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# QUESTION NO.

10
In a study on the effects of stress on illness, a researcher tallied the
number of colds people contracted during a 6-month period as a function
of the amount of stress they reported during that same time period. There
were three stress levels: minimal, moderate, and high stress. The sum of
squares appear in the ANOVA summary table below. The mean for each
condition and the number of participants per condition are also noted.

Source
Between
groups
Within
groups
Total
Stress Level
Minimal
Moderate
High

df

SS
22.167

MS

F

14.750
36.917
Mean
3
4
6

n
4
4
4

a.
b.
c.
d.

Complete the ANOVA summary table.
Is Fobt significant at α = .05?
Perform post hoc comparisons if necessary.
What conclusions can be drawn from the F-ratio and the post hoc
comparisons?
e. What is the effect size, and what does this mean?
f. Graph the mean.

1

3 = 9 N–1 Total 36.1 =9 = 11 Mencari nilai (MS) SS Total = SS Between + SSWithin 36. Complete the ANOVA summary table.750 MSBetween = MS Within = SSBetween df Between SSWithin df Within = = 22.ANSWER NO.917=22. Source df k-1 Between groups SS MS F 22.08 6.750 1.79 14.917 12 – 1 = 11 Mencari nilai (df) dfb = 3 – 1 dfw = 12 – 3 =2 dft = 12 .167 11.63 3–1=2 N–k Within groups 12 . 10 a.63 2 .08 = 1.167 2 14.167+14.75 9 = 11.

01 = Q (k. p < .52 d.95 = √ √ 1.b.79. dfw ) ¿ 3.9 ¿ √ √ √ MS within n 1. HSD 0.43 √ 0.05? Fobt = 6.79 Fcv = 4.05 = Q( k.63 4 √ 0.95 ¿ 3. What conclusions can be drawn from the F-ratio and the post hoc comparisons? 3 .79 Fobt c. df within ) HSD0.26 Yes. 9 ) = 6.4075 = 5. Is Fobt significant at α = .01 = Q ( 3.63 8 MS within n ¿ 2.43 = 5.01 Figure 1 Rejecte d 4.63 4 = 5.26 Fcv 6. Perform post hoc comparisons if necessary.4 075 MS w n HSD0.95 ×0. significant.638 3. F ( 2.43× 0.

Figure 1 7 6 5 4 Amount of Stress 3 2 1 0 Minimal Moderate High Stress Level 4 . Specifically. f.The amount of stress had a significant effect on illness.60 ×100 ¿ 60 The effect size is 60%.167 = SSTotal 36.6 ¿ 0. the number of colds people contracted during a 6-month period as a high stress effect more than the minimal and moderate stress level. Graph the mean.917 ¿ 0. What is the effect size. e. and what does this mean? SSBetween 22.

313 groups Within 2118. c.313 “Drug” Condition Control Placebo “Drug” Mean 36. Graph the mean. Source Between df SS 1202.QUESTION NO.33 24. and what does this mean? f. and an experimental group that received the “drug”. A depression inventory that provided a measure of depression on a 50-point scale was used (50 indicates that an individual is very high on the depression variable). Is Fobt significant at α = . 12 A researcher conducted an experiment on the effect of a new “drug” on depression. What conclusions can be drawn from the F-ratio and the post hoc comparisons? e. 5 .05? Perform post hoc comparisons if necessary.26 33. What is the effect size. a placebo group. The researcher had a control group that received nothing.13 MS F n 15 15 15 a. The ANOVA summary table appears below. b. Complete the ANOVA summary table.00 groups Total 3320. d. alon with the mean depression score for each condition.

92 2118.00 50. 12 a.33 24.42 = 11.42 1202.ANSWER NO.15 = MSWithin 50.313 2 2118.15 = 50.92 6 . Complete the ANOVA summary table.42 3 -1 = 2 (N–k) Within groups 45 – 3 = 42 (N–1) Total 3320.00 42 n 15 15 15 = 601.313 45 – 1 = 44 “Drug” Condition Control Placebo “Drug” Mean 36.15 11.26 33.13 MS Between = MS Within = F= SSBetween df between SSWithin df Within = = MSBettween 601. Source df (k–1) Between groups SS MS F 1202.313 601.

df within ) Q ( 3.92 Fobt c.36 3.83 6.44 ×1.30 7 .92 Fcv = 3.37 × 1.01 = Q (k .42¿ n 3.36 = 4. df within ) √ √ MS within n MS within Q ( 3.44 √ 3.42 ¿ √ √ √ MS within n MSwithin n 50.42 15 HSD0.37 = 4. p < . Is Fobt significant at α = .37 √ 3.23 ( d = 0.b.92. Perform post hoc comparisons if necessary. F (2. 42) = 11. significant.42 15 = 4.01 = HSD0.05? Fobt = 11.05) Yes.01 Figure 2 Rejecte d 3.05 = = = = = Q (k .44 √ 50.0 3.23 Fcv 11.05 = HSD0. HSD0.83 = 8.

Graph the mean.31 3320. e. and what does this mean? n2=¿ SSBetween SSTotal = 1202.31 = 0. f. thus knowing the “drug” control to which participants were designed can explain 36% of the variability in depressions. Specifically.36 ×100 = 36 The effect size is 36%. What is the effect size. What conclusions can be drawn from the F-ratio and the post hoc comparisons? The amount of effect of a new “drug” had significant effect on depression.d. 8 .36 = 0. experimental group that received the “drug” significant higher effect on depression more the those control group and placebo group.

Following are the mean number of 1-inch pieces of pizza eaten for each condition from 10 participants who had the opportunity to eat as many pieces with each type of crust as they desired. 14 A researcher has been hired by a pizzeria to determine which type of crust customers prefer. The ANOVA summary table also follows. and thin.05 Error 21.50 10 9 .20 10 Thin 8. Source Participant df SS 2.45 Crust Type Hand-tossed MS df SS 2.75 Between F 180.73 n 10 Thick 4.Figure 2 40 Depression 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Control Placebo " " Drug Condition QUESTION NO. thick.65 Total 204. The restaurant offers three type of crust: hand-tossed.

a. Graph the mean. What conclusions can be drawn from the F-ratio and the post hoc comparisons? e. Is Fobt significant at α = .05 90. d. b.65 1. Source Participant df n–1 SS 2. 14 a. c.30 F 180.20 10 – 1 = 9 Between groups k–1 3–1=2 Error groups (k-1)(n-1) = 18 (2)(9) = 18 Total N–1 204.02 75. What is the effect size. Complete the ANOVA summary table.45 30 – 1 = 29 Mencari nilai (df) 10 . Complete the ANOVA summary table.05? Perform post hoc comparisons if necessary. and what does this mean? f.75 MS 0.01 21. ANSWER NO.

01 Q (k.01 MSErrow 1.01 MSBettween F 90. 2 10 = 4.70 √ 0.30 df Participant 9 MS Between = MSError = SSBetween df between SSError df Error = = 180. √ √ MS within n 1.65 18 = 90. Perform post hoc comparisons if necessary. 7 0 ×0. df within ) Q ( 3.18 dfe = (3-1) (10-1) = 29 dfp = dft – dfb - =2–9 = 29 – = 18 =9 Kiraan nilai (MS) MSParticipant = SSParticipant 2.05? Yes.01.60 √ MS within n 11 Rejecte d .18 ¿ Fobt c.01 3.02 = 1.01 = 75.20 b. significant.70 = 4. Is Fobt significant at α = .02 F= = = 75.20 Figure 3 HSD0.55 Fcv = HSD0.05 2 21. 18) = 75.34 1.12 = 4.75 = =0. p < .dfb = 3 – 1 dfe dft = 30 – 1 =2 2 . (2.

05 204.2 10 = 3. and what does this mean? SSBetween SSTotal = 180.61 √ 0.61 = 3.05 = Q (K.61× 0.18 ¿ √ √ MS within n 1. What conclusions can be drawn from the F-ratio and the post hoc comparisons? The amount of the crust type had significant effect on pizzeria to determine. e.88 ×100 12 .88 ¿ 0. thin group significant higher more than thick and hand-tossed group.√ MS Error HSD0.12 = 3.45 ¿ 0.23 d. Specifically. df Error ) n HSD0. What is the effect size.34 = 1.05 = Q ( 3.

Graph the mean. f.¿ 88 The effect size is 88%. thus knowing the crust type to which participants were assigned can explain 88% of variability in pizzeria to determine. Figure 3 9 8 7 6 5 pizzeria to determine 4 3 2 1 0 Hand-tossed Thick Thin Crust-Type 13 .