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1.1 Dedications
Our work is dedicated to our beloved parents, teachers, brothers, sisters
and all of our well wishers.

“To Him belongs the dimension of the Heavens and the earth, it is
He who
gives Life and
death and He has power over all things.”
With the deep sense of gratitude, bow my head before God for enabling us
to complete this internship. ”Thanks” is too small a word to describe what
we feel for our venerable parents and worthy teachers and for their
valuable suggestions, through provoking guidance during our internship
We are also thankful to Mr. Waqar and Mr. Rana Shahzad who helped us
a lot for our internship & provided his encouragement & support.
We are also thankful to my internship mentor Mr. Mahfooz Butt & Mr. Wasif
Butt whose guidance helped us throughout the internship.
We are thankful to whole Millat staff because during our two week
internship, we got a lot support & guidance from all of the MILLAT staff.
We are thankful and grateful to our friends who provide us required
information which was necessary to complete this report.

The management of the company was transferred to the employee’s
group in 1992. After that, production and marketing activities were
recognized to improve performance and profitability of company.
Employee’s management accepted the challenge with new determination
to lift the company to greater height of glory not only through efficient use
of existing resources but also through product diversification and
exploring new avenues of business expansion.
At present, the company has 7 different models of tractors ranging
from 50 HP to 120 HP which meet all agro-climatic conditions, farms and
buying capacities of various segments of farmers.
The company has spread its products throughout the length and
breadth of the country. Today the population of MF tractors made by MTL
exceeds 250,000 while the total number of tractors in the country is

approximately 500,000. In other words, every second tractor in Pakistan is
MF tractor.
Millat Tractors Limited today consists of a group of four companies
and a market leader with its eyes set on becoming a global player in times
to come, keeping in view the increasing demand of the group’s products
within and outside the country.
The company’s pioneering efforts have developed vendor industry
which now serves as a hub for the entire automobile and engineering
sector of Pakistan. Sincere efforts of the company has produced
substantial savings, self-reliance and controlled tractor prices over the
Agricultural mechanization has realized through introduction of
modern implements and induction of skilled manpower trained the
groomed by the efforts of the company. On the social front, the company
has lent a helping hand to charitable, educational institutions and
This report is about the internship that we have undergone at MILLAT
TRACTORS Limited, SKP from 1st June,2015 to 30 June, 2015. The main
purpose of internship is to learn, by working in a practical scenario and to
apply the knowledge acquired during studies, in a real world scenario to
tackle the problems.
The key learning & their activities from each department have been
discussed in the report. The Production planning & control, vendor
procurement and quality assurance were under study for the longer span.
While the processes used in the shops are described only.

2 Introduction to Internship Program 2. 03 3.2 Introduction History Chapter No.1 Production Line up 2.2 Engine assembly plant 3.1 1. 02 2.TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter No.3 Overview of MTL Deptartments Chapter No.3 Tractor assembly plant 3.1 Machining Department 3.3 Conclusion .2 Suggestions 4.4 Quality Control Chapter No. 04 4. 01 1.1 IFS 4.

the company was nationalized under economic reforms order and renamed as “Millat Tractors Limited”. the company was privatized and the employees joined hands and took over its management by winning an open bid. The company undertook this new role with enthusiasm and in the spirit of national development and proved its engineering capabilities by surpassing the deletion targets set by the government. An assembly plant was set up in 1967 to assemble tractors imported in semi knocked down (SKD) condition. in 1984.000 tractors per year on a single shift basis. hydraulic lift cover.2. Both of these products are made by using Perkins Engines and have been well accepted by the market. . based on TCM technology. This brought the manufacturing facilities in-house for which capabilities did not exist in the country and for parts which required high investment and precision. the company took a giant step towards self-reliance by setting up the first engine assembly plant in Pakistan. In 1982. while a 3 ton forklift truck branded as Millat.1 Overview of the Organization 2. Just in one year's time. These were previously not available in Pakistan. Therefore. In 1993. Currently. the government decided on indigenization of the tractor and entrusted this task to MTL. but also provided a quantum jump to the quality of the assembled tractors and pushed MTL into the ranks of the major tractor manufacturing companies of the world. This was the turning point in the company’s history and it went about the task methodically and rapidly. In 1980. front axle support and Centre housing are all being machined most successfully inhouse at Millat Tractors from local-sourced castings. critical components like the engine block. was launched in the year 2002.1 History: Millat Tractors Limited was established in 1964 to introduce and market Massey Fergosun (MF) Tractors in Pakistan. Pakistan Tractor Corporation transferred this role of indigenization in 1981 to Millat Tractors Limited. sophisticated manufacturing facilities for the machining of intricate components were set up. sump. MTL took a giant step towards self-reliance by setting up the first engine assembly plant in Pakistan. axle housing. The tractor Assembly plant started its production in 1992. In 1972. MTL acquired the management control of Bolan Castings Limited in partnership with the employees of that company. In 1992. transmission case. Mass production of Generating Sets was started in 1994. The establishment of this modern plant not only increased production capacity to 16.

UK (owned by AGCO. an ISO 9002 certified company for its Assembly Plants and Material Testing and Gauge Control Laboratory.In 2002. industrial equipment to different countries like Afghanistan. Diesel engines in technical collaboration with Perkins Engines UK. MTL established a wholly owned company named Millat Industrial Products (Pvt) Limited to manufacture quality automotive batteries. Nepal etc. vibrant. It is manufacturing tractors under licensing agreement with Massey Ferguson. There is a constant endeavor at all levels of the organization to better the company’s performance by offering upgraded range of its products and services. USA). 2. 2. These relations that span a period of well over quarter of a century and encompass a broad spectrum of investments and technology transfer agreements are a model for other companies venturing out to attract foreign investments. MTL’s cardinal principle has been to keep abreast with the latest technology. quality concious Auto Vending industry. is Pakistan’s leading engineering concern in automobile sector. utilizing alternators from Leroy Somer of France and Stanford New age of UK and the Forklift trucks under license from Heli Forklift Trucks China. Millat tractors is a perfect example of harmonious and successful business relations between a Pakistani company and its foreign partners. Bhutan. Millat Tractors Limited exports its various products like tractors.2 INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIZATION MILLAT TRACTORS Ltd. both from industrialized west and upcoming East China. The company is also dedicated to customize its products as per customers’ requirements.3 Policy of the organization: . and a range of Agricultural Implements. Diesel Generating Sets. Sri Lanka. Millat Tractors Limited (MTL). Millat tractors has played a vital role in transfer of technology and transformation of the fledlging local light engineering sector into a robust. MTL believes in providing best value for money to its customers. The company has been the regular recipient of the Corporate Excellence Awards of Management Association of Pakistan and the Top Companies Awards of Karachi Stock Exchange since early eighties. Bangladesh.

2. 2 New borrowings.4 BOARD OF DIRECTORS: All decisions regarding: 1 New investments. An upgraded fire fighting system has been installed to cope with any mishap.3.1 SAFETY POLICY: 1. Special arrangements have been made for the availability of filtered drinking water for the employees. 2. All the employees are insured under Group Life Insurance Scheme.3. the Company provides him medical treatment at its own expenses or through insurance company. .3. 2. 3. In case someone is found suffering from some disease. All the employees have been provided safety equipment during performance of their duties. 5. The Company also participates in various competitions on horticulture arranged by Government and other Institutions. All the machinery has been fenced properly to avoid any type of accident causing injury to the employees as well as to the machinery.4 COMPITIORS:      Ghazi Ursus Farmatrac Ford Holand 2. HEALTH POLICY: All the employees are got medically checked periodically through the Company’s panel Hospitals to diagnose diseases if any. green and full of flowers. 4.3 ENVIRONMENT POLICY:   The Company has a separate horticulture department to make the environment pleasant.

12 To manage/improve the management information system. CHIEF EXECUTIVE: 5 Overall controlling of the operations. taxation. GENRAL MANAGERS ADMINISTRATION 17 To manage the personal and the administration matters of the company. EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: 6 To manage all the business activities of the company. COMPANY SECRETARY: 7 To manage all secretarial jobs as required by the companies ordinance. 13 To manage the accounting.3 Approval of annual/ half yearly/ quarterly accounts/ dividend/ bonus etc. 9 To improve the quality/standard of the products. GENRAL MANAGERS PURCHASE: 14 To manage the local purchases and imports of the company. MANAGERS TAXATION: 16 To manage all the matters related to taxation. auditing and all other related matters. costing. GENRAL MANAGERS / GENRAL MANAGERS ACCOUNTS 15 To manage the monthly. . quarterly. DIRECTOR FINANCE: 11 To manage the all-financial matters of the company. 4 All management and operational decisions. 10 To suggest the modernization/expansion plans. TECHNICAL DIRECTOR: 8 To manage the operational activities of the company. half quarterly and annual accounts of the company.

SHAHID MUFTI Company Secretary Chairman Board‘s Committee for Group Director Director Director Director Chairman Audit Committee Chief Executive Director (Finance/CF O) GM GM SM (IPD) Marketi Finance GM Quality GM Assemb GM (IT) Head of GMDGM Maintenan Internal Audit Producti . ATHAR ZUBAIR GM (Quality Assurance) MANSOOR A. NAQVI DGM (Maintenance) M. ABBASI GM (Production) MUHAMMAD AYAZ KHURSHID GM (IT) NASIM A.5 Organizational Structure Chairman & Board of Directors SIKANDAR MUSTAFA KHAN Chairman LATIF KHALID HASHMI Director SOHAIL BASHIR RANA Director LAEEQ UDDIN ANSARI Director MIAN MUHAMMAD SALEEM Director / Company Secretary S M IRFAN AQUEEL Chief Executive Officer JAVED MUNIR Director Finance / CFO MUHAMMAD AKRAM GM (Marketing) FAROGH IQBAL AHMED GM (Engineering & Supply Chain) M.2. SANDHU GM (A&P) JAFFAR H.

3.e.Number of Employees 1. The production department consists of four divisions. The assembly plants are ISO 9001:2000 certified for QMS. The functions of the department are being converted to Enterprise Software i. Contract 2500 3.IFS.  Technical Department . Millat Equipment office 10 KM. Daily wages 800 Main offices Head Office Millat Tractors Limited Sheikhupura Road. Raiwind Rd. Permanent 250 2.1 Introduction of All Departments  Production Department The responsibilities of production department are to produce different products of MTL with the specified standards of quality. Shahdara Lahore.

The changes in prices for components are also negotiated with vendors by personnel of technical department. The BOM for different products is developed and updated here.  Maintenance Department The Maintenance department is responsible for keeping the plant in running condition and undertaking improvement projects. issuance and costing are some of the main functions of this department. The scope of maintenance work ranges from civil. Storage and Issuance of material for Production are done in this department.The Technical Department is responsible for development of new products. Three month schedules are prepared according to the availability of material and production plan approved by Production and marketing in some divisions. An on-going special assignment for IT is related to coordination between other departments and foreign and local consultants for successful implementation of IFS. networks and software packages being used by the company are the main responsibilities of this department. The Product Quality is the direct . The vendors are developed for different components by this department. Delivery and Marketing of products of MTL.  Material Management Department. Mechanical and Electrical.  IT Department The installation and maintenance of computers.  Finance Department Capital allocation.  Marketing Department The different divisions of marketing department are responsible for Pre delivery inspection.  Quality Control Department The effective implementation of QA procedures is the responsibility of this department. The Scheduling. Ordering.

The products include tractors. The production rate of Main Conveyor ranges from 8-15 Tractors/Hour according to need. the IA Department conducts periodic audit of these departments. Purchase Ordering.  Administration Department The different divisions of Admin department are responsible for Human Recourse Development. and Line3. Manufacturing Departments  Production Department The Production Department of MTL is responsible for manufacture of MTL products which are complaint with the strict levels of quality.  Tractor Assembly Plant The TAP is responsible for assembly of different models of the Tractors. There are some stages of Quality inspection for building Quality in the products.  Engine Assembly Plant The EAP is responsible for production of Engines for Products of TAP and MPA like Tractors of all models. Gen-Sets etc. The Central Loop is fed by sub-assemblies around it. .responsibility of this department at various stages of production. fork lifters. This Lab is ISO certified by Moody’s international. They functions with the help of quality inspectors on production Lines and a state-of-the-art QC Lab. Horticulture of the company. Line 1.  Internal Audi Department To assure the transparency in functionality of different departments. The plant consists of Rear Axle Build. Security. generators sets. Line2. The other services like food availability for personnel are also a responsibility of this department. Line 2 is managed by ICI Industrial Coatings Ltd.

Products Assembly Plant The MPA division is responsible for the production of products like Fork Lift Trucks and Gen-Sets. The primary customers for the Gen-Sets are PTCL and PAF. ( c ) Duration spend in departments: During internship the departments under study were:  Tractor Manufacturing / Machining Dpt.1 PLAN OF INTERNSHIP PROGRAME (a) 1234- I do internship in four department Manufacturing / Machining Department Engine Department Tractor Assembly Plat Quality Assurance Department (b) Start and end date of internship The internship Program started on th 14 June. th June . 5 Training Program 6t h June.The sub-assemblies are also synchronized with the speed of the main conveyor. 4. from 1 to  Tractor Engine Assembly Plant from 8 to 13 June. From 24 to 30th June.  Multi.  Tractor Assembly Plant from 15 to 23rd June. 2010 & ended on 25 2010.  Quality Control Dpt.

which are then issued to either EAP or TAP.5. machining is much more expensive for high volumes.1 MACHINING DEPARTMENT There are following seven machining lines in the Machining department of MTL. Threading. Almost all types of machining processes can be seen in this deptt . 5. Machining of major parts of tractor is done in this deptt. are carried out on the parts of Engines and Tractors.2 MACHINING: “Machining is the process of removing material from a work piece in the form of chips”. .1. The Machining Process like Drilling. It is then sent to MM store as finished products. molding.1.the major machining processes are o o o o o Milling Drilling Tapping Turning Honing etc. The term metal cutting is used when the material is metallic. Most machining has very low set-up cost compared to forming. Machining is necessary where tight tolerances on dimensions and finishes are required. It means that the Plant has Products-Type Layout. The material is issued form MM store to Machining Division with the help of ITN (Internal Transfer Note). Machining Department is one of the major departments of MTL. and casting processes. However. There are different Lines for different products. Facing etc. Boring.

coolant may need to be delivered through the drill shaft to the cutting front. the cutting front is embedded within the work piece. drilling on a drill press is the most likely to be performed by someone who is not a machinist. CHARACTERISTICS OF DRILLING: The characteristics of drilling that set it apart from other powered metal cutting operations are:  The chips must exit out of the hole created by the cutting. Drilling involves the creation of holes that are right circular cylinders.  For deep holes in large work pieces. The cutting area can be flooded. . As can be seen in the figure. One estimate is that 75% of all metal-cutting material removed comes from drilling operations. making cooling difficult. or coolant can be deli-veered through the drill bit shaft.2 DRILLING: Drilling is the most common machining process. The figure below illustrates a cross section of a hole being cut by a common twist drill: The chips must exit through the flutes to the outside of the tool.1. coolant spray mist can be applied. Thefigure below labels the important angles for a typical twist drill bit.5.  Chip exit can cause problems when chips are large and/or continuous. This is accomplished most typically by using a twist drill.  Among the powered metal cutting processes.

Tolerances can be held readily within ± . and the jig boring machine at the machine shop may have a back log of jobs.0002 inches). Dedicated boring machines are designed to machine holes with the tightest tolerances possible with a machine tool.1. it is important to determine what holes must be bored. When designing a part with holes. The reason for this is that jig boring requires extra time and attention.3 BORING “Boring is used to accurately enlarge existing holes and make their diameters highly accurate” Boring is used for holes that need to have diameter and total run out controlled to a high degree.005 mm (±0.The figures below illustrate various drill bits and their cut hole configurations 5. Boring can also maintain high accuracy between multiple holes or holes and surfaces. Jig boring can therefore have a big impact on the lead time of a part. Typically. a part has holes machined on regular equipment and then the part is transferred to a dedicated boring machine for final operations on the especially accurate holes. A cross section of a hole being jig bored is shown below .

parts 5.6 MACHINING LINES “A machine line is a sequence of several machines that are arranged for the manufacturing of a specific part or a group of parts” . Abrasive stones are used to remove minute of material in order to attain the dimensions with in limits in cylindrical parts.4 REAMING “Reaming is a process which slightly enlarges a pre-existing hole to a required diameter. typically of an inside cylinder. not a gross geometry-modifying operation. Honing is a surface finish operation.1. such as of an automotive engine block”. reaming can be done by hand. amounts tolerance 5.1. Because of the delicate nature of the operation and since little material is removed.1.5 HONING “Honing is a final finishing operation conducted on a surface.” A reamer is similar to a mill bit in that it has several cutting edges arranged around a central shaft. Reaming is most accurate for axially symmetric are produced.5. as shown below.

components are cleaned for the removal of any oil and degreasing purposes in machine by Trichlone at 50 degrees centigrade.2 ENGINE ASSEMBLY PLANT THERMAL ADVANTAGES OF DIESEL: Loss of coolant Friction Exhaust gases Thermal efficiency 31% 11% 24% 34% In engine assembly plant. C so that the piston are should be fit accurately for required combustion A 0-15 B 15-30 C 30-45 (Units are in Micron) . different engine parts are brought in and then assembled to form the basic and major part of the tractor “The engine”. Cylinder block is mounted on a movable turning fixture to pass through a line of different processes. Pistons are graded as A. The crankshaft is first assembled on the main cylinder block and then cylinder caps and bushings are placed and bolted.       Cylinder Head Line Centre Housing Line Transmission Case Line Lube Oil Sump 240 Line Cylinder Block Line Axle Housing Line Sump 4. Components contain crankshaft and some gears and the cylinder block. B.41 Line 5. First of all.

Professional technicians then locate the problem by their experience and fix it. then the engine is brought into a lab containing Engine Test Run Beds. 5. Compression and oil rings are adjusted such that their ring cuts do not align with each other to prevent the air or fuel leakage. Idler gears and some other major components like fuel injection pump and oil pump are also bolted to mesh with the idler gear Idler gear provides power from crankshaft to all the other components that are required to perform certain tasks to run an engine. These PERKINS Diesel engine are designed to run at maximum RPM of 2470 but these are set for 2200RPM as standard for the using purpose.Pistons fitted with piston rings are injected in the cylinders in a particular arrangement of their rings. When placing in the cylinder block. then it is sent to another section called Rectification Shop. Then engines are then sent to the main tractor assembly area 5. Bearing caps also prevent the crankshaft as well as support it when running at high RPMs. Engines are operated for the very first time on these beds to check their performance at different speeds to meet the needs. Side bearing surfaces are also added around the center Web of the shaft . Power and oil pressures are also checked in Test Run.2. Its function is to convert the reciprocating motion into circular motion. some bushings are first placed on the sections to prevent wear and tear of this expensive part.2. If any engine is found to undergo any problem in any part of the run.2 CRANK SHAFT Crank shaft is fitted in the Cylinder Block.1 TESTING SHOP When all of the components of the engine are attached and the assembly of engine is complete.

2.2.4 FLY WHEEL The flywheel is used to store the power as it has large moment of inertia. . The power is coming in one stroke that is why we use flywheel to get power continuously. During the assembly of engine.3 PISTON Piston moves in reciprocating manner. Water Pump: This pump moves water from radiator to water gallery of the cylinder block in order to prevent the heating of engine.2. In Millat Tractor. 1. 5.5 TYPES OF PUMPS USED IN ENGINE There are four types of pumps used in engine. total of 4 rings. the three cylinder engine of MF-240 and MF-260 uses the aluminum alloy piston with 1 compression and 2 scrapper rings and an oil ring. 2. flywheel is added last. the fuel used is diesel. 3. It is called as the heart of the engine. The pistons are connected to crank shaft through connecting rods which transfer the movement of pistons to crankshaft. 4. Fuel Injection Pump: It pumps the fuel into the cylinder. It takes fuel from lift pump. Lift Pump: It pumps the fuel from fuel tank to fuel injection pump through fuel filter. They move due to heat energy which comes from the burning of fuel. 5.5. Lubricating Oil Pump: The function of this pump is to move the lubricating oil from sump to all working parts of the engine.

6 Engine Weights Engine Type Engine Weight MF-240 250 kgs MF-260 (Turbo charger) 255 kgs MF-375S 305 kgs MF-285 355 kgs 5.2.41E Engine Power MF-240 50 hp MF-260 (Turbo charger) 60 hp MF-375S 75 hp MF-385 85 hp MF-385 4WD 85 hp 5.1524 6.80 liter 4.5.152/T3.3 TRACTOR ASSEMBLY PLANT .7 Engine Oil Capacity Engine Type Capacity D 3.50 liter 5.

Assembling department is using U-shaped assembly line for assembling tractors. The pinion thread is specially made on the thread grinder to ensure proper fitting. The crown wheel & pinion are paired and checked for centralized tooth bearing and desired proximity. These are the main activities involved in assembling. They are made of fine-grained steel billet. They are checked thoroughly for high spots because this ensures premature failure and noise-free operation. Engine basement is firstly put onto the assembly line  Make smaller additions of structures in a calculated time         Then this structure is sent for paint in painting department which is a part of that assembly line Other body parts having Red color are also painted there When that basic structure is painted wheels are fitted with it Assembled engine is then fitted ion this structure Seats and other accessories like gears breaks accelerator etc is fitted Finally all the nuts and bolts are tighten for strengthening Testing department checks the quality of color and test drive After final approval tractor is ready for delivery and wait in the queue. Tooth contact of a crown pinion is inspected on a Gleason machine at regular intervals of time for uniform hardness and adequate case depth. 5.Assembling department is totally responsible of collecting parts which are gathered from more than 250 vendors and Perkins engines from England and assemble a structure which is widely used for making the land of Pakistan fertile and cultivable.1 CROWN WHEEL AND PINION A crown wheel is a wheel with cogs or teeth set at right angles to its plane and the pinion is a small cogwheel that meshes with the crown wheel. An elliptoid contact pattern is ensured between the crown wheel and pinion.3. .

or stationary baler. so this system necessitated that the tractor remain in one location with the work brought to the equipment.3. or that the tractor be relocated at each turn and the power set-up reapplied. it was not practical for the tractor and equipment to move with a flexible belt or cable between them. which is almost never seen in modern farm equipment. This eliminates the need for a separate implement-mounted power source.4 POWER TAKE-OFF SYSTEMS AND HYDRAULICS In addition to towing an implement or supplying attractive power through the wheels. Virtually all modern tractors can also provide external hydraulic fluid and electrical power to the equipment they are towing.3. or mower. such as a threshing machine. but can be designed to work at angles as well. The pitch surface of bevel gears is a other cone. Modern tractors use a power take-off (PTO) shaft to provide rotary power to machinery that may be stationary or pulled. and can be connected to an implement that is either towed by a drawbar or a three-point hitch. 5. The PTO shaft generally is at the rear of the tractor. most tractors have a means to transfer power to another machine such as a baler.2 BEVEL GEAR Bevel gears are gears where the axes of the two shafts intersect and the tooth-bearing faces of the gears themselves are conically shaped. silage blower. Early tractors used belts or cables wrapped around the flywheel or a separate belt pulley to power stationary equipment. a towed implement needs its own power source or else a means of transmitting power from the tractor to the mechanical operations of the equipment. In most cases. swathe. .5. buzz saw. Unless it functions solely by pulling it through or over the ground. Bevel gears are most often mounted on shafts that are 90 degrees apart. either by hoses or wires.

where the transmission adapts the output of the internal combustion engine to the drive wheels. and slower travel. increasing torque in the process. or synchronized / synchromesh systems. Such engines need to operate at a relatively high rotational speed. clutch. Manual and Automatic. where diagonal cut helical (and sometimes double-helical) gear sets are constantly "meshed" together. On synchromesh boxes. friction cones or "synchrony-rings" are used in addition to the dog clutch. and anywhere else rotational speed and torque needs to be adapted. and a dog clutch is used for changing gears. The most common use is in motor vehicles.5. differential and final drive shafts.3.6 MANUAL TRANSMISSION: Manual transmission comes in two basic types:  a simple but rugged sliding-mesh or unsynchronized / non-synchronous system. Transmissions are also used on pedal bicycles. prop shaft (for rear-wheel drive). which is inappropriate for starting. In British English the term transmission refers to the whole drive train. to avoid noisy and damaging "gear clash". and must be synchronized by the operator matching engine revs to road speed.5 TRANSMISSION (MECHANICS) A transmission or gearbox provides speed and torque conversions from a rotating power source to another device using gear ratios. fixed machines. . 5. There are two types of gearing systems.3. including gearbox.  and the now common constant-mesh gearboxes which can include non-synchronized. where straight-cut spur gear sets are spinning freely. The transmission reduces the higher engine speed to the slower wheel speed. stopping.

They primarily use hydraulics to select gears.5. Automatic transmissions are easy to use.9 SEGREGATION AND DEGREASING: The components from vendors are degreased here. Rather than using a clutch to engage the transmission.7 AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION: Epicyclical gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission.3.10 REAR AXLE BUILD: At this stage.3. or torque converter is placed in between the engine and transmission. and then components are supplied to all stages 5.3. 5. rear axle is assembled. depending on pressure exerted by fluid within the transmission assembly. o Crown wheel assembly o Centre housing assembly . It is possible for the driver to control the number of gears in use or select reverse.8 DESCRIPTION OF TAP: This are will define the different processes being held in different sections of TAP. 5. a fluid flywheel.3. though precise control of which gear is in use may or may not be possible. this stage is subdivided in different units as.

3. o Grey paint on chassis o Red/green colour coating o Heating oven The chassis is first painted manually after sealing the necessary holes and screws. Red/Green colour is painted after degreasing the sheet metal from the inventory. Then front support. In other sections. 5. Hydraulic pump and lift cover is also installed. Transmission case and engine are attached to the centre housing on the moving DOCK. Pressure plate and clutch plate are bolted in the flywheel of the engine. Degreasing and primer coating is done .11 HUDRAULIC SYSTEM TEST RIG: Hydraulic lift cover is then checked at this section to ensure that all the lifting components are working correctly.3.3.12 CHASIS BUILD: This stage is also subdivided in different sections. stearing. 5.13 CHASIS PAINT SHOP Chassis paint shop contains three sub sections.o Hydraulic pump assembly o Axle shaft assembly o Axle housing assembly o Hydraulic lift cover assembly These all sub stages provide different components and assembly of rear axles along with centre housing is done. brake paddles and brackets for fuel tank are attached. footboard. 5.  Link and Yoke assembly  Transmission assembly  Engine assembly  Front support assembly  Foot Board and steering assembly  Brake paddle assembly  Fuel tank bracket assembly Links and yokes along with other gears are assembled in the transmission case to make it work for the power and speed conversion.

3. 5. skillful workers take it into notice right on the place. After maintenance. Then both. there are certain other sub stages too o Radiator o Fuel tank o Wiring o Seat assembly o Link chain o Bulk head o Dash board o Accelerator o Battery o Wrapper o Hood top o Fender o Front grill o Fuel/grease/oil o Front tire o Rear tire o Lower Links All the listed components are attached one by one to the recently painted and baked portion of the tractor. 5. If any minor trouble is found.automatically.3. Big tractors MF-375 is filled with 37litres of Mobil oil while small unit i. 5.e.3. Meanwhile wrapping section attaches the MTL monogrammed sticker to the Hoods. MF-240 are filled with 32litres. For major problems tractor is sent to another section. tractors are also sent to road tests. 5.3. Technicians test drives each one of the tractor to ensure the proper working of each component.14 RACTIFICATION This section checks the recently manufactured tractors for the very first time. 9 liters of diesel is also pump into their tanks. it is repainted in touch up paint section. chassis and sheet metal parts are brought into heating oven to let them dry.15 TOUCH UP PAINT BOOTH If paint is missing on any of the components.16 PREDELIVERY INSPECTION .14 FINAL BUILD In final build stage.

3. 2.4 QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT There are three main sections of quality control department. we have three assembling units.4.1 QC-ASSEMBLY: In this section. 5. 1. the quality of assembling of different parts is checked. In MTL. 4. Gauges are used where production is involved . MPA (Multi Products Assembly)  GAUGE STORE: Different types of gauges and fixture are available in gauge room for inspection of incoming supplies and in house machining components.After minor and major rectification and also after passing the paint n retouching section. If tractor has passed all the sections then a PDI sticker is applied on it to ensure that marketing section can now hand it over to its owner. TAP (Tractor Assembly Plant) 3. 1. pre delivery inspection is done on the tractor in a PDI deptt. EAP (Engine Assembly Plant) 2. PDI and segregation are not considered the part of TAP but they are former and later stages of TAP.Lab and Gauge Control 5. QC-Assembly QC-BOF QC-Machining QC.

yield strength etc. elongation. impact testing. bend test. ultimate tensile strength. compression test. o o o o Brinell Hardness Testing Machine Rockwell Hardness Testing Machine Chirpy Impact Testing Machine Universal Testing Machine (UTS) Rockwell Hardness Testing Machine is used to measure hardness of harden and tempered materials and Brunel Hardness Testing Machine is used to measure hardness of forged and casting materials. forgings and heat treated materials. To meet above tasks this lab is provided with following machines. pull test.    Plug and Pneumatic Plug gauges Snap gauges Thread gauges Thread ring gauges  MECHANICAL TESTING LAB: Mechanical Testing lab is concerned about measurement of different mechanical properties of parts like hardness. In this lab . VPN and BHN are the hardness numbers that provide the mechanical properties information about the material being test Pull test: Impact test: Test the threads of studs Tests the fatigue of material Vickers hardness test: for CASE hardness of material Rockwell harness test: for surface hardness of material  METALLURGICAL LAB: This lab is concerned about study of castings.

 Various types of case depths. This lab is divided into two sections.  Flash point of diesel and lubrication oils is checked.  CHEMICAL TESTING LAB: This lab is concerned about study of chemical composition of material. flexibility etc. Microstructure of castings is observed. rubber testing.  Microscopic Analysis. surface hardness and core hardness of heat treated materials is observed. In this test corrosion atmosphere is produced in chamber in accordance with ASTNB117 (5% NaCl solution. 35°C temperature) and samples are tested in this chamber for given time. lubrication oil and grease are checked.  Different properties related to rubber are checked here like Hardness (DHN). In Microscopic analysis sample is observed under microscope and hardness is measured with Vicker Hardness Machine and then reports is prepared. paint testing.  Grain size of forgings is observed. Two types of Flash point apparatus are used here.  Sault Spray Test is conducted to check out corrosion resistance of components. gloss.  OIL TESTING LAB: In this lab diesel. Heat aging. .5bar pressure. Oil resistance etc. 1.  Chemical composition of ferrous and non ferrous alloys is checked.  Sample preparation.  Different properties of paints are checked here like Adhesiveness. volumetric expansion. This lab consists of following apparatus o Carbon strolling apparatus o Spectrophotometer (for Phosphorus) o Titration unit o Muffle unit o Viscosity bath o Flash point tester o Ovens o Salt spray machine o Purometer hardness test (for rubber) The operations performed on these machines are . and corrosion resistance testing of components.

Test rigs available in this section are given below.         Oil bath performance test rig.  Test bench for Tractor meter. o Fuel gauge. Starter motor performance test rig.  Dropping point of grease is checked. Power steering performance test rig.  TEST RIGS SECTION: Test rigs section is provided with different rigs for function and performance test of different components. Air pressure leakage test for oil bath and fuel tank.  Load test rig for o Cable hand throttle pump. Hydraulic linkage performance test rig. o Cable hand brake.  Viscosity of diesel and lubrication oil is checked on viscometer. Test bench for o Temperature gauge. o Cable foot throttle. o Open Cup Apparatus is used to check flash point of lubrication oil.o Close Cup Apparatus is used to check flash point of diesel.  Total Base Number of diesel and lubrication oil is checked on TBN Tester. 6. Alternator performance test rig. Wire harness performance test bench.0 Analysis . o Battery gauge.

SUPPORT ACTIVTIES INFRASTRUCTURE: The Company has its own infrastructure to manufacture its products and to launch them in market. HR MANAGEMENT: The Company has a strong HR network as up-to date training. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT: MTL is known for its advancement in technological sector throughout the country yet the company is aiming to be better in that sector. OUTBOUND-LOGISTICS: After completing the process of manufacturing a tractor. PRIMARY ACTIVITIES INBOUND-LOGISTICS: The Company uses different parts to make a tractor in a special unit area. it is sent to the go-down along with other fully finished tractors MARKETING AND SALES: The Market and sales is done through the dealers and local correspondents of the company along with the formal methods of Advertisement. SERVICES: The Company have a wide network of after sale services . OPERATIONS: All the operations are carried out within the organizations from gear fitting to assembling engine and from small nuts to 5 feet tires. motivating and rewarding the workforce on efficient work is the part of organization. PROCUREMENT: All the Purchasing material required to assemble a tractor is bought at the most reasonable price the organization can have.

according to circumstances and they avail the opportunities very effectively. . Their plans are very well organized. WEAKNESSES  Methods used for forecasting personnel needs  Some of the policies require to be updated  Outdated training system  Less space in office for employees OPPORTUNITIES  Use of motivational tools  Use of more sources to attract labour force  Use of new methods for forecasting THREATS  Infusion of incompetent labour in work force  Government policies 6. Therefore I conclude that Millat Tractor has going on concern and it will progress further and they have ability to overcome risks and prosper. After my internship in Millat Tractors Limited and doing financial analysis I reach at the same conclusion that they are "LEADERS ALL THE WAY". The management is very effective and their plans are mostly about their future.6.3 Conclusion: Millat tractor limited as a leading and pioneer organization is doing very well. I am pretty sure that company has ability to achieve its goals as stated in vision statement. managed.1 SWOT ANYLSIS STRENGTHS      Good employee safety and health system A better system of communication Unbiased or non-discriminatory actions Concentration on training and development Involvement of departmental heads in recruitment process lets hire the best applicants.

The system of communication may be made transparent so that the employees may have the information about what is happening around them. it will also inspire a sense. for technical jobs simulation may also be used.  The company should implant a private intranet in its existing systems of communications.  In order to attract a more diverse work force. etc. etc.  Employee confirmation depends upon the assessment report of departmental head. Moreover.6.4 Recommendations Having gone through the HR process and policies of the company.  Although the system of communication of the company includes Internet. We have reached the following conclusions:  All the policies need to be up dated. This may be replaced with some better assessment procedure. .  Although the company is emphasising the training and development. the company may improve the salary administration system.  In order to win over the employee loyalty. Moreover. computer software.g. yet there is a need to train the employees to use this system aptly. the company may use the advanced techniques e. yet there is a dire need to update the training programs to something like On-job training. the company may use other advanced techniques like Internet.  For forecasting the future needs of manpower planning.