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# DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY DASMARINAS

## COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURE AND TECHNOLOGY

EXPERIMENT NO. 1
CHARACTERISTIC OF SINUSOIDAL VOLTAGE OR CURRENT

SCORE:

SUBMITTED TO:

ENGR. JUANCHO O.
NATIVIDAD

DATE SUBMITTED:

25 NOVEMBER 2014

## I. DISCUSSIONS AND ANALYSIS OF RESULTS

During the experiment, we are about to determine and begin to understand the
characteristics and behaviour of sinusoidal waveform of AC Voltage and Current.
We first conduct the experiment in simulation using LVSIM Software. After that,
we set up the Lab-Volt and connect the power supply and set the variac. After
connecting the wires and setting up the LVDAM, we observed using the
oscilloscope that the waveform is sinusoidal. We measured the output of the
variac using AC Voltmeter and Marked as E rms. We conducted 4 trials and
observed that the percent difference between measured Erms and the computed
effective voltage is not greater than 2 percent indicated in table 1-1, which means
that the measured voltage E rms can also be considered as effective voltage. We
also measured the peak-to-peak voltage knowing that it is 2 times the maximum
voltage. We have proven the theory that behaviour alternating current and
voltages continuously changes depending on the type of power supply. In each
cycle it completes that sine wave and that the value of one second is also
measured in hertz units and it is standardized at 60 cycles per second (60 hz)
indicated in table 2-2.

II. CONCLUSION

Understanding the AC Waveform, I concluded that voltage level varies with time. I
observed that the RMS value of the waveform can also be considered as the
effective value of the input voltage. Knowing that the RMS value is given, I have
concluded that by dividing by square root of 2 the maximum voltage can be
obtained. After stabilizing the waveform and obtaining all the required
measurements pertaining to the waveform, I realized that by using the DC
Voltmeter in reading the AC Signal, likely it is really zero, but the slight variance in
the measurement gets you less than a volt it is proven and indicated in table 1-3.
As provided in gathering data by mean of simulation, actual and theoretical.
Increasing the percentage reading in Lab-Volt step down transformer can lead to a
higher effective voltage and voltage peak-to-peak. That the higher the effective
voltage the higher the signal waveform will be generated from it.

## 1. Explain what it RMS Value?

Answer: The RMS value of a set of values (or a continuous-time waveform)
is the square root of the arithmetic mean (average) of the squares of the
original values (or the square of the function that defines the continuous
waveform).

1.
2.

2. Crest factor
Answer: is the peak amplitude of the waveform divided by the RMS value
of the waveform: The peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) is thepeak amplitude
squared (giving the peak power) divided by the RMS value squared (giving the
average power). It is also the value where it reaches the maximum of RMS value.

## 3. In using Lab-Volt Powersupply, is it safe to perform the experiment while it

is turned on?
Answer: No, before turning it on, the student must first setup the
configuration before turning it on. And one precaution is to use one hand
only while performing the experiment.