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GSM BSS

Flex Abis
Feature Parameter Description

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies
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..................................................................................................................8-1 ..................................... 4-1 4...........................1 About This Chapter........................................ 1-1 1............................................................................1 Networking Configuration.....2 Establishment of Transmission Link..............................................................................3-3 3.................... 7-1 8 Reference Documents................................................................... 1-1 1..1 Scope..........3-4 3............................................................ 1-1 1..........................................................................3 Algorithm for Half-Rate Channel Allocation Triggered by Abis Overload........... 1-1 2 Overview of Flex Abis......................................3................4-1 4....................1 Abis Timeslot Allocation for the TCH..........................................4-1 4..3 Abis Resources of the PS Service Preempted by the CS Service...........3-2 3..................................................................2 Abis Timeslot Allocation for the PDCH............................................3-1 3.................................................................................................................................................................3...........1 Configuration of the Cascaded BTSs..............Contents 1 Introduction............ 5-1 6 Counters...... 3-1 3.........6-1 7 Glossary...........2 Configuration of BTS combined cabinets and cabinet groups................................................................................................. 3-2 3....................................................................................4-1 5 Parameters............................................................................3.......3-4 4 Engineering Guidelines............2-1 3 Technical Description...........................................................................................3 Change History...........................................................................2 Intended Audience.......................................3 Other Suggestions on the Configuration...............................3-3 3.....................................................................................................................................................................................

(GBFD-117301 Flex Abis) 1.1 Scope This document describes the Flex Abis networking. There are two types of changes. Change Type Change Description Parameter Change Feature change None.2 Intended Audience This document is intended for:  Personnel who need to understand Flex Abis  Personnel who work with Huawei products 1.0. and algorithm for half-rate channel allocation triggered by Abis overload.3 Change History This section provides information on the changes in different document versions.  Editorial change: refers to the change in wording or the addition of the information that was not described in the earlier version. None.1 Introduction 1.0.0. Compared with issue draft (2010-03-30) of GBSS12. Editorial change Parameters are presented in the form of Parameter ID instead of Parameter Name. which are defined as follows:  Feature change: refers to the change in the Flex Abis feature of a specific product version. . establishment of Abis transmission links. Draft (2010-03-30) This is the draft release of GBSS12. None.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table. Document Issues The document issues are as follows:  01 (2010-06-30)  Draft (2010-03-30) 01 (2010-06-30) This is the first release of GBSS12. issue 01 (2010-06-30) of GBSS12.

. and services. Generally. if the load of one BTS is heavy. cells. and vice versa. Ltd 1 . that of the CS service is low. not all the BTSs or cells are busy and not both the PS and CS services have a high traffic volume at a specific time. Flex Abis (Flexible Abis) enables the sharing of the Abis interface transmission resources among different BTSs. the load of other BTSs is light. if the traffic volume of the PS service is high.GSM BSS Flex Abis 2 Overview of Flex Abis 2 Overview of Flex Abis In an actual network. That is. The Abis interface transmission resources can be used more effectively when Flex Abis applies to the following cases:  Multi-cell large-capacity BTSs  Cascaded  EGPRS BTSs capable cells Issue 01 (2010-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the Abis interface transmission resources form a resource pool that is shared by the CS service and PS service (including idle timeslots) among different cells and BTSs. and thus improves the resource utilization. Flex Abis is a mode of allocating the Abis interface transmission resources.

the Um interface channel resources can be much more abundant than the Abis interface transmission resources.  Fixed allocation mode In fixed allocation mode. Figure 1. excluding the static PDCH. and the Abis interface transmission resources can be fully utilized in different time slices. monitoring timeslots.3 Technical Description 3. . Abis transmission timeslots in fixed allocation mode. signaling link timeslots. The Abis interface transmission resources are allocated to the Um interface channels only when the channels are occupied. Flex Abis features the dynamic allocation of Abis interface transmission resources.  Dynamic allocation mode In dynamic allocation mode. which improves the utilization of the resources. the Abis interface transmission resources form a pool. That is.1 Working principle of Flex Abis 0 clock 1–0 Dynamic Fixed TRX1 0 1–2 2 1–3 3 2–0 4 1–1 1–2 1–3 2–0 5 2–1 2–1 6 2–2 2–2 7 2–3 3–0 1–0 1 1–1 TRX2 3–1 2–3 0 3–0 1 3–1 2 3–2 0 clock 3–2 3–3 3 4–0 4 4–1 5 4–1 4–2 6 4–2 4–3 7 4–3 3–3 4–0 5–0 5 –0 Occupied Idle The Flex Abis resource pool consists of all the Abis interface transmission resources. the Abis interface transmission resources are occupied even when the Um interface channels are idle. The Flex Abis resource pool is shared by the CS service and PS service (including the idle timeslots) among different cells and BTSs. semipermanent connection timeslots. and idle timeslots. Thus.1 About This Chapter The transmission resources over the Abis interface can be allocated either fixedly or dynamically. as shown in Figure 3-1. the channels over the Um interface (including the TCH and static PDCH) are always mapped with the Abis interface transmission resources.

The resources in Pool0 can be shared by the CS service and PS service on BTS0. The transmission resources on each Abis interface transmission link form a resource pool for the CS service and PS service to share. in satellite transmission mode. The transmission over the Abis interface is realized through satellite or one or more E1/T1 cables. You are advised to enable Flex Abis in the following scenarios to make better use of the Abis interface transmission resources.  The traffic volume in actual situation is far lower than that in the channel resource planning. and between BTS1 and BTS2 respectively.  The proportion of PS service users in the cell is high.1 Flex Abis network topology Link2 Link1 PoolB1 B S C Pool 0 T S 0 Pool 1 Link3 B B T T S Pool 2 1 S 2 3. see Channel Management Parameter Description and GPRS/EGPRS Channel Management Parameter Description. whereas the half-rate TCH is allocated the 8 kbit/s timeslot. the BSC must allocate the Abis interface transmission resources and establish a transmission link between the BSC and the BTS.  Transmission resources are limited. 2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. As shown in Figure 3-2. and BTS2. The resources in Pool2 can be shared by the CS service and PS service on BTS2. between BTS0 and BTS1.  The cells that share Abis interface transmission resources have different traffic peak hours.  The transmission resources on Link2 form Pool1. Figure 1. the CS service can preempt the timeslots of the PS service.. Link1. 3. Ltd Issue 01 (2010-06-30) . Link2.GSM BSS Flex Abis 3 Technical Description The timeslots in the Flex Abis resource pool are allocated to the TCH and PDCH. BTS1. When the transmission resources are insufficient.  The transmission resources on Link1 form Pool0. The full-rate TCH and PDCH are allocated 16 kbit/s timeslots. and Link3 correspond to the Abis interface transmission links between the BSC and BTS0.  The transmission resources on Link3 form Pool2.1 Networking Configuration The BSC supports the networking mode of multi-level Flex Abis resource pools among cascaded BTSs. and the rent for them is very high. For details. for example. The resources in Pool1 can be shared by the CS service and PS service on BTS1 and BTS2.2 Establishment of Transmission Link If Flex Abis is enabled.

BTS1. To increase the number of ESLs.. set FLEXABISMODE to FLEX_ABIS(Flex Abis) or SEMI_ABIS(Semisolid Abis) to enable Flex Abis. In 64 kbit/s multiplexing mode. the parameter MPMODE is set to 4:1. and BTS2 to establish transmission links for the channel. the BSC must dynamically allocate the Abis interface transmission resources to Link1.3 Algorithm for Half-Rate Channel Allocation Triggered by Abis Overload 3.GSM BSS Flex Abis 2 Overview of Flex Abis When a channel on BTS2 is allocated. you are advised to reduce the number of Radio Signaling Links (RSLs) multiplexed with the OML to two by setting the parameter MPMODE.1 Abis Timeslot Allocation for the TCH Generally. After the BTS configuration is complete. if required. the parameter MPMODE can be set to 5:1 or 6:1 to multiplex five or six RSLs onto one 64 kbit/s timeslot without occupying another 64 kbit/s timeslot. and Link3 for the channel. the resources in the Flex Abis resource pool are allocated to the TCH according to its type. 3. and instruct BTS0. Link2. as shown in Figure 3-3. When Flex Abis is enabled.1 Working principle of Flex Abis Pool 2 BTS 2 Link 3 ● ● Pool 1 BTS 1 ● BSC Link 1 Link 2 Pool 0 BTS 0 The configuration principles of MPMODE are as follows:  Generally. Therefore. The allocation principles are as follows: Issue 01 (2010-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd 3 . the Extended Signaling Link (ESL) must be configured for each Flex Abis capable BTS to carry the signaling. Figure 1. set FLEXABISMODE to FLEX_ABIS(Flex Abis) or SEMI_ABIS(Semisolid Abis) to enable Flex Abis. the ESL and Operation and Maintenance Link (OML) must be physically multiplexed on the same 64 kbit/s E1 timeslot.  During the initial configuration of a BTS.3.

If the traffic volume of the PS service remains low.  PSDOWN(PS Downspeeding): PS service rate decrease  CSPH(CS Preference TCHH): Allocation of half-rate channels to newly-accessed MSs requesting CS services  AMRC(AMRC): Limited AMR rate for MSs in CS services  CSFHHO(CS TCHF-TCHH HO): Handover of MSs in CS services from the full-rate channel to the half-rate channel The execution sequence of PSDOWN(PS Downspeeding). When the CS traffic is heavy. the new CS service can preempt the Abis interface transmission resources of the PS service. After Flex Abis is enabled. 4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. thus increasing usage efficiency of transmission resources. the half-rate channel allocation is triggered according to the load of the Abis interface transmission resources to increase the success rate of access. That is. the Abis interface may experience insufficiency in transmission resources prior to the Um interface. the 8 kbit/s Abis timeslot is allocated. the transmission resources of the PS service are allocated in the following ways to improve the utilization of transmission resources:  The BSC allocates a primary link on a per 16 kbit/s sub-timeslot basis. some static PDTCHs should be reserved. When the threshold is reached. Ltd Issue 01 (2010-06-30) . LDRSND. the system allocates half-rate channels to newly-accessed MSs if PSDOWN(PS Downspeeding) load control is applied. when the CS traffic is heavy. Therefore. In such a case. In this manner. LSRTRD. the Abis interface transmission resources can be dynamically allocated without configuring the static PDTCH and TSCOUNT if the actual traffic volume is far lower than the estimated value in network planning. In this case. In addition.  The BSC dynamically allocates secondary links in steps of 16 kbit/s according to the required coding rate of the Um interface. and CSFHHO(CS TCHF-TCHH HO) is specified by the parameters LDRFST. 3. If CSFHHO(CS TCHF-TCHH HO) load control is applied. For details. the system stops PSDOWN(PS Downspeeding) and CSFHHO(CS TCHF-TCHH HO) load control. When the proportion of the remaining Abis resources to the total Abis resources is smaller than TDMCONGTH. all Abis interface transmission resources may be occupied. After Flex Abis is enabled. the following methods of load control can be applied.2 Abis Timeslot Allocation for the PDCH After Flex Abis is enabled. the configuration of static PDTCH and TSCOUNT is not required.. the 16 kbit/s Abis timeslot is allocated.3. When all the Abis interface transmission resources are occupied. the parameter TSCOUNT should be configured to preserve dedicated timeslots for the PS service so that the GPRS or EGPRS service can still be normally processed. see Abis Resources of the PS Service Preempted by the CS Service.GSM BSS Flex Abis 3 Technical Description  For a full-rate TCH. CSPH(CS Preference TCHH).  For a half-rate TCH. and LDRFOUH. the primary link and secondary link are dynamically allocated to the PS service. Congestion threshold is set for controlling usage of the transmission bandwidth. When the Abis resource usage drops below the congestion threshold. no Abis resource is available for the subsequent PS service. more MSs can gain access to the network. AMRC(AMRC). the system hands the MSs on the full-rate channels over onto the half-rate channels.

you are advised to set SUBRESPREEMPTFLG and LOWLEVSUBRESPREEMPTFLG to Yes to allow the CS service to preempt the transmission resources of the PS service on the secondary link in the same-level or lower-level BTSs. Issue 01 (2010-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.3 Abis Resources of the PS Service Preempted by the CS Service The CS service and PS service share the Abis interface transmission resources. In external PCU configuration mode.3. Ltd 5 . you are advised to set PCUPREEMPTFLAG to Support to allow the CS service to preempt the transmission resources of the PS service if the PCU supports the processing of the PREEMPT_ABIS_LINK message..GSM BSS Flex Abis 2 Overview of Flex Abis 3. In built-in PCU configuration mode. The CS service can preempt the resources of PS service on the secondary link (or even the primary link when necessary) in the same-level and lower-level BTSs.

3 Other Suggestions on the Configuration For a Flex Abis enabled BTS. The slave cabinet group is cascaded with the upper-level BTS only through the master cabinet group. the suggestions on the configuration are as follows:  The parameter FLEXABISMODE of the Abis interface between the double-transceiver BTS and the BTS that does not support Flex Abis or between the two BTSs that do not support Flex Abis should be set to Fix Abis. The slave cabinet group of the level 1 BTS is cascaded to the EIUa through the internal connections of the master cabinet group or is directly connected to the EIUa through the E1 port of the slave cabinet group. 4.4 Engineering Guidelines 4.  Each BTS is cascaded with only one upper-level BTS. These disabled timeslots can be used in other transmission modes (such as satellite transmission) or in scenarios where only a few timeslots on an E1 link can be used.  The master cabinet group of the level 1 BTS is connected to the EIUa only through the E1 port of the master cabinet group. The slave cabinet groups in the same BTS cannot be cascaded.2 Configuration of BTS combined cabinets and cabinet groups For the combined cabinets or cabinet groups of the double-transceiver BTS and the BTS that does not support Flex Abis. . certain timeslots except the permanently allocated timeslots (such as signaling timeslots and monitoring timeslots) on E1 links can be disabled. One BTS cannot be connected to an upperlevel BTS and a EIUa at the same time. FLEXABISMODE of all the lower-level BTSs must be set to SemiSolid.  The parameter FLEXABISMODE of the Abis interface between the double-transceiver BTS and the BSC or between the double-transceiver BTSs should be set to Flex Abis or SemiSolid. the parameter FLEXABISMODE of the upperlevel BTS must be set to Flex Abis.1 Configuration of the Cascaded BTSs  If a cascaded BTS is expected to support Flex Abis.  If the parameter FLEXABISMODE of a cascaded BTS is set to SemiSolid.  The BTSs are cascaded only through the E1 ports of the master cabinet group. 4.

The first mode is further classified into the following six types: 1:1. In the case of statistical multiplexing on a 64 kibt/s timeslot. The BTS supports two multiplexing modes: statistical multiplexing on a 64 kbit/s timeslot and physical multiplexing on a 16 kbit/s timeslot. 16 kbit/s. the OML uses a 16 kbit/s timeslot. TCH: traffic channels in each TRX. In this case. In this case. and 64 kbit/s. In the case of physical multiplexing on a 16 kbit/s timeslot. the ESL shares the same timeslot with the OML. The monitoring timeslots work at 8 kbit/s. RSL: radio signaling layer link in each TRX. In the case of statistical multiplexing on a 64 kbit/s timeslot. the RSL link can be multiplexed only with the signaling links in the same cabinet group of the BTS. Each BTS has only one OML. the OML can be multiplexed only with the signaling links in the same cabinet group of the BTS. In this case. the idle timeslots can be multiplexed only with the TCHs in the same cabinet group onto one 64 kbit/s timeslot. in the case of statistical multiplexing on a 64 kbit/s timeslot. the RSL link uses a 16 kbit/s timeslot exclusively. 4:1. If the BTS supports Flex Abis. the RSL link works at 64kbit/s. Timeslot 0 is reserved for synchronization and cannot be assigned. In the case of statistical multiplexing on a 64 kbit/s timeslot. An idle timeslot works at 16 kbit/s. In this case. Each TRX has one RSL link. In this case. In this case. In the case of physical multiplexing on a 16 kbit/s timeslot. 2:1. The TCH works at 16 kbit/s. a 64 kbit/s timeslot needs to be assigned to the ESL. ESL: extended signaling link of the BTS. A BTS supports the following six types of timeslot objects: OML: operation and maintenance link of the BTS. . the OML works at 16 kbit/s. and 6:1. Semi: monitoring timeslots of the BTS.1 Parameters Description Parameter ID NE MML Description MPMODE BSC6900 ADD BTS(Option al) Meaning: Timeslot multiplexing mode at the Abis interface of the BTS. Idle: idle timeslots of the BTS. A 2048 Mbit/s E1 contains thirty-two 64 kbit/s timeslots.5 Parameters Figure 1. In the case of physical multiplexing on a 16 kbit/s timeslot. no timeslot is assigned to the ESL. 32 kbit/s. The monitoring timeslots can be multiplexed only with semi-permanent links. 5:1. the ESL is always multiplexed with the OML in the 64 kbit/s timeslot. the RSL link works at 16 kbit/s. the OML works at 64 kbit/s. 3:1.

PSDOWN. the RNC assigns an Abis transmission timeslot dynamically to a TCH (except the static PDCH) to increase the resource utilization. SEMI_ABIS(Semisolid Abis) Actual Value Range: FIX_16K_ABIS. FLEX_ABIS(Flex Abis). one 64 kbit/s timeslot multiplexes one OML and three RSL links or four RSL links of the BTS. MODE2_1. the RNC assigns a fixed Abis transmission timeslot to a TCH. PSDOWN(PS Downspeeding). The 64 kbit/s timeslot that multiplexes the OML has a multiplexing ratio of up to 4:1 even if the multiplexing ratio exceeds 4:1. MODE6_1. CSPH. AMRC(AMRC). MODE5_1. Ltd Issue 01 (2010-06-30) . GUI Value Range: FIX_16K_ABIS(Fix Abis). MODE3_1. MODE2_1. MODE16K Unit: None Default Value: MODE4_1 FLEXABISM ODE BSC6900 ADD BTS(Option al) Meaning: Service timeslot assignment mode for the BTS. For example. AMRC(AMRC). SEMI_ABIS Unit: None Default Value: FIX_16K_ABIS LDRFST LDRSND 2 BSC6900 BSC6900 SET LDR(Option al) Meaning: First action taken for load control SET LDR(Option al) Meaning: Second action taken for load control GUI Value Range: CLOSE(Close). HDLC and IP BTS do not support this parameter. GUI Value Range: MODE1_1. CSPH(CS Preference TCHH). If this parameter is set to FIX_16K_ABIS. This mode applies where old and new BTSs are cascaded. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. in the case of 4:1 multiplexing. If this parameter is set to FLEX_ABIS. MODE16K Actual Value Range: MODE1_1. MODE6_1. the BTS to which a TCH belongs assigns a fixed Abis transmission timeslot to the TCH while the upper-level BTS set to FLEX_ABIS assigns an Abis transmission timeslot dynamically to the TCH. MODE3_1. MODE5_1. CSFHHO Unit: None Default Value: PSDOWN GUI Value Range: CLOSE(Close). AMRC. HDLC and IP BTS is not support this parameter. PSDOWN. CSFHHO(CS TCHF-TCHH HO) Actual Value Range: CLOSE. If this parameter is set to SEMI_ABIS. AMRC. PSDOWN(PS Downspeeding). MODE4_1. FLEX_ABIS. MODE4_1.GSM BSS Flex Abis 5 Parameters Statistical multiplexing means that signaling timeslots are time-division multiplexed in an E1 timeslot. CSPH(CS Preference TCHH). such as the OML and RSL timeslots or the RSL timeslots.. CSFHHO(CS TCHF-TCHH HO) Actual Value Range: CLOSE.

. GUI Value Range: NO(No). PSDOWN(PS Downspeeding). CSFHHO(CS TCHF-TCHH HO) Actual Value Range: CLOSE. GUI Value Range: CLOSE(Close). You can configure up to 128 idle timeslots for the BTS at a time. CSFHHO Unit: None Default Value: CSPH GUI Value Range: CLOSE(Close). AMRC. If the value of this parameter is YES. a CS domain service can preempt the sublink resources of the PS domain services on the lower-level BTS of the cascaded BTSs when the CS domain service fails to preempt the sublink of the corresponding level. A BTS can be configured with up to 512 idle timeslots.GSM BSS Flex Abis 5 Parameters CSPH. PSDOWN. CSPH(CS Preference TCHH). YES Unit: None Default Value: NO PCUPREEM BSC6900 Issue 01 (2010-06-30) SET Meaning: Whether the PCU supports the Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. AMRC(AMRC). CSFHHO Unit: None Default Value: CSFHHO GUI Value Range: 0~512 Actual Value Range: 0~512 Unit: None Default Value: None SUBRESPR EEMPTFLG BSC6900 SET BTSFLEXA BISPARA(O ptional) Meaning: Whether to allow the CS services to preempt the sublink resources of PS services when the Abis resources are congested GUI Value Range: NO(NO). PSDOWN(PS Downspeeding). YES(YES) Actual Value Range: NO. AMRC(AMRC). PSDOWN. AMRC. CSPH. CSPH(CS Preference TCHH). CSFHHO Unit: None Default Value: AMRC LSRTRD LDRFOUH TSCOUNT BSC6900 BSC6900 BSC6900 SET LDR(Option al) Meaning: Third action taken for load control SET LDR(Option al) Meaning: Fourth action taken for load control SET BTSIDLETS (Mandatory) Meaning: Number of idle timeslots. CSFHHO(CS TCHF-TCHH HO) Actual Value Range: CLOSE. YES Unit: None Default Value: NO LOWLEVSU BRESPREE MPTFLG BSC6900 SET GCELLSOF T(Optional) Meaning: Whether to permit the preemption of lowerlevel sublink resources. YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO. CSPH. Ltd 3 .

the CS service can preempt the timeslots on the Abis interface used by the PS service. Ltd Issue 01 (2010-06-30) . YES(YES) Actual Value Range: NO. congestion control is triggered. YES Unit: None Default Value: NO TDMCONG TH BSC6900 ADD TRMLOADT H(Optional) Meaning: If the ratio of available TDM bandwidth is less than or equal to this value. After the preemption occurs. If the BTS supports the FLEXABIS function. GUI Value Range: NO(NO).. GUI Value Range: 0~100 Actual Value Range: 0~100 Unit: % Default Value: 15 4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.GSM BSS Flex Abis 5 Parameters PTFLAG BTSFLEXA BISPARA(O ptional) PREEMPT_ABIS_LINK message. the RNC sends a PREEMPT_ABIS_LINK message to the PCU if the PCU can process the message.

.6 Counters For the counters. see the BSC6900 GSM Performance Counter Reference.

and definitions. . see the Glossary.7 Glossary For the acronyms. terms. abbreviations.

8 Reference Documents  BSC6900 Feature List  BSC6900 Optional Feature Description  GBSS Reconfiguration Guide  BSC6900 GSM Parameter Reference  BSC6900 GSM MML Command Reference  BSC6900 GSM Performance Counter Reference .