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HEALTHCARE

CONSIDERATIONS IN

RAMADAN
Compiled by medical experts, Islamic scholars & researchers

www.discover-islam.org.uk

WHAT’S THE PLAN?
1 

What is Ramadan

2 

Rules of fasting

3 

Health issues in Ramadan

Meaning, purpose & importance

Who can fast, Do’s and don’ts

Medical conditions

your
THOUGHTS

‫ }‬ ‫رﻣﻀﺎن‬ ‫ {‬ .

‫رﻣﻀﺎن‬ { =scorching heat } .

How does this meaning make sense? .

The best things are heated products Purification .

 Rajab   11.  Dhu  al-­‐ 12.  Rabi’   5.   Shawwal     7.  Muharram   3.  Jumada   al-­‐thani     6.  Sha'ban   9.  Dhu   Qi'dah     al-­‐Hijjah   .  Rabi’     al-­‐awwal   4.  Jumada   al-­‐awwal     al-­‐thani   12  MOON MONTHS 8.  Safar   1.2.  Ramadan   10.

“ “ 1.5 BILLION MUSLIMS IN THE
 WORLD FASTING IN RAMADAN =" .

But why?" .

Who keeps this globe spinning? { } .

{ Who gives us a night to rest every day? } .

So whats" our guide" in life?" .

Moses" David" Taurah" Zaboor" Messengers of God
 Received guidance" Jesus" Injeel" Muhammad" Qur’an" Night of Power
 Lailatul Qadr" .

We will be judged" .

{ Heaven" or " Hell" } .

Giving charity to the needy Fasting in the month of Ramadan Witnessing there is only One God Praying 5 times a day Making pilgrimage to the Ka’bah built by Abraham .

{ } So " why" fast?" .

“O you who believe! Fasting is written for you as it was written for those before you. so that you may become conscious of God and better” { [Quran 2:183] } .

•  •  •  •  Reading & learning the Qur’an Contemplation Compassion Charity Community Making lots of supplication Spending more time at the mosque Increasing in prayer and worship Give in charity and help the poor .

Allah has no need of his giving up his food and drink.“Whoever does not give up false speech and acting upon it and offensive speech and behaviour. lying and backbiting No arguing or fighting and avoiding sins . drinking or intimate relations Avoiding time wasters No swearing.” No eating.

Ramadan IN LUTON .

.

 basmaI  rice   Fibre-­‐rich  foods   Bran.   FaZy  foods   Cakes.  Rasmalai.  like  barley.   flour.  biscuits.  lenIls.  chickpeas.  wholemeal.  potatoes  +  skin.  Barfee   Baked/boiled/Grilled  dishes   Heavily-­‐processed  foods   Sugar.  sweets   High  caffeine  drinks   Tea.  cereals.  coffee.  chocolates.  white  flour  etc.  wheat.   oats.  grains   and  seeds.  vegetables   and  fruit  including  apricots  &  figs   Milk  based  dishes   Rice  pudding.  Samosas   .  cola  (cause  faster  water   loss  through  urinaIon)   Deep  fried  foods   Pakoras.Dietary  recommendaIons   Complex  carbohdrates   Grains  and  seeds.  millets.  whole  wheat.  beans.

50am   How   long?   Sunset   9.24pm   .Sunrise   2.

.

PotenIal  Health  ComplicaIons   and  Possible  Remedies   .

 And  upon  those  who  face  difficulty  fasHng.  they  must   subsHtute  this  by  feeding  a  poor  person”     Surah  Al-­‐Baqarah:  184   .“So  whoever  among  you  is  ill  or  on  a  journey  -­‐  then  an  equal  number  of  days   [are  to  be  made  up].

 SYMPTOMS   2.APPROACH   1.  PREVENTATIVE  MEASURES   .  MANAGEMENT   3.

 although   thinking  about  food  can  cause  the  body  to  produce  more  acid.   Nexium)  should  take  them  at  the  predawn  meal   Eat  in  moderaIon  -­‐  avoid  oily.  Peppermint  oil  may  help  reduce  colic.  deep  fried  or  very  spicy  food.   .  heartburn  may  occur.   anIhistamines  (Zantac)  or  proton  pump  inhibitors  (Losec.   Those  on  regular  medicaIon  e.g.   Reduce  caffeine  intake.Heartburn   FasIng  usually  reduces  the  amount  of  acid  produced.   Hence  if  there  is  a  net  increase  in  acid.  Antacids  (Gaviscon).

Poor  control  of  diabetes    Those  injecIng  insulin  are  advised  not  to  fast.  both  in   the  short  and  long  term.g.    If  suspected.  you  should  have  a  sugary   drink.   Regular  self-­‐monitoring  is  very  important.   Those  with  medicated  diabetes  control  should  see  a  GP  before  Ramadan  to   discuss  any  changes  in  medicaIon.  eye  disease   Eat  balanced  meals  and  take  medicaIon  pre-­‐dawn.  or  place  sugar  or  a  sugar-­‐rich  sweet  below  the  tongue.  This  is  very  important  for  those  with  other   further  complicaIons  e.  and  if  untreated  may  lead  to  faint  or  fits.   .  sweaty  and  disorientated.  angina.  of  not  taking  insulin  is  too  great.  as  the  potenIal  risk  to  health.  Low  blood  sugar  levels  (Hypo)  is   dangerous.  Monitor  closely.    Symptoms  include   feeling  dizzy.

 Keep  out  of  the  sun.  consuming   adequate  quanIIes  of  fluid  and  if  necessary  taking  a  dose  of  painkillers  such   as  paracetamol.  or  due  to  the  absence  of   addicIve  substances  such  as  caffeine  or  nicoIne.   Moderate  and  balanced  diet  especially  not  missing  the  pre-­‐dawn  meal.Migraines  /  Headache   Commonly  due  to  dehydraIon  or  hunger.  inadequate  rest.   .  prior  to   starIng  a  fast.   Those  with  a  history  of  frequent  and/or  disabling  migraines  should  aim  to  gain   adequate  control  with  lifestyle  and/or  medical  treatment  if  required.

 muscle  cramps.   .  or  disorientated.   Drink  as  much  water  as  possible  prior  to  and  aner  the  fast.  such  as  Dioralyte  or  Lucozade.   If  you  are  unable  to  stand-­‐up  due  to  dizziness.  dizziness.  disorientaIon  and   even  collapse  or  faint.  ideally  with   sugar  and  salt.  you  should   urgently  re-­‐hydrate  with  regular  moderate  quanIIes  of  water.  you  may  experience  a  general   feeling  of  being  unwell.  and  in  those  taking  tablets  such  as  diureIcs.   Depending  on  the  severity  of  the  dehydraIon.  coffees  and  fizzy  drinks.  Try  to  cut  down  on   caffeine  in  teas.  lethargy.DehydraHon   This  risk  is  higher  in  the  elderly.

  Avoid  playing  sports  in  the   hot  sun.  controlling  your   anger  in  advance  and   abstaining  from  smoking.   Maintain  good  hydraIon   outside  the  fast  eaIng   healthily.   ConsIpaIon  could  be  a  very   irritaIng  problem  for  the   person  undertaking  a  fast.   Don’t  take  on  more  than  you   can  reasonably  handle.  whilst  conInuing  to   control  your  disease.   .     Consult  with  your  doctor   should  to  discuss  potenIal   opIons  of  compleIng  a  fast   safely.  with  lots  of  fruit   and  vegetables  in  your  diet   to  increase  fibre  and  remain   acIve  to  help  your  bowel   moIons.Other  maRers   High  blood  pressure  and   asthma  are  controlled  using   medicaIons  that  need  to  be   taken  regularly  every  day  of   the  year.   Lack  of  food  and  water.  a   short  course  of  bulk  laxaIves   may  help.   changes  of  rouIne  and   shorter  periods  of  sleep  can   all  collude  to  increase  stress   levels.   If  the  problem  persists.

    FasIng  prior  to  the  age  of  7   or  8  years  is  not  advisable.  FasIng   prior  to  this  age  is  tolerated   differently  depending  on  the   children’s  general  health.  but  the  fasts   should  be  made  up  later.  Missed  fasts  will   need  to  be  compensated  for   by  fasIng  if  possible  once   breasoeeding  has  ceased.     If  a  pregnant  woman  feels   strong  and  healthy  enough   to  fast.   Breasoeeding     Islamic  law  exempts  a   breasoeeding  mother  from   fasIng.   .   she  may  do  so.   nutriIon  and  aptude.Pregnancy  &  children   It  is  not  compulsory  to  fast   while  pregnant.  especially  during  the   early  part  of  the  pregnancy.  and   this  not  harmful.   although  it  is  a  good  idea  to   make  young  children  aware   of  the  pracIce  of  fasIng  in   the  community  around  them   and  perhaps  do  mini-­‐fasts.   Children  are  required  to  fast   from  the  age  of  puberty.

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