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Ganong _ Physiology Self-Assessment-3

Question 263 of 576
Choose the one best response to this question.

Which of the following hormones has the shortest plasma half-life?
A. Corticosterone
B. Renin
C. Dehydroepiandrosterone
D. Aldosterone
E. Norepinephrine

Question 264 of 576
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A young man presents with a blood pressure of 175/110 mm Hg. He is found to have a high
circulating aldosterone but a low circulating cortisol. Glucocorticoid treatment lowers his
circulating aldosterone and lowers his blood pressure to 140/85 mm Hg. He probably has an
abnormal
A. 17 -hydroxylase
B. 21 -hydroxylase
C. 3 -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase
D. aldosterone synthase
E. cholesterol desmolase

Question 265 of 576
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The mechanism by which glucagon produces an increase in the plasma glucose concentration
involves
A. binding of glucagon to DNA in the nucleus of target cells
B. binding of glucagon to receptors in the cytoplasm of target cells
C. activation of Gs in target cells
D. increased binding of Ca2+ in the cytoplasm of target cells
E. inhibition of insulin secretion

Question 266 of 576
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Which of the following is most likely to bring about improvement in exophthalmos?
A. Administration of T4
B. Administration of drugs that inhibit the production of T lymphocytes
C. Administration of testosterone
D. Hypophysectomy
E. Thyroidectomy

Question 267 of 576
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The enzyme primarily responsible for the conversion of T4 to T3 in the periphery is
A. D1 thyroid deiodinase
B. D2 thyroid deiodinase
C. D3 thyroid deiodinase
D. Thyroid peroxidase
E. None of the above
Question 268 of 576
Choose the one best response to this question.

The metabolic rate is least affected by an increase in the plasma level of
A. TSH
B. TRH
C. TBG
D. free T4
E. free T3

Question 269 of 576
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Which of the following would you expect to find in a patient whose diet has been low in
calcium for 2 months?
A. Increased formation of 24,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol
B. Decreased amounts of calcium-binding protein in intestinal epithelial cells
C. Increased parathyroid hormone secretion
D. A high plasma calcitonin concentration
E. Increased plasma phosphates

Question 270 of 576
Choose the one best response to this question.

The coupling of monoiodotyrosine and diiodotyrosine and the iodination of thyroglobulin is
blocked by
A. divalent cations
B. monovalent anions such as perchlorate
C. TSH
D. TRH
E. thiourylenes such as methimazole

Question 271 of 576
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Match the statement with the lettered steroid conversion that is most closely associated with
it. Primary site of action of ACTH
A. Progesterone

corticosterone

B. Corticosterone

aldosterone

C. 17-Hydroxypregnenolone

dehydroepian-drosterone

D. 17-Hydroxyprogesterone

11-deoxycortisol

E. Cholesterol

pregnenolone

Question 272 of 576
Choose the one best response to this question.

Match the statement with the lettered steroid conversion that is most closely associated with
it. Produces a 17-ketosteroid
A. Progesterone

corticosterone

B. Corticosterone

aldosterone

C. 17-Hydroxypregnenolone

dehydroepian-drosterone

D. 17-Hydroxyprogesterone

11-deoxycortisol

E. Cholesterol

pregnenolone

Question 273 of 576
Choose the one best response to this question.

Glucagon is not normally found in the
A. brain
B. pancreas
C. gastrointestinal tract
D. plasma

adrenal glands Question 274 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. renal tubular cells C. Which of the following is not characteristic of primary hyperaldosteroidism? A. most neurons in the cerebral cortex . B cells : insulin B. the mucosa of the small intestine D.E. Low plasma K+ Question 276 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Which of the following are incorrectly paired? A. Normal plasma ACTH C. A cells : glucagon D. F cells : gastrin Question 275 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. all tissues B. D cells : somatostatin C. Low plasma renin activity B. High plasma Na+ E. Hypertension D. Insulin increases the entry of glucose into A. Pancreatic exocrine cells : chymotrypsinogen E.

She has an elevated plasma Ca2+ but her plasma PTH is zero. Cancer of the colon Question 278 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. glucagon secretion is also stimulated by the meal D. The most likely diagnosis is A. Adrenal insufficiency C. cortisol in the circulation prevents glucose from entering muscle C. Epinephrine : increased glycogenolysis in skel-etal muscle B. A 57-year-old woman complains of fatigue and weight loss. insulin does not bind to insulin receptors if the plasma concentration of amino acids is elevated Question 280 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. skeletal muscle Question 277 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Hypoparathyroidism D. Which of the following are incorrectly paired? A. Hypopituitarism E.E. the amino acids in the meal are promptly converted to glucose E. A gain-of-function mutation of the gene coding Ca2+ receptors B. the meal causes a compensatory increase in T4 secretion B. Insulin : increased protein synthesis . A meal rich in proteins containing the amino acids that stimulate insulin secretion but low in carbohydrate does not cause hypoglycemia because A.

but their effects are different. Question 282 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. whereas PTHrP activates phospholipase C. Progressive loss of vision A. B. Microvascular complication of diabetes B. C. Progesterone : increased plasma glucose level E. Glucagon : increased gluconeogenesis D.C. Which of the following is the most likely explanation of this observation? A. Caused by chronic hypoglycemia Question 283 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. PTH acts on the brain. . Growth hormone : increased plasma glucose level Question 281 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Uncommon in type 1 diabetes E. Match the signs and symptoms with the lettered item that is most appropriate. Macrovascular complication of diabetes C. whereas PTHrP does not. PTH and PTHrP activate the same receptor. When PTH binds to the common receptor. PTHrP acts mainly on fetal tissues. For unknown reasons. E. whereas PTH acts mainly on adult tissues. and vice versa. There is an additional receptor in the body that responds to PTH but not to PTHrP. Neuropathic complication of diabetes D. it activates adenylyl cyclase. D. Plasma PTH is high when plasma PTHrP is low.

-MSH C. Increased plasma levels of free fatty acids C. Which of the following is not produced by total pancreatectomy? A. Severe chest pain and nausea A.Match the signs and symptoms with the lettered item that is most appropriate. . No change or a rise in the plasma insulin level E. Neuropathic complication of diabetes D. No change or a rise in the plasma glucagon level Question 286 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Macrovascular complication of diabetes C. ACTH D. Uncommon in type 1 diabetes E. Which of the following pituitary hormones is an opioid peptide? A. Decreased plasma PCO2 D. Caused by chronic hypoglycemia Question 284 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. -Melanocyte-stimulating hormone ( -MSH) B. -Endorphin Question 285 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Microvascular complication of diabetes B. Growth hormone E. Steatorrhea B.

GLUT 3 D. Which of the following is produced only by large amounts of glucocorticoids? A.Match the signs and symptoms with the lettered item that is most appropriate. GLUT 2 C. Macrovascular complication of diabetes C. Microvascular complication of diabetes B. Inhibition of ACTH secretion Question 288 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Neuropathic complication of diabetes D. GLUT 4 E. Increased excretion of a water load D. Caused by chronic hypoglycemia Question 287 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Uncommon in type 1 diabetes E. Maintenance of normal vascular reactivity C. Impotence and abdominal pain A. SGLT 1 Question 290 of 576 . Glucose increases plasma insulin by a process that involves A. Normal responsiveness of fat depots to norepinephrine B. GLUT 1 B. Inhibition of the inflammatory response E.

increases transport of ENaCs from the cytoplasm to the cell membrane B. placenta D. aldosterone A. Arginine vasopressin C. Aldosterone . CRH B. Dehydroepiandrosterone D. binds to a receptor in the nucleus D. does not act on the cell membrane C. uterus B. hypothalamus Question 292 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. In its action in cells. anterior pituitary E. may activate a heat shock protein E.Choose the one best response to this question. Decidual cells are found in the A. Estrogens E. also binds to glucocorticoid receptors Question 291 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. prostate C. The secretion of which of the following would be least affected by a decrease in extracellular fluid volume? A.

cells in the peritubular capillary bed Question 296 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. type 2 11 -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity B. decreased secretion of calcitonin D.25-dihydroxycholecalciferol C. juxtaglomerular cells E. she admits that she loves licorice and eats some at least three times a week. 11 -hydroxylase activity D. cells in the proximal tubules C. Renin is secreted by A. ACTH C.Question 293 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. increased formation of 1. decreased blood coagulability E. In response to questioning. glucuronyl transferase . A 32-year-old woman presents with a blood pressure of 155/96 mm Hg. increased formation of 24. bone demineralization B. cells in the macula densa B. A high plasma Ca2+ level causes A. She probably has a low level of A. cells in the distal tubules D.25-dihydroxycholecalciferol Question 295 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.

Full development and function of the seminiferous tubules require A. androgens and FSH Question 300 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene defect B. Na+ and K+ cotransport D. somatostatin B. Laron dwarfism A. Endocytosis B.E. Primary active transport E. FSH E. Secondary active transport Question 299 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Chronic abuse and neglect C. LH C. Increasing intracellular I– due to the action of the Na+/I– symporter is an example of A. Match the condition with the lettered abnormality causing dwarfism that is most closely associated with it. Passive diffusion C. oxytocin D. Defective growth hormone receptors . norepinephrine Question 297 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.

Match the statement with the lettered steroid conversion that is most closely associated with it. Vasopressin D. which of the following has the greatest effect on Na+ excretion? A. 17-Hydroxypregnenolone dehydroepian-drosterone D. Dehydroepiandrosterone Question 302 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Blocked in congenital 17 -hydroxylase deficiency A. Cholesterol pregnenolone Question 303 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Progesterone B. Which of the following hormones is not made up of A. Progesterone corticosterone B. Increased circulating gonadal steroids Question 301 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. LH .D. TSH B. 17-Hydroxyprogesterone 11-deoxycortisol E. Mole for mole. Cortisol C. Thyroid hormone deficiency E.and -subunits? . Aldosterone E. Corticosterone aldosterone C.

Skin C. hCG E. which of the following has the greatest effect on plasma osmolality? A. Dehydroepiandrosterone Question 306 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Lungs E. A patient with parathyroid deficiency 10 days after inadvertent damage to the parathyroid glands during thyroid surgery would probably have . Intestine Question 305 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Prolactin Question 304 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Vasopressin D. Progesterone B. Mole for mole. Which of the following is not involved in regulating plasma Ca2+ levels? A.C. Cortisol C. Aldosterone E. Liver D. Kidneys B. FSH D.

Kaspar Hauser syndrome A. changes gastric acid secretion E. Increased circulating gonadal steroids Question 308 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. decreases cell turnover D. increased muscular excitability. high plasma phosphate and Ca2+ levels and bone demineralization E. includes alterations in the activity of genes B. . Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene defect B. low plasma phosphate and Ca2+ levels and tetanus C.A. increased muscular excitability. activates adenylyl cyclase C. and a characteristic spasm of the muscles of the upper extremity (Trousseau's sign) D. a high plasma Ca2+ level. Defective growth hormone receptors D. and bone demineralization Question 307 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. 1. is comparable to the action of polypeptide hormones Question 309 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Thyroid hormone deficiency E.25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol affects intestinal Ca2+ absorption through a mechanism that A. a low plasma Ca2+ level. Chronic abuse and neglect C. Match the condition with the lettered abnormality causing dwarfism that is most closely associated with it. low plasma phosphate and Ca2+ levels and tetany B.

25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol D. 17 -Hydroxyprogesterone B. 1. Calcitonin C. anterior pituitary E. Which of the following is not a steroid? A. Total plasma calcium concentration E. hypothalamus Question 310 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Plasma Ca2+ concentration Question 312 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Which of the following exerts the greatest effect on parathyroid hormone secretion? A. Estrone C. Relaxin D. .Castration cells are found in the A. prostate C. Plasma phosphate concentration B. Etiocholanolone Question 311 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. uterus B. placenta D. Pregnenolone E.

Arginine vasopressin D. which of the following is defective? A. 17-Hydroxypregnenolone dehydroepian-drosterone D. Erythropoietin C. Osteoclasts E. A prohormone A. In osteopetrosis. Aldosterone Question 314 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Structure of PTHrP C. Corticosterone aldosterone C. . Cholesterol pregnenolone Question 313 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Osteoblasts D.Match the statement with the lettered steroid conversion that is most closely associated with it. Thyroxine B. Melatonin E. Match the statement with the lettered hormone that is most closely associated with it. Progesterone corticosterone B. Phosphate deposition in trabecular bone B. 17-Hydroxyprogesterone 11-deoxycortisol E. Inhibited in congenital 21-hydroxylase deficiency A. Bone collagen Question 315 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.

Pseudohypoparathyroidism B. Cancer D. Which of the labeled structures in Figure 23–B has a higher concentration of angiotensin II than plasma does? Figure 23–B. Adrenal failure C. . testosterone is produced mainly by the A. Leydig cells B.In which of the following diseases is plasma PTH often elevated? A. seminiferous tubules D. Sertoli cells C. Precocious puberty Question 316 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. In human males. epididymis E. Congestive heart failure E. vas deferens Question 317 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.

Decreased plasma aldosterone . Increased plasma renin activity E. C. E.A. Which of the following is least likely to contribute to the beneficial effects of angiotensinconverting enzyme inhibitors in the treatment of congestive heart failure? A. D. B. Vasodilation B. Decreased cardiac growth C. Decreased cardiac afterload D. Question 318 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.

In osteogenesis imperfecta. Hypothyroidism: low plasma growth hormone concentration C. African pygmies : low plasma growth hormone E. Osteoclasts E. Structure of PTHrP C. increase Na+ absorption in the small intestine E. Osteoblasts D. which of the following is defective? A. inhibit K+ absorption in the crypts of Lieberkühn D. Phosphate deposition in trabecular bone B. Drugs and toxins that increase the cAMP content of the intestinal mucosa cause diarrhea because they A. increase Na+–K+ cotransport in the small intestine B. Which of the following are incorrectly paired? A. Acromegaly : high plasma IGF-I concentration Question 321 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Gigantism : increased growth hormone secretion before puberty D. increase Cl– secretion into the intestinal lumen . increase K+ secretion into the colon C. Bone collagen Question 320 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.Question 319 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Intermediate lobe : corticotropin-like intermediate lobe peptide (CLIP) B.

Thyroid hormone deficiency E. fibrinogen C. After complete hepatectomy. Match the condition with the lettered abnormality causing dwarfism that is most closely associated with it. a rise would be expected in the blood level of A. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene defect B. conjugated bilirubin E. glucose B. 25-hydroxycholecalciferol D. Which of the following is not characteristic of hypopituitarism? A.Question 322 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Defective growth hormone receptors D. Pallor D. Cachexia B. estrogens Question 324 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Low basal metabolic rate . Chronic abuse and neglect C. Increased circulating gonadal steroids Question 323 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Infertility C. Achondroplasia A.

requires dimerization to exert its effects C. Defective growth hormone receptors D. Aldosterone Question 326 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. The growth hormone receptor A. Erythropoietin C. Arginine vasopressin D. An indole A. Increased circulating gonadal steroids Question 327 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.E. Thyroxine B. Cretinism A. Match the statement with the lettered hormone that is most closely associated with it. Match the condition with the lettered abnormality causing dwarfism that is most closely associated with it. must be internalized to exert its effects . activates Gs B. Chronic abuse and neglect C. Intolerance to stress Question 325 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Thyroid hormone deficiency E. Melatonin E. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene defect B.

the brain secretes a substance that inhibits the responsiveness of the gonads to gonadotropins E. and concludes that this proves that growth hormone feeds back to inhibit GRH secretion. Do you accept this conclusion? A. because growth hormone binds GRH. resembles the ACTH receptor Question 330 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. because the infused growth hormone could be stimulating dopamine secretion C. the ovaries and testes are unresponsive to gonadotropins C. A scientist finds that infusion of growth hormone into the median eminence of the hypothalamus in experimental animals inhibits the secretion of growth hormone. Yes. because growth hormone does not cross the blood-brain barrier B. the tissues are unresponsive to gonadal steroids B. the pituitary cannot manufacture adequate amounts of gonadotropins D. No. Yes. . because substances placed in the median eminence could be transported to the anterior pituitary D. because systemically administered growth hormone inhibits growth hormone secretion E. the hypothalamus fails to secrete GnRH in a pulsatile fashion Question 331 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. No.D. resembles the IGF-I receptor E. because before that age A. Puberty does not normally occur in humans under the age of 8 years. inactivating it Question 332 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. No.

if the item affects (b) below. if the item affects neither (a) nor (b) Question 333 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Ferritin in the intestinal mucosa (a) Absorption of glucose (b) Absorption of amino acids A. if the item affects neither (a) nor (b) Question 335 of 576 . if the item affects (a) above.Na+ in the intestinal lumen (a) Absorption of glucose (b) Absorption of amino acids A. Thyroid hormone deficiency E. Defective growth hormone receptors D. if the item affects (b) below. C. Increased circulating gonadal steroids Question 334 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Match the condition with the lettered abnormality causing dwarfism that is most closely associated with it. C. Chronic abuse and neglect C. if the item affects both (a) and (b). Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene defect B. and D. Precocious puberty A. B. B. and D. if the item affects both (a) and (b). if the item affects (a) above.

the gastroileal reflex B.Choose the one best response to this question. Which of the following is not synthesized in both endocrine glands and the brain? A. her blood pressure to rise because her peripheral resistance would fall C. her blood pressure to rise because her cardiac output would fall B. Dopamine D. the enterogastric reflex . ACTH E. her plasma renin activity to fall because her circulating angiotensin I level would rise Question 338 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. increased circulating levels of CCK C. increased circulating levels of somatostatin E. Somatostatin B. the gastrocolic reflex D. a drug that inhibits angiotensin-converting enzyme. The cause of colonic contractions in this situation is A. When a woman who has been on a low-sodium diet for 8 days is given an intravenous injection of captopril. her blood pressure to fall because her peripheral resistance would fall E. defecation often follows a meal. ER Question 336 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. one would expect A. In infants. her blood pressure to fall because her cardiac output would fall D. Cortisol C.

progesterone C. If a young woman has high plasma levels of T3. hCG . stimulation of the optic nerve E. Home-use kits for determining a woman's fertile period depend on the detection of one hormone in the urine. This hormone is A. FSH B. stimulation of the superior cervical ganglia B. she has been subjected to chronic stress Question 340 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. induction of pineal hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase Question 342 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. estradiol D. she has been treated with T3 and cortisol C. intravenous infusion of epinephrine D. she has been treated with TSH and ACTH B. she is in the third trimester of pregnancy D. she has an adrenocortical tumor E. and renin activity but her blood pressure is only slightly elevated and she has no symptoms or signs of thyrotoxicosis or Cushing's syndrome. the most likely explanation is that A. Melatonin secretion would probably not be increased by A.Question 339 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. cortisol. intravenous infusion of tryptophan C.

Which of the following is not a male secondary sexual characteristic? A. Metabolic acidosis D.E. guanylyl cyclase activity E. An enlarged penis Question 345 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. GTP Question 346 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Vitamin E deficiency B. Increased fat in the buttocks E. LH Question 343 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. A deep voice D. Activation of receptors for ANP increases target cell A. IP3 C. Weight gain . protein kinase A activity D. An increased incidence of acne C. cAMP B. Hyperglycemia C. Which of the following would not be produced by total pancreatectomy? A. A beard B.

uterine tubes E. Match the statement with the lettered hormone that is most closely associated with it. Arginine vasopressin D. Thyroxine B. vagina B. Melatonin E.E. uterine cavity D. abdominal cavity Question 349 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Aldosterone Question 348 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. fertilization usually occurs in the A. cervix C. In humans. Primarily involved in the regulation of extracellular fluid volume A. Decreased absorption of amino acids Question 347 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Plasma K+ (a) Absorption of glucose (b) Absorption of amino acids . Erythropoietin C.

A. Constriction of the ascending aorta E. if the item affects both (a) and (b). Constriction of the inferior vena cava Question 351 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Erythropoietin D. Plasma Bilirubin Pattern Direct Indirect Plasma Alkaline Hematocrit Plasma Phosphatase BileAcids A B — — — — — — C D — — — — . Prolactin B. Which of the following would be expected to cause an increase in ANP secretion from the heart? A. Growth hormone C. and D. Which set of data in Table 26–A would be found in a patient with a resection of the ileum? Table 26–A. B. if the item affects (a) above. if the item affects (b) below. C. if the item affects neither (a) nor (b) Question 350 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.

contains iron C. Which of the following probably triggers the onset of labor? A. . stimulates renin secretion E. Question 352 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. D. Erythropoietin A. = marked increase. A. B.E — — = no change. ACTH in the mother C. = increase. Oxytocin E. Placental renin Question 353 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. E. C. contains zinc B. acts on red cell precursors in bone marrow Question 354 of 576 = decrease. is an important ligand for iron in the tissues D. ACTH in the fetus B. Prostaglandins D.

Choose the one best response to this question. Erythropoietin C. Thyroxine B. The retina and the penis arise from the same embryonic structure Question 355 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. It dilates the blood vessels in the retina B. Sildenafil (Viagra) causes transient difficulty with color perception because A. Match the statement with the lettered hormone that is most closely associated with it. Melatonin . Arginine vasopressin D. Primarily involved in the regulation of extracellular fluid osmolality A. Melatonin E. Related isoforms of guanylyl cyclase are found in the retina and in the penis D. Related isoforms of phosphodiesterase are found in the retina and in the penis E. Arginine vasopressin D. Thyroxine B. Match the statement with the lettered hormone that is most closely associated with it. It constricts the blood vessels in the retina C. Primarily involved in the regulation of the metabolic rate A. Aldosterone Question 356 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Erythropoietin C.

ileum. ileum. Increased cAMP in enterocytes B. Many different abnormalities cause diarrhea. Administration of a drug that blocks angiotensin-converting enzyme B. Feces. feces B. ileum. Administration of a drug that blocks AT1 receptors . jejunum C.E. Abnormal digestion of carbohydrates Question 358 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Water is absorbed in the jejunum. Which of the following would not be expected to increase renin secretion? A. ileum. Colon. Increased gastric acid secretion C. Match the diarrhea-producing disorder with the lettered abnormality most closely associated with it. jejunum. jejunum. Colon. colon Question 359 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Increased bile acids in the colon D. colon. ileum. Jejunum. ileum. colon. feces E. feces D. A. Aldosterone Question 357 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. and colon and excreted in the feces. jejunum. Lactase deficiency A. Alteration in intestinal mucin composition E. Feces. Arrange these in order of the amount of water absorbed or excreted from greatest to smallest.

. the ventricular rate is lower than the atrial rate B. In second-degree heart block A. Constriction of the aorta between the celiac artery and the renal arteries E. stroke volume is decreased E. hypercalcemia B. Administration of a drug that blocks -adrenergic receptors D.25-dihydroxycholecalciferol E. there is a high incidence of ventricular tachycardia D.C. oxalates in the diet C. Calcium absorption is increased by A. cardiac output is increased Question 361 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. iron overload D. increased Na+ absorption Question 362 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. the ventricular ECG complexes are distorted C. Administration of a drug that reduces ECF volume Question 360 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Which of the patterns in Figure 27–A would be seen if plasma from an individual with blood type O were mixed with red cells from an individual with blood type B? Figure 27–A. 1.

Red blood cells in plasma. A. Erythropoietin C. Increased by injection of ACTH A. B. Arginine vasopressin D. Match the statement with the lettered hormone that is most closely associated with it. Melatonin E. Question 363 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Which of the following are incorrectly paired? A. Pancreatic -amylase : starch B. Elastase : tissues rich in elastin . Thyroxine B. Aldosterone Question 364 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.

ileum E. duodenum C. jejunum D. Elevated levels of direct-acting plasma bilirubin C. stomach B. Reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus A. Enteropeptidase : fatty acids D. Rennin : coagulated milk E. The pathway from the intestinal lumen to the circulating blood for a short-chain fatty acid (< 10 carbon atoms) is . colon Question 368 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Maximum absorption of short-chain fatty acids produced by bacteria occurs in the A. Match the abnormality with the condition it produces. Sprue Question 366 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Heartburn E. Congenital defect in the distal portion of the myenteric plexus B. Excess gastric acid secretion D.C. Lingual lipase : digestion in the stomach Question 365 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question.

intestinal mucosal cell chylomicrons lymphatic duct B. The cell shown in Figure 27–B probably does not contain A. actin B. a Y chromosome systemic venous blood systemic venous blood Question 369 of 576 Figure 27–B. cathepsins E. intestinal mucosal cell LDL lymphatic duct hepatic portal vein blood Choose the one best response to this question. intestinal mucosal cell hepatic portal vein blood C.A. systemic venous blood systemic venous blood systemic venous blood . free radicals C. space between mucosal cells lymphatic duct D. space between mucosal cells chylomicrons E. myeloperoxidase D.

E. Plasma Bilirubin Pattern Direct Indirect Plasma Alkaline Hematocrit Plasma Phosphatase BileAcids A — — B — — — — C — — D — E — — — = no change. Which set of data in Table 26–A would be found in a patient with intravascular hemolysis? Table 26–A. = decrease.Question 370 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. In complete heart block (1) fainting may occur because the atria are unable to pump blood into the ventricles (2) ventricular fibrillation is common (3) the atrial rate is lower than the ventricular rate . C. B. = increase. Question 371 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. = marked increase. D. A.

if the item affects neither (a) nor (b) Question 374 of 576 . Affected by alterations in iron metabolism A. B. if (2) and (4) are correct. if the item affects (a) above. C.(4) fainting may occur because of prolonged periods during which the ventricles fail to contract A. Plasma insulin (a) Absorption of glucose (b) Absorption of amino acids A. if (1) and (3) are correct. Aldosterone Question 373 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Erythropoietin C. Melatonin E. Match the statement with the lettered hormone that is most closely associated with it. C. if all are correct Question 372 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. B. if the item affects both (a) and (b). and E. if the item affects (b) below. and D. if only (4) is correct. Thyroxine B. D. Arginine vasopressin D. (2). and (3) are correct. if (1).

E. = increase.Choose the one best response to this question. Its protein content increases D. A. Its pH decreases . Its hematocrit increases B. Plasma Bilirubin Pattern Direct Indirect Plasma Alkaline Hematocrit Plasma Phosphatase BileAcids A — — B — — — — C — — D — E — — — = no change. C. B. Question 375 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. = marked increase. Its hemoglobin dissociation curve shifts to the left C. D. Which of the following does not occur as blood passes through the systemic capillaries? A. Which set of data in Table 26–A would be found in a patient with infectious hepatitis? Table 26–A. = decrease.

B. decreased urinary urobilinogen Question 377 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. A. megaloblastic anemia C. In which of the patterns in Figure 27–A would the hemoglobin in the plasma be highest? Figure 27–A. Removal of the entire colon would be expected to cause A. an increase in the blood level of ammonia in patients with cirrhosis of the liver E. Its red blood cells increase in size Question 376 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. .E. Red blood cells in plasma. severe malnutrition D. death B.

Bile in the gallbladder C. Which of the following has the highest pH? A. and D. if the item affects (b) below. Trypsin in the intestinal lumen (a) Absorption of glucose (b) Absorption of amino acids A. if the item affects (a) above. the eosinophil is the most common type of white blood cell B. C. In normal human blood A. if the item affects both (a) and (b).Question 378 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. there are more platelets than red cells Question 379 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Gastric juice B. the iron is mostly in hemoglobin D. if the item affects neither (a) nor (b) Question 381 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. there are more lymphocytes than neutrophils C. there are more white cells than red cells E. Pancreatic juice D. Saliva . B.

Excess gastric acid secretion D. Which of the following plasma proteins is not synthesized primarily in the liver? A. B. Secretions of the intestinal glands Question 386 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Zollinger–Ellison syndrome A. Angiotensinogen B. Heartburn E. Elevated levels of direct-acting plasma bilirubin C. 2-Macroglobulin E. Phloridzin (a) Absorption of glucose (b) Absorption of amino acids A. Match the abnormality with the condition it produces. C-reactive protein C. Angiotensin II-converting enzyme D. if the item affects (b) below.E. . Fibrinogen Question 388 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Sprue Question 387 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Congenital defect in the distal portion of the myenteric plexus B. if the item affects (a) above.

Alteration in intestinal mucin composition E. if the item affects neither (a) nor (b) Question 389 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Increased cAMP in enterocytes B. Increased gastric acid secretion C. Many different abnormalities cause diarrhea. . D. Abnormal digestion of carbohydrates Question 390 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. if (1). if the item affects both (a) and (b). Increased bile acids in the colon D. and D. if all are correct Question 391 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Operations that bypass the terminal ileum A. C. if only (4) is correct. B.C. Match the diarrhea-producing disorder with the lettered abnormality most closely associated with it. if (2) and (4) are correct. (2). if (1) and (3) are correct. and (3) are correct. Reentry is a common cause of (1) paroxysmal atrial tachycardia (2) paroxysmal nodal tachycardia (3) atrial fibrillation (4) sinus arrhythmia A. and E.

Zollinger–Ellison syndrome A. Ulcerative colitis A. Alteration in intestinal mucin composition E.Many different abnormalities cause diarrhea. Increased cAMP in enterocytes B. increased blood pressure B. Match the diarrhea-producing disorder with the lettered abnormality most closely associated with it. Increased cAMP in enterocytes B. Increased bile acids in the colon D. Many different abnormalities cause diarrhea. Increased bile acids in the colon D. hyperglycemia Question 393 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Abnormal digestion of carbohydrates Question 395 of 576 . Alteration in intestinal mucin composition E. increased secretion of CCK D. Abnormal digestion of carbohydrates Question 392 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. increased secretion of glucagon C. hypoglycemia E. Increased gastric acid secretion C. Match the diarrhea-producing disorder with the lettered abnormality most closely associated with it. Increased gastric acid secretion C. The symptoms of the dumping syndrome (discomfort after meals in patients with intestinal short circuits such as anastomosis of the jejunum to the stomach) are caused in part by A.

Match the abnormality with the condition it produces. E. Question 396 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Point where mitral valve opens Figure 29–B.Choose the one best response to this question. Elevated levels of direct-acting plasma bilirubin . C. Select the letter in Figure 29–B that identifies the following. Obstruction of the common bile duct A. Congenital defect in the distal portion of the myenteric plexus B. B. D. A. Pressure-volume curve of left ventricle.

vibrations in the ventricular wall during systole C. The fourth heart sound is caused by A. closure of the aortic and pulmonary valves B.C. retrograde flow in the vena cava ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- . Sprue Question 397 of 576 Choose the one best response to this question. Excess gastric acid secretion D. ventricular filling D. Heartburn E. closure of the mitral and tricuspid valves E.