You are on page 1of 8

# Te s t B a n k , C h a p t e r 1 0

John C. Yang | 1

## Chapter 10: Computation Methods: Calculators, Mental

Computation, and Estimation
Possible Questions for Assessment and Evaluation
1.

## T or F Historically, elementary school mathematics has emphasized

mental computation far more than other methods.
Sec Ref: Introduction
Page Ref: 215

2.

## T or F Children tend to use written computation even when they could

use a more efficient method.
Sec Ref: Introduction
Page Ref: 215

3.

## According to your text, which of the following should always be used to

check the reasonableness of the result?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

written computations
calculators
teachers
estimations
classmates

Sec Ref: Introduction
Page Ref: 215
4.
T or F Computational estimation is a prerequisite for mental
computation.
Sec Ref: Introduction
Page Ref: 216
5.

## Discuss the two essential decisions involved in every computation.

Answer: Deciding on the type of result needed and deciding on the
best method for getting that result. The first decision involves the
question of whether an estimate is appropriate or an exact answer is
needed and the second involves selecting the best method to get the
result.
Sec Ref: Introduction

To a c c o m p a n y H e l p i n g C h i l d r e n L e a r n M a t h 9 e , R e y s e t a l .
2009 John Wiley & Sons

Te s t B a n k , C h a p t e r 1 0
John C. Yang | 2

6.
to:

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

## master one method for solving multiple problems

develop competence with each of the computational methods
determine the reasonableness of a result
all of the above
only B and C

Sec Ref: Introduction
Page Ref: 216
7.

## As a mathematics teacher, what are some instructional goals that you

should have when teaching computation?
Answer: Help students to develop competence with each of the
computational methods; help students to choose a method that is
appropriate for the computation at hand; help students to apply the
chosen method correctly; and help students to use estimation to
determine the reasonableness of the result.
Sec Ref: Introduction
Page Ref: 216

8.

## T or F More than 80% of all mathematical computations in daily life

involve written computation and estimation, rather than mental
computation.
Page Ref: 217

9.
According to research, what percentage of instructional time is devoted
to written computation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

10
30
50
70
90

30%
50%
70%
90%
100%

Page Ref: 217
To a c c o m p a n y H e l p i n g C h i l d r e n L e a r n M a t h 9 e , R e y s e t a l .
2009 John Wiley & Sons

Te s t B a n k , C h a p t e r 1 0
John C. Yang | 3

10.

11.

## In terms of teaching mental computation, written computation, and

estimation, how much time would you devote to each and why?
Page Ref: 217
Upon learning that the children in your classroom will be using
calculators, a parent expresses concern. Summarize three points you
might make to defend the use of calculators in your classroom.
Answer: Students still have to think when using the calculator;
calculators can raise students achievement; calculators are useful as
instructional tools.
Sec Ref: Calculators
Page Ref: 218

12.

## T or F Using calculators always makes computations go faster.

Sec Ref: Calculators
Page Ref: 218

13. Give one example to illustrate the idea that using calculators requires
thinking.
Sec Ref: Calculators
Page Ref: 218
14. Which of the following statements is not a fact regarding the use of
calculators?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

## When using calculators, students must still do the thinking.

Calculators can raise students achievement.
Using calculators always makes computations faster.
It is sometimes faster to compute mentally.
Calculators can be useful as instructional tools.

Sec Ref: Calculators
Page Ref: 218
15.

## Give one example to illustrate a situation where calculators are not

always the fastest way of doing computations.

To a c c o m p a n y H e l p i n g C h i l d r e n L e a r n M a t h 9 e , R e y s e t a l .
2009 John Wiley & Sons

Te s t B a n k , C h a p t e r 1 0
John C. Yang | 4

Sec Ref: Calculators
Page Ref: 218
16.

## What does it mean to use the calculator as an instructional tool, as

compared to a computational tool?

## Answer: Computation is mainly to get the result; instructional is to

help students understand the concepts, processes, and patterns
associated with computation.
Sec Ref: Calculators
Page Ref: 220
17. Which of the following is an appropriate way to use the calculator as an
instructional
tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

to
to
to
to
to

## facilitate problem solving

facilitate a search for patterns
ease the burden of doing tedious computations
remove anxiety about doing computations incorrectly
provide motivation and confidence

Sec Ref: Calculators
Page Ref: 220
18. All of the following are appropriate ways to use the calculator as a
computational tool,
except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

to
to
to
to
to

## facilitate problem solving

facilitate a search for patterns
ease the burden of doing tedious computations
remove anxiety about doing computations incorrectly
provide motivation and confidence

Sec Ref: Calculators
Page Ref: 220
19.

## Compare and contrast mental computation and written computation.

Sec Ref: Mental Computation
Page Ref: 220

To a c c o m p a n y H e l p i n g C h i l d r e n L e a r n M a t h 9 e , R e y s e t a l .
2009 John Wiley & Sons

Te s t B a n k , C h a p t e r 1 0
John C. Yang | 5

20.

## T or F When we talk about mental computation, we are talking about

computation that is done mostly in the head with the use of a
calculator or paper and pencil in some instances.
Sec Ref: Mental Computation
Page Ref: 220

21.

## Barry explained how he mentally solved the problem, 24 + 23. He

said, I added 20 plus 20 which makes 40 , added 4 plus 3 which
makes 7, and then added 40 plus 7 to get 47. Which mental
computation strategy is Barry using?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

counting on
making tens
doubling
bridging

Sec Ref: Mental Computation
Page Ref: 221
22.

Katrina explained how she mentally solved the problem, 37 + 44. She
said, I added 3 plus 37 which makes 40, and then added 40 to 40
which makes 80 and then added 1 more to get 81. Which mental
computation strategy is Katrina using?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

counting on
making tens
doubling
bridging

Sec Ref: Mental Computation
Page Ref: 221
23.

## What are some of the benefits of using mental computation?

Answer: Encourages flexible thinking, promotes number sense, and
encourages creative and efficient work with numbers.
Sec Ref: Mental Computation
Page Ref: 221

To a c c o m p a n y H e l p i n g C h i l d r e n L e a r n M a t h 9 e , R e y s e t a l .
2009 John Wiley & Sons

Te s t B a n k , C h a p t e r 1 0
John C. Yang | 6

24.

## Give an example to illustrate each of the following strategies for whole

doubling, making compatibles, and bridging.
Sec Ref: Mental Computation
Page Ref: 221

25.

## T or F When teaching mental computation, students should all be

encouraged to use the same strategy to solve problems.
Sec Ref: Mental Computation
Page Ref: 222

26.

What are some guidelines that you should keep in mind when
developing students mental computation skills?
Answer: Encourage students to do computations mentally, learn which
computations students prefer to do mentally, find out if students are
applying written algorithms mentally, plan to include mental
computation systematically and regularly as an integral part of
instruction, keep practice sessions short, develop childrens
confidence, and encourage inventiveness.
Sec Ref: Mental Computation
Page Ref: 223

27.

## Which of the following statements about the teaching of mental

computation is not a recommendation?
encourage students to do computations mentally
learn which computations students prefer to do mentally
find out if students are applying written algorithms mentally
encourage all students to use the same strategy for solving a
problem
E. encourage inventiveness
A.
B.
C.
D.

Sec Ref: Mental Computation
Page Ref: 223
28.

## What is the difference between computation and estimation?

Sec Ref: Estimation
Page Ref: 225

To a c c o m p a n y H e l p i n g C h i l d r e n L e a r n M a t h 9 e , R e y s e t a l .
2009 John Wiley & Sons

Te s t B a n k , C h a p t e r 1 0
John C. Yang | 7

## 29. T or F Students who are proficient at written computations are also

usually good
estimators.
Sec Ref: Estimation
Page Ref: 225
30. Some words used in connection with estimation include all of the
following, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

approximate
exact
close enough
almost

Sec Ref: Estimation
Page Ref: 225
31.

## Give an example to illustrate each of the following types of estimation

strategies: front-end, front-end with adjustment, compatible numbers,
and clustering.
Sec Ref: Estimation
Page Ref: 226

32.

A student solved the problem, 132 + 222 + 348 + 435, in the following
manner: 100 + 200 + 300 + 400. Which estimation strategy is he
using?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

front-end
compatible numbers
clustering
none of the above

Sec Ref: Estimation
Page Ref: 226
33.

## A student solved the problem, 24 x 9, in the following manner: 24 is

close to 25 and 9 is close to 10, therefore, 25 x 10 is 250. Which
estimation strategy is she using?

To a c c o m p a n y H e l p i n g C h i l d r e n L e a r n M a t h 9 e , R e y s e t a l .
2009 John Wiley & Sons

Te s t B a n k , C h a p t e r 1 0
John C. Yang | 8

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

front-end
compatible numbers
clustering
none of the above

Sec Ref: Estimation
Page Ref: 227

34.

## T or F Different estimation strategies can work for the same problem.

Sec Ref: Estimation
Page Ref: 230

35. What are five guidelines that should be followed when teaching
estimation?
Answer: Give students problems that encourage and reward
estimation; make sure students are not computing exact answers and
then rounding to produce estimates; ask students to tell how they