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# Rolling Friction

In general, a friction is a resistive force opposing a motion. The surface of contact plays an
important roll on the motion of an object and the resistive force exerted on it. Before going into
the details of what is rolling friction let us take a look at the types of frictions encountered when
an object is in motion.
An object can be set into motion on a surface by different ways. The object may be pushed or
pulled by a force such that only a particular surface is in contact with the mating surface on
which it moves. In this case, the friction that resists the motion is called sliding friction. The
another way is to make the object roll by placing it on circular wheels. In such a case, the friction
gets reduced to a great extent, though, at the cost of additional weights of the carrier and its
wheels. But, still a friction exists when the object is rolled on a surface. This type of friction is
called Rolling Friction.

Rolling Friction Definition
A Rolling friction is a resistive force that opposes the rolling motion of an object. Rolling friction
occurs when a round object rolls around a surface.One can obviously conclude by now that the
study of rolling friction is limited to wheels or rollers and the surface on which they move. That
is, for the same weight, the situation is same whether you put material A or material B on similar
carriage and wheels.
In a broader study, the rolling friction depends on the nature of surfaces in contact. When a coach
with steel wheel is pushed to roll on steel rails, it will travel much more distance than what a
similar coach with rubber tires does when pushed with the same force on a road. The rolling
friction in the first case is far lesser than in the case of the second.

Rolling Friction Formula