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AASHTO T 119 - SLUMP OF HYDRAULIC CEMENT CONCRETE

Conduct this procedure according to AASHTO T 119.


Consult the current edition of AASHTO for procedure in its entirety and equipment
specification details.
SCOPE
A sample of freshly mixed concrete is placed and compacted by rodding in a slump
cone. The mold is raised and the concrete allowed to slump. The distance between
the original and displaced position of the center of the top surface is measured and
reported as the slump of the concrete. The slump measurement is used as an
indicator of consistency.
This test is not considered applicable to non-cohesive (slumps greater than 9" or
230 mm) and non-plastic (slumps less than 1/2" or 15 mm) concrete or concrete
batched with coarse aggregate over 1" (38 mm) in size.
REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
AASHTO T 141, Sampling Freshly Mixed Concrete
APPARATUS
Slump cone and base plate, or non-absorbent, rigid, flat surface
Tamping rod, 24" (600 mm) length, and 5/8" (16 mm) diameter, rounded
to a hemispherical tip
Scoop
Ruler
Sponge or brush
TEST SPECIMEN
Obtain a concrete sample according to AASHTO T 141.
Test must be started within five minutes of obtaining the final portion of the composite
sample.
The entire test from the start of the filling through removal of the mold must be
completed, without interruption, in 2 minutes
PROCEDURE
Dampen the mold and place it on a level nonabsorbent rigid surface or the base plate
provided with the cone. Hold mold in place by standing on the 2-foot pieces or by
clamps if using a base plate. Immediately fill the cone in three layers. Each layer
should be approximately 1/3 the volume of the cone.
One third is approximately 2-5/8" (65 mm) depth; two thirds is approximately 6-1/8"
(155 mm) depth.
Move each full scoop around the top edge of the cone as the concrete slides from it
to ensure even distribution of the concrete within the cone.
Consolidate each layer of concrete 25 times with the tamping rod, rounded end down.
Distribute the strokes in a uniform manner over the cross section of the cone. Incline
the rod slightly to reach the perimeter. Distribute approximately half the strokes near
the perimeter and progress to vertical strokes toward the center. Use a spiral pattern.
Tamp the bottom layer through its full depth.
Fill the second layer. Consolidate 25 times with the tamping rod. Rod the layer
through its full depth and just penetrate the first layer.

Fill the final layer. Keep the concrete above the top edge of the mold at all times
when rodding the third layer. Add additional concrete if needed and continue rodding.
Rod through the layer but just penetrate the previous layer.
After the consolidation of the top layer has been completed, strike-off the surface of
the concrete with the tamping rod using a screeding and rolling motion. Continue to
hold mold down firmly and remove any excess concrete from the area surrounding
the base of the mold.
Loosen the clamps on the base plate if necessary, or step off the foot pieces.
Remove the mold by pulling straight up and off with a steady lift. Do not use any
lateral or twisting motion. The mold must be removed in 5 2 seconds.
Immediately measure the slump by determining the vertical difference between the
top of the mold and the displaced original center of the top surface of the specimen.
If you are using a slump cone without a base plate, turn the mold upside down and
lay the tamping rod across its base extending over the slumped specimen. If using a
base plate, lift the handle on the base plate.
If a decided falling away or shearing off of concrete from one side or portion of the
mass occurs, disregard the test and make a new test on another portion of the
sample.

AASHTO T 154-06 - TIME OF SETTING OF HYDRAULIC CEMENT PASTE


AASHTO Designation: T 154-06
ASTM Designation: C 266-04

SCOPE
This test method covers the determination of the time of setting of hydraulic-cement paste
The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in
parentheses
are for information only.
This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does
not
purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the
user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the
applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Warning: Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to
skin
and tissue upon prolonged exposure. The use of gloves, protective clothing, and eye protection
is
recommended. Wash contact area with copious amounts of water after contact. Wash eyes for a
minimum of 15 minutes. Avoid exposure of the body to clothing saturated with the liquid phase
of
the unhardened material. Remove contaminated clothing immediately after exposure.
The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material.
These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as
requirements of the standard.
REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
AASHTO Standards:
M 201, Moist Cabinets, Moist Rooms, and Water Storage Tanks Used in the Testing of
Hydraulic Cements and Concretes
M 210, Use of Apparatus for the Determination of Length Change of Hardened Cement
Paste, Mortar, and Concrete
T 107, Autoclave Expansion of Portland Cement
T 127, Sampling and Amount of Testing of Hydraulic Cement
T 129, Normal Consistency of Hydraulic Cement
T 162, Mechanical Mixing of Hydraulic Cement Pastes and Mortars of Plastic Consistency
ASTM Standards:
C 670, Practice for Preparing Precision Statements for Test Methods for Construction
Materials
C 1005, Specification for Weights and Weighing Devices for Use in the Physical Testing of
Hydraulic Cements
D 1193, Specification for Reagent Water
APPARATUS

Flat Trowel, having a sharpened straight-edged steel blade 100 to 150 mm (4 to 6 in.) in length.
Mixer, Bowl, Paddle, and Scraperconforming to the requirements of T 162.
Glass Graduates, 200 or 250 mL capacity, conforming to the requirements of M 210.
Mass Determining Devices, conforming to the requirements of ASTM C 1005. The devices for
determining mass shall be evaluated for precision and bias at a total load of 1000 g.
Plane Non-Absorptive Plates, 100 mm 5 mm (4 0.197 in.) square, of similar planeness,
corrosivity, and absorptivity to that of glass (see T 129 Figure 1, item H).
Needles, conforming to the following requirements:
The initial time of setting shall have a mass of 113.4 0.5 g (0.250 0.001 lb) and a tip
diameter
of 2.12 0.05 mm (0.084 0.002 in.).
The final time of setting needle shall have a mass of 453.6 0.5 g (1.000 0.001 lb) and a tip
diameter of 1.06 0.05 mm (0.042 0.002 in.).
The needle tips shall be cylindrical for a distance of 4.8 0.5 mm (0.189 0.020 in.). The
needle ends shall be plane and at right angles to the axis of the rod and shall be maintained in a
clean condition
SUMMARY OF TEST METHOD
Sufficient water is added to the cement that is being tested to produce a paste of normal
consistency. A specimen is molded from this paste and is tested for time of setting by means of
the initial and final needles. The initial time of setting is the time required for the test
specimen to bear the initial needle without appreciable indentation, while the time
required for the test specimen to bear the final needle without appreciable indentation
is the final time of setting.
PROCEDURE
Preparation of Cement Paste:
Obtain the cement paste used for determination of the time of setting from one of the
following methods:
Prepare a new batch of paste by mixing 650 g of cement with the percentage of mixing water
required for normal consistency (T 129), following the procedure described in T 162.
At the option of the tester, use the paste remaining from the batch used for the autoclave
expansion specimen (T 107) or from the normal consistency determination (T 129).
Molding Test SpecimenFrom the cement paste, make a pat approximately 76 mm (3 in.) in
diameter and approximately 13 mm (0.5 in.) in thickness at the center with a flat top and
tapering to a thin edge on a clean plane non absorptive plate. In molding the pat, flatten the
cement paste first on the glass and then form the pat by drawing the trowel from the outer edge
toward the center, then flattening the top. After making, place the pat in the moist cabinet or
moist room and allow it to remain there except when the determinations of time of setting are
being made.
Time of Setting DeterminationDetermine the time of setting by holding the needle in a vertical
position and lightly applying it to the surface of the pat.

AASHTO T 22 COMPRESSIVE STRENGHT OF CYLINDRICAL CONCRETE SPECIMEN

SCOPE
This test method covers determination of compressive strength of cylindrical concrete
specimens such as molded cylinders and drilled cores. It is limited to concrete having a unit
weight in excess of 50 lb/ft3 (800 kg/m3).
The values stated in English units are the standard.
This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does
not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of
whoever uses this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and
determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Warning: Means should be provided to contain concrete fragments during sudden rupture
of specimens. Tendency for sudden rupture increases with increasing concrete
strength (Note 1).
Note 1: The safety precautions given in the Manual of Aggregate and Concrete Testing,
located in the Related Materials section of Volume 04.02 of the Annual Book of
ASTM Standards, are recommended.
The text of this standard references notes which provide explanatory material. These notes shall
not be considered as requirements of the standard.
REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
AASHTO Standards
R 39 Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory
T 23 Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field
T 24 Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and Sawed Beams of Concrete
T 231 Capping Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
2.2 ASTM Standards
C 873 Test Method for Compressive Strength of Concrete Cylinders Cast in Place in
Cylindrical Molds
C 1231 Practice for Use of Unbonded Caps in Determination of Compressive Strength of
Hardened Concrete Cylinders
E 74 Practice for Calibration of Force-Measuring Instruments for Verifying the Load
Indication of Testing Machines
APPARATUS
USTM- Universal Testing Machine
SUMMARY OF TEST METHOD
This test method consists of applying a compressive axial load to molded cylinders or cores at a
rate which is within a prescribed range until failure occurs. The compressive strength of the
specimen is calculated by dividing the maximum load attained during the test by the
cross-sectional area of the specimen.

PROCEDURE

Compression tests of moist-cured specimens shall be made as soon as practicable after removal
from moist storage.
Test specimens shall be kept moist by any convenient method during the period between removal
from moist storage and testing. They shall be tested in the moist condition.
All test specimens for a given test age shall be broken within the permissible
time tolerances prescribed as follows:
Test Age

Permissible Tolerance

12 h

0.25 h or 2.1%

24 h

0.5 h or 2.1%

3 days

+ 2 h or 2.8%

7 days

+ 6 h or 3.6%

28 days

+ 20 h or 3.0%

56 days

+ 40 h or 3.0%

90 days

+ 2 days 2.2%