Boeing 747-400

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Boeing 747-400

A British Airways 747-400. British Airways is the largest operator of the -400 with 57. Type Airliner Boeing Commercial Manufacturer Airplanes Maiden flight 1988-04-29 1989-02-09 Introduction (Northwest Airlines) Status In service Passenger version: 1988-2005 Produced Freighter version: 1988-current US$230 million Unit cost (2006) Developed from Boeing 747 Boeing 747-8 Variants Boeing YAL-1

The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service and the largest commercial airliner, a title it will lose to the Airbus A380 when the latter enters service in October 2007.[1] The -400 series is the best selling and the most advanced model of the 747 family. The 747-400 is being replaced by the Boeing 747-8, expected to enter service in 2009.

Certification was received on January 10. the passenger version of the 747-400 included the stretched upper deck (SUD) as a standard feature. tail fuel tanks. It was rolled out in January 1988 and first flew on April 29.Design and development The 747-400 was announced by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in October 1985.[2] The extended range freighter (ERF) entered service in October 2002. it had previously been offered as a retrofit and first appeared on two Japanese 747-100 SR models. Compared to the 747-300 the 747-400 has 6 ft (1. The next month. Production of -400 freighters and -400ER freighters continues with thirty six yet to be delivered. The first 747-400 was delivered to Northwest Airlines on January 26. has a combined Boeing/China Airlines livery painted in 787 Dreamliner colors. Qantas uses the aircraft on its Melbourne-Los Angeles flights. 1989. An ANA 747-400. Like the 747-300. 1988. 1989 with RB211-524Gs. The SUD was almost twice as long as the standard upper deck. One example. The Boeing Signature Interior was later made available on the 747-400. 1989 with CF6-80C2s and June 8. with service entry on February 9.[3] [edit] Variants . an all-new interior. Production of the 747-400 passenger version officially ended on March 15. 2007.[1] While the wingspan was increased. revised fuselage/wing fairings and newer in-flight entertainment to the basic design of the -300 series. an all-new glass cockpit which dispensed with the need for a flight engineer.83 m) wing tip extensions and 6 ft (2 m) winglets. which are too long to operate using a standard 747-400. (tail number B-1821x). May 18. decorated with images of different Pokémon. 1989 with PW4000 engines. the extended range (ER) passenger version entered service with Qantas. the only airline ever to order the passenger version of the 747-400ER. revised engines. either as interior refitting on existing 747-400s or as a "fresh-from-installation" option on newer 747-400s and 747-400ERs. China Airlines's two newest Boeing 747-400s. the overall weight of the wings was decreased due to the use of composites and aluminum alloys. were newly built with Boeing Signature Interior. One of the newest Boeing 747-400s (B-18210).

revised engines and a glass cockpit that removed the need for a flight engineer.[3] It was the 1358th 747-400 (MSN33737/B-18215).[4] [edit] 747-400F The 747-400F (Freighter) is an all freight version which uses the fuselage design of the 747-200F. The 747400 passenger version features a stretched upper deck (SUD) like the 747-300 as a standard feature. . winglets. Major customers include Atlas Air. A Great Wall Airlines 747-400F at Manchester International Airport. with the last passenger 747-400 constructed in 2005 and delivered in April of that year. Production of the 747-400 passenger version officially ceased on March 15. Cargolux. The aircraft's first flight was on May 4. Malaysia Airlines Kargo 747-400F. [edit] 747-400 The 747-400 is an improved version of the 747-300 with increased wingspan. 1993. 2007. 1993 and it entered service with Cargolux Airlines on November 17.[3] The last four -400s on order were canceled by Philippine Airlines (which switched to the 777300ER). The last to order the -400 was China Airlines in November 2002.Virgin Atlantic Airways 747-400 "Tinker Belle" taxiing to the take off point at London Heathrow Airport.

1991 and entered service with Japan Airlines on October 22.[3] [edit] 747-400M The 747-400M (a passenger/freight or "Combi" variant) first flew on June 30. The 747-400 Domestic first flew on March 18. The -400D may be converted to the long range version when needed. designated YAL-1A. 2002. 1989 and entered service with KLM on September 12. allowing for increased number of takeoffs and landings by lowering wing stresses. 1991. Polar Air Cargo. Qantas received the first -400ER on October 31. 2002. The -400M has a large cargo door fitted to the rear of the fuselage. Boeing has orders for eighteen 747-400F aircraft yet to be completed. The 747-400ER includes the option of 1 or 2 additional 3.China Airlines. 2001. The -400D lacks the wing tip extensions and winglets included on other variants. these tanks utilize innovative metal to metal honeycomb bonded technology to achieve an incredibly high dry weight to fuel volume ratio. The -400F can be easily distinguished from the passenger -400 by its shorter upper-deck hump. Similar technology has been used in the development by Marshall of body fuel tanks for the 777-200LR and P-8A Poseidon MMA aircraft.800 kg more freight. The -400ERF was delivered to Air France (via ILFC) on October 17. The aircraft are heavily modified to carry a nose mounted turret and Chemical Oxygen Iodine Laser (COIL) equipment. Manufactured by Marshall Aerospace. The United States Air Force has purchased seven 747-400Fs to act as "Airborne Laser" carriers. This was ultimately the only order for the passenger version. Korean Air. [edit] 747-400D The 747-400D (Domestic) is a high density seating model developed for short-haul domestic Japanese flights. launched on April 30. The aircraft is capable of seating a maximum of 568 passengers in a 3-class configuration or 660 passengers in a single-class configuration. The 747-400ERF .[citation needed] The benefits of winglets would be minimal on short routes. The -400ER can fly an additional 805 km or carry 6. Nippon Cargo Airlines. 2000 following an order by Qantas for 6 aircraft. and Singapore Airlines. [edit] 747-400ERF The 747-400ERF is the freight version of the -400ER. [edit] 747-400ER The 747-400ER (Extended range) was launched on November 28.240 US gallon body fuel tanks in the forward cargo hold. 1989.

600 pounds (112. [edit] 747 Large Cargo Freighter Main article: Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter Boeing announced in October 2003 that due to the length of time of marine shipping. Moscow and Canoga Park.[5] The LCF has a bulging fuselage similar to that of the Super Guppy or Airbus Beluga cargo planes used for transporting wings and fuselage sections. The conversion.[6] is carried out in Taiwan by a subsidiary of the Evergreen Group. is the operator of the LCF fleet. and Gamesa Aeronautica in Spain.[3] The new 747-8 Freighter will have more payload capacity but less range than the 747-400ERF. designed by Boeing engineers from Puget Sound . landing gear and parts of its wing. The project was launched in 2004. in order to ferry sub-assemblies to Everett. air transport will be the primary method of transporting parts for the Boeing 787. larger tires. get involved!) Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed.760 kg) and can carry 22. 2005.980 kg) more than other 747-400 freighters on long-range flights at maximum takeoff weight. "Large Cargo Freighter" configuration.[5] The Large Cargo Freighter can hold three times the volume of a 747-400F freighter. .[5][9] The LCF is not a Boeing production model and will not be sold to any customers or see any airliner operation. along with new.[6][8] Evergreen International Airlines. Compared to marine shipping.has a maximum payload of 248. It has a maximum range of 9. Boeing has eighteen 747-400ERF aircraft yet to be delivered. about 525 km farther than other 747-400 freighters. delivery times for the parts built in Italy will be reduced from around 45 days to four hours with the 747 LCF.[7] Boeing has purchased three former China Airlines aircraft and converted two of them and the third one is currently being modified.000 pounds (9. [edit] 747-400BCF The 747-400BCF (Boeing Converted Freighter). and has a strengthened fuselage. The first Boeing 747-400BCF was redelivered to Cathay Pacific Cargo and entered service on December 19. Pre-owned passenger 747-400 aircraft are to be converted into an outsize.200 km. is a conversion program for standard 747-400s. Calif. (help. which is unrelated to the Evergreen Group. [edit] Current operators This article does not cite any references or sources. formerly known as the 747-400SF (Special Freighter). It will be for Boeing's exclusive use. This article has been tagged since February 2007. Washington for final assembly. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

then by name of operator) • China Airlines Cargo (21) (CF6) . then by name of operator) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • British Airways (57) (RB211) Japan Air Lines (41) (CF6) Lufthansa (30) (CF6) Qantas (30) (RB211/CF6) United Airlines (30) (PW4056) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (22) (CF6) Singapore Airlines (22) (PW4056) All Nippon Airways (23) (CF6) Korean Air (23) (PW4056) Cathay Pacific (21) (RB211/PW4056) Thai Airways International (18) (CF6) Malaysia Airlines (11) (PW4056) Air France (16) (CF6) Northwest Airlines (16) (PW4056) Air India (15) (PW4056) China Airlines (15) (PW4056/CF6) EVA Air (15) (CF6) Virgin Atlantic Airways (13) (CF6) Air China (12) (PW4056) Air New Zealand (8) (CF6/RB211) Asiana Airlines (8) (CF6) South African Airways (7) (CF6/RB211) Transaero (7) One of them will delivered in summer of 2007 Corsairfly (6) (PW4056) Philippine Airlines (5) (CF6) Saudi Arabian Airlines (5) (CF6) El Al (4) (CF6) Aerolineas Argentinas (3) (PW4056) Garuda Indonesia (3) (CF6) Air Pacific (2) (PW4056) Oasis Hong Kong (4)+4 (CF6/PW4056) Royal Air Maroc (1) (CF6) Surinam Airways (1) (CF6) [edit] Cargo (sorted by number of 747 in fleet.Total Passenger Aircraft in service: 493 [edit] Passenger (sorted by number of 747 in fleet.

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Korean Air Cargo (19) (PW4056) Singapore Airlines Cargo (16) (PW4056) Cargolux (13) (RB211/CF6) Cathay Pacific Cargo (19+6) (RB211/PW4056) Polar Air Cargo (6) (CF6) Malaysia Airlines Cargo (6) Air China Cargo (5) (PW4056) Air France Cargo (5) (CF6) Atlas Air (5) (CF6) Asiana Cargo (5) (CF6) Emirates Skycargo (4) (CF6) Jade Cargo International (3) (CF6) EVA Air Cargo (3) (CF6) Global Supply Systems (3) (CF6) JAL Cargo (3) (CF6) KLM Cargo (3) (CF6) China Southern Cargo (2) (CF6) Great Wall Airlines (2) (PW4056) Dragonair Cargo (2) (PW4056) Nippon Cargo Airlines (2) (PW4056) TNT Airways (2) (CF6) China Cargo Airlines (1) (CF6) Martinair Cargo (2) (PW4056) [edit] Other use (sorted by number of 747 in fleet.6 m) . then by name of operator) • • • • • • • • • • Dubai Air Wing (4) (PW4056/CF6) Boeing (3)** (PW4056) Government of Japan (2) (CF6) Kingdom Aircraft Leasing (2) (PW4056) Royal Flight of Oman (2) (CF6) Abu Dhabi Amiri Flight (1) (PW4056) Government of Brunei (1) (CF6) Government of Kuwait (1) (CF6) Government of Saudi Arabia (1) (CF6) United States Air Force (1) (CF6) [edit] Specifications Model Cockpit Crew Seating capacity Length 747-400 747-400ER Two 416 (3-class) 231 ft 10 in (70.

2007 ^ About the 747 Family. 2003.260 nm 7.2 April 2007 ^ a b c "Ugly in the Air: Boeing's New Plane Gets Gawks.640 lb) 396.018 m) (3. 2007. ^ "Boeing Selects EGAT for 747 Large Cargo Freighter Modifications.85 Mach 0. 2. fuel capacity 57. 4. 910 km/h) (493 kt.670 nm Range fully loaded (13.205 km) Max. 2006 ^ a b c d e 747-400 passenger is no more. 1093 km/h) Takeoff run at MTOW (3. 6. Boeing. 913 km/h) Mach 0. 7.300 lbf PW 63. 2005. 2007 ^ Flight International. December 15. February 18.0 L/km) PW 4062 PW 4062 Engine models (x 4) GE CF6-80C2B5F GE CF6-80C2B5F RR RB211-524H 63.100 lbf GE 59.100 lbf GE 62.211 ft 5 in (64. J." Boeing Commercial Airplanes press release. to Operate Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighters. 5.705 US gal (241. ^ "Boeing 7E7 Will Use Air Transport for Component Delivery. 3.000 lb) Mach 0.450 km) (14.855 Cruising speed (491 kt.500 lbf RR Sources: [2]. [edit] External links • 747-400 Family Official Site .000 lb) (910./range fully loaded ( 17 March. L.140 L) Fuel cap. 2005.890 kg 412.300 lbf PW Engine thrust (x 4) 62. 9. Seattlepi.1 L/km) (17.382 kg Weight empty (393. ^ a b "Boeing's 747 Large Cargo Freighter Development on Plan.756 kg 164. retrieved 12 June.090 m) 7. [3] Wingspan Height [edit] References 1. October 13.92 Maximum speed (590 kt." Lunsford. January 8." Boeing Commercial Airplanes press release. Inc. 27 March .840 L) 63.775 kg Maximum take-off weight (875." Boeing Commercial Airplanes press release.. ^ Airbus A380 for Singapore Airlines update. February 22. ^ "Evergreen International Airlines.4 m) 178. The Wall Street Journal.285 US gal (216.263 lb) (361. 2005. Stares. Airbus release. 8. May 10." Boeing Commercial Airplanes press release.4 m) 63 ft 8 in (19.

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