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No.

2B771-044EN*D

OPERATION MANUAL
FOR
DIAGNOSTIC ULTRASOUND SYSTEM

MODEL TUS-A400
MEASUREMENTS VOLUME
(2B771-044EN*D)

IMPORTANT!
Read and understand this manual before operating
the equipment. After reading, keep this manual in an
easily accessible place.

 TOSHIBA MEDICAL SYSTEMS CORPORATION 2011-2012
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Trademarks
Microsoft® Windows® XP is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the USA and other
countries.
APLIO, Dynamic Flow, ApliPure, MicroPure, and TwinView are trademarks of Toshiba Medical
Systems Corporation.
This manual may include trademarks or registered trademarks of other companies.
Note that the trademark symbol "" and the registered trademark symbol "" may or may not
be used in this manual.

IMPORTANT!
1. No part of this manual may be copied or reprinted, in whole or in part,
without prior written permission.
2. The contents of this manual are subject to change without prior notice
and without legal obligation.
3. The contents of this manual are correct to the best of our knowledge.
Please inform us of any ambiguous or erroneous descriptions, missing
information, etc.

No. 2B771-044EN*D

Table of Contents
1.

Outline of Measurement Functions .................... 1-1

1.1

Switches Used for Measurement ................................................. 1-1

1.2

Setting the Measurement ................................................................... 1-2

1.3

Modifying a Measurement ................................................................. 1-3

1.4

Deleting a Measurement ..................................................................... 1-6

1.4.1

Deleting a measurement using the touch panel ............................... 1-6

1.4.2

Deleting the selected measurement result ......................................... 1-7

1.5

Changing the Result Display Position ..................................... 1-8

1.6

Worksheet Screen ................................................................................... 1-9

2.

2D-Mode Measurements .................................................... 2-1

2.1

Distance Measurement (Distance) .............................................. 2-2

2.2

Curved Line Distance Measurement (Trace Length)..... 2-3

2.2.1

Continuous Trace .......................................................................................... 2-3

2.2.2

Spline Trace ..................................................................................................... 2-4

2.3

Angle Measurement (Angle) ............................................................ 2-5

2.4

Area/Circumference Measurement (Area) ............................. 2-6

2.4.1

Continuous Trace .......................................................................................... 2-6

2.4.2

Spline Trace ..................................................................................................... 2-6

2.4.3

Ellipse ................................................................................................................. 2-7

2.4.4

Cross ................................................................................................................... 2-8

2.5

Volume Measurement (Volume).................................................. 2-10

2.6

Joint Measurement ............................................................................... 2-11
No. 2B771-044EN*D
-a-

2.7

MeanIMT Measurement ..................................................................... 2-12

2.8

%Stenosis (Distance) Measurement ....................................... 2-14

2.9

%Stenosis (Area) Measurement ................................................. 2-15

3.

M-mode Measurements....................................................... 3-1

3.1

M-Mode Distance Measurement (Distance) ......................... 3-2

3.2

Slope Measurement (Slope)............................................................. 3-3

3.3

Time Measurement (Time)................................................................. 3-4

3.4

Heart Rate Measurement (HR)........................................................ 3-5

4.

Doppler-Mode Measurements .................................... 4-1

4.1

Velocity Measurement (Velocity) ................................................. 4-2

4.2

Acceleration Measurement (Accel) ............................................ 4-3

4.3

Time Measurement (Time)................................................................. 4-3

4.4

Heart Rate Measurement (HR)........................................................ 4-3

4.5

Velocity Trace Measurement (Vel Trace) ............................... 4-4

4.5.1

Continuous Trace .......................................................................................... 4-5

4.5.2

Spline Trace ..................................................................................................... 4-7

4.5.3

Line Trace ......................................................................................................... 4-8

4.5.4

Range .................................................................................................................. 4-9

4.5.5

Auto Range ..................................................................................................... 4-11

4.6

PI Measurement (PI Trace) .............................................................. 4-12

4.7

RI Measurement ...................................................................................... 4-13

4.8

S/D Measurement................................................................................... 4-14

4.9

Flow Volume Trace Measurement (Flow Volume) ......... 4-15

No. 2B771-044EN*D
-b-

5.

Application Measurement (Cardiac).................. 5-1

5.1

Introduction.................................................................................................. 5-1

5.1.1

Starting the application measurement menu..................................... 5-1

5.1.2

Heart rate acquisition methods (Cardiac) ........................................... 5-1

5.2

2D-Mode Measurements (Cardiac) ............................................. 5-3

5.2.1

LV measurement (MOD Simpson method)/
LA measurement (MOD Simpson method)/
LA measurement (3-Axis method) .......................................................... 5-3

5.2.2

LV measurement (Teichholz method) ................................................. 5-11

5.2.3

LV measurement (Cube method) .......................................................... 5-16

5.2.4

LV measurement (Gibson method) ...................................................... 5-16

5.2.5

LV measurement (Single-plane (aka Area-Length) method) ..... 5-17

5.2.6

LV measurement (Biplane method) ..................................................... 5-19

5.2.7

LV measurement (Bullet method) ......................................................... 5-21

5.3

M-Mode Measurement (Cardiac) ................................................ 5-23

5.3.1

Aortic valve measurement (Aortic Valve) .......................................... 5-23

5.3.2

Mitral valve measurement (Mitral Valve) ............................................ 5-25

5.3.3

LV measurement (Teichholz method) ................................................. 5-27

5.3.4

LV measurement (Cube method) .......................................................... 5-33

5.3.5

LV measurement (Gibson method) ...................................................... 5-33

5.4

Doppler-Mode Measurement (Cardiac).................................. 5-34

5.4.1

Aortic valve measurement (Aortic) ...................................................... 5-34

5.4.2

Mitral valve measurement (Mitral) ........................................................ 5-42

5.4.3

Pulmonary vein blood flow measurement (Pulmo. Vein) ........... 5-49

5.4.4

Tricuspid valve measurement (Tricus.) .............................................. 5-51

5.4.5

Pulmonary valve measurement (Pulmo.)........................................... 5-55

5.5

Extra Measurements............................................................................ 5-60

No. 2B771-044EN*D
-c-

5.5.1

LV Mass AL (Area-Length) ....................................................................... 5-60

5.5.2

LV Mass TE (Truncated Ellipsoid) ........................................................ 5-62

5.5.3

PISA ................................................................................................................... 5-64

5.5.4

Coronary .......................................................................................................... 5-66

6.

Application Measurement (Vascular) .............. 6-1

6.1

Carotid1........................................................................................................... 6-1

6.1.1

2D-mode measurement ............................................................................... 6-1

6.1.2

Doppler-mode measurement .................................................................... 6-3

6.1.3

Measurement value display on the Worksheet screen .................. 6-4

6.2

Carotid1 (Auto-IMT Measurement) .............................................. 6-5

6.2.1

Touch panel menu ......................................................................................... 6-5

6.2.2

Measurement method .................................................................................. 6-7

6.2.3

Worksheet screen .......................................................................................... 6-9

7.

Obstetric Measurement (OB) ....................................... 7-1

7.1

Outline of OB Measurement ............................................................ 7-1

7.2

Patient Registration for OB Measurement ............................ 7-2

7.3

OB Measurement Menu on the Touch Panel....................... 7-3

7.4

Measurement Methods Specific to
OB Measurements................................................................................... 7-5

7.4.1

Amniotic fluid index (AFI) .......................................................................... 7-5

7.4.2

NB (Nasal Bone)/NT (Nuchal Translucency)/NF (Nuchal Fold)
measurement ................................................................................................... 7-6

7.4.3

CTAR measurement...................................................................................... 7-7

7.4.4

Maxilla Angle (Facial Maxilla Angle) measurement ........................ 7-9

7.4.5

DV (Ductus Venosus) measurement ..................................................... 7-9

7.5

Calculation Items ................................................................................... 7-10
No. 2B771-044EN*D
-d-

7.6

List of OB Measurements and
OB Calculation Items .......................................................................... 7-14

7.7

Measurement Items That Can Be Selected in the
Gyn. Menu ................................................................................................... 7-22

7.8

Updating the OB Date Information During an
Examination (GA Input) ..................................................................... 7-23

7.9

Trend Graph (Trend) ............................................................................ 7-24

7.10

OB Worksheet .......................................................................................... 7-26

7.10.1

OB 2D Worksheet ........................................................................................ 7-27

7.10.2

OB Doppler Worksheet.............................................................................. 7-28

7.10.3

Gyn Worksheet ............................................................................................. 7-29

7.10.4

Comment screen .......................................................................................... 7-30

7.10.5

Anatomy function ........................................................................................ 7-32

7.10.6

Data List ........................................................................................................... 7-34

7.11

Data Storage .............................................................................................. 7-39

8.

Measurements on a Stored Image ....................... 8-1

8.1

Measurements on ER Images......................................................... 8-3

8.2

Measurements on ER Images for Which Manual
Calibration Is Required........................................................................ 8-5

8.3

Manual Calibration Required Before the Start of
Each Measurement ............................................................................... 8-10

8.4

Worksheet Display ................................................................................ 8-11

8.5

Accuracy of Measurement When Manual Calibration
Is Used ........................................................................................................... 8-12

9.

Measurement Data Storage ........................................... 9-1

9.1

Storing Measurement Data in the DICOM SR Format... 9-1

9.1.1

Data transfer .................................................................................................... 9-1
No. 2B771-044EN*D
-e-

9.1.2

Displaying the stored data ......................................................................... 9-3

10.

OB Measurement Chart Data ..................................... 10-1

10.1

Gestational Age Chart ...................................................................... 10-11

10.2

Growth Analysis Chart .................................................................... 10-68

10.3

Identical Chart ...................................................................................... 10-129

10.4

Charts for Creating Trend Graphs ........................................ 10-178

11.

Presetting ............................................................................................. 11-1

11.1

Setting Presets ........................................................................................ 11-1

11.2

Details of Each Preset ........................................................................ 11-3

11.2.1

Appl Meas. ...................................................................................................... 11-3

11.2.2

Meas. Window ............................................................................................... 11-4

11.2.3

2D-Mode Meas. ............................................................................................. 11-6

11.2.4

D-Mode Meas. ................................................................................................ 11-7

11.2.5

D-Mode Meas. 2 .......................................................................................... 11-13

11.2.6

Worksheet ..................................................................................................... 11-14

11.2.7

Meas. Marker................................................................................................ 11-16

11.2.8

Meas. Marker2 ............................................................................................. 11-17

11.2.9

Meas. Operation ......................................................................................... 11-18

11.2.10

Annotation .................................................................................................... 11-20

11.2.11

LV (2D) ............................................................................................................ 11-21

11.2.12

LV (M) .............................................................................................................. 11-22

11.2.13

Cardiac Doppler.......................................................................................... 11-23

11.2.14

LV Mass.......................................................................................................... 11-24

11.2.15

Carotid1 Doppler ........................................................................................ 11-25

11.2.16

Carotid1 Meas. Type ................................................................................. 11-27
No. 2B771-044EN*D
-f-

..................17 Carotid1 Meas................................2............... 11-42 11............................................................... 11-37 11....................................... 11-34 11............3 Confirmation of the Automatic Measurement Start Item .............2.............................. .... 12-1 No...... Tool ...................................20 Meas....................... ........ 11-43 11.....................2.................11...........................2............. 11-31 11...............................................2........ 11-39 11...25 OB Evaluated . 11-29 11..........2.................OB Calc................................................ 2B771-044EN*D -g- * .................................2....................... 11-32 11.... 11-35 11.....OB Calc.....................OB Calc....27 OB Display ..................30 OB/Gyn D Meas...................... 2 ................................2.....................................................D OB Calc......................2......................31 Gyn Meas.................................................................26 OB Evaluated ..................................2......................... Registration of User-Programmed Measurements ...........................24 OB Evaluated ..............................................................................29 OB 2D Tool ..............23 OB Evaluated .................................................................................. Data Display ............... 11-44 11...... 11-30 11..................................21 OB/Gyn Report .......................... 11-45 12..........................................................................22 OB/Gyn Report 2 .. 11-33 11......2............................... 11-41 11..................................... ...........................2............ 11-40 11..............................28 OB Behavior ...........................2....... 3 ....................... 11-28 11....19 Body Mark ..................2.................18 Auto IMT....2.................................................

<4> Starts a basic measurement. (The default measurement that is started differs according to the mode and the customized setting. The trace lines can be modified using the dial located around the trackball. (The default measurement that is started differs according to the mode.) 2D mode : Distance M mode : Distance PW/CW mode : Velocity <5> Starts a basic measurement. <8> Freezes the image. (The measurement to be started must be preset in advance.) No.1 Switches Used for Measurement No. <9> Displays the application measurement results on the Worksheet screen.1. <3> Starts the next measurement. (The screen to be displayed differs depending on the setting. <2> Sets the start and end points. Outline of Measurement Functions 1. <1> Switch Function Moves the marker.) <7> Modifies trace lines. Rotates the line marker to adjust the angle. 2B771-044EN*D 1-1 .) 2D mode : Area M mode : Slope PW/CW mode : Vel Trace <6> Starts an application measurement.

Note that pressing a measurement item switch on the touch panel (other than Velocity measurement of the basic measurements) also sets the measurement result. Operation preset is set to ON. use the Worksheet screen. In basic measurement mode.2 Setting the Measurement When the measurement is set on an image in the current examination. 1. Auto Range Tool] of the Meas. However. the measured data is lost when the system power is turned OFF or the exam data has been changed. 2. 4. CAUTION: Be sure to perform measurement within the displayed images. To check all the measurement results (calculation results). 5. the color of the measurement markers is changed to white. The measurements that start when the corresponding switch is pressed and the methods for setting the measurement data differ depending on the preset. No. NOTE: 1. Only a part of the calculation results are displayed on the measurement result screen in application measurement mode. 3. the preset setting takes precedence and must be used to set the measurement result. The results of basic measurements are not displayed on the Worksheet screen. The data used for calculation and the display of calculation results also differ depending on the preset. Refer to section 11 "Presetting" and set the desired presets before using the above switches. If an area outside an image is included in a measurement. is used. the measurement result is set and the next measurement is started. When the measurement is set on an image stored for a previous examination. The default basic measurement can be changed as needed. The application measurement results are not displayed on the Worksheet screen if the measurement data has not been set. Both When and can be used to set (register) the measurement. when "Fixed by [SET] only" in [Vel. the color of the measurement markers is changed to cyan. 6.NOTE: 1. 2B771-044EN*D 1-2 . 2. Contact your Toshiba service representative. It is possible to preset whether or not the line connecting the start point and end point is displayed before the measurement is set in distance measurement and area measurement. an incorrect result may be output.

<1> Press .1. Step 4: Modify the end point.  The start point (first point) changes to a marker. <<Example of distance measurement>> Step 1: Start modification.  The newly measured data is set. A A <4> To modify the end point. Perform the procedures below to modify the measurement data. <2> Change the position of the start point using Step 3: Finish modification of the start point. 2B771-044EN*D 1-3 the same procedure.3 Modifying a Measurement A measurement data item can be modified by pressing even after the or measurement data is set and the measured value is displayed. provided that another measurement switch has not been pressed. press and follow . <3> Press . . Step 2: Move the start point. No.

No. <5> To modify the end point. * During velocity trace measurement in PW/CW mode. draw the trace again using . Step 2: Undo the trace to the desired point. Step 3: Draw the trace again.  <4> Press . <2> Rotate to undo the trace to the desired point. 2B771-044EN*D 1-4 counterclockwise . Step 4: Set the newly measured data.  The newly measured data is set. <1> Press .<<Example of measurement using the Continuous Trace method>> Step 1: Start modification. <3> From that point.  The start point (first point) changes to a marker. rotate to undo the trace. press and follow the same procedure.

2B771-044EN*D 1-5 Step 4: Set the newly measured data. No. . To modify such measurements.  <3> Press .  An arrow is displayed. <1> Press Step 2: Select the marker to be modified. <<Example of measurement using the Spline Trace method>> Step 1: Start modification. position using .  The newly measured data is set. press and then move the marker. . <2> Move the arrow <4> Move the marker near the marker to to the desired be modified.The above procedures cannot be used to modify measurements obtained using the Spline Trace method. Step 3: Move the marker.  The color of the selected marker changes to red. <5> Press .

No.4 Deleting a Measurement 1.1.4.3 for the function of [Clear All] in OB measurement mode. 2B771-044EN*D 1-6 .1 Deleting a measurement using the touch panel <<For basic measurements>> <<For application measurements>> *1: Refer to subsection 7.

.4.  An arrow is displayed.2 Deleting the selected measurement result Perform the procedures below to delete the selected measurement result. A B  The color of the selected marker changes to red.1. 2B771-044EN*D 1-7 Step 3: Delete the measurement result. . <2> Move the arrow near the marker for the measurement result to be deleted.  The measurement result associated with the selected marker is deleted. <3> Press . Step 1: Start <1> Press Step 2: Select the measurement result to be deleted. No.

5 Changing the Result Display Position is displayed during measurement. *1: Each time is pressed. 2B771-044EN*D 1-8 .1. the result display position is changed as shown below. Press this switch to display the menu for changing the measurement result display position. No.

the mean of the measurements is displayed in the worksheet. If two or more measurements have been performed for a single item. 2. If the measurement data displayed on the Worksheet screen is edited.1. 3. If many items have been measured. the measurement and calculation results obtained in the application measurement are displayed. the message "Calculating" is displayed until the Worksheet screen is displayed. 2B771-044EN*D 1-9 .6 Worksheet Screen After performing application measurement. press to display the Worksheet *1 screen . If only one measurement has been executed. the result of the immediately preceding measurement is displayed. When more than one measurement has been performed using different application presets. the data that precedes editing is overwritten and lost. it will affect the mean value. only the most recent measurement value is displayed on the Worksheet screen. 3. When is pressed. the result of the measurement is displayed in the Mean field. On this screen. the application preset for which the results are to be displayed can be selected from the pull-down menu on the Worksheet screen. Do not operate the main panel or touch panel during this period. 4. *1: If the system is set not to start up the Worksheet screen by pressing . If an unexpected measurement value is obtained. No. NOTE: 1. press on page 3/3 of the OTHER menu. If "Most Recent Measurement" is selected for "Measurement Value Display Method" on the Worksheet tab of the Preset menu. 2. If "Mean of Measurements" is selected for the "Measurement Value Display Method" on the Worksheet tab of the Preset menu. Do not operate the main panel or touch panel while this message is displayed. "Calculating" may remain displayed for several tens of seconds to several minutes. be sure to check each measurement result using the worksheet function. there may be a delay of several tens of seconds to several minutes before the results for the selected application preset are displayed. If the number of application presets used is large. CAUTION: 1. If a result for a measurement item is deleted in the worksheet edit window with "Most Recent" selected.

Confirm the results on the worksheet before saving the data. 10. however. The values displayed in white in the blue boxes can be edited. Only a part of the calculation results are displayed on the measurement result screen in application measurement mode. use the Worksheet screen. Confirm that no unexpected values are displayed on the Worksheet screen before saving the data. Once the measured data is saved. To check all the measurement results (calculation results). the item must be measured again. 8. and the calculation results obtained using the measurement value (or mean value) are all deleted automatically. 2B771-044EN*D 1-10 * . The measured value for some items displayed on the Worksheet screen can be edited. Do not turn ON the measurement switch while the Worksheet screen is displayed. To redisplay these values. confirm that required data will not be deleted. No. Measurement or calculation data cannot be saved unless a patient ID is registered for the patient. 9. provided that the examination has not yet been completed. be sure to enter the values and units correctly. 6. If a result for a measurement item is deleted in the worksheet edit window and no other results remain for the item. 7. Be sure to register the patient ID before starting measurement. the mean value of the item. Before deleting the contents of the worksheet edit window. When entering or editing data for measurement items. the data cannot be edited. the measurement item.NOTE: 5.

2. 2D-Mode Measurements
This section describes basic measurements in 2D mode.
<<2D-mode basic measurement menu>>

* The Joint measurement switch is not displayed when Heart1, Heart2, or Heart3 is
selected as Application Preset.

No. 2B771-044EN*D
2-1

2.1

Distance Measurement (Distance)
The straight-line distance between two points is measured on the 2D-mode image.
<<Measurement result display>>
Distance :

Dist A

999.9 (mm)

<<Measurement procedure>>
Step 1:
Set the start point.
<1> Select

Step 2:
Move the end point.

Step 3:
Set the end point.

<4> Move the marker to the
measurement end point <5> Press
end point.
using
.

.

to set the

A


<2> Move the marker to the
measurement start
point using

.


<3> Press

to set the

start point.

* To perform the same type of measurement again, press
steps <2> to <5>.

No. 2B771-044EN*D
2-2

and then repeat

2.2

Curved Line Distance Measurement (Trace Length)
The length of a curved line is measured by tracing along the curved line.
The trace method can be changed using the dial provided under

Method

.

Description

Continuous Trace

The user traces a curved line freehand from the specified
start point to the end point using the trackball.

Spline Trace

A curved line is traced by interpolating three or more userspecified points (including the start and end points) using a
spline curve.

<<Measurement result display>>
Distance :

Dist A

999.9 (mm)

2.2.1 Continuous Trace
<<Measurement procedure>>
Step 1:
Set the start point.
<1> Press

and

Step 2:
Draw the trace.

Step 3:
Set the trace.

<4> Draw the trace using

<5> Press

.

select [Continuous
Trace].

A


<2> Move the marker using
.

<3> Press

.

During tracing, the trace can be modified by rotating

or

.

The deleted portion of
the trace is restored.

The trace is deleted.

No. 2B771-044EN*D
2-3

.

2.2.2 Spline Trace
<<Measurement procedure>>
Step 1:
Set the start point.
<1> Press

and

Step 2:
Draw the trace.
<4> Move the marker using

.

<7> Press

.

select [Spline Trace].

<2> Move the marker using

Step 3:
Set the trace.
twice at

the same point.

<5> Press

A

.


<6> Repeat the above
procedure to set
multiple points.


<3> Press

.

During tracing, the trace can be modified by rotating

or

.

The deleted portion of
the trace is restored.

The trace is deleted.

No. 2B771-044EN*D
2-4

2.3

Angle Measurement (Angle)
The angle between two straight lines is measured. Both the acute and obtuse angles
are displayed.
<<Measurement result display>>
Acute

:

Angle2 A

99 (deg)

Obtuse :

Angle1 A

999 (deg)

<<Measurement procedure>>
Step 1:
Set the first marker.

<1> Select

.

Step 2:
Move the second
marker.

Step 3:
Set the second
marker.

<5> Move the second
marker using


<2> Move the marker using

A

.
A


<3> Rotate the marker
to adjust

using

A


<6> Rotate the marker
using

the angle.

.


<4> Press

.

<7> Press
.

.

No. 2B771-044EN*D
2-5

2.4

Area/Circumference Measurement (Area)
The area and circumference of a region are measured in 2D mode.
The trace method can be changed using the dial provided under

Measurement method

.

Area measurement method

Continuous Trace

The path traced by operating the trackball along the
circumference of the target object is used to calculate the
approximate area/circumference.

Spline Trace

The interpolated curve for the set points is used to calculate
the approximate area/circumference.

Ellipse

Elliptical approximation is used to calculate the approximate
area/circumference.

Cross

Arcs are used to calculate the approximate
area/circumference.

2.4.1 Continuous Trace
For the measurement procedure, refer to subsection 2.2 "Curved Line Distance
Measurement (Trace Length)".
<<Measurement result display>>
Area :

Area A

999.99 (cm2)

Circumference :

Circ A

999.9 (mm)

2.4.2 Spline Trace
For the measurement procedure, refer to subsection 2.2 "Curved Line Distance
Measurement (Trace Length)".
<<Measurement result display>>
Area :

Area A

999.99 (cm2)

Circumference :

No. 2B771-044EN*D
2-6

Circ A

999.9 (mm)

2.4.3 Ellipse
<<Measurement result display>>
Area
:
Circumference :

999.99 (cm2)
999.9 (mm)

Area A
Circ A

Long-axis length :
Short-axis length:

Dist1 A
Dist2 A

999.9 (mm)
999.9 (mm)

<<Measurement procedure>>
Step 1:
Set the start point.

Step 2:
Set the diameter
of the circle.

Step 3:
Set the ellipse.
<6> Adjust the size of
the ellipse using

<4> Adjust the
diameter of the
circle using

<1> Press
and select
[Ellipse].

Step 4:
Set the trace.
<7> Press

.

.

.

A


<2> Move the marker
.

using


<5> Press

set the diameter of
the circle.


<3> Press

to

.

<<Modification procedure>>
Step 1:
Start modification.
<1> Press
A

.

Step 2:
Select the marker
to be modified.

Step 3:
Modify the ellipse.

<3> Adjust the size of
<2> Move the arrow
the ellipse using
near the ellipse,
place the arrow on
.
the point to be
modified, and
press

Step 4:
Finish
modification.
<4> Press

.

A

.

(When the arrow
is moved to the
ellipse, the major
axis and minor
axis of the ellipse
are displayed.)


<5> To change the
length of the other
axis, repeat the
same procedure
for the other axis.

A

No. 2B771-044EN*D
2-7

2.4.4 Cross
<<Measurement result display>>
Area
:
Circumference :

999.99 (cm2)
999.9 (mm)

Area A
Circ A

Long-axis length :
Short-axis length:

Dist1 A
Dist2 A

999.9 (mm)
999.9 (mm)

<<Measurement procedure>>
Step 1:
Set the first point.

Step 2:
Set the second
point.
<4> Move the marker

<1> Press
and select [Cross].

using

.

Step 3:
Set the start point
of the
perpendicular line.

Step 4:
Set the end point
of the
perpendicular line.

<6> Adjust the position <8> Adjust the end
point position of
and length of the
the perpendicular
perpendicular line
.

using


<2> Move the marker

.

line using

.

using


<5> Press

.


<7> Press


.

<9> Press


<3> Press

A

.
A dashed line
perpendicular to the
line connecting the
first point and the
second point is
displayed.

No. 2B771-044EN*D
2-8

.

<<Modification procedure>> Step 1: Start modification.  <3> Press . repeat the same procedure for the other marker. <1> Press Step 2: Select the marker to be modified. <2> Place the arrow on the marker to be modified.  <6> To move another marker. . <5> Press . No. <4> Move the marker to the desired position using Step 4: Finish modification. . Step 3: Move the marker to the desired position. 2B771-044EN*D 2-9 .

the values are cleared if No.9 (cm3) Volume A Axis : Axis : Axis : Dist1 A Dist2 A Dist3 A 999. <<Measurement result display>> Volume : 999.2. <1> Select . Step 3: Set the third line on the perpendicular plane. However. 2B771-044EN*D 2-10 . is pressed or Exam Review mode is entered.9 (mm) 999.9 (mm) <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the first and second lines. <4> Select  A A <6> Press .  <2> Follow the same procedure as for distance measurement (Distance) to set the second line. displayed.5 Volume Measurement (Volume) The volume is measured using elliptical approximation with three axes set. * In volume measurement. the measurement values are not cleared (even if the image is unfrozen) until measurement of the three axes is completed. <3> A cross-sectional plane <5> Follow the same perpendicular to the procedure as for plane on which step 1 distance measurement has been performed is (Distance).9 (mm) 999. A  again. Step 2: A perpendicular plane is displayed.

 <2> Move the marker using . A The second line chenges to a dotted line and the third line is displayed with a center marker. <10> Press . 2B771-044EN*D 2-11 . marker using  <6> Rotate the marker . The second line is displayed with a center marker.  <7> Press  . No. using to adjust using the angle.  <3> Rotate the marker Step 2: Move the second marker. using  <9> Rotate the marker . <<Measurement result display>> Angle between the base line and the first line : Alpha A Angle between the base line and the second line : Beta A 999 (deg) 999 (deg) <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the first marker.6 Joint Measurement The angles between the base line and two lines (angles  and ) are measured. <1> Select . <5> Move the second <8> Move the third marker . A  <4> Press A . using .2. Step 3: Set the second marker.

The indicated value changes in increments of greater than 0. If "Double Digits" is selected. a single quotation mark (') is added to the measurement values displayed on the screen and the calculation results obtained based on the measurement values. Use the measurement and calculation values displayed to two decimal places only for reference. When "Double Digits" is selected for Thickness (IMT) Precision in the preset menu. This method is intended to measure the thickness of the intima-media complex of the carotid artery.9 (mm) Distance 1 : Distance 2 : Distance 3 : Dist1 A Dist2 A Dist3 A 999. <<Measurement result display>> Mean : NOTE: MeanIMT A 999. No.9 (mm) Result display for IMT measurement 1.7 MeanIMT Measurement Three distance measurements are performed and the mean value is calculated.01 as a mark is moved.9 (mm) 999.01 due to the resolution of ultrasound images. however. 2. it may not be possible to obtain an accurate value to two decimal places. the IMT measurement value is displayed to two decimal places. 2B771-044EN*D 2-12 . this does not correspond to an indicated value change of 0. Depending on the characteristics of the image. Limitations: Although markers can be moved in steps of 1 pixel on the screen.2.9 (mm) 999.

. <6> Press to display the next marker.  <4> Press to set the upper marker position.  <7> Set the second and third distances using the same procedure as for the first distance. .<<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the first distance.  <3> Rotate the marker to the desired angle using * The second and third markers are displayed at a position 1 cm to the right or left of the first marker. * One graduation on the horizontal axis represents 5 mm.  <5> Move the lower marker using press and then . 2B771-044EN*D 2-13 Step 3: Determine the measurement results.  <2> Move the marker using Step 2: Set the second and third distances. <8> When the measurement for the third position is completed. the mean value of the three measurements is displayed. No. . <1> Select .

9 (%) %Stenosis : %S Area A 99.9 (mm2) and then perform measurement.1 "Distance Measurement (Distance)" for the measurement procedure.8 %Stenosis (Distance) Measurement The stenosis ratio (%Stenosis) is calculated based on two distance measurements using the formulas below. Refer to subsection 2.2. <<Measurement points>> No.9 (mm) 999.9 (%) Press Distance Distance Area Area : : : : Dist1 A Dist2 A Area1 A Area2 A 999. If Dist1 > Dist2 % S Dist  ( Dist1  Dist 2) / Dist1 If Dist1 < Dist2 % S Dist  ( Dist 2  Dist1) / Dist 2 Areal   / 4  ( Dist1) 2 Area 2   / 4  ( Dist 2) 2 If Dist1 > Dist2 % S Area  ( Area1  Area 2) / Area1 If Dist1 < Dist2 % S Area  ( Area 2  Area1) / Area 2 <<Measurement result display>> %Stenosis : %S Dist A 99. 2B771-044EN*D 2-14 .9 (mm) 9999.9 (mm2) 9999.

9 (mm2) Lumen A Residual A <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Measure the lumen (maximum area). <1> Select . the area is measured using the Continuous Trace method of manual tracing.9 (mm2) 999. The %Stenosis (Area) value is displayed. <4> Follow the same procedure as for Continuous Trace for area/circumference measurement (Area) to measure the residual luminal area (minimum area).  <5> Press to set the residual luminal area (minimum area). The stenosis ratio (%Stenosis) is calculated based on these two area measurements using the formula below.2. 2B771-044EN*D 2-15 * . Step 3: Measure the residual luminal area (minimum area). Step 2: Display the marker for residual luminal area measurement. No. %S Area A  (Lumen A  Residual A) / Lumen A <<Measurement result display>> %Stenosis : %S Area A 99. the area is measured using elliptical approximation.  <2> Follow the same procedure for Ellipse in area/circumference measurement (Area) to measure the lumen (maximum area). If the residual area is larger than the luminal area (which is impossible in actual clinical examinations).9 (%) Luminal area : Residual luminal area : 999. the result is displayed as a negative value. In Residual measurement.9 %Stenosis (Area) Measurement Measure Lumen (luminal area) and then Residual (residual luminal area). <3> Press to display the marker for residual luminal area (minimum area) measurement. In Lumen measurement.

2B771-044EN*D 3-1 .3. M-mode Measurements <<M-mode basic measurement menu>> No.

1 M-Mode Distance Measurement (Distance) The distance between two points is measured on the M-mode image. <<Measurement result display>> Distance : Dist A 9999.9 (mm) <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point. 2B771-044EN*D 3-2 Step 3: Set the end point. <5> Press A . . <4> Move the intersection point of the marker using .  <2> Move the intersection point of the marker using .3. No. <1> Select . Step 2: Move the end point.  <3> Press .

(Distance) Slope = (Time) <<Measurement result display>> Slope : Slope 999. .999 (sec) 999. <1> Select . 2B771-044EN*D 3-3 Step 3: Set the end point. using  <3> Press .2 Slope Measurement (Slope) The slope of the line between two points is measured. <5> Press A . <4> Move the intersection point of the marker using . .9 (mm/s) Time : Distance : Time A Dist A 9.9 (mm) <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point. No.3.  <2> Move the intersection point of the marker Step 2: Move the end point.

2B771-044EN*D 3-4 A . <1> Select .999 (sec) <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point.3 Time Measurement (Time) The time between two points is measured.3. No.  <2> Move the marker using A . . <<Measurement result display>> Time : Time A 9.  <3> Press Step 3: Set the end point. <4> Move the marker using <5> Press . Step 2: Move the end point. .

2B771-044EN*D 3-5 * .999 (sec) <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the value for Beat. <1> Select . Step 2: Set the start point. Set the value according to the number of heartbeats in the range to be <4> Press measured.3. Step 3: Set the end point. <6> Press to set the value for Beat.4 Heart Rate Measurement (HR) The heart rate (bpm) is calculated based on the heartbeats displayed on the monitor. <3> Move the marker using <5> Move the marker using . No. <<Measurement result display>> Heart rate : HR 999 (bpm) Number of beats : Time : Beat A Time A 9 9. .  <2> Rotate  under . A A  .

2B771-044EN*D 4-1 .4. Doppler-Mode Measurements <<Doppler-mode basic measurement menu>> No.

A  <2> Move the intersection point of the marker using . <1> Select Step 2: Set the measurement. 2B771-044EN*D 4-2 999.9 (mmHg) .9 (cm/s) Pressure gradient : PG A <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the measurement point. <<Measurement result display>> <General> Velocity : Vel 999.1 Velocity Measurement (Velocity) The velocity is measured on the Doppler-mode image.4. or Heart3 is selected in Application Type> Velocity : Vel A 999. Heart2.9 (cm/s) <When Heart1. . No. <3> Press .

Heart2. . <1> Select . <5> Press .999 (sec) 999. Step 2: Move the end point.9 (cm/s) 999.999 (sec) <When Heart1.9 (mmHg) <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point. Time Measurement (Time) The measurement procedure is the same as for M-mode time measurement. 4. <General> Acceleration : Velocity : Velocity : 999. Refer to subsection 3.  "Accel" is displayed for the velocity in the direction away from the baseline. 2B771-044EN*D 4-3 .9 (cm/s) 999. "Decel" is displayed for the velocity in the direction toward the baseline.9 (mmHg) 999. No.9 (cm/s) Accel A Vel1 A Vel2 A Time : Time A 9. <<Measurement result display>> The result display differs depending on the items selected in Application Type.3 "Time Measurement (Time)".3 . A  <2> Move the marker using . or Heart3 is selected in Application Type> Acceleration : Velocity : Velocity : 999. <4> Move the marker using Step 3: Set the end point.9 (cm/s) Accel A Vel1 A Vel2 A Time : Pressure gradient : Pressure gradient : Time A PG1 A PG2 A 9.4.9 (cm/s2) 999.4 Heart Rate Measurement (HR) The measurement procedure is the same as for M-mode heart rate measurement.  <3> Press 4. Refer to subsection 3.2 Acceleration Measurement (Accel) The velocity slope (acceleration) between two points is measured on the Doppler-mode image.4 "Heart Rate Measurement (HR)".9 (cm/s2) 999.

Auto Range The Doppler waveform is automatically traced by recognizing the number of heartbeats without specifying the range. Heart2. Range The Doppler waveform in the specified range is traced automatically. Heart2.5 Velocity Trace Measurement (Vel Trace) The velocity and other items are measured by tracing the Doppler waveform. Spline Trace The Doppler waveform within the specified range is traced by interpolating three or more user-specified point using a spline curve. <When Heart1. Range The Doppler waveform in the specified range is traced automatically. Spline Trace The Doppler waveform within the specified range is traced by interpolating three or more user-specified points using a spline curve.4. and Heart3)> Trace method Description Continuous Trace The user traces the Doppler waveform freehand from the specified start point to the end point using the trackball. No. Line Trace The user traces the Doppler waveform using straight line segments. The trace method can be changed using the dial provided under . 2B771-044EN*D 4-4 . Line Trace The user traces the Doppler waveform using straight line segments. <General (other than Heart1. or Heart3 is selected in the Application Type> Trace method Description Continuous Trace The user traces the Doppler waveform freehand from the specified start point to the end point using the trackball.

<General (other than Heart1.9 (cm/s) 999.5.9 (cm/s) 999.1 Continuous Trace The user traces the Doppler waveform freehand from the specified start point to the end point using .9 (mmHg) No.9 (cm/s) 999.9 (mmHg) 999.  PI  (Vmax  Vmin)/Vm_p eak  PI  (Vmax  Ved ) / Vm _ peak *2: Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating RI can be preset.9 (cm) 999.99*1 99.99*2 99. Heart2.9 (cm/s) PI : RI : S/D : PI A RI A S/D A *1: Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating PI can be preset. and Heart3)> Maximum velocity Minimum velocity Velocity at end diastole Mean velocity : : : : Vmax A Vmin A Ved A Vm A 999. <<Measurement result display>> The result display differs depending on the items selected in Application Type. or Heart3 is selected> Velocity Time Integral Peak velocity Mean velocity Peak pressure gradient Mean pressure gradient : : : : : VTI A VP A VM A PPG A MPG A 999. Heart2.99 .4. 2B771-044EN*D 4-5 99.9 (cm/s) 999.  RI  (Vmax  Vmin)/Vmax  RI  (Vmax  Ved)/Vmax <When Heart1.9 (cm/s) 999.

the trace can be modified by rotating or .  <2> Move the marker using . The deleted portion of the trace is restored.  <3> Press . 2B771-044EN*D 4-6 . <4> Trace the Doppler waveform using select [Continuous Trace]. No. <5> Press . .<<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point. Step 3: Set the trace. During tracing. The trace is deleted. <1> Press and Step 2: Trace the Doppler waveform.

<1> Press and Step 2: Trace the Doppler waveform. <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point. <<Measurement result display>> Same as described in subsection 4. including the start and end points.5. The trace is deleted. <7> Press  <5> Press . <4> Move the marker for the second point using select [Spline Trace].2 Spline Trace The Doppler waveform is traced by setting at least three points.  <6> Repeat the above procedure to set multiple points.  <2> Move the marker using .5. No.1 "Continuous Trace". . 2B771-044EN*D 4-7 twice at the same point.4. The deleted portion of the trace is restored. and connecting them with a spline curve. Step 3: Set the trace. During tracing.  <3> Press . the trace can be modified by rotating or . .

 <2> Move the marker using . and connecting them with line segments. <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point.5.5. including the start and end points. No. During tracing.  <3> Press . .1 "Continuous Trace". <1> Press and Step 2: Trace the Doppler waveform.3 Line Trace The Doppler waveform is traced by setting at least three points. <7> Press  <5> Press . the trace can be modified by rotating or . The deleted portion of the trace is restored. The trace is deleted. 2B771-044EN*D 4-8 twice at the same point.4. Step 3: Set the trace.  <6> Repeat the above procedure to set multiple points. <4> Move the marker for the second point using select [Line Trace]. <<Measurement result display>> Same as described in subsection 4. .

9 (cm/s) 99.9 (cm/s) 999.9 (cm) 999.9 (mmHg) No.4 Range The Doppler waveform in the specified range is traced automatically.4.99*2 99. and Heart3)> Maximum velocity : Minimum velocity : Velocity at end diastole : Mean velocity for peak trace : Mean velocity for mean trace : PI : RI : S/D : Vmax A Vmin A Ved A Vm_peak A Vm_mean A PI A RI A S/D A 999.  RI  (Vmax  Vmin ) / Vmax  RI  ( Vmax  Ved ) / Vmax <When Heart1. Heart2.5.9 (cm/s) 999.9 (mmHg) 999.9 (cm/s) 999. <General (other than Heart1.9 (cm/s) 999. <<Measurement result display>> The result display differs depending on the items selected in Application Type. Heart2.99 *1: Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating PI can be preset.9 (cm/s) 999.9 (cm/s) 999. or Heart3 is selected in Application Type> Velocity Time Integral Peak velocity Mean velocity Peak pressure gradient Mean pressure gradient : : : : : VTI A VP A VM A PPG A MPG A 999.99*1 99. 2B771-044EN*D 4-9 .  PI  (Vmax  Vmin ) / Vm _ peak  PI  (Vmax  Ved ) / Vm _ peak *2: Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating RI can be preset.

No. Use these switches during measurement as required. select [Range]. <1> Press and Step 2: Perform auto-tracing. . <4> Move the marker using <6> Adjust the trace line as required using the parameter switches.  <2> Move the marker using . the following switches for setting parameters are displayed.<<Parameter switches>> When [Range] is selected.  <3> Press . 2B771-044EN*D 4-10 . Step 3: Adjust the trace line. <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point. .  <5> Press  Auto-tracing is performed.

4.  PI  (Vmax  Vmin ) / Vm _ peak  PI  (Vmax  Ved ) / Vm _ peak *2: Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating RI can be preset. <Example> If the number of heartbeats is set to "8" on the touch panel.99 *1: Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating PI can be preset.  When the number of heartbeats is changed by rotating .5. the value set in [Beat] on the touch panel is updated accordingly.  The number of heartbeats last set is saved for each application preset.9 (cm/s) 999.9 (cm/s) 99. 2B771-044EN*D 4-11 .5 Auto Range The Doppler waveform for the specified number of heartbeats is traced automatically without specifying the range. The saved number of heartbeats is used the next time Auto Range measurement is started. the screen displays a marker for the trace start point as in Range measurement.99*2 99.  RI  (Vmax  Vmin ) / Vmax  RI  (Vmax  Ved ) / Vmax  The number of waveforms to be recognized is 1 to 8.9 (cm/s) 999. the range of auto-tracing is automatically set to the five heartbeats.  If the number of waveforms specified is greater than that displayed on the monitor when [Auto Range] is started.  If no waveform is recognized.9 (cm/s) 999. the maximum number of available waveforms is recognized.99*1 99.9 (cm/s) 999. but only five waveforms are displayed on the screen. <<Measurement result display>> Maximum velocity : Minimum velocity : Velocity at end diastole : Mean velocity for peak trace : Mean velocity for mean trace : PI : RI : S/D : Vmax A Vmin A Ved A Vm_peak A Vm_mean A PI A RI A S/D A 999. No.

Refer to subsection 4.9 (cm/s) <<Measurement procedure>> The measurement procedure is the same as for velocity trace measurement (Vel Trace).9 (cm/s) 999.  PI = (Vmax .9 (cm/s) *1 *1: When "Range" (auto trace) is selected. Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating PI can be preset.6 PI Measurement (PI Trace) The PI and other items are measured by tracing the Doppler waveform. 2B771-044EN*D 4-12 .Vmin)/Vm_p eak  PI = (Vmax .9 (cm/s) 999.4.Ved)/Vm_pe ak <<Measurement result display>> PI Maximum velocity Minimum velocity Velocity at end diastole Mean velocity : : : : : PI A Vmax A Vmin A Ved A Vm A 9. Vm_peak 999.9 (cm/s) 999.5 "Velocity Trace Measurement (Vel Trace)". the mean velocity is displayed in the following format. No.99 999.

7 RI Measurement RI is calculated by measuring the velocity at two points. .Ved)/Vmax <<Measurement result display>> The result display differs depending on the items selected in the preset. using  <3> Press Step 3: Set the trace.9 (cm/s) <When Ved is selected> <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the maximum velocity point.  <2> Move the marker to the maximum velocity point Step 2: Set the minimum velocity point. Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating RI can be preset. . <When Vmin is selected> RI Maximum velocity Minimum velocity : : : RI A Vmax A Vmin A 9.  RI = (Vmax . 2B771-044EN*D 4-13 .9 (cm/s) RI : Maximum velocity : Velocity at end diastole : RI A Vmax A Ved A 9.9 (cm/s) 999. <1> Select . No.99 999. <4> Move the marker to the minimum velocity point <5> Press using .4.Vmin)/Vmax  RI = (Vmax . .99 999.9 (cm/s) 999.

9 (cm/s) 999.9 (cm/s) <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the maximum velocity point. <4> Move the marker to the <5> Press end-diastolic velocity point using . No. .  <2> Move the marker to the maximum velocity point Step 2: Set the end-diastolic velocity point. . <1> Select . S/D  Vmax/Ved <<Measurement result display>> S/D : Maximum velocity : Velocity at end diastole : S/D A Vmax A Ved A 9. using  <3> Press Step 3: Set the trace.99 999.8 S/D Measurement S/D is calculated by measuring the velocity at two points. 2B771-044EN*D 4-14 . .4.

Auto Trace The Doppler waveform in the specified range is traced automatically. Flow Vol. 2B771-044EN*D 4-15 . <<Menu display on the touch panel>> No. The following trace methods are provided. Based on these measurement results. the trace method is switched.9 Flow Volume Trace Measurement (Flow Volume) The flow velocity is measured by tracing the Doppler waveform in Doppler mode.4. the flow volume is calculated. Switch on the touch panel Trace method Flow Vol. Flow Vol. and the elliptical area is obtained by measuring the lengths of the major axis and minor axis of the vessel in 2D mode. Auto Range The Doppler waveform in the recognized range is traced automatically. Each time is pressed. The default trace method can be changed in the preset. Vel Trace The user traces the Doppler waveform freehand from the specified start point to the end point using the trackball. The calculation formulas can also be selected in the preset.

The trace for the item (Vm_peak or Vm_mean) to be used for calculating the flow volume is displayed in light blue.9 (cm/s) 999.9 (cm/s) 999.9 (mm) 99. and Heart3)> Flow volume : Maximum velocity : Minimum velocity : Velocity at end diastole : Mean velocity for peak trace : Mean velocity for mean trace : Time-mean velocity : PI : RI : S/V : Elliptical area : Length of the major axis of the vessel: Length of the minor axis of the vessel: Flow Vol A Vmax A Vmin A Ved A Vm_peak A Vm_mean A Vm A PI A RI A S/D A Area A Dist1 A Dist2 A 9.  PI  (Vmax  Vmin)/Vm_p eak  PI  (Vmax  Ved)/Vm_pe ak *3: Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating RI can be preset. No. 2B771-044EN*D 4-16 . *6: This item is measured and displayed when Vel Trace is selected as the trace method.9 (mm) *1 *5 *5 *6 *2 *3 *4 *1: Either of the following two methods can be preset to calculate the flow volume.<<Measurement result display>> The result display differs depending on the items selected in Application Type.99 99.9 (cm/s) 999.9 (mm2) 99. Heart2. <General (other than Heart1.9 (cm/s) 9.99 9.99(L/min) 999.  Flow Vol ( L / min)  Vm _ peak (cm / s )  60( s / min)  Area (mm 2 ) / 100 / 1000  Flow Vol ( L / min)  Vm _ mean (cm / s )  60( s / min)  Area ( mm 2 ) / 100 / 1000 *2: Whether Vmin or Ved is used for calculating PI can be preset.9 (cm/s) 999. The trace for the item not used for calculation is displayed in dark blue.99 9.  RI  (Vmax  Vmin)/Vmax  RI  (Vmax  Ved)/Vmax *4: S/D calculation formula  S/D  Vmax/Ved *5: This item is measured and displayed when Auto Trace or Auto Range is selected as the trace method.9 (cm/s) 999.

99 (L/min) 999. Refer to subsection and 2.9 (mm) 99. or Heart3. Heart2. (a) Press perform tracing using . (c) Perform automatic tracing using the Auto Range function. Refer to subsection 4.3 "Ellipse". Step 3: Perform measurement for the luminal area (elliptical area measurement).9 (cm/s) 999. 2B771-044EN*D 4-17 * . Refer to subsection 4.9 (mm) * When the ECG unit is used. the heart rate is displayed automatically when the flow volume measurement is determined. * This is available only when Application Type is Heart1.9 (mmHg) 999.5 "Auto Range" No. (a) Perform freehand tracing. or Heart3 is selected in Application Type> Stroke volume : Heart rate : Cardiac output : Velocity Time Integral : Peak velocity : Peak pressure gradient : Mean pressure gradient : Elliptical area : Length of the major axis of the vessel: Length of the minor axis of the vessel: SV A HR A CO A VTI VP A PPG A MPG A Area A Dist1 A Dist2 A 99. (b) Perform automatic tracing. <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Select the velocity tracing method.4.5. Heart2. to <2> Perform tracing using the selected method. <1> Press Step 2: Perform tracing using the selected method. <3> Perform measurement for the luminal area (elliptical area measurement).4 "Range".5.1 "Continuous Trace".9 (cm/s) 999. (c) Press to perform automatic tracing for the waveform of the specified cardiac cycle.9 (mmHg) 999.9 (mm2) 99. (b) Press to specify the range.9 (mL) 999 (bpm) 9. Refer to subsection 4.5. select the method.<When Heart1.

and pulmonary valve measurement. (1) Acquiring the heart rate automatically from the ECG When the optional ECG unit is used and measurement is performed for an item in which the heart rate is required. The application measurement menu that is displayed when is pressed differs according to the preset. The menu for application in the Application preset menu.1. The heart rate can be obtained by the following three methods. 5. Press the switch for the desired measurement.1.2 Heart rate acquisition methods (Cardiac) The heart rate is measured during LV measurement. (2) Calculating the heart rate based on the Range measurement result (in M mode and Doppler mode) Refer to the section describing heart rate measurement in the basic measurements (M mode/Doppler mode). The measurement marker settings can also be changed by presetting.1 Introduction 5. Application Measurement (Cardiac) 5.1 Starting the application measurement menu Select Adult Heart on the Patient Registration screen or select one of Heart 1 to Heart 3 . (3) Entering the heart rate manually  Enter the heart rate value.    Select No. mitral valve measurement. 2B771-044EN*D 5-1 . the heart rate is displayed automatically. Then press measurement is displayed on the touch panel. . aortic valve measurement.5.

Otherwise. the heart rate for the most recently frozen image is displayed. is to be examined. In dual-display mode. turn OFF the ECG monitor. No. For example. the heart rate for that image is also displayed on the image on the right. such as a patient with atrial fibrillation. When an ECG is not used. Confirm that the ECG waveform is displayed correctly. For example. 2. 2B771-044EN*D 5-2 . The heart rate value displayed on the 2D (including Color) + PW/CW screen is the heart rate obtained at the time the PW/CW image is stopped. the displayed heart rate value is the heart rate at the time the PW/CW image was stopped. not at the time the Freeze switch was pressed. enter a heart rate using the Manual Input dialog box. an incorrect heart rate value may be displayed due to noise from the ECG monitor.NOTE: 1. 3. When a patient with an unstable heart rate. when the PW/CW image is stopped by pressing and the 2D image is then frozen. 4. if the image on the left was frozen most recently. If the ECG waveform is not displayed correctly. an incorrect heart rate value may be displayed due to noise. 5.

the LV volume is calculated as a sum of the volumes of 20 circular disks set on the corresponding image. The LV volume is then calculated as the sum of the volumes of 20 elliptical disks perpendicular to the LV long axis. 2B771-044EN*D 5-3 .2 2D-Mode Measurements (Cardiac) 5. LV volume calculation is also possible using only a two-chamber or four-chamber cross-sectional image.2. <<Measurement items>> Switch 2ch Diast 2ch Syst 4ch Diast 4ch Syst HR Item to be measured Tracing of the end-diastolic LV endocardial contour on the two-chamber cross-sectional image and setting of the LV long-axis position Result display LVAd2 (cm2) LVLd2 (mm) EDV2 (mL) Tracing of the end-systolic LV endocardial contour on the LVAs2 (cm2) two-chamber cross-sectional image and setting of the LV LVLs2 (mm) long-axis position ESV2 (mL) Tracing of the end-diastolic LV endocardial contour on LVAd4 (cm2) the four-chamber cross-sectional image and setting of the LVLd4 (mm) LV long-axis position EDV4 (mL) Tracing of the end-systolic LV endocardial contour on the LVAs4 (cm2) four-chamber cross-sectional image and setting of the LV LVLs4 (mm) long-axis position ESV4 (mL) Heart rate HR (bpm) No.1 LV measurement (MOD Simpson method)/LA measurement (MOD Simpson method)/LA measurement (3-Axis method)  LV measurement (MOD Simpson method) The endocardial contour of the left ventricle (LV) is traced on the apical long-axis cross-sectional images (two-chamber view and four-chamber view) acquired in 2D mode and the left ventricular long axis is specified. In this case.5.

Body surface area (m2) No.<<Calculation items>> Item name EDV Calculation formula  4  LVLd 20 1 i 1 1000   ( Distance 2i  Distance 4i )  20 LVLd : Distance4i :  4  LVLs 20 20 1 i 1 1000   ( Distance 2i  Distance 4i )  LVLs : Distance2i : Distance4i : SV CO LV volume at end diastole (mL) LV volume at end systole (mL) Stroke volume (mL) Cardiac output (L/min) The LV long-axis length at end systole in the two-chamber or fourchamber view (whichever is longer) Disk diameter in the two-chamber view Disk diameter in the four-chamber view EDV  ESV HR  SV  Unit The LV long-axis length at end diastole in the two-chamber or fourchamber view (whichever is longer) Disk diameter in the two-chamber view Disk diameter in the four-chamber view Distance2i : ESV Calculation output 1 1000 EF 100 (SV / EDV) Ejection fraction (%) SI SV / BSA SV index (mL/m2) CI CO/ BSA CO index (L/min/m2) SV4 EDV4  ESV 4 CO4 HR  SV 4  1 1000 ― (mL) ― (L/min) EF4 100 (SV4 / EDV4) ― (%) SI4 SV 4 / BSA ― (mL/m2) CI4 CO4 / BSA ― (L/min/m2) SV2 EDV2  ESV 2 ― (mL) ― (L/min) C02 HR  SV 2  1 1000 EF2 100 (SV2 / EDV2) ― (%) SI2 SV 2 / BSA ― (mL/m2) CI2 CO2 / BSA ― (L/min/m2) LVLd Diff 100  ( LVLd 4  LVLd 2) LVLd 2 Difference in LV long-axis length at end diastole (%) LVLs Diff 100  ( LVLs 4  LVLs 2) LVLs 2 Difference in LV long-axis length at end systole (%) BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume. 2B771-044EN*D 5-4 .

 LA measurement (MOD Simpson method) The endocardial contour of the left atrium (LA) is traced on the apical long-axis crosssectional images (two-chamber view and four-chamber view) acquired in 2D mode and the left atrial long axis is specified. In this case. the LA volume is calculated as a sum of the volumes of 20 circular disks set on the corresponding image. 2B771-044EN*D 5-5 . No. LA volume calculation is also possible using only a two-chamber or four-chamber cross-sectional image. The LA volume is then calculated as the sum of the volumes of 20 elliptical disks perpendicular to the LA long axis.  LA measurement (3-Axis method) The LA volume is calculated by measuring the width and length of the left atrium on the apical long-axis cross-sectional image (four-chamber view) that is acquired in 2D mode and measuring the depth of the left atrium on the left-ventricular long-axis image.The LA volume can be measured using one of the following two types of measurement.

2B771-044EN*D 5-6 . calculation using the Area-Length method is also performed.<<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display LA 4ch Tracing of the LA endocardial contour on the four-chamber cross-sectional image and setting of the LA long-axis position LAa4 (cm2) LAd4 (mm) LAV4 (mL) LA 2ch Tracing of the LA endocardial contour on the two-chamber cross-sectional image and setting of the LA long-axis position LAa2 (cm2) LAd2 (mm) LAV2 (mL) LA W Measurement of the width of the left atrium LA W (mm) LA H Measurement of the length of the left atrium LA H (mm) LA D Measurement of the depth of the left atrium LA D (mm) <<Calculation items>> Item name LAV Calculation formula π 4 DisCount × LAL × DiskCount LAL : DiskCount : Distance2i : Distance4i : ∑ (Distance ×Distance 4i ) ÷ 1000 Calculation output Unit LA volume (mL) 2i i=1 The LA long-axis length in the twochamber or four-chamber view (whichever is longer) Number of segments for long-axis length (20) Disk diameter in the two-chamber view Disk diameter in the four-chamber view LAVI LAV / BSA LAV index (mL/m2) LAVI2 LAV2 / BSA 2ch view LAV index (mL/m2) LAVI4 LAV4 / BSA 4ch view LAV index (mL/m2) LAV (AL)*1 8/3/ * LAa4 * LAa2 / (L/10) LV volume (mL) L: LAd4 or LAd2 (whichever is shorter) (Area-Length method) LAVI (AL)*1 LAV (AL) / BSA LAV (AL) (mL/m2) Index LA_Vol / 6 * LA W * LA H * LA D / 1000 LA volume (mL) LA_VI LA_Vol / BSA LA volume index (mL/m2) *1: When LA Volume calculation is performed using the Simpson method. No. The calculation result obtained using the Area-Length method is displayed on the Worksheet screen only.

<<Menu display on the touch panel>> No. 2B771-044EN*D 5-7 .

The end point can be moved using the trackball. page of the application measurement menu. (a) Move the marker to the start point of the LV endocardial contour on the apical long-axis cross-sectional image. (5) Follow steps (a) to (f) to measure the LV volume. (3) Display the (4) Press . (f) The segmentation lines are deleted when No. trace the endocardium of the left atrium in the same manner. (1) Display the end-diastolic four-chamber cross-sectional image. (b) Trace the endocardial contour using (c) Press Example of continuous tracing Spline tracing (by setting points along the endocardial contour) is also possible. The LV long axis (which starts from the midpoint of the line connecting the start and end points) and the lines dividing the LV long axis into 20 segments are displayed. (d) Adjust the LV long-axis end point (apex) position. to complete tracing. The LV long axis and the segmentation lines are set. The LV volume is calculated as the sum of the volumes of 20 circular disks perpendicular to the LV long axis. .<<Measurement procedure>> * An example of LV measurement (MOD Simpson method) is provided below. (2) Press . . (e) Press . For LA measurement (MOD Simpson method). and press . 2B771-044EN*D 5-8 is operated.

to enter cine mode. . (11) Press (12) Repeat steps (a) to (f) in (5) to measure the LV volume on the end-diastolic two-chamber crosssectional image. (8) Press . (9) Repeat steps (a) to (f) in (5) to calculate the LV volume on the end-systolic four-chamber crosssectional image.(6) Press to enter cine mode. No. on the cine screen to display the end-systolic four-chamber cross- sectional image. * The color of (7) Operate at the bottom right of the monitor changes to blue. on the cine screen to display the end-systolic two-chamber cross- sectional image. (13) Press (14) Operate . (10) Display the end-diastolic two-chamber cross-sectional image. (15) Press (16) Repeat steps (a) to (f) in (5) to measure the LV volume on the end-systolic two-chamber crosssectional image. 2B771-044EN*D 5-9 .

It is possible to preset whether or not the measurement marker remains displayed on the images during frame-advance playback in cine mode. the LV volumes at end diastole and end systole are displayed as the sum of the elliptical disks. The LV endocardium tracing method can be preset as Continuous or Spline Trace. No. NOTE: 1.(17) Based on the end-diastolic four-chamber and two-chamber cross-sectional images and the end-systolic four-chamber and two-chamber cross-sectional images. 2B771-044EN*D 5-10 . (18) Perform measurement for LA in the same manner as for LV. 2.

04  LVIDd  IVSTd  LVPWTd   LVIDd 3 / 1000 LV myocardial mass at end diastole g 3 LV MASSd 1.2.4  IVSTd / 10  LVIDd / 10  LVPWTd / 10 7.2 LV measurement (Teichholz method) <<Measurement items>> Switch Diastole Systole Item to be measured Result display RVD Right ventricular diameter RVD (mm) IVSTd Interventricular septal thickness at end diastole IVSTd (mm) LVIDd LV short-axis diameter at end diastole LVIDd (mm) LVPWTd LV posterior wall thickness at end diastole LVPWTd (mm) IVSTs Interventricular septal thickness at end systole IVSTs (mm) LVIDs LV short-axis diameter at end systole LVIDs (mm) LVPWTs LV posterior wall thickness at end systole LVPWTs (mm) Heart rate HR HR (bpm) <<Calculation items>> Item name Calculation formula EDV 7  LVIDd ESV 7  LVIDs SV EDV  ESV CO 3 3 HR  SV  Calculation output Unit  LV volume at end diastole mL  LV volume at end systole mL Stroke volume mL Cardiac output L/min / 1000 / 2.5.0  ( LVIDd / 10)3    2. Body surface area m2 LV MASSd (ASE-Cube) 1.4  LVIDs / 10  1 1000 EF 100  SV / EDV Ejection fraction % FS 100  ( LVIDd  LVIDs ) / LVIDd Fractional shortening % SI SV / BSA SV index mL/m2 CI CO / BSA CO index L/min/m2 BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume.6 diastole g LV MASSd (Teichholz) g  3     7.4  LVIDd / 10  / 1000 / 2.04  LVIDd  IVSTd  LVPWTd   LVIDd 3 / 1000 LV myocardial (Penn-Cube) mass at end  13.4  LVIDd / 10  No.04    2.0  (( IVSTd  LVIDd  LVPWTd ) / 10)3 1. 2B771-044EN*D 5-11 LV myocardial mass at end diastole .

6  * The calculation methods for LV MASSd and LV MASSs can be selected and preset from among ASE-Cube. Teichholz.04    2.04  LVIDd  IVSTd  LVPWTd   LVIDd 3 LV MASSs (ASE-Cube) 1.6 LV myocardial mass at end systole g LV MASSs (Teichholz)  7.04  LVIDs  IVSTs  LVPWTs   LVIDs 3 LV myocardial mass at end systole g LV MASSd Index LV MASSd / BSA LV mass index at end diastole g/m2 LV MASSs Index LV MASSs / BSA LV mass index at end systole g/m2 3 / 1000]  0.Item name  Calculation formula  LV MASSd (AV-Cube) 0. and AV-Cube.0  (( IVSTs  LVIDs  LVPWTs ) / 10)3 1.0  ( LVIDs / 10)3    2. 2B771-044EN*D 5-12 .4  LVIDs / 10  LV myocardial mass at end systole g LV MASSs (AV-Cube) 0. Penn-Cube.04  LVIDs  IVSTs  LVPWTs   LVIDs 3 / 1000 Calculation output Unit LV myocardial mass at end diastole g LV myocardial mass at end systole g 3 LV MASSs 1.8 [1.4  IVSTs / 10  LVIDs / 10  LVPWTs / 10 7.8  [1.6   3    3 / 1000 ]  0. No.04  LVIDs  IVSTs  LVPWTs   LVIDs 3 / 1000 (Penn-Cube)  13 .

2B771-044EN*D 5-13 .<<Menu display on the touch panel>> [LV Teich.   No.] * The other method (Cube or Gibson) can be selected as follows.

<<Measurement procedure>> (1) Display the end-diastolic LV cross-sectional image. Diastole RVD IVSTd LVIDd LVPWTd (7) Display the end-systolic LV cross-sectional image. * Either 4-segment (RVD-LVPWTd) or 3-segment (IVSTd-LVPWTd) can be set. (2) Press (3) Press (4) Press . in the application measurement menu. . Systole IVSTs LVIDs LVPWTs No. Perform measurement in parallel using the 2D-mode distance measurement procedure. 2B771-044EN*D 5-14 . . (9) Rotate the measurement marker using (10) . (5) Rotate the measurement marker using (6) Perform measurement in parallel using the 2D-mode distance measurement procedure. (8) Press .

Default angle of the measurement marker The angle of the measurement marker that is displayed when is pressed can be preset. 3. The measurement items to be started up differ depending on the preset (Type 1/Type 2). In addition. 2B771-044EN*D 5-15 is . Functions of the switch The LV measurement items set in a measurement sequence can be started sequentially each time is pressed.NOTE: 1. No. Parallel measurement items for Diastole The segments that are measured in parallel after pressed can be preset. without pressing the corresponding measurement switch on the touch panel. <<Measurement start pattern>> Preset type Default selection switch Type 1 Type 2 [Diastole] [RVD] [Diastole] [RVD] [LVIDd] ↓ [Systole] ↓ [IVSTd] ↓ [LVIDd] ↓ [LVPWTd] ↓ [IVSTs] ↓ [LVIDs] ↓ [LVPWTs] ↓ [LVIDs] ↓ [IVSTd] ↓ [LVIDd] ↓ [LVPWTd] ↓ [LVIDs] ↓ [LVIDs] 2. the measurement item to be started up next by pressing differs depending the measurement item that is selected first.

<<LV volume calculation formula>> LV volume at end diastole LVIDd    LVIDd  EDV  0.98   5. It is also possible to set LV measurement (Cube) as the default in the presets.52  1. <<LV volume calculation formula>> LV volume at end diastole  LVIDd  EDV     10  3 LV volume at end systole  LVIDs  ESV     10  3 5.2). calculation items.5. The measurement items.2). and measurement procedure (measurement positions) are the same as for the Teichholz method (described in subsection 5.52   0.14   4.4 LV measurement (Gibson method) By pressing on the touch panel.90     10    10  2 LV volume at end systole LVIDs    LVIDs  ESV  0.2. calculation items.2. the LV measurement method can be changed from LV measurement (Teichholz) to LV measurement (Gibson).2.3 LV measurement (Cube method) By pressing on the touch panel. The measurement items. Only the LV volume calculation formula differs from that used in the Teichholz method.2.18     10   10   2 No. the LV measurement method can be changed from LV measurement (Teichholz) to LV measurement (Cube). Only the LV volume calculation formula differs from that used in the Teichholz method. and measurement procedure (measurement points) are the same as for the Teichholz method (described in subsection 5. 2B771-044EN*D 5-16 . It is also possible to set LV measurement (Gibson) as the default in the presets.

2B771-044EN*D 5-17 % m2 . <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display LVALd LV long-axis cross-sectional area at end diastole LVALd (cm2) LVLd LV long-axis length at end diastole LVLd (mm) LVALs LV long-axis cross-sectional area at end systole LVALs (cm2) LVLs LV long-axis length at end systole LVLs (mm) HR Heart rate HR (bpm) <<Calculation items>> Item name Calculation formula Calculation output Unit EDV 8 ( LVALd ) 2 × 3  × ( LVLd / 10) LV volume at end diastole mL ESV 8 ( LVALs) 2 × 3  × ( LVLs / 10) LV volume at end systole mL SV EDV  ESV Stroke volume mL CO HR  SV / 1000 Cardiac output L/min EF 100 SV / EDV Ejection fraction SI SV / BSA SV index mL/m2 CI CO/ BSA CO index L/min/m2 BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume. Body surface area <<Menu display on the touch panel>> No.5 LV measurement (Single-plane (aka Area-Length) method) LV measurement (Single-plane (aka Area-Length)) can be preset instead of LV measurement (Teichholz).2.5.

2B771-044EN*D 5-18 .<<Measurement positions>> [Diastole] LVLd (2D-mode distance measurement) LVALd (2D-mode area measurement) [Systole] LVLs (2D-mode distance measurement) LVALs (2D-mode area measurement) No.

5. 2B771-044EN*D 5-19 L/min % m2 . <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display LVALd (cm2) LVALd LV long-axis cross-sectional area at end diastole LVAMd LV short-axis cross-sectional area at the mitral valve level LVAMd (cm2) at end diastole LVIDd LV short-axis diameter at end diastole LVIDd (mm) LVALs LV long-axis cross-sectional area at end systole LVALs (cm2) LVAMs LV short-axis cross-sectional area at the mitral valve level LVAMs (cm2) at end systole LVIDs LV short-axis diameter at end systole LVIDs (mm) HR Heart rate HR (bpm) <<Calculation items>> Item name Calculation formula Calculation output Unit EDV 8 LVALd  LVAMd  3   ( LVIDd / 10) LV volume at end diastole mL ESV 8 LVALs  LVAMs  3   ( LVIDs / 10) LV volume at end systole mL SV EDV  ESV Stroke volum mL CO HR  SV / 1000 Cardiac output EF 100 SV / EDV Ejection fraction SI SV / BSA SV index mL/m2 CI CO/ BSA CO index L/min/m2 BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume.6 LV measurement (Biplane method) LV measurement (Biplane) can be preset instead of LV measurement (Teichholz). Body surface area No.2.

<<Menu display on the touch panel>> [LV Biplane] <<Measurement positions>> [Diastole] LVALd (2D-mode area measurement) LVAMd (2D-mode area measurement) LVIDd (2D-mode distance measurement) [Systole] LVALs (2D-mode area measurement) LVAMs (2D-mode area measurement) LVIDs (2D-mode distance measurement) No. 2B771-044EN*D 5-20 .

2B771-044EN*D 5-21 % m2 . Body surface area <<Menu display on the touch panel>> [LV Bullet] No. <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display LVAMd LV short-axis cross-sectional area at the mitral valve level LVAMd (cm2) at end diastole LVLd LV long-axis length at end diastole LVAMs LV short-axis cross-sectional area at the mitral valve level LVAMs (cm2) at end systole LVLs LV long-axis length at end systole LVLs (mm) HR Heart rate HR (bpm) LVLd (mm) <<Calculation items>> Item name Calculation formula Calculation output Unit EDV 5  LVAMd  LVLd / 10 6 LV volume at end diastole mL ESV 5  LVAMs  LVLs / 10 6 LV volume at end systole mL SV EDV  ESV Stroke volume mL CO HR  SV / 1000 Cardiac output L/min EF 100 SV / EDV Ejection fraction SI SV / BSA SV index mL/m2 CI CO/ BSA CO index L/min/m2 BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume.2.5.7 LV measurement (Bullet method) LV measurement (Bullet) can be preset instead of LV measurement (Teichholz).

2B771-044EN*D 5-22 .<<Measurement positions>> [Diastole] LVLd LVAMd [Systole] LVLs LVAMs No.

1 Aortic valve measurement (Aortic Valve) Aortic valve measurement is performed on M-mode images. 2B771-044EN*D 5-23 Result display LA/Ao .3. <<Measurement positions>> ET AoV Diam Ao Diam LA Diam <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display Ao Diam Aortic diameter Ao Diam (mm) LA Diam Left atrial diameter LA Diam (mm) ET Ejection time ET AoV Diam Aortic valve diameter AoV Diam (mm) (sec) <<Calculation items>> Item name LA/AO Calculation formula LA Diam / Ao Diam No.3 M-Mode Measurement (Cardiac) 5.5.

<<Menu display on the touch panel>> [Aortic Valve] <<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press . No. (2) Display the (3) Press . (5) Press . page of the application measurement menu. (6) Measure the left atrial diameter using the M-mode distance measurement procedure. (4) Measure the aortic diameter using the M-mode distance measurement procedure. (9) Press . (8) Measure the aortic valve diameter using the M-mode distance measurement procedure. 2B771-044EN*D 5-24 . (10) Measure the ejection time (time during which the aortic valve is open) using the M-mode time measurement procedure. (7) Press .

2 Mitral valve measurement (Mitral Valve) Mitral valve measurement is performed on M-mode images. 2B771-044EN*D 5-25 Result display CA/CE .5.3. << Measurement positions>> EPSS EF Slope CE Amp DE Amp CA Amp DE Slope <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display EPSS Distance between the E-point and the interventricular septum EPSS (mm) EF Slope Diastolic descent rate of the mitral valve EF Slope (mm/s) CE Amp E-wave amplitude CE Amp (mm) CA Amp A-wave amplitude CA Amp (mm) DE Amp DE-wave amplitude DE Amp (mm) DE Slope Mitral valve opening rate DE Slope (mm/s) <<Measurement procedure>> Item name CA/CE Calculation formula CA AMP / CE AMP No.

Measure the E-wave amplitude using the M-mode distance measurement procedure. Measure the diastolic descent rate of the mitral valve using the M-mode slope measurement procedure. (8) Press .<<Menu display on the touch panel>> [Mitral Valve] <<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press . (7) Press . Measure the distance between the E-point and the interventricular septum using the M-mode distance measurement procedure. Measure the DE-wave amplitude using the M-mode distance measurement procedure. Measure the A-wave amplitude using the M-mode distance measurement procedure. Measure the mitral valve opening rate using the M-mode slope measurement procedure. (6) Press . page of the application measurement menu. (5) Press . (2) Display the (3) Press . (4) Press . 2B771-044EN*D 5-26 . No.

2B771-044EN*D 5-27 .4  LVIDd / 10  / 1000 / 2.4  LVIDs / 10  ― No.5.3 LV measurement (Teichholz method) <<Measurement positions>> IVSTd IVSTs RVD LVIDs LVIDd LVPWTd LVPWTs <<Measurement items>> Switch Diastole Item to be measured Result display RVD RV diameter RVD (mm) IVSTd Interventricular septal thickness at end diastole IVSTd (mm) LVIDd LV short-axis diameter at end diastole LVIDd (mm) LVPWTd LV posterior wall thickness at end diastole LVPWTd (mm) IVSTs Interventricular septal thickness at end systole IVSTs (mm) LVIDs LV short-axis diameter at end systole LVIDs (mm) LVPWTs LV posterior wall thickness at end systole LVPWTs (mm) ET Ejection time ET (sec) HR Heart rate HR (bpm) Systole <<Calculation items>> Item name Calculation formula Calculation output Unit  LV volume at end diastole mL  LV volume at end systole mL EDV 7  LVIDd ESV 7  LVIDs SV EDV  ESV Stroke volume mL CO HR  SV / 1000 Cardiac output L/min EF 100 SV / EDV Ejection fraction % FS 100  ( LVIDd  LVIDs) / LVIDd Fractional shortening % SI SV / BSA SV Index mL/m2 CI CO/ BSA CO Index L/min/m2 MVCF FS /100 / ET 3 3 / 1000 / 2.3.

4  IVSTs / 10  LVIDs / 10  LVPWTs / 10 7.04    2. 2B771-044EN*D 5-28 .04  LVIDs  IVSTs  LVPWTs   LVIDs 3 LV myocardial mass at end systole g LV MASSd Index LV MASSd/ BSA LV mass index at end diastole g/m2 LV MASSs Index LV MASSs/ BSA LV mass index at end systole g/m2 BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume.6 diastole g LV MASSd (Teichholz)  7.0  (( IVSTd  LVIDd  LVPWTd ) / 10)3 1.4  LVIDs / 10  LV myocardial mass at end systole g LV MASSs (AV-Cube) 0.04  LVIDs  IVSTs  LVPWTs   LVIDs 3 / 1000 LV myocardial mass at end systole g 3 LV MASSs 1. No.04  LVIDd  IVSTd  LVPWTd   LVIDd 3 / 1000 LV myocardial (Penn-Cube) mass at end  13.4  LVIDd / 10  LV myocardial mass at end diastole g LV MASSd (AV-Cube) 0.8  [1.0  ( LVIDs / 10)3    2. Penn-Cube.0  ( LVIDd / 10)3    2.04  LVIDs  IVSTs  LVPWTs   LVIDs 3 / 1000 (Penn-Cube)  13 .4  IVSTd / 10  LVIDd / 10  LVPWTd / 10 7.04  LVIDd  IVSTd  LVPWTd   LVIDd 3 / 1000   3    3  / 1000]  0.04    2. LV MASSd (ASE-Cube) 1. and AV-Cube.04  LVIDd  IVSTd  LVPWTd   LVIDd 3 LV myocardial mass at end diastole g LV MASSs (ASE-Cube) 1.Item name Calculation formula Calculation output Unit Body surface area m2 LV myocardial mass at end diastole g 3 LV MASSd 1.6 LV myocardial mass at end systole g LV MASSs (Teichholz)  7. Teichholz.6  * The calculation formulas for LV MASSd and LV MASSs can be selected and preset from among ASE-Cube.8 [1.0  (( IVSTs  LVIDs  LVPWTs ) / 10)3 1.6   3    3 / 1000 ]  0.

2B771-044EN*D 5-29 .   No.] * The other method (Cube or Gibson) can be selected as follows.<<Menu display on the touch panel>> [LV Teich.

2B771-044EN*D 5-30 . the calculation formula can be reselected from [Cube]. * This procedure measures three segments in the left ventricle (IVSTd-LVPWTd). No. in the application measurement menu. and LV posterior wall thickness at end systole. (2) Press (3) Measure the cardiac lumen parameters at end diastole. [Teichholz]. (a) Press (b) Move the marker to the right ventricular side of the interventricular septum at end diastole and then press . (5) The LV volume. (d) Move the marker to the endocardial side of the LV posterior wall at end diastole and press . measure the interventricular septal thickness. etc. (e) Move the marker to the epicardial side of the LV posterior wall at end diastole and press . A vertical line is set. It is also possible to preset the method for measuring four segments (RVD-LVPWTd). and [Gibson] and displayed. . (c) Move the marker to the left ventricular side of the interventricular septum at end diastole and then press . By performing steps (b) to (e) in (3) above. * By pressing . ejection fraction. LV endocardial diameter. (4) The marker for measuring the cardiac lumen parameters at end systole is displayed.<<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press . are calculated based on the measurement results and displayed.

The segments to be measured can be preset. The first measurement item started when is pressed also depends on the preset described in (1). (1) Starting the measurement items for the LV lumen in end diastole When is pressed to start parallel measurement and then is pressed after the measurement is set. <<Measurement start pattern>> Preset type Type 1 Default selection switch [Diastole] [Diastole] [LVIDd] ↓ [Systole] ↓ [LVIDs] ↓ [LVIDs] No. the next measurement item is started automatically. The start order of the measurement items can be preset.NOTE: It is possible to proceed to the next LV measurement item by simply pressing or on the main panel instead of pressing the corresponding measurement switch on the touch panel. the next measurement item is started automatically. <<Measurement start pattern>> Preset type 3 sections 4 sections [IVSTd] ↓ [LVIDd] ↓ [LVPWTd] [RVD] ↓ [IVSTd] ↓ [LVIDd] ↓ [LVPWTd] (2) Starting the next measurement item automatically by pressing When the measurement is set by pressing . 2B771-044EN*D 5-31 Type 2 . The item started by pressing depends on the preset.

The start order of measurement items depends on the preset.NOTE: (3) Starting the next measurement item automatically by pressing When measurement is started by pressing [RVD]. <<Measurement start pattern>> Preset type Type 1 Type 2 [RVD] ↓ [IVSTd] ↓ [LVIDd] ↓ [LVPWTd] ↓ [IVSTs] ↓ [LVIDs] ↓ [LVPWTs] [RVD] ↓ [IVSTd] ↓ [LVIDd] ↓ [LVPWTd] ↓ [LVIDs] No. 2B771-044EN*D 5-32 . the next measurement item is started automatically when is pressed.

Only the LV volume calculation formula differs from that used in the Teichholz method. <<LV volume calculation formula>> LV volume at end diastole LVIDd    LVIDd  EDV  0. the LV measurement method can be changed from LV measurement (Teichholz) to LV measurement (Gibson).98   5. calculation items. 2B771-044EN*D 5-33 .4 LV measurement (Cube method) By pressing on the touch panel.3).52   0. and measurement procedure (measurement positions) are the same as for the Teichholz method (described in subsection 5. and measurement procedure (measurement positions) are the same as for the Teichholz method (described in subsection 5.52  1.5.3. Only the LV volume calculation formula differs from that used in the Teichholz method. <<LV volume calculation formula>> LV volume at end diastole  LVIDd  EDV     10  3 LV volume at end systole  LVIDs  ESV     10  3 5. It is also possible to set LV measurement (Cube) as the default in the presets.18     10    10  2 No. The measurement items.3.14   4. The measurement items. the LV measurement method can be changed from LV measurement (Teichholz) to LV measurement (Cube). calculation items.5 LV measurement (Gibson method) By pressing on the touch panel.3).3.90     10    10  2 LV volume at end systole LVIDs    LVIDs  ESV  0. It is also possible to set LV measurement (Gibson) as the default in the presets.3.

5. 2B771-044EN*D 5-34 LVOT MPG (mmHg) LVOT PPG (mmHg) Decel Rate (cm/s2) .1 Aortic valve measurement (Aortic) Aortic valve function is evaluated based on the blood flow waveform.4 Doppler-Mode Measurement (Cardiac) 5.4. <<Measurement items>> Switch AoV V Trace Item to be measured VTI on the aortic valve blood flow waveform Mean velocity on the aortic valve blood flow waveform Maximum velocity on the aortic valve blood flow waveform Mean pressure gradient on the aortic valve blood flow waveform Maximum pressure gradient on the aortic valve blood flow waveform AoV VTI AoV VM (cm) (cm/s) AoV VP (cm/s) AoV MPG (mmHg) AoV PPG (mmHg) VTI on the blood flow waveform for the LV outflow tract Mean velocity on the blood flow waveform for the LV outflow tract Maximum velocity on the blood flow waveform for the LV outflow tract Mean pressure gradient on the blood flow waveform for the LV outflow tract Maximum pressure gradient on the blood flow waveform for the LV outflow tract LVOT VTI (cm) LVOT VM (cm/s) LVOT VP (cm/s) LVOT Diam LV outflow tract diameter LVOT Diam (mm) AcT Acceleration time AcT (sec) ET Ejection time ET (sec) AoV Vel Velocity at the aortic valve Pressure gradient at the aortic valve AoV Vel AoV PG (cm/s) (mmHg) LVOT Vel Velocity in the LV outflow tract Pressure gradient in the LV outflow tract LVOT Vel LVOT PG (cm/s) (mmHg) Mean velocity on the aortic valve regurgitation waveform Maximum velocity on the aortic valve regurgitation waveform Mean pressure gradient on the aortic valve regurgitation waveform Maximum pressure gradient on the aortic valve regurgitation waveform AR VM (cm/s) AR VP (cm/s) AR MPG (mmHg) AR PPG (mmHg) Maximum velocity on the aortic valve regurgitation waveform End-diastolic velocity on the aortic valve regurgitation waveform Duration of the aortic valve regurgitation waveform Deceleration rate on the aortic valve regurgitation waveform AR Vmax (cm/s) AR Ved (cm/s) Time (sec) LVOT V Trace AR V Trace Decel Rate * Result display * * No.

2B771-044EN*D 5-35 4  V [i ]2 i 1 n . n V [i] VTI   V [i ] VP i 1 n VM  V [i] i 1 T PPG  4  VP2 0 i T n n time MPG  No. or [AR V Trace] is performed. [AV V Trace].Switch Item to be measured Result display Ao Diam Aortic diameter Ao Diam (mm) LA Diam Left atrium diameter LA Diam (mm) HR Heart rate HR (bpm) * Velocity trace measurement When velocity trace measurement [LVOT V Trace]. the parameter values are calculated using the following formulas.

Body surface area m2 RF (**) If MV SV > LVOT SV. 2B771-044EN*D 5-36 ― . MV SV  LVOT SV RF ( MV )   100 MV SV Regurgitant fraction % Regurgitation volume mL Maximum velocity in the LV outflow tract ― Pressure half time sec If MV SV < LVOT SV. AR is assumed to be present. MR is assumed to be present.<<Calculation items>> Item name LVOT SV Calculation formula  4 ( LVOT Diam) 2  LVOT VTI / 100 Calculation output Unit Stroke volume mL LVOT CO HR  LVOT SV / 1000 Cardiac output L/min LVOT SI LVOT SV / BSA SV index mL/m2 LVOT CI LVOT CO / BSA CO index L/min/m2 AoV Area  Aortic valve area (by equation of continuity) 4 LVOT Diam 2  LVOT VTI cm2 AoV VTI  100 AoV Area Index AoV Area BSA ― ― LA/Ao LA Diam / Ao Diam ― ― PHT  ARV max 1      Time 1   2   ARV max  ARVed   Qp/Qs (SV) PV SV / LVOT SV ― ― Qp/Qs (CO) PV CO / LVOT CO ― ― AcT/ET AcT / ET ― ― BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume. LVOT SV  MV SV RF ( AoV )   100 LVOT SV R Vol (**) MV SV > LVOT SV R Vol ( MV )  MV SV  LVOT SV MV SV < LVOT SV R Vol ( AoV )  LVOT SV  MV SV LVOT/AoV (VP) LVOT VP AoV VP Maximum velocity at the aortic valve LVOT/AoV (VTI) VTI in the LV outflow tract LVOT VTI AoV VTI ― VTI at the aortic valve LVOT/AoV (Vel) Velocity in the LV outflow tract LVOT Vel AoV Vel Velocity at the aortic valve No.

.<<Menu display on the touch panel>> <<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press . AoV V Trace No. (2) Display the (3) Press page of the application measurement menu. Perform measurement using the velocity trace measurement procedure. 2B771-044EN*D 5-37 .

Perform measurement using the velocity trace measurement procedure. In Range measurement. LVOT V Trace NOTE: In the AoV V Trace or LVOT V Trace measurement. auto trace is performed for the specified range. Perform measurement using the 2D-mode distance measurement procedure. use (5) Press and . No. Range measurement can be selected as the velocity trace method using . 2B771-044EN*D 5-38 .(4) Press . . To adjust the auto trace line.

Perform measurement using the time measurement procedure.(6) Press . 2B771-044EN*D 5-39 . Perform measurement using the time measurement procedure. ET ET (8) Press . AoV Vel No. AcT (7) Press AcT . Perform measurement using the velocity measurement procedure.

Perform measurement using the velocity measurement procedure. 2B771-044EN*D 5-40 . Perform measurement using the Doppler-mode slope measurement procedure.(9) Press . AR V Trace (11) Press . Perform measurement using the velocity trace measurement procedure. LVOT Vel (10) Press . Decel Rate AR Vmax Decel Rate  AR Ved AR Vmax  AR Ved Time AR PGmax  4  AR Vma x 2 AR PGed  4  AR Ved 2 Time No.

Diastole Ao Diam (13) Press .(12) Press . 2B771-044EN*D 5-41 . Perform measurement using the 2D-mode distance measurement procedure. Systole LA Diam No. Perform measurement using the 2D-mode distance measurement procedure.

5. -3 m/s Rate of LV pressure rise dP/dt dt Vel 1 Vel 2 (mmHg/s) (sec) (cm/s) (cm/s) MV V Trace * No.2 Mitral valve measurement (Mitral) Mitral valve function is evaluated based on the blood flow waveform.4. <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display E Vel E-wave velocity E Vel (cm/s) A Vel A-wave velocity A Vel (cm/s) Decel Time Deceleration time DcT (sec) E' Vel E'-wave velocity E' Vel (cm/s) A' Vel A'-wave velocity A' Vel (cm/s) E Dur E-wave duration E Dur (sec) A Dur A-wave duration A Dur (sec) IVRT Isovelocity relaxation time IVRT (sec) VTI on the mitral valve blood flow waveform Maximum velocity on the mitral valve blood flow waveform Mean velocity on the mitral valve blood flow waveform Maximum pressure gradient on the mitral valve blood flow waveform Mean pressure gradient on the mitral valve blood flow waveform MV VTI MV VP (cm) (cm/s) MV VM (cm/s) MV PPG (mmHg) MV DistA Mitral valve diameter A MV DistA (mm) MV DistB Mitral valve diameter B MV DistB (mm) MV Area (2D) Mitral valve area MV Area (2D) (cm2) HR Heart rate HR (bpm) MVA PHT Pressure Half Time PHT (sec) dP/dt Rate of LV pressure rise dP/dt dt Vel 1 Vel 2 (mmHg/s) (sec) (cm/s) (cm/s) dP/dt -1. 2B771-044EN*D 5-42 MV MPG (mmHg) .

Body surface area m2 RF (**) If MV SV > LVOT SV. n V [i] VTI   V [i ] VP i 1 n VM  V [i] i 1 T PPG  4  VP2 0 i n T time n MPG  4  V [i ]2 i 1 n <<Calculation items>> Item name Calculation formula Calculation output Unit E/A E Vel / A Vel ― ― A/E A Vel / E Vel ― ― E/E' abs( E Vel / E ' Vel) ― ― SV  4  MV DistA MV DistB   MV VTI 10 10 Stroke volume mL CO HR SV /1000 Cardiac output L/min SI SV / BSA SV index mL/m2 CI CO / BSA CO index L/min/m2 MVArea PHT 220 /( PHT 1000) Mitral valve area dP/dt 4(Vel22Vel12)/dt/10000 Doppler MR jet. RF ( AoV )  R Vol (**) LVOT SV  MV SV  100 LVOT SV MV SV > LVOT SV R Vol ( MV )  MV SV  LVOT SV MV SV < LVOT SV R Vol ( AoV )  LVOT SV  MV SV Diff A Dur A Dur ( MV )  PVA Dur sec No. AR is assumed to be present. the parameter values are calculated using the following formulas. MR is assumed to be present. rate of LV pressure rise BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume.* Velocity trace measurement When velocity trace measurement [MV V Trace] is performed. Regurgitant fraction % Regurgitation volume mL RF ( MV )  cm2 mmHg/s MV SV  LVOT SV  100 MV SV If MV SV < LVOT SV. 2B771-044EN*D 5-43 .

. The following steps are for measuring [E Vel] and [Decel Time] together.<<Menu display on the touch panel>> <<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press . * It is possible to preset E-wave measurement so that [E Vel]. E Vel A Vel DcT (4) The marker for [A Vel] measurement is displayed. press . No. [Decel Time]. When the marker reaches the baseline. (a) Move the cross marker to the peak of the E-wave and then press . A dashed line is displayed. (2) Display the (3) Press page of the application measurement menu. (b) Move the marker so that the dashed line overlaps the waveform. Perform measurement using the velocity measurement procedure. and [MVA PHT] are measured together. 2B771-044EN*D 5-44 . The deceleration time between the peak and the baseline is measured.

(5) Move the marker to the interventricular septum. A' Vel lat * E/E' (mean). Move the marker to the anterior wall of the left ventricle and press to start live display of the PWD-mode data. Perform measurement using the velocity measurement procedure. Perform measurement using the velocity measurement procedure. 2B771-044EN*D 5-45 . . E/E' (sep). (9) Press (10) Press . Perform measurement using the velocity measurement procedure. Perform measurement using the velocity measurement procedure.  E' Vel lat.  E' Vel sep. No. and E/E' (lat) are calculated. A' Vel sep (8) Unfreeze the image and press to start live display of the 2D-mode image. (7) Press . (6) Press .

No. (13) Press . Perform measurement using the 2D-mode area measurement procedure. E Dur. A Dur IVRT E Dur A Dur PCG (14) Press . MV V Trace (15) Press . Perform measurement using the velocity trace measurement procedure. (12) Press . Perform measurement using the time measurement procedure. Perform measurement using the time measurement procedure.(11) Press .  IVRT. 2B771-044EN*D 5-46 . Perform measurement using the time measurement procedure.

(a) Move the marker to the peak velocity point and then press . 2B771-044EN*D 5-47 . * If E-wave measurement is preset so that PHT measurement is performed together. No.(16) Press . MVA PHT PHT (17) Display the page of the application measurement menu. PHT can be measured during [E Vel] measurement. and the line indicating Vp/ 2 and the second marker are displayed. (b) Move the second marker so that the dashed line overlaps the Doppler waveform and press . The Vp value is determined.

(b) Move the marker to the -3 m/s velocity position on the Doppler waveform. 2B771-044EN*D 5-48 . is pressed (a) Move the marker to the -1 m/s velocity position on the Doppler waveform.3m / s)  4  {(3) 2  (1) 2 ) 1  1000 dt No. and then press .(18) Press or  When . dP/dt dt -1m/s -3m/s dP / dt   When 4  (Vel 2 2  Vel12 ) 1  dt 1000 is pressed (a) Move the marker to the intersection of the Doppler waveform and the -1 m/s velocity line. and then press . (b) Move the marker to the intersection of the Doppler waveform and the -3 m/s velocity line. dP/dt (-1. -3m/s) dt -1m/s -3m/s dP / dt (1. and then press . and then press .

abs ( S1 Vel ) or abs ( S 2 Vel ) Sys. <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display S1 Vel S1-wave velocity S1 Vel (cm/s) S2 Vel S2-wave velocity S2 Vel (cm/s) D Vel D-wave velocity D Vel (cm/s) Decel Time Deceleration time DcT (sec) PVA Vel AR-wave velocity PVA Vel (cm/s) PVA Dur Atrium reversal duration PVA Dur (sec) S VTI * S-wave VTI S VTI (cm) D VTI * D-wave VTI D VTI (cm) * Velocity trace measurement When velocity trace measurement [S VTI] or [D VTI] is performed.3 Pulmonary vein blood flow measurement (Pulmo. n VTI   V [i ] i 1 V [i] 0 i n time <<Calculation items>> Item name S/D Calculation formula S Vel / D Vel Unit ― S Vel  larger data . S VTI /( S VTI  D VTI ) ― Diff A Dur A Dur ( MV )  PVA Dur sec No.5. 2B771-044EN*D 5-49 . the parameter values are calculated using the following formulas. Vein) The pulmonary vein blood flow parameters are measured based on the pulmonary vein blood flow waveform.4. Fract.

<<Menu display on the touch panel>> [Pulmo. 2B771-044EN*D 5-50 D VTI DcT .Vein] <<Measurement positions>> S2 Vel D Vel S1 Vel PVA Dur PVA Vel S VTI No.

4. n V [i] VTI   V [i ] VP i 1 n VM  V [i] i 1 T PPG  4 VP2 0 i T n time n MPG  No. <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display TV E Vel E-wave velocity TV E Vel (cm/s) TV A Vel A-wave velocity TV A Vel (cm/s) TV DcT Deceleration time TV DcT (sec) VTI on the tricuspid valve blood flow waveform Maximum velocity on the tricuspid valve blood flow waveform Mean velocity on the tricuspid valve blood flow waveform Maximum pressure gradient on the tricuspid valve blood flow waveform Mean pressure gradient on the tricuspid valve blood flow waveform TV VTI TV VP (cm) (cm/s) TV VM (cm/s) TV PPG (mmHg) TV MPG (mmHg) VTI on the tricuspid valve regurgitation waveform Maximum velocity on the tricuspid valve regurgitation waveform Mean velocity on the tricuspid valve regurgitation waveform Maximum pressure gradient on the tricuspid valve regurgitation waveform Mean tricuspid pressure gradient on the valve regurgitation waveform TR VTI TR VP (cm) (cm/s) TR VM (cm/s) TR PPG (mmHg) TR MPG (mmHg) TR Vmax Maximum tricuspid valve regurgitation velocity Maximum tricuspid valve regurgitation pressure gradient TR Vmax (cm/s) TR PGmax (mmHg) RA Press Estimated right atrial pressure RA Press TV V Trace TR V Trace * * (mmHg) * Velocity trace measurement When velocity trace measurement [TV V Trace] or [TR V Trace] is performed. 2B771-044EN*D 5-51 4  V [i ]2 i 1 n .) Tricuspid valve function is evaluated based on the blood flow waveform for the tricuspid valve.5.4 Tricuspid valve measurement (Tricus. the parameter values are calculated using the following formulas.

<<Calculation items>> Item name Calculation formula Unit RVs Press TR PGmax  RA Press E/A E Vel / A Vel ― A/E A Vel / E Vel ― mmHg <<Menu display on the touch panel>> [Tricus. Move the marker to the peak of the E-wave and press (4) Press . . 2B771-044EN*D 5-52 . Move the marker to the peak of the A-wave and press No. . (2) Press (3) Press in the application measurement menu.] <<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press . .

When the center of the marker reaches the baseline.  TV V Trace TV V Trace No. press . (a) Move the marker to the peak of the E-wave and press (b) Move the marker so that the dashed line overlaps the waveform. 2B771-044EN*D 5-53 . Perform measurement using the velocity trace measurement procedure.  TV E Vel. TV DcT TV E Vel TV A Vel TV DcT (6) Press .(5) Press . . TV A Vel.

(7) Press . The dialog box shown below is displayed on the monitor. 2B771-044EN*D 5-54 . Move the marker to the peak velocity point and press . Perform measurement using the velocity trace measurement procedure. Enter a value from the keyboard and select [OK] to set the value. No.  TR V max TR V max (9) Press .  TR V Trace TR V Trace (8) Press .

the parameter values are calculated using the following formulas.5 Pulmonary valve measurement (Pulmo. n V [i] VTI   V [i ] VP i 1 n VM  V [i] i 1 T PPG  4  VP2 0 i T n time n MPG  No.) Pulmonary valve function is evaluated based on the blood flow waveform for the pulmonary valve. <<Measurement items>> Switch PV V Trace PV Diam HR RV PEP RV AcT RV ET PR V Trace PR Ved RA Press * * Item to be measured VTI on the pulmonary valve blood flow waveform Maximum velocity on the pulmonary valve blood flow waveform Mean velocity on the pulmonary valve blood flow waveform Maximum pressure gradient on the pulmonary valve blood flow waveform Mean pressure gradient on the pulmonary valve blood flow waveform Pulmonary valve diameter Heart rate Preejection period Acceleration time Ejection time VTI on the pulmonary valve regurgitation waveform Maximum velocity on the pulmonary valve regurgitation waveform Mean velocity on the pulmonary valve regurgitation waveform Maximum pressure gradient on the pulmonary valve regurgitation waveform Mean pressure gradient on the pulmonary valve regurgitation waveform Pulmonary valve regurgitation velocity at end diastole Result display PV VTI (cm) PV VP (cm/s) PV VM (cm/s) PV PPG (mmHg) PV MPG (mmHg) PV Diam HR RV PEP RV AcT RV ET PR VTI (mm) (bpm) (sec) (sec) (sec) (cm) PR VP (cm/s) PR VM (cm/s) PR PPG (mmHg) PR MPG (mmHg) PR Ved (cm/s) PR PGed (mmHg) RA Press (mmHg) Estimated right atrial pressure * Velocity trace measurement When velocity trace measurement [PV V Trace] or [PR V Trace] is performed. 2B771-044EN*D 5-55 4  V [i ]2 i 1 n .5.4.

2B771-044EN*D 5-56 m2 . Body surface area <<Menu display on the touch panel>> No.<<Calculation items>> Item name Calculation formula Calculation output Unit AcT/ET RV AcT / RV ET ― ― STI RV PEP / RV ET ― ― PV SV  4 PV Diam 2  PV VTI / 100 Stroke volume mL PV CO HR PV SV / 1000 Cardiac output L/min PV SI PV SV / BSA SV index mL/m2 PV CI PV CO / BSA CO index L/min/m2 Qp/Qs (SV) PV SV / LVOT SV ― ― Qp/Qs (CO) PV CO / LVOT CO ― ― PAs Press 4  PR Ved  PR Ved / 10000  RA Pess ― mmHg BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume.

PV V Trace (4) Press .<<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press . PV Diam (5) Press . Perform measurement using the time measurement procedure. Perform measurement using the velocity trace measurement procedure. (2) Press in the application measurement menu. Perform measurement using the 2D-mode distance measurement procedure. No. (6) Press . 2B771-044EN*D 5-57 . (3) Press . Perform measurement using the time measurement procedure.

Perform measurement using the velocity trace measurement procedure.(7) Press . Perform measurement using the velocity measurement procedure. PR Ved No. Perform measurement using the time measurement procedure.  RV PEP. 2B771-044EN*D 5-58 . RV AcT. RV ET RV Act RV PEP (8) Press RV ET . PR V Trace (9) Press .

The dialog box shown below is displayed on the monitor. 2B771-044EN*D 5-59 to set the value.(10) Press . . Enter a value from the keyboard and select No.

2B771-044EN*D 5-60 Unit g/m2 m2 . Calculation output LV myocardial thickness mm LV myocardial mass g ― Body surface area <<Menu display on the touch panel>> [LV Mass AL] No.05    Aepi  LVL  t  / 10   A endo  LVL / 10  6 6   MassIdx LV Mass / BSA BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume.1 LV Mass AL (Area-Length) The LV myocardial mass is calculated.5.5. <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display (cm2) A epi Area within the epicardial contour on the LV short-axis image A epi A endo Area within the endocardial contour on the LV short-axis image A endo (cm2) LVL LV long-axis length LVL (mm) <<Calculation items>> Item name t Calculation formula ( Aepi  100)   ( Aendo  100)  LV Mass 5 5  1.5 Extra Measurements 5.

at the top of the touch panel to display the tab. <<Measurement positions>> A endo LVL A epi No. (4) Press the switch for the desired item and perform measurement. .<<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press (2) Press (3) Press . 2B771-044EN*D 5-61 .

5.5. <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display (cm2) A epi Area within the epicardial contour on the LV short-axis image A epi A endo Area within the endocardial contour on the LV short-axis image A endo (cm2) a Refer to the figure on the next page. a (mm) d Refer to the figure on the next page. [LV Mass TE] No.05  (  )2  (    2 10  3 10 10  at 3    10    3  d      Aendo 2 a d 10  (       3  3 10 10    a 3     10   MassIdx LV Mass / BSA BSA Refer to the Operation Manual <<Fundamentals>> volume. 2B771-044EN*D 5-62 mm LV myocardial mass g ― g/m2  Body surface area <<Menu display on the touch panel>> Unit m2 .2 LV Mass TE (Truncated Ellipsoid) LV Mass TE (Truncated Ellipsoid) measurement can be preset instead of LV Mass AL (Area-Length) measurement. d (mm) <<Calculation items>> Item name t Calculation formula ( Aepi  100)  LV Mass  Calculation output LV myocardial thickness ( Aendo  100)   d  ( )3  Aendo t 2 (a  t ) d 10 1.

(4) Press the switch for the desired item and perform measurement. <<Measurement positions>> A endo a d A epi No. 2B771-044EN*D 5-63 . at the top of the touch panel to display the (3) Press tab.<<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press (2) Press . .

NOTE: It is recommended that the measurement of [Radius] (PISA radius) and acquisition of [Alias Vel] (aliasing velocity) be performed in CDI (2D single) mode.5.5. 2B771-044EN*D 5-64 . <<Measurement items>> Switch Item to be measured Result display Radius PISA radius Radius (mm) Alias Vel Alias velocity Alias Vel (cm/s) Vel Trace Regurgitation velocity trace VP VTI PPG MPG (cm/s) (cm) (mmHg) (mmHg) Calculation output Unit <<Calculation items>> Item name Calculation formula Flow Rate 2  PAI  ( Radius / 10) 2  ( Alias Vel ) Instantaneous flow volume mL/s EO Area abs ( Flow Rate / VP ) Effective opening area cm2 Flow Vol abs ( EOArea  VTI ) Flow volume mL <<Menu display on the touch panel>> [PISA] No.3 PISA The flow volume is calculated using the PISA method.

(4) Press in the application measurement menu. at the top of the touch panel to display the (3) Press . 31 cm/s No. Radius Vel Trace (6) Press .<<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press (2) Press . (5) Press the switch for the desired item and perform measurement. 2B771-044EN*D 5-65 Alias Vel to set . The dialog box shown below is displayed on the monitor. tab. Enter a value for the color bar alias velocity from the keyboard and select the value.

(4) Press in the application measurement menu.5. No. 2B771-044EN*D 5-66 tab.4 Coronary <<Measurement items>> Switch Base Vel Hyper Vel Base V Trace Item to be measured Velocity before loading Velocity after loading Velocity trace before loading Hyper V Trace Velocity trace after loading Result display Vel base Vel Hyper VP base VM base DcT base PHT base VP hyper VM hyper DcT hyper PHT hyper (cm/s) (cm/s) (cm/s) (cm/s) (sec) (sec) (cm/s) (cm/s) (sec) (sec) <<Calculation items>> Item name CFR Vel CFR VP Calculation formula | Vel hyper / Vel base | | VP hyper / VP base | CFR VM | VM hyper / VM base | Calculation output Coronary flow reserve (velocity) Coronary flow reserve (maximum velocity) Coronary flow reserve (mean velocity) <<Menu display on the touch panel>> <<Measurement procedure>> (1) Press (2) Press .5. Unit ― ― ― . at the top of the touch panel to display the (3) Press .

2B771-044EN*D 5-67 * . Coronary [LAD Vel] / [RCA Vel] Vel base Vel hyper [LAD V Trace] / [RCA V Trace] Base V Trace PHT DcT Hyper V Trace PHT DcT No.(5) Press the switch for the desired item on the touch panel and perform measurement.

the Carotid1 application measurement menu is displayed on the touch panel when is pressed. 2B771-044EN*D 6-1 .] (example) from the top row on the touch panel. Refer to section 2 "2D-Mode/CDI-Mode Measurements" for details concerning the operating procedures. 6. Set Exam Type to Carotid in the Patient Registration screen.1 Carotid1 When Carotid1 is selected for Application Preset.1 2D-mode measurement (1) Select [Right] .1. 6. select the measurement tool [Distance] etc.6. Then.[CCA] .[Prox. Application Measurement (Vascular) Blood flow and the appearance of the carotid artery can be measured in 2D mode or Doppler mode. No.

Dist. Repre (Proximal) (Middle) (Distal) (Representative) Distance / IMT / %Stenosis Area / %Stenosis Distance Right/Left ECA : External Carotid Artery Prox. Dist.Right/Left Target vessel Region 2D-mode measurement types Right/Left CCA : Common Carotid Artery Prox. Mid. Repre (Proximal) (Middle) (Distal) (Representative) Distance / IMT / %Stenosis Area / %Stenosis Distance Right/Left ICA : Internal Carotid Artery Prox. Repre (Proximal) (Middle) (Distal) (Representative) Distance / IMT / %Stenosis Area / %Stenosis Distance Right/Left Subc A : Right/Left Vert A : Subclavian Artery ― Distance / IMT / %Stenosis Area / %Stenosis Distance ― Distance / IMT / %Stenosis Area / %Stenosis Distance Vertebral Artery The measurement results are displayed together on the screen for each measurement position. 2B771-044EN*D 6-2 . Mid. Dist. Mid. Switch Item to be measured Result display Dist Distance Dist (mm) mean IMT Mean Intima-Media Thickness meanIMT (mm) Intima-Media Thickness IMT1 (mm) Intima-Media Thickness IMT2 (mm) Intima-Media Thickness IMT3 (mm) %Stenosis Area %S Area (%) Lumen Area Lumen (cm2) Residual Area Residual (cm2) %Stenosis Dist %S Dist (%) %Stenosis Area %S Area (%) Lumen Distance Lumen (mm) Residual Distance Residual (mm) %S Area %S Dist No.

6.1. Mid. Dist. Repre (Proximal) (Middle) (Distal) (Representative) PS Vel / ED Vel / Velocity Trace Right/Left Subc A : Subclavian Artery Right/Left Vert A : Vertebral Artery No. 2B771-044EN*D 6-3 ― PS Vel / ED Vel / Velocity Trace ― PS Vel / ED Vel / Velocity Trace . Repre (Proximal) (Middle) (Distal) (Representative) PS Vel / ED Vel / Velocity Trace Right/Left ICA : Internal Carotid Artery Prox.[Prox.] (example) from the top row on the touch panel. Dist.2 Doppler-mode measurement (1) Select [Right] .[CCA] . Refer to section 4 "Doppler-Mode Measurements" for details concerning the operating procedures. Dist. Then. Repre (Proximal) (Middle) (Distal) (Representative) PS Vel / ED Vel / Velocity Trace Right/Left ECA : External Carotid Artery Prox. Mid. Mid. Right/Left Target vessel Region Doppler-mode measurement types Right/Left CCA : Common Carotid Artery Prox. select the measurement tool [PS Vel] etc.

The measurement results are displayed together on the screen for each measurement position. If an unexpected value is obtained. or latest value of the measurement results as the value shown on the Worksheet screen. NOTE: If two or more measurements have been performed for a single item. No. Calculation item S/D Description S/D ICA/CCA (PS)*1 ICA/CCA (ED)*1 ICA/CCA (Vmax)*1 ICA/CCA (Ved)*1 PS Velocity ED Velocity ICA / CCA( PS )  PS Velocity( ICA) PS Velocity(CCA) ICA / CCA( ED)  ED Velocity( ICA) ED Velocity(CCA) ICA / CCA(V max)  ICA / CCA(Ved )  V max(ICA) V max(CCA) Ved ( ICA) Ved (CCA) *1: The ICA/CCA values are displayed in the Worksheet screen.1.3 Measurement value display on the Worksheet screen When the same vascular measurement item is measured more than once. The measurement value can be displayed next to the ICA/CCA field by selecting the corresponding body part examined. maximum. MAX (maximum value). (2) Items calculated based on the measurement results Values can be calculated based on the measurement results. it is possible to display the average. or LAT (latest value) in the list box on the right of the measurement results. 6. it will affect the mean value. Select AVG (average value). 2B771-044EN*D 6-4 . be sure to check each measurement result using the worksheet function. The display items and calculation formula differ depending on the initially selected presets.

To change the measurement menu to be displayed when is pressed. pressing displays the application measurement (Carotid1) menu on the touch panel. 6.2 Carotid1 (Auto-IMT Measurement) The Auto-IMT measurement function performs automatic tracing and measurement within the specified ROI and displays the results.1 Touch panel menu When the Auto-IMT tab is selected. 2B771-044EN*D 6-5 . When Carotid1 is selected for Application Preset.2. the following menu is displayed. Switch Description Right Right side (of the patient) Left Left side (of the patient) CCA Common carotid artery Bulb Carotid bulb ICA Internal carotid artery Anterior Imaging from the front Lateral Imaging from the side Posterior Imaging from the rear No. refer to subsection 11.3 "Confirmation of the Automatic Measurement Start Item".6.

Based on (1) above. No.001. an accuracy of 0. measurement values are displayed to 3 decimal places. This is because marks can be moved in steps of 1 pixel on the screen. and due to the resolution of ultrasound images. however.001. 2B771-044EN*D 6-6 . 2.001 may not always be achieved. When a measurement is performed using the Auto-IMT tool. depending on the characteristics of the image.CAUTION: Auto-IMT measurement display 1. when a mark is moved on the screen. the measured and calculated values should only be used as reference values. the measurement value may change in increments of greater than 0. Restrictions: Though measurement values are displayed to 3 decimal places. movement by 1 pixel may correspond to a measurement change of more than 0. A prime (') is added to measurement values and values calculated using measurement values.

2 Measurement method (1) Display an image of a carotid artery in 2D mode. Set [2D Reference Cursor Display] to ON for AutoIMT in the preset menu to display the reference cursor. such as . from the lower row of switches on the touch panel. Automatic tracing is performed in the ROI. (3) Select a measurement item. 2B771-044EN*D 6-7 .6. (2) Freeze the image. such as .2. (4) Set the ROI position by specifying the start and end points using the trackball and . and the trace results are displayed. The MEAS EDIT dial can be used to move the reference cursor to the left or right. The ROI for tracing is displayed. Reference cursor No. Use this cursor for reference when the distance from a specific position is used to define the measurement position. Use the trackball to display the image to be used for measurement. from the upper row of switches on the touch panel and select the direction from which imaging is performed.

2B771-044EN*D 6-8 . <5> Intima-Media Specifies which line (toward the intima or toward the media) is to be modified. the trace lines can be modified. the switch and switches for modification of the trace lines are displayed in the lower part of the touch panel. <2> Undo Undoes the previous operation. and the trace line can be modified using . The message in the MDA title field reads "Accepted". <8> Caliper Edit Displays the arrow cursor. Until this switch is pressed. <7> Parallel Moves the trace lines horizontally.(5) When the trace results are displayed. <3> Trace Line Displays/hides the trace lines. The area to be modified can be specified by moving this cursor using the trackball. <6> Smooth Adjusts the smoothness of the trace lines. Switch Description <1> Accept Sets (registers) the trace results and adds them to the worksheet. <4> Near-Far Specifies which line (toward the wall or away from the wall) is to be modified. No.

NOTE: If two or more measurements have been performed for a single item. 2B771-044EN*D 6-9 * . be sure to check each measurement result using the worksheet function. the representative values for each region are displayed. all the measurement values and all the calculation results obtained based on these measurement values are displayed. On the Worksheet screen.3 Worksheet screen Pressing displays the Worksheet screen. it will affect the mean value. For example. refer to section 11 "Presetting". To change the display.6.2. and the mean of the mean values for a region is displayed for "mean". for Right CCA. the highest of the maximum values measured for each region in Right CCA is displayed for "max". and the mean of the mean values measured for each region in Right CCA is displayed for "mean". If an unexpected measurement value is obtained. ● Example of Carotid1 Auto-IMT display (page 1) ● Example of Carotid1 Auto-IMT display (last page) No. The highest of the maximum values for a region is displayed for "max". From the second page of the worksheet.

The final diagnosis must be based on an overall clinical evaluation of the patient. the calculation result may differ depending on the selected author. referring to section 11 "Presetting". Abbreviation Full name EDD Estimated date of delivery LMP Last menstrual period CLIN Clinical date GA Gestational age IVF Invitro fertilization date PREV Previous date GR Gravida P Para EFW Estimated fetal weight CNS Fetal central nervous system U/S GA Gestational age calculated from values obtained by ultrasound measurement No. or PREV (date of previous examination and gestational age on that date). Incorrect entry of these parameters will result in incorrect EDD (estimated date of delivery) calculation. Before using the OB measurement function. CLIN (current date and current gestational age). As far as possible. This system can measure multiple fetuses up to quadruplets. The data is calculated based on previously obtained statistical clinical data (hereinafter referred to as "author") registered in the system. Enter the correct data for LMP (start date of the last menstrual period).7. The author that is to be used should be selected based on the clinical judgment of a specialist. Even if the same fetal measurement value is input. 2. select the authors most appropriate for the purpose. IVF (in vitro fertilization date). only one author should be selected. CAUTION: 1. It is recommended that mixing of measurement charts from different authors be avoided. Do not attempt to establish a diagnosis based solely on the calculation results obtained by this system. Be careful not to misidentify any fetus when diagnosing fetal growth. <<Abbreviations>> The following abbreviations are used in this operation manual and on the monitor display.1 Outline of OB Measurement Data for determining fetal growth is calculated and displayed based on the fetal size measurement results. Obstetric Measurement (OB) 7. 2B771-044EN*D 7-1 .

use the GA Input function to input (or edit) the information. Input EDD (estimated delivery date) CLIN (gestational age on the date of examination) LMP (last menstrual period) IVF (in-vitro fertilization date) PREV (date of previous examination) LMP = GA = LMP = EDD = EDD = GA = LMP = EDD = GA = LMP = EDD = GA = Calculation method EDD – 280 days System date – LMP System date – GA LMP + 280 days LMP + 280 days System date – LMP IVF – 14 days IVF + 266 days System date – LMP PREV – GA calculated based on PREV LMP + 280 days System date – LMP No. and Fetal Heart. *2: Select the OB date information input type from the table below. 2B771-044EN*D 7-2 .XXSD or %tile is not possible if OB date information has not been entered. Endo-Vaginal. Fetal growth evaluation based on X.2 Patient Registration for OB Measurement *1: The OB measurement data cannot be stored in the system or updated for exam types other than OB. If the OB date information has not been entered on the Patient Registration screen.7.

*1 <4> Caliper Edit Enables editing of the measurement marker position. <5> GA Input Enables input and editing of the OB date information. the OB measurement switches are displayed on the touch panel. : Gynecological items that are measured by other than the Doppler method <2> Delete Deletes the most recent measurement value and measurement marker. <3> Clear All Deletes all of the measurement results. Press the switch for the desired measurement.3 OB Measurement Menu on the Touch Panel When OB measurement is started. 2B771-044EN*D 7-3 . <6> Worksheet/Save Displays the Worksheet screen or Save confirmation screen (the screen to be displayed can be preset).7. No. No. Refer to subsection 7. <7> Trend Displays the trend graph.6 "Updating the OB Date Information during an Examination (GA Input)".. : Bone examination Gyn.. Switch <1> Measurement pages Function Routine : Pregnancy routine items Routine Addition : Pregnancy routine items Doppler : Doppler measurement items Cardiac/CNS : Items based on cardiac study guidelines/items based on central nervous system guidelines Extreniti.

Switch <8> Display Type Function Switches the measurement result display type. D).6 "List of measurement OB Measurements and OB Calculation Items". switches *1: The measurement data obtained for other application types is not deleted when [Clear All] is pressed.  Current : Only the items for which the measurement marker is displayed are displayed.  Registered: The results for the registered measurement items and calculation items are always displayed. C. <9> Fetus Selects fetus (A. the values that were entered on the Patient Registration screen or using the GA Input function in the OB measurement menu are not deleted. <10> Application (OB) For details of each measurement item.No. No. 2B771-044EN*D 7-4 . refer to subsection 7. Also. B.

4 Measurement Methods Specific to OB Measurements For details of the basic measurement methods that are also used in OB measurements. refer to the sections on the basic measurements (sections 2 to 4).1 Amniotic fluid index (AFI) The space assuming that the uterine cavity is divided into four chambers around the umbilicus and the sum of the maximum depth in each chamber is calculated. This subsection only provides information on measurement methods that are specific to OB measurements. <5> Press . measurement for Q1 is started again. <4> Operate to change the diameter of the circle (position of the second point). No. 3.  <3> Press . Step 2: Set a circle. 2B771-044EN*D 7-5 Step 3: Set the measurement. 2. If AFI is selected after Q4 has been measured. In both methods. The AFI value is displayed when at least one of the four distances is measured. .  <2> Move the marker using . (1) Circle measurement . NOTE: 1. The four distances (Q1 to Q4) are measured using distance measurement or circle measurement (the measurement method can be preset). The type of circle measurement (Both Ends or Balloon) can be preset. <<Measurement procedure>> The amniotic fluid index (AFI) measurement procedure using the circle measurement method is described below. <1> Select [AFI].Both Ends Step 1: Set the start point. diameters are displayed as the measurement results. Only the preset measurement method can be used for AFI measurement. NOTE: Amniotic fluid pocket (AFP) measurement can also be performed using the circle measurement method.7. 7.4. Even if AFI measurement is discontinued by unfreezing the image. the measurement can be resumed by starting AFI measurement again.

<2> Operate Step 3: Set the measurement. A single quotation mark (') is added not only to the NT measurement values but also to the calculation results obtained based on the measurement values. The indicated value changes in increments greater than 0. A  <3> Rotate the dial around or to adjust the radius.Balloon Step 1: Start measurement. to move <4> Press the marker to the center of the target region. Although the markers can be moved in steps of 1 pixel on the screen. 3. The system can be preset so that the measurement results obtained in Thickness measurements can be displayed to two decimal places.01 due to the resolution of ultrasound images. it may not be possible to obtain a value that is accurate to two decimal places. Refer to subsection 2. a prime (') is displayed in front of the value to indicate that the value is a reference. Step 2: Set a circle. measurement is performed at only one position.01 as a mark is moved. The measurement and modification procedures for Thickness measurement are the same as for MeanIMT measurement. unlike MeanIMT measurement.7 "MeanIMT Measurement". 2B771-044EN*D 7-6 . Select one in the preset menu. 7. however.2 NB (Nasal Bone)/NT (Nuchal Translucency)/NF (Nuchal Fold) measurement Distance measurement or Thickness measurement is used for NT measurement. However.(2) Circle measurement . <1> Select [AFI]. Depending on the characteristics of the image. 2. For NT or NB values. No. this does not correspond to an indicated value change of 0. . NOTE: 1.4. Use the measurement and calculation values displayed to two decimal places only for reference.

correct measurement results cannot be obtained. Do not perform CTAR measurement using a horizontally flipped image.7. Set the start point for thoracic area measurement on the spine. RV LV L RA LA R P Spine Location of point P 96. No. First measure the thoracic area (posterior to anterior) and then measure the cardiac area (base to apex).4. If measurement is performed with the start point set at a location other than the spine.3 CTAR measurement In CTAR measurement. the normal range for the P point is displayed in pink. the ratio of the areas of two ellipses (cardiac area / thoracic area  100 (%)) and the angle between the axes of the ellipses (cardiac axis) are obtained. The items that are output can be preset using "CTAR Tool (Available after PR)" of the preset menu.  Only Ratio  Ratio and Axis  Ratio and Axis (with P Area) When Ratio and Axis (with P Area) is selected. Correct measurement results cannot be obtained.3 % NOTE: 1. 2B771-044EN*D 7-7 . 2.

<6> Set an ellipse for cardiac area measurement by performing the same procedure as in step 1. <1> Select [CTAR].  <7> Press . *1: The pink area indicating the normal range of the P point is displayed when the measurement item is preset to Ratio and Axis (with P Area). the marker to the start  point on the spine. . No. 2B771-044EN*D 7-8 .<<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point for thoracic area measurement (on the spine). Step 2: Measure the thoracic area. <5> Press Step 3: Measure the cardiac area. <4> Set an ellipse by performing the same  procedure as for [Ellipse] in Area to move <2> Operate measurement.  <3> Press . The marker for cardiac area measurement is *1 displayed.

PIV. <7> Press . maximum velocity in diastole (D). <6> Move the third marker . <4> Move the second marker (apex of the angle) using Move the third marker using Step 3: Set the measurement. Note that an angle of 180 or less is output as the measurement value. <1> Select [Maxilla Angle]. and S/a are calculated. No. 2B771-044EN*D 7-9 . The results obtained by automatic measurements can be edited manually. 7.  <2> Move the marker using .7. At the same time. maximum velocity in atrial systole (a).4 Maxilla Angle (Facial Maxilla Angle) measurement The angle formed by setting three markers is measured. <5> Press . a/S.4.  <3> Press  . PVIV.5 DV (Ductus Venosus) measurement When an interval of the Doppler waveform is measured. mean velocity (Vm_peak). the maximum velocity in systole (S). using  . Step 2: Set the second marker (apex of the angle). <<Measurement procedure>> Step 1: Set the start point. correct results cannot be obtained. NOTE: Perform DV measurement using the Doppler waveform for a single cardiac cycle. and HR are measured. Otherwise. assuming that the second marker represents the apex.4.

(4) U/S EDD The estimated delivery date calculated based on U/S GA is displayed. When "Extrapolated" is preset to On. "***" is displayed next to the value. No. The measurement items required for calculation differ depending on the author. The data for the items for which the GA value is not displayed (because the result is out of the range specified by the author or the author data is not available) is not used to calculate the U/S GA value. 2B771-044EN*D 7-10 . If the calculation result is outside the range specified by the author. (2) GA (Gestational Age) GA is calculated from the measured values for the fetal regions based on the selected author data.) has not been calculated (even if HC has been measured). Refer to section 10 for details. EFW will not be calculated or displayed if the measurement items required for the selected author have not yet been obtained. Whether or not U/S GA is calculated and the items that are used to calculate U/S GA can be preset.) is calculated and whether or not it is used for EFW and Ratio calculations can be preset.7. an EFW value in the range of 26 g < EFW < 6500 g but outside the range specified by the author may be displayed as a reference value.5 Calculation Items The following items are calculated based on the measurement results. When such a value is displayed. * When HC (Cal. (1) EFW (Estimated Fetal Weight) EFW is calculated from the measured values for the fetal regions and is then displayed. Whether or not HC (Cal.) is used for EFW calculation. the "^" mark (representing "Extrapolated") is displayed on the left of the value.) HC (Cal. EFW is not displayed if HC (Cal. (5) HC (Cal.) is calculated and displayed based on the BPD and OFD measurement results. (3) U/S GA The GA values obtained based on the ultrasound measurement values are simply averaged and the result value is displayed as the gestational age.

"?" is displayed in front of the result value. Whether or not the result for this item is displayed can be preset. Calculation result Result display Within the range from 14 to 21 weeks The ratio range is not displayed. No.) is used for EFW calculation.) is calculated and whether or not it is used for EFW and Ratio calculations can be preset. Whether or not the result for this item is displayed can be preset. Calculation result Result display Within the range from 13 to 40 weeks "NOT VALID" is displayed. (8) FL/AC FL/AC is calculated and displayed on the Worksheet screen when measurement or calculation results are available for both FL and AC. Whether or not AC (Cal.) is calculated and displayed based on the APAD and TAD measurement results. Whether or not the result for this item is displayed can be preset. Outside the range from 22 to 42 weeks "NOT VALID" is displayed. * When AC (Cal.) AC (Cal. * The HC/AC value is not displayed in the following cases. "?" is displayed in front of the result value. EFW is not displayed if AC (Cal.(6) AC (Cal. Calculation result Result display Outside the range from 23 to 40 weeks "NOT VALID" is displayed. (7) HC/AC HC/AC is calculated and displayed on the Worksheet screen when measurement or calculation results are available for both HC and AC. (9) FL/BPD FL/BPD is displayed on the Worksheet screen when measurement results are available for FL and BPD. * The FL/AC value is not displayed in the following cases. The calculation result (ratio) is outside the range from 71% to 87%. Outside the range specified for the gestational age "?" is displayed in front of the result value. 2B771-044EN*D 7-11 . The calculation result (ratio) is outside the range from 20% to 24%.) has not been calculated (even if AC has been measured). * The FL/BPD value is not displayed in the following cases.

Method for OB] individually. Method for OB] and [PI Calc. (11) FL/HC FL/HC is calculated and displayed on the Worksheet screen when measurement or calculation results are available for both FL and HC. * The FL/HC value is not displayed in the following cases. It is possible to set [RI Calc.  When Ved is selected for the calculation method RI : Resistance Index  (Vmax Ved)/Vmax PI : Pulsatility Index  (Vmax Ved)/Vmean  When Vmin is selected for the calculation method RI : Resistance Index  (Vmax Vmin)/Vmax PI : Pulsatility Index  (Vmax Vmin)/Vmean No. The calculation result (ratio) is outside the range from 70% to 86%. (12) RI (Resistance Index). Whether or not the result of this item is displayed can be preset. "?" is displayed in front of the result value.(10) CI (Cephalic Index) CI = (Short axis/long axis)  100 CI is displayed when "Ellipse" or "Cross" is used for HC measurement. Outside the range specified for the gestational age "?" is displayed in front of the result value. * The CI value is not displayed in the following cases. PI (Pulsatility Index) RI and PI are calculated by the following formulas according to the presets. Calculation result Result display Outside the range from 14 to 40 weeks "NOT VALID" is displayed. Calculation result Result display Outside the range from 15 to 42 weeks "NOT VALID" is displayed. CI is displayed on the Worksheet screen when HC has been measured using the Ellipse or Cross method. Whether or not the result for this item is displayed can be preset. 2B771-044EN*D 7-12 .

a. and Vm_peak in DV measurement are available. (16) S/a S/a = |S/a| This item is calculated and displayed only when the measurement results for S and a in DV measurement are available. No.(13) PIV PIV = |S-a| / |Vm_peak| This item is calculated and displayed only when the measurement results for S. 2B771-044EN*D 7-13 . a. (15) a/S a/S = |a/S| This item is calculated and displayed only when the measurement results for S and a in DV measurement are available. and D in DV measurement are available. (14) PVIV PVIV = |S-a| / |D| This item is calculated and displayed only when the measurement results for S.

P Cavum septi pellucidi ― CER Cerebellum Goldstein Hill Nicolaides Cervix Len Cervical Length ― ― *1 CLAV Clavicle Length Yarkoni CM Cisterna Magna ― No.7.6 List of OB Measurements and OB Calculation Items (1) 2D Item name Formal nomenclature Author Data type FG*1 AA Abdominal Area Chitty AC Abdominal Circumference ASUM BMUS (drvd) CFEF Chitty (drvd) Chitty (pltd) Deter Hadlock Jeanty JSUM Merz Nicolaides APAD Anterior-Posterior Abdominal Diameter Merz AFI Amniotic Fluid Index Moore AFP Amniotic Fluid Pocket ― BPD Biparietal Diameter ASUM CFEF Chitty (O-i) Chitty (O-O) Hadlock Hansmann Jeanty JSUM Kurtz Merz Nicolaides Osaka Rempen Sabbagha C.S. 2B771-044EN*D 7-14 FG+GA Identical*1 Identical*1 Identical*1 Identical*1 FG*1 FG*1+GA Identical*1 FG*1+GA FG+GA Identical*1 Identical FG*2 ― FG+GA Identical FG*1+GA FG*1+GA FG*1+GA FG*1+GA FG*1+GA FG*1+GA FG*1+GA FG+GA Identical*1 Identical*1 FG+GA FG ― FG+GA FG+GA Identical*1 FG +GA ― .

AC. FL) Identical*1 Hadlock3 (HC. FL) F Kidney Fibula Kidney length Identical*1 FG*1 Shepard (BPD. AC. AC) ― Schild (HC. FL) ― Williams (BPD. MAD. AC) Osaka (BPD. FL) FG Chitty Identical*1 Merz FG Bertagnoli No. AC. HC. AC. FL) Identical*1 Hansmann (BPD. 2B771-044EN*D 7-15 FG*1+GA Merz1 (BPD. FTA. AC. HC.Item name CRL Formal nomenclature Author Crown-rump Length Data type ASUM FG+GA BMUS GA Daya GA Hadlock FG+GA Hansmann FG+GA Jeanty GA JSUM FG+GA Nelson GA Osaka Identical Rempen FG+GA Robinson FG+GA CTAR Cardiothoracic Area Ratio ― ― CTAR A CTAR Area A (Thoracic Area) ― ― CTAR B CTAR Area B (Cardiac Area) ― ― CARD-Axis Cardiac Axis ― ― EFW Estimated Fetal Weight Brenner (BPD. FL) Identical*1 Hadlock4 (BPD. AC. HC. THC) JSUM (BPD. FL) Identical*1 Hadlock2 (BPD. FL) ― Merz2 (AC) ― Persson (BPD. FL) FG Campbell (AC) ― Hadlock1 (AC. AC. FL) FIB FG FG*1 .

Item name FL Formal nomenclature Author Femur Length ASUM BMUS FG*1+GA CFEF Identical*1 Chitty FG*1+GA Hadlock FG*1+GA Hansmann Foot Length FG+GA Identical Hohler GA Jeanty FG*1+GA JSUM FG*1+GA Merz FG+GA Nicolaides Foot Data type Identical*1 O'Brien Identical Osaka Identical*1 Warda FG+GA Chitty Mercer Identical*1 Identical*1 FG+GA FTA Fetal trunk cross-sectional Area Osaka GS Gestational Sac Diameter Hellman Rempen FG+GA Tokyo FG+GA Daya GA FG+GA FG+GA HA Head area Chitty HC Head Circumaference ASUM FG+GA BMUS (drvd) FG*1+GA CFEF Identical Chitty (drvd) FG*1+GA Chitty (pltd) FG*1+GA Hadlock FG*1+GA Hansmann Identical Jeanty FG*1+GA Merz FG+GA Nicolaides Identical Identical*1 Hem Cerebral Hemisphere Nicolaides HL Humerus ASUM Chitty Identical*1 Jeanty FG*1+GA Merz Identical Osaka Identical No. 2B771-044EN*D 7-16 FG+GA .

Item name Formal nomenclature Author Data type IOD Inner Orbital Diameter ― ― Maxilla Angle Facial Maxilla Angle ― ― Maxilla Length Facial Maxilla Length ― ― NB Nasal Bone Bunduki FG Sonek FG NF Neck Fold ― ― NT Nuchal Translucency ― ― Ocular D Ocular Diameter ― ― OFD Occipito Frontal Diameter ASUM FG+GA Chitty Identical*1 Hansmann Identical Jeanty Identical*1 OOD RAD TAD Outer Orbital Diameter Merz Identical Nicolaides Identical Jeanty Mayden Radius Transverse Abdominal Diameter GA GA Chitty Merz Identical*1 CFEF FG Merz Identical Identical TC Thoracic Circumference ― ― TCD Total Cardiac Dimension ― ― THD Thoracic Diameter Hansmann Identical TIB Tibia Chitty Jeanty Identical*1 Merz Ulna Ulna Chitty Jeanty Merz FG*1+GA Identical Identical*1 FG*1+GA Identical Umb VD Umbilical Vein Diameter ― Va Cerebral Anterior Ventricle Diameter Nicolaides Identical*1 Vp Cerebral Posterior Ventricle Diameter Nicolaides Identical*1 Va/Hem Va/Hem Nicolaides FG*2 Vp/Hem Vp/Hem Nicolaides FG*2 YS Yolk Sac ― No. 2B771-044EN*D 7-17 ― ― .

(2) Doppler Item name DV S Formal nomenclature Author Ductus Venosus Data type ― ― ― ― ― ― Peak systolic velocity DV D Ductus Venosus Peak endsystolic velocity DV a Ductus Venosus Peak velocity during atrial contraction DV Vm_Peak Ductus Venosus Timeaveraged maximum velocity ― ― DV HR Ductus Venosus ― ― HR Calculated by Trace wave PIV (S-a) / Vm_peak Ductus Venosus Peak Velocity Baschat FG*2 PVIV (S-a) / D Ductus Venosus Peak Velocity Index Baschat FG*2 a/S a/S Ductus Venosus Preload Index Baschat FG*2 S/a S/a Ductus Venosus S/a ratio Baschat FG*2 FHR Fetal Heart Rate ― Fetal Ao PI Fetal Aorta PI Harrington FG*2 Mai FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 Mai FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 Fetal Ao RI Fetal Aorta RI ― Fetal Ao Vp Fetal Aorta Vp ― ― Fetal Ao Vmin Fetal Aorta Vmin ― ― Fetal Ao Ved Fetal Aorta Ved ― ― Fetal Ao Vm_peak Fetal Aorta Vm_peak ― ― Fetal Ao Vm_mean Fetal Aorta Vm_mean ― ― Fetal Ao S/D Fetal Aorta S/D ― ― Fetal Ao HR Fetal Aorta HR ― ― No. 2B771-044EN*D 7-18 .

2B771-044EN*D 7-19 .Item name Formal nomenclature Author MCA PI Middle Cerebral Artery PI Bahlman FG*2 Harrington FG*2 JSUM FG*2 Mai FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 Bahlman FG*2 JSUM FG*2 Mai FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 MCA RI Middle Cerebral Artery RI Data type MCA Vp Middle Cerebral Artery Vp ― ― MCA Vmin Middle Cerebral Artery Vmin ― ― MCA Ved Middle Cerebral Artery Ved ― ― MCA Vm_peak Middle Cerebral Artery Vm_peak ― ― MCA Vm_mean Middle Cerebral Artery Vm_mean ― ― MCA S/D Middle Cerebral Artery S/D ― ― MCA HR Middle Cerebral Artery HR ― ― Umb A PI Umbilical Artery PI Harrington FG*2 JSUM FG*2 Mai FG*2 Merz FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 JSUM FG*2 Mai FG*2 Merz FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 Umb A RI Umbilical Artery RI Umb A Vp Umbilical Artery Vp ― ― Umb A Vmin Umbilical Artery Vmin ― ― Umb A Ved Umbilical Artery Ved ― ― Umb A Vm_peak Umbilical Artery Vm_peak ― ― Umb A Vm_mean Umbilical Artery Vm_mean ― ― Umb A S/D Umbilical Artery S/D ― ― Umb A HR Umbilical Artery HR ― ― Lt Uterin PI Left Uterin Artery PI Merz FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 Merz FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 Lt Uterin RI Left Uterin Artery RI No.

Item name Formal nomenclature Author Data type Lt Uterin Vp Left Uterin Artery Vp ― ― Lt Uterin Vmin Left Uterin Artery Vmin ― ― Lt Uterin Ved Left Uterin Artery Ved ― ― Lt Uterin Vm_peak Left Uterin Artery Vm_peak ― ― Lt Uterin Vm_mean Left Uterin Artery Vm_mean ― ― Lt Uterin S/D Left Uterin Arrery S/D ― ― Rt Uterin PI Right Uterin Artery PI Merz FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 Merz FG*2 Schaffer FG*2 Rt Uterin RI Right Uterin Artery RI Rt Uterin Vp Right Uterin Artery Vp ― ― Rt Uterin Vmin Right Uterin Artery Vmin ― ― Rt Uterin Ved Right Uterin Artery Ved ― ― Rt Uterin Vm_peak Right Uterin Artery Vm_peak ― ― Rt Uterin Vm_mean Right Uterin Artery Vm_mean ― ― Rt Uterin S/D Right Uterin Arrery S/D ― ― Lt Ovarian A PI Left Ovarian Artery PI ― ― Lt Ovarian A RI Left Ovarian Artery RI ― ― Lt Ovarian A Vp Left Ovarian Artery Vp ― ― Lt Ovarian A Vmin Left Ovarian Artery Vmin ― ― Lt Ovarian A Ved Left Ovarian Artery Ved ― ― Lt Ovarian A Vm_peak Left Ovarian Artery Vm_peak ― ― Lt Ovarian A Vm_mean Left Ovarian Artery Vm_mean ― ― Lt Ovarian A S/D Left Ovarian Artery S/D ― ― Rt Ovarian A PI Right Ovarian Artery PI ― ― Rt Ovarian A RI Right Ovarian Artery RI ― ― Rt Ovarian A Vp Right Ovarian Artery Vp ― ― Rt Ovarian A Vmin Right Ovarian Artery Vmin ― ― Rt Ovarian A Ved Right Ovarian Artery Ved ― ― Rt Ovarian A Vm_peak Right Ovarian Artery Vm_peak ― ― Rt Ovarian A Vm_mean Right Ovarian Artery Vm_mean ― ― No. 2B771-044EN*D 7-20 .

The "^" mark (representing "Extrapolated") is displayed on the left of GA results in the extrapolated range.2. 2B771-044EN*D 7-21 .28 "OB Behavior".Item name Formal nomenclature Author Data type Rt Ovarian A S/D Right Ovarian Artery S/D ― ― Placenta PI Placenta PI ― ― Placenta RI Placenta RI ― ― Placenta Vp Placenta Vp ― ― Placenta Vmin Placenta Vmin ― ― Placenta Ved Placenta Ved ― ― Placenta Vm_peak Placenta Vm_peak ― ― Placenta Vm_mean Placenta Vm_mean ― ― Placenta S/D Placenta S/D ― ― Lt Renal A PI Left Renal Artery PI ― ― Lt Renal A RI Left Renal Artery RI ― ― Lt Renal A Vp Left Renal Artery Vp ― ― Lt Renal A Vmin Left Renal Artery Vmin ― ― Lt Renal A Ved Left Renal Artery Ved ― ― Lt Renal A Vm_peak Left Renal Artery Vm_peak ― ― Lt Renal A Vm_mean Left Renal Artery Vm_mean ― ― Lt Renal A S/D Left Renal Artery S/D ― ― Rt Renal A PI Right Renal Artery PI ― ― Rt Renal A RI Right Renal Artery RI ― ― Rt Renal A Vp Right Renal Artery Vp ― ― Rt Renal A Vmin Right Renal Artery Vmin ― ― Rt Renal A Ved Right Renal Artery Ved ― ― Rt Renal A Vm_peak Right Renal Artery Vm_peak ― ― Rt Renal A Vm_mean Right Renal Artery Vm_mean ― ― Rt Renal A S/D Right Renal Artery S/D ― ― *1: When "Extrapolated" is preset to On as described in subsection 11. the range for which the GA result is displayed is extended to a maximum of 45 weeks for some authors. *2: Available for trend graph only No. Refer to section 10 "OB Measurement Chart Data" for details. The range of extension differs for each author.

Menu The following measurement can be performed from the Gyn. 2B771-044EN*D 7-22 . Item name Formal nomenclature Type of measurement Lt Ovary Left Ovarian Volume Volume measurement Rt Ovary Right Ovarian Volume Volume measurement Lt Follicle1-8 Left Follicle Volume Volume measurement Rt Follicle1-8 Right Follicle Volume Volume measurement Uterus Uterine Volume Volume measurement Endometrium Endometrium Distance measurement or IMT measurement (can be preset) Lesion1-6 Cyst Volume Volume measurement No. menu.7.7 Measurement Items That Can Be Selected in the Gyn.

EDD IVF IVF. the EDD value that is calculated based on the calculated GA value is displayed as the result. Input type Display LMP LMP. GA.28 "OB Behavior". GA.2. No. EDD PREV LMP. *5: If a date results in a GA value outside the range from 0w1d to 45w0d. EDD CLIN LMP. *3: When the date information is changed using the GA Input function after a measurement in which GA calculation is performed. EDD EDD LMP.8 Updating the OB Date Information During an Examination (GA Input) The OB date information can be updated using the following method. GA. *1: The OB date data that is displayed differs depending on the input type. *4: The type of GA value to be used for EDD calculation differs depending on the setting for "Method of OB Weeks" described in subsection 11. GA.7. GA. 2B771-044EN*D 7-23 . the [OK] button is disabled. EDD *2: Enter the OB date directly from the keyboard or select the date from the calendar that is displayed by pressing the calendar switch.

The fetus marks are not changed even when the graph is displayed in extrapolated mode. The current values and the values stored in the system are plotted to display the growth curve. The "" mark is displayed overlapping the fetus mark for edited values or values outside the range specified by the author. No.9 Trend Graph (Trend) The trend graph can be displayed using the following method. <<Example of single-frame display (Single)>> *1: Whether the trend graph is displayed in the single-frame format (Single) or in the 4-frame format (Quad) when the trend graph function is started can be preset. *3: The data for the day indicated by the red vertical line on the graph is displayed in this area. In this case. "Extrapolated" is displayed on the trend graph. *4: When "Extrapolated" is preset to On as described in subsection 11. the range for which the GA result is displayed is extended to a maximum of 45 weeks for some authors. *2: When measurement has been performed for multiple fetuses. 2B771-044EN*D 7-24 .28 "OB Behavior". a different mark is displayed for each fetus.2.7.

but then the EFW for the current examination is not plotted. When the measurement results are displayed in "Most Recent" mode. Do not change the EFW calculation method for the same patient. Whether "Averaged" is displayed or not depends on the currently set result display mode on the Worksheet screen.<<Example of 4-frame display (Quad)>> *1: Whether the trend graph is displayed in single-frame format (Single) or in 4-frame format (Quad) when the trend graph function is started can be preset. not on the mode that was set at the time the previous data was saved. No. 2B771-044EN*D 7-25 . If the EFW calculation method used for the current examination differs from that used for the previous examination for the same patient. 3. NOTE: 1. When the measurement results are displayed in "Mean" mode on the Worksheet screen. 2. When the measurement results are displayed in "Most Recent" mode. the mean values displayed on the Worksheet screen are plotted on the trend graph for the current examination. "Averaged" is displayed on the trend graph. no indication is displayed. the most recent values are plotted. the previous data is not plotted on the graph. When the measurement results are displayed in "Mean" mode on the Worksheet screen. The previous data can be plotted by changing the current author to the author used to obtain the previous data.

The latest three measurement results can be checked on the Worksheet screen. Displays the Data List (for entering. On the OB Worksheet screen. Displays the Comment page. Displays the Gyn measurement and calculation results. Displays the Doppler measurement and calculation results. be sure to check each measurement result using the worksheet function. In the standard setting. and calculation items that have been selected in the preset menu are displayed. <1> <2> <3> <4> <5> <6> <7> Switch Send Clear All OB 2D Worksheet Doppler Worksheet Gyn Worksheet Comment Page Anatomy <8> Data List <9> Save <10> Trend <11> Fetus Function Outputs the measurement data (refer to section 9 for details). Displays the Trend graph. Also. Deletes all measurement data and measurement calipers. Displays the anatomy diagnosis results. the oldest result is overwritten. Stores the measurement results in the OB database. The latest three measurement results are stored for each OB measurement item. it will affect the mean value.*1 Displays the 2D measurement and calculation results.7. or deleting previously acquired data). 2. all of the measurement results and mean values are displayed. the values that were entered on the Patient Registration screen or using the GA Input function in the OB measurement menu are not deleted. items to be calculated based on the measurement results. * This can be displayed by presetting. NOTE: 1. If an unexpected measurement value is obtained. If two or more measurements have been performed for a single item. No. No. the measured items. Enables selection of the fetus. 2B771-044EN*D 7-26 . If the same item is measured more than three times. Fetus A/Fetus B/Fetus C/Fetus D/Fetus All *1: The measurement data obtained for other application types is not deleted when [Clear All] is pressed.10 OB Worksheet Pressing after OB measurement displays the OB Worksheet screen.

*2: It is possible to preset the display of The check mark can be removed or displayed on the Worksheet screen. No. 2B771-044EN*D 7-27 . the U/S GA and US EDD calculation results are displayed.1 OB 2D Worksheet *1: When U/S GA is set to be calculated using the preset menu or Worksheet screen.10.7. for the data used for calculating U/S GA. *3: It is possible to preset the display of "&" for the data used for calculating EFW.

deselect this checkbox.10.2 OB Doppler Worksheet *1: Select this checkbox to display the data for all the items that were calculated using the Doppler trace method. No. To display only the items specified in the preset menu.7. 2B771-044EN*D 7-28 .

7.10. 2B771-044EN*D 7-29 .3 Gyn Worksheet *1: This information is displayed only when Gyn measurement is performed together with OB measurement and OB date information has been input. No.

No. to display the image selection screen shown The images stored by pressing are displayed in the image selection area.4 Comment screen (1) Pressing displays the screen below.10.7. 2B771-044EN*D 7-30 . (2) Press below.

. (4) To close the Comment screen and return to the Worksheet screen.(3) Select an image to be displayed on the Comment screen and press Up to 22 images can be selected. press one of the switches with "Worksheet" on its label. 2B771-044EN*D 7-31 . No.

No. press Then.7. (1) Entry of items (a) To enter an item name Place the cursor in an item field. (B) To add a blank row Click . (c) To delete a row To delete a row. Registered items and findings can be displayed as desired on this screen. 2B771-044EN*D 7-32 .10. . press [Enter] or . and enter a character string. delete all the character strings in the entry fields of the row.5 Anatomy function Pressing displays the Anatomy screen.

click [Biophysical] again. (b) To specify the default finding Double-click the field containing the finding to be displayed by default and select [Initial]. Then double-click the findings field to display the [Add] switch. (c) To delete a finding from the drop-down list Place the cursor on the finding to be deleted in the drop-down list and doubleclick it to display the menu. 2B771-044EN*D 7-33 . Click [Add] to add the character string in the field to the bottom of the list. (3) Biophysical When the biophysical items are displayed. and show/hide of the Biophysical items) are retained until the Anatomy screen is started up next time. Click [Delete] in the menu to delete the selected finding from the drop-down list. Then. When values are set for all the five items in the Biophysical area. the total score is calculated automatically and displayed in the "Total" field. (4) General information on the Anatomy screen (a) The settings on the Anatomy screen (items. Print it if required. The finding is displayed as the default for the next and subsequent patients. (a) To add a finding to the drop-down list Enter a character string in the findings field and press the [Enter] key. (c) The Anatomy screen cannot be saved.(2) Entry of findings Enter a finding directly or select one from the drop-down list. press [Enter] or . options in the findings drop-down list. No. To redisplay the biophysical items. click [Biophysical] to hide them. (b) The Anatomy screen is managed individually for each fetus and the data input on this screen is maintained until the measurement is terminated.

the following may result.  The previous measurement data do not include the measurement items that are required for calculation with the currently selected author. 2. NOTE: 1. Previously acquired OB measurement data that is stored in the system can be confirmed or deleted on the Data List screen. For items that are calculated based on the measurement results for multiple items.10. the item label and the calculation result are not displayed on the Data List screen or in the worksheet if any of the items required for calculation have not been measured.  The calculation results output using the current author are different from those obtained based on the measurement data for the previous exam date.6 Data List Pressing displays the Data List screen. 2B771-044EN*D 7-34 . * The screen below is displayed during the Data List screen startup process.7. and the calculation results are not displayed. No. If the exam data for the specified date has been calculated using an author other than the one currently selected in the system. It is also possible to enter measurement data for examinations performed in the past.

No. Refer to subsection 7. measurement value display type (Mean or Most Recent).6.10. <2> Displays the Insert screen for the 2D items.10. which is outside the range specified by the author. The author. <No. (1) Data List display for the 2D items *1: If all of the measurement datasets required for EFW (estimated fetal weight) calculation are available.10.3 "Deleting the previous exam data" for details.7. the EFW is displayed as a reference value in the range of 26 g ≤ EFW ≤ 6500 g.6. Refer to subsection 7.2 "Insert screen" for details.> Switch Function <1> Deletes the OB measurement data for the currently displayed exam date.1 Data List screen Select the desired previous exam date. the EFW value is displayed. and calculation method are displayed according to the current settings of the corresponding preset items. OB measurement data can be input for the specified date.6. When the check box "Extrapolated on" in the preset menu is selected. 2B771-044EN*D 7-35 . A list of the datasets stored for the patient on the selected exam date is displayed.

2B771-044EN*D 7-36 . <2> Displays the Insert screen for the 2D items. Refer to subsection 7.> Switch Function <1> Deletes the OB measurement data for the currently displayed exam date.3 "Deleting the previous exam data" for details.6. No.(2) Data List display for the Doppler items <No.10.

10. up to three values can be entered. on which measurement data can be entered for the previous exam date that has been selected. For a 2D mode item. (a) When no data (OB measurement values or OB calculation values) for the patient exists in the system The Insert screen is displayed as shown below.2 Insert screen Pressing on the Data List screen displays the Insert screen. Instead.7.6. the Insert screen is not displayed even when [Insert] is pressed. 2B771-044EN*D 7-37 . Editing of the Comment column is also possible. NOTE: If data for 18 days already exists for the patient. an error message is displayed. <Insert screen for the 2D items> No. Enter the value starting from the box immediately to the right of the item name.

NOTE: Data input using the Insert screen is not possible when data for another fetus (Fetus A.10.3 Deleting the data for a previous exam date Display the data list for the desired exam date on the Data List screen and press .(b) When data (OB measurement values or OB calculation values) for the patient exists in the system The Insert screen is displayed as shown below. C. Editing of the Comment column is also possible. Doppler tab. B. and Gyn tab. or D). C. B. press the all item display switch . 2B771-044EN*D 7-38 . Select the date and the fetus (Fetus A. or D) has been stored for the exam date. NOTE: It is not possible to delete all datasets for a date or a fetus at one time.6. To also display the items for which no data is available. No. A confirmation dialog is displayed. <Insert screen for an existing patient (2D)> 7. Pressing [OK] deletes the data displayed on the currently displayed tab of the Data List screen. and perform deletion for each of the 2D tab.

7. it can be plotted on trend graphs as previous data. display the Worksheet screen and confirm that no unexpected values have been measured. * When data storage is repeated for the same item.11 Data Storage The measured and calculated data can be stored in the system. the previously stored data is overwritten. (3) Select [Confirm] on the confirmation screen to store the data. <<Operating procedure>> (1) Before storing the data. No. Once data is stored. (2) Press on the touch panel. 2B771-044EN*D 7-39 * . Check the previous data before overwriting it.

 Volume 2. or any other non-ultrasound image screen. (1) Measurements on ER images (refer to subsection 8. the exam type (application preset) of the displayed image may differ from that currently selected in the system. Be sure that you have a clear understanding of the characteristics of each measurement type before performing measurements on stored images. the measurement is started with the exam type selected in the system.2) NOTE: 1. however. When a stored image is used for measurement. Refer to the Operation Manual <<Applications>> volume for the Exam Review operating procedures.1) (2) Measurements on ER images for which manual calibration is required (refer to subsection 8. 2B771-044EN*D 8-1 . For other images (ER images in which settings such as DEPTH are changed during live image acquisition). No. this information is stored only with ER images. 3. When a measurement is to be performed on an ER image.  %Stenosis Area  %Stenosis Dist  mean IMT  Flow Vol. this information must be obtained using a separate procedure (manual calibration). These items cannot be calculated if the associated measurement tools are set for different image frames. the system requires information concerning the relationship between the distance on the screen and the corresponding distance on the patient.8. complete the examination for the current patient. Do not perform measurement from the Worksheet screen. Patient Browser screen. The measurement items listed below are effective only when all of the measurement tools that contain these measurement items are set for the same image frame. For the current patient. Each type has different restrictions. To perform an application measurement using a stored image for the current patient. In this case. However. it is possible to perform measurement using images displayed in Exam Review (hereinafter referred to as ER images). only the basic measurements are possible using a stored image. Measurements on a Stored Image In this system. This section describes the two types of measurements below.

CAUTION: Display of the heart rate 1. If the ECG waveform is not displayed correctly. No. such as a patient with atrial fibrillation. 3. When a patient with an unstable heart rate. 2. an incorrect heart rate value may be displayed due to noise. The heart rate at the time the data is acquired using the diagnostic ultrasound system is displayed. 4. if the image on the left was frozen most recently. 2B771-044EN*D 8-2 . In dual-display mode. the heart rate for that image is also displayed on the image on the right. For example. enter a heart rate using the Manual Input dialog box. Confirm that the ECG waveform is displayed correctly. is to be examined. 5. the heart rate for the most recently frozen image is displayed. The heart rate value displayed on the 2D (including Color) + PW/CW screen is the heart rate obtained at the time the PW/CW image is stopped.

measurement cannot be started. the application measurement data is cleared when the ER measurement is terminated. In this case. Perform ER measurement in single-screen mode. No. In the case of black-and-white printing.2. (2) Press the desired measurement switch ( . Do not attempt to perform ER measurements on stress echo images.8. To prevent confusion during viewing of printed images at a later time. or ) to enable measurement. 2B771-044EN*D 8-3 . NOTE: 1. It is also possible to perform measurement using an image on which measurement has already been performed during the examination and to print the image with the results of the two sets of measurements. This message is displayed if an attempt is made to start measurement for images for which measurement is not permitted (for example. The appropriate measurement methods and results must be determined by a specialist. To clear the application measurement data and perform ER measurement. 3. (1) Display the ER image on the monitor. Confirm the message. however. Display the most suitable image and select the most suitable measurement tool for the intended measurement. ER measurements cannot be performed on stress echo images. ER measurement is terminated and the system enters Exam Review status.1 Measurements on ER Images * Manual calibration is required for images for which the depth or other setting has been changed during acquisition. * When is pressed during measurement. . * One of the following messages may be displayed. In this case. an ER image for which measurements have been performed and the results have been stored). * ER measurement cannot be performed in multi-screen mode. it may be difficult to distinguish between the calipers and results of the two sets of measurements. Message Detail This message is displayed when incomplete application measurement data exists for the current exam and an attempt is made to start measurement using an ER image belonging to a study other than the current exam. 2. press [Confirm]. take appropriate measures such as placing identification marks on the outputs. Refer to subsection 8.

* The result display window position can be changed by selecting on the touch panel. No. if the results are displayed using too many lines. The results are displayed on the screen. the horizontally long window is set automatically. 2B771-044EN*D 8-4   .(3) Perform measurement. However.

It is also possible to perform measurement using an image on which measurement has already been performed during the examination and to print the image with the results of the two sets of measurements.5. Display the most suitable image and select the most suitable measurement tool for the intended measurement. take appropriate measures such as placing identification marks on the outputs. To prevent confusion during viewing of printed images at a later time. 5. the calibration marker should be set using the scale graduations as reference. the accuracy of the scale setting used for measurement affects the accuracy of the measurement results as described in 3 above. Use the manual calibration function only after obtaining a clear understanding of its characteristics. Errors in the settings will affect the measurement results. Do not perform measurement using an Exam Review image that contains a 4D volume. the information on the stored image is used to set the information required for measurement. (1) Display an ER image that meets the conditions above. however. In the worst case. the error after calibration may be ±5% for an object that is 100 mm in length. To increase the accuracy of the scale setting. or Panoramic View image.8. 2B771-044EN*D 8-5 . it may be difficult to distinguish between the calipers and results of the two sets of measurements. the measurement results will depend on the values set on the stored image. 3. 4. The appropriate measurement methods and results must be determined by a specialist. 3D volume. No. align the center lines of the calibration marker with the graduations. In manual calibration.2 Measurements on ER Images for Which Manual Calibration Is Required Manual calibration is required for the following type of images. NOTE: 1. refer to subsection 8. In the case of black-and-white printing. Accordingly. In manual calibration. For example. For details. and the measurement accuracy is lower than in measurements obtained using images acquired during the examination.  ER images for which the depth or other setting has been changed during acquisition  Images that have been zoomed or panned in Exam Review mode. 2.

Zoom) of multiple ER images is the same. This message is displayed to confirm whether or not the coordinate information (Depth. . NOTE: Confirm the unit before entering the value of the calibration marker.(2) Press the desired measurement switch ( . or ). Manual calibration is started up. measurement is not started up. Set the measurement scale on this screen. To clear the application measurement data and perform ER measurement. Message Detail This message is displayed when incomplete application measurement data exists for the current exam and an attempt is made to start measurement using an ER image belonging to a study other than the current exam. the menu below is displayed. Do not perform manual calibration if the coordinate information of the multiple images is different. press [Confirm]. In this case. (3) If measurement is possible and manual calibration is required for the displayed image. In this case. If [Cancel] is selected. 2B771-044EN*D 8-6 . measurement cannot be started. Select [Confirm] if the coordinate information of these images is the same. No. the application measurement data is cleared when the ER measurement is terminated. This message is displayed when an attempt is made to perform measurement again on an ER image for which measurement has already been performed and the results have been stored. One of the following messages is displayed. Pan.

.The procedure for setting the calibration marker for 2D Distance measurement is described below as an example. The menu disappears and a marker is displayed. (a) Select [2D Distance] in the menu. 2B771-044EN*D 8-7 . (b) Move the marker to the start point using the trackball and then press No.

2B771-044EN*D 8-8 . No. (d) Enter the length of the calibration marker set in step (c) in the combo box on the right of [2D Distance].(c) Move the marker to the end point using the trackball and then press .

The calibration marker length is determined and the manual calibration data dialog is displayed at the bottom of the screen. <<Example of measurement screen during manual calibration>> No.(e) Press [Set] in the menu. 2B771-044EN*D 8-9 . the measurement marker appears and measurement becomes possible. When a measurement switch on the touch panel is then pressed.

3 Manual Calibration Required Before the Start of Each Measurement The table below shows the manual calibration items required for each measurement tool. 2B771-044EN*D 8-10 . When performing manual calibration. : Required. enter the HR value if required.8. -----: Not required Measurement tool 2D distance M distance Velocity Time 2D Angle  ----- ----- ----- 2D Distance  ----- ----- ----- 2D Cross Area  ----- ----- ----- 2D Ellipse Area  ----- ----- ----- 2D Continuous Trace Length  ----- ----- ----- 2D Continuous Trace Area  ----- ----- ----- 2D Spline Trace Length  ----- ----- ----- 2D Spline Trace Area  ----- ----- ----- 2D Volume  ----- ----- ----- 2D Mean IMT  ----- ----- ----- 2D %Stenosis Distance  ----- ----- ----- 2D %Stenosis Area  ----- ----- ----- D Accel ----- -----   D HR ----- ----- -----  D Velocity Line Trace ----- -----   D Velocity Spline Trace ----- -----   D Time ----- ----- -----  D Velocity Continuous Trace ----- -----   D Velocity ----- -----  ----- D PI Continuous Trace ----- -----   D PI Spline Trace ----- -----   D PI Line Trace ----- -----   D RI ----- -----  ----- D S/D ----- -----  ----- M Distance -----  ----- ----- M HR ----- ----- -----  M Slope -----  -----  M Time ----- ----- -----  2D MOD Continuous Trace  ----- ----- ----- 2D MOD Spline Trace  ----- ----- ----- 2D LPC  ----- ----- ----- M LPC -----  ----- ----- D DcT ----- -----   D PHT ----- -----   D dP/dt ----- -----   D Velocity Continuous Trace with DCT (coronary) measurement ----- -----   No.

4 Worksheet Display For data for which manual calibration has been performed. No. 2B771-044EN*D 8-11 .8. the message "This report includes data produced by manual calibration" is displayed at the top of the screen.

5 Accuracy of Measurement When Manual Calibration Is Used Accuracy of Each Clinical Measurement Parameter on ER Images Parameter .Physio/Image Scales .Time .Volume Up to 4200 cm .Slope 20 to 600 bpm Up to 20000 cm/s < ±3% 2 < ±9% Up to 280 mm < ±5% or < 4 mm (when less than 80 mm) Up to 1000 mm/s < ±9% No.6 mm (when less than 72 mm) .Heart Rate .Image Depth Scale .M distance .6 mm (when less than 72 mm) Up to 10 s < ±3% Up to 280 mm < ±5% or < 3.Area Up to 999 cm < ±10% or < 1 cm2 (when less than 57 cm2) .6 mm (when less than 72 mm) 2 .Distance/Depth Range Accuracy Up to 280 mm < ±5% or < 3.Circumference Up to 1800 mm < ±5% or < 3.Angle 0° to 180° < ±1° 3 3 < ±16% or < 58 cm (when less than 373 cm3) .8.Velocity Up to 2000 cm/s < ±5% of full scale Up to 10 s < ±3% of full scale .Accel . 2B771-044EN*D 8-12 * .

the switch display returns to normal. 2...1 Storing Measurement Data in the DICOM SR Format Optional software is required for transfer of measurement data in the DICOM SR format to a server over a network.. When data writing is started. Contact your Toshiba service representative. 9. When data writing is completed. In order to use this function." are displayed in the information area. the messages "Preparing to save" and then "Sending. NOTE: 1.. Measurement Data Storage It is possible to store the results of the measurements performed in this system using the switches on the Worksheet screen. The selected switch is highlighted and the data is written on the HDD in the system.. 2B771-044EN*D 9-1 .1. 9. The data is converted to the DICOM SR format before it is stored.. the system settings must be changed.. No.9.1 Data transfer Select .

an error message is displayed in the information area. 3. Measurement data containing Stress Echo measurement data cannot be stored with DICOM SR using measurement data using . Delete the Stress Echo on the Worksheet screen or other appropriate method before storing the measurement data. When an exam contains multiple measurement regions. the contents of all of the data sets are displayed together. 4. multiple datasets are created in a single save operation (for example. Cardiac application measurement is performed followed by Vascular application measurement and the measurement data is then saved). Note that the system settings must be changed in order to use this function. It is recommended that the Stress Echo data be stored as a still image before deleting it. No. while in the Report Viewer at the transfer destination. 2B771-044EN*D 9-2 . If transfer of the measurement data fails due to a network error or insufficient free space at the destination server. In this case.NOTE: 1. only the contents of the selected data set are displayed. Note that in the viewer of the system. It is possible to transfer the data to a server or to media at the same time that it is written on the HDD. Contact your Toshiba service representative. use [Job Status] on the Patient Browser screen to repeat the transfer operation after the examination is completed. 2.

9.1. No. Viewer is started up. Viewer can also be started up by selecting SR data in the thumbnail area of the image display screen. select an exam containing SR data. or double-click the desired SR data in the Image area.2 Displaying the stored data (1) On the Patient Browser screen. (2) Select the SR data to be displayed and press . 2B771-044EN*D 9-3 .

When the saved data is displayed. If the patient information is saved in DICOM format (Structured Report) and then changed on the Patient Registration screen or GA Input screen. The appearance and operations of Viewer are designed to match the Worksheet screen in measurement mode.  The data displayed in Viewer cannot be resaved on media or retransferred to the server. 2. comment entry is not possible. However. The display format in Viewer corresponds to the system settings at the time the data was saved. 4.(3) When Viewer is started up. 3. No. 1. (4) Select NOTE: to close Viewer and return to image display mode. the changes are not applied to the Structured Report. the screen below is displayed. 2B771-044EN*D 9-4 * .  Measurement values cannot be edited or deleted in Viewer. only the [Edit] and [Print All] switches are displayed on the Worksheet screen. In addition. it is possible to print and store the displayed data as image data. but Viewer has the following limitations.

 When the preset is Only GA Chart Data type w/o GA on the test date w/ GA on the test date FG Does not display the GA results that correspond to the measured values. Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the FG table. Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the GA table. Identical Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the Identical table. Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the FG table.  When the preset is FG Chart with Clinical Age Data type w/o GA on the test date w/ GA on the test date FG Does not display the GA results that correspond to the measured values. There are two presets for calculating the GA in this system: "Only GA Chart" and "FG Chart with Clinical Age". 2B771-044EN*D 10-1 . Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the FG table. Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the Identical table. but some of them have been interpolated or may contain rounding errors. GA Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the GA table. No. FG+GA Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the GA table. Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the GA table. FG+GA Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the GA table.10. Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the Identical table. These charts are based on reference materials. OB Measurement Chart Data This chapter provides a list of the OB measurement charts that are installed on this system. GA Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the GA table. Does not display the GA results that correspond to the measured values. Identical Displays the GA result that corresponds to the value in the Identical table.

Identical Does not distinguish the data according to the GA. No. 2B771-044EN*D 10-2 .There are four types of data. Data type GA results GA Has charts for calculations in which the GA on the date of examination is not specified. depending on the authors. FG+GA Has charts of both of the types described above. FG Has charts for calculations in which the GA on the date of examination is specified.

........... 10-15 (a) BPD ASUM ........................................................................................................................................1 Gestational Age Chart ....... 10-35 (i) CRL Rempen ............................ 10-33 (g) CRL JSUM .................................................................................................................. 10-16 (c) BPD Chitty (O-O) ................................................................................................................................................................. 10-37 (6) FL ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-25 (b) CER Hill ........ 10-11 (b) AC Hadlock .............................. 10-21 (h) BPD Kurtz ......................................................... 10-19 (f) BPD Jeanty ............................................... 10-27 (a) CLAV Yarkoni ............................................................................ 10-26 (4) CLAV ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-14 (2) BPD ........ 10-11 (a) AC ASUM ......................................................................................................................................................................... 10-15 (b) BPD Chitty (O-i) ............................................................................................................... 10-27 (5) CRL ........... 10-24 (3) CER ......................................................................................................................................................................Item Page 10................................................. 10-39 No.... 10-22 (i) BPD Merz ............... 10-29 (c) CRL Daya ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-28 (b) CRL BMUS ................. 10-36 (j) CRL Robinson ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-38 (b) FL BMUS .. 10-38 (a) FL ASUM .................................................................................................................. 10-12 (c) AC JSUM . 10-31 (e) CRL Hansmann .......................................................................... 10-30 (d) CRL Hadlock ............. 10-20 (g) BPD JSUM ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-23 (j) BPD Rempen ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-34 (h) CRL Nelson ............................................................................................................................................................... 2B771-044EN*D 10-3 ......................................................................................... 10-17 (d) BPD Hadlock ......... 10-25 (a) CER Goldstein . 10-18 (e) BPD Hansmann ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-28 (a) CRL ASUM ..................................... 10-11 (1) AC .......................................................................... 10-13 (d) AC Merz .................................................................................................................................. 10-32 (f) CRL Jeanty .................................................

.................................................................................................... 10-64 (14) TIB .... 10-48 (b) GS Hellman ........................................................................................... 10-66 No................................ 10-42 (f) FL Jeanty ......................................................... 10-47 (a) Foot Mercer ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-46 (7) Foot ................................................. 10-52 (10) HC ... 2B771-044EN*D 10-4 ............................................................ 10-48 (a) GS Daya .............................................. 10-55 (d) HC Chitty (pltd) ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-63 (a) OOD Jeanty .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-53 (b) HC BMUS (drvd) ............................................. 10-44 (h) FL Merz .................................... 10-50 (d) GS Tokyo .... 10-60 (b) HL Jeanty ...................................................................................................... 10-40 (d) FL Hadlock ...................................... 10-63 (b) OOD Mayden ............................................................................................................................. 10-49 (c) GS Rempen ............................................................................................................................................................. 10-65 (a) TIB Jeanty ......................... 10-65 (15) Ulna ............. 10-54 (c) HC Chitty (drvd) ............. 10-57 (f) HC Jeanty ............................................................................................. 10-45 (i) FL Warda ........................ 10-47 (8) GS ....................................................................... 10-61 (12) OFD ........................................................ 10-41 (e) FL Hohler ................................................................................................................... 10-62 (a) OFD ASUM ................. 10-43 (g) FL JSUM ................................................................................................................................................ 10-62 (13) OOD ............................................................................................................................................................................... 10-60 (a) HL ASUM .................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-51 (9) HA ..................................................................... 10-56 (e) HC Hadlock ............................................................................................................................................................................... 10-58 (g) HC Merz ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-52 (a) HA Chitty ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-59 (11) HL ................................................................................................. 10-66 (a) Ulna Jeanty ...........................................................................................................................................(c) FL Chitty ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-53 (a) HC ASUM .................................................................................

..................... 10-74 (b) BPD Chitty (O-I) ....................................................................... 10-79 (g) BPD JSUM .......................................................................................................................................................... 10-89 (c) CRL Hansmann ............... 10-76 (d) BPD Hadlock .... 10-69 (b) AC Deter ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-69 (a) AC ASUM ....... 10-91 (e) CRL Rempen ................................................................................... 10-68 (2) AC .... 10-67 (a) EFW JSUM ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-84 (4) CER ................................................................................ 10-88 (b) CRL Hadlock ........ 10-74 (a) BPD ASUM .......................................... 10-85 (a) CER Goldstein .... 10-94 (a) F Kidney Bertagnoli .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Growth Analysis Chart ......................................................................................... 10-67 10........................................................ 10-87 (6) CRL ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-85 (b) CER Hill ................................................................................................................................... 10-73 (3) BPD ....... 10-78 (f) BPD Jeanty ................................................. 10-68 (a) AA Chitty ..................................................... 10-93 (7) F Kidney ..................................................... 10-75 (c) BPD Chitty (O-O) ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-82 (j) BPD Rempen .................... 10-81 (i) BPD Merz .........................................................................................................................................................(16) EFW .................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-90 (d) CRL JSUM .............................................................................. 10-70 (c) AC Hadlock ............................ 10-86 (5) CLAV ............................ 10-77 (e) BPD Hansmann .. 10-80 (h) BPD Kurtz ........................................ 2B771-044EN*D 10-5 ....... 10-83 (k) BPD Sabbagha ................................... 10-72 (e) AC Merz ....................................................................................................................... 10-92 (f) CRL Robinson ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-68 (1) AA ............................................................................... 10-87 (a) CLAV Yarkoni .................................................................... 10-88 (a) CRL ASUM ......................................................... 10-94 No.................................... 10-71 (d) AC JSUM .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................(8) FIB .................................................................................... 10-120 (17) TAD ....................................................................................................................... 10-116 (b) HL Jeanty ................................................................... 10-107 (12) HA ................................................................................ 10-106 (c) GS Tokyo .................................................. 10-109 (b) HC BMUS (drvd) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-105 (a) GS Hellman .................................. 10-100 (f) FL JSUM ...................................... 10-109 (a) HC ASUM ............................................................................................................................................... 10-119 (16) OFD ........................................................................................................................... 10-113 (f) HC Jeanty .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-95 (a) FIB Merz ......................................................................................................................................... 10-105 (b) GS Rempen ................................................................................................... 10-114 (g) HC Merz ............... 10-97 (c) FL Chitty ......... 10-112 (e) HC Hadlock .......................................................... 10-99 (e) FL Jeanty ........................................................................................... 10-120 (a) OFD ASUM ................ 2B771-044EN*D 10-6 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-121 No................................ 10-101 (g) FL Merz ... 10-98 (d) FL Hadlock ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-104 (11) GS .................................................................................................. 10-116 (a) HL ASUM ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-118 (a) NB Bunduki .................. 10-115 (14) HL ....................................................................... 10-118 (b) NB Sonek ................................................................................................................. 10-110 (c) HC Chitty (drvd) .................. 10-102 (h) FL Warda ........................ 10-117 (15) NB . 10-111 (d) HC Chitty (pltd) ............... 10-95 (9) FL ...................................... 10-96 (a) FL ASUM ........................................................................ 10-108 (13) HC ................................... 10-108 (a) HA Chitty ............................................................................................................... 10-104 (a) Foot Mercer ............................................................................................................................................... 10-96 (b) FL BMUS ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-103 (10) Foot .................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-133 (f) AC Nicolaides .................................. 10-129 (b) AC CFEF ............... 10-131 (d) AC Chitty (pltd) ......................................................................................... 10-122 (a) TIB Jeanty ............... 10-144 (c) FL Nicolaides .......................................... 10-130 (c) AC Chitty (drvd) ..................................................................................... 10-137 (c) BPD Osaka .................................................................................................................................................... 10-126 (d) EFW Persson ............................................................................................ 10-129 (a) AC BMUS (drvd) .......................... 10-145 (d) FL O’Brien ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Identical Chart .................... 10-146 No........................................ 10-128 10.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-136 (a) BPD CFEF .................................................................................................................................................. 10-134 (2) APAD ........................................................................................................................................... 10-143 (a) FL CFEF ..................... 10-142 (a) FIB Chitty ....... 10-141 (a) CRL Osaka ................................... 10-123 (20) EFW ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2B771-044EN*D 10-7 .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 10-141 (6) FIB ................................................... 10-135 (a) APAD Merz ...................................... 10-122 (19) Ulna ................................. 10-140 (a) CER Nicolaides......................................................................................... 10-125 (c) EFW JSUM ........... 10-127 (e) EFW Williams .............................................................(a) TAD CFEF .......................................... 10-124 (a) EFW Brenner ................................................... 10-135 (3) BPD ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-143 (b) FL Hansmann ................................................................................................................................................. 10-121 (18) TIB ........................................................... 10-124 (b) EFW Hansmann ................................................................................................................................................ 10-140 (5) CRL ...................................................................................... 10-129 (1) AC .......................................................................................... 10-142 (7) FL ....................................... 10-132 (e) AC Jeanty ................................................................................................................................. 10-138 (4) CER ................................................................................................................................. 10-123 (a) Ulna Jeanty ....................................................................... 10-136 (b) BPD Nicolaides .......................................

.................................................................................. 10-149 (9) FTA .............................................................................................................................. 10-152 (a) HC CFEF ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-170 (18) Ulna ..................................................................................................................................... 10-154 (11) Hem ................................................................. 10-165 (b) RAD Merz ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-161 (c) OFD Jeanty ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-156 (b) HL Merz ....................................................................................................... 10-171 (b) Ulna Merz ................................................... 10-157 (c) HL Osaka ........................................................................................ 10-164 (14) RAD ................................................ 10-155 (a) Hem Nicolaides.................................................................................... 2B771-044EN*D 10-8 ................................. 10-167 (a) TAD Merz ................................................................................................................. 10-160 (a) OFD Chitty ........ 10-168 (a) THD Hansmann .................................................... 10-156 (a) HL Chitty .................................................................... 10-149 (a) Foot Chitty .......... 10-169 (a) TIB Chitty ......................................................................................... 10-166 (15) TAD ...................................................................... 10-172 (19) Va ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-150 (a) FTA Osaka ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-155 (12) HL .. 10-168 (17) TIB ....... 10-173 No....................................................................................................................................................... 10-165 (a) RAD Chitty ... 10-163 (e) OFD Nicolaides....................................... 10-162 (d) OFD Merz .................................................. 10-160 (b) OFD Hansmann ................. 10-152 (b) HC Hansmann ........................................................................................................................................................... 10-158 (13) OFD .................................................................................................................. 10-169 (b) TIB Merz ................................................................... 10-147 (8) Foot ............................................................................................................. 10-153 (c) HC Nicolaides ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-150 (10) HC ...................................... 10-167 (16) THD ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-171 (a) Ulna Chitty .......(e) FL Osaka ................................................................................................................

.................................................................... 10-184 (a) DV S/a Baschat ................ 10-187 (b) Fetal Ao RI Schaffer ............................... 10-187 (a) Fetal Ao RI Mai ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-192 (11) MCA RI ...... 10-176 10................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-173 (20) Vp ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-178 (1) AFI ......................................................................................................................... 10-182 (6) DV PVIV ........................................................................................ 10-179 (3) Vp/Hem...................................................................................................................................................... 10-175 (b) EFW Osaka ................................. 10-188 (10) MCA PI .................................................................................... 10-191 (d) MCA PI Mai .. 10-189 (b) MCA PI Harrigton. 10-183 (a) DV PVIV Baschat..................................................................................................... 10-186 (9) Fetal Ao RI........................................................................ 10-179 (a) Va/Hem Nicolaides ........................................................................................ 10-186 (c) Fetal Ao PI Schaffer.............. 10-175 (a) EFW Hadlock ..................................... 10-178 (a) AFI Moore ........................................................................................ 10-189 (a) MCA PI Bahlman .......................... 2B771-044EN*D 10-9 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-183 (7) DV S/a ............................................ 10-182 (a) DV PIV Baschat ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-185 (b) Fetal Ao PI Mai ............................................................................ 10-185 (a) Fetal Ao PI Harrington ......................4 Charts For Creating Trend Graphs ...(a) Va Nicolaides ............................................................... 10-193 No........ 10-181 (5) DV PIV .............. 10-190 (c) MCA PI JSUM ........................... 10-174 (a) Vp Nicolaides ............................................................................................................................................................. 10-180 (4) DV a/S .......................................... 10-178 (2) Va/Hem.... 10-174 (21) EFW ...................................................... 10-192 (e) MCA PI Schaffer .................................................................................................................... 10-184 (8) Fetal Ao PI ........................................................................................................ 10-180 (a) Vp/Hem Nicolaides ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-181 (a) DV a/S Baschat ......................................................

...................................................... 10-201 (a) Umb A RI JSUM ................ 10-195 (d) MCA RI Schaffer ............ 10-201 (b) Umb A RI Mai ............................................................................................ 10-197 (a) Umb A PI Harrigton...................................................................... 10-207 No....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-196 (13) Umb A PI ....... 10-204 (b) Uterine PI Schaffer .................................................................................................................................................................... 10-202 (d) Umb A RI Schaffer ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-197 (b) Umb A PI JSUM......................................................................................................................................... 10-200 (14) Umb A RI ............................................................. 10-204 (a) Uterine PI Merz ................................................................................ 10-193 (b) MCA RI JSUM ............................................................................. 10-202 (c) Umb A RI Merz ...... 10-194 (c) MCA RI Mai ........................ 10-203 (15) Uterine PI................................................................................ 10-206 (a) Uterine RI Merz ....................................................................................(a) MCA RI Bahlman ................................................................................................ 10-198 (c) Umb A PI Mai ........................................................ 10-199 (e) Umb A PI Schaffer ............................................................................. 10-199 (d) Umb A PI Merz ............................................ 10-205 (16) Uterine RI .............................. 10-195 (12) MCA PV ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 10-206 (b) Uterine RI Schaffer ................................... 2B771-044EN*D 10-10 ........................ 10-196 (a) MCA PV Mari .......................................

0 210.0 108.0 372.0 28w0d 29w0d 30w0w 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d 42w0d 43w0d 44w0d 44w1d No.0 84.0 402.0 333.0 323.0 252.07715*AC+7.0 303.0 293.192 Input : AC (mm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 42.0 166.0 120.0 143.0 313.0 (mm) AC (mm) GA (w d) Mean AC (mm) GA (w d) Mean 42.0 353.0 343.0 273.0000367*AC^2+0.0 362.0 177.1 Gestational Age Chart (1) AC (a) AC ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA=0.0 132.0 199.0 10w3d 11w0d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 242. 2B771-044EN*D 10-11 .0 283.0 263.0 220.0 72.0 231.10.0 154.0 48.0 96.0 (mm) Input max : 402.0 188.0 401.0 382.0 391.0 60.

0 16w6d 15w1d 18w4d 280.0 42w0d 38w6d 45w0d 215.0 12w6d 11w1d 14w3d 230.0 15w1d 13w4d 16w6d 260.0 18w4d 16w3d 20w4d 300.5 42w0d 39w0d 45w0d No.0 19w3d 17w2d 21w3d 310.0 36w6d 33w6d 40w0d 165.0 22w6d 20w6d 24w6d 350.0 26w0d 23w6d 28w1d 380.0 41w0d 37w6d 44w0d 205.0 29w2d 27w0d 31w3d 85.0 27w3d 25w1d 29w4d 30 36 2.0 36w3d 33w3d 39w3d 160.0 21w1d 19w0d 23w1d 330.0 26w6d 24w5d 29w1d 36 42 3.0 37w6d 34w6d 41w0d 175.0 25w1d 22w6d 27w2d 375.0 23w5d 21w5d 25w6d 360.0 14w0d 12w2d 15w5d 245.0 35w0d 32w0d 37w6d 145.0 14w6d 13w1d 16w3d 255.0 24w4d 22w3d 26w6d 370.0 16w3d 14w5d 18w1d 275.18 70.0 38w6d 35w6d 42w0d 185.06 75.0 15w4d 14w0d 17w2d 265.0 32w4d 29w4d 35w3d 120.0 22w0d 19w6d 24w0d 340.0 29w5d 27w4d 31w6d 90. Park SK: "Estimating fetal age: Computerassisted analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters" Radiology 152: 497-502. 2B771-044EN*D 10-12 GA (weeks) .0 20w5d 18w4d 22w5d 325.0 13w1d 11w4d 14w6d 235.753*AC+0.0 33w0d 30w0d 36w0d 125.0 31w1d 28w1d 34w0d 105.0 25w4d 23w3d 27w5d 380.0 33w3d 30w4d 36w3d 130.0 18w1d 16w0d 20w1d 295.0 23w2d 21w2d 25w3d 355.0 34w0d 31w0d 37w0d 135.0036*AC^2 Input : AC (cm) Output : GA (weeks) GA (w d) Input min : 5.0 17w2d 15w4d 19w0d 285.01 (cm) Input max : 38.0 20w2d 18w1d 22w2d 320.0 26w3d 24w2d 28w4d Low High ±2SD (weeks) 55.0 13w4d 11w6d 15w2d 240. Harrist RB.0 38w3d 35w3d 41w3d 180.0 39w6d 36w6d 43w0d 195.0 16w0d 14w3d 17w5d 270.0 31w4d 28w4d 34w4d 110.0 40w3d 37w3d 43w3d 200.0 34w3d 31w3d 37w3d 140.66 80.0 37w3d 34w3d 40w3d 170. Deter RL.05 (cm) GA (w d) Standard Deviation: AC (mm) Mean -2SD +2SD AC (mm) Mean -2SD +2SD 50.0 24w1d 22w0d 26w3d 365.0 19w0d 16w6d 21w0d 305.0 35w3d 32w3d 38w3d 150.0 12w3d 10w5d 14w0d 225.(b) AC Hadlock Hadlock FP.0 35w6d 33w0d 38w6d 155.96 65.0 22w3d 20w3d 24w3d 345.0 27w6d 25w5d 30w0d 24 30 2. GA=8.0 28w5d 26w4d 31w0d 12 18 1.0 19w6d 17w5d 21w6d 315.0 30w1d 27w1d 33w1d 95.0 28w2d 26w1d 30w3d 18 24 2.14+0.1 12w0d 10w2d 13w5d 220.0 30w4d 27w5d 33w4d 100.0 14w3d 12w5d 16w0d 250.1984.0 41w3d 38w3d 44w3d 210.0 32w0d 29w1d 35w0d 115.0 17w5d 16w0d 19w2d 290.0 39w3d 36w3d 42w3d 190.0 21w4d 19w3d 23w4d 335.04 60.

00 16.50 24. 2B771-044EN*D 10-13 .50 15.00 25.50 17.00 11.50 29.50 27.00 30.00 19. 30 No.50 19.67*10^-3*AC^3 1SD=4.00 10.50 11.00 27.00 17.50 16.00 29.00 14.50 23.00 15.00 22.00 31.50 26.19*10^-1*AC Input : AC (cm) Output : GA (days) Input min : 10.00 13.00 28.50 21.50 30.00 23.50 12.5+1.00 24.50 13.04*10*AC-2.00 15w4d 16w1d 16w4d 17w1d 17w4d 18w1d 18w4d 19w1d 19w4d 20w1d 20w4d 21w1d 21w4d 22w0d 22w4d 23w0d 23w4d 24w0d 24w4d 25w0d 25w4d 26w0d 26w4d 14w3d 15w0d 15w3d 15w6d 16w2d 16w6d 17w2d 17w6d 18w2d 18w5d 19w1d 19w5d 20w1d 20w4d 21w1d 21w4d 22w0d 22w3d 23w0d 23w3d 24w0d 24w3d 24w6d 16w5d 17w2d 17w5d 18w3d 18w6d 19w3d 19w6d 20w3d 20w6d 21w4d 22w0d 22w4d 23w0d 23w3d 24w0d 24w3d 25w1d 25w4d 26w1d 26w4d 27w1d 27w4d 28w2d 21.50 22.00 32.00 12.5 (cm) (cm) Mean GA (w d) -SD +SD (cm) Mean GA (w d) -SD +SD 10.50 27w0d 27w4d 28w1d 28w5d 29w1d 29w5d 30w2d 30w6d 31w3d 32w0d 32w4d 33w2d 33w6d 34w3d 35w1d 35w5d 36w3d 37w1d 37w6d 38w4d 39w2d 40w0d 40w5d 25w2d 25w6d 26w3d 27w0d 27w3d 27w6d 28w3d 29w0d 29w4d 30w1d 30w5d 31w3d 31w6d 32w3d 33w1d 33w5d 34w3d 35w1d 35w5d 36w3d 37w1d 37w6d 38w4d 28w5d 29w2d 29w6d 20w3d 30w6d 31w4d 32w1d 32w5d 33w2d 33w6d 34w3d 35w1d 35w6d 36w3d 37w1d 37w5d 38w3d 39w1d 40w0d 40w5d 41w3d 42w1d 42w6d AC AC No.50 14.88+3. 3 (2003) J415-J440 GA=22.(c) AC JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.00 20.50 32.23*10^-1*AC^2+4.00 26.50 25.50 28.0 (cm) Input max : 32.00 18.50 18.50 20.50 31.

Thieme Medical Publishers. 2B771-044EN*D 10-14 . 1991. 312.(d) AC Merz Merz E: "Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics" Stuttgart. Inc. New York. 326-336 GA (w d) GA (w d) GA (w d) AC (mm) Mean 5%tile 95%tile AC (mm) Mean 5%tile 95%tile AC (mm) Mean 5%tile 95%tile 56 12w1d 10w6d 13w2d 154 21w3d 19w6d 23w0d 252 30w6d 28w6d 32w5d 58 12w2d 11w1d 13w4d 156 21w4d 20w1d 23w1d 254 30w6d 29w0d 32w6d 60 12w4d 11w2d 13w5d 158 21w6d 20w1d 23w3d 256 31w1d 29w1d 33w1d 62 12w5d 11w4d 13w6d 160 22w0d 20w3d 23w4d 258 31w2d 29w3d 33w2d 64 12w6d 11w5d 14w1d 162 22w1d 20w4d 23w6d 260 31w4d 29w4d 33w4d 66 13w1d 11w6d 14w2d 164 22w3d 20w6d 24w0d 262 31w5d 29w5d 33w5d 68 13w2d 12w0d 14w4d 166 22w4d 21w0d 24w1d 264 31w6d 29w6d 33w6d 70 13w4d 12w1d 14w5d 168 22w6d 21w1d 24w3d 266 32w1d 30w1d 34w1d 72 13w4d 12w3d 14w6d 170 23w0d 21w2d 24w4d 268 32w2d 30w2d 34w2d 74 13w6d 12w4d 15w1d 172 23w1d 21w4d 24w6d 270 32w4d 30w4d 34w4d 76 14w0d 12w6d 15w2d 174 23w2d 21w5d 25w0d 272 32w5d 30w4d 34w5d 78 14w1d 12w6d 15w4d 176 23w4d 21w6d 25w1d 274 32w6d 30w6d 34w6d 80 14w3d 13w1d 15w5d 178 23w5d 22w1d 25w3d 276 33w0d 31w0d 35w1d 82 14w4d 13w2d 15w6d 180 23w6d 22w1d 25w4d 278 33w1d 31w1d 35w2d 84 14w6d 13w4d 16w1d 182 24w1d 22w3d 25w6d 280 33w3d 31w3d 35w4d 86 15w0d 13w5d 16w2d 184 24w2d 22w4d 26w0d 282 33w4d 31w4d 35w5d 88 15w1d 13w6d 16w4d 186 24w4d 22w6d 26w1d 284 33w6d 31w5d 35w6d 90 15w3d 14w0d 16w5d 188 24w5d 23w0d 26w3d 286 34w0d 31w6d 36w1d 92 15w4d 14w1d 16w6d 190 24w6d 23w1d 26w4d 288 34w1d 32w1d 36w2d 94 15w5d 14w3d 17w1d 192 25w0d 23w2d 26w6d 290 34w3d 32w2d 36w4d 96 15w6d 14w4d 17w2d 194 25w1d 23w4d 27w0d 292 34w4d 32w4d 36w5d 98 16w1d 14w6d 17w4d 196 25w3d 23w5d 27w1d 294 34w5d 32w4d 36w6d 100 16w2d 14w6d 17w5d 198 25w4d 23w6d 27w3d 296 34w6d 32w6d 37w1d 102 16w4d 15w1d 17w6d 200 25w6d 24w1d 27w4d 298 35w1d 33w0d 37w1d 104 16w5d 15w2d 18w1d 202 26w0d 24w2d 27w6d 300 35w2d 33w1d 37w3d 106 16w6d 15w4d 18w2d 204 26w1d 24w3d 27w6d 302 35w4d 33w3d 37w4d 108 17w1d 15w5d 18w3d 206 26w3d 24w4d 28w1d 304 35w5d 33w4d 37w6d 110 17w2d 15w6d 18w4d 208 26w4d 24w6d 28w2d 306 35w6d 33w5d 38w0d 112 17w3d 16w0d 18w6d 210 26w6d 25w0d 28w4d 308 36w1d 33w6d 38w1d 114 17w4d 16w1d 19w0d 212 27w0d 25w1d 28w5d 310 36w2d 34w1d 38w3d 116 17w6d 16w3d 19w1d 214 27w1d 25w2d 28w6d 312 36w4d 34w2d 38w4d 118 18w0d 16w4d 19w3d 216 27w2d 25w4d 29w1d 314 36w4d 34w4d 38w6d 120 18w1d 16w6d 19w4d 218 27w4d 25w5d 29w2d 316 36w6d 34w4d 39w0d 122 18w3d 17w0d 19w6d 220 27w5d 25w6d 29w4d 318 37w0d 34w6d 39w1d 124 18w4d 17w1d 20w0d 222 27w6d 26w1d 29w5d 320 37w1d 35w0d 39w3d 126 18w6d 17w2d 20w1d 224 28w1d 26w2d 29w6d 322 37w3d 35w1d 39w4d 128 19w0d 17w4d 20w3d 226 28w2d 26w3d 30w1d 324 37w4d 35w3d 39w6d 130 19w1d 17w5d 20w4d 228 28w4d 26w4d 30w2d 326 37w6d 35w4d 40w0d 132 19w2d 17w6d 20w6d 230 28w5d 26w6d 30w4d 328 38w0d 35w5d 40w1d 134 19w4d 18w0d 21w0d 232 28w6d 27w0d 30w5d 330 38w1d 35w6d 40w3d 136 19w5d 18w1d 21w1d 234 29w0d 27w1d 30w6d 332 38w3d 36w1d 40w4d 138 19w6d 18w3d 21w3d 236 29w1d 27w3d 31w1d 334 38w4d 36w2d 40w6d 140 20w1d 18w4d 21w4d 238 29w3d 27w4d 31w2d 336 38w5d 36w4d 41w0d 142 20w2d 18w6d 21w6d 240 29w4d 27w5d 31w4d 338 38w6d 36w5d 41w1d 144 20w4d 19w0d 22w0d 242 29w6d 27w6d 31w5d 340 39w1d 36w6d 41w3d 146 20w5d 19w1d 22w1d 244 30w0d 28w1d 31w6d 342 39w2d 37w0d 41w4d 148 20w6d 19w2d 22w3d 246 30w1d 28w2d 32w1d 344 39w4d 37w1d 41w6d 150 21w1d 19w4d 22w4d 248 30w3d 28w3d 32w2d 346 39w5d 37w3d 42w0d 152 21w1d 19w5d 22w6d 250 30w4d 28w4d 32w4d 348 39w6d 37w4d 42w1d No.

7 79.3 76.5 48.5 100.8 98.397*BPD-0.0 (mm) BPD (mm) GA (w d) Mean BPD (mm) GA (w d) Mean 14.0 44.7 66.0 20.933 Input : BPD (mm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 14.5 41.6 85.5 93.8 103.5 69.3 10w0d 11w0d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 74.5 34.7 89.0 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d 42w0d 43w0d 44w0d 45w0d 45w6d 72.0 28w0d No.2 101.00306*BPD^2+0.0 37.7 63.00002788*BPD^3+4.0 (mm) Input max : 106.0 81.8 106. 2B771-044EN*D 10-15 .3 83.3 95.7 27.0 51.0 17.5 57.(2) BPD (a) BPD ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA=0.0 96.7 60.3 54.5 23.3 104.7 87.0 30.7 91.

0 59.0 76.0 26.0 35.0 33.0 40.0 62.0 55.0 38.0 58.0 85.0 29.0 88.0 42.0 24.0 36.0 64.0 74.S.0 45.0 51.0 82.0 57.0 68.0 65.0 67.0 84.0 31.(b) BPD Chitty (O-i) Altman.0 25.G.0 49.0 54.0 75. D.0 23.0 61.0 30.0 37.0 83.0 22.0 44.0 52.0 71.0 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 12w5d 13w0d 13w2d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w5d 16w0d 16w2d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w6d 18w1d 18w3d 18w5d 19w0d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w2d 20w4d 20w6d 21w1d 21w4d 21w6d 22w1d 22w4d 11w6d 12w1d 12w3d 12w4d 12w6d 13w1d 13w3d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w5d 15w6d 16w1d 16w3d 16w5d 17w0d 17w2d 17w4d 17w6d 18w1d 18w3d 18w5d 19w0d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w1d 20w3d 20w5d 22w6d 21w0d 24w6d 95%tile BPD (mm) 13w5d 14w0d 14w2d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w5d 16w0d 16w2d 16w5d 17w0d 17w2d 17w4d 17w6d 18w2d 18w4d 18w6d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w2d 20w4d 20w6d 21w2d 21w4d 22w0d 22w2d 22w5d 23w0d 23w3d 23w5d 24w1d 24w4d 56.0 73.0 43.0 41.0 70.0 60.0 27.0 39. New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy Ultrasound Obstet.0 66. 2B771-044EN*D 10-16 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 23w1d 23w4d 23w6d 24w1d 24w4d 24w6d 25w2d 25w4d 26w0d 26w2d 26w5d 27w0d 27w3d 27w5d 28w1d 28w3d 28w6d 29w2d 29w4d 30w0d 30w2d 30w5d 31w1d 31w4d 31w6d 32w2d 32w5d 33w1d 33w3d 33w6d 34w2d 34w5d 35w1d 35w4d 21w2d 21w4d 21w6d 22w1d 22w3d 22w5d 23w1d 23w3d 23w5d 24w0d 24w2d 24w4d 25w0d 25w2d 25w4d 25w6d 26w2d 26w4d 26w6d 27w2d 27w4d 27w6d 28w2d 28w4d 28w6d 29w2d 29w4d 30w0d 30w2d 30w5d 31w0d 31w2d 31w5d 32w0d 25w2d 25w4d 26w0d 26w3d 26w6d 27w1d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 28w6d 29w1d 29w4d 30w0d 30w3d 30w6d 31w2d 31w5d 32w1d 32w4d 33w0d 33w3d 33w6d 34w2d 34w5d 35w1d 35w5d 36w1d 36w4d 37w0d 37w0d 37w3d 38w0d 38w3d 38w6d . L.0 79.0 89.0 48.0 86.0 No. 10 (1997) 174-191 BPD (mm) 21.0 53.0 69.0 63.0 28.0 80.0 81.0 34. and Chitty.0 87.0 32.0 47.0 78.0 50..0 46.0 77.0 72.

S.. and Chitty. 10 (1997) 174-191 BPD (mm) 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 12w4d 12w6d 13w1d 13w3d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 15w0d 15w2d 15w4d 15w5d 16w0d 16w2d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w5d 18w0d 18w2d 18w4d 19w0d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w1d 20w3d 20w5d 21w1d 21w3d 21w5d 22w0d 22w2d 11w5d 12w0d 12w1d 12w3d 12w5d 12w6d 13w1d 13w3d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w4d 15w6d 16w1d 16w3d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w5d 18w0d 18w2d 18w4d 18w5d 19w0d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w1d 20w3d 95%tile BPD (mm) 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 15w0d 15w2d 15w4d 15w6d 16w1d 16w3d 16w5d 17w0d 17w2d 17w5d 18w0d 18w2d 18w4d 19w0d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w2d 20w4d 20w6d 21w2d 21w4d 22w0d 22w2d 22w4d 23w0d 23w2d 23w5d 24w0d 24w3d 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 No. 2B771-044EN*D 10-17 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 22w5d 23w0d 23w2d 23w5d 24w0d 24w2d 24w5d 25w0d 25w2d 25w5d 26w0d 26w3d 26w5d 27w1d 27w3d 27w6d 28w1d 28w4d 28w6d 29w2d 29w5d 30w0d 30w3d 30w5d 31w1d 31w4d 31w6d 32w2d 32w5d 33w1d 33w3d 33w6d 34w2d 34w5d 35w1d 20w5d 21w0d 21w2d 21w4d 21w6d 22w1d 22w4d 22w6d 23w1d 23w3d 23w5d 24w0d 24w2d 24w4d 25w0d 25w2d 25w4d 25w6d 26w2d 26w4d 26w6d 27w1d 27w4d 27w6d 28w1d 28w3d 28w6d 29w1d 29w4d 29w6d 30w1d 30w4d 30w6d 31w1d 31w4d 24w5d 25w1d 25w4d 25w6d 26w2d 26w5d 27w0d 27w3d 27w6d 28w2d 28w4d 29w0d 29w3d 29w6d 30w2d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 31w6d 32w2d 32w5d 33w1d 33w4d 34w0d 34w3d 34w6d 35w2d 35w6d 36w2d 36w5d 37w1d 37w4d 38w1d 38w4d 39w0d . D. New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy Ultrasound Obstet.(c) BPD Chitty (O-O) Altman.G. L.

(d) BPD Hadlock
Hadlock FP, Deter RL, Harrist RB, Park SK: "Estimating fetal age: Computerassisted analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters" Radiology 152:
497-502.1984.
GA=9.54+1.482*BPD+0.1676*BPD^2
Input : BPD (cm)
Output : GA (weeks)
GA (w d)

Input min : 1.4 (cm)
Input max : 10.19 (cm)
GA (w d)

Standard Deviation:

BPD
(mm)

Mean

-2SD

+2SD

BPD
(mm)

Mean

-2SD

+2SD

14.0

12w0d

10w5d

13w1d

59.0

24w1d

22w0d

26w2d

Low

High

±2SD
(weeks)

15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
19.0

12w1d
12w2d
12w4d
12w5d
13w0d

11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w4d
11w5d

13w2d
13w4d
13w5d
14w0d
14w1d

60.0
61.0
62.0
63.0
64.0

24w3d
24w6d
25w1d
25w4d
25w6d

22w2d
22w4d
23w0d
23w2d
23w5d

26w5d
27w0d
27w2d
27w5d
28w0d

12
18
24
30
36

18
24
30
36
42

1.19
1.73
2.18
3.08
3.20

20.0
21.0
22.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
26.0
27.0
28.0
29.0
30.0
31.0
32.0
33.0
34.0
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0
46.0
47.0
48.0
49.0
50.0
51.0
52.0
53.0
54.0
55.0
56.0
57.0

13w1d
13w3d
13w4d
13w6d
14w0d
14w2d
14w4d
14w5d
15w0d
15w2d
15w3d
15w5d
16w0d
16w2d
16w4d
16w5d
17w0d
17w2d
17w4d
17w6d
18w1d
18w3d
18w5d
19w0d
19w2d
19w4d
19w6d
20w1d
20w4d
20w6d
21w1d
21w3d
21w5d
22w1d
22w3d
22w5d
23w1d
23w3d

12w0d
12w1d
12w3d
12w5d
12w6d
13w1d
13w2d
13w4d
13w6d
14w0d
14w2d
14w4d
14w6d
15w0d
15w2d
15w4d
15w6d
16w1d
16w3d
16w5d
16w3d
16w5d
17w0d
17w2d
17w4d
17w6d
18w1d
18w3d
18w5d
19w1d
19w3d
19w5d
20w0d
20w3d
20w5d
21w0d
21w3d
21w5d

14w3d
14w4d
14w6d
15w0d
15w2d
15w3d
15w5d
16w0d
16w1d
16w3d
16w5d
17w0d
17w1d
17w3d
17w5d
18w0d
18w2d
18w4d
18w5d
19w0d
19w6d
20w1d
20w3d
20w5d
21w0d
21w2d
21w4d
22w0d
22w2d
22w4d
22w6d
23w1d
23w4d
23w6d
24w1d
24w3d
24w6d
25w1d

65.0
66.0
67.0
68.0
69.0
70.0
71.0
72.0
73.0
74.0
75.0
76.0
77.0
78.0
79.0
80.0
81.0
82.0
83.0
84.0
85.0
86.0
87.0
88.0
89.0
90.0
91.0
92.0
93.0
94.0
95.0
96.0
97.0
98.0
99.0
100.0
101.0
101.9

26w2d
26w4d
27w0d
27w3d
27w5d
28w1d
28w4d
28w6d
29w2d
29w5d
30w1d
30w3d
30w6d
31w2d
31w5d
32w1d
32w4d
33w0d
33w3d
33w6d
34w2d
34w5d
35w1d
35w4d
36w0d
36w3d
36w6d
37w3d
37w6d
38w2d
38w5d
39w1d
39w5d
40w1d
40w4d
41w1d
41w4d
42w0d

24w1d
24w3d
24w6d
25w1d
25w4d
26w0d
26w2d
26w5d
27w1d
27w4d
27w0d
27w3d
27w6d
28w2d
28w4d
29w0d
29w3d
29w6d
30w2d
30w5d
31w1d
31w4d
32w0d
32w3d
32w6d
33w2d
33w5d
34w1d
34w4d
35w1d
35w4d
36w0d
36w3d
37w0d
37w3d
37w6d
38w3d
38w6d

28w3d
28w6d
29w1d
29w4d
29w6d
30w2d
30w5d
31w1d
31w3d
31w6d
33w1d
33w4d
34w0d
34w3d
34w6d
35w1d
35w4d
36w0d
36w3d
36w6d
37w2d
37w5d
38w1d
38w4d
39w1d
39w5d
40w1d
40w4d
41w0d
41w3d
42w0d
42w3d
42w6d
43w3d
43w6d
44w2d
44w6d
45w2d

58.0

23w5d

22w0d

25w4d

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-18

GA (weeks)

(e) BPD Hansmann
Hansmann H, Hackeloer B., Staudach A.; Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics
and Gynecology; New York, Springer Verlag, 1986, English Edition
(ISBN 0-387-15384-9); p168-176, p438, p431, p154, p439, p432, p440-441
BPD
(mm)
29.0
30.0
31.0
32.0
33.0
34.0
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0
46.0
47.0
48.0
49.0
50.0
51.0
52.0
53.0
54.0
55.0
56.0
57.0
58.0
59.0
60.0
61.0
62.0
63.0
64.0
65.0
66.0
67.0

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

13w2d
13w4d
13w6d
14w1d
14w3d
14w6d
15w1d
15w3d
15w6d
16w1d
16w3d
16w6d
17w1d
17w3d
17w5d
18w0d
18w3d
18w5d
19w0d
19w2d
19w4d
19w6d
20w2d
20w4d
20w6d
21w2d
21w4d
21w6d
22w1d
22w4d
22w6d
23w1d
23w3d
23w6d
24w1d
24w3d
24w5d
25w0d

12w1d
12w4d
12w5d
13w1d
13w2d
13w4d
14w0d
14w2d
14w5d
14w6d
15w2d
15w4d
15w6d
16w2d
16w3d
16w5d
17w1d
17w3d
17w5d
17w6d
18w0d
18w3d
18w6d
19w1d
19w2d
19w6d
20w1d
20w4d
20w6d
21w2d
21w3d
21w5d
22w0d
22w3d
22w5d
23w0d
23w3d
23w5d

25w2d

24w0d

27w0d

95%tile

BPD
(mm)

14w2d
14w4d
15w0d
15w2d
15w5d
16w1d
16w2d
16w5d
17w0d
17w3d
17w5d
18w0d
18w3d
18w5d
19w0d
19w2d
19w5d
20w0d
20w3d
20w5d
21w0d
21w0d
21w5d
22w0d
22w3d
22w5d
22w6d
23w1d
23w3d
23w5d
24w2d
24w3d
24w6d
25w2d
25w3d
25w6d
26w1d
26w4d

68.0
69.0
70.0
71.0
72.0
73.0
74.0
75.0
76.0
77.0
78.0
79.0
80.0
81.0
82.0
83.0
84.0
85.0
86.0
87.0
88.0
89.0
90.0
91.0
92.0
93.0
94.0
95.0
96.0
97.0
98.0
99.0
100.0
101.0
102.0
103.0
104.0
105.0

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-19

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

95%tile

25w5d
26w0d
26w2d
26w4d
27w0d
27w2d
27w5d
28w0d
28w3d
28w5d
29w1d
29w4d
29w6d
30w2d
30w6d
31w1d
31w5d
32w1d
32w4d
33w1d
33w4d
34w1d
34w4d
35w0d
35w5d
36w4d
37w2d
38w2d
38w5d
38w6d
39w1d
39w2d
39w3d
39w4d
39w5d
39w6d
40w0d
40w1d

24w2d
24w5d
24w6d
25w1d
25w3d
25w6d
26w0d
26w2d
26w4d
27w0d
27w1d
27w2d
27w5d
28w1d
28w5d
28w6d
29w2d
29w5d
30w0d
30w1d
30w6d
31w3d
31w6d
32w0d
33w1d
33w4d
34w4d
35w1d
35w1d
35w5d
36w2d
36w3d
36w4d
37w0d
37w0d
37w1d
37w2d
37w5d

27w1d
27w3d
27w5d
28w2d
28w3d
29w1d
29w3d
29w5d
30w1d
30w4d
31w2d
31w6d
32w0d
32w3d
33w0d
33w4d
34w1d
34w3d
35w0d
36w0d
36w2d
36w6d
37w2d
38w4d
39w1d
39w4d
40w0d
40w6d
41w2d
41w6d
41w6d
42w3d
42w1d
42w3d
42w1d
42w1d
42w1d
42w1d

(f)

BPD Jeanty
Jeanty P "Fetal Biometry"
Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology: P93-108
BPD
(mm)
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

10w1d
10w2d
10w4d
10w5d
10w6d
11w1d
11w2d
11w4d
11w5d
12w0d
12w2d
12w3d
12w5d
12w6d
13w1d
13w3d
13w4d
13w6d
14w1d
14w3d
14w4d
14w6d
15w1d
15w3d
15w5d
16w0d
16w2d
16w4d
16w6d
17w1d
17w3d
17w5d
18w0d
18w2d
18w4d
18w6d
19w1d
19w3d
19w5d
20w1d
20w3d
20w5d
21w0d
21w3d

7w0d
7w2d
7w3d
7w5d
7w6d
8w1d
8w2d
8w4d
8w5d
9w0d
9w1d
9w3d
9w4d
9w6d
10w1d
10w2d
10w4d
10w6d
11w0d
11w2d
11w4d
11w6d
12w1d
12w3d
12w4d
12w6d
13w1d
13w3d
13w5d
14w0d
14w2d
14w4d
14w6d
15w1d
15w3d
15w6d
16w1d
16w3d
16w5d
17w0d
17w3d
17w5d
18w0d
18w2d

95%tile

BPD
(mm)

13w1d
13w3d
13w4d
13w5d
14w0d
14w1d
14w3d
14w4d
14w6d
15w0d
15w2d
15w3d
15w5d
16w0d
16w1d
16w3d
16w5d
17w0d
17w1d
17w3d
17w5d
18w0d
18w1d
18w3d
18w5d
19w0d
19w2d
19w4d
19w6d
20w1d
20w3d
20w5d
21w0d
21w2d
21w4d
21w6d
22w1d
22w4d
22w6d
23w1d
23w3d
23w6d
24w1d
24w3d

54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-20

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

95%tile

21w5d
22w0d
22w3d
22w5d
23w1d
23w3d
23w6d
24w1d
24w4d
24w6d
25w2d
25w4d
26w0d
26w2d
26w5d
27w1d
27w3d
27w6d
28w2d
28w5d
29w0d
29w3d
29w6d
30w2d
30w5d
31w1d
31w3d
31w6d
32w2d
32w5d
33w1d
33w4d
34w0d
34w3d
35w0d
35w3d
35w6d
36w2d
36w5d
37w1d
37w5d
38w1d
38w4d
39w0d

18w5d
19w0d
19w2d
19w5d
20w0d
20w3d
20w5d
21w1d
21w3d
21w6d
22w1d
22w4d
22w6d
23w2d
23w5d
24w0d
24w3d
24w6d
25w1d
25w4d
26w0d
26w3d
26w6d
27w1d
27w4d
28w0d
28w3d
28w6d
29w2d
29w5d
30w1d
30w4d
31w0d
31w3d
31w6d
32w2d
32w5d
33w2d
33w5d
34w1d
34w4d
35w0d
35w4d
36w0d

24w5d
25w1d
25w3d
25w6d
26w1d
26w3d
26w6d
27w1d
27w4d
27w6d
28w2d
28w5d
29w0d
29w3d
29w5d
30w1d
30w4d
30w6d
31w2d
31w5d
32w1d
32w4d
32w6d
33w2d
33w5d
34w1d
34w4d
35w0d
35w3d
35w6d
36w2d
36w5d
37w1d
37w4d
38w0d
38w3d
38w6d
39w2d
39w6d
40w2d
40w5d
41w1d
41w4d
42w1d

(g) BPD JSUM
Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values
J Med Ultrasonics Vol. 30 No. 3 (2003) J415-J44
BPD
(mm)
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
19.0
20.0
21.0
22.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
26.0
27.0
28.0
29.0
30.0
31.0
32.0
33.0
34.0
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0
46.0
47.0
48.0
49.0
50.0
51.0

Mean

GA (w d)
-1SD

10w1d
10w3d
10w5d
11w0d
11w2d
11w4d
11w6d
12w1d
12w3d
12w6d
13w1d
13w3d
13w5d
14w0d
14w2d
14w4d
14w6d
15w1d
15w3d
15w5d
16w0d
16w2d
16w4d
16w6d
17w1d
17w4d
17w6d
18w1d
18w3d
18w5d
19w0d
19w2d
19w4d
20w0d
20w2d
20w4d
20w6d
21w1d
21w3d

9w4d
9w6d
10w1d
10w3d
10w5d
11w0d
11w2d
11w4d
11w6d
12w2d
12w3d
12w5d
13w0d
13w2d
13w4d
13w6d
14w1d
14w3d
14w5d
15w0d
15w2d
15w4d
15w6d
16w0d
16w2d
16w5d
17w0d
17w2d
17w4d
17w6d
18w1d
18w3d
18w5d
19w0d
19w2d
19w4d
19w6d
20w1d
20w3d

+1SD

BPD
(mm)

10w5d
11w0d
11w2d
11w4d
11w6d
12w1d
12w3d
12w5d
13w0d
13w3d
13w6d
14w1d
14w3d
14w5d
15w0d
15w2d
15w4d
15w6d
16w1d
16w3d
16w5d
17w0d
17w2d
17w5d
18w0d
18w3d
18w5d
19w0d
19w2d
19w4d
19w6d
20w1d
20w3d
21w0d
21w2d
21w4d
21w6d
22w1d
22w3d

52.0
53.0
54.0
55.0
56.0
57.0
58.0
59.0
60.0
61.0
62.0
63.0
64.0
65.0
66.0
67.0
68.0
69.0
70.0
71.0
72.0
73.0
74.0
75.0
76.0
77.0
78.0
79.0
80.0
81.0
82.0
83.0
84.0
85.0
86.0
87.0
88.0
89.0
90.0

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-21

Mean

GA (w d)
-1SD

+1SD

21w6d
22w1d
22w3d
22w5d
23w1d
23w3d
23w5d
24w1d
24w3d
24w5d
25w1d
25w3d
25w5d
26w1d
26w3d
26w6d
27w2d
27w4d
28w0d
28w3d
28w5d
29w1d
29w4d
30w0d
30w3d
30w6d
31w2d
31w5d
32w1d
32w5d
33w1d
33w5d
34w2d
34w6d
35w3d
36w0d
36w5d
37w4d
38w1d

20w6d
21w0d
21w2d
21w4d
22w0d
22w2d
22w4d
23w0d
23w1d
23w3d
23w6d
24w1d
24w3d
24w6d
25w0d
25w3d
25w6d
26w1d
26w4d
27w0d
27w1d
27w4d
28w0d
28w3d
28w6d
29w1d
29w4d
30w0d
30w3d
31w0d
31w2d
31w6d
32w3d
33w0d
33w3d
34w0d
34w5d
35w4d
36w0d

22w6d
23w2d
23w4d
23w6d
24w2d
24w4d
24w6d
25w2d
25w5d
26w0d
26w3d
26w5d
27w0d
27w3d
27w6d
28w2d
28w5d
29w0d
29w3d
29w6d
30w2d
30w5d
31w1d
31w4d
32w0d
32w4d
33w0d
33w3d
33w6d
34w3d
35w0d
35w4d
36w1d
36w5d
37w3d
38w0d
38w5d
39w4d
40w2d

(h) BPD Kurtz
Kurtz AB, Wapner RJ, Kurtz RJ, et al.
Analysis of biparietal diameter as an accurate indicator of gestational age.
J Clin Ultrasound 1980: 8; 319-326
BPD
(mm)
20.0
21.0
22.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
26.0
27.0
28.0
29.0
30.0
31.0
32.0
33.0
34.0
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0
46.0
47.0
48.0
49.0
50.0
51.0
52.0
53.0
54.0
55.0
56.0
57.0
58.0
59.0

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

12w0d
12w0d
12w4d
13w0d
13w1d
13w3d
13w5d
14w0d
14w2d
14w3d
14w6d
15w0d
15w2d
15w4d
15w6d
16w1d
16w3d
16w5d
17w0d
17w2d
17w4d
17w6d
18w1d
18w3d
18w5d
19w0d
19w3d
19w5d
20w0d
20w2d
20w4d
20w6d
21w1d
21w3d
21w6d
22w1d
22w3d
22w6d
23w1d

12w0d
12w0d
12w1d
12w3d
12w4d
12w6d
13w1d
13w3d
13w4d
13w6d
14w1d
14w2d
14w4d
14w5d
15w0d
15w1d
15w3d
15w4d
15w6d
16w1d
16w3d
16w4d
16w4d
16w6d
16w6d
17w0d
17w3d
17w6d
18w1d
18w4d
19w0d
19w2d
19w4d
19w6d
20w1d
20w3d
20w5d
21w1d
21w4d

23w3d

21w6d

25w1d

95%tile

BPD
(mm)

12w0d
12w0d
13w1d
13w4d
13w6d
14w1d
14w2d
14w4d
15w0d
15w1d
15w4d
15w6d
16w1d
16w4d
16w6d
17w1d
17w3d
17w6d
18w1d
18w4d
18w6d
19w2d
19w6d
20w1d
20w5d
21w1d
21w3d
21w4d
21w6d
22w0d
22w1d
22w4d
22w6d
23w1d
23w5d
24w0d
24w2d
24w4d
24w6d

60.0
61.0
62.0
63.0
64.0
65.0
66.0
67.0
68.0
69.0
70.0
71.0
72.0
73.0
74.0
75.0
76.0
77.0
78.0
79.0
80.0
81.0
82.0
83.0
84.0
85.0
86.0
87.0
88.0
89.0
90.0
91.0
92.0
93.0
94.0
95.0
96.0
97.0
98.0

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-22

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

95%tile

23w6d
24w1d
24w4d
24w6d
25w2d
25w4d
26w0d
26w3d
26w5d
27w1d
27w3d
27w6d
28w2d
28w5d
29w1d
29w4d
30w0d
30w2d
30w5d
31w1d
31w4d
32w1d
32w4d
33w0d
33w3d
34w0d
34w3d
35w0d
35w3d
36w0d
36w4d
37w1d
37w5d
38w2d
39w0d
39w5d
40w2d
41w0d
41w6d

22w2d
22w4d
23w1d
23w3d
23w6d
24w1d
24w4d
25w0d
25w2d
25w6d
26w2d
26w5d
27w1d
27w4d
28w1d
28w4d
29w0d
29w1d
29w4d
29w6d
30w1d
30w5d
31w1d
31w4d
31w6d
32w2d
32w6d
33w3d
33w6d
34w4d
35w1d
35w6d
36w5d
37w2d
37w6d
38w4d
39w1d
39w6d
40w4d

25w4d
25w6d
26w1d
26w3d
26w6d
27w1d
27w4d
27w6d
28w1d
28w3d
28w5d
29w1d
29w3d
29w6d
30w1d
30w4d
31w0d
31w3d
32w0d
32w4d
33w0d
33w4d
34w0d
34w4d
35w1d
35w5d
36w1d
36w4d
37w1d
37w4d
38w1d
38w4d
38w6d
39w2d
40w1d
40w6d
41w4d
42w1d
43w1d

(i)

BPD Merz
Merz E: "Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics"
Stuttgart, New York, Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 1991; 312, 326-336
BPD
(mm)
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

12w1d
12w3d
12w5d
13w0d
13w1d
13w4d
13w6d
14w1d
14w2d
14w4d
14w6d
15w1d
15w3d
15w5d
16w0d
16w2d
16w4d
16w6d
17w1d
17w3d
17w5d
18w0d
18w2d
18w4d
18w6d
19w1d
19w3d
19w5d
20w0d
20w3d
20w5d
21w0d
21w2d
21w4d
21w6d
22w1d
22w4d
22w6d
23w1d
23w4d
23w6d

10w5d
10w6d
11w1d
11w4d
11w5d
12w0d
12w1d
12w4d
12w5d
13w0d
13w2d
13w4d
13w6d
14w0d
14w2d
14w4d
14w6d
15w1d
15w3d
15w5d
15w6d
16w1d
16w4d
16w6d
17w1d
17w3d
17w4d
17w6d
18w1d
18w4d
18w6d
19w1d
19w3d
19w5d
20w0d
20w2d
20w4d
20w6d
21w1d
21w4d
21w6d

95%tile

BPD
(mm)

13w5d
13w6d
14w1d
14w4d
14w5d
15w0d
15w3d
15w5d
15w6d
16w1d
16w4d
16w6d
17w0d
17w3d
17w5d
18w0d
18w1d
18w4d
18w6d
19w1d
19w4d
19w6d
20w1d
20w3d
20w5d
21w0d
21w1d
21w4d
21w6d
22w1d
22w4d
22w6d
23w1d
23w4d
23w6d
24w1d
24w3d
24w5d
25w1d
25w4d
25w6d

62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-23

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

95%tile

24w1d
24w4d
24w6d
25w1d
25w4d
25w6d
26w1d
26w4d
26w6d
27w1d
27w4d
27w6d
28w2d
28w4d
29w0d
29w3d
29w6d
30w1d
30w4d
30w6d
31w2d
31w5d
32w1d
32w4d
32w6d
33w2d
33w6d
34w1d
34w4d
35w1d
35w4d
35w6d
36w3d
36w6d
37w2d
37w6d
38w2d
38w6d
39w2d
39w6d
40w2d

22w1d
22w4d
22w6d
23w1d
23w4d
23w6d
24w1d
24w3d
24w5d
25w1d
25w4d
25w6d
26w1d
26w4d
26w6d
27w1d
27w4d
27w6d
28w2d
28w5d
29w1d
29w4d
29w6d
30w2d
30w5d
31w0d
31w4d
31w6d
32w2d
32w6d
33w1d
33w4d
34w0d
34w4d
34w6d
35w3d
35w6d
36w3d
36w6d
37w2d
37w6d

26w1d
26w4d
26w6d
27w1d
27w4d
27w6d
28w2d
28w4d
28w6d
29w2d
29w5d
30w0d
30w3d
30w5d
31w1d
31w4d
32w0d
32w2d
32w5d
33w1d
33w4d
33w6d
34w2d
34w5d
35w1d
35w4d
36w1d
36w4d
36w6d
37w3d
37w6d
38w1d
38w6d
39w2d
39w5d
40w1d
40w5d
41w1d
41w6d
42w2d
42w6d

(j)

BPD Rempen
Rempen, A. Chaoui, R. Kozlowski, P. Häusler, M. Terinde, R. Wisse;
Standards zur Ultraschalluntersuchung in der Frühschwangerschaft;
Ultraschall in Med. 22 (2001) M1-M5
BPD
(mm)
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
19.0
20.0
21.0
22.0

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

95%tile

6w6d
7w1d
7w3d
7w5d
8w0d
8w2d
8w4d
8w6d
9w1d
9w3d
9w5d
10w0d
10w2d
10w4d
10w6d
11w1d
11w3d
11w5d
12w1d
12w3d

6w1d
6w3d
6w5d
7w0d
7w2d
7w4d
7w6d
8w1d
8w2d
8w4d
8w6d
9w1d
9w3d
9w4d
9w6d
10w1d
10w3d
10w5d
11w0d
11w2d

7w3d
7w6d
8w1d
8w4d
8w6d
9w1d
9w3d
9w5d
10w1d
10w3d
10w5d
11w0d
11w2d
11w5d
12w0d
12w2d
12w4d
13w0d
13w2d
13w5d

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-24

(3) CER
(a) CER Goldstein
Israel Goldstein, M.D.
Cerebellar measurements with ultrasonography in the evalution of fetal growth
and development. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1987; 156: 1065-1069
GA=6.329+0.4807*CER+0.01484*CER^2-0.0002474*CER^3
Input : CER (mm)
Output : GA (weeks)

Input min : 10.0 (mm)
Input max : 55.0 (mm)

CER
(mm)

GA (w d)
Mean

CER
(mm)

GA (w d)
Mean

10.0
11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
19.0
20.0
21.0
22.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
26.0
27.0
28.0
29.0
30.0
31.0
32.0

12w3d
13w1d
13w6d
14w4d
15w2d
16w0d
16w6d
17w4d
18w2d
19w1d
19w6d
20w5d
21w3d
22w2d
23w0d
23w5d
24w4d
25w2d
26w0d
26w5d
27w3d
28w1d
28w6d

33.0
34.0
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0
46.0
47.0
48.0
49.0
50.0
51.0
52.0
53.0
54.0
55.0

29w3d
30w1d
30w5d
31w2d
31w6d
32w3d
33w0d
33w3d
34w0d
34w3d
34w5d
35w1d
35w3d
35w5d
36w0d
36w2d
36w3d
36w4d
36w4d
36w5d
36w5d
36w4d
36w3d

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-25

0 29w2d 28w2d 30w2d No.0 29w6d 28w6d 30w6d Age (weeks) ±2SD (weeks) 15.0 47.0 34.0 46.0 25.0 22.37+0.2 1.0 16.0 31.9 1.0078*CER^2-0.0 27.0 18.0 29.0 (mm) GA (w d) Standard Deviation: CER (mm) Mean -2SD +2SD CER (mm) Mean -2SD +2SD 14.0 30.0 32. 75: 981-985 GA=6.0 (mm) Input max : 56.0 26. Obstet Gynecol 1990.0 41.54*CER+0.0 53.0 23.0 51. 2B771-044EN*D 10-26 .5 0.0 1.0 43.0 33w1d 33w5d 34w1d 34w4d 35w0d 35w3d 35w6d 36w2d 36w4d 37w0d 37w2d 37w4d 37w6d 38w0d 38w2d 32w0d 32w3d 33w0d 33w3d 33w6d 34w2d 34w5d 34w5d 35w0d 35w2d 35w5d 36w0d 36w1d 36w3d 36w4d 34w3d 34w6d 35w2d 35w6d 36w2d 36w5d 37w1d 37w6d 38w2d 38w4d 38w6d 39w1d 39w3d 39w4d 39w6d 35.0 45.(b) CER Hill LYNDON M.0 50.0 15w1d 14w4d 15w4d 36.0 17.0 33.0 48.0 21.0 19.0 54.0 49.0 40.0 52.0 38.0 44.0 39.0 55.0 56. MD The transverse cerebellar diameter in estimating gestational age in the larg for gestational age fetus.0 24. HILL.0 30w3d 31w0d 31w4d 32w1d 32w5d 29w2d 29w6d 30w3d 31w0d 31w3d 31w5d 32w2d 32w5d 33w2d 33w6d 12-17 18-23 24-29 30-35 36- 0.0 19w2d 20w0d 20w4d 21w2d 22w0d 22w5d 23w3d 24w1d 24w5d 25w3d 26w1d 26w5d 27w3d 28w0d 28w4d 18w2d 19w0d 19w5d 20w3d 21w1d 21w6d 22w3d 23w1d 23w5d 24w3d 25w1d 25w5d 26w3d 27w0d 27w4d 20w1d 20w6d 21w4d 22w2d 22w6d 23w4d 24w2d 25w1d 25w5d 26w3d 27w1d 27w5d 28w3d 29w0d 29w4d 42.00013*CER^3 Input : CER (mm) Output : GA (weeks) GA (w d) Input min : 14.6 20.0 15w6d 16w3d 17w1d 17w6d 18w4d 15w2d 16w0d 16w5d 17w3d 17w5d 16w2d 17w0d 17w5d 18w3d 19w3d 37.0 28.

(4) CLAV
(a) CLAV Yarkoni
Yarkoni S, Schmidt W, Jeanty P, et al "Clavicular measurement: A new
biometric parameter for fetal evaluation" J Ultrasound Med. 4: 467-470, 1985.
GA=3.717731+0.8272778*CLAV
Standard Deviation (±): 1SD=2.684 weeks
5%-95%tile=Mean±1.645*(1SD)
Input : CLAV (mm)
Output : GA (weeks)

Input min : 11.0 (mm)
Input max : 45.0 (mm)

CLAV
(mm)

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

95%tile

11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
19.0
20.0
21.0
22.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
26.0
27.0
28.0
29.0
30.0
31.0
32.0
33.0
34.0
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0

12w6d
13w5d
14w3d
15w2d
16w1d
17w0d
17w5d
18w4d
19w3d
20w2d
21w1d
21w6d
22w5d
23w4d
24w3d
25w2d
26w0d
26w6d
27w5d
28w4d
29w3d
30w1d
31w0d
31w6d
32w5d
33w3d
34w2d
35w1d
36w0d
36w6d
37w4d
38w3d
39w2d
40w1d
41w0d

8w3d
9w2d
10w0d
10w6d
11w5d
12w4d
13w3d
14w1d
15w0d
15w6d
16w5d
17w4d
18w2d
19w1d
20w0d
20w6d
21w4d
22w3d
23w2d
24w1d
25w0d
25w5d
26w4d
27w3d
28w2d
29w1d
29w6d
30w5d
31w4d
32w3d
33w2d
34w0d
34w6d
35w5d
36w4d

17w2d
18w0d
18w6d
19w5d
20w4d
21w3d
22w1d
23w0d
23w6d
24w5d
25w4d
26w2d
27w1d
28w0d
28w6d
29w4d
30w3d
31w2d
32w1d
33w0d
33w5d
34w4d
35w3d
36w2d
37w1d
37w6d
38w5d
39w4d
40w3d
41w2d
42w0d
42w6d
43w5d
44w4d
45w3d

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-27

(5) CRL
(a) CRL ASUM
Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement
Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001)
P28-P31
GA=-0.0007*CRL^2+0.1584*CRL+5.2876
Input : CRL (mm)
Output : GA (weeks)

Input min : 1.0 (mm)
Input max : 87.0 (mm)

CRL
(mm)

GA (w d)
Mean

CRL
(mm)

GA (w d)
Mean

CRL
(mm)

GA (w d)
Mean

1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
19.0
20.0
21.0
22.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
26.0
27.0
28.0
29.0

5w3d
5w4d
5w5d
5w6d
6w0d
6w1d
6w3d
6w4d
6w5d
6w6d
7w0d
7w1d
7w2d
7w3d
7w4d
7w4d
7w5d
7w6d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
9w0d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d

30.0
31.0
32.0
33.0
34.0
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0
46.0
47.0
48.0
49.0
50.0
51.0
52.0
53.0
54.0
55.0
56.0
57.0
58.0

9w3d
9w4d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w1d
10w2d
10w3d
10w4d
10w4d
10w5d
10w6d
10w6d
11w0d
11w1d
11w1d
11w2d
11w3d
11w3d
11w4d
11w4d
11w5d
11w6d
11w6d
12w0d
12w0d
12w1d

59.0
60.0
61.0
62.0
63.0
64.0
65.0
66.0
67.0
68.0
69.0
70.0
71.0
72.0
73.0
74.0
75.0
76.0
77.0
78.0
79.0
80.0
81.0
82.0
83.0
84.0
85.0
86.0
87.0

12w1d
12w2d
12w2d
12w3d
12w3d
12w4d
12w4d
12w5d
12w5d
12w6d
12w6d
13w0d
13w0d
13w0d
13w1d
13w1d
13w2d
13w2d
13w2d
13w3d
13w3d
13w3d
13w4d
13w4d
13w4d
13w5d
13w5d
13w5d
13w5d

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-28

(b) CRL BMUS
BMUS: Charts recommended for clinical obstetric practice. February 2007
CRL
(mm)

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

95%tile

4.0
6.0
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
16.0
18.0
20.0
22.0
24.0
26.0
28.0
30.0
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.0
40.0
42.0
44.0
46.0
48.0
50.0
52.0
54.0
56.0
58.0
60.0
62.0
64.0
66.0
68.0
70.0
72.0
74.0
76.0
78.0
80.0

6w0d
6w3d
6w6d
7w2d
7w4d
7w6d
8w2d
8w3d
8w5d
9w0d
9w2d
9w3d
9w5d
9w6d
10w1d
10w2d
10w4d
10w5d
10w6d
11w0d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w5d
11w6d
12w1d
12w2d
12w3d
12w4d
12w5d
12w6d
13w0d
13w1d
13w2d
13w3d
13w4d
13w5d
13w6d
14w2d

5w3d
6w0d
6w2d
6w5d
7w0d
7w3d
7w5d
8w0d
8w1d
8w3d
8w5d
8w6d
9w1d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
10w0d
10w1d
10w2d
10w4d
10w5d
10w6d
11w0d
11w1d
11w3d
11w4d
11w5d
11w6d
12w0d
12w1d
12w2d
12w3d
12w4d
12w5d
12w6d
13w0d
13w1d
13w2d
13w5d

6w4d
7w0d
7w3d
7w6d
8w1d
8w3d
8w5d
9w0d
9w2d
9w4d
9w6d
10w0d
10w2d
10w3d
10w5d
10w6d
11w0d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w6d
12w0d
12w1d
12w2d
12w3d
12w4d
12w6d
13w0d
13w1d
13w2d
13w3d
13w4d
13w5d
13w6d
14w0d
14w1d
14w2d
14w2d
14w5d

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-29

(c) CRL Daya
Daya S.; "Accuracy of gestational age estimation by means of fetal crownrump length measurement", Am J Obstet Gynecol; March 1993; pages 903908
CRL
(mm)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41

Mean

GA (w d)
2.5%tile

6w1d
6w2d
6w3d
6w4d
6w5d
6w6d
7w0d
7w1d
7w2d
7w3d
7w4d
7w5d
7w6d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
8w6d
8w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w3d
9w4d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w1d
10w2d
10w3d
10w4d
10w4d
10w5d
10w6d
10w6d

5w3d
5w4d
5w5d
5w6d
6w0d
6w1d
6w2d
6w4d
6w4d
6w6d
6w6d
7w0d
7w1d
7w2d
7w3d
7w4d
7w5d
7w6d
8w0d
8w1d
8w1d
8w2d
8w4d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w3d
9w4d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w1d

11w0d

10w2d

11w5d

97.5%tile

CRL
(mm)

6w6d
6w6d
7w1d
7w2d
7w3d
7w4d
7w5d
7w6d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w1d
9w2d
9w4d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w1d
10w2d
10w3d
10w4d
10w4d
10w6d
10w6d
11w0d
11w1d
11w1d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w4d

42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-30

Mean

GA (w d)
2.5%tile

97.5%tile

11w1d
11w1d
11w1d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w4d
11w5d
11w5d
11w6d
11w6d
12w0d
12w0d
12w1d
12w1d
12w1d
12w2d
12w3d
12w3d
12w4d
12w4d
12w4d
12w5d
12w5d
12w6d
12w6d
12w6d
12w6d
13w0d
13w0d
13w1d
13w1d
13w1d
13w1d
13w1d
13w1d
13w2d
13w2d
13w2d

10w3d
10w4d
10w4d
10w4d
10w5d
10w6d
10w6d
11w0d
11w0d
11w1d
11w1d
11w1d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w4d
11w4d
11w4d
11w5d
11w6d
11w6d
11w6d
11w6d
12w0d
12w0d
12w1d
12w1d
12w1d
12w1d
12w2d
12w2d
12w2d
12w3d
12w3d
12w3d
12w4d
12w4d
12w4d
12w4d

11w6d
11w6d
11w6d
12w0d
12w1d
12w1d
12w2d
12w3d
12w3d
12w4d
12w4d
12w5d
12w5d
12w6d
12w6d
12w6d
13w0d
13w1d
13w1d
13w1d
13w2d
13w2d
13w3d
13w3d
13w4d
13w4d
13w4d
13w4d
13w5d
13w5d
13w6d
13w6d
13w6d
13w6d
13w6d
14w0d
14w0d
14w0d
14w0d

(d) CRL Hadlock
Hadlock FP, Shah YP, Kanon DJ, Lindsey JV: "Fetal crown-rump length:
Reevaluation of relation to menstrual age (5-18 weeks) with high-resolution
real-time US" Radiology 182: 501-505, 1992.
GA=e^(1.684969+0.315646*CRL-0.049306*CRL^2+0.004057*CRL^3
-0.000120456*CRL^4)
2.5%-97.5%tile=Mean±GA*0.08
Input : CRL (cm)
Output : GA (weeks)
GA (w d)

CRL
(mm)

Mean

25%tile

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41

5w5d
5w6d
6w1d
6w2d
6w3d
6w4d
6w5d
6w6d
7w0d
7w2d
7w3d
7w4d
7w5d
7w6d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w3d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w1d
10w2d
10w3d
10w3d
10w4d
10w5d
10w6d
10w6d
11w0d

5w2d
5w3d
5w4d
5w5d
5w6d
6w0d
6w1d
6w2d
6w4d
6w5d
6w6d
7w0d
7w1d
7w2d
7w3d
7w3d
7w4d
7w5d
7w6d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
9w0d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w3d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w0d
10w1d

97.5%
tile
6w1d
6w3d
6w4d
6w5d
6w6d
7w1d
7w2d
7w3d
7w4d
7w6d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w2d
10w3d
10w4d
10w5d
10w5d
10w6d
11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w5d
11w5d
11w6d

Input min : 0.2 (cm)
Input max : 12.1 (cm)
GA (w d)

CRL
(mm)

Mean

25%tile

42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81

11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w2d
11w3d
11w3d
11w4d
11w5d
11w5d
11w6d
11w6d
12w0d
12w0d
12w1d
12w1d
12w2d
12w2d
12w3d
12w3d
12w4d
12w4d
12w5d
12w5d
12w6d
12w6d
13w0d
13w0d
13w1d
13w1d
13w2d
13w3d
13w3d
13w4d
13w4d
13w5d
13w5d
13w6d
13w6d
14w0d
14w1d

10w1d
10w2d
10w2d
10w3d
10w3d
10w4d
10w5d
10w5d
10w6d
10w6d
11w0d
11w0d
11w1d
11w1d
11w1d
11w2d
11w2d
11w3d
11w3d
11w4d
11w4d
11w5d
11w5d
11w6d
11w6d
12w0d
12w0d
12w1d
12w1d
12w2d
12w2d
12w3d
12w3d
12w4d
12w4d
12w5d
12w5d
12w6d
12w6d
13w0d

97.5%
tile
12w0d
12w0d
12w1d
12w2d
12w2d
12w3d
12w4d
12w4d
12w5d
12w5d
12w6d
12w6d
13w0d
13w1d
13w1d
13w2d
13w2d
13w3d
13w3d
13w4d
13w4d
13w5d
13w6d
13w6d
14w0d
14w0d
14w1d
14w1d
14w2d
14w2d
14w3d
14w4d
14w4d
14w5d
14w5d
14w6d
15w0d
15w0d
15w1d
15w1d

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-31

GA (w d)

CRL
(mm)

Mean

25%tile

82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121

14w1d
14w2d
14w2d
14w3d
14w4d
14w4d
14w5d
14w5d
14w6d
15w0d
15w0d
15w1d
15w2d
15w2d
15w3d
15w4d
15w5d
15w5d
15w6d
16w0d
16w0d
16w1d
16w2d
16w3d
16w3d
16w4d
16w5d
16w6d
16w6d
17w0d
17w1d
17w1d
17w2d
17w3d
17w4d
17w4d
17w5d
17w6d
17w6d
18w0d

13w0d
13w1d
13w1d
13w2d
13w2d
13w3d
13w4d
13w4d
13w5d
13w5d
13w6d
14w0d
14w0d
14w1d
14w1d
14w2d
14w3d
14w3d
14w4d
14w5d
14w5d
14w6d
15w0d
15w0d
15w1d
15w2d
15w2d
15w3d
15w4d
15w5d
15w5d
15w6d
16w0d
16w0d
16w1d
16w1d
16w2d
16w3d
16w3d
16w4d

97.5%
tile
15w2d
15w3d
15w3d
15w4d
15w5d
15w5d
15w6d
16w0d
16w0d
16w1d
16w2d
16w3d
16w3d
16w4d
16w5d
16w6d
16w6d
17w0d
17w1d
17w2d
17w2d
17w3d
17w4d
17w5d
17w6d
17w6d
18w0d
18w1d
18w2d
18w3d
18w3d
18w4d
18w5d
18w6d
18w6d
19w0d
19w1d
19w2d
19w2d
19w3d

(e) CRL Hansmann
Hansmann H, Hackeloer B., Staudach A.; Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics
and Gynecology; New York, Springer Verlag, 1986, English Edition
(ISBN 0-387-15384-9); p168-176, p438, p431, p154, p439, p432, p440-441
CRL
(mm)
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0
15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
19.0
20.0
21.0
22.0
23.0
24.0
26.0
28.0
30.0
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.0
40.0
42.0
44.0
46.0
48.0
50.0

Mean

GA (w d)
-2SD

6w0d
6w1d
6w3d
6w5d
6w6d
7w1d
7w2d
7w3d
7w5d
7w6d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w4d
9w6d
10w1d
10w2d
10w4d
10w5d
11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w3d
11w5d
11w6d
12w0d

5w0d
5w2d
5w3d
5w5d
6w0d
6w1d
6w2d
6w4d
6w5d
6w6d
7w1d
7w2d
7w3d
7w4d
7w5d
7w6d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w4d
8w5d
9w0d
9w1d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
10w0d
10w1d
10w2d
10w4d
10w5d
10w5d

+2SD

CRL
(mm)

6w6d
7w1d
7w2d
7w5d
7w6d
8w0d
8w2d
8w3d
8w5d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w2d
10w4d
11w0d
11w1d
11w3d
11w4d
11w6d
12w1d
12w2d
12w3d
12w5d
12w6d
13w1d
13w2d

52.0
54.0
56.0
58.0
60.0
63.0
66.0
70.0
73.0
76.0
80.0
83.0
86.0
90.0
93.0
96.0
100.0
103.0
106.0
110.0
113.0
116.0
120.0
123.0
126.0
130.0
133.0
136.0
140.0
143.0
146.0
150.0

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-32

Mean

GA (w d)
-2SD

+2SD

12w1d
12w2d
12w3d
12w4d
12w5d
12w6d
13w1d
13w2d
13w4d
13w5d
14w0d
14w1d
14w3d
14w5d
15w0d
15w2d
15w4d
15w6d
16w1d
16w3d
16w6d
17w1d
17w3d
17w6d
18w1d
18w5d
19w0d
19w3d
19w6d
20w2d
20w5d
21w2d

10w6d
10w6d
11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w6d
12w0d
12w1d
12w3d
12w4d
12w5d
13w0d
13w2d
13w3d
13w5d
14w0d
14w2d
14w4d
14w6d
15w1d
15w3d
15w6d
16w1d
16w4d
16w6d
17w2d
17w5d
18w0d
18w3d
18w6d

13w3d
13w4d
13w5d
13w6d
14w0d
14w2d
14w4d
14w6d
15w0d
15w2d
15w4d
15w6d
16w1d
16w3d
16w5d
17w0d
17w2d
17w5d
18w0d
18w3d
18w6d
19w1d
19w3d
19w6d
20w2d
20w5d
21w1d
21w5d
22w1d
22w4d
23w0d
23w4d

(f)

CRL Jeanty
Jeanty P "Fetal Biometry"
Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology: P93-108
CRL
(mm)
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49

Mean

GA (w d)
5%tile

95%tile

7w3d
7w4d
7w5d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w2d
10w2d
10w3d
10w4d
10w5d
10w6d
10w6d
11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w4d
11w5d
11w6d
11w6d
12w0d
12w1d
12w1d
12w2d

6w5d
6w6d
7w1d
7w2d
7w3d
7w4d
7w5d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w2d
10w2d
10w3d
10w4d
10w5d
10w5d
10w6d
11w0d
11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w4d

8w0d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w2d
10w3d
10w4d
10w5d
10w5d
10w6d
11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w2d
11w3d
11w4d
11w5d
11w6d
11w6d
12w0d
12w1d
12w1d
12w2d
12w3d
12w3d
12w4d
12w5d
12w5d
12w6d
13w0d

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-33

(g) CRL JSUM
Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values
J Med Ultrasonics Vol. 30 No. 3 (2003) J415-J440
CRL
(mm)
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

Mean

GA (w d)
10%tile

90%tile

8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w2d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w0d
10w1d
10w2d
10w3d
10w3d
10w4d
10w5d
10w5d
10w6d
11w0d
11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w2d
11w3d

7w3d
7w4d
7w5d
7w6d
8w0d
8w1d
8w2d
8w3d
8w4d
8w4d
8w5d
8w6d
9w0d
9w1d
9w2d
9w2d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w1d
10w2d
10w3d
10w3d
10w4d
10w5d
10w5d
10w6d

9w0d
9w1d
9w1d
9w2d
9w3d
9w4d
9w5d
9w6d
10w0d
10w1d
10w1d
10w2d
10w3d
10w4d
10w5d
10w5d
10w6d
11w0d
11w0d
11w1d
11w2d
11w2d
11w3d
11w3d
11w4d
11w5d
11w5d
11w6d
11w6d
12w0d
12w0d

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-34

0 29.0 71.0 16.0 22. Februart 1981: P702-P710 GA=51.0 34.0 89.0 68.0 55.0 21.0 78.0 25.0 62.0 80.0 43.0 44.008+0.0 74.0 76.0 19.0 77.0 79.0 27.0 46.(h) CRL Nelson Nelson "Comparison of Methods for Determining Crown-Rump Measurement by RealTime Ultrasound": J Clin Ultrasound 9: 67-70.0 11w6d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w1d 12w2d 12w2d 12w3d 12w4d 12w4d 12w5d 12w5d 12w6d 13w0d 13w0d 13w1d 13w1d 13w2d 13w3d 13w3d 13w4d 13w4d 13w5d 13w6d 13w6d 14w0d 14w0d 14w1d 14w2d 14w2d 14w3d 14w3d 14w4d 14w5d 14w5d 14w6d 14w6d 15w0d No.0 45.0 47.0 63.0 49.0 56.0 58.0 (mm) CRL (mm) GA (w d) Mean CRL (mm) GA (w d) Mean 15.0 85.0 87.0 30.0 37.0 73.0 51.0 24.0 67.0 61.0 60.0 41.0 64. 2B771-044EN*D 10-35 .0 59.0 32.0 66.0 31.0 54.0 8w4d 8w5d 8w5d 8w6d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w1d 9w2d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d 9w4d 9w5d 9w5d 9w6d 10w0d 10w0d 10w1d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w3d 10w4d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 10w6d 11w0d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w2d 11w3d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w5d 53.0 18.0 17.0 42.0 36.0 28.0 38.0 70.0 84.0 35.0 57.0 88.6*CRL Input : CRL (mm) Output : GA (days) Input min : 15.0 20.0 33.0 83.0 81.0 (mm) Input max : 90.0 52.0 48.0 69.0 23.0 82.0 50.0 86.0 39.0 65.0 26.0 72.0 40.0 75.0 90.

0 20. M.0 11.0 46.0 7.0 34.0 41. Standards zur Ultraschalluntersuchung in der Frühschwangerschaft.0 24. 2B771-044EN*D 10-36 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 9w5d 9w6d 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w2d 12w2d 12w3d 12w4d 12w5d 12w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 10w0d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w5d 11w6d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 12w0d 12w0d 12w1d 12w2d 12w3d 12w3d 12w4d 12w5d 12w6d 12w6d 13w0d 13w1d 13w2d 13w3d 13w3d 13w4d 13w5d .0 No.0 38. Häusler.0 45.0 57.0 13. Wisse.0 8. R.0 18.0 28.0 27.0 33.0 9.0 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile – 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w2d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d – 5w2d 5w4d 5w5d 5w6d 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 95%tile CRL (mm) – 6w4d 6w5d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w0d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 31.0 10.0 53.0 23.0 43.0 15.0 44.0 54. 22 (2001) M1-M5 CRL (mm) 1.0 37.0 40. Ultraschall in Med. Chaoui.0 25.0 49. A.0 26. P.0 35.0 42.0 3.0 59. Kozlowski.(i) CRL Rempen Rempen.0 47.0 50.0 12.0 29.0 16.0 51.0 39.0 56.0 36.0 55.0 32.0 22.0 2.0 14.0 21.0 52.0 60.0 6.0 48.0 4.0 19.0 5. R.0 30. Terinde.0 58.0 17.

0 51.0 66.0 6w3d 6w3d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w0d 5w5d 5w5d 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w3d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d 9w5d 9w6d 10w0d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w2d 7w1d 7w1d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w5d 45.73 5%-95%tile=Mean±5 Input : CRL (mm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 6.0 49.0 36.0 25.0 9.7 (mm) Input max : 82.0 27.0 38.0 70. 2B771-044EN*D 10-37 .0 19.0 17.4 (mm) CRL (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile CRL (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 6.0 40.0 63.0 14.0 23.0 58.0 79. Fleming JEE.0 29. "A critical evaluation of sonar crown-rump length measurements".0 33.0 48.0 26.0 72.0 41.0 56.0 57.0 8.0 24.0 62.0 12.0 69.0 20.0 67.0 11.0 80.0 13.0 42.4 11w1d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w3d 11w4d 11w4d 11w5d 11w5d 11w6d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w1d 12w2d 12w2d 12w3d 12w3d 12w4d 12w4d 12w5d 12w5d 12w6d 12w6d 13w0d 13w0d 13w1d 13w1d 13w2d 13w2d 13w2d 13w3d 13w3d 13w4d 13w4d 13w5d 13w5d 13w6d 13w6d 10w3d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w5d 10w6d 10w6d 11w0d 11w0d 11w1d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w3d 11w4d 11w4d 11w5d 11w5d 11w6d 11w6d 12w0d 12w0d 12w1d 12w1d 12w2d 12w2d 12w3d 12w3d 12w4d 12w4d 12w4d 12w5d 12w5d 12w6d 12w6d 13w0d 13w0d 13w1d 13w1d 11w6d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w1d 12w2d 12w2d 12w3d 12w3d 12w4d 12w4d 12w5d 12w6d 12w6d 13w0d 13w0d 13w1d 13w1d 13w2d 13w2d 13w3d 13w3d 13w4d 13w4d 13w5d 13w5d 13w6d 13w6d 14w0d 14w0d 14w0d 14w1d 14w1d 14w2d 14w2d 14w3d 14w3d 14w4d 14w4d No.0 53.0 37.0 59.0 55.0 32.0 22.0 60.0 77.7 7.0 47.0 81.0 10.0 76.0 30.052*√(CRL)+23.0 31.0 74.0 15.0 64.0 44.0 73.0 18.0 16.0 78.0 34. Brit J Obstet Gynaecol 1975 82: 702-710 GA=8.0 54.0 28.0 50.0 82.0 35.0 21.0 39.(j) CRL Robinson Robinson HP.0 82.0 43.0 52.0 75.0 46.0 61.0 65.0 71.0 68.

4 76.5 15.3 53.7 38.3 49.2 72.(6) FL (a) FL ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA=0.002884*FL^2+0.0 62.0 32.0 21. 2B771-044EN*D 10-38 .8 69.7 12.0 77.0 7.284 Input : FL (mm) Output : GA (weeks) FL (mm) GA (w d) Mean 6.0 64.7 55.0 (mm) Input max : 82.8 74.7 35.3 41.3 18.0 27.0 51.0 24.7 46.0 10w5d 11w0d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d 42w0d 43w0d 44w0d 44w1d Input min : 6.00003924*FL^3+8.0 (mm) No.0 67.5 79.0 80.4 81.8 82.0 9.0 60.41*FL-0.8 58.0 43.5 71.0 66.0 30.

0 45.0 20.0 59.0 31.0 33.0 19.0 47.0 16.(b) FL BMUS BMUS: Charts recommended for clinical obstetric practice. February 2007 FL (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile FL (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 10.0 27.0 15. 2B771-044EN*D 10-39 .0 24.0 21.0 67.0 30.0 57.0 28.0 56.0 58.0 22.0 51.0 41.0 50.0 66.0 61.0 65.0 53.0 36.0 40.0 44.0 64.0 32.0 13w0d 13w2d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 15w0d 15w2d 15w5d 16w0d 16w2d 16w4d 16w6d 17w2d 17w4d 17w6d 18w2d 18w4d 18w6d 19w2d 19w4d 20w0d 20w2d 20w5d 21w0d 21w3d 21w5d 22w1d 12w1d 12w3d 12w5d 13w0d 13w1d 13w3d 13w5d 14w0d 14w2d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w5d 16w0d 16w2d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w4d 17w6d 18w1d 18w3d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w5d 20w1d 20w3d 13w6d 14w1d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w6d 16w1d 16w3d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w6d 18w1d 18w4d 18w6d 19w2d 19w5d 20w0d 20w3d 20w5d 21w1d 21w4d 22w0d 22w2d 22w5d 23w1d 23w4d 24w0d 39.0 25.0 37.0 55.0 62.0 14.0 18.0 34.0 42.0 60.0 23.0 26.0 46.0 54.0 22w4d 22w6d 23w2d 23w5d 24w1d 24w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 27w0d 27w3d 27w6d 28w2d 28w5d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w4d 31w1d 31w4d 32w1d 32w4d 33w1d 33w4d 34w1d 34w4d 35w1d 20w5d 21w1d 21w3d 21w6d 22w1d 22w4d 22w6d 23w2d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w5d 25w1d 25w4d 26w0d 26w2d 26w5d 27w1d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 28w6d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 32w0d 24w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 27w1d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 29w0d 29w3d 30w0d 30w3d 31w0d 31w3d 32w0d 32w3d 33w0d 33w4d 34w1d 34w4d 35w1d 35w5d 36w2d 36w6d 37w3d 38w0d 38w5d No.0 63.0 38.0 17.0 29.0 12.0 43.0 49.0 48.0 11.0 35.0 52.0 13.

0 36.0 65.0 27.0 60.(c) FL Chitty Altman.0 53. D.0 61.0 47.0 50. and Chitty..0 12.0 56. New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy Ultrasound Obstet.0 51.0 57.0 38.0 48.0 26.0 45.0 21.0 59.0 41.0 55.0 58.0 62. 2B771-044EN*D 10-40 .0 13.0 22.0 34.0 13w0d 13w2d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 15w0d 15w2d 15w5d 16w0d 16w2d 16w4d 16w6d 17w2d 17w4d 17w6d 18w2d 18w4d 18w6d 19w2d 19w4d 20w0d 20w2d 20w5d 21w0d 21w3d 21w5d 22w1d 12w1d 12w3d 12w5d 13w0d 13w1d 13w3d 13w5d 14w0d 14w2d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w5d 16w0d 16w2d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w4d 17w6d 18w1d 18w3d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w5d 20w1d 20w3d GA (w d) 95%tile FL (mm) Mean 5%tile 95%tile 13w6d 14w1d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w6d 16w1d 16w3d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w6d 18w1d 18w4d 18w6d 19w2d 19w5d 20w0d 20w3d 20w5d 21w1d 21w4d 22w0d 22w2d 22w5d 23w1d 23w4d 24w0d 39. L.0 18.0 23.0 25.0 40.0 49.G.0 67.0 20.0 66.0 16.0 19.0 35.0 14.0 24.0 22w4d 22w6d 23w2d 23w5d 24w1d 24w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 27w0d 27w3d 27w6d 28w2d 28w5d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w4d 31w1d 31w4d 32w1d 32w4d 33w1d 33w4d 34w1d 34w4d 35w1d 20w5d 21w1d 21w3d 21w6d 22w1d 22w4d 22w6d 23w2d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w5d 25w1d 25w4d 26w0d 26w2d 26w5d 27w1d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 28w6d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 32w0d 24w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 27w1d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 29w0d 29w3d 30w0d 30w3d 31w0d 31w3d 32w0d 32w3d 33w0d 33w4d 34w1d 34w4d 35w1d 35w5d 36w2d 36w6d 37w3d 38w0d 38w5d No.0 32.0 63.0 29.0 43.0 31.0 52.0 33.0 46.0 30.0 64. 10 (1997) 174-191 GA (w d) FL (mm) Mean 5%tile 10.0 54.0 17.0 28.S.0 44.0 15.0 37.0 42.0 11.

0 20w5d 18w6d 22w3d 73.1984.0 17w4d 16w1d 19w0d 64.0 12w3d 11w0d 13w6d 47.0 35w3d 32w3d 38w3d 31.0 17w6d 16w4d 19w2d 65.170*FL^2 Input : FL (cm) Output : GA (weeks) GA (w d) Input min : 0.0 31w2d 28w2d 34w1d 22.0 21w5d 20w0d 23w4d 76.0 34w3d 31w4d 37w3d 29.08 10.20 (cm) GA (w d) Standard Deviation: FL (mm) Mean -2SD +2SD FL (mm) Mean -2SD +2SD 6.0 42w0d 38w6d 45w1d 44.0 18w6d 17w1d 20w5d 68.0 13w4d 12w1d 14w6d 51.0 33w4d 30w4d 36w3d 27.0 31w5d 28w5d 34w4d 23.0 39w6d 36w5d 43w0d 40.0 36w3d 33w2d 39w4d 33.0 26w1d 24w0d 28w1d 24 30 2.0 32w1d 29w1d 35w1d 24.0 25w2d 23w1d 27w2d 12 18 1.0 28w1d 26w1d 30w2d 15.0 13w2d 11w6d 14w4d 50.0 24w3d 22w3d 26w4d No.0 38w6d 35w5d 42w0d 38.0 38w3d 35w2d 41w3d 37.0 29w0d 27w0d 31w1d 17.0 37w3d 34w2d 40w3d 35.0 39w3d 36w2d 42w3d 39.12 12.0 17w2d 15w6d 18w4d 63.0 16w4d 15w1d 18w0d 61. GA=10.0 21w0d 19w2d 22w6d 74.8 9.0 13w0d 11w4d 14w3d 49.0 16w6d 15w4d 18w2d 62.0 16w0d 14w4d 17w2d 59.0 29w6d 27w6d 32w0d 19.0 19w4d 17w6d 21w3d 70.0 26w3d 24w3d 28w4d 30 36 2.0 22w6d 21w1d 24w5d 79.0 30w5d 27w6d 33w5d 21.0 30w2d 27w3d 33w2d 20.0 34w0d 31w0d 37w0d 28.96 11.0 40w3d 37w2d 43w4d 41.0 28w4d 26w4d 30w5d 16.0 12w1d 10w5d 13w4d 46.0 12w5d 11w2d 14w1d 48.4 12w0d 10w4d 13w3d 45. 2B771-044EN*D 10-41 GA (weeks) .460*FL+0.0 23w5d 21w6d 25w3d 81.0 20w2d 18w4d 22w1d 72.0 14w1d 12w5d 15w4d 53.0 27w2d 25w2d 29w3d 13.0 32w4d 29w4d 35w4d 25.0 24w0d 22w0d 26w1d 82.0 36w6d 33w5d 40w0d 34.0 18w4d 16w5d 20w3d 67.0 27w5d 25w5d 29w6d 14.0 15w0d 13w5d 16w3d 56.0 29w3d 27w3d 31w4d 18.0 23w2d 21w3d 25w1d 80.0 25w5d 23w4d 27w5d 18 24 1.0 24w6d 22w5d 27w0d Low High ±2SD (weeks) 7.64 (cm) Input max : 8.0 18w2d 16w3d 20w0d 66.38 8.0 20w0d 18w1d 21w5d 71.0 15w4d 14w2d 17w0d 58.0 22w1d 20w2d 24w0d 77.0 21w3d 19w4d 23w1d 75.0 16w2d 14w6d 17w5d 60.0 41w3d 38w2d 44w4d 43.0 40w6d 37w6d 44w0d 42.0 14w5d 13w2d 16w1d 55.0 37w6d 34w5d 41w0d 36.0 26w6d 24w6d 29w0d 36 42 3.0 35w6d 33w0d 38w6d 32.35+2.0 19w2d 17w3d 21w0d 69.0 33w0d 30w1d 36w0d 26.0 22w4d 20w5d 24w2d 78.(d) FL Hadlock Hadlock FP.0 14w3d 13w0d 15w6d 54. Park SK: "Estimating fetal age: Computerassisted analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters" Radiology 152: 497-502. Deter RL. Harrist RB.0 15w2d 14w0d 16w5d 57.0 13w6d 12w3d 15w2d 52.0 35w0d 32w0d 37w6d 30.

0 60.0 14.0 19.0 79.0 32.0 38.0 51.D.0 55.0 69. 143 (No.0 41.0 66.0 17.0 20.0 16.0 53.0 24w3d No.0 76.0 18. 4): P497-481 GA=9.0 59.0 26.0 34.0 39.0 35.0 42.0 12w0d 12w2d 12w4d 12w6d 13w2d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w6d 16w1d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w4d 17w6d 18w2d 18w4d 19w0d 19w3d 19w5d 20w1d 20w3d 20w6d 21w2d 21w4d 22w0d 22w3d 22w6d 23w2d 23w4d 24w0d 46.0 13.0 36.0 64..0 65.0 (cm) Input max : 8.0 28.0 78.0 40.0 47.0 23.0 71.0 21.0 67.0 63.0 68. M.0 31. 1982.0 49.0 56.0 72.0 62.0 25.0 (cm) FL (mm) GA (w d) Mean FL (mm) GA (w d) Mean 10.18+0. HOHLER.0 48.0 50.0 33.0 80.0 54.0 24w6d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 27w0d 27w3d 27w6d 28w2d 28w5d 29w1d 29w4d 30w0d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 31w6d 32w2d 32w6d 33w2d 33w5d 34w2d 34w5d 35w2d 35w5d 36w1d 36w5d 37w1d 37w5d 38w1d 38w5d 39w2d 39w5d 40w2d 40w5d 45.(e) FL Hohler CHARLES W.0 15.0 57.0 22.0 37.0 11.0 44.0 75.267*FL+0.0 30. Fetal femur length: Equations for computer calculation of gestational age from ultrasound measurements.0 43.0 74.0 58. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology June 15.0 61.0016*FL^2 Input : FL (cm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 1.0 12.0 52.0 70.0 29.0 77.0 73.0 24. 2B771-044EN*D 10-42 .0 27.

0 (mm) FL (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile FL (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 12w4d 13w0d 13w2d 13w4d 13w6d 14w2d 14w4d 14w6d 15w2d 15w4d 15w6d 16w2d 16w4d 17w0d 17w2d 17w4d 18w0d 18w2d 18w5d 19w0d 19w3d 19w5d 20w1d 20w3d 20w6d 21w2d 21w4d 22w0d 22w2d 22w5d 23w1d 23w3d 23w6d 24w2d 24w5d 10w3d 10w5d 11w0d 11w2d 11w5d 12w0d 12w2d 12w5d 13w0d 13w2d 13w5d 14w0d 14w2d 14w5d 15w0d 15w3d 15w5d 16w1d 16w3d 16w6d 17w1d 17w4d 17w6d 18w2d 18w4d 19w0d 19w2d 19w5d 20w1d 20w3d 20w6d 21w2d 21w4d 22w0d 22w3d 14w6d 15w1d 15w4d 15w6d 16w1d 16w3d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w6d 18w1d 18w4d 18w6d 19w1d 19w4d 19w6d 20w2d 20w4d 21w0d 21w2d 21w5d 22w0d 22w3d 22w5d 23w1d 23w3d 23w6d 24w2d 24w4d 25w0d 25w3d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 26w6d 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 25w3d 25w6d 26w2d 26w4d 27w0d 27w3d 27w6d 28w2d 28w5d 29w0d 29w3d 29w6d 30w2d 30w5d 31w1d 31w4d 32w0d 32w3d 32w6d 33w2d 33w5d 34w1d 34w4d 35w0d 35w3d 35w6d 36w3d 36w6d 37w2d 37w5d 38w1d 38w4d 39w1d 39w4d 40w0d 23w1d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w5d 25w1d 25w4d 26w0d 26w3d 26w6d 27w2d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 28w6d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 31w6d 32w2d 32w5d 33w2d 33w5d 34w1d 34w4d 35w0d 35w3d 35w6d 36w3d 36w6d 37w2d 37w5d 27w5d 28w1d 28w3d 28w6d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w3d 30w6d 31w2d 31w5d 32w1d 32w4d 33w0d 33w3d 33w6d 34w2d 34w5d 35w1d 35w4d 36w0d 36w3d 36w6d 37w2d 37w5d 38w1d 38w4d 39w0d 39w4d 40w0d 40w3d 40w6d 41w2d 41w6d 42w2d 45 25w0d 22w6d 27w2d No. J Ultrasound Med 3: 75-79. Rodesch F. 1984.0 (mm) Input max : 80. GA=9.5411757+0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-43 . Dumont JE: "Estimation of gestational age from measurements of fetal long bones".29774510*FL+0.0010388013*FL^2 1SD=1.66*(1SD) Input : FL (mm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 10. Delbeke D.(f) FL Jeanty Jeanty P.3563 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.

0 (mm) FL (mm) Mean GA (w d) -1SD +1SD FL (mm) Mean GA (w d) -1SD +1SD 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 16w1d 16w3d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w6d 18w1d 18w3d 18w6d 19w1d 19w4d 20w0d 20w2d 20w5d 21w1d 21w4d 21w6d 22w2d 22w5d 23w1d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w6d 25w3d 15w2d 15w4d 16w0d 16w1d 16w3d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w6d 18w1d 18w3d 18w6d 19w1d 19w4d 20w0d 20w3d 20w5d 21w0d 21w3d 21w6d 22w2d 22w5d 23w1d 23w4d 24w0d 17w0d 17w2d 17w5d 18w1d 18w3d 18w6d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w1d 20w5d 21w1d 21w3d 21w6d 22w2d 22w5d 23w0d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w6d 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 26w2d 26w5d 27w2d 27w5d 28w2d 28w5d 29w2d 29w5d 30w2d 30w6d 31w2d 31w6d 32w3d 33w0d 33w4d 34w0d 34w4d 35w1d 35w5d 36w3d 37w0d 37w4d 38w1d 38w5d 39w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w6d 26w2d 26w6d 27w2d 27w5d 28w1d 28w5d 29w2d 29w5d 30w2d 30w6d 31w2d 31w6d 32w2d 32w6d 33w3d 34w0d 34w5d 35w1d 35w5d 36w2d 36w6d 37w4d 27w5d 28w1d 28w5d 29w1d 29w5d 30w1d 30w6d 31w2d 31w6d 32w3d 32w6d 33w3d 34w0d 34w5d 35w2d 35w5d 36w2d 36w6d 37w3d 38w1d 38w6d 39w3d 40w0d 40w4d 41w2d 45 25w6d 24w3d 27w2d No. 3 (2003) J415-J440 GA=79. 30 No. 2B771-044EN*D 10-44 .(g) FL JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.27*FL+2.1+1.48+1.20*10^-2*FL^2 1SD=3.37*10^-1*FL Input : FL (mm) Output : GA (days) Input min : 20.0 (mm) Input max : 70.

(h) FL Merz Merz E: "Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics" Stuttgart. 1991. Thieme Medical Publishers. 2B771-044EN*D 10-45 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 25w3d 25w6d 26w1d 26w4d 26w6d 27w2d 27w5d 28w1d 28w4d 29w0d 29w3d 29w6d 30w1d 30w4d 31w0d 31w4d 31w6d 32w2d 32w6d 33w1d 33w4d 34w1d 34w4d 35w0d 35w3d 35w6d 36w2d 36w6d 37w2d 37w5d 38w1d 38w5d 39w1d 39w4d 40w1d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w5d 25w1d 25w4d 25w6d 26w1d 26w4d 27w0d 27w3d 27w6d 28w1d 28w4d 29w0d 29w4d 29w6d 30w2d 30w6d 31w1d 31w4d 32w0d 32w3d 32w6d 33w2d 33w6d 34w1d 34w4d 35w1d 35w4d 36w0d 36w4d 37w0d 37w3d 37w6d 27w1d 27w4d 28w0d 28w2d 28w5d 29w1d 29w4d 30w0d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 31w6d 32w1d 32w4d 33w0d 33w4d 33w6d 34w2d 34w6d 35w1d 35w4d 36w1d 36w4d 37w1d 37w4d 38w0d 38w3d 39w0d 39w4d 39w6d 40w3d 40w6d 41w3d 41w6d 42w2d . Inc. 326-336 FL (mm) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 12w2d 12w5d 13w0d 13w2d 13w5d 14w0d 14w3d 14w5d 15w1d 15w3d 15w6d 16w1d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w4d 17w6d 18w2d 18w4d 19w0d 19w3d 19w5d 20w1d 20w4d 20w6d 21w1d 21w4d 21w6d 22w2d 22w5d 23w1d 23w3d 23w6d 24w1d 24w4d 11w1d 11w4d 11w6d 12w1d 12w3d 12w5d 13w1d 13w3d 13w6d 14w1d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w6d 16w1d 16w3d 16w6d 17w1d 17w4d 17w6d 18w1d 18w4d 18w6d 19w1d 19w4d 20w0d 20w2d 20w5d 21w0d 21w3d 21w5d 22w1d 22w4d 22w6d 25w0d 23w1d 26w6d 95%tile FL (mm) 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w4d 15w0d 15w2d 15w5d 16w0d 16w3d 16w5d 17w1d 17w3d 17w6d 18w1d 18w4d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w1d 20w4d 20w6d 21w1d 21w4d 22w1d 22w3d 22w6d 23w1d 23w4d 23w6d 24w3d 24w6d 25w1d 25w4d 25w6d 26w3d 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 No. New York. 312.

0 74.0 14..35301+0.0 22. "Fetal Femur Length: A Critical Re-evaluation of Relationship to Menstrual Age" Obstetrics & Gynecology.231815*FL-0.0 13w1d 13w5d 14w2d 15w0d 15w4d 16w1d 16w6d 17w4d 18w2d 19w0d 19w5d 20w3d 21w1d 21w6d 22w5d 23w3d 24w2d 25w1d 11w6d 12w3d 12w6d 13w3d 14w0d 14w4d 15w1d 15w6d 16w3d 17w1d 17w5d 18w3d 19w0d 19w5d 20w3d 21w1d 21w6d 22w4d 14w4d 15w2d 15w6d 16w4d 17w2d 18w0d 18w5d 19w3d 20w1d 21w0d 21w5d 22w4d 23w3d 24w2d 25w1d 26w0d 26w6d 27w6d 46.0 28. 66.0 24.0 (mm) Input max : 80..0 56.0 58.0 18.0 70. Rossavik. I.007804*FL^2-0.0 38.0 62.0 30.0 78. Carpenter.0 76.P.0 36.H.0 80.0 66. 1.0 54.231815*FL-0.0 48.0 20.0 26.0 52. 2B771-044EN*D 10-46 . R.35301+0.0 50. A.0 25w6d 26w5d 27w4d 28w3d 29w2d 30w1d 31w0d 31w6d 32w6d 33w5d 34w4d 35w3d 36w2d 37w2d 38w1d 39w0d 39w6d 40w5d 23w3d 24w1d 24w6d 25w5d 26w3d 27w1d 28w0d 28w6d 29w4d 30w3d 31w1d 32w0d 32w6d 33w4d 34w3d 35w1d 36w0d 36w5d 28w5d 29w4d 30w4d 31w4d 32w3d 33w3d 34w3d 35w3d 36w2d 37w2d 38w2d 39w2d 40w2d 41w2d 42w2d 43w2d 44w2d 45w1d No. Deter..0 72.0 60.0 44. Hadlock. F.J.007804*FL^2) -2SD=e ^(2.0 34.0 16.0 12.K.103) +2SD=e ^(2.103) Input : FL (mm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 10. No.0 40.0 (mm) FL (mm) Mean GA (w d) -2SD +2SD FL (mm) Mean GA (w d) -2SD +2SD 10. Vol.L..(i) FL Warda Warda.007804*FL^2+0.0 32.0 68.0 42.0 64. 69-75 GA=e^(2.231815*FL-0. pp. July 1985. R.35301+0..

0 78. Sklar.0 72.0 66. 2B771-044EN*D 10-47 .0 54.0 16.0 82.0 (mm) Input max : 86.0 36.397 ±2SD=Mean±(MeanGA*0.0 40.0 76.0 12w3d 13w1d 13w5d 14w3d 15w0d 15w5d 16w3d 17w0d 17w5d 18w3d 19w1d 19w6d 20w4d 21w2d 22w0d 22w5d 23w3d 24w1d 24w6d 11w3d 12w0d 12w4d 13w1d 13w5d 14w3d 15w0d 15w4d 16w2d 16w6d 17w4d 18w1d 18w6d 19w3d 20w1d 20w5d 21w3d 22w1d 22w6d 13w4d 14w2d 14w6d 15w4d 16w2d 17w0d 17w5d 18w3d 19w1d 20w0d 20w5d 21w3d 22w1d 23w0d 23w5d 24w4d 25w2d 26w1d 26w6d 50.0 62.0 22.0 32.0007745*Foot^2+0.0 42.0 24.0 20.0 46.0 30.0 86.3004*Foot+9. GA=0.0 84.0 74.0 44.0 (mm) Foot (mm) Mean GA (w d) -2SD +2SD Foot (mm) Mean GA (w d) -2SD +2SD 10.0 25w4d 23w3d 27w5d No.0 58.0 56. et al: "Fetal foot length as a predictor of gestational age" Am J Obstet Gynecol 156: 350-355.0 12.0 26w2d 27w1d 27w6d 28w5d 29w3d 30w1d 31w0d 31w6d 32w4d 33w3d 34w2d 35w0d 35w6d 36w5d 37w4d 38w3d 39w2d 40w1d 41w0d 24w1d 24w6d 25w4d 26w2d 27w0d 27w5d 28w3d 29w1d 30w0d 30w5d 31w3d 32w1d 33w0d 33w5d 34w3d 35w2d 36w0d 36w6d 37w4d 28w4d 29w2d 30w1d 31w0d 31w6d 32w5d 33w4d 34w3d 35w2d 36w1d 37w0d 37w6d 38w6d 39w5d 40w4d 41w4d 42w3d 43w3d 44w2d 48.0 28.0 52.(7) Foot (a) Foot Mercer Mercer. 1987.0 26.0 18.07) Input : Foot (mm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 10.0 68.0 34.0 38.0 70.0 14.0797+0.0 60.0 64.0 80.

144 (4): 441-446 MSD (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Mean GA (w d) 2. Woods S.(8) GS (a) GS Daya Daya S.5%tile 97. Ward S. 2B771-044EN*D 10-48 . et al: Early pregnancy assessment with transvaginal ultrasound scanning.5%tile 4w6d 5w0d 5w1d 5w2d 5w3d 5w4d 5w5d 5w6d 6w0d 6w1d 6w1d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 4w4d 4w5d 4w5d 4w6d 5w0d 5w1d 5w2d 5w3d 5w4d 5w5d 5w5d 5w6d 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 7w6d 8w0d 5w3d 5w4d 5w5d 5w6d 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d No. Can Med Assoc J 1991.

Kobayashi M.702 Input : GS (cm) Output : GA (weeks) GS (mm) GA (w d) Mean 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 3w6d 4w1d 4w3d 4w5d 5w0d 5w2d 5w4d 5w6d 6w1d 6w3d 6w5d 7w0d 7w2d 7w4d 7w6d 8w1d 8w3d 8w5d 9w0d 9w2d 9w4d 9w6d 10w1d 10w3d 10w5d 11w0d Input min : 0. 1969 GA=(GS+2. 2B771-044EN*D 10-49 . Fillisti L.543)/0.(b) GS Hellman Hellman. Lavenhar M: "Growth and development of the human fetus prior to the twentieth week of gestation" Am J Obset Gynecol 103: 789-800.20 (cm) No. LM.20 (cm) Input max : 5.

M. 22 (2001) M1-M5 GS (mm) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 4w6d 5w0d 5w1d 5w2d 5w2d 5w3d 5w4d 5w5d 5w5d 5w6d 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 3w2d 3w3d 3w4d 3w5d 3w5d 3w6d 4w0d 4w1d 4w1d 4w2d 4w3d 4w4d 4w5d 4w5d 4w6d 5w0d 5w1d 5w2d 5w2d 5w3d 5w4d 5w5d 5w6d 6w0d 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 95%tile GS (mm) 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 10w0d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 No. Wisse. R. Kozlowski. Terinde. P. A.(c) GS Rempen Rempen. Ultraschall in Med. R. Häusler. Chaoui. 2B771-044EN*D 10-50 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w2d 12w3d 12w4d 12w5d 12w6d 13w0d 13w1d 13w2d 13w3d 13w4d 13w5d 14w0d 14w1d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w3d 12w4d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w2d 12w3d 12w4d 12w5d 12w6d 13w0d 13w1d 13w2d 13w3d 13w4d 13w5d 13w6d 14w0d 14w1d 14w2d 14w3d 14w4d 14w5d 14w6d 15w0d 15w1d 15w2d 15w4d 15w5d . Standards zur Ultraschalluntersuchung in der Frühschwangerschaft.

2B771-044EN*D 10-51 .4 85.7 14.6 44.2 34. 12 No.(d) GS Tokyo Takashi Okai Special Edition: Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Perinatal Stages How to calculate gestational ages Perinatal Medicine Vol.1 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 4w0d 5w0d 6w0d 7w0d 8w0d 9w0d 10w0d 11w0d 12w0d 4w2d 3w6d 5w0d 5w2d 7w0d 5w2d 7w1d 10w0d 11w1d 4w4d 6w1d 7w0d 8w4d 9w0d 12w4d 12w5d 12w0d 12w6d No.4 28.1 42. 1 1982-1 GS (mm) 10.0 22.8 55.

25 73.00 50.24 10. 2B771-044EN*D 10-52 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 22w2d 22w4d 22w6d 23w2d 23w4d 23w6d 24w1d 24w3d 24w5d 25w1d 25w3d 25w5d 26w0d 26w3d 26w5d 27w1d 27w3d 27w6d 28w1d 28w4d 29w0d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 31w6d 32w2d 32w6d 33w2d 33w6d 34w3d 34w6d 35w3d 21w1d 21w3d 21w5d 22w0d 22w2d 22w4d 22w6d 23w1d 23w3d 23w5d 24w0d 24w2d 24w4d 24w6d 25w1d 25w3d 25w5d 26w0d 26w2d 26w5d 27w0d 27w2d 27w4d 28w0d 28w2d 28w5d 29w0d 29w3d 29w6d 30w1d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 31w6d 32w2d 23w4d 23w6d 24w1d 24w4d 24w6d 25w1d 25w4d 25w6d 26w2d 26w4d 27w0d 27w2d 27w5d 28w1d 28w3d 28w6d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 32w0d 32w3d 33w0d 33w3d 34w0d 34w4d 35w1d 35w5d 36w2d 37w0d 37w4d 38w2d 39w0d .96 13. 10 (1997) 174-191 HA 2 (cm ) 4.44 39.29 5.64 18. L.56 72..41 64.84 5.00 No.25 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 12w1d 12w3d 12w5d 13w0d 13w2d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 15w0d 15w2d 15w4d 15w6d 16w2d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w5d 18w0d 18w2d 18w4d 18w6d 19w1d 19w3d 19w5d 20w0d 20w2d 20w4d 20w6d 21w1d 21w3d 21w5d 22w0d 11w2d 11w4d 11w6d 12w1d 12w3d 12w5d 13w0d 13w2d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 15w0d 15w2d 15w4d 15w6d 16w1d 16w3d 16w5d 17w0d 17w2d 17w4d 17w6d 18w1d 18w3d 18w5d 19w0d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w1d 20w2d 20w4d 20w6d 95%tile HA (cm2) 13w1d 13w3d 13w5d 14w0d 14w2d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w3d 15w5d 16w0d 16w2d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w4d 17w6d 18w1d 18w3d 18w5d 19w0d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w1d 20w3d 20w5d 21w0d 21w3d 21w5d 22w0d 22w2d 22w4d 22w6d 23w2d 31.41 51.61 49.24 47.76 59.69 14.09 29.81 36.44 15.56 44.01 27.29 60.21 16.76 7.76 6.89 46.25 21.36 20.00 26.25 43.44 79.04 28.64 34. D.49 19.84 53.G.21 38.76 56.00 37.04 24.89 11.29 54.16 22.36 32.56 12.S.25 57. and Chitty.81 17.49 33. New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy Ultrasound Obstet.29 7.25 6.61 10.96 75.25 12.84 62.24 68.89 70.00 9.00 65.41 9.21 81.01 25.69 40.41 4.09 23.61 67.(9) HA (a) HA Chitty Altman.69 77.16 30.00 16.96 42.84 8.

0 (mm) Input max : 369.0 141.0 177.0 166.0 263.0 154.0 331.0 218.0 369.0 324.0 209.0 (mm) No.0 302.0 11w1d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d 42w0d 43w0d 43w6d Input min : 44.0 344.0 294.0 287.0 81.0 351.0 113.0 337.02631*HC+9.0 237.0 98.0 254.0 364.(10) HC (a) HC ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA=0.0 309.0 317. 2B771-044EN*D 10-53 .0 228.0 61.0 279.0 246.0 188.0 271.0 199.0 128.0 357.0001797*HC^2+0.667 Input : HC (mm) Output : GA (weeks) HC (mm) GA (w d) Mean 44.

0 220.0 280.0 135.0 12w4d 12w6d 13w2d 13w5d 14w1d 14w4d 15w0d 15w3d 15w6d 16w2d 16w4d 17w0d 17w3d 17w6d 18w2d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w2d 20w5d 21w1d 21w4d 22w0d 11w3d 11w6d 12w2d 12w4d 13w0d 13w3d 13w6d 14w2d 14w5d 15w1d 15w4d 15w6d 16w2d 16w5d 17w1d 17w4d 17w6d 18w2d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w2d 20w4d 13w5d 14w1d 14w4d 15w0d 15w3d 15w5d 16w1d 16w4d 17w0d 17w3d 17w6d 18w2d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w2d 20w5d 21w1d 21w4d 22w0d 22w3d 22w6d 23w2d 205.0 260.0 165.0 105.0 295.0 245.0 180.0 100.0 130.0 120.0 320.0 145.0 125.0 235.0 85.0 190.0 22w2d 21w0d 23w5d No.0 255.0 110.0 195.0 175.0 185.0 300.0 285.0 140.0 225.0 310.0 155.0 275.0 315.0 270.0 250.0 150.0 265.(b) HC BMUS (drvd) BMUS: Charts recommended for clinical obstetric practice.0 215.0 240. February 2007 HC (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile HC (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 80.0 170.0 160.0 115.0 210.0 22w5d 23w1d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w6d 25w3d 25w6d 26w2d 26w5d 27w2d 27w5d 28w2d 28w6d 29w3d 30w0d 30w4d 31w1d 31w5d 32w3d 33w1d 33w6d 34w4d 35w3d 21w3d 21w5d 22w1d 22w4d 22w6d 23w2d 23w5d 24w1d 24w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 27w0d 27w3d 27w6d 28w3d 28w6d 29w3d 30w0d 30w3d 31w0d 31w5d 24w2d 24w5d 25w1d 25w5d 26w1d 26w5d 27w1d 27w5d 28w2d 28w6d 29w3d 30w0d 30w4d 31w2d 32w0d 32w4d 33w3d 34w1d 35w0d 35w6d 36w5d 37w4d 38w4d 39w4d 200.0 90. 2B771-044EN*D 10-54 .0 230.0 95.0 305.0 290.

0 310.0 90.0 315.0 175.0 190.0 320.0 300.0 290.0 280.0 210.0 150.G.0 85.0 125.0 130.0 275.0 255.0 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 12w4d 12w6d 13w2d 13w5d 14w1d 14w4d 15w0d 15w3d 15w6d 16w2d 16w4d 17w0d 17w3d 17w6d 18w2d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w2d 20w5d 21w1d 21w4d 22w0d 11w3d 11w6d 12w2d 12w4d 13w0d 13w3d 13w6d 14w2d 14w5d 15w1d 15w4d 15w6d 16w2d 16w5d 17w1d 17w4d 17w6d 18w2d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w2d 20w4d 22w2d 21w0d 23w5d 95%tile HC (mm) 13w5d 14w1d 14w4d 15w0d 15w3d 15w5d 16w1d 16w4d 17w0d 17w3d 17w6d 18w2d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w2d 20w5d 21w1d 21w4d 22w0d 22w3d 22w6d 23w2d 205.0 195..0 160. D.0 95.0 230.0 No.0 200.0 305.0 135.0 140.0 235. L.0 220.0 260.0 240. 10 (1997) 174-191 HC (mm) 80.0 170.S. New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy Ultrasound Obstet.0 185.0 285.0 165. 2B771-044EN*D 10-55 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 22w5d 23w1d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w6d 25w3d 25w6d 26w2d 26w5d 27w2d 27w5d 28w2d 28w6d 29w3d 30w0d 30w4d 31w1d 31w5d 32w3d 33w1d 33w6d 34w4d 35w3d 21w3d 21w5d 22w1d 22w4d 22w6d 23w2d 23w5d 24w1d 24w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 27w0d 27w3d 27w6d 28w3d 28w6d 29w3d 30w0d 30w3d 31w0d 31w5d 24w2d 24w5d 25w1d 25w5d 26w1d 26w5d 27w1d 27w5d 28w2d 28w6d 29w3d 30w0d 30w4d 31w2d 32w0d 32w4d 33w3d 34w1d 35w0d 35w6d 36w5d 37w4d 38w4d 39w4d .0 265. and Chitty.0 180.0 115.0 295.0 110.0 100.0 270.0 225.0 250.0 145.(c) HC Chitty (drvd) Altman.0 120.0 105.0 245.0 155.0 215.

. 10 (1997) 174-191 HC (mm) 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 200 205 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 12w6d 13w2d 13w5d 14w0d 14w3d 14w6d 15w2d 15w5d 16w1d 16w3d 16w6d 17w2d 17w5d 18w1d 18w3d 18w6d 19w2d 19w5d 20w0d 20w3d 20w6d 21w2d 21w5d 22w0d 12w1d 12w4d 12w6d 13w2d 13w4d 14w0d 14w3d 14w5d 15w1d 15w3d 15w6d 16w1d 16w4d 17w0d 17w2d 17w5d 18w0d 18w3d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w1d 20w4d 22w3d 20w6d 24w1d 95%tile HC (mm) 13w4d 14w0d 14w3d 14w6d 15w2d 15w6d 16w2d 16w5d 17w1d 17w4d 18w0d 18w3d 18w6d 19w2d 19w5d 20w1d 20w4d 21w0d 21w3d 21w6d 22w2d 22w6d 23w2d 23w5d 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 255 260 265 270 275 280 285 290 295 300 305 310 315 320 325 No.(d) HC Chitty (pltd) Altman.G. L.S. New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy Ultrasound Obstet. D. 2B771-044EN*D 10-56 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 22w6d 23w2d 23w5d 24w1d 24w4d 25w0d 25w3d 25w6d 26w3d 26w6d 27w3d 27w6d 28w3d 29w0d 29w4d 30w1d 30w5d 31w2d 32w0d 32w5d 33w3d 34w1d 34w6d 35w5d 21w2d 21w5d 22w0d 22w3d 22w6d 23w1d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w5d 26w2d 26w5d 27w2d 27w5d 28w2d 28w6d 29w3d 30w0d 30w5d 31w2d 32w0d 32w5d 24w4d 25w0d 25w4d 26w0d 26w3d 27w0d 27w3d 28w0d 28w3d 29w0d 29w4d 30w1d 30w5d 31w2d 32w0d 32w4d 33w2d 34w0d 34w5d 35w3d 36w2d 37w1d 38w0d 38w6d . and Chitty.

(e) HC Hadlock Hadlock FP. Deter RL.0003*HC^3 Input : HC (cm) Output : GA (weeks) GA (w d) Input min : 5.54 (cm) Input max : 35.540*HC+0.06 75 13w1d 12w0d 14w2d 230 25w0d 23w0d 27w1d 30 36 2. GA=8.7 42w0d 39w2d 44w5d No. 2B771-044EN*D 10-57 GA (weeks) .96+0. Park SK: "Estimating fetal age: Computerassisted analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters" Radiology 152: 497-502. Harrist RB.19 65 12w4d 11w3d 13w5d 220 24w0d 22w0d 26w1d 18 24 1.77 (cm) GA (w d) 2SD (Standard Deviation): HC (mm) Mean -2SD +2SD HC (mm) Mean -2SD +2SD 55.7 85 13w5d 12w4d 14w6d 240 26w0d 24w0d 28w1d 90 14w0d 12w6d 15w2d 245 26w4d 24w4d 28w5d 95 14w2d 13w1d 15w4d 250 27w1d 25w1d 29w1d 100 14w5d 13w3d 15w6d 255 27w5d 25w5d 29w5d 105 15w0d 13w6d 16w1d 260 28w2d 26w1d 30w2d 110 15w2d 14w1d 16w3d 265 28w6d 26w6d 30w6d 115 15w4d 14w3d 16w6d 270 29w3d 27w3d 31w4d 120 16w0d 14w5d 17w1d 275 30w0d 27w0d 33w0d 125 16w2d 15w1d 17w3d 280 30w5d 27w5d 33w5d 130 16w4d 15w3d 17w6d 285 31w2d 28w2d 34w2d 135 17w0d 15w6d 18w1d 290 32w0d 29w0d 34w6d 140 17w2d 16w1d 18w4d 295 32w4d 29w4d 35w4d 145 17w5d 16w4d 18w6d 300 33w2d 30w2d 36w2d 150 18w1d 16w4d 19w4d 305 34w0d 31w0d 36w6d 155 18w3d 17w0d 19w6d 310 34w4d 31w5d 37w4d 160 18w6d 17w2d 20w2d 315 35w2d 32w3d 38w2d 165 19w2d 17w5d 20w5d 320 36w0d 33w3d 38w5d 170 19w4d 18w1d 21w1d 325 36w6d 34w1d 39w4d 175 20w0d 18w4d 21w3d 330 37w4d 34w6d 40w2d 180 20w3d 19w0d 21w6d 335 38w2d 35w4d 41w0d 185 20w6d 19w3d 22w2d 340 39w1d 36w3d 41w6d 190 21w2d 19w6d 22w5d 345 39w6d 37w1d 42w4d 195 21w5d 20w2d 23w1d 350 40w5d 38w0d 43w3d 200 22w1d 20w5d 23w4d 355 41w4d 38w6d 44w2d 205 22w4d 21w1d 24w1d 357.98 80 13w3d 12w2d 14w4d 235 25w4d 23w3d 27w4d 36 42 2.1984.4 12w0d 10w6d 13w1d 210 23w1d 21w4d 24w4d Low High ±2SD (weeks) 60 12w2d 11w1d 13w3d 215 23w4d 22w1d 25w0d 12 18 1.48 70 12w6d 11w5d 14w0d 225 24w4d 22w3d 26w4d 24 30 2.

2B771-044EN*D 10-58 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 24w2d 24w5d 25w0d 25w3d 25w6d 26w2d 26w5d 27w1d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 28w6d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w4d 31w0d 31w4d 32w0d 32w3d 32w6d 33w3d 33w6d 34w2d 34w6d 35w2d 35w5d 36w2d 36w5d 37w2d 37w5d 38w2d 38w5d 39w2d 39w6d 40w2d 22w4d 22w6d 23w2d 23w5d 24w1d 24w4d 25w0d 25w3d 25w6d 26w1d 26w4d 27w1d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 28w6d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w5d 31w1d 31w4d 32w1d 32w4d 33w0d 33w4d 34w0d 34w4d 35w0d 35w3d 36w0d 36w4d 37w0d 37w4d 38w0d 38w4d 26w0d 26w3d 26w6d 27w2d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 28w6d 29w2d 29w5d 30w1d 30w4d 31w0d 31w3d 31w6d 32w2d 32w6d 33w2d 33w5d 34w1d 34w5d 35w1d 35w4d 36w0d 36w4d 37w0d 37w4d 38w0d 38w4d 39w0d 39w4d 40w0d 40w4d 41w0d 41w4d 42w1d .(f) HC Jeanty Jeanty P "Fetal Biometry" Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology: P93-108 HC (mm) 80 84 88 92 96 100 104 108 112 116 120 124 128 132 136 140 144 148 152 156 160 164 168 172 176 180 184 188 192 196 200 204 208 212 216 220 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 12w4d 12w5d 13w0d 13w2d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 15w0d 15w2d 15w4d 15w6d 16w1d 16w4d 16w6d 17w1d 17w3d 17w6d 18w1d 18w3d 18w6d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w1d 20w4d 20w6d 21w2d 21w4d 22w0d 22w2d 22w5d 23w1d 23w3d 23w6d 10w5d 11w0d 11w2d 11w4d 11w6d 12w1d 12w3d 12w5d 13w0d 13w2d 13w4d 13w6d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 15w0d 15w3d 15w5d 16w0d 16w3d 16w5d 17w0d 17w3d 17w5d 18w0d 18w3d 18w5d 19w1d 19w3d 19w6d 20w2d 20w4d 21w0d 21w2d 21w5d 22w1d 95%tile HC (mm) 14w2d 14w4d 14w6d 15w0d 15w2d 15w4d 15w6d 16w1d 16w3d 16w5d 17w0d 17w2d 17w5d 18w0d 18w2d 18w4d 18w6d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w1d 20w4d 20w6d 21w2d 21w4d 21w6d 22w2d 22w4d 23w0d 23w3d 23w5d 24w1d 24w3d 24w6d 25w2d 25w4d 224 228 232 236 240 244 248 252 256 260 264 268 272 276 280 284 288 292 296 300 304 308 312 316 320 324 328 332 336 340 344 348 352 356 360 364 No.

(g) HC Merz Merz E: "Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics" Stuttgart. Thieme Medical Publishers. 326-336 GA (w d) GA (w d) GA (w d) HC (mm) Mean 5%tile 95%tile HC (mm) Mean 5%tile 95%tile HC (mm) Mean 5%tile 95%tile 72 12w1d 11w0d 13w1d 170 19w1d 17w4d 20w4d 268 27w6d 26w0d 29w4d 74 12w2d 11w1d 13w4d 172 19w2d 17w6d 20w6d 270 28w1d 26w1d 30w0d 76 12w3d 11w1d 13w4d 174 19w3d 17w6d 20w6d 272 28w2d 26w3d 30w1d 78 12w4d 11w2d 13w5d 176 19w4d 18w0d 21w1d 274 28w4d 26w4d 30w3d 80 12w5d 11w4d 13w6d 178 19w6d 18w1d 21w3d 276 28w5d 26w6d 30w4d 82 12w6d 11w4d 14w0d 180 19w6d 18w2d 21w4d 278 28w6d 27w0d 30w6d 84 12w6d 11w5d 14w1d 182 20w1d 18w4d 21w5d 280 29w1d 27w1d 31w0d 86 13w1d 11w6d 14w2d 184 20w1d 18w4d 21w6d 282 29w2d 27w3d 31w1d 88 13w1d 12w0d 14w3d 186 20w3d 18w6d 22w0d 284 29w4d 27w5d 31w4d 90 13w2d 12w1d 14w4d 188 20w4d 19w0d 22w1d 286 29w6d 27w6d 31w5d 92 13w4d 12w2d 14w5d 190 20w5d 19w1d 22w2d 288 30w0d 28w1d 31w6d 94 13w4d 12w3d 14w6d 192 20w6d 19w2d 22w4d 290 30w1d 28w2d 32w1d 96 13w5d 12w4d 14w6d 194 21w1d 19w4d 22w5d 292 30w4d 28w4d 32w3d 98 13w6d 12w5d 15w1d 196 21w1d 19w4d 22w6d 294 30w5d 28w6d 32w4d 100 14w0d 12w6d 15w1d 198 21w3d 19w5d 23w0d 296 30w6d 29w0d 32w6d 102 14w1d 12w6d 15w4d 200 21w4d 19w6d 23w2d 298 31w1d 29w1d 33w0d 104 14w2d 13w0d 15w4d 202 21w5d 20w0d 23w3d 300 31w3d 29w3d 33w3d 106 14w3d 13w1d 15w5d 204 21w6d 20w1d 23w4d 302 31w4d 29w4d 33w4d 108 14w4d 13w2d 15w6d 206 22w1d 20w3d 23w6d 304 31w6d 29w6d 33w6d 110 14w5d 13w3d 16w0d 208 22w1d 20w4d 23w6d 306 32w1d 30w1d 34w1d 112 14w6d 13w4d 16w1d 210 22w3d 20w5d 24w1d 308 32w2d 30w2d 34w2d 114 15w0d 13w5d 16w2d 212 22w4d 20w6d 24w2d 310 32w4d 30w4d 34w4d 116 15w1d 13w6d 16w3d 214 22w5d 21w0d 24w3d 312 32w6d 30w6d 34w6d 118 15w2d 14w0d 16w4d 216 22w6d 21w1d 24w4d 314 33w1d 31w1d 35w1d 120 15w3d 14w1d 16w5d 218 23w1d 21w3d 24w6d 316 33w3d 31w3d 35w3d 122 15w4d 14w1d 17w0d 220 23w2d 21w4d 25w0d 318 33w4d 31w4d 35w4d 124 15w5d 14w2d 17w1d 222 23w4d 21w6d 25w1d 320 33w6d 31w6d 36w0d 126 15w6d 14w3d 17w1d 224 23w4d 21w6d 25w2d 322 34w1d 32w0d 36w1d 128 16w0d 14w4d 17w3d 226 23w6d 22w1d 25w4d 324 34w3d 32w2d 36w4d 130 16w1d 14w5d 17w4d 228 24w0d 22w1d 25w6d 326 34w5d 32w4d 36w6d 132 16w2d 14w6d 17w5d 230 24w1d 22w3d 26w0d 328 34w6d 32w6d 37w0d 134 16w3d 15w0d 17w6d 232 24w3d 22w4d 26w1d 330 35w1d 33w1d 37w2d 136 16w4d 15w1d 18w0d 234 24w4d 22w5d 26w2d 332 35w4d 33w2d 37w5d 138 16w5d 15w2d 18w1d 236 24w5d 22w6d 26w4d 334 35w6d 33w4d 38w0d 140 16w6d 15w4d 18w2d 238 24w6d 23w1d 26w5d 336 36w1d 33w6d 38w2d 142 17w0d 15w4d 18w3d 240 25w1d 23w2d 26w6d 338 36w3d 34w1d 38w4d 144 17w1d 15w6d 18w4d 242 25w2d 23w4d 27w1d 340 36w4d 34w3d 38w6d 146 17w2d 15w6d 18w5d 244 25w4d 23w5d 27w2d 342 36w6d 34w5d 39w1d 148 17w4d 16w0d 19w0d 246 25w5d 23w6d 27w4d 344 37w1d 35w0d 39w3d 150 17w4d 16w1d 19w1d 248 25w6d 24w1d 27w5d 346 37w4d 35w2d 39w5d 152 17w6d 16w2d 19w2d 250 26w0d 24w1d 27w6d 348 37w6d 35w4d 40w1d 154 17w6d 16w3d 19w3d 252 26w1d 24w3d 28w0d 350 38w1d 35w6d 40w4d 156 18w1d 16w4d 19w4d 254 26w3d 24w4d 28w1d 352 38w4d 36w1d 40w6d 158 18w1d 16w5d 19w5d 256 26w4d 24w6d 28w3d 354 38w6d 36w4d 41w1d 160 18w3d 16w6d 19w6d 258 26w6d 25w0d 28w4d 356 39w1d 36w6d 41w3d 162 18w4d 17w0d 20w0d 260 27w0d 25w1d 28w6d 358 39w4d 37w1d 41w6d 164 18w5d 17w1d 20w1d 262 27w1d 25w3d 29w0d 360 39w6d 37w4d 42w1d 166 18w6d 17w2d 20w2d 264 27w3d 25w4d 29w1d 362 40w1d 37w6d 42w3d 168 19w0d 17w4d 20w4d 266 27w4d 25w6d 29w3d 364 40w4d 38w1d 42w6d No. 2B771-044EN*D 10-59 . Inc. 312. 1991. New York.

0 6.0000563*HL^3+8.7 36.8 67.5 70.5 42.002804*HL^2+0.0 64.0 28.7 50.0 38.0 (mm) No.2 61.2 58.8 73.0 68.4 65.(11) HL (a) HL ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA=0.0 55.406*HL-0.7 9.5 31.0 74.7 20.7 71.3 54.0 15.0 26.0 10w3d 11w0d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d 42w0d 43w0d 44w0d 45w0d 45w6d Input min : 5.3 12.7 44.0 17.8 48.0 33.3 40.8 46.6 57.3 69. 2B771-044EN*D 10-60 .411 Input : HL (mm) Output : GA (weeks) HL (mm) GA (w d) Mean 5.6 63.5 52.8 60.3 23.0 (mm) Input max : 74.

0 (mm) Input max : 69. Dumont JE: "Estimation of gestational age from measurements of fetal long bones".(b) HL Jeanty Jeanty P. J Ultrasound Med 3: 75-79. 1984.6519438+0.26200391*HL+0. Rodesch F. GA=9.0 (mm) HL (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile HL (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 12w4d 12w6d 13w1d 13w3d 13w6d 14w1d 14w4d 14w6d 15w1d 15w4d 16w0d 16w2d 16w5d 17w0d 17w3d 17w6d 18w2d 18w4d 19w0d 19w3d 19w6d 20w2d 20w5d 21w1d 21w4d 22w0d 22w3d 22w6d 23w3d 23w6d 9w5d 10w1d 10w3d 10w5d 11w1d 11w3d 11w5d 12w1d 12w3d 12w6d 13w1d 13w4d 14w0d 14w2d 14w5d 15w1d 15w3d 15w6d 16w2d 16w5d 17w1d 17w4d 18w0d 18w3d 18w6d 19w2d 19w5d 20w1d 20w4d 21w1d 15w2d 15w4d 15w6d 16w2d 16w4d 16w6d 17w2d 17w4d 18w0d 18w2d 18w5d 19w0d 19w3d 19w6d 20w1d 20w4d 21w0d 21w3d 21w5d 22w1d 22w4d 23w0d 23w3d 23w6d 24w2d 24w5d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 24w2d 24w5d 25w2d 25w5d 26w2d 26w5d 27w2d 27w5d 28w2d 28w5d 29w2d 29w6d 30w2d 30w6d 31w3d 32w0d 32w4d 33w0d 33w4d 34w1d 34w5d 35w2d 36w0d 36w4d 37w1d 37w5d 38w2d 38w6d 39w4d 40w1d 21w4d 22w0d 22w4d 23w0d 23w3d 24w0d 24w3d 25w0d 25w3d 26w0d 26w4d 27w0d 27w4d 28w1d 28w5d 29w1d 29w5d 30w2d 30w6d 31w3d 32w0d 32w4d 33w1d 33w5d 34w3d 35w0d 35w4d 36w1d 36w6d 37w3d 27w0d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 29w0d 29w3d 30w0d 30w3d 31w0d 31w4d 32w0d 32w4d 33w1d 33w4d 34w1d 34w5d 35w2d 35w6d 36w3d 37w0d 37w4d 38w1d 38w5d 39w2d 39w6d 40w3d 41w0d 41w5d 42w2d 42w6d No. 2B771-044EN*D 10-61 .0026105367*HL^2 1SD=1.6552 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.66*(1SD) Input : HL (mm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 10. Delbeke D.

0 119.0 10w2d 11w0d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d 42w0d 43w0d 44w0d 44w6d Input min : 19.5 25.0 118.8 121.(12) OFD (a) OFD ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA=0.0 66.8 128. 2B771-044EN*D 10-62 .0 70.0 92.189 Input : OFD (mm) Output : GA (weeks) OFD (mm) GA (w d) Mean 19.0 85.5 78.0 97.0 43.3 107.5 82.7 110.00344*OFD^2+0.5 29.0 126.5 74.0 47.381*OFD-0.0 95.0 62.3 103.0 116.5 89.0 (mm) Input max : 128.7 123.5 52.0 21.7 100.0 112.0 114.5 125.0 38.0 (mm) No.0 105.00002298*OFD^3+4.0 57.5 34.

2B771-044EN*D 10-63 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 25w6d 26w4d 27w1d 27w5d 28w2d 28w6d 29w4d 30w1d 30w5d 31w2d 31w6d 32w4d 33w0d 33w4d 34w1d 34w6d 35w3d 36w0d 36w4d 37w1d 37w6d 38w3d 39w0d 39w4d 40w1d 22w4d 23w1d 23w6d 24w3d 25w0d 25w4d 26w1d 26w6d 27w2d 27w6d 28w4d 29w1d 29w5d 30w2d 30w6d 31w4d 32w1d 32w5d 33w2d 33w6d 34w4d 35w1d 35w5d 36w2d 36w6d 29w1d 29w6d 30w3d 31w0d 31w4d 32w1d 32w6d 33w3d 34w0d 34w4d 35w1d 35w6d 36w3d 37w0d 37w4d 38w1d 38w5d 39w2d 39w6d 40w4d 41w1d 41w5d 42w2d 42w6d 43w4d .(13) OOD (a) OOD Jeanty Jeanty P. et al "The Binocular Distance: A New Way to Estimate Fetal Age". J Ultrasound Med. 3: 241-243 OOD (mm) 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 10w3d 11w0d 11w4d 12w1d 12w6d 13w3d 14w0d 14w4d 15w1d 15w6d 16w3d 17w0d 17w4d 18w1d 18w6d 19w3d 20w0d 20w4d 21w1d 21w5d 22w2d 22w6d 23w4d 24w1d 24w5d 7w1d 7w5d 8w2d 8w6d 9w4d 10w1d 10w5d 11w2d 11w6d 12w4d 13w1d 13w5d 14w2d 14w6d 15w4d 16w1d 16w4d 17w1d 17w6d 18w3d 19w0d 19w4d 20w1d 20w6d 21w3d 25w2d 22w0d 28w4d 95%tile OOD (mm) 13w6d 14w3d 15w0d 15w4d 16w1d 16w5d 17w2d 17w6d 18w4d 19w1d 19w5d 20w2d 20w6d 21w4d 22w1d 22w5d 23w2d 23w6d 24w4d 25w1d 25w5d 26w2d 26w6d 27w3d 28w0d 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 No. 1984.

4 50.7 57. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1982.4 28.3 33.9 49.1 59.(b) OOD Mayden Mayden Orbital diameter: A new parameter for prenatal diagnosis and dating.0 24.4 53. 2B771-044EN*D 10-64 .7 54.6 56.9 47.3 26.4 51.9 46.8 22.144: P289-297 OOD (mm) GA (w d) Mean 13.8 19.5 31.7 45.3 40.3 35.6 55.0 53.3 39.0 14.7 42.8 44.8 16.3 37.5 58.0 11w4d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 39w6d No.

0 44.0 65.0 59.0 54.0 31.3137688*TIB+0.0 55.0 62. 2B771-044EN*D 10-65 .0 32.0 66.0 38.0 49.0 25.0 16.0 27.0 42.0 36.0 20.0 37. J Ultrasound Med 3: 75-79.0 30.0 28.0 19.0 50.0 45. GA=10.0 14.0 47.0 46.0 63.0 41.0 64. Delbeke D.0 13w2d 13w5d 14w0d 14w3d 14w5d 15w1d 15w3d 15w6d 16w2d 16w4d 17w0d 17w3d 17w5d 18w1d 18w4d 19w0d 19w2d 19w5d 20w1d 20w4d 21w0d 21w3d 21w6d 22w2d 22w5d 23w1d 23w4d 24w0d 24w3d 24w6d 10w3d 10w6d 11w1d 11w4d 11w6d 12w2d 12w4d 13w0d 13w2d 13w5d 14w1d 14w3d 14w6d 15w2d 15w4d 16w0d 16w3d 16w6d 17w2d 17w5d 18w0d 18w3d 18w6d 19w2d 19w5d 20w1d 20w4d 21w0d 21w3d 21w6d 16w2d 16w4d 17w0d 17w2d 17w5d 18w0d 18w3d 18w5d 19w1d 19w4d 19w6d 20w2d 20w5d 21w0d 21w3d 21w6d 22w2d 22w4d 23w0d 23w3d 23w6d 24w2d 24w5d 25w1d 25w4d 26w0d 26w3d 26w6d 27w2d 27w5d 40.0 26.0 (mm) Input max : 69.0 60. Rodesch F.0 15.0 24.0 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w4d 27w1d 27w4d 28w0d 28w3d 29w0d 29w3d 29w6d 30w3d 30w6d 31w3d 31w6d 32w3d 32w6d 33w3d 33w6d 34w3d 34w6d 35w3d 36w0d 36w3d 37w0d 37w4d 38w0d 38w4d 39w1d 39w5d 22w3d 22w6d 23w2d 23w5d 24w1d 24w5d 25w1d 25w4d 26w0d 26w4d 27w0d 27w3d 28w0d 28w3d 29w0d 29w3d 30w0d 30w3d 31w0d 31w3d 32w0d 32w4d 33w0d 33w4d 34w1d 34w4d 35w1d 35w5d 36w2d 36w6d 28w1d 28w4d 29w1d 29w4d 30w0d 30w3d 30w6d 31w3d 31w6d 32w2d 32w6d 33w2d 33w6d 34w2d 34w5d 35w2d 35w5d 36w2d 36w5d 37w2d 37w6d 38w2d 38w6d 39w3d 39w6d 40w3d 41w0d 41w3d 42w0d 42w4d No.0 34.0 56.0 (mm) TIB (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile TIB (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 10.0 53.0 52.0 48.0 69.0 51.66*(1SD) Input : TIB (mm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 10.0 58.0 67. 1984.0 22.0 18.0016814056*TIB^2 1SD=1.0 23.0 68.(14) TIB (a) TIB Jeanty eanty P.0 29.0 11.0 33.0 43.0 12.0 35.0 57.055043+0.0 61.0 17.7496 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.0 39.0 13.0 21. Dumont JE: "Estimation of gestational age from measurements of fetal long bones".

28625722*ULNA+0.00291247*ULNA^2 1SD=1. J Ultrasound Med 3: 75-79.8437 5%-95%tile=Mean±1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-66 .0 (mm) Input max : 64. 1984.034368+0. Delbeke D.(15) Ulna (a) Ulna Jeanty Jeanty P. GA=10.66*(1SD) Input : Ulna (mm) Output : GA (weeks) Input min : 10. Rodesch F.0 (mm) Ulna (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile Ulna (mm) Mean GA (w d) 5%tile 95%tile 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 13w1d 13w4d 13w6d 14w2d 14w4d 15w0d 15w3d 15w5d 16w1d 16w4d 16w6d 17w2d 17w5d 18w1d 18w4d 19w0d 19w3d 19w6d 20w2d 20w5d 21w2d 21w5d 22w1d 22w5d 23w1d 23w4d 24w1d 10w1d 10w3d 10w6d 11w1d 11w4d 11w6d 12w2d 12w5d 13w0d 13w3d 13w6d 14w2d 14w5d 15w1d 15w4d 16w0d 16w3d 16w6d 17w2d 17w5d 18w1d 18w5d 19w1d 19w4d 20w1d 20w4d 21w0d 16w2d 16w4d 17w0d 17w2d 17w5d 18w0d 18w3d 18w6d 19w1d 19w4d 20w0d 20w3d 20w6d 21w2d 21w4d 22w1d 22w4d 23w0d 23w3d 23w6d 24w2d 24w5d 25w2d 25w5d 26w1d 26w5d 27w1d 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 25w1d 25w4d 26w1d 26w5d 27w1d 27w5d 28w2d 28w6d 29w3d 29w6d 30w3d 31w0d 31w4d 32w1d 32w6d 33w3d 34w0d 34w4d 35w1d 35w6d 36w3d 37w0d 37w5d 38w2d 39w0d 39w4d 40w2d 22w0d 22w4d 23w1d 23w4d 24w1d 24w5d 25w1d 25w5d 26w2d 26w6d 27w3d 28w0d 28w4d 29w1d 29w5d 30w2d 30w6d 31w4d 32w1d 32w5d 33w3d 34w0d 34w4d 35w2d 35w6d 36w4d 37w2d 28w1d 28w5d 29w1d 29w5d 30w2d 30w6d 31w2d 31w6d 32w3d 33w0d 33w4d 34w1d 34w5d 35w2d 35w6d 36w3d 37w0d 37w5d 38w2d 38w6d 39w3d 40w1d 40w5d 41w3d 42w0d 42w5d 43w2d 37 24w4d 21w4d 27w5d No. Dumont JE: "Estimation of gestational age from measurements of fetal long bones".

14*10^-4*EFW+1.(16) EFW (a) EFW JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol. 2B771-044EN*D 10-67 . 3 (2003) J415-J440 GA=1.07*10^-5*EFW^2+4.04*10^-6*EFW^2 Input : EFW (g) Output : GA (days) Input min : 143 (g) Input max : 3202 (g) (g) Mean GA (w d) -SD +SD 143 220 300 388 475 567 667 783 883 1017 1150 1283 1433 1600 1775 1950 2125 2300 2475 2650 2800 2950 3075 3200 3202 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d 41w0d 17w1d 18w1d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 23w6d 24w6d 25w6d 26w5d 27w5d 28w4d 29w4d 30w3d 31w2d 32w1d 33w0d 33w6d 34w5d 35w4d 36w3d 37w2d 38w1d 38w1d 18w6d 19w6d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w1d 27w1d 28w1d 29w2d 30w2d 31w3d 32w3d 33w4d 34w5d 35w6d 37w0d 38w1d 39w2d 40w3d 41w4d 42w5d 43w6d 43w6d EFW No.12*10^2+1. 30 No.25+8.02*10^-1*EFW-3.97*10^-9*EFW^3 1SD=6.

5 192.0 141.4 213.9 55.0 119.5 123.7 50.9 25.9 17.4 20. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. "Charts of Fetal Size: 3.3 107. No.6 26.7 28.8 90%tile 6.6 65.0 262.5 97%tile 6.9 12.7 17.2 116.88*SD)^2 10%-90%tile=(Mean±1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-68 .1 97.7 148.2 23.7 239.1 44.2 10.6 98. D.2 9.3 133.1 59.8 72.5 227.0 7. 125-131 AA=(-3.3 71.2 2.400+0.0 105.1 209.8 251.7 65.6 28.4 6.5 22.9 184.6 143.6 126.1 234.5 228.3 49.6 11.7 22.9 14.0 174.9 156.4 20.1 191.2 84.6 4.6 24.0 162.6 150.0 18.0 136.6 176.5 217.0 20.5)/10 Input : GA (weeks) Output : AA (cm2) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 5.0 77.4 123.6 3.2 Growth Analysis Chart (1) AA (a) AA Chitty Chitty.8 30.0 1.7 142.3 35.4 29.8 15.1 3.1 103.8 5.0 33.3 21.9 73.8 39.5 8.3 115.1 5.7 140.1194+0.3 27.4 169.3 133. Abdominal Measurements".2 115.7 1.0 7.3 143.6 36.4 1.7 33.7 1SD 0.4 81.7 157.4 30.76*10+0.6 170.6 84.4 78.6 48.1 78.9 13.1 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) 2 AA (cm ) 3%tile 10%tile 3.5 62.S.5 112.0 11.9 10. Altman.0 132.8 12.7 99.7 95.5 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.0 39.5 33.2 265.2 163.4 86.5 28.7 23..6 8.1 26.7 182.6 16.28*SD)^2 1SD =INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.9 193. vol.7 53.4 155. L.7 43.7 130.2 91.8 183.G.3 12.7 25.0000312*GA^3)^2 *SD=-0.3 166.3 104.1 148.5 9.3 173.7 172.5 52.4 6.2 42.9 7.2 124.0 16.6 13.7 152.1 110.6 106.0 58. February 1994.7 2.2 70.7 184.2 273.3 19.3 90.6 60.2 24.1 19.3 201.2 89.2 20.9 13.3 113.2 4.5 206.7 4.8 63.9 255.6 66.2 123.02392*GA 3%-97%tile=(Mean±1.0 84.2 152.4 284.9 162.4 131.9 15.2 9.9 39.2 177.7 15.1 19.4 9.1 6.3 91.6 195.4736*GA-0.5 45.1 44.8 218.1 11.6 56.7 224.1 38.2 97.1 203.8 70.0 8. 101.5 244. pp.10.1 78.7 55.2 48..9 163.

5 15.0 345.0 84.0 205.0 335.0 125.0 184.0 156.0 248.5 12.0 397.0 327.0 116.0 325.0 230.0 15.0 116.0 144.0 237.0 5.0 176.0 105.0 294.0 255.0 232.0 135.5 12.0 96.0 367.0 368.0 5.0 64.0 313.0 86.0 342.0 131.0 377.0 74.0 53.0 242.0 315.5 62.0 151.0 298.0 15.0 302.(2) AC (a) AC ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA (weeks) 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Mean AC (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 52.0 15.0 73.0 259.0 17.0 140.5 17.0 198.0 356.0 84.0 360.0 96.0 15.0 264.0 223.0 166.0 221.0 10.0 164.0 333.0 362.0 212.0 5.0 275.0 321.0 166.0 42.5 17.0 63.0 253.0 283.0 181.0 5.0 No.0 217.0 284.5 17.5 17.0 287. 2B771-044EN*D 10-69 .0 12.0 290.0 262.0 324.0 192.5 7.5 7.5 17.0 10.0 234.0 94.0 242.5 12.0 285.0 305.5 12.0 402.0 120.0 186.0 146.0 74.5 7.0 106.0 10.0 201.0 7.0 307.0 136.0 106.0 391.0 332.0 155.0 267.0 10.0 5.0 196.0 206.0 272.0 5.5 10.

8 207..2 282.5 264.0 274.6 28.4 150.3 369.1 403.3 45.1 157.9 331.7 178.4 139.0 182.7 356.0 36.0 49.4 48. Journal Clinical Ultrasound.8 269.3 216.3 343. R. 10: pp.J.6 15.4 183.0 341.5 25.3 205.6 83.2 430.4 22.7 312.1 188.93+1.1 322.5 197.5 106.1 95.3 238.5 170.0 207.1 255. No.2 29.5 331.7 294.4 9.1 13.8 92.3 32. R.8 226.8 418.5 73. Hadlock.(b) AC Deter Deter.4 83.1 370.1 368.8 43. Oct.3 281.3 249.5 84.0 393.7 18.4 172.3 236.3 271. 2B771-044EN*D 10-70 .2 315.0 425.6 41.4 256.1 52.9 46.0 140..4 194.1 381.4 283. Carpenter.2 304.13 Input : GA (weeks) Output : AC (cm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 62.0 73.7 111. "Fetal Head and Abdominal Circumferences: II.3 102.4 350. A Critical Reevaluation of the Relationship to Menstrual Age".4 128.8 159..8 293.4 194.7 31.7 145.5 117.7 245.1 54.0 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) AC (mm) 1SD -SD 8.9 11.5 51.2 219.5 38.6 381.9 120.2 55.P.0985*GA 1SD=AC*0.5 12.6 443.0 23.1 306.5 95.6 232.9 33.1 121. F.6 63.4 405. 365-372 AC=-6.1 359.4 216.5 467.1 26.6 130.3 169. 1982.1 39.8 +SD 70.1 392. R.0 455.2 326. Harrist.0 244.B.3 227.3 260.5 107.8 21.3 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 302.4 35..2 42.8 360.9 480.7 53.5 318.4 150.2 293.1 414.1 348.3 132.3 19.2 16.L.4 161.2 337.

9 244.4 212.3 13.5 195.4 332.9 184.9 187.1 111.9 13.9 199. Harrist RB.0 13.4 59.8 59.4 202.4 19.4 13.0 99.2 13.9 255.9 124.0 260.0 289.2 280.9 361.4 325.1 13.1 351. Park SK: "Estimating fetal age: Computerassisted analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters" Radiology 152: 497-502.1984.3 359.1 13.4 85.8 13.1 228.1 352.2 389.0 416.2 99.1 13.0 401.4 169.9 239.7 13.34 cm Input : GA (weeks) Output : AC (cm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 45.4 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) AC (mm) 1SD -2SD 13.9 149.4 362.6 299.4 157.8 86.4 13.6 +2SD 72.1 334.00998*GA^2 1SD=1.4 299.4 272.6 86.8 335.5 13.9 207.7 13. AC=-13.4 276.3 13.9 378.4 348.4 13.2 374.4 355.0 13.8 316.1 13.2 317.4 223.7 175.4 72.7 233.4 191.8 125.5 13. No.5 136.4 13.6 13.4 110.0 308.0 306.4 290.7 343.2 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 13.7 151.4 316.4 307.0 297.4 253.1 386.3+1.(c) AC Hadlock Hadlock FP.4 32.61*GA-0.3 13.4 233.2 270.4 243.9 138. 2B771-044EN*D 10-71 .4 340.8 13.3 13.4 122.8 382.4 97.0 13.7 266.4 180.4 262.4 46.2 13.4 146.3 13.4 72.4 281.6 250.4 13.3 326.1 161.4 134. Deter RL.6 409.2 13.4 324.3 222.1 394.1 13.3 163.3 367.3 13.7 211.5 13.6 112.0 344.1 218.8 287.5 369.2 13.1 172.

6 206.9 267.3 94.2 219.5 302.2 203.2 15.4 184.2 138.9 21.0 373.1 377.5 145.0 10.7 179.2 176.8 13.9 152.96+1.1 193.5 286.6 274.9 248.4 330.2 269.9 129.2 219.6 157.5 315.4 301.4 348.5 396.0 19.8 265.2 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 109.4 194.4 390.4 12.3 272.7 17.0 159.0 314.3 262.5 186. No.5 10.9 11.1 18. 2B771-044EN*D 10-72 .6 150.5 177.6 175.6 166.9 257.4 360.3 216.80*10^-3*GA Input : GA (weeks) Output : AC (cm) GA (weeks) 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 104.3 237.1 17.9 322.9 340.9 202.8 14.5 261.45*10^-4*GA^2-7.9 22.8 295.0 328.3 241.5 356.5SD 118.9 146.1 293.9 12.5 10.4 11.0 128.7 119.5 245.3 14.5 346.3 308.5 227.6 225.8 234.2 323.7 247.9 250.4 367.3 294. 30 No.1 290.1 299.19*10^-1*GA+2.5 252.2 255.4 243.1 339.4 322.4 296.9 296.6 278.0 166.2 331.5 90.0 210.9 306.5 20.8 15.9 285.6 19.8 156.3 334.3 196.2 16.3 +1.1 123.1 290.7 132.1 384.0 212.3 168.0 20.1 310.2 305.7 16.8 277.2 141.5 305.5SD 85.9 173.4 21.8 301.9 140.(d) AC JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.6 Input min : 112 (days) Input max : 294 (days) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) AC (mm) -2SD -1.3 13.9 184.2 379.9 314.8 195.6 114.9 371.1 234.8 349.1 268.9 384.4 363.9 223.2 313.7 278.6 18.5 284.8 190.1 353.6 1SD 9.9 258.5 113.4 22.1 255.2 227.2 205.8 23.6 285.3 186.9 215.5 20.8 211.9 227.6 338.6 134.5 243.00*10*^-7*GA^3 SD=1.2 157.5 147.8 275. 3 (2003) J415-J440 AC=-4.6 202.90*10^-1+6.9 125.9 104.5 +2SD 123.2 135.7 344.5 234.0 162.0 235.4 168.5 265.7 280.0 286.9 99.

0 181.2 207.0 10.0 142.0 331.0 14.0 95%tile 242.5 30 30.0 356.0 266.0 220.0 116.8 102.0 13.0 7.7 138.0 170.0 7.5 22 22.8 308.0 127.0 80.0 165.0 10.0 231.8 221.0 14.0 11.6 188.0 102.6 163.0 122.0 187.0 257.5 40 40.0 327. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.0 311.0 196.5 27 Mean 62.0 308.9 173.0 153.0 96.2 217.5 35 35.5 14 14.0 13. Wellek S.0 334.9 76.0 94.0 193.0 317.0 67.5 26 26.6 158.0 16.0 132.0 105.0 268.0 204.0 7.0 11.0 298.0 289.0 303.0 125.2 178.0 262.5)/10 GA (weeks) 12.0 271.0 323.0 159.0 352.5 25 25.0 252.2 298.0 10.0 15.0 131.0 344.0 367.0 288.0 9.0 217.0 149.5 301.1 317.0 298.0 85.1 240.0 8.0 348.0 13.7 253.0 119.0 143.3 50.0 212.0 15.9 168.0 364.4 122.0 280.0 176.0 13.6 198.(e) AC Merz Merz E.0 13.0 226.0 340.0 273.2 202.0 14.6 60.0 15.5 24 24.0 73.5 17 17.0 307.0 186.2 290.0 12.9 287.0 154.0 237.0 11.0 370.5 20 20.0 209.2 294.5 19 19.3 153.0 15.9 65.0 247.0 14.0 181.2 183.0 14.0 175.0 236.5 23 23.1 314.0 331.0 12.0 191.7 133.5 41 41.7 258.0 .4 244.8 231.0 16.0 11.3 275.0 78.3 270.0 315.0 12.5 33 33.0 136.5 38 38.6 193.0 278.0 319.5 21 21.4 117.1 311.0 322.0 AC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 7.0 143.0 252.0 313.0 327.7 127.2 81.0 276.8 226.8 107.0 10.5 28 28.8 96.0 111.0 GA (weeks) 27.0 9.0 16.0 11.0 336.0 83. 2B771-044EN*D 10-73 Mean 222.5 32 32.0 10.5 37 37.5 39 39.0 148.0 95%tile 74.5 15 15.0 170.0 7.1 235.5 86.0 8.0 215.0 8.5 29 29.0 343.0 293.0 257.0 15.0 12.0 294.0 242.0 360.0 114.0 91.0 9.0 7.0 89.5 305.0 159.0 10.0 12.0 338.0 283.4 249.0 10.5 31 31.0 14.0 9.0 202.6 283.6 55.0 15.29*10+0.0 247.5 16 16.1 112.5 91.0 263.5 13 13.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3..5 34 34.0 285.0 341.0 207.6 279.5 No.0 8.0 13.5 36 36.6 71.0 198.0 8.0 9.0 262.0 9.0 232.0 108.0 227.0 12.5 18 18.2 212.0 AC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 12.0 148.0 8.0 165.0 138.3 266.0 100.0 303.0 14.

0 .00 45.0 28.0 2.5 96.0 2.(3) BPD (a) BPD ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA (weeks) 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Mean 16.0 2.0 24.0 70.0 3.00 84.0 2.0 51.0 86.0 4.0 3.0 80.0 98.0 60.00 87.0 75.0 84.0 2.00 38.0 57.0 3.00 20.00 90.0 80.00 68.0 67.0 No.50 31.0 64.0 90.00 27.0 44.0 BPD (mm) 1SD -2SD 1.0 24.0 62.0 68.0 96.0 79.50 47.50 63.0 52.0 4. 2B771-044EN*D 10-74 +2SD 18.00 87.0 106.0 3.0 81.0 50.0 73.00 88.0 49.0 2.0 32.0 42.00 16.0 92.00 63.0 76.0 94.0 39.0 88.00 77.0 2.15 85.0 2.0 4.00 14.5 3.0 3.00 72.50 34.00 78.50 40.0 86.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 20.0 3.0 85.0 92.00 74.0 28.0 2.0 47.0 66.0 41.50 52.0 36.00 80.00 71.15 81.0 93.0 95.00 43.0 2.0 31.00 54.0 46.0 71.0 76.0 2.0 45.0 3.5 3.0 104.0 90.00 24.0 35.5 99.0 98.00 58.0 2.0 2.0 57.0 2.0 103.0 53.0 72.

6 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) BPD (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 14.5 2.5 84. D.6 97.7 70.1 69.2 78.6 2.4 28. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gy-naecology.7 2.8 73.0 56.4 93.4 40.1 59.2 40.3 85.5 32.S.2 99.2 3.7 62.9 64.5 99.7 104.4 39.9 89.8 46.3 4.6 76.6 77.36+3.0 93.5 56.G.7 3.0 51.0 19.8 88.6 83.4 105. 35-43 BPD=-28.1 1SD 2.3 103.9 52.5 104.8 3.5 67.1 80.1 2.2 61.9 3.9 89.7 88.5 49.9 31.4 64.9 53.2 2.2 46. 2B771-044EN*D 10-75 .0 67.1 86. No.3 95.. "Charts of Fetal Size: 2.9 82.06883*GA 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.0 63.4 54.8 87.1 78.5 91.8 74. pp.0 107.7 29.9 33.4 82.5 29.7 2.8 58.2 97%tile 22.7 28.1 97.00055543*GA^3 1SD=1.5 73.7 86.9 90.0 25.7 73.96*GA-0.4 15.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.5 22.9 49.5 79..2 100.9 82.2 35.6 58.8 91.3 92.2 91.3 102.4 91.5 94.9 84.2 44.8 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.2 56.3 21.8 74.1 88.7 43.9 68.1 4.4 3.7 78.5 87.9 71.3 32.4 59.6 90.5 71.2 62.4 48.8 53.4 84.9 4.4 47.0 4.5 50.8 33.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : BPD (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 18.6 84.2 62.5 90.8 39.5 94.6 95.5 53.5 49.3 2.2 79.9 65.0 46.8 70.1 81.1 26.2 3.8 3.0 76.4 99.5 59.1 2.8 55.0 3.2 65.9 24.4 3.9 101.5 103.8 96.4 89.4 43.2 96.9 44.2 75.6 3.2 98. L.6 67.9 25.2 4.9 106.0 26.3 90%tile 20.3 79.0 80.4 2.7 18.8 36.9 98. 1994. vol.2 81.8 43.8 2.0 41.(b) BPD Chitty (O-I) Chitty.2 36. Altman.0 29.9 83.5 2.3 3.1 3.8 102.5 71.0 4.6 3.5 3.4 93.0 107.0 69.0 76.3 92.8 87.0 93.6 66. Head Measurements".5 37. 101.4 86. Jan.9 2.3 35.3 22.7 38.0 99.225+0.3 2.1 89.3 91.4 61.

8 64.8 64.6 71.5 16.9 71.6 35. L.7 76.9 99.1 84.0 48. vol.8 3.7 38.4 73.6 101.9 79.1 37.0 59.1 3.6 39.9 72.2 3.3 3.1 62. "Charts of Fetal Size: 2. D.6 67.6 92.4 93.0 78.5 96.8 85.0 43.7 99.1 3.3 3.0 92.0 63..3 74.3 85. pp. Jan.0 83.5 2.S.2 55.1 102.4 48.5 79.8 52.0 3.5 76.3 98.0 34.3 41.0 83.4 2.0 56.1 4.7 35.8 19.3 90.9 3.2 97.5 2.9 45.0 62.0 94.1 97.5 91.6 33.9 53.4 3.9 89.6 40.G.05886*GA 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.5 98.6 81.9 4.3 34.0 4.1 94.1 82.3 55.3 69.8 2.5 3.7 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.8 64.1 31.0 79.0 81.3 101.2 94.2 48.9 85.6 3.3 58.2 90%tile 22.6 50.0 96.3 82. 1994.8 31.5 30. 35-43 BPD=-28.5 87.4 104.7 74.3 70.3 96.2 88. Altman.7 23.8 106.5 103.5 26.6 86.5 58.2 109.3 31.0 30.3 26.1 82.59+4.6 73.2 92.4 76.7 90.7 87.7 106.2 2.3 2.6 77.7 100.6 22.6 89.6 92.7 61.4 60.6 91.7 2.0 94.2 96. 2B771-044EN*D 10-76 .3 89.2 3.2 20.(c) BPD Chitty (O-O) Chitty.4 47.4 93.9 3.7 92.4 53.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gy-naecology..9 95.2 97%tile 23.7 89.1 46.2 55. Head Measurements".4 69.8 2.9 27.2 61.8 3.3 65.4 80.7 104.5 1SD 2.4 42.0 91.0 109.1 4.6 2.5 107. No. 101.4 43.8 52.8 67.7 76.8 70.0005985*GA^3 1SD=1.5 27.9 2.7 96.2 51.1 37.0 84.9 41.3 87.6 101.8 50.6 3.3 93.8 105.7 59.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : BPD (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 19.5 28.9 57.1 101.8 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) BPD (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 15.0 38.1 81.4 74.3 100.7 45.1 107.8 86.9 24.110*GA-0.8 103.5 3.2 94.6 45.5 68.7 3.4 87.1 67.7 66.3 2.523+0.6 2.2 108.

1 73.4 82.1 67. Park SK: "Estimating fetal age: Computerassisted analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters" Radiology 152: 497-502.0 89.0 67. Deter RL.6 98.2 3.2 103.6 38.1 65.0 91.2 75.6 104.9 45.1 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.9 62.0 26.7 58.9 28.9 100.0 50.0 78.9 3.7 52.7 3.4 88.0 103.9 46.5 3.2 71.6 3.0 11.6 92.0 29.9 34.3 102.0 72.6 90.0 92.6 79.0 90.9 39.6 73.1984.2 3.0 82.3 3.0 43.6 3.3 cm Input : GA (weeks) Output : BPD (cm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 17.3 90.2 65.9 52.08+0.3 49.2 3.0 36.9 76.3 3.3 96.4 42.5 92.2 95.1 59.7 3.0 64.3 21.9 3.2 24.0 3.9 3.0 88.0 97.6 3.6 32.4 48.0 85.0 76.5 88.2 3.3 41.2 68.9 94.(d) BPD Hadlock Hadlock FP.0 3.0 15.3 96.3 3.1 86.5 94.1 3.7 78.41*GA-0.6 3.0 80.1 +2SD 23.3 35.2 81.1 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) BPD (mm) 1SD -2SD 3. BPD=-3.0 46.0 22.7 84. No.6 3.2 3.5 3.0 84.000061*GA^3 1SD=0.0 53.6 86.0 61.0 97.5 98.2 101.9 3.0 69.0 74.0 18.3 3.4 3.9 3.1 3.0 91. 2B771-044EN*D 10-77 .0 40.3 55.2 97.1 80.9 70.9 56.3 27.2 3.0 91.9 3.2 62.6 84.0 56. Harrist RB.3 3.0 59.0 86.2 30.1 3.4 3.0 33.

0 17.7 47.7 88.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 84.0 84. Hackeloer B.0 79.0 62.0 2. New York.7 83.0 42.0 22.0 82. p168-176..0 2.0 46.0 89. Springer Verlag.7 87.0 93.0 48.0 28.0 91. Staudach A.7 44.0 2.7 75.0 2.0 2.0 2. p154.0 61.7 27.0 38.0 67.0 2.0 24.0 2.0 53.7 70.7 89. 1986.0 2.0 77.7 37.0 31.0 2. p431.0 2.7 16.7 34.0 21.0 .0 25.0 2.0 2.7 13.7 56.0 43.0 88.7 73.0 97.0 95.7 81.7 62.7 79.29*10+0.(e) BPD Hansmann Hansmann H.7 84.0 2.0 No.0 2.0 2.0 49.7 9.0 2.0 45.0 65. p440-441 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.7 30.0 2.0 2.7 65.7 86.0 93.7 53.7 40.0 55.0 2.7 20.7 50.0 82.0 58.7 23.5)/10 GA (weeks) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Mean 14.0 90.0 86.7 68.0 2. p439.0 72.0 32. Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology.0 71.0 56. p438. 2B771-044EN*D 10-78 95%tile 18.0 86.0 90.0 2.0 2.0 92.0 87.0 2.0 39.0 77.0 79.0 59.0 93.0 29.0 BPD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.7 77.0 74. English Edition (ISBN 0-387-15384-9).7 59.0 70..0 75.0 2.0 64.0 98.0 35. p432.0 36.0 51.0 2.0 96.0 68.

0 2.75373 74.75373 89.75373 86.1 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.7 2.5 81.3 62.1 86.75373 46.1 59.4 65.5 54. Bracken M.3 2.3 35.9 2.634+3.7 24.1 76.3 2..2 2.1 2.75373 88.75373 72.6 2.5 52.75373 59. January 1984.7 77.2 21.0 2.8 56.75373 26.75373 19.7 32.3 91.3 90.9 93.3 2.6 2.3 88.5 92.9 2.75373 50.1 97.75373 84.7 83.75373 43.5 93.75373 23.75373 53.75373 16.5 72.3 81. Number.7 2.0 2.2 51.75373 56.75373 30.9 98.7 69.75373 90.1 2.3 2.2 79.1 2. pages 118-128 BPD=-19.2 2.2 34.7 57.75373 81.8 2.8 60.6 99.75373 70.2 27.6 87.6 17.2 28.7 46. Volume1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-79 .5 2.6 2. Tack B.75373 67.9 66.3 74..3 2.66*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : BPD (mm) GA (weeks) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 13.75373 89.9 2.7 94.9 2.0011756*GA^3 1SD=2..3 99.75373 90.9 90. "A longitudinal Study of fetal head biometry" American Journal of Perinatology.1 49.75373 33.9 63.6 2. No.C.75373 77.1 41.7 79.75373 62.9 48.75373 79.75373 85.3 99.75373 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.2 88.6 2. Hobbins J.75373 64. Cousaert E.75373 37.7 2.1 2.75373 82.7 25.1 91.4 71.5 44.75373 40.8 96.7 31.2 74.0 2.0 99.75373 12. Cantraine F.1 2.5 94.4 94.7 85.8 39.2 42.042134*GA^2-0.0 94.9 2.5 Input min : 10 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) BPD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2..0209*GA+0.7 38.1 97.75373 89.4 94.1 20.7 94.1 2.6 2.5 68.75373 88.1 2.9 95%tile 18.75373 9.1 2..7 84.(f) BPD Jeanty Jeanty P.

4 84.8 61.9 73.3 72.8 60.9 90.8 86.4 97.7 92.6 80.1 3.9 70.4 69.7 79.8 2.9 3.2 96.0 92.7 64.5 53. No.0 58.5 Input min : 10 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) BPD (mm) -2SD -1.6 55.0 30.6 15.8 92.4 84.3 43.0 46.5 22.3 39.7 82.0 4.5 85.5 81.1 4.9 40.0 3.7 48.8 76.2 35.5 42.2 58.85*10^-1*GA+1.9 67.8 57.5 84.4 52.5 2.1 27.8 83.8 88.1 46.1 98.3 74.7 2.5 81.9 36.1 22.4 25.6 2.9 33.2 3.8 3.2 89.3 86.2 +1.7 64.4 86.5 57.7 90. 3 (2003) J415-J440 BPD=-18.6 94.5 3.0 77.0 72.2 41.0 70.7 92.3 70.8 3.4 72.2 1SD 2.1 34.0 43.0 4.06*10^-3*GA^2-3.4 3.6 88.4 81.4 29.1 50.6 54.5 61.0 86.7 3.6 2.5 84.2 80.0 3.4 36.6 68.7 38.7 2.9 62.1 3.3 22.2 49.0 19.7 29.3 99.2 72. 30 No.3 98.7 92.7 58.96*10^-3*GA Input : GA (days) Output : BPD (mm) GA (weeks) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 12.9 26.1 48.1 11.7 3.1 29.4 14.2 52.4 24.5 74.1 4.6 24.5SD 8.5 3.3 2.7 47.9 79.5 37.6 83.8 84.0 21.0 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.1 101.5SD 16.7 26.9 19.5 91.4 66.6 45.5 63.0 77.8 40.3 12.1 100.2 59.1 65.6 98.1 82.3 81.6 67.5 51.2 55.5 86.9 32.5 90.7 82.0 101.9 88.6 43.7 27.6 79.0 9.1 20.6 45.0 60.5 92.9 68.3 100.3 95.7 83.6 75.9 95.2 76.4 65.2 78.70*10^-6*GA^3 1SD=1.5 76.4 79.5 84.3 3.2 49.2 69.8 19.9 +2SD 17.2 98.5 32.3 86.4 38.7 17.6 101.0 98.0 86. 2B771-044EN*D 10-80 .0 84.4 2.2 75.6 3.9 99.1 77.7 51.9 4.(g) BPD JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.8 97.3 34.3 2.73+7.8 2.2 63.5 85.5 15.4 92.6 3.7 84.9 55.5 2.2 4.2 86.3 3.4 93.6 31.3+3.2 3.

8 76.4 63.50157*GA-0.9 98.6 92.4 44.8 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu. 2B771-044EN*D 10-81 .4 38. No.5 60.0 88.3 66. Wapner RJ.3 94.0 87.0 68.2 27.45701+0.3 23. J Clin Ultrasound 1980: 8.3 54.2 78.0 41.1 51.5 80. et al. Kurtz RJ. 319-326 BPD=(-3.7 71. Analysis of biparietal diameter as an accurate indicator of gestational age.6 100.00441*GA^2)*10 Input : GA (weeks) Output : BPD (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45weeks) BPD (mm) Mean 19.8 48.7 101.0 95.4 57.3 73.3 99.8 82.5 96.7 34.0 30.(h) BPD Kurtz Kurtz AB.9 85.8 90.

4 38 2.5 30.7 53 3.3 86 3.5 21.7 56 3.5 32.5 38.5 24. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.5 36.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.6 85 3.0 24.0 38.5 37.0 90 3.6 89 3.4 40 2.3 66 95%tile 29 30 31 33 35 36 38 39 41 43 45 46 48 50 52 53 55 57 59 60 62 64 65 67 69 70 72 73 75 77 GA (weeks) 27.0 19.1 24 2.3 82 3.5 39.7 36 2.0 14.3 73 3.0 36.0 59 2.3 74 3.0 23.0 26.7 61 3.5 15.6 90 4.5 28.4 33 2.5 16.0 15.0 28.0 76 3.5)/10 GA (weeks) 12.0 72 3.0 65 3.7 43 2.4 35 2.0 91 3.7 51 2.7 46 2.6 89 3.5 26.6 83 3.5 20.3 77 3.5 18.6 84 3.0 33.0 35.0 13.0 40.3 80 3.0 71 3.5 19.0 37.0 17.0 29..4 25 2.5 31.0 32.7 41 2.0 34.0 91 4.0 Mean 25 26 28 29 31 32 34 35 37 39 40 42 44 46 47 49 51 52 54 56 57 59 61 62 64 65 67 68 70 71 BPD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.6 92 95%tile 78 79 81 82 84 85 86 88 89 90 91 92 93 95 96 97 97 98 99 100 101 101 102 103 103 103 104 104 104 .3 81 3.0 18.1 23 2.0 21.3 87 3.0 54 2.3 79 3.0 41.4 21 2.0 49 2.5 34.6 91 4.5 No.4 45 2.0 22.5 29.0 16.0 69 3.5 13.0 62 2. Wellek S.5 25.0 30.5 41.0 25.5 22.5 27.6 91 3.5 14.3 78 3.0 39.6 88 3.4 31 2.4 28 2.5 23.5 17.6 87 3.0 68 3.5 33.7 64 3.7 48 3.0 57 3. 2B771-044EN*D 10-82 Mean 73 74 76 77 78 80 81 82 83 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 92 93 94 95 95 96 96 97 97 97 98 98 BPD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 3.4 27 2.5 40.0 31.29*10+0.(i) BPD Merz Merz E.4 30 2.5 35.0 20.

3 5.1 7.8 2.9 2.1 23.0 2.8 2.2 – 2.5 2.2 18.8 10.4 2.4 10.3 21.2 – 2.5 8.3 2.2 19.2 2.8 2.2 17.2 0.5 14.8 2.2 9.2 24.2 – 2.2 12.(j) BPD Rempen Rempen A: Biometrie in der fruehgravitaet (l.2 – 2.645 5%-95%tile=Mean±3.2 12.2 12.9 19.2 95%tile 17.2 4.2 11.2 15.1 12.7 7.2 19.2 2.7 6.2 18.1 17.8 2.2 6.2 15.3 2.8 20.2 12.1 21.9 BPD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.2 3.3 95%tile 5.4 22.2 13.2 17.2 1.0 2.9 14.9 23.5 13.4 2.2 20.3 26.0 14.2 7.3 15.6 2.2 11.7 2.5 3.1 7.8 15.5 2.7 mm GA (w d) 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d Mean 2.9 2.0 20.3 18.5 2.0 BPD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2. 2B771-044EN*D 10-83 Mean 13.6 2.9 2.2 2.2 27.6 .0 25.2 3.9 10.7 2.9 18.4 2. 1991.6 2.5 2.6 2.0 2.2 6.2 14.8 16.0 3.6 2.9 21.6 2.7 11.2 2.2 6.2 9.4 9.2 2.0 2.4 2.2 10.0 9.2 5.5 20.9 15.2 22.2 2.2 19.8 5.1 2.0 17.6 13.4 14.4 9.2 16.5 2.2 13.4 19.2 1.3 4.5 18.3 2.2 5.7 24.1 13.5 17.8 11.6 22.7 12.2 10.2 0.9 9.5 9.2 11.2 8.9 4.6 8.9 2. Der Frauenarzt 32: 425-430.4 13.2 15.6 23.8 27.1 2.0 2.0 8.2 7.6 8.6 18. trimenon).0 22.2 4.3 10.2 20.0 2.0 8.3 23.7 2.7/1.6 12.2 2.2 18.2 14.4 3.2 16.3 14.7 7.1 16.7 21. 1SD=3.7 16.2 8.4 17.5 25.6 20.1 2.9 26.7 GA (w d) 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w2d 12w3d 12w4d 12w5d 12w6d 13w0d 13w1d 13w2d No.0 18.2 3.2 6.7 19.7 6.2 7.5 23.2 15.8 22.1 2.3 11.6 25.2 16.

6 4.0 66. Orgill J.0 42.E.6 3. Barton F..0 3.0 52..0 45.0 83.0 89.(k) BPD Sabbagha Sabbagha R.0 3.6 3.0 64.0 85.6 4. Barton B.0 3.0 66.H.0 86.0 53.0 87.0 4.0 87.0 62.0 55.0 91.0 85.0 62.0 61.0 40. 2B771-044EN*D 10-84 95%tile 45.0 92.0 98.5)/10 GA (weeks) Mean BPD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 37.0 80.6 3.0 97.0 59.0 49.0 70.0 58.0 37.0 47.0 90.0 90. Turner J.0 69.0 78.0 83.6 31.0 71.0 53.0 79. pp..3 3.B.0 47.0 84. "Sonar biparietal diameter II.3 4.0 75.0 76.0 75.0 72..0 43.0 94.0 93.3 4.3 3.0 99.0 77.0 51. Predictive of three fetal growth patterns leading to a closer assessment of gestational age and neonatal weight" American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.0 88.0 56.0 79.0 34.0 No.0 96.3 4.3 4.3 4.6 3.0 100. 1976.0 95.0 55.6 4.0 73. Kingas E.0 45.0 . 485-490 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.0 82.0 2.0 83.0 73.0 50.0 4.0 68.0 88.0 58.3 4.0 101.6 4.29*10+0.0 93. October 15.7 3.A..0 66.0 49.0 39.3 4.6 4.

0 32.0 22.0 38.0 29.0 55.0 .0 38.(4) CER (a) CER Goldstein Israel Goldstein.0 22.0 52.5 4.0 22.0 30.8 1.0 2.0 16.0 32.3 2.0 23.0 25.0 28.3 1.2 10.0 27.0 35.0 23.0 17.0 20.0 19. 156: 1065-1069 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/2.3 2.0 18.0 44.5 4.0 32.0 36.0 17.0 32.0 31.0 19.0 26.0 55.0 No.56*10+0.0 40.6 2.0 33.0 18.0 24.0 18.0 16.0 34.0 21.3 2.7 2.0 37.6 2.0 14.0 44. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1987.0 24.0 40.0 38.0 24.0 5.0 19.7 3.0 31.0 48.0 26.2 0.0 29.3 6.5 43.2 1.0 40.0 31.0 40.5 3.D.0 22.0 33.0 55.0 18.8 0.3 3. 2B771-044EN*D 10-85 90%tile 16.3 7.0 1. Cerebellar measurements with ultrasonography in the evalution of fetal growth and development.9 1.6 1.0 42.0 17.0 22.0 28.7 4.5)/10 GA (weeks) Mean CER (mm) 1SD 10%tile 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 14.5 52.0 45.0 34.0 43.0 47.0 55.0 29.0 40. M.4 7.0 25.

0 38.0 21 22.(b) CER Hill LYNDON M.0 33 43.0 3.0 2.0 4.5 19.5 21.0 23.0 6.0 1.0 1.0 19 20.0 23 24.0 29.0 30.0 41.0 15.0 27 30.0 18 18.0 22 23.0 4.0 27.0 18.0 1.0 20 20.0 2.0 22.0 30.0 28 33.0 25.5 38.0 42.0 33.0 37.0 2.0 2.0 26 30.0 1. Obstet Gynecol 1990.0 43.0 1.0 39.0 35 47. HILL.5 17.0 38 51.0 2.0 2.5 40.0 37 51.0 18.0 16.0 18. 2B771-044EN*D 10-86 .0 39 52.0 1.0 14.0 26. 75: 981-985 CER (mm) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD -2SD +2SD 15 15.0 62.0 16 16.0 5.0 31 39.0 62.0 34 46.0 24.0 63.0 1.0 35.0 4.0 19.0 20.0 26.0 32 41.0 24 26.0 30 37.0 32.0 46.5 40. MD The transverse cerebellar diameter in estimating gestational age in the larg for gestational age fetus.0 54.0 17 17.0 44.0 2.0 2.0 36 49.0 2.5 37.0 48.0 1.0 25 28.0 40 52.0 29 34.0 58.0 1.0 26.0 34.5 20.5 40.0 5.5 12.0 No.0 55.0 60.5 36.0 34.0 22.0 2.

92 23.6 38. 4: 467-470.5 42.92 14.8 2.8 30.4 48.5 22 22.8 27.92 27.92 24.1 41 41.5 2.92 21.92 29.0 20.4 26 26.1 42 42.8 31.5 45.5 19 19.6 2.5 2.4 25 25.4 2.5 2.4 2.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : CLAV (mm) Input min : 15 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) CLAV (mm) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD 5%tile 95%tile 15 15.9 25.92 39.1 40 40.92 35.7 34.5 21 21.6 2.92 32.7 2.2 36 36.92 26.3 2.2 2.6 17 17.9 26. et al "Clavicular measurement: A new biometric parameter for fetal evaluation" J Ultrasound Med.0 22.0 45 45.5 20 20.2 35 35.0 44 44.3 2.9788639*GA 1SD=2.92 13.5 2. No.92 28.5 23 23.4 2.92 34. 1985.4 50.8 2.2 2.4 49.4 24 24.6 2.118303+0.9 24.8 28.2 2.92 16.0 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 31 31.7 2.(5) CLAV (a) CLAV Yarkoni Yarkoni S.7 2.0 43 43.92 31. 2B771-044EN*D 10-87 .6 2.1 39 39.7 35.92 33.5 2.92 40.6 41.92 18.6 39.3 29 29.8 29.2 33 33.9 23.3 32 32.92 15.0 21.92 11.7 2.92 36.92 12.6 18 18.2 2.5 44.6 16 16.6 40.5 43.92 25.2 34 34.4 2.7 2.6 37.3 2.7 32.92 22.7 36. Jeanty P.4 46. Schmidt W.4 47.92 20.92 mm 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.2 37 37.92 17. CLAV=1.1 38 38.92 30.92 13.8 2.92 19.4 28 28.92 38.7 33.92 37.3 2.4 27 27.3 30 30.4 2.3 2.

0 27.0 6.0 38.0 45.0 60.0 11.0 2.0 40.0 64.0 52.0 4.0 4.0 77.0 36.0 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 34.0 19.0 85.0 24.0 58.0 9.0 21.0 31.0 80.0 44.(6) CRL (a) CRL ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA (days) CRL (mm) Mean GA (days) CRL (mm) Mean 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 1.0 74.0 17.0 15.0 61.0 18.0 No.0 7.0 39.0 13.0 23.0 84.0 63.0 5.0 11.0 3.0 81.0 48.0 57.0 12.0 3.0 20.0 55.0 68.0 76.0 37. 2B771-044EN*D 10-88 .0 10.0 26.0 22.0 56.0 28.0 65.0 86.0 12.0 47.0 72.0 29.0 87.0 39.0 8.0 14.0 70.0 22.

2 111 98. Shah YP.3 89.2 4.1 120 111.5 2.5 117 107.1 23.6 35.4 1.0 87.2 55 13.6 14.5 97.5 32.0 81 51.6 0.0 2.3 108.5 28.6 0.3 110 97.5 76.2 48.5 79.0 0.2 4.1 0.8 81.6 13.3 28.2 69.6 34.8 122 114.4 96.7 54 12.0 3.0 20.9 99 81.3 7.9 18.2 0.3 45 6.4 21.2 25.0 2.0 85.3 0.2 0.9 41 4.1 89.1 77 44.1 24.7 3.9 5.5 3.0 64.5 0.6 92 70.3 70.4 1.5 42 4.7 60.2 4.2 119 109.5 99.4 75.1 58.2 4.4 43.0 118.9 9.6 23.9 2.5 3.2 10.8 50 9.4 65 25.3 93.5 126.7 44 5.8 5.5)/10 2.2 3.6 121.5%tile 97.(b) CRL Hadlock Hadlock FP.7 12.1 43 5.4 94 73.2 5.6 56.4 0.0 0.8 0.8 1.6 1.1 90 66.1 49.5 10.2 46.2 4.9 55.1 59 17.6 39 3.9 113 101.1 92.4 94.0 22.7 67 28.4 3.8 39.0 93 71.6 77.5 0.4 51.2 8.7 56 14.1 57 15.0 43.5 100 83.0 84.5 109.1 1.6 33.8 64 23.5 4.3 2.2 2.3 49 8.0 66.078345*GA^2+0.6 2.1 67.5 94.4 109 96.2 129.6 1.0 25.7 2.0 121 112.0 77.6 54.3 27.5 79 47.3 20.8 82 52.5 53.3 91 68.3 120. CRL=e^(-6.4 4.5%tile (days) Mean 1SD 2.2 91.4 3.2 3.4 40.0 3.6 3.7 79.6 103 87.6 1.9 106.1 4. Kanon DJ.3 6.8 0.3 72. 1992.5 2.4 66 26.3 50.0 81.6 4.9 127.4 124 116.2 0.4 118 108.7 101.8 111.2 124.5%tile 97.1 110.8 103.9 123.7 58.3 62.5 0.1 105 90.5%-97.1 0.0 3.5 2.5%tile 97.9 87.08 Input : GA (weeks) Output : CRL (cm) Input min : 5 (weeks) Input max : 18 (weeks) CRL (mm) CRL (mm) CRL (mm) GA GA GA (days) Mean 1SD 2.9 38 3.0 108.3 5.5%tile=Mean±Mean*0.8 97 78.76*10+0.2 63 22.9 42.7 2.7 1.1 61 20.9 106 91.3 92.9 89 64.0 1.8 3.0 4.4 4.5 72 35.1 68.0 0.8 61.4 14.5 0.3 16.2 125 118.6 0.6 108 94.1 6.3 69 31.2 102.5 4.6 6.0 75 40.9 84.5 56.6 99.7 88 63.3 51 10.9 3.5 74.4 74 39.4 36.3 2.3 0.0 11.5 103.9 102 86.1 7.6 0.7 15.7 83 54.8 52 10.8 46 6.7 107 93.6 85 58.2 3.8 104.5 10.6 87 61.9 83.9 19.983+1.6 84 56.2 2.7 37.2 1.5 47.3 114.5 115.3 53.5 0.8 117.8 3.9 42.0 35.7 4.5 4.2 101 84.6 116 105.3 19.8 48 7.0 126 119.7 0.3 4.3 4.8 30.9 100.5%tile (days) Mean 1SD 2.0 3.4 86.7 4.1 3.0 112.5 10.3 72.9 1.7 102.4 73. 2B771-044EN*D 10-89 .5 3.8 1.0 68 29.1 2.1 45.8 95 75.9 73.2 5.6 60 18.3 96 76.8 59.2 31.3 47 7.4498*GA-0.7 115 104.1 71 34.7 4.7 62 21.3 98 79.5 82.5 31.6 7.9 4.5 0.7 80.2 3.6 123 115.8 0.2 1.9 38.6 13.7 0.1 2.0 4.3 15.8 24.0 107.8 17.9 96.6 12.5 36 2.0 2.5 66.2 2.7 16.7 51.7 70.4 8.7 91.001501*GA^3) 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.1 2.1 88.7 105.5 3.8 78 45.5%tile 35 2.4 9.2 97.0 106.9 64.6 5.5 11.8 No.5 76 42.0 3.1 1.8 114 103. Lindsey JV: "Fetal crown-rump length: Reevaluation of relation to menstrual age (5-18 weeks) with high-resolution real-time US" Radiology 182: 501-505.6 1.0 45.3 40 3.8 4.2 17.4 104 89.8 4.3 7.8 0.6 86 59.9 0.3 53 11.6 58 16.1 2.3 6.7 70 32.2 80 49.0 112 100.9 40.2 27.2 37 2.9 62.4 30.6 98.9 73 37.1 1.

9 146.9 15.5 11.3 65.8 72.4 47.2 68.4 131.3 5.0 3.3 32.0 14.4 107.6 21.2 17.6 10.2 127.1 12.0 4.3 5.8 85.2 16.0 97.9 93.0 CRL (mm) 1SD -2SD 7.5 21.5 5.7 3.6 25.3 14.7 6.6 89.7 122.8 40.7 17.4 63.6 132.6 10.4 57.3 43. p438.2 14.7 13.9 12.4 2.7 6..0 109.2 7.5 9.5 148.6 25.9 36.5 4.2 115.3 90.9 65.8 134.4 14.8 2.7 3.2 8.1 8.9 123.3 4.3 12.3 57.6 12.4 46.0 20.4 12.9 28.9 51.4 24.4 8. 1986.5 23..5 11.3 2.9 7.5 94.4 22.2 109.3 9.1 .1 78.3 8.2 153.4 3.3 6.4 15.3 3.0 9.3 15.4 35. Staudach A.5 127.5 113.2 33.8 11.8 102.9 102.0 118.1 61.3 2.2 7.6 76.8 31.9 3.1 16.8 51.0 104.8 75.1 4.3 98. English Edition (ISBN 0-387-15384-9).1 117.1 100.5 28.3 +2SD 11.1 105.4 16.3 130. New York.3 38.0 7. p439.9 11.1 104.6 3.6 94.3 93.7 62.6 156.9 17.7 5.8 3.0 4.8 18.8 9.5)/10 GA (w d) 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w2d 8w4d 8w6d 9w1d 9w3d 9w5d 10w1d 10w3d 10w5d 11w1d 11w3d 11w5d Mean 6.5 81.9 97.2 2.5 13.6 59.0 4.5 79.6 50.6 20.0 +2SD 71.5 13.7 125.1 43.4 142.9 91.3 81.3 7.5 13.4 133.2 10.5 35. p154.3 32.2 3.9 14.6 2.5 161. Springer Verlag.4 129.6 3.8 55.2 120.6 8.1 4.6 164.(c) CRL Hansmann Hansmann H.6 6.3 14.8 10. p440-441 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/4*10+0.8 96.6 10. Hackeloer B.6 10.0 115. p431.8 101.0 121.0 14. Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology. p168-176.2 5.4 9.5 14.2 46.1 5.0 8.8 3.2 162.8 13.4 23.1 68.4 137.0 158.6 44.7 140.9 7.0 6.4 88.7 83.2 CRL (mm) 1SD -2SD 2.6 12.6 100.9 151. p432.3 22.0 11.8 19.0 29.3 75.1 GA (w d) 12w1d 12w3d 12w5d 13w1d 13w3d 13w5d 14w1d 14w3d 14w5d 15w1d 15w3d 15w5d 16w1d 16w3d 16w5d 17w1d 17w3d 17w5d 18w1d 18w3d 18w5d 19w0d 19w2d 19w4d 19w6d 20w0d 20w1d No.5 12.6 72.7 15.8 86. 2B771-044EN*D 10-90 Mean 55.7 19.6 39.2 13.6 9.0 85.4 88.4 26.

9 30.9 7.9 16.3 11.4 32.0 17.2 4.3 24.5 24.2 11.7 6.0 49.1 3.2 21.2 16.1 47.5 90%tile 95%tile 16.4 20.0 7.3 3.9 43.0 15.0 6. 2B771-044EN*D 10-91 6.7 No.8 20.1 25.8 .3 15.4 34.0 18.(d) CRL JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.6 30.7 6.1 19.0 27.4 28.1 47.0 10.4 40.0 30.1 35.0 44.1 17.6 32.3 12.5 14.3 33.3 40.3 33.3 31.8 17.8 52.3 8.7 20.7 37.2 3.7 29.5 19.7 13.7 16.7 18.1 9.6 13.0 6.8 7. 30 No.5 6.1 53. 3 (2003) J415-J440 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.1 26.8 6.6 51.1 9.4 CRL (mm) 5%tile 10%tile 5.9 35.6 17.8 41.9 17.1 21.0 22.1 14.4 16.29*10+0.2 5.9 23.7 44.0 15.4 22.5 25.7 4.5 3.0 27.1 6.5)/10 GA (w d) Mean 1SD 7w0d 7w2d 7w4d 7w6d 8w1d 8w3d 8w5d 9w0d 9w2d 9w4d 9w6d 10w1d 10w3d 10w5d 11w0d 11w2d 11w4d 10.6 37.7 5.7 25.1 10.8 38.5 7.4 27.1 49.2 8.5 11.1 3.1 10.3 3.

5 95%tile GA (w d) Mean CRL (mm) 1SD 5%tile 9.0 3.7 4.7 4.7 – – – – – – – – 0.7 4.5 13.9 41.7 4.7 4.3 47.5 51.7 4.645 5%-95%tile=Mean±7.9 30.9 46.5 15.3 18.2 37.8 60.7 56.0 45.7 4.7 4.1 31.8 18.4 43.7 4.5 34.9 95%tile 37.6 15.7 4.8 28.4 23.5 13.3 32.5 9.1 40.3 19.1 33.3 38.3 61.1 29.(e) CRL Rempen Rempen A: Biometrie in der fruehgravitaet (l.7 57.2 55.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 26.1 12.2 52.7 4.5 14.8 36. 1SD=7.0 11.2 2.7 45.7 4.9 63.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 32.7 27.9 24.7 4.7 4.7 4.9 74.9 37.8 18.8 28.5 24.7 4.6 35. trimenon).4 24.3 34.9 48.8/1.7 16.3 22.4 51.2 20.3 42.0 28.4 47.6 59.3 23.0 33.7 4.1 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w2d 12w3d 12w4d 12w5d 12w6d 13w0d 13w1d 13w2d 29.5 25.5 42.7 4.6 39.6 25.8 53.3 14.0 60.3 49.7 4.7 5.3 21.0 43.3 16.6 7.7 4.7 5.7 4.7 6.1 50.2 38.5 62.7 4.1 66.1 69.8 7.3 20.7 4.9 49.7 4.7 57.1 22.0 46.5 11.6 68.8 mm GA (w d) Mean CRL (mm) 1SD 5%tile 5w5d 5w6d 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 1.7 4.7 22.5 65.4 30.8 36.7 4.7 1.7 3.7 2.6 12.7 4.7 No.8 11.4 15.0 52.7 54.5 .5 65.5 12.6 16.6 34.8 51.0 9.8 41. 1991.7 4.1 66.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.5 26.7 4.1 42.7 4.4 33.1 55.5 14.7 6.7 4.7 4.2 54.1 3.0 19.7 4.0 21.1 57.7 49.7 32. Der Frauenarzt 32: 425-430.7 4.4 46.5 39.7 71.5 54.7 4.5 39.0 63.7 4.5 10.7 4.8 8.3 4.7 4.2 13.3 17.7 4.7 4.5 8.7 4.8 27.3 58. 2B771-044EN*D 10-92 21.7 4.3 58.9 10.7 4.7 4.4 44.6 44.3 72.7 17.7 4.9 10.5 30.9 20.2 25.

6 22.9 15.2 10.4 28.5 3.3 10.4 CRL (mm) 1SD -2SD 3.3 24.5 40.8 35.3 18.1 44.0 41.3 46.0 38.1 67.2 29.6 3.4 79. Fleming JEE.1 5.4 1.6 54. Brit J Obstet Gynaecol 1975 82: 702-710 CRL=0.9 7.6 61.9 5.8 32.0 21.14*GA-3.2)/2 ±2SD=Mean±(0.9 50.8 16.0 .6 1.1 65.8 19.9 25.9 GA (days) 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 No.9 67.6 81.5 3.9 4.6 46.6 4.295 1SD=(0.4 1.4 90.9 2.0 39.6 52. 2B771-044EN*D 10-93 Mean 35.1 80.3 53.5 3.8 18.4 54.0 1.3 77.6 58.1 2.5 10.1 64.5 14.9 1.1 23.9 57.2 4.7 4.5 25.4 63.2 62.5 30.0 22.3 3.8 56.9 +2SD 42.4 37.6 11.8 6.9 5.0 7.8 17.0 20.4 4.4 4.2 73.4 12.2 4.7 32.5 8.0 3.3 11.7 5.6 4.1 55.0 76.3 40.3 2.0 14.7 83.7 59.7 34.7 3.1 9.6 4.9 19.9 74.6 51.5 43.6 47.8 18.9 1.1 11.0 45.2 23.9 12.7 3.1 33.9 28.9 36.4 16.0 4.4 27.8 39.0 65.7 3.4 20.3 2.7 34.5 30.5 37.8 60.8 58.9 69.3 75.4 47.5 4.6 15.5 13.2) Input : GA (days) Output : CRL (mm) GA (days) 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 Mean 6.3 65.3 48. "A critical evaluation of sonar crown-rump length measurements".2 13.8 6.9 49.3 47.1 88.2 69.6 14.6 2.6 2.9 71.3 26.2 2.0 4.2 71.2 27.5 34.5 51.0144*GA^2-0.3 3.0 8.4 Input min : 44 (days) Input max : 98 (days) +2SD 9.4 49.1 8.3 82.8 10.7 17.0 54.7 16.7 23.9 2.9 36.0 5.0 64.4 12.3 71.1 22.9 4.3 3.1 CRL (mm) 1SD -2SD 1.7 56.5 28.4 32.2 24.1 43.3 67.3 2.2 2.0 26.4 2.1 3.4 4.9 21.14*GA-3.1 31.7 2.8 9.9 3.6 53.9 38.2 44.7 93.3 11.4 60.7 13.1 14.5 15.2 4.8 30.4 17.9 62.4 2.8 7.9 3.1 41.5 21.1 3.5 4.7 26.4 44.4 19.2 69.2 2.9 5.6444*GA+7.0 78.(f) CRL Robinson Robinson HP.6 31.9 86.

20 1.6 35.15 22.2 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.20 1.0 28. 1983.4 36.20 1.8 35.15 39.1 38.6 42. J Clinical Ultrasound 11: 349-356.3 40.8 33.20 1.15 1.0135*(GA)^2 1SD: 1.0 32.1 37.0 25.20 1.7 43.1 34.6 42.8 29.6 30.15 1.6 23.15 1.7 26.0 28.9 1.0 22.5 41.20 1.7 34.1 28.4 41.15 1.2 33.8 30.4 27.9 37.2 32.4 40.15 (35w0d-42w0d) Input : GA (weeks) Output : F Kidney (mm) Input min : 24 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean F Kidney (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 24.9 29.4 31.2 (24w0d-34w6d) 1.4 27. "Quantitative characterization of the growth of the fetal kidney".2 39.3 24.8 29.8 25.6 30.15 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-94 .(7) F Kidney (a) F Kidney Bertagnoli Bertagnoli L.0 24.8 27. et al.15 1.8 32.1 36.20 1. Gallacio R.3 40.0 46.1 26.1 35.15 1.4 31. Lalatta F.3 32.8 34.9 45. Kidney=16. No.4 37.4 28.6 26.20 1.7 43 44 45 41.8 33.6052+0.4 25.20 1.6 43.4 1.4 39.4 38.0 38.2 28.8 31.20 1.15 1.20 1.2 28.15 1.

5 22.5 27.5 20.4 44 2.7 53 2.0 32.0 24.1 27 2.0 28.4 32 2.7 56 2.4 51 2.7 57 2.8 14 2.8 3 1.1 28 2.4 53 2.5 26.5 30.5 19.1 9 1. Wellek S.(8) FIB (a) FIB Merz Merz E.5 21.5 38.1 19 1.0 38.0 16.5 14.0 30.7 52 2.5 33.7 48 2.0 23.5 18.0 41.0 26.5)/10 GA (weeks) 12.0 33.0 36.8 11 2.1 22 2.7 58 3 58 2.5 16.0 34.4 41 2.5 24.4 38 2.4 42 2.5 35.1 30 2.5 36.7 55 2.5 15.0 14.5 17.1 23 2.0 21.7 59 95%tile 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 57 58 59 60 61 61 62 63 63 64 65 65 66 66 67 67 68 68 68 .4 40 2.5 37.1 29 2.5 29.0 17.7 51 2.4 36 2.4 46 2.5 28.4 43 2.8 21 2.8 5 1. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.0 39.5 23.5 No.7 47 2.0 18.0 29.1 12 1.4 35 2.4 49 2.7 57 2.29*10+0.0 Mean 6 8 9 11 13 14 16 17 18 20 21 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 31 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 FIB (mm) 1SD 5%tile 1.0 37.0 19.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3..5 31.5 25.4 33 2.4 47 2.0 35.5 40.0 31.8 6 1.4 34 2.8 17 1.4 45 2.7 58 2.8 18 2.4 39 95%tile 9 11 12 14 16 17 19 20 22 23 24 26 27 29 30 31 32 34 35 36 37 38 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 GA (weeks) 27.8 8 2.0 22.4 50 2.0 20.1 25 2.1 24 2.7 59 2.1 15 1.5 13.5 39.7 54 2.0 40.0 15.0 13.0 25.5 34.1 38 2.5 32. 2B771-044EN*D 10-95 Mean 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 52 53 54 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 60 60 61 61 62 62 63 63 63 64 FIB (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.1 31 2.7 54 2.5 41.7 56 2.

0 63.0 70.0 42.00 1.00 2.0 58.0 55.5 8.5 18.00 3.0 49.5 52.5 64.0 73.0 37.0 29.0 40.0 69.0 53.50 2.0 28.0 32.5 26.50 3.0 72.00 2.0 60.0 50.50 2.0 20.0 43.0 22. 2B771-044EN*D 10-96 .00 3.0 44.0 78.0 48.0 82.5 69.00 2.0 75.00 3.0 33.50 2.0 41.0 65.75 3.0 64.0 67.0 67.25 1.5 81.0 34.75 3.25 1.0 45.0 45.0 62.0 75.0 76.50 10.5 56.00 2.50 2.0 61.0 72.0 12.00 2.0 38.0 53.0 49.00 2.0 30.0 58.0 15.75 2.0 54.0 25.0 23.0 48.50 2.5 68.0 77.00 2.00 2.0 17.0 55.0 No.0 69.0 28.0 25.0 7.00 2.50 2.0 6.5 13.0 50.0 10.00 2.0 1.0 62.75 3.5 18.0 43.0 49.0 67.0 13.0 11.0 61.50 2.0 21.0 32.0 38.0 72.5 12.0 35.0 80.0 73.0 59.0 77.0 66.0 54.0 26.00 2.50 1.(9) FL (a) FL ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA (weeks) 11w0d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d Mean FL (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 8.

0605+0.9 66.2 2.5 2.9 71.8 7.1 72.3 2.7 46.1 71.6 68.3 26.6 13.2 20.6 2.7 63.058328*GA 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.1 80.7 38.1 2.9 45.3 3.6 41.4 38.5 54.0 17.0 64.4 52.2 2.8 35.1 34.6 26.4 31.6 1.9 22.8 10.9 41.4 3.0004791*GA^3 1SD=1.2 69.6 3.3 23. February 2007 FL=-32.7 70.1 59.6 2.6 52.5 77.7 57.4 23.4 58.3 83.2 59.2 3.0 83.5 61.7 10.5 48.0 14.9 68.2 61.3 50.5 71.4 65.4162*GA-0.3 42.0 57.2 54.0 68.9 11.9 66.0 69. No.5 4.1 64.5 63.5 2.8 1.4 2.9 17. 2B771-044EN*D 10-97 .8 2.2 63.9 2.5 44.2 20.6 74.9 2.8 1.3 2.5 3.6 40.4 52.3 81.4 73.1 3.9 1.3 29.0 50.9 14.3 47.9 3.6 28.4 43.(b) FL BMUS BMUS: Charts recommended for clinical obstetric practice.9 61.7 55.9 37.7 73.0 48.7 29.5 56.3 43 44 45 76.7 71.7 2.0 68.1 59.6 3.9 79.2 3.0 76.6 75.2 32.3 3.1 17.0 49.0 3.1 2.9 69.0 2.6 82.1 77.7 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.7 32.8 2.4 77.0 3.8 25.4 75.425+3.8 36.0 19.6 3.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : FL (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean FL (mm) 1SD 5%tile 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 7.7 66.1 33.

3 3.8 1.3 61.0 27.2 58.9 84.0 50. pp.1 3.7 71.1 64.1 2.1 67.6 50.6 2.2 63.3 2.0 5.8 55.9 66.8 43.4 22.8 25.3 76.9 64.9 37.4 74.1 48.9 80.1 72.1 11.8 47.425+3.0 34.8 42.2 2.5 8.7 69.2 2.5 2.4 17.7 10.2 65.2 69.3 53.8 53.6 13.6 66.1 17.8 77.2 35.8 2.7 68.7 2.3 36.0 57.4 46.6 2.3 70.8 24.3 40. 919-929 FL=-32.4 77.6 11. 109.9 2.9 3.6 1.7 55.9 81.4 3.5 4.9 2.7 23.1 27.0605+0.4 83.8 62.3 2.5 55.7 47. 2B771-044EN*D 10-98 .2 61.1 2.3 23.1 69. No.0 3.6 3.7 17.9 37.8 1.3 25.8 38.6 20.8 55.3 63.4 59.2 20.3 39.058328*GA 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.6 40.0 62.8 40. Vol.0 32.6 64.2 32.6 33.0004791*GA^3 1SD=1.3 73.7 57.7 62.8 75.0 2.2 60.6 37.6 74.5 60.8 51.6 43.2 30.2 42.2 52.1 14.1 83.0 44.2 3.7 51.0 34.5 57.8 60.7 22.5 3.0 13.9 68.4 7.4 72.7 77.2 3.9 79.0 80.9 14.5 19.3 29.7 70.4 29.3 42.6 72.1 59.1 82.1 62.6 66.5 48.3 16.7 70.3 3.6 75.1 75.6 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.2 43 44 45 76.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.6 26.0 3.8 70.2 71.9 81.3 51.3 57.9 1.4 73.4 2.4162*GA-0.2 33.7 71.9 66.5 10.1 45.(c) FL Chitty Chitty Charts of fetal size: limb bones BJOG: am International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology August 2002.5 19.9 30.7 64.9 45.5 2.2 68.3 44.2 70.4 64.1 10.1 34.8 72.1 77.9 68.9 66.6 3.8 2.9 29.2 39.4 52.5 59.6 49.6 3.6 72.4 53.7 82.6 16.1 69.7 79.3 26.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : FL (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) FL (mm) 3%tile 10%tile GA (weeks) Mean 1SD 90%tile 97%tile 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 7.3 78.8 56.2 32.6 68.4 47.7 14.7 20.0 49.

8 40.3 14.0 3.0 17. 2B771-044EN*D 10-99 .0 3.1 43.7 35.8 72.91+0.7 35.1 58.7 70.6 62.1 52.7 20.0 3.0 90.1 69.0 3.6 32.1984.3 87.3 20.8 62.6 38.7 77.5 29.0 3.8 62.6 89. Harrist RB.0 3.4 47.1 49.0 3.0 3.4 59.0 3.6 78.0 3.0 78.0 3.5 23.2 4.1 37.0 3.0 3.0 3.8 38.7 71.7 29.8 46. FL=-3.7 64.2 3.0 3.8 80.8 32.0 3.3 41 42 43 44 45 78.0 3.0 84.3 75.6 77. Park SK: "Estimating fetal age: Computerassisted analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters" Radiology 152: 497-502.4 41.0 3.0 23.7 70.7 26.4 60.2 16.0 3.0 3.0 3.427*GA-0.9 45.4 48.4 54.4 66.(d) FL Hadlock Hadlock FP.7 23.8 68.8 26.8 66.7 83.9 51.8 74.0 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.3 26.7 20.1 81.8 56.0 1.0 11.6 72.6 44.4 47.6 68.0 3.3 74.5 17.4 35.7 41. No.7 64.0 3. Deter RL.0 72.8 50.0 3.7 58.7 32.6 66.1 64.6 83.3 13.7 8.2 10.7 29.1 75.3 81.0 3.3 68.0034*GA^2 1SD=0.7 76.4 54.9 57.0 3.8 52.0 3.8 60.7 14.3 cm Input : GA (weeks) Output : FL (cm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean FL (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 7.0 3.0 3.8 86.3 80.4 53.8 74.6 56.2 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.4 42.2 84.

.7406 2.7406 2.9 49.1 72.4 44.8 54.9 34..9 42.4 77.0 51.7406 2.3 69.9 80.0 20.4 58.7406 2.7406 2.0 33.2 79.0 63.2 41.7406 3.7 61.5 39.8 2. 136-141 FL=-25.7406 2.7406 2.3 41.6 12.6 51. Volume 1.7406 2.027566*GA^2-7.7 41 42 43 44 45 75..4 58.9 68.7406 2.7 62.3 78.0 56.6 37.1 18.7406 2.7 26.7406 2.5 25.7 46.8 73..2 58.252+2.7406 2.7406 2.3 69. Struyven J.6 60.3 67.0 13. Cantraine F.7406 2.0 77.7406 2.7406 2.3 15.7406 2.9 16.6 38.555*GA+0.4 51..3 49.2 31.8 19.4 24.7 15.66*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : FL (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45weeks) FL (mm) 1SD 5%tile GA (weeks) Mean 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 8.3 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu. Tack B.7406 70.7 22. January 1984.9 82.8 36.4 28.3286*GA^3*10^-4 1SD=2.7406 2.(e) FL Jeanty Jeanty P.7406 2.74060 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.7406 2.7 83.7406 2.3 66.7406 2.1 11.5 54.2 71. Cousaert E.1 78.9 32.7 66.7406 2.0 43.C.4 12.7406 2.3 69.9 81.3 39.2 27.5 9.4 78.1 56.8 44. 2B771-044EN*D 10-100 .2 31.6 74.8 74.9 54.5 21.7 65.4 46.4 49.7406 2.7406 2.6 18.1 62. Hobbins J.1 29.7406 2.7406 2.8 74.0 63.7406 2.8 35.4 76.8 72.7406 2. Number 2.2 56.8 23. No.5 29.2 65.2 2.7 64. "A longitudinal Study of fetal limb growth" American Journal of Perinatology.4 72.9 71.7406 2.6 6.3 76.8 71.5 68.9 47.7406 2.2 60.

8 55.6 42.6 61.10+4.5 45.5 60.3 49.4 73.8 56.7 33.9 2.7 74.1 56.7 32.9 60.6 61.9 56.6 62.5 77.8 39.0 62.8 2.6 64.3 55.4 66.3 79.0 64.7 63.6 71. 30 No.6 46.85*10^-4*GA^2-2.8 2.4 63. No.4 68.1 79.6 71.5 65.4 76.6 51.3 68.2 23.4 3.7 25.3 3.6 69.7 31.1 39.6 3.0 53.1 64. 3 (2003) J415-J440 FL=-16.9 78.2 67.9 35.7 21.7 25.5 77.9 65.8 57.9 34.5 35.7 29.3 31.4 65.4 66.1 75.1 43.5 58.8 30.4 28.6 51.5 41.51*10^-1*GA+9.8 54.1 41.4 66.1 59.5SD 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 20.1 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.1 34.2 18.1 66.3 43.6 3.1 53.9 2.3 42.0 3.1 51.3 27.2 54.5 14.7 53.3 60.8 27.0 62.1 22.3 3.3 29.1 48.6 57.8 76.0 67.0 3.82*10^-3*GA Input : GA (days) Output : FL (mm) Input min : 112 (days) Input max : 294 (days) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD FL (mm) -2SD -1.9 69.2 28.1 3.0 47.9 3.1 49.6 64.6 47.1 26.2 3.1 33.4 53.4 2.6 49.5 58.4 3.9 40.8 22.3 58.4+2.4 64.5 37.7 47.5 36.5 78.7 42.4 77.8 59.2 3.0 72. 2B771-044EN*D 10-101 .5 64.9 3.0 47.5 51.7 2.1 67.9 17.7 26.3 43 44 45 72.4 32.1 72.1 49.0 30.8 75.0 3.4 19.6 2.5 72.2 72.5 51.1 3.2 44.7 67.3 63.6 70.7 62.3 24.0 54.8*10*^-6*GA^3 1SD=2.5SD +2SD 16.8 2.3 40.1 3.6 66.6 61.0 69.9 38.4 37.8 45.7 45.6 71.7 2.0 59.6 +1.7 2.1 24.3 35.7 80.7 74.9 38.5 3.(f) FL JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.2 3.3 3.4 3.

5 14.0 25..5 13.0 20.0 3.5 29.1 2.4 2.7 2.0 40.0 3.0 3.0 35.5 36.0 51 2.0 3.0 28.7 2.0 38.5 39.0 34.0 29.1 2.5 41.0 19.0 3.0 3.5 38.5 19.7 2.5 31.5 15.5 40.0 32.0 14.0 3.0 3.4 2.0 33.5 52 53 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 70 71 72 73 74 74 75 76 76 77 77 47 55 No.8 1.1 2.4 2.(g) FL Merz Merz E.0 16.0 21.29*10+0.4 27.1 2.0 22.5 30.4 2.0 15. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.5 35.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.1 2.0 26.5)/10 FL (mm) 1SD 5%tile GA (weeks) Mean 12.8 2.0 31.0 36.5 32.4 2. Wellek S.0 3.0 39.5 16.5 25.7 2.8 1.1 2.0 17.0 3.5 22.0 3.5 20.3 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 66 67 68 69 69 70 71 71 72 72 95%tile 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 74 75 76 77 78 79 79 80 81 81 82 83 .1 2.0 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.1 1.5 33.1 2.0 2. 2B771-044EN*D 10-102 FL (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.5 21.5 17.1 2.5 26.0 18.7 2.5 28.4 2.0 3.0 24.5 23.7 3.4 2.5 9 11 13 15 16 18 20 21 23 24 26 27 29 30 32 33 35 36 37 39 40 41 43 44 45 46 48 49 50 1.4 2.4 2.4 95%tile GA (weeks) Mean 6 8 10 11 13 15 16 18 19 21 22 24 25 27 28 29 31 32 33 35 36 37 39 40 41 42 43 45 46 12 14 16 18 20 21 23 25 26 28 29 31 32 34 35 37 38 40 41 42 44 45 46 48 49 50 52 53 54 27.7 2.0 3.0 3.5 18.0 37.5 37.7 2.7 3.1 2.5 24.0 3.0 13.5 34.0 30.1 2.0 3.1 2.7 2.0 23.0 41.

4 4. pp.5 76.2 66.2 2.5 5.6 55. 69-75 FL=(-3..1 66..2 36.3 64.5 46.0 18.2 4.5 5. R.5 22.9 4.1 3.(h) FL Warda Warda.6 42.9 39.9 53. "Fetal Femur Length: A Critical Re-evaluation of Relationship to Menstrual Age" Obstetrics & Gynecology.7 22.0034513*GA^2)*10 1SD=0.4 59.14*(Mean) Input : GA (weeks) Output : FL (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean FL (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 6.L.7 47.5 41 42 43 44 45 75.3 80.0 36.6 4.1 72. 2B771-044EN*D 10-103 .6 89.6 64.0 61.1 51. A.2 68.0 5.1 49.6 5.7 4.1 45.2 86.1 44.7 0.8 71.0 56.2 32. R.2 58.9 1.4 19.3 62.H.1 5.5 42. F.5 3.0 24.07*(Mean) ±2SD=Mean±0.6 74..1 16.5 35.8 2.8 39.7 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.2 56.5 68. Vol.4 34.J.1 4.5 71.0 29.9 13.9 3.5 48. Hadlock.4 5.8 69.6 1.3 50.1 62.P.K.6 9.7 7.42062*GA-0.0 67.1 48.6 25.1 79.5 4.9 53.9 66.5 31.6 64.7 56.2 69. No. Carpenter.8 54..3 5.4 40.0 42.2 75. I.7 34.7 61.8 2.4 31.5 63.9 5.0 2.6 44.1 1.4 22. No.4 2.1 0.5 27. 1.5 11. 66.6 28.9 78.3 14.8 84.3 77.8 58.8 29.3 60.3 15.5 51.8929+0.1 87.0 82..0 73.5 0.2 5.2 16. Rossavik.6 3.3 3. Deter.2 38.3 59.7 8.2 81.4 1. July 1985.0 50.8 19.4 91.8 3.6 2.5 11.1 67.3 79.1 90.3 25.

(10) Foot (a) Foot Mercer Mercer.0 61.0 4.0 2.0 67.0 53.5 0.0 27.0 74.0 40.0 4.0 52. Sklar.0 32.0 78.0 82.0 89.0 55.0 61.0 33.0 1.0 1.0 59.0 2.0 No.0 37.0 55.0 49.0 3.0 2.0 90.0 63.0 35.5 3.0 10.0 58.5 3.0 1.0 11.0 36.0 18.0 76.0 33.0 42.0 53.0 64.5 4.0 47.0 77.0 47.5 3.0 27.0 69.0 30.0 7.0 58.5)/10 GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Mean Foot (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 8.0 20.0 66.0 69.0 27.0 4.0 60.0 84.0 87.0 37.0 52. et al: "Fetal foot length as a predictor of gestational age" Am J Obstet Gynecol 156: 350-355.0 71.0 47.0 72.0 17.0 62.0 13.0 68.5 2.0 65.0 55.0 15.0 50.0 0.5 4.0 12.0 29.5 9.0 3.0 40.0 60.5 2.0 16.0 74. 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/4*10+0.0 21.0 42.0 39.5 2.5 2.0 79.0 3.0 69. 2B771-044EN*D 10-104 .5 1.0 43.5 1.5 3.0 72.0 24.0 24.0 67. 1987.0 23.0 45.0 71.0 80.0 30.0 21.5 1.5 4.0 81.0 45.0 19.0 50.0 4.

543 Input : GA (weeks) Output : GS (cm) GA (weeks) GS (mm) Mean 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 9.8 Input min : 5 (weeks) Input max : 12 (weeks) No. Kobayashi M.7 37. Fillisti L.7 16.702*GA-2.7 23. 2B771-044EN*D 10-105 .8 51.8 58. Lavenhar M: "Growth and development of the human fetus prior to the twentieth week of gestation" Am J Obset Gynecol 103: 789-800. LM.8 44. 1969 GS=0.(11) GS (a) GS Hellman Hellman.7 30.

8 6.4 21.4 33.9 58.1 57.9 6.6 15.4 45.6 6.4 35.7 53.4 23.4 31.1 6.1 49 50 50.3 6.4 39.4 24.4 20.6 18.4 27.0 12.9 6.0 42.7 6.7 46.6 34.4 44.4 43.3 6.9 69.1 59.3 17.1 44.4 29 6.4 46.4 14.4 – 6.3 61.4 52.4 6.1 55.4 47.4 49.4 17.5 35.4 32.2 57.4 29.5 30.3 6.1 95%tile 11.1 46.8 .8 6.4 40.1 26.4 57.4 13.1 6.1 6.(b) GS Rempen Rempen A: Biometrie in der fruehgravitaet (l.0 41.1 43. trimenon).1 45.1 6.5 6.3 68.1 6.5 60.4 22.6 47.0 6.7 59.4 – 6.6 GS (mm) 1SD 5%tile 6.8 95%tile 47.8 6.9 51.2 33. Der Frauenarzt 32: 425-430.2 43.4 48.6 6.6 6.4 5.7 23.7 6.1 52.4 36.0 6.2 6.7 10.8 56.4 59.4 9.4 – 6.6 63.9 53.1 6.4 30.8 29.4 – 6.7 60.4 6.8 38.4 – 6.2 6.3 28.9 25.9 6.4 – 6.4 27.6 54.1 6.6 28.4 40.6 6.9 6.5 1.2 70.6 37.8 6.4 45.3 13.4 29.4 34.6 66.9 24.4 16.4 4.4 34.6 38.4 2.8 50.3 19.6 6.4 6.9 6.2 4.1 57.4 22.4 36.1 61.4 19.8 65.9 67.4 0.4 6.3 GS (mm) 1SD 5%tile 6.5 6.3 66.2 21.6 68.1 26.5 5.4 25.1 18.9 62.7 15.4 41.8 52.5 40.4 47.4 – 6.4 14.9 6.4 12.4 48.9 20.4 42.6 21.4 – 6.1 32.2 27.4 56.6 35.9 6.4 1.3 42.9 40.9 6. 1SD=10.4 6.5 31.4 6.7 22.7 37.6 70.1 6.4 11.4 15.1 6.6 6.9 31.5 6.1 6.1 64.5/1.7 6.4 7.5 55.6 6.4 38.6 36.6 51.8 7.7 6.2 6.9 45.4 41.1 6.4 49.1 GA (w d) 9w0d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w2d 12w3d 12w4d 12w5d 12w6d 13w0d 13w1d 13w2d No.2 49 49.8 3. 2B771-044EN*D 10-106 Mean 36.2 13.4 8.8 58.4 20.1 48. 1991.6 33.4 43.645 5%-95%tile=Mean±10.0 25.4 64.4 10.4 28 6.6 32.5 39.5 mm GA (w d) 4w4d 4w5d 4w6d 5w0d 5w1d 5w2d 5w3d 5w4d 5w5d 5w6d 6w0d 6w1d 6w2d 6w3d 6w4d 6w5d 6w6d 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d Mean 0.3 55.6 54.4 26.1 8.0 16.4 37.9 12.9 17.1 44 44.

0 11.8 37.2 41.8 62.5SD 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 10.0 5.6 13.2 34.9 6.7 No.5 23.2 75.1 2.1 62.1 13.6 44.4 28.6 7.4 102.7 7.6 4.(c) GS Tokyo Takashi Okai Special Edition: Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Perinatal Stages How to calculate gestational ages Perinatal Medicine Vol.9 29.5SD 13. 2B771-044EN*D 10-107 +1. 1 1982-1 Age (weeks) Mean GS (mm) 1SD -1.0 4.4 35.1 27.7 14.1 19.1 15.0 22. 12 No.3 11.4 85.1 42.5 67.7 20.8 55.2 26.5 .

2 9.8 68.1 76.4 79.7 92.2 9.3 42.9 71.5 4.4 11.6 42.0 4.3 7.6 6.4 12.2 81.0 97.9 16.4 42.0 5.0 23.1 83.8 4.5 15.4 45. pp.1 53.0 3.4 35.2 56.7 34.6 2.1 7.1 90%tile 97%tile 4.5 20.3 0.8 34. "Charts of Fetal Size: 2. D.3 72.1 9.6 69.8 96.1 32.0 106.2 75.8 46. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gy-naecology.6 38.6 63.5 8.8 7.1 12.9 62.0 68.4 40. 2B771-044EN*D 10-108 2.2 106.1 13.5 3.8 4.9 94.8 41.6 74.6 88.9 7.8 94.8 63.4 30.1 69.3 1.3 2.2 104.1 82.0 72.0 57.0 24. Altman.1 54.1 18.6 6.1 2.8 65.8 87.3 79.8 29.5 83.(12) HA (a) HA Chitty Chitty.7 22.1 76.7 52.6 14.8 20.8 17.5 44.3 66.4 78.2 94.3 55.1 55.2 72.3 11.9 39.3 30.6 17.8 51. Jan.0 14.3 37..7 98.G.4 80.4 26.2 46.7 25.7 85.8 19. 1994.9 10.9 6.5)/10 GA (weeks) Mean 1SD 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 3.4 3.7 102. 35-43 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.4 90.76*10+0.9 76.9 30.3 59.0 5.S.9 61. 101.0 7.9 21.4 62.8 110.7 28.1 85.2 7.7 5.3 49.7 0.5 108.1 104. L.0 99.1 50.1 27.1 1.7 .7 11.9 34.9 2.7 71.9 14.4 HA (cm2) 3%tile 10%tile 2.4 6..0 66.1 77.9 1.3 90.9 27.8 53.2 24.3 4.2 5.9 59.5 5.8 83.8 87.3 7.6 38.1 6.5 1. vol.7 80.8 49.6 59.3 3.7 46.1 48.6 23.0 75.8 66.7 5.5 87.0 21. Head Measurements".2 80.7 1.2 5.5 32.3 36.0 No.6 5.2 84.6 82.8 3.7 5.5 57.1 101.4 91.1 16.

0 151.0 250.0 311.0 150.0 303.0 230.0 325.5 7.0 274.0 263.0 190.0 294.0 156.0 10.0 81.0 176.0 196.0 243.0 259.0 319.0 10.0 141.0 69.0 263.(13) HC (a) HC ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA (weeks) 11w0d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d Mean HC (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 59.0 238.0 346.0 342.0 85.0 315.0 156.0 171.0 200.0 369.0 128.0 218.0 160.0 220.5 7.0 328.5 12.5 12.5 7.5 12.0 269.0 251.0 10.0 7.5 12.0 336.0 288.0 244.0 55.0 108.5 12.0 93.0 126.0 10.0 44.5 12.5 12.0 231.5 12.0 292.0 321.0 210.5 10.0 335.0 180.5 74.0 249.0 10.5 12.0 111.0 131.0 143.0 170.0 330.0 12.0 208.0 283.5 12.0 313.5 7.0 10.0 113.0 123.0 340.0 317.0 353.0 140.0 344.0 84.0 10.0 275.0 284.0 299.0 190.0 258.0 10.0 305.0 280.0 240.0 10.0 365.0 300. 2B771-044EN*D 10-109 .0 96.0 310.0 188.0 No.0 296.0 168.5 12.0 230.5 12.0 361.0 10.0 99.0 309.5 7.0 285.0 70.5 12.0 211.0 270.

1 325.7 57.0 9.1 136.6 262.8 12.2329*GA 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.2 7.6 307.5 123.5 194.7 270.4 309.6 79.002388*GA^3 1SD=3.9 354.0 10.9 356.3 162.8 248.7 292.1 297.4 10.1 8.2 378.3 12.3 149.0 226.5 324.2 298.7 6.5 252.2 160.4 298.2 254.9 7.9 13.5 110.8 331.9 148.7+15.0 213.7 84.3 365.1 327.16*GA-0.3 350.2 377.9 350.4 372.4 315.4 318.6 330.3 338.9 343.7 304.3 353.5 13.9 323.0 109.9 221.4 186.4 329.1 183.2 375.5 322.1 82.7 10.7 205.8 121.2 236.0 258.8 9.1 6.3 225.6 8.1 93.5 201.9 8.0 13.6 175.2 13.6 149.4 7.1 96.8 311.9 318.3 172.1 232.5 285.6 369.4 344.4 279.4 330.2 304.6 43 44 45 352.5 9.3 335.4 209.913+0.8 135.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : HC (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean HC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 68.6 331. 2B771-044EN*D 10-110 .1 70.6 123.4 11.6 107.2 162.4 271.6 11. No.7 188.7 280.3 9.5 198.2 262.8 245.3 8.(b) HC BMUS (drvd) BMUS: Charts recommended for clinical obstetric practice.1 12.5 12.2 10.8 278. February 2007 HC=-109.5 289.6 7.6 289.1 11.9 11.6 314.3 339.9 269.0 242.2 14.1 235.3 361.9 347.2 97.5 216.0 174.6 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 135.7 10.9 14.8 13.

.0 318.0 146.0 323.6 295.1 268.0 322.4 59.8 364.6 289.(c) HC Chitty (drvd) Chitty.7 303.9 354.3 149..3 368.5 123.5 370.6 76.4 192.0 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.9 282.3 351.1 327.1 372.4 7.6 137.5 335.0 324.4 10.5 198.G. L.7 55.9 151.6 327.913+0.8 334.8 301.0 242.8 311.8 359. vol. No.5 13.4 271.4 326.0 10.3 326.3 213.2 109.3 335.3 244.5 203.1 82.4 311.7 311.7 280.7 274.5 319.9 347.6 260.3 8.8 283.7 10.1 82.8 353.0 258.9 330.S.1 341.5 252. 2B771-044EN*D 10-111 .0 291.7 233.1 308.7 91.16*GA-0. "Charts of Fetal Size: 2.6 375.4 197.0 105.5 229. Altman.9 7.3 170.5 73.3 12.9 8.9 296. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gy-naecology.0 334.8 12.5 380.2 113.8 9.0 181.8 282.1 6.3 186.0 373.2 7.3 126.2329*GA 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.2 119.7 372.7 10.4 186.3 158. 101.0 332.1 209.5 9.1 232.9 318.0 174.6 123.7 275.4 294.8 198.2 271.1 136.6 172.2 304.1 96. pp.9 14.6 8.2 13.7 108.0 109.0 219.3 350.8 336.4 346.8 301.002388*GA^3 1SD=3.6 190.5 203.2 138.4 315.6 334.3 9.7 239.9 11.1 12. 35-43 HC=-109.7 95.2 86.0 340. Jan.3 163.1 8.1 215.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1. D.7 6.5 134.5 69.6 289.5 382.0 9. 1994.1 297.2 10.4 159.2 275.8 233.5 177.5 306.3 353.9 343.7 285.3 339.3 327.9 221.6 11.6 7.5 12.2 265.0 266.0 221.2 14.4 255.3 162.1 11.6 185.4 151.3 364.7 251.5 95.3 378.4 11. Head Measurements".8 43 44 45 352.3 261.6 249.4 239.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : HC (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD HC (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 90%tile 97%tile 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 68.8 210.8 13.7 319.5 326.4 209.0 289.9 13.9 314.7 121.8 100.5 360.2 347.4 242.2 319.5 324.4 175.0 13.6 330.0 250.1 310.9 146.5 367.7 223.6 262.7 356.1 164.6 80.1 132.6 303.4 227.7+15.

2 9.2 307.6 229.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.8 381.6 13.1 264.1 356.9 7.9 189.3 224.3 314.0 386.3 151.3 328.5 11.8 279.6 293.3 178. Head Measurements".2 106.8 298.0 336.1 10.1 307.3 8.5 253.1 110. 35-43 HC=-109.0 201.3 335. Jan.0 166.5 313.2 301.8 149. "Charts of Fetal Size: 2.3 10.5 284.7 329.5 154.3 75.3 115.8 152.7 272.3 361.8 224.3 364.0 379. Altman.1 279.0 212.5 309.4 223.2 184.7 98.5 96.6 331.2 268.7 12.2311*GA 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.5 83.5 252.7 9.0 138.9 373.0 275. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gy-naecology.3 176.7 92.1 373.4 9.(d) HC Chitty (pltd) Chitty.S.9 10.0 369.6 166.0 295.4 12.644+0.5 361.3 236.2 201.2 330..4 384.4 338.3 294.4 212.3 387.3 258.4 340. 101.1 88. L.1 136.6 97.0 294.6 124.G.3 321.0 12. No.4 120.7 237.7 377.9+15.0 333.0 9.0 11.1 358.3 7.6 325.4 148.4 205.2 43 44 45 358.6 322.3 339.5 164.9 351.2 316.1 266.9 301.6 111.0 334.8 8.1 217.6 7.0 61.6 366.0 304. 2B771-044EN*D 10-112 .1 84.8 308.2 212.2 81.5 200. 1994.3 11.5 317.9 13.4 174.002378*GA^3 1SD=3.0 274.8 138.6 343.1 341.8 11.0 356.1 312.2 12.4 352.5 353.2 161.0 247.1 111.7 12.3 344.4 6.1 262.4 192.7 285.2 235.5 323.1 233.9 378.2 124. vol.1 345.1 342.6 345.5 8.6 128.7 141.3 349.5 375.5 134.7 9.8 301.6 187.4 125.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : HC (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD HC (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 90%tile 97%tile 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 69.2 338.1 315.0 77.6 335.0 161.5 243..1 7.3 319.5 360.8 196.29*GA-0.0 256.1 333.9 280.3 271.4 57.8 256.1 179.4 71.9 264.5 247.0 206.7 288.7 241.0 288.3 329.3 190.8 324. D.3 173.8 14.4 287.9 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.8 102.5 227.0 8.4 331.0 369.6 10.1 6.6 6.1 13.2 245.6 323.9 217.5 13. pp.

24 14 9.61 29 27.06 1.46 37.68 19. HC=-11.55 35 32.00 28.13 23 21.00 14.20 1.00 30.62 1.00 22.00 15.50 1.00 16.00 6.30 1.24 10.82 35.33 1.0002548*GA^3 1SD=1 cm Input : GA (weeks) Output : HC (cm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) HC (cm) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD -2SD +2SD 12 6.61 36.56*GA-0.44 25 23.41 1.00 31.34 37.60 27 25.44 1.92 22 20.92 42 35.62 28 26.29 1.79 15.00 13.84 1.92 1.00 29.00 21. Harrist RB.44 1.00 32.44 30.55 1.29 31.50 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.60 1.34 1.55 29.00 32.20 34.41 20 17.00 19.00 20.06 13.11 17.44 1.13 1.66 11.60 26.54 26 24.82 1.55 33.48+1.62 27.00 30.09 1.68 1.44 17 13.55 30 28.80 13 8. 2B771-044EN*D 10-113 .92 20.30 24 22.41 18.16 37.00 33.00 10.09 32.54 25.54 1.(e) HC Hadlock Hadlock FP.00 33.00 28.00 11.00 4.79 18 15.16 1.61 1.25 40 34.29 32 30.00 24.09 33 30. No.66 1.33 35.92 1.92 36.61 28.00 32.1984.00 33.00 31.82 39 34.50 37.46 1.44 14.00 33.79 1.11 1.61 1.06 16 12.13 22.44 31 29.00 27.00 18.00 9.84 34 31.46 45 35.61 41 34.25 1.44 24.16 43 35.20 36 32.66 15 11.00 7.79 34.30 23.33 38 33.79 1.84 32.68 21 18.24 1.55 1.25 36.11 19 16.79 37 33.00 26.34 44 35.80 1.00 23.80 8.00 25. Deter RL. Park SK: "Estimating fetal age: Computerassisted analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters" Radiology 152: 497-502.

2 209.9 374.2 150.3 87.6694 138.3 Input min : 10 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) HC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 14.2 14.2 14. Number.147690*GA^2-0.0040496*GA^3 1SD=14.9 14.6694 196. 2B771-044EN*D 10-114 .6 14.8 138.3 350.6694 50.6 220.6 75.7 14.9 14.1 162.3 370.6 113.7 14.625+10.6694 315.6694 237.0 271.2 14.1 255.3 86..6 233.7 174.6694 150.1 297.7 14.2 14. Cantraine F.2 125. Hobbins J.4 14.6 374.0 318.885*GA+0.1 339.6694 300. Volume1.66*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : HC (mm) GA (weeks) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 49.9 100.5 350.9 14.9 14.5 289. Bracken M.6 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.7 14.9 14. pages 118-128 HC=-69.6694 310.6694 207.2 262.4 14. "A longitudinal Study of fetal head biometry" American Journal of Perinatology.1 199.5 14.6 198.6694 173.4 321.6694 101.6 174.2 14.7 330.6694 185.6694 325.0 14.5 359.4 295.1 354.5 280. Cousaert E.6694 76.1 210.6 14.9 14.7 14.6694 162..6694 323.2 14.2 336.6694 247.8 186.2 14.1 14.3 342.6694 294.9 345.4 373.9 95%tile 74.3 125.4 14.9 14.5 242.6694 217.0 349.6694 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.6694 272.6694 318.6694 88.6694 126.6 329.9 245.8 304.4 14.6694 256.6694 25.6 150.9 313.6694 264..6694 113.9 222.3 14.6694 305.7 231.2 335.7 367.9 312.2 14.9 266.5 162.6694 227.4 14.0 349.9 62.4 363.6694 287.5 14.(f) HC Jeanty Jeanty P.8 348.6694 321.6694 325. January 1984. No.2 372.0 137.9 99.6 112.9 187..6694 38.6694 280.4 343.6 286.6694 325.2 304. Tack B.0 252.8 14.6694 63.C.6 324.7 14.6 14..4 276.

4 9.7 10.7 9.3 7.4 9.5 19 19.5 8.5 15 15.5 25 25.5 8.9 7.2 8.5 21 21.5 34 34.9 8.5 40 40.5 41 41.5 35 35.5 13 13.5 22 22.6 7.5 29 29. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.1 95%tile GA (weeks) Mean 80 84 89 94 100 105 111 117 123 130 136 142 148 155 161 167 173 180 186 192 198 204 210 216 221 227 232 238 243 104 108 113 119 124 130 137 143 149 156 162 168 175 181 188 194 201 207 214 220 226 232 238 244 250 256 262 267 273 27.5 92 96 101 106 112 118 124 130 136 143 149 155 162 168 174 181 187 193 200 206 212 218 224 230 236 241 247 253 258 7.3 10.1 27 263 9.2 8.5 32 32. 2B771-044EN*D 10-115 HC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 9.5 38 38.6 10.5 8.5)/10 HC (mm) 1SD 5%tile GA (weeks) Mean 12.5 8.4 9.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 18 18.0 10.5 14 14.5 31 31.2 253 258 263 268 272 277 281 285 289 293 297 300 303 307 310 313 315 318 320 322 324 326 327 329 330 331 332 332 332 95%tile 284 289 294 299 303 308 313 317 321 325 329 333 336 340 343 346 349 352 354 356 359 361 362 364 365 366 367 368 369 .6 10.6 10.7 9.2 7.5 24 24.4 9.5 17 17.0 10.9 7.7 9.4 9.3 10.1 8.9 11.3 7.0 10.5 36 36.(g) HC Merz Merz E.5 28 28.5 8.2 8.5 8.5 37 37.5 20 20.8 8.3 7. Wellek S.0 10.6 7.6 10.9 7.8 9.5 30 30.4 9.3 7.3 10..9 7.29*10+0.7 9.5 16 16.9 8.6 10.6 10.5 268 273 278 283 288 292 297 301 305 309 313 316 320 323 326 329 332 335 337 339 341 343 345 346 348 349 349 350 350 248 278 No.5 39 39.5 8.6 10.3 10.5 26 26.0 10.5 23 23.5 33 33.9 7.8 9.

0 32.0 59.0 21.0 46.0 49.0 48.50 2.0 57.5 66.75 3.0 51.00 11.00 2.0 14.00 2.0 29.50 3.0 40.0 51.0 38.0 50.5 24.0 40.00 2.0 66.0 48.(14) HL (a) HL ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA (weeks) 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Mean HL (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 8.0 70.5 54.0 54.50 2.75 2.0 7.0 11.0 74.5 72.0 56.0 42.50 2.0 26.00 2.0 41.0 63.00 3.0 18.0 26.0 47.0 55.0 47.0 51.0 31.0 64.0 59.0 20.00 1.00 2.0 30.0 22.0 62.0 35.0 43.75 3.00 2.0 32.50 1.0 8.5 25.0 43.0 57.0 70.50 3.0 27.0 61.0 62.50 2.5 34.50 2.0 45.0 36.0 64.00 3.0 53.50 3.0 69.0 57.0 44.75 2.0 57.0 63.0 17.0 9.0 38.0 10.0 65.50 2.0 60.0 34.0 56.0 11.0 46.00 2.0 25.0 51.0 5.0 14.0 21.5 17.0 38.0 58.0 67.0 68.0 11.0 No. 2B771-044EN*D 10-116 .50 2.5 60.00 3.0 52.0 59.0 34.0 29.0 1.00 2.00 2.50 2.00 3.

January 1984.8 41.8 34.9 2.5 2.7 66.6 18.2 58. Volume 1.1 16.1 56.5666*GA^4*10^-5 1SD=2.7 37.1 50.2 31.6 11.2 77. Cantraine F.5 2.7 59. Struyven J.3 10.0 68.5 2.3 32.5 2.5 2.2 21.5 4.9 46.6 52.4 41 42 43 44 45 67.5 2.5 2.8 60.0 63.9 70.5 2.2 12.7 15.5 68.7 65.8 66.5 2.9 59.2 28.5 2.5 2.2 37.9 44.5 2.9 73.4 53.5 39.0 48.6 47.7 22.(b) HL Jeanty Jeanty P.3 61.76315*GA+0.0 23.3 41.8 63.5 2.4 14.8 15.7 51.5 2.47052 5%-95%tile=Mean±1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-117 .6 26.5 2.0 74.C.1 79. No.9 39.8 35.2 60.5 57...7 62.5 7.5 2.4 35.3 60.1 53.3 64.6 55.0 23.9 49..5 63.0 53.0056212*GA^3+5.3 67.8 39. Cousaert E.5 29.8 55.5 2.9 19.5 2.4 25. "A longitudinal Study of fetal limb growth" American Journal of Perinatology. 136-141 HL=-16.5 2.5 2.0 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.1683*GA^2-0.9 41.9 43.5 2.0 12.3 2.1 33.7 31.5 2.5 2.5 2.8 45.. Hobbins J.2 57.4 64.5 2.1 54.5 75.0 46.5 2. Number 2.8 71.8 69.5 2.5 2.5 18.66*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : HL (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean HL (mm) 1SD 5%tile 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 8.4 71.1 67.3 21.1 73.1 52.6 43.6 62.5 2.5 2.8 26.0 47.7 56.4 36.7 30.5 57. Tack B.5 2.3 49..24+0.0 50.5 2.9 70.1 27.

86 8. Vol.13 1. "Fetal nasal bone length: reference range and clinical application in ultrasound screening for trisomy 21".. M.13 1.62 7.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : NB (mm) Input min : 16 (weeks) Input max : 24 (weeks) GA (weeks) Mean NB (mm) 1SD 5%tile 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 5.59 7. Ruano. Miguelez..81 7. R.76 6.87 4.22 5. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2B771-044EN*D 10-118 95%tile 7..08 7. Yoshizaki. 2.00 6.21 9.13 1.13 1.13 8.75 .14 4.68 4.95 5.41 1SD=1.13 (mm) 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.35 7. C...(15) NB (a) NB Bunduki Bunduki. S.54 6.03 No.T.49 5.. Zugaib.13 1. Kahhale. V.67 8.89 1.13 3. 21 No.73 6.13 1.13 1. J.40 8.13 1.41 4.27*GA+1.94 9.27 6.48 9.. pages 156-160 NB=0. 2003.

7 6.9 12.6 7.6 13.7 10.7 5.2 6.1 0.9 8.9 11.7 7.3 9.1 5.8 11.4 10. Vol.4 4.76 1.6 6.3 2.4 11.4 7.7 6.0 6.7 13.4 9..1 8.5 7.4 1.8 7. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol.1 7.85 0.0 3.8 3.6 5.06 0.8 14. Nicolaides.6 12.0 14.2 3.0 7.6 7.52 1.3 6.3 8.7 .3 4.16 1.8 14.3 4.8 3.5 15.1 11.82 0.0 4.5%tile 5%tile 1.8 6. C.5)/10 GA (weeks) Mean 1SD 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 2.5 7.0 13.2 2. 21 No.2 13.25 1.8 10.(b) NB Sonek Sonek..12 1...3 2.5 8.7 9.6 14.28 1.3 5.8 2.9 9.3 13.0 5. 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.7 9.1 10.06 1.5 3. J.97 0.3 9. D.3 6.0 4.2 7.5 7.2 2.6 9.2 7.0 9.2 9.3 8.7 14.0 10.88 0.9 7.82 0.3 9.58 0.7 7.3 4.3 5.5 15.8 10.4 95%tile 97.. pages 152-155.8 14.4 12.79 0.9 11.6 13.3 11.34 1.9 10. "Nasal bone length throughout gestation: normal ranges based on 3537 fetal ultrasound measurements".6 6.94 1.0 5. Croom.3 7.3 8.7 0.6 8.2 6.1 3.9 8.73 0.9 8.8 9. 2B771-044EN*D 10-119 1.8 5. McKenna.3 1.5 7.6 9.8 11.29*10+0.1 8.3 No.7 4.2 9.25 1.0 13.03 1.5 10.2 13.0 10.0 10.8 6.2 8.52 1.0 7.4 6.3 12.2 10.85 0.43 1.97 1.6 5.8 12.7 6.25 NB (mm) 2.7 10.3 5.6 12.0 16.95 1.5 3.5%tile 3.5 7.2 8. Webb.6 15.8 12.8 4.7 2. 2.7 1. D.6 5.2 9.6 10.3 10.8 8.2 4.D.0 7.37 1.0 6.1 12.4 4. K..2 5. 2003.9 8.3 10.46 1.

25 2.00 3.0 49.0 101.0 31.5 96.25 2.0 75.75 2.0 47.50 2.0 112.0 34.75 1.0 120.0 24.25 2.0 19.0 97.00 2.0 41.0 101.5 92.00 1.5 119.0 122.0 50.(16) OFD (a) OFD ASUM Australian Society of Ultrasound Medicine (ASUM) – Policy statement Statement on normal ultrasonics fetal measurements (Revised May 2001) P28-P31 GA (weeks) 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Mean OFD (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 21.0 No.75 2.75 2.0 79.75 3.50 1.0 64.50 2.00 1.5 102.0 53.0 116.0 126.0 61.0 76.0 113.0 77.0 68.5 100.0 54.0 38.0 29.0 112.0 114.0 37.75 3.0 1.0 109.75 1.0 83.0 50.0 82.0 107.0 86.5 59.0 121.5 125.75 2.00 2.00 23.0 102.0 26.0 57.0 97.00 3.5 88.0 71.5 53.0 102.5 81.0 43.5 79.5 64.00 2.0 116.5 117.0 128.5 67.0 91.0 63.0 98.0 32.0 26.5 72.5 103.50 1.5 107.0 57.5 114.5 80.5 57.0 84.0 108.0 95.0 86. 2B771-044EN*D 10-120 .5 90.00 1.5 106.0 46.5 106.0 35.0 22.5 113.50 1.50 1.75 2.5 60.0 119.0 107.5 103.50 2.75 2.5 113.75 2.5 90.0 110.50 1.

2B771-044EN*D 10-121 97%tile 17 21 26 30 34 37 41 45 49 52 56 59 62 66 69 73 76 80 83 87 90 93 97 100 103 106 110 113 117 121 123 .76*10+0.8 4.5 9.4 8.1 10.3 4. the "French College of Fetal Ultrasonography") and INSERM U 155.1 2.0 4.9 6.8 5.3 4. Gynecol Obstet Fertil 2000 Jun.3 5. 28 (6): 435-45 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.7 2.0 8.0 4. Fetal growth charts by the Collège Français d'Echographie Foetale (CFEF.7 3.6 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 32 35 38 41 44 47 50 53 55 58 60 63 66 68 71 73 75 77 78 80 81 82 83 83 No.7 4.9 7.6 6.2 3.9 2.9 3.0 4.5 3.2 3.(17) TAD (a) TAD CFEF Biometry 2000.5 3.4 6.9 5.3 5.6 5.3 10.5)/10 GA (w d) Mean 11w0d 12w0d 13w0d 14w0d 15w0d 16w0d 17w0d 18w0d 19w0d 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 41w0d 14 17 21 24 28 31 35 38 42 45 48 52 55 58 61 64 67 70 73 76 79 82 85 88 90 92 95 97 99 102 103 TAD (mm) 1SD 3%tile 1.

No.60452 49.7 2.9 2.2 41.6 2.0 26.5 13..1 2.6 2. Hobbins J. Number 2.9 2.60452 25.6 41.60452 58..5 2.60452 35.5 73.60452 7.60452 62..60452 50.1 48.6 2.6 55. Tack B.1 57.387*GA^3*10^-3+5.6 29.23359*GA^2-6.0 51.555-0.60452 17.60452 37.4 29.9 37.1 2.4 52.91554*GA+0.5 2.60452 15.7 22.6 2.8 53.5 69.4 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 2.60452 30.2 9.2 39.60452 61.5 17.3 24.7 2.3 2.6 61.1 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) TIB (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.9 58.3 65.1 2.3 65.5 2.5 2.4 18.6 70.1 2.7 67.7 2.6 67.8 2.60452 10.4 60.C. Cousaert E.3 75.1 19.5801*GA^44 *10^-5 1SD=2.8 64. 2B771-044EN*D 10-122 . 136-141 TIB=-5.3 56.2 2.9 2.60452 41.3 36.3 56.60452 52.8 64.2 2.66*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : TIB (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 7.60452 5.9 16.0 50.7 34.6 2.9 71.60452 57..4 62. Struyven J.60452 54.7 95%tile 11.60452 12.60452 28.1 2.60452 55.6 2. Volume 1.60452 39.1 68.0 14.60452 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.2 31.4 24.9 21.6 12.9 59.60452 45.6 43.8 77.2 62.2 2.7 2.60452 59.4 72.0 61.(18) TIB (a) TIB Jeanty Jeanty P.9 2.2 2.8 27. Cantraine F. January 1984.0 48.8 74.3 2.2 68.60452 23.60452 67.0 71.8 44.60452 64.60452 32..60452 65.0 46.9 46.60452 68.4 54.60452 20.60452 47. "A longitudinal Study of fetal limb growth" American Journal of Perinatology.7 39.60452 2.3 50.9 2.60452 43.4 34.5 2.9 32.

1 51.6 53. January 1984.1 58.0 2. Volume 1.57599 44.0 46.8 2.9 57..5 67.C.6 2.6 32.57599 57.6 69.57599 19.4 41.57599 40.5 50.57599 47.1 32.57599 26.8 2.8 57..0 16.1 2.57599 59.9 37. Hobbins J.3 43.57599 13.0 2.66*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : Ulna (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 6.57599 45.0 27.6 45.57599 42.0 2.3 2.7 2.57599 52. Cantraine F.5 63..6 2.1 37. 136-141 Ulna=-34.5 55.0 68.3 41.3 62.57599 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.6 34.9 19.57599 50.(19) Ulna (a) Ulna Jeanty Jeanty P.3 51.8 60.5 2.57599 21.7 12.4 61.57599 11.5 43.5 2.1 2.57599 33.57599 56.036949*GA^2 1SD=2.1 52.6 65.5 2.8 48..3 60.57599 35.4 58.4 64.3 68.9 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45weeks) Ulna (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.3 25.57599 5.2 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.0 63.1 61.8 23.5 2.9 35.313+3.2 2.3 62.9 2.7 95%tile 11. Tack B.57599 8.57599 38.8 28.6 30.6 15.4 2.8 2.2 2.8 9.2 39. Number 2.8 54.8 2.57599 60.4 18.57599 57.57599 55. Struyven J.2 63.4 25.2 45.1 14.6 47.4 2.57599 60. "A longitudinal Study of fetal limb growth" American Journal of Perinatology.. No.4 2.5 49.8 2.1 54.0 2.57599 28.1 2.57599 48.1 2.4 55.8685*GA-0.57599 30.3 30.2 39.57599 24.5 2.57599 2.57599 54.57599 37.2 59.57599 16.0 2.8 2.6 64.9 2. Cousaert E.1 20.57599 58.0 2.6 66.57599 51.7 64.7 22.1 2. 2B771-044EN*D 10-123 .

56+0.. "A standard of fetal growth for the United States of America" American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Hendricks C. November 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-124 90%tile 860 920 990 1080 1180 1320 1470 1660 1890 2100 2290 2500 2690 2880 3090 3290 3470 3610 3750 3870 3980 4060 4100 4110 .E.A.(20) EFW (a) EFW Brenner Brenner W. pp...5) GA (weeks) Mean EFW (g) 1SD 10%tile 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 410 480 550 640 740 860 990 1150 1310 1460 1630 1810 2010 2220 2430 2650 2870 3030 3170 3280 3360 3410 3420 3390 227 234 242 258 270 293 316 348 391 418 434 465 473 473 477 430 453 430 418 438 461 480 492 516 280 320 370 420 490 570 660 770 890 1030 1180 1310 1480 1670 1870 2190 2310 2510 2680 2750 2800 2830 2840 2790 No.H. 555-564 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/2. Edelman D. 1976.

Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology. New York. p440-441 GA (weeks) EFW (g) Mean 20w0d 21w0d 22w0d 23w0d 24w0d 25w0d 26w0d 27w0d 28w0d 29w0d 30w0d 31w0d 32w0d 33w0d 34w0d 35w0d 36w0d 37w0d 38w0d 39w0d 40w0d 40w2d 61 178 312 463 624 795 984 1177 1378 1582 1795 2009 2222 2437 2644 2858 3049 3233 3396 3553 3711 3750 No.. p154.. p432. p438. Springer Verlag. p439. 2B771-044EN*D 10-125 . Hackeloer B. Staudach A. 1986. p168-176. English Edition (ISBN 0-387-15384-9). p431.(b) EFW Hansmann Hansmann H.

8910*10^3+7.9753*10^-3*GA^3 -4. 30 No.09*10^-1*GA+4.2632*10^-6*GA^4 1SD=-74. 3 (2003) J415-J440 EFW=-2.5SD +2SD 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 186 246 313 386 468 559 659 770 891 1021 1162 1311 1469 1633 1803 1978 2154 2330 2504 2674 2835 2986 3122 3241 30 40 51 63 74 87 99 113 126 141 155 170 186 202 219 236 253 271 290 309 328 348 369 390 126 165 210 261 319 385 460 545 638 740 851 970 1097 1229 1366 1506 1647 1788 1925 2056 2178 2289 2385 2462 141 186 236 292 356 429 510 601 701 811 929 1056 1190 1330 1475 1624 1774 1923 2070 2210 2343 2463 2569 2656 231 307 390 480 579 689 808 939 1080 1232 1395 1567 1748 1936 2131 2331 2534 2737 2939 3137 3327 3508 3675 3825 246 327 415 511 617 732 858 995 1143 1302 1472 1652 1841 2037 2241 2449 2661 2873 3084 3291 3492 3682 3859 4020 42 43 44 45 3338 3409 3451 3458 411 433 455 478 2516 2544 2540 2502 2721 2760 2768 2741 3954 4059 4134 4175 4160 4275 4361 4414 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.0733*10*GA-6.0+2.(c) EFW JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.90*10^-3*GA^2 Input : GA (days) Output : EFW (g) Input min : 126 days (18 weeks) Input max : 287 days (41 weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD EFW (g) -2SD -1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-126 .5SD +1. No.7477*10^-1*GA^2+2.

Sultan B.2595 ±2SD=Mean±Mean*0.278843*10^-6*GA^4+1.402168*10^-3*GA^3-0.284121*GA-41.(d) EFW Persson Marsal K. Larsen T. Lilja H. Selbing A. No. "Intrauterine growth curves based on ultrasonically estimated foetal weights" Acta Paediatr 1996: 85: 843-848 EFW=-2.24 1SD=2SD/2 Input : GA (days) Output : EFW (g) EFW (g) 1SD -2SD Input min : 75 (days) Input max : 300 (days) (Extrapolated on 315 days) +2SD GA (days) Mean EFW (g) 1SD -2SD +2SD 35 30 29 30 34 41 49 62 80 99 123 153 186 224 265 312 364 420 479 545 615 55 50 49 50 54 65 81 102 128 163 203 249 302 364 433 508 592 684 783 889 1003 200 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 255 260 265 270 275 280 285 290 295 300 1352 1476 1603 1735 1871 2010 2151 2294 2440 2586 2732 2879 3024 3168 3310 3449 3583 3713 3837 3955 4065 162 177 192 208 225 241 258 275 293 310 328 345 363 380 397 414 430 446 460 475 488 1028 1122 1219 1319 1421 1528 1635 1744 1854 1966 2076 2189 2298 2408 2516 2621 2723 2821 2917 3005 3089 1676 1830 1987 2151 2321 2492 2667 2844 3026 3206 3388 3569 3750 3928 4104 4277 4443 4605 4757 4905 5041 109 121 134 689 768 851 1125 1252 1387 305 310 315 4167 4259 4341 500 511 521 3167 3237 3299 5167 5281 5383 148 937 1529 GA (days) Mean 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 45 40 39 40 44 53 65 82 104 131 163 201 244 294 349 410 478 552 631 717 809 5 5 5 5 5 6 8 10 12 16 20 24 29 35 42 49 57 66 76 86 97 180 185 190 907 1010 1119 195 1233 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu. Persson P. 2B771-044EN*D 10-127 .2008726*GA^2 +9.

et al .56*10+0. 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/2. 59." Obstetric & Gynecology Vol.(e) EFW Williams Ronald Williams. Robert Creasy. NO.and female values from the reference.5)/10 GA (weeks) Mean EFW (g) 1SD 10%tile 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 513 589 675 773 882 1005 1143 1298 1484 1695 1920 2155 2394 2628 2849 3052 3227 3364 3462 3524 3589 3626 3633 3611 166 194 223 256 290 327 364 402 461 509 543 551 548 531 507 489 479 470 468 461 459 460 465 475 320 365 417 477 546 627 720 829 955 1100 1284 1499 1728 1974 2224 2455 2642 2790 2881 2946 3011 3044 3043 3009 No. 5. Separated male/female weight values are not supported by the system. May 1982 The weight values of this table are arithmetic mean values of the male. "Fetal Growth and Perinatal Viability in California. 2B771-044EN*D 10-128 90%tile 746 861 989 1132 1289 1463 1653 1859 2136 2402 2673 2910 3132 3333 3521 3706 3867 3994 4080 4127 4185 4221 4233 4224 .

7 356.7 374.6 12.2 283.9 80.1 135.2 323.6 312. 2B771-044EN*D 10-129 .0 180.0 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.6 112.9 392.9 14.6 141.8 24.4 230.5 306.4 348.9 22.8 291.1 95%tile 62.4 315.8 13.6018*GA 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.6 189.1 288.2 151.6 240.0 305. February 2007 AC=-85.6 5. No.1 253.2 220.8 210.2 7.0 161.4 356.9 383.9 21.9 7.5 90.7 22.9 149.7 189.2 157.4 23.5 9.5 16.1 49.3 70.6 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) AC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 4.9 371.4 260.1 5.8 18.080+0.8 296.4 332.2 168.6 21.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : AC (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 55.1 12.8 418.0 172.6 250.8 15.2 101.5 230.3 363.2 20.7 317.2 319.5 17.1 16.0007902*GA^3 1SD=-3.3 199.7 136.0 339.3 10.0 327.7 59.4 216.5 13.4 78.7 196.4 8.8 207.3 378.0 219.9 242.2 87.4 170.8 161.0 11.8 326.10.1 337.1 112.4 10.0 131.3 Identical Chart (1) AC (a) AC BMUS (drvd) BMUS: Charts recommended for clinical obstetric practice.8 111.0 267.3 365.8 251.4 298.9 124.0 178.9 15.3 101.8 401.5 6.4 259.0 225.4 409.9 18.4 121.4 297.2 198.4 208.2 243.7 279.9 90.5 9.1 285.9 184.4 124.6 75.1 269.3 306.0 346.8 19.6 275.2 264.6 234.84+11.7 100.8 332.92*GA-0.6 19.2 275.0 4.8 67.2 340.2 146.

9 389.(b) AC CFEF French fetal biometry: reference equations and comparison with other charts L.1 247.0 8.SALOMON.0 180.3 157.6 291.1 15.3 143.8 326.3 372.8 182.6 192.4 335.1 300.6 194.5 254.3658+0.6 366.0 275.8 135.9 19.0 17.4 163.2 22. J.9 183.CREQUAT.5 98.5 296.7 153.7 251.7794-2.2 301.2 246.1 172.5 263.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : AC (mm) Input min : 15 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean AC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 102.3 309.FRIES and M.7 7.1 227.1 343.8 385.0 269.3 387.008*GA^3 1SD=-2.5 90.6 24.5 345.6 107.7 237.0 114.2 11.7 18.3 8.5715*GA^2-0.5 22.3 18.5 381.7 298.6 192.6459*GA 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.8 12.BRODATY.7 121.4 285.3 216.7 377.2 302.4 17.8 14.2 131.3 306.7 316.8 341.3 220.2 276.1 115. C.4 146. M.5 267.5 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.2 151.5 281.3 204.5 205. N.5 238.7 16.j.6 124.5 262.7882*GA+0.5 229.9 239.2 352.6 344.9 134.4 286.0 226.4 257.3 201.DUYME.5 111.1 345.5 13.3 9.6 162.1 13.8 25.6 9.ALTHUSER Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol (in press) AC=42.6 11.2 359.8 316.4 15.7 333.7 302. No.2 295.1 24.4 26. 2B771-044EN*D 10-130 .6 294.1 328.1 26.1 141.6 20.8 23.3 41 42 43 44 45 337.2 172.9 21.9 10.6 285.2 20.4 301.9 124.TALMANT.0 274.5 169.2 216.8 323.9 211. G.

9 6.4 351.3 230.3 409. 2B771-044EN*D 10-131 .6 10.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : AC (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD AC (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 90%tile 97%tile 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 55.1 73.1 331.7 213.0 126.3 186.4 348.2 361.9 307.8 20.0 178.6 310.4 300.2 16.9 239.0 164.0 257.0 370.0 21.2 259.7 263.0 177.4 139.8 14.6 212.6 240.G.8 23.0 192.0 398.5 61.8 393.4 347.7 271.5 222.4 9.3 378.4 18.0 15.0 82.8 79.9 163.2 48.1 401.0 327.9 215.4 181.6 278.9 90.2 148.7 63.7 341.5 50.7 150.5 68.4 306.8 327.7 169.8 11. February 1994.5 203.1 313.8 245.0 58.7 189.8 300.3 247.2 146.8 144.1 226.7 222.9 389.5 330. No.2 340.2 323.6 255. "Charts of Fetal Size: 3.2 19.5 282.9 210.1 89.8 67.3 101.5 129.0 18.8 17. L.2 13.1 198.7 97.5 379.4 315.2 231.5 134.5 168.8 415. Altman.5 267.5 7.5 114.9 101.0 269.0007902*GA^3 1SD=-3.4 78.5 85.3 240.3 237.6 22.0 9.8 61.6 290.8 8.1 290.3 341.3 367.1 269.3 99.4 260.3 376.3 248.0 12.3 233. vol.1 187.6 280.6 298.4 297.2 124.3 72.2 220.3 5.2 249.1 288.2 256.3 103.0 122.6 19.1 358.5 320.8 114.6 293.6 112.2 10.7 93.3 4.9 155. 125-131 AC=-85.7 5.1 135.(c) AC Chitty (drvd) Chitty.S.9 222.8 184. 101.8 210. D.6 289.6 13.4 24.3 333.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.6 320.9 124.7 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.9 371.3 406.3 88. Abdominal Measurements".6 76.1 384.1 4.6 250.4 21.4 12.4 15.4 138.4 356.1 286.1 310.3 199.2 157.7 349.8 314.7 204.5 306.2 7.1 134.2 168. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.9 174.6 16.4 230.9 158.5 119.84+11.9 110.0 145.5 109.0 43 44 45 363.080+0.8 332.4 300.4 334.1 203.6018*GA 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.9 157..1 175.6 195.3 423.. pp.5 279.0 321.7 321.6 22.6 266.7 279.1 274.2 339.5 194.92*GA-0.

4 176.0 324.0 269.0 6.2 343.3 298.9 295.1 107. 101.6 91.4 106.3 218.0 223.4 152.0 249.1 16. D.6 66.6 301.2 20.3 13.6 233.8 19.3 394.2 182.6 108.1 367.3 326.3 145.4 206.5 164.8 13.3 194.5 133.5 269.1 128.9 70.5 17. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.9 95.4 293. pp.7 58.8 20.7 288.1 91. vol. February 1994.0 259.8 192.7 211.6 304.9 402.7 384.0 139.1 117.1 10.4 181.0 256.2 359.5 277.7 51.6 73.5 103.1 129.7 9.8 82.5 232.3 154.7 368.7 150.6 239.0 202.9 358.7 47.9 123.2 297.0 348.7 69.3 218.1 229. Abdominal Measurements".0 96.1 163.4576*GA 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.2 339.2 350.0 312.7 158.6 21.8 378.8 116.6 164.3 62.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.G.3 250.7 80.9 144.7 264.7 396.8 345.9 194.4 385.4 161.(d) AC Chitty (pltd) Chitty.5 207.0 171.9 405.1 368.2 222. Altman.5 11.1 15.3 336.0008088*GA^3 1SD=0.9 18.4 391.8 133.7 241.3 140.4 17.1 307.0 231.7 308. 125-131 AC=-87.0 70.3 259.3 140.7 129.6 309.3 120.5 410.4 360.S.6 423.4 7..5 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.8 174.1 319.8 6. L.0 17.2 431.2 278.3 19.6 16.4 214.1 338.2 82.0 170.2 9.6 79.0 199.5 196.5 331.3 335.7 15.4930+0.2 212.6 352.4 6.3 188.8 241.4 317.1 222.9 352.28*GA-0. No.5 185.1 275.4 376.2 286.1 118.8 8.3 18.0 285.6 10.5 279.05+12.9 7.4 328.6 11.1 286.8 43 44 45 376.2 329.7 260.1 267.9 12.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : AC (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD AC (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 90%tile 97%tile 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 58.0 11.7 94.9 339.4 328.8 309.7 241.3 8.2 14.1 317.3 174.8 14.7 204.8 414. 2B771-044EN*D 10-132 .2 112.0 277. "Charts of Fetal Size: 3.7 152.4 102.9 245.8 85.3 252.8 268.4 12.0 364.1 349.8 418.9 251.3 320..4 387.1 298.9 318.4 289.6 358.0 228.0 343.9 184.

3 182.8 293.6 173.4 184.1 301.5 288.44 13.3 293.44 13.1 194.1 328.44 13.3 266.6 315.44 13.0 108.3 174.44 13.1 231.3 77.6 79.1 329.9 212.44 13.7 286.7 89.7 222.44 297.3 97.44 13.0055459*GA^3 1SD=13.8 311.44 13.44 13.4 270.9 55.3 75.4 326.7 192.6 119.4 216.9 202.7 293.0 277.3 87.44 13.4 253.9 13.1 140.0 215.66*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : AC (mm) Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean AC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 57.2 235.3 237.44 13.6 98.4 67.1 44.44 13.44 13.8 305.8 162.055+3.1 303.6 129. 1984 AC=-29.0 244.9 141.44 13.44 13.9388*GA+0.1 161.44 13.2 315. Cantraine F: "Normal growth of the abdominal perimeter" Am J Perinatal 1: 179.9 227.3 299.44 13.5 338.44 13.5 283.6 205.44 13.8 278.0 323.44 13.44 13.44 13.(e) AC Jeanty Jeanty P.6 247.6 152.9 195.1 184.33897*GA^2-0.44 13.5 140. 2B771-044EN*D 10-133 .6 262.0 107.44 13.4 163.9 342.6 109.9 284.7 86. No.9 120.6 322.8 275.2 13.44 13.1 333.44 13.7 348.44 13.5 256.9 151.4 351.3 240.44 13.44 13.5 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 130.6 99.0 65.2 41 42 43 44 45 320.8 306.6 257.3 345.7 301.1 328.8 305.44 13.44 13.8 118.44 13.3 151.4 264.44 mm 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.2 225.1 248. Cousaert E.0 271.44 35.0 308.3 130.7 206.7 172.4 350.

1 7.1 320.7 189.3 335.8 359.02947))-9 Input : GA (weeks) Output : AC (mm) Input min : 14 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45weeks) GA (weeks) Mean AC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 86.6 200.2 123. 2B771-044EN*D 10-134 .2 252.1 19.9 100.8 103.8 278.29*10+0.2 162.3 389.9 16.3 368.6 97.1 118.8 285.2 177.645*0.3 359.9 23.3 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.1 133. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48 AC=Power(10.8 355.2 94.4 144.8 91.0 9.1 402.0 292.0 339.3 231.8 20.0552337*GA-0.5 24.4 311.3 6.8 309.7 299.5 277.3 19.4 107.5 259.2 21.8 394.6 359.9 25.1 15.3257977+0.1 127.8 221.0 25.5 18.0 239.(1.4 23.0 224.1 349.2 76.0 174.3 15.3 9.0 154.9 166.5 21.3 186.4 398.2 210.7 150.8 137.7 157.5)/10 5%-95%tile=Power(10.5 14.7 10.9 189.1 11.9 199.8 24.8 248.5 265.8 347.7 13.5 7.1 83.3 109.9 271.(f) AC Nicolaides Nicolaides Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.6 269.4 328.7 212.8 319.4 11.2 383.3 41 42 43 44 45 351.9 236.8 113.1 313.6 147.0006146*GA^2))-9 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3. No.9 24.7 316.3 260.8 22.1 213.2 376.7 8.7 304.6 292.8 24.3 357.4 302.2 282.3 401.2 316.0 117.4 328.8 226.6 251.(Mean±1.9 291.7 138.9 12.7 17.5 241.9 168.7 320.1 304.4 178.8 403.3 201.4 22.4 320.3 127.5 341.

0 68 4.7 2.6 3.5 41.4 2.0 35.0 29.7 2.5 14.7 2.0 4.6 4.5 35.0 28.9 4.5 34.0 3.5 21.3 3.0 16.4 2.4 2.0 24.0 34.0 15.2 5.0 40.9 4.5 22.0 4.6 3.0 4.6 4.0 3.5 39.0 26.5)/10 APAD (mm) 1SD 5%tile GA (weeks) Mean 12.5 29.6 3.5 19 21 23 24 26 28 29 31 33 35 36 38 40 42 43 45 47 48 50 52 54 55 57 59 60 62 63 65 67 2.5 13.6 4.5 16.0 32.(2) APAD (a) APAD Merz Merz E.7 2.7 2.2 5.5 70 72 73 75 76 78 79 81 82 84 85 87 88 90 91 93 94 96 97 98 100 101 102 103 105 106 107 108 109 62 75 No.0 19.0 21.3 3.0 33.0 4.3 3.5 24.0 14.0 31.3 4.5 36.5 33. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 19.4 2. Wellek S.5 30.5 17.0 4.3 4.5 28.2 5.29*10+0.0 41. 2B771-044EN*D 10-135 APAD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 3.5 37.5 20.5 15.0 3.6 4.6 4.0 22.5 26.5 23.0 3.0 36.9 5.3 3..5 40.9 4.0 95%tile GA (weeks) Mean 15 17 18 20 22 23 25 27 28 30 32 33 35 37 38 40 42 43 45 46 48 50 51 53 54 56 57 59 61 23 25 27 28 30 32 34 36 37 39 41 43 45 47 48 50 52 54 55 57 59 61 63 64 66 68 69 71 73 27.0 23.0 20.5 25.9 4.3 3.7 3.0 37.0 25.0 3.6 4.7 2.3 4.0 17.6 4.5 31.0 13.6 3.0 30.2 5.0 3.0 38.5 32.6 4.3 4.5 38.2 64 65 67 68 70 71 73 74 76 77 78 80 81 83 84 85 87 88 89 90 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 95%tile 76 78 80 81 83 85 86 88 89 91 93 94 96 97 99 100 102 103 105 106 107 109 110 111 113 114 115 116 117 .6 3.0 39.5 18.6 27.0 18.0 4.3 4.0 3.

2 82.3 66.9 4.CREQUAT.4 72.2 52.9 80.2 3.8 96.2 41.FRIES and M.2 38.7 77.6 98.9 57.5 3.2 92.2577*GA^2-0.8 50.0 85.4 69. M.3 52.0 69.8 80.4 43.5 39. N.6 2.j.7 92.9 2.8 85.6 2.1 3.1 4. 2B771-044EN*D 10-136 .3 74.SALOMON.7 3.2 63.9 44.0 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.2 61.6 40.2 68.5 58.2 58.TALMANT.0636*GA 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.9 37.DUYME.3 84.7 86.6 99. G.1 91.3 99.3 4.8 95.0 3.1 88.7 87.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : BPD (mm) Input min : 15 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean BPD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 34.9 85.2 77.2 49.0 4.1 96.3 49.8 3.4 97.0037*GA^3 1SD=1.5 83.4 86.0 94.BRODATY.6 99.3 92.0 3.2 4.0 79.8 2.8 4.0 30.0 98.5 2.ALTHUSER Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol (in press) BPD=31.2 64.1 80.6 74.(3) BPD (a) BPD CFEF French fetal biometry: reference equations and comparison with other charts L.8 47.4 3.4 34.1 60.3 3.7 3.2452-2.8 53.7 43. C.2 89.6 90.9 93.5 2.0 86.7 2.1 91.6 80.5 3.5022+0.4 71.0 36.2 55.0 32.2 86.7 62.4 46.7 92.4 75.9 82.9 88.8 2.2 46. No.4 55.1 67.2 3.4 82. J.0 65.5 86.7 77.6 3.8466*GA+0.7 90.1 40.6 41 42 43 44 45 92.3 3.9 3.7 72.7 83.9 3.5 99.2 4.0 85.

8 100.9 37.8 96.8 105.0 104.7 43.6 4.7 64.(b) BPD Nicolaides Nicolaides Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.1 89.3 2.3 96. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48 BPD=Power(10.3 97.8 62.3 58.3 47.0 83.9 89.8 89.4 86.1 57.0 76.0 82.0 2.3 96.5 70.5 97.9 88.1 4.0006097*GA^2))-5 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.0 1.5 50.5 105.0 69.2 82.3 72.2 88.2 103.7 45.2 38.8 27.2 2.1 91.2 34.5 41.8 3.0 86.4 4.6 46.5 4.7 67.8 1.6 105.5 32.7 55.8 89.5 104.4 76.8 4.0509883*GA-0.6 89.8 4.9 4.(Mean±1.4 32.8 40.9 75.7 58.2 4.4 38.8 85.0 92.29*10+0.6 32.7 94.0 4.5 4.4 97.0 29.0 91.0 3.6 52.(0.5 86.7 89.9 67.3 51.6 2.8 4.1 3.0 84.0 4.1 70.2 95.6 49.8 54.5)/10 5%-95%tile=Power(10.8 87.02056))-5 Input : GA (weeks) Output : BPD (mm) Input min : 14 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean BPD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 29.3 35.8 94.8 80. No.7 4.8 4.7 83.8 55.4 35. 2B771-044EN*D 10-137 .3 41 42 43 44 45 97.3 60.6 3.4 96.8 4.7 3.3 3.4 66.5 73.6 1.9 2.0 48.5 2.8 4.645*0.2 44.2 41.7 61.6 105.4 77.4 3.6 102.7 105.7 89.4 79.4 79.2 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 73.6 63.7 98.9446108+0.

81 3.25 4.12 3.19 0.54 3.96 3.90 4.51 4.16 5.21 5.00 4.75 4.69 2.84 3.12 5.02 2.27 4.22 0.07 5.87 5.01 5.20 4.17 5.73 1.62 6.92 2.99 4.50 1.28 5.55 2.28 0.72 2.08 2.45 6.01 4.67 1.83 1.81 6.85 3.62 4.21 0.21 2.22 4.80 4.32 5.15 4.55 1.30 5.77 3.16 4.23 0.74 4.33 2.20 2.31 0.39 4.23 5.61 3.70 .43 17w2d 17w3d 17w4d 17w5d 17w6d 18w0d 18w1d 18w2d 18w3d 18w4d 18w5d 18w6d 19w0d 19w1d 19w2d 19w3d 19w4d 19w5d 19w6d 20w0d 20w1d 20w2d 20w3d 20w4d 20w5d 20w6d 21w0d 21w1d 21w2d 21w3d 21w4d 21w5d 21w6d 22w0d 22w1d 22w2d 22w3d 22w4d 22w5d 22w6d 23w0d 23w1d 23w2d 23w3d 23w4d 23w5d 23w6d 24w0d 24w1d 24w2d 24w3d 3.22 0.07 3.83 5.78 4.28 0.31 0.12 1.28 3.30 0.92 3.64 3.01 3.30 0.44 3.53 3.10 4.15 2.28 0.10 4.23 0.25 3.53 4.72 3.62 3.22 3.58 1.89 1.12 5.52 5.70 4.18 5.86 5.30 0.61 5.26 0.36 2.66 1.47 2.26 1.89 3.30 No.67 2.13 5.19 0.49 5.21 0.80 2.70 3.33 4.(c) BPD Osaka Mineo Aoki.25 2.99 5.08 3.12 3.27 0.08 5.43 5.41 5.35 5.33 2.31 2.31 0.34 4.77 2.25 0.69 3.38 3.25 3.92 4.44 1.06 6.53 2.81 4.34 6.80 2.18 3.32 6.22 0.02 3.18 3.28 3.98 3.28 3.61 5.04 5.46 5.79 2. 2B771-044EN*D 10-138 3.20 0.47 3.22 0.17 6.62 1.59 4.62 2.65 4.96 4.48 2.25 0.57 2.99 5.90 2.89 1.12 5.29 2.57 6.05 6.58 6.57 5.25 0.80 3.99 5.47 2.80 5.27 0.83 1.43 6.30 3.61 1.81 3.23 0.21 0.57 2.27 1.15 4.05 4.97 4.09 2.56 3.26 6.57 2.69 4.13 6.75 5.97 5.23 0.27 0.52 2.38 4.31 0.90 3.91 0.67 2.00 2.26 2.19 0.48 4.34 3.28 0.06 4.90 2.37 5.85 2.57 4.85 4.48 1.12 2.72 2.86 3.79 5.32 4.77 1.31 2.43 1.78 1.24 2.19 0.79 1.53 1.22 0.88 1.95 1.23 3.57 1.79 5.28 2.26 0.36 2.60 2.03 3.99 6.78 4.42 4.80 3.41 2.33 3.74 2.42 1.38 3.06 2.61 3.67 1.56 4.32 0.70 5.66 4.54 5.73 1.30 5.84 1.57 5. 47 No.84 4.33 1.88 4.15 4.44 4.02 3.07 3.38 1.36 4.89 3.95 3.35 3.28 0.21 0.13 2.61 5.25 0.82 2.31 0.97 3.01 3.69 4.33 1.20 5.94 2.87 2.37 1.05 3.56 4.95 4.82 1.20 0.75 5.27 0.29 5.49 3.23 0.84 4.26 0.09 6.63 1.26 5.27 0.69 5.12 4.85 3.66 3.13 3.88 3.04 2.58 4.19 2.21 0.31 0.42 3.47 4.17 4.10 3.43 5.21 0.5SD +1. Motohiro Yamada Evaluation of fetal growth Obstetrics and gynecological treatment Vol.29 0.94 4.45 5.85 2.64 4.41 2.97 3.24 5.41 6.73 6.90 4.97 2.20 0.49 6.67 3.38 5.28 0.99 2.92 3.25 0.75 2.71 5.36 1.90 1.04 5.57 3.52 1.30 0.44 3.75 3.29 0.65 4.17 2.66 3.76 4.74 5.25 4.31 0.36 6.93 4.72 1.03 2.08 2.40 4.71 3.93 1.74 4.64 2.08 6.60 4.52 5.21 0.23 0.17 3.90 5.62 2.94 3.62 3.27 5.79 4.38 4.07 4.11 4.33 3.80 3. 5 (1983: 11) (Extrapolated on 42 weeks) GA (w d) Mean 1SD BPD (cm) -2SD -1.32 0.22 0.31 2.67 4.29 0.41 2.23 3.30 0.92 1.93 2.57 3.29 0.21 6.39 5.61 6.17 5.13 2.51 2.95 5.49 3.96 2.36 5.23 2.26 0.11 4.30 0.88 1.47 5.23 2.04 5.65 6.71 1.00 1.89 5.20 4.29 0.32 1.39 3.69 6.57 5.20 0.23 0.47 6.33 3.65 2.31 0.88 2.41 4.78 1.53 5.38 5.42 3.85 4.10 1.32 3.22 5.5SD +2SD GA (w d) Mean 1SD BPD (cm) -2SD -1.18 2.09 5.44 5.25 0.54 4.77 6.06 3.20 4.63 2.03 5.09 5.62 1.20 0.20 0.24 0.43 4.68 1.82 2.20 3.70 4.52 2.26 0.96 6.77 2.13 2.84 1.13 5.66 3.08 5.44 3.92 2.71 4.70 3.33 5.02 2.97 6.88 4.76 3.29 3.54 6.02 6.30 0.13 6.74 4.19 0.63 4.25 5.53 1.13 3.24 0.39 6.17 6.86 1.03 4.05 4.24 4.80 4.41 5.29 4.30 0.24 0.29 0.35 4.15 3.99 2.24 0.61 4.87 2.21 6.47 1.41 2.17 1.27 0.02 4.24 4.92 5.21 5.76 3.30 6.32 0.95 4.31 0.06 1.50 5.48 4.24 0.18 2.75 3.53 6.66 5.29 4.5SD +1.27 0.57 4.48 5.23 1.38 2.47 3.51 3.34 5.39 1.75 4.48 5.17 3.70 5.01 4.51 4.83 4.46 2.97 5.29 4.61 5.90 4.24 0.36 2.66 5.76 1.25 0.29 0.26 0.12 6.29 0.97 4.04 6.45 4.06 4.56 3.32 0.59 3.73 2.07 2.30 0.29 0.24 0.73 1.17 6.52 2.22 3.59 2.34 5.27 0.84 5.93 5.34 4.52 3.52 5.22 1.05 1.5SD +2SD 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w2d 12w3d 12w4d 12w5d 12w6d 13w0d 13w1d 13w2d 13w3d 13w4d 13w5d 13w6d 14w0d 14w1d 14w2d 14w3d 14w4d 14w5d 14w6d 15w0d 15w1d 15w2d 15w3d 15w4d 15w5d 15w6d 16w0d 16w1d 16w2d 16w3d 16w4d 16w5d 16w6d 17w0d 17w1d 1.93 1.70 2.26 0.03 5.65 5.28 0.20 4.53 4.25 0.39 3.00 6.46 2.43 2.94 4.18 5.28 6.50 4.22 0.67 2.65 5.56 5.85 2.28 0.16 1.19 0.

99 10.84 9.15 8.89 6.63 9.79 7.31 6.86 7.36 0.31 8.37 0.82 9.70 6.38 0.30 7.84 6.44 8.36 9.85 7.11 10.52 9.77 8.38 0.62 7.07 10.39 8.66 6.48 8.96 9.71 8.81 9.28 9.41 7.02 6.36 0.97 8.08 8.34 8.06 6.33 0.68 6.68 7.47 9.39 9.81 9.08 8.70 9.91 8.60 7.84 8.33 0.95 7.24 9.15 9.51 6.55 9.85 6.23 9.21 8.55 8.36 9.74 6.34 8.33 0.91 9.79 6.32 0.64 8.87 5.96 9.67 6.18 6.12 9.49 7.75 5.38 0.33 9.01 6.20 9.17 6.39 0.05 5.39 0.38 0.26 9.04 7.54 8.93 8.08 9.25 9.66 9.15 7.55 8.04 10.29 9.47 8.10 7.95 8.46 7.66 7.23 9.90 7.92 6.38 9.78 7.59 8.38 0.73 8.59 8.28 8.39 0.43 6.96 8.79 5.58 9.25 6.97 6.38 0.80 9.38 0.72 7.33 7.78 7.71 9.52 7.91 6.72 8.82 8.33 0.14 10.75 6.21 9.12 8.02 7.61 8.34 0.57 8.36 0.35 0.30 8.38 0.21 6.95 8.60 7.38 0.83 7.27 8.83 8.98 6.03 9.42 8.37 0.87 8.09 6.72 7.98 8.35 0.16 8.46 7.81 9.35 0.61 8.51 9.14 6.45 9.33 9.38 0.88 7.21 7.5SD 5.07 7.39 0.55 6.88 8.64 9.59 8.81 7.43 6.36 0.35 0.93 9.43 6.76 9.08 8.39 6.81 9.90 7.97 8.14 7.26 8.5SD +1.34 7.24 7.38 8.36 0.15 8.94 7.36 8.85 7.85 8.94 6.30 9.43 8.85 8.58 6.32 0.34 9.42 7.61 9.10 9.61 8.74 9.79 9.70 8.61 8.39 7.33 0.58 8.17 .22 6.70 5.75 7.49 8.01 5.48 8.92 8.11 7.38 6.74 7.51 8.00 9.70 8.17 10.75 8.18 8.40 8.22 8.44 8.27 7.37 0.66 6.08 9.74 8.93 7.05 6.54 7.26 8.85 8.61 8.30 7.80 6.86 8.60 7.79 7.17 10.17 10.85 6.77 7.39 No.24 7.39 0.67 8.41 8.90 7.17 10.29 7.37 8.99 8.36 0.42 7.11 8.48 8.08 10.63 6.52 8.34 0.60 8.61 9.33 0.61 8.63 7.34 7.39 9.13 6.39 0.38 0.48 8.39 0.34 0.09 10.47 9.39 9.69 7.37 0.98 +2SD 9.34 8.38 0.96 8.21 7.72 6.92 7.74 9.51 8.34 0.87 8.41 8.97 9.06 10.39 0.75 7.39 9.32 0.61 8.30 6.50 8.39 0.71 6.48 1SD 0.04 9.98 6.39 0.57 8.86 7.34 0.81 9.31 7.61 8.38 0.5SD +1.54 8.02 8.81 5.55 7.13 9.30 9.33 0.81 9.42 9.27 9.79 9.68 9.00 10.86 8.98 8.72 9.68 9.95 7.40 7.94 8.44 8.17 10.06 7.58 8.83 7.95 6.10 10.49 9.5SD 7.80 9.71 7.17 10.34 0.50 6.38 0.64 8.54 6.98 8.07 9.46 6.80 7.38 8.95 6.02 9.91 8.34 9.04 8.65 8.39 0.83 8.97 5.38 7.19 8.35 0.36 7.56 7.22 7.31 8.66 7.61 8.38 0.78 9.37 0.38 0.34 0.98 8.40 8.09 5.98 7.78 6.92 8.73 8.09 8.35 0.18 9.78 8.77 8.67 7.39 0.80 8.38 0.39 BPD (cm) -2SD -1.67 7.19 7.34 8.98 8.88 8.90 8.23 7.32 0.38 0.35 0.31 9.93 6.22 GA (w d) 33w3d 33w4d 33w5d 33w6d 34w0d 34w1d 34w2d 34w3d 34w4d 34w5d 34w6d 35w0d 35w1d 35w2d 35w3d 35w4d 35w5d 35w6d 36w0d 36w1d 36w2d 36w3d 36w4d 36w5d 36w6d 37w0d 37w1d 37w2d 37w3d 37w4d 37w5d 37w6d 38w0d 38w1d 38w2d 38w3d 38w4d 38w5d 38w6d 39w0d 39w1d 39w2d 39w3d 39w4d 39w5d 39w6d 40w0d 40w1d 40w2d 40w3d 40w4d 40w5d 40w6d 41w0d 41w1d 41w2d 41w3d 41w4d 41w5d 41w6d 42w0d Mean 8.74 5.74 8.34 0.98 8.10 9.94 9.96 7.70 8.04 +2SD 6.91 7.20 9.16 7.15 9.61 8.38 9.81 9.31 8.34 0.97 8.26 6.20 7.37 0.35 0.95 6.59 7.39 0.09 6.51 8.35 0.90 6.10 7.49 8.47 6.99 9.37 0.14 10.30 6.37 BPD (cm) -2SD -1.04 8.81 6.47 6.44 9.25 7.14 9.50 7.63 9.67 8.76 7.62 6.90 8.63 7.93 8.38 0.78 9.65 8.43 7.37 0.18 7.26 8.61 8.39 0.69 9.56 7.17 6.26 9.62 5.26 7.17 10.98 8.75 9.81 9.78 6.56 7.87 8.59 7.98 8.46 7.49 7.60 8.15 8.13 7.81 9.34 6.12 8.37 0.66 9.94 8.17 10.39 0.54 8.39 0.96 8.33 0.87 7.98 8.05 8.90 9.18 9.36 0.36 0.51 8.93 7.37 0.18 8.23 7.39 9.88 8.36 0.39 0.25 9.78 5.98 8.39 0.54 9.73 9.16 7.37 0.77 9.72 9.81 9.01 7.29 8.75 8.86 9.GA (w d) 24w4d 24w5d 24w6d 25w0d 25w1d 25w2d 25w3d 25w4d 25w5d 25w6d 26w0d 26w1d 26w2d 26w3d 26w4d 26w5d 26w6d 27w0d 27w1d 27w2d 27w3d 27w4d 27w5d 27w6d 28w0d 28w1d 28w2d 28w3d 28w4d 28w5d 28w6d 29w0d 29w1d 29w2d 29w3d 29w4d 29w5d 29w6d 30w0d 30w1d 30w2d 30w3d 30w4d 30w5d 30w6d 31w0d 31w1d 31w2d 31w3d 31w4d 31w5d 31w6d 32w0d 32w1d 32w2d 32w3d 32w4d 32w5d 32w6d 33w0d 33w1d 33w2d Mean 6.24 8.19 8.44 7.16 10.61 8.36 0.78 8.02 7.36 9.33 0.94 8.86 6.37 9.22 8.93 9.07 7.06 9.37 0.03 7.11 9.15 10.72 7.39 9.57 9.51 6.38 0.53 9.13 10.60 7.98 8.52 7.12 10.35 9.91 5.83 7.39 9.63 8.81 7.57 8.77 8.32 0.57 8.37 9.41 9.60 9.76 9.46 8.38 0.34 8.33 0.70 9.39 6.80 8.55 6.39 9.37 9.91 6.59 6.98 9.67 9.13 6.39 0.13 7.38 0.75 6.99 7.03 7.32 8.35 0.53 8.01 8.35 0.47 8.24 6.20 8.06 8.96 8.12 8.89 8.36 0.39 9.13 7.64 7.26 7.71 7.59 9.39 0.37 0.39 9.38 0.36 8.39 0.80 8.05 10.82 6.96 8.88 9.62 8.97 7.79 8.49 9.44 8.41 8.29 8.28 9.36 0.27 6.39 0.32 9.51 8.14 9.17 10.37 0.30 8.99 9.31 7.20 7.82 5.43 9.02 9.45 7.27 7.17 7.74 7.53 7.11 7.99 7.88 6.48 7.41 7.36 0.37 0.14 8.35 0.35 0.45 8.37 0.35 6.68 8.90 8.69 8.16 10.42 8.78 9.17 9.81 8.52 7.17 9.62 6.34 0.37 7.08 7.58 8.35 9.60 8.23 8.80 9.07 8.26 7.66 5.53 8.07 7.39 9.36 0.37 8.56 8.37 0.20 9.31 9.91 9.64 7.33 7. 2B771-044EN*D 10-139 1SD 0.34 0.39 0.33 0.34 0.39 7.01 8.49 7.15 10.39 0.18 7.35 7.24 8.60 8.67 8.34 6.36 0.05 9.69 7.59 6.39 0.28 9.02 8.

8 49.5 55.7 16.2 15.9 1.0 29.4 40.8 43.1 17.6 23. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48 CER=Power(10.0 1.3 34.3 40.7 45.9 11.1 14.9 34.9 24.0 19.9 31.1 35.8 42.3 31.4 37.5 40.7 3.7 2.7 28.0 20.4 41.6 1.7 1.8 47.9 43.9 39.3 28.3 2.(0.5 29.5 31.0 3.2 44.5 2.6 48.0 35.2 20.7 48.1 49.0 3.5 41.8129735+0.2 25.3 16.3 36.8 30.4 49.1 2.9 2.0 2.5 39.4 36.8 24.3 47.9 53.6 34.6 2.8 2.9 51.9 36.2 30.0 46.5 1.4 37.7 27.8 2.4 22.6 44.8 27.9 2.1 3.0 45.1 42.5)/10 5%-95%tile=Power(10.1 3.1 28.0 21.6 15.5 1.0003590*GA^2))-5 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.3 43.7 32.0 41 42 43 44 45 46.7 38.7 20.2 2.3 25.5 17.2 1.7 42.6 2.1 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.4 2.8 52.8 19.(4) CER (a) CER Nicolaides Nicolaides Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.3 1. No.0 39.3 21. 2B771-044EN*D 10-140 .5 26.29*10+0.2 1.3 2.2 42.645*0.7 22.0 52.0367114*GA-0.9 45.7 54.1 1.4 13.5 38.3 32.02504))-5 Input : GA (weeks) Output : CER (mm) Input min : 14 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean CER (mm) 1SD 5%tile 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 13.8 1.5 14.3 25.3 14.9 18.4 1.4 21.8 33.4 18.4 12.9 1.0 24.(Mean±1.8 16.

3 42.9 12.8 64.6 35.8 8.1 12.1 6.2 27.7 22.2 2.5 9.5 61.7 3.3 37.7 23.3 36.2 3.9 30.2 12.2 42.5 2.1 17.7 47.5 11.5 5.9 14.8 42.7 5.2 51.5 32.9 7.3 20.2 40.5 41.3 28.8 4.5 13.6 63.2 48.2 73.(5) CRL (a) CRL Osaka Mineo Aoki.9 18.4 3.9 14.9 51.1 8.7 57.2 38.9 49. Motohiro Yamada Evaluation of fetal growth Obstetrics and gynecological treatment Vol.1 47.3 69.0 16.2 71. 2B771-044EN*D 10-141 6.4 21.7 22.3 2.7 41.2 7.9 35.3 20.7 5.1 11.1 24.7 36.4 37.5 33.5 26.9 7.8 70.3 67.9 28.1 19.9 15.2 15.2 33.4 65.8 11.5 26.2 13.5 33.3 25.3 12.4 6.1 34.7 1.7 6.1 49.0 7.2 16.4 5.3 24.8 7.6 10.0 19.0 6.0 74.4 21.9 40.9 16.6 No.7 66.2 59.2 29.4 63.0 31.6 2.2 20.8 68.9 46.0 2.3 48.6 21.0 54.6 11.9 61.1 17.9 76.5 4.2 14.2 19. 5 (1983: 11) GA (w d) Mean 1SD CRL (mm) -2SD -1.7 27.2 13.0 14.5 34.8 44.1 18.8 74.2 30.1 29.2 25.1 43.1 15.9 18.1 5.2 6.8 38.7 58.5SD 7w0d 7w1d 7w2d 7w3d 7w4d 7w5d 7w6d 8w0d 8w1d 8w2d 8w3d 8w4d 8w5d 8w6d 9w0d 9w1d 9w2d 9w3d 9w4d 9w5d 9w6d 10w0d 10w1d 10w2d 10w3d 10w4d 10w5d 10w6d 11w0d 11w1d 11w2d 11w3d 11w4d 11w5d 11w6d 12w0d 12w1d 12w2d 12w3d 12w4d 12w5d 12w6d 8.7 62.8 2.6 44.9 3.1 4.0 16.3 43.6 30.2 7.5 20.1 48.0 13.8 5.7 50.5 59.1 23.1 9.9 50.3 7.1 3.1 36.3 53.3 45.2 47.7 55.9 24.9 5.8 78.3 6.6 51.3 9.8 56.8 24.9 52.5 44.9 18.1 9.0 14.7 10.4 6.3 25.8 4.9 11.2 1.5SD +2SD 11.8 32.3 6.6 22.0 27.3 4.0 14.1 28.8 56.8 42.6 7.4 21.8 53.9 24.9 16.8 29.6 4.5 8.7 44.5 13.4 14.6 6.0 32.8 54.1 37.5 3.9 39.7 12.2 7.8 60.9 16.6 6.4 37. 47 No.9 72.2 19.0 4.6 22.3 39.4 46.9 2.3 20.9 32.8 26.6 1.1 9.7 39.5 +1.8 35.7 10.7 9.4 47.2 5.3 33.7 31.5 30.5 7.2 10.5 46.9 15.9 28.9 39.5 26.6 41.5 5.8 .2 18.5 12.4 36.1 19.3 45.8 6.5 58.8 6.

4 27. No.0 49.2 55.7 1.5 63.0 23.8 72.9 18.2 3.7 21.6 5.3 2.8 67.2 7.8 67.4 53.6 64.6 33.7 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) 1SD 1.6 58.5 37.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.2 32.4 3.9 49.6 37.8 24.1 68.6 41.(6) FIB (a) FIB Chitty Chitty Charts of fetal size: limb bones BJOG: am International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology August 2002.7 53.0 73.8 21.0 2.3 59.1 61.0 26.0 3.5 53.5 58.8 2.9 70.4 52.5 33.0 54.4 23.2 6.2 45.4 3.0451 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.1 64.4 19.9 3.7 13.7 2.6 39. 919-929 FIB=13697/GA^2-2458.5 10.6 4.1 3.7 65.9 43.1 72.9 56.9 1.8 27.4 8.1 26.9 30.2 22.1 12.6 2.5 34.7 68.1 2.9 38.5 57.8 18.9 30.0 53.4 62.4 65.7 2.1 42.6 59.5 67.3 51.6 46.1 97%tile 10.9 35.3 62.0 11.9 2.0 29.2 2.4 69.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : FIB (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 6.0 50.5 61.9 2.0 71.4 48.2 17.3 35.8 14.2 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 3.7 68.8 46.0 3. Vol.6 16.1 3.4 2. 109.9 25.5 FIB (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 3.1 15.0 65.9 43.9 61.5 51.7 28.2 48.1 35.3 66.2 44.5 16.5 2.3 2.0 37. pp.4 19.1 39.2 62.4 42.3 3.053841*GA+1.9 54.7 52.8 56.5 57.8 8.6 56. 2B771-044EN*D 10-142 .0 64.5 49.8 13.6 2.0 52.8 49.0 51.6 37.2 59.5 10.8 34.3 22.0 47.2 31.2 25.9 40.0 11.4 2.0 10.0 20.6 60.3 46.5 61.8 13.8 60.0 31.1 57.4 56.6 58.7 30.1 27.7 44.2 55.1 75.4 47.8 42.2 2.7 61.1 44.5 40.1 2.51 1SD=0.8 2.2 90%tile 9.3 44.1 73.5 58.8 1.6 58.4 56.2 54.9 15.5 49.8 66.4 46.5 60.6 70.5 63.3 63.7 1.1 54.3 39.5 59.6 33.4 62.1 41.1 74.0/GA+116.0 2.6 64.8 51.

9 55.3 77.7 76.8 60.7 43.8 68.0 72.8 48.8 3.4 66.6 62.CREQUAT.5 14. No.4 82.5 2.5 80.5 3.3 45.4 50.7 59.3 38. G.4 23.0 36.4 34.0006*GA^3 1SD=1.j.0 40.8 2.8 75.9 74.8 52.5 57. J.5 2. C.085+2.2 2.6 3.1 3.4 2.7 55.0 3.3 3.0 79.1 41.FRIES and M.9 65.4 73.9 58.1 52.4 33.0 79.8 53.6 69.3 24.3 36.1 2.3 39.0 71.9 72.9 73.3 21.2 62.5 35.7 47.8 2.1 69.3 2.3 84.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : FL (mm) Input min : 15 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean FL (mm) 1SD 5%tile 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 18.7 2.0 2.2 3.0 46.9223*GA+0.7 31.1 21.9 41 42 43 44 45 76.0 23.1 42. M. N.3 70.3 85.4 3.2 26.DUYME.7 66.8 29.1 2.7 32.2 3.2 86.BRODATY.7 2.0809+0.9 61.6 20.3 72.2 2.4 78.2 55.4 71.0 56.2 79.0 28.6 50.0609*GA 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.1 83.7 3.7 3.4 27.6 39.9 26.3 3.0 44.4 30.SALOMON.0 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.0148*GA^2-0.(7) FL (a) FL CFEF French fetal biometry: reference equations and comparison with other charts L.8 60.9 3.3 57.TALMANT.9 63. 2B771-044EN*D 10-143 .3 78.8 67.6 2.4 2.5 50.0 3.8 70.1 2.6 44.3 63.9 65.1 72.6 3.ALTHUSER Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol (in press) FL=-27.9 69.5 64.8 17.3 48.

0 54. p168-176..0 59.0 74.0 73. Springer Verlag.0 51.0 28. p438.0 25. 2B771-044EN*D 10-144 . 1986.0 47.0 39.0 22..0 12. p439.0 75.0 56.0 69.0 No.0 63.0 67.0 31.0 16. New York. p432. p431.0 41.0 44. Hackeloer B.0 34. p440-441 GA (weeks) FL (mm) Mean 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 10.0 49.0 36.(b) FL Hansmann Hansmann H. Staudach A.0 18.0 61.0 65. Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology. English Edition (ISBN 0-387-15384-9).0 71. p154.

3 72.0 20.2 3.5 18.5 79.8 68.0 66.5 56.5)/10 5%-95% range = Power((Mean±1.8 50.2 2.6 59.1 70.6 75.4 76.0045992*GA^2).8 30.1 33.5 68.3 22.3 67.(c) FL Nicolaides Nicolaides Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.5 23.7 34.0 45.5 43.2 27.6 37.9 63.1 3.4 60.5 1.4 81.5 39.0 71.0 76.4 56.6 73.9 2.2 3.5 38.2 3. No.9 35.5 65.9 2.4 47.7 25.3 15.2 61.0 2.5 47.5 63.0 40.29*10+0.4263429*GA-0.1 3.2 69.1 3.7 28.1 25.1 61.0 3.7 71.0 41 42 43 44 45 74.3 54.6 2.5 2.4 26.5 17.1 71.4 40.1852).9 31.2 76.2 13.0 68.4 2.9 3.9 80.2 2.3 76. 2B771-044EN*D 10-145 .1 28.0 56.7 51.9 20.8 82.7 2. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48 FL=Power((-1.8 66.7 81.6 1.645*0.2 3.8 2.6 1.1132444+0.6 77.0 61.2 41.1 70.6 18.2) Input : GA (weeks) Output : FL (mm) Input min : 14 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (week) Mean FL (mm) 1SD 5%tile 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 15.1 66.6 75.1 45.8 2.1 54.2 71.1 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.4 70.9 79.3 2.8 59.2) 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 70.1 49.1 20.1 2.0 3.2 65.2 3.7 23.7 1.9 48.8 36.9 44.2 63.6 52.9 73.3 43.7 3.5 2.1 52.8 1.4 31.7 2.4 54.5 58.3 32.

1 17.7 35.1 49.50 1.80 19.25 1.9 42.5 37.1 32.60 2.6 19.80 1.5 62.9 52.9 57.1 72.(d) FL O’Brien GREGORY D. O’BRIEN.3 32.15 1.8 64.2 58.8 71.4 79.3 41.10 2.25 2.1 77.05 1.40 2.95 1.7 67.1 22.15 2.5 74. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1981.8 No.8 47.0 54.20 2.7 61.8 50.2 69.55 1.25 2.8 74.5 40.B.0 51.9 64.0 54.30 2.4 57.0 39.4 37.3 33.1 56.5 66.0 67.5 46.5 70.5 66.3 26.6 32.75 2.1 49.6 56.0 28.4 46.90 2.5 70.80 2.15 1.55 1.0 69.9 43.4 48.2 29.30 2.3 53.30 2.05 2.8 37.4 34.55 2.3 61.6 60.6 19.2 25.1 53.1 69.0 14.50 1.5 61.2 75.4 1.0 25. Growth of the Ultrasound femur length during normal pregnancy.3 62.7 69.0 22.9 65.3 58.5 29.0 58.6 44. 141: 833-837 GA (weeks) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Mean FL (mm) 1SD -2SD +2SD 16.9 43.6 62.9 22.1 75. 2B771-044EN*D 10-146 . M.45 1.3 81.9 66.

39 3.24 2.26 5.75 1.79 1.17 4.94 1.21 0.63 3.53 3.80 2.37 2.26 0.23 4.91 0.09 1.40 4.34 4.24 4.16 5.17 1.30 1.40 2.93 0.97 2.26 2.14 5.27 4.30 2.02 3.96 3.5SD +2SD .35 1.39 19w1d 2.23 0.46 3.97 1.59 3.27 0.50 1.71 4.93 1.86 3.38 3.91 19w5d FL (cm) +2SD GA (w d) Mean 1SD -2SD 1.25 4.72 0.44 1.22 0.24 2.26 0.42 5.25 3.08 5.22 0.23 0.22 2.48 1.96 4.71 3.58 4. 47 No.32 5.25 0.22 0.59 4.88 1.26 0.23 0.75 3.13 2.4 4.43 2.44 1.35 5.26 0.31 26w5d 4.31 3.33 4.36 2.95 4.64 3.89 2.31 1.59 1.14 2.07 4.36 19w6d 2.07 0.22 0.70 3.13 1.27 4.39 27w0d 4.24 2.01 2.55 2.60 3.98 3.99 2.93 3.88 1.80 3.75 0.22 0.36 1.76 2.56 4.23 0.81 0.58 3.24 0.83 3.55 2.90 2.26 0.16 3.54 4.13 3.05 2.39 20w0d 3.22 0.47 2.61 2.23 0.31 19w2d 2.25 0.09 2.79 0.83 3.67 1.71 3.24 0.87 3.59 1.26 0.78 0.01 2.51 3.17 2.25 0.27 4.11 4.78 2.26 0.07 3.27 3.24 0.13 4.44 2.79 3.98 1.65 0.70 4.25 0.81 1.65 0.45 1.86 3.11 1.47 4.07 1.06 3.49 3.43 4.38 5.43 3.25 0.70 3.42 3.77 0.39 1.68 2.71 1.35 4.65 2.19 3.67 1.80 1.23 0.26 1.35 19w3d 2.74 4.82 2.39 2.22 0.70 1.63 2.35 3.33 1.59 3.29 3.55 3.26 2.47 2.55 1.63 1.54 4.08 5.01 2.35 3.42 4.64 2.36 2.07 4.19 5.54 5.86 2.76 1.21 0.83 2.51 2.71 2.55 3.64 4.34 3.86 3.21 1.03 1.45 5.05 2.55 1.32 5.66 3.69 2.20 1.75 3.30 1.23 2.26 0.26 0.92 1.24 2.67 0.47 3.71 2.11 1.87 2.57 2.99 4.96 2.27 26w4d 4.83 1.02 4.23 0.98 5.87 4.21 4.83 0.38 3.36 3.04 1.61 1.34 2.10 4.84 1.51 27w3d 4.47 3.59 3.49 1.97 4.23 3.35 5.46 3.47 3.48 1.56 3.03 4.22 4.5SD No.39 1.67 3.22 0.22 0.49 1.31 3.72 1.33 2.63 1.59 1.24 0.67 4.14 4.83 3.22 0.48 -1.59 2.61 0.63 0.05 2.15 4.40 3.35 1.12 1.25 2.50 4.25 0.27 3.27 4.43 27w1d 4.22 0.00 4.14 3.06 4.13 2.74 3.39 4.17 4.30 5.94 2.21 0.74 2.20 3.25 0.97 4.17 4.82 2.59 2.72 1.63 3.70 1.88 1.78 3.57 4.94 2.46 4.13 4.88 0.26 3.(e) FL Osaka Mineo Aoki.25 2.15 3.91 4.86 2.52 0.27 4.04 3.04 5.10 2.23 0.31 4.25 4.11 5.27 4.44 1.09 2.77 4.48 2.21 0.05 2.09 3.21 4.22 0.61 4.63 4.92 1.76 3.33 3.88 1.75 0.01 4.94 4.90 3.25 2.23 20w3d 20w4d 20w5d 20w6d 21w0d 21w1d 21w2d 21w3d 21w4d 21w5d 21w6d 22w0d 22w1d 22w2d 22w3d 22w4d 22w5d 22w6d 23w0d 23w1d 23w2d 23w3d 23w4d 23w5d 23w6d 24w0d 24w1d 24w2d 24w3d 24w4d 24w5d 24w6d 25w0d 25w1d 25w2d 25w3d 25w4d 25w5d 25w6d 26w0d 26w1d 26w2d 26w3d 3.62 4.29 4.31 4.25 0.11 0.89 3.05 3.23 0.49 4.74 4.22 0.17 1.99 3.82 3.94 0.24 4.72 3.45 20w2d 3.97 3.25 0.26 0.52 4.08 2.25 0.24 2.25 0.18 4.18 4. 2B771-044EN*D 10-147 -1.22 0.82 0.19 2.66 1.12 2.90 3.42 3.75 2.87 3.06 1.63 2.23 0.19 3.32 2.24 2.23 0.24 2.67 3.23 5.28 4.22 0.04 4.90 1.84 4.32 2.17 2.00 2.53 1.63 1.51 4.23 0.27 2.43 3.84 3.91 4.27 3.99 4.95 0.67 3.35 26w6d 4.73 3.5SD +1.70 0.79 1.67 4.54 1.78 3.26 4.53 2.13 2.54 3.98 3.39 1.26 0.01 3.83 1.26 0.28 1.35 4.01 5.24 0.51 3.21 0.59 1.72 2.28 4.63 3.10 4.09 3.67 2.29 0.29 2.21 2.84 1.79 3.10 4.26 0.72 3.36 4.26 2.27 4.01 5.25 0.06 3.39 4.68 1.66 3.5SD +1.48 5.54 1.71 3.25 0.25 0.80 4.49 3.82 0.03 2.95 1.29 5.76 3.88 0.00 1.37 4.93 3.13 5.24 2.51 5.15 1.9 3.86 0.43 3.47 2.86 0.85 0.37 1.21 2.43 2.69 0.45 4.22 4.27 4.17 3.03 3.24 0.46 1.25 0.26 0.87 0.26 0.79 2.72 0.51 2.04 4.17 2.91 0. 5 (1983: 11) (Extrapolated on 42 weeks) FL (cm) GA (w d) Mean 1SD -2SD 13w0d 13w1d 13w2d 13w3d 13w4d 13w5d 13w6d 14w0d 14w1d 14w2d 14w3d 14w4d 14w5d 14w6d 15w0d 15w1d 15w2d 15w3d 15w4d 15w5d 15w6d 16w0d 16w1d 16w2d 16w3d 16w4d 16w5d 16w6d 17w0d 17w1d 17w2d 17w3d 17w4d 17w5d 17w6d 18w0d 18w1d 18w2d 18w3d 18w4d 18w5d 18w6d 19w0d 0.84 4.11 4.23 3.22 0.35 1.93 3.20 4.94 2.67 2.18 2.24 0.47 27w2d 4.63 3.94 0.23 0.78 4.16 2.39 2.68 3.24 19w4d 2.06 4.97 2.59 2.22 0.77 1.22 1.90 2.51 2.40 1.03 4.24 0.26 1.23 0.13 2.42 1.29 2.25 0.75 3.91 2.23 0.96 2.32 4.88 4.15 3.18 3.55 27w4d 4.74 1.21 2.26 1.12 3.24 0.99 0.86 1.22 3.65 1.76 0.57 3.30 3.85 2.79 1.09 2.00 4.02 3.75 0.24 1.24 3.42 4.57 1.95 3.22 0.26 0.02 1. Motohiro Yamada Evaluation of fetal growth Obstetrics and gynecological treatment Vol.75 1.21 0.28 4.03 0.21 2.23 0.25 0.23 0.81 4.93 2.25 0.56 0.52 1.51 3.08 4.42 20w1d 3.97 5.96 2.79 2.61 3.59 27w5d 4.91 3.55 2.40 2.11 3.18 4.53 3.64 3.92 1.23 0.

46 5.44 7.10 28w6d 5.28 5.69 0.76 5.85 8.16 0.25 0.53 0.09 6.31 6.88 6.45 6.29 5.70 32w4d 5.28 6.29 5.66 5.83 33w4d 6.30 5.52 7.40 39w1d 7.25 0.38 28w0d 5.93 7.71 4.79 6.10 28w4d FL (cm) +2SD GA (w d) Mean 1SD -2SD 5.35 6.29 5.38 6.29 5.70 7.47 4.64 32w2d 5.91 41w6d 7.48 39w4d 7.51 7.32 6.84 6.82 5.29 7.79 5.23 7.30 5.91 6.51 39w5d 7.79 0.56 4.07 6.08 28w5d 5.93 0.50 6.32 6.08 6.98 0.10 5.52 0.46 7.27 7.36 0.60 32w0d 5.00 6.31 6.88 7.39 6.74 5.71 7.30 5.27 5.30 5.32 6.29 5.32 6.40 0.81 4.27 6.27 4.13 5.82 0.73 6.68 7.31 6.27 4.60 0.55 35w1d 6.89 7.18 0.16 0.32 6.21 6.05 7.10 7.24 6.09 7.82 5.97 6.72 6.30 5.86 5.69 0.38 7.40 7.59 4.95 7.24 5.32 6.95 6.73 6.96 6.37 0.28 0.15 5.19 7.82 7.37 6.21 7.03 0.38 5.56 7.98 7.62 40w2d 7.64 7.13 6.29 5.43 0.17 29w2d 5.96 0.42 6.85 5.45 5.42 6.67 40w4d 7.18 5.28 5.77 0.40 6.63 6.82 0.92 0.20 7.05 6.63 6.68 6.91 34w1d 6.52 6.60 0.30 6.15 6.56 40w0d 7.35 7.56 5.54 5.13 6.02 6.86 7.58 31w6d 5.54 31w4d 5.98 34w5d 6.29 5.27 4.88 0.99 6.24 6.28 4.60 5.21 0.30 5.26 7.30 5.55 6.31 6.10 5.87 36w4d 6.01 5.58 6.93 6.71 7.31 6.55 6.05 6.43 5.28 4.46 39w3d 7.30 0.54 0.98 6.73 7.31 6.56 7.36 6.01 0.84 8.49 7.40 5.19 0.74 32w6d 5.86 0.29 5.66 0.64 35w4d 6.52 31w3d 5.34 0.28 5.31 7.93 36w6d 6.79 5.61 28w1d 5.48 6.70 6.98 5.70 5.66 7.62 7.29 5.43 7.98 0.20 6.00 7.82 33w3d 6.34 0.78 6.62 4.31 0.01 0.28 4.07 7.12 7.70 5.30 6.01 -1.58 5.06 5.67 7.32 6.79 5.36 7.08 37w4d 6.30 5.78 7.46 6.88 7.96 37w0d 6.73 5.61 35w3d 6.68 4.25 38w3d 6.31 6.31 6.28 4.5SD +2SD * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.15 5.17 6.81 6.83 5.27 4.63 5.15 7.54 6.89 41w5d 7.44 30w6d 5.47 6.30 5.49 0.55 0.41 7.66 6.42 6.64 5.00 34w6d 6.86 6.79 41w2d 7.31 6.22 0.50 7.25 7.18 6.90 0.27 4.50 6.19 38w1d 6.19 0.29 0.16 7.57 0.21 0.77 0.28 5.32 6.04 0.26 29w6d 5.34 6.33 7.99 4.26 6.94 6.28 4.96 5.27 28w3d 5.80 7.61 6.84 4.24 7.72 32w5d 5.97 0.69 40w5d 7.78 33w1d 6.84 36w3d 6.90 6.62 0.32 6.28 4.22 38w2d 6.66 32w3d 5.84 7.22 7.28 4.64 0.19 6.73 0.31 6.28 5.51 5.87 33w6d 6.48 6.41 0.31 6.84 6.69 7.51 5.29 5.15 29w1d 5.94 42w0d 7.63 0.27 4.18 7.31 6.47 7.29 5.32 6.04 0.33 7.29 5.90 0.76 6.39 7.27 4.53 4.20 29w3d 5.96 6.67 35w5d 6.30 6.32 6.42 5.92 5.75 0.89 6.77 7.10 0.02 6.39 30w4d 5.65 6.16 38w0d 6.45 6.53 6.96 34w4d 6.73 7.71 6.05 37w3d 6.61 5.45 7.36 0.64 40w3d 7.98 5.37 0.32 6.82 41w3d 7.46 31w0d 5.29 5.32 6.28 5.35 5.30 5.08 6.11 6.60 6.31 6.32 6.85 0.19 0.77 7.23 0.88 6.72 40w6d 7.16 6.31 6.41 30w5d 5.13 37w6d 6.30 5.29 6.30 5.90 36w5d 6.06 6.33 30w1d 5.29 6.02 7.82 7.04 6.74 41w0d 7.24 29w5d 5.40 6.55 6.34 0.30 5.91 7.57 0.29 5.56 31w5d 5.31 0.06 0.79 36w2d 6.59 6.32 6.29 5.27 4.04 0.24 0.30 6.31 6.14 0.71 0.69 5.33 38w6d 6.5SD +1.58 7.79 7.81 6.08 0.32 0.22 5.54 7.62 32w1d 5.65 6.42 7.68 6.58 35w2d 6.54 7.94 34w3d 6.50 28w2d 5.66 5.11 0.30 6.28 4.78 4.66 5.14 0.76 6.53 6.12 0.81 5.46 0.77 41w1d 7.39 0.50 6.57 5.86 7.32 6.34 6.04 5.58 7.48 7.29 5.61 6.62 7.75 4.99 37w1d 6.32 6.37 30w3d 5.58 6.43 0.76 5.5SD -1.07 5.03 6.54 39w6d 7.81 7. No.21 5.63 5.02 0.24 6.63 6.30 38w5d 6.32 6.60 7.57 6.70 35w6d 6.11 7.50 31w2d 5.01 5.81 6.50 0.13 29w0d 5.5SD +1.74 0.11 6.32 5.07 5.35 30w2d 5.86 41w4d 7.09 0.16 0.71 6.66 7.06 0.FL (cm) GA (w d) Mean 1SD -2SD 27w6d 4.42 6.94 0.07 0.31 6.30 5.85 5.28 4.04 5.73 5.67 5.60 7.43 39w2d 7.96 5.22 29w4d 5.95 5.12 5.76 36w1d 6.91 6.75 7.48 5.29 5.76 33w0d 6.00 0.88 0.64 7.28 4.71 0.27 0.94 6.48 31w1d 5.22 6.84 0.28 5.80 33w2d 6.31 7.43 4.65 4.27 4.68 6.29 5.46 0.13 0.26 0.44 6.96 0.76 5.01 6.28 5.80 0.75 7.66 6.72 4.89 5.86 6.01 4.02 37w2d 6.58 7.74 6.48 0.29 7.38 39w0d 6.31 30w0d 5.89 34w0d 6.32 6.26 6.85 33w5d 6.37 6.17 7.32 6.37 7.32 6.53 5.29 0.27 38w4d 6.31 6.73 36w0d 6.51 35w0d 6.90 5.31 6.87 5.57 5.93 34w2d 6.30 5.10 37w5d 6.71 5.93 5.59 40w1d 7. 2B771-044EN*D 10-148 .66 0.48 5.

6 80.3 89.1 89.3 57.0 53.6 35. 919-929 Foot=0.0 48.9 60.8 2.1 67.0 69.7 55.2 28.9 58.5 76.3 35.1 74.8 38.4 3.7 26.8 52.9 72.3 15.0 86.2 18.5 44.7 70.3 14.9 71.7 88.9 13.1 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.8 19.2 24.9 67.8 75.9 20.7 65.2 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) 3%tile 5.8 34.3 46.9 88.8 79.7 55.1 4.9 42.9 2.1 85.0 20.0 51.0 48.2 50.3 69.9 11.1 46.7 49.27971 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.3 84.4 66.8 81.2 4.6 26.1 2.3 64.8 65.6 74.8 14.3 4.3 66.2 74.1 60.0 72.0 45.084175*GA^2*Ln(GA)-14.6 46.7 4.0 61.5 3.7 Foot (mm) 10%tile 6.6 80.5 86.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.0 21.0 3.8 59.9 82.4 53.2 74.4 69.7 14.6 29.2 79.9 4.9 63.6 41.6 38.2 40.3 3.6 22.8 5.7 84.0 60.8 33.6 32.6 62.7 2.6 51.5 71.0 23.6 72.9 23.9 8.10865*GA+0.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : Foot (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 8.9 3.9 16.3 75.0 2.2 77.5 11.6 74.1 83.4 73.0 97%tile 11.6 2.1 37. pp.2 26.2 2.0 85.8 55.0 16.0 37.2 93.2 91.6 17.6 30.158 1SD=0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-149 .7 91.4 62.0 92.1 53.2 3.0 4.0 30.6 77.7 78.4 71.5 55.8 73.5 76.3 2.8 9.8 3.9 18.0 76.3 62.9 68.1 3.7 1.9 56.4 43.1 5.9 69.4 73.6 4.1 51.6 3.4 4.0 5.8 90%tile 10.5 32.6 78.9 72.9 41.6 23.3 67.3 29.7 76.0 52.2 38.5 82. Vol.0 81.2 90.6 64.5 4.6 35.5 2.6 29.1 67.6 20.8 1.9 40.9 83.4 47.3 64.(8) Foot (a) Foot Chitty Chitty Charts of fetal size: limb bones BJOG: am International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology August 2002.7 61.4 27.6 1.7 43.8 58.6 49.2 94.4 1SD 1.6 12.4 25.5 36.5 44. 109.5 32.8 58.4 69. No.36909*GA^2-0.

30 8.60 21w6d 23.30 7. Motohiro Yamada Evaluation of fetal growth Obstetrics and gynecological treatment Vol.70 30.70 21w3d 22.00 1.40 6.40 12.05 40.15 13.00 16.70 14.00 25.60 13.50 38.20 40.20 3.15 44.40 19w6d 18.75 35.40 21w2d 21.90 20w0d 18.80 11.10 17w0d 11.95 30.80 1.80 8.20 18.30 4.10 19.10 18w4d 14.20 23w5d 29.90 1.20 3.85 23.30 1.40 17w6d 13.70 7.30 18w6d 15.00 5.00 13.25 25.90 3.15 27.45 30.30 34.55 39.10 10.50 19.00 20w4d 19.10 3.70 9.30 26.00 18w2d 14.60 2.30 19.30 4.70 1.50 5.20 26.90 43.80 3.80 15.50 28.70 32.10 2.70 41.40 28.30 1.95 18.00 16w5d 10.60 34.45 10.40 30.50 5.50 5.30 19.50 1.40 1.90 22.70 6.70 8.40 26.40 4.10 11.65 44.40 27.80 5.50 1.60 27.40 9.90 25.60 29.40 36.50 4.60 14w4d 6.70 2.20 9.10 28.90 18w0d 13.50 32.80 17.65 20.90 22w3d 25.10 45.10 27.80 23.30 19w4d 17.95 40.90 24.50 5.20 12.35 22.00 4.60 12.00 24w5d 32.80 15.70 14.40 20w6d 20.00 32.60 8.40 4.05 16.90 27.60 23.20 26.15 9.10 12.50 12.85 10.65 15.10 4.85 26.50 5.30 3.60 19w3d 16.20 14w3d 6.35 19.65 16.15 24.45 32.60 13.50 15.15 10.60 1.85 37.00 45.30 27.65 11.00 16.40 26w4d 38.60 4.70 30.25 21.90 23w4d 28.30 47.00 19.15 23.80 16.90 8.55 42.00 4.40 8.85 34.00 38.30 2.60 6.60 14w6d 7.20 17.30 11.20 3.00 15w2d 7.20 3.70 7.40 3.20 11.10 22w0d 23.85 12.00 8.10 1.10 17.20 3.60 6.80 15.45 39.70 4.35 38.40 19w1d 16.90 4.30 14w1d 5.00 7.90 10.10 26w1d 36.70 20.90 29.80 24w2d 30.50 5.55 8.10 39.30 11.50 24w4d 31.70 6.00 3.15 20.50 21.50 2.80 18w5d 15.10 33.70 16w6d 11.90 31.00 1.30 12.20 10.10 25.40 24.25 42.90 20.50 45.40 12.90 27.70 25w0d 33.60 23.20 7.20 25.70 27w0d 39.80 19.60 40.80 23w1d 27.75 15.30 -1.00 8.15 28.40 15w5d 8.5SD +2SD 14w0d 5.30 26w6d 39.85 21.00 14.60 1.20 25w1d 33.40 11.60 2.40 8.80 22.95 49.30 3.25 8.50 16w0d 9.80 2.55 28.60 14.80 2.00 24w0d 29.00 18.10 27.65 46.85 37.10 41.70 22w5d 25.90 24.60 12.80 25w5d 35.35 11.00 17.90 21w0d 21.70 22.45 48.80 3.70 10.40 25w4d 35.60 26.60 14.65 22.35 33.10 5.(9) FTA (a) FTA Osaka Mineo Aoki.50 2.40 21w5d 23.90 29.90 15.40 20.95 44.95 25.10 21w1d 21.50 29.30 15.00 23.60 4.80 7.70 19w5d 17.30 43.80 2.60 18w3d 14.40 22w1d 24.15 11.75 9.60 38.30 3.00 22w6d 26.20 2.90 2.50 4.60 14w2d 6. 2B771-044EN*D 10-150 .00 14w5d 6.70 25.5SD +2SD No.20 2.95 36.00 14.80 15.05 14.80 23.50 1.70 22w2d 24.80 1.25 18.35 16.55 28.90 19w0d 15.50 24.60 28.50 17.75 19.30 24w6d 32.60 26w2d 37.85 30.90 31.10 20w2d 19.20 23.95 34.85 8.80 16.5SD +1.30 23.00 17.10 19w2d 16.50 18w1d 13.80 11.80 7.50 2.50 27.90 6.30 15.95 17. 47 No.80 1.60 1.30 19.90 29.90 10.20 10.90 23.50 2.80 21.10 2.40 2.35 46. 5 (1983: 11) (Extrapolated on 42 weeks) 2 FTA (cm ) GA (w d) 2 FTA (cm ) GA (w d) Mean 1SD -2SD Mean 1SD -2SD -1.20 1.10 23w2d 27.60 19.10 30.50 23w0d 26.40 12.20 2.35 35.75 41.80 3.00 7.50 20.65 13.30 18.80 7.60 4.50 14.85 33.35 15.60 2.80 8.80 2.90 8.40 22w4d 25.70 17w1d 11.80 26.90 16.80 17w3d 12.40 24.30 20.45 44.60 21.60 23w3d 28.50 31.40 27.00 9.00 2.65 18.85 46.40 14.00 16w3d 10.20 18.90 25w3d 34.60 15w1d 7.55 30.60 18.70 22.95 11.60 6.70 26w0d 36.90 33.50 13.40 2.30 3.90 14.00 15w0d 7.00 9.30 29.70 1.90 1.50 21.95 13.40 4.00 2.65 11.35 8.20 13.20 26.50 18.20 17w2d 11.60 29.70 20.70 22.20 31.80 9.70 31.00 6.90 18.05 9.40 29.10 3.30 13.10 9.10 36.60 16w4d 10.70 3.80 25.30 17w4d 12.50 10.80 23.90 4.40 20.60 13.80 42.60 20w1d 18.20 3.40 4.80 1.40 10.10 13.10 15w6d 8.30 11.40 17.35 17.10 9.00 26w3d 37.10 4.60 7.75 23.50 45.90 8.40 22.50 9.40 18.90 16.40 3.10 32.10 28.15 46.25 20.5SD +1.25 14.10 21w4d 22.20 3.90 2.50 16.70 22.90 4.10 9.60 3.60 25w2d 34.60 21.20 25.50 13.40 5.00 17.20 18.10 18.70 3.50 4.20 4.40 15w3d 8.00 24.50 28.20 1.30 24w1d 30.20 24w3d 31.60 37.70 23w6d 29.90 4.70 9.05 41.90 4.30 1.20 2.55 12.00 15w4d 8.30 20.20 10.85 32.80 20w3d 19.70 3.40 4.50 16w2d 9.40 16.70 17w5d 12.80 48.40 3.20 16.20 25w6d 36.05 21.50 3.45 31.20 2.50 3.70 7.40 1.00 21.30 43.45 37.70 14.45 9.45 32.40 4.10 22.10 16w1d 9.90 12.50 13.10 1.80 2.10 1.45 26.90 3.00 24.60 10.10 25.70 29.00 3.90 35.20 20w5d 20.35 35.90 26w5d 38.

70 55.40 10.40 7.65 57.40 8.80 53.65 88.80 9.30 41.85 96.05 48.55 96.00 63.80 88.70 57.00 5.90 35.00 55.05 51.40 6.00 100.20 47.90 57.40 66.15 58.90 66.20 35.50 55.90 49.80 59.75 62.70 52.90 6.30 56.60 39.95 86.00 89.40 40.50 7.10 37.40 11.40 9.40 40.55 104.80 72.10 34.98 110.90 39.00 61.20 59.40 93.50 78.30 39.50 67.70 48.50 88.70 106.20 96.35 95.10 1SD 7.75 108.15 40.00 11.80 90.70 43.10 59.50 89.05 53.80 90.30 49.20 7.50 37.40 60.00 47.60 64.10 70.80 36.25 75.70 81.30 65.60 10.30 9.80 8.60 74.90 60.90 51.90 56.90 9.70 52.70 61.40 60.50 83.00 77.00 45.65 99.70 70.80 59.45 94.40 61.50 55.45 35.50 40.75 86.30 51.50 74.5SD +1.70 89.50 54.45 110.90 43.40 8.10 46.00 68.60 44.80 49.55 41.10 7.40 65.90 70.60 87.70 46.50 47.90 60.25 99.10 89.60 7.50 69.75 32.90 49.50 9.10 65.30 58.85 112.10 71.50 51.60 91.60 75.40 1SD 4.10 9.40 67.00 55.40 34.25 32.25 48.40 91.70 49.30 73.50 81.30 63.50 71.20 64.20 9.40 84.60 5.00 106.30 83.25 92.90 92.25 62.45 72.40 113.10 31.70 67.95 35.30 108.55 77.80 7.05 107.00 9.90 64.90 60.65 101.78 109.60 85.00 65.10 48.80 51.80 67.95 +2SD 50.65 98.20 50.90 97.00 64.80 4.85 36.40 87.30 111.20 6.80 55.10 7.90 53.80 52.40 45.60 59.05 41.00 75.80 33.40 66.05 76.50 78.80 51.40 42.95 73.10 5.30 9.20 79.20 5.40 67.40 54.60 61.10 8.70 74.10 10.90 53.80 GA (w d) 34w4d 34w5d 34w6d 35w0d 35w1d 35w2d 35w3d 35w4d 35w5d 35w6d 36w0d 36w1d 36w2d 36w3d 36w4d 36w5d 36w6d 37w0d 37w1d 37w2d 37w3d 37w4d 37w5d 37w6d 38w0d 38w1d 38w2d 38w3d 38w4d 38w5d 38w6d 39w0d 39w1d 39w2d 39w3d 39w4d 39w5d 39w6d 40w0d 40w1d 40w2d 40w3d 40w4d 40w5d 40w6d 41w0d 41w1d 41w2d 41w3d 41w4d 41w5d 41w6d 42w0d 2 Mean 67.00 73.90 67.00 44.70 FTA (cm ) -2SD -1.60 47.90 60.60 82.95 44.43 104.85 78.20 43.30 87.20 44.00 7.10 45.30 7.75 74.00 72.60 44.50 6.10 5.80 7.00 69.55 64.60 71.50 7.00 66.60 68.30 59.30 106.20 63.20 75.50 80.00 8.10 70.60 7.20 69.50 101.60 37.90 69.80 40.70 64.85 10.70 6.30 89.60 8.70 72.55 50.00 71.60 72.50 62.70 36.80 95.20 68.55 91.40 57.10 86.75 105.30 5.70 43.50 58.65 34.90 103.80 83.60 5.40 5.55 106.GA (w d) 27w1d 27w2d 27w3d 27w4d 27w5d 27w6d 28w0d 28w1d 28w2d 28w3d 28w4d 28w5d 28w6d 29w0d 29w1d 29w2d 29w3d 29w4d 29w5d 29w6d 30w0d 30w1d 30w2d 30w3d 30w4d 30w5d 30w6d 31w0d 31w1d 31w2d 31w3d 31w4d 31w5d 31w6d 32w0d 32w1d 32w2d 32w3d 32w4d 32w5d 32w6d 33w0d 33w1d 33w2d 33w3d 33w4d 33w5d 33w6d 34w0d 34w1d 34w2d 34w3d 2 Mean 40.20 47.15 80.20 6.35 51.00 11.00 55.40 10.20 5.40 48.80 50.90 68.40 61.50 65.05 33.90 68.60 58.40 44.80 5.70 102.55 49.10 9.90 55.85 84.20 36.60 59.70 6.80 85.35 103.90 4.60 48.00 56.30 61.40 43.40 58.95 66.90 41.10 62.60 50.50 52.10 82.65 10.30 8.55 53.30 54.40 66.70 58.60 9.90 67.20 78. 2B771-044EN*D 10-151 .60 69.80 77.25 101.20 73.30 65.20 80.80 80.00 83.60 91.10 62.10 36.83 103.15 97.20 73.50 10.90 5.80 73.30 102.85 45.70 92.60 67.00 54.70 9.50 47.50 114.10 74.50 42.20 55.15 94.70 52.10 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.90 88.90 39.00 50.70 58.50 45.70 73.45 44.30 78.40 6.80 5.90 37.20 11.15 49.00 73.10 56.90 8.10 85.60 83.40 38.10 58.80 68.30 57.30 52.40 87.25 68.10 47.30 76.60 41.20 73.30 7.60 54.80 66.60 63.35 55.00 46.70 65.60 34.60 83.00 7.10 66.10 94.10 61.20 88.15 88.75 84.50 100.70 56.50 85.95 60.65 49.20 52.20 54.60 63.30 85.10 63.30 63.50 63.80 6.50 51.60 64.70 65.75 93.45 60.30 6.20 107.20 51.20 75.80 107.70 75.50 57.60 6.50 8.90 84.60 57.70 57.00 72.15 104.80 6.00 50.35 115.70 66.40 51.00 61.00 100.10 60.00 67.50 54.45 42. No.30 58.80 4.40 57.45 90.90 11.30 59.10 82.80 114.60 8.70 8.80 77.20 71.70 86.60 63.60 31.80 61.70 5.10 6.10 81.20 69.00 55.20 84.00 102.80 79.45 66.90 74.90 42.30 5.65 98.90 5.20 57.70 68.75 47.20 76.30 33.65 40.20 63.75 68.00 6.30 62.20 8.40 33.90 7.60 68.80 62.70 80.50 56.10 6.60 82.80 54.60 66.90 67.50 6.75 38.90 10.90 98.80 38.90 58.20 8.80 62.40 68.40 74.50 76.40 52.10 63.60 59.85 109.70 76.90 53.30 70.60 56.40 56.50 64.00 42.25 109.00 64.50 5.80 54.30 42.10 56.70 95.40 5.70 5.30 34.60 65.50 FTA (cm ) -2SD -1.40 41.30 46.30 10.40 66.80 46.80 87.75 51.20 57.00 10.10 86.10 65.60 105.5SD +2SD 52.75 48.90 71.15 106.10 10.20 72.50 97.60 46.10 53.40 59.20 90.30 108.45 90.50 39.20 79.5SD +1.40 63.20 10.30 11.25 38.90 48.40 68.70 63.80 90.00 111.70 10.30 99.50 46.70 60.95 113.45 82.10 52.80 62.80 81.00 87.10 91.25 102.30 97.80 42.40 11.50 69.00 5.80 34.10 54.80 8.30 80.40 50.10 11.70 78.60 53.20 70.10 82.95 105.05 70.50 70.00 8.50 103.5SD 30.40 68.20 49.60 66.20 42.70 79.90 65.20 74.90 32.70 70.80 71.30 64.80 9.40 52.50 73.50 71.30 77.00 61.70 50.60 9.25 93.50 61.35 45.60 108.00 91.30 72.95 99.05 91.90 93.

6 9.6 14.7 226.4 171. M.2 266. J.8 215.9 345.1 227.4 Input min : 15 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) HC (mm) 1SD 5% 8.0 104.0 275.4 199.6 10.2 297.0 256.7 310. No.6 291.2 304.4924-2.4 207.1 253.3 95% 130.8 332.5 345.0 320.6 317.5 12.5 317.345*GA 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.1 11.3 314.8 244.3 341.2 287.0 16. G.0 302.7 155.1 343.0 9.6 11.9 15.3 298.5 17.6 15.CREQUAT.9 245.0 296.7 305.2 12.5 279.3 268.9 308.9 247.1 287.9 328. N.7 318.FRIES and M.8 267.4 176.7 187.6673*GA^2-0.6 281.7 290.1 197.7 152.5 260.9 283.2 273.SALOMON.0 166.3 9.TALMANT.8 345.DUYME.6 8.7 334.7 204.6 193.9 141.0 14.0107*GA^3 1SD=2.6 282.5 16.4 14.8 222.4 182.9 277.1 10.2 15.0 134.7 265.0 13.0 12.3 145.5 236.0 312.7 124.3 16.5 10.2 292.4 160.5 11.6 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.ALTHUSER Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol (in press) HC=44.3 326.4 233. C.7 18.9 313.0 138.7 128.6 289.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : HC (mm) GA (weeks) 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 117.1 339.1 210.9 289.7945+0.7 18.5 337.2 175.7 187. 2B771-044EN*D 10-152 .3 17.8 164.2 256.5 13.9 291.BRODATY.(10) HC (a) HC CFEF French fetal biometry: reference equations and comparison with other charts L.3 114.2 343.6 149.3 8.j.7182*GA+0.3 286.7 318.8 13.4 236.2 315.9 274.8 217.

p431.0 No.0 337. p440-441 GA (weeks) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 HC (mm) Mean 106.0 311. Hackeloer B.0 318.0 127.0 140.0 293.(b) HC Hansmann Hansmann H.0 189. 2B771-044EN*D 10-153 .0 263. p432. 1986.0 176..0 226. p168-176. New York.0 349.0 332. English Edition (ISBN 0-387-15384-9).0 303.0 239.0 274. Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology.0 251.0 344.0 340.0 284.0 115.0 203. Staudach A.0 325.0 347.0 152.0 164. p439.0 215. Springer Verlag.. p154. p438.

29*10+0.2 106.7 134.6 12.3 194.9 156.3 320.5 331.3 332.(Mean±1.1 308.3 6.2 228.1 345.4 178.4 204.1 291.8 7.0 258.5 11.1 348.5 233.01997))-1 Input : GA (weeks) Output : HC (mm) Input min : 14 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean HC (mm) 1SD 5%tile 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 105.6 125.5 270.5 308.6 343.6 13.3 15.5 356.8 339.2 15.0 15. 2B771-044EN*D 10-154 .4 359.3 296.1 11.1 291.9 328.3 246.(1.0 95%tile * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 15.1 317.645*0.6 357.4 327.8 135.2 115.7 308.7 358.4 168.7 331.9 261.3 261.2 157.5)/10 5%-95%tile=Power(10.9 5.6 192.0 306.3 146.9 285.5 242.0007494*GA^2))-1 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.1 14.4 15.9 182.1 12.4 41 42 43 44 45 332.2 304.7 304.9 180.8 15.5 145.3369692+0.4 314.6 307.6 146.4 8.4 293.9 15.3 330.3 15.4 200.0 359.4 299.1 4.7 301.9 207.1 324.8 8.0 13.7 169.5 10.5 294.3 323.1 232.3 222.3 323.7 282.3 123.2 282.0 10.0 114.7 252.8 14.1 277.4 135.3 216.9 9.9 14.3 7.8 113.3 189.5 14.5 270.5 13.6 220.2 14.(c) HC Nicolaides Nicolaides Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.3 5.8 333.8 272.2 303. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48 HC=Power(10.059643*GA-0.0 239.0 157.5 314.4 350.4 97.4 299. No.6 250.6 124.4 353.8 6.5 167.4 211.5 354.9 307.

7 45.3 19.0 1.7 44.29*10+0.0 47.7 42.0 34.4 2.5 1.0 35.1 2.0 51.1 28.1 40.8 18.5 20.1 31.9 51.3 16.7 45.1 48.6 24.0 29.4 44.0 28.3 2.7 43.2 40.4 Hem (mm) 5%tile 95%tile 12.6 43.4 35.5 23.7 18.2 42.3 1.4 44.0005620*GA^2))-5 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 40 41 42 43 44 45 47.4 35.9 2.8 40.9 37.2 48.4 16.4 38.5 32.2 2.(11) Hem (a) Hem Nicolaides Nicolaides Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.2 27.0 15.1 1.6 30. 2B771-044EN*D 10-155 .4 2.1 51.2 43.1 25.4 1.7 37.5 49.6 21.2 32. No.9 15.1 2.3 2.0 47.9 0.2 41.0 38.7 15.2 1.3 47.4 16.4 2.2 43.4 2.4 2.3 1.6 31.6 1.3 2.2 52.7 26.8 1.(0.5)/10 5%-95% range=Power(10.6 33.3 28.9 18.0 2.3 52.0 42.7 1.1 21.7234590+0.0474715*GA-0.1 1.645*0.3 44.9 1.4 39.7 0.3 41.2 2.1 39.2 52.5 25.5 50.2 48.7 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.7 30.7 37.3 51. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48 Hem=Power(10.(Mean±1.5 48.1 19.6 13.6 1.8 23.6 27.01956))-5 Input : GA (weeks) Output : Hem (mm) Input min : 14 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 14.9 52.9 21.1 22.3 34.8 1.0 2.0 46.3 43.6 46.3 47.1 44.1 24.8 34.9 48.5 44.5 42.4 2.

0 36.8 68.6 40.0 59.6 24.1 3.9 45.6 2.8 60.5 62.8 44.7 2.2 58.5 34.7 42.5 62.0 56.2 2.0 61.4 23.9 53.3 72.1 3.8 46.6 66.2 36.2 50.8 2.5 47.3 71.7 2.2 51.8 7.7 4.2 32.3 51.8 51.5 43.8 23.8 39.9 45.2 HL (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 3.7 17.5 55. Vol.2 68.7 48.9 60.7 21.6 63.4 28.3 45.1 60.3 2.8 62.0 74. 109.1 56.3 65.1 17.6 14.9 26.2 8.3 41.2 70.3 2.6 34. 2B771-044EN*D 10-156 .9 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) 1SD 1.0 2.9 61.3 53.7 65. 919-929 HL=11.4 39.0 52.9 55.3 67.2 60.7 14.4 26.2 74.5 34.6 55.2 2.2 30.4 68.5 38.8 38.9 3.4 53.7 36.9 65.2362*GA*ln(GA)-63.0 56.3464 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.5 67.8 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.0 26.(12) HL (a) HL Chitty Chitty Charts of fetal size: limb bones BJOG: am International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology August 2002.1 40.9 31.9 97%tile 10.4 2.1 32.3 61.5 42.9 19.3 64.4 37.1 72.6 63.8 59.2 27.3 72.8 2.7 45.704 1SD=0.1 10.9 2.6 61.3 38.1 48.6 51.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : HL (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 7.6 2.8 1.2 41.8 16.0 3.9 2.0 47. pp.2 17.5 69.6 43.0 51.8 31.5 13.4 71.9 58.0 2.459*GA-2.8 90%tile 9.1 33.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.0 2.2 56.2 63.6 20.7 42.1 43.6 48.1 66.2 49.7 13.1 2.8 40.6 66.7 58.8 56.9 64.5 70.7 53.5 55.1 2.4 2.3 20.5 50. No.8 61.3 35.6 2.5 19.3 53.0 64.0 28.0 3.2 55.8 2.0 24.4 2.3 10.3 23.9 57.5 11.1 60.6 50.2 73.1 47.0 3.8 47.8 58.6 63.8 22.0 69.040292*GA+1.2 57.4 59.9 31.9 35.2 27.7 64.1 16.7 14.2 28.5 2.4 57.9 1.4 68.5 2.4 62.7 29.3 62.7 54.4 59.2 2.9 49.

8 2.7 2.5 33 33.8 1.8 2. 2B771-044EN*D 10-157 HL (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.5 13 13.4 2.4 2.4 2. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.0 2.1 2.5 16 16.1 2.1 1.7 2.4 2.1 95%tile GA (weeks) Mean 5 7 9 10 12 14 15 17 18 20 21 22 24 25 26 27 29 30 31 32 33 34 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 11 13 15 17 18 20 22 23 25 26 28 29 30 32 33 34 36 37 38 39 40 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 27.4 2.5 24 24.5 39 39.5 17 17.5 34 34.7 2.1 2.4 2.5 21 21.1 1.5)/10 HL (mm) 1SD 5%tile GA (weeks) Mean 12.(b) HL Merz Merz E.7 3.5 36 36.1 2.5 38 38.7 2.5 41 41.1 2.5 18 18.5 15 15.4 2.1 2.5 14 14.5 29 29.7 2..5 40 40.5 26 26.7 2.5 25 25.1 1.7 2.8 2.1 2.29*10+0.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 22 22.5 19 19.1 2.5 35 35.5 30 30.4 2.7 44 45 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 51 52 53 54 54 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 60 61 61 61 62 62 95%tile 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 60 61 62 63 63 64 65 66 66 67 68 68 69 69 70 70 71 71 71 .7 2.1 2.5 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 55 56 57 58 59 59 60 61 61 62 63 63 64 64 65 65 66 66 66 67 43 50 No.4 2.8 1.5 23 23.1 2.1 2.5 37 37.5 8 10 12 13 15 17 18 20 21 23 24 26 27 28 30 31 32 33 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 45 46 1.4 2.7 2.7 2.1 2.1 2.5 20 20.8 1.1 2.4 2.1 2.8 2. Wellek S.1 1.5 28 28.1 27 47 2.4 2.5 31 31.8 2.1 2.1 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.5 32 32.

21 26w1d 4.05 0.40 2.79 1.10 3.64 2.75 3.23 2.25 1.22 0.75 1.65 14w4d 1.23 2.37 3.61 4.51 3.22 1.68 14w5d 1.97 21w4d 3.20 3.94 15w6d 1.36 4.15 16w5d 2.68 3.14 0.67 0.49 2.91 1.25 3.09 1.95 0.03 0.58 0.48 18w2d 2.73 19w3d 2.27 17w2d 2.19 2.85 3.23 3.20 0.14 25w6d 4.89 3.23 2.67 2.84 1.13 3.21 17w0d 2.33 1.15 4.69 0.21 1.99 2.52 2. 2B771-044EN*D 10-158 -1.26 2.99 3.31 3.90 2.42 18w0d 2.37 4.29 0.78 3.18 26w0d 4.79 2.80 3.26 2.96 3.51 0.30 2.37 0.72 3.61 3.22 3.22 1.63 0.28 0.03 25w3d 4.24 3.33 3.73 20w5d 3.71 13w1d 1.39 0.58 4.30 0.36 17w5d 2.47 3.22 1.48 2.00 4.69 3.15 0.39 2.93 2.88 0.59 0.17 3.62 23w6d 3.88 0.06 16w2d 1.91 3.46 3.43 3.24 3.02 0.49 20w0d 2.57 1.81 4.31 0.77 3.88 1.91 4.32 0.44 2.21 1.53 4.51 18w3d 2.45 4.22 2.09 22w0d 3.85 2.56 4.23 3.97 1.49 4.29 1.30 3.88 3.40 2.13 22w1d 3.24 3.56 0.70 0.91 0.51 14w0d 1.59 23w5d 3.21 1.81 15w2d 1.52 3.05 21w6d 3.51 0.65 13w2d 1.24 4.66 24w0d 3.37 0.36 1.31 2.21 1.43 4.83 2.18 4.47 0.87 1.71 0.24 17w1d 2.22 2.64 3.64 3.84 0.63 2.34 3.96 25w1d 4.23 2.11 0.06 0.78 0.09 0.21 1.22 1.85 0.20 0.86 4.22 2.24 3.45 0.26 0.45 2.55 2.61 0.97 0.89 21w2d 3.95 0.18 0.39 17w6d 2.22 0.71 1.24 3.15 0.83 1.09 0.45 19w6d 2.01 1.89 3.27 4.46 4.45 1.21 0.78 2.54 20w1d 2.49 1.23 2.91 15w5d 1.23 0.05 1.05 0.48 0.73 2.91 0.75 1.22 2.24 3.39 1.42 0.75 0.21 0.21 1.11 2.71 14w6d 1.85 21w1d 3.02 3.21 1.23 2.5SD No.95 1.01 2.09 0.44 3.60 2.33 4.73 0.03 4.22 2.57 18w5d 2.66 2. Motohiro Yamada Evaluation of fetal growth Obstetrics and gynecological treatment Vol.77 20w6d 3.20 1.08 3.30 4.76 4.28 4.92 25w0d 4.74 2.26 3.03 2.56 2.78 -1.22 0.34 0.24 3.76 2.67 3.06 4.21 1.34 0.64 4.72 2.33 2.05 3.86 1.00 3.04 3.07 0.38 0.48 2.10 3.34 4.63 0.25 3.68 20w4d 3.23 2.93 21w3d 3.64 20w3d 3.41 19w5d 2.78 4.43 0.07 2.24 3.77 0.60 18w6d 2.42 2. 5 (1983: 11) HL (cm) GA (w d) Mean 1SD -2SD 13w0d 1.01 0.55 4.75 15w0d 1.68 19w2d 2.23 3.74 0.97 2.23 2.35 2.52 2.35 0.34 3.64 4.82 2.89 2.21 1.09 16w3d 1.63 1.44 1.44 2.83 0.70 3.55 23w4d 3.12 4.44 3.21 0.30 2.41 3.48 13w6d 1.22 1.08 3.66 4.5SD +1.94 4.20 0.55 0.11 25w5d 4.78 3.23 2.24 3.08 1.24 3.51 2.50 3.23 2.21 1.84 15w3d 1.11 3.54 1.55 14w1d 1.19 2.74 0.83 3.37 3.22 1.20 0.79 0.67 1.07 25w4d 4.57 3.32 1.22 2.25 0.84 0.22 2.45 23w2d 3.17 22w2d 3.53 1.23 2.93 2.20 13w3d 1.60 3.28 0.23 2.96 3.81 0.07 3.91 2.01 2.24 1.70 0.78 15w1d 1.17 3.61 14w3d 1.81 24w4d 3.45 18w1d 2.89 1.25 22w4d 3.44 13w5d 1.26 0.67 1.13 1.86 3.24 3.14 3.41 1.26 0.31 4.76 0.55 3.50 4.48 4.22 1.40 3.03 0.12 2.64 0.82 0.21 1.45 0.48 3.24 3.18 0.76 2.95 2.04 1.70 2.21 1.16 3.33 17w4d 2.81 2.21 1.76 19w4d 2.71 3.56 2.52 0.41 0.54 3.70 24w1d 3.14 3.88 15w4d 1.35 0.91 0.58 3.73 4.84 4.21 4.85 24w5d 3.93 1.21 1.00 25w2d 4.25 26w2d 4.37 1.92 3.25 3.22 2.22 2.59 0.98 0.41 23w1d 3.99 0.17 0.19 3.00 0.58 1.61 1.37 3.03 3.63 2.01 3.21 1.14 13w4d HL (cm) +2SD GA (w d) Mean 1SD -2SD 1.33 22w6d 3.39 4.41 1.64 3.00 16w1d 1.23 2.09 4.15 2.22 3.69 2.73 3.80 0.22 2.98 3.42 4.74 24w2d 3.21 0.89 4.97 2.67 0.30 17w3d 2.94 0. 47 No.15 2.22 2.48 0.40 4.22 1.78 2.37 2.08 2.23 2.21 0.25 3.40 3.82 1.23 2.35 1.04 2.79 1.58 20w2d 2.49 23w3d 3.66 3.20 0.57 3.71 1.04 2.28 1.67 0.24 3.12 16w4d 2.73 3.23 2.18 16w6d 2.21 1.24 3.23 2.59 2.21 22w3d 3.24 3.21 1.95 3.97 16w0d 1.78 1.19 0.23 2.68 2.81 21w0d 3.87 0.24 3.58 14w2d 1.22 1.62 19w0d 2.48 1.78 24w3d 3.08 2.23 2.97 4.12 1.17 1.52 4.85 2.(c) HL Osaka Mineo Aoki.24 3.65 1.15 2.12 2.61 0.31 1.79 0.65 19w1d 2.24 3.81 3.67 4.37 23w0d 3.54 18w4d 2.24 3.29 22w5d 3.5SD +2SD .5SD +1.24 3.28 3.24 3.59 2.54 0.22 2.61 4.24 3.25 3.21 1.27 2.49 3.23 3.19 2.61 3.86 2.00 1.23 2.70 4.54 3.92 3.16 1.76 3.23 2.74 1.89 4.01 21w5d 3.89 24w6d 4.12 0.12 0.

28 5.27 4.29 5.63 4.30 35w6d 5.24 5.27 5.26 4.51 0.39 5.97 5.15 35w1d 5.27 0.98 6.67 6.82 0.44 36w5d 5.11 6.53 6.72 4.68 5.14 0.93 5.80 5.05 4.62 5.48 5.57 6.HL (cm) GA (w d) Mean 1SD -2SD 26w3d 4.25 4.76 0.26 4.95 5.60 0.39 36w3d 5.40 4.53 5.77 0.27 4.42 27w1d HL (cm) +2SD GA (w d) Mean 1SD -2SD 4.26 4.70 0.40 5.26 4.32 6.53 37w2d 5.69 5.85 5.25 3.69 38w2d 6.28 5.87 33w4d 5.93 39w6d 6.26 4.97 5.66 32w2d 5.55 5.31 5.91 5.59 6.66 5.81 33w2d 5.83 4.58 5.76 5.49 30w5d 5.97 4.25 4.42 6.78 5.26 4.62 31w6d 5.28 5.40 5.27 5.98 5.06 0.52 6.16 4.38 6.05 4.51 5.33 29w2d 4.56 5.46 36w6d 5.19 0.55 0.46 30w3d 5.13 5.27 6.18 6.33 4.28 4.09 27w3d 4.29 6.47 5.35 4.74 -1.04 5.97 34w1d 5.28 5.27 4.23 5.14 6.21 4.38 29w5d 4.10 34w6d 5.08 4.47 30w4d 5.92 6.27 4.72 33w0d 5.34 6.41 0.26 4.69 26w4d 4.25 28w4d 4.11 5.43 6.40 29w6d 4.18 5.01 3.31 4.27 5.09 5.13 35w0d 5.32 6.26 4.09 6.63 32w0d 5.56 4.58 6.47 0.44 6.15 0.15 4.89 5.56 37w3d 5.31 0.80 0.92 33w6d 5.87 5.5SD +1.97 4.25 3.29 5.74 0.35 6.25 0.91 5.27 6.03 5.20 6.10 0.36 29w4d 4.04 0.42 4.23 4.25 3.19 5.20 35w3d 5.27 5.36 6.43 5.22 6.69 4.68 0.28 5.28 5.27 4.56 31w2d 5.23 35w4d 5.46 6.67 38w1d 6.35 0.31 5.28 5.37 36w2d 5.43 0.67 32w3d 5.40 6.55 6.28 5.72 0.28 5.35 29w3d 4.21 5.20 4.26 4.58 37w4d 5.28 5.34 0.69 32w5d 5.71 38w3d 6.23 4.89 5.71 32w6d 5.27 4.47 0.18 5.09 5.06 0.96 6.18 4.13 5.94 6.28 5.09 0.16 6.87 0.63 0.72 6.60 4.26 4.67 5.15 5.29 0.15 5.60 5.77 4.28 28w6d 4.28 5.11 5.41 5.82 5.28 5.88 0.81 3.10 4.53 31w1d 5.18 35w2d 5.88 5.49 6.38 5.08 0.28 5.13 4.65 5.58 6.26 4.50 6.45 0.28 5.84 5.05 34w4d 5.65 0.55 6.53 0.36 5.30 6.90 0.24 6.44 5.28 5.49 4.72 5.18 4.84 3.11 0.26 4.01 5.03 34w3d 5.01 0.25 3.75 38w5d 6.85 4.27 4.47 5.28 5.26 5.59 6.08 5.74 5.25 3.5SD +1.28 5.94 0.37 0.27 4.26 4.88 6.33 6.78 0.79 38w6d 6.29 5.81 39w0d 6.75 4.45 0.26 4.23 6.55 5.24 6.5SD +2SD .25 27w0d 4.50 5.64 32w1d 5.05 6.73 4.29 5.36 5.28 5.87 39w3d 6.66 6.52 4.46 5.75 4.91 39w5d 6.04 0.21 6.20 5.89 4.51 31w0d 5.58 5.76 5.85 39w2d 6.17 5.90 6.27 4.50 0.00 4.28 5.83 4.25 4.42 5.29 5.49 0.41 5.73 33w1d 5.99 6.73 0.10 4.27 4.16 28w0d 4.53 6.71 0.51 6.67 4.49 6.27 4.87 0.00 4.64 38w0d 5.26 4.29 5.55 6.70 5.26 4.29 5.27 28w5d 4.68 6.29 5.29 5.28 5.35 6.27 5.84 33w3d 5.32 29w1d 4.94 0.54 5.37 0.03 4.60 37w5d 5.15 0.43 30w1d 4.99 4.45 6.53 5.29 5.32 5.08 0.26 4.31 0.83 39w1d 6.61 6.55 0.92 4.99 5.26 4.02 4.17 5.29 5.58 5.80 5.21 0.58 31w3d 5.85 0.52 5.97 0.62 6.00 34w2d 5.13 0.38 4.29 5.26 4.60 6.48 6.93 5.80 0.27 4.13 4.5SD No.13 5.26 4.22 5.16 0.14 27w6d 4.62 5.95 5.23 28w3d 4.13 6.33 5.46 5.73 38w4d 6.62 0.39 0.42 36w4d 5.98 0.21 28w2d 4.25 4.86 5.93 0.29 5.71 5.48 5.01 0.89 33w5d 5.27 4.39 5.41 30w0d 4.07 5.25 4.96 5.79 0.31 5.57 0.25 4.32 36w0d 5.71 6.37 6.22 6.51 5.23 0.54 4.05 4.65 4.01 6.25 4.05 5.08 5.25 35w5d 5.46 6.16 5.67 0.95 34w0d 5.99 5.92 0.28 5.44 30w2d 4.94 4.05 0.45 4.45 5.24 5.25 6.53 0.08 34w5d 5.62 37w6d 5.29 5.54 6.73 5.60 0.26 4.83 0.10 5.69 0.84 5.58 0.12 0.37 5.08 4.51 37w1d 5.26 6.95 0.11 27w4d 4.25 3.27 5.81 4.49 37w0d 5.90 0.99 0.60 31w5d 5.33 0.47 4.77 4.60 5.97 26w5d 4.18 28w1d 4.70 6.57 5.03 5.71 4.27 4.68 32w4d 5.10 0.01 5.26 5.97 0.30 6.56 5.71 4.38 5.06 5.45 6.91 0.30 29w0d 4.25 4.07 27w2d 4.12 27w5d 4.78 5.35 36w1d 5.35 5.34 5.39 0.25 4.42 6.82 5.25 4.03 0.85 0.29 5.58 4.29 6.52 6.57 6.25 4.01 5.29 5.80 4.79 4.58 0.39 6.48 6.03 6.06 5.25 4.02 0.28 5.85 4.44 5.95 4.87 5.26 4.11 5.19 6.49 5.50 30w6d 5.00 0.59 31w4d 5.26 5.84 0.03 5.27 4.43 5.51 5.73 6.63 6.07 6.87 26w6d 4.29 5.38 5.65 0.37 6.64 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-159 -1.75 0.91 5.33 5.17 0.89 39w4d 6.65 6.93 5.95 40w0d 6.

9 53.0 83.5 74.1 108.6 140.8 115.7 135.3 67.7 90. Head Measurements".9 123.1 98. 101.9 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) 1SD 3.4 104.2 44.9 86.5 90%tile 27.3 87.2 97%tile 29.5 48.8 4.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1. L. "Charts of Fetal Size: 2.0 70.0 29.4 97.4 101. No.0009141*GA^3 1SD=4.3 3.007089*GA^2 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.8 124.0 118.2 103.0 3.5 66.7 7. 35-43 OFD=-41.2 83.3 52.2 39.7 111.6 33.7 8.7 56.0 109.9 120.6 76. Altman.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : OFD (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 23. pp.8 70.4 37.3 101.0 57.9 108.1 66.1 3.6 63.S.4 91.4 133.2 106.5 47.0 123.G.3 78.7 134.1 8.9 108.3 91..7 141.0 3.1 100.8 37.6 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.6 117.1 113.0 99.1 136.1 3.6 43.2 135.6 62.8 126.8 124.2 60.9 125.4 3.7 108.7 42.2 111.7 19.1 109.5 122.2 130.7 113.7 107.2 127.5 4.4 7.1 133.2 114.1 108.5 93. 2B771-044EN*D 10-160 .6 109.4 89.9 OFD (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 17.(13) OFD (a) OFD Chitty Chitty.3 139.2 113.1 6.4 86.5 5.4 128.8 33.3 93.0 5.1 56.5 119.6 121.4 124.3 95.7 5.2 113.4 28.0 108.6 38.4 102.1 115.4 6.1 85.5 3.9 24.9 72.1 100.0 123. 1994.6 62.1 4..5 104.8 81.1 3.8 113.7 97.795-0.6 136.1 121.7 68.58+5.5 115. Jan.8 102.4 111.5 103.5 22.4 79.8 92.9 109.8 138.0 112.2 34.0 34.0 3.2 104.8 66.8 74.2 120.5 97.8 58.2 5. vol.0 3.1 94.7 72.8 109.0 82.3 4.4 47.0 3.5 64.5 8. D.0 3.8 82.3 88.2283*GA+0.2 51.8 97.3 58.2 3.8 6.4 42.7 44.4 105.1 112.9 132.0 3.5 70.1 117.2 49.9 39.0 7.0 4.0 53.9 79.6 74.4 32.1 85.7 94.7 89.4 49.4 76. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gy-naecology.3 53.3 113.9 79.7 3.2 106.7 28.8 131.550*GA-0.0 108.2 106.3 129.8 61.

p168-176. English Edition (ISBN 0-387-15384-9). p438.0 115. 1986.0 58.0 67. 2B771-044EN*D 10-161 .0 54.0 109. p431.0 107. p439.0 95.0 76.0 No. p440-441 GA (weeks) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 OFD (mm) Mean 31. Hackeloer B.0 91.0 80. New York.0 103.0 113.(b) OFD Hansmann Hansmann H.0 105.0 41.. Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology.0 63.0 112.0 114.0 50.0 38.0 111.0 46. p432.0 98.0 72.. Springer Verlag.0 88. Staudach A.0 84. p154.0 100.

7 68.7 4.2079 49..4 59.7 4.0012939*GA^3 1SD=4. Cantraine F.1 18.0 113.7 71.5 125.4 4.2079 57.9 4.7 4.7701*GA+0.2079 15.1 38.2079 37.4 4.6 118.2 48.7 40.2079 61.2079 108.2 4. Bracken M.2079 11.0 4.7 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu. Tack B.934+3.8 100.6 72.0 96.0 103.2 86.2079 111.0 51. Hobbins J.4 125.2079 45.3 120.3 4.6 4.1 79.2 93.1 118.4 83.2079 86.5 4.1 31.6 89. January 1984.7 4.6 79.0 105.8 101.20790 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.6 96.8 108.9 115.6 56.2079 76.5 104.2079 111.2079 111.4 42..2079 20.5 4.4 124.9 93.7 64.0 4. 2B771-044EN*D 10-162 .6 63.1 4.4 52.4 4.4 4.4 29.2079 103. "A longitudinal Study of fetal head biometry" American Journal of Perinatology.5 117.7 83. pages 118-128 OFD=-26. Number.2079 94.2079 105.6 4.6 4.2 4.2079 65. Volume1.2079 109.2079 24.C.5 119.2079 106.2079 41.7 75.9 4.8 27.0 4.6 4.2079 79.8 95%tile 21.1 4.3 116.7 90.2 55.5 110.1 4.5 111.7 34.4 76.1 4.046395*GA^2-0.4 22.3 4.(c) OFD Jeanty Jeanty P.7 4.0 4.2079 91.1 125..0 98.2079 82.2079 89.5 112.7 67.2079 101..3 113.5 4. No.7 47.4 118.7 60.3 123.2079 33.8 Input min : 10 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) OFD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 4.1 86.0 44.2079 28.5 117.2079 53.4 4.0 106.8 4.2079 7.4 35.2079 97.6 4..4 115.66*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : OFD (mm) GA (weeks) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 14.1 25. Cousaert E.2079 72.4 4.4 108.2079 69.2079 110.8 4.9 122.2079 99.

5 35 35.4 35 2.5 27 Mean 30 32 34 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 50 52 54 56 58 60 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 82 84 86 88 OFD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.0 62 3.3 87 3.3 96 3.3 79 3.7 29 2.0 103 3.3 77 3.6 98 3.0 105 4.5 26 26. 2B771-044EN*D 10-163 Mean 90 91 93 94 96 97 99 100 101 102 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 110 111 112 112 113 113 114 114 114 114 115 115 OFD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 3.5 13 13.3 97 3.29*10+0.6 94 3.0 66 3.7 47 3.0 108 95%tile 95 97 98 100 101 103 104 106 107 108 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 116 117 118 119 119 120 120 120 121 121 121 121 .3 89 3.5 24 24.5 20 20.7 60 3.6 103 4.5 18 18.4 26 2.6 102 3.5 14 14.6 99 3.(d) OFD Merz Merz E.0 108 4.3 86 3.7 37 2.5 16 16.5 40 40.4 28 2.5 23 23.5 33 33.0 108 4.5 28 28.3 93 3.7 31 2.3 82 95%tile 34 36 38 40 41 43 46 48 50 52 54 56 59 61 63 65 67 69 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 91 93 GA (weeks) 27. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.0 70 3.0 49 3.7 39 2.7 56 2..5)/10 GA (weeks) 12.5 41 41.5 21 21.5 39 39.5 15 15.5 17 17.5 38 38.0 106 4.5 22 22.0 68 3.5 37 37.5 32 32.0 51 2.7 41 2.3 92 3.3 75 3.7 54 2.6 105 4.7 43 2.5 29 29.0 108 4.5 34 34.6 108 4. Wellek S.5 36 36.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 30 30.5 25 25.5 19 19.6 104 3.3 84 3.3 90 3.0 107 3.7 58 2.5 31 31.0 72 3.7 45 2.4 33 2.0 81 3.6 101 3.0 64 3.0 106 4.0 107 4.5 No.0 74 3.6 100 3.

02017))-5 Input : GA (weeks) Output : OFD (mm) GA (weeks) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 50%tile 36.2 116.3 93.2 5.2 124.5 3.7 112.(Mean+-1.0 65.9 4.1 60.6 107.3 100.1 103.8 114. No.2 115.2 78.0 74.6 67.9 116.6 105.5 68.6 107.7 89.8 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.6 114.6 85.1 115.0 5.7 47.9 123.9 33.5 44.3 5.5 70.3 95%tile 40.4 111.6 119.4 63.3 5.4 82.0568481*GA-0.8 108.2 122.3 5.7 100.2 83.4 102.0 75.8 2.3 101.2 44.7 5.8 109.6 3.3 3.3 40.0 48.9 104.5 105.4 85.6 96.3 64.7 125.7 113.0 108.2 4.2 5.(e) OFD Nicolaides Nicolaides Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.2 97.8 100.2 106.1 52.5 125.9 2.29*10+0.7 5.8 121.6 114.1 2.9 92.3 56.4 4.4 111.2 4.2 81.5 103.6 106.8 71.0007240*GA^2))-5 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.(0.1 96.2 5.7 125.2 5.9 5.8 117.0 77.8 4.4 3.5 110. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48 OFD=Power(10.7 88.6 2.645*0.5 104.9 121.0 4.2 59.1 115.8 125.0 118.2 5.6 61.0 55.7 Input min : 14 (weeks) Input max : 39.6 79.3 5. 2B771-044EN*D 10-164 .4 44.4 103.9 5.5 124.2 92.2 48.1 52.8 51.6 107.1 56.4 89.6 106.7 (weeks) (39w5d) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) OFD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 1.5)/10 5%-95%tile=Power(10.1 37.3 3.8 40.2 2.8 5.9676148+0.0 95.8 73.

6 43.2 42.9 48.1 53.5 49.9 45.2 3.7 28.3 11.0 55.8 51.5 2.5 17. Vol.3 55.0 33.8 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) 1SD 1.4 50.8 10.3 48.3 42.1 39.4 20.1 46.6 16.6 14.8 47.9 46.7 22.3 47. 109.6 53.3 62.3 45.5 41.046346*GA+1.7 47.0 59.8 5.9 56.5 33.0 3.0 13.4 2.9 1.7 28.7 53.0 52.9 24.3 46.9 7.2 46.9 34.6 51.0 49.0 58.8 28.8 39.6 2.1 3.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.4 16.4 31.5 53.5 13.5 2.2 11.2 30.1 40.1 28.1 51.1 47.0 2.6 30.4 44.1 2.4 52.5 13.9 2. No.0 59.2 42.7 10.0 44.5 38.0 45.6/GA+91.2 2.4 31.4 57.0 3.5 61.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : RAD (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 5.7 2.9 30.2 55.1 39.3 45.0 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu. pp.6 52.2 15.9 24.7 56.8 35.3 39.3 26.4 2.634 1SD=0.0 35.1 2.5 27.2 2.2 57.0 40.5 48.4 63. 2B771-044EN*D 10-165 .3 21.2 3.8 37.0 3.7 2.0 14.6 44.1 58.1 19.2 54.3 56.3 RAD (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 2.3 2.0 51.0 30.7 50.6 33.7 19.5 48.1 21.8 32.6 35.7 1.7 50.6 90%tile 7.3 23.7 60.5 52.7 36.0 37.9 60.(14) RAD (a) RAD Chitty Chitty Charts of fetal size: limb bones BJOG: am International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology August 2002.8 2.8 2.4 51.6 62.8 46.9 2.6 50.6 2.7 41.0 29.7 39.5 38.8 47.5 8.0 2.1 51.2 57.7 49.9 42.8 41.3 2.9 35.2 3.3 20.1933 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.8 1.8 51.8 44.4 21.8 61.0 43.0 97%tile 8.1 3.3 4.1 25.8 54.1 26.6 49.2 58. 919-929 RAD=7983/GA^2-1698.1 37.3 19.1 53.8 18.9 24.8 1.8 11.7 23.9 3.9 16.3 54.8 26.9 42.4 2.5 36.2 48.9 32.9 59.6 8.2 41.0 57.1 36.3 49.6 32.6 40.2 64.4 45.

1 21 2.4 47 2.5 No.5 26 26.5 33 33.1 35 95%tile 7 9 11 13 14 16 17 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 41 42 GA (weeks) 27.4 47 2.5 14 14.1 6 1.1 12 1.4 43 2. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.7 48 2.5 37 37.4 44 2.5 41 41.5 38 38.4 48 2.5 21 21. Wellek S.5 25 25.1 31 2.8 20 2..4 48 2.4 32 2.1 41 2.7 49 2.1 29 2.4 46 2.4 45 2.4 40 2.8 11 2.1 27 2.5 30 30.1 24 2.1 34 2.5 24 24.8 19 1.5 13 13. 2B771-044EN*D 10-166 Mean 39 40 41 42 42 43 44 44 45 46 46 47 48 48 49 49 50 50 51 51 52 52 52 53 53 53 54 54 54 RAD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 32 32.1 26 2.8 1 1.8 14 2.5 39 39.5 34 34.8 5 2.5)/10 GA (weeks) 12.5 31 31.5 20 20.1 25 2.5 27 Mean 4 6 8 10 11 13 14 16 17 18 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 31 32 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 RAD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 1.1 22 2.1 28 2.(b) RAD Merz Merz E.5 15 15.1 16 2.7 32 2.1 17 1.1 32 2.5 19 19.4 39 2.4 37 2.1 23 2.5 16 16.8 3 1.5 40 40.4 45 2.5 17 17.4 42 2.1 38 2.5 36 36.5 29 29.4 49 2.4 49 2.29*10+0.5 28 28.1 30 2.5 23 23.5 35 35.1 15 2.4 46 2.1 39 2.5 22 22.4 50 2.8 10 1.1 36 2.5 18 18.4 50 95%tile 43 44 45 45 46 47 48 48 49 50 50 51 52 52 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 57 57 58 58 58 58 .4 41 2.1 43 2.4 36 2.8 8 1.4 44 2.7 49 2.

3 46 3.9 97 4.0 38 3.6 87 4.9 94 5.3 54 3.0 41 3.5 No.7 35 3.2 100 5.6 60 3.9 93 4.5 21 21.5 37 37.5 13 13.5 28 28.0 36 3.4 21 2.5 17 17.5 38 38.6 62 4.5 30 30.0 65 3.5 34 34.9 89 4.5 39 39.5 22 22.0 48 3.3 74 4.0 43 3.6 59 3.6 85 4..5 20 20.0 63 95%tile 24 26 28 29 31 33 35 37 38 40 42 44 46 48 49 51 53 55 57 58 60 62 64 65 67 69 71 72 74 76 GA (weeks) 27.3 56 3.4 25 2.5 40 40.2 95 4.4 30 2.5 23 23.6 91 4.6 81 4.9 98 5.0 76 4.2 102 95%tile 78 79 81 83 84 86 88 89 91 92 94 96 97 99 100 102 103 105 106 108 109 110 112 113 114 116 117 118 119 .3 80 4.3 44 3. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.6 57 3.5 31 31.7 31 2.5 26 26.6 67 4.0 71 4.0 73 4.0 68 4.3 77 4.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 41 41.5 27 Mean 20 22 24 25 27 29 31 32 34 36 38 39 41 43 44 46 48 50 51 53 55 56 58 60 61 63 65 66 68 70 TAD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.4 18 2.5)/10 GA (weeks) 12.5 18 18.2 99 5.0 70 4.0 39 3.5 14 14.3 78 4.5 19 19.3 83 4.29*10+0.3 49 3. 2B771-044EN*D 10-167 Mean 71 73 75 76 78 79 81 82 84 85 87 88 90 91 93 94 96 97 98 100 101 102 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 TAD (mm) 1SD 5%tile 4.7 33 2.4 20 2. Wellek S.7 26 2.6 88 4.6 84 4.5 29 29.4 23 2.(15) TAD (a) TAD Merz Merz E.7 28 2.3 51 3.1 17 2.2 101 5.9 92 4.5 36 36.5 33 33.5 35 35.5 32 32.5 15 15.5 25 25.5 24 24.6 52 3.5 16 16.

0 101. p440-441 GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 THD (mm) Mean 17.0 56. p439.0 83.0 81.0 No.0 50.0 62. 1986.0 44..0 27.0 37.0 69.0 40.0 34.0 59. p154..0 86.0 97.0 89.0 78. Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology.0 92.0 31. p168-176.0 47. Hackeloer B. p432.0 94.0 65.0 20. p431.0 53.0 24. New York. p438. English Edition (ISBN 0-387-15384-9).0 72. 2B771-044EN*D 10-168 . Springer Verlag.(16) THD (a) THD Hansmann Hansmann H.0 99. Staudach A.0 74.

1 90%tile 9.2 3.4 71.7 64.9 46.1102 3%-97%tile=Mean±1. pp. 2B771-044EN*D 10-169 .0 69.1 46.7 74.9 22.0 43.7 76.5 61.8 17.9 53.8 49.7 16.3 56.5 61.9 6.4 25.5 50.0 38.1 72.4 56.0 3.3 62.7 97%tile 10.0 65.0 2.0 58.7 31.1 65.2 54.3 14.0 2.8 56.4 64.8 23.4 14.049978*GA+1.1 45.7 13.6 9.8 36.3 60.6 44.9 64.(17) TIB (a) TIB Chitty Chitty Charts of fetal size: limb bones BJOG: am International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology August 2002.6 25.8 2.3 38.3 49.2 3.5 23.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : TIB (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 7.2 70.3 65.3 73.7 28.5 29.0 54.1 40.7 67.4 5.2 59.5 26.3 49. 919-929 TIB=14451/GA^2-2553.3 61.6 2.1 3.2 68.1 33.8 57.6 72.2 42.1 2.8 59.0 20.3 48.4 22.7 73.9 12.1 24.5 31.5 74.7 44.7 47.0 40.3 2. 109.8 11. No.3 50.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.8 71.6 29.6 75.9 2.0 32.3 61.3 64.2 17.9 50.1 66. Vol.5 69.0 3.5 34.1 3.4 45.3 66.7 68.7 59.5 47.6 32.7 2.9 8.5 54.4 19.6 11.4 35.6 62.2 2.9 57.1 62.3 2.9 1.3 3.8 1.9 19.3 41.3 3.4 52.2 53.4 13.8 41.2 28.8 27.9 60.1 57.2 34.3 63.6 56.6 64.3 60.6 20.7 42.8 25.4 61.4 2.7 2.5 16.3 47.2 59.6 38.9 52.8 2.4 19.5 68.2 33.5 69.5 55.1 16.0 57.5 58.7 39.4 5.2/GA+120.0 52.0 57.0 36.4 63.4 66.2 45.05 1SD=0.5 2.9 2.5 70.0 9.1 2.4 TIB (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 4.4 38.4 28.1 10.4 62.7 1.8 52.3 31.2 51.1 62.0 55.9 36.5 14.4 67.7 54.8 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.6 43.2 21.5 52.4 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) 1SD 1.3 65.1 47.5 35.9 3.8 1.2 2.4 2.7 40.5 2.1 44.6 2.7 49.2 11.

0 59 2.5 38 38.8 12 1.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 37 37.1 38 2.5 18 18.8 18 2.4 50 2.4 54 2.1 37 2.5 41 41.5 32 32.7 57 2.1 23 2.8 7 1.7 55 2.1 16 1.7 51 2.4 43 2.7 52 2.5 22 22.1 24 1.1 19 1.5 14 14.1 22 2.5)/10 GA (weeks) 12.1 35 2.0 61 3.5 27 Mean 7 9 10 12 14 15 17 18 20 21 22 24 25 26 28 29 30 31 33 34 35 36 37 38 40 41 42 43 44 45 TIB (mm) 1SD 5%tile 1.5 29 29.8 26 2.4 42 2.4 45 2.7 60 3.8 11 1.. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.5 21 21.1 30 2.7 54 2.4 46 2.5 19 19.8 21 2.8 15 2.5 36 36.7 58 2.7 56 2.(b) TIB Merz Merz E.8 4 1.1 29 2.5 34 34.7 59 3.4 49 2.7 58 2.7 56 2.1 34 2.4 44 2.1 27 2.5 20 20.4 31 2.8 6 1.5 35 35.1 33 2.5 16 16.5 40 40.5 28 28.5 24 24.4 39 2.5 33 33.5 25 25.0 60 2. 2B771-044EN*D 10-170 Mean 46 47 48 49 50 51 51 52 53 54 55 56 56 57 58 59 59 60 61 62 62 63 63 64 64 65 65 66 66 TIB (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.5 15 15.4 40 2.5 13 13. Wellek S.5 39 39.1 36 2.29*10+0.5 30 30.0 61 95%tile 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 62 63 64 65 65 66 67 67 68 69 69 70 70 71 71 .5 31 31.5 23 23.5 26 26.4 41 95%tile 10 12 13 15 17 18 20 21 23 24 26 27 29 30 31 32 34 35 36 37 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 47 48 49 GA (weeks) 27.1 28 2.7 53 2.8 14 1.7 61 3.4 48 2.7 46 2.8 9 1.7 47 2.5 No.5 17 17.4 51 2.

2 54.9 5.4 36.5 48.3 52.3 58.2 53.1 47.7 41.6 12.3 70.6 27.1 31.2 71.9 41.8 9.4 56.7 29.7 17.1 68.0 26.2 57.8 51.0 43.8 59.3 2.8 37.8 26.0 34.3 57.8 29.8 51.8 2.3 22.3 39.4 57.8 60.7 46.2 54.3 68.2 3.0 25.9 59. pp.1 55.5 53.5 41.8 17.1 15.4 3.8 44.7 54.4 32.6 2.0 2.9 22.1 3.1 53.9 30.8 24.6 12.8 56.2 34.7 39.6 41.1 54.1 2.2 69.5 49.8 47.7 57.9 66.3 3.9 64.2 49.3 54.0 65.2 7.0 58.6 12.0 51.28*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : Ulna (mm) GA (weeks) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 7.2 21.8 23.2 2.2 44.2 63.2 59.3 3.3 67. No.2 2.2 38.1 21.3 45.3 33.4 55.6 61.049218*GA+1.8 14.2 62.8 51.9 2.4 15.1 30.9 3.1 60. Vol.7 2. 109.0 47.5 50.8 36.6 38.7 13.1 65.7 29.9 59.4 56.8 50.9 42.1 65.7 62.2 61.0 14.4 2.8 2.3 18.7 Input min : 12 (weeks) Input max : 42 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) 1SD 1.1 58.5 47. 2B771-044EN*D 10-171 .3 53. 919-929 Ulna=11120/GA^2-2146.2 39.6 60.5 2.2 66.7 46.4 Ulna (mm) 3%tile 10%tile 3.8 38.3 35.2 63.2 73.0 27.0 46.6 43.2 48.4 2.0 6.3/GA+108.3 69.88*(1SD) 10%-90%tile=Mean±1.5 49.8 44.8 1.2 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.3 37.2 55.2 56.9 1.8 33.3 62.7 59.6 2.2021 3%-97%tile=Mean±1.3 57.3 18.9 67.8 20.4 90%tile 9.7 34.8 40.5 15.94 1SD=0.4 32.0 25.9 49.5 2.0 2.9 2.2 3.1 3.1 60.3 70.6 20.5 36.0 3.3 8.7 65.3 26.9 44.8 62.3 72.3 9.2 43.9 11.2 24.8 1.3 71.5 32.5 64.0 3.5 51.8 56.3 46.4 60.1 2.2 64.0 52.1 97%tile 10.7 2.(18) Ulna (a) Ulna Chitty Chitty Charts of fetal size: limb bones BJOG: am International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology August 2002.9 18.0 60.3 2.4 61.

8 7 1.8 10 1.4 51 2.1 49 2.1 21 1.1 17 1.(b) Ulna Merz Merz E.7 56 2.1 46 2.5 18 18.5 26 26.4 46 2.4 52 2.5 No.5 3 1.4 50 2.4 56 2.8 15 1.8 5 1.4 49 2.5 33 33.1 26 2.4 53 2.1 41 2.5 37 37.8 13 1.1 39 2.4 47 2. Wellek S.1 36 2.4 58 2.7 58 95%tile 48 49 50 51 52 52 53 54 55 56 56 57 58 59 59 60 61 61 62 63 63 64 64 65 65 66 66 66 67 .1 20 2.5 22 22.5 36 36.5 15 15.1 25 2.4 55 2.4 42 2.5 14 14.5 25 25.4 48 2.29*10+0.8 23 2.5 19 19.5 24 24.1 38 2.5 39 39.4 57 2.5 35 35.5 16 16.4 43 2. 2B771-044EN*D 10-172 Mean 44 45 46 47 48 49 49 50 51 52 53 53 54 55 55 56 57 57 58 58 59 59 60 60 61 61 62 62 62 Ulna (mm) 1SD 5%tile 2.7 57 2.8 12 1.1 35 2.5 23 23..7 57 2.1 33 2.5 30 30.5)/10 GA (weeks) 12.5 32 32.5 27 Mean 5 8 10 11 13 15 16 18 19 21 22 23 25 26 27 28 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 Ulna (mm) 1SD 5%tile 1.8 8 1.5 34 34.7 55 2.1 45 2.1 31 2.5 38 38.5 41 41.1 24 2.1 37 2.8 29 2.1 40 95%tile 8 11 13 14 16 18 19 21 22 24 25 27 28 29 31 32 33 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 GA (weeks) 27.5 31 31.5 17 17.5 29 29.8 16 2.5 20 20.7 52 2.5 13 13.1 30 2. Normal Fetal Development Profiles.1 32 2.8 19 2.4 51 2.5 40 40.5 21 21.4 54 2.1 34 2.1 27 1.4 41 2.4 44 2.7 54 2.A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones" Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162 1SD=INT((UpperLimt-LowerLimit)/3.5 28 28.

7 0.8994 9.7 0.6 9.0 10.5 10.1 8.7 8.6 0.8994 5.8994 7.8994 8.4 9.0 9.7 7.4 8.8994 8.8 8.8994 5.9 0.8994 7. No.0 8.8994 6.7 10.9 11.8994 8.6 0.2 7.1275596*GA 1SD=0.0 11.8994 7.8994 8.8 9.8994 6.1 7.2 10.1 0.0 0.6 7.8994 7.9 0.8994 5.3 8.2 0.8994 6.9 10. 2B771-044EN*D 10-173 .8058346+0.7 6.8994 6.1 10.5 9.3 0.8994 5.4 7.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : Va (mm) GA (weeks) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 6.8994 7.6 0.5 0.4 11.6 11.7 9.8 0.3 11.3 9.3 9.4 10.8994 8.9 8.6 8.2 9.3 0.5 11.4 0.5 0.0 9.8994 7.0 0.7 9.8994 6.6 6.7 0.6 10.8994 7.5 7.0 0.2 10.2 8.8994 7.9 0.1 95%tile 8.8994 6.1 11.1 0.1 9.8994 8.4 0.3 0.2 0.9 9.4 0.8994 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.0 10.8994 8.9 12. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48 Va=4.1 9.4 10.(19) Va (a) Va Nicolaides Nicolaides Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.9 0.8994 5.5 Input min : 14 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) Va (mm) 1SD 5%tile 0.8 0.8994 6.1 8.6 8.3 10.8 0.5 8.0 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.8994 6.5 9.2 8.8994 5.5 8.4 0.8 9.5 0.8994 8.8 7.8994 5.9 10.8 11.2 0.0 7.

4 9.022 5. 2B771-044EN*D 10-174 .022 7.022 7.0 1.022 6.2 1.8 7.7 10.0 9.1 1.1 9.022 7.4 1.022 6.022 5.4 1.022 5.4 10.022 7.022 6.022 7.022 6.5 10.4 7.4 1.1 8.2 8.7 8.022 5.9 7.9 9.0841459*GA 1SD=1.9 9.9 1.022 6.022 6.5 8.9 8.5165990+0.6 1.1 9.3 1.0 8.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : Vp (mm) GA (weeks) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 6.9 1.022 5.2 9.022 7.7 8.7 1.0 10.6 8.0 9.1 10.6 8.9 1.3 10.022 5.0 1.022 5.6 1.1 7.5 1.9 11.5 7.2 7.9 6.6 10.3 1.022 5.8 1.3 9.5 8.1 9.2 1.6 95%tile 8.0 7.8 1.022 6.5 1.9 10.022 7.5 8.022 6.3 8.5 8.4 1.8 8.7 9.2 9. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48 Vp=5.5 1.5 1.8 6.4 8.1 1.022 6.8 9.7 6.2 1.022 7.022 5.1 1.0 8.3 Input min : 14 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) Vp (mm) 1SD 5%tile 1.6 7.3 7.6 10.022 6.(20) Vp (a) Vp Nicolaides Nicolaides Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.9 1.022 5.0 9.022 6.5 7.0 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.4 1.5 9.7 1.8 8.1 10.3 1.0 1.022 5. No.8 10.2 10.7 7.022 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.6 9.4 8.6 9.022 5.022 6.

(21) EFW (a) EFW Hadlock Hadlock FP. Harrist RB.17*EFW 3%-97%=EFW±1.885*1SD Input : GA (weeks) Output : EFW (g) GA (weeks) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mean 35 45 58 73 93 117 146 181 223 273 331 399 478 568 670 785 913 1055 1210 1379 1559 1751 1953 2162 2377 2595 2813 3028 3236 3435 3619 3787 3934 4058 4157 4228 Input min : 10 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) (Extrapolated on 45 weeks) 1SD 5 6 8 10 12 15 19 24 30 36 44 53 64 76 89 104 121 140 161 184 207 233 260 288 316 345 374 403 430 457 481 481 500 515 528 537 EFW (g) 3% 10% 26 29 34 37 43 48 55 61 70 77 88 97 110 121 136 150 167 185 205 227 248 275 299 331 359 398 426 471 503 556 589 652 685 758 791 876 908 1004 1034 1145 1169 1294 1313 1453 1465 1621 1622 1794 1783 1973 1946 2154 2110 2335 2271 2513 2427 2686 2576 2851 2714 3004 2839 3143 2950 3265 3043 3368 3117 3450 3170 3509 90% 41 53 68 85 109 137 171 212 261 319 387 467 559 665 784 918 1068 1234 1416 1613 1824 2049 2285 2530 2781 3036 3291 3543 3786 4019 4234 4430 4603 4748 4864 4947 97% 44 56 73 91 116 146 183 226 279 341 414 499 598 710 838 981 1141 1319 1513 1724 1949 2189 2441 2703 2971 3244 3516 3785 4045 4294 4524 4734 4918 5074 5197 5286 * The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in the preset menu.332*GA−0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-175 .5) 10%-90%=EFW±0.00354*GA^2) 1SD=INT((90%-10%)/2.56+0. 1991 EFW=e ^(0. Matinex-Poyer J "In utero analysis of fetal growth: A sonographic weight standard" Radiology 181: 129-133. No.578+0.

(b) EFW Osaka
Mineo Aoki, Motohiro Yamada
Evaluation of fetal growth
Obstetrics and gynecological treatment Vol. 47 No. 5 (1983: 11)
(Extrapolated on 42 weeks)
EFW (g)

GA
(w d)

Mean

1SD

-2SD

16w0d

137.0

29.0

79.0

93.5

16w1d

142.0

29.0

84.0

16w2d

147.0

29.0

16w3d

153.0

16w4d

EFW (g)

+2SD

GA
(w d)

Mean

1SD

-2SD

-1.5SD +1.5SD

+2SD

180.5

195.0

23w0d

611.0

83.0

445.0

486.5

735.5

777.0

98.5

185.5

200.0

23w1d

626.0

85.0

456.0

498.5

753.5

796.0

89.0

103.5

190.5

205.0

23w2d

641.0

87.0

467.0

510.5

771.5

815.0

29.0

95.0

109.5

196.5

211.0

23w3d

656.0

89.0

478.0

522.5

789.5

834.0

158.0

30.0

98.0

113.0

203.0

218.0

23w4d

672.0

91.0

490.0

535.5

808.5

854.0

16w5d

164.0

30.0

104.0

119.0

209.0

224.0

23w5d

688.0

92.0

504.0

550.0

826.0

872.0

16w6d

170.0

30.0

110.0

125.0

215.0

230.0

23w6d

704.0

94.0

516.0

563.0

845.0

892.0

17w0d

176.0

31.0

114.0

129.5

222.5

238.0

24w0d

720.0

96.0

528.0

576.0

864.0

912.0

17w1d

182.0

31.0

120.0

135.5

228.5

244.0

24w1d

736.0

98.0

540.0

589.0

883.0

932.0

17w2d

188.0

32.0

124.0

140.0

236.0

252.0

24w2d

753.0

100.0

553.0

603.0

903.0

953.0

17w3d

195.0

33.0

129.0

145.5

244.5

261.0

24w3d

770.0

102.0

566.0

617.0

923.0

974.0

17w4d

202.0

33.0

136.0

152.5

251.5

268.0

24w4d

787.0

104.0

579.0

631.0

943.0

995.0

17w5d

209.0

34.0

141.0

158.0

260.0

277.0

24w5d

804.0

106.0

592.0

645.0

963.0

1016.0

17w6d

216.0

35.0

146.0

163.5

268.5

286.0

24w6d

822.0

108.0

606.0

660.0

984.0

1038.0

18w0d

223.0

35.0

153.0

170.5

275.5

293.0

25w0d

839.0

110.0

619.0

674.0

1004.0

1059.0

18w1d

231.0

36.0

159.0

177.0

285.0

303.0

25w1d

857.0

112.0

633.0

689.0

1025.0

1081.0

18w2d

238.0

37.0

164.0

182.5

293.5

312.0

25w2d

875.0

114.0

647.0

704.0

1046.0

1103.0

18w3d

246.0

38.0

170.0

189.0

303.0

322.0

25w3d

893.0

116.0

661.0

719.0

1067.0

1125.0

18w4d

254.0

39.0

176.0

195.5

312.5

332.0

25w4d

912.0

118.0

676.0

735.0

1089.0

1148.0

18w5d

263.0

40.0

183.0

203.0

323.0

343.0

25w5d

930.0

120.0

690.0

750.0

1110.0

1170.0

18w6d

271.0

41.0

189.0

209.5

332.5

353.0

25w6d

949.0

123.0

703.0

764.5

1133.5

1195.0

19w0d

280.0

42.0

196.0

217.0

343.0

364.0

26w0d

968.0

125.0

718.0

780.5

1155.5

1218.0

19w1d

289.0

43.0

203.0

224.5

353.5

375.0

26w1d

987.0

127.0

733.0

796.5

1177.5

1241.0

19w2d

298.0

44.0

210.0

232.0

364.0

386.0

26w2d

1007.0

129.0

749.0

813.5

1200.5

1265.0

19w3d

308.0

45.0

218.0

240.5

375.5

398.0

26w3d

1026.0

131.0

764.0

829.5

1222.5

1288.0

19w4d

317.0

46.0

225.0

248.0

386.0

409.0

26w4d

1046.0

133.0

780.0

846.5

1245.5

1312.0

19w5d

327.0

48.0

231.0

255.0

399.0

423.0

26w5d

1066.0

135.0

796.0

863.5

1268.5

1336.0

19w6d

337.0

49.0

239.0

263.5

410.5

435.0

26w6d

1086.0

138.0

810.0

879.0

1293.0

1362.0

20w0d

347.0

50.0

247.0

272.0

422.0

447.0

27w0d

1106.0

140.0

826.0

896.0

1316.0

1386.0

20w1d

358.0

51.0

256.0

281.5

434.5

460.0

27w1d

1127.0

142.0

843.0

914.0

1340.0

1411.0

20w2d

368.0

53.0

262.0

288.5

447.5

474.0

27w2d

1147.0

144.0

859.0

931.0

1363.0

1435.0

20w3d

379.0

54.0

271.0

298.0

460.0

487.0

27w3d

1168.0

146.0

876.0

949.0

1387.0

1460.0

20w4d

390.0

56.0

278.0

306.0

474.0

502.0

27w4d

1189.0

149.0

891.0

965.5

1412.5

1487.0

20w5d

401.0

57.0

287.0

315.5

486.5

515.0

27w5d

1210.0

151.0

908.0

983.5

1436.5

1512.0

20w6d

413.0

58.0

297.0

326.0

500.0

529.0

27w6d

1232.0

153.0

926.0

1002.5

1461.5

1538.0

21w0d

425.0

60.0

305.0

335.0

515.0

545.0

28w0d

1253.0

155.0

943.0

1020.5

1485.5

1563.0

21w1d

436.0

61.0

314.0

344.5

527.5

558.0

28w1d

1275.0

158.0

959.0

1038.0

1512.0

1591.0

21w2d

449.0

63.0

323.0

354.5

543.5

575.0

28w2d

1296.0

160.0

976.0

1056.0

1536.0

1616.0

21w3d

461.0

65.0

331.0

363.5

558.5

591.0

28w3d

1318.0

162.0

994.0

1075.0

1561.0

1642.0

21w4d

474.0

66.0

342.0

375.0

573.0

606.0

28w4d

1340.0

164.0

1012.0

1094.0

1586.0

1668.0

21w5d

486.0

68.0

350.0

384.0

588.0

622.0

28w5d

1363.0

167.0

1029.0

1112.5

1613.5

1697.0

21w6d

499.0

69.0

361.0

395.5

602.5

637.0

28w6d

1385.0

169.0

1047.0

1131.5

1638.5

1723.0

22w0d

513.0

71.0

371.0

406.5

619.5

655.0

29w0d

1407.0

171.0

1065.0

1150.5

1663.5

1749.0

22w1d

526.0

73.0

380.0

416.5

635.5

672.0

29w1d

1430.0

174.0

1082.0

1169.0

1691.0

1778.0

22w2d

540.0

74.0

392.0

429.0

651.0

688.0

29w2d

1453.0

176.0

1101.0

1189.0

1717.0

1805.0

22w3d

553.0

76.0

401.0

439.0

667.0

705.0

29w3d

1476.0

178.0

1120.0

1209.0

1743.0

1832.0

22w4d

568.0

78.0

412.0

451.0

685.0

724.0

29w4d

1499.0

181.0

1137.0

1227.5

1770.5

1861.0

22w5d

582.0

80.0

422.0

462.0

702.0

742.0

29w5d

1522.0

183.0

1156.0

1247.5

1796.5

1888.0

22w6d

596.0

81.0

434.0

474.5

717.5

758.0

29w6d

1545.0

185.0

1175.0

1267.5

1822.5

1915.0

-1.5SD +1.5SD

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-176

EFW (g)

GA
(w d)

Mean

1SD

-2SD

30w0d

1568.0

188.0

30w1d

1592.0

30w2d

1615.0

30w3d

EFW (g)

-1.5SD +1.5SD

+2SD

GA
(w d)

Mean

1SD

-2SD

-1.5SD +1.5SD

+2SD

1192.0

1286.0

1850.0

1944.0

36w0d

2600.0

296.0

2008.0

2156.0

3044.0

3192.0

190.0

1212.0

1307.0

1877.0

1972.0

36w1d

2624.0

299.0

2026.0

2175.5

3072.5

3222.0

192.0

1231.0

1327.0

1903.0

1999.0

36w2d

2648.0

302.0

2044.0

2195.0

3101.0

3252.0

1639.0

195.0

1249.0

1346.5

1931.5

2029.0

36w3d

2672.0

305.0

2062.0

2214.5

3129.5

3282.0

30w4d

1663.0

197.0

1269.0

1367.5

1958.5

2057.0

36w4d

2696.0

308.0

2080.0

2234.0

3158.0

3312.0

30w5d

1687.0

200.0

1287.0

1387.0

1987.0

2087.0

36w5d

2720.0

311.0

2098.0

2253.5

3186.5

3342.0

30w6d

1711.0

202.0

1307.0

1408.0

2014.0

2115.0

36w6d

2744.0

314.0

2116.0

2273.0

3215.0

3372.0

31w0d

1735.0

204.0

1327.0

1429.0

2041.0

2143.0

37w0d

2767.0

317.0

2133.0

2291.5

3242.5

3401.0

31w1d

1759.0

207.0

1345.0

1448.5

2069.5

2173.0

37w1d

2791.0

320.0

2151.0

2311.0

3271.0

3431.0

31w2d

1783.0

209.0

1365.0

1469.5

2096.5

2201.0

37w2d

2814.0

323.0

2168.0

2329.5

3298.5

3460.0

31w3d

1808.0

212.0

1384.0

1490.0

2126.0

2232.0

37w3d

2837.0

326.0

2185.0

2348.0

3326.0

3489.0

31w4d

1832.0

214.0

1404.0

1511.0

2153.0

2260.0

37w4d

2860.0

329.0

2202.0

2366.5

3353.5

3518.0

31w5d

1857.0

217.0

1423.0

1531.5

2182.5

2291.0

37w5d

2883.0

332.0

2219.0

2385.0

3381.0

3547.0

31w6d

1881.0

219.0

1443.0

1552.5

2209.5

2319.0

37w6d

2906.0

335.0

2236.0

2403.5

3408.5

3576.0

32w0d

1906.0

222.0

1462.0

1573.0

2239.0

2350.0

38w0d

2928.0

339.0

2250.0

2419.5

3436.5

3606.0

32w1d

1930.0

224.0

1482.0

1594.0

2266.0

2378.0

38w1d

2950.0

342.0

2266.0

2437.0

3463.0

3634.0

32w2d

1955.0

227.0

1501.0

1614.5

2295.5

2409.0

38w2d

2973.0

345.0

2283.0

2455.5

3490.5

3663.0

32w3d

1980.0

229.0

1522.0

1636.5

2323.5

2438.0

38w3d

2995.0

348.0

2299.0

2473.0

3517.0

3691.0

32w4d

2005.0

232.0

1541.0

1657.0

2353.0

2469.0

38w4d

3016.0

352.0

2312.0

2488.0

3544.0

3720.0

32w5d

2029.0

234.0

1561.0

1678.0

2380.0

2497.0

38w5d

3038.0

355.0

2328.0

2505.5

3570.5

3748.0

32w6d

2054.0

237.0

1580.0

1698.5

2409.5

2528.0

38w6d

3059.0

358.0

2343.0

2522.0

3596.0

3775.0

33w0d

2079.0

239.0

1601.0

1720.5

2437.5

2557.0

39w0d

3080.0

362.0

2356.0

2537.0

3623.0

3804.0

33w1d

2104.0

242.0

1620.0

1741.0

2467.0

2588.0

39w1d

3101.0

365.0

2371.0

2553.5

3648.5

3831.0

33w2d

2129.0

244.0

1641.0

1763.0

2495.0

2617.0

39w2d

3121.0

369.0

2383.0

2567.5

3674.5

3859.0

33w3d

2154.0

247.0

1660.0

1783.5

2524.5

2648.0

39w3d

3142.0

372.0

2398.0

2584.0

3700.0

3886.0

33w4d

2179.0

250.0

1679.0

1804.0

2554.0

2679.0

39w4d

3162.0

376.0

2410.0

2598.0

3726.0

3914.0

33w5d

2204.0

252.0

1700.0

1826.0

2582.0

2708.0

39w5d

3182.0

379.0

2424.0

2613.5

3750.5

3940.0

33w6d

2229.0

255.0

1719.0

1846.5

2611.5

2739.0

39w6d

3201.0

383.0

2435.0

2626.5

3775.5

3967.0

34w0d

2254.0

257.0

1740.0

1868.5

2639.5

2768.0

40w0d

3220.0

387.0

2446.0

2639.5

3800.5

3994.0

34w1d

2279.0

260.0

1759.0

1889.0

2669.0

2799.0

40w1d

3239.0

390.0

2459.0

2654.0

3824.0

4019.0

34w2d

2304.0

263.0

1778.0

1909.5

2698.5

2830.0

40w2d

3258.0

394.0

2470.0

2667.0

3849.0

4046.0

34w3d

2329.0

265.0

1799.0

1931.5

2726.5

2859.0

40w3d

3276.0

398.0

2480.0

2679.0

3873.0

4072.0

34w4d

2354.0

268.0

1818.0

1952.0

2756.0

2890.0

40w4d

3295.0

402.0

2491.0

2692.0

3898.0

4099.0

34w5d

2379.0

271.0

1837.0

1972.5

2785.5

2921.0

40w5d

3312.0

405.0

2502.0

2704.5

3919.5

4122.0

34w6d

2403.0

274.0

1855.0

1992.0

2814.0

2951.0

40w6d

3330.0

409.0

2512.0

2716.5

3943.5

4148.0

35w0d

2428.0

276.0

1876.0

2014.0

2842.0

2980.0

41w0d

3347.0

413.0

2521.0

2727.5

3966.5

4173.0

35w1d

2453.0

279.0

1895.0

2034.5

2871.5

3011.0

41w1d

3364.0

417.0

2530.0

2738.5

3989.5

4198.0

35w2d

2478.0

282.0

1914.0

2055.0

2901.0

3042.0

41w2d

3380.0

421.0

2538.0

2748.5

4011.5

4222.0

35w3d

2502.0

285.0

1932.0

2074.5

2929.5

3072.0

41w3d

3396.0

425.0

2546.0

2758.5

4033.5

4246.0

35w4d

2527.0

288.0

1951.0

2095.0

2959.0

3103.0

41w4d

3412.0

429.0

2554.0

2768.5

4055.5

4270.0

35w5d

2551.0

290.0

1971.0

2116.0

2986.0

3131.0

41w5d

3427.0

433.0

2561.0

2777.5

4076.5

4293.0

35w6d

2576.0

293.0

1990.0

2136.5

3015.5

3162.0

41w6d

3442.0

438.0

2566.0

2785.0

4099.0

4318.0

42w0d

3456.0

442.0

2572.0

2793.0

4119.0

4340.0

* The data in the gray rows are used when "Extrapolated on" is selected in
the preset menu.

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-177

10.4 Charts for Creating Trend Graphs
(1) AFI
(a) AFI Moore
Moore, Th. R., Cayle, J. E., "The amniotic fluid index in normal human
pregnancy"
Am J Obstet Gynecol Vol. 162 No. 5, 1990, pages 1168-1173
GA
(weeks)

Mean

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42

121
127
133
137
141
143
145
146
147
147
147
146
146
145
145
144
144
143
142
140
138
135
132
127
123
116
110

2.5%tile

AFI (mm)
5%tile

95%tile

97.5%tile

73
77
80
83
86
88
89
90
90
89
89
85
86
84
82
79
77
74
72
70
68
66
65
64
63
63
63

79
83
87
90
93
95
97
98
98
97
97
95
94
92
90
88
86
83
81
79
77
75
73
72
71
70
69

185
194
202
207
212
214
216
218
219
221
223
226
228
231
234
238
242
245
248
249
249
244
239
226
214
194
175

201
211
220
225
230
233
235
237
238
240
242
245
249
254
258
263
269
274
278
279
279
275
269
255
240
216
192

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-178

(2) Va/Hem
(a) Va/Hem Nicolaides
Nicolaides
Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48
Va/Hem=Power(10,(0.5404806-0.0854273*GA+0.0019594*GA^2-0.0000147
*GA^3))
1SD=0.04766
5%-95%tile=Power(10,(Mean±1.645*1SD))
Input : GA (weeks)
Output : Va/Hem (mm)
GA
(weeks)
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Input min : 14 (weeks)
Input max : 40 (weeks)

Mean

Va/Hem
5%tile

95%tile

0.49
0.45
0.41
0.38
0.36
0.33
0.31
0.3
0.28
0.27
0.26
0.25
0.24
0.24
0.23
0.23
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21

0.41
0.37
0.34
0.32
0.3
0.28
0.26
0.25
0.24
0.23
0.22
0.21
0.2
0.2
0.19
0.19
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17

0.58
0.54
0.49
0.46
0.43
0.4
0.38
0.36
0.34
0.32
0.31
0.3
0.29
0.28
0.28
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-179

(3) Vp/Hem
(a) Vp/Hem Nicolaides
Nicolaides
Fetal biometry at 14-40 week’s gestation.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 1994: P34-48
Vp/Hem=Power(10,(0.2467422-0.0484430*GA+0.0004638*GA^2+0.0000036
*GA^3))
1SD=0.05683
5%-95%tile=Power(10,(Mean±1.645*1SD))
Input : GA (weeks)
Output : Vp/Hem (mm)
GA
(weeks)
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Input min : 14 (weeks)
Input max : 40 (weeks)

Mean

Vp/Hem
5%tile

95%tile

0.47
0.43
0.4
0.38
0.35
0.33
0.31
0.29
0.28
0.26
0.25
0.24
0.23
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.2
0.2
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19

0.38
0.35
0.32
0.3
0.28
0.27
0.25
0.24
0.22
0.21
0.2
0.19
0.19
0.18
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

0.58
0.54
0.5
0.47
0.44
0.41
0.39
0.36
0.34
0.33
0.31
0.3
0.29
0.28
0.27
0.26
0.25
0.25
0.24
0.24
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.24

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-180

(4) DV a/S
(a) DV a/S Baschat
A.A. BASCHAT
"Relationship between placental blood flow resistance and precordial venous
Doppler indices": Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003; 22: 561-566
DV a/S=-0.0006*GA+0.5197
1SD=0.10
5%-95%tile=Mean±1.645*(1SD)
Input : GA (weeks)
Output : DV a/S

Input min : 20 (weeks)
Input max : 40 (weeks)

GA
(weeks)

Mean

1SD

DV a/S
5%tile

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

0.508
0.507
0.507
0.506
0.505
0.505
0.504
0.504
0.503
0.502
0.502
0.501
0.501
0.500
0.499
0.499
0.498
0.498
0.497
0.496
0.496

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.343
0.343
0.342
0.341
0.341
0.340
0.340
0.339
0.338
0.338
0.337
0.337
0.336
0.335
0.335
0.334
0.334
0.333
0.332
0.332
0.331

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-181

95%tile
0.672
0.672
0.671
0.670
0.670
0.669
0.669
0.668
0.667
0.667
0.666
0.666
0.665
0.664
0.664
0.663
0.663
0.662
0.661
0.661
0.660

(5) DV PIV
(a) DV PIV Baschat
A.A. BASCHAT
"Relationship between placental blood flow resistance and precordial venous
Doppler indices": Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003; 22: 561-566
DV PIV=-0.001*GA+0.6625
1SD=0.14
5%-95%tile=Mean±1.645*(1SD)
Input : GA (weeks)
Output : DV PIV

Input min : 20 (weeks)
Input max : 40 (weeks)

GA
(weeks)

Mean

1SD

DV PIV
5%tile

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

0.643
0.642
0.641
0.640
0.639
0.638
0.637
0.636
0.635
0.634
0.633
0.632
0.631
0.630
0.629
0.628
0.627
0.626
0.625
0.624
0.623

0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14

0.412
0.411
0.410
0.409
0.408
0.407
0.406
0.405
0.404
0.403
0.402
0.401
0.400
0.399
0.398
0.397
0.396
0.395
0.394
0.393
0.392

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-182

95%tile
0.873
0.872
0.871
0.870
0.869
0.868
0.867
0.866
0.865
0.864
0.863
0.862
0.861
0.860
0.859
0.858
0.857
0.856
0.855
0.854
0.853

(6) DV PVIV
(a) DV PVIV Baschat
A.A. BASCHAT
"Relationship between placental blood flow resistance and precordial venous
Doppler indices": Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003; 22: 561-566
DV PVIV=-0.0006*GA+0.592
1SD=0.12
5%-95%tile=Mean±1.645*(1SD)
Input : GA (weeks)
Output : DV PVIV

Input min : 20 (weeks)
Input max : 40 (weeks)

GA
(weeks)

Mean

DV PVIV
1SD
5%tile

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

0.580
0.579
0.579
0.578
0.578
0.577
0.576
0.576
0.575
0.575
0.574
0.573
0.573
0.572
0.572
0.571
0.570
0.570
0.569
0.569
0.568

0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12

0.383
0.382
0.381
0.381
0.380
0.380
0.379
0.378
0.378
0.377
0.377
0.376
0.375
0.375
0.374
0.374
0.373
0.372
0.372
0.371
0.371

No. 2B771-044EN*D
10-183

95%tile
0.777
0.777
0.776
0.776
0.775
0.774
0.774
0.773
0.773
0.772
0.771
0.771
0.770
0.770
0.769
0.768
0.768
0.767
0.767
0.766
0.765

157 2.5 0.161 2.5 0.5 0.5 0.984 2.A.154 2.141 2.972 2.5 0.327 1.143 2.5 0.5 0.316 1.977 2.115 0.314 1.3 1.134 2.954 2.32 1.982 2.304 1.938 .129 2. BASCHAT "Relationship between placental blood flow resistance and precordial venous Doppler indices": Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2003.145 2.5 1.97 2.961 2.318 1.979 2.33 1.949 2.5 0.122 2.295 1.94 2.15 2.968 2.5 0.334 1.12 2.339 1.965 2.947 2.2073 1SD=0.5 0.323 1.138 2.945 2.131 2. 22: 561-566 DV S/a=-0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-184 95%tile 2.297 1.5 0.(7) DV S/a (a) DV S/a Baschat A.125 2.307 1.337 1.309 1.952 2.5 0.5 0.5 0.311 1.127 2.5 0.5 0.5 0.645*(1SD) Input : GA (weeks) Output : DV S/a Input min : 20 (weeks) Input max : 40 (weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 1SD DV S/a 5%tile 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 2.302 1.325 1.159 2.5 0.975 2.332 1.136 2.956 2.5 0.50 5%-95%tile=Mean±1.959 2.148 2.152 2.5 0.0023*GA+2.942 2.963 2.118 2.293 No.

Harrington.(8) Fetal Ao PI (a) Fetal Ao PI Harrington K.46 1.45 1.41 2.45 1.49 2. Ultrasound Obstet.96 1.56 2.33 2.46 1.46 1.47 2.86 1.46 1.87 1. Gynecol. R.45 1.98 1.39 2.90 1.94 1.86 1.95 1.47 1. 6 (1): 19-28 GA (weeks) Mean Fetal Ao PI 5%tile 95%tile 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 1.47 1.47 1.00 1.61 No.99 1.95 1.36 2.48 2.99 2.47 1.44 2.46 1. G.47 1.47 1.90 1. Campbell Changes observed in Doppler studies of the fetal circulation in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia or the delivery of a small-for-gestational age baby.47 1.97 1.46 1.52 2.58 2.30 2.46 1.46 1.45 2.32 2.91 1. M.53 2.47 1.50 2. 1995 Jul. Nguyen and S.84 1.93 1.85 1.89 1.38 2.35 2.42 2. Carpenter. 2B771-044EN*D 10-185 .88 1.47 1.59 2.55 2.92 1.

70 1.95 1.20 2. Mai.90 1.92 1.62 1.29 1.36 1.41 1.62 2.35 1.07 2.04 2.48 1.97 1.02 2.42 2.u.45 1.63 1. p221-222 GA (weeks) Mean 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 1.39 1. "JOURNAL FÜR FERTILITÄT UND REPRODUKTION" IPDS 1998 11th Congress of the International Perinatal Doppler Society.50 1.00 1.74 2.01 1.96 1.95 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-186 .88 1.04 2.43 1.15 2.17 2.62 1.91 2.22 2.61 1.89 1. A.89 1.13 2.63 2.38 1.28 1.68 1.96 1.65 1.36 1.46 1.60 2.96 1.97 1.88 1.26 1.65 1.55 2.47 2.47 1.30 1.49 2.95 1.33 1.53 1.73 1.93 1.91 1.76 2.67 2.56 2.78 2.31 1.63 1.65 2.11 2. Schaffer.36 1.50 2.39 1.90 1.89 1.46 2.37 2.61 1.27 1.61 1.98 (c) Fetal Ao PI Schaffer H.07 2.09 2.88 1.52 1.43 1. Rempen Farb-Dopplersonographische Normalwerte in der Schwangershaft Z.27 1.96 1.58 2.99 2.94 1.64 5%tile Fetal Ao PI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 1.06 2.37 1.34 1.29 1.42 1.24 2.99 1.72 2.69 2.45 2.Perinat.91 1.01 2.97 1. Geburish.71 2.34 1.44 2. P.35 1.57 1.80 No.35 1. July 2-4.28 1.(b) Fetal Ao PI Mai R.63 1. Kristen.38 1.55 1.67 1.59 1.51 2.53 2.70 1. 1998 GA (weeks) Mean Fetal Ao PI 5%tile 95%tile 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 1.34 1.40 1.

85 No.85 0.81 0.83 0.88 0.69 0.70 0.85 0.89 0.87 0.72 0.74 0.84 0.69 0.77 0.u.74 0.78 0.Perinat.73 0.83 0.77 0.80 0.86 0.72 0.75 0.77 0.70 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-187 .78 0. Mai.86 0. A.84 0.72 0.71 0.71 0.73 0.85 0.83 0.85 0. P.80 0.88 0. Kristen.88 0.71 0.85 0.77 0.83 0.79 0. Geburish. p221-222 GA (weeks) Mean 5%tile Fetal Ao RI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 0.71 0.73 0.71 0.87 0.84 0.77 0.69 0.69 0.71 0. Rempen Farb-Dopplersonographische Normalwerte in der Schwangershaft Z.71 0.(9) Fetal Ao RI (a) Fetal Ao RI Mai R.86 0.

85 0.85 0.90 0.91 0.85 0.84 0.77 0.79 0. Schaffer.84 0.78 0.85 0.78 0.91 0.91 0.90 0.77 0.84 0.90 0.86 0.84 0.90 0.92 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-188 .91 0.85 0.91 0.77 0.91 0.77 0.78 0.91 0.78 0.86 0.78 0.84 0.92 0.77 0.77 0.92 No.85 0.(b) Fetal Ao RI Schaffer H.84 0.91 0.78 0.91 0.78 0.84 0.91 0.77 0.84 0.78 0.77 0.84 0.90 0.92 0.78 0.79 0. July 2-4.84 0.79 0. "JOURNAL FÜR FERTILITÄT UND REPRODUKTION" IPDS 1998 11th Congress of the International Perinatal Doppler Society.85 0.77 0.92 0.84 0.77 0.92 0.84 0.84 0.79 0.85 0.92 0.90 0. 1998 GA (weeks) 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Mean Fetal Ao RI 5%tile 95%tile 0.

24 2.10 2. 2002.48 2.30 2.(10) MCA PI (a) MCA PI Bahlman Bahlmann F.13 1.94 1.02 2.53 1.14 1.30 2.29 1.61 2.90 1.43 2.72 No.40 2.25 2.51 1.43 1.92 0.02 1.Med.92 1.37 1.43 1.43 2. Wellek S.47 2.72 0.84 1.90 1. Reinhard I.44 1.09 1.68 1.93 1.35 1. Macchiella D.80 1.18 2.35 2.01 0.45 1.92 1.39 1.35 1. J.45 1.92 1.39 2.47 2.73 1.41 1.25 1.78 1.31 1.44 1.82 1. Neubert S. Blood flow velocity waveforms of the fetal middle cerebral artery in a normal population: reference values from 18 weeks to 42 weeks of gestation.94 1.59 1. 30: 490-501 GA (weeks) Mean MCA PI 5%tile 95%tile 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 1. Krummenauer F.11 2.83 1.48 2.67 1.01 1.74 1.19 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-189 .35 2.83 0.17 2.26 1.17 1.87 1.45 2.61 1.33 1.40 1.23 1.Perinat.88 1.45 2.

1995 Jul.77 1.14 1.60 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-190 .55 2.66 2.66 1.88 1.58 1.39 1.76 0. G.25 2. M.04 0.09 2.48 2.23 1. Campbell Changes observed in Doppler studies of the fetal circulation in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia or the delivery of a small-for-gestational age baby.(b) MCA PI Harrigton K.45 1.52 1.67 2.87 1.63 1.67 2.85 0.47 2.67 1.41 2.92 1.31 1.09 2.78 1.96 2.60 2. Gynecol.98 1.68 1. Harrington.54 2.61 2.33 1.65 2.68 1.54 1.46 1.69 1. Ultrasound Obstet.65 1.05 1.03 2.63 2.58 No.07 2.70 1. Carpenter.07 2.61 1.22 1.10 2.16 2.96 1. R.33 2.06 1.03 1.95 0.52 1. Nguyen and S.42 1.86 1. 6 (1): 19-28 GA (weeks) Mean MCA PI 5%tile 95%tile 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 1.13 1.67 2.

03 0.46 1.42 1.54+3.74 1.35 2.36 2.32 1.90 1.39 2.47 2.39 2.68+3.89 1.49 2.19 2.30 2.52 1.20*10^-3*GA^2 MCA PI 5%=-9.00 1.42 1.82 1.62 1. 3 (2003) J415-J440 MCA PI Mean=-2.67 1.44 2.13 1.40 1.92 1.70 1.50*10^-3*GA^2 MCA PI 95%=-2.08 2.24 2.86 1.69*10^-1+1.36 1.94 1.10*10^-1*GA-5.39 1.46 1.38 1.50 2.43 1.32 1.49 1.54 1.18 2.88 1.92 1.76 1.44 1.21 1.36 1.99 2.34 2.10 2.53 1.94 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-191 .74*10^-1*GA-3.53 1.00 1.31*10^-1*GA-5.09 2.43 2.60*10^-3*GA^2 Input : GA (weeks) Output : MCA PI Input min : 20 (weeks) Input max : 41 (weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 5%tile MCA PI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 1.54 1.26 2.96 1.54 1.46 2.17 1.50 1.33 1.18 2.93 1.46 1.10 1.(c) MCA PI JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.47+2.80 1.28 1.43 1.44 1.42 2.33 1.05 0.47 1. 30 No.33 2.10*10^-3*GA^2 MCA PI 10%=-1.85 1.27 2.11*10^-1*GA-3.90 1.39 2.47 1.23 1.38 1.95 1.16 2.31*10^-1*GA-5.89 1.10 2.45 1.40 1.31 2.44 2.49 2.42 2.50 2.46 1.99 2.25 2.39 2.39+3.77 No.51 1.47 1.49 1.27 1.70*10^-3*GA^2 MCA PI 90%=-2.29 1.27 1.79 1.43 2.27 1.43 2.59 1.

Rempen Farb-Dopplersonographische Normalwerte in der Schwangershaft Z.72 0.62 1.56 2.68 1.88 1.55 1.56 1.95 (e) MCA PI Schaffer H.96 1.95 1.39 1.39 2.46 1.31 1.18 1.50 2.15 1. Geburish.32 1.83 0. p221-222 GA (weeks) Mean 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 1.27 1.32 2.60 2.80 1.41 1.90 1.30 2.96 1.32 2.39 2.86 No.85 1.69 1.65 1.06 2.94 1.58 2.23 1.48 2.98 1.73 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-192 .58 2.02 0.95 1.26 2. Mai.26 1.15 2.91 1.53 2.36 2. July 2-4.59 2.34 1.83 1.91 1.06 1.23 1.11 2.07 2. 1998 GA (weeks) Mean MCA PI 5%tile 95%tile 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 1.00 1.64 1.10 1.44 1.83 1.(d) MCA PI Mai R.52 5%tile MCA PI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 1.10 1.30 1.22 1.20 1.78 1.23 2.76 1.50 1. A. Schaffer. "JOURNAL FÜR FERTILITÄT UND REPRODUKTION" IPDS 1998 11th Congress of the International Perinatal Doppler Society.57 2.24 1.56 1.32 1.28 1.12 2.47 1.27 1.u.Perinat.30 1.09 1.93 0.35 1.35 1.89 1.53 1.13 1.94 1.57 1.28 2.19 2.17 1.02 1. P.13 1.46 2.17 2.87 1.73 1.98 1. Kristen.93 1.22 1.60 1.33 1.54 2.03 2.97 1.43 2.86 2.20 2.21 2.21 1.30 1.

62 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-193 .54 0.65 0.Perinat.83 0. 2002. Krummenauer F.52 0.71 0.65 0.77 0.85 0.81 0.79 0.91 0.90 0.89 0.89 0.54 0.76 0.59 0. Wellek S.73 0. Macchiella D.62 0.80 0.80 0.91 0. J.66 0.84 0.57 0.91 0. Neubert S.90 0. 30: 490-501 GA (weeks) Mean MCA RI 5%tile 95%tile 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 0.56 0.86 0.78 0.79 0.74 No.80 0.64 0.80 0.65 0.87 0.67 0.80 0.61 0.81 0. Reinhard I.64 0.80 0.49 0.79 0.89 0.76 0.66 0.69 0.46 0.66 0.58 0.(11) MCA RI (a) MCA RI Bahlman Bahlmann F.91 0.83 0.87 0.66 0.73 0.91 0.63 0. Blood flow velocity waveforms of the fetal middle cerebral artery in a normal population: reference values from 18 weeks to 42 weeks of gestation.60 0.Med.74 0.77 0.90 0.71 0.64 0.63 0.66 0.75 0.86 0.61 0.78 0.69 0.76 0.79 0.

78 0.33*10^-1+4.09*10^-2*GA-7.77 0.83 0.72 0.92 0.79 0.99*10^-2+5.90 0.76 0.87 0.67 0.78 0.83 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 Input : GA (weeks) Output : MCA RI Input min : 20 (weeks) Input max : 41 (weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 5%tile MCA RI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 0.78 0.92 0.87 0.91 0.71 0.86 0.78 0.79 0.89 0.88 0.(b) MCA RI JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.79 0.93 0.71 0.76 0.90 0.65 0.79 0.91 0.74 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 MCA RI 10%=-2.87 0.74*10^-2*GA-1.72 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-194 .81 0.00*10^-1+4.91 0.78 0.93 0.72 0.86 0.88 0.54*10^-2+5.63 0.92 0.93 0.84 0.72 0.81*10^-2*GA-8.75 0.85 0.76 0.84 0. 3 (2003) J415-J440 MCA RI Mean=5.92 0.77 0.93 0.76 0.78 0.89 0.90 0.85 0.76 0.74 0.73 0.00*10^-3*GA^2 MCA RI 90%=2.78 0.89 0.88 0.86 0.75 0.89 0.90 0.79 0.79 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 MCA RI 5%=6.86 0.06*10^-2*GA-9.86 0.92 0.87 0.75 0.82 0.75 0.67 0.78 0.83 0.69 0.86 0. 30 No.79 0.83 No.91 0.40*10^-2*GA-9.92 0.92 0.88 0.64 0.92 0.93 0.86 0.77 0.92 0.84 0.69 0.77 0.86 0.85 0.84*10^-2+5.73 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 MCA RI 95%=3.79 0.93 0.86 0.84 0.91 0.78 0.92 0.82 0.77 0.78 0.81 0.

93 0.77 0. Geburish.Perinat.83 0.83 0.92 0. Mai.91 0.89 0.90 0.65 0.84 0.85 0.69 0.71 0.96 0. Schaffer.93 0.57 0.84 (d) MCA RI Schaffer H.71 0.65 0.85 0.(c) MCA RI Mai R.69 0.75 0.83 0.85 0.81 0. "JOURNAL FÜR FERTILITÄT UND REPRODUKTION" IPDS 1998 11th Congress of the International Perinatal Doppler Society.82 0.82 0. Rempen Farb-Dopplersonographische Normalwerte in der Schwangershaft Z.94 0.84 0.94 0.81 0.70 0.67 0.88 0.81 0.82 0.63 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-195 .69 0.69 0.86 0.84 0.96 0.80 0.89 0.87 0.88 0.72 0.92 0.79 0.75 5%tile MCA RI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 0.71 0.77 0.79 0.68 0.95 0.96 0.86 0. p221-222 GA (weeks) Mean 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 0.67 0.70 0.69 0.79 0.70 0.68 0.65 0.82 No.92 0.66 0.u.83 0.75 0.87 0.66 0.69 0.61 0.96 0.73 0.92 0.73 0.60 0.67 0.69 0.68 0.68 0.90 0.76 0.74 0.67 0.88 0.80 0.91 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.83 0.55 0.96 0.84 0. July 2-4.75 0.75 0.78 0.73 0.76 0.95 0.87 0. 1998 GA (weeks) Mean MCA RI 5%tile 95%tile 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 0.82 0.69 0.95 0. Kristen.67 0. P. A.96 0.82 0.78 0.83 0.69 0.

2 36.Engl.5 26. "Noninvasive diagnosis by Doppler ultrasonography of fetal anemia due to maternal red-cell alloimmunization.8 36.4 46.4 58.2 40.8 55.9 43.6 66.7 63.J Med.5 64.0 48.1 53.1 76.6 80.8 73.3 30.7 32.2 50.5 48.9 29. al.0 60. 2000.5 56.6 No. Collaborative Group for Doppler Assessment of the Blood Velocity in Anemic Fetuses".2 96. 342 No. pages 9-14 GA (weeks) 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 MCA PV (cm/s) Median 1.1 23.2 21. et.9 38.5 38.0 58.7 51.0 88.3 25.9 30.5MoM 19.3 31.4 44.7 27.3 20.2 84.G.0 92..7 40.6 69.7 33.2 24. N.6 35.1 33. Vol. 1.4 52.2 34. 2B771-044EN*D 10-196 .1 22.5 42.7 61.0 41.4 28.9 46.(12) MCA PV (a) MCA PV Mari Mari.

78 0.00 1.80 0.87 1.10 1.80 0.06 1.82 0.97 0.84 0.00 1. Nguyen and S.01 1.53 1.79 0. 6 (1): 19-28 GA (weeks) Mean Umb A PI 5%tile 95%tile 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 1.41 1.46 1.58 1.87 0.91 0.33 1.82 0. Harrington.49 1.51 1.84 0. R.37 No.07 0. Gynecol.32 1.39 1.93 0. 1995 Jul. Ultrasound Obstet.16 1.03 1.78 0. M.(13) Umb A PI (a) Umb A PI Harrigton K.01 1. G.33 1.37 1.20 1.35 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-197 .05 1.89 0.34 1.35 1.04 1.14 1.01 1.32 1.56 1.24 1.44 1. Campbell Changes observed in Doppler studies of the fetal circulation in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia or the delivery of a small-for-gestational age baby.12 1.08 1.60 1.31 1.86 0.79 0.22 1. Carpenter.81 0.03 1.00 1.96 0.94 0.31 1.18 1.78 0.

44-8.33 1.31 1.51 1.25 1.08*10^-1*GA+1.53*10^-2*GA+9.22 1.03 1.68 0.48 1.14 1.72 0.89 0.84 0.14 1.04-8.72 1.89 1.69 0.80 0.89 0.17 1.95 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 Umb A PI 90%=3.21 1. 3 (2003) J415-J440 Umb A PI Mean=2.89 0.60 1.44 1.00 0.39 1.13 No.30*10^-3*GA^2 Umb A PI 95%=3.07 1.04 1.02 1.75 0.29 1.03*10^-1*GA+1.07 1.93 0.29 1.93 0.19 1.06 1.24 1.37 1.22 1.34 1.84 0.70 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-198 .77 0.86 0.81*10^-2*GA+1.94 0.00 0.03 1.26 1.72 0.16 1.86 0.02 1.91 0.37 1.29 1.75 0.40 1.26 1.07 1.26-1.90 0.18 1.46 1.77 0.(b) Umb A PI JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol. 30 No.11 1.12 1.04 1.08 1.34 1.10*10^-3*GA^2 Umb A PI 10%=2.55 1.89 0.76 0.03 1.97 0.96 0.68 0.72 0.01 0.51 1.29-7.92 0.99 0.14 1.16 1.68 1.82 0.17 1.69 0.30*10^-3*GA^2 Umb A PI 5%=2.10 1.57 1.73 0.74 0.81 0.64 1.00*10^-3*GA^2 Input : GA (weeks) Output : Umb A P Input min : 20 (weeks) Input max : 41 (weeks) GA (weeks) Mean 5%tile Umb A PI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 1.89 0.93-1.69 1.13 1.79 0.42 1.68 0.79 0.97 0.14 1.91 0.11 1.73 0.09 1.20 1.76*10^-2*GA+1.62 1.03 1.

Vol.615 0.018 0.890 0.18 1.13 1.17 1.813 0.82 0. p221-222 GA (weeks) Mean 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 1.75 0.365 1.216 1.13 1.327 1.651 0..963 0.15 1.048 1.218 1.13 1.668 0.684 0.88 0.25 1. Thieme Stuttgart. 2B771-044EN*D 10-199 .75 0.028 No.12 1.12 1. "Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.891 0.139 1.872 0.160 1.797 0.79 0.764 0.869 0.76 0.95 5%tile Umb A PI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 0.851 0.95 0. Mai. 2005.361 1. 1: Obstetrics".405 1.476 1.199 1.122 1.06 1.236 1.78 0.290 1.09 1. page 613 GA (weeks) Mean Umb A PI 5% 95% 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 1.254 1.80 1.96 0.748 0.10 1.94 0.93 0. Rempen Farb-Dopplersonographische Normalwerte in der Schwangershaft Z.08 1.065 1.716 0.980 0.09 1.272 1.76 0.189 1.910 0.084 1.82 0.595 0.98 0.450 1.92 0.21 1.(c) Umb A PI Mai R.539 1.15 1.014 0.547 0.142 1.102 1.513 1.065 1.505 1.19 1.22 1.700 0.250 1.14 1.Perinat.11 1.031 1.01 0.80 0.849 0. P. Kristen.940 0.308 1.780 0.180 1.093 1.913 0.75 0.732 0.94 0.573 0.13 (d) Umb A PI Merz Merz.427 1.85 0.997 0.165 1. New York.80 0.83 0.385 1.80 0.831 0.117 1.03 1.79 0.08 1.765 1.86 0.828 0.u. Geburish.88 0.76 0.946 0.79 0.94 0. E.801 0.346 1.652 1. A.634 0.10 1.972 0.928 0.

66 0.43 1.36 1.49 1.87 0.98 0.00 0.28 1.69 0.74 1.84 0.70 1. Schaffer.61 0.09 1.56 0.45 1.20 1.32 1.(e) Umb A PI Schaffer H.03 1.90 0.66 1.78 0.22 1.80 1.47 0.46 1.27 1.15 1.75 0.63 1.94 0.12 1.35 1.54 0.58 0.81 0.88 0.38 1. "JOURNAL FÜR FERTILITÄT UND REPRODUKTION" IPDS 1998 11th Congress of the International Perinatal Doppler Society.18 1. 1998 GA (weeks) 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Mean Umb A PI 5%tile 95%tile 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-200 .39 1.51 0.91 0.98 0.09 1.40 1.95 0.14 No.32 1.84 0.93 0.72 0.56 1.25 1.59 1.77 1.53 1. July 2-4.05 1.01 0.18 1.63 0.86 0.06 1.25 1.81 0.30 1.49 0.22 1.16 1.43 1.

62 0.64 0.73 0.50 0.15-2.70 0.72 0.61 0.78 0.63 0.71*10^-2*GA+3.63 0.68 0.76 0.66 0.20-2.54 0.57 0.75 0.65 0.74*10^-2*GA+3.66 0.68 0.75 0. 3 (2003) J415-J440 Umb A RI Mean=1.60*10^-2*GA+1.79 0.52 0.69 0.72 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 Umb A RI 5%=1.56 0.63 0.77 0.61 0.54 0.78 0.67 0.80 0.18-3.73 0.09-1.77 0.70 0.60 0.42*10^-2*GA+1.69 0.60 0.56 0.47 0.69 0.64 0.68 0.59 0.85 0.75 0.63 0. 30 No.84 0.71 0.60 0.66 0.69 0.65 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-201 .59 0.71 0.63 0.55 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 Input : GA (weeks) Output : Umb A RI GA (weeks) Mean 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 0.74 0.61 0.53 0.64 0.71 0.45 0.01*10^-2*GA+3.61 0.64 0.57 0.76 0.46 0.81 0.59 Input min : 20 (weeks) Input max : 41 (weeks) 5%tile Umb A RI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 0.62 0.65 0.82 0.75 0.71 0.70 0.65 0.78 0.46 0.55 0.82 0.68 No.67 0.10-1.54 0.49 0.58 0.69 0.74 0.55 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 Umb A RI 10%=1.(14) Umb A RI (a) Umb A RI JSUM Standardization of ultrasonic fetal biometry and Japanese reference values J Med Ultrasonics Vol.74 0.76 0.51 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 Umb A RI 95%=1.60 0.80 0.60 0.72 0.57 0.81 0.72 0.48 0.70 0.49 0.83 0.68 0.53 0.67 0.62 0.68 0.00*10^-4*GA^2 Umb A RI 90%=1.72 0.62 0.

707 0.557 0.73 0.377 0.730 0.70 0.631 0.72 0. Kristen. "Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Thieme Stuttgart.793 0.Perinat.648 0.68 0.592 0.60 0.53 0.51 0.700 0.684 0.72 0.498 0.61 0.825 0.591 0. Vol.457 0.57 0.624 0.360 0.608 0.53 0.412 0.60 0.723 0.667 0.431 0.550 0..745 0.56 0.59 5%tile Umb A RI 10%tile 90%tile 95%tile 0.737 0. Rempen Farb-Dopplersonographische Normalwerte in der Schwangershaft Z.449 0.577 0. 1: Obstetrics".576 0.082 0.67 0.58 0. page 613 GA (weeks) Mean Umb A RI 5% 95% 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 0. Geburish.59 0.692 0.615 0.600 0.608 No.530 0.465 0. 2005.637 0.66 0.61 0.655 0.63 0. A.71 0.59 0.70 0.54 0.474 0.68 0.802 0.776 0.639 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-202 .567 0.700 0.402 0.67 (c) Umb A RI Merz Merz.51 0.663 0.u.53 0.690 0.53 0.539 0.506 0.646 0.440 0.66 0.53 0.657 0.70 0.390 0.422 0.680 0.52 0.55 0.567 0.522 0.51 0.62 0.490 0.519 0.675 0.67 0.55 0.67 0.69 0.59 0.67 0.64 0.(b) Umb A RI Mai R.54 0. P.715 0.530 0.760 0.66 0.51 0.68 0.74 0.57 0.559 0.548 0.66 0. Mai.812 0.671 0.540 0.506 0.56 0.514 0. New York.54 0.752 0. p221-222 GA (weeks) Mean 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 0.784 0.768 0.66 0.69 0.623 0.490 0. E.53 0.713 0.584 0.

55 0.75 0.73 0.76 0.55 0.59 0.54 0.50 0.75 0.66 0.47 0.63 0.79 0.41 0.86 0.69 0.53 0.80 0. 1998 GA (weeks) 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Mean Umb A RI 5%tile 95%tile 0.57 0.45 0.63 0.74 0.71 0.48 0.81 0.70 0.51 0.72 0.56 0.61 0.69 0.67 No.46 0.88 0.40 0.(d) Umb A RI Schaffer H.83 0.76 0.58 0.64 0.60 0.89 0.84 0.62 0.56 0.44 0.62 0.67 0.68 0.87 0. Schaffer.77 0.59 0.72 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-203 .78 0.60 0.73 0.49 0.85 0.71 0.57 0.70 0. "JOURNAL FÜR FERTILITÄT UND REPRODUKTION" IPDS 1998 11th Congress of the International Perinatal Doppler Society.65 0.52 0.61 0.43 0.68 0.58 0.54 0.82 0. July 2-4.74 0.

374 0.349 0.328 1.657 0.381 0. Vol. 1: Obstetrics".388 0.407 0.795 0.308 0.363 0.812 0.663 0.326 0.999 1.134 1.150 1.711 0.157 1.369 0.759 0.356 1.751 0.185 1.280 1. 2B771-044EN*D 10-204 .690 0.888 0..729 0.318 0.695 0.125 No.222 1.420 0.700 0.769 0. 2005.684 0.341 0.302 1.743 0.736 0.178 1.214 1.436 0.705 0.722 0.313 0.460 0.171 1.268 1.674 0.330 0. page 613 GA (weeks) 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 50% Uterine A PI 5% 95% 0.164 1.207 1.333 0.309 1.345 0.407 1.258 1.354 0.248 1.838 0.239 1. "Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.(15) Uterine PI (a) Uterine PI Merz Merz.293 1.716 0.397 0.358 0.509 0.192 1.669 0.337 0.143 1.322 0. Thieme Stuttgart.649 0.781 0.230 1. E. New York.679 0.

(b) Uterine PI Schaffer H.87 0. "JOURNAL FÜR FERTILITÄT UND REPRODUKTION" IPDS 1998 11th Congress of the International Perinatal Doppler Society.82 0.40 0.22 0.02 1.51 0.60 0.31 0.36 0.20 0.84 0.42 0.89 0.63 0.20 0.38 0.98 0.34 0.72 0.30 0.81 0.81 No.70 0.52 0.53 0.58 0.93 0.21 0.74 0.55 0.66 0.22 0.25 0.24 0.51 0.84 0.04 1.54 0.64 0.86 0.90 0. Schaffer.95 0.81 0.85 0.56 0.28 0.33 0.82 0.57 0.21 0.51 0.44 0.21 0.68 0. July 2-4.91 0.00 0.51 0.20 1.81 0.96 0.83 0.52 0.81 0.51 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-205 .26 0.23 0.61 0. 1998 GA (weeks) 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Mean Uterin PI 5%tile 95%tile 0.27 0.53 0.

576 0.362 0..615 0.134 0.429 0.150 0.395 0.566 0.370 0.145 0.186 0.360 0.135 0.584 0.574 0.569 0.144 0.358 0.622 0.610 0.163 0.(16) Uterine RI (a) Uterine RI Merz Merz.571 0.368 0.597 0.157 0.587 0.364 0.137 0.204 0.152 0.175 0.564 0.581 0.593 0.641 0.154 0. Vol.355 0.391 0.559 No.366 0.167 0.180 0.601 0.562 0.372 0.133 0.447 0.139 0.378 0.353 0.375 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-206 .590 0.384 0.140 0.357 0. "Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Thieme Stuttgart. New York. page 613 GA (weeks) 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Mean Uterine A RI 5% 95% 0.142 0.222 0.387 0.411 0. E.605 0.405 0. 2005.380 0.147 0. 1: Obstetrics".194 0.160 0.354 0.659 0.419 0.136 0.578 0.400 0.561 0.171 0.567 0.630 0.

30 0.23 0.37 0.24 0.37 0.47 0.51 0.51 0. 2B771-044EN*D 10-207 * .37 0.56 0.55 0. "JOURNAL FÜR FERTILITÄT UND REPRODUKTION" IPDS 1998 11th Congress of the International Perinatal Doppler Society.51 0.43 0.55 0.38 0.52 0.40 0.39 0.45 0.59 0.61 0.27 0.44 0.37 0.38 0.54 0.60 0.53 0.24 0.50 0.31 0.50 0.37 0.29 0.34 0.42 0. Schaffer.33 0.23 0.23 0.53 0.46 0.32 0.26 0. 1998 GA (weeks) 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Mean Uterin RI 5%tile 95%tile 0.(b) Uterine RI Schaffer H.38 0.24 0.50 No.25 0.40 0.57 0.27 0.57 0.28 0.52 0.52 0.51 0.41 0. July 2-4.42 0.45 0.26 0.23 0.24 0.28 0.25 0.30 0.58 0.54 0.37 0.39 0.41 0.

11.1 Setting Presets No.11. the measurement methods. Presetting The default settings of this system differ depending on the initially selected presets. the calculation formulas. It is possible to preset the application measurement menu that is displayed when the measurement switch is pressed. 2B771-044EN*D 11-1 . and other conditions.

confirm that the correct application type is displayed. Abdomen1 Abdomen2 Breast Carotid1 Carotid2 CHI Heart1 Heart2 Heart3 MSK Neo-Hip OB/Gyn1 Pelvis Penile Prostate PV Lower PV Upper TCD Testes Thyroid The changes become effective only after the system is rebooted. CAUTION: NOTE: When any of the presets has been changed. reboot the system in order to make the change effective. The application preset is saved only for the application type currently displayed. When an application preset is to be changed. 2B771-044EN*D 11-2 . No.* The following Application Type items can be selected.

Message Display Specify whether or not the message is displayed when a user-registered measurement is started. 11. Mean or Latest : Mean value or latest value*1 All : All measurement data *1: When "Mean or Latest" is selected. the measurement data is output according to the setting for "Measurement Value Display Method" on the Meas. 2. 8 Specify the number of cardiac cycles in the measurement range for heart rate measurement. : Displayed : Not displayed Meas. Confirm the setting on the Meas. Value DICOM output Mean or Latest All Specify the data type used for SR output. Report screen. 6.2 Details of Each Preset This subsection describes the details of the presets that can be selected and edited using the Application Basic menu. *2: Setting of this parameter is not possible. 2B771-044EN*D 11-3 . 7. 3.1 Appl Meas. No. 4.2. Initial setting : 1 Erase in Cine*2 Erase On Select whether or not the measurement marker is displayed during frame-advance or scroll playback. Title Item Description Number of Heart Cycles for Heart Rate Measurement 1.11. Report screen. 5. : Not displayed : Displayed User Meas.

Current : All of the measurement results are displayed only after measurement is *2 completed.11. : Displayed : Not displayed Transparent Mode Specify whether or not the background of the MDA is transparent. : Displayed : Not displayed Transparent Mode Specify whether or not the background of the MDA is transparent.2. Specify whether or not vertical lines are *1 displayed in the MDA. All : All of the currently available measurement data is displayed during measurement. All : All of the currently available measurement data is displayed during *3 measurement. : Transparent : Not transparent Realtime Display Specify the display mode of the MDA. 2B771-044EN*D 11-4 . : Transparent : Not transparent Realtime Display Application Measurement Vertical Line Window Specify the display mode of the MDA. Window Title Basic Measurement Window Item Vertical Line Description Specify whether or not vertical lines are displayed in the measurement result display window (MDA). No. Current : All of the measurement results are displayed only after measurement is completed.2 Meas.

*1: This can be set for each Application Type. units. Off All items are displayed with the same background color. *1 Value Size: 19 The measurement item names and units are displayed at 17 points and the values are displayed at 19 points. Bold All of the measurement item names. No. On The measurement result for the last measured item (the item for which the measurement mark is displayed on the monitor screen) is highlighted in a different color. 2B771-044EN*D 11-5 . and values are displayed at 17 points in boldface. *2: In vascular measurement. the system operates in "All" mode even when "Current" is selected for this parameter. Normal The MDA is displayed at normal size. the system operates with the "Current" setting even when "All" is selected for this parameter.Title Item Font Type Highlight Measurement Data Area Description Specify the font size used in the MDA. Value Size: 20 The measurement item names and units are displayed at 17 points and the values are displayed at 20 points. Extended The MDA is displayed in an enlarged size. *3: In OB measurement.

01 as a mark is moved. *3: When display to two decimal places has been selected. depending on the characteristics of the image. while the cartilaginous acetabular angle () is displayed as viewed from the left. *2: Although the markers can be moved in steps of 1 pixel on the screen. *3 displayed to two decimal places for reference. *1: It may not be possible to obtain a value that is accurate to two decimal places. this does not correspond to an indicated value change of 0.3 2D-Mode Meas. No. Double Digits The measurement value obtained in IMT measurement or Thickness measurement is *1.01 due to the resolution of ultrasound images. Values displayed to two decimal places should be used only for reference. 2B771-044EN*D 11-6 . Title JOINT Baseline Thickness (IMT) Precision (Available after PR) Item Description Right to Left The osseous acetabular angle () is displayed as viewed from the right with respect to the baseline. a single quotation mark (') is displayed before the measurement value and to the calculation value that is calculated based on the measurement value. while the cartilaginous acetabular angle () is displayed as viewed from the right. Left to Right The osseous acetabular angle () is displayed as viewed from the left with respect to the baseline.11.2. The indicated value changes in increments greater than 0. Single Digit The measurement value obtained in IMT measurement or Thickness measurement is displayed to one decimal place. *2.

(1) For general application types (application types other than Heart1. Ved PI is calculated using the Ved value. Vmin RI is calculated using the Vmin value. Heart2. Velocity Trace [Continuous] (Freehand Trace) is selected automatically when Flow Volume or PI measurement is started. 2B771-044EN*D 11-7 . Auto Trace [Range] (Range Trace) is selected automatically when Flow Volume or PI measurement is started. Vmin PI is calculated using the Vmin value. Vmean_peak The flow volume is calculated using the timeaverage value obtained by tracing the peak points (edge) of the Doppler waveform. and Heart3) Title Item RI calc method PI calc method *1 *2 Flow Volume Tool Flow Volume Calculation Velocity Value [Available after PR]*3 Description Ved RI is calculated using the Ved value.11. Absolute Value The measured values are output as absolute values. Vmean_mean The flow volume is calculated using the timeaverage value obtained by tracing the mean points (center of gravity) of the Doppler waveform.2. Signed Value The measured values are output with plus/minus signs. No.4 D-Mode Meas. Auto Range [Auto Range] (Auto Range Trace) is selected automatically when Flow Volume or PI measurement is started.

PI trace. and flow volume measurements in basic measurement mode.Title Vel Trace Item Description Continuous [Continuous] (Freehand Trace) is selected automatically when Vel Trace measurement is started. Spline [Spline] (Spline Trace) is selected automatically when Vel Trace measurement is started. *1: This setting is common to RI calculations in the velocity trace. *3: Setting of Velocity Value is available for the measurement tools shown in the table below. (Dline Tool). (Dheart Cycle Tool) Preset Setting Signed value Preset Setting Absolute value Vel Vel PG PG Accel Accel Vel1 Vel1 = abs (Vel1) Vel2 Vel2 = abs (Vel2) Time Time PG1 PG1 PG2 PG2 Vmax Vmax = abs (Vmax) Vmin Vmin = abs (Vmin) Ved Ved = abs (Ved) Vm Vm = abs (Vm) Vm_peak Vm_peak = abs (Vm_peak) Vm_mean Vm_mean = abs (Vm_mean) PI PI RI RI S/D S/D No. Line [Line] (Line Trace) is selected automatically when Vel Trace measurement is started. 2B771-044EN*D 11-8 = abs (Vel) . RI trace. *2: This setting is common to PI calculations in the velocity trace. Auto Range [Auto Range] (Auto Range Trace) is selected automatically when Vel Trace measurement is started. Measurement Tool Velocity (Dvelocity Tool) Accel measurement (Dacceleration Tool) VelocityTrace (Dspline Tool). (Dtrace Tool). Range [Range] (Range Trace) is selected automatically when Vel Trace measurement is started. and flow volume measurements in basic measurement mode.

(Dline Tool). (Dtrace Tool).Preset Setting Signed value Measurement Tool VelocityTrace (Cardiac) (Dspline Tool). -3) measurement Tool DcT measurement Tool Velocity Trace with DcT measurement Tool Preset Setting Absolute value VP (Vmax) VP (Vmax) = abs (VP (Vmax)) VM VM = abs (VM) VTI VTI = abs (VTI) PPG PPG MPG MPG HR (ECG) HR(ECG) RI RI Vmax Vmax = abs (Vmax) Vmin Vmin = abs (Vmin) Ved Ved = abs (Ved) PI PI Vmax Vmax = abs (Vmax) Vmin Vmin = abs (Vmin) Ved Ved = abs (Ved) Vm Vm = abs (Vm) Vm_peak Vm_peak = abs (Vm_peak) S/D S/D Vmax Vmax = abs (Vmax) Ved Ved = abs (Ved) dP/dt dP/dt dt dt Vel1 Vel1 = abs (Vel1) Vel2 Vel2 = abs (Vel2) dP/dt dP/dt dt dt Vel1 Vel1 = abs (Vel1) Vel2 Vel2 = abs (Vel2) Vel Vel = abs (Vel) DcT DcT PHT PHT VP VP = abs (VP) VM VM = abs (VM) PPG PPG MPG MPG DcT DcT PHT PHT No. 2B771-044EN*D 11-9 . (Dheart Cycle Tool) RI (DRITool) PI S/D (DSD Tool) dP/dt measurement Tool dP/dt (-1.

Signed Value The measured values are output with plus/minus signs. Auto Trace [Range] (Range Trace) is selected automatically when Flow Volume measurement or PI measurement is started. Vel Trace [Continuous] (Freehand Trace) is selected automatically when Flow Volume or PI measurement is started. Absolute Value The measured values are output as absolute values. Ved PI is calculated using the Ved value. Vmean_mean The flow volume is calculated using the time-average value obtained by tracing the mean points (center of gravity) of the Doppler waveform. Heart2. No. 2B771-044EN*D 11-10 .(2) For application types Heart1. and Heart3 Title Item RI calc method PI calc method *1 *2 Flow Volume Tool Flow Volume Calculation Velocity Value (Available after PR)*3 Description Ved RI is calculated using the Ved value. Vmin PI is calculated using the Vmin value. Vmin RI is calculated using the Vmin value. Vmean_peak The flow volume is calculated using the timeaverage value obtained by tracing the peak points (edge) of the Doppler waveform.

*2: This setting is common to PI calculations in the velocity trace. (Dline Tool). (Dtrace Tool).Title Vel Trace Item Description Continuous [Continuous] (Freehand Trace) is selected automatically when Vel Trace measurement is started. and flow volume measurements in basic measurement mode. RI trace. *3: Setting of Velocity Value is available for the measurement tools shown in the table below. Range [Range] (Range Trace) is selected automatically when Vel Trace measurement is started. (Dline Tool). 2B771-044EN*D 11-11 = abs (Vel) . Measurement Tool Velocity (Dvelocity Tool) Accel measurement (Dacceleration Tool) VelocityTrace (Dspline Tool). (Dheart Cycle Tool) VelocityTrace (Cardiac) (Dspline Tool). Spline [Spline] (Spline Trace) is selected automatically when Vel Trace measurement is started. PI trace. *1: This setting is common to RI calculations in the velocity trace. (Dtrace Tool). Line [Line] (Line Trace) is selected automatically when Vel Trace measurement is started. and flow volume measurements in basic measurement mode. (Dheart Cycle Tool) Preset Setting Signed value Preset Setting Absolute value Vel Vel PG PG Accel Accel Vel1 Vel1 = abs (Vel1) Vel2 Vel2 = abs (Vel2) Time Time PG1 PG1 PG2 PG2 Vmax Vmax = abs (Vmax) Vmin Vmin = abs (Vmin) Ved Ved = abs (Ved) Vm Vm = abs (Vm) Vm_peak Vm_peak = abs (Vm_peak) Vm_mean Vm_mean = abs (Vm_mean) PI PI RI RI S/D S/D VP (Vmax) VP (Vmax) = abs (VP (Vmax)) VM VM = abs (VM) VTI VTI = abs (VTI) PPG PPG MPG MPG HR (ECG) HR(ECG) No.

-3) measurement Tool DcT measurement Tool Velocity Trace with DcT measurement Tool Preset Setting Absolute value RI RI Vmax Vmax = abs (Vmax) Vmin Vmin = abs (Vmin) Ved Ved = abs (Ved) PI PI Vmax Vmax = abs (Vmax) Vmin Vmin = abs (Vmin) Ved Ved = abs (Ved) Vm Vm = abs (Vm) Vm_peak Vm_peak = abs (Vm_peak) S/D S/D Vmax Vmax = abs (Vmax) Ved Ved = abs (Ved) dP/dt dP/dt dt dt Vel1 Vel1 = abs (Vel1) Vel2 Vel2 = abs (Vel2) dP/dt dP/dt dt dt Vel1 Vel1 = abs (Vel1) Vel2 Vel2 = abs (Vel2) Vel Vel = abs (Vel) DcT DcT PHT PHT VP VP = abs (VP) VM VM = abs (VM) PPG PPG MPG MPG DcT DcT PHT PHT No. 2B771-044EN*D 11-12 .Preset Setting Signed value Measurement Tool RI (DRITool) PI S/D (DSDTool) dP/dt measurement Tool dP/dt (-1.

No. RI. PI. Vm_mean. High (-220 bpm) Select this when auto trace is performed for a patient whose velocity waveform speed is faster than normal (adult). : Not displayed *1: If all items are set to not be displayed. S/D.*1 : Displayed Normal (-120 bpm) Select this when auto trace is performed for a patient whose velocity waveform speed is normal (adult).5 D-Mode Meas. Vm_peak. HR Select the items that are displayed in real-time Doppler auto trace mode. no measurement or calculation values are displayed. Vmin.11. Normal-High (-180 bpm) Select this when auto trace is performed for a patient whose velocity waveform speed is slightly faster than normal (adult). 2 Title RT Auto Trace data display*1 Auto Trace HR Item Description Vmax. 2B771-044EN*D 11-13 .2. Ved.

All value is displayed All of the measurement values and their mean value are displayed when the Worksheet screen is displayed. Most Recent Measurement The most recent measurement value is displayed as the result on the Worksheet screen.6 Worksheet (1) For general application types (application types other than Carotid1) Title Measurement Value Display Method Measurement Value Display Default Item Description Mean of Measurements The mean of the measurement values is displayed as the result on the Worksheet screen. Only representative value is displayed Only a representative value is displayed when the Worksheet screen is displayed.11.2. No. 2B771-044EN*D 11-14 .

No. Most Recent Measurement (LAT) The most recent measurement value is displayed as the Doppler measurement result on the Worksheet screen. Only representative value is displayed Only a representative value is displayed when the Worksheet screen is displayed. 2B771-044EN*D 11-15 . All value is displayed All of the measurement values and their mean value are displayed when the Worksheet screen is displayed. Maximum of Measurements (MAX) The maximum value is displayed as the Doppler measurement result on the Worksheet screen. Most Recent Measurement The most recent measurement value is displayed as the 2D measurement result on the Worksheet screen.(2) For application type Carotid1 Title 2D Measurement Value Display Method Doppler Measurement Value Display Method Measurement Value Display Default Item Description Mean of Measurements The mean of the measurement values is displayed as the 2D measurement result on the Worksheet screen. Mean of Measurements (AVG) The mean of the measurement values is displayed as the Doppler measurement result on the Worksheet screen.

Off Specify whether or not a horizontal line connecting the paired vertical lines in time measurement or HR measurement is displayed. Marker Style [2D] . Marker Style [D] .  Specify the shape of the marker for 2D measurement. Small Specify the default size of the marker for M-mode measurement. +.  Specify the shape of the marker for M-mode measurement. Small Specify the default size of the marker for Doppler measurement. No. : The marker size remains the same regardless of the distance between the start point and end point. Middle. Marker Size [M] Large. 2B771-044EN*D 11-16 . Middle. +. +. Marker Title Marker Size [2D] Item Large.2. Middle. Time/HR Tool Connect line display On. Marker Style [M] .7 Meas. Small Auto-change Description Specify the default size of the marker for 2D measurement.11.  Specify the shape of the marker for Doppler measurement. Marker Size [D] Large. : The marker is enlarged when the distance between the start point and end point exceeds a certain distance.

2B771-044EN*D 11-17 . *1: Distance measurements in Basic Measurement mode (Distance. Off Select whether or not a line connecting the start *2 point and end point of the area measurement is displayed.11. Volume) and distance measurement in Mecha 4D mode *2: Area measurements in Basic Measurement mode and Application Measurement mode (Area Ellipse. Marker2 Title Item Description Dist Tool Connect line display On. Ellipse/Cross Tool Connect line display On. %Stenosis (Dist). Off Select whether or not a line connecting the start point and end point of the distance measurement*1 is displayed.8 Meas. Area Cross) No.2.

the marker for the next measurement is not displayed even when the trackball is moved. Vel. pressing : The measurement is set only by pressing .9 Meas. No. When the trackball is moved after the Dist 1 measurement is set. *1: "Start NEXT Measurement Tool by Track Ball" is applicable to the following basic measurements. : The measurement is set by pressing or when the next measurement is started. the marker for the next measurement (of the same measurement item) is displayed by moving the trackball. After the Dist 2 measurement is set. Mode 2D Measurement tool Distance Trace Length (Continuous Trace) Trace Length (Spline Trace) Angle %Stenosis Distance Description After the measurement is set. Operation Title Basic Measurement Operation Item Start NEXT Measurement Tool by Track Ball*1 Description Select whether or not the next measurement is started by moving the trackball after the current measurement is set.2. Auto Range Tool Fixed by [SET] only Select whether or not the velocity measurement or Auto Range measurement is set only by . : The next measurement is not started. 2B771-044EN*D 11-18 . the marker for Dist 2 measurement is displayed. After the two angle lines are set. : The next measurement is started. the marker is not displayed even when the trackball is moved.11.

the marker for the next measurement (of the same measurement item) is displayed by moving the trackball. When the trackball is moved after the maximum velocity position and the end-diastole velocity position are set. the marker for the next measurement (of the same measurement item) is displayed by moving the trackball. When the trackball is moved after the Dist 2 measurement is set. After the measurement is set.Mode 2D Measurement tool %Stenosis Area Description When the trackball is moved after the Lumen measurement is set. the marker is not displayed even when the trackball is moved. the start point for Dist 3 measurement is displayed automatically. the marker for the next measurement (of the same measurement item) is displayed by moving the trackball. No. the marker for the next measurement (of the same measurement item) is displayed. Not applicable. After the measurement is set. After the Dist 3 measurement is set. 2B771-044EN*D 11-19 . Area (Continuous Trace) Area (Ellipse) Area (Spline Trace) Area (Cross) Volume Joint meanIMT Flow Volume M Distance Slope Time HR Doppler Velocity Accel Time HR Vel Trace (Continuous Trace) Vel Trace (Line Trace) Vel Trace (Spline Trace) Vel Trace (Range) PI (Continuous Trace) PI Trace (Line Trace) PI Trace (Spline Trace) PI Trace (Range) RI S/D Flow Volume When the trackball is moved after the Dist 1 measurement is set. the marker for the Residual measurement is displayed. After the three lines are set. the marker for Dist 2 measurement is displayed. Not applicable. the marker is not displayed even when the trackball is moved. Not applicable. the marker is not displayed even when the trackball is moved. When the trackball is moved after the maximum velocity position and minimum velocity position are set. After the Residual measurement is set. the marker for the next measurement (of the same measurement item) is displayed. After the measurement is set.

Transfer When the image mode is changed.11. the annotation is displayed at the default position for the entered mode.10 Annotation Title Erase in Mode change Erase in Freeze off Item Description Erase The annotation is erased when another image mode is selected. I Cursor The I-beam cursor is displayed when the annotation function is started. Not Erase The annotation is not erased when another image mode is selected. : The annotation is erased.2. : The annotation is not erased. 2B771-044EN*D 11-20 . No. Cursor Type Arrow The arrow cursor is displayed when the annotation function is started. Erase Specify whether or not the annotation is erased when the image is unfrozen.

11. The endocardial contour is traced using the spline trace method in LV measurement (MOD Simpson). LV endocardial diameter. and LV posterior wall thickness) are measured in parallel. Initial value: 20° Parallel Tool Initial Angle MOD Simpson Tool Type Continuous Spline The endocardial contour is traced freehand in LV measurement (MOD Simpson). Title Item Description Method Teichholz Cube Gibson Single Plane Biplane Bullet Select the LV measurement method that is displayed in the application measurement (2D mode) menu. 4 sections Four segments (RV diameter. and LV posterior wall thickness) are measured in parallel.11 LV (2D) This menu is used to preset the measurement type and the measurement method that is used when 2D-mode LV measurement is started from the Cardiac measurement menu. Parallel Tool Type 3 sections Three segments (interventricular septal thickness. 2B771-044EN*D 11-21 .2. LV endocardial diameter. No. -90 to 90 Specify the default angle of the measurement marker for parallel measurement in 10° increments. interventricular septal thickness.

LV endocardial diameter.11.2.12 LV (M) This menu is used to preset the measurement type and the measurement method that is used when M-mode LV measurement is started from the Cardiac measurement menu. the item to be measured next is selected automatically in the range from interventricular septal thickness to LV posterior wall thickness both at end diastole and end systole. 2 Each time is pressed. interventricular septal thickness. and LV posterior wall thickness) are measured in parallel. LV endocardial diameter. Title Item Method Teichholz Cube Gibson Next Sequence Type 1 Description Specify the LV measurement method that is displayed in the application measurement (M mode) menu. Parallel Tool Type 3 sections Three segments (interventricular septal thickness. and LV posterior wall thickness) are measured in parallel. 4 sections Four segments (RV diameter. No. 2B771-044EN*D 11-22 . the item to be measured next is selected in the range limited to the items related to the LV lumen at end systole. Each time is pressed. *1: The setting of this parameter is used in common for 2D-mode LV measurement and M-mode LV measurement.

LVOT/AoV Vel Trace Tool Continuous Trace Trace measurement for LV outflow is performed using [Continuous Trace] (Freehand trace). : PHT is not measured together. Title E Vel Tool Item Description Vel The E wave of the LV inflow is measured using the velocity measurement method. DcT E-wave measurement on the E-wave waveform for LV inflow is performed together with DcT measurement. Output Data of Dct Tool With PHT Specify whether or not PHT is measured together with DcT. that are used when Dopplermode measurement is started from the Cardiac measurement menu.11. Range Trace measurement for LV outflow is performed using [Range] (Range Trace). No.13 Cardiac Doppler This menu is used to preset the measurement method etc.2. 2B771-044EN*D 11-23 . : PHT is measured together.

Mass Calc Method [2D] ASE-Cube Penn-Cube AV-Cube Teichholz Specify the LV Mass calculation method that is used in LV measurement (2D mode). Not Display The LV Mass data is not displayed in the measurement display window or on the Worksheet screen. ASE-Cube Penn-Cube AV-Cube Teichholz Specify the LV Mass calculation method that is used in LV measurement (M mode). 2B771-044EN*D 11-24 . Title Item Description LV Mass Method LV Mass AL LV Mass TE Specify the LV Mass measurement method that is displayed in the application measurement menu (Extra).11. Not Display The LV Mass data is not displayed in the MDA or on the Worksheet screen.2. Mass Calc Method [M] No.14 LV Mass This menu is used to preset the measurement type and the measurement method that is used when LV Mass measurement is started from the Cardiac measurement menu.

Vmin PI is calculated based on Vmin.2. method PI calc. 2B771-044EN*D 11-25 . Ved PI is calculated based on Ved. No.11. : Displayed Vmin Ved : Not displayed Vmean Vm_mean PI RI S/D RI calc. Title Item Display items of Velocity Trace Vmax Description Select the items that are displayed as the results of Velocity Trace measurement. Vmin RI is calculated based on Vmin. method *1 *2 Ved RI is calculated based on Ved.15 Carotid1 Doppler * This menu is effective only when Carotid1 is selected as Application Preset.

No. *3: This setting is applicable to all ICA/CCA ratio calculations in velocity trace measurement for Carotid1. and Repre is used for calculation. Dist. the selected item is used for calculation. 2B771-044EN*D 11-26 . *2: This setting is applicable to all PI calculations in velocity trace measurement for Carotid1.Title ICA-CCA Ratio Item *3 ICA Max Prox Mid Dist Repre CCA Max Prox Mid Dist Repre Description Select the measurement item that is used for calculating ICA/CCA. Mid. *1: This setting is applicable to all RI calculations in velocity trace measurement for Carotid1. the maximum value among the measurement values for Prox. When Max is selected. When an item other than Max is selected.

11.2. No. Title Doppler Item Velocity Trace. None Description Specify the measurement that is started automatically when the measurement label for Carotid1 is selected.16 Carotid1 Meas. PS Velocity. Type * This menu is effective only when Carotid1 is selected as Application Preset. ED Velocity. 2B771-044EN*D 11-27 .

Range. Title Velocity Trace Item Continuous.2. Tool * This menu is effective only when Carotid1 is selected as Application Preset. Auto Range Description Specify the measurement tool that is selected automatically when velocity trace measurement is started in Carotid1 Application measurement mode. No. Spline.17 Carotid1 Meas.11. 2B771-044EN*D 11-28 .

ON. 2B771-044EN*D 11-29 . 1.0.11. Auto-IMT Precision (Available after PR) Double Digits When the Auto-IMT tool is used.0 Select the distance between the two bars of the 2D Reference cursor.5. 2. 2D Reference Cursor Display No.18 Auto IMT Title Item Description Reference Cursor Width 0. the result is displayed to the second decimal place. the result is displayed to the third decimal place. Three Digits When the Auto-IMT tool is used.2. 1.5. OFF Select whether the 2D reference cursor is displayed or not.

19 Body Mark Title Copy Dual Item Copy Description Select whether or not the currently displayed body mark is copied when display mode is changed.11. WithOut Head The scanning direction is not indicated by the transducer mark. 2B771-044EN*D 11-30 . : The body mark is erased. : The body mark is not erased. With Head The scanning direction is indicated by the transducer mark. No. : Copied : Not copied Erase in Freeze Off Erase Specify whether or not the body mark is erased when the image is unfrozen.2. Transducer Mark Arrow The transducer mark is displayed as an arrow.

11.2. Data Display [Available after PR] Item Description Distance Unit Specify the unit for distance. 2B771-044EN*D 11-31 . mm cm Time Unit Specify the unit for time. msec sec No.20 Meas. Data Display Title Meas.

2B771-044EN*D 11-32 . Only representative value is displayed Only the mean value of the measurements is displayed. Most Recent Measurement The most recent measurement or calculation value is displayed as the result on the Worksheet screen. Off The calculated LMP value is not displayed on the Worksheet screen.11.2. No. On The calculated LMP value is displayed on the Worksheet screen.21 OB/Gyn Report Title Measurement Value Display Method 2D Measurement Value Display Default D Measurement Value Display Default Display calculated LMP Item Description Mean of Measurements The mean of the measurement or calculation values is displayed as the result on the Worksheet screen. All value is displayed The results for all of the measurements are displayed. All value is displayed The results for all of the measurements are displayed. Only representative value is displayed Only the mean value of the measurements is displayed.

FTA. Both The EFW percentile based on the gestational age on the examination date and that based on U/S GA are both displayed. 2D Default Graph The items initially displayed in the 2D-mode trend graph are specified. AC. HC. FL/AC. HL Specify whether or not U/S GA is calculated and select the items that are used for calculating U/S GA.11. EFW %tile Display Hide The EFW percentile is not displayed. AA.22 OB/Gyn Report 2 Title Item Display OB Ratios in OB Reports CI. On : U/S GA is calculated. BPD. Doppler Default Graph The items initially displayed in the Doppler-mode trend graph are specified. Off : U/S GA is not calculated. FL/BPD. Based on Averaged U/S The EFW percentile based on U/S GA is displayed. Trend Format Description No. OFD. Quad The trend graph is displayed in Quad format. US/GA GS. 2B771-044EN*D 11-33 . CRL. FL. HC/AC Select the items for which the ratio is displayed on the Worksheet screen. Single The trend graph is displayed in Single format. FL/HC.2. HA. Based on clinical age The EFW percentile based on the gestational age on the examination date is displayed.

23 OB Evaluated . and D OB Calc. and JSUM Default The items on the currently displayed tab are returned to the default settings for the standard author. Selections: ASUM.11. Title Evaluate Author Item Description Each measurement item All Select an author from the pull-down menu. 2B771-044EN*D 11-34 . Charts can be registered with the desired author names. For details of author registration by the user. GS Tool (Available after PR) Select the measurement tool to be used for GS measurement. OB Calc. tabs.. Hadlock. contact your Toshiba service representative.2. CFEF. Distance MSD Tool *1: An asterisk (*) is displayed before an author name that has been registered by the user.3. BMUS. Common button Description Standard Author The default data of the author selected here is set for all the measurement items that can be calculated using the selected author's data in the OB Calc. the selected author is set for all the measurement items that can be calculated using the selected author's data. Germany.2. *1 : When this checkbox is selected and then an author is selected from a pull-down menu. No.OB Calc. OB Calc.

2 Title SD Type Item Description X.2.OB Calc. No. 2B771-044EN*D 11-35 . Normal Range Displays the normal ranges for the items that are measured and calculated based on the GA at the time of examination.XXSD Displays the SD values for the items that are measured and calculated based on the GA at the time of examination. %title Displays the percentile values for the items that are measured and calculated based on the GA at the time of examination.11.24 OB Evaluated .

 If the data type is set to "Identical": GA is calculated based on the Identical data regardless of whether or not the clinical age is input. the Comment Page function is enabled (the Comment Page switch is displayed on the Worksheet screen). Recognition of the right and left in Extremities's TCS On When this parameter is set to ON. After the clinical age is input. GA is calculated based on the FG data. When the clinical age is input. GA is calculated based on the FG data.  The trend graph is generated based on the FG or Identical data. If On is selected. TCS Switch Report GA Caluculated by Off Save Comment page On Off The selected switch is displayed in the upper right part of the touch panel screen.  If the data type is set to "GA": GA is calculated based on the GA data before the clinical age is input. GA is not calculated.  If the data type is set to "FG + GA": GA is calculated based on the GA data before the clinical age is input.  If the data type is set to "Identical": GA is calculated based on the Identical data regardless of whether or not the clinical age is input. FG Chart with Clinical Age  If the data type is set to "FG": GA is not calculated before the clinical age is input. No. are displayed on the Extremities tab on the touch panel.  The trend graph is generated based on the FG or Identical data. 2B771-044EN*D 11-36 .  If the data type is set to "FG": GA is not calculated before the clinical age is input. GA is calculated based on the FG data. which allow either the left side or the right side to be specified when performing measurements for the extremities. After the clinical age is input.Title Item Description Only GA Chart  If the data type is set to "GA" or "FG + GA": The GA value is calculated based on the GA data regardless of whether or not the clinical age is input. After the clinical age is input. the left/right selection switches.

FTA. FL) Merz1 (BPD. FL) Hadlock2 (BPD. AC) Merz2 (AC) Osaka (BPD. Chitty (drvd).2. AC. ASUM. HC (Cal. Hadlock. AC. lbs. Unit g. AC) Schild (HC. AC. AC. FL) Hadlock4 (BPD. and Jeanty. FL) Shepard (BPD. FL) Persson (BPD.) is to be calculated. 3 Title Item Description Campbell (AC) Hadlock1 (AC.) When HC (Cal. AC.) is not calculated.OB Calc. Nicolaides. BMUS (drvd).) in EFW and ratio calculations. Calculated HC On HC (Cal. the author whose data is to be used *1 must be specified. HC. FL) Hadlock2-Williams Hadlock3-Williams Hadlock4-Williams Hansmann (BPD.25 OB Evaluated . g+lbs The selected item is used as the unit for the estimated fetal weight. THD) JSUM (BPD. MAD. EFW Author HC (Cal. FL) Hadlock3 (HC. FL) Select the author of the calculation formula to be used for EFW calculation and trend graph display (selection of the reference authors is *1 not necessarily required). Selections: CFEF. Merz. Used for EFW & Ratio Off : Check this checkbox to enable use of HC (Cal.11. 2B771-044EN*D 11-37 . Hansmann.) is calculated based on BPD and OFD. No.

) is not calculated. AC (Cal.Title Calculated AC Item Description On AC (Cal.) is to be calculated.) is calculated based on APAD and TAD. the author whose data is to be used *1 must be specified. Hadlock. Chitty (drvd). No. Nicolaides. An asterisk (*) is displayed before an author name that has been registered by the user. contact your Toshiba service representative. 2B771-044EN*D 11-38 . and Merz Used for EFW & Ratio Off *1: : Check this checkbox to enable use of AC (Cal. AC (Cal. For details of author registration by the user. Selections: CFEF. Jeanty. Charts and calculation formulas can be registered with the desired author names.) When AC (Cal.) in EFW and ratio calculations. BMUS (drvd).

11. contact your Toshiba service representative. 2B771-044EN*D 11-39 . Charts can be registered with the desired author names.26 OB Evaluated . Title Evaluate Author Item Each measurement item All *1: Description Select an author from the pull-down menu. An asterisk (*) is displayed before an author name that has been registered by the user.D OB Calc. No. the selected author is set for all the measurement items that can be calculated using the selected author's data.2. *1 : When this checkbox is selected and then an author is selected from a pull-down menu. For details of author registration by the user.

Simple Report is set as the display format. The GA at the time of examination is displayed on the banner. the SD value for the GA. The SD value for the GA obtained from each measurement/calculation is displayed in the MDA. No. Only the measured values are displayed in the MDA. 2B771-044EN*D 11-40 . The GA at the time of examination and the EDD are not displayed in the MDA. the author of the formula used is also displayed.2. however. The GA value obtained from each measurement/calculation. The GA value obtained from each measurement/calculation and the SD value for the GA are displayed in the MDA. The GA at the time of examination and the EDD are displayed in the MDA.11. The GA value obtained from each measurement/calculation and the SD value for the GA are displayed in the worksheet. For EFW. The GA at the time of examination is not displayed on the banner. Current is set as the display format. and the normal ranges based on the GA are displayed in the worksheet.27 OB Display Title Evaluate Type in a MDA Item GA GA&SD SD Hide Evaluate Type in a Report GA&SD GA&SD&Normal Range GA Display on Monitor On Off GA Display on MDA Hide EDD GA&EDD 2D MDA Display Type Current The Registered Description The GA value obtained from each measurement/calculation is displayed in the MDA. The EDD is displayed in the MDA.

2. 2B771-044EN*D 11-41 . Anatomy On. Off When this parameter is set to On.11.28 OB Behavior Title Method of OB weeks Item Description Mean of GA The GA value obtained based on the mean of the measurement results for the most recent measurement item is used when GA Input is executed. Extrapolated On. No. In addition. Current GA The GA value obtained based on the last measurement result of the most recent measurement item is used when GA Input is executed. U/S GA The U/S GA value that is available when GA Input is executed is used. the age axis of the trend graph is extended up to 45 weeks. Off Select whether or not the Anatomy function is used. the range for which EFW is displayed and the GA calculation range specified by the author are expanded.

2B771-044EN*D 11-42 . No. NT measurement. Ratio and Axis CTAR and the cardiac axis are displayed in CTAR measurement. Ellipse. Spline Trace. Ratio and Axis (with P Area) CTAR. and the normal range for the P point are displayed in CTAR measurement. NB/NT/NF Tool (Available after PR) Distance.2. the cardiac axis. and NF measurement. P Area Display Select how long the normal range for P point setting is displayed. Cross Select the tool for area/circumference measurement. : Displayed only during setting of the P point. Circle Select the measurement tool used for AFI measurement. Circle Tool Balloon.11. AFI Tool Distance.29 OB 2D Tool Title Item Description Circumference Tool Continuous Trace. Both Ends Select the type of Circle measurement. Thickness Select the type of measurement tool to be used for NB measurement. : Remains displayed even after the P point is set. CTAR Tool (Available after PR) Only Ratio CTAR (cardiothoracic area ratio) is displayed in CTAR measurement.

Ved. method for OB/Gyn. HR Select the items that are displayed on the MDA and worksheet for Doppler Trace measurement. Ved The Ved value of the measured item is used for PI calculation. 2B771-044EN*D 11-43 . Vel Trace Tool Continuous Trace Spline Trace Line Trace Range Auto Range Select the tool used for Doppler Trace measurement.2. Vp. Vmin The Vmin value of the measured item is used for RI calculation. PI Calc. Vm_mean. S/D. Vmin. OB/Gyn.30 OB/Gyn D Meas. Vel Trace data display RI. PI. OB/Gyn.11. Item Description Ved The Ved value of the measured item is used for RI calculation. Title RI Calc. method for OB/Gyn. DV Trace Tool Range Continuous Select the tool used for DV measurement. Vmin The Vmin value of the measured item is used for PI calculation. No. Vm_peak.

11. Title Endometrium Tool (Available after PR) Item Distance.31 Gyn Meas. Thickness Description Select whether the Distance tool or the Thickness tool is used for Endometrium measurement.2. No. 2B771-044EN*D 11-44 .

No.11. * Contact your Toshiba service representative for the measurement start item setting procedure. 2B771-044EN*D 11-45 .3 Confirmation of the Automatic Measurement Start Item It is possible to confirm which measurement item is started automatically when the measurement switch or measurement tab is pressed.

No. the grayed-out switches are disabled and therefore cannot be used to change the function or to input settings. It is possible to confirm the start item for image modes other than that currently displayed. Switch Description <1> Application Preset Select the application type for which the measurement start item is confirmed. 2B771-044EN*D 11-46 * . No. <4> Quit Closes the AUTO ACTIVATION screen. <3> Application Meas. It is possible to confirm the start item for application types other than the type currently used.The following parameters can be set in the automatic measurement start item confirmation (AUTO ACTIVATION) screen. However. Tag Switch Setting The tabs that are displayed when the application measurement switch is pressed and the start item assigned to each tab can be confirmed. <2> Image Mode Select the image mode for which the measurement start item is to be confirmed.

contact your Toshiba representative. No. it is possible to create user-programmed measurement packages that contain the following items.12.  Measurement protocols and calculation formulas using measured values  Layout settings for measurement result display fields  Layout settings for Worksheet screens  Registered DICOM codes For details. Registration of UserProgrammed Measurements In this system. 2B771-044EN*D 12-1 E .

TOCHIGI-KEN 324-8550. OTAWARA-SHI. JAPAN .LEGAL MANUFACTURER 1385. SHIMOISHIGAMI.