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Adam, Satan, and the King of Tyre

Jewish and Christian


Perspectives Series
Editorial Board

David Golinkin, Alberdina Houtman,


Marcel Poorthuis, Joshua Schwartz,
Freek van der Steen
Advisory Board

Yehoyada Amir, David Berger, Shaye Cohen,


Judith Frishman, Martin Goodman,
Clemens Leonhard, Tobias Nicklas, Eyal Regev,
Gerard Rouwhorst, Seth Schwartz, Yossi Turner

VOLUME 20

The titles published in this series are listed at brill.nl/jcp

Adam, Satan, and the King of Tyre


The Interpretation of Ezekiel 28:11-19
in Late Antiquity

By

Hector M. Patmore

LEIDENBOSTON
2012

Bar-Ilan
University,Israel
Israel
Bar-Ilan University,
Bar-Ilan
Israel
UniversityUniversity,
of
Faculty
of Catholic
Theology,
University
of Tilburg:
Tilburg:
Faculty
of Catholic
Theology,
The Netherlands
Netherlands
The
University of Tilburg: Faculty of Catholic Theology,
The
Netherlands
Protestant
Theological
Kampen,
The Netherlands
Schechter
Institute
of University,
Jewish Studies,
Israel
Schechter
InstituteCenter
Jewish
Studies,
Israel
SchechterRennert
Institute
ofofJewish
Studies,
Israel
Ingeborg
for
Jerusalem
Studies, Israel
Ingeborg
RennertCenter
Center
Jerusalem
Studies,
Ingeborg Rennert
forfor
Jerusalem
Studies,
IsraelIsrael
The editors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Ingeborg Rennert Center for Jerusalem Studies.
Theeditors
editors gratefully
gratefully acknowledge the
of ofthethe
Ingeborg
Rennert
Center
for Jerusalem
Studies.
The
thefinancial
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Ingeborg
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This
book is printedacknowledge
on acid-free
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Jerusalem Studies.
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Interaction between Judaism and Christianity in history, religion, art and literature / edited

by Marcel
Poorthuis,
Joshua Schwartz, Joseph Turner.
Patmore,
Hector
M.
Interaction
between
Judaism
in history,
religion,
art and
/ edited
p. cm.

(Jewish
and Christian
perspectives
series
v. 17) 28:11-19
Adam,
Satan,
and
the
King
ofand
TyreChristianity
: the
interpretation
of ;Ezekiel
in literature
late antiquity
/ by
byIncludes
Marcel
Poorthuis,
Joshuareferences.
Schwartz, Joseph Turner.
Hector
M. Patmore.
bibliographical
p.
(Jewish
andand
Christian
perspectives
seriesseries
; v. 20); v. 17)
p.cm.
cm.
(Jewish
Christian
perspectives
ISBN
978-90-04-17150-3
(hardback
: alk. paper)
Includes
bibliographical
references
and index.
Includes
bibliographical
references.
1.
Judaism--Relations--ChristianityHistory.
2.
Christianity
and other religions
ISBN 978-90-04-20722-6 (hardback : alk. paper)
ISBN
978-90-04-17150-3
(hardback
alk.
paper)
I. Poorthuis,
Marcel,: 1955II. Schwartz,
1.JudaismHistory.
Bible.
O.T.
Ezekiel, XXVIII,
11-19Criticism,
interpretation,
etc. I. Joshua.
Title. III. Turner, Joseph.
1. Judaism--Relations--ChristianityHistory. 2. Christianity and other religions

JudaismHistory.
I. Poorthuis, Marcel, 1955- II. Schwartz, Joshua. III. Turner, Joseph.
BS1545.52.P38
20112008
BM535.I4856
224.406dc23
296.39609dc22
2011034805
BM535.I4856 2008
296.39609dc22

2008031295

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2008031295
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978 90 04 20722 6
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CONTENTS
Editorial Statement .........................................................................................
Acknowledgements .........................................................................................

vii
ix

Chapter One.Introduction ..........................................................................


The Pre-History of the Text .....................................................................
Interpretations .............................................................................................
Texts ................................................................................................................
Between Text and Interpretation ..........................................................
Aims ................................................................................................................

1
5
8
9
14
14

Chapter Two.Rabbinic Literature .............................................................


Introduction .................................................................................................
Adam Traditions .........................................................................................
Hiram: Divine Claims and Destruction ................................................
Hirams Guilt, Adams Punishment .......................................................
Conclusion ....................................................................................................

16
16
16
26
33
35

Chapter Three.Church Fathers ..................................................................


Tertullian .......................................................................................................
Augustine.......................................................................................................
Cyril of Jerusalem........................................................................................
Hippolytus .....................................................................................................
Origen of Alexandria..................................................................................
Jerome ............................................................................................................
Conclusion ....................................................................................................

41
41
48
51
54
59
66
71

Chapter Four.Targum ................................................................................... 80


Introduction to the Source ...................................................................... 80
History of the Source ................................................................................. 81
Textual Matters ........................................................................................... 85
Analysis of Source....................................................................................... 102
Summary and Conclusions ...................................................................... 126

vi

contents

Chapter Five.The Septuagint .....................................................................


Introduction to the Source ......................................................................
History of the Source: Origins and Purpose .......................................
Textual Matters ...........................................................................................
Analysis of Text ...........................................................................................
Summary and Conclusions ......................................................................

133
133
134
136
149
166

Chapter Six.The Hebrew Text ...................................................................


Introduction to the Source ......................................................................
History of the Source .................................................................................
Textual Matters ...........................................................................................
Analysis of Text ...........................................................................................
Summary and Conclusions ......................................................................

179
179
180
190
191
204

Chapter Seven.Conclusion.......................................................................... 211


Resources, Editions, and Translations .......................................................
General Bibliography ......................................................................................
Author Index .....................................................................................................
Index of Primary Sources ..............................................................................

219
225
241
245