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Reading Aloud and Grammar Exercises

Ms Victoria Galvez

A) Oral Passage 1
1 Today, I went to a barber shop at the end of the lane for a shave. The barber made me sit on an old and rickety
chair and began to slap some cream on my face. Then, he whipped out an old razor and started to shave the beard
clumsily off my chin.
2 While the barber was shaving me, he was distracted. He was talking to other customers around him in the shop.
I frowned. Suddenly, I let out a scream. The barber had made a cut on my cheek, and I was in great agony.
3 Immediately, I left without paying the barber any money. I vowed never to visit that barber shop again.

C) Oral Passage 2
1 Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is a city of contrasts. The towering and majestic buildings look like any other
modern city. But behind them is a place where life hasnt changed for over a hundred years the canals.
2 Built in 1866 by the King of Thailand, these canals are home to many Thai people who still live and work there
today. There are four floating markets around Bangkok, and the oldest and most popular is in the town of
Damonen Saduak. It is called Damonen Saduak Floating Market.
3 This market opens every day from 6.30am. Its best to shop early and travel there by water taxi. After 9am, the
tourist buses arrive and the place becomes hectic, packed and cramped.
4 Damonen Saduak Floating Market is a colourful and noisy but fascinating place. Old ladies with huge hats sit in
small boats that are filled with tropical fruits and vegetables, fresh coconut juice and local foods.
5 Did you miss breakfast? Just call a seller for a bowl of hot soup. Hell get it from a stove at the back of his boat!
6 But the boats dont just sell food. Would you like a traditional hat? A silk dress? A flowered shirt? Then just call
and point it out to the boat hawkers. After all the buzz and excitement of the market, continue along the canal.
Soon, youll see the wooden houses, orchards and floating flowers of the canal villages. Its a lovely and serene
way to finish your trip.

Grammar 1: Nouns Countable and Uncountable

- Nouns which can be counted are called countable nouns. (e.g. men, elephants, marbles, bridges)
- Words which are used with countable nouns: a, an, a few, many, several, a large (or small) number of
e.g. a flower
a few people
an umbrella
several children
a large number of children
- Nouns which CANNOT be counted are called uncountable nouns (e.g. rice, flour, milk, sand)
- Words which are used with uncountable nouns: a little, much, a large (or small) amount of
e.g. a little dust much salt
a large amount of flour
- Words which can be used with BOTH countable and uncountable nouns: some, any, plenty, a lot of
E.g.s with countable nouns: some apples; plenty of books; any chairs; a lot of people
E.g.s with uncountable nouns: some soil; plenty of oil; any electricity; a lot of smoke
Grammar Exercise 1.1: Refer to the helping words, and fill in the blanks with suitable countable nouns.
1. That spider has eight hairy ____________.
2. An ____________ is very handy when it rains.
3. There are several empty ____________ in the bus.
4. There are plenty of ____________ of lemonade in the storeroom.
5. There is a box full of ____________ on top of the sewing machine.
Helping words: seats; buttons; legs; bottles; umbrella

Grammar Exercise 1.2: Refer to the helping words, and fill in the blanks with suitable uncountable nouns.
1. Mother fried the vegetables with a little ____________ .
2. Did you remember to add some ____________ to the mixture to sweeten it?
3. The children enjoyed playing with the ____________ at the sandbox.
4. She used a large amount of ____________ to fry the fish.
5. The little boys shoes were covered with a lot of ____________.
Helping words: sugar; salt; mud; oil; sand

Grammar 2: Gender Nouns

- Gender usually refers to the condition of being female (feminine) or male (masculine). However, there are four
types of genders in grammar: feminine, masculine, common, and neutral.
- Feminine nouns: Nouns that denote female creatures (e.g. mother and mare / female horse)
- Masculine nouns: Nouns that denote male creatures (e.g. father and stallion / male horse)
- Common nouns: Nouns that denote either male or female creatures (e.g. baby and bird)
- Neutral nouns: Nouns that denote things with neither life or gender (e.g. school and bread)
Grammar Exercise 2.1: Match the helping words to the correct gender.
1. Feminine:
2. Masculine:
3. Common:
4. Neutral:
Helping words: friend; chair; teacher; table; teenager; air-conditioner; mare; stallion; widow; nephew; niece
Grammar Exercise 2.2: Rewrite the sentences, changing all the feminine nouns to masculine nouns.
1. Madam, could you come this way please? said the waitress to the lady.
2. The brides sister is my fiance.
3. The woman shot a vixen (a female fox) and a she-bear.
4. That ladys daughter is a postwoman.
5. Her niece works as a stewardess.
Grammar Exercise 2.3: Rewrite the sentences, changing all the masculine nouns to feminine nouns.
1. The boy saw a rooster and two sheep at his uncles farm.
2. My son-in-law spoke to his wife.
3. The hero in that film fought with a he-bear.
4. The bus conductor collected the fare from the gentleman.
5. My landlord is the owner of this shop, so watch your words when you speak to him.