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Constitutional Law II (Prof.

Michael Vernon Guerrero Mendiola)

OUTLINE IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW II
Prof. Michael Vernon Guerrero Mendiola
Arellano University School of Law
First Semester, SY 2013-2014
III.Power of Eminent Domain
A. Definition and Nature
1. Power of the government
2. Power not absolute
3. Power of eminent domain as against Procedure of expropriation
4. The general power to exercise the right of eminent domain and the right to exercise eminent domain

C100 City of Manila vs. Chinese Community of Manila, GR 14355, 31 October 1919; First
Division, Johnson [J] (http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1919/oct1919/gr_l-14355_1919.html) <
5. Power of eminent domain different from police power

C101 City Government of Quezon City vs. Ericta, GR L-34915, 24 June 1983; First Division,
Gutierrez Jr. [J] (http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1983/jun1983/gr_l_34915_1983.html) <
6. Intermingling of police power and power of eminent domain; Determination

C102 Association of Small Landowners in the Philippines, Inc. vs. Secretary of Agrarian
Reform,
GR
78742,
14
July
1989;
En
Banc,
Cruz
[J]
(http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/jul1989/gr_78742_1989.html) <

B. Limitations
1. In general
a. Constitutional
(1) Article III, Section 9, 1987 Constitution
(2) Due Process and equal protection clauses (Article III, Section 1, 1987 Constitution)
(a) Due Process
[1] Specific to eminent domain
[a] the government may not capriciously or arbitrarily choose what private property
should be taken
[b] Just compensation when private property taken for public use
[2] In general
(b) Equal protection clause
(3) In relation to Non-impairment clause
b. Not merely for public convenience
c. Prohibition does not lie against expropriation

C200 Yusay vs. Court of Appeals, GR 156684, 6 April 2011; Third Division Resolution,
Bersamin [J] (http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2011/apr2011/gr_156684_2011.html) <
d. Eminent Domain Not Barred by Res Judicata

C201 Republic of the Philippines vs. de Knecht, GR 87335, 12 February 1990; First Division,
Gancayco [J] (http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1990/feb1990/gr_87335_1990.html) <
2. Local government
C. Construction and Burden of proof
1. Construction
2. Burden of proof
D. Stages for expropriation

C300 Municipality of Biñan vs. Garcia, GR 69260, 22 December 1989; First Division, Narvasa [J]
(http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/dec1989/gr_69260_1989.html) <

xxxx Republic of the Philippines [University of the Philippines] vs. Legaspi, GR 177611, 18 April
2012; Second Division, Perez [J] (http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2012/apr2012/gr_177611_2012.html) <
E. Judicial process
1. Role of court
2. Nature of proceedings
3. Jurisdiction

C400 Barangay San Roque v. Heirs of Pastor, GR 138896, 20 June 2000 ; Third Division,
Panganiban [J] (http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2000/jun2000/gr_138896_2000.html) <
4. Rule applicable
a. Ordinary cases (Rule 67, Rules of Court)
b. National Government Infrastructure Projects (RA 8974)
5. Procedure
F. Authority to expropriate
1. National government
2. Local government
a. In general (Local Government Code)
b. Charters

C500 Philippine Columbian Association vs. Panis, GR 106528, 21 December 1993; First

Copyright (c) 2012. Berne Guerrero – 1

net/judjuris/juri1969/jan1969/gr_l-18841_1969. 31 August 1959.html) < 2.net/judjuris/juri1998/jul1998/gr_127820_1998. Second Division. GR 100478. Other property (1) Cemetery (2) National infrastructure projects (3) Paraphernal property C704 City of Baguio vs. VM Realty Corporation. Inconsistencies of IRR with the Code 2. not confined to landed estates C701 JM Tuason vs. Requisites. 30 October 1980. GR L-24440. Garcia [J] (http://www. Second Division. Genuine Necessity to take private property C706 De Knecht vs. NHA.lawphil. vs. Land Tenure Administration. First Division.html) < [2] Urban land reform (b) Easement C702 National Power Corporation vs. GR 127820. Callejo Sr.html) < C602 Heirs of Suguitan vs.lawphil. Public purpose 3. 15 October 2007.net/judjuris/juri1959/aug1959/gr_l12032_1959. First Division. Others a.net/judjuris/juri2007/feb2007/gr_170846_2007. En Banc. GR 152230.html) < b. En Banc. Government Owned and Controlled Corporation (1) Basis of power (samples. e. GR L-18841. Street [J] (http://www. National Waterworks and Sewerage Authority.html) < C601 Municipality of Parañaque vs.lawphil. Michael Vernon Guerrero Mendiola) Division. Romero [J] (http://www. in general C700 Manapat vs. 27 January 1969. Camus. En Banc.net/judjuris/juri2005/aug2005/gr_152230_2005. Private property a. Distinction between RA 7160 and BP 337 (1) Review of ordinance/resolution under then BP 337 b. Metro Manila.html) < 3. Requisites. 18 February 1970.net/judjuris/juri1993/dec1993/gr_106528_1993. Fernandez [J] (http://www.net/judjuris/juri2000/mar2000/gr_135087_2000.lawphil. Third Division. Third Division.lawphil. En Banc. GR L-51078.lawphil. President/Chief Executive C501 Visayan Refining Company vs. 28 March 1968.html) < (c) Soil and subsoil [1] Excavated soil not separate from land [2] Landowner's rights does not extend to sub-soil (2) Intangibles: Interconnection C703 Republic of the Philippines vs. 3 December 1919. City of Zamboanga.net/judjuris/juri2007/oct2007/gr_110478_2007. Municipality [now City] of Pasig. GR l-15870. Fernando [J] (http://www. GR 135087. Valid and definite offer C603 Jesus is Lord Christian School Foundation Inc. Nachura [J] (http://www. 6 February 2007. Berne Guerrero – 2 .lawphil.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1970/feb1970/gr_21064_1970.lawphil. Just compensation 4. Delegated to the GovernorGeneral (b) Expropriation proceedings maintained upon the exclusive initiative of the GovernorGeneral (2) Marcos era: President had legislative powers b.html) < 1.net/judjuris/juri1997/feb1997/gr_107916_1997. GR 170846. En Banc.Constitutional Law II (Prof.g. 9 August 2005. Bengzon JP [J] (http://www.lawphil. Ordinance a. Whether tangible or intangible (1) Tangible: Land (a) Size of land [1] Land.net/judjuris/juri1919/dec1919/gr_l-15870_1919. PEZA) (2) Proof of Authority c. Panganiban [J] (http://www. Quiason [J] (http://www. Bautista.net/judjuris/juri1980/oct1980/gr_51078_1980. 20 July 1998.html) < Copyright (c) 2012.html) < H.html) < (1) American regime (a) Conferred on the Government of the Philippine Islands. Reyes JBL [J] (http://www.lawphil.html) < 1. Gonzaga-Reyes [J] (http://www. GR L-12032. Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company. [J] (http://www.net/judjuris/juri1968/mar1968/gr_l24440_1968. GR 107916. Court of Appeals. Court of Appeals. Tiangco.lawphil.html) < (a) Determination whether property is paraphernal or public property of LGU C705 Province of Zamboanga del Norte vs.lawphil. GR L-21064. First Division. Others G. local government C600 Moday vs. Bautista Angelo [J] (http://www. 14 March 2000. 20 February 1997. City of Mandaluyong.

lawphil.html) < C713 Estate of Jimenez vs. Gutierrez Jr. 29 January 1996. 13 October 2004. First Division. En Banc. Causby. En Banc.html) < b. Corona [J] (http://www. 256 (1946) (a) Plaza view (b) Easement of right-of-way (c) Newspaper space (3) Time of taking (a) Ordinary circumstances (b) Hacienda Luisita xxxx Hacienda Luisita Inc. City of Pasig.net/judjuris/juri2012/apr2012/gr_171101_2012. Guerrero.html) < [a] Purpose of the requirements under RA 7279 [b] Small landowners exempted under RA 7279 [c] Partition by co-owners [d] Republic Act 7279 does not apply to expropriation cases before its enactment [e] Observation on the squatter problem (b) Agrarian land reform [1] Legal history Copyright (c) 2012. Zaldivar [J] (http://www. Bidin [J] (http://www.html) < a. [J] (http://www. 29 January 2001.S.html) < C716 Lagcao vs. Labra. Vitug [J] (http://www.lawphil.Constitutional Law II (Prof. 22 November 2011.S. Puno [J] (http://www. First Division. vs. [J] (http://www. 328 U. En Banc.net/judjuris/juri1998/jan1998/gr_125218_1998. En Banc Resolution. Quiason [J] (http://www. GR 125218. De Leon Jr. GR L-60549. GR 155746.lawphil. GR L-119694. 29 January 1988.html) < C70B National Power Corporation vs. Velasco Jr. Cortez [J] (http://www.lawphil. Second Division.lawphil. Taking for public use C709 Republic of the Philippines vs. Court of Appeals.lawphil.lawphil. 18 January 1991. 23 January 2006.html) < C708 Masikip vs. Presidential Agrarian Reform Council. Bulacan vs. Court Appeals.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2006/jan2006/gr_136349_2006. GR 103125. First Division. SandovalGutierrez [J] (http://www.net/judjuris/juri2001/jan2001/gr_137285_2001. Presidential Agrarian Reform Council. 23 January 1998.net/judjuris/juri1983/oct1983/gr_l_60549_1983. Intermediate Appellate Court.lawphil. GR 171101. Gutierrez [J] (http://www. Michael Vernon Guerrero Mendiola) C707 Municipality of Meycauayan. Court of Appeals. Gutierrez. En Banc. GR L-12172. Velasco Jr. GR 171101. GR L-60077. GR 137285. [J] (http://www.html) < C70D U.net/judjuris/juri1996/jan1996/gr_106440_1996. 17 May 1993. Fajardo . Reyes. de Castellvi.net/judjuris/juri1993/may1993/gr_103125_1993.html) < C70E Hacienda Luisita Inc. vs.lawphil. 30 September 1987.html) < C70C Philippine Press Institute v. Third Division. Vda. Commission on Elections. 22 May 1995. 26 October 1983.net/judjuris/juri1958/aug1958/gr_l-12172_1958. Berne Guerrero – 3 . 16 January 2001.html) < C712 Manosca vs.net/judjuris/juri2004/oct2004/gr_155746_2004.net/judjuris/juri1991/jan1991/gr_60077_1991. Aguilar. Reyes JBL [J] (http://www.lawphil. GR 137152. 29 August 1958. GR L-48685. En Banc. GR L-72126.net/judjuris/juri1987/sep1987/gr_l_48685_1987.net/judjuris/juri1988/jan1988/gr_72126_1988. Third Division. En Banc. 15 August 1974. Taking (1) Requisites (2) Deprivation of use C70A People vs.net/judjuris/juri2001/jan2001/gr_137152_2001. Third Division. GR 106440.lawphil. Standard of genuine necessity 3.html) < C715 City of Mandaluyong vs. Public use C70F Heirs of Ardona vs.net/judjuris/juri1995/may1995/gr_l_11994_1995. En Banc Resolution. GR 136349. GR L-20620. [J] (http://lawphil.lawphil.lawphil. 24 April 2012.net/judjuris/juri2011/nov2011/gr_171101_2011.lawphil.html) < (1) Tourism (2) Irrigation (3) Pilot farm for non-food and non-traditional agricultural crops and a housing project for provincial government employees (4) Land reform (a) Urban land reform [1] Constitutional recognition [2] Legal history [3] Socialized housing [4] Priority under RA 7279 C714 Filstream International Incorporated vs. v.html) < a. Feliciano [J] (http://www.html) < C710 Sumulong vs. Philippine Export Processing Zone.html) < C711 Province of Camarines Sur vs. Second Division. Francisco [J] (http://www.net/judjuris/juri1974/aug1974/gr_l_20620_1974.

html) < a. whichever comes first.net/judjuris/juri1987/apr1987/gr_l_59603_1987. dela Cruz. 3 August 1990.html) < C71B Eslaban v. Just compensation C717 Export Processing Zone Authority vs.lawphil. May 21.net/judjuris/juri1999/sep1999/gr_135042_1999. 29 December 1998. Pineda. Market value [2] National Government Infrastructure Projects (RA 8974) (4) Estoppel. Second Division. First Division. Narvasa [J] (http://www. 7 May 2002.lawphil. GR L-50147. vs. [CJ] (http://www. Davide Jr. San Pedro. (b) “Actual taking or time of the judgment of the court. Intermediate Appellate Court.html) < (b) Value [1] Ordinary cases [a] Not necessarily zonal value [b] Not set by judicial notice [c] Various considerations.net/judjuris/juri2001/jun2001/gr_146062_2001. Amount for the issuance of writ of possession (1) Ordinary cases xxxx National Power Corporation vs. ) Copyright (c) 2012. Velasco Jr. First Division. Dulay. 28 June 2001 .lawphil. Tantuico.. Secretary of Agrarian Reform. Mendoza [J] (http://www.html) < C71D Republic of the Philippines [National Irrigation Administration] vs. Sereno [J] (http://www. Panganiban [CJ] (http://www. Gutierrez [J] (http://www. GR 185124. Inc.net/judjuris/juri1998/dec1998/gr_129998_1998.html) < C718 Robern Development Corporation vs. GRs 94193-99.html) < [b] Commissioners' report C720 National Power Corporation vs. Second Division. 14 July 1989.net/judjuris/juri2006/sep2006/gr_170945_2006. Third Division. Cruz [J] (supra. GR 170945.net/judjuris/juri2012/jan2012/gr_185124_2012.net/judjuris/juri1990/may1990/gr_71176_!990. 25 February 1992.lawphil. GR 156093. En Banc.net/judjuris/juri2007/feb2007/gr_156093_2007. whichever is first” unconstitutional (3) Basis of amount for just compensation (a) Classification of property during time of taking C721 National Power Corporation vs. Henson. En Banc.html) < [2] National infrastructure projects [a] Appointment of commissioners (b) Agrarian Reform (2) Reckoning period (a) From time of taking or time of filing of complaint.lawphil.lawphil.html) < C71A Ansaldo vs.. Callejo Sr. GR 78742. Republic of the Philippines. 2 February 2007.html) < C71C National Power Corporation v.lawphil.html) < (1) Judicial determination (a) Ordinary cases and National infrastructure projects [1] In general [a] Trial by commissioners C71E First Manila Electric Company vs. First Division.html) < C71F Leca Realty Corporation vs. Medialdea [J] (http://www. Definition b.net/judjuris/juri2006/sep2006/gr_155605_2006. Second Division. 1990 .net/judjuris/juri1990/aug1990/gr_l_50147_1990. as to amount of just compensation C722 City of Cebu vs.net/judjuris/juri1992/feb1992/gr_59791_1992.lawphil. 27 September 2006.net/judjuris/juri1992/feb1992/gr_94193_1992.lawphil. GR 71176.Constitutional Law II (Prof. Quitain. En Banc. Pardo [J] (http://www. Berne Guerrero – 4 . Deposit upon taking? c. Jocson. Davide Jr.net/judjuris/juri2002/may2002/gr_142971_2002. Panganiban [J] (http://www. [J] (http://www. Third Division. GR 146062. De Onorio. GR 135042. [J] (http://www. GR 155605. GR L-59603. 25 January 2012. Michael Vernon Guerrero Mendiola) [2] Inclusion of private landholdings in the CARP 4.lawphil. Fernan [CJ] (http://www. [J] (http://www. 23 September 1999. Dedamo.lawphil.html) < (a) On the part of the landowner(s) (b) On the part of the government (5) Reasonable time to pay (a) Ordinary cases (b) National Government Infrastructure Projects (RA 8974) (6) Manner of payment xxxx Association of Small Landowners in the Philippines. First Division. 13 February 1992.lawphil. GR 142971. GR L-59791.html) < (2) National infrastructure projects d. GR 129998. Full amount of "just compensation" C719 Republic of the Philippines vs. 29 April 1987.lawphil. Division. 26 September 2006 . Rural Bank of Kabacan Inc. En Banc.

When not possible (1) When order of expropriation has long become final and executory Copyright (c) 2012. Validity of mortgage while expropriation pending 4. 30 June 2005.html) < (a) In the form of indemnity for damages (6%) (b) In the form of forbearance of money due to delay (12%) 5. Court of Appeals.lawphil. Withdrawal of amounts a. First Division. Claim for compensation 8. GR 118712. Agrarian reform 6.net/judjuris/juri2008/oct2008/gr_161219_2008.net/judjuris/juri1992/may1992/gr_60225_26_1992. Ynares-Santiago [J] (http://www. Appeal C802 Marinduque Mining and Industrial Corporation vs. Form of opposition b. Second Division. Transfer of title 10. 19 June 2003.net/judjuris/juri1995/oct1995/gr_118712_1995.html) < C725 Land Bank of the Philippines vs. Withdrawal by government from expropriation case C804 National Housing Authority vs. 13 January 2004.html) < C801 Republic of the Philippines vs. Hidalgo.html) < a. Gopuco. Ynares-Santiago [J] (http://www.lawphil. Record of appeal b. GR 140160. Gingoyon. GR 161219. 6 October 1995.lawphil. Berne Guerrero – 5 . Court of Appeals. Recovery of property and rentals C806 Republic of the Philippines vs.lawphil. Gutierrez Jr. Ordinary cases b. Incidents to the expropriation process 1. Order of expropriation. GR 158563. Mendoza [J] (http://www.net/judjuris/juri2005/dec2005/gr_166429_2005. 4 October 2007. Second Division.html) < a. Court of Appeals.net/judjuris/juri2005/jun2005/gr_158563_2005. Michael Vernon Guerrero Mendiola) C723 Land Bank of the Philippines vs. GR 161657. Recovery C805 Air Transportation Office vs. Ordinary cases (1) Writ of execution and subsequent determination of other requirements for expropriation (2) Effect of order b.net/judjuris/juri2004/jan2004/gr_140160_2004. 20 June 2001. [J] (http://www.lawphil. Third Division.html) < a. Heirs of Guivelondo. Carpio [J] (http://www. Angas. Wycoco. Tinga [J] (http://www. when not allowed (1) When landowner already prejudiced 11. GRs 60225-26. Dismissal of action to expropriate.net/judjuris/juri2003/jun2003/gr_154411_2003. GR 77765.lawphil. 6 October 2008. Appropriate action by Court as to defenses and objections 3. First Division.html) < (a) On agrarian reform [1] Deposit in cash and LBP bonds (7) Interest C724 National Power Corporation vs. Exception to general rule C803 Coscuella vs. Opposition by owner of expropriated property a. and writ of possession C800 City of Manila vs. GR 154411.net/judjuris/juri2001/jun2001/gr_142304_2001. Paras [J] (http://www. writ of execution.net/judjuris/juri2007/oct2007/gr_161657_2007. Dismissal of action to expropriate. when allowed b. Uncertain owner 2.html) < 9. ChicoNazario [J] (http://www. 15 August 1988.lawphil. Garcia [J] (http://www. 19 December 2005. En Banc.lawphil. Execution a.lawphil.Constitutional Law II (Prof. Francisco R [J] (http://www. 8 May 1992. Second Division. Due process I. Second Division. National Government Infrastructure Projects (RA 8974) (1) Full payment before issuance of writ of possession (2) Effect of order 5. GR 142304. First Division.lawphil. Serrano. GR 166429. Judicial Review 7.html) < a.net/judjuris/juri1988/aug1988/gr_77765_1988. First Division. Recovery due to non-payment.html) < b.