 grams shavegrass 10 grams fumaria 5 grams rue 5 grams chelidonium Take 1 teaspoon of the mixture and cook for 5 minutes. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. . Drink 2 to 3 cups per day. © Copyright 2010.

eicheruechere Use same as above. David R. Gout77 20 grams blessed thistle 40 grams strawberry root 20 grams ginster seeds 20 grams celery seed Use 1 teaspoon of the herb per cup or water. Flu. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. Drink 4-5 cups daily. treat. or cure any disease. © Copyright 2010.Blessed Thistle 20 The Flu74 20 grams silbermaenteli 30 grams linden flowers 25 grams holly leaves 30 grams fennel 10 grams blessed thistle 20 grams primula 10 grams schliessgraswurzel 10 grams peppermint Use 1 teaspoon of the herb per cup or water. Flu75 20 grams senna leaves 20 grams ritze 10 grams peppermint 30 grams schliessgraswurzel 10 grams five finger herb 10 grams blessed thistle 20 grams silbermaenteli 10 grams primula 10 grams st. . Card. Use a cup 2 to 3 times a day. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. and cook for 10 minutes. and steep for 10 minutes. All Rights Reserved. Sweat provoking76 5 grams quinine 15 grams elder flowers 15 grams blessed thistle 15 grams linden flowers 15 grams peppermint 15 grams viola odorata 15 grams juniper berries Take a teaspoon of the herb mix and steep for 5 minutes.

Take 1 cup hot 2 to 3 times a day. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Gout 20 grams valerian 15 grams comfrey root 15 grams birch leaf 15 grams germander 10 grams rest harrow 20 grams st. and steep for 10 minutes. Headache with high blood pressure78 20 grams blessed thistle 20 grams hops 30 grams mistletoe 30 grams willow leaves 20 grams hawthorn flowers Use 1 teaspoon of the herb per cup or water. All Rights Reserved. Headache79 20 grams centaury 10 grams viola odorata 10 grams shavegrass 20 grams peppermint 20 grams blessed thistle 20 grams melissa Brew 1 teaspoon of the herb mixture for 5 minutes and drink 1 cup lukewarm before bed or in the evenings. Card. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. john’s wort 10 grams blessed thistle 15 grams willow bark Instructions as above. . David R. treat. © Copyright 2010.Blessed Thistle 21 Gout 20 grams valerian 10 grams birch leaf 15 grams veronica 10 grams gentian 15 grams ground ivy 10 grams rest harrow 15 grams calamus 10 grams blessed thistle 15 grams wormwood Instructions as above. or cure any disease.

and steep for 10 minutes. Card. Liver Function Weakness83 10 grams horehound 5 grams blessed thistle 5 grams barberry 5 grams red clover 5 grams angelica 10 grams buckthorn 5 grams ground ivy 10 grams st. and steep for 10 minutes. or cure any disease. Hemorrhoids81 30 grams shepherd’s purse 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams valerian 10 grams shavegrass Use as a poultice. Drink cold in the evening or before bed. john’s wort 10 grams calamus root 10 grams burdock root 10 grams dandelion root 10 grams agrimony 10 grams peppermint 20 grams yarrow 10 grams centaury 10 grams chicory Use 1 teaspoon of the herb per cup or water. David R. Gallstones82 15 grams blessed thistle 15 grams turmeric 15 grams milk thistle seed 15 grams peppermint 15 grams senna leaf 15 grams johny jumpup 15 grams centaury Use 1 teaspoon of the herb per cup or water. All Rights Reserved. Take a cup as needed. treat. © Copyright 2010. 22 .Blessed Thistle Heart Weakness80 20 grams melissa 20 grams mullein 15 grams blessed thistle Brew and steep. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional.

Lung cleansing86 10 grams blessed thistle 15 grams watercress 20 grams sanicle 15 grams masterwort One teaspoon of the herbs per cup of water and boil for 7 minutes. or cure any disease.Blessed Thistle 23 Liver Inflammation84 10 grams calamus root 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams burdock root 10 grams dandelion root 10 grams agrimony 10 grams peppermint 10 grams yarrow 10 grams centaury 10 grams black walnut leaves 10 grams chicory 1 tsp. herb per cup of water. All Rights Reserved. Boil 15 minutes and sip a cup morning and night. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Drink ½ a cup several times a day. treat. steep 10 minutes. © Copyright 2010. herb mixture in a cup of water. Liver Problems85 20 grams wood betony 10 grams horehound 20 grams fennel 20 grams chelidonium 20 grams centaury 15 grams blessed thistle 10 grams watercress 1 tsp herbs per cup of water. David R. boil 7 minutes. Use for 2 or 3 weeks. Whooping Cough87 10 grams horehound 10 grams anise 10 grams ivy 10 grams coltsfoot 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams chestnut leaves 10 grams rhoeas poppy 10 grams polygala amara 10 grams lungwort 1 tsp. . Drink 1 cup slowly mornings and evenings. Card. Drink 1 cup slowly mornings and evenings. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2010. Sweat inducing90 10 grams angelica 10 grams arnica 10 grams primula 10 grams rhododendron 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams valerian 10 grams masterwort 10 grams coltsfoot Brew 1 teaspoon of the herb mixture. for 15 minutes and steep for 10 more minutes and drink slowly through the day. Card. per cup of water. All Rights Reserved. or cure any disease. Drink one cup before bed. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. over the course of a day. for 4 minutes. and keep them warm. . cooked for 5 minutes and steeped for 5 more minutes. it is best sipped throughout the day. per cup of water. per cup of water. treat. for 5 minutes and drink 2 to 3 cups hot.Blessed Thistle 24 Nerve Weakness and Nervousness88 15 grams melissa 20 grams blessed thistle 20 grams red clover 15 grams wood betony Take one teaspoon of the herb mixture in 1 cup of water. Side Pains89 15 grams fennel 30 grams coltsfoot 10 grams elderberry 20 grams melilotis 20 grams blessed thistle Brew 1 teaspoon of the herb mixture. David R. Syphilis91 20 grams walnut leaves 20 grams blackberry leaves 15 grams johnny jumpup 10 grams basil 10 grams blessed thistle 10 grams chelidonium Boil one teaspoon. Give the patient 2 to 3 cups hot.

or irregular periods.Blessed Thistle 25 Thyroid (Hypothyroid)92 20 grams horehound 20 grams valerian 10 grams kelp 10 grams scrophularia nodosa 20 grams shavegrass 10 grams gentian 10 grams ginsterkraut 10 grams blessed thistle 20 grams cleavers 10 grams dandelion leaf and root Use 1 teaspoon of herb mixture in one cup or hot water and steep for 10 minutes.94 A Swiss herb book describes the tincture of blessed thistle as “The tincture can be made in old red wine of the dried herb. All Rights Reserved. and PMS symptoms. or a blessed thistle wine after observing workers. It is especially useful where the PMS symptoms of the woman are anger and irritability. Use one cup drunk slowly over the day.”95 Dr Fr. I rarely see any side effects. Dosages and Applications of Blessed Thistle The dosage is ½ to 1 teaspoon of the fluid extract. or cure any disease. treat. Losch uses the distilled water in the ears for deafness. I use it with clients that have hormonal disturbances. and haven’t see a store return yet.96 Personal Experience with Blessed Thistle I’ve been a natural practitioner for over 10 years and have used blessed thistle frequently with clients. The women are generally under 49 years of age and have heavy menstrual bleeding. Use ½ teacup 3 times daily. Card. processing the plant having better digestion. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. heavy cramping. left 10 to 14 days in the warm sun or another warm place. cramping. I have also used it to enrich the milk supply in nursing women. Use the tincture 2 to 3 times in a small amount of water or on a sugar cube of 7-10 drops. David R. Use 5 to 20 drops of tincture at a time. Most women are happy to report less pain. I’ve suggested the use of blessed thistle with several thousands of my female clients. .93 Bruno Vonarburg related of a French doctor creating a “Vinum Cardui benedicti”. Several women have used it successfully to increase fertility. © Copyright 2010. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose.

1 Vonarburg. 257. John. 04/15/05. Starck. Heidelberg. Gesundehit durch Heilkraeuter. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Germany: Karl R. Christopher. School of Natural Healing. Ltd. Emmons. Homeotanik Bluetanreicher Sommer. California: Natt Trop Publishing.com (Online herbal and supplemental encyclopedia/Blessed Thistle). David R. GU Naturführer Heil Pflanzen. Guide to Medicinal Plants. Bruno. New York: Simon and Schuster.com (Online herbal and supplemental encyclopedia/Blessed Thistle). Kranken. Vonarburg. Losch. Berne: Verlag Kirma Kramer. Schönenberger. 1977. Germany: Gräfe und Unzer. Die Frau als Hausärztin. (eleventh printing). Utah: Christopher Publications. 3 Flora. John H. Offenbach am Main: Verlag Johann Ludwig Konigs Buchhaudler. 6 Weiss. Willard. The Energetics of Western Herbs.florahealth. 1997. Inc. All Rights Reserved. Schlegel. Peter. Emil. Mueller. Pennsylvania: Rodale Press. Religion der Arznei (4th edition). Stuttgart: Süddeutsches Verlags. Weiss. 1170. New York: Wing Books. Textbook of Modern Herbology (2nd Revised Edition). Gerard. 1927. Das Grosse Buch der Heil Pflanzen. 5 Gerard. or cure any disease. Mindell. Zeller. Earl Mindell’s Herb Bible. Unsere Schweizer Heilkräuter. The Herbal or General History of Plants (1633 edition). M. Healing with Astrology. Radebeul/Dresden:Verlag Paul Rohrmoser. Paul. Alberta: Wild Rose College of Natural Healing. 1731. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. Freedom California: Crossing Press. 04/15/05. Germany:Verlag T. Tagen.. Schauenberg. Stan. 1993. John R.A. and Ferdinand Paris. Kraüterbuch. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Berkeley. Holmes. Kraeuterbuch (reprint). Dieter. Malstrom. 2 © Copyright 2010.florahealth. 1935. Homeotanik Bluetanreicher Sommer. 1982. 4 Tabernaemontanus. James A. Kräuterhaus. New York: Dover Publications. Growing and Using the Healing Herbs. New Canaan. www. (1935).F. Jacobus Theodorus. Pahlow. Esslingen. Alfred P. Proven Herbal Remedies: Provoker Press. Podlech. Earl. 1962. Switzerland. Flora. Marcia. Growing and Using the Healing Herbs. 259. 1933. Berlin: Verlag für Kulturpolitik. 1975. Germany: Graefe and Unzer. Willfort. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Gaea and Shaudor. Linz: Rudolf Trauner Verlag. Calgary. Own your own Body: Bell Press. Gesund durch Heil pflanzen. treat. Fr. Card. 1996. Duke. 1992. Schreiber. Tabernaemontauus. 1995. Hertwig. 1068. 1999. Oldenburg: Pamir Verlag. Homeotanik Bluetenreicher Sommer. 1977. 1997. 1969. 1900’s. Springville. Richard. Kraeuterbuch (7th edition). 159. Connecticut: Keats Publishing. The Herbal or General history of Plants. 1982. E. Tobe. .Blessed Thistle 26 BIBLIOGRAPHY Translations by David Card. Haug Verlag. 1997. Terry. Hugo. 1993. into English (only in this paper). Grotten and Schrapf. Vonarburg. The Green Pharmacy. 1992. www.

Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. (each paragraph has new page number) 67. 04/15/05. 10 Schauenberg. 183. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 506. Unsere Schweizer Heilkräuter. 498. School of Natural Healing.florahealth. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke 352. Kranken. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke 352. 75. www. Terry. 9 Christopher. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Flora. Alfred P. 37 Holmes. Kranken. 54 Zeller. School of Natural Healing. Alfred P. 233. Peter. Richard. 258. Gesund durch Heil Pflanzen. 29 Podlech. 259. Richard. 534. 525. 23 Malstrom. 12 Willfort. 13 Pahlow. Dieter. Kranken. 280. 521. 25 Duke. 8 © Copyright 2010. 381. 58 Zeller. 30 Hertwig. 11 Tabernaemontanus. Religion der Arznei. 34 Weiss. 41 Zeller. 54-55. 27 Mueller. 40 Willfort. 38 Christopher. 39 Schlegel. 181. 499. 24. Alfred P. 16 Flora. Alfred P. 27. Homeotanik Bluetenreicher Sommer. 42 Tagen.Blessed Thistle 7 Vonarburg. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke 396. 1066. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke 638. Terry. Alfred P. Richard. Terry. 19 Vonarburg. Gesundehit durch Heilkraeuter. All Rights Reserved.com (Online herbal and supplemental encyclopedia/Blessed Thistle). Fr. 51 Zeller. John. 522. 60 Christopher. Guide to Medicinal Plants. 588. 22 Mindell. Homeotanik Bluetanreicher Sommer. Alfred P. 158. 47 Zeller. Kräuterhaus. Growing and Using the Healing Herbs. 61 Willard.com (Online herbal and supplemental encyclopedia/Blessed Thistle). 505. Kranken. Kranken. GU Naturführer Heil Pflanzen. 313. Kraüterbuch. 132. School of Natural Healing. Proven Herbal Remedies. 101. School of Natural Healing. 46 Tagen. 49 Zeller. 505. 56 Tagen. 14 Christopher. 57 Tagen. M. 269. 31 Pahlow. Textbook of Modern Herbology 108. The Energetics of Western Herbs. E. 355. Alfred P. 26 Tobe.florahealth. www. Alfred P.A. 28 Schönenberger. Textbook of Modern Herbology. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 21 Losch. 523. Hugo. Earl. Kraeuterbuch (7th edition). 81. The Energetics of Western Herbs. James A. Das Grosse Buch der heil Pflanzen. John H. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 97. 497-498. 53 Zeller. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. 525. 36 Christopher. 24 Willard. Homeotanik Bluetanreicher Sommer. www. Die Frau als Hausärztin. Gesundehit durch Heilkraeuter. Alfred P. 259. 381-382. 32 Willfort. 91. 27 . 04/15/05. Textbook of Modern Herbology. 118. 55 Tagen. 52 Zeller. 50 Tagen. 35 Schlegel. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Kraüterbuch. 44 Tagen. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke 414. Stan. Berkeley. 95. School of Natural Healing.com (Online herbal and supplemental encyclopedia/Blessed Thistle). Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Emil. 59 Willard. 183. Emil. 706. 1066-1068. 521. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Peter. 15 Vonarburg. M. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. 48 Zeller. Own your own Body. Card. 91. or cure any disease. Gesundehit durch Heilkraeuter. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Bruno. Alfred P. Das Grosse Buch der heil Pflanzen. The Green Pharmacy. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. The Herbal or General History of Plants. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Kranken. 526. 18 Gerard. 1170-1172. treat. Kranken. 506. 17 Holmes. 107-108. Earl Mindell’s Herb Bible. 45 Zeller. 33 Tabernaemontanus. 95-97. John R. David R. 43 Tagen. Kranken. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Religion der Arzne. 04/15/05. 20 Flora.florahealth.

Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 504. 79 Tagen. 83 Zeller. Kranken. Kranken. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Kranken. 27. 94 Vonarburg. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Textbook of Modern Herbology. Homeotanik Bluetenreicher Sommer. 70 Zeller. 90 Tagen. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. treat. Alfred P. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 68 Tagen. Alfred P. 532. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 514. 95 Schönenberger. Kranken. 524. 89 Tagen. Kranken. Terry. 513. 87 Zeller. 93 Christopher. Alfred P. 81 Tagen. Alfred P. 77 Zeller. 84 Zeller. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Kranken. 76 Zeller. 527. Alfred P. 86 Tagen. 72 Tagen. All Rights Reserved. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. 259. 88 Tagen. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 75 Tagen. 429. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. 515. Terry. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. 533. Alfred P. 85 Tagen. 591. Kranken. Christopher. 64 Willard. 67 Tagen. Unsere Schweizer Heilkräuter. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Kranken. School of Natural Healing. 192. 490. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 520. 452. 80 Tagen. Card. 511. 96 Losch. 82 Zeller. Kranken. 515. 73 Tagen. This information is for educational purposes and not meant to diagnose. Alfred P. 506. 69 Tagen. Kraeuterbuch (7th edition). Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Fr. 524. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 512. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. or cure any disease. 74 Tagen. 66 Christopher. 424. 65 Willard. 589. Kranken. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Kranken. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und.Blessed Thistle 62 Tagen. School of Natural Healing. Kranken. Kräuterhaus. Alfred P. Textbook of Modern Herbology. Kranken. Always seek the advice of your healthcare professional. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. Kranken. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 158. 92 Zeller. 91 Tagen. 28 . School of Natural Healing. Kranken. 515. 581. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. 531. 534. David R. 498. 530. 127. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Alfred P. Kranken. 71 Zeller. 63 © Copyright 2010. 529. Bruno. Selbsthilfe in Gesunden und. Kranken. 493. Die Natuerliche Haus Apotheke. 450(all three gout remedies). Alfred P. 436. 78 Zeller.