You are on page 1of 44

“A STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF A PROFRAMME DEVELOPED TO

IMPROVE THE PRONUNCIATION Of STANDARD IVth STUDENTS
IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE”

DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO D.I.T.E PUNE FOR THE DEGREE OF
D.I.T.E

SUBMITTED BY
HABIBA SHAIKH
S.Y.D.T.ED
ROLL NO-27
DIV-A

GUIDE
AATEKA MADAM

M.C.E. SOCIETY’S JR. COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
AZAM CAMP PUNE- 0 1
JULY-2015

DECLARATION

I hereby declare that the research work done on the topic “A Study Of
Effectiveness Of Programme Developed To Improve Spelling Mistakes I n
English Subject Std-V Marathi Medium” Is original pieces of Research work
done by me I have specified that sources from where the relevant information has
been collected. To the best my knowledge this dissertation is not substantially the
same as those which were submitted or any other academic qualification do this
D.T. Ed, or any Institutions.
Date :

Sign.

Place : Pune
(Researcher)
Habiba Shaikh

CERTIFICATE

This is certify that the work presented in this dissertation on the topic “A
Programme Developed To Improve The Pronunciation Of Standard IVth Students
In English Language ” is own work of Miss : Habiba Shaikh
I, Miss: Habiba Shaikh worked under my supervision for the required period
as per the ordinance the dissertation is satisfactory from the point of view of and I
am forwarding it evaluation to the D.I.E.T.

Sign :

Sign :

Principal

Guide

Sabrina Khan

Aateka Mam

M.C.E Society Junior College of Education
Azam Campus,
Pune -1.

Place :-

Date:-

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
My heart felt gratitude to my guide Prof. Mrs. Aatika Mam & Principal Mrs.
Sabrina Khan for their valuable guidance where to bringing out the study to
stature.
I am also thankful to all professors of M.C.E. society Junior college of
education and all the student of this college without co-operation and help this study
work and experiments would not have been possible.
I give special thanks to my friends and class mates who have given me cooperation to complete to the thesis in time.
1 will be very much thankful to man authors who already completed their
research and laid dose a milestone to many other with their research book without
those references this research could not be completed and last but not least I am
very much thankful to many others who raise their helping hand in my completing
this fast.

Year 2014-2015

Habiba Shaikh

.II 2.3 Statement of Problem 1.5 Objectives 1.4 Operational Definitions 1.1 Introduction 2.3 3.6Assumption 1.1 Introduction 1.1 3.4 Introduction Nature of design Population Sample Page No.2 3.2 Review of Previous Literature 3 Chapter-III Methodology Of Study 3.9 Summary Chapter .2Need & Importance of Research 1.INDEX Sr. No Particulars / Content 1) Title page 2) Declaration 3) Certificate Acknowledgement 1 Chapter -1 Introduction 1.8Scope and Limitation 2 1.7 Hypothesis 1.

4 Conclusion Chapter. Chapter .3 Recommendations 5.2 Conclusion 5.4 Suggestion for further Research Appendix Reference Book .2 Analysis of Data 4.5 Tools of data Collection 3.3.6 Procedure 4.1 Summary 5.V Summary Conclusion 5.IV Presentation Analysis and Interpretation of information 4.1 Introduction 4.3 Interpretation of data 5 4.

The role of English as a passport to knowledge was extremely important in the second phase of the development of an English as a global language. phonetics are introduced to them so that they can learn the correct pronunciation of alphabet. Speaking enables a person to use a language for communication. English has great importance. To learn any language its correct pronunciation is very important. without the knowledge of English we would have been deprived of joy of getting acquainted with the plays of one of the greatest dramatists in the world. .1. in primary classes’ consonants vowels. Primary level is the foundation because a child learns the basic knowledge in primary classes. William Shakespeare. English speaking is very important for child to learn a subject. The English language has brought with it a wealth knowledge and experience which have changed the very nature of Indian culture. So. A can tall his mother that he is thirsty and wants water or ask for any other thing which he needs. At primary level English subject is compulsory for the overall development of a child.1 INTRODUCTION: English can be considered as the window to the world. English is rich in literature.

according to the situation as well as his relationship with the listener. When one is able to speak fluently the next stage is mastered with the collection of suitable words and vocabulary and correct sentence structure. Importance:Speaking enables a person to use a language for communication. To learn any language the correct pronunciation of words are very important. When a person learns to change his vocabulary. The student can understand the correct meaning of that word. . Hence it makes him possible to fulfill his needs. A speak should follow the rule of correct intention. style of talking etc. To keep conversion with the society correct pronunciation is very important when we speak correct words with correct pronunciation then only others can understand what we speak pronunciation of words is the first step towards the mastery in any subject or language.2 Need and Importance People need speaking abilities to communicate the ideas. A person can explain the nature of their feeling. tone. English language can be considered as the window to the world. stress and pronunciation he should also use proper vocabulary.1. to their work done.

Remedial Teaching. Pronunciation Mistakes Dictionary Meaning Pronunciation.” In this research “ Programme means set of activities to remedial teaching about pronunciation mistakes of words in English subject. like review and research. .1. In this Research Remedial Teaching Considered a teaching to avoid mistake of pronunciation of IV std students in English subject.to speak the correct words of English language.3 Statement of Problem “A Study of Effectiveness of A Programme Developed to Improve The Pronunciation of Std-IV Students In English Language. Remedial teaching means sometimes be a simple matter." 1.4 Operational Definitions Programme Dictionary meaning “Programme means plan of procedure or list of events.

3) To develop effectiveness of the programme.5 Objectives 1) To find out number of student who commit mistake in pronunciation ‘Sh’ and ‘Ch’ sound words. Will participate in the programme. 2) To execute the programme for remedial teaching to improve the pronunciation of the words in English subject. while pronouncing English words. IVth Std Those students passed in third standard and took an admission in further class is called IVth std. 1. .In this Research The mistakes done by the students of IVth std. 2) All students of Vth Std.6 Assumption 1) Students know different words of English. 1.

3) It will be only limited about pronunciation mistakes or vocabulary item of English words. Need and Importance of the study. The further chapter reveals the review of related literature. 2) It will be only for std Vth New Ideal School Pune. Objectives of the study. . 1. There will be significant difference between the achievement level of students of Vth Std from Pre-test and Post-test scores. 1.7 Hypothesis The Directional Hypothesis was stated for study. Assumptions.8 Scope and Limitations 1) This research will be included Primary School in Pune city.1. Scope and Limitations etc.9 Sample This chapter is an outline about Action Research Study. Operational Definition. It highlights the Statement of Problem.

Chapter-II REVIEW OF RELATED LETERATURE .

Due to this reason the researcher has done review of related literature with respect to theoretical aspect. it is significant that in English and many other language we can make a distinction between learning and listening.K Shaniksa Bose Doaba House.2.1 INTRODUCTION. Teaching of English. British Received pronunciation model of English represents an unrealistic objective because it is unattainable and in many others ways in suitable for India. 2. The theoretical review is helpful to eliminate the duplication of what has been done and provide useful hypothesis and suggestions for significance investigation. who number runs into million. “Educated Indian English is a perfectly natured and theoretically sound answer to the needs of Indian learners. .2 REVIEW OF RELATED LETERATURE Joanne ken worthy-Teaching English Pronunciation Longman in following words.

* Including various activities to give opportunities to the student to correct pronunciation. . * There view helped the researcher to prepare the programmed for study which included the variety of exercise based on pronunciation.Related Literature * The review helped the researcher to understand the need and importance of pronunciation. * The review helped the research to arrange various activities for improving pronunciation. * Different activities were prepared for the development to avoid mistakes in pronunciation.

Chapter-3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY .

The effect of treatment was judge by the comparison between Pretest and Post-test scores.3 Population All students of IVth Standard student were considered as population of the academic year 2014-2015.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter describes the details about Methodology of Action Research Study. * Experimental method was selected for Action Research Study to avoid pronunciation mistakes in English subject.Chapter-III METHODOLOGY 3. . Section-A 3. * Single group Pre-test and Post-test design was selected for research study.2 Research Design. 3. It is divided into two sections.

TOOLS OF ACTION RESEARCH The main tools used for the action research are divided into four types.3. * One class was selected. Main Tools Observation Questionnaire Interview Tests . * One English medium school was selected.4 Sampling Procedure Incidental sampling was used for selection of sample. * IVth std was selected for research study.

3.5. .1 Pre-test. The purpose of the pre-test was to find out the existing level of students of IVth std about the pronunciation mistakes of English words.5.5 TOOLS OF DATA COLLECTION 3.5. 3.3.2 Programme The purpose of programme was to avoid pronunciation mistakes of English words of IVth std students.3 The Purpose of post-test was to find out the effectiveness of the programme.

.Section-B The following flow chart depicts the procedure for the Action Research Study. Preparation and finalization of tools ↓ Preparation and finalization of programme ↓ Execution of pre-test ↓ Execution of programme ↓ Execution of post-test ↓ Analysis and Interpretation of Data ↓ Conclusion.

4 Nature of pre-test 3.5. * Four questions were formed with equal marks. . 3.5. * The nature of questions was as follows. * Each questions carried the five marks totals marks was twenty.5 Four questions were formed with equal marks. Q1) Read the passage with correct pronunciation.The researcher took guidance of his guide to finalize the tools of data collection. * It is administer before the implementation of programme. *30 minutes allowed solving the pre-test. Q4) Read words with the stress on the capital letters. Q2) Read the silent words. Q3) Read ‘sh’ and ‘ch’ sound words.

3.6 Nature of programme.5. It administered after the execution of the programme. .3.7 The programme was prepared for to avoid the pronunciation mistakes of English words.5. test The purpose of t test was to test the significant difference of the achievement level of the students of IVth std regarding pronunciation mistakes.10 Statistical tool for Analysis of Data. * Different activities organized to improved pronunciation of English words.9 Post-test was formed in some pattern of pre-test. There was no change in the post-test.8 Nature of Post-test 3. * The programme conducted for within 8 days. * One period took for per day to one cute the programme. 3.5. T.5. 3.5.

PROGRAMME Day Time Activities Monday 30 min The researcher given the ‘Sh’ sound words Tuesday 30 min The researcher had given the practice of ‘Ch’ sound Wednesday 30 min Reading of silent words would know knowledge knife Thursday 30 min Pre-test pronunciation by children Friday 30 min The researcher had given remedial teaching to the children Saturday 30 min The researcher given post-test 3. * The population was all students of IVth std in the academic year 2014-2015 * Pre-test and Post-test single group design was chosen. * Statistical tool were used to analysis the data. * Pre-test was administered to find out the existing level of the students.6 Procedure * Experimental method was used in the study. . * Implementation of programme for to avoid pronunciation mistakes of English words.

CHAPTER 4 PRESENTATION. . ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA.

4. It is that value of series witch has highest frequency . Median is the middle number of series above and below witch exactly half of the numbers lie. It is followed by the observation and interpretation. It is the most common item of a series. The data collected during the experiment was analyzed by the following statistical tool. It is the first measure of central tendency. A) Mean is an arithmetic average. The chapter ends with major findings. Mean = M =mean X=scores of student N=total numbers of scores A= sum of the scores B) Median-Median is the second measure of central tendency. In statistics average is known as mean.1 Introduction:The present chapter represents analysis of data collected during the research study. C) Mode – it is the 3rd measure of central tendency.

Graph :- . Y = 1cm = 1 percentage X = 2cm = test GRAPH 2 :- COMPARISION OF MARKS OF PRE-TEST AND POS-TEST OF EACH STUDENT .

4.2 The data collected in this research is given below Table -1 A) Marks obtained by the students of std IV in pre-test Roll Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Marks 9 8 11 8 7 6 5 11 11 10 9 7 6 7 8 8 7 6 10 9 .

Name of the Student 1 2 3 4 5 Sandesh More Komal Chavan Sujit Lokhande Omkar thorat Pathar sitaram Marks of Pre-test Marks of Posttest 9 14 8 11 11 15 8 16 7 20 . No.Table-II Post-test Roll number Marks 1 14 2 11 3 15 4 16 5 20 6 12 7 10 8 17 9 13 10 17 11 17 12 15 13 11 14 12 15 13 16 12 17 11 18 12 19 15 20 14 Mark sheet of Pre-test and Post-test. Sr.

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Komal kamble Mahesh lohakare Samata madekar Minakshi kolekar Ajit kasal Ravina nikal Shreeram guklc Nilesh shinde Arabas sheikh Pranjal sapkal Ralik sayyad Samiksha lhakur Vijay bhamre Priya birajdar Santosh hinge 6 5 11 11 10 9 7 6 7 8 8 7 6 10 9 12 10 17 13 17 17 15 11 12 13 12 11 12 15 14 .

.ANALYSIS OF DATA The collected data is analyzed in the following ways A] Mean of the PRE-TEST M=AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA m=AAA M=813.35 Mean of marks of past test = 13.35 Hence it is clear that the marks of reading of English words had increased after remedial teaching.35 from the above two means it is clear that.15 < 13. Mean of pretest <means of posttest 8.

‘T’ Value Student No.D (Q2-Q1) test test 9 14 5 8 11 3 11 15 4 8 16 8 7 20 3 6 12 6 5 10 5 11 17 6 11 13 2 10 17 7 9 17 8 7 15 8 6 11 5 7 12 5 8 13 5 8 12 4 7 11 4 6 12 6 10 15 5 9 14 5 D2 25 9 16 64 9 36 25 36 4 49 64 64 25 25 25 16 16 36 25 25 .Marks in Post. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Marks in Pre.

05 level 1.15 --------------- Post-test -------------13. M1 M2 Pretest 8.771 Hence The value of ‘t’ by calculation is greater than value of ‘t’ by table i.e. M2 > M1 THE VALUE OF ‘T’ from calculation is 13.e ‘t’ calculation value > ‘t’ table .Interpretation of data Interpretation of data is this way researcher has completed this research more knowledge and understanding the writing skill more effectively after remedial teaching THE MEASURE FINDINGS OF THIS RESEARCH ARE GIVEN BELOW TableSr.35 From the above table it is clear that the mean of post is greater than pretest i.89 and the value of ‘t’ from table at 0. No.

CHAPTER-5 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION .

without the knowledge of English we would have been deprived of joy of getting acquainted with the plays of one of the greatest dramatists in the world. to their work done.5 Background The English language has brought with it a wealth knowledge and experience which have changed the very nature of Indian culture. When one is able to speak fluently the next stage is mastered with the collection of suitable words and vocabulary and correct sentence . To learn any language its correct pronunciation is very important.5. Speaking enables a person to use a language for communication. William Shakespeare. A can tall his mother that he is thirsty and wants water or ask for any other thing which he needs. English speaking is very important for child to learn a subject.1 Summary Chapter . Primary level is the foundation because a child learns the basic knowledge in primary classes. English is rich in literature. At primary level English subject is compulsory for the overall development of a child. Need People need speaking abilities to communicate the ideas. English has great importance.

When a person learns to change his vocabulary. To learn any language the correct pronunciation of words are very important. Hence it makes him possible to fulfill his needs. according to the situation as well as his relationship with the listener. To keep conversion with the society correct pronunciation is very important when we speak correct words with correct pronunciation then only others can understand what we speak pronunciation of words is the first step towards the mastery in any subject or language. Importance:Speaking enables a person to use a language for communication. stress and pronunciation he should also use proper vocabulary. A person can explain the nature of their feeling. The student can understand the correct meaning of that word. English language can be considered as the window to the world. . A speak should follow the rule of correct intention. tone. style of talking etc.structure.

Remedial teaching means sometimes be a simple matter.to speak the correct words of English language.Statement of Problem “A Study of Effectiveness of A Programme Developed to Improve The Pronunciation of Std-IV Students In English Language. Remedial Teaching. . Pronunciation Mistakes Dictionary Meaning Pronunciation.” In this research “Programme means set of activities to remedial teaching about pronunciation mistakes of words in English subject." Operational Definitions Programme Dictionary meaning “Programme means plan of procedure or list of events. like review and research. In this Research Remedial Teaching Considered a teaching to avoid mistake of pronunciation of IV std students in English subject.

. IVth std Those students passed in third standard and took an admission in further class is called IVth std. Objectives 1) To find out number of student who commit mistake in pronunciation ‘Sh’ and ‘Ch’ sound words. 3) To develop effectiveness of the programme. Will participate in the programme. 2) All students of Vth std. Assumption 1) Students know different words of English. while pronouncing English words.In this Research The mistakes done by the students of IVth std. 2) To execute the programme for remedial teaching to improve the pronunciation of the words in English subject.

It highlights the Statement of Problem. Scope and Limitations 1) This research will be included primary school Pune city. Null Hypothesis If the students will be given practice then also their pronunciation will not improve. Assumptions. 3) It will be only limited about pronunciation mistakes or vocabulary item of English words. 2) It will be only for std Vth New Ideal English Medium School. The further chapter reveals the review of related literature. There will be significant difference between the achievement level of students of Vth Std from Pre-test and Post-test scores. . Operational Definition. Scope and Limitations etc. Need and Importance of the study.Hypothesis The Directional Hypothesis was stated for study. Objectives of the study. Sample This chapter is an outline about Action Research Study.

These activities are more useful to improve the sub-skills of pronunciation of words by practice Practice makes man perfect according to this thought the practice of pronouncing words. Researcher hopes that. Conclusion and Recommendation: 5. poem and essay with proper speed. stress. stress. and intonation.1) Recommendation: . in order to improve the reading skill of the students above research is most useful under under the execution of the remedial activities leads to the positive result in post test. It builds enough confidence of the student to read. 5.2) Conclusion: The deep study of this research leads to the following conclusions: 1) Students get the knowledge about the sub-skills of reading or pronouncing words. while conducting Pre-test and Post test by using: 1) Statistics (mean) 2) graph 5. The student are having many problems in the basic linguistic skills. It also creates interest among the students. 2) Students read the story. paragraph. Pune. Researcher observed the change in the students in experimental method.3) Recommendation and Suggestion: 5. this research will play the great role as guideline to the next research.3.1) Summary: This research is conducted in New Ideal School. 5) Students acquire the micro skill of reading. and intonation. And with proper use of punctuation marks 4) Students develop their pronunciation skill by practicing. pronunciation. 3) Students pronounce the words with proper pronunciation. So.1) Summary.

Along with the students it is beneficial to the teachers also: 1) It is very useful to give the information about the different creativities which develop the student pronunciation. 3) This research is helpful to develop reading skill in other language also. Teacher can take new interesting and excellent activity which brings creativeness in teaching learning process. . English. 2) Teacher can follow the activity in order to develop the reading skill of the student. The research will not be used only for ш rd standard but also used in higher educated and other schools.Above research is very helpful to the students to develop reading skill. etc 4) Provide the guidance to the other teachers. Such as Hindi.

2) Suggestions: 1) As the research is carried in reading skill similarly the research should be in the speaking. 5.5.3.4) SUGGESTION FOR FUTURE ACTION RESEARCH STUDY: 1) The same problem can study the mistakes in different languages. 4) New methods of teaching should be used. 5) Regular practice of pronouncing words should be taken. listening and other also because these are also linguistic skills. 3) The parents should also provide their attention towards their children like a teacher. 2) Different standard or level can be included for the same problem . 2) The attitude of parents should be changed.

APPENDIX Programme for pretest words 1 Sandesh More 2 Komal Chavan 3 Sujit Lokhande 4 Omkar thorat 5 Pathar sitaram 6 Komal kamble 7 Mahesh lohakare 8 Samata madekar 9 Minakshi kolekar 10 Ajit kasal 11 Ravina nikal 12 Shreeram guklc 13 Nilesh shinde 14 Arabas sheikh 15 Pranjal sapkal 16 Ralik sayyad 17 Samiksha lhakur 18 Vijay bhamre 19 Priya birajdar 20 Santosh hinge 1. BIBLIOGRAPHY .

Arora (2005) improve your English Agra :M:I publication Joseph :C.S. (2004) teaching of English . R. .H publishing corporation Rao . (2004) Didionary of modern English uses .(2003) Teaching English in India . N.P. English Mumbai A.P(1999) Educational statistic . G. (1992) teaching of English New Delhi :A. publication Suryawanshi . (2005) English – English Dictionary – Agra MI .P (2005) Anyday English for Effective Edition publisher.H publishing Corporation Sharma . publishing. content – Cum-Methodology . New Delhi : Pentagon press publication Pahuja . New Delhi : Shrimati publication Kadam C.G. M. p. Shree Vidya Prakashan Shankar .(1976)English language teaching .P.H(1981) . Mumbai .N. Saraf R. New Delhi : A.M.P. Nutan publication Nancy. Pune .

Data.E.C. . Society Junior College of Education Pune has administered the test for gathering the data required for her thesis from our school.CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Miss habiba Shaikh student of M. Place.

P and ACHARYAS (Jan 2005) Impact of visual on the achievement at rural pupil HASS K. .B and PACKER H.S. 2) PATIL.J (1967) Modern teaching aids a practical guide to audio visual techniques in education.BIBLOGRAPHY REFERENCE BOOK Action research and Innovation. (Nirali Prakashan) 1) ATKINSON N.Q. (1960) Preparation and use of A. Aids (4rd Ed).V.