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SERV1855

April 2008

GLOBAL SERVICE LEARNING
TECHNICAL PRESENTATION

345D HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR
INTRODUCTION

Service Training Meeting Guide
(STMG)

345D HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR INTRODUCTION
AUDIENCE
Service personnel who understand the principles of machine systems operation, diagnostic
equipment, and testing and adjusting procedures.

CONTENT
This presentation discusses the component locations and systems operation of the 345D
Hydraulic Excavator. Basic engine and machine component locations will be discussed. Also,
the implement hydraulics will be covered.

OBJECTIVES
After learning the information in this presentation, the serviceman will be able to:
1. locate and identify the major components in the engine and implement systems;
2. explain the operation of each component in the engine and implement systems; and
3. trace the flow of oil through the implement systems.

REFERENCES
345C Hydraulic Excavator Specalog
345C Hydraulic Excavator Parts Book
345C Hydraulic Excavator Operation and Maintenance Manual
345C Hydraulic Excavator System Operation (Hydraulic)
345C Hydraulic Excavator Testing and Adjusting
345C Hydraulic Excavator Specifications Manual
345C Hydraulic Excavator System Operation (C11 and C13)
345D Hydraulic Excavator Specalog
345D L Excavator - Parts Manual
345D Excavator - Operation and Maintenance Manual

AEHQ5687
SEBP4205
SEBU7861
RENR7324
RENR7325
RENR7283
RENR9888
AEHQ5940
SEBP5184
SEBU8300

PREREQUISITES
Interactive Video Course "Fundamentals of Mobile Hydraulics"
Interactive Video Course "Fundamentals of Machine Electronics"
Estimated Time: 10 Hours
Visuals: 122 Illustrations
Handouts: 54 Pages
Form: SERV1855
Date: 04/08
© 2008 Caterpillar Inc.

TEMV9001
TEMV9002

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Text Reference

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................5
MACHINE WALKAROUND ......................................................................................................7
OPERATOR'S STATION............................................................................................................17
ENGINE......................................................................................................................................34
Left Side of Engine...............................................................................................................38
Right Side of Engine.............................................................................................................39
Front of Engine .....................................................................................................................41
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS..........................................................................................................43
Power Shift Pressure System................................................................................................45
Main Hydraulic Pumps ........................................................................................................46
Pump Controls ......................................................................................................................52
Pump Flow Decrease - due to increased pump load ............................................................58
Pilot Hydraulic System .........................................................................................................61
Hydraulic Activation Control Lever .....................................................................................66
Two-Speed Travel Solenoid..................................................................................................70
Pilot Logic Network .............................................................................................................72
Straight Travel Mode ............................................................................................................73
Pilot Control Valve ...............................................................................................................74
HYDRAULIC FAN SYSTEM ...................................................................................................76
Hydraulic Fan Pump .............................................................................................................77
Hydraulic Fan Pump Controls ..............................................................................................78
Hydraulic Fan Motor ............................................................................................................84
Main Control Valve...............................................................................................................85
Bucket Hydraulic Circuit......................................................................................................93
Boom Hydraulic Circuit .......................................................................................................95
Boom Down with Regeneration ...........................................................................................97
Boom Drift Reduction Valve ................................................................................................98
Boom Lowering Control Valve...........................................................................................100
Boom Priority .....................................................................................................................102
Stick Hydraulic Circuit .......................................................................................................105
Stick Regeneration ..............................................................................................................109
Stick Drift Reduction Valve ................................................................................................111
Swing Hydraulic System ....................................................................................................113
Swing Right Without Priority .............................................................................................115
Swing Right With Priority ..................................................................................................118
Swing Motor .......................................................................................................................119
Swing Parking Brake ..........................................................................................................120
Swing Motor Crossover Relief Valve.................................................................................121
Swing Anti-reaction Valves ................................................................................................123

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Text Reference

TRAVEL CIRCUIT ..................................................................................................................127
Travel Motor .......................................................................................................................128
Travel Motor Brake Release Valve.....................................................................................131
Counterbalance Valve (Level Travel) .................................................................................133
Counterbalance Valve Operation (Slope Travel) ................................................................134
Travel Crossover Relief Valves (Machine Stop) ................................................................136
Low Speed Travel ...............................................................................................................138
High Speed Travel ..............................................................................................................139
Final Drive ..........................................................................................................................140
RETURN HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT.........................................................................................141
WORK TOOLS ........................................................................................................................142
CONCLUSION.........................................................................................................................144
HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC COLOR CODES ......................................................................145
VISUAL LIST ..........................................................................................................................147
LAB WORKSHEETS...............................................................................................................149
LAB WORKSHEET ANSWERS.............................................................................................176
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS OPERATIONS POSTTEST ANSWERS ......................................199

The engine is rated at 283 kW (380 hp) at 1800 rpm. direct injection turbocharged (DI-T).040 lbs) for a Standard Machine. which complies with Tier 3 Emissions regulations and European Union Sound IIIA requirements. The NFC hydraulic system is a pressure control system that provides proportional control of the main implement pumps in order to provide maximum hydraulic horsepower.375 Kg (100. The C13 ACERT™ engine utilizes the following technologies: Advanced Diesel Engine Management .SERV1855 04/08 -5- Text Reference 345D HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR INTRODUCTION © 2008 Caterpillar Inc. The 345D is equipped with a C13 ACERT™ engine. This weight classifies the 345D in the 45 metric ton class of excavators. 1 INTRODUCTION The 345D is a direct replacement for the 345C Hydraulic Excavator. The 345D Hydraulic Excavator utilizes a Negative Flow Control (NFC) system for the main implement. and a Mechanically Actuated Unit Fuel Injector (MEUI) system.Electronic Control Module (ADEM A4). controllability. . hydraulic system. The 345D is a versatile machine capable of performing a wide range of tasks by using various work tools that are available. The 345D operating weight is approximately 45. and fuel economy under a wide range of operating conditions. Air-to-Air-Aftercooling (ATAAC).

The machine is designed for improved operator comfort. . and ease of use. The 345D Hydraulic Excavator integrates styling and an operator's station similar to the other medium size 300 "D" Series Hydraulic Excavators. This presentation discusses the component locations and systems operation of the 345D Hydraulic Excavator.SERV1855 04/08 -6- Text Reference The 345D Hydraulic Excavator incorporates a new monitor panel similar to the 365C Hydraulic Excavator which provides additional operating information to the operator. serviceability.

The geometry has been optimized to provide a more cost efficient stick.SERV1855 04/08 -7- Text Reference 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 MACHINE WALKAROUND From the left side of the machine the following machine components are visible.Boom (1) .Access door behind cab (2) .Operator station (6) . .Bucket (5) . In other words.Counterweight (8) The 345D has an entirely new stick profile.Stick (4) . the new stick has been designed to have the same reliability and durability of the 345C but is capable of lifting a larger capacity with faster cycle times.Access door to radiator compartment (7) .Engine access cover (3) . .

Dual element.SERV1855 04/08 -8- Text Reference 9 1 8 2 3 6 7 4 5 3 The compartment behind the operator station includes the following components: .Secondary fuel filter (7) . radial seal air filter (9) NOTE: Additional attachment ECMs may also be mounted in this compartment.Batteries (4) .Engine coolant expansion tank (6) .Primary fuel filter and water separator (8) . .Machine ECM (1) .Master disconnect switch and circuit breakers (3) .Vandalism guards (5) .Window washer reservoir (2) .

The pattern change valve permits changing the operator controls between SAE Excavator and SAE Backhoe Loader patterns. The screw prevents unwanted movement of the lever. the thumbscrew (3) can be installed into a threaded hole in the new position. . the technician removes the thumbscrew (3) and turns the shift lever (2) to the right 90 degrees to select the alternate position.SERV1855 04/08 -9- Text Reference 1 2 3 4 The 345D is available with a two-way control pattern change valve (1). In order to change the pattern. When changed. After the lever is turned. this valve redirects pilot oil to the corresponding control spool in the main control valve group. The pattern change valve is located in the compartment behind the operator's station.

NOTE: To eliminate operator confusion. . The decal is located in the same compartment as the pattern change valve. if the pattern change valve position is changed.10 - Text Reference 5 A decal film (arrow) is included to identify the lever position in relation to the operator control pattern. a plastic card in the operator's compartment must be turned to match the chosen pattern.SERV1855 04/08 .

Fuel cooler (4) If the machine is equipped with the optional ether start system (5). Although the door is hinged.SERV1855 04/08 .Engine radiator (3) .Air to air aftercooler (1) .11 - Text Reference 1 3 2 5 4 6 The radiator access compartment is located in front of the counterweight on the left side of the machine. bolts must be removed on the left side to access the components. This door provides access to assist in cleaning the following components. . it is also located in this compartment.Hydraulic oil cooler (2) . .

SERV1855 04/08 . NOTE: The counterweight removal control valve is located in the pump compartment. .12 - Text Reference 7 The 345D is available with the optional counterweight removal system.

The diesel fuel filler cap (4) is accessed from the top of the machine. . The ladder (6) on the front of the machine can be used for access to the top of the machine. The pump compartment access door (1) permits easy access to the hydraulic pumps. The storage compartment (5) is located in the right front of the machine.SERV1855 04/08 . The machine hydraulic oil reservoir (3) is located between the pump compartment and the diesel fuel tank on the right side of the machine and is accessed from the top of the machine.13 - 2 3 Text Reference 5 4 1 6 8 This illustration shows access to the top of the machine from the right side. The engine access cover (2) allows access to the engine from the top of the machine.

Engine oil filter (1) .SERV1855 04/08 .Fan pump (3) .Two case drain filters (8).Pilot filter (7) .Engine oil S•O•S port (2) .Main pumps (4) .14 - 1 2 3 5 Text Reference 4 6 7 8 9 The illustration shows the pump compartment on the right side of the machine. One case drain filter is for the pumps and the other filter is for the motors. . Some of the visible components are: .Auxiliary tool solenoids (6) .Counterweight removal valve (5) .

15 - Text Reference 2 3 4 1 5 10 The illustration shows the following main pump components: .Power shift solenoid and proportional reducing valve (PSPRV) (2) .Left pump (3) .Suction line (4) .SERV1855 04/08 .Pilot pump (5) .Right pump (1) .

A cast idler eliminates the welding design the fabricated one had and reduces tread deformation and early wear. The Positive Pin Retention 2 (PPR2). The main change includes the optimization of the track link geometry. There are two undercarriage attachments available on the 345D. the stress on the track link has been reduced resulting in longer link life and reduced track cracking. By optimizing the geometry. The 345D has three undercarriage (1) options to meet regional transportation requirements and application needs: the long fixed gauge (L). The final drives (2) and travel motors are mounted directly to the roller frames in order to drive the tracks. This design keeps the drive sprocket in alignment with the track roller frames and tracks NOTE: Throughout this training manual.SERV1855 04/08 . The drive sprockets are bolted to the final drive case. prevents loosening of the track pin from the track link.16 - Text Reference 1 2 11 The undercarriage of the 345D has undergone improvements and is now offering a couple of attachments. machine travel forward and reverse directions are determined with the final drives and sprockets behind the operator's compartment. Both attachments are ideal for extreme applications or those requiring large amounts of travel. . the long variable gauge (LVG). and the long wide variable gauge (LWVG) undercarriages.

The monitor is flashable using Caterpillar Electronic Technician (Cat ET). and efficiency. and travel hydraulic functions. gauges. awareness. The system permits fast troubleshooting.new monitoring system . implement hydraulic. and controls improve operator comfort.redesigned air ventilation system . with side-to-side shock absorption. The cab improvements include: .redesigned cab sealing . resulting in increased excavator availability and reduced downtime for repairs.SERV1855 04/08 . Conveniently placed switches. information display. For operator comfort the cab offers a fully adjustable air suspended seat.17 - Text Reference 12 OPERATOR'S STATION The 345D operator's station maintains the improved visibility and operator comfort that the 345C introduced. The operator's compartment can also be equipped with Falling Object Guard Structure (FOGS) bolted to the top of the compartment. The monitor continuously monitors all important engine.

SERV1855 04/08 . The pattern change card (2) must be switched to display the correct hydraulic control pattern to match the pattern change valve in the compartment behind the cab. . which provides maximum operator comfort.18 - Text Reference 1 2 13 The operator's station provides a fully adjustable air suspended seat (1) with new arm rests.

When pushed forward. The right travel control (2) consists of a foot pedal and a hand lever that controls the right travel circuit. When pushed forward. Operation of the straight travel mode is explained later in this presentation. Pushing the straight travel pedal does not put the machine into the straight travel mode.19 - 1 Text Reference 2 3 14 The left travel control (1) consists of a foot pedal and a hand lever that controls the left travel circuit. the right track will rotate in the reverse direction. When pulled to the rear. The straight travel mode is controlled hydraulically in the main control valve. When the straight travel pedal (3) is pressed. the left track will rotate in the reverse direction. the right track will rotate in the forward direction.SERV1855 04/08 . This allows the right pump to supply oil to the right travel circuit and the left pump to supply oil to the left travel circuit. the left track will rotate in the forward direction. a common pilot signal is sent to both the left and the right travel spools to shift them equally. . When pulled to the rear.

SERV1855 04/08 . The pattern change valve (if equipped) can be used to change this pattern to BHL controls if desired. The left joystick (1) controls the swing and stick functions of the machine. . NOTE: The 345D is equipped with controls based upon the SAE excavator pattern from the factory.20 - Text Reference 1 2 15 The 345D Hydraulic Excavator features pilot operated joysticks. The joysticks direct pilot oil to the main control valve in order to actuate various implement functions on the machine. The right joystick (2) controls the boom and bucket functions of the machine.

One touch low idle (6) .Two-way pump flow work tools 2.SERV1855 04/08 .Blank (1) .Horn (2) .Medium pressure work tools 2 and 4 (3) . and 5 (4) .21 - Text Reference 1 2 16 3 4 5 17 6 Additional components and functions controlled by the switches on each joystick are: . 4.One-way pump flow work tools 1 and 3 (5) .

22 - Text Reference 1 18 The 345D Hydraulic Excavator incorporates a monitor panel (1). which provides additional operating information to the operator. .SERV1855 04/08 . like the small and medium 300D and large 300C excavators.

the alert indicator blinks ON and OFF.SERV1855 04/08 . If one of the following level III critical conditions is logged.Clock (2) .Machine operating hours (7) . .Fuel gauge (4) .Coolant temperature high .Hydraulic oil temperature gauge (5) .23 - Text Reference 1 3 2 4 5 6 7 8 19 The monitor is a full color Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) graphic display that displays the various parameters of the machine. .Alert Indicator (1) .Hydraulic oil temperature high .Engine coolant temperature gauge (6) .Work tools (8) .Engine speed dial position indicator (3) .Engine oil pressure low .illuminates continuously for level 2 warnings.

The gauges receive information from sensors or senders that are connected to the controller. and the coolant temperature.Three analog type gauges display the fuel level. .SERV1855 04/08 . the monitoring system will display a pop-up alert indicator for the machine system with the abnormal condition.View service intervals . and other inputs in order to determine when an abnormal condition is present. . The monitoring system display will display various warnings and information about the condition of the machine. sensors. and gas station icon are displayed with a green color. The monitoring system display has three gauges and a number of alert indicators. Then. . The monitoring system will allow the user to do the following: . the engine coolant temperature. the monitor screen is divided into the following four areas: . The operator or service technician can navigate through the different screens and information about the machine by pushing various buttons on the monitor panel. The buttons are located below the display area of the monitor. engine speed dial position display. and the hydraulic oil temperature.View parameters . The "CAT" logo mark is displayed when no information is available to display. Each gauge is dedicated to a parameter within a machine system.Troubleshoot machine systems Some of the possible parameters of the machine systems include: the fuel level. The alert indicators notify the operator of an abnormal condition in a machine system.Multi-information area displays information for operator convenience. .Perform calibrations . The controller sends a message to the monitoring system display.Machine event information is displayed along with the appropriate icon and language. The controller uses information from pressure switches.View system status information . The controller uses the information from each sensor input to calculate the value that is shown on the gauges. the hydraulic oil temperature.24 - Text Reference Under the normal default condition.The clock.

Pushing the menu button changes the default display to the main menu display. back (5). right (2). and OK (6). Pushing the OK button enters the displayed setting into memory. down (3). Pushing the home button changes the monitor screen to the default display. NOTE: For more information on the 345D monitor. The four navigational buttons are: home (8). The directional buttons navigate the cursor through the various screens. and 365C and 385C Large Hydraulic Excavator Monitoring System". Form Number SERV7032. menu (7). and left (4). The four directional buttons are: up (1). . Pushing the back button changes the display to show the previous screen that was displayed.25 - Text Reference 1 7 8 2 3 4 5 6 20 The monitor has eight buttons that are used to navigate through the different parameters on the screen. 345D Hydraulic Excavator.SERV1855 04/08 . see monitor package "300D Series Hydraulic Excavator.

emergency engine shutoff switch (2) is located on the bottom of the seat base. With the lever in the DOWN position (shown). .26 - Text Reference 1 2 21 The hydraulic activation lever (1) has been redesigned for the 345D. The lever must be in this position in order to start the machine. With the hydraulic activation lever in the UP position. The ground level. The lever must be in this position before any of the implement controls are able to function. its purpose is still the same. the hydraulic activation solenoid is in the de-activated position.SERV1855 04/08 . the hydraulic activation solenoid is in the activated position. however.

27 - Text Reference 22 Below the operator's seat in the cab is the ground level.SERV1855 04/08 . This switch will shut off the machine without having to climb into the cab. . The key start switch must be cycled for the machine to operate again after the emergency shutoff switch is returned to the RUN position. emergency engine shutoff switch (arrow).

.Engine speed dial switch (1) .SERV1855 04/08 .Key start switch (2) .Rocker switches (5) .Soft switch panel (4) .Radio (7) NOTE: See the 345D Operation and Maintenance Manual for complete details on all switches and buttons.HVAC controls (6) .Cigar lighter (3) .28 - 3 Text Reference 5 4 2 6 7 1 23 The operator functions incorporated into the right side of the operator station are: .

29 - Text Reference 3 2 4 1 5 7 6 8 24 The soft switch panel is a panel of switches located on the right hand side of the operator's compartment that either turns a function ON/OFF or allows the operator to toggle through different modes of the selected function. The soft switches provide the operator with the following functions: Two-speed travel (1): When the button is pushed the travel speed is toggled between the tortoise and rabbit speeds.The rabbit indicator indicates automatic speed change.SERV1855 04/08 . . In this setting the travel motors will upstroke and destroke as travel pressure changes in order to allow high speed travel of the machine. . the travel speed will be limited by keeping the travel motors upstroked in order to maximize travel torque. . In this setting.The tortoise indicator indicates low speed.

. . and boom work lights. .Six second delay.Continuous operation.Pattern 1 . .The AESC switch disables and enables the AESC function. Travel alarm cancel (3): The travel alarm cancel switch is a momentary switch. Work tool switch (4): The work tool switch displays the selected work tool on the monitor display. .Chassis work lights. regardless of the switch setting. . . . . the AESC reduces the engine rpm to approximately 1300 rpm after there has been no hydraulic demand for three seconds. This function occurs at all times.SERV1855 04/08 .Pattern 2 . Press the switch repeatedly in order to change the selected work tool. When enabled. .The travel alarm stops immediately if the travel alarm cancel switch is depressed. . . .The travel alarm sounds when travel is detected.Three second delay. In order to deactivate this function. . cab work lights. Upper window wipers (6): The wiper switch toggles between the different modes of the wipers.When disabled. which reduces noise and fuel consumption. press the switch until the LED is no longer illuminated.When enabled.Off.The travel alarm switch is reset every time the travel pressure switch opens. the LED above the AESC switch is illuminated.Chassis work lights and cab work lights. Work lights (5): The work lights switch toggles between the different work light combinations. the AESC reduces the engine speed by 100 rpm after there has been no hydraulic demand for approximately three seconds.The second stage AESC delay times and rpms can be changed by using the monitor or Caterpillar Electronic Technician (ET).30 - Text Reference Automatic Engine Speed Control (AESC) Switch (2): The AESC function automatically reduces engine speed while there is no hydraulic demand.

the window wiper will stop. . Heavy lift (8): The heavy lift mode can be selected to boost lifting capability and provide improved controllability of heavy loads. the main relief valve increases from 35.When the switch is pressed. making it possible to operate at the high pressure. The window wiper will also operate while the switch is depressed.When heavy lift is turned ON. . washer fluid will spray from the nozzle. .Maximum hydraulic flow is restricted to 60%.000 kPa (5070 psi) to 38.In heavy lift mode. Approximately three seconds after the switch is released.31 - Text Reference Upper window washer (7): The windshield washer fluid switch is a momentary switch.000 kPa (5500 psi). the maximum engine speed is limited to engine speed dial position 6 (1600 rpm). .SERV1855 04/08 . .

.The bottom position deactivates fine swing control.The top position activates the wipers. .32 - Text Reference 2 1 3 5 4 25 The rocker switches are two-position switches used to turn the functions ON or OFF. Fine swing control improves the swing control during swing deceleration. The rocker switches provides the operator with the following functions: Fine swing control (1) .The top position activates fine swing control. Lower window washer (3) . Lower window wipers (2) .The top position activates the windshield washer fluid.The bottom position deactivates the windshield washer fluid.The bottom position deactivates the wipers.SERV1855 04/08 . . Quick Coupler switch (4) Seat heater switch (5) .

beside the back-up switches. . Machine productivity will be limited while the machine is in Back-up Mode.SERV1855 04/08 . The back-up switch (3) toggles between back-up and auto. Holding the speed switch in the DOWN position will cause the engine to go to 0 rpm. It is located behind the right armrest. The back-up switch (2) is used to control the engine speed while the Back-up Mode is active. The back-up switch (2) controls the engine rpm. The diagnostic connector is used to connect Cat ET to the machine. The fixed power shift pressure limits maximum pump output and allows the machine to continue operating in a Derate Mode. the back-up switch (3) sends a fixed power shift pressure to the pumps. In the BACK-UP position. The back-up switch (2) toggles to increase and decrease engine speed. The diagnostic connector (1) is located inside of the operators station.33 - Text Reference 2 1 3 26 The back-up switches are located behind the right armrest.

Electronically Actuated Unit Fuel Injection (EUI) System . This represents approximately a 10% increase over the 345C. The C13 ACERT™ incorporates the following state-of-the-art technologies to meet US EPA Tier III regulated emission levels: .34 - Text Reference 27 ENGINE The 345D is equipped with a C13 ACERT™ Engine with a rating of 283 kW (380 hp) at 1800 rpm.Air to Air Aftercooler (ATAAC) .Advanced Diesel Engine Management (ADEM A4) .SERV1855 04/08 .

The switch controls the fuel priming pump on the primary fuel filter base. .35 - Text Reference 28 The fuel system priming switch is located in the compartment behind the cab and above the primary fuel filter.SERV1855 04/08 .

.SERV1855 04/08 . The secondary fuel filter base (2) contains the fuel system sensors.36 - Text Reference 3 2 1 29 The fuel priming pump (1) is located in the primary fuel filter base (3).

The status of the sensors and the filter pressure differential switch may be viewed while using Cat ET.SERV1855 04/08 ." . If repairs are not made after 4 hours. and the fuel temperature sensor (2). This feature is called "Fuel Temperature Compensation.37 - Text Reference 1 2 30 Located on the top of the secondary fuel filter base are the fuel pressure differential switch (1). The fuel filter pressure differential switch (1) monitors the difference between the outlet fuel pressure and the inlet fuel pressure. the engine ECM initiates a Level 2 Warning and engine performance is decreased. The Engine ECM uses readings from the fuel temperature sensor (2) to make corrections to the fuel rate and maintain power regardless of fuel temperature (within certain parameters). A fuel pressure difference exceeding 750 kPa (110 psi) will initiate a Level 1 Warning.

. The engine ECM is fuel cooled.SERV1855 04/08 . .The Fuel Transfer Pump (1) is a gear-type pump that pulls fuel from the fuel tank through the primary fuel filter.38 - Text Reference 2 1 31 This illustration shows components on the left side of engine with the counterweight removed. . The engine ECM utilizes the Advanced Diesel Engine Management (ADEM A4) to control the fuel injector solenoid and to monitor fuel injection.The Engine Electronic Control Module (ECM) (2). The fuel then flows through the secondary fuel filter to the cylinder head.

The Engine Oil pressure Sensor (5) is an input to the Engine ECM to supply an information warning for low oil pressure.SERV1855 04/08 .The Atmospheric Pressure Sensor (2) is an input to the Engine ECM and is used as a reference for air filter restriction. .39 - Text Reference 3 2 4 5 1 32 Right Side of Engine . The engine derates for low oil pressure and a logged event code is recorded. The event code can be read by using Cat ET or the monitor. . . Also.The Camshaft Speed Timing Sensor (1) determines the No. 1 compression timing prior to the engine starting. the sensor is used to supply information to the Engine ECM during operation at high altitudes.The Intake Manifold Air Pressure Sensor (3) is an input to the Engine ECM to supply information about the air pressure into the intake manifold. . .The Intake Manifold Air Temperature Sensor (4) supplies air temperature data at the air intake manifold to the Engine ECM.

and timing.40 - Text Reference 1 2 33 Left Side of Engine . . .The Crankshaft speed timing sensor (2) sends a voltage signal to the Machine ECM in order to determine the engine speed.SERV1855 04/08 .The Engine Oil Level Sensor (1) is an input to the Engine ECM to supply an information warning for low oil level at start-up. direction.

The Engine ECM alerts the operator when there is no coolant flow while the engine is running.41 - Text Reference 34 Front of Engine .SERV1855 04/08 . . An event code is logged when this occurs.The Engine Coolant Flow Switch (arrow) is mounted in the coolant passage near the engine coolant pump. When the coolant is flowing past the switch the paddle moves and closes the switch contacts.

signal to the Engine ECM in order to determine the engine speed.42 - Text Reference 35 . .SERV1855 04/08 . and timing. direction.The Crankshaft speed timing sensor (arrow) sends a voltage level.

The separate hydraulically driven cooling system supplies oil to the fan motor in order to cool the hydraulic oil. the engine radiator. two-speed travel solenoid valve.SERV1855 04/08 . pilot control valves.The main hydraulic system controls the implements.The pilot hydraulic system supplies oil to the pilot manifold. . . the attachments. . . the air to air after cooler. and the power shift pressure reducing valve (PSPRV).The return system directs the return oil from the hydraulic system through the slow return check valve and the hydraulic oil cooler before it returns to the tank. swing park brake solenoid valve. and the swing circuit.43 - Text Reference MAIN HYDRAULIC SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM Stick Cylinder Boom Cylinders Bucket Cylinder Swing Motor Travel Motors Main Control Valve Group Pilot Control Valves Priority Valves Pilot Manifold Fan Motor Fan Pump Pilot Pump Main Hydraulic Pumps M Tank 36 HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS The hydraulic system on the 345D Hydraulic Excavator is operated and controlled by the following five primary systems: . The pilot system serves primarily as a hydraulic control system. the travel circuits. and a fuel cooler. The case drain oil from the pumps and motors goes through the case drain filters without going through the slow return check valve and the oil cooler before returning to the tank.

44 - Text Reference 345D HYDRAULIC SYSTEM STANDBY Travel Motor (Left) Travel Motor (Right) Swing Motor Swing Motor Stick Cylinder Bucket Cylinder BR3 Boom Cylinders AR3 BL3 AL3 BL4 AL4 Swivel Group AR2 BR2 BL1 Travel (L) Travel (R) BR3 aR3 AR3 BR2 AR2 Stick (1) aR1 aL1 bL3 bR1 BR1 BL1 AL1 bL1 bR2 aR4 bR1 AL1 BL3 BL1 AR1 AL3 AL4 BL4 AL1 Swing bL1 Travel (L) Boom (2) Attch Bucket Boom (1) Stick (2) Travel (R) Swing Bucket Stick OUT IN L R Boom OPEN CLOSE DOWN UP PR bR3 aR4 bL3 bL4 aL3 aR2 aR1 PL aL1 aL3 bL4 aR3 bR2 bR3 aR2 PL P M PR P 37 This illustration shows the complete hydraulic schematic for the 345D. The hydraulic system for the 345D has the following major sub-systems: .main hydraulic system Each system will be discussed in detail later in this presentation. . Both joysticks and travel levers are in the STANDBY position with the engine running and the hydraulic actuation lever in the energized position.fan system . NOTE: The system will be broken down into sub-systems in the following illustrations for easier understanding.SERV1855 04/08 .

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Text Reference

POWER SHIFT PRESSURE SYSTEM
Pilot
Pump

Engine Speed
Sensor

Right
Pump

Left
Pump

Proportional
Reducing Valve

Engine
ECM

1 2 :0 0

10

Engine
Speed Dial
OK

Monitor

Engine and
Pump Control

38

Power Shift Pressure System
During machine operation, the machine electronic control module (ECM) receives input signals
from the following components:
- Engine speed dial
- Engine speed sensor located on the flywheel housing
- Right and left pumps pressure sensors
- Engine ECM
The engine and pump controller (ECM) continually monitors all of the input signals. The input
signals are processed by the ECM and an output signal is sent to the Power Shift Proportional
Reducing Valve (PSPRV). The PSPRV uses the electrical signal from the ECM and pilot
pressure to generate the power shift pressure. Equal power shift pressure is directed to each
pump control to assist in controlling the output flows from the pumps. Power shift pressure
helps regulate pump flow to the maximum allowable hydraulic pump output in relation to
engine speed.

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Text Reference

2
1

3

39
Main Hydraulic Pumps
The 345D main hydraulic pump group has two variable displacement piston pumps inside a
common housing, in a side-by-side configuration. The pumps are rated at 360 L/min
(95 gpm) each. The pumps will be referred to as the right (drive) pump and the left (idler)
pump throughout this presentation. The right pump is driven by the engine via an improved
flexible coupling. The left pump is driven by the right pump through a gear train. The number
of teeth on the gear of the right pump is one tooth less than the gear of the left pump in order to
reduce harmonics in the hydraulic system. The difference in rotational speed due to the gearing
has no significant impact on the machine performance or flow output. There is an internally
mounted centrifugal charge pump.
The pilot pump (1) is mounted on the main hydraulic pump case. The pilot pump draws oil
from the pump case and sends it to the pilot filter, then to the pilot system.
The power shift proportional reducing solenoid valve (PSPRV) (2) is mounted on the top and
front of the pump case. The PSPRV uses pilot oil as a control signal to the pumps. Power shift
pressure can be checked at tap (3).
The pump regulators are mounted on top of the pump case. Each rotating group has its own
regulator. The regulators are used to regulate the output flow of the pumps based upon flow
demands.
The left pumps each have their own output pressure taps. Pressure sensors for each pump are
located directly behind the output pressure taps.
Two case drain filters are located behind the pilot filter.

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Text Reference

The output signal from the machine electronic control module to the PSPRV will change when
the machine electronic control module detects a change in engine speed. The power shift
pressure will change in order to regulate the maximum allowable hydraulic pump output.
When the hydraulic pump output is controlled, the desired engine speed is maintained.
When the engine speed increases above the full load setting, due to decreased hydraulic
horsepower demand, the power shift pressure will decrease in order to allow more pump flow.
A decrease in power shift pressure causes the swashplate to increase its angle, or as it is more
commonly known, to upstroke. If both pumps are in operation at the same time, this condition
occurs simultaneously in both pumps, and the maximum allowable hydraulic flow output is
increased.
If the engine speed decreases below the full load setting due to hydraulic horsepower exceeding
engine horsepower, the power shift pressure will increase in order to regulate output to a level
that maximizes flow output. As the power shift pressure decreases, the angle of the swashplate
in the front pump and rear pump will decrease, or as it is commonly known, will destroke the
pump. The maximum allowable hydraulic flow output is optimized to the engine speed.
If flow from only one pump is demanded, the power shift pressure is greatly reduced so the one
pump can use full engine horsepower. If flow from both pumps is demanded, the power shift
pressure increases so both pumps can be loaded equally.

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Text Reference

345D PUMP INPUTS
From Right NFC Cont rol Orifice
Right Pump Cross
Sensing Signal

Left Pump Cross
Sensing Signal

Right Pump Out put
Pressure Sensor

Regulat or
Act uat or

P

Destroke
To Main Cont rol Valve
( Right Side)

Right
Pump

M

Power
Shift
PRV

Left
Pump

From Pilot Pump

40

Each pump receives four different signals to control the output flow of the pumps:
- Power shift pressure
- System pressure from that pump
- Cross-sensing pressure (from the other pump)
- Negative flow control pressure
Power Shift Pressure
The PSPRV receives a control signal from the ECM. The ECM sends an electrical signal to the
PSPRV to regulate power shift pressure in relation to the engine speed.
The power shift signal to the pump regulators enable the machine to maintain the target engine
speed for maximum productivity.

When the control valve is fully shifted. the regulators destroke the main pumps accordingly. then NFC pressure is reduced to slow return check valve pressure.5 seconds after the implement/swing and the travel pressure switches open when the joysticks and the travel control pilot controls are returned to NEUTRAL). the ECM will decrease power shift pressure. The NFC signal to the main pump regulator is generated in the main control valve group. The reading is taken 2. As power shift pressure increases. This reduces the load on the engine. The use of an NFC hydraulic system maximizes efficiency of the machine by only producing flow from the pumps when the flow is needed. The oil flows to the valves and returns to the tank by way of the NFC control orifices. When a joystick or travel lever is moved from a NEUTRAL position. The NFC signal is delivered to the left and right pump regulators from the left and right halves of the main control valve group. NOTE: A high NFC signal will always overcomes the horsepower control and decrease pump flow to minimum. . the controller will increase the power shift pressure. When the joysticks or travel levers are in the NEUTRAL position. respectively. respectively. (The target speed is the speed the ECM reads through the engine speed sensor. as an NFC signal. If the engine speed is above the target speed. When the main pump regulators receive a high NFC signal from the main control valves.SERV1855 04/08 . the pumps remain at a standby output flow at or near minimum pump displacement. This reduces the NFC signal to the main pump regulator and the pump output flow is increased proportionally. and consequently enables the engine to maintain the target engine speed. Negative Flow Control (NFC) NFC is the primary controlling signal for the main pump output. the oil flows from the main pumps through the open center bypass passages of the control valves. The restriction of the NFC orifices causes a pressure signal to be sent to the right and left pump regulators. Cross-sensing Control Each pump regulator gets a cross-sensing control from the other pump system pressure. causing the pumps to upstroke and produce more flow. the open-center passage of the corresponding implement/travel function is closed in proportion to spool movement.49 - Text Reference If the engine and pump control senses that the engine is below the target speed due to a high hydraulic load from the main pumps.

50 - Text Reference From Right NFC Control Orifice 345D HYDRAULIC PUMPS STANDBY Right Pump Output Pressure Sensor Regulator Actuator P To Main Control Valve (Right Side) Right Pump Pilot Pump To Pilot System M Power Shift PRV Left Pump Actuator Regulator From Tank Destroke P From Pilot Pump To Main Control Valve (Left Side) Left Pump Output Pressure Sensor From Left NFC Control Orifice 41 This illustration shows the pumps in STANDBY condition. The regulator will upstroke or destroke the pumps to maintain the pump flow depending on the conditions the regulator senses. Each pump regulator senses the Negative Flow Control (NFC) signal.left travel control valve .swing control valve .SERV1855 04/08 .straight travel valve . The left pump supplies oil to the following valves: . This controls the angle of the pump swashplate. and the system pressure for that pump. the power shift pressure. the cross sensing pressure.stick I control valve .right pump negative flow control valve .boom II control valve . The regulator controls oil pressure to the right side of the actuator.

right travel control valve .SERV1855 04/08 .bucket control valve .standard attachment control valve . Text Reference .left pump negative flow control valve.51 - The right pump supplies oil to the following valves: .stick II control valve .straight travel valve .boom I control valve .

SERV1855 04/08 . A regulated pressure signal is directed to the minimum angle (large) servo piston to destroke the pump. The three control sections are connected with a series of pins and linkages. The feedback lever works as a follow-up linkage to move the horsepower control spool when the servo piston moves. . The torque control section works in conjunction with the horsepower control section to regulate pump flow while the hydraulic circuits are actuated.52 - Text Reference Torque Control Lever PUMP CONTROL GROUPS Negative Flow Control Lever Horsepower Control Sleeve Horsepower Control Spool Horsepower Control Section Torque Control Section Negative Flow Control Spool Maximum Torque Control Piston Feedback Lever Servo Pistons Torque Control Rod Minimum 42 Pump Controls This illustration shows the three separate control sections of the pump control group. Full pump system pressure is directed to the maximum angle (small) servo piston to upstroke the pump. The lower end of the feedback lever is connected to the servo piston. Individual parts are also shown. The separate control sections direct system pressure to and from the minimum angle end (large actuator piston) of the servo piston. The servo piston moves the swashplate for increased or decreased pump flow. The separate control sections work together to regulate pump flow according to demand and hydraulic horsepower requirements. The negative flow control (NFC) section works in conjunction with the horsepower control section to destroke the swashplate when all hydraulic controls are in NEUTRAL or during implement or travel MODULATION.

The lower end of the feedback lever is connected to the servo piston.53 - Text Reference PUMP CONTROLS END VIEW Torque Control Lever Torque Control Rod Horsepower Control Spool Feedback Lever Pin NFC Lever NFC Spool Servo Piston Feedback Lever Swashplate 43 This illustration shows an end sectional view of the pump controls. The torque control rod is connected to the lower end of the torque control lever with a pin. The large holes permit individual control from the torque control lever and the NFC lever. The NFC spool is connected to the lower end of the NFC lever with a pin. The feedback lever pin extends into large holes in the torque control lever and the NFC lever.SERV1855 04/08 . The feedback lever pin fits tightly into the feedback lever. The upper end of the feedback lever is connected to the horsepower control spool with a pin. The upper end of the NFC lever pivots on a fixed pin in the housing. . Movement of the servo piston causes the feedback lever to pivot on the feedback lever pin and move the horsepower control spool. The upper end of the torque control lever pivots on a fixed pin in the housing.

The NFC lever and the torque control lever operate independently.SERV1855 04/08 . The lower end of the feedback lever is connected to the servo piston (5).54 - Text Reference 3 2 1 8 4 6 5 7 44 This illustration shows the components of a pump control group. the feedback lever pin and the feedback lever (4). and a pin. the torque control lever (8). The torque control piston (6) is connected to the feedback lever with the torque control rod (7). The NFC spool (1) is connected to the horsepower control spool (2) by the NFC lever (3). . The servo piston is also connected to the pump swashplate. Movement of the servo piston moves the lower end of the feedback lever.

The pump flow will remain constant until the NFC pressure from the control valve decreases. This condition causes the pump to upstroke sooner (less modulation) when the hydraulic control valve is ACTIVATED. to the minimum angle end of the servo piston. Turning the screw in (clockwise) causes the NFC pressure to increase higher before the NFC spool moves.SERV1855 04/08 .55 - Text Reference PUMP CONTROLS STANDBY Horsepower Control Spool NFC Spool NFC Pressure From NFC Orifice NFC Adjustment Screw Servo Piston Minimum Angle Stop 45 This illustration shows the NFC portion of the pump controls. a high NFC pressure is directed to the left end of the NFC spool. Turning the screw out (counterclockwise) causes the NFC spool to move at a lower NFC pressure. . In the STANDBY condition. The increase in pressure moves the servo piston to the right against the minimum angle stop screw. the horsepower control spool directs a signal pressure. The NFC pressure pushes the NFC spool to the right against the spring force. The NFC adjusting screw changes the effect of the NFC pressure on the NFC spool. which is part of system pressure. This condition causes the pump to upstroke later (more modulation) when the hydraulic control valve is ACTIVATED. When all hydraulic control valves are in NEUTRAL.

The minimum angle servo piston is opened to case drain through the right orifice in the horsepower control sleeve and the right end of the horsepower control spool.SERV1855 04/08 . spring force moves the NFC piston to the left. As the lower end of the NFC lever moves to the left. As the large hole moves to the left. The NFC piston moves the lower end of the NFC lever to the left with the pin on the upper end of the NFC lever as the pivot point. Due to reduced NFC pressure. the NFC pressure is decreased. the large hole through the lever also moves to the left. System pressure pushes the maximum angle servo piston to the left to upstroke the pump. spring force pulls the horsepower control spool and the upper end of the feedback lever to the left because the feedback lever pin is allowed to move to the left. . When a hydraulic control valve in the main control valve is shifted.56 - Text Reference PUMP CONTROLS FLOW INCREASE Horsepower Control Spool Horsepower Control Sleeve Feedback Lever Pin NFC Lever NFC Pressure NFC Piston From NFC Orifice Feedback Lever Maximum Angle Stop Maximum Angle End of Servo Piston Minimum Angle End of Servo Piston 46 This illustration shows the pump controls at the beginning of an upstroke that was caused by a decrease in NFC pressure.

since both power shift pressure and system pressures act on the torque control piston. A decrease in power shift pressure will cause an increase in flow from the pump in the same manner as described for a decrease in system pressure. The feedback lever rotates clockwise with the feedback lever pin as the pivot point.57 - Text Reference As the servo piston moves. the pump will upstroke until the servo piston contacts the maximum angle stop screw.SERV1855 04/08 . the lower end of the feedback lever moves to the left. Flow to and from the minimum angle piston is metered by the horsepower control spool and the horsepower control sleeve. If NFC pressure is reduced to minimum. The amount of reduction in NFC signal pressure determines the amount of pump upstroke. The upper end of the feedback lever pulls the horsepower control spool to the right until the right land on the horsepower control spool reaches a balance point between the orifices through the horsepower control sleeve. The swashplate angle remains constant until the NFC pressure is again changed. .

BEGINNING OF DESTROKE Horsepower Control Spool Torque Control Piston Feedback Lever Pin Torque Control Lever Horsepower Control Spring Power Shift Pressure Horsepower Adjustment Screws From Power Shift Solenoid Cross-sensing Signal From Other Pump Torque Control Rod Maximum Angle End of Servo Piston Minimum Angle End of Servo Piston 47 Pump Flow Decrease . .The combination of power shift pressure and the two system pressures push the torque control piston to the right against the force of the horsepower control adjustment spring.SERV1855 04/08 .58 - Text Reference PUMP CONTROLS FLOW DECREASE . .Due To Increased Pump Load This illustration shows the torque control piston and horsepower control spool with the pump in the upstroked position at the beginning of DESTROKE. For the purpose of this presentation. . it is assumed that power shift pressure remains constant.Power shift pressure from the PRV enters the pump controls and pushes on the plug at the left end of the torque control piston. . . .The cross-sensing signal pressure from the other pump goes to the left shoulder area on the torque control piston.System pressure from this pump enters the pump controls and goes to the right shoulder area on the torque control piston.The horsepower control spool directs the signal pressure to the minimum angle end of the servo piston to destroke the hydraulic pump.

The following occurs when the system pressures and power shift pressure push the torque control piston to the right: . The small adjustment screw regulates the rate that the pump destrokes (small spring adjustment).SERV1855 04/08 .The torque control rod moves to the right to compress the horsepower control springs.The increase in pressure in the minimum angle piston moves the servo piston to destroke the pump.59 - Text Reference The large horsepower adjustment screw regulates the pressure or point that the pump starts to destroke (large spring adjustment).System pressure is directed around the horsepower control spool through the center orifice of the horsepower control sleeve and to the minimum angle end of the servo piston. . . .The torque control lever pulls the feedback lever pin and the upper end of the feed back lever to the right.The feedback lever pulls the horsepower control spool to the right against the spring force. . .The torque control rod moves the lower end of the torque control lever to the right with the fixed pin on the upper end of the torque control lever as the pivot point. .

SERV1855 04/08 . the lower end of the feedback lever moves to the right turning the lever counterclockwise with the feedback lever pin as the pivot point. . Pump flow is held constant until one of the signal pressures changes. The lever movement shifts the horsepower control spool to the left so system pressure is metered through the two orifices to and from the minimum angle end of the servo piston. When the servo piston moves toward minimum angle.60 - Text Reference PUMP CONTROLS FLOW DECREASE END OF DESTROKE Orifices Feedback Lever Pin Feedback Lever Horsepower Control Spool Minimum Angle End of Servo Piston Maximum Angle End of Servo Piston 48 This illustration shows the pump controls at the end of DESTROKE. An increase in power shift pressure will cause a decrease in flow from the pump in the same manner as described for an increase in system pressure since both the power shift pressure and system pressure act on the torque control piston.

and travel operation). swing operation. The pilot control valves control the pilot oil pressure to the individual spools in the main control valve. which are actuated by the joysticks in the operator's compartment. supply oil from the main pump is sent to the corresponding cylinders and motors.SERV1855 04/08 . for machine operation (implement operation. Oil from the pilot pump is sent to the pilot manifold and then to the pilot control valves.61 - Text Reference PILOT SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM Stick Cylinder Swing Motor Travel Motors Main Control Valve Group Pilot Control Valves Priority Valves Pilot Manifold Fan Motor Boom Cylinders Bucket Cylinder Fan Pump Pilot Pump Main Hydraulic Pumps M Tank 49 Pilot Hydraulic System The pilot hydraulic system receives oil from the pilot pump. When the main control valve spools shift. .

62 - Text Reference 1 50 The pilot pump (1) is a gear-type pump that supplies oil flow to the pilot system. .SERV1855 04/08 . The pilot pump is mechanically connected to the left main pump.

Pilot system pressure can be checked at pressure tap (3). Pilot system pressure can be adjusted at pilot relief valve (1). The filter element removes the contaminants from the pilot oil.63 - Text Reference 1 3 2 4 51 The pilot hydraulic oil filter (4) is located in the pump compartment on the right rear side of the machine. The blue dust cap (2) is where the hydraulic system S•O•S can be sampled. the oil bypasses the filter element through the bypass valve.SERV1855 04/08 . to the pilot manifold. Oil flows from the pilot pump. and the pilot accumulator. The oil filter is a spin-on type filter. the power shift pressure reducing valve. If the oil flow through the filter element does become restricted. . through the filter. Contaminated oil or cold oil may cause the oil flow through the filter element to become restricted.

part of the pilot oil flow is returned to the hydraulic tank. . When the pressure in the pilot system reaches the pressure setting of the pilot relief valve.64 - Text Reference PILOT RELIEF VALVE To Tank From Pilot Pump 52 The pilot relief valve limits the pilot pressure in the pilot system. The pilot relief valve is adjustable.SERV1855 04/08 .

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Text Reference

2
1
3

4

53

The hydraulic pilot oil manifold is accessible by removing the cover plate located under the
machine, behind the swing bearing. The hydraulic pilot oil manifold consists of the following
components:
- Hydraulic oil pilot manifold (1)
- Hydraulic activation solenoid valve (2)
- Swing parking brake solenoid (3)
- Two-speed travel solenoid (4)
The hydraulic activation valve is not visible but is located between the hydraulic activation
solenoid valve and the swing brake solenoid. The hydraulic pilot oil accumulator is located on
the top of the mounting bracket for the pilot oil manifold.

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Text Reference

HYDRAULIC
ACTIVATION LEVER

Lever

Plunger

Limit Switch

54

Hydraulic Activation Control Lever
The hydraulic activation control lever is located on the left side of the operator's seat. Mounted
to a bracket with the hydraulic activation control lever is the limit switch and plunger. The
limit switch is activated by the hydraulic activation control lever. The limit switch activates the
neutral start relay and allows the machine to be started when in the locked position. Without
the hydraulic activation control lever in the locked position the machine cannot be started.
After the machine has been started the hydraulic activation control lever must be put into the
unlock position in order to supply pilot oil to the pilot control valves.

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Text Reference

HYDRAULIC ACTIVATION SOLENOID VALVE
LOCKED

From Pilot
Pump
To Travel
Motors

To Pilot
Control Valves
From Main
Cont rol Valve

To Heavy
Lift Circuit

Hydraulic
Act ivat ion
Solenoid Valve

To
Tank

From
Hydraulic
Act ivat ion
Valve
Hydraulic
Activation
Valve

From
Pilot
Pump

Pilot Manifold

To Pressure
Reducing Valve

55

When the hydraulic activation control lever is shifted to the LOCKED position, the hydraulic
activation solenoid valve located in the pilot manifold is DE-ENERGIZED. Spring force
pushes the hydraulic solenoid up, blocking pilot oil and causing the top side of the hydraulic
activation valve to be open to drain. Spring force pushes the hydraulic activation valve up,
causing the pilot joystick to be open to drain. Because there is no pilot pressure available at the
pilot control valves, the spools cannot be shifted in the main control valve.

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Text Reference

HYDRAULIC ACTIVATION SOLENOID VALVE
UNLOCKED
From Pilot
Pump

To Pilot
Cont rol Valves
From Main
Cont rol Valve

To Heavy
Lift Circuit

To Travel
Mot ors

Hydraulic
Act ivat ion
Solenoid Valve

To
Tank

To
Hydraulic
Act ivat ion
Valve

Hydraulic
Act ivat ion
Valve

From
Pilot
Pump

Pilot Manifold

To Pressure
Reducing Valve

56

When the hydraulic activation control lever is shifted to the UNLOCKED position, the
hydraulic activation solenoid valve located in the pilot manifold is ENERGIZED. Because the
solenoid valve is now open, pilot oil flows to the hydraulic activation valve. The hydraulic
valve pushes downward against the spring opening a passage which enables pilot oil to flow
through the hydraulic valve and to the pilot control valves.

. When the implement controls and/or swing control levers are operated. The ECM then signals the swing brake solenoid to actuate. The swing/implement pressure switch is an input to the ECM. the increase in pilot oil pressure causes the swing/implement pressure switch to close. Pilot oil then flows through the solenoid valve to the swing parking brake located in each swing motor.SERV1855 04/08 .69 - Text Reference SWING BRAKE ACTIVATION SOLENOID UNLOCKED To Travel Mot ors From Pilot Pump To To Heavy Pilot Cont rol Lift Circuit Valves From Main Cont rol Valve Pilot Manifold Swing Brake Activation Solenoid To Pressure Reducing Valve To Swing Parking Brake 57 Pilot oil flows from the pilot manifold to the swing parking brake solenoid valve. This oil releases the swing parking brakes.

a path opens for pilot oil to flow to the displacement change valve in the right travel motor and left travel motor. .70 - Text Reference TWO-SPEED TRAVEL SOLENOID UNLOCKED To Travel Motors From Pilot Pump To To Heavy Pilot Control Lift Circuit Valves From Main Control Valve Pilot Manifold Two-Speed Travel Solenoid To Pressure Reducing Valve 58 Two-Speed Travel Solenoid When the switch for two-speed travel speed is set in the AUTO position. the pressure sensor for main pump delivery pressure controls the travel speed in accordance with the travel load. With the travel speed solenoid valve energized. high pump output pressure condition. As the displacement change valve operates. the travel speed is maintained at the HIGH SPEED position. and high speed during a low load and low pump output pressure condition. the ECM energizes the two-speed travel speed solenoid valve. For example. In this position.SERV1855 04/08 . low speed during a high load.

When pilot oil enters the accumulator. During multiple implement. The stored hydraulic pressure in the accumulator can also be used to lower the boom and/or stick if the engine is stopped. There is a check valve located inside the hydraulic pilot oil manifold that prevents a backflow of the stored oil in the accumulator. In the accumulator. . swing. the pilot system needs more oil to operate smoothly.71 - Text Reference 59 The hydraulic pilot oil accumulator (arrow) stores pilot pressure for use at the main control valve. The pilot oil accumulator provides additional pilot oil to the pilot system when the pilot pump flow is inadequate. it acts against the nitrogen gas filled bladder compressing it.SERV1855 04/08 . and travel operations. an internal bladder is filled with nitrogen gas. See the Operation and Maintenance Manual for the correct procedures to lower the boom with a stopped engine.

An orifice in each flow path allows a small amount of pilot oil flow to enter the paths. With no open flow path to tank. the open-center oil path to tank is blocked. before returning to the tank. The swing park brake is not released when only the travel circuits are activated. . When one or more travel controls are activated. the flow goes through both travel control valves. Down stream of the other orifice. The increase in pressure closes the travel pressure switch to signal the ECM to activate the AESC to increase engine speed.SERV1855 04/08 . The orifices maintain pilot pressure upstream and limit the amount of flow through them. pressure increases in that part of the pilot logic network.72 - Text Reference 345D PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PILOT LOGIC NETWORK Travel Pressure Switch Implement Swing Pressure Switch Main Control valve Stick (1) Pilot Logic Network Swing Travel (L) Attch To Boom (2) Travel (R) From Left Pump From Right Pump Bucket Boom (1) To Stick (2) From Pilot Manifold 60 Pilot Logic Network The pilot logic network consists of two individual flow paths. the flow goes through each implement and swing control valve before returning to the tank. The increase in pressure closes the swing/implement pressure switch to signal the ECM to activate the AESC to increase engine speed. The ECM also activates the swing park brake solenoid to release the swing park brake. Down stream of one orifice. only. With no open flow path to tank. When one or more implement or swing control valves are activated. the open-center oil path through the other orifice to tanks is blocked. pressure increases in that part of the pilot logic network.

The machine goes into the straight travel mode. In the straight travel mode.73 - Text Reference 345D PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM STRAIGHT TRAVEL MODE Travel Pressure Switch Implement Swing Pressure Switch Stick (1) Pilot Logic Network Swing Main Control valve Attch Bucket Boom (1) To Stick (2) To Boom (2) Travel (L) Travel (R) From Left Pump From Right Pump From Pilot Manifold 61 Straight Travel Mode When both travel circuits and at least one implement or swing control valve are activated at the same time. the right pump flow is directed to the right travel control valve. bucket. The left pump flow goes through the left side parallel feeder path to the swing and stick control valve. A check valve and orifice inside the straight travel valve will let some of the left pump flow into the travel circuits if the right pump system pressure is higher than the travel pressure.SERV1855 04/08 . The left pump flow also goes through the straight travel control valve and into the right side parallel feeder path to the attachment. . The pilot pressure pushes the straight travel valve down. downstream of the implement/swing orifice. Pilot pressure in the pilot logic network. The right pump flow also goes through the upper portion of the straight travel valve to the left travel control valve. the machine goes into the straight travel mode. goes through the left travel control valve and the right travel control valve and is directed to the top of the straight travel valve. and boom control valves. The check valve prevents any right pump flow from going to the implement/swing circuits.

the metering spring pushes the spool down.SERV1855 04/08 . The same pressure flows through the center of the spool to the lower end of the spool. The pilot pressure and flow are metered by the spool until the joystick is moved farther. the pilot control valve sends pilot pump oil through the pilot lines to the pilot ports at the main control valve in order to shift the spools of the main control valve. When either joystick is operated. This enables the implement operations or swing operation.74 - Text Reference PILOT CONTROL VALVE Supply Pilot Oil From Pilot Manifold Return to Pilot Manifold Joystick Plate Rod Return Spring Port B Port A A Seat Return Chamber Metering Spring Supply Pilot Oil Spool A Port A Section A-A Port B 62 Pilot Control Valve The individual pilot control valves in the main pilot control valves are pressure reducing valves. As pressure increases. . Pilot oil from the pilot supply port flows around the spool to port (B). Return pilot oil from the main control valve returns through the return port of the pilot control valve and is allowed to flow back to the hydraulic tank. When the joystick is moved. the spool moves up to compress the metering spring.

low pilot oil pressure is sent to the spool of the main control valve. the pilot oil pressure that is sent to the main control valve increases. The main control valve shifts a slight amount. As the joystick is moved farther from the NEUTRAL position. The spool in the main control valve shifts farther and the speed of the cylinders and/or motors increases. Thus. The speed of the cylinders and/or motors is slow.75 - Text Reference The amount of pilot oil pressure that flows from the pilot control valve to the main control valve directly corresponds with the position of the joystick. When the joystick is moved slightly from the NEUTRAL position. .SERV1855 04/08 . cylinder speed and motor speed is controlled by the amount of movement and the position of the joystick. The volume of oil delivery to the cylinders and/or motors is small.

76 - Text Reference FAN SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM Stick Cylinder Swing Motor Travel Motors Main Control Valve Group Pilot Control Valves Priority Valves Pilot Manifold Fan Motor Boom Cylinders Bucket Cylinder Fan Pump Pilot Pump Main Hydraulic Pumps M Tank 63 HYDRAULIC FAN SYSTEM The fan system is made up of a fan motor and fan pump to cool the hydraulic oil.SERV1855 04/08 . The swashplate is then controlled by the engine ECM. variable displacement. A higher hydraulic oil temperature or coolant temperature will cause a stronger signal to be sent to the fan solenoid in order to increase the speed of the fan for more cooling capacity. and the ATAAC. the engine radiator. the fuel cooler. piston pump mounted on the front of the engine and driven from the timing gears on the engine. . The fan pump is an electronically controlled. The hydraulic oil temperature sensor and the engine coolant temperature sensor sends a signal to the Engine ECM. The pump output is controlled by the angle of the swashplate.

the fan rpm will vary between 600 and 1050 rpm.000 kPa (4500 psi). If there is an open circuit. .SERV1855 04/08 . Under this default condition. A higher hydraulic oil temperature or coolant temperature will cause a lower signal to be sent to the fan solenoid in order to increase the speed of the fan for more cooling capacity. The solenoid controls the angle of the swashplate. The solenoid is then controlled by the Engine ECM.77 - Text Reference 1 3 2 64 Hydraulic Fan Pump The 345D features an electronically controlled. variable displacement. Fan rpm will exceed 1050 and pump delivery pressure will be approximately 31. The fan pump is mounted on the left front (counterweight side) of the engine. piston pump (1) for the fan circuit. Under normal operating conditions. an error code will appear on the monitor as well. The hydraulic oil temperature sensor and the engine coolant temperature sensor send a signal to the Engine ECM. the fan speed will go to a maximum mechanical fan speed that is governed by a relief valve internal to the pump. The solenoid is calibrated through the monitor or through Cat ET in the fan speed calibration function. The pump output is controlled by the angle of the swashplate. and is driven though the front gear train. regardless of coolant and oil temperatures. The pump regulator (3) has a proportional solenoid (2) directly mounted on the pump. If the solenoid signal goes to zero. maximum speed will be constant.

78 - Text Reference 345D STANDARD HYDRAULIC FAN DRIVE SYSTEM MAXIMUM CONTROLLED FAN SPEED Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Engine ECM Fan Pump Pressure Control Solenoid Hydraulic Oil Temperature Sensor Fan Pump Pump Control Valve Fan Motor with Makeup Valve Hydraulic Oil Cooler Bypass Valve To Tank Hydraulic Oil Cooler 65 Hydraulic Fan Pump Controls This illustration is a schematic of the fan system with the fan at maximum controlled pressure. . resulting in maximum controlled fan speed. the fan speed is decreased. but it is controlled by the engine ECM. If the temperatures are low. The hydraulic oil temperature sensor is the second input to the Engine ECM. When engine coolant and/or hydraulic oil temperatures are high. The Engine ECM constantly monitors this temperature input. The fan is part of the hydraulic system. The hydraulic fan is standard on the 345D Hydraulic Excavator. The Engine ECM constantly monitors this temperature input. The fan is a demand fan.SERV1855 04/08 . The engine coolant temperature sensor provides temperature information to the Engine ECM. The engine ECM considers two inputs for controlling the fan. the fan runs at a faster speed. Increased fan speed occurs when the hydraulic oil is at higher temperature.

79 - Text Reference The Engine ECM monitors the temperature inputs to provide a signal to the (proportional) fan pump pressure control solenoid. Maximum mechanical pump pressure and maximum fan speed (high pressure cut-off) can be achieved by disconnecting the electrical connection to the solenoid or by using Cat ET to turn OFF the fan control (Engine ECM/Configuration screen). Refer to the 345D Test and Adjust manual for the corrections. This results in a higher system pressure of approximately 31.000 kPa (4500 psi) and fan speed than the maximum controlled pressure and speed. Maximum flow is sent to the fan motor. If communication is lost between the Engine ECM and the fan pump pressure control solenoid. the fan will default to the maximum mechanical pressure setting (high pressure cutoff). Cat ET or the monitor can be used to check or calibrate the fan speed. the fan pump pressure control solenoid is de-energized according to the temperature input. when the solenoid receives minimum current from the Engine ECM.SERV1855 04/08 . When maximum fan speed is required. causing the fan to turn at a faster speed. Maximum controlled fan speed is attained when the fan pump pressure control solenoid receives the least amount of current from the Engine ECM. causing the fan to turn at the maximum controlled rpm. .

SERV1855 04/08 . Pump flow is then allowed to fill and pressurize the large actuator in the fan pump and the pump destrokes. With the pump destroked. This results in a fan speed that is higher than the maximum controlled fan speed. . When the fan pump pressure control solenoid is completely energized. This action lowers the pressure in the spring chamber of the pump control spool and the pump control spool shifts up. The fan will default to the maximum mechanical pressure setting if communication is lost between the Engine ECM and the fan pump pressure control solenoid.80 - Text Reference 345D STANDARD HYDRAULIC FAN DRIVE SYSTEM MINIMUM CONTROLLED FAN SPEED Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Engine ECM Fan Pump Pressure Control Solenoid Hydraulic Oil Temperature Sensor Fan Pump Pump Control Valve Fan Motor with Makeup Valve Hydraulic Oil Cooler Bypass Valve To Tank Hydraulic Oil Cooler 66 This illustration is a schematic of the hydraulic fan system with the fan at minimum speed. causing the fan to turn at a slower speed if maximum fan speed is not required. oil flow to the fan motor is reduced and the fan speed is reduced. The fan pump pressure control solenoid is energized. Minimum fan speed is attained when the fan pump pressure control solenoid is completely energized. the pressure control spool is unseated by the solenoid. allowing pump system pressure to drain to tank.

. plus the pressure of the oil. The pump control spool is held down. blocking pump output oil from entering the signal passage to the large actuator piston in the pump. The large actuator piston is open to drain and is at tank pressure. sending the least amount of current when conditions require maximum controlled fan speed. against the solenoid pin and holds the lower land of the upper pressure control spool against the seat when the solenoid receives minimum signal. which causes the pump control spool spring chamber to become pressurized. to the pressure control solenoid. The force of the spring at the top of the pump control spool. This blocks most of the pump output oil in the pump control spool spring chamber from draining to tank through the case drain passage.81 - Pressure Control Solenoid Pump Output to Fan Motor 345D FAN PUMP AND CONTROL VALVE MAXIMUM CONTROLLED FAN SPEED Case Drain Passage Pressure Control Spool Text Reference Large Actuator Swashplate Spring Spring Orifice Drive Shaft Pump Control Spool Small Actuator and Bias Spring Adjustment Screw Signal Passage to Actuator Piston Piston and Barrel Assembly 67 The engine ECM de-energizes the fan pump pressure control solenoid.SERV1855 04/08 . (With no current. the pump control spool [high pressure cut-off] will limit the maximum pressure and the fan speed to its maximum rpm.) The pressure control spool spring forces the top half of the pressure control spool up. is greater than the oil pressure at the bottom of the pump control spool. This state can be achieved by disconnecting the fan pump control solenoid or by using Cat ET to turn the fan control OFF. This procedure is required when making adjustments to the fan system pressure settings.

If the solenoid fails (no current to the solenoid). The mechanical high pressure cutoff is adjusted using the adjustment screw. When the adjustment screw is turned in (clockwise).SERV1855 04/08 . . This condition provides a controlled maximum flow of oil to the fan motor and creates maximum controlled fan pump system pressure. it increases the force of the pressure control spool spring. the pump goes to maximum displacement. Maximum cut-off pressure will be lowered when the screw is turned out (counter-clockwise). which results in maximum controlled fan speed. which increases the the pump pressure required to unseat the land of the upper pump control spool.82 - Text Reference The bias spring and pump system pressure moves the pump swashplate to an increased angle. which causes the pump to UPSTROKE. thereby increasing maximum cut-off pressure.

the ECM signal to the pressure control solenoid is maximum. Maximum pressure is sent to the large actuator piston. the engine ECM sends an increased signal to the pressure control solenoid. If the engine coolant or hydraulic oil temperatures are below a certain amount. The pressure pushes the pump control spool up until the lower land of the two center lands on the pump control spool raises above the bottom of the pump control spool.SERV1855 04/08 . Pump system pressure flows around the pump control spool and around the lower pressure control to the large actuator piston. The pump flow is decreased to minimum and the fan speed is also at minimum. The increased pressure in the large actuator piston pushes the swashplate toward minimum angle. With cold oil or at cold start-ups. . the spring chamber on top of the pump control spool is open to case drain around the seat on the lower end of the upper pressure control spool. Pump flow decreases and therefore fan speed decreases. The orifice in the top of the pump control spool creates a pressure increase on the lower end of the pump control spool. With the pressure control spool pushed down. The solenoid plunger and pin push the pressure control spool down. The swashplate moves toward minimum angle until the vent hole through the large actuator piston is open to case drain.83 - Text Reference 345D FAN PUMP AND CONTROL VALVE Pressure Control Solenoid MINIMUM CONTROLLED FAN SPEED Pump Output to Fan Motor Case Drain Passage Pressure Control Spool Large Actuator Swashplate Spring Spring Orifice Drive Shaft Pump Control Spool Small Actuator and Bias Spring Adjustment Screw Signal Passage to Actuator Piston Piston and Barrel Assembly 68 This illustration shows the fan control valve with the fan pump at minimum displacement.

84 - Text Reference 69 Hydraulic Fan Motor The fan motor (arrow) is a fixed-displacement piston motor. The makeup oil prevents cavitation and damage to the motor. . The makeup oil allows the motor to get oil when no flow is present in order to prevent the motor from cavitating. Case drain oil from the motors is sent through the case drain filters and to the hydraulic tank. An internal makeup valve in the pump is used to supply makeup oil to the motor when flow from the pump is shut off. Case drain oil from the fan motor is combined with the case drain oil from the swing motors and the travel motors.SERV1855 04/08 .

The individual hydraulic circuits are controlled by valves in the the main control valve group.85 - Text Reference MAIN HYDRAULIC SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM Stick Cylinder Swing Motor Travel Motors Main Control Valve Group Pilot Control Valves Priority Valves Pilot Manifold Fan Motor Boom Cylinders Bucket Cylinder Fan Pump Pilot Pump Main Hydraulic Pumps M Tank 70 Main Control Valve The main hydraulic system is a Negative Flow Control (NFC) system that supplies hydraulic power at high pressures and high flow rates to perform work.SERV1855 04/08 .Boom .Swing .Bucket .Stick . Two main hydraulic pumps supply oil to the main control valve group. The main hydraulic system supplies the following circuits: .Travel .

Right Travel Control Valve (5) . Each pilot signal shifts the appropriate control valve in the correct direction.Swing Control Valve (7) .Stick Drift Reduction Valves (12) . The main control valve group receives pilot oil signals from the operator controls in the cab.Left Travel Control Valve (6) . The 345D main control valve is similar to the 345C valve.Bucket Control Valve (3) .Boom 2 Control Valve (9) .Boom 1 Control Valve (2) .Stick 1 Control Valve (8) .Main Relief Valve (10) . When the valve shifts.SERV1855 04/08 .86 - 2 5 3 Text Reference 8 6 1 9 7 11 4 10 12 13 71 The main control valve group is located in the center of the upper structure of the machine. oil flows from the main hydraulic pumps to the appropriate hydraulic cylinder or hydraulic motor to perform work.Boom Drift Reduction Valve(11) . Major components of the main control valve are: .Attachment Control Valve (4) .Stick 2 Control Valve (1) .

Straight Travel Valve (Not visible. located directly behind the main relief valve) .87 - Text Reference .SERV1855 04/08 .Right side Negative Flow Control Valve (13) .Left Side Negative Flow Control Valve (not shown) .

The control spools are all open-center control valves. The main control valve is mounted vertically between the frame rails behind the base of the boom. The NFC valves maintain a pressure in each signal line that goes to each pump regulator when all spools are in NEUTRAL or when one or more of the spools are partially moved. When the negative flow pressure decreases. Flow from the left hydraulic pump flows through the left side of the control valve and flow from the right pump flows through the right side of the control valve. When all control spools are in NEUTRAL. is used to fully destroke the hydraulic pumps. the pump flow increases. . when high. the flow from both pumps goes through the control valve to the negative flow control valves (NFC) (in each end of the control valve). the open-center passage upstream of the NFC valve is blocked causing a decrease in NFC pressure. When a control spool is activated.88 - Text Reference MAIN CONTROL VALVE Swing Implement Pressure Switch Attachment Stick 2 Boom 1 Bucket Travel Alarm Pressure Switch Right Travel Left Straight Travel Travel Swing Stick 1 Boom 2 Pilot Logic Network  Return Port Return Port NFC Orifice NFC Orifice Return Passage Parallel Passages Right Pump Inlet Left Pump Inlet Parallel Passages Return Passage 72 This illustration of the main control valve is from the rear of the machine toward the boom. The NFC pressure. Flow from the two hydraulic pumps enters the control valve from the rear.SERV1855 04/08 .

89 - Text Reference 2 1 73 The travel pressure switch (1) and the implement/swing pressure switch (2) are on the front side of the main control valve. The pressure switches are inputs to the machine ECM. The pressure switches are activated by the pilot logic network.SERV1855 04/08 . When either of the switches are closed the machine ECM will turn the Automatic Engine Speed Control (AESC) and increase the one touch low idle back to the current speed dial setting. The switches close at approximately 500 kPa (70 psi) and open at approximately 280 kPa (40 psi). When the travel pressure switch is activated the machine ECM will activate the travel alarm. The machine ECM uses these inputs to identify when a hydraulic function has been activated. Material handlers are NOT equipped with the heavy lift option. Material handlers will be equipped with a standard main relief valve and plug in the HL pilot port. pilot oil will be directed through the pilot logic network to shift the straight travel spool. NOTE: This picture shows a material handler main control valve. When both pressure switches are activated. When the swing/implement pressure switch is activated the machine ECM will send a signal to release the swing brake. .

000 kPa (5050 psi). The pilot pressure signal pushes the load piston down to increase the pressure setting of the main relief valve to 38.90 - Text Reference 74 The 345D has a two stage main relief valve (arrow).000 kPa (5500 psi). During normal operation the relief valve pressure setting is approximately 35. . NOTE: The heavy lift pressure must be set first.Engine rpm range is 1420 .Pump hydraulic horsepower is limited to approximately 60% of maximum. a pilot pressure signal is directed to the main relief valve. .Main relief pressure is increased to 38. . During the heavy lift mode the following parameters are: .SERV1855 04/08 . If the heavy lift function is activated.000 kPa (5500 psi).1600 rpm's.

When hydraulic pressure builds to the main relief setting. When the heavy lift solenoid is activated a pilot signal is directed to the top of the inner spool to shift the spool down to the stop. Shifting the inner spool down increases the spring force on the poppet. spring force acts on the top end of the poppet to keep it seated. The pressure and spring force keeps the dump valve seated. Hydraulic oil flows through the orifice in the dump valve and pressure builds in the spring chamber on the top of the dump valve. the poppet moves up against the force of the upper spring. Because the system pressure is higher on the bottom side of the orifice. This will cause a large pressure difference to form across the orifice. The hydraulic oil in the dump valve spring chamber will flow past the poppet and return to tank. . it will cause the dump valve to shift up.91 - Text Reference TWO STAGE MAIN RELIEF VALVE Main Relief Adjustment Screw Heavy Lift Adjustment HEAVY LIFT OPERATION IMPLEMENT OPERATION Poppet Dump Valve Orifice 75 When the main relief valve is closed. allowing high pressure oil to be returned to the tank.SERV1855 04/08 .

the line relief valves act as makeup valves.SERV1855 04/08 . In this situation tank pressure is higher than circuit pressure. which will be greater than circuit pressure plus spring force in the spring chamber. allowing oil to flow from the tank into the circuit as makeup oil. . Tank pressure will act on the shoulders of the outer spool.92 - Text Reference LINE RELIEF VALVE MAKEUP Poppet Spring Spring Chamber From Tank Outer Spool Inner Spool To Cylinder Piston 76 The line relief valves work the same as the main relief valve but are only a single stage relief. The line relief valves receive no pilot signal from the heavy lift solenoid as does the main relief valve. When needed. This will cause the outer spool to shift up.

Oil from the right pump flows through the parallel feeder passage to the bucket control valve and to the head end of the bucket cylinder to close the bucket.93 - 345D BUCKET CIRCUIT Text Reference NFC Pressure To Left Pump bL3 Main Control Valve BUCKET CLOSE Implement Swing Orifice Straight Travel Bucket Bucket Cylinder To Tank To Center Bypass Passage (Left Side) To Tank To Parallel Feeder Path aL3 Joystick Boom Bucket OPEN CLOSE aL3 bL3 Pilot Manifold DOWN UP bL4 M aR4 77 Bucket Hydraulic Circuit When the right joystick is moved for the BUCKET CLOSE operation. pilot oil flows through the pilot control valve and pilot lines to the top of the bucket control valve. .SERV1855 04/08 . Pilot oil pressure will now build on the downstream side of the implement/swing orifice. resulting from the shifted bucket control spool. NOTE: To prevent the bucket from closing too fast. The pilot oil pressure shifts the bucket control spool down. an orifice in the bucket control valve slows the cylinder rod end oil return to tank. Return oil from the rod end of the bucket cylinder returns through the bucket control spool back to tank. causes the right pump to UPSTROKE. The decrease in NFC pressure. the pilot oil flowing to the drain through the pilot logic network passage is blocked. causing the implement/swing pressure switch to close. The closed pressure switch will cause the machine ECM to actuate the automatic engine speed control (AEC) to increase engine speed and release the swing brake. When the bucket control spool is shifted down.

94 - 345D BUCKET CIRCUIT Text Reference NFC Pressure To Left Pump bL3 Main Control Valve BUCKET OPEN Implement Swing Orifice Straight Travel Bucket Bucket Cylinder To Tank To Center Bypass Passage (Left Side) To Tank To Parallel Feeder Path aL3 Joystick Boom Bucket Pilot Manifold OPEN CLOSE DOWN UP aL3 bL3 bL4 M aR4 78 The BUCKET OPEN operation is similar to the BUCKET CLOSE operation. The pilot oil pressure shifts the bucket control spool up and allows right pump oil to flow through the bucket control valve to the rod end of the bucket cylinder to open the bucket. .SERV1855 04/08 . pilot oil flows through the pilot control valve and pilot lines to the bucket control valve. When the right joystick is moved for the BUCKET OPEN operation. Return oil from the head end of the bucket cylinder returns through the bucket control valve back to tank.

The pilot oil pressure at approximately 700 kPa (100 psi) shifts the boom I spool down. Left pump flow through the boom II spool flows through an external line to combine with right pump flow outside of the main control valve. .SERV1855 04/08 . This combined oil flows go the head end of the boom cylinder. Oil flow from the left pump flows through the parallel feeder path. Oil from the right pump flows through the parallel feeder passage to the head end of the boom cylinders to raise the boom. pilot oil flows through the pilot control valve and pilot lines to the boom I control valve and the boom II control valve. When boom pilot activation pressure increases to more than approximately 1100 kPa (160 psi) the boom II spool starts shifting down.95 - Text Reference 345D BOOM CIRCUIT BOOM UP / TWO PUMP FLOWS BL4 aR4 Boom Cylinders Main Control Valve Boom (2) BL4 Straight Travel Boom (1) NFC Orifice NFC Orifice bL4 To Stick (2) From Swing Pilot Swing Bucket Stick Boom To Swing Priority Valve To Parallel Feeder Path Heavy Lift Solenoid Valve OUT IN R L OPEN CLOSE DOWN UP M aR4 bL3 bL4 aL3 aR3 bR2 bR3 aR2 79 Boom Hydraulic Circuit When the right joystick is moved for the BOOM UP operation.

Left pump flow is used to lower the boom. pilot oil flows through the pilot control valve and pilot lines to the boom I control valve. . Return oil from the head end of the boom cylinders returns through the boom lowering control valve. Pilot oil also shifts the boom lowering control valve to allow return oil from the head end of the boom cylinders to return to tank.SERV1855 04/08 . For the boom lower operation only one pump flow is needed.96 - Text Reference 345D BOOM CIRCUIT BOOM DOWN / DOWN PRESSURE aR4 Boom Cylinders Main Control Valve Boom (2) Straight Travel Boom (1) NFC Orifice NFC Orifice bL4 To Stick (2) From Swing Pilot Swing Bucket Stick Boom To Swing Priority Valve From Parallel Feeder Path Heavy Lift Solenoid Valve OUT IN R L OPEN CLOSE DOWN UP M aR4 bL3 bL4 aL3 aR3 bR2 bR3 aR2 80 The BOOM LOWER operation is similar to the BOOM UP operation. The pilot oil pressure shifts the boom I control spool up and allows right pump oil to flow through the boom I control valve to the rod end of the boom cylinders to lower the boom. When the right joystick is actuated for the BOOM LOWER operation. the boom I control valve. and back to tank.

The combined flows permit fast boom lower operation with reduced horsepower requirements. Return oil from the head end of the boom cylinders goes through an orifice before returning to the tank. The orifice creates a back pressure in the control valve. The open center section of the control valve is not completely blocked. During fast boom lower. a portion of the boom cylinder head end oil combined with the left pump flow. A higher NFC pressure keeps the pump only slightly upstroked. The combined flows are directed to the rod end of the boom cylinders. The lower section of the boom I control valve directs pump flow to the rod end of the cylinders.SERV1855 04/08 .97 - Text Reference 345D BOOM CIRCUIT BOOM DOWN / REGENERATION BL4 aR4 Boom Cylinders Main Control Valve BL4 Boom (2) Boom (1) Straight Travel NFC Orifice bL4 Pilot Manifold Swing Bucket Stick To Stick (2) From Swing Pilot Boom To Parallel Feeder Path To Swing Priority Valve Heavy Lift Solenoid Valve OUT IN R L OPEN CLOSE DOWN UP M aR4 bL3 bL4 aL3 aR3 bR2 bR3 aR2 81 Boom Down with Regeneration Boom LOWER is a one pump flow operation. A portion of the pump flow goes to the right side NFC valve. Boom lower pilot pressure shifts the boom I control valve up. . The head end oil flows through the regeneration check valve to combine with pump flow to the rod end of the cylinders.

SERV1855 04/08 . The closed boom drift reduction valve prevents the boom cylinder from drifting down. The boom cylinder head end pressure combines with the spring force to keep the boom drift reduction valve closed.98 - BOOM DRIFT REDUCTION VALVE Text Reference From Rod End From Head End of Boom Cylinder of Boom Cylinder Boom Drift Reduction Valve BOOM RAISED / IN HOLD Boom (1) From Right Pump Blocker Valve Check Valve To Pilot Control Valve 82 Boom Drift Reduction Valve The boom drift reduction valve prevents the boom from drifting down due to normal leakage when the hydraulic control valve is in NEUTRAL or HOLD. The boom cylinder head end is connected to the spring side of the check valve through the blocker valve. Pressure in the head end of the boom cylinders is higher than the pressure in the boom control valves. .

SERV1855 04/08 .99 - Text Reference BOOM DRIFT REDUCTION VALVE BOOM DOWN To Rod End of Boom Cylinder From Head End of Boom Cylinder Boom Drift Reduction Valve Boom (1) From Right Pump Blocker Valve Check Valve From Pilot Control Valve 83 A pilot signal is sent to the bottom of the Boom I control valve and to the top of the blocker valve of the boom drift reduction valve. A pilot signal is also sent to the top of the blocker valve of the boom drift reduction valve. . The oil returns to tank through the boom drift reduction valve and the Boom I control valve. The check valve will be forced off the seat of the drift reduction valve by the return oil from the head end of the boom cylinder. The blocker valve shifts down allowing trapped oil in the spring side of the check valve to be released to tank.

the boom will not fall.100 - BOOM LOWERING CONTROL VALVE Boom Cylinders Blocking Valve Text Reference BOOM UP Boom Locking Control Valves Blocking Valve To Pilot Control Valve From Main Control Valve To Main Control Valve 84 Boom Lowering Control Valve Some machines are equipped with boom lowering control valves (BLCVs) instead of a boom drift reduction valve. Return oil from the head end of the boom cylinders is restricted or blocked from flowing back to tank. The rod end oil flows through the BOOM I valve back to tank. system oil flows through the BOOM I and BOOM II control valves and the BLCVs to the head end of the boom cylinders. During a boom raise operation. The oil flows though the boom lowering control valves during BOOM UP unrestricted. The BLCVs ensure that if the boom is raised above the ground and a hydraulic hose breaks. .SERV1855 04/08 . Oil that flows through the BLCVs flows over a check valve in the BLCVs unrestricted and raises the boom cylinders.

The pilot pressure shifts the blocking valves to the left allowing the head end oil to return through an orifice and to tank. .SERV1855 04/08 . Spring force shifts the valve back to the blocked position without the pilot signal. the return oil path is blocked and the oil cannot flow through the valve back to tank. The pilot signal that shifts the BOOM I spool for boom lower operation is also directed to the blocking valve inside the BLCVs. Without the blocking valves shifted to the left.101 - BOOM LOWERING CONTROL VALVE Boom Cylinders Blocking Valve Text Reference BOOM DOWN Boom Locking Control Valves Blocking Valve To Main Control Valve From Pilot Control Valve From Main Control Valve 85 During a boom down operation the head end oil must pass through the BLCVs and back to tank.

The right pump upstrokes sending all right pump flow through the BOOM I control valve to the boom cylinders. which restricts the pilot signal from the stick pilot control valve to the bottom of the Stick II control valve. a pilot signal from the boom pilot control valve is sent to the boom priority valve. The left pump upstrokes and sends all the left pump flow through the Stick I control valve to the stick cylinders. No oil flow from the right pump will be directed to the stick. The STICK II spool will not shift.SERV1855 04/08 . The Boom II control valve is getting a signal on the top side from the boom pilot valve and the bottom side from the stick pilot control valve.102 - Stick Cylinder Text Reference BOOM PRIORITY Boom Cylinders BOOM UP / STICK IN From Boom Joystick Main Control Valve Stick (1) Boom (2) Boom (1) Stick (2) To Boom Cylinder From Left Pump From Right Pump From Pilot Manifold Boom Priority Valve From Stick Joystick 86 Boom Priority During Boom Priority. This leaves the Boom II control valve centered and allows no flow from the left pump to go to the Boom Circuit. .

103 - Text Reference 87 The boom priority pressure reducing valve is located behind the swing bearing on the left side of the machine.SERV1855 04/08 . The boom priority PRV provides boom up priority over the stick in function. .

As BOOM UP pilot pressure increases.SERV1855 04/08 . a portion of the BOOM UP pilot oil is diverted to the boom and swing priority pressure reducing valve. stick 2 pilot pressure decreases. The pilot oil also flows around the shoulders of the boom pressure reducing valve to the stick 2 spool in the main control valve group. the pilot oil from the joystick flows to the stick 1 valve.104 - Text Reference BOOM AND SWING PRIORITY PRESSURE REDUCING VALVES STICK IN ONLY Stick In Pilot Pressure Boom Up Pilot Pressure Swing Pilot Pressure BOOM PRIORITY Pilot System Pressure Stick In Pilot Pressure Boom Up Pilot Pressure Swing Pilot Pressure Pilot System Pressure To Stick 2 Spool To Variable Swing Priorit y Valve To Variable Swing Priority Valve To Stick 2 Spool Drain Boom Pressure Reducing Valve Drain Swing Pressure Reducing Valve Boom Pressure Reducing Valve Swing Pressure Reducing Valve 88 During STICK IN. As pilot pressure to stick 2 decreases. the amount of STICK IN pilot oil available to the stick 2 valve will vary according to the amount of BOOM UP pilot oil at the boom priority pressure reducing valve. the stick 2 valve receives full pilot oil. limiting flow to stick 2 and giving priority to the boom circuit. . causing it to shift downward against spring force. the stick 2 spool moves toward NEUTRAL. When BOOM UP and STICK IN are operating at the same time. BOOM UP pilot oil acts on the shoulders of the boom pressure reducing valve. When there is no BOOM UP pilot oil present. During BOOM UP functions.

in the right side of the main control valve.105 - Text Reference 345D STICK CIRCUIT STICK OUT bR3 aR3 Stick (1) Main Control Valve Straight Travel Stick (2) NFC Orifice To Boom (2) From Pilot Manifold Swing Stick OUT IN R L From Pilot Manifold bR3 To Pilot Manifold M Heavy Lift Valve From Pilot Manifold aR3 bR2 bR3 aR2 89 Stick Hydraulic Circuit When the left joystick is actuated for the STICK OUT operation. The pilot oil pressure at approximately 700 kPa (100 psi) begins to shift the stick I spool down. Right pump flow through the stick II spool goes through an external line to combine with left pump flow upstream of the stick I spool. When stick pilot activation pressure increases to more than approximately 1100 kPa (160 psi).SERV1855 04/08 . pilot oil flows through the pilot control valve and pilot lines to the stick I control valve and the stick II control valve. This combined oil then flows to the rod end of the stick cylinders. and the top of the stick II spool. the stick II spool begins shifting down. Oil flow from the right pump flows through the parallel feeder path. Oil from the left pump flows through the left parallel feeder passage to the rod end of the stick cylinders to extend the stick. Return oil from the head end of the stick cylinder returns through the stick I control valve and back to tank. .

through the stick I spool. The blocker valve receives a pilot signal from the stick joystick and shifts the blocker valve down allowing the oil behind the check valve to return to tank. and to the stick II spool.106 - Text Reference 345D STICK CIRCUIT STICK IN AL4 aR3 aR4 Main Control Valve Boom (2) Stick (1) Stick Drift Reduction Valve Stick (2) NFC Orifice bR3 From Pilot Manifold Joystick Heavy Lift Valve From Pilot Manifold Swing Stick To Pilot Manifold OUT aR3 IN R bR2 bR3 M L aR2 90 The STICK IN operation is similar to the STICK OUT operation. to the Stick I control valve and back to tank. and to the head end of the stick cylinder to retract the stick.SERV1855 04/08 . Oil flow from the right pump flows through the right parallel feeder path. The pilot oil pressure at approximately 700 kPa (100 psi) begins to shift the stick I spool up and shifts the blocker valve down. Return oil from the rod end of the stick cylinder returns through the stick drift reduction valve. The combined flow then flows to the head end of the stick cylinders. Oil from the left pump flows through the left parallel feeder passage. Right pump flow through the stick II spool flows through an external line to combine with left pump flow upstream of the stick I spool. When stick pilot activation pressure increases to more than approximately 1100 kPa (160 psi) the stick II spool starts shifting up. . The return oil from the rod end of the stick cylinder unseats the check valve and flows past the check valve. pilot oil flows through the pilot control valve and pilot lines to the stick I control valve and the stick II control valve. The pilot pressure also goes to the blocker valve in the stick drift reduction valve. When the left joystick is actuated for the STICK IN operation.

SERV1855 04/08 . The parallel feeder path and the return lines are both blocked in the center position.107 - Text Reference STICK 1 CONTROL VALVE HOLD Parallel Load Feeder Path Check Valve To Head End Center Bypass Passage To Rod End Line Relief Valve Return to Tank Return to Tank 91 This illustration shows the stick 1 control valve in the HOLD position. The left hydraulic pump supplies flow to the stick 1 control valve. . Left pump pressure flows through the center bypass passage and back to tank while in the hold position.

the implement/swing pressure switch is activated. increasing pump flow. in order to extend the stick. The stick I control spool shifts down.108 - Text Reference STICK 1 CONTROL VALVE OUT Parallel Feeder Path To Head End Load Check Valve Center Bypass Passage To Rod End Line Relief Valve Return to Tank Return to Tank 92 When the stick pilot control valve is moved to the STICK OUT position. When flow through the center bypass passage is decreased. The decrease in NFC pressure causes the left pump to upstroke. blocking the pilot logic network. oil from the parallel feeder passage is allowed to flow through the stick I control valve. With the pilot logic network blocked. . With the center bypass passage blocked. partially blocking oil flow through the center bypass passage.SERV1855 04/08 . out to the rod end of the stick cylinder. pilot pressure is directed to the top of the stick I control valve. Pilot pressure shifts the stick I control valve down. the NFC signal pressure to the left pump regulator group is decreased.

The stick drift reduction blocker valve and the regeneration valve are both shifted down. When the stick drift reduction blocker valve moves down. The stick rod end oil flows around the drift reduction check valve to the stick 1 control valve. The pilot pressure shifts the stick I and the stick II valves up to allow pump oil to flow to the head end of the stick cylinder. pilot pressure goes to the bottom end of the stick I and stick II valves. .SERV1855 04/08 . Pressure in the rod end of the stick cylinder pushes on the shoulder area of the check valve and lifts the valve off its seat.109 - Text Reference 345D STICK CIRCUIT STICK IN / REGENERATION AL4 aR3 aR4 Main Control Valve Stick (1) Boom (2) Stick (2) Regeneration Valve NFC Orifice Unload Valve bR3 From Pilot Manifold Joystick From Pilot Manifold Swing Stick To Pilot Manifold OUT IN R Heavy Lift Valve M L 93 Stick Regeneration The stick regeneration valve transfers stick cylinder rod end oil to the head end of the stick cylinder. The rod end oil combines with pump flow to prevent cavitation of the stick cylinder during fast stick in. If the system pressure in the head end of the stick cylinder is less than 15700 kPa (2300 psi). the stick regeneration valve directs the majority of the rod end oil to combine with pump flow going to the head end. When the left joystick is moved to the STICK IN position. The throttling slots in the stick 1 valve direct part of the stick cylinder rod end oil to the tank. The pilot pressure also goes to the top end of the stick drift reduction valve and to the stick regeneration valve. The extra oil prevents the stick "Tail Wag" while the pump flow fills the stick cylinders. the spring chamber at the left of the drift reduction check valve is open to drain.

SERV1855 04/08 . The unloading valve reduces the back pressure in the rod end of the stick cylinder while digging.110 - Text Reference 345D STICK CIRCUIT STICK IN / UNLOADING AL4 aR3 aR4 Main Control Valve Stick (1) Boom (2) Stick (2) Regeneration Valve NFC Orifice Unload Valve bR3 From Pilot Manifold Joystick Heavy Lift Valve From Pilot Manifold Swing Stick To Pilot Manifold OUT aR3 IN R bR2 bR3 M L aR2 94 When the STICK IN system pressure is more than 15700 kPa (2300 psi) the stick regeneration unloading valve opens to permit part of the stick rod end oil to return to the tank without going through the throttling slots in the stick I valve. .

The boom drift reduction valve holds the oil in the head end of the boom cylinders. . Spring force pushes the stick drift reduction check valve against the seat.111 - Text Reference STICK DRIFT REDUCTION VALVE HOLD To Rod End of Stick Cylinder From Head End of Stick Cylinder Stick (1) From Pilot Control Valve Blocker Valve Check Valve From Right Pump Stick Drift Reduction Valve 95 Stick Drift Reduction Valve This visual shows the stick drift reduction valve with the stick hydraulic control valve in HOLD. The stick cylinder has a residual pressure in the rod end. The pressure in the stick cylinder enters the stick drift reduction valve at the top. The check valve prevents the stick cylinder rod end pressure from going to the stick hydraulic control valve. The stick residual pressure is directed through the blocker valve to the spring chamber of the stick drift reduction valve. The stick drift reduction valve holds the oil in the rod end of the stick cylinder. the stick extended. and the bucket off the ground. The stick drift reduction valve works similarly to the boom drift reduction valve.SERV1855 04/08 . Therefore. the stick residual pressure helps the spring force keep the stick drift reduction valve closed and prevents the stick from drifting.

SERV1855 04/08 . .112 - Text Reference STICK DRIFT REDUCTION VALVE STICK IN From Rod End of Stick Cylinder To Head End of Stick Cylinder Stick (1) Blocker Valve From Right Pump Check Valve Stick Drift Reduction Valve From Pilot Control Valve 96 During STICK IN operation. Pressure in the rod end of the stick cylinder pushes on the shoulder area of the stick check valve and shifts the valve to the left allowing the stick cylinder rod end oil to flow to the control valve. The spring chamber of the stick drift reduction check valve is vented to drain through the blocker valve. Pilot pressure shifts the blocker valve down against the spring force. pilot pressure is directed to the bottom of the stick I valve and to the top of the blocker valve.

.113 - Text Reference 1 97 Swing Hydraulic System The 345D has two swing motors (1) and two separate double reduction planetary swing drives that are directly in front of the main control valve.SERV1855 04/08 .

The pilot oil pressure shifts the swing control spool up blocking the center bypass passage. resulting from the shifted swing control spool. The decrease in NFC pressure. Pilot pressure in the pilot logic network increases. pilot oil flows from the swing pilot control valve and pilot lines to the bottom of the swing control valve. Return oil from the right side of the swing motors returns through the swing control spool back to tank.114 - Text Reference 345D SWING CIRCUIT Swing Motor Swing Motor SWING LEFT bR2 Main Control Valve Swing To Stick 1 To Right Center Bypass To NFC Orifice To Right Parallel Feeder Passage To Stick 1 Variable Swing Priority Valve aR2 From Pilot Pump Joystick OUT Swing Priority PRV Swing Stick IN R From Left Pump From Right Pump L Pilot Manifold aR3 bR2 bR3 aR2 98 When the left joystick is actuated for the SWING LEFT operation. The ECM turns the swing park brake solenoid on to release the swing park brakes. .SERV1855 04/08 . causes the left pump to UPSTROKE. Oil flow from the left pump flows through the parallel feeder passage of the swing control valve to the left side of the swing motors to rotate the upper structure of the machine to the left.

SERV1855 04/08 . The pilot oil flows through the swing priority valve unrestricted. The pilot oil shifts the unload valve to the right and allows the trapped oil behind the parallel tandem logic (PTL) valve to drain to tank. . Left pump flow is allowed to flow over the check valve to the stick I spool for use in the STICK OUT or STICK IN functions. During light swing conditions. pilot oil from the pilot manifold goes through the swing priority valve.115 - Text Reference Swing Motor Swing Motor 3 4 5 D SWING CIRCUIT SWING RIGHT WITHOUT PRIORITY Stick Cylinder Swing / Implement Pressure Switches From Joystick Stick (1) Swing Travel (L) Stick (2) To Boom (2) From Joystick From Pilot Pump From Left Pump From Right Pump To Joystick Swing Priority Valve Swing Parking Brake Solenoid Pilot Manifold 99 Swing Right Without Priority The swing priority valve provides a swing priority function over the STICK IN and STICK OUT function when the SWING function is activated at the same time as a STICK function.

During slow swing conditions. When the swing priority is not active.116 - Text Reference SWING PRIORITY PRESSURE REDUCING VALVE AND VARIABLE SWING PRIORITY VALVE SWING PRIORITY NOT ACTIVATED From Boom Up Pilot From Stick Out Pilot B1 From Swing Pilot B2 From Pilot Manifold To Stick 1 Parallel Feeder Passage Variable Swing Priority Valve Drain P1 To Stick 2 Spool Check Valve P2 Swing Spool A1 A2 Drain Center Bypass Passage Parallel Feeder Passage 100 The swing priority valve provides swing priority over the STICK IN and STICK OUT functions when swing is activated at the same time as the stick. full pilot signal flows through the swing priority pressure reducing valve and to the parallel tandem logic valve. The stick 1 valve receives pump supply through an orifice in the parallel tandem logic valve. reducing the flow sent to the stick control valve. This will allow the stick 1 valve to have full flow from the main pumps. The pilot signal pushes the parallel tandem logic valve over against the force of the spring. More flow is now available for swing operations to generate higher swing force needed during swing operations. such as cleaning a trench wall. the swing priority valve receives a swing pilot signal and shifts down proportionally to the amount of swing pilot oil that is supplied.SERV1855 04/08 . . When the swing priority valve is shifted. oil flows from the left pump parallel passage to the parallel tandem logic valve. When swing is activated. the oil from the left pump parallel feeder passage is restricted at the parallel tandem logic valve. The oil passes through the parallel tandem logic valve unrestricted and flows to the stick 1 spool for STICK IN or STICK OUT.

.SERV1855 04/08 .117 - Text Reference 101 The swing priority pressure reducing valve is located behind the swing bearing on the left side of the machine. The swing priority PRV provides swing priority over the stick functions.

During swing priority. The increased pilot pressure shifts the stick II spool and right pump flow goes through an external hose to the stick I valve. If more stick force is needed. Left pump flow is isolated for the swing circuit. The parallel tandem logic valve blocks right pump flow from the stick during swing priority. The PTL valve shifts up to block flow in the left side parallel feeder path from going to the stick I valve. The unload valve is shifted back to the left by spring force. right pump flow goes to the swing circuit and left pump flow goes to the stick circuit. the operator must move the stick joystick farther.118 - Text Reference Swing Motor Swing Motor 345D SWING CIRCUIT SWING RIGHT / PRIORITY Stick Cylinder Swing / Implement Pressure Switches From Swing Joystick Stick (1) Swing Travel (L) Stick (2) To Boom (2) From Stick Joystick From Pilot Pump From Left Pump From Right Pump To Joystick Swing Priority Valve Swing Parking Brake Solenoid Pilot Manifold 102 Swing Right with Priority During heavy swing conditions with the SWING and the STICK circuits activated. Left pump system pressure flows through the unloader valve to the spring chamber on the PTL valve. a pilot signal is sent from the swing joystick to the swing priority valve which restricts the pilot flow to the unloading valve.SERV1855 04/08 . . Left pump oil flows through the swing control valve out to the swing motors.

. The ECM turns the swing park brake solenoid valve OFF. the implement/swing pressure switch is open. After the implement/swing operations are stopped.119 - Text Reference SWING MOTOR NEUTRAL Crossover Relief Valves From Pilot Manifold Swing Park Brake Release Solenoid Makeup Check Valves Swing Park Brake Anti-reaction Valves 103 Swing Motor The illustration shows the swing motor and swing motor components in NEUTRAL. The swing stops hydraulically and then the swing park brake applies. When no implements or swing are activated. the ECM waits 3 to 5 seconds to turn the swing park brake solenoid OFF. The springs in the swing park brake apply the swing park brake.SERV1855 04/08 .

The swing park brake is released almost instantly when the hydraulic controls are activated. The ECM activates the swing brake solenoid valve. The discs have internal gear teeth that mesh with gear teeth on the outside of the swing motor barrel assembly. The swing park brake is spring applied and hydraulically released. .SERV1855 04/08 . Pilot pressure then moves the brake piston against the spring force to release the brake. The swing brake solenoid valve directs pilot pressure from the pilot manifold to the brake piston. When pressure increases in the pilot logic system. The swing park brake is released automatically. The swing brake is released when any hydraulic control other than travel is activated.120 - Text Reference SWING PARKING BRAKE BRAKE RELEASED Swing Parking Brake From Pilot Manifold Swing Brake Solenoid Valve Swing Mot or To Swing Cont rol Valve From Swing Cont rol Valve 104 Swing Parking Brake The swing park brake is a multiple disc oil-type brake that operates automatically. The swing brake consists of five lined discs and six steel plates. The steel plates mesh with the swing motor housing. the swing/implement pressure switch is activated sending a signal to the ECM.

the pressure pushes on the end of the swing relief valve. .121 - Text Reference SWING CROSSOVER RELIEF VALVE Seat Valve Spring Liner Piston 105 Swing Motor Crossover Relief Valve Each swing motor has two swing crossover relief valves and makeup valves that are similar to those used in the 320C Hydraulic Excavator.SERV1855 04/08 . Approximately one tenth of a second is required for enough oil to flow through the orifice to fill the cavity and move the piston to the limit of its travel. the pressure pushes the piston to the left increasing the spring force. When pump system pressure is directed to the swing motor. The swing crossover relief valves also have a "soft swing" control feature similar to the 345B. The system pressure also goes through the orifice in the end of the swing crossover relief valve to the cavity between the piston and liner on the right end of the relief valve. The pressure will open the swing relief valve at a relatively low pressure [approximately 7600 to 13000 kPa (1100 to 1900 psi)]. One relief valve is for right swing and the other relief valve is for left swing. As pressure increases inside the cavity.

the swing motor acts like a hydraulic pump and causes an increase in the swing pressure in the swing motor. Oil is circulated inside the swing motor through the swing crossover relief valve causing a hydraulic lock inside the motor to slow the upper structure. As the upper structure continues to rotate.122 - Text Reference The increase in spring force closes the swing relief valve. The relief valve functions the same as described for the increase in system pressure. If an external force causes the upper structure to rotate when the swing control valve is not activated. The makeup valve opens and oil from the makeup port enters the low pressure side of the swing motor. the swing crossover relief valve opens at a lower pressure than is needed to hold the valve open. tank pressure pushes the low pressure makeup valve off its seat and tank oil flows into the motor to prevent cavitation.SERV1855 04/08 . . This gradual increase in swing pressure causes a dampening effect on pressure surges. In other words. With the increase in spring force. a higher system pressure is required to hold the relief valve open. it pushes on the left end of the relief valve. As pressure increases inside the swing motor.

pressure in the high pressure side decreases. the upper structure continues to rotate due to inertia. pressure increases and is directed to the anti-reaction valves. the swing motor acts like a pump and a hydraulic lock is formed in the swing lines between the motor and the swing control valve. Without the anti-reaction valves. The anti-reaction valves shift to connect the outlet passage to the inlet passage through the valve allowing pressure oil to move to the low pressure side. . This pressure causes the swing motor to turn the upper structure in reverse after the upper structure is stopped. allowing spring force to return the anti-reaction valve to the neutral position.SERV1855 04/08 . When the swing hydraulic control valve is returned to the NEUTRAL position. When the swing control valve is returned to NEUTRAL. As the upper structure slows to a smooth stop.123 - Text Reference 345D SWING CIRCUIT ANTI-REACTION VALVES Swing Motor Swing Motor Anti-Reaction Valves Swing Parking Brake Solenoid To Swing Control Valve From Swing Control Valve From Pilot Manifold 106 Swing Anti-Reaction Valves The anti-reaction valves are used to eliminate the reverse swing effect when the swing operation is stopped.

makeup oil from the tank flows through the small orifices into the chambers below the two spools. When the swing operation is activated. The pressure pushes the left plunger and spool up to compress the springs. The pressure pushes the piston down against the plug and pushes the plunger and spool up to compress the springs. As the spools and plungers are pushed up. When swing is activated. the anti-reaction valves are in the blocked position. .124 - Text Reference ANTI-REACTION VALVE SWING Swing Control Valve Spring Spring Spool Plunger Ball Left Pump Piston Left Swing Anti-reaction Valve Right Swing Anti-reaction Valve 107 The anti-reaction valves are designed to minimize movement of the upper structure at the end of swing movement in order to reduce "swing wag. system pressure enters the center cavity of the right anti-reaction valve. System pressure also goes through an internal passage to the large spring chamber on the left anti-reaction valve." The anti-reaction valves work together and act as shock absorbers.SERV1855 04/08 .

the swing motor starts acting like a pump. With the return passage through the swing control valve closed. When the swing system pressure decreases. The small springs on top of the spools push the spools down.125 - Text Reference ANTI-REACTION VALVE SWING STOP Swing Control Valve Spring Spring Spool Plunger Ball Left Pump Piston Left Swing Anti-reaction Valve Right Swing Anti-reaction Valve 108 When the swing control valve is returned to the NEUTRAL position. Again. . pressure increases in the left side of the motor. As the upper structure continues to swing. pressure and flow from the right pump decreases. due to inertia. The oil trapped in the two chambers below the two spools cannot escape fast through the two small orifices. The plungers separate from the spools. The swing pressure in the right side flows through the center of the right spool through an internal passage to the low pressure side of the swing motor.SERV1855 04/08 . The pressure goes through the internal passage to the spring chamber at the bottom of the right anti-reaction valve. The pressure goes through the center of the left spool and plunger to push the left piston down and the left plunger and spool up. The pressure pushes the right plunger and spool up. makeup oil is pulled into the chambers below the two spools. the large springs push the two plungers down. The pressure flows up through the center of the left spool to the low pressure side of the swing motor. The pressure also flows through an internal passage to the center of the left anti-reaction valve.

SERV1855 04/08 . The pressure goes up through the center of the right spool to the low pressure side of the swing motor. The pressure also flows through an internal passage to the cavity between the spool and plunger on the right anti-reaction valve. The pressure flows through the center of the left spool and the internal passage to the low pressure side of the swing motor. The swing anti-reaction opens at the end of each pressure surge to transfer the pressure to the low pressure side of the motors. . The pressure oscillations occur several times while the upper structure stops. By transferring the pressure surges to the low pressure side of the motor the swing operation decreases to a smooth stop.126 - Text Reference When the upper structure stops. the pressure decreases and the large springs push the plungers down separating the plungers from the two spools.

the pilot logic network passages to drain are blocked. Oil from the left pump flows through the parallel feeder passage of the left travel control valve and right pump flow is sent through the right parallel feeder passage of the right travel control valve. The decrease in NFC pressure. pilot oil flows through the pilot control valve and pilot lines to the bottom of the travel control valves. . The oil then flows from the travel control valves to the swivel in the center of the machine. When the travel control spools are shifted up. resulting from the shifted travel control spools.SERV1855 04/08 . Pilot oil flowing through the left pilot logic network orifice closes the implement/swing pressure switch.127 - Text Reference Travel Motor (Left) Travel Motor (Right) 345D TRAVEL SYSTEM REVERSE TRAVEL / LOW SPEED Crossover Relief Valves Counterbalance Valve Swivel Group Travel (L) Travel (R) Travel (L) From Pilot Pump Two-Speed Travel Solenoid Travel (R) NFC Orifice Pilot Manifold From Left Pump From Right Pump NFC Orifice To Right Parallel Feeder Passage 109 TRAVEL CIRCUIT When the travel pedals are actuated for the traveling operation. The pilot oil pressure shifts the travel control spools up depending upon which direction of travel is desired. From the swivel the oil flows through the counterbalance valves to actuate the travel motors. Return oil from the travel motors returns through the swivel and the travel control valve back to tank. The electronic control module (ECM) actuates the automatic engine speed control (AEC) to increase engine speed and start upstroking the pump to meet flow demand. causes the pumps to UPSTROKE.

128 - 1 Text Reference 2 3 4 110 Travel Motor The two-speed.Supply lines (1) . and the travel motor brake valve. When the swashplate is at maximum angle. The speed change occurs by changing the angle of the swashplate in the travel motors.SERV1855 04/08 . the travel motor rotates at slow speed because the increased displacement of the motor requires more pump flow per revolution of the travel motor. In addition to the two-speed feature of the travel motors.Travel motor brake valve (3) . the travel motors rotate at high speed because the decreased displacement of the motor requires less flow per revolution of the travel motor. For high speed travel. Major components of the travel motor are: . The servo piston shifts the swashplate to minimum angle.Case drain line (2) . the speed change valve receives a pilot signal pressure from the twospeed solenoid on the pilot manifold. the travel motor park brake. The signal shifts the speed change valve which then directs a system pressure signal to the travel motor swashplate servo piston. The travel motor park brake is a multiple disc. When the swashplate is at minimum angle.Travel motor (4) . Travel system pressure is used to release the park brake. axial piston travel motors on the 345D are similar in operation to the travel motors on the 345C. the system contains the speed change valve. oil cooled brake that is spring applied and hydraulically released.

High pressure hoses (5) connect the hydraulic control valves and the travel motor through the swivel. one of the hoses is the high pressure line and the other hose is the return to the tank. When the travel circuits are shifted to HIGH SPEED. the two-speed solenoid on the pilot manifold sends a pilot pressure signal through the signal hose (2). When the machine is traveling. This pressure signal is used to shift the speed change valve to the HIGH SPEED position. The case drain hose (3) is the larger of the two located on the top of the travel motor.SERV1855 04/08 . . The travel crossover line relief valves (4) are located in the travel brake valve housing.129 - Text Reference 2 1 3 4 5 111 This visual shows the travel motor and the travel motor brake valve for the 345D with the components listed as follows: The travel motor counterbalance valve (1) is located in the travel brake valve housing.

Swashplate .Park brake .SERV1855 04/08 .Barrel .130 - TRAVEL MOTOR Swashplate Piston Text Reference To Case Drain Park Brake Shaft Servo Piston Barrel 112 This illustration shows the following components of the 345D travel motor: .Minimum angle servo piston .

System pressure flows through the brake release valve to the brake release piston. By delaying the application of the park brake. The relief valve in the brake release port limits maximum pressure to the brake release piston. The brake release valve slows the application of the travel park brake. . As travel system pressure increases. Spring force applies the travel park brake.131 - Text Reference 345D TRAVEL MOTOR BRAKE RELEASED Relief Valve Travel Motor From Two-Speed Travel Solenoid Displacement Change Valve To Tank Crossover Relief Valves Counterbalance Valve From Main Control Valve Brake Release Valve To Main Control Valve 113 Travel Motor Brake Release Valve The travel motor brake release valve is located in the travel brake valve next to the travel motor brake valve spool. The pressure is also directed to the left end of the brake release valve spool. the travel motor is stopped hydraulically before the brake is engaged.SERV1855 04/08 . System pressure from the reverse travel circuit enters the brake release valve at the center of the valve. The brake release valve directs travel pressure to and from the travel park brake to release the brake. the brake release valve spool shifts to the right. System pressure moves the brake release piston up releasing the brake.

the orifice on the end of the counterbalance valve slows the movement of the counterbalance valve as the valve returns to the NEUTRAL position to provide a smoother stop. pump oil shifts the counterbalance valve in one direction (depending on which direction the machine is moving).132 - Text Reference The two-speed. The system pressure on the motor pistons shifts the swashplate to minimum angle. oil cooled brake that is spring applied and hydraulically released. The counterbalance valve then sends some of the oil to release the park brake. . The travel motors have minimum angle pistons and no maximum angle pistons. When travel is stopped. During travel on level ground. axial piston travel motors operation is similar to the former machines. The travel motor park brake is a multiple disc. The pivot point on the swashplate is off center. Travel system pressure is used to release the park brake.SERV1855 04/08 .

part of the oil flows to the damper chamber which shifts the counterbalance valve spool to the left. . As the travel counterbalance valve spool shifts to the left.SERV1855 04/08 .133 - Text Reference COUNTERBALANCE VALVE LEVEL TRAVEL Damper Pist on Forward Crossover Relief Valve Reverse Crossover Relief Valve Spring Damper Pist on Count erbalance Valve Reverse Crossover Relief Valve Forward Crossover Relief Valve Damper Chamber Count erbalance Valve Spool A Supply / Ret urn Port A-A Travel Park Brake Port A Supply / Ret urn Port 114 Counterbalance Valve Operation (Level Travel) When pump supply oil flows into the travel counterbalance valve. Return oil from the travel motor is blocked and the rotation of the travel motor is stopped. The damper piston absorbs the initial shock of pressurized oil being delivered to the travel motor system. When the oil flow to the travel counterbalance valve is blocked. A portion of the oil flows through an orifice in the spring chamber of the reverse crossover relief valve. The oil then flows from the spring chamber of the crossover relief valve to the left end of the damper piston and shifts the damper piston to the right against the force of the spring. the throttling slots on the left end of the spool open a passage which allows return oil from the rotary group of the travel motor to return to the hydraulic tank. At the same time. pump supply oil opens the check valve on the right side of the counterbalance valve spool which allows pump supply oil to flow through the supply port to the rotary group of the travel motor. the pressure oil in the damper chamber on the right end decreases. the throttling slots on the left side close. The force of the centering springs shift the counterbalance valve spool to the right. and as the spool shifts.

the return oil from the rotary group of the travel motor is restricted. the pumps cannot maintain the oil supply to the travel motors. The restriction of oil from the travel motor causes the rotation of the travel motors to slow down. When this condition occurs. As the pressure of the pump oil increases at the supply port to the travel counterbalance valve. and the throttling slots begin to close. .SERV1855 04/08 . the pressurized oil forces the spool to shift to the left which opens the throttling slots on the left end the spool allowing return oil to flow to the hydraulic tank. The travel motor rotates in accordance to the amount of pump oil supply. The higher speed is due to mass (weight and size) of the machine. the travel motor rotates at a higher speed. The lack of oil will cause cavitation in the travel motors. A pressure decrease occurs at the supply port of the travel counterbalance valve and also occurs in the damper chamber on the right end of the spool as well. The modulation of the spool maintains the proper opening of the throttling slots when the machine travels down a slope. which helps to prevent cavitation in the travel motors. As the throttling slots close.134 - Text Reference COUNTERBALANCE VALVE Forward Crossover Relief Valve SLOPE TRAVEL Damper Pist on Reverse Crossover Relief Valve Ball Spring Damper Pist on Count erbalance Valve Orifice Passage A Reverse Crossover Relief Valve Forward Crossover Relief Valve Travel Park Brake Port Damper Chamber Count erbalance Valve Ball A Orifice Spool Supply / Return Port Supply / Return Port Passage A-A 115 Counterbalance Valve Operation (Slope Travel) When the machine travels down a slope. The force of the centering springs moves the spool to the right.

the counterbalance valve spool slowly moves to the right. As the spool shifts to the right. This causes a hydraulic pressure spike to occur in the travel system. A damper chamber is provided on both ends of the spool to prevent hydraulic pressure spikes. The pressurized oil in the damper chamber is forced through the orifice into the spring chamber. and the throttling slots slowly close. the oil in the damper chamber is pressurized and the ball is moved to the left. or the machine is suddenly stopped. . The size of the orifice and the position of the orifice maintains the proper shock damper. By slowing releasing the oil in the damper chamber. the counterbalance valve spool is centered by the centering springs and closes the throttling slots.135 - Text Reference When the machine is traveling down a slope.SERV1855 04/08 .

causing a sudden pressure increase in the return oil passage. The return oil also flows into the spring chamber of the plunger and acts on the poppet in the forward crossover relief valve. The pressure decrease in the spring chamber allows the high oil pressure to move the plunger to the right allowing the oil to flow past the plunger and back into the supply passage of the travel motor. the counterbalance valve spool moves to the centered position blocking the flow of return oil from the travel motors to the hydraulic tank.SERV1855 04/08 . The oil flow through the open poppet seat causes a pressure decrease in the spring chamber. the pressurized oil in the spring chamber of the forward crossover relief valve opens the poppet seat.136 - Text Reference COUNTERBALANCE VALVE STOPPING Damper Piston Forward Crossover Relief Valve Reverse Crossover Relief Valve Spring Damper Piston Plunger Counterbalance Valve A Poppet Reverse Crossover Relief Valve Forward Crossover Relief Valve Travel Park Brake Port Damper Chamber Counterbalance Valve Spool Supply / Return Port A-A A Supply / Return Port 116 Travel Crossover Relief Valves (Machine Stop) If the travel control levers are returned to the NEUTRAL position during the movement of the machine. Without pump supply oil. The mass of the machine causes the travel motors to continue to rotate. the pump supply oil is immediately blocked to the travel motors. The pressurized oil in the spring chamber also flows through a passage up to the right end of the damper piston starting to move the damper piston to the left against the force of the damper piston springs. When the damper piston has moved to the stop on the left. .

SERV1855 04/08 . .137 - Text Reference The crossover relief valve protects the travel motor by releasing the high pressure oil. oil flow opens the reverse crossover relief valve when the machine is suddenly stopped. This makeup oil prevents a vacuum condition in the travel motor. oil flow opens the forward crossover relief valve when the machine is suddenly stopped. The crossover relief valves also provide makeup oil from the outlet side of the travel motor to the inlet side of the travel motor. During reverse travel of the left travel motor. During forward travel of the left travel motor.

The design of the travel motors allows the travel system pressure pushing on the pistons in the motor group to move the swashplate to maximum angle when the servo piston is open to drain. maximum angle displacement. With the solenoid off. the two-speed travel solenoid opens the displacement change valve to drain allowing the servo piston to drain into case drain. . The Engine and Pump Controller de-energizes the two-speed travel solenoid. Flow from the circuit with higher pressure (forward or reverse) goes through the ball resolver to the end of the displacement change valve where the pressure is blocked. no pilot pressure is directed to the right end of the displacement change valve in the travel motor.138 - Text Reference LEFT TRAVEL MOTOR LOW SPEED FORWARD Speed Selector Switch In Cab Travel Motor Two Speed Travel Solenoid Displacement Change Valve Engine and Pump Controller Crossover Relief Valves Pilot Pump Counterbalance Valve From Pilot Control Valve Left Pump Parking Brake Valve 117 Low Speed Travel This illustration shows the travel motor in the LOW SPEED (tortoise) position. System pressure from the travel control valves goes through the counterbalance valve to the travel motor.SERV1855 04/08 . When de-energized.

the travel motor rotates at high speed because the decreased displacement of the motor requires less flow per revolution of the travel motor. If the travel system pressure is below approximately 33. The travel system pressure signal is also directed around the right end of the displacement change valve to the servo piston in the travel motor. and the swashplate moves to minimum angle for minimum displacement and HIGH SPEED operation. When travelling in high speed and system pressure increases above the threshold pressure.SERV1855 04/08 . the ECM automatically shifts the motor to low speed. When the swashplate is at minimum angle. the motor will shift into high speed. If travel system pressure is above 33.000 kPa (4800 psi). The Engine and Pump Controller energizes the two-speed travel solenoid when the high speed button is pushed in the cab.139 - Text Reference LEFT TRAVEL MOTOR HIGH SPEED FORWARD Travel Motor Speed Selector Switch In Cab Two Speed Travel Solenoid Displacement Change Valve Engine and Pump Controller Crossover Relief Valves Pilot Pump Counterbalance Valve From Pilot Control Valve Left Pump Parking Brake Valve 118 High Speed Travel The above schematic shows the travel motor in the HIGH SPEED (rabbit) position. The travel control valve directs system pressure to the travel motor.000 kPa (4800 psi). . Travel pressure shifts the servo piston. A pilot signal from the two-speed solenoid shifts the displacement change valve to the left for HIGH SPEED travel. the ECM will not activate the two-speed travel solenoid.

the planetary carriers. The planetary gear set reduces the travel speed significantly through the triple reduction planetary gear sets. This causes the track to move in the selected direction. . The planetary gear reduction is a series of the planetary gears. the ring gears. and the sun gear. The first group consists of three stages of the planetary gear reduction.140 - Ring Gear Second and Third Stage Planetary Gear Third Stage Planetary Gear Second Stage Text Reference Drive Sprocket Housing TRAVEL FINAL DRIVE Travel Motor Planetary Gear First Stage Cover Sun Gear Output Shaft Planetary Carrier First Stage Planetary Carrier Second Stage Coupling Planetary Carrier Third Stage 119 Final Drive The final drive reduces the rotational speed of the travel motor. the ring gear for second and third stage. The final drive consists of two groups. With the ring gear and the drive sprocket housing bolted together. and the cover. .SERV1855 04/08 . The output group consists of the drive sprocket housing. the drive sprocket housing rotates. The output shaft of the travel motor is splined to the sun gear by a coupling.

SERV1855 04/08 . The slow return check valve helps to prevent this jerking motion. . If the pumps had to fill this void before it sent system pressure out to the implements it would cause a jerking motion. Return oil from the main control valve returns back through the slow return check valve. Case drain for the fan and hydraulic pumps return through the pump case drain filter and back to tank. The slow return check valve maintains a 400 kPa (60 psi) back pressure in the hydraulic system at all times. This is to prevent the oil in the main control valve from leaking back to tank and leaving an empty void in the control valve that the pumps have to fill.141 - Swing Motor Text Reference MAIN HYDRAULIC RETURN SYSTEM Travel Motors Pilot Control Valves Main Control Valve Group Fan Motor Slow Return Check Valve Priority Valves Pilot Manifold Fan Pump Pilot Pump Motor Case Drain Filter Main Hydraulic Pumps M Tank Pump Case Drain Filter 120 RETURN HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Case drain for the swing and the travel motors return through the motor case drain filter and back to tank. the return oil cooler and the return oil cooler bypass back to tank.

Cutting edge and GET are up-sized.General Purpose Bucket (GP) . compactors. . loam. and rock. multi processors.Designed for use in moderately abrasive applications where breakout force and cycle times are critical. The staggered design allows one or two tips to penetrate first. clay. The aggressive lip type ripping design uses five sharp or twin sharp teeth in a staggered position. .Ruggedly constructed. shears. . or clay.142 - Text Reference 121 WORK TOOLS The 345D has an extensive selection of work tools to optimize machine production. for example dirt. Choice include hammers. gravel. narrow buckets for ripping in applications where material penetration and an inability to blast is an issue.SERV1855 04/08 . Not ideal for use in sticky material conditions.Heavy Duty Bucket (HD) . sorting grapples and couplers as well as several bucket options. . providing higher breakout forces. Decreased tip radius maximizes tip force and improves cycle times in most materials.Rock Ripping Bucket (RR) . . Thick wear plates are utilized to extend the life of the bucket in severe applications. pulverizers.Heavy Duty Rock Bucket (HDR) . HD buckets have optimized loading and dumping characteristics and more robust construction than the GP buckets. .Generally used for digging in low-impact.Designed for a wide range of moderately abrasive applications such as mixed dirt. moderately abrasive materials.Heavy Duty Power Bucket (HDP) .Designed for aggressive bucket loading in highly abrasive applications such as shot rock and granite.

143 - Text Reference All buckets feature Caterpillar K Series ground engaging tools. There are a variety of teeth. . The side cutter design improved efficiency and bucket payload in trenching applications.SERV1855 04/08 . side cutters and sidebar protectors available to accommodate operating conditions. Teeth are designed to be extremely aggressive and offer excellent penetration. The K Series is easier to remove and install due to the vertical retainer utilized by the system.

the information in this package should permit the technician to do a thorough job of analyzing a problem in these systems. .SERV1855 04/08 .144 - Text Reference 122 CONCLUSION This presentation has discussed the component locations and machine systems operation for the 345D Hydraulic Excavator. Always refer to the service manual for the latest service information and specifications when servicing. When used in conjunction with the service manual. testing and adjusting. or making repairs.

2nd Reduction in Pressure White . .Pneumatic Pressure Red / Pink Stripes .Surface Color Red Crosshatch . or TC Oil Pressure Green .145 - Text Reference HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC COLOR CODE Black .(Restricted Usage) Identification of Components within a Moving Group Orange / White Stripes .Pilot.High Pressure Oil Dark Gray .2nd Reduction in Pilot.SERV1855 04/08 . or TC Oil Pressure Brown .Tank. Charge or Torque Converter Oil Cat Yellow .Cutaway Section Red / White Stripes .Atmosphere or Air (No Pressure) Pink .1st Pressure Reduction Light Gray .Moving or Activated Components Orange .3rd Reduction in Pressure Purple .Trapped Oil Green / White Stripes Scavenge / Suction Oil or Hydraulic Void 123 HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC COLOR CODES The colors on the hydraulic schematics and cross-sectional views shown throughout this presentation denote specific meanings. or Return Oil Blue . Seal Red . Sump.Mechanical Connection.Reduced Pilot. Charge.Lubricating Oil Orange / Crosshatch .Secondary Source Oil Pressure Yellow . This illustration identifies the meaning of each color. Charge.

Charge.Trapped Oil .Secondary Source Oil Pressure Pink .Surface Color Red .Pneumatic Pressure White .Mechanical Connection.146 - Green . Seal HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC COLOR CODE SERV1855 04/08 Laboratory Exercises . Charge or Torque Converter Oil Red / Pink Stripes .Atmosphere or Air (No Pressure) Red Crosshatch . or TC Oil Pressure Cat Yellow .Pilot.Cutaway Section Light Gray .2nd Reduction in Pilot.2nd Reduction in Pressure Red / White Stripes .1st Pressure Reduction Dark Gray .3rd Reduction in Pressure Yellow .Moving or Activated Components Purple .High Pressure Oil Black .Reduced Pilot.(Restricted Usage) Identification of Components within a Moving Group Brown .Lubricating Oil Orange .Green / White Stripes Scavenge / Suction Oil or Hydraulic Void Blue . or Return Oil Orange / Crosshatch . Charge.Tank. or TC Oil Pressure Orange / White Stripes . Sump.

28. 33.Bucket Open Boom Circuit . 26.Boom Lower Boom Priority Schematic Boom Priority PRV Boom and Swing Priority PRV . 34. 74.Unlocked Swing Park Brake Solenoid Two Speed Travel Solenoid Pilot Accumulator Pilot Logic Network Straight Travel Mode Pilot Control Valve Fan System Block Diagram Fan Pump Fan Drive System . 55. 65. 30.Two Stage Line Relief Valve Bucket Circuit . 64. 18. 46. 29. 35. 71.147 - Visual List VISUAL LIST 1. 63.Boom Lower Boom Circuit . 70. 12. 79.Minimum Speed Fan Pump Controls . 77. 5. 22. 38.Flow Increase Pump Controls . 82. 17. 47. 58.Block Diagram Main Control Valve . 25.Components Main Control Valve . 54. 57. 84. 86. 75. 51. 37. 66. 36. 87. 7. 56.Maximum Speed Fan Pump Controls . 83.Minimum Speed Hydraulic Fan Motor Main Control Valve . 50. 59. 13. 10. 15. 81. 19.Bucket Close Bucket Circuit . Model View Model View Compartment Behind Cab Pattern Change Valve Pattern Change Valve Decal Radiator Compartment Counterweight Removal System Right Side of Machine Pump Compartment Hydraulic Pumps Left Side of Machine Operator Cab Seat Travel Control Pedals Joystick Controls Left Joystick Right Joystick Monitor Panel Monitor Panel Close-up Monitor Control Buttons Hydraulic Activation Lever Ground Level Shut-off Operator Controls Soft Switches Rocker Switches Backup Switches Engine Fuel Priming Switch Fuel Filters Fuel Sensors Left Side of Engine Right Side of Engine Engine Oil Level Sender Coolant Flow Switch Front Crankshaft Speed Sensor Hydraulic System Block Diagram Hydraulic System Standby Power Shift Pressure System Hydraulic Pumps Pump Schematic Inputs Pump Control Schematic . 32. 6. Pump Controls . 42.Boom Up Boom Circuit . 44. 4. Activation Solenoid .Hold Boom Drift Reduction Valve . 23. 49.Standby Pump Controls . 88. 27.End of Destroke Pilot Hydraulic System Pilot Pump Pilot Filter Pilot Relief Valve Pilot Manifold Hydraulic Activation Lever Hyd. 14.SERV1855 04/08 . 78. 20.Maximum Speed Fan Drive System . Activation Solenoid .Regeneration Boom Drift Reduction Valve . 76.Standby Pump Controls Pump Controls . 24. 61. 68.Lower Lowering Control Valve . 21. 48. 16. 72. 69. 8. 52. 9. 62.End View Pump Controls .Begin Destroke Pump Controls . 11. 41. 80. 67. 43.Neutral Pressure Switches Main Relief Valve Main Relief Valve . 60. 40. 73. 3. 31. 39. 53.Locked Hyd.Boom Up Lowering Control Valve . 2.Components 45. 85.

90. 97.Released Swing Crossover Relief Valve Swing Circuit Anti-Reaction Valves Anti-Reaction Valves . 118. 100.Stick In Swing Motors Swing Circuit . 94.SERV1855 04/08 . 101. 117. 116. 95.Swing Right Priority Swing Motor Swing Park Brake .148 - Visual List VISUAL LIST (continued) 89. 91. 106. 115. Stick Circuit .Stick In Stick Control Valve .Stick Out Stick Regeneration Stick Circuit . 107.Stick Out Stick Circuit .Not Swing PRV Swing Circuit . 121. 111. 114. 99.Hold Stick Control Valve .Hold Stick Drift Reduction Valve . 109.Unloading Stick Drift Reduction Valve . 92. 96. 103. 122.Swing Left Swing Circuit PRV without Priority Swing Priority PRV .Low Speed Travel Motor . Anti-Reaction Valves .Swing 108. 120.Stop Travel Circuit Travel Motor Travel Motor Brake Valve Travel Motor Components Travel Motor Circuit .High Speed Travel Final Drive Return Hydraulic System Model View Model View Hydraulic Schematic Color Codes . 112. 104. 123. 110. 102. 105. 98. 93. 113. 119.Brake Released Counterbalance Valve Operation (Level Travel) Counterbalance Valve Operation (Slope Travel) Travel Crossover Relief Valves (Machine Stop) Travel Motor .

Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left main implement pump. and pilot systems.149 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter. 1 Lab A Worksheets Locate and Identify Pilot System Components Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component. _____ Pilot Filter Location: Function: _____ Pilot System Pressure Test Port Location: Function: _____ Pilot Manifold Location: Function: _____ Pilot System Pressure Relief Valve Location: Function: _____ Pilot System Accumulator Location: Function: . use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained.SERV1855 04/08 . During the visual presentation. pilot manifold.

150 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. 2 Lab A Worksheets (continued) Locate and Identify Pilot System Components _____ Swing Parking Brake Solenoid Valve Location: Function: _____ Hydraulic Actuation Control Valve Location: Function: _____ Hydraulic Actuation Solenoid Valve Location: Function: _____ Hydraulic Actuation Lever Location: Function: _____ Power Shift Solenoid Valve Location: Function: _____ Pilot Pressure Release Line for Swing Parking Brakes Location: Function: .SERV1855 04/08 .

SERV1855 04/08 .151 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. 3 Lab A Worksheets (continued) Locate and Identify Pilot System Components _____ Two Speed Travel Solenoid Valve Location: Function: _____ Swing/Boom Priority Valve Location: Function: _____ Implement/Swing Pressure Switches Location: Function: _____ Travel Pressure Switch Location: Function: _____ Pilot System S•O•S Port Location: Function: .

SERV1855
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Laboratory Exercises
Handout No. 4

Lab B Worksheet
Test and Adjust Pilot System Relief Valve
Machine Model____________________________ Date__________________________________
Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours_____________________
Tooling for Pilot Relief Valve Test
____ 1-8T0856

Gauge [6000 kPa (870 psi)]

NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the pilot system relief valve, refer to
the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System, Testing and Adjusting"
(Form RENR7325-03).

Item

Specification

Actual

Pilot relief valve

____________________

____________________

NOTE: Test the pilot relief valve pressure with the engine speed dial at Position 10.
Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).

SERV1855
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Laboratory Exercises
Handout No. 56

Lab C Worksheet
Locate and Identify Implement/Travel Pumps and Pump Components
Directions: Refer to the Handout illustration. Place the correct letter next to the component.
During the visual presentation, use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each
component is explained.
Example: _____Pilot Pump
Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left pump.
Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter, pilot manifold, and pilot systems.
_____ Implement/Travel Pump Group
Location:
Function:
_____ Right Pump
Location:
Function:
_____ Left Pump
Location:
Function:
_____ Suction Line
Location:
Function:
_____ Discharge Lines
Location:
Function:
_____ Implement/Travel Pumps Case Drain Line
Location:
Function:

SERV1855
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Laboratory Exercises
Handout No. 6

Lab C Worksheet (continued)
Locate and Identify Implement/Travel Pumps and Pump Components
NOTE: Use the rear pump regulator to identify the following components.
_____ Maximum Angle Adjustment
Location:
Function:
_____ Minimum Angle Adjustment
Location:
Function:
_____ Engine and Pump Control Module
Location:
Function:
_____ Implement/Travel Pump Regulator
Location:
Function:
_____ Power Shift Signal Pressure Port
Location:
Function:
_____ Horsepower Control Pressure Adjustment
Location:
Function:

SERV1855
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Laboratory Exercises
Handout No. 7

Lab D Worksheets
Locate and Identify the Main Control Valve and Main Control Valve
Components
Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component. During the visual
presentation, use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained.
Example: _____Pilot Pump
Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left pump.
Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter, pilot manifold, and pilot systems.
_____ Implement Control Valve
Location:
Function:
_____ Boom I Spool
Location:
Function:
_____ Boom II Spool
Location:
Function:
_____ Bucket Spool
Location:
Function:
_____ Attachment Spool (std.)
Location:
Function:
_____ Straight Travel Spool
Location:
Function:

SERV1855
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Laboratory Exercises
Handout No. 8

Lab D Worksheets (continued)
Locate and Identify the Main Control Valve and Main Control Valve
Components
_____ Stick I Spool
Location:
Function:
_____ Stick II Spool
Location:
Function:
_____ Left Travel Spool
Location:
Function:
_____ Right Travel Spool
Location:
Function:
_____ Line Relief Valves for Boom, Stick, and Bucket Curl
Location:
Function:
_____ Load Check Valves
Location:
Function:
_____ Boom Regeneration Valve
Location:
Function:

SERV1855
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Laboratory Exercises
Handout No. 9

Lab D Worksheets (continued)
Locate and Identify the Main Control Valve and Main Control Valve
Components
_____ Boom Drift Reduction Valve
Location:
Function:
_____ Stick Drift Reduction Valve
Location:
Function:
_____ Stick Regeneration Valve
Location:
Function:
_____ Swing Control valve
Location:
Function:

SERV1855
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Laboratory Exercises
Handout No. 10

Lab E-1 Worksheet
Test and Adjust Implement Line Relief Valves
Machine Model____________________________ Date__________________________________
Serial Number____________________________

Service Meter Hours_____________________

Line Relief Valve Pressure Tooling:
____ 1-8T0861
____ 1-8T0856

Gauge [6000 kPa (870 psi)]
Gauge [60000 kPa (8700 psi)]

NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the line relief valves, refer to the
Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System, Testing and Adjusting" (Form
RENR7325-03).

Function

Specification

Actual

Boom raise

____________________

____________________

Boom lower

____________________

____________________

Stick in

____________________

____________________

Stick out

____________________

____________________

Bucket open

____________________

____________________

Bucket close

____________________

____________________

Attachment, front line relief

____________________

____________________

Attachment, rear line relief

____________________

____________________

NOTE: Test the line relief valve pressures with the engine speed dial in Position 2.
Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).

SERV1855
04/08

- 159 -

Laboratory Exercises
Handout No. 11

Lab E-2 Worksheet
Test and Adjust Main Relief Valve
Machine Model____________________________ Date__________________________________
Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours_____________________
Line Relief Valve Pressure Tooling:
____ 1-8T0861

Gauge [60000 kPa (8700 psi)]

NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the signal relief valves, refer to the
Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System, Testing and Adjusting"
(Form RENR7325-03).

Function

Specification

Actual

Main relief valve

____________________

____________________

NOTE: Test the signal relief valve pressures with the engine speed dial at Position 10.
Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).

160 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. 12 Lab F Worksheets Locate and Identify Cylinders. Final Drive. use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter. _____ Left Travel Spool Location: Function: _____ Right Travel Spool Location: Function: _____ Travel Counterbalance Valves Location: Function: _____ Travel Motors Location: Function: _____ Forward Travel Crossover Relief Valves Location: Function: _____ Reverse Travel Crossover Relief Valves Location: Function: . and Swivel Components Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component. Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left pump. pilot manifold. During the visual presentation. Travel System.SERV1855 04/08 . and pilot systems.

Final Drive. 13 Lab F Worksheets (continued) Locate and Identify Travel System.SERV1855 04/08 .161 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. and Swivel Components _____ Bucket Cylinder Location: Function: _____ Travel Parking Brake Location: Function: _____ Travel Motor Case Drain Line Location: Function: _____ Travel Alarm Cancel Switch Location: Function: _____ Forward Supply Lines Location: Function: _____ Forward Return Line Location: Function: _____ Engine and Pump Control Module Location: Function: _____ Travel Alarm (if equipped) Location: Function: .

14 Lab F Worksheets (continued) Locate and Identify Travel System.SERV1855 04/08 . Final Drive and Swivel Components _____ Two Speed Travel Solenoid Valve Location: Function: _____ Two Speed Travel Switch Location: Function: _____ Travel Pedals/Levers Location: Function: _____ Straight Travel Pedal Location: Function: _____ Boom Cylinders Location: Function: _____ Straight Travel Control Valve Spool Location: Function: .162 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No.

SERV1855 04/08 . and Swivel Components _____ Swivel Location: Function: _____ Final Drives Location: Function: _____ Stick Cylinder Location: Function: . 15 Lab F Worksheets (continued) Locate and Identify Travel System.163 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Final Drive.

refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System.SERV1855 04/08 . 16 Lab G-1 Worksheet Test and Adjust Travel Crossover Relief Valves Machine Model____________________________ Date_______________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours__________________ Travel Crossover Relief Valve Test Tooling: ____ 1-8T0861 ____ 1-8T0856 ____ 1-FT2542 Gauge [60000 kPa (8700 psi)] Gauge [6000 kPa (870 psi)] Track Block Assembly NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the travel crossover relief valves.164 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03). Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°). Function Specification Actual Right Forward Travel ____________________ _________________ Right Reverse Travel ____________________ _________________ Left Forward Travel ____________________ _________________ Left Reverse Travel ____________________ _________________ NOTE: Test each travel crossover relief valve pressure with the engine speed dial at Position 10. .

SERV1855 04/08 . Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03).165 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System. Function Specification Actual Right Travel Motor ____________________ ________________ Left Travel Motor ____________________ ________________ . 17 Lab G-2 Worksheet Measure Travel Motor Case Drain Flow Machine Model____________________________ Date______________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours_________________ Travel Motor Case Drain Flow Tooling: ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 1-FT2542 1-6V9511 1-6V9746 111- Track Block Assembly Face Seal Plug O-ring seal Hose assembly to fit travel motor case drain fitting Stop watch Container for Measuring NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and the travel motor case drain flow.

Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left pump.166 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. 18 Lab H Worksheets Locate and Identify Swing System Components Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component. _____ Swing Control Valve Location: Function: _____ Fine Swing Solenoid (Cushion Swing Solenoid) Location: Function: _____ Swing Parking Brake Release Line Location: Function: _____ Swing Parking Brake Solenoid Valve Location: Function: . During the visual presentation. use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained. pilot manifold and pilot systems. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter.SERV1855 04/08 .

167 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. 19 Lab H Worksheets (continued) Locate and Identify Swing System Components _____ Swing Joystick Location: Function: _____ Engine and Pump Control Module Location: Function: _____ Anti-reaction Valves Location: Function: _____ Swing System Pressure Crossover Relief Valves Location: Function: _____ Variable Swing Priority Valve Location: Function: .SERV1855 04/08 .

20 Lab I-1 Worksheet Test and Adjust Swing System Relief Valves Machine Model____________________________ Date______________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours_________________ Swing System Relief Valve Test Tooling: ____ 1-8T0861 Gauge [60000 kPa (8700 psi)] NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the swing system relief valves. . Item Specification Actual Right Swing Motor Right Swing Relief Valve ____________________ ________________ Right Swing Motor Left Swing Relief Valve ____________________ ________________ Left Swing Motor Right Swing Relief Valve ____________________ ________________ Left Swing Motor Left Swing Relief Valve ____________________ ________________ NOTE: Test each travel crossover relief valve pressure with the engine speed dial at Position 10. Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).SERV1855 04/08 . Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03).168 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System.

The Swing Relief Pressures set at 31400 ± 1000 kPa (4555 ± 145 psi). . 21 Lab I-2 Worksheet Test Swing Motor Case Drain Flow Machine Model____________________________ Date______________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours_________________ Swing Motor Case Drain Flow Tooling: ____ ____ ____ ____ 1-6V9832 Cap 1-6V9746 O-ring seal 1Container for Measuring 1Stop watch NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and the swing motor case drain flow.169 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Machine controls are: Engine Speed Dial at Position 10. Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°). refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System. Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03). Item Specification Actual Right Swing Motor ____________________ ________________ Left Swing Motor ____________________ ________________ NOTE: Test the swing motor case drain flow at three different motor positions and then average the three flows.SERV1855 04/08 .

pilot manifold and pilot systems. 22 Lab J Worksheet Locate and Identify Cooling and Return Systems Components Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component.SERV1855 04/08 .170 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. _____ Hydraulic Oil Cooler Location: Function: _____ Radiator Location: Function: _____ Fuel Cooler Location: Function: _____ Air to Air Aftercooler Location: Function: ____ Case Drain Filter Location: Function: _____ Return Oil Filter Location: Function: . use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained. Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left pump. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter. During the visual presentation.

Open (w/1/4 in. thd. thd.) Gauge [6000 kPa (870 psi)] Nipple. NPTF ext. Item Specification Actual Low PS Pressure ____________________ ________________ High PS Pressure ____________________ ________________ NOTE: Test and adjust the power shift pressure with the engine speed dial at Position 10. NPTF int. long w/1/8 in.) Coupler. NPTF int. . 23 Lab K Worksheet Test and Adjust Power Shift Pressure Machine Model____________________________ Date_______________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours__________________ Test and adjust power shift pressure test tooling: ____ ____ ____ ____ 2-6V3079 4-6V4143 1-8T0856 1-6V3989 Hose (14 ft. refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System.171 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. thd.) NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the power shift pressure. Valved (w/1/8 in.SERV1855 04/08 . Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03). Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).

a hydraulic system This is an engine class. Power shift signal pressure is controlled by the monitor. _____ 11. the implement or travel pressure is regulated by the NFC relief valve. _____ 6. _____ 1. When power shift pressure to the implement pump regulators increases. _____ 5. first determine if the complaint is hydraulic or engine related. _____ 4. The maximum pressure during level travel is regulated by the travel crossover relief valve. The variable swing priority valve is controlled by the swing priority pressure reducing valve. Example: F 1. _____ 2. If a question is false. The Stick 2 stick in pilot signal is controlled by the boom down pilot signal going to the boom priority pressure reducing valve. _____12. _____10. 24 345D Hydraulic EXCAVATOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS OPERATION POSTTEST Directions: Modified True/False. underline or circle the word or words that make the statement incorrect and replace with word(s) to make the statement correct. Boom pilot pressure controls the swing priority pressure reducing valve. When investigating a power complaint. _____ 9. _____ 3 The engine and pump control module receives an electrical signal from the left pump pressure sensor during the swing function.SERV1855 04/08 .172 - Posttest Handout No. _____ 7. Implement pump G-port pressure oil comes from the pilot manifold. The travel system pressure can be checked while stalling an implement function. the pumps destroke. . The NFC relief valve system ensures the implement pumps upstroke or destroke depending on pilot control valve movement. _____13. The implement pumps upstroke when the power shift solenoid receives a decrease in electrical signal from the engine and pump control module. When the implement or travel controls are in use. _____ 8.

Power shift pressure is calibrated using the Service Tool and ET software. The Boom 1 and Boom 2 control valves move at the same time when Boom Up function is activated. _____24. _____21. . When the implement pumps are at standby. It is possible to have the boom re-generation not function during a boom down operation. _____25. On all 345Cs. _____18. one of the signal pressures that control pump flow is the negative flow control pressure. When multiple controls are activated.SERV1855 04/08 . _____15. _____20. _____16. The Underspeed System regulates NFC pressure to the implement pumps to keep the engine from stalling. 25 _____14. The horsepower adjustment on the implement pump regulator controls the pump destroking pressure. It is possible to have the stick re-generation not function during a stick in operation. Diagnostic information is available from the monitor panel or by using ET. The stick unloading valve is shifted during stick in operation by the stick in pilot pressure. the highest system pressure from the right or left half of the implement control valve is regulated by the main relief valve. _____19. _____17. _____23.173 - Posttest Handout No. the NFC signal pressure is lowest. _____22. The implement pump flow is controlled by three different signal pressures sent to the pump regulators.

the hydraulic activation switch 6.SERV1855 04/08 . the left pump pressure sensor F. 1. The pilot system pressure is adjusted to what pressure? _____________________ 10. What constant power shift pressure is set during P-Q testing? _____________________ 3. The power shift pressure is adjusted to what pressures during the calibration procedure? _____________________ _____________________ 11. The main relief valve is adjusted to what pressure for implement functions? _____________________ 7.174 - Posttest Handout No. the pilot system pressure sensor D. The stick unloading valve requires what rod end return pressure to shift? _____________________ . the left and right travel pressure switches B. The travel crossover relief valves are adjusted to what pressure? _____________________ 2. The swing motor left and right relief valve pressure setting is adjusted to what pressure? _____________________ 8. The travel and swing parking brakes require what pressure to release? _____________________ 12. the right pump pressure sensor E. 26 Directions: Fill In The Blank and Multiple Choice. The travel motor crossover relief valve pressure setting is adjusted to what pressure? _____________________ 9. the attachment pressure switch H. The engine and pump control does not receive a control signal from . The boom head end and stick rod end line relief valves are adjusted to what pressure? _____________________ 4. A. the implement and swing pressure switch C. The remaining implement line relief valves are adjusted to what pressure? _____________________ 5. Any reference material and class notes may be used to determine the correct answers.the straight travel pressure switch G.

When activated. After Stick In return pressure exceeds 15700 kPa (2300 psi) this valve shifts opening another return oil passage for Stick In return oil. Sends a PWM signal to the power shift solenoid. Below implement control valve opposite pilot manifold B. Below the cab on resolver block Stick Unloading Valve O. D. .SERV1855 04/08 . If this switch is closed. E. Below the cab on the Travel Control Valve. Prevents the boom cylinders from drifting down under K. Signals the EPC when L or R travel is actuated. Pilot Pump Power Shift Pressure Solenoid Boom and Swing Priority Pressure Reducing Valves Implement/Swing Pressure Switch Boom Drift Reduction Valve Swing Anti-reaction Valves A. Hydraulic Actuation Lever Switch Travel Pressure Switches Negative Flow Control Signals I. On pilot manifold. Receives EPC signal and sends pilot system oil to release swing brake. On the front of the swing motor Swing Brake Solenoid Valve H. Destrokes pumps based on engine speed Slow Return Check Valve G. sends right pump flow to both travel motors and left pump flow to the implement and swing functions. Provides 290 kPa (42 psi) back pressure in the swing control valve return oil lines.175 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Engine and Pump Control M. the EPC energizes the Hydraulic Actuation Solenoid Valve. Mounted on the right implement pump Hydraulic Actuation Valve F. P. Straight Travel Valve L. On top of the right implement pump J. Receives signals from pressure switches and sensors. Inside spool in left half of implement control valve. Controlled by the Hydraulic Activation Solenoid on the pilot manifold Underspeed System N. 27 Directions: Match the component with the correct location or description by placing the letter next to the component. Control signals from the left and right sections of the implement control valve C.

_____ Pilot Manifold Location: Behind the swing bearing. and pilot systems. Function: Limits the pilot system pressure. Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left main implement pump. During the visual presentation. Distributes pilot system oil to various systems on the machine. Function: A manifold block containing the two-speed travel solenoid.SERV1855 04/08 . use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained.176 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter. Function: Filters pilot oil before pilot oil goes to any of the pilot systems. . Function: Provides stored energy to the pilot system. 1 Lab A Worksheets . _____ Pilot Filter Location: On the rear of the hydraulic tank at the front of the pump compartment. Function: For measuring the pilot system pressure. Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component.Answers Locate and Identify Pilot System Components INSTRUCTOR NOTE: Fill in the appropriate letters or numbers as you attach tags to the components. _____ Pilot System Pressure Relief Valve Location: On the base of the pilot oil filter. and hydraulic activation control valve. under the main control valve. when the engine is shut down. for lowering the implements and dampens pressure spikes in the pilot system during normal operation. _____ Pilot System Pressure Test Port Location: Quick disconnect nipple located on the base of the pilot oil filter. _____ Pilot System Accumulator Location: On the top of the pilot manifold. hydraulic activation solenoid. swing brake solenoid. pilot manifold.

2 Lab A Worksheets . Function: When actuated by the Machine Electronic Control Module. The swing brakes are spring applied and released by pilot pressure. _____ Hydraulic Actuation Solenoid Valve Location: On the top of the pilot manifold. this solenoid valve directs pilot system oil to actuate the Hydraulic Actuation Control Valve. Function: It receives an electrical signal from the Machine Electronic Control Module. When the hydraulic actuation micro switch is closed.Answers (continued) Locate and Identify Pilot System Components _____ Swing Parking Brake Solenoid Valve Location: In the middle of the pilot oil manifold. Function: When actuated by the Hydraulic Actuation Solenoid Valve. the solenoid sends pilot system oil to release the swing brakes.SERV1855 04/08 . this control valve directs pilot system oil to the pilot joystick. The Machine Electronic Control Module then energizes the Hydraulic Actuation Solenoid Valve which in turn actuates the Hydraulic Actuation Control Valve. Function: Opens and closes the hydraulic actuation micro switch. an electronic signal is sent to the Machine Electronic Control Module. Function: Provides pilot system oil from the swing brake solenoid for releasing the swing brake. _____ Power Shift Solenoid Valve Location: The front of the main implement pump.177 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. based upon engine speed and engine speed dial position. Function: When energized by the Machine Electronic Control Module. _____ Hydraulic Actuation Control Valve Location: In the pilot manifold. and sends modulated pilot system pressure to the implement pump controls to assist in regulating implement pump flow. _____ Pilot Pressure Release Line for Swing Parking Brakes Location: The pilot pressure line going to the swing brake on the swing motor. . _____ Hydraulic Actuation Lever Location: On the left operator console.

3 Lab A Worksheets .. as viewed from outside the pump compartment. Function: Signals the Engine and Pump control Module that a implement function is activated _____ Travel Pressure Switch Location: On the front of the main control valve. Function: When this solenoid valve is actuated by the Machine Electronic Control Module. . pilot system pressure is sent to the displacement change valves in the travel motors. Function: Allows the operator to adjust hydraulic flow priority to the swing or boom circuits. _____ Implement/Swing Pressure Switch Location: On the front of the main control valve. the travel motor swashplates are set at the minimum angle for fast travel speed. depending on the movement of the joysticks. Function: Allows the technicians to obtain S•O•S samples from the hydraulic system.SERV1855 04/08 .Answers (continued) Locate and Identify Pilot System Components _____ Two Speed Travel Solenoid Valve Location: The bottom solenoid valve mounted on the pilot manifold. behind the swing bearing. When the displacement change valves are actuated. Function: Signals the Engine and Pump control Module that a travel function is activated _____ Pilot System S-O-S Fitting Location: On the top left side of the pilot filter base.178 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. _____ Swing/Boom Priority Valve Location: Under the main control valve.

refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System.179 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03). Item Specification Actual Pilot relief valve ______________ _________________ NOTE: Test the pilot relief valve pressure with the engine speed dial at Position 10.SERV1855 04/08 . 4 Lab B Worksheet Answers Test and Adjust Pilot System Relief Valve Machine Model___________________________ Date_____________________________ Serial Number________________________ Service Meter Hours__________________ Tooling for Pilot Relief Valve Test ____ 1-8T0856 Gauge [6000 kPa (870 psi)] NOTE: For the complete procedures to test and adjust the pilot system relief valve. . Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).

SERV1855 04/08 . and pilot systems. Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left main implement pump. _____ Implement/Travel Pump Group Location: In pump compartment on center of flywheel housing/pump drive. _____ Implement/Travel Pump Case Drain Line Location: Connected to top of the right pump. 5 Lab C Worksheet Answers Locate and Identify Implement/Travel Pumps and Pump Components INSTRUCTOR NOTE: Fill in the appropriate letters or numbers as you attach the tags to the components. and pilot pumps.180 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained. Directions: Place the correct letter next to the component. Function: A line sending internal leakage oil from the front pump back to the hydraulic tank. _____ Left Pump Location: The pump closest to the front of the machine. _____ Right Pump Location: The pump closest to rear of the machine. _____ Discharge Lines Location: Top of right. pilot manifold. Function: Supplies oil to the right side of the main control valve. During the visual presentation. . Function: Supplies oil to the left side of the main control valve. Function: The supply line from the hydraulic tank to the implement/travel tandem pump. Function: Pump discharge pressure line from each pump to the main control valve. _____ Suction Line Location: The single line connected to bottom center of the implement/travel pump. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter. Function: Supplies oil to the main control valve. left.

Function: Changes the pump swashplate minimum angle stop to set minimum pump flow. the travel alarm. Function: Controls the travel proportional solenoids. the two-speed travel solenoid valve. Function: Regulates the pump discharge pressure point on the constant horsepower curve where the pump regulator begins to destroke the pump.181 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. _____ Minimum Angle Adjustment Location: On the front of the main implement pump to the right of the power shift solenoid. _____ Horsepower Control Pressure Adjustment Location: On front of each pump regulator. _____ Maximum Angle Adjustment Location: On the rear of the main implement pump directly behind the minimum angle adjustment. _____ Engine and Pump Control Module Location: The ECM in the compartment behind the cab. . 6 Lab C Worksheet Answers (continued) Locate and Identify Implement/Travel Pumps and Pump Components NOTE: Use the rear pump regulator to identify the following components. Function: Changes the pump swashplate maximum angle stop to set maximum pump flow.SERV1855 04/08 . Power Shift Signal Pressure Port Location: On the back side of the power shift solenoid. Function: Receives the power shift pressure signal from the power shift proportional reducing solenoid valve. _____ Implement/Travel Pump Regulator Location: Mounted on the top of each pump. Function: Regulates pump output oil flow based on the signal pressures it receives. and monitors the implement/travel system pressure sensor.

Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter. Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left pump. bucket.SERV1855 04/08 . _____ Boom II Spool Location: The first spool from the outside in the left half of the implement control valve. Function: Controls the boom function. and pilot systems. stick. use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained. Function: Controls the bucket curl function. pilot manifold.) Location: The fourth spool from the outside in the right half of the implement control valve. travel and attachment functions and contains the differential relief valves. Function: Controls the boom function. _____ Attachment Spool (Std. During the visual presentation. _____ Boom I Spool Location: The second spool from the outside in the right half of the implement control valve. _____ Implement Control Valve Location: Between the swing frame rails in front of the engine. _____ Straight Travel Spool Location: The inside spool on the left main control valve. signal relief valves.182 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. and signal duplicating valves. Function: Controls the boom. Function: Directs oil to both travel motors simultaneously. _____ Bucket Spool Location: The center spool in the right half of the implement control valve. if the machine is equipped. 7 Lab D Worksheets Answers Locate and Identify the Main Control Valve and Main Control Valve Components INSTRUCTOR NOTE: Fill in the appropriate letters or numbers as you attach tags to the components. Function: Directs oil to an attachment circuit. .

_____ Load Check Valves Location: Contained internally within each main control valve. Two are in the bucket curl lines. 8 Lab D Worksheets Answers (continued) Locate and Identify the Main Control Valve and Main Control Valve Components _____ Stick I Spool Location: The second spool from the outside in the left half of the implement control valve. Function: The load check function prevents an implement from moving until pump discharge pressure is higher than work port pressure. Function: Controls the stick function. _____ Line Relief Valves for Boom. _____ Left Travel Spool Location: The second spool from the inside of the left half of the implement control valve. and Bucket Curl Location: The six relief valves are located on the implement control valve. Function: They limit the maximum pressure that can be developed in a circuit due to an out side force on a cylinder. Function: Directs oil from the head end of the boom cylinders to the rod end of the cylinders during the Boom lower operation. one is in the stick drift reduction valve (stick in line). one is in the boom drift reduction valve (boom up line). _____ Right Travel Spool Location: The inside spool in the right half of the implement control valve.SERV1855 04/08 .183 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. _____ Stick II Spool Location: The outside spool in the right half of the implement control valve. Function: Directs oil to the left travel motor. one is in the stick out line. Stick. Function: Directs oil to the right travel motor. one is in the boom down line. _____ Boom Regeneration Valve Location: Is internally plumbed into the valve of the Boom I spool. . Function: Controls the stick function.

_____ Swing Control Valve Location: The third spool from the inside in the left half of the main control valve. Function: Prevents stick cylinder from drifting in due to leakage through the stick spool. _____ Stick Regeneration Control Valve Location: Mounted on the rear of the Stick I spool. _____ Stick Drift Reduction Valve Location: On top front of stick I spool on main control valve. 9 Lab D Worksheets Answers (continued) Locate and Identify the Main Control Valve and Main Control Valve Components _____ Boom Drift Reduction Valve Location: On top front of boom I spool on main control valve.184 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Function: Prevents boom cylinders from drifting down due to leakage through the boom spool. Function: Controls the swing function.SERV1855 04/08 . . Function: Directs oil from the rod end of the stick cylinder to the head end during the STICK IN operation.

Function Specification Actual Boom raise __________________ ________________ Boom lower __________________ ________________ Stick in __________________ ________________ Stick out __________________ ________________ Bucket open __________________ ________________ Bucket close __________________ ________________ Attachment. Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°). . 10 Lab E-1 Worksheet Answers Test and Adjust Implement Line Relief Valves Machine Model______________________ Date____________________________ Serial Number_______________________ Service Meter Hours_______________ Line Relief Valve Pressure Tooling: ____ 1-8T0861 ____ 1-8T0856 Gauge Gauge NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the line relief valves.SERV1855 04/08 . rear line relief __________________ ________________ NOTE: Test the line relief valve pressures with the engine speed dial in Position 2.185 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. front line relief __________________ ________________ Attachment. Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03). refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System.

. Item Specification Actual Main relief valve _________________ ________________ NOTE: Test the line relief valve pressures with the engine speed dial in Position 2. 11 Lab E-2 Worksheet Answers Test and Adjust Main Relief Valve Machine Model____________________________ Date___________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours______________ Line Relief Valve Pressure Tooling: ____ 1-8T0861 Gauge NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the line relief valves. Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03). Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).SERV1855 04/08 . refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System.186 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No.

12 Lab F Worksheets Answers Locate and Identify Cylinders. Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component. _____ Travel Counterbalance Valves Location: Mounted on the top of the left and right travel motors. _____ Right Travel Spool Location: The inside spool in the right half of the implement control valve. Also contains line relief valves (crossover relief valves) to limit maximum circuit pressure. _____ Reverse Travel Crossover Relief Valve Location: Located on the rear bottom of travel counterbalance valve. Function: Directs oil to the left travel motor. Internal control spools provide a counterbalance function by applying a partial hydraulic lock on the travel motors during stopping and overspeeding conditions. . During the visual presentation. use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained.SERV1855 04/08 . Final Drive. Function: Converts implement/travel pump flow to rotational motion to drive the final drive. _____ Travel Motor Location: Mounted on the inside of the left and right final drive housings. and Swivel Components INSTRUCTOR NOTE: Fill in the appropriate letters or numbers as you attach tags to the components. Function: Limit the maximum pressure in the travel motor circuits to. Travel System. Function: Provide passages for pump flow to the left and right travel motors and return flow from the travel motors to the tank. _____ Left Travel Spool Location: The second spool from the inside of the left half of the implement control valve. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter. Function: Limit the maximum pressure in the travel motor circuits.187 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left pump. pilot manifold and pilot systems. Function: Directs oil to the right travel motor. _____ Forward Travel Crossover Relief Valve Location: Located on the rear top of travel counterbalance valve.

Travel System. forward or in reverse. The travel parking brake is spring applied and released with travel system pressure. Function: Opens or closes the bucket. _____ Travel Alarm Location: Located below the hydraulic tank. Function: Carry hydraulic oil from the travel control valves to the travel counterbalance valves. Function: When activated.188 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Function: Alerts spectators the machine has begun to move.SERV1855 04/08 . 13 Lab F Worksheets Answers (continued) Locate and Identify Cylinders. _____ Travel Motor Case Drain Line Location: On the top of each travel motor. Final Drive. _____ Travel Alarm Cancel Switch Location: On the right operator console. the two-speed travel solenoid valve and monitors the implement/travel system pressure sensor. . third button from the top left. and Swivel Components _____ Bucket Cylinder Location: Mounted on top of the stick between stick and bucket. _____ Travel Parking Brake Location: Inside the final drive housings. Function: A stack of discs and plates that prevent the final drive from turning unless the parking brake is released. _____ Engine and Pump Control Module Location: The ECM in the compartment behind the cab. Function: Carries the motor case drain oil (internal leakage oil) back through the swivel to the tank. turns the travel alarm off. Function: Carry hydraulic oil from the travel counterbalance valves to the hydraulic return system. _____ Forward Return Line Location: Attached to the front of the counterbalance valves. Function: Controls the travel proportional solenoids. _____ Forward Supply Line Location: Attached to the front of the counterbalance valves. the travel alarm.

_____ Travel Pedals/Levers Location: On the cab floor in front of the operators seat. Final Drive. pilot system pressure is sent to the displacement change valves in the travel motors. This moves the travel control spools which send hydraulic oil to the travel motors to move the machine forward. the travel motor swashplates are set at the minimum angle for fast travel speed. Function: When this solenoid valve is actuated by the Engine and Pump Control Module.SERV1855 04/08 .189 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. top left button. the right pedal/lever controls the right travel motor. Travel System. _____ Two Speed Travel Switch Location: On the right operator console. The Engine and Pump Control Module then energizes or de-energizes the two-speed solenoid located on the pilot manifold. This moves the travel control spool which sends hydraulic oil to the travel motor to move the machine in the forward direction. . This moves the travel control spools which send hydraulic oil to the travel motors to move the machine in reverse. Function: Pushing forward on each pedal/lever sends pilot oil to the travel spool. Function: When this key is actuated by the operator. 14 Lab F Worksheets Answers (continued) Locate and Identify Cylinders. and Swivel Components _____ Two Speed Travel Solenoid Valve Location: The bottom solenoid valve mounted on the pilot manifold. an electrical signal is sent to the Engine and Pump Control Module. Function: Moves the boom up and down. Function: Tipping the pedal forward sends pilot oil to the travel spools. tipping the pedal back sends pilot oil to the travel spools. _____ Boom Cylinders Location: Mounted between the front of the swing frame and the boom arch. _____ Straight Travel Control Valve Spool Location: The inside spool on the left main control valve. Function: Directs oil to both travel motors simultaneously. _____ Straight Travel Pedal Location: On the cab floor mounted on the right side of the footrest. When the displacement change valves are actuated. The left pedal/lever controls the left travel motor.

Travel System.190 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. _____ Final Drives Location: On the rear of the roller frames.SERV1855 04/08 . Final Drive. 15 Lab F Worksheets Answers (continued) Locate and Identify Cylinders. Function: Moves the stick in and out. and Swivel Components _____ Swivel Location: In the center of the swing frame in front of the swing drives. Reduces the travel motor rotational speed in three stages. Function: Provides a rotating joint for implement/travel pump oil. Function: Hold the travel motor and travel counterbalance valve assemblies. . pilot pump oil and travel motor case drain oil to pass through between the upper and lower structure. _____ Stick Cylinder Location: Mounted on top of the boom between the boom and top end of stick.

Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03).191 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Function Specification Actual Right Forward Travel __________________ ________________ Right Reverse Travel __________________ ________________ Left Forward Travel __________________ ________________ Left Reverse Travel __________________ ________________ NOTE: Test each travel crossover relief valve pressure with the engine speed dial at Position 10.SERV1855 04/08 . refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System. . 16 Lab G-1 Worksheet Answers Test and Adjust Travel Crossover Relief Valves Machine Model__________________________ Date____________________________ Serial Number___________________________ Service Meter Hours_______________ Travel Crossover Relief Valve Test Tooling: ____ 1-8T0861 ____ 1-8T0856 ____ 1-FT2542 Gauge [60000 kPa (8700 psi)] Gauge [6000 kPa (870 psi)] Track Block Assembly NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the travel crossover relief valves. Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).

192 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. 17 Lab G-2 Worksheet Answers Measure Travel Motor Case Drain Flow Machine Model____________________________ Date____________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours_______________ Travel Motor Case Drain Flow Tooling: ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 1-FT2542 1-6V9509 1-6V8398 111- Track Block Assembly Face Seal Plug O-ring Seal Hose assembly to fit travel motor case drain fitting Stop watch Container for Measuring NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and the travel motor case drain flow.SERV1855 04/08 . refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System. Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03). Function Specification Actual Right Travel Motor ____________________ _________________ Left Travel Motor ____________________ _________________ .

During the visual presentation.SERV1855 04/08 . and pilot systems. _____ Swing Parking Brake Release Line Location: Small line from the swing brake solenoid valve connected to the swing parking brake in the swing drive housing. Function: When energized by the Engine and Pump Control Module. _____ Fine Swing Solenoid (Cushion Swing Solenoid) Location: Mounted on the front of the swing motor. Function: Directs pilot system oil from the left swing parking brake to release the swing parking brake in the right swing drive housing. pilot manifold. use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained.193 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. provides fine control of swing movement by eliminating the abrupt start and stop during the swing operation. _____ Swing Control Valve Location: Third spool from the outside of the left main control valve. the solenoid sends pilot system oil to release the swing brakes. Function: When energized. Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on the left pump. Function: Supplies oil to the right and left swing motors when swing function is requested. Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component. 18 Lab H Worksheets Answers Locate and Identify Swing System Components INSTRUCTOR NOTE: Fill in the appropriate letters or numbers as you attach tags to the components. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter. _____ Swing Parking Brake Solenoid Valve Location: The second from the bottom solenoid on the pilot manifold. .

19 Lab H Worksheets Answers (continued) Locate and Identify Swing System Components _____ Swing Joystick Location: The left joystick in the cab. _____ Variable Swing Priority Valve Location: Mounted under the main control valve. _____ Swing System Pressure Crossover Relief Valves Location: On the rear of the swing motor.194 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Function: Limit the pressure in the left and right swing circuits during the swing start and stop operation. _____ Engine and Pump Control Module Location: The ECM in the compartment behind the cab. Function: Varies the amount of supply oil that is given to the swing circuit depending on the movement of the joysticks by the operator. This moves the swing control spool which sends hydraulic oil to the swing motors to swing the machine left. _____ Anti-reaction Valves Location: On the bottom front of the swing motor. Function: Pushing left on the joystick sends pilot oil to the LEFT SWING control valve. behind the swing bearing. This moves the swing control spool which sends hydraulic oil to the swing motors to swing the machine right. pulling right on the joystick sends pilot oil to the RIGHT SWING control valve.SERV1855 04/08 . . Function: Controls the swing brake solenoid valve and monitors the swing system pressure. Function: Help stop the swing smoothly and prevent shock loading at the end of swing function.

20 Lab I-1 Worksheet Answers Test and Adjust Swing System Relief Valves Machine Model____________________________ Date____________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours_______________ Swing System Relief Valve Test Tooling: ____ 1-8T0861 Gauge NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the swing system relief valves. refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System.SERV1855 04/08 . Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03). . Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).195 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Item Specification Actual Right Swing Motor Right Swing Relief Valve ____________________ _________________ Right Swing Motor Left Swing Relief Valve ____________________ _________________ Left Swing Motor Right Swing Relief Valve ____________________ _________________ Left Swing Motor Left Swing Relief Valve ____________________ _________________ NOTE: Test each travel crossover relief valve pressure with the engine speed dial at Position 10.

Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°). The Swing Relief Pressures set at 31400 ± 1000 kPa (4555 ± 145 psi). Item Specification Actual Right Swing Motor ____________________ _________________ Left Swing Motor ____________________ _________________ NOTE: Test the swing motor case drain flow at three different motor positions and then average the three flows. refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System. 21 Lab I-2 Worksheet Answers Test Swing Motor Case Drain Flow Machine Model____________________________ Date____________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours_______________ Swing Motor Case Drain Flow Tooling: ____ ____ ____ ____ 1-6V9832 1-6V9746 11- Cap O-ring Seal Container for Measuring Stop watch NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and the swing motor case drain flow. . Machine controls are: Engine Speed Dial at Position 10.196 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03).SERV1855 04/08 .

Function: Filter all the return oil from the implements. Function: Supplies pilot system oil flow to the pilot filter. use these worksheets to take notes as the function of each component is explained.SERV1855 04/08 . _____ Fuel Cooler Location: At the left rear corner of the machine in front of the engine. 22 Lab J Worksheet Answers Locate and Identify Cooling and Return Systems Components INSTRUCTOR NOTE: Fill in the appropriate letters or numbers as you attach tags to the components. swing and travel circuits. Example: _____Pilot Pump Location: The single section gear pump mounted on left main implement pump. Function: Provides cooling for the engine coolant.197 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. During the visual presentation. Function: Provides cooling for the hydraulic oil. behind the pilot filter. pilot manifold and pilot systems. _____ Air to Air After-cooler Location: At the left rear corner of the machine in front of the engine. _____ Return Oil Filter Location: Inside the hydraulic tank. _____ Hydraulic Oil Cooler Location: At the left rear corner of the machine in front of the engine. _____ Radiator Location: At the left rear corner of the machine in front of the engine. Function: Filters the case drain oil from the pumps and motors. . Directions: Place the correct letter or number next to the component. Function: Provides cooling for the engine diesel fuel. Function: Provides cooling for the air going into the intake manifold _____ Case Drain Filter Location: Inside the pump compartment.

. refer to the Service Manual module "345D Excavator Hydraulic System. thd.198 - Laboratory Exercises Handout No. NPTF int.) Gauge [6000 kPa (870 psi)] Nipple. thd. NPTF ext. long w/1/8 in. Hydraulic oil temperature should be 55° ± 5° C (131° ± 9° F°).) Coupler. Valved (w/1/8 in.) NOTE: For the complete procedure to test and adjust the power shift pressure. 23 Lab K Worksheet Answers Test and Adjust Power Shift Pressure Machine Model____________________________ Date____________________________ Serial Number_____________________________ Service Meter Hours_______________ Test and adjust power shift pressure test tooling: ____ ____ ____ ____ 1-6V3079 2-6V4143 2-8T0856 2-6V3989 Hose (14 ft. thd.SERV1855 04/08 . NPTF int. Open (w/1/4 in. Item Specification Actual Low PS Pressure ____________________ _______________ High PS Pressure ____________________ _______________ NOTE: Test and adjust the power shift pressure with the engine speed dial at Position 10. Testing and Adjusting" (Form RENR7325-03).

first determine if the complaint is hydraulic or engine related.SERV1855 04/08 . When power shift pressure to the implement pump regulators increases. T 4. . 1. When the implement or travel controls are in use. When investigating a power complaint. a hydraulic system This is an engine class. T 5. Example: T F F 1. main 2.Implement pump G-port pressure oil comes from the pilot manifold. Boom pilot pressure controls the swing priority pressure reducing valve. T 13. The Stick 2 stick in pilot signal is controlled by the boom down pilot signal going to the boom priority pressure reducing valve. The travel system pressure can be checked while stalling an implement function. T 3 The engine and pump control module receives an electrical signal from the left pump pressure sensor during the swing function. 9. If a question is false.The implement pumps upstroke when the power shift solenoid receives a decrease in electrical signal from the engine and pump control module. The maximum pressure during level travel is regulated by the travel crossover relief valve. the pumps destroke. pump F 12. the implement or travel pressure is regulated by the NFC relief valve. 24 345D Hydraulic EXCAVATOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS OPERATION POSTTEST ANSWERS Directions: Modified True/False. boom up 8.199 - Posttest Answers Handout No. F F T swing 7. engine and pump control F 11. T 6. The NFC relief valve system ensures the implement pumps upstroke or destroke depending on pilot control valve movement.Power shift signal pressure is controlled by the monitor. main F 10. The variable swing priority valve is controlled by the swing priority pressure reducing valve. underline or circle the word or words that make the statement incorrect and replace with word(s) to make the statement correct.

. different times F 16. 25 power shift F 14.Diagnostic information is available from the monitor panel or by using ET. T 17. T 21.200 - Posttest Answers Handout No. highest F 18.Power shift pressure can only be calibrated using the Service Tool and ET software.The Underspeed System regulates NFC pressure to the implement pumps to keep the engine from stalling. one of the signal pressures that control pump flow is the negative flow control pressure.When the implement pumps are at standby.The stick unloading valve is shifted during stick in operation by the stick in pilot pressure. or monitor panel F 24. the highest system pressure from the right or left half of the implement control valve is regulated by the main relief valve.It is possible to have the boom re-generation not function during a boom down operation.SERV1855 04/08 . rod end F 19.When multiple controls are activated. It is possible to have the stick re-generation not function during a stick in operation. The Boom 1 and Boom 2 control valves move at the same time when Boom Up function is activated.On all 345Cs.The implement pump flow is controlled by three different signal pressures sent to the pump regulators. T 23. T 25. T 15. T 20. not possible F 22. the NFC signal pressure is lowest. The horsepower adjustments on the implement pump regulator controls the pump destroking pressure.

The power shift pressure is adjusted to what pressures during the calibration procedure? 496 kPa (72 psi) 2537 kPa (368 psi) 11. the left pump pressure sensor F. The stick unloading valve requires what rod end return pressure to shift? 15700 kPa (2277 psi) .201 - Posttest Answers Handout No. The boom head end and stick rod end line relief valves are adjusted to what pressure? 40000 ± 500 kPa (5800 ± 73 psi) 4. The remaining implement line relief valves are adjusted to what pressure? 37000 ± 500 kPa (5076 ± 73 psi) 5.the straight travel pressure switch G. 6. the pilot system pressure sensor D. The main relief valve is adjusted to what pressure for travel/implement functions? 35000 ± 500 kPa (4950 psi) 7. The travel parking brakes require what pressure to release? 1034 kPa (150 psi) 12. Any reference material and class notes may be used to determine the correct answers. What constant power shift pressure is set during P-Q testing? 2537 kPa (368 psi) 3. the attachment pressure switch H. 1. the left and right travel pressure switches B. The swing motor left and right relief valve pressure setting is adjusted to what pressure? 31400 ± 1000 kPa (4554 ± 145 psi) 9. The engine and pump control does not receive a control signal from A. the right pump pressure sensor E. 26 Directions: Fill In The Blank and Multiple Choice. the implement and swing pressure switch C. the hydraulic activation switch C .SERV1855 04/08 . The travel crossover relief valves are adjusted to what pressure? 37780 kPa ± 1480 (5480 ± 215 psi) 2. The pilot system pressure is adjusted to what pressure? 4100 ± 200 kPa (595 ± 30 psi) 10.

M. Provides 290 kPa (42 psi) back pressure in the return oil lines. If this switch is closed. D. On the front of the swing motor K Swing Brake Solenoid Valve H. Inside spool in left half of implement control valve. Mounted on the right implement pump M Hydraulic Actuation Valve F. Below the cab on resolver block P Stick Unloading Valve O. L. Controlled by the Hydraulic Activation Solenoid on the pilot manifold N. . the EPC energizes the Hydraulic Actuation Solenoid Valve. P. 27 Directions: Match the component with the correct location or description by placing the letter next to the component. On top of the right implement pump J.SERV1855 04/08 . sends right pump flow to both travel motors and left pump flow to the implement and swing functions. Signals the EPC when L or R travel is actuated. E. Control signals from the left and right sections of the implement control valve C. When activated. After Stick In return pressure exceeds 15700 kPa (2300 psi) this valve shifts opening another return oil passage for Stick In return oil. E Pilot Pump I Power Shift Pressure Solenoid A Boom and Swing Priority Pressure Reducing Valves N Implement/Swing Pressure Switch J Boom Drift Reduction Valve G Swing Anti-reaction Valves A. Sends a PWM signal to the power shift solenoid. Receives signals from pressure switches and sensors. Receives EPC signal and sends pilot system oil to release swing brake. On pilot manifold. Below implement control valve opposite pilot manifold B. Prevents the boom cylinders from drifting down under load K. Destrokes pumps based on engine speed O Slow Return Check Valve G.202 - Posttest Answers Handout No. H Hydraulic Actuation Lever Switch L Travel Pressure Switches B Negative Flow Control Signals D Straight Travel Valve C Engine and Pump Control F Underspeed System I. Below the cab on the Travel Control Valve.