You are on page 1of 22

SUDHARSAN ENGINEERING COLLEGE

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
SUBJ. CODDE AND NAME: CE 2306 – DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE

m
o

ELEMENTS
FACULTY NAME: S.ARUNKUMAR

CLASS & SEC: III yr CIVIL

Academic year: 2013-’14

Semester: V

c
.
s
te

UNIT – 1
Part A

a
d
p
u
u

1. What are the assumptions made in the working stress method? (NOV-DEC 2012)
a) At any cross-section, plane sections before bending remain plain after bending.
b) All tensile stresses are taken up by reinforcement and none by concrete, except
as otherwise specifically permitted.

c) The stress-strain relationship of steel and concrete, under working loads, is a
straight line.

.a

d) The modular ratio m has the value -280/3σbc.

w

2. Difference between Elastic method and limit state method. (NOV-DEC 2010)
Advantages of limit state method over the other methods

w

a. In the limit state method of analysis, the principles of both elastic as well as
plastic theories used and hence suitable for concrete structures.

w

b. The structure designed by limit state method is safe and serviceable under
design loads and at the same time it is ensured that the structure does not collapse
even under the worst possible loading conditions.
c. The process of stress redistribution, moment redistribution etc., are considered
in the analysis and more realistic factor of safety values are used in the design.
Hence the design by limit state method is found to be more economical.

d. The overall sizes of flexural members (depth requirements) arrived by limit
state method are less and hence they provide better appearance to the structure
e. Because of the modified assumptions regarding the maximum compressive
strains in concrete and steel, the design of compressive reinforcement for double

m
o

reinforced beams and eccentrically loaded columns by limit state method gives
realistic valued which is not so in other methods.

c
.
s
te

3. Draw stress-strain curve for concrete in working stress design and mention the
salient points. (NOV-DEC 2010)

a
d
p
u
u

4. Define characteristic strength in limit state method. (NOV-DEC 2009) (APRIL
MAY 2012)

The term ‘characteristic strength’ means that value of the strength of the
material below which not more than 5 percent of the test results are expected to
fall.

.a

5. What is meant by balanced section? (NOV-DEC 2009) (NOV-DEC 2012)
When the maximum stress in steel and concrete simultaneously reach their
allowable values, the section is said to be balanced section.in this section the

w

actual neutral axis depth is equal to the critical neutral axis.

w

6. Define : Limit state". (APRIL MAY 2012)

w

The acceptable limit for the safety and serviceability requirements before

failure occurs is called a ‘limit state’. The aim of design is td achieve acceptable
probabilities that the structure will not become unfit for the use for which it is
intended, that is, that it will not reach a limit state.

Part B permissible stress in steel.1 All relevant limit states shall be considered in design to ensure an adequate degree of safety and serviceability.7.67 of IS 456:2000. (MAY JUNE 2009) eutral axis depth factor ‘K’ Where σbc σbc. the structure shall be w designed to withstand safely all loads liable to act on it throughout its life. .m + σst) permissible stress in concrete. s te 8. m o  Where. that it will not reach a limit state. The aim of design is td achieve acceptable probabilities that the structure will not become unfit for the use for which it is intended. What are the expressions recommended by the IS 456-2000 for Modulus of Elasticity and Flexural Strength? (MAY JUNE 2009)  0. Write the formula for the neutral axis depth factor 'K in working stress design. it shall w also satisfy the serviceability requirements. In general. Explain the limit state philosophy as detailed in the current IS code. such as limitations on deflection and cracking. σbc a d p u u M = modular ratio. (NOV-DEC 2012) . 351.7.fck /mm2 lexural strength f Where ‘fck’ is the characteristic cube compressive strength of concrete in N/mm2. The acceptable limit for the safety and serviceability requirements w before failure occurs is called a ‘limit state’. is the short term static modulus of elasticity in N/mm2 c . 1. In the method of design based on limit state concept. the structure shall be designed on the basis of the most critical limit state and shall be checked for other limit states. E.m/(σbc. that is.a The Answer is in Page No.

the design should be based on characteristic values for material strengths and applied loads. where m o such data are not available they should be based on experience. Design a R. Step 3: Balanced Moment.  Modular ratio.87  Moment of resistance Coefficient Q w Step 2: Moment on the beam. (NOV-DEC 2012) Step 1: Design constants. j=1-(n/3) = 0. which take into account the variations in the material strengths and in the loads to be supported.take m=18.the permissible stressed in the concrete and steel are not to exceed 5N/mm2 and 140 N/mm2. j 0.84x2/3xd) d = 245mm. the type of loading and the limit state being considered. σbc/2.1. m =18.  A Coefficient n σbc.l2)/8 = (6x62)/8 = 27kNm M = Qbd2 w d2 = M/Qb = (27x106)/ (0.39  Lever arm Coefficient. The characteristic values should be based on statistical data if available.C beam to carry a load of 6 kN/m inclusive of its own weight on an a d p u u effect span of 6m keep the breath to be 2/3 rd of the effective depth . n.2 For ensuring the above objective.a 0.84 .m/(σbc. In the absence of special considerations these factors should have the values given in 36 according to the material. 2. The ‘design values’ are derived from the characteristic values through the use of partial safety c .m + σst) .35. one for material strengths and the other for loads. w M = (w. s te factors.

b = 240mm d = 500-30mm = 470mm . Step 1: Design constants.Step 3: Balanced Moment.m + σst) . 3. j 0. Step 4: Area of steel.72mm2 π/4 (202) = 314.j. it can be designed as singly reinforced section. of bars = Ast/ast = 616.m/(σbc. > M.Mbal = Qbd2 = 0.96 say 2nos.84x245x3652 = 27.87  Moment of resistance Coefficient Q w Step 2: Moment on the beam. s te No.Assume clear cover at top a bottom as 30mm and take m=18. m =18. (NOV-DEC 2010) Assume the permissible stressed in the concrete and steel are not to exceed 5N/mm2 and 140 N/mm2. Provide 2#20mm dia bars at the tension side.d) m o 616.39  Lever arm Coefficient.41kNm.15 = 1. Design a doubly reinforced beam of section 240X500mm to carry a bending a d p u u moment of 80kNm.  Modular ratio.  A Coefficient n σbc.a 0.15mm2 Use 20mm dia bars ast c . w M = 80kNm w M = Qbd2 D = 500mm. σbc/2.84 . n.72/314. Ast = Mbal / (σst. j=1-(n/3) = 0.adopt working stress method.

w 4.j.8/314. it can be designed as doubly reinforced section.(d-d1)) = (80x106-44. .84x240x4702 = 44. m o Ast = Ast1 + Ast2 Ast1 = Mbal / (σst.87x470) = 777.Mbal = Qbd2 = 0. Step 5: Area of Compression steel: Asc = (M-Mbal) / (σsc. (NOV-DEC 2010) w Assume the permissible stressed in the concrete and steel are not to exceed 5N/mm2 and 140 N/mm2. w Provide 6#20mm dia bars as compression reinforcement.take m=18.65 mm2 Use 20mm dia bars ast .87mm2 2 Use 20mm dia bars ast c . of bars = Ast/ast = 1580.15 = 5.87/314. Step 1: Design constants.53x106)/(140x0.8mm2 a d p u u Use 20mm dia bars ast π/4 (202) = 314.15mm2 No. m =18.53x106)/(51.  Modular ratio.a π/4 (202) = 314. Step 4: Area of Tension steel. < M. Design a beam subjected to a bending moment of 40kNm by working stress design. s te 2 π/4 (20 ) = 314.15 = 2.47 say 3nos.53x106)/(140x(470-30)) = 575.8x(470-30))=1580.15mm No.8 say 2nos.15mm2 No. of bars = Ast/ast = 575. of bars = Ast/ast = 777. Adopt width of beam equal to half the effective depth.65/314.(d-d1)) = (80x106-44.53kNm. Ast2 = (M-Mbal) / (σst.15 = 1.5 say 6nos.d) (44.

15 = 2. a d p u u b = ½ d = 0. w Provide 3#20mm dia bars at the tension side.64/314. A Coefficient n σbc.87  Moment of resistance Coefficient Q σbc/2. Use WSD method.84x1/2xd) d = 456. (NOV-DEC 2009) .d) (40.a Ast = Mbal / (σst. Mbal = Qbd2 = 0.effectve span of the beam is 5m and the beam carries 4 nos of 16mm dia bars.96 say 3nos.88kNm. Take m=18. if the stress in steel and concrete are not to exceed 140N/mm2 and 5N/mm2. Determine the moment of resistance of a singly reinforced beam 160X300mm effective section.5x460 = 230mm Step 3: Balanced Moment.88x106)/(140x0.64mm2 Use 20mm dia bars ast w π/4 (202) = 314.84x230x4602 = 40.m/(σbc.find also the minimum load the bam can carry.15mm2 No. of bars = Ast/ast = 729.84 m o Step 2: Moment on the beam. j 0. it can be designed as singly reinforced section.39  Lever arm Coefficient. w 5.2 say 460 mm.j. n. j=1-(n/3) = 0. > M.87x460) = 729. .m + σst) 0. M = 40kNm c . Step 4: Area of steel. s te M = Qbd2 d2 = M/Qb = (40x106)/ (0.

(d.5kN/m2. supported by wall of 300mm thick.03 kN/m 6.74kNm Step 4: Safe load.42mm c .l2)/8 a d p u u W = (8 x 15.σcbc )(d. xc σbc.d/(σst/.42mm m o Step 2: Critical NA.Use M15 concrete and Fe 415 steel. For shorter span: Le = clear span + effective depth = 3000 + 270 = 3. w d = span/(basic value x modification factor) = 3000/(20x0. w ly/lx = 6/3 = 2 = 2.the slab carries 100mm thick lime concrete (density 19kN/m3). b xa2/2 = m.39mm < Xa 159. M = (w.xa) 160. Step 3: Moment of Resistance M (b.a Step 1: Type of Slab.74)/52 = 5. s te it is Over reinforced Section. Design an interior panel of RC slab 3mX6m size.m + σcbc) 117.Ast. For Economic consideration adopt shorter span to design the slab.42/3) = 15.95) = 270mm D = 270 + 20 + 10/2 = 295mm Step 3: Effective Span. Live load on the slab is 2.24(300 –xa) Xa = 159.23m .xa/3) = (160x159. xa/2 .it has to be designed as two way slab. (NOV-DEC 2009) .Step 1: Actual NA.42/2x5)(300-159.27m (or) Le =c/c distance b/w supports = 3000 + 2(230/2) =3. xa2/2 = 18 X 804. w Step 2:Effective depth calculation.

1x19 = 1. Step 4: load calculation c . For longer span: Le = clear span + effective depth = 6000 + 270 = 6.23 = 9.225x3.87 fy Ast d (1. w For longer span: w Mu = 0.49kNm My αy .23 = 4.5kN/m2 Dead load = 1x1x0. For design consideration adopt d = 150mm.87 fy Ast d (1.425kNm Step 6: Check for effective depth.23m m o Adopt effective span = 6.76x1 = 149.23m least value.15 x 1. For shorter span: Mu = 0.39mm say 150mm.Adopt effective span = 3. w .49/2. Step 7: Area of Steel.048 x18.(fy ast)/(fck b d)) .S = ast/Astx1000 = (78.23m least value.225x3. lx 0. lx 0.9kN/m2 Floor Finish = 1kN/m2 Total load = 12. Mx αx .15kN/m2 a d p u u Factored load = 12.a d2 = M/Qb = 9. w .(fy ast)/(fck b d)) 4. s te Live load = 2.75kN/m2 Dead load = 1x1x0.53/300)1000 = 261mm say 260mmc/c Provide 10mm dia @260mm c/c.27m (or) Le =c/c distance b/w supports = 6000 + 2(230/2) = 6.103x18.5 = 18.425x106 = 087x415xAstx150(1-(415 Ast)/(20x1000x150)) w Ast = 180mm2 Use 10mm dia bars Spacing .225kN/m2 Step 5: Moment calculation.27x25 = 6. M = Qbd2 .

b. moment redistribution etc. Differentiate between working stress method and limit state method. Hence the design by limit state method is found to be more economical. (APRIL MAY 2012)  In the limit state method of analysis. Balanced section and under reinforced section.67 of IS 456:2000.  The process of stress redistribution.68 of IS 456:2000.. c . c.  The overall sizes of flexural members (depth requirements) arrived by limit .S = ast/Astx1000 = (78. partial safety factors. w 8. are considered in the analysis and more realistic factor of safety values are used in the design.49x106 = 087x415xAstx150(1-(415 Ast)/(20x1000x150)) Ast = 200mm2 Use 10mm dia bars Spacing . The Answer is in Page No.  The structure designed by limit state method is safe and serviceable under a d p u u design loads and at the same time it is ensured that the structure does not collapse even under the worst possible loading conditions. (APRIL MAY 2012) .a state method are less and hence they provide better appearance to the structure  Because of the modified assumptions regarding the maximum compressive w strains in concrete and steel. the principles of both elastic as well as plastic theories used and hence suitable for concrete structures.53/300)1000 = 281mm say 300mmc/c m o Provide 10mm dia @300mm c/c. Explain the following terms : a. The Answer is in Page No.9. s te 7. the design of compressive reinforcement for double reinforced beams and eccentrically loaded columns by limit state method gives w realistic valued which is not so in other methods. characteristic strength and characteristic loads.

81/3) = 230.σst )(d. c .Ast. xa2/2 = 18 X 1963. w xc w σbc.When the maximum stress in steel and concrete simultaneously reach their allowable values.a b xa2/2 = m.81/3) = 63. m o When the percentage of steel in the section is less than that required for a balanced section. the section is said to be balanced section.66mm > Xa = 117. (MAY JUNE 2009) 10.81mm it is Under reinforced Section. .d/(σst/.xa/3) = (1963.64kNm For concrete: M (b. Determine the allowable bending moment and the stresses developed in steel and concrete under this moment. xa/2 . s te 9. Use working stress method.50(550 –xa) w Xa = 117. The beam is designed with M 20 grade concrete and Fe 415 grade steel.m + σcbc) = 194.in this section the actual neutral axis depth is equal to the critical neutral axis.xa) 300.(d.σcbc )(d. Use working stress method.xa/3) = (300x117. A reinforced concrete rectangular section 300 mm wide and 600 mm overall depth a d p u u is reinforced with 4 bars of 25 mm diameter at an effective cover of 50 mm on the tension side. (MAY JUNE 2009) Step 1: Actual NA. Derive the expressions for the depth of Neutral axis and Moment of resistance of a Rectangular Singly reinforced balanced beam section under flexure and obtain the design constants K.81mm Step 2: Critical NA. Step 3: Moment of Resistance For steel: M = (Ast.5x230)(550-117.81/2x7)(550-117. In this section the actual neutral axis depth is equal to the critical neutral axis. j and Q for M 20 grade concrete and Fe 415 grade steel.17kNm .

ARUNKUMAR CLASS & SEC: III yr CIVIL Academic year: 2013-’14 Semester: V c . supports of floors.a roofs and all other horizontal members. s te UNIT – 2 Part A a d p u u 1. The doubly reinforced beams are adopt when the balanced moment is smaller than the Actual moment. . b) The deflection including the effects of temperature. .SUDHARSAN ENGINEERING COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SUBJ. When do you do for doubly reinforced beams? (NOV-DEC 2012) (NOV-DEC w 2010) (APRIL MAY 2012) The section reinforced in both tension and compression zone is known as doubly reinforced section. creep and shrinkage w occurring after erection of partitions and the application of finishes should not normally exceed span/350 or 20 mm whichever is less. CODDE AND NAME: CE 2306 – DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE m o ELEMENTS FACULTY NAME: S. creep and shrinkage and measured from the as-cast level of the . w 2. should not normally exceed span/250. The deflection shall generally be limited to the following: a) The final deflection due to all loads including the effects of temperature. Explain the check for deflection control in the design of slabs? (NOV-DEC 2012) The deflection of a structure or part thereof shall not adversely affect the appearance or efficiency of the structure or finishes or partitions.

c . A beam reaches its permissible stress in concrete under the working . These slabs adopted when availability of two supports in one direction. What type of slabs are usually used in practice.3. (MAY JUNE 2009) w w w . s te 4. 6. Why is necessary to provide transverse reinforcement in one way slab? (APRIL MAY 2012) Since the one way slab bends in one direction and also in shorter direction. (MAY JUNE 2009) A beam reaches its permissible stress in steel under the working moment before concrete reaches its stress is called as Under reinforced section. the slab is designed as under reinforced section. a d p u u 5. So.a moment before steel reaches its stress is called as Over reinforced section. under reinforced or over reinforced? (NOV-DEC 2009) The depth of slab chosen from deflection requirements will be usually greater than the depth required for balanced design. so it is necessary to provide transvers reinforcement in one way slabs. Hence the area of steel m o required will be less than the balanced amount. Distinguish between under reinforced and over reinforced sections. Sketch the edge and middle strips of a two way slab.

w M = wl2/8 = (17.95) = 270mm D = 270 + 20 + 10/2 = 295mm Step 3: Effective Span. s te ly/lx = 5/1 = 5>2.26kNm w Step 6: Check for effective depth. Step 2:Effective depth calculation.39mm say 150mm.5 = 17.625kN/m2 Step 5: Moment calculation.27m (or) Le =c/c distance b/w supports = 5000 + 2(230/2) = 5.27x25 = 6.75kN/m2 . Design a one way slab with a clear span of 5m. simply supported on 230mm thick masonry walls and subjected to a live load of 4kN/m2 and a surface finish of m o 1kN/mm2. Step 4: load calculation Live load = 4kN/m2 Dead load = 1x1x0.Part B 1.23m least value. M = Qbd2 2 d = M/Qb = 60.232)/8 = 60.Assume Fe 415 steel. a d p u u Le = clear span + effective depth = 5000 + 270 = 5.it has to be designed as one way slab.26/2. For design consideration adopt d = 150mm. c .(fy ast)/(fck b d)) .23m Adopt effective span = 5. Step 7: Area of Steel.75kN/m2 w Factored load = 11. Assume that the slab is subjected to moderate exposure conditions.75 x 1. d = span/(basic value x modification factor) = 5000/(20x0. Mu = 0.a Floor Finish = 1kN/m2 Total load = 11.76x1 = 149. (NOV-DEC 2012) Step 1: Type of Slab.87 fy Ast d (1.625x5.

26x106 = 087x415xAstx150(1-(415 Ast)/(20x1000x150)) Ast = 300mm2 Use 10mm dia bars Spacing . s te 2.5 = 43. b = 2/3d = 2/3x500 = 333.S = ast/Astx1000 = (78.08/2. w M = wl2/8 = (43.the beam has to carry a load of 25 kN/m.le = 5m a d p u u Step 2: Size of the beam.2mm say 380mm.500x25 = 4.25x1. d = 380mm > 500mm Hence it is safe.25kN/m . (NOV-DEC 2010) (NOV-DEC 2012) Step 1: Effective length.60.a Total load = 29. Effective span. . c .85x52)/8 = 137. M = Qbd2 w d2 = M/Qb = 137.08kNm w Step 5: Check for effective depth.85kN/m Step 4: Moment Calculation.2mm say 340mm Step 3: Load Calculation Live load = 25kN/m Dead load = 1x.06kNm > M Hence it can be designed as singly reinforced beam section.97x340x5002 = 252. Effective depth = le/10 = 5000/10 = 500mm Assume. Step 5: Check for effective depth.76x.25kN/m Factored load = 29.340x. Design a simply supported RC beam having an effective span of 5m. Mbal = Qbd2 = 2.53/300)1000 = 261mm say 260mmc/c m o Provide 10mm dia @260mm c/c. sketch the reinforcement details.340 = 382.

Design a one way slab for a clear span 4m simply supported on 230mm thick wall. (NOV-DEC 2009) Step 1: Size of the beam.15/314. Mbal = Qbd2 = 2. Step 7: Area of Steel Mu = 0.15 = 1. 4. (NOV-DEC 2009) .Step 7: Area of Steel Mu = 0. 3. M = 300kNm Step 3: Check for effective depth.87 fy Ast d (1.a Hence it can be designed as singly reinforced beam section.use M20 concrete and F415 steel.97x350x6652 = 459kNm > M .15 = 2. a d p u u b = 350mm & D = 700mm d = 700-25-20/2 =665mm Step 2: Moment Calculation. s te Provide 3#20mm dia as tension reinforcement.Adopt M20concrete and Fe415 steel. Design a RC beam 350X700mm effective section.15mm2 m o Use 20mm dia bars No of bars = Ast/ast = 846.39/314.08x106 = 087x415xAstx500(1-(415 Ast)/(20x340x500)) Ast = 846.87 fy Ast d (1.45 say 2nos Provide 2#20mm dia as tension reinforcement. Subjected to a live load of 4kN/m2 and floor finish of 1kN/m2.45 say 3nos c .(fy ast)/(fck b d)) 137.38 mm2 Use 20mm dia bars w No of bars = Ast/ast = 369.(fy ast)/(fck b d)) w 459x106 = 087x415xAstx665(1-(415 Ast)/(20x350x665)) w Ast = 369. subjected to a bending moment of 300kNm.

.26/2.(fy ast)/(fck b d)) w 60. Step 4: load calculation Live load = 4kN/m2 a d p u u Dead load = 1x1x0. M = Qbd2 d2 = M/Qb = 60. ly/lx = 4/1 = 4>2.Step 1: Type of Slab.53/300)1000 = 261mm say 260mmc/c Provide 10mm dia @260mm c/c. Mu = 0.625kN/m 2 Step 5: Moment calculation.it has to be designed as one way slab.95) = 270mm m o D = 270 + 20 + 10/2 = 295mm Step 3: Effective Span.5 = 17.232)/8 = 60.23m least value. s te Le = clear span + effective depth = 4000 + 270 = 4.a Step 6: Check for effective depth.26x106 = 087x415xAstx150(1-(415 Ast)/(20x1000x150)) Ast = 300mm2 Use 10mm dia bars Spacing .75kN/m2 Floor Finish = 1kN/m2 Total load = 11.27m (or) Le =c/c distance b/w supports = 4000 + 2(230/2) = 4.87 fy Ast d (1. M = wl2/8 = (17.75kN/m2 Factored load = 11.39mm say 150mm. c .625x4. w For design consideration adopt d = 150mm. d = span/(basic value x modification factor) = 4000/(20x0. Step 2:Effective depth calculation. w Step 7: Area of Steel.26kNm .27x25 = 6.23m Adopt effective span = 4.S = ast/Astx1000 = (78.75 x 1.76x1 = 149.

Ast2 = (M-Mbal)/(0.565x25 = 3. of bars = Ast/ast = 1365/314. (APRIL MAY 2012) Step 1: Size of the beam.15mm2 No.a Ast = Ast1 + Ast2 Mu = 0. s te Step 4: load calculation Live load = 40kN/m2 Dead load = 1x.86kN/m2 a d p u u Step 2: Moment Calculation. . Step 7: Area of Steel .03mm2 Use 20mm dia bars. m o b = 230mm & D = 600mm d = 600-25-20/2 =565mm c .86x62)/8 = 291.245kN/m2 Total load = 43. Deign a rectangular beam of cross section 230 x 600 mm and of effective span 6m. ast = π/4 (202) = 314.9kNm Step 3: Check for effective depth. of bars = Ast/ast = 371.24kN/m2 Factored load = 43.15 = 1.8 say 2nos.23x.97x230x565 = 218kNm < M Hence it can be designed as Doubly reinforced beam section.5 = 64.03/314.(fy ast)/(fck b d)) w 218x106 = 087x415xAstx565 (1-(415 Ast)/ (20x230x565)) w Ast = 1365mm2 Use 20mm dia bars.15mm2 w No.87 fy Ast d (1.15 = 4.24 x 1.5.87fy(d-d1)) = (291x106-218x106)/(361x(565-20)) =371.imposed load on the beam is 40 kN/m. ast = π/4 (202) = 314. 2 2 Mbal = Qbd = 2. M = wl2/8 = (64. Use M20 concrete and Fe415 steel.47 say 5nos.

75kN/m2 w Floor Finish = 1kN/m2 Total load = 11.232)/8 = 60. Step 2:Effective depth calculation. c .(d-d1)) = (291x106-218x106) / (351.65/314.15mm2 No. ast = π/4 (202) = 314. design the slab.it has to be designed as one way slab.15 = 5. M = wl2/8 = (17.95) = 270mm D = 270 + 20 + 10/2 = 295mm Step 3: Effective Span. Step 4: load calculation w Live load = 4kN/m2 Dead load = 1x1x0.27m (or) Le =c/c distance b/w supports = 3000 + 2(230/2) = 3. d = span/(basic value x modification factor) = 3000/(20x0.5 say 6nos. (APRIL MAY 2012) a d p u u Step 1: Type of Slab. 6.Step 5: Area of Compression steel: Asc = (M-Mbal) / (fsc. A hall has clear dimensions 3 m x 9m with wall thickness 230 mm the live load on 2 2 the slab is 3kN/m and a finishing load of 1kN/m may be assumed. ly/lx = 9/3 = 3>2. .a Le = clear span + effective depth = 3000 + 270 = 3.8x(470-30))= 1580.27x25 = 6.65 mm2 m o Use 20mm dia bars. s te Provide 6#20mm dia bars as compression reinforcement.625kN/m2 Step 5: Moment calculation. Using M20 concrete and Fe415 steel.75 x 1.5 = 17.26kNm Step 6: Check for effective depth.75kN/m2 Factored load = 11. of bars = Ast/ast = 1580.625x3. .23m least value.23m w Adopt effective span = 3.

Step 2:Effective depth calculation.4>2. For design consideration adopt d = 150mm. s te Ast = 300mm2 Use 10mm dia bars Spacing . w d = span/(basic value x modification factor) = 5000/(20x0. a d p u u 7. w For Economic consideration adopt shorter span to design the slab.76x1 = 149.39mm say 150mm.95) = 270mm D = 270 + 20 + 10/2 = 295mm Step 3: Effective Span.(fy ast)/(fck b d)) 60.it has to be designed as two way slab.27m (or) Le =c/c distance b/w supports = 5000 + 2(230/2) = 5. m o Mu = 0.M = Qbd2 d2 = M/Qb = 60. Step 7: Area of Steel.a Consider M 20 grade concrete and Fe 415 grade steel.S = ast/Astx1000 = (78. For shorter span: Le = clear span + effective depth = 5000 + 270 = 5.26/2.23m . Design a two way slab panel for the following data. w ly/lx = 7/5 = 1. (MAY JUNE 2009) Step 1: Type of Slab.87 fy Ast d (1.53/300)1000 = 261mm say 260mmc/c Provide 10mm dia @260mm c/c.26x106 = 087x415xAstx150(1-(415 Ast)/(20x1000x150)) c . Size = 7mx5m Width of Supports = 230 mm Edge condition = interior Live load = 4kN/m2 Floor finish = 1kN/m2 .

a For design consideration adopt d = 150mm.103x17. lx = 0.27m (or) Le =c/c distance b/w supports = 7000 + 2(230/2) = 7.(fy ast)/(fck b d)) 9.5 = 17. Step 4: load calculation c .75 x 1. Mx = αx .425kNm Step 6: Check for effective depth.76x1 = 149.(fy ast)/(fck b d)) w 4.S = ast/Astx1000 = (78.425x106 = 087x415xAstx150(1-(415 Ast)/(20x1000x150)) Ast = 180mm2 w Use 10mm dia bars Spacing . s te Live load = 4kN/m2 Dead load = 1x1x0.87 fy Ast d (1.23m least value.625kN/m2 a d p u u Step 5: Moment calculation.625x5.048 x17.75kN/m2 Factored load = 11. lx = 0.Adopt effective span = 5.23 = 4.49kNm My = αy .87 fy Ast d (1. For longer span: w Mu = 0.39mm say 150mm.625x5.49/2.49x106 = 087x415xAstx150(1-(415 Ast)/(20x1000x150)) .75kN/m2 Floor Finish = 1kN/m2 Total load = 11.23m least value. w .23m m o Adopt effective span = 7. . w . For longer span: Le = clear span + effective depth = 7000 + 270 = 7. For shorter span: Mu = 0. Step 7: Area of Steel.23 = 9.53/300)1000 = 261mm say 260mmc/c Provide 10mm dia @260mm c/c. M = Qbd2 d2 = M/Qb = 9.27x25 = 6.

c .S = ast/Astx1000 = (78.53/300)1000 = 281mm say 300mmc/c Provide 10mm dia @300mm c/c.Ast = 200mm2 Use 10mm dia bars Spacing . s te m o w w w .a a d p u u .