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Candidato, Ivan Joshua S.

2ChE B
Parts of Computer
Computer hardware is the collection of physical elements that
constitutes a computer system. Computer hardware is the physical parts or
components of a computer, all of which are physical objects that can be
1. Hard drive - also called hard disk, it is the permanent storage space that
stores all information and applications of the computer, retaining the space
even when it is turned off.
2. Motherboard - Considered as the most important types of computer
hardware. The motherboard houses the microprocessor, providing the
necessary sockets and slots that connect to all other types of computer
hardware. Thus the motherboard serves as the 'mediator', a channel that
allows the components to work together and walk to each other, making it a
whole and completely working unit.
3. RAM - short for Random Access Memory. It is the memory used to process
applications. RAM is lost when the computer is turned off.
4. ROM - short for Read Only Memory. It serves as memory for storage of
5. Storage Devices - External storage devices like CDs, DVDs, USB flash
drives are important as removable storage devices that you can take from
one personal computer to another.
6. Power Supply Unit (PSU) - this converts the AC power to low voltage DC
power, integral for the internal components of the PC.
7. Sound Card - responsible for the PC's audio input and output, necessary
for games, music and other multimedia programs.
8. Keyboard - an input device used to input text & characters by pressing
the keys.
9. Mouse - pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion to the
surface. Other pointing devices include the trackball, the touch pad and the
touch screen.
10. Joystick - a gaming device with a handheld stick that pivots from left to
right and up to down, detecting angles in two and three dimensions.
11. Image input devices - includes scanners and webcams, these devices
are used to provide input of images, written text, handwriting, etc. for digital
12. Image output devices - the printer, used to produce a physical and
permanent text or graphical document.
13. Audio input devices - the microphone is used to record or provide input
through sound conversion to electrical signals.
14. Audio output devices - headphones and speakers that allow you to
hear the audio coming from the computer.
15. Monitor - the monitor is an electronic visual display that shows the
graphical and textual information on the computer. There are may types of
monitors, such as the CRT (Cathode Ray Tube), which is almost obsolete, the
LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) which is the most common monitor used
nowadays, and the touch screen display.
Computer software is made of one or more computer programs.
Sometimes it means one specific program, or it can mean all the software on
the applications and
the operating
Applications are programs that do a specific thing, such as a game or a word
processor. The operating system (Mac OS, Microsoft Windows, Linux, etc.) is
software that helps the applications run, and controls the display and the
1. Application software is the computer programs for performing user
tasks such as word processing and web browsers.

Starting next year.2. These are specialized and task specific computers used by large organizations. voice and visual recognition technologies being installed in PCs. Minicomputer is used by small businesses & firms. and it'll automatically start charging. System software is used to start and run computer systems and networks. These computers are used for research and exploration purposes. like NASA uses supercomputers for launching space shuttles. These computers are not designed for a single user. Banks educational institutions & insurance companies use mainframe computers to store data about their customers. laptops. which will be able to recognize objects and even measure distances between items. which looks like a normal all-in-one PC. students & insurance policy holders. No wires needed. tablets & smartphones are all types of microcomputers. Mainframes can also process & store large amount of data. but packs the latest imaging and collaboration technology. That's how Intel views wireless charging for laptops. Individual departments of a large company or organizations use minicomputers for specific purposes. Computer programming tools (also known as Development Software) are used to create an application and system software. Well known manufacturers of microcomputer are Dell. These computers are the cheapest among the other three types of computers. 2D cameras in PCs will be replaced by Intel's RealSense 3D cameras. The microcomputers are specially designed for general use like entertainment. These include compilers and linkers. Apple. This is done by translating and combining computer program source code and libraries into executable RAMs. and many large firms & government organizations use Mainframes to run their business operations. These are small machines and can be accommodated on a disk with not as processing and data storage capabilities as super-computers & Mainframes. Minicomputers are also called as “Midrange Computers”. which could become a reality next year. Creative desktops From its origin as a dull white box. The Mainframe computers can be accommodated in large air-conditioned rooms because of its size. For example. education and work purposes. The micro-computers are widely used & the fastest growing computers. a production department can use minicomputers for monitoring certain production process. Mainframe computer Although Mainframes are not as powerful as supercomputers. with technologies like depth-sensing cameras and 3D printing spinning off a variety of innovations. Samsung. Biometric sensors . the desktop has become a hub of creativity and imagination. but certainly they are quite expensive nonetheless. controlling them and for a space exploration purpose. Microcomputer desktop computers. Interactive computers Computers will become more perceptual with a combination of gesture. This includes operating systems. Types of Computer Supercomputer the most powerful computers in terms of performance and data processing are the Supercomputers. One example is HP's Sprout. Latest Development in Computer Technology Wireless charging Place a laptop on a table. Supercomputers are the fastest computers with large data storage capacity. Sony & Toshiba. 3. personal digital assistant (PDA). no need to carry a power brick.

Founded in 1993 by Jen-Hsun Huang. Intel will be providing software so users can log in to websites via biometric authentication. which permit simple replacements in common applications Additionally. . in 1995. have been designed to address specific requirements of the SSD technology.1 in) digital versatile disc or digital video disc. is a disk storage medium composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium. a type of optical disk technology similar to the CD-ROM. SSD technology primarily uses electronic interfaces compatible with traditional block input/output (I/O) hard disk drives. CA. drives of up to 512 gigabytes (GB) were available. Blu Ray The format offers more than five times the storage capacity of traditional DVDs and can hold up to 25GB on a single-layer disc and 50GB on a dual-layer disc. As of January 2013. initially as 8-inch (200 mm) media and later in 5¼-inch (133 mm) and 3½inch (90 mm) sizes. also known under a variety of other names. were a ubiquitous form of data storage and exchange. This extra capacity combined with the use of advanced video and audio codecs will offer consumers an unprecedented HD experience. NVIDIA chips with brand names such as GeForce. Santa Clara. Vanta and RIVA are built into the display adapters of dozens of peripheral product companies as well as mobile devices. the NV1. NVIDIA Corporation. Quadro. Floppy disks. It serves two purposes: biometric authentication is relatively reliable and secure. enough for a full-length movie.nvidia. Capacity Floppy Disk-also called a diskette. nor a drive motor to spin a disk) is asolid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently. USB flash drives are typically removable and rewritable. The format was originally developed to store and play only sound recordings but was later adapted for storage of data (CD-ROM). By the end of this year. is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integratedUniversal Serial Bus (USB) interface. Chris Malachowsky and Curtis Priem. Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.1 oz). NVIDIA launched its first multimedia processor. and physically much smaller than an optical disc. and users won't have to remember dozens of passwords for different sites. www. A USB flash drive. Standard CDs have a diameter of 120 millimetres (4. sealed in a rectangular plastic carrier lined with fabric that removes dust particles. A solid-state drive (SSD) (also known as a solid-state disk though it contains no actual disk. DVDs are commonly used as a medium for digital representation of movies and other multimedia presentations that combine sound with A leading designer of graphics processors for personal computers.7GBof data. The Mini CD has various diameters ranging from 60 to 80 millimetres (2. NVIDIA is a fabless company (chips are made elsewhere) that is known worldwide for its advanced graphics technologies.Soon. Most weigh less than 30 grams (1.4 to 3. A DVD holds a minimum of 4. like SATA Express. your body could log you into an e-mail account. new I/O interfaces.7 in) and can hold up to about 80 minutes of uncompressed audio or about 700 MiB of data.